WO2013159562A1 - Pneumatic tire bumper and safety vehicle having the pneumatic tire bumper - Google Patents

Pneumatic tire bumper and safety vehicle having the pneumatic tire bumper Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2013159562A1
WO2013159562A1 PCT/CN2013/000383 CN2013000383W WO2013159562A1 WO 2013159562 A1 WO2013159562 A1 WO 2013159562A1 CN 2013000383 W CN2013000383 W CN 2013000383W WO 2013159562 A1 WO2013159562 A1 WO 2013159562A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
pneumatic tire
vehicle
bumper
frame
bar frame
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2013/000383
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈甚利
Original Assignee
Chen Shenli
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN201210123736.9 priority Critical
Priority to CN201210123736.9A priority patent/CN102616195B/en
Application filed by Chen Shenli filed Critical Chen Shenli
Publication of WO2013159562A1 publication Critical patent/WO2013159562A1/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R19/00Wheel guards; Radiator guards, e.g. grilles; Obstruction removers; Fittings damping bouncing force in collisions
    • B60R19/02Bumpers, i.e. impact receiving or absorbing members for protecting vehicles or fending off blows from other vehicles or objects
    • B60R19/18Bumpers, i.e. impact receiving or absorbing members for protecting vehicles or fending off blows from other vehicles or objects characterised by the cross-section; Means within the bumper to absorb impact
    • B60R19/20Bumpers, i.e. impact receiving or absorbing members for protecting vehicles or fending off blows from other vehicles or objects characterised by the cross-section; Means within the bumper to absorb impact containing mainly gas or liquid, e.g. inflatable
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R19/00Wheel guards; Radiator guards, e.g. grilles; Obstruction removers; Fittings damping bouncing force in collisions
    • B60R19/02Bumpers, i.e. impact receiving or absorbing members for protecting vehicles or fending off blows from other vehicles or objects
    • B60R19/24Arrangements for mounting bumpers on vehicles
    • B60R19/26Arrangements for mounting bumpers on vehicles comprising yieldable mounting means

Abstract

A pneumatic tire bumper and safety vehicle having the pneumatic tire bumper. The pneumatic tire bumper comprises a bumper frame (5) and a pneumatic tire (13) provided therein with a cavity (12) and arranged on the bumper frame (5). The pneumatic tire bumper is arranged on the front and/or rear of a vehicle body. The pneumatic tire bumper is arranged on the vehicle body via telescoping arms at the centers of front and rear vehicle beams (23) and support beams (16) on two sides thereof. This utilizes the load-bearing and pressure-resistant performances of the pneumatic tire on the bumper to cushion and absorb forces of impact during a collision, protects vehicle frame structures in the front and rear of the vehicle body, increases safety protection for an occupant in the vehicle, reduces collision and injuries of a pedestrian outside the vehicle, and effectively solves the difficult problem of poor collision safety in various flat front vehicles due to the lack of an absorption-deformation area in the front of the vehicle.

