WO2013177942A1 - Air conditioner and automatic control technology - Google Patents

Air conditioner and automatic control technology Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2013177942A1
WO2013177942A1 PCT/CN2013/000541 CN2013000541W WO2013177942A1 WO 2013177942 A1 WO2013177942 A1 WO 2013177942A1 CN 2013000541 W CN2013000541 W CN 2013000541W WO 2013177942 A1 WO2013177942 A1 WO 2013177942A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
water
gas
pressure
air conditioner
tank
Prior art date
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PCT/CN2013/000541
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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WO2013177942A9 (en
Inventor
赵文志
Original Assignee
Zhao Wenzhi
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Publication date
Priority to CN2012000659 priority Critical
Priority to CNPCT/CN2012/000659 priority
Application filed by Zhao Wenzhi filed Critical Zhao Wenzhi
Publication of WO2013177942A1 publication Critical patent/WO2013177942A1/en
Publication of WO2013177942A9 publication Critical patent/WO2013177942A9/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B9/00Compression machines, plant, or systems, in which the refrigerant is air or other gas of low boiling point
    • F25B9/06Compression machines, plant, or systems, in which the refrigerant is air or other gas of low boiling point using expanders
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • F24B1/185Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating ; Controlling combustion
    • F24B1/188Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating ; Controlling combustion characterised by use of heat exchange means , e.g. using a particular heat exchange medium, e.g. oil, gas  
    • F24B1/1885Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating ; Controlling combustion characterised by use of heat exchange means , e.g. using a particular heat exchange medium, e.g. oil, gas   the heat exchange medium being air only
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D19/00Details
    • F24D19/008Details related to central heating radiators
    • F24D19/0087Fan arrangements for forced convection
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D5/00Hot-air central heating systems; Exhaust gas central heating systems
    • F24D5/02Hot-air central heating systems; Exhaust gas central heating systems operating with discharge of hot air into the space or area to be heated
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0003Exclusively-fluid systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F5/00Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater
    • F24F5/0046Air-conditioning systems or apparatus not covered by F24F1/00 or F24F3/00, e.g. using solar heat or combined with household units such as an oven or water heater using natural energy, e.g. solar energy, energy from the ground
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D7/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall
    • F28D7/10Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall the conduits being arranged one within the other, e.g. concentrically
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D7/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall
    • F28D7/16Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall the conduits being arranged in parallel spaced relation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F1/00Tubular elements; Assemblies of tubular elements
    • F28F1/10Tubular elements and assemblies thereof with means for increasing heat-transfer area, e.g. with fins, with projections, with recesses
    • F28F1/12Tubular elements and assemblies thereof with means for increasing heat-transfer area, e.g. with fins, with projections, with recesses the means being only outside the tubular element
    • F28F1/24Tubular elements and assemblies thereof with means for increasing heat-transfer area, e.g. with fins, with projections, with recesses the means being only outside the tubular element and extending transversely
    • F28F1/30Tubular elements and assemblies thereof with means for increasing heat-transfer area, e.g. with fins, with projections, with recesses the means being only outside the tubular element and extending transversely the means being attachable to the element
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D7/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall
    • F28D7/08Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall the conduits being otherwise bent, e.g. in a serpentine or zig-zag
    • F28D7/082Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall the conduits being otherwise bent, e.g. in a serpentine or zig-zag with serpentine or zig-zag configuration
    • F28D7/085Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall the conduits being otherwise bent, e.g. in a serpentine or zig-zag with serpentine or zig-zag configuration in the form of parallel conduits coupled by bent portions
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]

Abstract

An air conditioner and an automatic control technology, comprising five embodiments: a water-cooled air conditioner, a summer/winter dual-use air conditioner, automatically controlled heating arrangement, a floor heater and a new air conditioner heat-exchanger fin arrangement. The water-cooled air conditioner absorbs, via the water storage chambers (4) provided at the convex portions of the two ends of a gas-delivery high-pressure tank (5), the heat produced by said high-pressure tank (5) and by gas compression; the high-pressure gas is output via the high-pressure gas outlet pipe (7) at the bottom portion of the high-pressure tank (5); and then the high-pressure gas suddenly expands, drops in temperature, and is cooled at the air outlet of the high-pressure gas outlet pipe (7). The summer/winter dual-use air conditioner uses groundwater as a cooling and heating medium. The automatically controlled heating arrangement comprises an electric fan (1) disposed on a support (12) and a remote controller for automatically controlling temperature. The floor heater comprises heat exchange pipes (16), or a hollow plate made of metal plating, disposed directly on a coal- or wood-burning stove and delivers hot air into a room. The new air conditioner heat-exchanger fin arrangement is a metal plate stamped into a plate having holes or stamped and folded into tooth shapes and replaces compact heat-exchanger fin layouts. Because the present invention uses freon or semiconductor cooling, it is low cost and does not pollute.

