WO2014071690A1 - Rail and rolling stock specialized therefor - Google Patents

Rail and rolling stock specialized therefor Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2014071690A1
WO2014071690A1 PCT/CN2013/001342 CN2013001342W WO2014071690A1 WO 2014071690 A1 WO2014071690 A1 WO 2014071690A1 CN 2013001342 W CN2013001342 W CN 2013001342W WO 2014071690 A1 WO2014071690 A1 WO 2014071690A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
rail
guide
track
guiding
wheel
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2013/001342
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
于君
Original Assignee
Yu Jun
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN201210444012.4A priority Critical patent/CN103806351B/en
Priority to CN201210444012.4 priority
Application filed by Yu Jun filed Critical Yu Jun
Publication of WO2014071690A1 publication Critical patent/WO2014071690A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F9/00Rail vehicles characterised by means for preventing derailing, e.g. by use of guide wheels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B25/00Tracks for special kinds of railways
    • E01B25/28Rail tracks for guiding vehicles when running on road or similar surface

Abstract

Disclosed are a rail and rolling stock specialized therefor, wherein raised guide wheel channels (4) matching in terms of height and guide faces (2) at high and low positions are provided at a merging node of tracks (1) on various branching sections of a rail, enabling the rolling stock to only rely on a predetermined up and down action of a guide wheel (3) to be able to independently switch tracks smoothly and reliably on various branching sections. In addition, a safer vertical plate-like guide wheel shaft bracket (3-4) and a guide wheel (3) assembly and a bearing wheel (5) assembly having lifting, rotating and switching functions are provided for the guide wheel (3) of the rolling stock, making the rolling stock reliably able to turn at right angles at the branching points of a rail crossing.