Description

充气胎保险杠及带该充气胎保险杠的安全车 技术领域  Inflatable tire bumper and safety car with the same
本发明涉及一种汽车部件和汽车领域的安全装置及安全车, 特别是涉 及一种充气胎保险杠及带该充气胎保险杠的安全车。 背景技术  The present invention relates to a safety device and a safety vehicle for an automobile part and an automobile field, and more particularly to a pneumatic tire bumper and a safety vehicle with the pneumatic tire bumper. Background technique
汽车安全分为主动安全和被动安全, 被动安全又称碰撞安全。 主动安 全涉及驾驶操控性, 而被动安全则更是在汽车安全中起到主要作用。 汽车 被动安全技术主要分为两大类: 车身结构: 緩沖与吸能; 车内乘员保护: 安全带、 安全气囊、 安全转向系统、 安全座椅等; 车身结构在緩冲、 吸收 与减低撞击冲击力中起主要作用, 而车内乘员保护起到防护的次要作用。 车身前、 后侧的保险杠属于车身结构的一部分。 ϋ前的汽车保险杠只具有 极为有限的緩冲、 吸收碰撞力作用, 其安全性仅限于低速碰撞。 随着高速 公路的快速发展, 汽车行驶速度的大大增加, 汽车碰撞时速亦大幅提高, 现有保险杠对较强的撞击力, 极易发生压溃损毁, 进而大大威胁到车内驾 乘人员安全。 因此现有的汽车保险杠早已不能保险, 其安全效果及可靠性 能已经远远达不到客观实际需求, 必须研发新的保险杠来满足现代行车安 全。 发明内容  Car safety is divided into active safety and passive safety, and passive safety is also called collision safety. Active safety involves driving maneuverability, while passive safety plays a major role in car safety. Vehicle passive safety technology is mainly divided into two categories: Body structure: cushioning and energy absorption; vehicle occupant protection: seat belt, airbag, safety steering system, safety seat, etc.; body structure in buffering, absorbing and reducing impact impact The force plays a major role, and the occupant protection in the car plays a secondary role in protection. The bumpers on the front and rear sides of the body are part of the body structure. The front bumper of the car has only a very limited cushioning and absorbing impact force, and its safety is limited to low-speed collision. With the rapid development of the expressway, the speed of the car has increased greatly, and the speed of collision of the car has also increased greatly. The impact of the existing bumper on the strong impact force is extremely likely to collapse and damage, which greatly threatens the safety of the occupants in the car. . Therefore, the existing car bumpers are no longer insured, and their safety effects and reliability have far exceeded the objective actual needs. New bumpers must be developed to meet modern driving safety. Summary of the invention
本发明的目的在于提供一种充气胎保险杠, 以承压抗撞并緩冲、 吸收 较强撞击时的猛烈冲击力, 可大幅提高车身前、 后侧结构的安全性能。  SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An object of the present invention is to provide a pneumatic tire bumper which can withstand pressure against impact and cushion and absorb strong impact force during strong impact, and can greatly improve the safety performance of the front and rear side structures of the vehicle body.
本发明的另一个目的在于提供一种带充气胎保险杠的安全车, 可承压 抗撞并緩冲、 吸收较强撞击时的猛烈冲击力, 使车身前、 后侧结构不受 损, 从而充分保障车内驾乘人员安全。  Another object of the present invention is to provide a safety car with a pneumatic tire bumper that can withstand shock and cushioning, absorbs the violent impact force during strong impact, and makes the front and rear side structures of the vehicle body not damaged. Fully protect the safety of drivers and passengers inside the car.
本发明提供的是这样一种充气胎保险杠, 其特点在于它包括杠架, 设 于杠架上的其内带空腔的充气胎, 充气胎空腔内充实空气, 通过保险杠上 充气胎的强大承压抗撞而不变形的性能来緩冲、 吸收碰撞时的冲击力, 从 而保护车身前或 /和后保险杠不会发生压溃损毁。  The invention provides a pneumatic tire bumper, which is characterized in that it comprises a bar frame, a pneumatic tire with a cavity provided on the bar frame, a filling air cavity in the pneumatic tire cavity, and a pneumatic tire through the bumper The powerful pressure-resistance and non-deformation performance cushions and absorbs the impact force during collision, thus protecting the front and/or rear bumper from crushing damage.
所述充气胎保险杠杠架为一弧形架, 该杠架的外立面设为向内凹的凹 面, 该杠架的两端分别设有螺旋头, 螺旋头上设有竖直长通孔, 螺旋头内 侧固定有与充气胎相配接的固定卡座, 该杠架的上方、 该杠架的下方分别 设有与该杠架形状相适应的上支板、 下支板, 该上支板和该下支板两端分 别设有叉头, 该充气胎支撑于该杠架外立面的凹面上。 The pneumatic tire bumper bar frame is an arc frame, and the outer surface of the bar frame is set to be concave inward The two ends of the bar frame are respectively provided with a spiral head, and the spiral head is provided with a vertical long through hole, and a fixed card seat matched with the pneumatic tire is fixed on the inner side of the screw head, above the bar frame, the bar frame is The upper support plate and the lower support plate are respectively arranged under the shape of the bar frame, and the upper support plate and the lower support plate are respectively provided with fork ends respectively, and the pneumatic tire is supported on the concave surface of the outer surface of the bar frame on.
