WO2014040148A1 - Machine for threshing, husking, aspirating and separating indehiscent, semi-indehiscent and dehiscent castor seeds - Google Patents

Machine for threshing, husking, aspirating and separating indehiscent, semi-indehiscent and dehiscent castor seeds Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2014040148A1
WO2014040148A1 PCT/BR2012/000358 BR2012000358W WO2014040148A1 WO 2014040148 A1 WO2014040148 A1 WO 2014040148A1 BR 2012000358 W BR2012000358 W BR 2012000358W WO 2014040148 A1 WO2014040148 A1 WO 2014040148A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
indehiscent
image
seeds
sieve
semi
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/BR2012/000358
Other languages
French (fr)
Portuguese (pt)
Inventor
Gilson SOARES DOURADO
Original Assignee
Soares Dourado Gilson
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Soares Dourado Gilson filed Critical Soares Dourado Gilson
Priority to PCT/BR2012/000358 priority Critical patent/WO2014040148A1/en
Publication of WO2014040148A1 publication Critical patent/WO2014040148A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N15/00Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs
    • A23N15/10Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs for shelling peas or beans

Abstract

A machine is disclosed for threshing, husking, aspirating and separating indehiscent, semi-indehiscent and dehiscent castor seeds, as well as other seeds such as peanuts, green beans, pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), fava beans, physic nut (Jatropha curcas); it is mounted in a metal structure, is robust and resistant, for use in agriculture, processing grains quickly and efficiently, ensuring greater productivity and decreasing production costs, time and labour. The equipment can be easily transported and serviced; it can be coupled to and pulled by a tractor, or even mounted on a trailer and moved by a stationary electric motor or stationary diesel engine; the preliminary cleaning system makes it possible to separate the grains from impurities, and to provide a product that is ready for selling and crushing.