Description

一种轨道及其专用车辆 技术领域  Track and special vehicle thereof
[1 ] 本发明涉及一种用于承载车辆运行的轨道及其专用的车辆; 尤其涉及一种包 括至少两根顶面是车轮承载面的相互平行的轨条的轨道和带导向轮的自动行驶车 辆。 背景技术  [1] The present invention relates to a track for carrying a vehicle running and a dedicated vehicle thereof; and more particularly to a track comprising at least two mutually parallel rails with a top surface being a wheel bearing surface and an automatic driving with a guiding wheel vehicle. Background technique
[2] 在新兴的自动客运系统中, 有一类的共有特征是: 由具备导向轮的自动行驶 车辆在具有导向轮引导面的轨道上自动行驶。 支持这类系统的一个基本问题是如 何让车辆在轨道的各种道岔路段可靠转向。 对此, 在现有系统中, 通常采用的方 式是通过交通控制中心改变道岔路段的轨条和导轨的形状和位置状态, 从而引导 车辆通过可控的活动道岔路段进入指定轨道。 这种转向方式的缺陷显而易见: 构 造复杂, 效率低下, 难以满足高密度车流快速换向的要求。  [2] In the emerging automatic passenger transport system, there is a common feature of the following: Automatically driven vehicles with guide wheels automatically travel on tracks with guide wheel guide faces. A fundamental problem in supporting such systems is how to reliably steer the vehicle on various track sections of the track. In this regard, in the existing system, the usual method is to change the shape and position state of the rails and guide rails of the ballast road section through the traffic control center, thereby guiding the vehicle to enter the designated track through the controllable movable road section. The shortcomings of this type of steering are obvious: complex construction, inefficient, and difficult to meet the requirements of fast reversing of high-density traffic.
[3] 虽然己经有多种公开方案中提出了无需设置活动道岔, 而只是改变车辆导向 轮或者类似机构的位置形状或者物理状态 (如磁性状态) 来达到由车辆自主选择 通过道岔路段之后的行进方向, 但是, 已经公开的多种方案因其基本技术原理的 限制, 还没能达到足够的可靠性和安全性, 因而还没有得到广泛的实际应用。 另 外, 这些方案还没有实现让车辆具备在十字交叉的道岔处可靠和快速的进行直角 转向功能。  [3] Although it has been proposed in various public proposals that there is no need to set an active switch, but only change the position shape or physical state (such as the magnetic state) of the vehicle guide wheel or the like to achieve the self-selection of the passage of the road after the vehicle is selected. The direction of travel, however, the various solutions that have been disclosed have not yet achieved sufficient reliability and safety due to limitations of their basic technical principles, and thus have not been widely applied. In addition, these solutions have not yet enabled vehicles to have reliable and fast right-angle steering at criss-crossing turnouts.
[4] 本发明人的专利号为 200420019497. 3 的中国专利文件中, 提出了一种采用 安装在车体底盘下的可升降的立轴导向轮在轨道中央的引导面上运行的导向方式 的轨道和专用车辆方案, 并在道岔路段通过控制车辆导向轮的高度位置, 在具有 不同高度的引导面上升降换位, 自主转换行进方向的技术方案。 该方案除了需要 设置两条轨条之外, 需要另外单独设置一条引导轨道。  [4] In the Chinese patent document of the inventor's patent No. 200420019497. 3, a guide rail that runs on a guide surface at the center of the track using a vertically movable vertical guide wheel mounted under the chassis of the vehicle body is proposed. And the special vehicle scheme, and the technical scheme of autonomously changing the traveling direction by controlling the height position of the vehicle guide wheel on the roadway section and lifting and shifting the position on the guide surface having different heights. In addition to the need to set up two rails, this solution requires a separate guide track.
[5] 此方案提出的道岔路段的构件形状比较复杂, 加工和安装施工难度大, 不利 于大规模推广和实施。 并且, 复杂的轨道和道岔构造, 也降低了道岔路段换向的 可靠性和灵活性。 另外, 该方案没能提供适用于纵横十字交叉的轨道之间的车辆 承载轮和导向轮的直角换轨转向功能。  [5] The shape of the components of the ballast road section proposed by this scheme is relatively complicated, and the processing and installation are difficult, which is not conducive to large-scale promotion and implementation. Moreover, the complex track and ballast construction also reduces the reliability and flexibility of the turnout of the turnout. In addition, the solution fails to provide a right-angled orbital steering function for the vehicle carrying wheels and the guide wheels between the rails of the criss-cross.
[6] 除了轨道之外, 现有技术中为此类轨道系统提供的车辆, 难以在十字交叉轨 道的道岔路段实现快速而可靠的自主平转换向功能, 因而限制了轨道的灵活布局 能力, 不利于系统中的线路自由布局和扩展, 也不便于在系统内灵活布置车辆存 取区域和站点区域的避让线路的灵活安排。 发明内容  [6] In addition to orbits, the vehicles provided for such rail systems in the prior art are difficult to achieve a fast and reliable autonomous flat-conversion function in the cross-section of the cross-track, thus limiting the flexible layout capability of the track, It facilitates the free layout and expansion of the lines in the system, and it is also not convenient to flexibly arrange the flexible access arrangements of the vehicle access areas and the avoidance lines of the station areas within the system. Summary of the invention
[7] 针对如上所述的轨道技术方案构造比较复杂, 在道岔区域的换向操作可靠性 不足的原理性缺陷, 本发明的第一个基本目的, 是提出一种构造更简单、 更可靠、 更容易实施的无需可动部件的道岔构造的轨道方案。 [7] The construction of the track technology scheme as described above is more complicated, and the reliability of the commutation operation in the turnout area Insufficient principle defects, the first basic object of the present invention is to propose a track solution that is simpler, more reliable, and easier to implement without the need for a movable member.
[8] 本发明的上述第一个基本目的是这样实现的: [8] The above first basic object of the present invention is achieved as follows:
[9] 一种轨道, 在同一股轨道中, 包括至少两根用于承载车轮的相互平行的轨条 1 ;在同一股轨道中,有至少两条位于所迷的轨条 1側面的用于引导车辆的可沿立 轴旋转且可升降的导向轮 3运行的引导面 2 ; 其中, 包括至少一条位于所述的轨 条 1左侧面上的左側引导面和至少一条位于所述的轨条 1右侧面上的右侧引导面; 其特征是:  [9] A track comprising, in the same track, at least two mutually parallel rails 1 for carrying wheels; in the same strand, at least two of them are located on the side of the rail 1 a guiding surface 2 for guiding the guiding wheel 3 of the vehicle which is rotatable along the vertical axis and movable up and down; wherein, at least one left guiding surface on the left side of the rail 1 and at least one rail 1 are located The right side guide surface on the right side; it is characterized by:
[10] a) 所述的左侧引导面包括位置较高的左侧高位引导面和位置较低的左侧低 位引导面; 所述的右侧引导面包括位置较高的右侧高位引导面和位置较低的右侧 低位引导面;  [10] a) The left guiding surface includes a higher left side upper guiding surface and a lower left lower guiding surface; the right guiding surface includes a higher position right upper guiding surface And the lower right side guide surface;
[1 1 ] b) 在由一股位于左方的左轨道和一股位于右方的右轨道交汇成一股合并后 的中轨道的 "人" 字形道岔路段, 与高位的引导面相交的轨条上, 有可供沿着此 高位的引导面运行的升至高位的导向轮穿过的 "凸" 字形的高位导向轮通道; 与 低位的引导面相交的轨条上, 有可供沿着此低位的引导面运行的降至低位的导向 轮穿过的 "凸" 字形的低位导向轮通道;  [1 1 ] b) A "person" shaped road section that merges into a merged middle orbit by a left orbit on the left and a right orbit on the right, and a rail that intersects the high guide Above, there is a "convex" shaped high-level guide wheel passage through which the guide wheel that is raised to the upper position is operated along the upper guide surface; on the rail intersecting the lower guide surface, there is a a low-profile guide wheel passage that passes through the "convex" shape of the guide wheel that is lowered to the lower guide surface;
[12] c) 在上述道岔路段中, 衔接在轨条交汇处的中轨道的轨条的同一个側面上 的高位的引导面和低位的引导面处于同一段连续面上; 该段连续面可供运行其上 的导向轮在高位的引导面和低位的引导面之间升降转移;  [12] c) in the above-mentioned ballast section, the upper guiding surface and the lower guiding surface on the same side of the rail of the middle rail which are connected at the intersection of the rails are on the same continuous surface; the continuous surface of the section The guide wheel for running thereon is moved up and down between the guiding surface of the upper position and the guiding surface of the lower position;
[13] d) 在上述道岔路段中, 至少一条属于左轨道或右轨道的高位的引导面穿过 高位导向轮通道后, 平顺过渡到中轨道的一条高位的引导面上;  [13] d) In the above-mentioned ballast road section, at least one of the high-level guide faces belonging to the left or right track passes through the high-position guide wheel passage, and smoothly transitions to a high-level guide surface of the middle track;
[14] e) 在上述道岔路段中, 所述的左轨道的一条引导面平顺衔接到所述的中轨 道的一条引导面上; 所述的右轨道的一条引导面平顺衔接到所述的中轨道的另一 条引导面上; [14] e) in the above-mentioned ballast road section, one guiding surface of the left track is smoothly connected to one guiding surface of the middle track; one guiding surface of the right track is smoothly connected to the middle Another guiding surface of the track;
[15] f) 在上述道岔路段中, 所述的中轨道至少有一条低位的引导面平顺衔接到 左轨道或者右轨道的一条低位的引导面上。  [15] f) In the above-mentioned ballast section, at least one lower guiding surface of the middle track is smoothly connected to a lower guiding surface of the left or right track.
[16] 本文所称的"轨道"是指可引导和承载车辆底部的车轮运行其上的有轨道路。  [16] As used herein, "track" refers to an orbital path on which the wheels that can guide and carry the bottom of the vehicle run.
[17] 本文所称的 "轨条", 是构成本文所述的 "轨道" 的条状物。 每股轨道至少 包括两根相互平行的轨条。 轨条的顶面是承载车辆承载轮的承载面。 [17] The term "tracks" as used herein is a strip that constitutes the "track" described herein. Each track consists of at least two parallel bars. The top surface of the rail is the bearing surface carrying the vehicle carrying wheel.
[18] 本文所称的 "凸"字形的导向轮通道, 是指该通道的截面形状是上部有狭窄 缺口、 下部有较宽空腔的贯通通道。 狭窄缺口的宽度要至少适合穿行其间的导向 轮的上方狭窄形状的轴颈连接体(即本文所称的"竖板状的导向轮轴支架")通过。 [18] The "convex" shaped guide wheel passage referred to herein means that the cross-sectional shape of the passage is a through passage having a narrow notch at the upper portion and a wider cavity at the lower portion. The width of the narrow notch is adapted to at least pass through the narrowly connected journal connector (i.e., the "vertical plate-like guide axle bracket" referred to herein) passing through the guide wheel therebetween.
[19] 本文所称的引导面之间的 "平顺过渡"是指虽然两条引导面的相互平顺延伸 的重合路径中存在由 "导向轮通道"造成的断口, 但是导向轮仍能沿着其中一条 引导面的路径的惯性延伸方向平顺地渡过断口, 顺势转入另一条引导面上。 [19] The term "smooth transition" between the guiding surfaces as used herein means that although there is a fracture caused by the "guide wheel passage" in the coincident path of the two guiding surfaces, the guide wheel can still follow the guide wheel. The inertial extension of the path of one guiding surface smoothly passes through the fracture and turns into another guiding surface.
[20] 本文所称的引导面之间的 "平顺衔接"是指两条引导面相互平顺地无缝衔接 成一条不间断的引导面。 [20] The term "smooth articulation" between the guiding surfaces as used herein means that the two guiding surfaces smoothly merge into each other to form an uninterrupted guiding surface.
[21 ] 本文所称的 "可升降的导向轮", 是指包含了可沿着竖向的轴回转的可以升 降定位的导向轮轮体和回转机构等相关部件的用于引导和限制车辆行进方向的成 套组件。 [21] The term "a liftable guide wheel" as used herein refers to a hoist that can be rotated along a vertical axis. A set of components for guiding and limiting the direction of travel of the vehicle, such as the guide wheel body and the slewing mechanism, which are positioned downward.
[22] 在本文中, 对相似特征位置的 "左"和 "右" 的表述, 仅是为了在叙述特征 时便于区分相似特征的相对位置关系, 而并非指实物的真实左右关系。 当所表述 的特征镜像翻转后, 左右关系也会反转。 在附图中, 仅按特征在主视图的位置来 确定左和右。  [22] In this paper, the expressions of "left" and "right" of similar feature positions are only used to distinguish the relative positional relationship of similar features when describing features, and do not refer to the real left-right relationship of the real objects. When the described feature image is flipped, the left and right relationships are also reversed. In the drawing, the left and right are determined only by the position of the feature in the main view.
[23] 本发明的上述基本特征通过将引导面直接结合到具有顶部承载轨面的轨条 的侧面上, 无需单独设置仅有引导功能而没有承载功能的独立的引导轨条, 从而 有效地简化了轨道构造。 构成轨道的轨条不仅剖面形状简单易制, 而且同时带有 引导面和承载轨面功能。 可利用己经成熟的钢筋混凝土构件来预制绝大部分路段 的轨条构件。 与现有技术相比, 具有构造更简单, 加工简便, 现场安装和施工难 度低的优点。 在轨道的道岔路段, 通过设置不同高度的引导面以及设置几个具有 合适高度的导向轮通道构件, 便可让车辆在道岔路段经由车上的控制系统通过适 时地控制各个导向轮的高度, 强制引导车辆沿着需要的路径方向行驶, 而无需改 变轨道本身的任何部件的位置和形状。 这些道岔区域的异型构件的形状也有利于 采用纤维混凝土等非金属复合材料预制。 因此, 加工难度和成本也显著降低。 当 然, 车辆在道岔路段的准确可靠的换向, 需要依靠可靠的车辆定位和引导系统的 支持。 车辆需要预先知道自身相对于前方道岔节点的位置变化。 现有技术中, 己 经提供了多种车辆定位和引导方案。 包括本发明人曾提出的沿着轨道布置的条形 码的专利申请方案。  [23] The above-described essential feature of the present invention is effective in simplifying the direct attachment of the guide surface to the side of the rail having the top load rail surface without separately providing a separate guide rail having only a guiding function and no bearing function. The track structure. The rails constituting the rail are not only simple in shape but also have a guiding surface and a bearing rail function. The mature reinforced concrete members can be used to prefabricate the rail members of most sections. Compared with the prior art, it has the advantages of simpler construction, simple processing, and low on-site installation and construction. In the track section of the track, by setting the guiding faces of different heights and setting several guiding wheel channel members with appropriate heights, the vehicle can control the height of each guiding wheel in the road section via the on-board control system. The vehicle is guided to travel in the direction of the desired path without changing the position and shape of any of the components of the track itself. The shape of the profiled members in these ballast regions is also advantageous for prefabrication using non-metallic composite materials such as fiber concrete. Therefore, the processing difficulty and cost are also significantly reduced. Of course, the accurate and reliable commutation of the vehicle on the road section requires the support of a reliable vehicle positioning and guidance system. The vehicle needs to know in advance its positional change relative to the forward ballast node. A variety of vehicle positioning and guidance schemes have been provided in the prior art. A patent application scheme for a bar code arranged along a track as proposed by the inventors is included.
[24] 在实现了本发明的第一个基本目的的基础上, 本发明的进一步的目的, 是为 提高车辆的爬坡能力和加速能力创造更好的轨道条件; 并且, 更显著地简化轨道 构件的形状, 进一步降低轨道构件的生产和组装难度。  [24] On the basis of achieving the first basic object of the present invention, a further object of the present invention is to create better orbital conditions for improving the climbing ability and acceleration capability of the vehicle; and, more significantly simplifying the orbit The shape of the member further reduces the difficulty of production and assembly of the track member.
[25] 该进一步的目的是这样实现的: [25] The further purpose is achieved in this way:
[26] a) 在同一股轨道中, 仅有左轨条和右轨条; 其中的左轨条有左侧引导面和 右侧引导面, 右轨条没有引导面;  [26] a) In the same track, there are only left and right rails; the left rail has a left guiding surface and a right guiding surface, and the right rail has no guiding surface;
[27] b) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的左轨条 1-11 -1的右侧高位引导面 2-221- 1 穿过右轨道的左轨条 1-12-1的高位导向轮通道 4- 2-12后, 平顺过渡到中轨道的左 轨条 1-13-1的右侧高位引导面 2-225-1 ; 右轨道的左轨条 1 -12- 1的左侧高位引导面 2-122-1 依次穿过分别位于左轨道的右轨条 1 -21 -1和左轨条 1 -11 -1上的两个高位导 向轮通道 4-2-13、 4-2-1 1后,平顺过渡到中轨道的左轨条 143-1的左側高位引导面 2-125-1 ;  [27] b) In the ballast section, the right side of the left rail 1-11 -1 of the left rail 1 - 21 - 1 passes through the high pole of the left rail 1-12-1 of the right rail After the guide wheel channel 4- 2-12, the right side of the left rail 1-13-1 transitions smoothly to the right side of the left rail 1-225-1; the left rail of the right rail 1 -12-1 to the left side The high guiding surface 2-122-1 passes through the two high guiding wheel passages 4-2-13, 4-2 on the right rail 1 -21 -1 and the left rail 1 -11 -1 respectively in the left rail. After -1 1, smooth transition to the left side high guide surface 2-125-1 of the left rail bar 143-1 of the middle track;
[28] c) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的左轨条 1 -11 -1的左侧低位引导面 2-11 14 直接平顺衔接到中轨道的左轨条 1 -13-1的左侧低位引导面 2-115-1 ; 所述的位于右 轨道的左轨条 1 -12-1的右側低位引导面 2-212-1从左轨道的右轨条 1 -21-1的一个低 位导向轮通道 4- 1 -11 中穿过后, 直接平顺衔接到所述的中轨道的左轨条 1 -13-1的 右侧低位引导面 2-215-1  [28] c) In the described road section, the left lower guide surface 2-11 14 of the left rail 1 -11 -1 of the left rail is directly smoothly connected to the left rail 1 - 13-1 of the middle rail The left lower guide surface 2-115-1; the right rail of the left rail 1 -12-1 of the right rail 2-212-1 from the left rail of the right rail 1 - 21-1 After passing through the lower guide wheel passage 4- 1-11, directly splicing the right lower guide surface 2-215-1 of the left rail 1 -13-1 of the middle rail
[29] 以上特征, 在附图 1-9中有所展示。 [30] 显而易见, 一根用实体材料制作的轨条的左右引导面的抗压能力比分布在两 根不同轨条上的左右引导面之间的承压能力强的多。 因此, 如果依靠动力轴给车 辆的导向轮增设驱动功能, 那么, 在这种有动力的导向轮的驱动力矩和引导面摩 擦系数不变的情况下, 导向轮对引导面的压力越大, 则驱动力也越大, 轮体附着 力也越大, 车辆的加速、 制动以及爬坡能力也越强。 所以, 布置在同一根轨条两 侧的两个引导面能够为提高车辆的爬坡、 加速和制动能力创造有利条件。 另外, 由于两个引导面都在同一根轨条上, 另一根轨条没有引导面, 因此. 只要保证有 引导面的那根轨条的左右引导面的加工精度、 平行度以及安装后的平顺度, 并且 保证另一根没有引导面的轨条的顶面的承载轨面的平整度, 就能让车辆平稳顺滑 地运行。 即便另一个没有引导面的轨条的侧面粗糙不平, 甚至和另一根轨条的平 行度误差较大, 也不会影响车辆的平稳运行。 [29] The above features are shown in Figures 1-9. [30] It is obvious that the pressure-reducing ability of the left and right guiding faces of a rail made of solid material is much stronger than that of the left and right guiding faces distributed on two different rails. Therefore, if the driving function is added to the guide wheel of the vehicle by means of the power shaft, the pressure of the guide wheel on the guiding surface is larger when the driving torque of the powered steering wheel and the friction coefficient of the guiding surface are constant. The greater the driving force, the greater the wheel body adhesion, and the stronger the acceleration, braking and climbing ability of the vehicle. Therefore, two guiding surfaces arranged on both sides of the same rail can create favorable conditions for improving the climbing, accelerating and braking capabilities of the vehicle. In addition, since both guiding surfaces are on the same rail, the other rail has no guiding surface, so as long as the machining precision, parallelism and installation of the left and right guiding surfaces of the rail with the guiding surface are ensured Smoothness, and ensuring the flatness of the load-bearing rail surface of the top surface of the other rail without the guide surface, allows the vehicle to run smoothly and smoothly. Even if the other side of the rail without the guiding surface is rough and uneven, even the parallelism of the other rail is large, it will not affect the smooth running of the vehicle.
[31 ] 在实现了本发明的第一个基本目的的基础上, 本发明的另一个进一步的目 的, 是除了更显著地简化轨道构件的形状之外, 还要为车辆提供更强的抗侧风能 力、 更安全更稳定的引导功能。  [31] On the basis of achieving the first basic object of the present invention, another further object of the present invention is to provide a stronger anti-side to the vehicle in addition to more significantly simplifying the shape of the rail member. Wind power, safer and more stable guiding function.
[32] 该进一步的目的是这样实现的: [32] This further aim is achieved in this way:
[33] a) 在同一股轨道中,仅有左轨条和右轨条; 其中的左轨条仅有左侧引导面, 右轨条仅有右侧引导面;  [33] a) In the same track, there are only left and right rails; the left rail has only the left guiding surface, and the right rail has only the right guiding surface;
[34] b) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的右轨条 1 -21 -2的右侧高位引导面 2-223-2 依次穿过位于右轨道的左轨条 1 - 12-2和右轨条 1 -22-2上的高位导向轮通道 4-2-24、 4-2-22后 , 直接平顺衔接到中轨道的右轨条 1 -23-2的右侧高位引导面 2-226-2 ; 右 轨道的左轨条 1 - 12-2的左側高位引导面 2-122-2依次穿过分别位于左轨道的右轨条 1-21- 2和左轨条 1 -11 -2上的两个高位导向轮通道 4-2-23、 4-2-21后, 直接平顺衔接 到中轨道的左轨条 1 -13-2的左側高位引导面 2-125-2 ;  [34] b) In the ballast section, the right side guide surface 2-223-2 of the right rail 1 -21 -2 of the left rail passes through the left rail 1 - 12-2 located in the right track in sequence And the high-level guide wheel passages 4-2-24, 4-2-22 on the right rail 1 -22-2, directly spliced to the right side of the right rail 1 -23-2 right side guide surface 2 -226-2; The left side high guide surface 2-122-2 of the left rail 1 - 12-2 of the right track passes through the right rail 1-21- 2 and the left rail 1 -11 - respectively in the left track. After the two high-position guide wheel passages 2-2-23, 4-2-21 on the 2nd, directly splicing the left-side high guide surface 2-125-2 of the left rail 1-13-2 of the middle track;
[35] c) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的左轨奈 1 -1 1 -2的左侧低位引导面 2- 11 1- 2 直接平顺衔接到中轨道的左轨条 1-13-2的左侧低位引导面 2-115-2 ; 右轨道的右轨 条 1 -22-2的右侧低位引导面 2-214-2直接平顺衔接到中轨道的右轨条 1 -23-2的右侧 低位引导面 2-216-2。  [35] c) In the described road section, the left lower guide surface 2- 11 1- 2 of the left rail na 1 -1 1 -2 of the left track is directly smoothed to the left rail 1-13 of the middle track -2 left lower guide surface 2-115-2; right rail right rail 1 -22-2 right lower guide surface 2-214-2 directly spliced to the middle rail of the right rail 1 -23- 2 on the right side of the lower guide surface 2-216-2.
[36] 以上特征, 在附图 18-19中有所展示。  [36] The above features are shown in Figures 18-19.
[37] 将左右引导面设置在左右轨条的外侧的好处是, 只要保证左右轨条外侧的引 导面之间的平行度和平顺度, 以及保证两个轨条的顶面上的承载轨面的平整度, 就可以保证轨道对车辆的平顺引导性能。 并且, 借助车辆左右侧面的相隔较远的 导向轮组共同对轨道左右轨条的向内的合力挤压所产生的摩擦力, 不仅可以有效 地保证运行中的车辆的稳定性, 而且, 尤其可以更好地增强车辆抗击侧向力 (如 风力、 离心力) 的能力, 更不易倾覆。  [37] The advantage of arranging the left and right guide faces on the outside of the left and right rails is that only the parallelism and smoothness between the guide faces on the outside of the left and right rails are ensured, and the load-bearing rail faces on the top faces of the two rails are ensured. The flatness of the track ensures the smooth guiding performance of the track to the vehicle. Moreover, the friction force generated by the inwardly pressing force of the left and right rails of the rails can be effectively ensured not only by the frictional force generated by the inward pressing force of the left and right rails of the left and right sides of the vehicle, but also the stability of the running vehicle. Better enhance the vehicle's ability to resist lateral forces (such as wind and centrifugal forces), making it less prone to overturning.
[38] 在实现了本发明的第一个基本目的的基础上, 本发明的另一个进一步的目 的, 是在比较简单的轨道构造和比较低的安装精度要求的前提下, 为车辆提供更 安全更稳定的引导功能, 并且有助于提高车辆的爬坡能力; 另外, 还要为车辆的 导向轮布局提供更多更灵活的选择方案和更好的相互兼容的条件。 [39] 该进一步的目的是这样实现的: [38] On the basis of achieving the first basic object of the present invention, another further object of the present invention is to provide a safer vehicle under the premise of a relatively simple track configuration and a relatively low installation accuracy requirement. More stable guiding function and help to improve the climbing ability of the vehicle; in addition, it provides more flexible options and better compatible conditions for the vehicle's guiding wheel layout. [39] The further purpose is achieved in this way:
[40] a) 在同一股轨道中, 仅有左轨条和右轨条; 其中, 左轨条有左侧引导面和 右侧引导面, 右轨条仅有右侧引导面;  [40] a) In the same track, there are only left and right rails; wherein, the left rail has a left guiding surface and a right guiding surface, and the right rail has only a right guiding surface;
[41] b) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的左轨条 1-11-3的右侧高位引导面 2-221-3 穿过位于右轨道的左轨条 1-12-3上的高位导向轮通道 4-2-32后, 平顺过渡到中轨 道的左轨条 1-13-3的右侧高位引导面 2-225-3; 右轨道的左轨条 1-12-3的左侧高位 引导面 2-122-3依次穿过分别位于左轨道的右轨条 1-21- 3和左轨条 1 11-3上的两个 高位导向轮通道 4-2-33、 4-2-31后,平顺过渡到中轨道的左轨条 1-13-3的左侧高位 引导面 2-125-3;  [41] b) In the ballast section, the right high guiding surface 2-221-3 of the left rail 1-11-3 of the left rail passes through the left rail 1-12-3 located in the right rail After the high position guide wheel passage 4-2-32, the transition to the right rail position 1-13-3 of the middle rail is the right side high guide surface 2-225-3; the right rail is the left rail strip 1-12-3 The left high guiding surface 2-122-3 passes through the two high guiding wheel passages 4-2-33, 4- in the left rail 12-11-3 and the left rail 1 11-3, respectively. After 2-31, smoothly transition to the left side of the left rail 1-13-3 of the middle rail high position guide surface 2-125-3;
[42] c) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的左轨条 1-11-3的左侧低位引导面 2- 111-3 直接平顺衔接到中轨道的左轨条 1-13-3的左侧低位引导面 2-115-3; 右轨道的左轨 条 1-12-3的右侧低位引导面 2-212-3 穿过位于左轨道的右轨条 1-21-3上的一个低 位导向轮通道 4-1-31后, 直接平顺衔接到所述的中轨道的左轨条 1-13-3的右侧低 位引导面 2-215-3;  [42] c) In the ballast section, the left lower guide surface 2- 111-3 of the left rail 1-11-3 of the left rail is directly smoothly connected to the left rail 1-13-3 of the middle rail The left lower guiding surface 2-115-3; the right lower guiding surface 2-212-3 of the right rail 1-12-3 passes through the right rail 1-21-3 located on the left rail After a low position guide wheel passage 4-1-31, directly splicing to the right lower position guide surface 2-215-3 of the left rail 1-13-3 of the middle rail;
[43] d) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的右轨条 1-21-3的右侧高位引导面 2-223-3 依次穿过分别位于右轨道的左轨条 1-12-3和右轨条 1-22-3上的两个高位导向轮通 道 4-2-35、 4-2-34后, 直接平顺衔接到中轨道的右轨条 1-23-3的右侧高位引导面 2-226-3;  [43] d) In the described road section, the right side high-level guiding surface 2-223-3 of the right rail 1-21-3 of the left rail passes through the left rail 1-12- respectively located in the right rail. 3 and the two high-position guide wheel passages 4-2-35, 4-2-34 on the right rail 1-22-3, directly spliced to the right side of the right rail 1-23-3 of the middle rail Guide surface 2-226-3;
[44] e) 在所述的道岔路段中,右轨道的右轨条 1-22-3的右侧低位引导面 2-214-3, 直接平顺衔接到中轨道的右轨条 1-23-3的右侧低位引导面 2-216-3。  [44] e) In the described road section, the right lower guide surface 2-214-3 of the right rail 1-22-3 of the right track is directly connected to the right rail 12-3 of the middle track. The right side of the 3 is the lower guide surface 2-216-3.
[45] 以上特征, 在附图 22-23中有所展示。 [45] The above features are shown in Figures 22-23.
[46] 以上特征既结合了如前所述的在单根轨条两侧设置引导面的有利于提高车 辆加速度和爬坡能力的优点, 又结合了在两根轨条的外侧设置引导面的有利于稳 定行驶的优点, 并且, 还可以让车辆的导向轮分布有了更多的选择方式, 让具有 不同的导向轮布局方式的车辆可以在同一种轨道上正常运行, 为多种不同档次和 性能的车辆底盘构造提供了兼容条件。  [46] The above features combine the advantages of providing a guiding surface on both sides of a single rail as described above to improve the acceleration and climbing ability of the vehicle, and combining the guiding surfaces on the outside of the two rails. It is advantageous for the stability of driving, and it can also make the vehicle's guide wheel distribution more choices, so that vehicles with different guide wheel layouts can run normally on the same track, for many different grades. Performance vehicle chassis construction provides compatible conditions.
[47] 在实现了本发明的第一个基本目的的基础上, 本发明的另一个进一步的目 的, 是在比较简单的轨道构造和比较低的安装精度要求的前提下, 为车辆提供更 安全更稳定的引导功能, 并且, 为左右相邻的小型车辆之间提供紧密停靠的条件。  [47] Based on the realization of the first basic object of the present invention, another further object of the present invention is to provide a safer vehicle under the premise of a relatively simple track structure and a relatively low installation accuracy requirement. A more stable guiding function, and providing tight docking conditions between small and adjacent small vehicles.
[48] 该进一步的目的是这样实现的: [48] This further aim is achieved in this way:
[49] a) 在同一股轨道中,仅有左轨条和右轨条; 其中的左轨条仅有右侧引导面, 右轨条仅有左侧引导面;  [49] a) In the same track, there are only left and right rails; the left rail has only the right guide, and the right rail has only the left guide;
[50] b) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道与中轨道处于同一段直线路径上, 右轨道 呈弧线路径;  [50] b) In the described road section, the left track is in the same straight path as the middle track, and the right track is in an arc path;