所述该杠架螺旋头上的竖直通孔设为两个长通孔。  The vertical through hole on the screw head of the bar is set as two long through holes.
所述位于该杠架的上支板和下支板两端的叉头设为双叉头。  The forks at the ends of the upper and lower supports of the bar are set as double forks.
所述充气胎两端分别设有堵头, 该堵头与杠架所述螺旋头上的固定卡 座相卡接, 并通过该堵头外的卡环及固定釘固定该堵头于该螺旋头上, 从 而将该充气胎固定在杠架上。  The two ends of the pneumatic tire are respectively provided with a plug, and the plug is engaged with the fixed card seat on the screw head of the bar frame, and the plug is fixed to the spiral through the snap ring and the fixing nail outside the plug On the head, the pneumatic tire is fixed to the bar frame.
本发明提供的是这样一种带该充气胎保险杠的安全车, 包括车身, 其 中所述的车身前、 后侧, 通过汽车横梁中部的伸缩臂和该伸缩臂两侧的承 梁连接有充气胎保险杠, 该充气胎保险杠略突出于车身前、 后侧, 该充气 胎保险杠包括杠架, 以及在该杠架凹面的带空腔的充气胎, 通过充分利用 保险杠上充气胎强大的承压抗撞不变形的性能来緩冲、 吸收碰撞时的冲击 力, 从而保护车身前、 后侧的车架结构不受压溃损毁。  The present invention provides a safety vehicle with the pneumatic tire bumper, including a vehicle body, wherein the front and rear sides of the vehicle body are inflated through a telescopic arm in the middle of the vehicle beam and a bolster on both sides of the telescopic arm. a tire bumper, the inflatable tire bumper slightly protrudes from the front and rear sides of the vehicle body, the pneumatic tire bumper includes a bar frame, and a pneumatic tire with a cavity on the concave surface of the bar frame, by making full use of the pneumatic tire on the bumper The pressure-resistant and anti-deformation performance cushions and absorbs the impact force during collision, thereby protecting the frame structure on the front and rear sides of the vehicle body from crushing and damage.
所述伸缩臂为铰接成 X形的两个连軒即第一连杆和笫二连杆, 该两个 连杆的前端分别通过左、 右第一铰轴与固定在杠架上的左、 右第一支座相 铰接, 该两个连杆的后端通过左、 右第二铰轴与固定在汽车横梁上的左、 右第二支座相铰接, 该两个连杆的中部通过第三铰轴与固定在汽车横梁中 部的第三支座相铰接, 该第一连杆和第二连杆的铰接点与位于该第三支座 上的中央弹簧相连, 从而构成伸缩式杠架。  The telescopic arm is a first link and a second link which are hinged into an X shape, and the front ends of the two links are respectively passed through the left and right first hinge axes and the left fixed on the bar frame. The right first seat is hinged, and the rear ends of the two links are hinged to the left and right second seats fixed on the cross member of the vehicle through the left and right second hinge shafts, and the middle portions of the two links pass through The three-hinge shaft is hinged to a third seat fixed in the middle of the vehicle beam, and the hinge points of the first link and the second link are connected to a central spring located on the third seat to constitute a telescopic frame.
