WO2013143226A1 - Crash barrier and plastic crash plate thereof - Google Patents

Crash barrier and plastic crash plate thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2013143226A1
WO2013143226A1 PCT/CN2012/076261 CN2012076261W WO2013143226A1 WO 2013143226 A1 WO2013143226 A1 WO 2013143226A1 CN 2012076261 W CN2012076261 W CN 2012076261W WO 2013143226 A1 WO2013143226 A1 WO 2013143226A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
plate
plastic
plastic bumper
plate body
mounting
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2012/076261
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李布尔
Original Assignee
Li Buer
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Li Buer filed Critical Li Buer
Publication of WO2013143226A1 publication Critical patent/WO2013143226A1/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F15/00Safety arrangements for slowing, redirecting or stopping errant vehicles, e.g. guard posts or bollards; Arrangements for reducing damage to roadside structures due to vehicular impact
    • E01F15/02Continuous barriers extending along roads or between traffic lanes
    • E01F15/04Continuous barriers extending along roads or between traffic lanes essentially made of longitudinal beams or rigid strips supported above ground at spaced points
    • E01F15/0453Rails of materials other than metal or concrete, e.g. wood, plastics; Rails of different materials, e.g. rubber-faced metal profiles, concrete-filled steel tubes

Definitions

  • the present invention relates to a road safety protection device, and more particularly to an anti-collision bar for a road and a plastic anti-collision plate. Background technique
  • the crash barrier can effectively prevent vehicles from rushing out and reduce traffic accident losses. It has been widely used.
  • the crash barrier typically includes a crash panel and a post for mounting the bumper.
  • the anti-collision plates of the existing anti-collision bars are usually made of plated steel plates, and the problems arising therefrom include: 1.
  • the steel plate is easy to oxidize and rust; 2. It is easy to scratch the car; 3. Heavy weight, production, transportation and installation cost comparison High; 4, the production process is prone to pollution; 5, the impact plate made of steel plate is too high and the elasticity is insufficient, resulting in a small ability to mitigate the impact, can not effectively reduce the damage to the vehicle and the human body.
  • anti-collision plates made of plastic have also appeared.
  • the existing anti-collision plates are mostly wave-shaped plates, which have poor impact resistance and short service life. Summary of the invention
  • Another object of the present invention is to provide a crash barrier which has the advantages of low cost, high mass production, light weight, long life, good impact resistance, high safety, and the like.
  • the column is easy to install.
  • the present invention provides a plastic bumper plate which is integrally formed of a plastic material and has an elongated shape as a whole, and includes a mounting plate body, a buffer portion and a connecting plate body, and the mounting plate
  • the body and the connecting plate body both extend along the longitudinal direction of the plastic bumper plate
  • the buffering portion is a hollow cylinder extending longitudinally along the plastic bumper plate
  • the mounting plate body and the buffering portion are spaced apart along the lateral direction of the plastic bumper plate. And connected by connecting the plate body.
  • the buffer portion is a hollow circular cylinder, a rectangular cylinder, a trapezoidal cylinder, a triangular cylinder or an irregular cylinder.
  • the two sides of the longitudinal direction of the mounting plate body are respectively provided with two buffer portions, and the two sides of the longitudinal direction of the mounting plate body are respectively connected to the two buffer portions through the connecting plate body.
  • the plastic bumper has opposite first and second sides, and the plastic protection is installed When the striker is on the column, the first side and the second side are respectively facing the column and the back column, the mounting plate body is a flat plate shape, and the connecting plate body is facing the second side of the plastic bumper plate
  • the curved plastic plate has a reinforcing plate body opposite to the mounting plate body on the second side, and the reinforcing plate body is connected between the middle portions of the connecting body plates on both sides of the mounting plate body.
  • the two sides of the buffer portion are respectively disposed on the two sides of the longitudinal direction of the buffer portion, and the two outer sides of the buffer portion are respectively connected to the two mounting plates through the connecting plate body.
  • the number of the mounting plate bodies is two, respectively located on opposite sides of the longitudinal direction of the plastic bumper plate, and two buffer portions are disposed between the two mounting plate bodies, and two sides of each buffer portion are longitudinally
  • the connection plate body is respectively connected to the corresponding mounting plate body and the adjacent another buffer portion.
  • the present invention also provides a crash barrier comprising a plurality of uprights, a plurality of locking components, and the above-mentioned plastic bumper, the plurality of pillars along the plastic collision avoidance
  • the plates are longitudinally spaced apart and the plastic bumper plates are mounted to the uprights by the locking assembly.
  • the buffer portion of the plastic bumper plate is disposed at an interval from the column.
  • the locking component comprises a bolt and a rubber gasket
  • the rubber gasket has an elliptical racetrack shape, comprising opposite end faces, and a circumferential surface connected between the end faces, the middle of the rubber gasket a through hole penetrating the two end faces is formed in the axial direction
  • the rubber gasket is provided with an annular groove on the circumferential surface, and two flanges are respectively formed on two sides of the groove
  • the column A mounting hole is disposed on the mounting plate of the plastic bumper plate, and a mounting hole corresponding to the column is provided with an elliptical racetrack-shaped fixing hole, and a longitudinal direction of the fixing hole is parallel to a longitudinal direction of the plastic anti-collision plate
  • the fixing hole is
  • the size of the rubber gasket is smaller than the size of the flange of the rubber gasket, and the rubber gasket is disposed in the fixing hole of the plastic bumper plate, and the two flanges of the rubber gasket are respectively abutted against the plastic bumper plate.
  • the outer edges of the end faces of the rubber gasket are provided with annular protrusions.
  • the invention has the advantages of light weight, convenient processing, transportation and installation, low cost, recyclability and long life, and long life;
  • the buffering portion makes the plastic anti-collision plate not only have certain elasticity, but also has a certain strength, thereby improving the impact resistance of the plastic anti-collision plate and high safety; the plastic anti-collision plate can be extruded by plastic.
  • the anti-collision bar of the invention adopts a plastic anti-collision plate, which not only has the above advantages , but also has other advantages, for example, by spacing the buffer portion of the plastic bumper plate and the column, when the vehicle collides with the plastic bumper plate, the impact on the column can be slowed down, so that the column does not Be Easy to slant and improve safety; By setting rubber gaskets, when the vehicle collides with the plastic bumper, the impact between the vehicle and the plastic bumper can be alleviated, thus effectively reducing the damage of the vehicle to the human body. , and slow the impact on the column.
  • FIG. 1 is a perspective assembled view of a first embodiment of a crash barrier of the present invention
  • Figure 2 is a front elevational view of the crash barrier of Figure 1;
  • Figure 3 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the crash barrier of Figure 2 taken along line A-A;
  • Figure 4 is an enlarged view of B in Figure 3;
  • Figure 5 is a perspective enlarged view of the rubber gasket of Figure 4.
  • FIG. 6 is a perspective assembled view of a second embodiment of the crash barrier of the present invention.
  • Figure 7 is a front elevational view of the crash barrier of Figure 6;
  • Figure 8 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the crash barrier of Figure 7 taken along line C-C;
  • Figure 9 is an enlarged view of D in Figure 8.
  • FIG. 10 is a perspective assembled view of a third embodiment of the crash barrier of the present invention.
  • Figure 11 is a front elevational view of the crash barrier of Figure 10.
  • Figure 12 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the crash barrier of Figure 11 taken along line E-E;
  • Figure 13 is an enlarged view of the portion F in Figure 12;
  • Figure 14 is a side view showing a fourth embodiment of the plastic bumper of the present invention.
  • Figure 15 is a side view of a fifth embodiment of the plastic bumper of the present invention.
  • Figure 16 is a side view showing a sixth embodiment of the plastic bumper of the present invention.
  • Figure 17 is a side view showing a seventh embodiment of the plastic bumper of the present invention.
  • Figure 18 is a side view showing an eighth embodiment of the plastic bumper of the present invention.
  • Figure 19 is a side view of a ninth embodiment of the plastic bumper of the present invention.
  • Figure 20 is a side view showing a tenth embodiment of the plastic bumper of the present invention.
  • Figure 21 is a side view showing an eleventh embodiment of the plastic bumper of the present invention.
  • Figure 22 is a side view of a twelfth embodiment of a plastic bumper plate of the present invention
  • Figure 23 is a side elevational view of a thirteenth embodiment of a plastic bumper plate of the present invention.
  • the crash barrier of the present invention comprises a plurality of columns, a plurality of locking components, and a plastic bumper plate.
  • the plastic bumper plate is integrally formed of a plastic material, and has a longitudinal shape as a whole.