[51] c) 左轨道的右轨条 1-21-4的左侧高位引导面 2-123-4穿过位于右轨道的左轨 条 1-12-4上的一个高位导向轮通道 4-2-42后, 平顺过渡到中轨道的右轨条 1-23-4 的左侧高位引导面 2-126-4; 左轨道的左轨条 1-11-4的右侧高位引导面 2-221-4穿 过位于右轨道的左轨条 1-12-4上的一个高位导向轮通道 4-2-41后, 平顺过渡到中 轨道的左轨条 1-13-4的右侧高位引导面 2-225-4 ; [51] c) The left high position guide surface 2-123-4 of the right rail 1-21-4 of the left rail passes through a high position guide wheel passage 4 on the left rail 1-12-4 of the right rail. After 2-42, smooth transition to the left side high guide surface 2-126-4 of the right rail 1-23-4 of the middle track; right side high guide surface 2 of the left rail 1-11-4 of the left track 221-4 passes through a high-position guide wheel passage 4-2-41 located on the left rail 1-12-4 of the right rail, and smoothly transitions to the middle The right side high guiding surface 2-225-4 of the left rail 1-13-4 of the track;
[52] d) 右轨道的左轨条 1-12-4的右侧低位引导面 2-212-4穿过位于左轨道的右轨 条 1-21 -4上的一个低位导向轮通道 4-1 -42后, 平顺衔接到中轨道的左轨条 1-13-4 的右侧低位引导面 2-215-4 ;  [52] d) The right lower guide surface 2-212-4 of the left rail 1-12-4 of the right track passes through a lower guide wheel passage 4 on the right rail 1-21 -4 of the left rail After 1 -42, the smooth connection is connected to the right lower guide surface 2-215-4 of the left rail 1-13-4 of the middle track;
[53] e) 右轨道的右轨条 1-22-4的左侧低位引导面 2-114-4穿过位于左轨道的右轨 条 1 -21-4上的一个低位导向轮通道 4-1 -41后, 平顺衔接到中轨道的右轨条 1-23-4 的左側低位引导面 2416-4。  [53] e) The left lower guide surface 2-114-4 of the right rail 1-22-4 of the right rail passes through a lower guide wheel passage 4 on the right rail 1 - 21-4 of the left rail After 1 -41, the smoother is connected to the left lower guide surface 2416-4 of the right rail 1-23-4 of the middle track.
[54] 以上特征, 在附图 24-25中有所展示。 [54] The above features are shown in Figure 24-25.
[55] 将引导面设置在轨道内侧最远间隔的位置, 有利于充分利用导向轮对引导面 的压力来稳定车体。 另外, 这种轨道构造, 可将导向轮限制在轨道内侧, 从而为 车辆在运行和停放中始终保持窄小体型提供了条件, 有利于实现车辆在特殊场合 中的贴身交错运行和高密度停放。  [55] Setting the guide surface at the farthest distance inside the rail facilitates the full use of the pressure of the guide wheel on the guide surface to stabilize the vehicle body. In addition, this track structure can limit the guide wheel to the inside of the track, which provides conditions for the vehicle to maintain a narrow body shape during operation and parking, which is beneficial to the vehicle's close-fitting operation and high-density parking in special occasions.
[56] 在实现了本发明的第一个基本目的的基础上, 本发明的另一个进一步的目 的, 是在比较简单的轨道构造和比较低的安装精度要求的前提下, 为具有更宽的 车体宽度的车辆提供安全稳定的引导功能; 并且, 还可以同时兼容一种较窄车体 的运行。  [56] On the basis of achieving the first basic object of the present invention, another further object of the present invention is to have a wider range on the premise of a relatively simple track configuration and a relatively low installation accuracy requirement. The body width of the vehicle provides a safe and stable guiding function; and it can also be compatible with the operation of a narrower body.
[57] 该进一步的目的是这样实现的:  [57] The further purpose is achieved in this way:
[58] a) 在同一股轨道中, 有相互平行且等距的左轨条、 中轨条、 和右轨条; 其 中, 中轨条的左右两个侧面都有引导面, 左轨条和右轨条没有引导面;  [58] a) In the same track, there are mutually parallel and equidistant left, middle and right rails; wherein the left and right sides of the middle rail have guiding surfaces, left rails and The right rail has no guiding surface;
[59] b) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的中轨条 1 -31 -5的右側高位引导面 2-227-5 依次穿过分别位于右轨道的左轨条 1 -12-5和中轨条 1 -32-5上的两个高位导向轮通 道 4-2-53 > 4-2-52后,平顺过渡到中轨道的中轨条 1 -33-5的右侧高位引导面 2-229-5; 右轨道的中轨条 1 -32-5的左侧高位引导面 2-128-5依次穿过分别位于左轨道的右轨 条 1 -21 -5和中轨条 1 -31 -5上的两个高位导向轮通道 4-2-54、 4-2-5 后,平顺过渡到 中轨道的中轨条 1 -33-5的左侧高位引导面 2-129-5 ; [59] b) In the ballast section, the right side guide surface 2-227-5 of the middle rail 1 -31 -5 of the left rail passes through the left rail 1 -12-5 respectively located in the right rail And the two high-position guide wheel passages on the middle rail 1 -32-5, 4-2-53 > 4-2-52, smooth transition to the right side of the middle rail 1 -33-5 2-229-5; The left side high guiding surface 2-128-5 of the middle rail 1 - 32-5 of the right rail passes through the right rail 1 - 21 -5 and the middle rail 1 respectively located in the left rail - After the two high position guide wheel passages 4-2-54, 4-2-5 on 31 -5, the transition to the left side high guide surface 2-129-5 of the middle rail 1 -33-5 of the middle track;
[60] c) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的中轨条 1 -31 -5的左侧低位引导面 2-1 Π-5 穿过位于右轨道的左轨条 1 -12-5上的一个低位导向轮通道 4-1 -51后, 平顺衔接到 中轨道的中轨条 1-33-5的左侧低位引导面 2- I I 9- 5 ; 右轨道的中轨条 1 - 32- 5的右侧 低位引导面 2-218-5 穿过位于左轨道的右轨条〗-21 -5上的低位导向轮通道 4-1 -52 后, 平顺衔接到所迷的中轨道的中轨条 -33-5的右侧低位引导面 2-219-5。 [60] c) In the ballast section, the left lower guide surface 2 -1 Π-5 of the middle rail 1 -31 -5 of the left rail passes through the left rail 1 -12-5 located in the right rail After the lower one of the lower guide wheel passages 4-1-51, the lower right guide surface 2 - II 9 - 5 of the middle rail 1-33-5 of the middle rail is smoothly connected; the middle rail 1 - 3 of the right rail 2 - 5 of the right lower guide surface 2-218-5 passes through the lower guide wheel channel 4-1 -52 on the right rail of the left track - 21 -5, and smoothly connects to the middle track of the fan The right side low guide surface 2-219-5 of the middle rail-33-5.
[61 ] 以上特征, 在附图 28- 30中有所展示。 [61] The above features are shown in Figures 28-30.
[62] 三根轨条的作用不仅是为了有利于宽体车辆的运行, 而且, 本来可运行在仅 一根轨条带双侧引导面的双轨条轨道中的车辆, 也可以利用这种三轨条轨道的有 引导面的中轨条和任意一根无引导面的外侧轨条来正常运行。 并且, 由于只有中 轨条的加工和安装精度要求较高, 左右轨条只要保证顶面的承载轨面平整即可, 加工和安装误差要求相对宽松很多。因此,轨道的总体成本和施工维护难度不高。  [62] The role of the three rails is not only to facilitate the operation of wide-body vehicles, but also to be able to operate in a double-track rail with only one rail with double-sided guiding surfaces. The middle rail of the rail with the guiding surface and any one of the outer rail without the guiding surface operate normally. Moreover, since only the processing and installation accuracy requirements of the middle rail are high, the left and right rails only need to ensure that the bearing surface of the top surface is flat, and the processing and installation errors are relatively loose. Therefore, the overall cost of the track and construction and maintenance are not difficult.
[63] 在实现了本发明的第一个基本目的的基础上, 本发明的另一个进一步的目 的, 是在比较容易的施工难度和比较低的安装精度上, 不仅为宽体车辆提供安全 稳定的引导功能, 并且还可以同时为之前所述的更多类型的窄体车辆提供更加稳 定的运行条件和兼容条件。 [63] On the basis of achieving the first basic object of the present invention, another further object of the present invention is to provide safety not only for wide-body vehicles, but also for easier construction difficulty and relatively low installation accuracy. Stable guiding functions, and also provide more stable operating conditions and compatible conditions for more types of narrow-body vehicles previously described.
[64] 该进一步的目的是这样实现的:  [64] The further purpose is achieved in this way:
[65] a) 在同一股轨道中, 有相互平行且等距的左轨条、 中轨条、 和右轨条; 其 中, 中轨条的左右两个侧面都有引导面; 右轨条的右侧面上有引导面; 左轨条没 有引导面;  [65] a) in the same track, there are mutually parallel and equidistant left, middle and right rails; wherein the left and right sides of the middle rail have guiding surfaces; There is a guiding surface on the right side; the left rail has no guiding surface;
[60] b) 在所迷的道岔路段中, 左轨道的中轨条 1 -31 -6的右侧高位引导面 2-227-6 依次穿过分别位于右轨道的左轨条 1-12-6和中轨条 1 -32-6上的两个高位导向轮通 道 4-2- 63、4-2-62后,平顺过渡到中轨道的中轨条 1 -33-6的右侧高位引导面 2-229-6 ; 右轨道的中轨条 1 -32-6 的左侧高位引导面 2-128-6依次穿过位于左轨道的右轨条 1 -21 -6和中轨条 1 -31-6上的两个高位导向轮通道 4-2-64、 4-2-61后, 平顺过渡到中 轨道的中轨条 1-33-6的左侧高位引导面 2-129-6 ;  [60] b) In the track section of the road, the right side of the middle rail 1 -31 -6 of the left track, the high-level guide surface 2-227-6, passes through the left rail 1-12 in the right track. 6 and the two high-position guide wheel passages 4-2-63, 4-2-62 on the middle rail 1 -32-6, smooth transition to the right side of the middle rail 1 -33-6 Face 2-229-6; The left side high guide surface 2-128-6 of the middle rail 1 -32-6 of the right track passes through the right rail 1 -21 -6 and the middle rail 1 in the left rail in turn - After the two high-position guide wheel passages on 31-6, 4-2-64, 4-2-61, the smooth transition to the left-side high-position guide surface 2-129-6 of the middle rail 1-33-6 of the middle track;
[67] c) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的中轨条 1 -31 -6的左侧低位引导面 2-117-6 穿过位于右轨道的左轨条 1 -12-6上的低位导向轮通道 4-1 -61后, 平顺衔接到中轨 道的中轨条 1 -33-6的左侧低位引导面 2-1 19-6 ; 右轨道的中轨条 1 -32-6的右侧低位 引导面 2-218-6穿过位于左轨道的右轨条 1 -21 -6上的低位导向轮通道 4-1 -62后,平 顺衔接到中轨道的中轨条 1-33-6的右侧低位引导面 2-219-6 ; [67] c) In the described road section, the left lower guide surface 2-117-6 of the middle rail 1 -31 -6 of the left rail passes through the left rail 1 -12-6 located on the right rail After the lower guide wheel passages 4-1-61, the smoothing is connected to the left lower guide surface 2-1 19-6 of the middle rail 1 -33-6 of the middle rail; the middle rail 1 -3 2 of the right rail The right lower guide surface 2-218-6 of 6 passes through the lower guide wheel passages 4-1-62 on the right rail 1-21-6 of the left rail, and is smoothly connected to the middle rail 1 of the middle rail. 33-6 right side low guide surface 2-219-6;
[68] d) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的右轨条 1 -21-6的右侧高位引导面 2-223-6 依次穿过分别位于右轨道的左轨条〗-12-6、 中轨条 1 -32-6和右轨条 1 -22-6上的三 个高位导向轮通道 4-2-67、 4-2-66、 4-2-65后, 平顺衔接到中轨道的右轨条 1 -23-6 的右側高位引导面 2-226-6; 右轨道的右轨条 1 -22-6的右侧低位引导面 2-214- 6平 顺衔接到中轨道的右轨条 1 -23-6的右侧低位引导面 2-216-6。  [68] d) In the described road section, the right side of the right track 1 - 21-6 of the left track, the high-level guide surface 2-223-6, passes through the left track of the right track, respectively. 6. After the middle rails 1 -32-6 and the right rails 1 -22-6 have three high-position guide wheel passages 4-2-67, 4-2-66, 4-2-65, the smooth connection is connected. Right side rail 1 -23-6 right side high guiding surface 2-226-6; Right rail right rail 1 -22-6 right side lower guiding surface 2-214-6 is smoothly connected to the right of the middle rail The right side low guide surface 2-216-6 of the rail 1 -23-6.
[69] 以上特征, 在附图 34-37中有所展示。 [69] The above features are shown in Figures 34-37.
[70] 如之前所述, 三根轨条有利于宽体车辆的运行。 在此基础上, 由于在一根侧 边轨条的外侧增加了一条引导面, 使这种三轨条轨道不仅兼容了在之前所述的仅 一根轨条双侧带引导面的双轨条轨道中运行的窄体车辆, 还兼容了在之前所述的 双轨条外侧带引导面的双轨条轨道中运行的窄体车辆。 另外, 利用中轨条侧面和 侧方轨条外侧面的间隔较远的引导面, 还为对应类型的窄体车辆提供了更稳定的 运行条件。  [70] As mentioned earlier, the three rails facilitate the operation of wide-body vehicles. On the basis of this, since a guide surface is added on the outer side of one side rail, the three rail track is not only compatible with the double rail track of the double side guide surface of only one rail described earlier. The narrow-body vehicle operating in the middle is also compatible with a narrow-body vehicle operating in a double-track rail with a guide surface on the outside of the double-track strip as previously described. In addition, the use of a guide surface that is spaced farther from the side of the middle rail and the lateral side of the side rail provides a more stable operating condition for a correspondingly narrow vehicle.
[71 ] 在实现了本发明的第一个基本目的的基础上, 本发明的另一个进一步的目 的, 是不仅为宽体车辆提供安全稳定的引导功能以及为窄体车辆提供稳定的运行 条件, 而且, 还为了能为三线轨道和双线轨道提供更灵活的路网布局方式。  [71] Based on the achievement of the first basic object of the present invention, another further object of the present invention is to provide not only a safe and stable guiding function for wide-body vehicles but also stable operating conditions for narrow-body vehicles. Moreover, in order to provide a more flexible road network layout for three-track and two-track.
[72] 该进一步的目的是这样实现的: [72] This further aim is achieved in this way:
[73] a) 在同一股轨道中, 有相互平行且等距的左轨条、 中轨条、 和右轨条; 其 中, 中轨条的左右两个侧面都有引导面; 右轨条的右侧面上有引导面; 左轨条的 左侧面上有引导面;  [73] a) in the same track, there are mutually parallel and equidistant left, middle and right rails; wherein the left and right sides of the middle rail have guiding surfaces; a guide surface on the right side; a guide surface on the left side of the left rail;
[74] b) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的中轨条 1-31 -7的右側高位引导面 2-227-7 依次穿过分别位于右轨道的左轨条 1-12-7和中轨条 1 -32-7上的两个高位导向轮通 道 4-2-73、 4-2-72后,平顺过渡到中轨道的中轨条 1-33-7的右侧高位引导面 2-229-7; 右轨道的中轨条 1 -32-7的左侧高位引导面 2- 128-7依次穿过分别位于左轨道的右轨 条 1-21-7和中轨条 1-31-7上的两个高位导向轮通道 4-2-?4、 4-2-71后,平顺过渡到 中轨道的中轨条 1-33-7的左侧高位引导面 2-129-7; Left rail 1-12-7 [74] b) in the turnout in the road, the right side of the track rail left upper guide surface 1-31-7 2-227-7 passes through the tracks are located in the right And two high-position guide wheels on the middle rail 1 -32-7 After the lanes 4-2-73, 4-2-72, the right transition guide to the right rail of the middle rail 1-33-7 of the middle rail is 2-229-7; the middle rail of the right rail is 1-32- The left high position guide surface 2-128-7 of 7 passes through the two high position guide wheel passages 4-2-2 on the right rail 1-21-7 and the middle rail 1-31-7 respectively located in the left rail. 4, after 4-2-71, smooth transition to the left side high guide surface 2-129-7 of the middle rail 1-33-7 of the middle track;
[75] c) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的中轨条 1-31-7的左侧低位引导面 2- 1Π-7 穿过位于右轨道的左轨条 1-12-7上的低位导向轮通道 4-1-71后, 平顺衔接到中轨 道的中轨条 1 -33-7的左侧低位引导面 2-119- 7; 右轨道的中轨条 1 -32- 7的右侧低位 引导面 2-218-7穿过位于左轨道的右轨条 1-21-7上的低位导向轮通道 4-1-72后,平 顺构 -接到中轨道的中轨条 1-33-7的右侧低位引导面 2-219-7[75] c) the turnout road section, the left rail track left lower guiding surface 1-31-7 2- 1Π- 7 through the left of the rail in the right track on the 1-12-7 after passage of the lower guide wheels 4-1-71, smooth convergence to the left rail to the lower rail guiding surface 2-119-71-33-7; the right rail of the rail is 1-32-7 1 to the rail of the track - 2-218-7 right through the right side lower guide rail in the left guide wheel track channel on the lower rear 1-21-7 4-1-72, smooth structure -33-7, the right lower guide surface 2- 2 1 9 - 7 ;
[76] d) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的右轨条 1-21-7的右侧高位引导面 2-223-7 依次穿过分别位于右轨道的左轨条 1-12-7、 中轨条 1-32-7和右轨条 1-22-7上的三 个高位导向轮通道 4-2-774-2-764-2-75后,平顺衔接到中轨道的右轨条 1-23-7的右 侧高位引导面 2-226-7; 右轨道的右轨条 1-22-7的右側低位引导面 2-214-7平顺衔 接到中轨道的右轨条 1-23-7的右侧低位引导面 2-216-7;  [76] d) In the described road section, the right side high-level guiding surface 2-223-7 of the right rail 1-21-7 of the left rail passes through the left rail 1-12- respectively located in the right rail. 7. After the three high-position guide wheel passages on the middle rails 1-32-7 and the right rails 1-22-7 are 4-2-774-2-764-2-75, they are smoothly connected to the right rail of the middle rail. The right side high guiding surface of the strip 1-23-7 2-226-7; the right side low side guiding surface 2-214-7 of the right rail 1-22-7 of the right track is smoothly connected to the right rail 1 of the middle track 23-7 right side low guide surface 2-216-7;
[77] e) 在所述的道岔路段中, 右轨道的左轨条 1-12-7的左侧高位引导面 2-122-7 依次穿过分别位于左轨道的右轨条 1-21-7、 中轨条 1-31-7和左轨条 1-11-7上的三 个高位导向轮通道 4-2-710、 4-2-79、 4-2- 78后, 平顺衔接到中轨道的左轨条 1-13-7 的左侧高位引导面 2-125-7; 左轨道的左轨条 1-11-7的左侧低位引导面 2-111-7平 顺衔接到中轨道的左轨条 1-13-7的左侧低位引导面 2-115-7  [77] e) In the turnout section, the left high guide surface 2-122-7 of the left rail 1-12-7 of the right rail passes through the right rail 12-1 of the left rail in turn. 7. After the middle rails 1-31-7 and the left rails 1-11-7, the three high-position guide wheel passages 4-2-710, 4-2-79, 4-2-78 are smoothly connected. The left side high guide surface 2-125-7 of the left rail 1-13-7 of the track; the left lower guide surface 2-111-7 of the left rail 1-11-7 of the left track smoothly connected to the middle track Left side rail 1-13-7 left side low guide surface 2-115-7
[78] 以上特征, 在附图 38-41中有所展示。 [78] The above features are shown in Figures 38-41.
[79] 由于这种三轨条轨道的左右轨条的外侧都有一条引导面, 因此, 利用其中任 意两根相邻轨条, 都可以运行之前所述的两种类型的窄体车辆。 这样, 在各种形 式的道岔布局和网格布局形式中, 这种三轨条轨道方案, 具有更多的灵活性和实 用性。  [79] Since the left and right rails of such a three-track rail have a guide surface on the outside, the two types of narrow-body vehicles previously described can be operated by using any two adjacent rails. Thus, in the various forms of ballast layout and grid layout, this three-track track solution has more flexibility and practicality.
[80] 在同一个总的发明构思基础上, 本发明的第二个基本目的是为本发明提出的 如前所述轨道提供一种可靠安全的专用的带导向轮的轮式车辆。  [80] On the basis of the same general inventive concept, the second basic object of the present invention is to provide a reliable and safe dedicated wheeled vehicle with a guide wheel as described above for the present invention.
[81] 本发明的上述基本目的是通过如下技术特征来实现的: The above basic object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical features:
[82] 一种适合运行在前述轨道上的专用车辆;该车辆有自动驾驶系统;其特征是:  [82] A special vehicle adapted to operate on the aforementioned track; the vehicle has an automatic driving system;
[83] a) 在该车辆底盘 6下方装有至少三个承载轮 5, 其中至少一个承栽轮 5在 轨道的一根轨条上运行, 其余承载轮 5在轨道的其他轨条上运行; [83] a) at least three load-bearing wheels 5 are mounted below the vehicle chassis 6, wherein at least one of the carrier wheels 5 runs on one of the rails of the track, and the remaining load-bearing wheels 5 run on the other rails of the track;
[84] b) 该车辆底盘 6装有至少三个用于引导车辆的可沿立轴旋转且可升降的导 向轮 3; 其中至少一个导向轮在位于所述轨道的轨条的左侧引导面上运行, 其余 的导向轮在轨条的右侧引导面上运行; [84] b) the vehicle chassis 6 is provided with at least three guide wheels 3 for guiding the vehicle which are rotatable and movable up and down along the vertical axis; wherein at least one of the guide wheels is on the left guiding surface of the rails of the track Running, the remaining guide wheels run on the right guide surface of the rail;
[85] c) 所述的导向轮的上方有一段向上延伸的竖板状的导向轮轴支架 3-4;该竖 板状的导向轮轴支架 3-4可在自动驾驶系统控制下, 保持平行于承载轮 5的运行 方向的姿态;  [85] c) above the guide wheel there is an upwardly extending riser-like guide axle bracket 3-4; the riser-shaped guide axle bracket 3-4 can be kept parallel to the automatic driving system control a posture of the running direction of the load wheel 5;
[86] d) 所述的导向轮可在自动驾驶系统的控制下与竖板状的导向轮轴支架 3-4 一起变换高度位置。 [87] 这种专用车辆, 由于在其导向轮的轴座上部采用了向上延伸的竖板状的导向 轮轴支架, 比单纯的圆柱型轴颈构造具备更好的力学性能, 具备更大的承受外力 撞击的能力, 因而显著增强了车辆的安全性。 这种竖板状的导向轮轴支架方案, 解决了既要保证较窄的导向轮通道上方缺口 (从而降低承载轮驶过缺口时产生的 震动), 又要增强导向轮轮轴强度的矛盾。导向轮在车辆的控制机构的作用下的升 降动作, 使导向轮的轮体可在不同高度的引导面之间变换移位, 并配合前述轨道 中道岔路段的不同高度的导向轮通道, 从而可以可靠地引导车辆在道岔路段自主 转向。 导向轮的这种升降形式, 既可以是简单路径的上下升降, 也可以是曲线路 径的迂回升降。 显然, 这种升降机构在现有技术中具有很多成熟的实现手段可以 引用。 [86] d) The guide wheel can be changed in height position together with the vertical plate-shaped guide axle bracket 3-4 under the control of the automatic driving system. [87] This special vehicle, because of the upwardly extending vertical plate-shaped guide wheel axle bracket on the upper part of the guide seat of the guide wheel, has better mechanical properties than the simple cylindrical journal structure and has greater bearing capacity. The ability of external forces to impact, thus significantly enhancing the safety of the vehicle. The vertical plate-shaped guide wheel axle bracket solution solves the problem of not only ensuring the gap above the narrow guide wheel passage (thus reducing the vibration generated when the load wheel drives over the gap), but also enhancing the strength of the guide wheel axle. The lifting and lowering action of the guiding wheel under the action of the control mechanism of the vehicle enables the wheel body of the guiding wheel to be shifted and displaced between the guiding surfaces of different heights, and cooperates with the guiding wheel passages of different heights of the ballast road sections in the track, so that Reliably guide the vehicle to turn autonomously on the road section. The lifting form of the guide wheel can be either a vertical path up and down, or a rounded up and down curve path. Obviously, such a lifting mechanism has many mature implementation means in the prior art.
[88] 在同一个总的发明构思基础上, 本发明的第三个基本目的, 是提供一种具有 便于车辆更安全更可靠地平转换向的十字交叉的道岔路段构造的轨道。  [88] Based on the same general inventive concept, a third basic object of the present invention is to provide a track having a cross-section of a turnout section that facilitates a safer and more reliable flat transition of the vehicle.
[89] 本发明的上述第三个基本目的是这样实现的: [89] The above third basic object of the present invention is achieved as follows:
[90] 一种轨道, 在同一股轨道中, 包括至少两根用于承载车轮的相互平行的轨条 1 ;在同一股轨道中,有至少两条位于所迷的轨条 1側面的用于引导车辆的可沿立 轴旋转且可升降的导向轮 3运行的引导面 2 ; 其中, 包括至少一条位于所述的轨 条 1左侧面上的左側引导面和至少一条位于所述的轨条 1右侧面上的右侧引导面; 其特征是:  [90] A track comprising, in the same track, at least two mutually parallel rails 1 for carrying wheels; in the same strand, at least two of them are located on the side of the rail 1 a guiding surface 2 for guiding the guiding wheel 3 of the vehicle which is rotatable along the vertical axis and movable up and down; wherein, at least one left guiding surface on the left side of the rail 1 and at least one rail 1 are located The right side guide surface on the right side; it is characterized by:
[91 ] a) 所迷的左侧引导面包括位置较高的左侧高位引导面和位置较低的左侧低 位引导面; 所述的右側引导面包括位置较高的右侧高位引导面和位置较低的右侧 低位引导面;  [91] a) The left side guide surface includes a higher position left upper level guide surface and a lower position left lower level guide surface; the right side guide surface includes a higher position right side upper guide surface and a lower right lower guide surface;
[92] b) 在一股或者多股纵向轨道与一股或者多股横向轨道的纵横交叉的道岔区 域, 相互交叉的轨条的顶面相互重合; 并且, 纵向的轨道的轨条侧面仅有高位引 导面, 横向的轨道的轨条侧面仅有低位引导面; 在纵向的轨道的轨条上, 有可供 沿着横向轨道的轨奈的低位引导面运行的、 已降至低位的导向轮穿过的 "凸" 字 形的低位导向轮通道, 在横向轨道的轨条上, 有可供沿着纵向轨道的轨条的高位 引导面运行的、 已升至高位的导向轮穿过的 "凸" 字形的高位导向轮通道  [92] b) in the region of the turnout where one or more longitudinal tracks intersect with one or more transverse tracks, the top faces of the intersecting rails coincide with each other; and the longitudinal rails of the longitudinal rails are only The high guiding surface, the lateral rail has only a low guiding surface on the side of the rail; on the rail of the longitudinal rail, there is a lowering guide wheel which can be operated along the lower guiding surface of the rail of the transverse rail a low-profile guide wheel passage that passes through the "convex" shape, and on the rail of the transverse rail, there is a "convex" that passes through the elevated guide surface of the rail of the longitudinal rail and that has been raised to the upper position. "Glyph of the high position guide wheel channel
[93] 以上特征, 在附图 42、 56中有所展示。 [93] The above features are shown in Figures 42 and 56.
[94] 上述的轨道构造特征, 为在十字交叉的道岔路段的不同方向运行的车辆提供 了可以平稳和可靠地相互渡线和相互进行直角平转换向的条件。"凸 "字形的导向 轮通道的应用, 使得承载轮跨越导向轮通道上方形成的狭窄缺口时, 只受到轻微 的颠簸, 对车辆的平稳安静的运行影响很小。 高低搭配的引导面, 也可最大限度 减轻导向轮通过十字道岔区段时所受到的震动影响。  [94] The above described track construction features provide conditions for smooth and reliable crossover and mutual angular translation for vehicles operating in different directions of intersecting turnout sections. The application of the "convex" shaped guide wheel channel allows the load wheel to cross the narrow gap formed above the guide wheel passage, which is only slightly bumped and has little effect on the smooth and quiet operation of the vehicle. The high and low collocation surfaces also minimize the effects of vibrations on the guide wheels as they pass through the cross section.
[95] 在同一个总的发明构思基础上, 本发明的第四个基本目的是为本发明提出的 如上所述的轨道提供一种可以更可靠更安全地在十字交叉路段的交叉节点处平转 换向的车辆。  [95] Based on the same general inventive concept, a fourth basic object of the present invention is to provide a track as described above for the present invention which can be more reliably and safely leveled at the intersection of the crossroads Convert to the vehicle.
[96] 本发明的上述第四个基本目的是这样实现的:  [96] The above fourth basic object of the present invention is achieved as follows:
[97] 一种适合运行在权利要求 10 所述轨道上的专用车辆, 该车辆有自动驾驶系 统, 其特征是: [97] A special vehicle adapted to operate on the track of claim 10, the vehicle having an automatic driving system The system is characterized by:
[98] a) 该车辆底盘 6 装有至少四个呈矩形分布的承载轮 5 , 其中两个承载轮 5 运行在同一股轨道的同一根轨条上, 另外两个承载轮运行在另一根轨条上;  [98] a) The vehicle chassis 6 is provided with at least four load-bearing wheels 5 distributed in a rectangular shape, wherein two load-bearing wheels 5 run on the same rail of the same track, and the other two load-bearing wheels run on the other On the rail
[99] b) 该车辆底盘 6装有至少四个用于引导车辆的可沿立轴旋转且可升降的导 向轮 3 ; 其中至少两个导向轮在位于所述轨道的轨奈的左侧引导面上运行, 至少 两个导向轮在轨条的右側引导面上运行; [99] b) the vehicle chassis 6 is provided with at least four guide wheels 3 for guiding the vehicle which are rotatable and movable up and down along the vertical axis; wherein at least two of the guide wheels are on the left side guide surface of the rails of the track Running upwards, at least two guiding wheels running on the right guiding surface of the rail;
[100] c) 所述的导向轮的上方有一段向上延伸的竖板状的导向轮轴支架 34 ; 该竖板状的导向轮轴支架 3-4可在自动驾驶系统控制下, 保持平行于承载轮 5的 运行方向的姿态;  [100] c) above the guide wheel, there is an upwardly extending vertical plate-shaped guide axle bracket 34; the vertical plate-shaped guide axle bracket 3-4 can be kept parallel to the load-bearing wheel under the control of the automatic driving system a posture of the running direction of 5;
[101 ] d) 所述的导向轮可在自动驾驶系统的控制下与竖板状的导向轮轴支架 3-4一起变换高度位置和水平位置。  [101] d) The guide wheel can be changed in height position and horizontal position together with the vertical plate-shaped guide axle bracket 3-4 under the control of the automatic driving system.
[102] e) 在纵橫两股轨道的十字交叉道岔处, 所述的承载轮 5 可在自动驾驶 系统控制下, 由沿着纵向轨道运行的方向转变为沿着横向轨道运行的方向;  [102] e) at the crossroads of the longitudinal and transverse two-track, the load-bearing wheel 5 can be converted from a direction along a longitudinal track to a direction along a transverse track under the control of an automatic driving system;
[103] f) 当车辆停止在纵橫两股轨道的十字交叉处时, 在自动驾驶系统控制 下, 所述的导向轮可由纵向轨道的引导面转移到横向轨道的引导面上, 并且, 竖 板状的导向轮轴支架 3-4也随着导向轮的转移而回转 90度, 由平行于纵向轨道转 换为平行于橫向轨道。 [103] f) when the vehicle stops at the intersection of the longitudinal and transverse two tracks, under the control of the automatic driving system, the guiding wheels can be transferred from the guiding surface of the longitudinal track to the guiding surface of the transverse track, and The plate-like guide axle bracket 3-4 is also rotated 90 degrees with the transfer of the guide wheels, converted from parallel to the longitudinal track to parallel to the transverse track.
[104] 在具有如前所述的十字交叉路段的轨道上, 这种车辆的可升降的导向轮 可以利用轨道的高位和低位的引导面以及高位和低位的导向轮通道进行平稳和可 靠的交叉渡线。 更重要的是, 这种车辆在自动驾驶系统控制下, 在轨道的十字交 叉节点位置停车后, 通过变换承载轮和导向轮的姿态位置, 可以让车辆从一个方 向的轨道转换到另一个方向的轨道中运行, 实现了平稳和可靠的直角转向功能。 这个功能,是实现本发明人在 200420019497. 3中国专利中所述的新型轨道交通系 统的众多优点的关键技术特征。  [104] On a track with a cross section as described above, the hoistable guide wheel of such a vehicle can utilize the high and low guide faces of the track and the high and low guide wheel passages for smooth and reliable crossover. Cross line. More importantly, under the control of the automatic driving system, after the vehicle stops at the cross-node position of the track, the vehicle can change the position of the carrier wheel and the guide wheel to change the vehicle from one direction to the other. Running in the track, smooth and reliable right angle steering is achieved. This function is a key technical feature for realizing the numerous advantages of the novel rail transit system described by the inventors in the Chinese Patent No. 200420019497.
[105] 在同一个总的发明构思基础上, 本发明的第五个基本目的, 是为网格状 布局的轨道系统提供一种具有构造更简单的十字交叉道岔路段的轨道。  [105] On the basis of the same general inventive concept, the fifth basic object of the present invention is to provide a track having a simpler cross-section of a cross-section of a track system for a grid-like layout.
[106] 本发明的上述第五个基本目的是这样实现的: The above fifth basic object of the present invention is achieved as follows:
[107] 一种轨道, 在同一股轨道中, 包括至少两根用于承载车轮的相互平行的 轨条; 在同一股轨道中, 有至少两条位于所述的轨条侧面的用于引导车辆的可沿 立轴旋转的导向轮运行的引导面; 其中, 包括至少一条位于所述的轨条左侧面上 的左侧引导面和至少一条位于所述的轨条右侧面上的右侧引导面; 其特征是:  [107] a track comprising, in the same track, at least two mutually parallel rails for carrying wheels; in the same strand, at least two of the sides of the rails for guiding the vehicle a guiding surface of the guide wheel that is rotatable along the vertical axis; wherein: at least one left guiding surface on the left side of the rail and at least one right guiding on the right side of the rail Surface; its characteristics are:
[108] 在一股或者多股纵向轨道与一股或者多股横向轨道的纵横交叉的道岔区 域, 相互交叉的轨条的顶面相互重合; 在纵向的轨道的轨条上, 有可供沿着横向 轨道的轨条的引导面运行的导向轮穿过的 "凸" 字形的导向轮通道, 在横向轨道 的轨条上, 有可供沿着纵向轨道的轨条的引导面运行的导向轮穿过的 "凸" 字形 的高位导向轮通道; 纵向轨道的轨条上的引导面和导向轮通道与横向轨道的轨条 上的引导面和导向轮通道的高度位置相同。 [108] In the turnout area where one or more longitudinal tracks intersect with one or more transverse tracks, the top faces of the intersecting rails coincide with each other; on the rails of the longitudinal track, there are a "convex" shaped guide wheel passage through which the guide wheels running on the guide faces of the rails of the transverse rail pass, and on the rails of the transverse rail, there are guide wheels for running along the guide faces of the rails of the longitudinal rails The "high" guide wheel passage of the "convex" shape passes through; the guide surface and the guide wheel passage on the rail of the longitudinal rail are the same as the height of the guide surface and the guide wheel passage on the rail of the transverse rail.
[109] 上述的轨道构造特征, 是之前介绍过的十字交叉轨道特征的简化。 取消 了引导面的布局高度差。 这种简化, 有利于在低速运行的网格状布局的轨道系统 中降低路轨构件的必要高度尺寸, 在保证必要的力学性能的提前下, 显著减少了 轨道构件的材料用量。 另外, 还可以简化那些仅限于在此轨道网络中运行的专用 车辆的机电构造, 使车辆可取消导向轮的升降机构, 使十字交叉的道岔路段的不 同方向运行的这些专用车辆可以不需要升降导向轮便可以实现相互交叉穿越和平 转换向。 [109] The above-described track structure feature is a simplification of the previously described cross-track feature. Cancel The layout height of the guide surface is poor. This simplification is advantageous for reducing the necessary height dimension of the rail members in the track system of the grid-like layout running at a low speed, and significantly reducing the material usage of the rail members in advance of ensuring the necessary mechanical properties. In addition, it is also possible to simplify the electromechanical construction of the special vehicles that are limited to operation in the orbital network, so that the vehicle can cancel the lifting mechanism of the guiding wheels, and the special vehicles that operate in different directions of the intersecting road sections can be lifted without the lifting guidance. The wheel can be crossed to cross each other.
[1 10] 在同一个总的发明构思基础上, 本发明的第六个基本目的, 是为上述轨 道提供一种可以在十字交叉道岔路段自主平转换向的构造更简单的车辆。  [110] On the basis of the same general inventive concept, the sixth basic object of the present invention is to provide a simpler vehicle for the above-mentioned track which can be autonomously converted in a crossroad section.
[1 1 1 ] 本发明的上述第六个基本目的是这样实现的:  [1 1 1 ] The above sixth basic object of the present invention is achieved as follows:
[1 1 2] 一种适用于上述轨道的专用车辆, 该车辆有自动驾驶系统; 在该车辆的 底部,有至少四个承载轮;其中至少有两个承载轮在所述轨道的一根轨条上运行, 其余至少两个承载轮在所述轨道的其他轨条上运行; 其特征是:  [1 1 2] A special vehicle suitable for the above-mentioned track, the vehicle having an automatic driving system; at the bottom of the vehicle, there are at least four carrying wheels; at least two of the carrying wheels are on one of the tracks Running on the strip, the remaining at least two carrying wheels run on the other rails of the track;
[1 1 3] a) 车辆底部装有至少四組导向轮组, 其中每组导向轮組至少包括两个 导向轮轮体 3- 1;每个导向轮轮体的竖板状的导向轮轴支架经由导向轮平转臂 3- 10 相互结合成一体; 导向轮平转臂 3-10可沿着导向轮平转轴 3-9回转至少 90度;  [1 1 3] a) At least four sets of guide wheel sets are installed on the bottom of the vehicle, wherein each set of guide wheel sets includes at least two guide wheel bodies 3 - 1; vertical plate-shaped guide wheel axle brackets of each guide wheel body Through the guide wheel pan arms 3 - 10 are integrated with each other; the guide wheel pan arms 3 - 10 can be rotated at least 90 degrees along the guide wheel pan axis 3-9;
[1 14] b) 至少两組导向轮组在位于所述轨道的轨条的左侧引导面上运行, 其 余至少两組导向轮组在位于所述轨道的轨条的右侧引导面上运行;  [1 14] b) at least two sets of guide wheel sets running on the left guiding surface of the rails of the track, and the remaining at least two sets of guiding wheel sets running on the right guiding surface of the rails of the track ;
[1 15] c) 所述的导向轮的上方有一段向上延伸的竖板状的导向轮轴支架; 该 竖板状的导向轮轴支架可在自动驾驶系统控制下, 保持平行于承载轮的运行方向 的姿态;  [1 15] c) above the guide wheel, there is an upwardly extending vertical plate-shaped guide wheel axle bracket; the vertical plate-shaped guide axle bracket can be kept parallel to the running direction of the load wheel under the control of the automatic driving system Gesture
[1 16] d) 在纵横两股轨道的十字交叉道岔处, 所述的承栽轮可在自动驾驶系 统控制下, 由沿着纵向轨道运行的方向转变为沿着横向轨道运行的方向;  [1 16] d) at the crossroads of the two transverse tracks, the carrier wheel can be converted from a direction along the longitudinal track to a direction along the transverse track under the control of the automatic driving system;
[1 17] e) 当车辆停止在纵横两股轨道的十字交叉处时, 在自动驾驶系统控制 下,所述的导向轮组可沿着所述的导向轮平转轴回转 90度,从纵向轨道的引导面 转移到横向轨道的引导面上, 同时, 该导向轮组的竖板状的导向轮轴支架也一同 回转 90度, 由平行于纵向轨道转换为平行于横向轨道。 [1 17] e) when the vehicle stops at the intersection of the longitudinal and transverse two tracks, under the control of the automatic driving system, the guiding wheel set can be rotated 90 degrees along the guiding wheel flat axis, from the longitudinal track The guiding surface is transferred to the guiding surface of the transverse rail, and at the same time, the vertical plate-shaped guiding axle bracket of the guiding wheel set is also rotated by 90 degrees, which is converted parallel to the longitudinal rail parallel to the transverse rail.
[1 18] 显然, 这种在附图 81 - 86中展示的车辆, 不需要升降导向轮的车辆, 具 有更简单的机电构造, 降低了成本。 当然, 这种简化的带来的限制是: 这种车辆 只能在上述的那种十字交叉轨道路段进行平转换向, 而不能在之前所述的人字形 道岔中运行。 因而, 其应用范围受到限制。 比较合适的应用场合是机械化立体停 车设施、 厂区运输、 仓储和大棚等。  [1 18] Obviously, the vehicle shown in Figures 81-86, which does not require a lifting guide wheel, has a simpler electromechanical construction and reduces costs. Of course, the limitation of this simplification is that the vehicle can only be converted in the above-mentioned cross-track section and cannot be operated in the previously described herringbone switch. Therefore, its application range is limited. Suitable applications are mechanized three-dimensional parking facilities, plant transportation, storage and greenhouses.
[1 19] 本发明的更详细的特征将在如下的具体实施方式中结合附图得到更详细 的描述。 附图说明  [1 19] More detailed features of the present invention will be described in more detail in the following detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings. DRAWINGS
[120] 图 1是一种有两根轨条、 且其中左轨条的左右侧面带引导面的轨道的一 段道岔区段的俯视示意图。  [120] Fig. 1 is a top plan view of a ballast section of a track having two rails, and wherein the left and right sides of the left rail have guiding surfaces.
[121 ] 图 2-4是图 1所示轨道的道岔区段的不同视角的立体视图。 [122] 图 5- 8是导向轮在图 1所示轨道的道岔区段运行的不同视角的立体视图。 [2-1] Figures 2-4 are perspective views of different perspective views of the turnout section of the track of Figure 1. [122] Figures 5-8 are perspective views of different perspectives of the guide wheel operating in the turnout section of the track of Figure 1.
[123] 图 9是图 1所示的轨道采用凹槽式引导面的一段道岔区段的立体图。 [123] Figure 9 is a perspective view of a section of the turnout section of the track shown in Figure 1 with a grooved guide surface.
[124] 图 10-13是一种无动力的导向轮的构造的立体示意图和局部剖视图。 Figure 10-13 is a perspective view and a partial cross-sectional view showing the construction of an unpowered guide wheel.
[125] 图 14是一种有驱动力的导向轮的构造的立体图。 Figure 14 is a perspective view showing the configuration of a driving guide wheel.
[126] 图 15是一种适合在图 1至图 9所示轨道上运行的有三个导向轮和三个承 载轮的车辆的轮与轨的布局平面示意图。  Figure 15 is a plan view showing the layout of a wheel and rail of a vehicle having three guide wheels and three load wheels for operation on the track shown in Figures 1-9.
[127] 图 16是一种适合在图 1至图 9所示轨道上运行的有四个导向轮和四个承 载轮的车辆的轮与轨的布局平面示意图。  Figure 16 is a plan view showing the layout of a wheel and rail of a vehicle having four guide wheels and four load wheels for operation on the track shown in Figures 1-9.
[128] 图 17是图 15和 16所示的车辆和轨道的前视剖视示意图。  Figure 17 is a front cross-sectional view of the vehicle and track shown in Figures 15 and 16.
[129] 图 18、 19是一种有两根轨条、且其中左轨条的左侧面和右轨条的右侧面 带引导面的轨道的一段道岔区段的不同视角的立体视图。  18, 19 are perspective views of different angles of view of a section of the ballast section of a track having two rails, and wherein the left side of the left rail and the right side of the right rail are guided.
[130] 图 20是适合在图 18、 19所示轨道上运行的有四个导向轮和四个承载轮 的车辆的轮与轨的布局平面示意图。  Figure 20 is a plan view showing the layout of the wheels and rails of a vehicle having four guide wheels and four load wheels for operation on the track shown in Figures 18 and 19.
[131 ] 图 21是图 20所示的车辆和轨道的剖视示意图。  21 is a cross-sectional view of the vehicle and the track shown in FIG. 20.
[132] 图 22、 23是一种有两根轨条、且其中左轨条的左右侧面和右轨条的右侧 面带引导面的轨道的一段道岔区段的不同视角的立体视图。  [132] Figures 22, 23 are perspective views of different angles of view of a section of the turnout section of a track having two rails, wherein the left and right sides of the left rail and the right side of the right rail have a guide surface.
[133] 图 24、 25是一种有两根轨条、且其中左轨条的右侧面和右轨条的左侧面 带引导面的轨道的一段道岔区段的不同视角的立体视图。  [133] Figures 24, 25 are perspective views of different angles of view of a section of the ballast section of a track having two rails, and wherein the right side of the left rail and the left side of the right rail are guided.
[134] 图 26是适合在图 24、 25所示轨道上运行的有四个导向轮和四个承载轮 的车辆的轮与轨的布局平面示意图。  Figure 26 is a plan view showing the layout of the wheels and rails of a vehicle having four guide wheels and four load wheels for operation on the track shown in Figures 24 and 25.
[135] 图 27是图 26所示的车辆和轨道的前视剖视示意图。  27 is a front cross-sectional view of the vehicle and the track shown in FIG. 26.
[136] 图 28是一种有三根轨条、且只有中轨条的左右侧面带引导面的轨道的一 段道岔区段的俯视示意图。  Figure 28 is a top plan view of a section of a track having three rails and only the left and right sides of the middle rail with guide faces.
[137] 图 29、 30是图 28所示轨道的道岔区段的不同视角的立体视图。  29 and 30 are perspective views of different perspectives of the turnout section of the track shown in Fig. 28.
[138] 图 31是适合在图 28至图 30所示轨道上运行的有四个导向轮和四个承载 轮的车辆的前视剖视示意图。  Figure 31 is a front cross-sectional view of a vehicle having four guide wheels and four load wheels suitable for operation on the track shown in Figures 28-30.
[139] 图 32、 33是图 31所示车辆的两种轮与轨的布局方案平面示意图。  [139] Figures 32 and 33 are plan views of the layout schemes of the two wheels and rails of the vehicle shown in Figure 31.
[140] 图 34是一种有三根轨条、其中中轨条的左右侧面和右轨条右侧面带引导 面的轨道的一段道岔区段的俯视示意图。 Figure 34 is a top plan view of a section of the turnout section having three rails, wherein the left and right sides of the middle rail and the right side of the right rail have a guide surface.
[141 ] 图 35-37是图 34所示轨道的道岔区段的不同视角的立体视图。  [141] Figures 35-37 are perspective views of different perspective views of the turnout section of the track of Figure 34.
[142] 图 38是一种有三根轨条、其中中轨条的左右侧面以及左轨条左侧面、右 轨条右侧面带引导面的轨道的一段道岔区段的俯视示意图。  [142] FIG. 38 is a top plan view of a section of a turnout section having three rails, wherein the left and right sides of the middle rail and the left side of the left rail and the right side of the right rail have a guiding surface.
[143] 图 39-41是图 38所示轨道的道岔区段的不同视角的立体视视图。  [143] Figures 39-41 are perspective views of different perspective views of the turnout section of the track of Figure 38.
[144] 图 42是两股如图 18、 19所示的轨道相互呈十字型交叉的道岔区段的立 体视图。  [144] Fig. 42 is a perspective view of two ballast sections in which the tracks shown in Figs. 18 and 19 cross each other in a cross shape.
[145] 图 43-46是一种适合在图 42所示轨道的道岔区段直角转向的车辆的轮与 轨的布局平面和转向过程示意图。  [145] Figures 43-46 are schematic views of the layout plane and steering process of a wheel and rail of a vehicle suitable for right angle steering of the ballast section of the track of Figure 42.
[146] 图 47、 48是一种适合在图 42所示轨道的道岔区段直角转向的车辆的轮 与轨的布局平面和转向过程示意图。 [146] Figures 47, 48 are a wheel of a vehicle suitable for right angle steering of the ballast section of the track of Figure 42. Schematic diagram of the layout plane and steering process with the rails.
[147] 图 49是一种适合在图 42所示轨道的道岔区段直角转向的车辆的底盘和 轨道的立体示意图。  Figure 49 is a perspective view of a chassis and a track of a vehicle suitable for right angle steering of the ballast section of the track of Figure 42.
[148] 图 50-53是图 49所示车辆的一个角部的导向轮和承载轮的转向过程立体 示意图。  [148] Figs. 50-53 are perspective views of the steering process of the guide wheel and the load wheel of one corner of the vehicle shown in Fig. 49.
[149] 图 54、 55是图 49所示车辆的前视和侧视示意图。  [149] Figures 54 and 55 are front and side views of the vehicle of Figure 49.
[150] 图 56 是一种每根轨条的左右侧面都设置引导面的两股轨道相互呈十字 型交叉的道岔区段的立体视图。  [150] Fig. 56 is a perspective view of a turn section in which two rails each having a guide surface on each of the left and right sides of each rail are cross-shaped.
[151 ] 图 57是图 56所示轨道的道岔区段中一个十字交叉节点模块的立体图。  [151] Figure 57 is a perspective view of a cross node module in the turnout section of the track of Figure 56.
[152] 图 58是图 56所示轨道的一种纵横引导面在高度上有重叠的节点模块立 体图。 Figure 58 is a perspective view of a node module in which a vertical and horizontal guide faces of the track shown in Figure 56 overlap in height.
[153] 图 59-62是适合在图 56所示轨道的道岔区段直角转向的车辆的轮与轨布 局平面和转向过程示意图。  [153] Figures 59-62 are schematic illustrations of the wheel and rail layout and steering process of a vehicle suitable for right angle steering of the ballast section of the track of Figure 56.
[154] 图 63是图 59至图 62所示车辆的底盘部分和轨道的斜上方视角的立体俯 视示意图。  Figure 63 is a perspective elevational view of the chassis portion of the vehicle shown in Figures 59-62 and the obliquely upward viewing angle of the track.
[155] 图 64是图 63所示车辆的底盘部分的斜下方视角的立体仰视示意图。  Figure 64 is a perspective bottom perspective view of the underside of the chassis portion of the vehicle of Figure 63.
[156] 图 65是图 63所示车辆的一套模块化的轮组构件的主要部件位置关系立 体示意图。 [156] Fig. 65 is a schematic perspective view showing the relationship of main components of a modular wheel set member of the vehicle shown in Fig. 63.
[157] 图 66 68是一种适合运行在图 56所示轨道上的车辆的轮与轨的布局平面 和转向过程示意图。  [157] Figure 66 68 is a schematic illustration of the layout plane and steering process of a wheel and rail for a vehicle operating on the track shown in Figure 56.
[158] 图 69-70是一种适合运行在图 56所示轨道上的车辆的轮与轨的布局平面 和转向过程示意图。  [158] Figures 69-70 are schematic illustrations of the layout plane and steering process of a wheel and rail for a vehicle operating on the track shown in Figure 56.
[159] 图 71、 73是图 69、 70所示车辆的底盘和轨道的立体图。  [159] Figures 71 and 73 are perspective views of the chassis and track of the vehicle shown in Figures 69 and 70.
[160] 图 72是图 71所示车辆的底盘一个角部轮组的斜视角仰视立体图。  Figure 72 is a perspective bottom perspective view of a corner wheel set of the chassis of the vehicle shown in Figure 71.
[161 ] 图 74是图 24、 25所示轨道呈十字交叉处的道岔区段立体图。  [161] Fig. 74 is a perspective view of the turnout section where the tracks shown in Figs.
[162] 图 75、 76是适合在图 74所示轨道的道岔区段直角转向的两种车辆的轮 与轨布局平面和转向过程示意图。  [162] Figures 75 and 76 are schematic views of the wheel and rail layout plane and steering process of two vehicles suitable for right angle steering of the ballast section of the track of Figure 74.
[163] 图 77 是两股由左右两根承载轨条和中间一根导向轨条构成的轨道呈十 字型交叉的道岔区段的立体视图。  [163] Figure 77 is a perspective view of two ballast sections of a cross-shaped cross-section consisting of two left and right load rails and a middle guide rail.
[164] 图 78是适合在图 77所示轨道的道岔区段直角转向的车辆的轮与轨布局 平面和转向过程示意图。  Figure 78 is a schematic illustration of the wheel and rail layout plane and steering process of a vehicle suitable for right angle steering of the ballast section of the track of Figure 77.
[165] 图 79是两股图 38所示轨道的十字交叉道岔的立体图。  Figure 79 is a perspective view of two intersecting tracks of the track shown in Figure 38.
[166] 图 80是具有相同高度引导面的三轨条轨道十字交叉道岔的轨道立体图。 Figure 80 is a perspective view of a rail of a three-track rail crossroad with the same height guiding surface.
[167] 图 81-84是一种适合在图 80所示轨道道岔进行直角转向的车辆的四组导 向轮组的转向过程示意图。 [167] Figs. 81-84 are schematic diagrams of the steering process of four sets of guide wheels suitable for a right angle turn of the track turnout shown in Fig. 80.
[168] 图 85、 86是适合在图 80所示轨道道岔处进行直角转向的车辆的轮与轨 的布局平面和转向过程示意图。  [168] Figures 85 and 86 are schematic views of the layout plane and steering process of the wheel and rail of a vehicle suitable for right angle steering at the track turnout shown in Figure 80.
[169] 图 87、 88是适合运行在一种双轨条轨道上的十字交叉道岔上的车辆的轮 与轨的布局平面和转向过程示意图。 [169] Figures 87, 88 are wheels of a vehicle suitable for running on a cross-track on a double track rail Schematic diagram of the layout plane and steering process with the rails.
[170] 图 89是图 56中所示轨道道岔区段扩展拼接成网格状路网区域的立体示 意图。 具体实施方式  Figure 89 is a perspective view showing the expansion of the track ballast section shown in Figure 56 into a grid-like road network area. detailed description
[171 ] 根据本发明的基本原理提出的一种轨道的实施例 1如图 1至图 9所示。 这是一股由左轨条和右轨条构成的轨道。 其中, 左轨条的左右两个侧面都有引导 面, 而右轨条的侧面不用于充当引导面。  An embodiment 1 of a track proposed in accordance with the basic principles of the present invention is shown in Figs. This is a track consisting of a left rail and a right rail. Wherein, the left and right sides of the left rail have a guiding surface, and the side of the right rail is not used as a guiding surface.
[172] 参见图 1至图 9, 在两股轨道呈人字型交汇后合并为一股轨道的道岔路 段, 位于图中左方的那股轨道即左轨道的左轨条 1-11-1 的右侧高位引导面 [172] Referring to Figures 1 to 9, the two-track orbital merged into a track of a turnout section, the left track in the figure, the left track of the left track, 1-11-1 Right side high guide surface
2- 221-1 (参见图 2、 4、 6、 9 ) 穿过位于图中右方的那股轨道即右轨道的左轨条 1-12-1上的一个处于高位的凸字型的导向轮通道 4-2-12后, 平顺过渡到中轨道 的左轨条 1-13-1的右侧高位引导面 2-225-1。 右轨道的左轨条 1-12-1的左侧高 位引导面 2-122-1, 先从左轨道的右轨条 1-21-1 上的一个高位的导向轮通道 4-2-13 中穿过后, 再穿过左轨道的左轨条 1-11-1 上的一个高位的导向轮通道 4 - 2-11, 然后再平顺过渡到中轨道的左轨条 1 13-1 的左侧高位引导面 2-125-1 上 (参见图 3、 5、 8 )。 2- 221-1 (see Figures 2, 4, 6, 9) A embossed guide in the upper position on the left rail 1-12-1 of the right track passing through the right track in the figure After the wheel channel 4-2-12, the smooth transition to the right side high guide surface 2-225-1 of the left rail 1-13-1 of the middle track. The left side high guide surface 2-122-1 of the left rail 1-12-1 of the right track, first from the upper rail line 1-21-1 of the left track, a high position guide wheel channel 4-2-13 After passing through, pass through a high-level guide wheel passage 4 - 2-11 on the left rail 1-11-1 of the left rail, and then smoothly transition to the left-hand high position of the left rail 1 13-1 of the middle rail. Guide surface 2-125-1 (see Figures 3, 5, 8).
[173] 在这段道岔路段中, 左轨道的左轨条 1-11-1的左侧低位引导面 2-111-1 (参见图 3、 5、 7、 8 ) 直接平顺衔接到中轨道的左轨条 1-13^1的左侧低位引导 面 2-115- 1上。右轨道的左轨条 1-12-1的右侧低位引导面 2-212-1 (参见图 2、 4、 6、 7 ) 从左轨道的右轨条 1-21-1上的一个低位的导向轮通道 4-1-11中穿过后, 直接平顺衔接到中轨道的左轨条 1-13-1的右侧低位引导面 2-215-1上。  [173] In this section of the road, the left lower guide surface 2-111-1 of the left rail 1-11-1 of the left rail (see Figures 3, 5, 7, 8) is directly and smoothly connected to the middle rail. The left rail of the left rail 1-13^1 is on the lower guide surface 2-115-1. Right side of the left rail 1-12-1, the right lower guide surface 2-212-1 (see Figures 2, 4, 6, 7) from the left rail of the right rail 1-21-1 on a low position After passing through the guide wheel passages 4-1-11, it is directly smoothly connected to the right lower guide surface 2-215-1 of the left rail 1-13-1 of the middle rail.
[174] 参见图 5、 6 , 当车辆从如图 1所示的左轨道向中轨道方向行驶时, 车辆 的至少四个承载轮沿着左轨道的左轨条 1-1 1-1和右轨条 1-21-1的顶部的承载轨 面上滚动。 同时, 车辆的左侧下方安装了至少两组可升降的导向轮 3-1 1、 3 22。 这两组导向轮分别沿着左轨道的左轨条 1-11-1的左右两侧的引导面上运行。在接 近如图 1所示的道岔区段的轨道交汇点之前, 车辆的控制系统须提前将位于左轨 道的左轨条 1-11-1左侧的导向轮 3- 1 1降低到低位姿态, 形成运行在左轨道的左 轨条 1-11-1左侧低位引导面 2-1 11-1上的低位的导向轮 3-11 (参见图 5 ) ; 并将 位于左轨道的左轨条 1- 1 1-1右侧的引导面的导向轮 3-22预先提升到高位, 形成 运行在左轨道的左轨条 1-1 1-1 的右侧高位引导面 2-221-1 上的高位的导向轮[174] Referring to Figures 5 and 6, when the vehicle travels from the left track to the middle track as shown in Figure 1, at least four load wheels of the vehicle follow the left track 1-11-1 and the right of the left track. The top of the rail 1-21-1 is rolled on the load rail surface. At the same time, at least two sets of adjustable guide wheels 3-1 1 , 3 22 are mounted below the left side of the vehicle. The two sets of guide wheels are respectively operated along the guide faces on the left and right sides of the left rail 1-11-1 of the left rail. Before approaching the intersection of the track of the turnout section as shown in Fig. 1, the control system of the vehicle must lower the guide wheel 3- 1 1 on the left side of the left rail 1-11-1 of the left track to the low position in advance. Forming a lower guide wheel 3-11 (see FIG. 5) on the left lower guide surface 2-1 11-1 of the left rail 1-11-1 running on the left rail; and placing the left rail 1 on the left rail - The guide wheel 3-22 of the guide surface on the right side of 1 1-1 is raised to the high position in advance to form a high position on the right upper guide surface 2-221-1 of the left rail 1-1 1-1 running on the left rail. Guide wheel
3- 22 (参见图 6)。 3- 22 (see Figure 6).
[175] 在图 1所示的道岔区段, 当车辆从左轨道进入与右轨道的交汇合并节点 时,其中的低位的导向轮 3-1 1在车辆的运行惯性引导下,始终贴压着左轨道的左 轨条 1-1 1-1的左侧低位引导面 2-1 1 1-1滚动,并且平顺地直接驶入中轨道的左轨 条 1-13-1的左侧低位引导面 2-115-1上 (参见图 5 ); 其中的高位的导向轮 3_22 在车辆的运行惯性以及低位导向轮 3-11的限制下,只能平顺地穿过右轨道的左轨 条 1-12- 1上的一个高位的导向轮通道 4-2-12, 并转入这段道岔区段的中轨道的 左轨条 1-13-1的右侧高位引导面 2- 225-1上 (参见图 6 )。 [175] In the switch section shown in FIG. 1, when the vehicle enters the merged node with the right track from the left track, the lower guide wheel 3-1 1 is always pressed under the guidance of the running inertia of the vehicle. The left lower guide surface 2-1 1 1-1 of the left rail 1-1 1-1 of the left rail rolls, and smoothly enters the left lower guide surface of the left rail 1-13-1 of the middle rail smoothly 2-115-1 (see Fig. 5); the high position guide wheel 3_22 can only smoothly pass through the left rail of the right track under the restriction of the running inertia of the vehicle and the lower guide wheel 3-11. a high-level guide wheel passage 4-2-12 on the 1 and into the middle orbit of this turnout section On the right side of the left rail 1-13-1, the upper guide surface 2- 225-1 (see Fig. 6).
[176] 参见图 7、 8, 当车辆从如图 1所示的右轨道驶向中轨道时, 车辆的至少 四个承载轮沿着右轨道的左轨条 1-12-1和右轨条 1-22-1的顶部的承载轨面上滚 动。 同时, 车辆的左侧下方安装的至少两组可升降的导向轮分别沿着右轨道的左 轨条 1 12-1的左右两侧的引导面上运行。在接近如图 1所示的道岔区段的轨道交 汇点之前,车辆的控制系统己经提前将位于右轨道的左轨条 1-12-1右侧的导向轮 降低到低位姿态, 形成运行在右轨道的左轨条 1-12-1的右侧低位引导面 2-212 -1 上的低位的导向轮 3-21 (参见图 7 ) ; 并将位于右轨道的左轨条 1-12- 1左侧的导 向轮提升到高位姿态, 形成运行在右轨道的左轨条 1-12-1 的左侧高位引导面 2 - 122-1上的高位的导向轮 3-12 (参见图 8 )。  [176] Referring to Figures 7, 8, when the vehicle is moving from the right rail as shown in Figure 1 to the middle rail, at least four of the vehicle's carrying wheels are along the left rail 1-12-1 and the right rail of the right rail. The top of the 1-22-1 is rolled on the load rail surface. At the same time, at least two sets of liftable guide wheels mounted under the left side of the vehicle are respectively operated along the guide faces on the left and right sides of the left rail 1 12-1 of the right rail. Before approaching the intersection of the track of the turnout section as shown in Figure 1, the control system of the vehicle has lowered the guide wheel on the right side of the left rail 1-12-1 of the right track to the low position in advance, forming a running The lower guide wheel 3-21 on the right lower guide surface 2-212-1 of the left rail 1-12-1 of the right track (see Fig. 7); and the left rail 1-12- located on the right track 1 The guide wheel on the left side is raised to the high position to form the upper guide wheel 3-12 on the left upper guide surface 2-122-1 of the left rail 1-12-1 running on the right track (see Fig. 8). .
[177] 在图 1所示的道岔区段, 当车辆从右轨道进入与左轨道的交汇合并节点 时,其中的低位的导向轮 3-21在车辆的运行惯性引导下,始终贴压着右轨道的左 轨条 1-12-1的右侧低位引导面 2-212-1滚动 (参见图 7 ), 并且穿过左轨道的右 轨条 1-21-1上的一个低位的导向轮通道 4-1-11后, 平顺地直接转入中轨道的左 轨条 1-13-1的右侧低位引导面 2-215-1上。  [177] In the switch section shown in FIG. 1, when the vehicle enters the merged node with the left track from the right track, the lower guide wheel 3-21 is always pressed against the right under the guidance of the running inertia of the vehicle. The right lower guide surface 2-212-1 of the left rail 1-12-1 of the track rolls (see Fig. 7), and passes through a lower guide wheel passage on the right rail 1-21-1 of the left rail. After 4-1-11, it is smoothly transferred directly to the right lower guide surface 2-215-1 of the left rail 1-13-1 of the middle rail.
[178] 高位的导向轮 3-12在车辆的运行惯性以及低位导向轮 3-21的限制下, 首先穿过左轨道的右轨条 1-21-1上的一个高位的导向轮通道 4-2-13(参见图 8 ), 然后, 再穿过左轨道的左轨条 1-11-1上的一个高位的导向轮通道 4-2- 11, 最后, 平顺地转入这段道岔区段的中轨道的左轨条 1-13-1 的左侧高位引导面 2-125-1 上。  [178] The high position guide wheel 3-12 first passes through a high position guide wheel passage 4 on the right rail 1-21-1 of the left rail under the restriction of the running inertia of the vehicle and the lower guide wheel 3-21. 2-13 (see Fig. 8), and then pass through a high-level guide wheel passage 4-2-11 on the left rail 1-11-1 of the left rail. Finally, smoothly turn into this turnout section. The middle rail of the left rail 1-13-1 is on the left side of the high guide surface 2-125-1.
[179] 当车辆从中轨道驶向道岔交汇节点之前, 如果车辆上的控制系统事先将 位于左轨条 1-13-1左侧的导向轮的高度位置调整成低位的导向轮 3-1 1 (参见图 5 ), 将左轨条 1-13-1右侧的导向轮的高度位置调整成高位的导向轮 3-22 (参见 图 6),那么,在惯性引导下,低位的导向轮 3-11将被迫从中轨道的左轨条 1-13-1 的左侧低位引导面 2-1 15-1直接平顺转入左轨道的左轨条 1-11-1的左侧低位引导 面 2-111-1上运行 (参见图 5 ), 强制带动车辆驶入左轨道中。 在这个过程中, 高 位的导向轮 3-22沿着中轨道的左轨条 1-13-1右侧的高位引导面 2-225-1顺势穿 过高位的导向轮通道 4 2-12后, 平顺过渡到左轨道的左轨条 1-11- 1的右侧高位 引导面 2-221-1上。 这样, 高位和低位的导向轮的共同约束作用, 就使车辆从中 轨道平稳安全地经过道岔区段, 驶入了左轨道中。  [179] Before the vehicle travels from the middle track to the ballast junction node, if the control system on the vehicle previously adjusts the height position of the guide wheel located on the left side of the left rail 1-13-1 to the lower guide wheel 3-1 1 ( Referring to Fig. 5), the height position of the guide wheel on the right side of the left rail 1-13-1 is adjusted to the high position guide wheel 3-22 (see Fig. 6), then, under inertial guidance, the lower guide wheel 3- 11 will be forced to move directly from the left lower rail 1-1 15-1 of the left rail 1-13-1 of the middle rail to the left lower rail of the left rail 1-11-1 of the left rail 2 - Running on 111-1 (see Figure 5) forces the vehicle into the left track. In this process, the high position guide wheel 3-22 follows the high position guide wheel passage 4 2-12 along the high position guide surface 2-225-1 on the right side of the left rail 1-13-1 of the middle track. Smooth transition to the right side high guide surface 2-221-1 of the left rail 11-1- 1 of the left track. In this way, the common restraining action of the high and low guide wheels causes the vehicle to smoothly and safely pass through the switch section from the middle track and into the left track.