Description

种空调及自动控制技术 技术领域  Air conditioner and automatic control technology
本发明涉及一种空调及空调自动控制技术。 背景技术  The invention relates to an air conditioner and an air conditioner automatic control technology. Background technique
现有的空调多数是氟利昂, 半导体等制冷, 氟利昂污染空气, 半导体效率低, 且不具有 自动控温设置。 发明内容  Most of the existing air conditioners are freons, semiconductors, etc., freons pollute the air, semiconductors are inefficient, and do not have an automatic temperature control setting. Summary of the invention
本发明的目的是提供一种空调及自动控制技术, 提供了五个实施例, 包括一种水制冷空 调, 一种冬夏两用空调, 一种自动控制供设置, 一种新空调换热片设置。  The object of the present invention is to provide an air conditioner and an automatic control technology, and provide five embodiments, including a water refrigerating air conditioner, a winter and summer dual-purpose air conditioner, an automatic control setting, and a new air conditioning heat exchanger setting. .
实施例一: 所述的一种水制冷空调, 包括高压泵, 高压罐, 输气管, 制冷水仓, 换热管 等, 高压泵采取气缸式或其它形式的低噪音高压气泵, 高压罐采取双端弧形内凹式, 抗压能 力高, 焊接要求低, 罐两端突出部分设置储水仓, 高压罐上设置气压自动控制开关, 自动控 制高压泵的开停, 上部设置气体输入管, 下部设置气体输出管, 高压泵将高压气体输入高压 罐, 利用气体高压生热的原理, 高压气罐产生的热由高压泵上的储水仓内的水吸收, 高压气 体通过输出管输出, 在输出管出气口部高压气体突然膨胀气体温度会骤降, 从而实制冷的目 的, 储水仓内的水从下端输入, 从上端输向高压泵上的降温水箱, 热水通过阀门输出: 也可 将高压罐及气泵置于水中;本发明具有极大的市场潜力。  Embodiment 1: The water refrigeration air conditioner includes a high pressure pump, a high pressure tank, a gas pipeline, a refrigerating water tank, a heat exchange tube, etc., the high pressure pump adopts a cylinder type or other form of low noise high pressure air pump, and the high pressure tank adopts double The end is curved and concave, the pressure resistance is high, the welding requirements are low, the water storage tank is arranged at the protruding parts of the tank, the air pressure automatic control switch is arranged on the high pressure tank, the high pressure pump is automatically controlled to open and stop, the gas inlet pipe is arranged in the upper part, and the gas is arranged in the lower part. The output pipe, the high-pressure pump inputs the high-pressure gas into the high-pressure tank, and utilizes the principle of high-pressure heat generation of the gas. The heat generated by the high-pressure gas tank is absorbed by the water in the water storage tank on the high-pressure pump, and the high-pressure gas is output through the output pipe at the outlet of the output pipe. The sudden expansion of the high-pressure gas will drop the temperature of the gas, so that the water in the storage tank is input from the lower end, from the upper end to the cooling water tank on the high-pressure pump, and the hot water is output through the valve: the high-pressure tank and the air pump can also be placed In water; the invention has great market potential.