  • the mounting plate body, the buffering portion and the connecting plate body, the mounting plate body and the connecting plate body both extend along the longitudinal direction of the plastic bumper plate, and the buffering portion is a hollow cylinder extending longitudinally along the plastic bumper plate,
  • the mounting plate body and the buffering portion are disposed at intervals along the lateral direction of the plastic bumper plate and are connected by the connecting plate body, the plurality of columns are arranged along the longitudinal interval of the plastic bumper plate, and the plastic bumper plate passes the A locking assembly is mounted to the post.
  • the crash barrier of the invention can be widely used for the edge of roads, bridges, etc. for safety protection, can effectively prevent vehicles from rushing out, and reduce traffic accident losses.
  • the collision barrier includes a plurality of columns 10 (only two are shown in Fig. 1), a plurality of locking assemblies 20, and a plastic bumper 30.
  • the plastic bumper plate 30 is integrally formed of a plastic material and has a longitudinal shape as a whole, and includes a mounting plate body 31, a buffer portion 32 and a connecting plate body 33.
  • the mounting plate body 31 and the connecting plate body 33 are both protected by plastic.
  • the longitudinal direction of the striker plate 30 is a hollow cylinder extending longitudinally of the plastic bumper plate 30.
  • the mounting plate body 31 and the buffer portion 32 are spaced apart from each other along the lateral direction of the plastic bumper plate 30 and are connected by The plate body 33 is connected, and the plurality of uprights 10 are arranged along the longitudinal interval of the plastic bumper plate 30, and the plastic bumper plate 30 is mounted to the upright 10 by the lock assembly 20.
  • the buffer portion 32 of the plastic bumper plate 30 is spaced apart from the column 10, and when the vehicle collides with the plastic bumper plate 3, the impact on the column 10 can be slowed down.
  • the locking assembly 20 includes a bolt 21 and a rubber spacer 22.
  • the rubber gasket 22 has an elliptical racetrack shape, and includes opposite end faces 221 and a peripheral surface 222 connected between the end faces 221, and a central portion of the rubber gasket 22 is axially opened through the two
  • the through hole 223 of the end surface 221 defines an annular groove 224 on the circumferential surface 222, and two flanges 225 are respectively formed on two sides of the groove 224.
  • the mounting post 11 of the plastic anti-collision plate 30 is provided with an elliptical race-shaped fixing hole 311, and the longitudinal direction of the fixing hole 311 is plastic.
  • the longitudinal direction of the crash plate 30 is parallel, and the size of the fixing hole 311 is smaller than the size of the flange 225 of the rubber gasket 22.
  • the rubber gasket 22 is disposed in the fixing hole 311 of the plastic bumper plate 30, and the two flanges 225 of the rubber gasket 22 respectively abut against the plastic bumper plate 30.
  • the bolt 21 includes a screw 211 and a nut 212.
  • the screw 211 passes through the through hole 223 of the rubber gasket 22 and the mounting hole 11 on the column 10 to mount the plastic bumper plate 30 to the column 10.
  • One end of the screw 211 not screwed to the nut 212 has a head 213, and the head 213 is pressed against the rubber spacer 22, and the outer diameter of the head 213 is larger than the flange of the rubber spacer 22.
  • the outer diameter of 225 is provided with annular projections 226.
  • the buffer portion 32 of the plastic bumper plate 30 is a hollow circular cylinder.
  • Two buffer portions 32 are respectively disposed on two sides of the longitudinal direction of the mounting plate body 31, and two sides of the longitudinal direction of the mounting plate body 31 are respectively connected to the two buffer portions 32 through the connecting plate body 33.
  • the plastic bumper plate 30 has opposite first and second sides. When the plastic bumper plate 30 is mounted on the column 10, the first side and the second side respectively face the column 10 and the back column 10 (ie, facing the side of the road surface), the mounting plate body 31 has a flat shape, and the connecting plate body 33 is curved in a shape curved toward the second side of the plastic impact plate.
  • the collision barrier includes a plurality of columns 10 (only two are shown in Fig. 6), a plurality of locking assemblies 20, and a plastic bumper 30a.
  • the plastic bumper plate 30a is integrally formed of a plastic material and has an elongated shape as a whole, and includes a mounting plate body 31a, a buffer portion 32a, and a connecting plate body 33a. The mounting plate body 31a and the connecting plate body 33a are both protected by plastic.
  • the buffer portion 32a is a hollow cylinder extending longitudinally along the plastic bumper plate 30a, and the mounting plate body 31a and the buffer portion 32a are spaced apart from each other along the lateral direction of the plastic bumper plate 30a and connected by The plate body 33a is connected, and the plurality of uprights 10 are arranged along the longitudinal interval of the plastic bumper plate 30a, and the plastic bumper plate 30a is mounted to the upright 10 by the lock assembly 20.
  • the difference between the crash barrier of the present embodiment and the crash barrier of the first embodiment is that the structure of the plastic bumper 30a is different.
  • the two sides of the buffer portion 32 of the plastic bumper plate 30a are respectively provided with two mounting plate bodies 31a, and the two opposite outer sides of the buffering portion 32 are respectively installed through the connecting plate body 33a and the two sides.
  • the board body 31a is connected.
  • the mounting hole 11 of each of the mounting plate bodies 31a of the plastic bumper plate 30a corresponding to the column 10 is provided with an elliptical racetrack-shaped fixing hole 311a.
  • FIGS. 10 to 13 A third embodiment of the crash barrier of the present invention is shown in FIGS. 10 to 13.
  • the crash barrier includes a plurality of uprights 10 (only two are shown in FIG. 6), a plurality of locking assemblies 20, and a plastic bumper 30b.
  • the plastic bumper plate 30b is integrally formed of a plastic material and has an elongated shape as a whole, and includes a mounting plate body 31b, a buffer portion 32b and a connecting plate body 33b. The mounting plate body 31b and the connecting plate body 33b are both protected by plastic.
  • the buffer portion 32b is a hollow cylinder extending longitudinally along the plastic bumper plate 30b, and the mounting plate body 31b and the buffer portion 32b are spaced apart from each other along the lateral direction of the plastic bumper plate 30b and are connected by
  • the plate body 33b is connected, the plurality of columns 10 are arranged along the longitudinal spacing of the plastic bumper plates 30b, and the plastic bumper plates 30b are mounted to the uprights 10 by the locking assembly 20.
  • the difference between the crash barrier of this embodiment and the crash barrier of the first embodiment is that the structure of the plastic bumper 30b is different.
  • the number of the mounting plate bodies 31b of the plastic bumper plate 30b is two, which are respectively located on two opposite longitudinal sides of the plastic bumper plate 30b, and two between the two mounting plate bodies 31 are disposed.
  • Each of the buffer portions 32b is connected to the corresponding mounting plate body 31b and the adjacent other buffer portion 32b via the connecting plate body 33b on both sides in the longitudinal direction of each of the buffer portions 32b.
  • the mounting hole 11 of each of the mounting plate bodies 31b of the plastic bumper plate 30b corresponding to the column 10 is provided with an elliptical racetrack-shaped fixing hole 311b.
  • the plastic bumper plate 30 may also be provided with a reinforcing plate body opposite to the mounting plate body 31 on the second side thereof to enhance the impact resistance of the plastic bumper plate 30.
  • FIG. 14 shows a fourth embodiment of the plastic bumper plate of the present invention.
  • the structure of the plastic bumper plate 30c is substantially the same as that of the plastic bumper plate 30 shown in FIG. The difference is:
  • the buffer portion 32c of the plastic bumper plate 30c is a hollow rectangular cylinder.
  • FIG. 15 shows a fifth embodiment of the plastic bumper plate of the present invention.
  • the structure of the plastic bumper plate 30d is substantially the same as that of the plastic bumper plate 30 shown in FIG. The difference is:
  • the buffer portion 32d of the plastic bumper plate 30d is a hollow irregular-shaped cylinder.
  • FIG. 16 shows a sixth embodiment of the plastic bumper plate of the present invention.
  • the structure of the plastic bumper plate 30e is substantially the same as that of the plastic bumper plate 30 shown in FIG. The difference is that in the present embodiment, the plastic bumper plate 30e is provided with a reinforcing plate body 34 opposite to the mounting plate body 31 on the second side thereof.
  • the reinforcing plate body opposed to the mounting plate body 31 may be provided on the second side as well.
  • FIG. 17 shows a seventh embodiment of the plastic bumper plate of the present invention.
  • the structure of the plastic bumper plate 30f is substantially the same as that of the plastic bumper plate 30a shown in FIG. The difference is:
  • the buffer portion 32f of the plastic impact plate 30f is a hollow rectangular cylinder.
  • the structure of the plastic bumper plate 30g is substantially the same as that of the plastic bumper plate 30a shown in FIG. The difference is that: in this embodiment, the buffer portion 32g of the plastic bumper plate 30g is a hollow trapezoidal column. Body.