所述伸缩臂两侧的承梁的一端固定在位于杠架上该伸缩臂两侧的底座 上, 该承梁的另一端连同该承梁的一段分别置于两侧的汽车纵梁中, 以便 支撑杠架, 并在伸缩臂作用下, 使杠架沿汽车纵梁前后移动, 实现杠架的 伸缩。  One ends of the bolsters on both sides of the telescopic arm are fixed on the bases on both sides of the telescopic arm on the bar frame, and the other end of the bolster and the section of the bolster are respectively placed in the side rails of the two sides, so as to The bar frame is supported, and under the action of the telescopic arm, the bar frame is moved back and forth along the longitudinal beam of the car to realize the expansion and contraction of the bar frame.
本发明具有下列优点和效果: 与现代汽车车身前、 后侧的保险杠结构 易损毁、 而緩冲吸能极有限的保护效果相比较, 本发明通过上述方案在汽 车车身前、 后侧设置充气胎保险杠, 充分利用保险杠上充气胎强大的承压 抗撞而不变形的性能来緩冲、 吸收碰撞时的冲击力, 从而达到保护车头、 车尾的车架结构不受撞击力而压溃损毁, 将可大幅提升对车内驾乘人员安 全的有效保护效杲, 达到抗撞、 保车、 护人的三重安全效杲, 同时由子本 发明的前、 后克气胎保险杠受撞后可被动回缩, 故能有效降低对车外行 人、 物件的撞击损伤, 提升车外行人、 物件的安全。 本发明适用于现有各 类车型, 如轿车、 MPV、 SUV, 商务车等, 尤其可较好地解决现代各种平头 车因车头缺乏吸能变形区而碰撞安全性差的难题, 从而大大提高平头乘用 车、 商用车的碰撞安全性, 故实为一具有高可靠性车身结构的安全汽车。 附图的简要说明 The present invention has the following advantages and effects: Compared with the protection effect of the bumper structure on the front and rear sides of the modern automobile body, and the limited absorption energy, the present invention provides inflation on the front and rear sides of the automobile body through the above scheme. The tire bumper makes full use of the strong pressure-bearing anti-collision performance of the pneumatic tire on the bumper to cushion and absorb the impact force during the collision, so as to protect the structure of the front and rear of the frame from the impact force. The damage will be greatly improved, and the safety and protection effect on the safety of the occupants and passengers in the vehicle will be greatly improved, and the triple safety effect of anti-collision, car protection and car protection will be achieved. The invented front and rear gram tire bumpers can be passively retracted after being hit, so that the impact damage to pedestrians and objects outside the vehicle can be effectively reduced, and the safety of pedestrians and objects outside the vehicle can be improved. The invention is applicable to various existing types of vehicles, such as a car, an MPV, an SUV, a commercial vehicle, etc., in particular, can better solve the problem that the collision safety of various flat head cars is lacking due to the lack of energy absorption deformation zone of the front end, thereby greatly improving the flat head. The collision safety of passenger cars and commercial vehicles is actually a safety car with a high reliability body structure. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
图 1为本发明之结构示意图;  Figure 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
图 2为本发明中充气胎保险杠俯视结构图;  Figure 2 is a top plan view of a pneumatic tire bumper of the present invention;
图 3为图 2的 B向视图。  Figure 3 is a B-direction view of Figure 2.
【图号筒单说明】 [Figure number list description]
本发明:  this invention:
1: 上支板 . 2 充气嘴  1: upper support plate. 2 inflatable nozzle
3: 上垫板 4 第一连杆  3: upper pad 4 first link
杠架 6 第一铰轴  Lever frame 6 first hinge
7 第一支座 8 底座  7 first seat 8 base
9 卡环 10 堵头  9 snap ring 10 plug
11 固定卡座 12 空腔  11 fixed deck 12 cavity
1 3 充气胎 14 长通孔  1 3 Inflatable tires 14 Long through holes
15 螺旋头 16 承梁  15 spiral head 16 bolster
17 第二铰轴 18 第二支座  17 second hinge 18 second holder
19 笫二连杆 20 第三支座  19 笫 two links 20 third support
21 中央弹簧 22 第三铰轴  21 central spring 22 third hinge
23 汽车横梁 24 汽车纵梁  23 car beams 24 car longitudinal beams
25 双叉头 26 凹面  25 double forks 26 concave
27 下支板 28 下垫板 实现发明的最佳方式  27 lower support plate 28 lower support plate The best way to achieve the invention
下面结合附图 1-3给出的实施例对本发明做进一步说明, 但本发明保 护的内容并不局限于此。  The present invention will be further described below with reference to the embodiments given in Figs. 1-3, but the contents of the present invention are not limited thereto.