[180] 同样原理, 当车辆从中轨道驶向道岔交汇节点之前, 如果车辆上的控制 系统事先将位于中轨道的左轨条 1-13-1 右侧的导向轮的高度位置调整成低位的 导向轮 3-21 (参见图 7 ), 将中轨道的左轨条 1-13-1左侧的导向轮的高度位置调 整成高位的导向轮 3- 12 (参见图 8 ), 那么, 在惯性引导下, 低位的导向轮 3-21 将被迫从中轨道的左轨条 1-13-1的右侧低位引导面 2-215- 1上直接平顺地转入右 轨道的左轨条 1-12-1的右侧低位引导面 2-212-1上 (参见图 7 ), 带动车辆驶入 右轨道中。  [180] By the same principle, the control system on the vehicle adjusts the height position of the guide wheel on the right side of the left rail 1-13-1 of the middle rail to the low position before the vehicle travels from the middle rail to the ballast junction node. Wheel 3-21 (see Fig. 7), adjust the height position of the guide wheel on the left side of the left rail 1-13-1 of the middle rail to the upper guide wheel 3- 12 (see Fig. 8), then, in inertial guidance Next, the lower guide wheel 3-21 will be forced to smoothly transfer from the right lower guide surface 2-215-1 of the left rail 1-13-1 of the middle rail to the left rail 1-12 of the right rail. On the right lower guide surface 2-212-1 (see Figure 7), the vehicle is driven into the right track.
[181 ] 从以上描述可以看出, 在车辆经过道岔区段时, 车辆的惯性作用会促使 低位的导向轮始终紧紧贴住一条平顺且无间断的低位引导面运行, 强制引导车辆 在道岔区段平稳转向。 即便在高位引导面上运行的高位的导向轮在引导面上遇到 由高位导向轮通道造成的引导面的离断部分时, 也不会造成车辆瞬间侧移脱轨的 危险。 [181] As can be seen from the above description, the inertia of the vehicle will be promoted as the vehicle passes through the switch section. The lower guide wheel always runs tightly against a smooth, uninterrupted low guide surface, forcing the vehicle to steer smoothly in the turnout section. Even if the high-level guide wheel running on the high-level guide surface encounters the disconnected portion of the guide surface caused by the high-position guide wheel passage on the guide surface, there is no danger of the vehicle being laterally displaced and derailed.
[182] 在本发明的实施例描述中, 所谓 "左"、 "中"和 "右 ", 仅仅是按着主视 图的图面所示的方位来确定的。 如果将主视图旋转 180度, 或者左右方向做镜像 翻转, 图中所述的 "左右"就互换了。  In the description of the embodiments of the present invention, the so-called "left", "middle" and "right" are determined only in accordance with the orientation shown in the drawing of the front view. If the main view is rotated 180 degrees, or the left and right direction is mirrored, the "left and right" as described in the figure is interchanged.
[183] 为了提高车辆运行的安全, 轨条的引导面的顶部可以设置凸缘, 或者将 引导面做成内凹的槽状构造, 使导向轮在运行中更容易被限制在引导面的安全范 围内, 防止脱轨。 图 9中所示的, 就是将引导面做成凹槽形状的效果。 显然, 被 限制在凹槽内的的导向轮不仅不容易滑脱, 从而具有阻止车辆侧翻的功能。 当车 体受到侧向风力或者弯道区段离心力的作用时, 这种带凸缘的引导面具有显而易 见的更高的安全性。 其实, 引导面的凸缘不一定要设置在同一个轨道系统内的所 有轨条的引导面上, 而只是部分地设置在最需要的路段。 在类似停车场内的低速 场所, 可能不必设置这种凸缘。  [183] In order to improve the safety of the running of the vehicle, the top of the guiding surface of the rail can be provided with a flange, or the guiding surface can be made into a concave groove-like structure, so that the guiding wheel can be more easily restricted to the safety of the guiding surface during operation. Within range, prevent derailment. What is shown in Fig. 9 is the effect of making the guiding surface into a groove shape. Obviously, the guide wheel that is restrained in the groove is not only not easily slipped, but has a function of preventing the vehicle from rolling over. This flanged guide surface provides a significantly higher level of safety when the vehicle body is subjected to lateral wind or centrifugal forces in the curve section. In fact, the flanges of the guiding faces do not have to be arranged on the guiding faces of all the rails in the same track system, but only partially in the most needed road segments. In low-speed locations like parking lots, it may not be necessary to provide such a flange.
[184] 图 10至图 13展示了一种适合用于运行在本发明所述的各种轨道上的导 向轮的基本构造。 该导向轮的轮体 3-1的轴承 3- 2装在固定式立轴 3-5上, 固定 式立轴 3-5的上方结合在圆板状的导向轮轴座 3-3的下部。 导向轮轴座 3-3的上 部是向上延伸的薄而扁的竖板状的导向轮轴支架 3-4。竖板状的导向轮轴支架 3 - 4 是为了提高导向轮的轴部承受侧向应力和冲击力的能力。 显然, 板状的轴颈比通 常的圆柱型轴颈的截面面积大得多, 相同材质下, 其整体的抗侧向冲击的能力因 此也大得多。 在一个具有标准轨道尺寸的系统中, 需要针对运行其上的所有车辆 的导向轮的轮径、 轮体厚度、 轮体 3-1的竖板状的导向轮轴支架 3-4的截面厚度 都制定统一的标准。 与这些标准相对应, 同一个系统中的轨道构造中的导向轮通 道的尺寸也具有对应的标准。 尤其是对应竖板状的导向轮轴支架 3-4的截面厚度 标准, 在同一系统中的所有轨道的所有凸字形的导向轮通道顶部的开口缝隙的宽 度范围也应具有一个标准。 符合这个标准的竖板状的导向轮轴支架 3-4可以安全 穿过同一系统中的所有轨道的所有符合标准要求的导向轮通道 4。 在公共轨道交 通系统中, 对竖板状的导向轮轴支架 3-4的截面厚度的标准值, 建议的范围是 3 至 5厘米之间。 过窄的标准, 不利于保证高载重车辆的导向轮的轴颈部分力学性 能和车辆安全, 而过宽的标准也会让承载轨面出现的断槽过宽, 不利于小直径承 载轮的平稳驶过,尤其不利于车辆在十字交叉的道岔区段的中速平稳运行。当然, 这个标准在不同功用的轨道系统中, 会有不同的合理选择值。 比如, 在某些特定 场区内的工业或者商业设施内部应用的, 用于轻量低速载货小车的高精度安装的 轨道和车辆系统中, 竖板状的导向轮轴支架的厚度标准以及轨道的导向轮通道 4 的顶部缺口的宽度标准数值都可以限制的更小一些, 从而有利于车辆的低振动平 稳运行, 也为缩小承载轮的轮径提供条件。  Figures 10 through 13 illustrate a basic configuration of a guide wheel suitable for use on various tracks of the present invention. The bearing 3- 2 of the wheel body 3-1 of the guide wheel is mounted on the fixed vertical shaft 3-5, and the upper side of the fixed vertical shaft 3-5 is coupled to the lower portion of the disc-shaped guide wheel shaft seat 3-3. The upper portion of the guide axle housing 3-3 is a thin, flat, vertical plate-like guide axle bracket 3-4 that extends upward. The vertical plate-shaped guide axle brackets 3 - 4 are designed to improve the lateral stress and impact of the shaft portion of the guide wheel. Obviously, the plate-like journal is much larger than the cross-sectional area of a typical cylindrical journal, and the overall resistance to lateral impact is much greater under the same material. In a system with a standard track size, it is necessary to develop the wheel diameter of the guide wheels of all the vehicles on which it is running, the thickness of the wheel body, and the section thickness of the vertical plate-shaped guide wheel axle bracket 3-4 of the wheel body 3-1. Uniform standards. Corresponding to these standards, the dimensions of the guide wheel passages in the track construction in the same system also have corresponding standards. In particular, the cross-sectional thickness of the corresponding vertical plate-shaped guide axle bracket 3-4 is standard, and the width of the opening slit at the top of all the convex-shaped guide wheel passages of all the rails in the same system should also have a standard. Vertical plate-like guide axle brackets 3-4 complying with this standard can safely pass through all standard-oriented guide wheel passages 4 of all tracks in the same system. In the public rail transit system, the standard value for the section thickness of the vertical plate-shaped guide axle bracket 3-4 is recommended to be between 3 and 5 cm. Too narrow a standard is not conducive to ensuring the mechanical properties of the journal part of the guide wheel of a high-load vehicle and vehicle safety, and the excessively wide standard will also make the gap of the load-bearing rail surface too wide, which is not conducive to the small-diameter load-bearing wheel. Smooth driving, especially for the vehicle's medium-speed smooth running in the cross section of the turnout. Of course, this standard will have different reasonable choices in different functional track systems. For example, in high-precision installed rail and vehicle systems for industrial applications in commercial or commercial installations in certain areas, the thickness of the vertical plate-shaped guide axle brackets and the track The standard value of the width of the top notch of the guide wheel passage 4 can be limited to a smaller value, thereby facilitating the smooth running of the vehicle with low vibration and also providing conditions for reducing the wheel diameter of the load wheel.
[185] 导向轮也可以如图 14所示的那样, 具备传动式立轴 3 6。 这个传动式立 轴 3-6位于分布在两侧的竖板状的导向轮轴支架 3-4的中央, 其上端由驱动电机 3 - 8提供驱动力, 其下端穿过轴座 3-3中心的轴承后, 传递给导向轮轮体 3-1。结 合在竖板状的导向轮轴支架 3-4 底部的两个导向轮护罩 3-7 遮护在导向轮轮体[185] The guide wheel may also have a transmission vertical shaft 36 as shown in FIG. This transmission The shafts 3-6 are located at the center of the vertical plate-shaped guide wheel axle brackets 3-4 distributed on both sides, and the upper end thereof is provided with driving force by the driving motor 3-8, and the lower end thereof passes through the bearing of the center of the shaft seat 3-3, and is transmitted. The guide wheel body 3-1 is given. Two guide wheel guards 3-7 combined at the bottom of the vertical plate-shaped guide axle bracket 3-4 are shielded from the guide wheel wheel body
3- 1 的前后行进方向, 用于使相对脆弱的导向轮轮体 3-1免受意外障碍物 (例如 导向轮通道内的结冰) 的直接撞击。 The forward and backward travel directions of 3- 1 are used to protect the relatively fragile guide wheel body 3-1 from direct impact of accidental obstacles such as icing in the guide wheel passage.
[186] 可以运行在前述的轨道实施例 1中所示的轨道上的车辆的底盘 6下的各 种轮体, 可以按图 15至图 17所示的方式布局。最少可以如图 15所示的那样. 在 车辆底盘 6的底部, 装有三个承载轮 5和三个导向轮 3。 三个导向轮 3在两侧有 引导面 2的轨条的两侧运行。车辆运行时,导向轮 3的竖板状的导向轮轴支架 3-4, 应始终平行与引导面 2, 以便于通过道岔处的导向轮通道。 也可以按图 16所示那 样, 在车辆底盘 6的底部设置四个承载轮 5和四个导向轮 3。 这种布局方式显然 更平稳、 更通用。 两对导向轮 3布置在同一条轨条的左右侧引导面 2上。 如图 17 所示, 在引导面 2上运行的导向轮 3, 可以在车辆控制系统的控制下, 沿着引导 面 2升降, 在不同高度的引导面之间转换, 以便让车辆在道岔区段完成预定的转 向操作。  The various wheel bodies that can be operated under the chassis 6 of the vehicle on the track shown in the aforementioned track embodiment 1 can be laid out in the manner shown in Figs. 15 to 17 . At least as shown in Fig. 15. At the bottom of the vehicle chassis 6, three load wheels 5 and three guide wheels 3 are mounted. The three guide wheels 3 are operated on both sides of the rails having the guide faces 2 on both sides. When the vehicle is in operation, the vertical plate-like guide axle brackets 3-4 of the guide wheels 3 should always be parallel with the guide faces 2 to facilitate passage through the guide wheel passages at the switch. It is also possible to provide four load wheels 5 and four guide wheels 3 at the bottom of the vehicle chassis 6 as shown in Fig. 16. This layout is obviously more stable and more versatile. Two pairs of guide wheels 3 are arranged on the left and right side guide faces 2 of the same rail. As shown in Fig. 17, the guide wheel 3 running on the guiding surface 2 can be moved up and down along the guiding surface 2 under the control of the vehicle control system, and can be switched between guiding surfaces of different heights in order to allow the vehicle to be in the switch section. Complete the scheduled steering operation.
[187] 本发明的轨道实施例 2如图 18、 19所示。 与轨道实施例 1一样, 轨道实 施例 2所述的轨道也仅有左、 右两根轨条。 其中, 左轨条的左侧面和右轨条的右 侧面上分别有面向左的左侧引导面和面向右的右侧引导面。  The track embodiment 2 of the present invention is shown in Figs. As with the track embodiment 1, the track described in the track embodiment 2 has only the left and right rails. Wherein, the left side surface of the left rail and the right side of the right rail have a left side guiding surface and a right side right side guiding surface, respectively.
[188] 参见图 18, 在图中所示的道岔路段中, 左轨道的右轨条 1-21-2的右侧 高位引导面 2-223-2依次穿过分别位于右轨道的左轨条 1-12-2和右轨条 1_22_2 上的两个高位的导向轮通道 4-2-24、 4-2-22后,直接平顺衔接到中轨道的右轨条 [188] Referring to FIG. 18, in the turnout section shown in the figure, the right high guide surface 2-223-2 of the right rail 1-21-2 of the left track sequentially passes through the left rails respectively located on the right track. After the 1-12-2 and the right rails 1_22_2, the two high-position guide wheel passages 4-2-24, 4-2-22, directly spliced to the right rail of the middle rail
1 23-2的右侧高位引导面 2-226 - 2上。 1 23-2 on the right side of the high guide surface 2-226 - 2.
[189] 参见图 19, 右轨道的左轨条 1-12-2的左侧高位引导面 2_122_2依次穿 过分别位于左轨道的右轨条 1-21-2和左轨条 1-1 1-2上的两个高位的导向轮通道 [189] Referring to Fig. 19, the left side upper guide surface 2_122_2 of the left rail 1-12-2 of the right track sequentially passes through the right rail 1-21-2 and the left rail 1-1 1-1 respectively located in the left track. Two high position guide wheel channels on 2
4- 2-23、 4-2-21后, 直接平顺衔接到中轨道的左轨条 1_13-2的左侧高位引导面After 4- 2-23, 4-2-21, directly to the left rail of the middle rail 1_13-2
2- 125-2上。 2-125-2.
[190] 参见图 19, 在图中所示的道岔路段中, 左轨道的左轨条 1-1 1-2的左侧 低位引导面 2-1 1 1-2直接平顺衔接到所述的中轨道的左轨条 1-13-2的左侧低位引 导面 2- 1 15-2上。  [190] Referring to FIG. 19, in the turnout section shown in the figure, the left lower guide surface 2-1 1 1-2 of the left rail 1-1 1-2 of the left track is directly smoothly connected to the middle rail. On the left lower guide surface 2- 1 15-2 of the left rail 1-13-2 of the track.
[191 ] 参见图 18, 右轨道的右轨条 1-22-2的右侧低位引导面 2-214-2直接平 顺衔接到所述的中轨道的右轨条 1-23-2的右侧低位引导面 2-216-2上。  [191] Referring to Fig. 18, the right lower guide surface 2-214-2 of the right rail 1-22-2 of the right track is directly smoothly connected to the right side of the right rail 1-23-2 of the middle rail. Low position guide surface 2-216-2.
[192] 如图 18、 19所示, 在轨道实施例 2中, 在左轨条的左侧低位引导面上运 行的低位的导向轮 3- 1 1 与在右轨条的右侧高位引导面上运行的高位的导向轮[192] As shown in FIGS. 18 and 19, in the track embodiment 2, the lower guide wheel 3- 1 1 running on the left lower guide surface of the left rail and the right upper guide surface on the right rail High-position guide wheel running on
3- 42之间共同引导作用下, 车辆可以从左轨道和中轨道之间往复行驶。 而在左轨 条的左侧高位引导面上运行的高位的导向轮 3-12 与在右轨条的右侧低位引导面 上运行的低位的导向轮 3-41之间共同引导作用下,车辆可以从右轨道和中轨道之 间往复行驶。 Under the common guidance between 3-42, the vehicle can travel back and forth between the left and middle rails. The high-level guide wheel 3-12 running on the left-side high guiding surface of the left rail and the lower guiding wheel 3-41 running on the right lower guiding surface of the right rail jointly guide the vehicle. It is possible to travel back and forth between the right track and the middle track.
[193] 本轨道实施例 2 利用导向轮对布置在两根轨条最外侧的引导面的夹持 力, 能够对车辆的平稳性提供更可靠的支持。 在车辆受到侧向作用力 (如侧向风 力、 弯道离心力) 的时候, 更不易侧翻。 设置在引导面上方的凸缘, 则更进一步 加强了防止侧翻和脱轨的作用。 [193] The present embodiment 2 uses a pair of guide wheels to hold the guide faces disposed at the outermost sides of the two rails Force, able to provide more reliable support for the stability of the vehicle. When the vehicle is subjected to lateral forces (such as lateral wind, cornering centrifugal force), it is more difficult to roll over. The flange provided above the guiding surface further enhances the effect of preventing rollover and derailment.
[194] 如图 20、 21所示, 适合运行在图 18、 19所示轨道上的车辆的底盘 6的 下方的四个承载轮 5和四个导向轮 3按矩形位置对称分布在轨道的左右轨条 1上。 四个导向轮 3可在引导面 2上升降换位。  As shown in FIGS. 20 and 21, four load wheels 5 and four guide wheels 3 suitable for running under the chassis 6 of the vehicle shown on the track shown in Figs. 18 and 19 are symmetrically distributed on the left and right sides of the track in a rectangular position. On the rail 1 . The four guide wheels 3 can be moved up and down on the guide surface 2.
[195] 与轨道实施例 1、 2—样, 如图 22、 23所示的轨道实施例 3所述的轨道 也仅有左、 右两根轨条。 其中, 左轨条有左引导面和右引导面; 右轨条仅有右引 导面;  [195] As with the track embodiment 1, 2, the track described in the track embodiment 3 shown in Figs. 22 and 23 has only the left and right rails. Wherein, the left rail has a left guiding surface and a right guiding surface; the right rail has only a right guiding surface;
[196] 参见图 23, 在图中所示的道岔路段中, 左轨道的左轨条 1-1 1-3的右侧 高位引导面 2-221-3穿过右轨道的左轨条 1-12-3上的高位的导向轮通道 4_2_32 后, 平顺过渡到中轨道的左轨条 1-13-3的右侧高位引导面 2-225 3。  [196] Referring to Fig. 23, in the turnout section shown in the figure, the right side guide rail 2-221-3 of the left rail 1-1 1-3 of the left rail passes through the left rail 1 of the right track 1- After the high position guide wheel passage 4_2_32 on 12-3, the transition to the right side high guide surface 2-225 3 of the left rail 1-13-3 of the middle track is smoothly transitioned.
[197] 参见图 22, 左轨道的左轨条 1 11-3的左侧低位引导面 2-111-3直接平 顺衔接到中轨道的左轨条 1-13-3的左侧低位引导面 2-115-3上。  [197] Referring to FIG. 22, the left lower guide surface 2-111-3 of the left rail 1 11-3 of the left rail is directly smoothly connected to the left lower guide surface 2 of the left rail 1-13-3 of the middle rail. -115-3.
[198] 参见图 23, 右轨道的左轨条 1-12-3的右侧低位引导面 2-212 3穿过左 轨道的右轨条上的一个低位导向轮通道 4-1-31后,直接平顺衔接到中轨道的左轨 条 1-13-3的右侧低位引导面 2-215-3上。  [198] Referring to FIG. 23, the right lower guide surface 2-212 3 of the left rail 1-12-3 of the right track passes through a lower guide wheel passage 4-1-1 on the right rail of the left rail. The direct smoothing is connected to the right lower guiding surface 2-215-3 of the left rail 1-13-3 of the middle rail.
[199] 参见图 22、 23, 右轨道的左轨条 1- 2-3的左侧高位引导面 2_122_3先 从左轨道的右轨条 1-21- 3上的一个高位的导向轮通道 4-2 33中穿过后, 再从左 轨道的左轨条 1-11-3上的一个高位的导向轮通道 4-2-31中穿过, 然后平顺地过 渡到中轨道的左轨条 1-13-3的左侧高位引导面 2-125-3上。  [199] Referring to Figures 22 and 23, the left side of the left rail 1-2-3 of the right track has a high-level guide surface 2_122_3 from the left rail of the right rail 1-21- 3. After passing through 2 33, it passes through a high-level guide wheel passage 4-2-31 on the left rail 1-11-3 of the left rail, and then smoothly transitions to the left rail of the middle rail 1-13 -3 on the left side of the high guide surface 2-125-3.
[200] 参见图 22, 左轨道的右轨条 1-21-3的右侧高位引导面 2-223-3依次穿 过分别位于右轨道的左轨条 1-12-3和右轨条 1-22-3上的两个高位的导向轮通道 4-2-35、 4-2-34后, 直接平顺衔接到中轨道的右轨条 1-23-3的右侧高位引导面 2-226-3上。 [200] Referring to FIG. 22, the right-side high-level guiding surface 2-223-3 of the right rail 1-21-3 of the left rail sequentially passes through the left rail 1-12-3 and the right rail 1 respectively located in the right rail. After the two high-position guide wheel passages 4-2-35 and 4-2-34 on the -22-3, directly splicing the right-side high-position guide surface 2-226 of the right rail 1-23-3 of the middle rail -3 on.
[201 ] 参见图 22,右轨道的右轨条 1-22-3的右侧低位引导面 2-214-3, 直接平 顺衔接到中轨道的右轨条 1-23-3的右侧低位引导面 2-216 - 3。  [201] Referring to Fig. 22, the right lower guide surface 2-214-3 of the right rail 1-22-3 of the right track is directly slid to the right lower position of the right rail 1-23-3 of the middle rail. Face 2-216 - 3.
[202] 在本实施例中所示的轨道上运行的车辆的导向轮可以有两种布局和导向 方式:  [202] The guide wheels of a vehicle running on the track shown in this embodiment can be arranged and guided in two ways:
[203] 第一种导向方式是让导向轮运行在每股轨道的左轨条的左右两侧面的引 导面上。如图 22、 23所示,在左轨道的左轨条 1-1 1 3的左侧低位引导面 2-111-3 上运行的低位的导向轮 3-11 与在左轨道的左轨条 1-11-3 的右侧高位引导面 2-221-3上运行的高位的导向轮 3-22之间共同作用, 引导车辆沿着左轨道和中轨 道之间往复行驶。而在右轨道的左轨条 1-12-3的左侧高位引导面 2-122-3上运行 的高位的导向轮 3-12与在右轨道的左轨条 1-12-3的右侧低位引导面 2-212-3上 运行的低位的导向轮 3-21之间共同作用,引导车辆沿着右轨道和中轨道之间往复 行驶。 这种引导方式与图 5至图 9所示情况相同, 因此, 适合在轨道实施例 1中 的轨道上运行的车辆, 也可以在本实施例的轨道中运行。 [204] 第二种导向方式是让导向轮运行在每股轨道的左轨条的左侧引导面和右 轨条的右侧引导面上。 如图 22、 23所示, 在左轨道的左轨条 1-1 1-3的左侧低位 引导面 2-1 11-3上运行的低位的导向轮 3- 1 1与在左轨道的右轨条 1-21-3的右侧 高位引导面 2-223-3上运行的高位的导向轮 3-42之间共同作用,引导车辆沿着左 轨道和中轨道之间往复行驶。 而在右轨道的左轨条 1-12-3 的左侧高位引导面 2-122-3上运行的高位的导向轮 3- 12与在右轨道的右轨条 1-12-3的右侧低位引 导面 2-212-3上运行的低位的导向轮 3-41之间共同作用,引导车辆沿着右轨道和 中轨道之间往复行驶。 这种引导方式与图 18-19所示情况相同, 因此, 适合在轨 道实施例 2中的轨道上运行的车辆, 也可以在本实施例的轨道中运行。 [203] The first type of guidance is to have the guide wheels run on the guide faces on the left and right sides of the left rail of each track. As shown in Figs. 22 and 23, the lower guide wheel 3-11 running on the left lower guide surface 2-111-3 of the left rail 1-1 1 3 of the left track and the left rail 1 on the left track 1 The high-position guide wheels 3-22 running on the right-side high-level guide faces 2-221-3 of -11-3 cooperate to guide the vehicle to reciprocate between the left and middle tracks. And on the left side of the left rail 1-12-3 of the right track, the upper guide wheel 3-12 running on the left side guide surface 2-122-3 and the right side of the left rail 1-12-3 on the right track The lower guide wheels 3-21 running on the lower guide faces 2-212-3 cooperate to guide the vehicle to travel back and forth between the right track and the middle track. This guiding method is the same as that shown in Figs. 5 to 9, and therefore, a vehicle suitable for running on the track in the track embodiment 1 can also be operated in the track of the embodiment. [204] The second type of guidance is to have the guide wheels run on the left guide surface of the left rail of each track and the right guide surface of the right rail. As shown in Figs. 22 and 23, the lower guide wheel 3- 1 1 running on the left lower guide surface 2-1 11-3 of the left rail 1-1 1-3 of the left track is on the right of the left track. The upper guide wheels 3-42 running on the right side upper guiding surface 2-223-3 of the rails 1-21-3 cooperate to guide the vehicle to travel back and forth between the left and middle rails. On the right side of the left track 1-12-3 of the right track, the upper guide wheel 3-122-3 runs on the left side of the guide rail 3-122-3 and the right track on the right track of the right track 1-12-3. The lower guide wheels 3-41 running on the lower guide faces 2-212-3 cooperate to guide the vehicle to travel back and forth between the right track and the middle track. This guiding manner is the same as that shown in Figs. 18-19, and therefore, a vehicle suitable for running on the track in the track embodiment 2 can also be operated in the track of the embodiment.
[205] 与第一种导向方式相比, 第二种导向方式的导向轮的间隔距离大, 因而 防止车辆侧翻的作用更大。 [205] Compared with the first guiding method, the guiding wheels of the second guiding mode have a large separation distance, thereby preventing the vehicle from rolling over.
[206] 本发明的轨道实施例 4如图 24、25所示。与前面所述的轨道实施例一样, 轨道实施例 4所述的轨道也仅有左、 右两根轨条。 其中, 左轨条仅有右引导面, 右轨条仅有左引导面。  The track embodiment 4 of the present invention is shown in Figs. As with the track embodiment described above, the track described in Track Embodiment 4 also has only two left and right rails. Among them, the left rail has only the right guiding surface, and the right rail has only the left guiding surface.
[207] 参见图 24, 在图中示的道岔路段中, 左轨道的左轨条 1-1 1-4的右侧高 位引导面 2-221-4穿过右轨道的左轨条 1- 12-4的高位的导向轮通道 4-2-41后, 平顺过渡到中轨道的左轨条 1-13-4的右侧高位引导面 2-225-4上。右轨道的左轨 条 1-12-4的右侧低位引导面 2-212-4穿过左轨道的右轨条 1-21-4上的低位的导 向轮通道 4-1-42后, 直接平顺衔接到中轨道的左轨条 1-13-4上的右侧低位引导 面 2-215-4上。  [207] Referring to Fig. 24, in the turnout section shown in the figure, the right upper guide surface 2-221-4 of the left rail 1-1 1-4 of the left rail passes through the left rail of the right track 1- 12 After the high-position guide wheel passage 4-2-41 of -4, the transition smoothly to the right upper guide surface 2-225-4 of the left rail 1-13-4 of the middle rail. The right lower guide surface 2-212-4 of the left rail 1-12-4 of the right track passes through the lower guide wheel passage 4-1-42 on the right rail 1-21-4 of the left rail, directly Smoothly connected to the right lower guide surface 2-215-4 on the left rail 1-13-4 of the middle track.
[208] 参见图 25, 在图中所示的道岔路段中, 左轨道的右轨条 1-21-4的左侧 高位引导面 2-123-4穿过右轨道的左轨条 1-12-4上的高位的导向轮通道 4_2_42 后,平顺过渡到中轨道的右轨条 1-23-4的左侧高位引导面 2-126-4上。右轨道的 右轨条 1-22-4的左侧低位引导面 2- 1 14-4穿过左轨道的右轨条 1-21-4上的低位 的导向轮通道 4-1-41后, 直接平顺衔接到中轨道的右轨条 1-23-4的左侧低位引 导面 2-1 16-4。  Referring to FIG. 25, in the turnout section shown in the figure, the left side high guide surface 2-123-4 of the right rail 1-21-4 of the left track passes through the left rail 1-12 of the right track. After the high-level guide wheel passage 4_2_42 on -4, the transition smoothly to the left-side high guide surface 2-126-4 of the right rail 1-23-4 of the middle rail. The left lower guide surface 2- 1 14-4 of the right rail 1-22-4 of the right track passes through the lower guide wheel passage 4-1-41 on the right rail 1-21-4 of the left rail, Directly smoothly connected to the left lower guide surface 2-1 16-4 of the right rail 1-23-4 of the middle track.
[209] 从中轨道驶近道岔交汇节点的车辆, 如果其所有导向轮均己升至高位, 那么,该车辆的沿着中轨道的左轨条 1-13-4的右侧高位引导面 2-225-4上运行的 高位的导向轮 3-22将穿过位于右侧的轨道的左轨条 1-12-4上的高位的导向轮通 道 4-2-41,运行到左轨道的左轨条 1-1 1-4右侧的右侧高位引导面 2-221-4上(参 见图 24 )。同时,该车辆的沿着中轨道的右轨条 1 23-4的左侧高位引导面 2-126-4 上运行的高位的导向轮 3-32将在车辆的运行惯性的作用下,瞬间跨过道岔交汇点 处的一个低位的导向轮通道 4- 1-41上方的缺口, 转入左轨道的右轨条 1-21-4的 左侧高位引导面 2-123-4上,并随后又穿过右轨道的左轨条 1-12-4上的另一个高 位的导向轮通道 4-2-42 后继续沿着左轨道的右轨条 1-21-4 的左侧高位引导面 2-123-4运行 (参见图 25 ) ,从而让车辆从中轨道直行进入左轨道。  [209] Vehicles approaching the junction of the ballast from the middle track, if all of their guide wheels have risen to a high position, then the right side of the left rail 1-13-4 of the vehicle along the middle track is 2 - 2 The upper guide wheel 3-22 running on the 225-4 will pass through the upper guide wheel passage 4-2-41 on the left rail 1-12-4 of the track on the right side, running to the left rail of the left rail On the right side of the right side of the strip 1-1 1-4, the upper guide surface 2-221-4 (see Figure 24). At the same time, the high-position guide wheel 3-32 running on the left high-level guiding surface 2-126-4 of the right rail 1 23-4 of the vehicle along the middle rail will be instantaneously spanned under the action of the running inertia of the vehicle. The gap above the lower guide wheel passage 4- 1-41 at the intersection of the aisle and the turn, is transferred to the left high guide surface 2-123-4 of the right rail 1-21-4 of the left rail, and then Passing through the other high-position guide wheel passage 4-2-42 on the left rail 1-12-4 of the right rail and continuing along the left-side high guide surface 2-1-2 of the right rail 1-21-4 of the left rail The 123-4 run (see Figure 25) allows the vehicle to go straight from the middle track into the left track.
[210] 为了让高位导向轮 3-32 能尽可能安全和平稳地跨过上述的低位的导向 轮通道 4- 1-41 造成的引导面上的缺口, 中轨道应与左轨道处于同一段直线路段 上。 这样, 在高位的导向轮 3-32跨越所述的导向轮通道 4-1 41造成的缺口的瞬 间时刻, 不仅至少还有另一个同样运行在这条引导面上的高位的导向轮还具备有 效的导向功能, 而且, 还由于车辆在这段直线路段的运行惯性的作用, 会更加有 效地避免车辆的脱轨事故。 [210] In order for the high position guide wheel 3-32 to cross the gap on the guide surface caused by the lower guide wheel passage 4- 1-41 as safely and smoothly as possible, the middle track should be in the same straight line as the left track. Road section On. Thus, at the moment when the high-position guide wheel 3-32 spans the gap caused by the guide wheel passage 4-1 41, not only at least another high-level guide wheel that also runs on the guide surface is effective. The guiding function, and also because of the running inertia of the vehicle in this straight line segment, will more effectively avoid the derailment accident of the vehicle.
[21 1 ] 从中轨道驶近道岔交汇节点的车辆,如果其所有导向轮均已下降至低位, 那么,该车辆的沿着中轨道的左轨条 1-13-4的右侧低位引导面 2-215-4上运行的 低位的导向轮 3 21将直接平顺地转入右轨道的左轨条 1-12-4的右侧低位引导面 2-212-4 上, 并在随后穿过左轨道的右轨条 1-21-4 上的一个低位的导向轮通道 4-1-42 后继续运行 (参见图 24 )。 同时, 该车辆的沿着中轨道的右轨条 1 23-4 的左侧低位引导面 2-116-4上运行的低位的导向轮 3-31将穿过左轨道的右轨条 [21 1 ] The vehicle approaching the junction of the ballast from the middle track, if all of its guide wheels have been lowered to the low position, then the right lower guide surface 2 of the left rail 1-13-4 of the vehicle along the middle track The lower guide wheel 3 21 running on the -215-4 will be smoothly transferred directly to the right lower guide surface 2-212-4 of the left rail 1-12-4 of the right track, and then passed through the left track. Continue running after a low guide wheel channel 4-1-42 on the right rail 1-21-4 (see Figure 24). At the same time, the lower guide wheel 3-31 running on the left lower guide surface 2-116-4 of the right rail 1 23-4 of the vehicle along the middle track will pass the right rail of the left track
1- 21-4的低位的导向轮通道 4-1-41后,转入右轨道的右轨条 1-22-4的左侧低位 引导面 2- 114- 4上运行(参见图 25)。 从而让车辆转入右轨道。 After the 1-1-44 lower guide wheel channel 4-1-41, turn to the right lower rail of the right rail 1-22-4 and run on the left lower guide surface 2-114- 4 (see Figure 25). This allows the vehicle to turn into the right track.
[212] 从图中可以看出, 由左轨道进入道岔的车辆的导向轮必须预先全部提升 至高位。 而从右轨道进入道岔的车辆的导向轮则必须预先全部下降至低位。 凹槽 形态的引导面上下的凸缘限制, 也会强制让不正常位置的导向轮预先升降到安全 位置, 以避免故障。  [212] As can be seen from the figure, the guide wheels of the vehicle entering the ballast from the left track must be raised all the way to the high position in advance. The guide wheels of the vehicles entering the switch from the right track must all descend to the low position in advance. The flange limit on the guide surface in the form of a groove also forces the guide wheel in an abnormal position to be lifted to a safe position in advance to avoid malfunction.