  • FIG. 19 shows a ninth embodiment of the plastic bumper plate of the present invention.
  • the structure of the plastic bumper plate 30h is substantially the same as that of the plastic bumper plate 30a shown in FIG. The difference is:
  • the buffer portion 32h of the plastic bumper plate 30h is a hollow triangular cylinder.
  • FIG. 20 shows a tenth embodiment of the plastic bumper plate of the present invention.
  • the structure of the plastic bumper plate 30i is substantially the same as that of the plastic bumper plate 30a shown in FIG. The difference is:
  • the buffer portion 32i of the plastic bumper plate 30i is a hollow irregular-shaped cylinder.
  • FIG. 21 shows an eleventh embodiment of the plastic bumper plate of the present invention.
  • the structure of the plastic bumper plate 30j is substantially the same as that of the plastic bumper plate 30b shown in FIG. The difference is that in the present embodiment, the connecting plate body 33j connected between the adjacent two buffer portions 32 of the plastic bumper plate 30j is curved toward the first side of the plastic bumper plate 30j.
  • FIG. 22 shows a twelfth embodiment of the plastic bumper plate of the present invention.
  • the structure of the plastic bumper plate 30k is substantially the same as that of the plastic bumper plate 30b shown in FIG. The difference is that, in this embodiment, the connecting plate body 33k connected between the adjacent two buffer portions 32 of the plastic bumper plate 30j is U-shaped that protrudes toward the second side of the plastic bumper plate 30k.
  • FIG. 23 shows a thirteenth embodiment of the plastic bumper plate of the present invention.
  • the structure of the plastic bumper plate 30m is substantially the same as that of the plastic bumper plate 30b shown in FIG. The difference is that, in this embodiment, the connecting plate body 33m connected between the adjacent two buffer portions 32 of the plastic bumper plate 30m is U-shaped that protrudes toward the first side of the plastic bumper plate 30m.
  • the plastic anti-collision board of the invention is made of plastic material, has the advantages of light weight, convenient processing, transportation and installation, low cost, recyclability and long life, and long life; and the plastic is provided by a hollow cylindrical buffer portion
  • the anti-collision plate not only has certain elasticity, but also has a certain strength, thereby improving the impact resistance of the plastic anti-collision plate and high safety; the plastic anti-collision plate can be extruded by plastic using an extruder, thereby realizing Automated, continuous production, high production efficiency, and can be cut to any length according to actual needs during use, which is extremely convenient to use.
  • the crash barrier of the present invention adopts a plastic bumper plate, which not only has the above advantages, but also has other advantages, for example, by spacing the buffer portion of the plastic bumper plate and the column, when the vehicle and the plastic bumper plate When an impact occurs, the impact on the column can be slowed down, so that the column is not easily slanted and the safety is improved.
  • the rubber gasket when the vehicle collides with the plastic collision plate, the collision between the vehicle and the plastic can be alleviated. The impact between the plates, thereby effectively reducing the damage of the accident to the vehicle, the human body, and slowing the impact on the column.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Wood Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Vibration Dampers (AREA)
  • Refuge Islands, Traffic Blockers, Or Guard Fence (AREA)

Abstract

Disclosed are a plastic crash plate (30) and a crash barrier. The crash plate (30) is integrally made of a plastic material and generally exhibits a longitudinally elongated shape. The crash plate comprises a plate-mounting body (31), a buffer part (32), and a plate-connecting body (33). Both the plate-mounting body (31) and the plate-connecting body (33) extend in the longitudinal direction of the plastic crash plate (30). The buffer part (32) is a hollow cylinder extending in the longitudinal direction along the plastic crash plate (30). The plate-mounting body (31) and the buffer part (32) are provided in a space in the transverse direction along the plastic crash plate (30) and are connected to each other via the plate-connecting body (33). The plastic crash plate (30) has the advantages of being low cost, suitable for mass production, light-weight, and having a long service life, good impact resistance, and a high level of safety. A crash barrier using the above-mentioned crash plate (30) can be widely applied to safety and protection at the verges of highways and bridges.

Description

防撞栏及其塑料防撞板 技术领域  Anti-collision bar and plastic anti-collision plate
本发明涉及一种道路安全防护设施, 尤其涉及一种用于道路的防撞栏 及其塑料防撞板。 背景技术  The present invention relates to a road safety protection device, and more particularly to an anti-collision bar for a road and a plastic anti-collision plate. Background technique
防撞栏作为公路及桥梁的重要安全防护设施, 能有效阻止车辆沖出, 减少交通事故损失, 已经得到广泛应用。 防撞栏通常包括防撞板、 及用于 安装防撞板的立柱。 现有的防撞栏的防撞板通常采用镀辞钢板, 由此产生 的问题包括: 1、 钢板易氧化生锈; 2、 容易刮伤汽车; 3、 重量重, 生 产、 运输及安装成本比较高; 4、 生产过程容易产生污染; 5、 由钢板制成 的防撞板硬度过高而弹性不足, 导致緩和沖击的能力小, 无法有效减小事 故对车辆、 人体的伤害。 为解决上述问题, 目前也出现了采用塑料制作的 防撞板, 但是, 现有防撞板多为波浪形板, 其抗沖击性不好, 使用寿命较 短。 发明内容  As an important safety protection device for roads and bridges, the crash barrier can effectively prevent vehicles from rushing out and reduce traffic accident losses. It has been widely used. The crash barrier typically includes a crash panel and a post for mounting the bumper. The anti-collision plates of the existing anti-collision bars are usually made of plated steel plates, and the problems arising therefrom include: 1. The steel plate is easy to oxidize and rust; 2. It is easy to scratch the car; 3. Heavy weight, production, transportation and installation cost comparison High; 4, the production process is prone to pollution; 5, the impact plate made of steel plate is too high and the elasticity is insufficient, resulting in a small ability to mitigate the impact, can not effectively reduce the damage to the vehicle and the human body. In order to solve the above problems, anti-collision plates made of plastic have also appeared. However, the existing anti-collision plates are mostly wave-shaped plates, which have poor impact resistance and short service life. Summary of the invention
因此, 本发明的目的在于提供一种塑料防撞板, 其成本低、 适合大量 生产、 重量轻、 寿命长、 抗沖击性好、 安全性高。  Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a plastic bumper which is low in cost, suitable for mass production, light in weight, long in life, good in impact resistance, and high in safety.
本发明的另一目的在于提供一种防撞栏, 其采用的塑料防撞板具有成 本低、 适合大量生产、 重量轻、 寿命长、 抗沖击性好、 安全性高等优点, 且该防撞栏安装方便。  Another object of the present invention is to provide a crash barrier which has the advantages of low cost, high mass production, light weight, long life, good impact resistance, high safety, and the like. The column is easy to install.
为实现上述目的, 本发明提供一种塑料防撞板, 所述塑料防撞板由塑 料材质一体制成, 整体呈纵长形, 包括安装板体、 緩沖部及连接板体, 所 述安装板体与连接板体均沿塑料防撞板的纵向延伸, 所述緩沖部为沿塑料 防撞板纵向延伸的中空柱体, 所述安装板体与緩沖部沿塑料防撞板的横向 呈间隔设置并通过连接板体进行连接。  In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides a plastic bumper plate which is integrally formed of a plastic material and has an elongated shape as a whole, and includes a mounting plate body, a buffer portion and a connecting plate body, and the mounting plate The body and the connecting plate body both extend along the longitudinal direction of the plastic bumper plate, the buffering portion is a hollow cylinder extending longitudinally along the plastic bumper plate, and the mounting plate body and the buffering portion are spaced apart along the lateral direction of the plastic bumper plate. And connected by connecting the plate body.
其中, 所述緩沖部为中空的圓形柱体、 矩形柱体、 梯形柱体、 三角形 柱体或不规则形柱体。  The buffer portion is a hollow circular cylinder, a rectangular cylinder, a trapezoidal cylinder, a triangular cylinder or an irregular cylinder.
其中, 所述安装板体纵向的两侧分别设有两緩沖部, 所述安装板体纵 向的两侧分别通过连接板体与所述两緩沖部连接。  The two sides of the longitudinal direction of the mounting plate body are respectively provided with two buffer portions, and the two sides of the longitudinal direction of the mounting plate body are respectively connected to the two buffer portions through the connecting plate body.