本发明提供的充气胎保险杠, 包括杠架 5 , 以及设于该杠架 5上的其内 带空腔 12的充气胎 13。 所述该杠架 5为一弧形架, 该杠架 5的外立面设为 向内凹的凹面 26 , 该杠架 5的两端分别设有螺旋头 15。 该螺旋头 15上设 有两个竖直的长通孔 14 , 该螺旋头 15 内侧通过连接螺钉固定有与充气胎 13相配接的固定卡座 1 1。 该杠架 5的上方、 该杠架 5的下方分别设有与该 杠架 5的形状相适应的带有上垫板 3的上支板 1和带有下塾板 28的下支板 27。 该上支板 1和该下支板 27的两端分別设双叉头 25。 所述充气胎 13两 端分别设有堵头 10,该堵头 10与杠架 5的螺旋头 15上的固定卡座 11相卡 接,并通过该堵头 10外的卡环 9及固定钉固定该堵头 10于该螺旋头 15上, 以此将充气胎 13支撑于杠架 5外立面的凹面 26上, 从而使该充气胎 13固 定在杠架 5上, 该充气胎】 3上设充气嘴 2, 以通过该充气嘴 2对该充气胎 1 3进行充气, 如图 2、 图 3。 The pneumatic tire bumper provided by the present invention comprises a bar frame 5 and an inner portion thereof disposed on the bar frame 5 A pneumatic tire 13 with a cavity 12. The bar frame 5 is an arc-shaped frame, and the outer surface of the bar frame 5 is defined as an inwardly concave surface 26, and the two ends of the bar frame 5 are respectively provided with a screw head 15. The spiral head 15 is provided with two vertical long through holes 14 , and the inner side of the screw head 15 is fixed with a fixing bracket 11 matched with the pneumatic tire 13 by a connecting screw. Above the bar frame 5, below the bar frame 5, there are respectively provided an upper support plate 1 with an upper backing plate 3 and a lower support plate 27 with a lower jaw plate 28, which are adapted to the shape of the bar frame 5. Two ends of the upper support plate 1 and the lower support plate 27 are respectively provided with double forks 25. The two ends of the pneumatic tire 13 are respectively provided with a plug 10, and the plug 10 is engaged with the fixed card seat 11 on the screw head 15 of the bar frame 5, and passes through the snap ring 9 and the fixing nail outside the plug 10 Fixing the plug 10 on the screw head 15 to support the pneumatic tire 13 on the concave surface 26 of the outer surface of the bar frame 5, so that the pneumatic tire 13 is fixed on the bar frame 5, the pneumatic tire 3 An aeration nozzle 2 is provided to inflate the pneumatic tire 13 through the inflation nozzle 2, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3.