实施例二: 所述一种冬夏两用空调, 以水为制冷和供暖材料, 包括水箱, 出入水口, 出 入气口, 气体集散箱, 弯管等组成, 夏天时, 入水管以地下水输入, 水温一般在 18度左右, 出水口设置在水箱上部, 从弯管上部输入气体, 从下部输出气体, 气体在弯管内与水热交换 输出的气体在 18度左右, 从水输出口输出高温度的水, 也可加冰块, 达到调节室温的目的; 冬天时水箱下部设置加热设施, 气体从弯管下端输入上端输出气体在弯管内与水热交换, 输 出高温度的气体, 实现升高室温的目的, 水箱可相应设置水位自动控制器, 水箱外围设置保 温层, 出入水口和出入气口可设置在一侧, 此空调适合于大型中央空调也适合于一家一户, 弯管与气体集散箱可焊接也可螺丝连接; 也可将换热管设置成若干细管, 不需盘旋, 可在弯 管上设置换热片; 也可以金属板制成空心的金属板代替弯管; 本发明具有环保, 低成本, 效 率高的优势, 具有推广价值。  Embodiment 2: The winter/summer dual-purpose air conditioner uses water as a cooling and heating material, including a water tank, an inlet and outlet, an air inlet and outlet, a gas distribution box, a curved pipe, etc. In summer, the water inlet pipe is input with groundwater, and the water temperature is generally At about 18 degrees, the water outlet is installed in the upper part of the water tank, and the gas is input from the upper part of the curved pipe, and the gas is output from the lower part. The gas is exchanged with the water in the curved pipe for about 18 degrees, and the high temperature water is output from the water outlet. Ice cubes can also be added to adjust the room temperature. In winter, the heating device is installed in the lower part of the water tank. The gas is input from the lower end of the elbow to the upper end. The gas is exchanged with water in the elbow, and the high temperature gas is output to raise the room temperature. Purpose, the water tank can be set correspondingly to the water level automatic controller. The outer layer of the water tank is provided with insulation layer. The inlet and outlet ports and the inlet and outlet ports can be set on one side. The air conditioner is suitable for large central air conditioners and is suitable for one household. The elbow and gas distribution box can be welded. It can also be screwed together; it can also be set up as a number of thin tubes, without hovering, can be set on the elbow The heat exchange sheet can also be made of a hollow metal plate instead of a bent pipe; the invention has the advantages of environmental protection, low cost and high efficiency, and has the promotion value.
实施例三: 所述的一种自动控制供暖设置, 包括电吹风、 支架、 控制线路板、 温度自动 控制器。 所述的电吹风是市场上理发用的电吹风一样, 只是设置有温度控制线路板, 由温度 自动控制遥控器控制, 该控制器设置有温度传感器, 也可设置成温度计式, 该控制器设置有 温度控制调节按键, 调节温度控制范围, 从控制器屏上可见温度显示, 当温度到控制底限时 遥控电吹风控制线路, 发射头可多角度调节, 以保证电吹风控制线路能接收到信号, 电吹风 与遥控器分别设置于不同的地方, 支架是便于电吹风放置的设施, 设置有紧扣螺栓。  Embodiment 3: The automatic control heating setting includes a hair dryer, a bracket, a control circuit board, and an automatic temperature controller. The hair dryer is the same as the hair dryer used in the market, but is provided with a temperature control circuit board, which is controlled by a temperature automatic control remote controller. The controller is provided with a temperature sensor or a thermometer type, and the controller is set. There is a temperature control adjustment button to adjust the temperature control range. The temperature display can be seen from the controller screen. When the temperature reaches the control bottom limit, the remote control hair dryer control circuit can adjust the transmission head at multiple angles to ensure that the hair dryer control line can receive the signal. The hair dryer and the remote control are respectively arranged in different places, and the bracket is a facility for facilitating the placement of the hair dryer, and is provided with a fastening bolt.
该自动控制设置可单独设置, 再与电吹风等设施连接,适合于多种供暖器及制冷空调等 的控制; 成本低, 效率高, 自动控温节约电力, 环保, 具有推广价值。  The automatic control setting can be set separately, and then connected with facilities such as hair dryers, suitable for control of various heaters, refrigeration and air conditioning, etc.; low cost, high efficiency, automatic temperature control, power saving, environmental protection, and promotion value.
实施例四: 所述的一种土暖器, 包括外壳, 集散气管及换热管, 鼓风机, 活接口, 换热 管也可以设置成由金属制成的空心板直接置于煤或柴炉上, 以鼓风机将干净的热空气送往需 供热的室内: 也可设置成盛水型的; 也可设置成将换热设置在火炉的炉体内, 绕炉心设置; 本设置效率高, 成本低。 实施例五: 所述的一种新空调换热片设置, 是将金属板冲压成孔板或冲压并折叠成齿形 以代替致密布局的换热片, 节约村料, 降低成本。 Embodiment 4: The above-mentioned earth warmer comprises an outer casing, a distributed air pipe and a heat exchange pipe, a blower, a living interface, and the heat exchange pipe may also be arranged such that the hollow plate made of metal is directly placed on the coal or wood stove. The blower sends clean hot air to the room to be heated: it can also be set to hold the water type; it can also be set to set the heat transfer in the furnace body and set around the hearth; This setting has high efficiency and low cost. . Embodiment 5: The new air conditioning heat exchange sheet is arranged by punching a metal plate into an orifice plate or stamping and folding into a tooth shape to replace the dense heat exchange sheet, saving village materials and reducing costs.