其中, 所述塑料防撞板具有相对的第一侧与第二侧, 安装所述塑料防 撞板于立柱上时, 所述第一侧与第二侧分别朝向立柱与背向立柱, 所述安 装板体为平板状, 所述连接板体为朝向所述塑料防撞板的第二侧弯曲的弧 形, 所述塑料防撞板于所述第二侧设有与安装板体相对的加强板体, 所述 加强板体连接于安装板体两侧的连接体板的中部之间。 Wherein the plastic bumper has opposite first and second sides, and the plastic protection is installed When the striker is on the column, the first side and the second side are respectively facing the column and the back column, the mounting plate body is a flat plate shape, and the connecting plate body is facing the second side of the plastic bumper plate The curved plastic plate has a reinforcing plate body opposite to the mounting plate body on the second side, and the reinforcing plate body is connected between the middle portions of the connecting body plates on both sides of the mounting plate body.
其中, 所述緩沖部纵向的两侧分别设有两安装板体, 所述緩沖部纵向 相对的两外侧分别通过连接板体与所述两安装板体连接。  The two sides of the buffer portion are respectively disposed on the two sides of the longitudinal direction of the buffer portion, and the two outer sides of the buffer portion are respectively connected to the two mounting plates through the connecting plate body.
其中, 所述安装板体的数目为两个, 分别位于所述塑料防撞板纵向相 对的两侧, 所述两安装板体之间设有两个緩沖部, 每一緩沖部纵向的两侧 通过连接板体分别与对应的安装板体及相邻的另一緩沖部连接。  The number of the mounting plate bodies is two, respectively located on opposite sides of the longitudinal direction of the plastic bumper plate, and two buffer portions are disposed between the two mounting plate bodies, and two sides of each buffer portion are longitudinally The connection plate body is respectively connected to the corresponding mounting plate body and the adjacent another buffer portion.
为实现上述目的, 本发明还提供一种防撞栏, 所述防撞栏包括数根立 柱、 数个锁固组件、 及上述的塑料防撞板, 所述数根立柱沿所述塑料防撞 板的纵向间隔排列, 所述塑料防撞板通过所述锁固组件安装到所述立柱 上。  In order to achieve the above object, the present invention also provides a crash barrier comprising a plurality of uprights, a plurality of locking components, and the above-mentioned plastic bumper, the plurality of pillars along the plastic collision avoidance The plates are longitudinally spaced apart and the plastic bumper plates are mounted to the uprights by the locking assembly.
其中, 所述塑料防撞板的緩沖部与立柱之间呈间隔设置。  Wherein, the buffer portion of the plastic bumper plate is disposed at an interval from the column.
其中, 所述锁固组件包括螺栓及橡胶垫片, 所述橡胶垫片呈橢圓跑道 形, 包括相对的两端面、 及连接于所述两端面之间的周面, 所述橡胶垫片 的中部沿轴向开设有贯通所述两端面的通孔, 所述橡胶垫片于所述周面上 开设有环形的凹槽, 并于所述凹槽的两侧分别形成两凸缘, 所述立柱上设 有安装孔, 所述塑料防撞板的安装板体上对应立柱的安装孔设有橢圓跑道 形的固定孔, 所述固定孔的纵向与塑料防撞板的纵向平行, 所述固定孔的 尺寸小于所述橡胶垫片的凸缘的尺寸, 所述橡胶垫片设于塑料防撞板的固 定孔内, 且所述橡胶垫片的两凸缘分别抵靠在塑料防撞板的安装板体的两 侧面上, 所述螺栓包括螺杆与螺帽, 所述螺杆穿过橡胶垫片的通孔及立柱 上的安装孔而将塑料防撞板安装至立柱上。  Wherein, the locking component comprises a bolt and a rubber gasket, wherein the rubber gasket has an elliptical racetrack shape, comprising opposite end faces, and a circumferential surface connected between the end faces, the middle of the rubber gasket a through hole penetrating the two end faces is formed in the axial direction, the rubber gasket is provided with an annular groove on the circumferential surface, and two flanges are respectively formed on two sides of the groove, the column A mounting hole is disposed on the mounting plate of the plastic bumper plate, and a mounting hole corresponding to the column is provided with an elliptical racetrack-shaped fixing hole, and a longitudinal direction of the fixing hole is parallel to a longitudinal direction of the plastic anti-collision plate, and the fixing hole is The size of the rubber gasket is smaller than the size of the flange of the rubber gasket, and the rubber gasket is disposed in the fixing hole of the plastic bumper plate, and the two flanges of the rubber gasket are respectively abutted against the plastic bumper plate. On both sides of the plate body, the bolt includes a screw and a nut, and the screw passes through the through hole of the rubber gasket and the mounting hole on the column to mount the plastic bumper plate to the column.
其中, 所述橡胶垫片的两端面的外缘设有环形的凸起。  Wherein, the outer edges of the end faces of the rubber gasket are provided with annular protrusions.
本发明的有益效果: 本发明的塑料防撞板, 采用塑料材质制成, 具有 重量轻、 加工、 运输及安装方便、 成本低、 可回收再利用、 寿命长等优 点; 通过设置中空柱体状的緩沖部, 使塑料防撞板不仅具有一定的弹性, 而且具有一定的强度, 从而提高塑料防撞板的抗沖击性, 安全性高; 所述 塑料防撞板可通过塑料采用挤塑机挤出成型, 从而实现自动化、 连续化生 产, 生产效率高, 且使用时可按实际需要进行任意长度裁割, 使用极其方 便; 本发明的防撞栏, 采用塑料防撞板, 不仅具有上述优点, 而且还具有 其他优点, 例如, 通过将塑料防撞板的緩沖部与立柱之间呈间隔设置, 当 车辆与塑料防撞板发生撞击时, 可减緩对立柱的沖击, 使得立柱不至于被 轻易撞斜, 提高安全性; 通过设置橡胶垫片, 当车辆与塑料防撞板发生撞 击时, 可緩和车辆与塑料防撞板之间的沖击, 从而有效减小事故对车辆、 人体的伤害, 以及减緩对立柱的沖击。 参阅以下有关本发明的详细说月与附图, 相^ ^本发明的目的、 特征与特 点, 应当可由此得到深入且具体的了解, 然而附图仅提供参考与说明用, 并非用来对本发明加以限制。 附图说明 The invention has the advantages of light weight, convenient processing, transportation and installation, low cost, recyclability and long life, and long life; The buffering portion makes the plastic anti-collision plate not only have certain elasticity, but also has a certain strength, thereby improving the impact resistance of the plastic anti-collision plate and high safety; the plastic anti-collision plate can be extruded by plastic. Extrusion molding, thereby achieving automatic and continuous production, high production efficiency, and can be cut to any length according to actual needs during use, and is extremely convenient to use; the anti-collision bar of the invention adopts a plastic anti-collision plate, which not only has the above advantages , but also has other advantages, for example, by spacing the buffer portion of the plastic bumper plate and the column, when the vehicle collides with the plastic bumper plate, the impact on the column can be slowed down, so that the column does not Be Easy to slant and improve safety; By setting rubber gaskets, when the vehicle collides with the plastic bumper, the impact between the vehicle and the plastic bumper can be alleviated, thus effectively reducing the damage of the vehicle to the human body. , and slow the impact on the column. The detailed description of the present invention and the accompanying drawings, which are to be regarded as Limit it. DRAWINGS
下面结合附图, 通过对本发明的具体实施方式详细描述, 将使本发明 的技术方案及其他有益效果显而易见。  The technical solutions and other advantageous effects of the present invention will be apparent from the following detailed description of the embodiments of the invention.