本发明提供的带该充气胎保险杠的安全车, 包括车身, 在车身前、 后 侧, 通过汽车横梁 23中部的伸缩臂及该伸縮臂两侧的承梁 16而与充气胎 保险杠连接。 所述充气胎保险杠包括杠架 5 , 以及设于该杠架 5上的其内带 空腔 1 2 的充气胎 1 3。 所述伸缩臂为铰接成 X形的两个连杆: 第一连 杆 4、 第二连杆 19。 该两个连杆的前端分別通过左、 右第一铰轴 6与固定 在杠架 5上的左、 右第一支座 7相铰接, 该两个连杆的后端通过左、 右笫 二铰轴 17与固定在汽车横梁 23上的左、 右第二支座 18相铰接, 该两个连 杆的中部通过第三铰轴 22与固定在汽车横梁 2 3 中部的笫三支座 20相 铰接, 该两个连杆的铰接点与位于该第三支座 20上的中央弹簧 21相连, 从而构成伸缩式杠架。  The safety vehicle with the pneumatic tire bumper provided by the present invention comprises a vehicle body, and is connected to the pneumatic tire bumper on the front and rear sides of the vehicle body through a telescopic arm in the middle of the vehicle cross member 23 and a bolster 16 on both sides of the telescopic arm. The pneumatic tire bumper includes a bar frame 5, and a pneumatic tire 13 having a cavity 1 2 disposed on the bar frame 5. The telescopic arm is two links hinged into an X shape: a first link 4 and a second link 19. The front ends of the two connecting rods are respectively hinged to the left and right first seats 7 fixed on the bar frame 5 through the left and right first hinge shafts 6, and the rear ends of the two connecting rods pass through the left and right sides. The hinge shaft 17 is hinged to the left and right second seats 18 fixed to the vehicle cross member 23. The middle portions of the two links are connected to the third base 20 fixed to the middle of the vehicle cross member 23 through the third hinge shaft 22. Hinged, the hinge points of the two links are connected to the central spring 21 on the third support 20 to form a telescopic frame.
所述伸缩臂两侧的承梁 16的一端固定在位于杠架 5上该伸缩臂两侧的 底座 8上, 该承梁 16另一端连同该承梁 16的一段分别置于两侧的汽车纵 梁 24中, 以便支承该杠架 5, 并在该伸缩臂作用下, 使该杠架 5沿汽车纵 梁 24前后移动, 实现杠架 5的伸缩, 如图 1、 图 2、 图 3。  One ends of the bolsters 16 on both sides of the telescopic arm are fixed on the base 8 on both sides of the telescopic arm of the gantry 5. The other end of the bolster 16 and the section of the bolster 16 are respectively placed on the sides of the car. In the beam 24, in order to support the bar frame 5, and under the action of the telescopic arm, the bar frame 5 is moved back and forth along the longitudinal beam 24 of the vehicle to realize the expansion and contraction of the frame 5, as shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3.
以上所述, 仅是本发明的较佳实施例而已, 并非对本发明作任何形式 上的限制, 虽然本发明已以较佳实施例揭示如上, 然而并非用以限定本发 明,任何在不脱离本发明技术方案范围内, 利用上述揭示的方法及技术内容 作出些许的更动或修饰为等同变化的等效实施例, 只要是未脱离本发明技 术方案的内容, 而依据本发明的技术实质对以上实施例所作的任何筒单修 改、 等同变化与修饰, 均仍属于本发明技术方案的范围内。  The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Although the present invention has been disclosed in the preferred embodiments, the present invention is not intended to limit the present invention. In the scope of the present invention, the equivalents and modifications of the above-described methods and technical contents are made to the equivalent embodiments, as long as they do not deviate from the technical solutions of the present invention, and the technical essence according to the present invention is Any modification, equivalent change and modification made by the embodiment are still within the scope of the technical solution of the present invention.

Claims

权 利 要 求 Rights request
1、一种充气胎保险杠,其特征在于它包括杠架(5),以及设于该杠架(5) 上的其内带空腔(12)的充气胎(13)。  A pneumatic tire bumper, characterized in that it comprises a bar frame (5), and a pneumatic tire (13) provided with a cavity (12) on the bar frame (5).
2、 根据权利要求 1所述的充气胎保险杠, 其特征在于所述杠架(5)为一 弧形架, 该杠架 (5 ) 的外立面设为向内凹的凹面(26), 该杠架 (5 ) 的两 端分别设有螺旋头(15) , 该螺旋头(15)上设有竖直的长通孔(14), 该螺旋 头(15)上固定有与充气胎(13)相配接的固定卡座(11) , 该杠架(5 )的上方 和该杠架(5 ) 的下方分别设有与该杠架(5 )的形状相适应的上支板(1)和 下支板(27)。  2. The pneumatic tire bumper according to claim 1, wherein the bar frame (5) is an arcuate frame, and the outer surface of the bar frame (5) is set to an inward concave surface (26) The two ends of the bar (5) are respectively provided with a spiral head (15), and the spiral head (15) is provided with a vertical long through hole (14), and the spiral head (15) is fixed with a pneumatic tire (13) a mating fixed card holder (11), and an upper support plate (1) corresponding to the shape of the bar frame (5) is disposed above the bar frame (5) and below the bar frame (5) ) and the lower support plate (27).