本发明由于直接以干净的冷热空气调节气温, 效率高节约资源, 具有推广价值。 附图说明  The invention has the promotion value by adjusting the air temperature directly with clean hot and cold air, high efficiency and resource saving. DRAWINGS
图 1是本发明实施例一的结构原理示意图。  1 is a schematic view showing the structure of a first embodiment of the present invention.
图 2是本发明实施例二的结构原理示意图。  2 is a schematic view showing the structure of the second embodiment of the present invention.
图 3是气体集散箱的弯管接口布局示意图。  Figure 3 is a schematic view of the elbow interface layout of the gas distribution box.
图 4是本发明实施例三的结构原理示意图。  4 is a schematic diagram of the structural principle of the third embodiment of the present invention.
图 5是本发明实施例四的结构原理示意图。 具体实施方式  FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of Embodiment 4 of the present invention. detailed description
参照图 1, 图中标号: 1高压气泵 2气体输入管 3止回阀 4储水仓 5高压罐 气仓 6气体阀门 7高压气体输出管 8高压泵降温水箱 9热水输出管阀门 10换热 管 11冷水输入管  Referring to Figure 1, the figure is labeled: 1 high pressure air pump 2 gas input pipe 3 check valve 4 water storage tank 5 high pressure tank gas tank 6 gas valve 7 high pressure gas output pipe 8 high pressure pump cooling water tank 9 hot water output pipe valve 10 heat exchange tube 11 Cold water inlet pipe
本发明是一种水制冷空调, 利用高压气体生热, 高压气体突然膨胀降温的原理, 由高压 气泵 1将气体通过气体输入管 2压入高压罐气仓 5, 高压气体产生的热由罐两端的储水仓 4 内的水吸收, 高压气体通过气体阀门 6在高压气体输出管 7口迅速膨胀, 气体温度骤隆降, 从而实现了制冷的目的, 冷水从冷水输入管 11输向储水仓 4, 流向高压泵降温水箱 8, 从热 水输出管阀门 9输出, 换热管 10连接罐两端水仓, 使吸热效果更好, 气压自动控制开关(图 中未标示) 也可以设置在高压气泵 1上, 本发明具有环保, 节能, 低成本的优势。  The invention relates to a water refrigerating air conditioner, which utilizes the principle of high-pressure gas heat generation and sudden expansion and cooling of high-pressure gas. The high-pressure air pump 1 presses the gas into the high-pressure tank gas cylinder 5 through the gas input pipe 2, and the heat generated by the high-pressure gas is provided by the tank. The water in the water storage tank 4 of the end is absorbed, the high pressure gas rapidly expands through the gas valve 6 at the high pressure gas output pipe 7, and the gas temperature suddenly rises, thereby achieving the purpose of cooling, and the cold water is sent from the cold water inlet pipe 11 to the water storage tank 4 to the high pressure. The pump cooling water tank 8 is output from the hot water outlet pipe valve 9, and the heat exchange tube 10 is connected to the water tank at both ends of the tank to make the heat absorption effect better. The automatic air pressure control switch (not shown) can also be arranged on the high pressure air pump 1. The invention has the advantages of environmental protection, energy saving and low cost.
参照图 2, 图 3, 本发明是一种冬夏两用空调, 设置有水箱 19, 夏天输入气口, 冬天输 出气口 12, 夏天输出气口, 冬天输入气口 16, 13是气体集散箱, 从此集散箱向各弯管输入 气体, 14是弯管, 15是水输出口, 17是水输入口, 18是气体集散箱与弯管的连接口, 可作 多排错落有致的排布。  Referring to FIG. 2 and FIG. 3, the present invention is a winter and summer dual-purpose air conditioner, which is provided with a water tank 19, a summer input port, a winter output port 12, a summer output port, and a winter input port 16, 13 which is a gas distribution box, from which the container is distributed. Each elbow is supplied with gas, 14 is a bent pipe, 15 is a water outlet, 17 is a water input port, and 18 is a connection port of the gas distribution box and the elbow, and can be arranged in a plurality of rows.