附图中,  In the drawings,
图 1为本发明防撞栏第一实施例的立体组装示意图;  1 is a perspective assembled view of a first embodiment of a crash barrier of the present invention;
图 2为图 1所示防撞栏的正面视图;  Figure 2 is a front elevational view of the crash barrier of Figure 1;
图 3为图 2所示防撞栏沿 A-A线的剖视放大图;  Figure 3 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the crash barrier of Figure 2 taken along line A-A;
图 4为图 3中 B处的放大图;  Figure 4 is an enlarged view of B in Figure 3;
图 5为图 4中橡胶垫片的立体放大图;  Figure 5 is a perspective enlarged view of the rubber gasket of Figure 4;
图 6为本发明防撞栏第二实施例的立体组装示意图;  6 is a perspective assembled view of a second embodiment of the crash barrier of the present invention;
图 7为图 6所示防撞栏的正面视图;  Figure 7 is a front elevational view of the crash barrier of Figure 6;
图 8为图 7所示防撞栏沿 C-C线的剖视放大图;  Figure 8 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the crash barrier of Figure 7 taken along line C-C;
图 9为图 8中 D处的放大图;  Figure 9 is an enlarged view of D in Figure 8;
图 10为本发明防撞栏第三实施例的立体组装示意图;  10 is a perspective assembled view of a third embodiment of the crash barrier of the present invention;
图 11为图 10所示防撞栏的正面视图;  Figure 11 is a front elevational view of the crash barrier of Figure 10;
图 12为图 11所示防撞栏沿 E-E线的剖视放大图;  Figure 12 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the crash barrier of Figure 11 taken along line E-E;
图 13为图 12中 F处的放大图;  Figure 13 is an enlarged view of the portion F in Figure 12;
图 14为本发明塑料防撞板的第四实施例侧视图;  Figure 14 is a side view showing a fourth embodiment of the plastic bumper of the present invention;
图 15为本发明塑料防撞板的第五实施例侧视图;  Figure 15 is a side view of a fifth embodiment of the plastic bumper of the present invention;
图 16为本发明塑料防撞板的第六实施例侧视图;  Figure 16 is a side view showing a sixth embodiment of the plastic bumper of the present invention;
图 17为本发明塑料防撞板的第七实施例侧视图;  Figure 17 is a side view showing a seventh embodiment of the plastic bumper of the present invention;
图 18为本发明塑料防撞板的第八实施例侧视图;  Figure 18 is a side view showing an eighth embodiment of the plastic bumper of the present invention;
图 19为本发明塑料防撞板的第九实施例侧视图;  Figure 19 is a side view of a ninth embodiment of the plastic bumper of the present invention;
图 20为本发明塑料防撞板的第十实施例侧视图;  Figure 20 is a side view showing a tenth embodiment of the plastic bumper of the present invention;
图 21为本发明塑料防撞板的第十一实施例侧视图;  Figure 21 is a side view showing an eleventh embodiment of the plastic bumper of the present invention;
图 22为本发明塑料防撞板的第十二实施例侧视图; 图 23为本发明塑料防撞板的第十三实施例侧视图。 具体实施方式 Figure 22 is a side view of a twelfth embodiment of a plastic bumper plate of the present invention; Figure 23 is a side elevational view of a thirteenth embodiment of a plastic bumper plate of the present invention. detailed description
如图 1-23所示, 本发明的防撞栏包括数根立柱、 数个锁固组件、 及塑 料防撞板, 所述塑料防撞板由塑料材质一体制成, 整体呈纵长形, 包括安 装板体、 緩沖部及连接板体, 所述安装板体与连接板体均沿塑料防撞板的 纵向延伸, 所述緩沖部为沿塑料防撞板纵向延伸的中空柱体, 所述安装板 体与緩沖部沿塑料防撞板的横向呈间隔设置并通过连接板体进行连接, 所 述数根立柱沿所述塑料防撞板的纵向间隔排列, 所述塑料防撞板通过所述 锁固组件安装到所述立柱上。  As shown in FIG. 1-23, the crash barrier of the present invention comprises a plurality of columns, a plurality of locking components, and a plastic bumper plate. The plastic bumper plate is integrally formed of a plastic material, and has a longitudinal shape as a whole. The mounting plate body, the buffering portion and the connecting plate body, the mounting plate body and the connecting plate body both extend along the longitudinal direction of the plastic bumper plate, and the buffering portion is a hollow cylinder extending longitudinally along the plastic bumper plate, The mounting plate body and the buffering portion are disposed at intervals along the lateral direction of the plastic bumper plate and are connected by the connecting plate body, the plurality of columns are arranged along the longitudinal interval of the plastic bumper plate, and the plastic bumper plate passes the A locking assembly is mounted to the post.
本发明的防撞栏可广泛用于公路、 桥梁等的边缘以进行安全防护, 能 有效阻止车辆沖出, 减少交通事故损失。  The crash barrier of the invention can be widely used for the edge of roads, bridges, etc. for safety protection, can effectively prevent vehicles from rushing out, and reduce traffic accident losses.
以下通过优选实施例对本发明的防撞栏作进一步详细说明与描述。 如图 1至图 5所示为本发明防撞栏的第一实施例。 本实施例中, 防撞 栏包括数根立柱 10 (图 1 中仅示出两根) 、 数个锁固组件 20、 及塑料防 撞板 30。 所述塑料防撞板 30 由塑料材质一体制成, 整体呈纵长形, 包括 安装板体 31、 緩沖部 32及连接板体 33 , 所述安装板体 31与连接板体 33 均沿塑料防撞板 30的纵向延伸, 所述緩沖部 32为沿塑料防撞板 30纵向 延伸的中空柱体, 所述安装板体 31 与緩沖部 32沿塑料防撞板 30的横向 呈间隔设置并通过连接板体 33进行连接, 所述数根立柱 10沿所述塑料防 撞板 30的纵向间隔排列, 所述塑料防撞板 30通过所述锁固组件 20安装 到所述立柱 10上。  The crash barrier of the present invention will be further described and described in detail below by way of preferred embodiments. 1 to 5 show a first embodiment of the crash barrier of the present invention. In this embodiment, the collision barrier includes a plurality of columns 10 (only two are shown in Fig. 1), a plurality of locking assemblies 20, and a plastic bumper 30. The plastic bumper plate 30 is integrally formed of a plastic material and has a longitudinal shape as a whole, and includes a mounting plate body 31, a buffer portion 32 and a connecting plate body 33. The mounting plate body 31 and the connecting plate body 33 are both protected by plastic. The longitudinal direction of the striker plate 30 is a hollow cylinder extending longitudinally of the plastic bumper plate 30. The mounting plate body 31 and the buffer portion 32 are spaced apart from each other along the lateral direction of the plastic bumper plate 30 and are connected by The plate body 33 is connected, and the plurality of uprights 10 are arranged along the longitudinal interval of the plastic bumper plate 30, and the plastic bumper plate 30 is mounted to the upright 10 by the lock assembly 20.
所述塑料防撞板 30的緩沖部 32与立柱 10之间呈间隔设置, 当车辆 与塑料防撞板 3发生撞击时, 可减緩对立柱 10的沖击。  The buffer portion 32 of the plastic bumper plate 30 is spaced apart from the column 10, and when the vehicle collides with the plastic bumper plate 3, the impact on the column 10 can be slowed down.
如图 3至图 5所示, 所述锁固组件 20包括螺栓 21及橡胶垫片 22。 所 述橡胶垫片 22呈橢圓跑道形, 包括相对的两端面 221、 及连接于所述两端 面 221之间的周面 222, 所述橡胶垫片 22的中部沿轴向开设有贯通所述两 端面 221的通孔 223 , 所述橡胶垫片 22于所述周面 222上开设有环形的凹 槽 224 , 并于所述凹槽 224的两侧分别形成两凸缘 225。  As shown in FIGS. 3 to 5, the locking assembly 20 includes a bolt 21 and a rubber spacer 22. The rubber gasket 22 has an elliptical racetrack shape, and includes opposite end faces 221 and a peripheral surface 222 connected between the end faces 221, and a central portion of the rubber gasket 22 is axially opened through the two The through hole 223 of the end surface 221 defines an annular groove 224 on the circumferential surface 222, and two flanges 225 are respectively formed on two sides of the groove 224.
所述立柱 10上设有安装孔 11 , 所述塑料防撞板 30的安装板体 31上 对应立柱 10的安装孔 11设有橢圓跑道形的固定孔 311 , 所述固定孔 311 的纵向与塑料防撞板 30 的纵向平行, 所述固定孔 311 的尺寸小于所述橡 胶垫片 22的凸缘 225的尺寸。 所述橡胶垫片 22设于塑料防撞板 30的固 定孔 311 内, 且所述橡胶垫片 22的两凸缘 225分别抵靠在塑料防撞板 30 的安装板体 31的两侧面上。 所述螺栓 21 包括螺杆 211与螺帽 212, 所述 螺杆 211穿过橡胶垫片 22的通孔 223及立柱 10上的安装孔 11而将塑料 防撞板 30安装至立柱 10上。 所述螺杆 211未与螺帽 212螺接的一端具有 头部 213 , 所述头部 213 4氏压在橡胶垫片 22上, 且所述头部 213的外径大 于橡胶垫片 22的凸缘 225的外径。 另外, 所述橡胶垫片 22的两端面 221 的外缘设有环形的凸起 226。 The mounting post 11 of the plastic anti-collision plate 30 is provided with an elliptical race-shaped fixing hole 311, and the longitudinal direction of the fixing hole 311 is plastic. The longitudinal direction of the crash plate 30 is parallel, and the size of the fixing hole 311 is smaller than the size of the flange 225 of the rubber gasket 22. The rubber gasket 22 is disposed in the fixing hole 311 of the plastic bumper plate 30, and the two flanges 225 of the rubber gasket 22 respectively abut against the plastic bumper plate 30. Mounting on both sides of the plate body 31. The bolt 21 includes a screw 211 and a nut 212. The screw 211 passes through the through hole 223 of the rubber gasket 22 and the mounting hole 11 on the column 10 to mount the plastic bumper plate 30 to the column 10. One end of the screw 211 not screwed to the nut 212 has a head 213, and the head 213 is pressed against the rubber spacer 22, and the outer diameter of the head 213 is larger than the flange of the rubber spacer 22. The outer diameter of 225. In addition, the outer edges of the end faces 221 of the rubber spacer 22 are provided with annular projections 226.