Description

MÁQUINA DE BATER, DESCASCAR, ASPIRAR, SEPARAR GRÃOS DE MAMONAS INDEISCENTES, SEMI-INDEISCENTES E DEISCENTES.  HITCHING, PEELING, SUCTION, SEPARATING GRAIN OF INDEISCENT, SEMI-INDEISCENT AND DEISCENT BONOMIES.
O presente relatório trata do pedido de patente de invenção para uma Máquina de Bater, Descascar, Aspirar e Separar grãos de mamonas indeiscentes, semi indeiscente e deiscente entre outros grãos como amendoim, feijão de corda (vagem), andu, fava e pião manso.  This report addresses the patent application for a Grain-Peeling, Aspirating and Separating Grain from indehiscent, semi-indehiscent and dehiscent castor beans among other grains such as peanuts, string beans, andu, fava beans and spinning tops.
A Máquina de Bater, descascar, Aspirar e separar grãos de mamona é tracionado por trator ou motor estacionário ser elétrico ou movido a combustão montado a uma carretinha de duas rodas para facilitar o deslocamento sendo puxado por automóvel ou carroça de tração animal, dispensando o uso do trator neste caso.Castor Grain Chopping, Aspiring, and Sorting Machine is driven by tractor or stationary engine being electric or combustion driven mounted to a two-wheeled reel for easy travel by pulling by car or animal-drawn wagon, dispensing with use of the tractor in this case.
Produzida com material resistente e longa vida útil, é dividida em quatro (4) partes principais: boca de alimenta com cilindro e com pinos; câmera de aspiração com ventoinha; peneiras de limpeza e seleção de grãos; e, o chassi. Com este equipamento o produtor faz de uma única vez o processo que antes levaria várias etapas e tomaria muito tempo desde secagem no terreiro até a obtenção dos grãos separados das impurezas e dos capotes, desta forma, o produto já sai pronto para comercialização e esmagamento para extração do óleo.Made of durable material and long service life, it is divided into four (4) main parts: cylinder and pin feeder; fan suction chamber; grain screening and sorting screens; and the chassis. With this equipment the producer does the process once that would take several steps and would take a long time from drying in the yard to obtaining the grains separated from the impurities and overcoats, so the product is ready for commercialization and crushing for oil extraction.
A Batedeira de Mamona, objeto deste pedido de patente de invenção, é versátil e de fácil operacionalidade, após completada a secagem no terreiro, a mamona é jogada diretamente na boca de alimentação da máquina, onde através de um eixo com pinos é puxada, os talos são quebrados por pinos do eixo, com impacto dos pinos ocorre à abertura dos capotes e a separação deste dos caroços. Todo material processado passa pelos orifícios da peneira primária que fica ao redor do eixo, juntamente com algumas impurezas, esse material desce por uma câmara vertical onde ocorre a separação por processo de aspiração produzido pela ventoinha entre grãos e as impurezas que são jogadas fora pelo exaustor enquanto que os grãos caem na peneira de pré-limpeza, esta por sua vez composta por duas telas com furos, sendo a superior de furos maiores para capturar os capotes (marinheiros) e a peneira inferior capta os caroços e deixa passar impurezas, tais como terra, areia que a turbina por ventura não conseguiu aspirar, por isso se dar o nome de pré-limpeza. A Peneira ainda é composta por duas bicas, sugestivamente para possibilitar o escoamento do produto processado. The Castor Mixer, which is the subject of this patent application, is versatile and easy to operate. After drying in the yard, the castor is thrown directly into the feed mouth of the machine, where through a pin axis is pulled, the Stalks are broken by axle pins, with impact of the pins occurring at the opening of the bonnets and the separation of these from the lumps. All processed material passes through the holes in the primary sieve that surrounds the shaft, along with some impurities, this material goes down a vertical chamber where separation occurs by suction process produced by the fan between grains and the impurities that are thrown away by the exhaust fan. while the grains fall into the pre-cleaning sieve, this in turn consists of two meshed screens, the upper one having larger holes to capture the seacoats (seamen) and the lower sieve captures the lumps and lets impurities pass, such as dirt, sand that the wind turbine could not vacuum, so it is called pre-cleaning. The sieve is still composed of two nozzles, suggestively to allow the flow of the processed product.