夏天制冷, 地下水从 17输入, 气体从 12输入在 14弯管内与水箱 19的水热交换, 从 16 输出与地下水一样温度在十八度左右的气体, 高温度的水从 15排出, 也可加冰块, 达到调节 室温的目的。  In summer, the groundwater is input from 17th, and the gas is exchanged from the 12th input in the elbow to the water in the water tank19. From 16th, the gas with the same temperature as the groundwater is about 18 degrees, and the high temperature water is discharged from the 15th. Add ice cubes to achieve the purpose of adjusting the room temperature.
冬天供暖, 水箱 19底部设置加热设施 (图中示标示出), 冷水由 17输入, 可设置水位 自动控制器(图中示标示出), 气体从 16输入与加热的水热交换后高温气体从 12输出, 实现 了室内供暖的目的。  In the winter heating, the heating device is installed at the bottom of the water tank 19 (shown in the figure), the cold water is input by 17 and the water level automatic controller (shown in the figure) can be set. The gas is heat exchanged from the 16 input and heated water. 12 outputs, the purpose of indoor heating.
本发明适合于大型中央空调, 也适合于一家一户小空调, 具有环保, 高效率, 低成本的 优势, 具有推广价值。  The invention is suitable for a large central air conditioner, and is also suitable for a small air conditioner of one household, has the advantages of environmental protection, high efficiency and low cost, and has the promotion value.
实施例三, 参照图 4, 本发明是一种自动控制供暖设置, 包括电吹风 1、 支架 12、 控制 线路板 4、 温度自动控制遥控器。 所述的电吹风 1是市场上理发用的电吹风一样, 只是设置 有温度控制线路板 4, 由温度自动控制遥控器控制, 该控制器设置有温度传感器, 也可设置 成温度计式, 该控制器可设置温度控制调节按键 8, 调节温度控制范围, 从控制器屏 7上可 见温度显示, 图中 2是电吹风手柄, 3是线路板连接线, 4是设置在电吹风手柄内的控制线路 板, 5是电吹风的接线头, 当温度到控制底限时遥控电吹风 1供热, 到上限时遥控电吹风 1 停止供热, 遥控器通过遥控发射头 6发射控制信号给电吹风 1与遥控器分别设置于不同的地 方, 支架 12是便于电吹风 1放置的设施 (也可设置成挂式), 设置有紧扣螺栓 10, 垫片 9, 11是框架, 本发明自动控制设置可单独设置, 适合于多种供暖器及制冷空调等的控制。 成本低, 效率高, 自动控温节约电力, 具有推广价值。 Embodiment 3 Referring to Figure 4, the present invention is an automatic control heating setting including a hair dryer 1, a bracket 12, a control circuit board 4, and a temperature automatic control remote controller. The hair dryer 1 is the same as the hair dryer for haircut on the market, and is only provided with a temperature control circuit board 4, which is controlled by a temperature automatic control remote controller, and the controller is provided with a temperature sensor or a thermometer type, the control The temperature control adjustment button 8 can be set to adjust the temperature control range. The temperature display can be seen from the controller screen 7. In the figure, 2 is the hair dryer handle, 3 is the circuit board connection line, and 4 is the control line disposed in the hair dryer handle. Board, 5 is the wiring head of the hair dryer. When the temperature reaches the control limit, the remote control hair dryer 1 supplies heat. When the upper limit reaches the upper limit, the remote control hair dryer 1 stops heating. The remote controller transmits the control signal to the hair dryer 1 and the remote control through the remote control transmitting head 6. The devices are respectively disposed at different places, the bracket 12 is a facility for facilitating the placement of the hair dryer 1 (also can be set to be hanging), and the fastening bolts 10 are provided, and the spacers 9, 11 are frames, and the automatic control settings of the present invention can be separately set. Suitable for control of a variety of heaters, refrigeration and air conditioning. Low cost, high efficiency, automatic temperature control and power saving, with promotion value.
实施例四: 所述的一种土暖器, 包括外壳 17, 集散气管 15及换热管 16, 鼓风机 13, 活 接口 19, 换热管 16也可以设置成由金属板制成的空心板; 直接置于煤或柴炉上, 以鼓风机 31将干净的热空气送往需供热的室内, 16是换热管, 14是鼓风机桨叶, 也可设置成热水型 的; 效率高, 成本低。  Embodiment 4: The above-mentioned earth warmer comprises a casing 17, a collecting and distributing gas pipe 15 and a heat exchange pipe 16, a blower 13, a living interface 19, and the heat exchange pipe 16 may also be arranged as a hollow plate made of a metal plate; Directly placed on the coal or wood stove, the blower 31 sends clean hot air to the room to be heated, 16 is the heat exchange tube, 14 is the blower blade, can also be set to hot water type; high efficiency, cost low.