特别地, 在本实施例中, 所述塑料防撞板 30的緩沖部 32为中空的圓 形柱体。 所述安装板体 31 纵向的两侧分别设有两緩沖部 32, 所述安装板 体 31纵向的两侧分别通过连接板体 33与所述两緩沖部 32连接。 所述塑 料防撞板 30具有相对的第一侧与第二侧, 安装所述塑料防撞板 30于立柱 10上时, 所述第一侧与第二侧分别朝向立柱 10与背向立柱 10 (即朝向路 面一侧) , 所述安装板体 31为平板状, 所述连接板体 33为朝向所述塑料 防撞板的第二侧弯曲的弧形。  In particular, in the present embodiment, the buffer portion 32 of the plastic bumper plate 30 is a hollow circular cylinder. Two buffer portions 32 are respectively disposed on two sides of the longitudinal direction of the mounting plate body 31, and two sides of the longitudinal direction of the mounting plate body 31 are respectively connected to the two buffer portions 32 through the connecting plate body 33. The plastic bumper plate 30 has opposite first and second sides. When the plastic bumper plate 30 is mounted on the column 10, the first side and the second side respectively face the column 10 and the back column 10 (ie, facing the side of the road surface), the mounting plate body 31 has a flat shape, and the connecting plate body 33 is curved in a shape curved toward the second side of the plastic impact plate.
如图 6至图 9所示为本发明防撞栏的第二实施例。 本实施例中, 防撞 栏包括数根立柱 10 (图 6 中仅示出两根) 、 数个锁固组件 20、 及塑料防 撞板 30a。 所述塑料防撞板 30a 由塑料材质一体制成, 整体呈纵长形, 包 括安装板体 31a、 緩沖部 32a及连接板体 33a, 所述安装板体 31a与连接板 体 33a均沿塑料防撞板 30a的纵向延伸, 所述緩沖部 32a为沿塑料防撞板 30a纵向延伸的中空柱体, 所述安装板体 31a与緩沖部 32a沿塑料防撞板 30a的横向呈间隔设置并通过连接板体 33a进行连接, 所述数根立柱 10沿 所述塑料防撞板 30a的纵向间隔排列, 所述塑料防撞板 30a通过所述锁固 组件 20安装到所述立柱 10上。  A second embodiment of the crash barrier of the present invention is shown in Figs. 6 to 9. In this embodiment, the collision barrier includes a plurality of columns 10 (only two are shown in Fig. 6), a plurality of locking assemblies 20, and a plastic bumper 30a. The plastic bumper plate 30a is integrally formed of a plastic material and has an elongated shape as a whole, and includes a mounting plate body 31a, a buffer portion 32a, and a connecting plate body 33a. The mounting plate body 31a and the connecting plate body 33a are both protected by plastic. a longitudinal extension of the striker plate 30a, the buffer portion 32a is a hollow cylinder extending longitudinally along the plastic bumper plate 30a, and the mounting plate body 31a and the buffer portion 32a are spaced apart from each other along the lateral direction of the plastic bumper plate 30a and connected by The plate body 33a is connected, and the plurality of uprights 10 are arranged along the longitudinal interval of the plastic bumper plate 30a, and the plastic bumper plate 30a is mounted to the upright 10 by the lock assembly 20.
本实施例的防撞栏与第一实施例的防撞栏之间的区别在于塑料防撞板 30a的结构不同。 本实施例中, 所述塑料防撞板 30a的緩沖部 32纵向的两 侧分别设有两安装板体 31a, 所述緩沖部 32纵向相对的两外侧分别通过连 接板体 33a与所述两安装板体 31a连接。 所述塑料防撞板 30a的每一安装 板体 31a上对应立柱 10的安装孔 11设有橢圓跑道形的固定孔 311a。  The difference between the crash barrier of the present embodiment and the crash barrier of the first embodiment is that the structure of the plastic bumper 30a is different. In this embodiment, the two sides of the buffer portion 32 of the plastic bumper plate 30a are respectively provided with two mounting plate bodies 31a, and the two opposite outer sides of the buffering portion 32 are respectively installed through the connecting plate body 33a and the two sides. The board body 31a is connected. The mounting hole 11 of each of the mounting plate bodies 31a of the plastic bumper plate 30a corresponding to the column 10 is provided with an elliptical racetrack-shaped fixing hole 311a.
如图 10至图 13所示为本发明防撞栏的第三实施例。 本实施例中, 防 撞栏包括数根立柱 10 (图 6 中仅示出两根) 、 数个锁固组件 20、 及塑料 防撞板 30b。 所述塑料防撞板 30b 由塑料材质一体制成, 整体呈纵长形, 包括安装板体 31b, 緩沖部 32b及连接板体 33b, 所述安装板体 31b与连 接板体 33b均沿塑料防撞板 30b的纵向延伸, 所述緩沖部 32b为沿塑料防 撞板 30b纵向延伸的中空柱体, 所述安装板体 31b与緩沖部 32b沿塑料防 撞板 30b的横向呈间隔设置并通过连接板体 33b进行连接, 所述数根立柱 10沿所述塑料防撞板 30b的纵向间隔排列, 所述塑料防撞板 30b通过所述 锁固组件 20安装到所述立柱 10上。 A third embodiment of the crash barrier of the present invention is shown in FIGS. 10 to 13. In this embodiment, the crash barrier includes a plurality of uprights 10 (only two are shown in FIG. 6), a plurality of locking assemblies 20, and a plastic bumper 30b. The plastic bumper plate 30b is integrally formed of a plastic material and has an elongated shape as a whole, and includes a mounting plate body 31b, a buffer portion 32b and a connecting plate body 33b. The mounting plate body 31b and the connecting plate body 33b are both protected by plastic. a longitudinal extension of the striker plate 30b, the buffer portion 32b is a hollow cylinder extending longitudinally along the plastic bumper plate 30b, and the mounting plate body 31b and the buffer portion 32b are spaced apart from each other along the lateral direction of the plastic bumper plate 30b and are connected by The plate body 33b is connected, the plurality of columns 10 are arranged along the longitudinal spacing of the plastic bumper plates 30b, and the plastic bumper plates 30b are mounted to the uprights 10 by the locking assembly 20.
本实施例的防撞栏与第一实施例的防撞栏之间的区别在于塑料防撞板 30b的结构不同。 本实施例中, 所述塑料防撞板 30b的安装板体 31b的数 目为两个, 分别位于所述塑料防撞板 30b纵向相对的两侧, 所述两安装板 体 31之间设有两个緩沖部 32b, 每一緩沖部 32b纵向的两侧通过连接板体 33b分别与对应的安装板体 31b及相邻的另一緩沖部 32b连接。 所述塑料 防撞板 30b的每一安装板体 31b上对应立柱 10的安装孔 11设有橢圓跑道 形的固定孔 311b。  The difference between the crash barrier of this embodiment and the crash barrier of the first embodiment is that the structure of the plastic bumper 30b is different. In this embodiment, the number of the mounting plate bodies 31b of the plastic bumper plate 30b is two, which are respectively located on two opposite longitudinal sides of the plastic bumper plate 30b, and two between the two mounting plate bodies 31 are disposed. Each of the buffer portions 32b is connected to the corresponding mounting plate body 31b and the adjacent other buffer portion 32b via the connecting plate body 33b on both sides in the longitudinal direction of each of the buffer portions 32b. The mounting hole 11 of each of the mounting plate bodies 31b of the plastic bumper plate 30b corresponding to the column 10 is provided with an elliptical racetrack-shaped fixing hole 311b.
上述三个实施例中, 塑料防撞板 30、 30a、 30b 的緩沖部 32、 32a, In the above three embodiments, the buffer portions 32, 32a of the plastic bumper plates 30, 30a, 30b,
32b均为中空的圓形柱体, 所述緩沖部 32、 32a、 32b还可以为其它形状的 中空柱体, 例如中空的矩形柱体、 梯形柱体、 三角形柱体或不规则形柱 体。 塑料防撞板 30 于其第二侧还可以设置与安装板体 31 相对的加强板 体, 以增强塑料防撞板 30的耐沖击性。 32b is a hollow circular cylinder, and the buffer portions 32, 32a, 32b may also be hollow cylinders of other shapes, such as a hollow rectangular cylinder, a trapezoidal cylinder, a triangular cylinder or an irregular cylinder. The plastic bumper plate 30 may also be provided with a reinforcing plate body opposite to the mounting plate body 31 on the second side thereof to enhance the impact resistance of the plastic bumper plate 30.