3、根据权利要求 2所述的充气胎保险杠,其特征在于所述竖直的长通孔 (14)设为两个。  A pneumatic tire bumper according to claim 2, characterized in that said vertical long through holes (14) are provided in two.
4、 根据权利要求 2所述的充气胎保险杠, 其特征在于所述杠架 (5 ) 的 上支板(1)、 下支板(27)的两端分別设有叉头。  The pneumatic tire bumper according to claim 2, characterized in that both ends of the upper support plate (1) and the lower support plate (27) of the lever frame (5) are respectively provided with fork ends.
5、根据权利要求 4所述的充气胎保险杠,其特征在于所述叉头为双叉头 (25)。  A pneumatic tire bumper according to claim 4, characterized in that the prongs are double prongs (25).
6、 根据权利要求 2所述的充气胎保险杠, 其特征在于所述充气胎(13) 两端分别设有堵头(10) , 该堵头(10)与所述螺旋头(15)上的固定卡座(11) 相卡接, 并通过该堵头(10)外的卡环(9)及固定钉固定该堵头(10)于该螺旋 头(15)上。  The pneumatic tire bumper according to claim 2, characterized in that the two ends of the pneumatic tire (13) are respectively provided with a plug (10), and the plug (10) and the screw head (15) The fixed card holder (11) is snapped, and the plug (10) is fixed to the screw head (15) through a snap ring (9) and a fixing nail outside the plug (10).
7、 一种带该充气胎保险杠的安全车, 包括车身, 其特征在于在车身 前、后侧,通过设在汽车横梁(23)中部的伸缩臂及该伸缩臂两侧的承梁(16) 而与充气胎保险杠连接, 所述充气胎保险杠包括杠架(5) , 以及设于该杠架 (5)上的其内带空腔 (12)的充气胎 (13)。  7. A safety vehicle with the pneumatic tire bumper, comprising a vehicle body, characterized in that on the front and rear sides of the vehicle body, a telescopic arm disposed in the middle of the vehicle cross member (23) and a bolster on both sides of the telescopic arm (16) And connected to the pneumatic tire bumper, the pneumatic tire bumper comprises a bar frame (5), and a pneumatic tire (13) provided on the bar frame (5) with a cavity (12) therein.
8、根据权利要求 7所述的带该充气胎保险杠的安全车,其特征在于所述 伸缩臂为铰接成 X形的两个连杆即第一连杆(4)和第二连杆(19) , 该两个连 杆的前端分别通过左、 右第一铰轴(6)与固定在杠架(5)上的左、 右第一支 座(7)相铰接, 该两个连杆的后端通过左、 右第二铰轴(17)与固定在汽车横 梁(23)上的左、 右第二支座(18)相铰接, 该两个连杆的中部通过第三铰轴 (22)与固定在汽车横梁(23)中部的第三支座(20)相铰接, 且该第一连杆 (4) 和第二连杆(19)的铰接点与位于该汽车横梁(23)的第三支座(20)上的中央 弹簧(21)相连, 从而构成伸缩式杠架。  The safety vehicle with the pneumatic tire bumper according to claim 7, wherein the telescopic arm is a two-link hinged to an X shape, that is, a first link (4) and a second link ( 19), the front ends of the two connecting rods are respectively hinged to the left and right first supports (7) fixed to the bar frame (5) by the left and right first hinge shafts (6), the two connecting rods The rear end is hinged to the left and right second seats (18) fixed to the vehicle cross member (23) by the left and right second hinge shafts (17), and the middle portions of the two links are passed through the third hinge shaft ( 22) is hinged to a third seat (20) fixed in the middle of the vehicle cross member (23), and the hinge point of the first link (4) and the second link (19) is located at the vehicle cross member (23) The central springs (21) on the third seat (20) are connected to form a telescopic frame.