As peneiras são telas com furos, dispostas horizontalmente e que realizam movimentos vibratórios, na primeira ocorre a separação dos caroços de algum capote ou pedaços de talos que eventualmente venha a passar pela câmara de aspiração, na segunda ocorre a separação final dos grãos. Ao redor do eixo com pinos uma tela com furos (peneira primária - imagem 08), que devem ser trocada a depender da necessidade e da variedade da mamona a ser processada, a tela é trocada com facilidade, bastando apenas remover a parte superior da boca de alimentação da máquina, a troca também deve ocorre na peneira superior da pré limpeza. The sieves are horizontally disposed screens with holes that perform vibratory movements, in the first there is the separation of the lumps of any overcoat or pieces of stems that eventually pass through the aspiration chamber, in the second occurs the final separation of the grains. Around the pinned shaft a screen with holes (primary sieve - image 08), which must be changed depending on the need and variety of castor to be processed, the screen is easily changed by simply removing the upper part of the mouth machine power supply, the change should also take place in the upper pre-cleaning sieve.
A MÁQUINA DE BATER, DESCASCAR, ASPIRAR E SEPARAR MAMONA foi desenvolvido com objetivo de acelerar o processamento da mamona em casca, reduzindo custo de produção, evitando desperdícios, danos nas sementes e aumentando a eficiência na obtenção de grãos. Além de descascar a mamona, este equipamento pode ser utilizado para processar outros produtos como amendoim, feijão de corda, andu e pinhão manso, com a mesma eficiência e rapidez.  The SHRINKLING, SCRAPING AND SEPARATING BRANCH MACHINE was developed with the objective of accelerating the processing of peel castor, reducing production cost, avoiding waste, damage to the seeds and increasing the efficiency in obtaining grain. In addition to peeling castor beans, this equipment can be used to process other products such as peanuts, string beans, andu and jatropha with the same efficiency and speed.
Nas imagens que acompanham este relatório mostram: (imagem 01) boca de alimentação da máquina; (imagem 02) a boca de alimentação no equipamento montado; (imagens 03 e 04) o chassi onde ocorre a montagem da máquina; (imagens 05) câmara de aspiração; (imagem 06) eixo secundário excêntrico da peneira, tem o papel de movimentar continuamente produzindo uma vibração na peneira; (imagem 07) eixo principal com pinos; (imagem 08) peneira primaria, fica situada ao redor do eixo com pinos; (imagem 09) eixo primário, tem o papel de repassar o movimento da polia para eixo secundário excêntrico produzindo o movimento acima descrito; (imagem 10) ventoinha da turbina; (imagem 25 11 e 12) turbina, também chamada de exaustor; (imagem 13) peneira de pré limpeza, que deve ser trocada de acordo com a variedade da mamona a ser processa, de forma que a bitola dos furos deve ser iguais a da peneira primária (imagem 08); (imagem 14) mostra em perspectivas em diversos ângulos a máquina totalmente montada sobre a carretinha; (Imagens 15 e 16) protetores de correias e polias. The accompanying images show: (image 01) machine feed mouth; (image 02) the feeding mouth in the assembled equipment; (images 03 and 04) the chassis where the machine assembly occurs; (images 05) aspiration chamber; (image 06) eccentric secondary sieve axis, has the role of continuously moving producing a sieve vibration; (image 07) main shaft with pins; (image 08) primary sieve, is located around the axis with pins; (image 09) primary axis, has the role of passing the movement of the pulley to the eccentric secondary axis producing the movement described above; (image 10) turbine fan; (image 25 11 and 12) turbine, also called exhaust fan; (image 13) pre-cleaning sieve, which must be changed according to the variety of castor bean to be processed, so that the size of the holes must be equal to that of the primary sieve (image 08); (image 14) shows in perspective from various angles the machine fully mounted on the reel; (Images 15 and 16) Belt and pulley protectors.
O equipamento pode ser acoplado ao trator com funcionamento da tomada de força e também podem ser utilizados motores diesel estacionário e motores elétricos montado sobre carretinha que é puxada por automóvel ou carroça de tração animal. The equipment can be coupled to the tractor with PTO operation and can also be used stationary diesel engines and electric motors mounted on a trailer that is pulled by car or animal-drawn cart.