如图 14 所示为本发明塑料防撞板的第四实施例, 本实施例中, 塑料 防撞板 30c的结构与图 3所示塑料防撞板 30的结构基本相同, 两者之间 的差别在于: 本实施例中, 塑料防撞板 30c的緩沖部 32c为中空的矩形柱 体。  FIG. 14 shows a fourth embodiment of the plastic bumper plate of the present invention. In this embodiment, the structure of the plastic bumper plate 30c is substantially the same as that of the plastic bumper plate 30 shown in FIG. The difference is: In the present embodiment, the buffer portion 32c of the plastic bumper plate 30c is a hollow rectangular cylinder.
如图 15 所示为本发明塑料防撞板的第五实施例, 本实施例中, 塑料 防撞板 30d的结构与图 3所示塑料防撞板 30的结构基本相同, 两者之间 的差别在于: 本实施例中, 塑料防撞板 30d的緩沖部 32d为中空的不规则 形柱体。  FIG. 15 shows a fifth embodiment of the plastic bumper plate of the present invention. In this embodiment, the structure of the plastic bumper plate 30d is substantially the same as that of the plastic bumper plate 30 shown in FIG. The difference is: In the present embodiment, the buffer portion 32d of the plastic bumper plate 30d is a hollow irregular-shaped cylinder.
如图 16 所示为本发明塑料防撞板的第六实施例, 本实施例中, 塑料 防撞板 30e的结构与图 3所示塑料防撞板 30的结构基本相同, 两者之间 的差别在于: 本实施例中, 塑料防撞板 30e于其第二侧设有与安装板体 31 相对的加强板体 34。 在图 14与图 15所示的塑料防撞板 30c、 30d中, 同 样也可以于第二侧设置与安装板体 31相对的加强板体。  FIG. 16 shows a sixth embodiment of the plastic bumper plate of the present invention. In this embodiment, the structure of the plastic bumper plate 30e is substantially the same as that of the plastic bumper plate 30 shown in FIG. The difference is that in the present embodiment, the plastic bumper plate 30e is provided with a reinforcing plate body 34 opposite to the mounting plate body 31 on the second side thereof. In the plastic bumper plates 30c, 30d shown in Figs. 14 and 15, the reinforcing plate body opposed to the mounting plate body 31 may be provided on the second side as well.
如图 17 所示为本发明塑料防撞板的第七实施例, 本实施例中, 塑料 防撞板 30f 的结构与图 8所示塑料防撞板 30a的结构基本相同, 两者之间 的差别在于: 本实施例中, 塑料防撞板 30f 的緩沖部 32f 为中空的矩形柱 体。  FIG. 17 shows a seventh embodiment of the plastic bumper plate of the present invention. In this embodiment, the structure of the plastic bumper plate 30f is substantially the same as that of the plastic bumper plate 30a shown in FIG. The difference is: In the present embodiment, the buffer portion 32f of the plastic impact plate 30f is a hollow rectangular cylinder.
如图 18 所示为本发明塑料防撞板的第八实施例, 本实施例中, 塑料 防撞板 30g的结构与图 8所示塑料防撞板 30a的结构基本相同, 两者之间 的差别在于: 本实施例中, 塑料防撞板 30g的緩沖部 32g为中空的梯形柱 体。 18 is an eighth embodiment of the plastic bumper plate of the present invention. In this embodiment, the structure of the plastic bumper plate 30g is substantially the same as that of the plastic bumper plate 30a shown in FIG. The difference is that: in this embodiment, the buffer portion 32g of the plastic bumper plate 30g is a hollow trapezoidal column. Body.
如图 19 所示为本发明塑料防撞板的第九实施例, 本实施例中, 塑料 防撞板 30h的结构与图 8所示塑料防撞板 30a的结构基本相同, 两者之间 的差别在于: 本实施例中, 塑料防撞板 30h的緩沖部 32h为中空的三角形 柱体。  FIG. 19 shows a ninth embodiment of the plastic bumper plate of the present invention. In this embodiment, the structure of the plastic bumper plate 30h is substantially the same as that of the plastic bumper plate 30a shown in FIG. The difference is: In the present embodiment, the buffer portion 32h of the plastic bumper plate 30h is a hollow triangular cylinder.
如图 20 所示为本发明塑料防撞板的第十实施例, 本实施例中, 塑料 防撞板 30i的结构与图 8所示塑料防撞板 30a的结构基本相同, 两者之间 的差别在于: 本实施例中, 塑料防撞板 30i 的緩沖部 32i为中空的不规则 形柱体。  FIG. 20 shows a tenth embodiment of the plastic bumper plate of the present invention. In this embodiment, the structure of the plastic bumper plate 30i is substantially the same as that of the plastic bumper plate 30a shown in FIG. The difference is: In the present embodiment, the buffer portion 32i of the plastic bumper plate 30i is a hollow irregular-shaped cylinder.
如图 21 所示为本发明塑料防撞板的第十一实施例, 本实施例中, 塑 料防撞板 30j的结构与图 12所示塑料防撞板 30b的结构基本相同, 两者之 间的差别在于: 本实施例中, 塑料防撞板 30j中连接于相邻两緩沖部 32之 间的连接板体 33j为朝向塑料防撞板 30j的第一侧弯曲的弧形。  FIG. 21 shows an eleventh embodiment of the plastic bumper plate of the present invention. In this embodiment, the structure of the plastic bumper plate 30j is substantially the same as that of the plastic bumper plate 30b shown in FIG. The difference is that in the present embodiment, the connecting plate body 33j connected between the adjacent two buffer portions 32 of the plastic bumper plate 30j is curved toward the first side of the plastic bumper plate 30j.
如图 22 所示为本发明塑料防撞板的第十二实施例, 本实施例中, 塑 料防撞板 30k的结构与图 12所示塑料防撞板 30b的结构基本相同, 两者 之间的差别在于: 本实施例中, 塑料防撞板 30j 中连接于相邻两緩沖部 32 之间的连接板体 33k为朝向塑料防撞板 30k的第二侧凸出的 U形。  FIG. 22 shows a twelfth embodiment of the plastic bumper plate of the present invention. In this embodiment, the structure of the plastic bumper plate 30k is substantially the same as that of the plastic bumper plate 30b shown in FIG. The difference is that, in this embodiment, the connecting plate body 33k connected between the adjacent two buffer portions 32 of the plastic bumper plate 30j is U-shaped that protrudes toward the second side of the plastic bumper plate 30k.
如图 23 所示为本发明塑料防撞板的第十三实施例, 本实施例中, 塑 料防撞板 30m的结构与图 12所示塑料防撞板 30b的结构基本相同, 两者 之间的差别在于: 本实施例中, 塑料防撞板 30m 中连接于相邻两緩沖部 32之间的连接板体 33m为朝向塑料防撞板 30m的第一侧凸出的 U形。  FIG. 23 shows a thirteenth embodiment of the plastic bumper plate of the present invention. In this embodiment, the structure of the plastic bumper plate 30m is substantially the same as that of the plastic bumper plate 30b shown in FIG. The difference is that, in this embodiment, the connecting plate body 33m connected between the adjacent two buffer portions 32 of the plastic bumper plate 30m is U-shaped that protrudes toward the first side of the plastic bumper plate 30m.
本发明的塑料防撞板, 采用塑料材质制成, 具有重量轻、 加工、 运输 及安装方便、 成本低、 可回收再利用、 寿命长等优点; 通过设置中空柱体 状的緩沖部, 使塑料防撞板不仅具有一定的弹性, 而且具有一定的强度, 从而提高塑料防撞板的抗沖击性, 安全性高; 所述塑料防撞板可通过塑料 采用挤塑机挤出成型, 从而实现自动化、 连续化生产, 生产效率高, 且使 用时可按实际需要进行任意长度裁割, 使用极其方便。 本发明的防撞栏, 采用塑料防撞板, 不仅具有上述优点, 而且还具有其他优点, 例如, 通过 将塑料防撞板的緩沖部与立柱之间呈间隔设置, 当车辆与塑料防撞板发生 撞击时, 可减緩对立柱的沖击, 使得立柱不至于被轻易撞斜, 提高安全 性; 通过设置橡胶垫片, 当车辆与塑料防撞板发生撞击时, 可緩和车辆与 塑料防撞板之间的沖击, 从而有效减小事故对车辆、 人体的伤害, 以及减 緩对立柱的沖击。  The plastic anti-collision board of the invention is made of plastic material, has the advantages of light weight, convenient processing, transportation and installation, low cost, recyclability and long life, and long life; and the plastic is provided by a hollow cylindrical buffer portion The anti-collision plate not only has certain elasticity, but also has a certain strength, thereby improving the impact resistance of the plastic anti-collision plate and high safety; the plastic anti-collision plate can be extruded by plastic using an extruder, thereby realizing Automated, continuous production, high production efficiency, and can be cut to any length according to actual needs during use, which is extremely convenient to use. The crash barrier of the present invention adopts a plastic bumper plate, which not only has the above advantages, but also has other advantages, for example, by spacing the buffer portion of the plastic bumper plate and the column, when the vehicle and the plastic bumper plate When an impact occurs, the impact on the column can be slowed down, so that the column is not easily slanted and the safety is improved. By setting the rubber gasket, when the vehicle collides with the plastic collision plate, the collision between the vehicle and the plastic can be alleviated. The impact between the plates, thereby effectively reducing the damage of the accident to the vehicle, the human body, and slowing the impact on the column.