9、根据权利要求 7所述的带该充气胎保险杠的安全车,其特征在于所述 伸縮臂两侧的承梁(16)的一端固定在位于杠架(5)上该伸缩臂两侧的底座 (8)上, 该承梁(16)的另一端连同该承梁(16)的一段分别置于两侧的汽车纵 梁(24)中, 以便支承该杠架(5) , 并在该伸缩臂作用下, 使该杠架(5)沿汽 车纵梁(24)前后移动, 实现该杠架(5)的伸缩。 The safety vehicle with the pneumatic tire bumper according to claim 7, wherein one end of the bolster (16) on both sides of the telescopic arm is fixed on both sides of the telescopic arm on the frame (5). Base (8) upper, the other end of the bolster (16) together with a section of the bolster (16) are respectively placed in the side rails (24) of the two sides to support the sill (5), and the telescopic Under the action of the arm, the frame (5) is moved back and forth along the longitudinal beam (24) of the vehicle to realize the expansion and contraction of the frame (5).
PCT/CN2013/000383 2012-04-25 2013-04-02 Pneumatic tire bumper and safety vehicle having the pneumatic tire bumper WO2013159562A1 (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102616195B (en) * 2012-04-25 2014-06-11 陈甚利 Pneumatic tire bumper and safety vehicle with same

Citations (9)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3841683A (en) * 1973-03-12 1974-10-15 A Toro Safety bumper
CN2592446Y (en) * 2002-12-23 2003-12-17 黄秋琴 Inflatable bumper structure for automobile
CN201559608U (en) * 2009-11-06 2010-08-25 段练 Anticollision bumper system for automobile
CN102616194A (en) * 2012-04-25 2012-08-01 陈甚利 Anti-collision multi-wheel combined clasping safety vehicle
CN102616195A (en) * 2012-04-25 2012-08-01 陈甚利 Pneumatic tire bumper and safety vehicle with same
CN102673498A (en) * 2012-04-25 2012-09-19 陈甚利 Wheel embracing mechanism and safety vehicle with same
CN202641583U (en) * 2012-04-25 2013-01-02 陈甚利 Anti-collision multi-wheel clasping safety car
CN202641579U (en) * 2012-04-25 2013-01-02 陈甚利 Holding wheel mechanism and safety car with same
CN202641584U (en) * 2012-04-25 2013-01-02 陈甚利 Inflation tyre fender guard and safety car with same

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3841683A (en) * 1973-03-12 1974-10-15 A Toro Safety bumper
CN2592446Y (en) * 2002-12-23 2003-12-17 黄秋琴 Inflatable bumper structure for automobile
CN201559608U (en) * 2009-11-06 2010-08-25 段练 Anticollision bumper system for automobile
CN102616194A (en) * 2012-04-25 2012-08-01 陈甚利 Anti-collision multi-wheel combined clasping safety vehicle
CN102616195A (en) * 2012-04-25 2012-08-01 陈甚利 Pneumatic tire bumper and safety vehicle with same
CN102673498A (en) * 2012-04-25 2012-09-19 陈甚利 Wheel embracing mechanism and safety vehicle with same
CN202641583U (en) * 2012-04-25 2013-01-02 陈甚利 Anti-collision multi-wheel clasping safety car
CN202641579U (en) * 2012-04-25 2013-01-02 陈甚利 Holding wheel mechanism and safety car with same
CN202641584U (en) * 2012-04-25 2013-01-02 陈甚利 Inflation tyre fender guard and safety car with same

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CN102616195A (en) 2012-08-01

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