[213] 如图 26、 27所示, 适合运行在图 24、 25所示轨道上的车辆的底盘 6底 部的四个承载轮 5和四个导向轮 3按矩形位置对称分布在轨道的左右轨条 1上。 四个导向轮 3可在引导面 2上升降换位。 在车辆运行过程中, 竖板状的导向轮轴 支架 3-4 应始终平行与车辆行驶方向。  As shown in FIGS. 26 and 27, four load wheels 5 and four guide wheels 3 suitable for the bottom of the chassis 6 of the vehicle running on the track shown in Figs. 24 and 25 are symmetrically distributed on the left and right rails of the track in a rectangular position. On the 1st. The four guide wheels 3 can be moved up and down on the guide surface 2. During the operation of the vehicle, the vertical plate-shaped guide axle brackets 3-4 should always be parallel to the direction of travel of the vehicle.
[214] 本发明的轨道实施例 5如图 28至图 30所示。 本实施例中的轨道, 是在 轨道实施例 1的基础上, 增加了一根没有引导面的左轨条。 在图中所示道岔区段 的每股轨道中, 都有相互平行且等距分布的左轨条、 中轨条和右轨条。 其中, 中 轨条的左右两个侧面都有引导面, 左轨条和右轨条没有引导面。  The track embodiment 5 of the present invention is shown in Figs. 28 to 30. The track in this embodiment is based on the track embodiment 1, and a left rail without a guiding surface is added. In each track of the turnout section shown in the figure, there are left track, middle track and right track which are parallel and equidistantly distributed. Wherein, the left and right sides of the middle rail have guiding surfaces, and the left rail and the right rail have no guiding surface.
[215] 如图 29所示, 在这段道岔路段中, 左轨道的中轨条 1-31-5的右侧高位 引导面 2-227-5依次穿过分别位于右轨道的左轨条 1 12-5和中轨条 1-32-5上的 两个高位的导向轮通道 4-2-53、 4-2-52后, 平顺过渡到中轨道的中轨条 1-33-5 的右侧高位引导面 2-229-5 上。 右轨道的中轨条 1-32-5 的右侧低位引导面[215] As shown in FIG. 29, in this section of the road, the right side guide surface 2-227-5 of the middle rail 1-31-5 of the left rail sequentially passes through the left rail 1 respectively located in the right rail. 12-5 and the two high-position guide wheel passages 4-2-53, 4-2-52 on the middle rail 1-32-5, smooth transition to the right of the middle rail 1-33-5 Side elevation guide surface 2-229-5. Right side low guide surface of the middle rail of the right track 1-32-5
2- 218-5穿过左轨道的右轨条 1-21-5上的低位的导向轮通道 4-1-52后, 直接平 顺衔接到所述的中轨道的中轨条 1-33-5的右侧低位引导面 2-219-5上。 2- 218-5 passes through the lower guide wheel passages 4-1-52 on the right rail 1-21-5 of the left rail, and directly spliced to the middle rail of the middle rail 1-33-5 The right side of the lower guide surface is 2-219-5.
[216] 参见图 30, 右轨道的中轨条 1-32-5的左侧高位引导面 2_128_5依次穿 过分别位于左轨道的右轨条 1-21-5和中轨条 1-31-5上的两个高位的导向轮通道 4-2-54、 4-2-51后,平顺过渡到中轨道的中轨条 1 -33- 5的左侧高位引导面 2- 129-5 上。 左轨道的中轨条 1-31-5 的左侧低位引导面 2-1 17-5 穿过右轨道的左轨条 1-12-5上的低位的导向轮通道 4-1-51后, 直接平顺衔接到所述的中轨道的中轨 条 1-33-5的左侧低位引导面 2-119-5上。  [216] Referring to FIG. 30, the left side high guiding surface 2_128_5 of the middle rail 1 -332-5 of the right rail sequentially passes through the right rail 1-21-5 and the middle rail 1-31-5 respectively located in the left rail. After the upper two guide wheel passages 4-2-54, 4-2-51, the transition smoothly to the left upper guide surface 2-129-5 of the middle rail 1 -33-5 of the middle rail. After the left lower guide surface 2-1 17-5 of the middle rail 1-31-5 of the left track passes through the lower guide wheel passage 4-1-51 on the left rail 1-12-5 of the right rail, Directly smoothly connected to the left lower guide surface 2-119-5 of the middle rail 1-33-5 of the middle track.
[217] 在本实施例中所示的轨道上运行的车辆, 其承载轮可以在三根轨条中的 任意两根轨条的顶部的承载轨面上行驶, 甚至, 还可以按图 31、 32所示的那样, 在宽体重载车辆的底盘 6底部将四个甚至更多承载轮同时布置在三根轨条的承载 轨面上。 [217] In the vehicle running on the track shown in this embodiment, the load wheel can travel on the load rail surface of the top of any two of the three rails, or even according to FIGS. 31 and 32. As shown, Four or more load-bearing wheels are simultaneously arranged on the load rail faces of the three rails at the bottom of the chassis 6 of the wide-weight vehicle.
[218] 显然, 适合在轨道实施例 1中的轨道上运行的车辆, 也可以在本轨道实 施例 5中的具有三根轨条的轨道中运行。 因此, 本轨道实施例 5中的轨道可以同 时为多种不同构造、 不同车体宽度、 不同导向轮数量的车辆提供运行条件。  [218] Obviously, a vehicle suitable for running on the track in the track embodiment 1 can also be operated in the track having three rails in the present embodiment 5. Therefore, the track in the present embodiment 5 can simultaneously provide operating conditions for a plurality of vehicles of different configurations, different body widths, and different number of guide wheels.
[219] 本发明的轨道实施例 6如图 34至图 37所示。 本实施例中介绍的轨道, 是在轨道实施例 3的基础上, 增加了一根没有引导面的左轨条。 或者是在实施例 5的右轨条上增加一条右侧引导面。 The track embodiment 6 of the present invention is shown in Figs. 34 to 37. The track introduced in this embodiment is based on the track embodiment 3, and a left rail without a guiding surface is added. Alternatively, a right guide surface is added to the right rail of Embodiment 5.
[220] 参见图 34、 35、 37, 在图中所示的道岔路段中, 左轨道的中轨条 1_31 - 6 的右侧高位引导面 2-227-6依次穿过分别位于右轨道的左轨条 1-12-6和中轨条 [220] Referring to Figures 34, 35, 37, in the turnout section shown in the figure, the right side high guide surface 2-227-6 of the middle rail 1_31 - 6 of the left track passes through the left of the right track in turn. Rail 1-12-6 and middle rail
1- 32-6上的两个高位的导向轮通道 4-2-63、 4-2-62后, 平顺过渡到中轨道的中 轨条 1-33-6的右侧高位引导面 2-229-6上。 右轨道的中轨条 1-32-6的右侧低位 引导面 2-218-6穿过左轨道的右轨条 1 -21 -6上的低位的导向轮通道 4-1-62后, 直接平顺衔接到所述的中轨道的中轨条 1-33-6的右侧低位引导面 2-219-6上。左 轨道的右轨条 1-21-6的右侧高位引导面 2- 223-6依次穿过分别位于右轨道的左轨 条 1-12-6、 中轨条 1-32-6和右轨条 1-22-6上的三个高位的导向轮通道 4-2-67、 4-2-66、 4-2-65后, 直接平顺衔接到中轨道的右轨条 1_23_6的右侧高位引导面After the two high-position guide wheel passages 4-2-63 and 4-2-62 on 1-32-6, the smooth transition to the right-side high-level guide surface 2-229 of the middle rail 1-33-6 of the middle rail -6 on. The right lower guide surface 2-218-6 of the middle rail 1-32-6 of the right track passes through the lower guide wheel passage 4-1-62 on the right rail 1-21-6 of the left rail, directly Smoothly connected to the right lower guide surface 2-219-6 of the middle rail 1-33-6 of the middle track. The right side high-level guiding surface 2-223-6 of the right rail 1-21-6 of the left track passes through the left rail 1-12-6, the middle rail 1-32-6 and the right rail respectively located in the right rail. After the three high-position guide wheel passages on the 1-22-6 are 4-2-67, 4-2-66, and 4-2-65, the right side is directly connected to the right rail of the right rail 1_23_6. surface
2- 226-6上。右轨道的右轨条 1-22-6的右侧低位引导面 2-214-6直接平顺衔接到 中轨道的右轨条 1-23-6的右侧低位引导面 2-216 6。 On 2-226-6. The right rail of the right rail 1-22-6, the right lower guide surface 2-214-6 is directly connected to the right rail of the middle rail 1-23-6, the right lower guide surface 2-216 6.
[221 ] 参见图 34、36,在图中所示的道岔路段中,所述的左轨道的中轨条 1-31-6 的左侧低位引导面 2- 1 17-6穿过右轨道的左轨条 1 12-6上的低位的导向轮通道 4-1-61 后, 直接平顺衔接到所述的中轨道的中轨条 1-33-6 的左侧低位引导面 2-1 19-6上。右轨道的中轨条 1-32-6的左侧高位引导面 2-128-6依次穿过分别位 于左轨道的右轨条 1-21-6和中轨条 1-31-6上的两个高位的导向轮通道 4-2-64、 4-2-61后, 平顺过渡到中轨道的中轨条 1-33-6的左侧高位引导面 2- 129-6上。  Referring to Figures 34 and 36, in the turnout section shown in the figure, the left lower guide surface 2- 1 17-6 of the middle rail 1-31-6 of the left track passes through the right track. After the lower guide wheel passages 4-1-1 on the left rail 1 12-6, directly splicing the left lower guide surface 2-1 19- of the middle rail 1-33-6 of the middle rail. 6 on. The left high-level guiding surface 2-128-6 of the middle rail 1-32-6 of the right track sequentially passes through two of the right rail 1-21-6 and the middle rail 1-31-6 respectively located in the left rail. After the high-level guide wheel passages 4-2-64, 4-2-61, the transition smoothly to the left-side high-position guide surface 2-129-6 of the middle rail 1-33-6 of the middle rail.
[222] 适合在轨道实施例 1中运行的车辆, 也可以在本实施例的轨道的中轨条 与右轨条或者中轨条与左轨条上运行。 适合在轨道实施例 2中的轨道上运行的车 辆, 也可以在本实施例的轨道的中轨条与右轨条上运行。 在轨道实施例 5所述轨 道中运行的车辆, 也都可以在本实施例的轨道中运行。 因此, 本实施例中的轨道 可以同时为更多种不同构造、 不同车体宽度、 不同导向轮数量的车辆提供运行条 件。 A vehicle suitable for operation in the track embodiment 1 can also be operated on the middle rail and the right rail or the middle rail and the left rail of the rail of the present embodiment. Vehicles suitable for operation on the track in Track Embodiment 2 can also be operated on the middle and right rails of the track of the present embodiment. Vehicles operating in the track described in Track Embodiment 5 can also be operated in the track of this embodiment. Therefore, the track in this embodiment can simultaneously provide operating conditions for a plurality of vehicles of different configurations, different body widths, and different number of guide wheels.
[223] 本发明的轨道实施例 7如图 38至图 41所示。 本实施例中的轨道, 是在 轨道实施例 3的基础上, 增加了一根左侧面有引导面的左轨条; 或者是在轨道实 施例 6的左轨条增加了右侧引导面。  The track embodiment 7 of the present invention is shown in Figs. 38 to 41. The track in this embodiment is based on the track embodiment 3, and a left rail having a guiding surface on the left side is added; or the left rail in the rail embodiment 6 is added to the right guiding surface.
[224] 参见图 38、 40、 41, 在图中所示的道岔路段中, 左轨道的中轨条 1 -31 -7 的右侧高位引导面 2-227-7依次穿过分别位于右轨道的左轨条 1-12-7和中轨条 1-32-7上的两个高位的导向轮通道 4-2-73、 4-2-72后, 平顺过渡到中轨道的中 轨条 1-33-7的右侧高位引导面 2-229-7上。 右轨道的中轨条 1-32-7的右侧低位 引导面 2-218-7穿过左轨道的右轨条 1-21-7上的低位的导向轮通道 4-1-72后, 直接平顺衔接到所述的中轨道的中轨条 1-33-7的右侧低位引导面 2-219-7上。左 轨道的右轨条 1-21-7的右侧高位引导面 2-223-7依次穿过分别位于右轨道的左轨 条 1-12-7、 中轨条 1-32-7和右轨条 1-22-7上的三个高位的导向轮通道 4-2-77、 4-2-76、 4- 2-75后, 直接平顺衔接到中轨道的右轨条 1-23- 7的右侧高位引导面 2-226-7上。右轨道的右轨条 1-22-7的右侧低位引导面 2-214-7直接平顺衔接到 中轨道的右轨条 1-23-7的右侧低位引导面 2-216-7上。 . [224] Referring to Figures 38, 40, 41, in the turnout section shown in the figure, the right-side high-level guiding surface 2-227-7 of the middle rail 1 - 31 -7 of the left track passes through the right track respectively. After the left rail 1-12-7 and the middle rails 1-32-7, the two high-position guide wheel passages 4-2-73, 4-2-72, smooth transition to the middle rail of the middle rail 1 -33-7 on the right side of the high guide surface 2-229-7. The right side of the middle rail of the right track 1-32-7 After the guiding surface 2-218-7 passes through the lower guiding wheel passages 4-1-72 on the right rail 1-21-7 of the left rail, the guiding rails are directly smoothly connected to the middle rails 1-33 of the middle rail. The right side of the -7 is on the lower guide surface 2-219-7. The right side high guiding surface 2-223-7 of the right rail 12-1-7 of the left track sequentially passes through the left rail 1-12-7, the middle rail 1-32-7 and the right rail respectively located in the right rail. After the three high-position guide wheel passages on the 1-22-7, 4-2-77, 4-2-76, 4- 2-75, directly spliced to the right rail of the middle rail 1-2-3 The right side is on the leading surface 2-226-7. The right lower guide surface 2-214-7 of the right rail 1-22-7 of the right track is directly smoothly connected to the right lower guide surface 2-216-7 of the right rail 1-23-7 of the middle rail. .
[225] 参见图 38、 39, 在图中所示的道岔路段中, 左轨道的中轨条 1_31_7的 左侧低位引导面 2-1 17-7 穿过右轨道的左轨条 1-12 7 上的低位的导向轮通道 4-1-71 后, 直接平顺衔接到所述的中轨道的中轨条 1-33-7 的左侧低位引导面 2-119-7上。 [225] Referring to Figures 38 and 39, in the turnout section shown in the figure, the left lower guide surface 2-1 17-7 of the middle rail 1_31_7 of the left track passes through the left rail 1-12 of the right track. After the upper lower guide wheel passages 4-1-171, directly spliced to the left lower guide surface 2-119-7 of the middle rail 1-33-7 of the middle rail.
[226] 参见图 39, 右轨道的中轨条 1-32-7的左侧高位引导面 2-128-7依次穿 过分别位于左轨道的右轨条 1-21 7和中轨条 1-31-7上的两个高位的导向轮通道 4-2-74、4-2- 71后,平顺过渡到中轨道的中轨条 1-33-7的左侧高位引导面 2-129-7 上。右轨道的左轨条 1-12-7的左侧高位引导面 2-122-7依次穿过分别位于左轨道 的右轨条 1-21-7、 中轨条 1-31-7和左轨条 1-11-7上的三个高位的导向轮通道 4-2-710、 4-2-79、 4- 2- 78后, 直接平顺衔接到中轨道的左轨条 1-13-7的左侧高 位引导面 2- 125- 7上。左轨道的左轨条 1-11-7的左侧低位引导面 2_111-7直接平 顺衔接到中轨道的左轨条 1-13-7的左侧低位引导面 2-115-7上。  [226] Referring to Fig. 39, the left side high guiding surface 2-128-7 of the middle rail 1-32-7 of the right track sequentially passes through the right rail 1-21 7 and the middle rail 1 respectively located in the left rail. After the two high-position guide wheel passages 4-2-74, 4-2-71 on 31-7, the transition to the middle rail of the middle rail 1-33-7 is the left side high guide surface 2-129-7 on. The left high-level guiding surface 2-122-7 of the left rail 1-12-7 of the right track sequentially passes through the right rail 1-21-7, the middle rail 1-31-7, and the left rail respectively located in the left rail. After the three high-position guide wheel passages on the 1-11-7, 4-2-710, 4-2-79, 4- 2-78, directly spliced to the left rail of the middle rail 1-13-7 The left high position guide surface is 2-125-7. The left lower guide surface 2_111-7 of the left rail 1-11-7 of the left rail is directly connected to the left lower guide surface 2-115-7 of the left rail 1-13-7 of the middle rail.
[227] 适合在轨道实施例 1和 2中运行的车辆, 也可以在本实施例的轨道中的 中轨条与右轨条或者中轨条与左轨条上运行。 在实施例 5和实施例 6中所述轨道 中运行的车辆, 也都可以在本实施例的轨道中运行。 因此, 本实施例中的轨道可 以同时为更多种不同构造、不同车体宽度、不同导向轮数量的车辆提供运行条件。 Vehicles suitable for operation in Track Embodiments 1 and 2 can also be operated on the middle rail and the right rail or the middle rail and the left rail in the track of the present embodiment. The vehicles operating in the tracks described in Embodiments 5 and 6 can also be operated in the track of this embodiment. Therefore, the track in this embodiment can simultaneously provide operating conditions for a plurality of vehicles of different configurations, different body widths, and different number of guide wheels.
[228] 本发明的轨道实施例 8如图 42所示。这是两股轨道实施例 2中描述的轨 道相互呈十字平面交叉后形成的道岔。 The track embodiment 8 of the present invention is shown in FIG. This is the ballast formed by the intersection of the tracks described in the two track embodiments 2 in a cross plane.
[229] 参见图 42 ,左轨道(从图中的右后方指向左前方的轨道)的右轨条 1-21-8 的右侧面有一条右侧高位引导面 2-223-8, 左轨道的左轨条 1-11-8的左侧面有一 条左侧高位引导面(标记略)。 右轨道(从图中的左后方指向右前方的轨道)的左 轨条 1-12-8的左侧面有一条左侧低位引导面 2-1 12-8, 左轨道的右轨条 1-22-8 的右侧面有一条右侧高位引导面 (标记略)。  [229] Referring to Figure 42, the left side of the track (1-21-8 from the right rear of the figure) has a right side guide surface 2-223-8 on the right side of the right rail 1-21-8. The left side of the left rail 1-11-8 has a left high guiding surface (marked abbreviated). The left side of the left rail 1-12-8 of the right track (from the left rear to the right front in the figure) has a left lower guide surface 2-1 12-8, and the left rail right rail 1 - The right side of 22-8 has a right side high guide surface (marked abbreviated).
[230] 当车辆在右轨道上运行时, 在右轨道的低位的引导面上运行的调至低位 的导向轮可从左轨道的轨条上的四个低位的导向轮通道 4-1-81、 4-1-82、 4-1-83、 4 1-84中平顺地穿过。  [230] When the vehicle is running on the right track, the lower-level guide wheels running on the lower guide faces of the right track can be guided from the four lower-position guide wheels on the left-track rails 4-1-1-81 , 4-1-82, 4-1-83, 4 1-84 pass smoothly.
[231 ] 当车辆在左轨道上运行时, 在左轨道的高位的引导面上运行的调至高位 的导向轮可从右轨道的轨条上的四个高位的导向轮通道 4-2-81、4-2-82、 4-2-83、 4-2-84中穿过。 其间, 每个导向轮都需要跨过低位的导向轮通道造成的宽度大约 4 厘米的窄缺口。 因窄缺口的宽度远小于导向轮的直径 (作为客货运输系统中的 导向轮的标准直径建议确定为 20-30厘米为宜, 并建议采用实心橡胶轮), 因此, 导向轮在跨过缺口时引起的震动很小。 同样, 直径远大于导向轮的车辆承载轮在 驶过所有由导向轮通道顶部缺口造成的承载轨面上的窄沟时产生的车辆颠簸幅度 也非常小。 [231] When the vehicle is running on the left track, the upshifted guide wheels running on the high guide faces of the left track can be from the four high-position guide wheel channels on the rails of the right track 4-2-81 Pass through 4-2-82, 4-2-83, 4-2-84. In the meantime, each of the guide wheels requires a narrow gap of about 4 cm across the width of the lower guide wheel passage. Since the width of the narrow notch is much smaller than the diameter of the guide wheel (it is recommended to be 20-30 cm as the standard diameter of the guide wheel in the passenger and cargo transportation system, and a solid rubber wheel is recommended), therefore, The vibration caused by the guide wheel when crossing the gap is small. Similarly, the vehicle's load-bearing wheel, which is much larger in diameter than the guide wheel, produces a very small amount of vehicle bumps as it passes through all of the narrow grooves on the load-bearing rail surface caused by the top of the guide wheel passage.
[232] 图 43至图 46展示的是一种可以在图 42所示的轨道的十字交叉道岔区段 进行直角转向的车辆的轮与轨的布局平面和转向过程。 参见图 43, 当车辆沿着图 中的纵向箭头方向运行至十字交叉道岔的中心节点附近时, 自动驾驶系统先使车 辆制动在尽可能靠近道岔中心位置 此时, 车辆底盘 6底部的四个承载轮 5位于 轨条的交叉节点附近。 四个导向轮 3位于图中纵向轨道的两个轨条 1的外侧引导 面上。 导向轮 3的竖板状的导向轮轴支架 3 4均可在横向轨道的每根轨条 1上的 导向轮通道 4中往复穿行。  [232] Figs. 43 to 46 show a layout plane and a steering process of a wheel and a rail of a vehicle which can be steered at right angles in the cross section of the track shown in Fig. 42. Referring to Fig. 43, when the vehicle runs in the direction of the longitudinal arrow in the figure to the vicinity of the center node of the crossroad, the automatic driving system first brakes the vehicle as close as possible to the center of the ballast. At this time, four of the bottoms of the vehicle chassis 6 The load wheel 5 is located near the intersection of the rails. The four guide wheels 3 are located on the outer guide faces of the two rails 1 of the longitudinal rails in the figure. The riser-like guide axle brackets 34 of the guide wheels 3 can each reciprocate in the guide wheel passages 4 on each of the rails 1 of the transverse rails.
[233] 车辆定位之后, 再按图 44所示那样, 自动驾驶系统将四个导向轮 3从纵 向轨道的外侧引导面上回转平移至横向轨道的外侧引导面上。 导向轮的平移过程 包括同时进行的回转过程和升降过程。 平移到位之后的导向轮 3的竖板状的导向 轮轴支架 3-4也同时进行了 90度平转, 与横向轨道平行。  [233] After the vehicle is positioned, as shown in Fig. 44, the automatic driving system rotates and translates the four guide wheels 3 from the outer guide faces of the longitudinal rails to the outer guide faces of the lateral rails. The translation process of the guide wheel includes simultaneous turning and lifting processes. The vertical plate-shaped guide axle brackets 3-4 of the guide wheels 3 after translation into position are also simultaneously rotated 90 degrees, parallel to the transverse rails.
[234] 导向轮 3平移到位的过程, 也是一个校正车辆位置的过程。 因为, 四个 导向轮 3对横向轨道的引导面的夹紧过程, 会自动校正之前车辆制动时的定位误 差。  [234] The process of shifting the guide wheel 3 into position is also a process of correcting the position of the vehicle. Because the clamping process of the four guide wheels 3 to the guiding surfaces of the transverse rails automatically corrects the positioning errors of the previous vehicle braking.
[235] 参见图 45、 46, 导向轮 3从纵向轨道的引导面平移到横向轨道的引导面 上之后, 四个承载轮 5也沿着各自的中心立轴回转 90度,使承载轮的运行方向从 纵向转为横向。此时, 车体重新启动之后, 将按图 46所示的箭头方向沿着横向轨 道运行。  [235] Referring to Figures 45, 46, after the guide wheel 3 is translated from the guiding surface of the longitudinal rail to the guiding surface of the transverse rail, the four carrying wheels 5 are also rotated 90 degrees along the respective central vertical axis to make the running direction of the carrying wheel Change from portrait to landscape. At this point, after the car body is restarted, it will run along the transverse rail in the direction of the arrow shown in Figure 46.
[236] 图 47、 48中展示的车辆底盘 6底部装有 4个纵向布置的承载轮 5-1 1和 四个横向布置的承载轮 5-22。 当车辆在纵向轨道运行时, 四个纵向承载轮 5-1 1 与纵向轨道的左右两条轨条的承载轨面上滚动运行。 而四个横向布置的承载轮 5-22在升降机构作用下, 提升到悬空状态, 不会与轨条接触。 当沿着纵向轨道运 行的车辆停止在十字交叉道岔节点处, 需要转入横向轨道时, 系统将首先使四个 导向轮 3从纵向轨道的引导面平移到横向轨道的引导面上, 再将四个横向承载轮 5-22下降至横向轨道的承载轨面上, 最后再将四个纵向承载轮 5-1 1提升到悬空 位置, 脱离与轨条的接触。 此时, 重新启动的车辆, 将运行在横向轨道上。  [236] The bottom of the vehicle chassis 6 shown in Figs. 47, 48 is provided with four longitudinally arranged carrying wheels 5-1 1 and four laterally arranged carrying wheels 5-22. When the vehicle is running in a longitudinal orbit, the four longitudinal load-bearing wheels 5-1 1 and the load-bearing rail faces of the left and right rails of the longitudinal track are rolled. The four laterally arranged load-bearing wheels 5-22 are lifted to a suspended state by the lifting mechanism and are not in contact with the rails. When the vehicle running along the longitudinal track stops at the crossroad switch node and needs to be turned into the transverse track, the system will first translate the four guide wheels 3 from the guiding surface of the longitudinal track to the guiding surface of the transverse track, and then four The lateral load-bearing wheels 5-22 are lowered to the load-bearing rail faces of the transverse rails, and finally the four longitudinal load-bearing wheels 5-1-1 are lifted to the suspended position to be out of contact with the rails. At this point, the restarted vehicle will run on a lateral track.
[237] 图 49所示的立体图, 展示了一种位于如图 42所示的轨道道岔处的车辆 底盘的主要构造。 这种方形车辆底盘 6的四个角部下方装有四个可回转的承载轮 5和四个如图 14中所示的一种可回转和升降的, 并且具有驱动机构的导向轮。 此 刻, 这个车辆底盘 6处于沿着图中箭头所指的方向运行的状态。 沿着左轨道的右 侧引导面 2-223-8运行的导向轮轮体 3 1可以在右轨道的两个高位的导向轮通道 4-2-84和 4 2 82中穿行。 这些导向轮的竖板状的导向轮轴支架 3-4可在右轨道 的高位导向轮通道上方的缺口中穿过。导向轮的驱动电机 3-8经由传动式立轴 3 6 驱动紧压在引导面 2 223-8上的导向轮轮体 3-1旋转, 从而带动车辆移动。 承载 轮 5的驱动电机 5-2也可以驱动承载轮 5旋转运行。 当车辆准确停止在轨道的十 字交叉节点处时, 4个承载轮 5可沿着立轴回转 90度, 使运行方向转向道岔中的 另一股轨道上。 [237] A perspective view of FIG. 49 showing a main configuration of a vehicle chassis located at a track turn as shown in FIG. Below the four corners of the square vehicle chassis 6, there are four rotatable load-bearing wheels 5 and four guide wheels that are swivellable and liftable as shown in Figure 14, and having a drive mechanism. At this point, the vehicle chassis 6 is in a state of running in the direction indicated by the arrow in the figure. The guide wheel body 31 running along the right side guide surface 2-223-8 of the left track can pass through the two upper guide wheel passages 4-2-84 and 4 2 82 of the right track. The riser-like guide axle brackets 3-4 of these guide wheels can pass through the gaps in the upper guide rails of the right rails. The drive motor 3-8 of the guide wheel drives the guide wheel body 3-1 which is pressed against the guide surface 2 223-8 via the transmission vertical shaft 36 to rotate, thereby driving the vehicle to move. The drive motor 5-2 of the carrying wheel 5 can also drive the carrier wheel 5 to rotate. When the vehicle stops accurately on the track ten At the intersection of the words, the four load-bearing wheels 5 can be rotated 90 degrees along the vertical axis, causing the running direction to turn to the other track in the ballast.
[238] 导向轮的平移过程和承载轮的回转过程, 如图 50至图 53所示。 导向轮 的平转臂 3-10沿着平转轴 3-9回转 90度, 并利用可升降的平转轴 3-9同时做小 幅度提升, 从一条高位的引导面 2-223-8上平移到另一条低位的引导面 2-1 12-8 上。承载轮 5沿着承载轮回转立轴 5- 1回转 90度后,转向道岔中的另一股轨道的 运行方向上。 '  [238] The translation process of the guide wheel and the turning process of the load wheel, as shown in Fig. 50 to Fig. 53. The panning arm 3-10 of the guide wheel is rotated 90 degrees along the pan axis 3-9, and is simultaneously lifted by a flat shaft 3-9 which can be lifted and lowered, and translated from a high guiding surface 2-223-8 to The other low guide surface is on 2-1 12-8. The load-bearing wheel 5 rotates 90 degrees along the vertical axis of the load-bearing wheel, and then turns to the running direction of the other track in the turnout. '
[239] 从图 54、 55所示车辆的两个互为垂直角度的侧视示意图中可以看出,在 高位的凹形引导面 2-223-8 内运行的导向轮轮体 3-1 和竖板状的导向轮轴支架 3-4 所构成的外形轮廓, 刚好可以穿过另一股轨道的高位的剖面呈凸字形的导向 轮通道 4-2-83和 4-2-84。 同样的, 当导向轮下降至低位后, 导向轮轮体 3_1和 竖板状的导向轮轴支架 3-4也可以在低位的凸字形的导向轮通道 4-1-83、 4-1-84 内穿行。参见图 55,由于承载轮 5的轮径较大,当驶过导向轮通道 4-1-83和 4-1-84 顶部的窄缝隙时, 所产生的震动将很轻微。 [239] It can be seen from the two side elevational views of the vehicle shown in Figs. 54 and 55 that the guide wheel body 3-1 and the guide wheel body 3-1 running in the high concave guide surface 2-223-8 The profile of the vertical plate-shaped guide axle bracket 3-4 can pass through the high-profile cross-section guide wheel passages 4-2-83 and 4-2-84 of the other track. Similarly, when the guide wheel is lowered to the low position, the guide wheel body 3_1 and the vertical plate-shaped guide wheel axle bracket 3-4 can also be in the lower convex-shaped guide wheel passages 4-1-83, 4-1-84. Walk through. Referring to Fig. 55, since the wheel diameter of the load bearing wheel 5 is large, the vibration generated will be slight when driving through the narrow gap at the top of the guide wheel passages 4-1-83 and 4-1-84.
[240] 本发明的轨道实施例 9如图 56所示。与轨道实施例 8不同的是, 该实施 例中的每根轨条的两侧都有对称剖面的引导面。 右轨道的两根轨条 1-12-9 和 1-22-9 的面向左的侧面上都有左侧低位引导面 2-114-9、 2-112-9 , 另一侧也有 相同构造尺寸的右侧低位引导面(标记略)。 左轨道的两根轨条 1-11-9和 1-21 - 9 的面向右的侧面上都有右侧高位引导面 2-221-9、 2-223-9, 另一侧也有相同构造 尺寸的右侧高位引导面 (标记略)。  The track embodiment 9 of the present invention is shown in Fig. 56. Different from the track embodiment 8, each of the rails in this embodiment has a guiding surface of a symmetrical cross section on both sides. The left side of the two rails 1-12-9 and 1-22-9 on the right track have left lower guide faces 2-114-9, 2-112-9, and the other side has the same construction size. The lower right guide surface (marked abbreviated). The right side of the two rails 1-11-9 and 1-21-9 on the left track have right side high guiding surfaces 2-221-9, 2-223-9, and the other side has the same structural size. The right side of the high-level guide surface (marked abbreviated).
[241 ] 显而易见, 这种轨道的十字交叉道岔, 适合多种前述的不同轮体布局的 车辆运行和转向。并且,这种十字交叉道岔如果按图 89所示的那样扩展布局呈网 格状的场区, 会容许前述的多种车辆以其中任意两根或者三根相邻轨条为轨道进 行正常运行甚至平转换向。  [241] It is obvious that the cross-track of this type of track is suitable for vehicle operation and steering in a variety of different wheel arrangements as previously described. Moreover, if the crossroads expand the grid-like field as shown in Fig. 89, the above-mentioned various vehicles can be allowed to operate normally or even with any two or three adjacent rails. Conversion direction.
[242] 为了便于工厂化模块化生产和组装, 轨条的十字交叉节点处, 可以按图 57所示的那样用模具加工成独立构件。 材料可以用高硬度、 高强度、 高耐磨、 相 对成本低的非金属复合材料制作。 比如纤维混凝土材料。  [242] In order to facilitate factory modular production and assembly, the cross joints of the rails can be machined into individual components as shown in Figure 57. The material can be made of a non-metallic composite material with high hardness, high strength, high wear resistance and relatively low cost. Such as fiber concrete materials.
[243] 为了降低轨道的轨梁厚度, 节约材料, 可以按图 58所示的那样, 让不同 轨道上的引导面的位置互相交叉一半, 也就是说, 高位引导面的底边界限位于低 位引导面的中线附近,低位引导面的顶边界限位于高位引导面的中线附近。这样, 当高位的导向轮运行到高位引导面上的被低位的导向轮通道分断处的缺口时, 剩 余的半幅引导面仍然可以让导向轮跨越仍然较窄的分断区, 平稳驶过交叉节点。  [243] In order to reduce the rail beam thickness of the track and save material, the positions of the guiding faces on different tracks can be half-crossed as shown in Fig. 58, that is, the bottom boundary of the high guiding surface is at a low position. Near the center line of the face, the top boundary of the lower guide face is located near the center line of the high guide face. Thus, when the upper guide wheel runs to the notch of the lower guide wheel passage at the upper guide surface, the remaining half of the guide surface can still allow the guide wheel to cross the still narrower break zone and smoothly pass the intersection.
[244] 一种可在图 56所示轨道的道岔区段直角转向的车辆底盘 6的轮与轨布局 平面和转向过程示意图如图 59 62所示。沿着图 59所示的箭头方向纵向运行的车 辆的 8个可以平移回转的导向轮 3可以按着图 60所示的方式,从纵向轨道的引导 面回转平移到横向轨道的引导面上。 四个承载轮 5也可以沿着其各自中心的立轴 回转 90度。 [244] A schematic diagram of the wheel and rail layout plane and steering process of a vehicle chassis 6 that can be turned at right angles to the ballast section of the track shown in Fig. 56 is shown in Fig. 59 62. The eight steerable guide wheels 3 of the vehicle running longitudinally in the direction of the arrow shown in Fig. 59 can be swung from the guide surface of the longitudinal rail to the guide surface of the transverse rail in the manner shown in Fig. 60. The four load wheels 5 can also be rotated 90 degrees along the vertical axis of their respective centers.