本发明由于直接以干净的冷热空气调节气温, 效率高节约资源, 具有推广价值。  The invention has the promotion value by adjusting the air temperature directly with clean hot and cold air, high efficiency and resource saving.

Claims

权 利 要 求 书 Claims
1、 一种空调及自动控制技术, 其特征是提供了五个实施例, 包括一种水制冷空调, 一 种冬夏两用空调, 一种自动控制供暧设置, 一种上暖气及一种新型空调换热片设置。  1. An air conditioning and automatic control technology, characterized in that five embodiments are provided, including a water refrigeration air conditioner, a winter and summer dual-purpose air conditioner, an automatic control supply setting, an upper heating and a new type Air conditioning heat exchanger set.
2、 根据权利要求 1 所述的一种空调及自动控制技术, 其特征是实施例一; 所述的一种 水制冷空调, 包括高压泵, 高压罐, 输气管, 制冷水仓, 换热管等, 高压泵采取 气缸式或其 它开式的低噪音高压气泵, 高压罐采取双端弧形内凹式的搞压能力高, 焊接要求, 罐两端突 出部分设置储水仓, 高压罐上设置气压自动控制开关, 自动控制高压泵的开停, 上部设置气 体输入管, 下部设置气体输出管, 高压泵将高压气体输入高压罐, 利用气体高压生热的原理, 高压气罐产生热由高压罐上的储水仓内的水吸收, 高压气体通过输出管输出, 在输出管出气 口气体突然膨胀气温骤降,从上端输向高压泵上的降温水箱, 热水通过阀门输出;也可将高压 罐置于水中。  2. The air conditioner and automatic control technology according to claim 1, wherein the water refrigeration air conditioner comprises a high pressure pump, a high pressure tank, a gas pipeline, a refrigerating water tank, and a heat exchange tube. Etc., the high-pressure pump adopts a cylinder type or other open type low-noise high-pressure air pump. The high-pressure tank adopts double-end curved concave type, which has high pressure-reducing ability, welding requirements, and the water storage tank is arranged at the protruding portions of the tank, and the air pressure is automatically set on the high-pressure tank. The control switch automatically controls the opening and closing of the high pressure pump, the upper part is provided with a gas input pipe, the lower part is provided with a gas output pipe, and the high pressure pump inputs the high pressure gas into the high pressure tank, utilizing the principle of high pressure heat generation of the gas, the high pressure gas tank generates heat from the high pressure tank The water in the water storage tank is absorbed, and the high-pressure gas is output through the output pipe. The sudden expansion of the gas at the outlet of the output pipe suddenly drops, and the temperature is dropped from the upper end to the cooling water tank on the high-pressure pump, and the hot water is output through the valve; the high-pressure tank can also be placed in the water. .
2.根据权利要求 1所述的一种空调及自动控制技术, 其特征是实施例二: 所述的一种冬 夏两用空调, 以水为制冷和供暖材料, 包括水箱, 出入水口, 出入气口, 气体集散箱, 弯管 等组成, 夏天时, 入水管以地下水输入, 水温一般在 18度左右, 出水口设置在水箱上部, 从 弯管上部输入气体, 从下部输出气体, 气体在弯管内与水热交换输出的气体在 18度左右, 从 水输出口输出高温度出水, 也可加冰快,达到调节室温的目的; 冬天时, 水箱下部设置加热设 施, 气体从弯管下端输入上端输出气体在弯管内与水热交换, 输出高温度的气体, 实现升高 室温的目的, 水箱可相应设置水位自动控制器, 此空调适合于大型中央空调也适合于一家一 户, 弯管与气体集散箱可焊接也可螺丝连接; 也可将换热管设置成若干细管, 不需盘旋, 可 在弯管上设置换热片; 也可以金属板制成空心的金属板代替弯管。  2 . The air conditioner and automatic control technology according to claim 1 , wherein the second embodiment: the winter/summer dual-purpose air conditioner, wherein the water is used for cooling and heating materials, including a water tank, an inlet and a water inlet, and an air inlet and outlet. In the summer, the water inlet pipe is input with groundwater. The water temperature is generally around 18 degrees. The water outlet is placed at the upper part of the water tank. The gas is input from the upper part of the curved pipe, and the gas is output from the lower part. The gas is in the curved pipe. The gas exchanged with water is about 18 degrees, and the high temperature water is output from the water outlet, and the ice can be added quickly to achieve the purpose of adjusting the room temperature. In winter, the heating device is arranged at the lower part of the water tank, and the gas is input from the lower end of the curved pipe to the upper end. The gas exchanges heat with water in the elbow, and outputs high temperature gas to achieve the purpose of raising the room temperature. The water tank can be equipped with a water level automatic controller. The air conditioner is suitable for large central air conditioners and is suitable for one household, elbow and gas. The distribution box can be welded or screwed together; the heat exchange tube can also be arranged as a number of thin tubes, without coiling, in the elbow A heat exchange sheet is disposed on the surface; a metal plate is also used to form a hollow metal plate instead of the curved tube.