Claims

REIVINDICAÇÕES
Io - Patente de invenção da MÁQUINA DE BATER, DESCASCAR, ASPIRAR, SEPARAR GRÃOS DE MAMONAS INDEISCENTES, SEMI- INDEISCENTES E DEISCENTES, caracterizada por ser montada sobre um chassi de metal (imagens 4,5,6), que possibilita ser acoplada a trator ou sobre uma carretinha, tendo na parte superior a boca de alimentação onde são colocados as sementes ainda em cascas acompanhadas ou não de talos, após a alimentação da boca da maquina o eixo principal com pinos (imagem 10) faz giros a uma velocidade controlada quebrando os talos e descascando as sementes, ao redor deste eixo a peneira primaria (imagem 11) permite a passagem dos detritos juntamente com as sementes, na câmara de aspiração as sementes separadas das cascas e de talos por serem mais pesadas caem na peneira de pré limpeza (imagem 16), os detritos e cascas são puxados pela aspiração da ventoinha (imagem 10) e jogada fora através do exaustor (imagem 14,15), na peneira de pré limpeza (imagem 13) movimentos de vai e vem uniforme e sincronizado. I o - Patent for the invention of the BEAT, SHELLED, SUCTION, SEPARATE, INDEPENDENT AND DEACTING GRAIN GRAIN MACHINES, characterized in that it is mounted on a metal chassis (images 4,5,6), which allows to be coupled to tractor or on a reel, with the feed mouth at the top where seeds are still placed in shells accompanied or not with stalks, after feeding the machine mouth the pinned main shaft (picture 10) rotates at a controlled speed breaking the stalks and peeling the seeds, around this axis the primary sieve (image 11) allows the debris to pass through the seeds, in the aspiration chamber the seeds separated from the shells and stalks because they are heavier fall into the pre sieve cleaning (image 16), the debris and peels are pulled by the suction of the fan (image 10) and thrown away through the exhaust fan (image 14,15) in the pre-cleaning sieve (image 13). i and come uniform and synchronized.
2o - MÁQUINA DE BATER, DESCASCAR, ASPIRAR, SEPARAR GRÃOS DE MAMONAS INDEISCENTES, SEMI-INDEISCENTES E DEISCENTES, conforme reivindicação (1) é caracterizada por sistema de pré limpeza que faz a separação dos grãos dos capotes ou marinheiro e impurezas quer ventura a turbina não aspiro a exemplo grãos de terra, alguns talos, pedras, entre outros; a peneira (imagem 16) é caracterizada por duas bicas e duas telas, superior e inferior, na tela superior dotada de furos maiores capta os marinheiros e talos separando dos grãos que por serem menores que os marinheiros passam para peneira inferior onde escoam pela bica inferior e são coletados por sacos ou vasilhames utilizados para coleta dos grãos beneficiados, prontos para comercialização e esmagamento; a pré limpeza já deixa os grãos em condições de esmagamento. 2 - HIT MACHINE, peel, vacuum, separating GRAIN mamonas indehiscent, semi-indehiscent and dehiscent as in claim (1) is characterized by pre cleaning system which makes the separation of the grain from the coats or sailor and impurities either Ventura turbine I do not aspire to earth grains, some stalks, stones, among others; the sieve (image 16) is characterized by two spouts and two upper and lower screens, the upper screen with larger holes captures the sailors and stalks separating from the grains that are smaller than the seamen pass to the lower sieve where they flow through the lower spout and are collected by bags or containers used to collect the processed grains, ready for sale and crushing; Pre-cleaning already leaves the grains in a crushing condition.
3o - MÁQUINA DE BATER, DESCASCAR, ASPIRAR, SEPARAR GRÃOS DE MAMONAS INDEISCENTES, SEMI-INDEISCENTES E DEISCENTES, conforme reivindicações 1 e 2 é caracterizada por processar por permitir o beneficiamento de variedades de mamona de sementes miúdas, média e graúdas, bastando apenas trocar a peneiras, tanto do processador quanto da pré limpeza adequando conforme sementes a ser beneficiada, o que permite desta forma processar outros tipos de produtos como amendoim, feijão de corda (vagem), andu, fava e pião manso. The beating, peeling, vacuuming, separating grain of semi-independent, semi-independent and dehiscent castor beans according to claims 1 and 2 is characterized by processing by allowing the processing of small, medium and large seed castor varieties only changing the sieves of both the processor and pre-cleaning to suit the seeds to be benefited, allowing this way to process other types of products such as peanuts, string beans, andu, fava beans and spinning top.
PCT/BR2012/000358 2012-09-11 2012-09-11 Machine for threshing, husking, aspirating and separating indehiscent, semi-indehiscent and dehiscent castor seeds WO2014040148A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/BR2012/000358 WO2014040148A1 (en) 2012-09-11 2012-09-11 Machine for threshing, husking, aspirating and separating indehiscent, semi-indehiscent and dehiscent castor seeds

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/BR2012/000358 WO2014040148A1 (en) 2012-09-11 2012-09-11 Machine for threshing, husking, aspirating and separating indehiscent, semi-indehiscent and dehiscent castor seeds

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2014040148A1 true WO2014040148A1 (en) 2014-03-20

Family

ID=50277427

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/BR2012/000358 WO2014040148A1 (en) 2012-09-11 2012-09-11 Machine for threshing, husking, aspirating and separating indehiscent, semi-indehiscent and dehiscent castor seeds

Country Status (1)