[245] 这种车辆底盘部分的构造如图 63、 64所示。车辆底盘 6的四个角部可安 装模块化的成套的轮组构件。 每套轮组构件包括两组可升降和回转的、 带动力系 统的导向轮, 以及可回转的承载轮组件。 导向轮的回转动力和锁定动力, 都依靠 液压驱动杆 7来承担。每套导向轮组件除了平转和升降之外,可以依靠上翻轴 3 - 13 向上翻转收起, 暂时失去导向作用。 这样, 这种车辆可以在前述的各种轨道实施 例中描述的不同规格和构造的轨道上运行, 具有高度的兼容性, 并且在需要的时 候, 可以利用 8个带驱动力的导向轮, 使车辆具有更好的加速、爬坡和制动性能。 为了车辆的自由编组, 在车辆底盘 6的四个方向上都安装了缓冲顶杆 6- 1。 这种 车辆的一套模块化的轮组构件如图 65所示。液压驱动杆 7经由导向轮的异型平转 臂 3-10, 使导向轮组件可以沿着平转立轴 3- 9回转至少 90度, 并利用可小幅度 升降的平转立轴 3-9做升降换位动作。每个承载轮 5可以沿着偏心立轴 5-4回转, 也可以沿着中心立轴 5-3回转。 在车辆沿着轨道正常行驶时, 系统将会锁定中心 立轴, 使承载轮 5和偏心立轴 5-4之间形成万向轮功能。 而当车辆在十字交叉道 岔区段进行直角平转时, 系统可以驱动承载轮 5沿着中心立轴回转 90度转向,从 而完成车辆在十字交叉道岔区段的直角转向动作。 [245] The construction of such a vehicle chassis portion is shown in FIGS. 63 and 64. The four corners of the vehicle chassis 6 are safe A modular set of wheel sets is installed. Each set of wheel assemblies includes two sets of liftable and revolving guide wheels with powertrain, and a rotatable load wheel assembly. The rotary power and the locking power of the guide wheel are all borne by the hydraulic drive rod 7. In addition to the flat rotation and lifting, each set of guide wheel assemblies can be turned upside down by means of the upturn shafts 3 - 13 and temporarily lose the guiding effect. Thus, such a vehicle can be operated on rails of different sizes and configurations as described in the various track embodiments described above, with a high degree of compatibility, and with the use of eight driving wheels with driving force, The vehicle has better acceleration, hill climbing and braking performance. For the free grouping of the vehicles, a buffer ejector 6-1 is mounted in all four directions of the vehicle chassis 6. A modular set of wheel assemblies for such vehicles is shown in FIG. The hydraulic drive rod 7 can rotate the guide wheel assembly at least 90 degrees along the flat rotating vertical shaft 3-9 via the profiled flat arm 3-10 of the guide wheel, and can be used for lifting and lowering by using the flat rotating vertical shaft 3-9 which can be lifted and lowered slightly. Bit action. Each of the load-bearing wheels 5 can be swiveled along the eccentric vertical axis 5-4 or can be swiveled along the central vertical axis 5-3. When the vehicle is traveling normally along the track, the system will lock the center vertical shaft to form a universal wheel function between the load wheel 5 and the eccentric vertical shaft 5-4. When the vehicle is rotated at right angles in the cross section, the system can drive the load wheel 5 to turn 90 degrees along the central vertical axis, thereby completing the right angle steering of the vehicle in the cross section.
[246] 图 66至图 68介绍了一种可以在两股宽度不同的纵横十字交叉的轨道道 岔区段和可以在纵横两股轨道上相互转向的车辆。这种轨道的剖面与图 56所示的 相同。 参见图 66, 停止在纵横轨道的十字交叉节点处的长方形的车辆底盘 6下方 的四个导向轮 3分布在纵向轨道的两根轨条的外侧引导面和横向轨道的两根轨条 的内侧引导面。 当车辆进行直角转向操作时, 4个导向轮 3会按着图 67中所示的 回转箭头方向从纵向轨道的外侧引导面回转移动到横向轨道的内侧引导面上。 当 导向轮完成转移换位动作之后, 四个承载轮 5 也将沿着各自的偏心立轴回转 90 度, 从纵向轨道转入横向轨道上。这样, 车辆就可以按图 68中的横向箭头所示的 方向, 在横向轨道上运行了。 这种导向轮的布局方式的优点是能够让车辆在较宽 的横向轨道上运行时, 可以让四组导向轮以及承载轮的横向分布距离尽量加大。 这样显然可以在力学上更有利于车辆的稳定运行。  [246] Figures 66 through 68 illustrate a track section that can be crossed in two cross-sections with different widths and a vehicle that can steer between the two tracks. The cross section of this track is the same as that shown in Fig. 56. Referring to Fig. 66, the four guide wheels 3 below the rectangular vehicle chassis 6 stopped at the cross-nodes of the longitudinal and transverse tracks are distributed on the inner side of the two guide rails of the longitudinal rail and the two rails of the lateral rail. surface. When the vehicle performs a right-angle steering operation, the four guide wheels 3 are swung from the outer guide surface of the longitudinal rail to the inner guide surface of the lateral rail in the direction of the swivel arrow shown in Fig. 67. After the guide wheel completes the transfer and transposition action, the four load wheels 5 will also be rotated 90 degrees along their respective eccentric vertical axes, from the longitudinal track to the transverse track. Thus, the vehicle can be operated on the lateral track in the direction indicated by the horizontal arrow in Fig. 68. The advantage of this type of guide wheel layout is that it allows the vehicle to travel over a wide lateral rail, allowing the lateral distribution of the four sets of guide wheels and the load wheel to be as large as possible. This obviously makes it more mechanically advantageous for the stable operation of the vehicle.
[247] 图 69-70所示的轨道, 与图 66- 68相同, 但是, 停止在纵横两股轨道十 字交叉节点处的车辆的底盘 6下方的四个导向轮 3都位于两股轨道的内侧,并且, 导向轮 3的立轴和承载轮 5的回转立轴是重合的。 车辆的总体轮廓线, 始终处于 纵横轨道的两侧轨条的中线之内。当系统按着图 69中回转箭头的方向让四个导向 轮 3和四个承载轮 5进行回转换向之后, 仍然会让车辆的所有构件都限制在井字 形轨条的中线之内。 这个特征的目的是: 当多个车辆在这种纵横轨道形成网格布 局的轨道网区内纵横移动和自由转向的时候, 会获得更紧凑更灵活的车辆运行环 境。 图 71-73所示的就是一台这种车辆的构造的立体图。 参见图 71, 这个具有中 空形状的特种车辆的底盘 6的外形轮廓完全限制在纵横交叉的许多轨条 1形成的 轨道网络的相邻轨条 1的中心线之间的范围内, 其运行过程中, 始终只占用轨条 1 的内侧一半, 外侧的另一半可让其他同样的特种车辆同时共享使用, 而不会互 相干扰碰擦。 这种车辆的一个角部轮组组件如图 72所示, 其导向轮的平转轴 3 - 9 和承载轮的回转立轴 5- 5在同一根纵轴线上。 当车辆进行直角转向操作时, 导向 轮和承载轮 5可以互不干扰地依次同向或者反向回转 90度或者 270度。 如图 73 所示, 转入横向轨道的车辆轮廓仍然限制在横向轨道的两根相邻轨条的中心线之 间。 [247] The tracks shown in Figures 69-70 are the same as Figures 66-68, but the four guide wheels 3 below the chassis 6 of the vehicle that stop at the cross-links of the longitudinal and transverse tracks are located on the inside of the two tracks. And, the vertical axis of the guide wheel 3 and the rotary vertical axis of the load bearing wheel 5 are coincident. The overall contour of the vehicle is always within the midline of the rails on either side of the vertical and horizontal rails. When the system reverses the direction of the four guide wheels 3 and the four load wheels 5 in the direction of the swivel arrow in Fig. 69, all the components of the vehicle are still confined within the centerline of the cross-shaped rail. The purpose of this feature is to provide a more compact and flexible vehicle operating environment when multiple vehicles are moving vertically and horizontally and freely turning in the track network where the vertical and horizontal tracks form a grid layout. Figures 71-73 show perspective views of the construction of one such vehicle. Referring to Fig. 71, the outline of the chassis 6 of the special-shaped vehicle having a hollow shape is completely limited to the range between the center lines of the adjacent rails 1 of the rail network formed by the plurality of rails 1 intersecting and intersecting, and during operation thereof. , always occupy only the inner half of the rail 1 , and the other half of the outer side allows other similar special vehicles to be shared at the same time without interfering with each other. A corner wheel assembly of such a vehicle is shown in Fig. 72, and the flat shafts 3-9 of the guide wheels and the rotary vertical shafts 5-5 of the load wheels are on the same longitudinal axis. Guided when the vehicle is performing a right angle steering operation The wheel and the carrier wheel 5 can be rotated 90 degrees or 270 degrees in the same direction or in the opposite direction without interference. As shown in Figure 73, the profile of the vehicle that is turned into the transverse track is still limited between the centerlines of the two adjacent rails of the transverse track.
[248] 本发明的轨道实施例 10如图 74所示。 这种十字交叉道岔区段中的每股 轨道的轨条内侧都有引导面, 而外侧没有引导面。左轨道的左轨条 1-11-110右侧 面上有一条右侧高位引导面 2-221-10; 右轨条 1-21-10左侧面上有一条左侧高位 引导面 (标记略)。 右轨道的右轨条 1-22-10 左侧面上有一条左侧低位引导面 2-114-10; 左轨条 1-12-10右侧面上有一条右侧低位引导面 (标记略)。  The track embodiment 10 of the present invention is shown in FIG. The rails of each track in this crossroad section have guide faces on the inside and no guide faces on the outside. The left rail of the left rail has a right side high guiding surface 2-221-10 on the right side of the left rail 11-11-10; the left side high side guiding surface on the left side of the right rail 1-21-10 (marked slightly ). The right rail of the right rail 1-22-10 has a left lower guide surface 2-114-10 on the left side; a right lower guide surface on the right side of the left rail 1-12-10 (marked slightly ).
[249] 当车辆在右轨道上运行时, 在右轨道的低位的引导面上运行的调至低位 的导向轮可从左轨道的轨条上的四个低位的导向轮通道 4-1-101、 4-1-102、 4 - 1-103、 4-1-104中平顺地穿过。 [249] When the vehicle is running on the right track, the lower-level guide wheels running on the lower guide faces of the right track can be guided from the four lower-position guide wheels on the left-track rails 4-1-1-101 , 4-1-102, 4 - 1-103, 4-1-104 pass smoothly.
[250] 当车辆在左轨道上运行时, 在左轨道的高位的引导面上运行的调至高位 的导向轮可从右轨道的轨条上的四个高位的导向轮通道 4-2-101、 4-2-102、 4-2-103、 4-2-104中穿过。  [250] When the vehicle is running on the left orbit, the upshifted guide wheels running on the high guide faces of the left track can be guided from the four high-position guide wheels on the rails of the right track 4-2-101 Through 4-2-102, 4-2-103, 4-2-104.
[251 ] 本轨道实施例 10中描述的轨道与轨道实施例 4中的轨道构造兼容。  The track described in the present embodiment 10 is compatible with the track configuration in the track embodiment 4.
[252] 适合在实施例 10中的轨道道岔上运行和直角转向的车辆如图 75所示。 其导向轮 3的回转轴 3-9与承载轮 5的回转轴重合。在进行直角转向操作过程中, 承载轮 5和导向轮 3可分别进行方向相反的 90回转,从纵向轨道转入横向轨道上。 A vehicle suitable for running on the track ballast and turning at right angles in the embodiment 10 is shown in Fig. 75. The rotary shaft 3-9 of the guide wheel 3 coincides with the rotary shaft of the carrier wheel 5. During the right-angle steering operation, the load-bearing wheel 5 and the guide wheel 3 are respectively rotated in opposite directions by 90, and are transferred from the longitudinal track to the lateral track.
[253] 图 76展示的是另一种适合在实施例 10中的轨道道岔上运行和直角转向 的车辆。 其导向轮 3的回转轴 3-9在井字形道岔内侧四角布置, 而承载轮 5的回 转立轴 5-5则分布在井字形道岔的两股轨道的外侧四角处。 这种承载轮布局方案 的好处是可以加大车辆前后轮的间距, 提高稳定性。 [253] Fig. 76 shows another vehicle suitable for running on the track ballast and turning at right angles in the tenth embodiment. The rotary axes 3-9 of the guide wheels 3 are arranged at the inner four corners of the well-shaped turn, and the return vertical axes 5-5 of the load-bearing wheels 5 are distributed at the outer four corners of the two tracks of the well-shaped turn. The advantage of this load wheel layout scheme is that it can increase the spacing between the front and rear wheels of the vehicle and improve stability.
[254] 本发明的轨道实施例 11如图 77所示。 这是轨道实施例 5中描述的轨道 的十字交叉的道岔区段。 如图所示, 左轨道的中轨条 1-31 11右侧面有右侧高位 引导面 2-227-11, 左侧面有左侧高位引导面(标记略)。右轨道的中轨条 1-32 - 1 1 左侧面有左侧低位引导面 2-118-11, 右侧面有右侧低位引导面 (标记略)。 两条 中轨条的交叉处周边有两个高位的导向轮通道 4-2-113、4-2-114和两个低位的导 向轮通道 4-1-111、 4-1-112。 左轨道的左轨条 1-11- 1 1和右轨条 1-21-11与右轨 道的中轨条 1-32-11 的交叉处, 有四个低位的导向轮通道 4-1-113、 4-1-114、 4-1-1 15、 4 1-116。 右轨道的左轨条 1-12-1 1和右轨条 1-22-11与左轨道的中轨 条 1-31-11 的交叉处, 有四个高位的导向轮通道 4-2-111、 4-2-112、 4-2-115、 4-2-1 16。  The track embodiment 11 of the present invention is shown in Fig. 77. This is the cross-section of the track of the track described in Track Example 5. As shown in the figure, the right side of the middle rail 1-31 11 has a right side high guiding surface 2-227-11, and the left side has a left side high guiding surface (marked abbreviated). The middle rail of the right track 1-32 - 1 1 has a left lower guide surface 2-118-11 on the left side and a right lower guide surface on the right side (marked abbreviated). There are two high-level guide wheel passages 4-2-113, 4-2-114 and two lower guide wheel passages 4-1-111, 4-1-112 around the intersection of the two middle rails. At the intersection of the left rail 11-1- 1 1 and the right rail 1-21-11 of the left track and the middle rail 1-32-11 of the right track, there are four lower guide wheel passages 4-1-1-113 4-1-114, 4-1-1 15, 4 1-116. At the intersection of the left rail 1-12-1 1 and the right rail 1-22-11 of the right track and the middle rail 1-31-11 of the left track, there are four high-level guide wheel passages 4-2-111 4-2-112, 4-2-115, 4-2-1 16.
[255] 图 77中的轨道的中轨条的顶面可以不用于充当承载轨面,而让中轨条专 门用作仅承受导向轮水平压力而不承受承载轮重量的引导轨。 车辆的承载轮可仅 在轨道左右轨条顶部的承载轨面上运行。  [255] The top surface of the middle rail of the track in Fig. 77 may not be used to serve as a load rail surface, but the middle rail is specifically used as a guide rail that only receives the horizontal pressure of the guide wheel without bearing the weight of the load wheel. The load wheels of the vehicle can only be run on the load rail surfaces at the top of the left and right rails of the track.
[256] 图 78展示了一种适合在图 77所示轨道上运行的车辆的底盘 6的轮体布 局方式。 停止在十字轨道交叉节点处的车辆底盘 6中部下方的四个导向轮 3可以 沿着回转立轴,按图中的弧形箭头方向往复回转至少 90度,在纵横轨道的中轨条 的高度不同的引导面之间相互转移。 四个承载轮 5也可以按着自身的中心立轴回 转 90度, 在纵横轨道之间换向。 [256] Figure 78 illustrates a wheel body layout of a chassis 6 of a vehicle suitable for operation on the track shown in Figure 77. The four guide wheels 3 below the middle of the vehicle chassis 6 stopped at the intersection of the cross track can be reciprocated at least 90 degrees in the direction of the curved arrow in the figure along the rotary vertical axis, and the middle rail in the vertical and horizontal tracks The height of the different guiding faces are transferred to each other. The four load-bearing wheels 5 can also be rotated 90 degrees according to their own central vertical axis, and can be reversed between the vertical and horizontal tracks.
[257] 图 77所示的纵横轨道道岔的两侧轨条, 也可以按图 79所示的那样, 在 外侧轨条的外侧面上设置引导面,形成图 38所示的轨道实施例 7的两股轨道的十 字交叉道岔形态。  [257] The rails on both sides of the cross rail track shown in FIG. 77 may be provided with a guide surface on the outer side surface of the outer rail as shown in FIG. 79, and the rail embodiment 7 shown in FIG. 38 is formed. The cross-track shape of the two tracks.
[258] 本发明的轨道实施例 12如图 80所示。 这是一种具有相同高度引导面的 两股三轨条轨道的十字交叉道岔实施方案。与图 77所示轨道的不同之处是,本实 施方案中的两股三轨条轨道的中轨条两侧的引导面高度相同。 因而, 其所有的导 向轮通道 4也具有相同的高度。与轨道实施例 1-11相比,在悬空框架方式的应用 中, 这种轨道可以在保持同样的结构力学性能的前提下, 将轨条厚度做的更薄, 从而可以降低轨道构件的材料成本。 并且, 使用这种轨道的车辆的导向轮也可以 取消升降功能, 从而简化车辆的驱动机构。  The track embodiment 12 of the present invention is shown in FIG. This is a cross-track implementation of two three-track rails with the same height guiding surface. The difference from the track shown in Fig. 77 is that the guide faces on both sides of the middle rail of the two three-track rails in the present embodiment have the same height. Thus, all of its guide wheel passages 4 also have the same height. Compared with Track Embodiments 1-11, in the application of the suspended frame method, the track can make the thickness of the rail thinner while maintaining the same structural mechanical properties, thereby reducing the material cost of the rail member. . Moreover, the guide wheel of the vehicle using such a track can also cancel the lifting function, thereby simplifying the driving mechanism of the vehicle.
[259] 由于轨道实施例 12 的纵横方向的两根带引导面的轨条的交叉节点处的 导向轮通道 4使每根轨条 1两侧的引导面都出现出了较宽的中断区段, 导致车辆 的导向轮轮体在穿过这个区段时, 将暂时完全脱离与引导面的接触, 出现短暂的 引导失效时段。 为了避免这个不良区段的引导失效问题, 可让车辆按着图 81-84 那样, 采用增加导向轮的引导方式。 如图 81所示, 经由回转臂 3-10相互连接在 一起的两个导向轮轮体 3-1组成一组连体导向轮组。 每个车辆底盘下方中心, 对 称布置四组连体导向轮组。 当这种连体导向轮组的导向轮轮体 3-1通过不良区段 时, 可始终保持至少有四个导向轮轮体 3-1承担有效的引导作用。  [259] The guide wheel passages 4 at the intersections of the two rails with guide faces in the longitudinal and lateral directions of the track embodiment 12 cause a wider interruption section on the guide faces on both sides of each of the rails 1. As a result, the guiding wheel body of the vehicle will temporarily completely disengage from the guiding surface when passing through this section, and a brief guiding failure period occurs. In order to avoid the problem of guiding failure of this bad section, the vehicle can be guided by increasing the guide wheel as shown in Figure 81-84. As shown in Fig. 81, the two guide wheel bodies 3-1 which are connected to each other via the swing arm 3-10 constitute a set of joint guide wheel sets. At the center of each vehicle chassis, four sets of connected guide wheels are arranged symmetrically. When the guide wheel body 3-1 of the joint guide wheel set passes through the defective section, at least four of the guide wheel bodies 3-1 can always be kept in an effective guiding role.
[260] 当然, 当车辆以正常车速直行通过这个十字道岔区段时, 仅依靠车辆的 运行惯性, 也可让车辆安全通过这个不良区段。 但是在刚好停留在十字交叉节点 时, 还是需要连体导向轮组的限位作用来保证车辆免于脱轨, 并进行直角转向动 作。 [260] Of course, when the vehicle passes straight through this crossroads section at normal speed, it can also allow the vehicle to safely pass through this bad section by relying solely on the vehicle's operational inertia. However, when it is just at the cross node, the limit of the joint guide wheel set is needed to ensure that the vehicle is not derailed and the right angle steering operation is performed.
[261 ] 图 81-84顺序展示了一辆车辆依靠四组连体导向轮组进行直角转向的过 程。 在图中可以看出, 当车辆运行过程中, 始终有至少四个导向轮轮体 3-1与轨 条的引导面接触, 正常行使着导向功能。 参见图 82, 当四组连体导向轮组几乎对 正停止在轨道道岔的十字交叉节点中心处之后, 系统可驱动四组连体导向轮组按 着图 83和图 85、 86所示的那样, 沿着各自平转轴 3-9进行 90度回转, 让处于回 转臂 3-10外端的导向轮轮体 3-1转入另一根轨条的引导面 2内。 同时, 所有 8 个竖板状的导向轮轴支架 3-4也一并回转 90度。  [261] Figure 81-84 shows a sequence of vehicles that rely on four sets of connected guide wheels for right angle steering. As can be seen in the figure, at least four guide wheel bodies 3-1 are always in contact with the guide faces of the rails during the running of the vehicle, and the guiding function is normally performed. Referring to Fig. 82, after the four sets of conjoined guide wheel sets are almost aligned at the center of the crossover node of the track turn, the system can drive the four sets of conjoined guide wheel sets as shown in Fig. 83 and Figs. 85, 86. The 90-degree rotation is performed along the respective flat shafts 3-9, and the guide wheel body 3-1 at the outer end of the swing arm 3-10 is transferred into the guide surface 2 of the other rail. At the same time, all eight vertical plate-shaped guide axle brackets 3-4 are also rotated 90 degrees.
[262] 如图 85、 86所示,在车辆进行直角转向过程中,当导向轮 3回转到位后, 车辆的四个承载轮 5也回转 90度。 车辆再次启动后, 将沿着新的方向运行。  [262] As shown in Figs. 85 and 86, during the right-angle steering of the vehicle, when the guide wheel 3 is rotated into position, the four load wheels 5 of the vehicle are also rotated by 90 degrees. Once the vehicle is started again, it will run in the new direction.
[263] 本实施例的等高度引导面原理,不仅可以应用在图 80所示的三轨条轨道 的中轨条上, 也可以在双轨条轨道、 大范围布置的轨道网格场合中应用在所有轨 条的两侧引导面上。 [263] The principle of the equal height guiding surface of the embodiment can be applied not only to the middle rail of the three-track rail shown in FIG. 80, but also to the double-track rail and the large-area rail grid. Guide rails on both sides of all rails.
[264] 比如, 图 87、 88所示的那种宽窄不同的两股双轨条轨道中, 也可以应用 等高度引导面的方式。 在这个例子中, 相互十字交叉的两股轨道的所有轨条两侧 都有相同高度的引导面和导向轮通道。 车辆的导向轮分布方式也按图中所示的那 样, 当车辆停止在十字交叉节点处时, 车辆的四组连体导向轮组分布在其中一股 较窄轨道的外侧、 另一股较宽轨道的内侧。 这个车辆也可如图中所示的那样, 采 用 8个承载轮。 当车辆进行从较窄轨道转入较宽轨道的转向动作时, 系统将在连 体导向轮组回转到较宽轨道的引导面上之后, 将较宽轨道上的四个处于悬空状态 的承载轮 5-22下降到较宽轨道的轨条上, 同时, 将其余四个承载轮 5-11提升起 来, 避免在运行中与轨条接触。 [264] For example, in the two-strand double-track rails of different widths and widths as shown in Figs. 87 and 88, a manner of equal height guiding faces can also be applied. In this example, all the rails on both sides of the two tracks that cross each other There are guiding surfaces and guiding wheel channels of the same height. The vehicle's guide wheels are distributed as shown in the figure. When the vehicle stops at the cross node, the four sets of the vehicle's four-piece guide wheel set are distributed on the outside of one of the narrower tracks and the other is wider. The inside of the track. This vehicle can also employ eight load wheels as shown in the figure. When the vehicle performs a steering action from a narrower track to a wider track, the system will move the four load-bearing wheels on the wider track after the connected guide wheel set is swiveled to the guide surface of the wider track. 5-22 descends onto the rails of the wider track, and at the same time, lifts the remaining four load wheels 5-11 to avoid contact with the rails during operation.
[265] 将图 42、 87所示的十字交叉道岔区段进行有规则地扩展布置, 可形成如 图 89所示的大范围的可无限延伸的纵横轨条网格。这个网格的每个轨条交叉点都 如图 57、 58或者图 80的中轨条那样的节点构造。 在这个网格轨道区域上, 如前 所述的具有直角转向功能的车辆可以沿着纵横轨条自主移动和直角转向。 这个特 点, 极大增加了轨道路网的应用范围, 可非常方便地形成各种用途的车辆运行和 停靠场所,为本发明人在 200420019497. 3专利说明书中描述的新型交通系统构想 的实现提供了更具实用性的技术支持方案。  [265] The crossroad turn sections shown in Figs. 42 and 87 are regularly expanded to form a wide range of infinitely extendable crossbar grids as shown in Fig. 89. Each rail intersection of this grid is constructed as a node like the middle rail of Figure 57, 58 or Figure 80. On this grid track area, a vehicle having a right angle steering function as described above can be autonomously moved and right angled along the crossbar. This feature greatly increases the application range of the track road network, and can conveniently form a vehicle operation and docking place for various purposes, and provides the realization of the new transportation system concept described by the inventor in the patent specification 200420019497. A more practical technical support solution.
[266] 附图标记列表:(X表示相同特征按不同实施例的区别序号, n表示同一幅 图中相同特征的位置区别序号)  [266] List of reference numerals: (X denotes a different number of the same feature according to different embodiments, and n denotes a position difference number of the same feature in the same figure)
[267] 轨条 1  [267] Rails 1
[268] 左轨道的左轨条 1-11-X  [268] Left track bar left track 1-11-X
[269] 右轨道的左轨条 1- 12- X  [269] Left Rail of Right Track 1- 12- X
[270] 左轨道的右轨条 1-21-X  [270] Right track of the left track 1-21-X
[271 ] 右轨道的右轨条 1 22- X  [271] Right track of the right track 1 22- X
[272] 中轨道的左轨条 1-13 X  [272] Left Rail of Medium Track 1-13 X
[273] 中轨道的右轨条 1-23-X  [273] Right track of the middle track 1-23-X
[274] 左轨道的中轨条 1-31-X  [274] Middle rail of the left track 1-31-X
[275] 右轨道的中轨条 1-32 X  [275] Middle Rail of Right Track 1-32 X
[276] 中轨道的中轨条 1- 33- X  [276] Middle track of medium track 1- 33- X
[277] 引导面 2  [277] Guide surface 2
[278] 左轨道的左轨条的左侧低位引导面 2- -111- -X  [278] Left lower guide surface of left rail of left track 2- -111- -X
[279] 右轨道的左轨条的左侧低位引导面 2- -112- -X  [279] Left lower guide surface of the left rail of the right track 2- -112- -X
[280] 右轨道的右轨条的左侧低位引导面 2- -114- -X  [280] Left lower guide surface of the right rail of the right track 2- -114- -X
[281 ] 中轨道的左轨条的左侧低位引导面 2- -115- [281] Left side low guide surface of the left rail of the middle track 2- -115-
[282] 中轨道的右轨条的左侧低位引导面 2- -116- -X [282] Left lower guide surface of the right rail of the middle track 2- -116- -X
[283] 左轨道的中轨条的左侧低位引导面 2- -117- -X  [283] Left lower guide surface of the middle rail of the left track 2- -117- -X
[284] 右轨道的中轨条的左侧低位引导面 2- -118- -X  [284] Left lower guide surface of the middle rail of the right track 2- -118- -X
[285] 中轨道的中轨条的左侧低位引导面 2- -119- -X  [285] Left lower guide surface of the middle rail of the middle track 2- -119- -X
[286] 右轨道的左轨条的右侧低位引导面 2- -212- -X  [286] Right side low guide surface of the left rail of the right track 2- -212- -X
[287] 右轨道的右轨条的右侧低位引导面 2- -214- -X  [287] Right side low guide surface of the right rail of the right track 2- -214- -X
[288] 中轨道的左轨条的右侧低位引导面 2- -215- -X [289] 中轨道的右轨条的右侧低位引导面 2- -216- -X [288] Right side low guide surface of the left rail of the middle track 2- -215- -X [289] Right side low guide surface of the right rail of the middle track 2- -216- -X
[290] 右轨道的中轨条的右侧低位引导面 2- -218- -X  [290] Right side low guide surface of the middle rail of the right track 2- -218- -X
[291 ] 中轨道的中轨条的右侧低位引导面 2- -219- -X  [291 ] Right side low guide surface of the middle rail of the middle track 2- -219- -X
[292] 右轨道的左轨条的左侧高位引导面 2- -122- -X  [292] Left side high guide surface of left rail of right track 2- -122- -X
[293] 左轨道的右轨条的左侧高位引导面 2- -123- - X  [293] Left side high guide surface of the right rail of the left track 2- -123- - X
[294] 中轨道的左轨条的左侧高位引导面 2- -125- -X  [294] Left side high guide surface of the left rail of the middle track 2- -125- -X
[295] 中轨道的右轨条的左侧高位引导面 2 -126- -X  [295] Left side high guide surface of the right rail of the middle track 2 -126- -X
[296] 右轨道的中轨条的左侧高位引导面 2- -128- -X  [296] Left side high guide surface of the middle rail of the right track 2- -128- -X
[297] 中轨道的中轨条的左侧高位引导面 2- -129- -X  [297] Left side high guide surface of the middle rail of the middle track 2- -129- -X
[298] 左轨道的左轨条的右侧高位引导面 2- -221- -X  [298] Right side high guide surface of the left rail of the left track 2- -221- -X
[299] 左轨道的右轨条的右侧高位引导面 2- -223- -X  [299] Right side high guide surface of the right rail of the left track 2- -223- -X
[300] 中轨道的左轨条的右侧高位引导面 2- -225- -X  [300] Right side high guide surface of the left rail of the middle track 2- -225- -X
[301 ] 中轨道的右轨条的右侧高位引导面 2- -226- -X  [301] Right side high guide surface of the right rail of the middle track 2- -226- -X
[302] 左轨道的中轨条的右侧高位引导面 2- -227- -X  [302] Right side high guide surface of the middle rail of the left track 2- -227- -X
[303] 中轨道的中轨条的右侧高位引导面 2- -229- - X  [303] Right side high guide surface of the middle rail of the middle track 2- -229- - X
[304] 导向轮 3  [304] Guide wheel 3
[305] 导向轮轮体 3-1  [305] Guide Wheel Body 3-1
[306] 导向轮轴承 3-2  [306] Guide wheel bearing 3-2
[307] 导向轮轴座 3-3  [307] Guide wheel axle seat 3-3
[308] 竖板状的导向轮轴支架 3-4  [308] Vertical plate-shaped guide axle bracket 3-4
[309] 导向轮固定式立轴 3-5  [309] Guide wheel fixed vertical shaft 3-5
[310] 导向轮传动式立轴 3-6  [310] Guide wheel drive vertical shaft 3-6
[31 1 ] 导向轮护罩 3-7  [31 1 ] Guide wheel guard 3-7
[312] 导向轮驱动电机 3-8  [312] Guide wheel drive motor 3-8
[313] 导向轮平转轴 3-9  [313] Guide wheel flat shaft 3-9
[314] 导向轮平转臂 3-10  [314] Guide wheel pan arm 3-10
[315] 导向轮上翻轴 3-13  [315] Guide wheel upturn shaft 3-13
[316] 位于左轨条左侧的低位导向轮 3- -11  [316] Lower Guide Wheel on the Left Side of the Left Rail 3- -11
[317] 位于左轨条左侧的高位导向轮 3- -12  [317] High position guide wheel on the left side of the left rail 3 - -12
[318] 位于左轨条右侧的低位导向轮 3- -21  [318] Low position guide wheel on the right side of the left rail 3 - 21
[319] 位于左轨条右侧的高位导向轮 3- -22  [319] High Position Guide Wheel on the Right Side of Left Rail 3 - 22
[320] 位于右轨条左侧的低位导向轮 3- -31  [320] Low position guide wheel on the left side of the right rail 3- 3-31
[321 ] 位于右轨条左侧的高位导向轮 3- -32  [321 ] High position guide wheel on the left side of the right rail 3- 3-32
[322] 位于右轨条右侧的低位导向轮 3- -41  [322] Low guide wheel on the right side of the right rail 3- -41
[323] 位于右轨条右侧的高位导向轮 3- -42  [323] High-position guide wheel on the right side of the right rail 3- -42
[324] 导向轮通道 4  [324] Guide wheel channel 4
[325] 高位导向轮通道 4 2-Xn  [325] High Positioning Guide Channel 4 2-Xn
[326] 低位导向轮通道 4-1 - Xn [327] 承载轮 5 [326] Low Guide Wheel Channel 4-1 - Xn [327] Carrying wheel 5
[328] 承载轮回转立轴 5- -1 [328] Carrying wheel swivel vertical axis 5- -1
[329] 承载轮驱动电机 5- -2[329] Load Wheel Drive Motor 5- -2
[330] 承载轮偏心立轴 5- -3[330] Load wheel eccentric vertical shaft 5- -3
[331 ] 承载轮中心立轴 5- -4[331 ] Load wheel center vertical axis 5- -4
[332] 承载轮回转立轴 5- -5[332] Carrying wheel swivel vertical axis 5- -5
[333] 顺向承载轮 5- -1 1[333] Forward Carrying Wheel 5- -1 1
[334] 横向承载轮 5- -22[334] Lateral load wheel 5- -22
[335] 车辆底盘 6 [335] Vehicle chassis 6
[336] 车架缓冲顶 6- -1 [336] Frame Buffer Top 6- -1
[337] 液压驱动杆 7 [337] Hydraulic drive rod 7