3. 根据权利要求 1 所述的一种空调及自动控制技术, 其特征是实施例三: 所述的一种 自动控制供暖设置, 包括电吹风、 支架、 控制线路板、 温度自动控制遥控器;所述的电吹风是 市场上理发用的电吹风一样, 只是设置有温度控制线路板, 由温度自动控制遥控器控制, 该 控制器设置有温度控制范围, 从控制器屏上可见温度显示, 当温度到控制底限时遥控电吹风 供热, 到上限时遥控电吹风停止供热, 遥控器通过遥控发射头发射控制信号给电吹风控制线 路, 发射头可多角度调节, 以保证电吹风控制线路能接收到信号, 电吹风与遥控器分别设置 于不同的地方, 支架是便于电吹风放置的设施, 设置有紧扣螺栓; 该自动控制设置可单独设 置,适合于多种供暖器及制冷空调的控制。  3. The air conditioner and automatic control technology according to claim 1, characterized in that: the third embodiment: the automatic control heating setting comprises a hair dryer, a bracket, a control circuit board, and an automatic temperature control remote controller; The hair dryer is the same as the hair dryer used in the market, but is provided with a temperature control circuit board, which is controlled by a temperature automatic control remote controller. The controller is provided with a temperature control range, and the temperature display is visible from the controller screen. When the temperature reaches the bottom limit, the remote control blower heats up. When the upper limit is reached, the remote control blower stops heating. The remote control sends a control signal to the blower control line through the remote control transmitter. The transmitter can be adjusted at multiple angles to ensure that the hair dryer control circuit can Receiving the signal, the hair dryer and the remote control are respectively arranged in different places, the bracket is a facility for facilitating the placement of the hair dryer, and the fastening bolt is provided; the automatic control setting can be separately set, and is suitable for the control of various heaters and refrigeration air conditioners. .
4.根据权利要求 1所述的一种空调及自动控制技术, 其特征是实施例四: 所述的一种土 暖器, 包括外壳, 集散气管及换热管, 鼓风机, 活接口, 换热管也可以设置成由金属板制成 的空心板; 直接置于煤或柴炉上, 以鼓风机将干净的热空气送往需供热的室内;也可设置成将 换热设置在火炉的炉体内, 绕炉心设置。  4. The air conditioning and automatic control technology according to claim 1, characterized in that: the fourth embodiment: the earth warmer comprises a casing, a collecting gas pipe and a heat exchange pipe, a blower, a living interface, and a heat exchange. The tube may also be arranged as a hollow plate made of a metal plate; directly placed on a coal or wood stove, and the clean hot air is sent to the room to be heated by a blower; or the furnace may be arranged to heat the heat in the furnace. In the body, set around the heart.
5.根据权利要求 1所述的一种空调及自动控制技术, 其特征是实施例四: 所述的一种新 空调换热片设置, 是将金属板冲压成孔板冲压成孔板或冲压并折叠成齿形以代替致密布局的 换热片。  The air conditioning and automatic control technology according to claim 1, wherein the fourth embodiment: the new air conditioning heat exchange sheet is set by punching a metal plate into an orifice plate and punching into an orifice plate or punching. And folded into a tooth shape to replace the densely arranged heat exchange sheet.
PCT/CN2013/000541 2012-05-15 2013-05-08 Air conditioner and automatic control technology WO2013177942A1 (en)

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