以上所述, 对于本领域的普通技术人员来说, 可以根据本发明的技术 方案和技术构思作出其他各种相应的改变和变形, 而所有这些改变和变形 都应属于本发明后附的权利要求的保护范围。 As described above, those skilled in the art can have the technology according to the present invention. The various modifications and variations of the present invention are intended to be included within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims

权 利 要 求 Rights request
1、 一种塑料防撞板, 其特征在于, 所述塑料防撞板由塑料材质一体 制成, 整体呈纵长形, 包括安装板体、 緩沖部及连接板体, 所述安装板体 与连接板体均沿塑料防撞板的纵向延伸, 所述緩沖部为沿塑料防撞板纵向 延伸的中空柱体, 所述安装板体与緩沖部沿塑料防撞板的横向呈间隔设置 并通过连接板体进行连接。 1 . A plastic bumper board, wherein the plastic bumper board is integrally formed of a plastic material, and has a longitudinal shape as a whole, and includes a mounting board body, a buffering portion and a connecting board body, wherein the mounting board body and the mounting board body are The connecting plate body extends along the longitudinal direction of the plastic bumper plate, and the buffering portion is a hollow cylinder extending longitudinally along the plastic bumper plate, and the mounting plate body and the buffering portion are disposed at intervals along the lateral direction of the plastic bumper plate and pass through Connect the board to connect.
2、 如权利要求 1 所述的塑料防撞板, 其特征在于, 所述緩沖部为中 空的圓形柱体、 矩形柱体、 梯形柱体、 三角形柱体或不规则形柱体。  2. The plastic bumper according to claim 1, wherein the buffer portion is a hollow circular cylinder, a rectangular cylinder, a trapezoidal cylinder, a triangular cylinder or an irregular cylinder.
3、 如权利要求 1 所述的塑料防撞板, 其特征在于, 所述安装板体纵 向的两侧分别设有两緩沖部, 所述安装板体纵向的两侧分别通过连接板体 与所述两緩沖部连接。  The plastic bumper plate according to claim 1, wherein the two sides of the longitudinal direction of the mounting plate body are respectively provided with two buffer portions, and the two sides of the longitudinal direction of the mounting plate body respectively pass through the connecting plate body and the The two buffers are connected.
4、 如权利要求 3 所述的塑料防撞板, 其特征在于, 所述塑料防撞板 具有相对的第一侧与第二侧, 安装所述塑料防撞板于立柱上时, 所述第一 侧与第二侧分别朝向立柱与背向立柱, 所述安装板体为平板状, 所述连接 板体为朝向所述塑料防撞板的第二侧弯曲的弧形, 所述塑料防撞板于所述 第二侧设有与安装板体相对的加强板体, 所述加强板体连接于安装板体两 侧的连接体板的中部之间。  4. The plastic bumper according to claim 3, wherein the plastic bumper has opposite first and second sides, and when the plastic bumper is mounted on the pillar, the first The one side and the second side are respectively facing the upright and the back column, the mounting plate body is a flat plate shape, and the connecting plate body is an arc curved toward a second side of the plastic crash plate, the plastic collision avoidance The plate is provided on the second side with a reinforcing plate body opposite to the mounting plate body, and the reinforcing plate body is connected between the middle portions of the connecting body plates on both sides of the mounting plate body.
5、 如权利要求 1 所述的塑料防撞板, 其特征在于, 所述緩沖部纵向 的两侧分别设有两安装板体, 所述緩沖部纵向相对的两外侧分别通过连接 板体与所述两安装板体连接。  The plastic bumper plate according to claim 1, wherein two sides of the longitudinal direction of the buffer portion are respectively provided with two mounting plates, and the two opposite outer sides of the buffer portion respectively pass through the connecting plate body and the The two mounting plates are connected.
6、 如权利要求 1 所述的塑料防撞板, 其特征在于, 所述安装板体的 数目为两个, 分别位于所述塑料防撞板纵向相对的两侧, 所述两安装板体 之间设有两个緩沖部, 每一緩沖部纵向的两侧通过连接板体分别与对应的 安装板体及相邻的另一緩沖部连接。  The plastic bumper plate according to claim 1, wherein the number of the mounting plate bodies is two, respectively located on opposite longitudinal sides of the plastic bumper plate, and the two mounting plate bodies are Two buffer portions are disposed therebetween, and the longitudinal sides of each buffer portion are respectively connected to the corresponding mounting plate body and the adjacent another buffer portion through the connecting plate body.
7、 一种防撞栏, 其特征在于, 包括数根立柱、 数个锁固组件、 及如 权利要求 1至 6项中任意一项所述的塑料防撞板, 所述数根立柱沿所述塑 料防撞板的纵向间隔排列, 所述塑料防撞板通过所述锁固组件安装到所述 立柱上。  7. A crash barrier, comprising: a plurality of columns, a plurality of locking assemblies, and a plastic bumper according to any one of claims 1 to 6, said plurality of columns The plastic bumper plates are longitudinally spaced apart, and the plastic bumper plates are mounted to the uprights by the locking assembly.
8、 如权利要求 7 所述的防撞栏, 其特征在于, 所述塑料防撞板的緩 沖部与立柱之间呈间隔设置。  8. The crash barrier of claim 7, wherein the bumper portion of the plastic bumper is spaced from the pillar.
9、 如权利要求 7 所述的防撞栏, 其特征在于, 所述锁固组件包括螺 栓及橡胶垫片, 所述橡胶垫片呈橢圓跑道形, 包括相对的两端面、 及连接 于所述两端面之间的周面, 所述橡胶垫片的中部沿轴向开设有贯通所述两 端面的通孔, 所述橡胶垫片于所述周面上开设有环形的凹槽, 并于所述凹 槽的两侧分别形成两凸缘, 所述立柱上设有安装孔, 所述塑料防撞板的安 装板体上对应立柱的安装孔设有橢圓跑道形的固定孔, 所述固定孔的纵向 与塑料防撞板的纵向平行, 所述固定孔的尺寸小于所述橡胶垫片的凸缘的 尺寸, 所述橡胶垫片设于塑料防撞板的固定孔内, 且所述橡胶垫片的两凸 缘分别抵靠在塑料防撞板的安装板体的两侧面上, 所述螺栓包括螺杆与螺 帽, 所述螺杆穿过橡胶垫片的通孔及立柱上的安装孔而将塑料防撞板安装 至立柱上。 9. The crash barrier of claim 7, wherein the locking assembly comprises a bolt and a rubber gasket, the rubber gasket having an elliptical racetrack shape, including opposite end faces, and a connection a central portion of the rubber gasket is provided with a through hole extending through the two end faces in the axial direction, and the rubber gasket is provided with an annular groove on the circumferential surface. And forming two flanges on opposite sides of the groove, the column is provided with a mounting hole, and the mounting hole of the plastic bumper plate is provided with an elliptical race-shaped fixing hole corresponding to the mounting hole of the column. The longitudinal direction of the fixing hole is parallel to the longitudinal direction of the plastic bumper plate, the size of the fixing hole is smaller than the size of the flange of the rubber gasket, and the rubber gasket is disposed in the fixing hole of the plastic bumper plate, and The two flanges of the rubber gasket respectively abut on both sides of the mounting plate body of the plastic bumper plate, the bolt includes a screw and a nut, and the screw passes through the through hole of the rubber gasket and the installation on the column Holes are used to mount the plastic bumper to the uprights.
10、 如权利要求 9所述的防撞栏, 其特征在于, 所述橡胶垫片的两端 面的外缘设有环形的凸起。  The crash barrier according to claim 9, wherein the outer edges of both end faces of the rubber gasket are provided with annular projections.
PCT/CN2012/076261 2012-03-28 2012-05-30 Crash barrier and plastic crash plate thereof WO2013143226A1 (en)

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