Claims

权利要求书 Claim
、 一种轨道, 在同一股轨道中, 包括至少两根用于承载车轮的相互平行的轨条 (1) ; 在同一股轨道中, 有至少两条位于所述的轨条(1)侧面的用于引导车辆 的可沿立轴旋转且可升降的导向轮 (3)运行的引导面 (2) ; 其中, 包括至少一 条位于所述的轨条(1)左侧面上的左侧引导面和至少一条位于所述的轨条(1) 右側面上的右侧引导面: 其特征是: a track, in the same strand, comprising at least two mutually parallel rails (1) for carrying wheels; in the same strand, at least two are located on the side of the rails (1) a guiding surface (2) for guiding a guide wheel (3) of the vehicle that is rotatable and movable up and down along the vertical axis; wherein: at least one left guiding surface on the left side of the rail (1) and At least one right guide surface on the right side of the rail (1): characterized by:
a) 所述的左侧引导面包括位置较高的左侧高位引导面和位置较低的左侧低 位引导面; 所述的右侧引导面包括位置较高的右侧高位引导面和位置较 低的右侧低位引导面;  a) the left guiding surface includes a higher left side upper guiding surface and a lower left lower guiding surface; the right guiding surface includes a higher position right upper guiding surface and position comparison Low right side low guide surface;
b) 在由一股位于左方的左轨道和一股位于右方的右轨道交汇成一股合并后 的中轨道的 "人"字形道岔路段, 与高位的引导面相交的轨条上, 有可 供沿着此高位的引导面运行的升至高位的导向轮穿过的 "凸"字形的高 位导向轮通道; 与低位的引导面相交的轨条上, 有可供沿着此低位的引 导面运行的降至低位的导向轮穿过的 "凸"字形的低位导向轮通道; c) 在上述道岔路段中, 衔接在轨条交汇处的中轨道的轨条的同一个侧面上 的高位的引导面和低位的引导面处于同一段连续面上; 该段连续面可供 运行其上的导向轮在高位的引导面和低位的引导面之间升降转移; d) 在上述道岔路段中, 至少一条属于左轨道或右轨道的高位的引导面穿过 高位导向轮通道后, 平顺过渡到中轨道的一条高位的引导面上; e) 在上述道岔路段中, 所述的左轨道的一条引导面平顺衔接到所述的中轨 道的一条引导面上; 所述的右轨道的一条引导面平顺衔接到所述的中轨 道的另一条引导面上;  b) on a "human" shaped road section that merges into a merged middle orbit by a left orbit on the left and a right orbit on the right, on the rail that intersects the high guide surface, a "convex" shaped high guide wheel passage for the guide wheel that is raised to the upper position along the elevated guide surface; a guide strip for the lower position of the guide rail that intersects the lower guide surface a "convex" shaped lower guide wheel passage through which the lowering guide wheel passes; c) a high position guide on the same side of the rail of the intermediate track at the intersection of the rails in the above-mentioned ballast section The face and the lower guide face are on the same continuous surface; the continuous face is available for the guide wheel running thereon to move up and down between the upper guide face and the lower guide face; d) at least one of the above-mentioned turnout sections The guiding surface of the high position belonging to the left or right track passes through the high guiding wheel channel and smoothly transitions to a high guiding surface of the middle track; e) in the above-mentioned ballast section, one guiding surface of the left track is flat Connected to a guiding surface of the middle track; the guiding surface of the right track smoothly connects to the other guiding surface of the middle track;
f) 在上述道岔路段中, 所述的中轨道至少有一条低位的引导面平顺衔接到 左轨道或者右轨道的一条低位的引导面上。  f) In the above-mentioned ballast road section, the middle track has at least one lower guiding surface smoothly connected to a lower guiding surface of the left or right track.
、 根据权利要求 1所述的一种轨道, 其特征是: A track according to claim 1, wherein:
a) 在同一股轨道中, 仅有左轨条和右轨条; 其中的左轨条有左侧引导面和 右侧引导面, 右轨条没有引导面;  a) In the same track, there are only left and right rails; the left rail has a left guiding surface and a right guiding surface, and the right rail has no guiding surface;
b) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的左轨条(1-11-1)的右侧高位引导面 (2-221- 1)穿过右轨道的左轨条(1-12-1)的高位导向轮通道 (4- 2-12)后, 平顺过渡到中轨道的左轨条(1-13- 1)的右侧高位引导面 (2-225-1) ;右轨 道的左轨条(1-12-1)的左侧高位引导面 (2- 122-1) 依次穿过分别位于左 轨道的右轨条(1-21-1)和左轨条(1-11-1)上的两个高位导向轮通道 (4-2 -13) (4-2 1 1)后, 平顺过渡到中轨道的左轨条(1-13- 1)的左侧高 位引导面(2-125 1) ;  b) In the ballast section, the right side guide surface (2-221-1) of the left rail (1-11-1) of the left rail passes through the left rail of the right rail (1-12-1) After the high-position guide wheel channel (4- 2-12), the smooth transition to the right side of the left rail (1-13-1) of the middle rail (2-225-1); the left rail of the right track The left side high guide surface (2- 122-1) of the strip (1-12-1) passes through the right rail (1-21-1) and the left rail (1-11-1) which are respectively located in the left track. After the upper two upper guide wheel passages (4-2 -13) (4-2 1 1), the transition to the left rail of the middle rail (1-13-1) is the left side high guide surface (2-125) 1) ;
c) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的左轨条(1-11-1)的左侧低位引导面 (2-111- 1)直接平顺衔接到中轨道的左轨条(1-13-1)的左侧低位引导面 (2-115-1); 所述的位于右轨道的左轨条(1-12-1)的右侧低位引导面 (2-212- 1)从左轨道的右轨条(1-21-1)的一个低位导向轮通道 (4-1-11) 中穿过后, 直接平顺衔接到所述的中轨道的左轨条(1-13-1)的右侧低位 引导面(2 215-1)。 c) In the above-mentioned ballast section, the left lower guide surface (2-111-1) of the left rail (1-11-1) of the left rail is directly smoothly connected to the left rail of the middle rail (1-13) -1) the left lower guide surface (2-115-1); the right lower guide surface (2-212-1) of the left rail (1-12-1) located on the right track from the left track a low guide wheel passage (4-1-11) of the right rail (1-21-1) After passing through, the right lower level guide surface (2 215-1) of the left rail (1-13-1) of the middle track is directly smoothly connected.
、 根据权利要求 1所述的一种轨道, 其特征是: A track according to claim 1, wherein:
a) 在同一股轨道中, 仅有左轨条和右轨条; 其中的左轨条仅有左侧引导面, 右轨条仅有右侧引导面;  a) In the same track, there are only left and right rails; the left rail has only the left guiding surface, and the right rail has only the right guiding surface;
b) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的右轨条(1-21-2)的右侧高位引导面 (2-223-2)依次穿过位于右轨道的左轨条(1 -12-2)和右轨条(1-22 2)上 的高位导向轮通道 (4-2-2) 4、 (4-2-2) 2后, 直接平顺衔接到中轨道的右 轨条(1-23-2)的右侧高位引导面(2-226-2); 右轨道的左轨条(1_12-2) 的左侧高位引导面 (2-122-2)依次穿过分别位于左轨道的右轨条(1-21 - 2) 和左轨条(1-11-2)上的两个高位导向轮通道 (4-2-2) 3、 (4-2-2) 1后, 直 接平顺衔接到中轨道的左轨条(1-13-2)的左侧高位引导面 (2-125-2) ; c) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的左轨条(1-11-2)的左侧低位引导面 (2 - 111-2)直接平顺衔接到中轨道的左轨条(1-13-2)的左侧低位引导面 (2-1 15-2); 右轨道的右轨条(1-22-2)的右侧低位引导面 (2-214-2)直接 平顺衔接到中轨道的右轨条(1-23-2)的右侧低位引导面 (2-216-2)。  b) In the ballast section, the right side guide surface (2-223-2) of the right rail (1-21-2) of the left track passes through the left rail in the right track in turn (1-12) -2) and the high guide wheel channel (4-2-2) 4, (4-2-2) 2 on the right rail (1-22 2), directly spliced to the right rail of the middle track (1 -23-2) right side high guide surface (2-226-2); right side left rail (1_12-2) left side high guide surface (2-122-2) passes through the left track Right rail (1-21 - 2) and left rail (1-11-2) on the two high-position guide wheels (4-2-2) 3, (4-2-2) 1 The left side high guide surface (2-125-2) of the left rail (1-13-2) of the middle track is smoothly connected; c) the left rail of the left track in the ballast section (1-11) -2) The left lower guide surface (2 - 111-2) is directly smoothed to the left lower guide surface (2-1 15-2) of the left rail (1-13-2) of the middle rail; right track The right lower guide surface (2-214-2) of the right rail (1-22-2) is directly connected to the right lower guide surface of the right rail (1-23-2) of the middle rail (2- 216-2).
、 根据权利要求 1所述的一种轨道, 其特征是: A track according to claim 1, wherein:
a) 在同一股轨道中, 仅有左轨条和右轨条; 其中, 左轨条有左侧引导面和 右侧引导面, 右轨条仅有右侧引导面;  a) In the same track, there are only left and right rails; wherein, the left rail has a left guiding surface and a right guiding surface, and the right rail has only a right guiding surface;
b) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的左轨条(1-11-3)的右侧高位引导面 (2-221-3)穿过位于右轨道的左轨条(1-12-3)上的高位导向轮通道 (4-2-32)后, 平顺过渡到中轨道的左轨条(1-13-3)的右侧高位引导面 (2-225-3); 右轨道的左轨条(1-12 3)的左侧高位引导面(2-122-3)依次 穿过分别位于左轨道的右轨条(1-21- 3)和左轨条(1-11-3)上的两个高位 导向轮通道 (4-2-33)、(4-2-31)后,平顺过渡到中轨道的左轨条(1-13-3) 的左侧高位引导面(2-125-3) ;  b) In the ballast section, the right side guide surface (2-221-3) of the left rail (1-11-3) of the left rail passes through the left rail located in the right rail (1-12- 3) After the upper guide wheel passage (4-2-32), smoothly transition to the right upper guide surface (2-225-3) of the left rail (1-13-3) of the middle track; The left upper guide surface (2-122-3) of the left rail (1-12 3) sequentially passes through the right rail (1-21- 3) and the left rail (1-11-3) respectively located on the left rail. After the two high-position guide wheel passages (4-2-33), (4-2-31), the left side high guide surface of the left rail (1-13-3) that smoothly transitions to the middle track (2) -125-3);
c) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的左轨条(1-11-3)的左侧低位引导面 (2 - 1 1 1-3)直接平顺衔接到中轨道的左轨条(1-13-3)的左侧低位引导面 (2-115-3) ;右轨道的左轨条(1-12-3)的右侧低位引导面 (2-212 3) 穿过 位于左轨道的右轨条(1 21-3)上的一个低位导向轮通道 (4-1-31)后, 直 接平顺衔接到所述的中轨道的左轨条(1-13-3)的右侧低位引导面 (2-215-3);  c) In the above-mentioned ballast section, the left lower guide surface (2 - 1 1 1-3) of the left rail (1-11-3) of the left rail is directly smoothly connected to the left rail of the middle rail (1 -13-3) left lower guide surface (2-115-3); right rail left rail (1-12-3) right lower guide surface (2-212 3) passes through the left track After a lower guide wheel passage (4-1-31) on the right rail (1 21-3), directly slid to the right lower position of the left rail (1-13-3) of the middle rail Face (2-215-3);
d) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的右轨条(1-21-3)的右侧高位引导面 (2 - 223-3)依次穿过分别位于右轨道的左轨条(1-12-3)和右轨条(1_22 - 3) 上的两个高位导向轮通道 (4-2-35)、 (4-2-34)后, 直接平顺衔接到中轨 道的右轨条(1-23-3)的右侧高位引导面(2-226-3);  d) In the ballast section, the right side guide surface (2 - 223-3) of the right rail (1-21-3) of the left rail passes through the left rails respectively located in the right rail (1- 12-3) and the two high-position guide wheel channels (4-2-35) and (4-2-34) on the right rail (1_22 - 3), directly spliced to the right rail of the middle rail (1 -23-3) right side high guiding surface (2-226-3);
e) 在所述的道岔路段中, 右轨道的右轨条(1-22 3)的右侧低位引导面 (2-214-3),直接平顺衔接到中轨道的右轨条(1-23-3)的右侧低位引导面 (2-216-3)。 e) In the ballast section, the right lower guide surface (2-214-3) of the right rail (1-22 3) of the right rail is directly connected to the right rail of the middle rail (1-23) -3) right lower guide surface (2-216-3).
、 根据权利要求 1所述的一种轨道, 其特征是: A track according to claim 1, wherein:
a) 在同一股轨道中,仅有左轨条和右轨条; 其中的左轨条仅有右侧引导面, 右轨条仅有左侧引导面;  a) In the same track, there are only left and right rails; the left rail has only the right guiding surface, and the right rail has only the left guiding surface;
b) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道与中轨道处于同一段直线路径上, 右轨道 呈弧线路径;  b) in the road section, the left track is in the same straight path as the middle track, and the right track is in an arc path;
c) 左轨道的右轨条(1-21-4)的左侧高位引导面 (2-123 4)穿过位于右轨道 的左轨条(1-12- 4)上的一个高位导向轮通道 (4-2- 42)后, 平顺过渡到中 轨道的右轨条(1-23-4)的左侧高位引导面(2-126-4); 左轨道的左轨条 (1-11-4)的右侧高位引导面(2-221-4)穿过位于右轨道的左轨条(1-12 4) 上的一个高位导向轮通道(4-2-41)后, 平顺过渡到中轨道的左轨条 (1-13-4)的右侧高位引导面(2-225-4);  c) The left high guide surface (2-123 4) of the right rail (1-21-4) of the left rail passes through a high guide wheel passage on the left rail (1-1 2 - 4) of the right rail After (4-2-42), the left side high guide surface (2-126-4) of the right rail (1-23-4) transitioning smoothly to the middle track; the left rail of the left track (1-11- 4) The right high guiding surface (2-221-4) passes through a high guiding wheel channel (4-2-41) located on the left rail (1-12 4) of the right rail, and smoothly transitions to the middle. The right side high guide surface (2-225-4) of the left rail (1-13-4) of the track;
d) 右轨道的左轨条(1-12-4)的右侧低位引导面(2-212-4)穿过位于左轨道 的右轨条 (1-21-4)上的一个低位导向轮通道 (4-1- 42)后, 平顺衔接到中 轨道的左轨条(1-13-4)的右侧低位引导面 (2-215-4);  d) The right lower guide surface (2-212-4) of the left rail (1-12-4) of the right rail passes through a low guide wheel on the right rail (1-21-4) of the left rail After the channel (4-1-42), it is smoothly connected to the right lower guide surface (2-215-4) of the left rail (1-13-4) of the middle track;
e) 右轨道的右轨条(1-22-4)的左侧低位引导面 (2-1 14-4)穿过位于左轨道 的右轨条(1-21-4)上的一个低位导向轮通道 (4-1- 41)后, 平顺衔接到中 轨道的右轨条(1-23-4)的左侧低位引导面 (2-116- 4)。  e) The left lower guide surface (2-1 14-4) of the right rail (1-22-4) of the right track passes through a low position guide on the right rail (1-21-4) of the left rail After the wheel channel (4-1-41), it is smoothly connected to the left lower guide surface (2-116-4) of the right rail (1-23-4) of the middle track.
、 根据权利要求 1所述的一种轨道, 其特征是: A track according to claim 1, wherein:
a) 在同一股轨道中, 有相互平行且等距的左轨条、 中轨条、 和右轨条; 其 中, 中轨条的左右两个侧面都有引导面, 左轨条和右轨条没有引导面; b) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的中轨条(1-31- 5)的右侧高位引导面 (2-227- 5)依次穿过分别位于右轨道的左轨条(1-12- 5)和中轨条(1-32-5) 上的两个高位导向轮通道 (4-2-53)、 (4-2-52)后, 平顺过渡到中轨道的 中轨条(1-33-5)的右侧高位引导面(2-229-5);右轨道的中轨条(1-32-5) 的左侧高位引导面 (2-128-5)依次穿过分别位于左轨道的右轨条(1-21-5) 和中轨条(1-31-5)上的两个高位导向轮通道 (4 2- 54)、 (4-2-51)后, 平 顺过渡到中轨道的中轨条(1-33- 5)的左侧高位引导面 (2-129-5) ;  a) In the same track, there are left and right rails, which are parallel and equidistant from each other; wherein the left and right sides of the middle rail have guiding surfaces, left and right rails There is no guiding surface; b) in the ballast section, the right side guiding surface (2-227-5) of the middle rail (1-31-5) of the left rail passes through the left rails respectively located in the right rail After the two high-position guide wheel passages (4-2-53) and (4-2-52) on the strip (1-12- 5) and the middle rail (1-32-5), the transition smoothly to the middle track The right side high guide surface (2-229-5) of the middle rail (1-33-5); the left high guide surface (2-128-5) of the middle rail (1-32-5) of the right track Passing through the two high-position guide wheel passages (4 2- 54), (4-2-51) on the right rail (1-21-5) and the middle rail (1-31-5) respectively located on the left rail After that, smoothly transition to the left side high guide surface (2-129-5) of the middle rail (1-33-5) of the middle track;
c) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的中轨条(1-31- 5)的左侧低位引导面 (2 - 117-5)穿过位于右轨道的左轨条(1-12-5)上的一个低位导向轮通道 (4-1- 51)后, 平顺衔接到中轨道的中轨条(1-33- 5)的左侧低位引导面 (2-1 19-5); 右轨道的中轨条(1-32 5)的右侧低位引导面 (2- 218-5)穿过 位于左轨道的右轨条(1 21-5)上的低位导向轮通道(4-1-52)后, 平顺衔 接到所述的中轨道的中轨条(1-33-5)的右侧低位引导面 (2-219-5)。  c) In the ballast section, the left lower guide surface (2 - 117-5) of the middle rail (1-31 - 5) of the left rail passes through the left rail located in the right rail (1-12- 5) After the lower one of the lower guide wheel passages (4-1- 51), the smoother is connected to the left lower guide surface of the middle rail (1-33-5) of the middle rail (2-1 19-5); The right lower guide surface (2-218-5) of the middle rail (1-32 5) of the track passes through the lower guide wheel passage (4-1-) on the right rail (1 21-5) of the left rail. After 52), the smoothing is connected to the right lower guide surface (2-219-5) of the middle rail (1-33-5) of the middle rail.
、 根据权利要求 1所述的一种轨道, 其特征是: A track according to claim 1, wherein:
a) 在同一股轨道中, 有相互平行且等距的左轨条、 中轨条、 和右轨条: 其 中, 中轨条的左右两个侧面都有引导面; 右轨条的右侧面上有引导面; 左轨条没有引导面; b) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的中轨条(1-31-6)的右侧高位引导面 (2-227-6)依次穿过分别位于右轨道的左轨条(1-12-6)和中轨条(1-32-6) 上的两个高位导向轮通道 (4-2-63)、 (4-2-62)后, 平顺过渡到中轨道的 中轨条(1-33-6)的右侧高位引导面 (2-229-6) ;右轨道的中轨条(1-32-6) 的左侧高位引导面(2-128-6)依次穿过位于左轨道的右轨条(1-21-6)和 中轨条(1-31-6)上的两个高位导向轮通道(4-2-64)、 (4-2- 61)后, 平顺 过渡到中轨道的中轨条(1-33-6)的左侧高位引导.面 (2-129 6) ; a) In the same track, there are mutually parallel and equidistant left, middle and right rails: where the left and right sides of the middle rail have guiding surfaces; the right side of the right rail There is a guiding surface on the left; the left rail has no guiding surface; b) In the ballast section, the right side guide surface (2-227-6) of the middle rail (1-31-6) of the left rail passes through the left rails respectively located in the right rail (1- 12-6) and the two high-position guide wheel passages (4-2-63) and (4-2-62) on the middle rail (1-32-6), smooth transition to the middle rail of the middle track ( 1-33-6) right side high guiding surface (2-229-6); right side middle rail (1-32-6) left side high guiding surface (2-128-6) is located in sequence After the right rail (1-21-6) of the left track and the two high-position guide wheels (4-2-64), (4-2- 61) on the middle rail (1-31-6), smooth Transition to the middle rail of the middle rail (1-33-6), the left side of the high position guide surface (2-129 6);
c) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的中轨条(1-31-6)的左侧低位引导面 (2 - 117-6)穿过位于右轨道的左轨条(1-12-6)上的低位导向轮通道 (4-1-61)后, 平顺衔接到中轨道的中轨条(1-33-6)的左侧低位引导面 (2-119-6); 右轨道的中轨条(1-32-6)的右侧低位引导面(2-218-6)穿过 位于左轨道的右轨条(1-21- 6)上的低位导向轮通道 (4-1-62)后, 平顺衔 接到中轨道的中轨条(1-33-6)的右侧低位引导面 (2-219-6) ;  c) In the ballast section, the left lower guide surface (2 - 117-6) of the middle rail (1-31-6) of the left rail passes through the left rail located in the right rail (1-12- 6) After the lower guide wheel passage (4-1-61), the smoothing is connected to the left lower guide surface (2-119-6) of the middle rail (1-33-6) of the middle rail; The right lower guide surface (2-218-6) of the middle rail (1-32-6) passes through the lower guide wheel passage (4-1-) on the right rail (1-21- 6) of the left rail. After 62), the smooth connection is connected to the right lower guide surface (2-219-6) of the middle rail (1-33-6) of the middle track;
d) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的右轨条(1-21-6)的右侧高位引导面 (2-223-6)依次穿过分别位于右轨道的左轨条(1-12-6)、中轨条(1-32-6) 和右轨条(1-22-6)上的三个高位导向轮通道(4-2-67)、 (4-2-66)、 (4-2-65)后, 平顺衔接到中轨道的右轨条(1-23- 6)的右侧高位引导面 (2-226-6); 右轨道的右轨条(1-22-6)的右侧低位引导面(2-214-6)平顺 衔接到中轨道的右轨条(1 -23-6)的右侧低位引导面(2-216-6)。  d) In the switch section, the right side guide surface (2-223-6) of the right rail (1-21-6) of the left track passes through the left rails respectively located in the right track (1- 12-6), three high-position guide wheel passages (4-2-67), (4-2-66) on the middle rail (1-32-6) and the right rail (1-22-6), After (4-2-65), the smoother is connected to the right side of the right rail (1-23-6) and the right side of the rail (2-226-6); the right rail of the right rail (1-22-) 6) The right lower guide surface (2-214-6) is smoothly connected to the right lower guide surface (2-216-6) of the right rail (1-23-6) of the middle rail.
、 根据权利要求 1所述的一种轨道, 其特征是: A track according to claim 1, wherein:
a) 在同一股轨道中, 有相互平行且等距的左轨条、 中轨条、 和右轨条; 其 中, 中轨条的左右两个侧面都有引导面; 右轨条的右侧面上有引导面; 左轨条的左侧面上有引导面;  a) In the same track, there are left and right rails, and a right rail, which are parallel and equidistant; wherein the left and right sides of the middle rail have guiding surfaces; the right side of the right rail a guiding surface on the left side; a guiding surface on the left side of the left rail;
b) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的中轨条(1-31-7)的右侧高位引导面 (2-227-7)依次穿过分别位于右轨道的左轨条(1-12 7)和中轨条(1-32-7) 上的两个高位导向轮通道 (4-2- 73)、 (4- 2-72)后, 平顺过渡到中轨道的 中轨条(1-33-7)的右侧高位引导面(2-229-7);右轨道的中轨条(1 32-7) 的左侧高位引导面 (2-128-7)依次穿过分别位于左轨道的右轨条(1-21-7) 和中轨条(1-31-7)上的两个高位导向轮通道 (4-2-74)、 (4-2- 71)后, 平 顺过渡到中轨道的中轨条(1-33-7)的左侧高位引导面 (2- 129-7) ;  b) In the ballast section, the right upper guiding surface (2-227-7) of the middle rail (1-31-7) of the left rail passes through the left rails respectively located in the right rail (1- 12 7) and the two high-position guide wheel channels (4-2- 73), (4- 2-72) on the middle rail (1-32-7), smooth transition to the middle rail of the middle rail (1 -33-7) The right side high guide surface (2-229-7); the left side high guide surface (2-128-7) of the right track's middle rail (1 32-7) passes through the left Smooth transition after the right rail (1-21-7) of the track and the two high-position guide wheels (4-2-74), (4-2-71) on the middle rail (1-31-7) The left side high guiding surface (2-129-7) of the middle rail (1-33-7) to the middle track;
c) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的中轨条(1 31-7)的左侧低位引导面 (2-1 17- 7)穿过位于右轨道的左轨条(1-12-7)上的低位导向轮通道 (4-1-71)后, 平顺衔接到中轨道的中轨条(1-33- 7)的左侧低位引导面 (2-119-7); 右轨道的中轨条(1-32-7)的右侧低位引导面(2-218-7)穿过 位于左轨道的右轨条(1-21-7)上的低位导向轮通道 (4-1-72)后, 平顺衔 接到中轨道的中轨条(1-33-7)的右侧低位引导面 (2-219-7) ; c) In the ballast section, the left lower guide surface (2-1 17-7) of the middle rail (1 31-7) of the left rail passes through the left rail located in the right rail (1-12- 7) After the lower guide wheel passage (4-1-71), the smoothing is connected to the left lower guide surface (2-119-7) of the middle rail (1-33-7) of the middle rail; The right lower guide surface (2-218-7) of the middle rail (1-32-7) passes through the lower guide wheel passage (4-1-) on the right rail (1-21-7) of the left rail. After 72), the smooth connection is connected to the right lower guide surface (2-219-7) of the middle rail (1-33-7) of the middle track ;
d) 在所述的道岔路段中, 左轨道的右轨条(1-21-7)的右侧高位引导面 (2-223-7)依次穿过分别位于右轨道的左轨条(1-12-7)、中轨条(1-32-7) 和右轨条(1 22-7)上的三个高位导向轮通道(4- 2-77) (4-2-76) (4-2-75) 后, 平顺衔接到中轨道的右轨条(1 23-7)的右侧高位引导面 (2- 226-7) ; 右轨道的右轨条(1-22-7)的右侧低位引导面 (2-214-7)平顺衔接到中轨 道的右轨条(1-23-7)的右侧低位引导面 (2-216 - 7) ; d) In the switch section, the right side guide surface (2-223-7) of the right rail (1-21-7) of the left track passes through the left rails respectively located in the right track (1- 12-7), middle rail (1-32-7) And the three high-position guide wheel channels (4- 2-77) (4-2-76) (4-2-75) on the right rail (1 22-7), smoothly connected to the right rail of the middle track (1 23-7) right side high guide surface (2- 226-7); right right rail (1-22-7) right side low guide surface (2-214-7) smoothly connected The right lower guide surface (2-216 - 7) of the right rail of the track (1-23-7) ;
e) 在所述的道岔路段中, 右轨道的左轨条(1-12-7)的左侧高位引导面 (2-122-7)依次穿过分别位于左轨道的右轨条(1-21 -7)、中轨条(1-31 - 7) 和左轨条(1 1 1 -7)上的三个高位导向轮通道(4-2-710)、 (4-2-79) , (4 2 78)后, 平顺衔接到中轨道的左轨条(1-13-7)的左侧高位引导面 (2-125-7); 左轨道的左轨条(1-1 1-7)的左侧低位引导面 (2-1 1 1-7)平顺 衔接到中轨道的左轨条(1-13-7)的左侧低位引导面 (2-115-7)。  e) In the ballast section, the left high-level guiding surface (2-122-7) of the left rail (1-12-7) of the right rail passes through the right rails respectively located in the left rail (1- 21 -7), three high-position guide wheel passages (4-2-710), (4-2-79) on the middle rail (1-31 - 7) and the left rail (1 1 1 -7), After (4 2 78), the smoothing is connected to the left side of the left rail (1-13-7) of the middle rail (2-125-7); the left rail of the left rail (1-1 1-7) The left lower guide surface (2-1 1 1-7) is smoothly connected to the left lower guide surface (2-115-7) of the left rail (1-13-7) of the middle rail.
、 一种适合运行在权利要求 1所述轨道上的专用车辆;该车辆有自动驾驶系统; 其特征是: A special vehicle adapted to operate on the track of claim 1; the vehicle has an automatic driving system;
a) 在该车辆底盘 (6)下方装有至少三个承载轮 (5) ,其中至少一个承载轮 (5) 在轨道的一根轨条上运行, 其余承载轮 (5)在轨道的其他轨条上运行; b) 该车辆底盘 (6)装有至少三个用于引导车辆的可沿立轴旋转且可升降的 导向轮 (3) ;其中至少一个导向轮在位于所述轨道的轨条的左侧引导面上 运行, 其余的导向轮在轨条的右侧引导面上运行;  a) at least three load wheels (5) are installed below the vehicle chassis (6), at least one of which carries the wheel (5) on one of the rails, and the remaining load wheels (5) on the other rails of the track Running on the strip; b) the vehicle chassis (6) is equipped with at least three guide wheels (3) for guiding the vehicle that are rotatable along the vertical axis and movable up and down; at least one of the guide wheels is located on the rails of the track Running on the left guide surface, the remaining guide wheels running on the right guide surface of the rail;
c) 所述的导向轮的上方有一段向上延伸的竖板状的导向轮轴支架 (3-4) ;该 竖板状的导向轮轴支架 (3-4)可在自动驾驶系统控制下,保持平行于承载 轮(5)的运行方向的姿态;  c) above the guide wheel, there is an upwardly extending vertical plate-shaped guide wheel axle bracket (3-4); the vertical plate-shaped guide axle bracket (3-4) can be kept parallel under the control of the automatic driving system a posture in the running direction of the load wheel (5);
d) 所述的导向轮可在自动驾驶系统的控制下与竖板状的导向轮轴支架 (3-4) 一起变换高度位置。 d) The guide wheel can be changed in height position together with the vertical plate-shaped guide axle bracket (3-4) under the control of the automatic driving system.
0、 一种轨道, 在同一股轨道中, 包括至少两根用于承载车轮的相互平行的 轨条(1) ; 在同一股轨道中, 有至少两条位于所述的轨条 1侧面的用于引导车 辆的可沿立轴旋转且可升降的导向轮 (3)运行的引导面 (2) ; 其中, 包括至少 一条位于所述的轨条(1)左侧面上的左侧引导面和至少一条位于所述的轨条 ( 1)右侧面上的右侧引导面; 其特征是: 0. A track, in the same strand, comprising at least two mutually parallel rails (1) for carrying wheels; in the same strand, at least two are located on the side of the rails 1 a guiding surface (2) for guiding the guiding wheel (3) of the vehicle which is rotatable and movable up and down along the vertical axis; wherein, at least one left guiding surface on the left side of the rail (1) and at least one is provided a right guiding surface on the right side of the rail (1); characterized by:
a) 所述的左侧引导面包括位置较高的左侧高位引导面和位置较低的左侧低 位引导面; 所述的右侧引导面包括位置较高的右侧高位引导面和位置较 低的右侧低位引导面;  a) the left guiding surface includes a higher left side upper guiding surface and a lower left lower guiding surface; the right guiding surface includes a higher position right upper guiding surface and position comparison Low right side low guide surface;
b) 在一股或者多股纵向轨道与一股或者多股横向轨道的纵横交叉的道岔区 域, 相互交叉的轨条的顶面相互重合; 并且, 纵向的轨道的轨条侧面仅 有高位引导面, 横向的轨道的轨条侧面仅有低位引导面; 在纵向的轨道 的轨条上, 有可供沿着横向轨道的轨条的低位引导面运行的、 己降至低 位的导向轮穿过的 "凸"字形的低位导向轮通道, 在横向轨道的轨条上, 有可供沿着纵向轨道的轨条的高位引导面运行的、 己升至高位的导向轮 穿过的 "凸"字形的高位导向轮通道。 、 一种适合运行在权利要求 10所述轨道上的专用车辆,该车辆有自动驾驶 系统, 其特征是: b) in the turnout region where one or more longitudinal tracks intersect with one or more transverse tracks, the top faces of the intersecting rails coincide with each other; and, the longitudinal rails have only high guiding faces on the side of the rails The lateral rail has only a low guiding surface on the side of the rail; on the rail of the longitudinal rail, there is a guide wheel that has been lowered to the lower guiding surface of the rail of the transverse rail and has been lowered to the lower position. The "lower" guide wheel passage of the "convex" shape, on the rail of the transverse rail, has a "convex" shape through which the guide wheel that has been raised to the upper position is operated along the high guide surface of the rail of the longitudinal rail. High position guide wheel channel. A special vehicle adapted to operate on the track of claim 10, the vehicle having an automatic driving system, characterized by:
a) 该车辆底盘 (6)装有至少四个呈矩形分布的承载轮 (5) , 其中两个承载轮 (5)运行在同一股轨道的同一根轨条上,另外两个承载轮运行在另一根轨 条上;  a) The vehicle chassis (6) is equipped with at least four load-bearing wheels (5) distributed in a rectangular shape, wherein the two load-bearing wheels (5) run on the same rail of the same track, and the other two load-bearing wheels run on On another rail;
b) 该车辆底盘(6)装有至少四个用丁 |导车辆的可沿立轴旋转且可升降的 导向轮 (3) ;其中至少两个导向轮在位于所述轨道的轨条的左侧引导面上 运行, 至少两个导向轮在轨条的右侧引导面上运行;  b) the vehicle chassis (6) is provided with at least four guide wheels (3) which are rotatable and movable up and down along the vertical axis of the vehicle; at least two of the guide wheels are on the left side of the rails of the track Running on the guiding surface, at least two guiding wheels running on the right guiding surface of the rail;
c) 所述的导向轮的上方有一段向上延伸的竖板状的导向轮轴支架 (3- 4) ;该 竖板状的导向轮轴支架 (3-4)可在自动驾驶系统控制下,保持平行于承载 轮(5)的运行方向的姿态;  c) above the guide wheel, there is an upwardly extending vertical plate-shaped guide axle bracket (3- 4); the vertical plate-shaped guide axle bracket (3-4) can be kept parallel under the control of the automatic driving system a posture in the running direction of the load wheel (5);
d) 所述的导向轮可在自动驾驶系统的控制下与竖板状的导向轮轴支架 (3 - 4) 一起变换高度位置和水平位置。  d) The guide wheel can be changed in height position and horizontal position together with the vertical plate-shaped guide axle bracket (3 - 4) under the control of the automatic driving system.
e) 在纵横两股轨道的十字交叉道岔处,所述的承载轮 (5)可在自动驾驶系统 控制下, 由沿着纵向轨道运行的方向转变为沿着横向轨道运行的方向; f) 当车辆停止在纵横两股轨道的十字交叉处时, 在自动驾驶系统控制下, 所述的导向轮可由纵向轨道的引导面转移到横向轨道的引导面上,并且, 竖板状的导向轮轴支架 (3-4)也随着导向轮的转移而回转 90度, 由平行 于纵向轨道转换为平行于横向轨道。  e) at the crossroads of the two transverse tracks, the load-bearing wheels (5) can be converted from a direction along the longitudinal track to a direction along the transverse track under the control of the automatic driving system; f) When the vehicle stops at the intersection of the longitudinal and transverse two tracks, under the control of the automatic driving system, the guiding wheels can be transferred from the guiding surface of the longitudinal track to the guiding surface of the transverse track, and the vertical plate-shaped guiding wheel axle bracket ( 3-4) is also rotated 90 degrees with the transfer of the guide wheels, converted from parallel to the longitudinal track to parallel to the transverse track.
、 一种轨道, 在同一股轨道中, 包括至少两根用于承载车轮的相互平行的 轨条; 在同一股轨道中, 有至少两条位于所述的轨条侧面的用于引导车辆的 可沿立轴旋转的导向轮运行的引导面; 其中, 包括至少一条位于所述的轨条 左侧面上的左侧引导面和至少一条位于所述的轨条右侧面上的右侧引导面; 其特征是: a track, in the same track, comprising at least two mutually parallel rails for carrying wheels; in the same strand, there are at least two sides on the side of the rail for guiding the vehicle a guiding surface of the guide wheel running along the vertical axis; wherein: at least one left guiding surface on the left side of the rail and at least one right guiding surface on the right side of the rail; Its characteristics are:
在一股或者多股纵向轨道与一股或者多股横向轨道的纵横交叉的道岔区 域, 相互交叉的轨条的顶面相互重合; 在纵向的轨道的轨条上, 有可供沿着 横向轨道的轨条的引导面运行的导向轮穿过的 "凸"字形的导向轮通道, 在 横向轨道的轨条上, 有可供沿着纵向轨道的轨条的引导面运行的导向轮穿过 的 "凸"字形的高位导向轮通道; 纵向轨道的轨条上的引导面和导向轮通道 与横向轨道的轨条上的引导面和导向轮通道的高度位置相同。  In the turnout region where one or more longitudinal tracks intersect with one or more transverse tracks, the top faces of the intersecting rails coincide with each other; on the rails of the longitudinal track, there are available tracks along the transverse track a "convex" shaped guide wheel passage through which the guide wheels running on the guide faces of the rails pass, and on the rails of the transverse rails, there are guide wheels for running along the guide faces of the rails of the longitudinal rails. The "high" guide wheel passage of the "convex" shape; the guide surface and the guide wheel passage on the rail of the longitudinal rail are the same as the height of the guide surface and the guide wheel passage on the rail of the transverse rail.
、 一种适合运行在权利要求 12所述轨道上的专用车辆;该车辆有自动驾驶 系统; 在该车辆的底部, 有至少四个承载轮; 其中至少有两个承载轮在所述 轨道的一根轨条上运行,其余至少两个承载轮在所述轨道的其他轨条上运行; 其特征是: a special vehicle adapted to operate on the track of claim 12; the vehicle has an automatic driving system; at the bottom of the vehicle, there are at least four carrying wheels; wherein at least two of the carrying wheels are at one of the tracks Running on the root rail, the remaining at least two carrying wheels run on the other rails of the track;
a) 车辆底部装有至少四组导向轮组, 其中每组导向轮组至少包括两个导向 轮轮体 (3-1) ;每个导向轮轮体的竖板状的导向轮轴支架经由导向轮平转 臂(3-10)相互结合成一体; 导向轮平转臂(3-10)可沿着导向轮平转轴 (3-9)回转至少 90度; a) At least four sets of guide wheels are installed at the bottom of the vehicle, wherein each set of guide wheels includes at least two guides Wheel body (3-1); the vertical plate-shaped guide wheel axle bracket of each guide wheel body is integrated with each other via a guide wheel pan arm (3-10); the guide wheel pan arm (3-10) can be Rotate at least 90 degrees along the guide wheel flat shaft (3-9);
b) 至少两组导向轮组在位于所述轨道的轨条的左侧引导面上运行, 其余至 少两组导向轮组在位于所述轨道的轨条的右侧引导面上运行; c) 所述的导向轮的上方有一段向上延伸的竖板状的导向轮轴支架; ¾竖板 状的导向轮轴支架可在自动驾驶系统控制下, 保持平行于承载轮的运行 方向的姿态; b) at least two sets of guide wheel sets running on the left guide face of the rails of the track, and the remaining at least two sets of guide wheel sets running on the right guide face of the track on the track; c) Above the guide wheel, there is an upwardly extending vertical plate-shaped guide wheel axle bracket; 3⁄4 vertical plate-shaped guide axle bracket can maintain a posture parallel to the running direction of the load wheel under the control of the automatic driving system;
d) 在纵横两股轨道的十字交叉道岔处, 所述的承载轮可在自动驾驶系统控 制下, 由沿着纵向轨道运行的方向转变为沿着横向轨道运行的方向; e) 当车辆停止在纵横两股轨道的十字交叉处时, 在自动驾驶系统控制下, 所述的导向轮组可沿着所述的导向轮平转轴回转 90度,从纵向轨道的引 导面转移到横向轨道的引导面上, 同时, 该导向轮组的竖板状的导向轮 轴支架也一同回转 90度, 由平行于纵向轨道转换为平行于横向轨道。 d) at the crossroads of the two transverse tracks, the load-bearing wheels can be converted from a direction along the longitudinal track to a direction along the transverse track under the control of the automatic driving system; e) when the vehicle stops at When the cross section of the two rails is horizontally and horizontally, under the control of the automatic driving system, the guide wheel set can be rotated 90 degrees along the flat shaft of the guide wheel, and is transferred from the guiding surface of the longitudinal rail to the guiding surface of the transverse rail. Above, at the same time, the vertical plate-shaped guide wheel axle bracket of the guide wheel set is also rotated 90 degrees together, and is converted parallel to the longitudinal track by parallel to the longitudinal track.
PCT/CN2013/001342 2012-11-08 2013-11-06 Rail and rolling stock specialized therefor WO2014071690A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210444012.4A CN103806351B (en) 2012-11-08 2012-11-08 A kind of track and special-purpose vehicle thereof
CN201210444012.4 2012-11-08

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2014071690A1 true WO2014071690A1 (en) 2014-05-15

Family

ID=50683989

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/CN2013/001342 WO2014071690A1 (en) 2012-11-08 2013-11-06 Rail and rolling stock specialized therefor

Country Status (2)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103806351B (en)
WO (1) WO2014071690A1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2017013395A3 (en) * 2015-07-23 2017-06-29 Non Intrusive Crossover System Limited Apparatus and components for turnout/crossover section for railway track

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103806351B (en) * 2012-11-08 2015-09-09 于君 A kind of track and special-purpose vehicle thereof
CN105342813A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-02-24 天津滨海新区津大建筑规划有限责任公司 Held type power seat mobility aid capable of rising, falling and rotating
ES2575123B2 (en) * 2016-02-22 2016-11-04 Luis Carrillo Lostao Bearing assembly, beam arrangement for changing direction of a car with the bearing assembly and rail changing system with said bearing assembly and beam arrangement
CN107953895B (en) * 2017-12-27 2019-11-26 贾兴鲁 Monorail train and its steering system
CN110644300B (en) * 2018-06-26 2021-03-26 比亚迪股份有限公司 Level crossing internal guide type turnout and rail transit system with same
CN110306383A (en) * 2019-06-04 2019-10-08 麻首强 A kind of rail switch system
CN112124877A (en) * 2020-08-31 2020-12-25 合肥工业大学 Three-way wireless power supply orbital transfer track and orbital transfer method thereof

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101214818A (en) * 2008-01-09 2008-07-09 董守义 Straddle type monorail individual fast public transport mechanism
JP2011011652A (en) * 2009-07-02 2011-01-20 Ihi Corp Branching device of track system traffic system
CN203049376U (en) * 2012-11-08 2013-07-10 于君 Rail and special vehicle for same

Family Cites Families (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2243910C3 (en) * 1972-09-07 1978-04-06 Demag Ag, 4100 Duisburg
DE2315948A1 (en) * 1973-03-30 1974-10-10 Maschf Augsburg Nuernberg Ag DEVICE FOR LATERAL GUIDANCE OF WHEEL SETS OF RAIL VEHICLES
DD223480A1 (en) * 1984-04-03 1985-06-12 Verkehrswesen Hochschule Flat round headstock and connector piece
ES2220225B1 (en) * 2003-05-27 2006-01-16 Roberto Blanco Montejo INTEGRAL TRAIN GUIDE SYSTEM, "CENTRAL GUIDE ROLLING BOX" (R.B. "ROLLING BOX SYSTEM").
CN1557663A (en) * 2004-01-15 2004-12-29 君 于 Railway traffic system and special railway, vehicle and parking facilities for the same
CN1640741A (en) * 2004-01-15 2005-07-20 于君 Train running at special rail road capable of having side guide rail at two sides and its special rail road
CN1636812A (en) * 2004-12-20 2005-07-13 于君 Structure of carriage for automatic railcar
WO2008059604A1 (en) * 2006-11-16 2008-05-22 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. Truck structure of track-type vehicle
CN103806351B (en) * 2012-11-08 2015-09-09 于君 A kind of track and special-purpose vehicle thereof

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101214818A (en) * 2008-01-09 2008-07-09 董守义 Straddle type monorail individual fast public transport mechanism
JP2011011652A (en) * 2009-07-02 2011-01-20 Ihi Corp Branching device of track system traffic system
CN203049376U (en) * 2012-11-08 2013-07-10 于君 Rail and special vehicle for same

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2017013395A3 (en) * 2015-07-23 2017-06-29 Non Intrusive Crossover System Limited Apparatus and components for turnout/crossover section for railway track
GB2550499A (en) * 2015-07-23 2017-11-22 Non-Intrusive Crossover System Ltd Apparatus and components for turnout/crossover section for railway track
GB2550499B (en) * 2015-07-23 2018-09-05 Non Intrusive Crossover System Ltd Apparatus and components for turnout/crossover section for railway track
US11001973B2 (en) 2015-07-23 2021-05-11 Non Intrusive Crossover System Limited Apparatus and components for turnout/crossover section for railway track

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103806351A (en) 2014-05-21
CN103806351B (en) 2015-09-09

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
WO2014071690A1 (en) Rail and rolling stock specialized therefor
US6857374B2 (en) Guideway and vehicle for transportation system
CN101961557A (en) A kind of roller-coaster
WO2012139384A1 (en) A small single-rail moving mechanism
US5094172A (en) Rail switch for vehicle tracking systems, particularly for magnetic levitation train tracking systems
CN108454651A (en) Straddle-type monorail replaces beam list crossover turnout equipment
WO2016172997A1 (en) Method of realizing rail transportation and vehicle used therein
CN101700776B (en) Driving mechanism of track-type transporting vehicle
US8807048B2 (en) Triple rail PRT transportation system
CN209975270U (en) Air-train translation turnout and air-train stereo garage
US20210340712A1 (en) Rail-switching unit
CN110886158A (en) Multi-track-turnout-structure-based multi-line track beam and suspended air-railway system
CN208698792U (en) Straddle-type monorail replaces beam list crossover turnout equipment
CN102815306A (en) Improved arrangement of three-dimensional transportation device
CN211139304U (en) Aerial rail car, aerial rail and aerial rail transit system
CN201694199U (en) Driving mechanism of orbit type carrier
CN207875623U (en) A kind of small-sized suspension vehicle power walking mechanism
CN203049376U (en) Rail and special vehicle for same
CN212052123U (en) Light railway track and rail car rail transfer device
CN102501861B (en) Single and double-rail dual-purpose rail car mechanism based on chain driving
CN101407220A (en) Multi-rail air runaway combination technology
CN210554782U (en) Suspension type monorail trolley reversing mechanism and suspension type monorail trolley
CN211596213U (en) Multi-track-turnout-structure-based multi-line track beam and suspended air-railway system
CN213049370U (en) Novel amusement equipment
CN210798399U (en) Self-driven vehicle platform for stage

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application

Ref document number: 13853946

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1

NENP Non-entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: DE

122 Ep: pct app. not ent. europ. phase

Ref document number: 13853946

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1