Country Link
WO (1) WO2014040148A1 (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107183741A (en) * 2017-06-07 2017-09-22 常州菲胜图自动化仪器有限公司 A kind of peanut shell shells separator automatically
CN108272090A (en) * 2017-12-14 2018-07-13 湖南莲冠湘莲食品有限公司 A kind of lotus seeds opening mill skin all-in-one machine
CN108552544A (en) * 2018-05-15 2018-09-21 张秋达 A kind of agricultural production takes seed device with crushing oscillatory type camellia oleifera fruit and peel off
CN112244310A (en) * 2020-10-23 2021-01-22 广东南兴天虹果仁制品有限公司 Hulling device, hulling method and production process for macadamia nut

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5678477A (en) * 1995-11-02 1997-10-21 Satake Corporation Husking apparatus
BRPI0405185A (en) * 2004-11-19 2005-06-07 Luiz Henrique Bertino Miscellaneous Grain Beater Implement
BRMU8402814U (en) * 2004-11-07 2006-06-13 Fabio Lino Marques rice, bean and other cereal mixer

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5678477A (en) * 1995-11-02 1997-10-21 Satake Corporation Husking apparatus
BRMU8402814U (en) * 2004-11-07 2006-06-13 Fabio Lino Marques rice, bean and other cereal mixer
BRPI0405185A (en) * 2004-11-19 2005-06-07 Luiz Henrique Bertino Miscellaneous Grain Beater Implement

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107183741A (en) * 2017-06-07 2017-09-22 常州菲胜图自动化仪器有限公司 A kind of peanut shell shells separator automatically
CN108272090A (en) * 2017-12-14 2018-07-13 湖南莲冠湘莲食品有限公司 A kind of lotus seeds opening mill skin all-in-one machine
CN108552544A (en) * 2018-05-15 2018-09-21 张秋达 A kind of agricultural production takes seed device with crushing oscillatory type camellia oleifera fruit and peel off
CN112244310A (en) * 2020-10-23 2021-01-22 广东南兴天虹果仁制品有限公司 Hulling device, hulling method and production process for macadamia nut

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
WO2014040148A1 (en) Machine for threshing, husking, aspirating and separating indehiscent, semi-indehiscent and dehiscent castor seeds
JP6255684B2 (en) Coarse sorting device
CN103027363B (en) A kind of groundnut sheller
WO2021208159A1 (en) Adsorption and multi-stage sieving-type peanut pod sorting and impurity removal system and method
KR101278129B1 (en) Nuts casting off equipment
US2718110A (en) Apparatus for gathering crops
US20120110971A1 (en) Agricultural collecting machine, in particular for nuts
BRPI1101950A2 (en) beating, peeling, vacuuming, sorting grains from indiscent, semi-indiscent and dehiscent castor beans
CN106617214A (en) Whole-feed self-cleaning soybean picker
WO2014040149A1 (en) Machine for friction husking, cleaning and separating indehiscent, semi-indehiscent and dehiscent castor seeds, with a metal disk coated with special rubber
US3630011A (en) Dichondra harvester
CN206997094U (en) A kind of semi-automatic grain cleaner
US1864772A (en) Grain separator for threshing machines or combines
CN104584794A (en) Vertical screening type peanut fruit and mud detaching machine
US7308734B2 (en) Cotton seed cleaner
TWM550019U (en) Peanut screening machine
CN105830670A (en) Cleaning device for combine harvester
CN207521292U (en) A kind of two level cleaner
CN201609039U (en) Harvester
CN207639216U (en) A kind of tongue bran combined type cleaning and sorting system and tongue bran type of threshing and sorting
CN106216244B (en) Air draught proportion sieves and the blowing box-like grain selecting machine of proportion screen banks
CN205161197U (en) Beans thresher
El-Awady et al. Development of rice cleaner for reduced impurities and losses
CN110882932A (en) Fruit impurity removing device
US314123A (en) hasselbusch

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application

Ref document number: 12884686

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1

NENP Non-entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: DE

122 Ep: pct app. not ent. europ. phase

Ref document number: 12884686

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1