WO2013124843A1 - Secure mobile fingerprint micro-scanner apparatus - Google Patents

Secure mobile fingerprint micro-scanner apparatus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2013124843A1
WO2013124843A1 PCT/IL2013/050132 IL2013050132W WO2013124843A1 WO 2013124843 A1 WO2013124843 A1 WO 2013124843A1 IL 2013050132 W IL2013050132 W IL 2013050132W WO 2013124843 A1 WO2013124843 A1 WO 2013124843A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
fingerprint
apparatus
scanner
serve
enables
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/IL2013/050132
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Oren Epstein
Rishi Bhanot
Zohara Levy
Original Assignee
Smufs Biometric Solutions Ltd.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to IL21825112A priority Critical patent/IL218251D0/en
Priority to IL218251 priority
Application filed by Smufs Biometric Solutions Ltd. filed Critical Smufs Biometric Solutions Ltd.
Publication of WO2013124843A1 publication Critical patent/WO2013124843A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K9/00Methods or arrangements for reading or recognising printed or written characters or for recognising patterns, e.g. fingerprints
    • G06K9/00006Acquiring or recognising fingerprints or palmprints
    • G06K9/00067Preprocessing; Feature extraction (minutiae)
    • G06K9/0008Extracting features related to ridge properties; determining the fingerprint type, e.g. whorl, loop
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • G06Q20/30Payment architectures, schemes or protocols characterised by the use of specific devices
    • G06Q20/32Payment architectures, schemes or protocols characterised by the use of specific devices using wireless devices
    • G06Q20/322Aspects of commerce using mobile devices [M-devices]
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • G06Q20/38Payment protocols; Details thereof
    • G06Q20/40Authorisation, e.g. identification of payer or payee, verification of customer or shop credentials; Review and approval of payers, e.g. check credit lines or negative lists
    • G06Q20/401Transaction verification
    • G06Q20/4014Identity check for transaction
    • G06Q20/40145Biometric identity checks
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F7/00Mechanisms actuated by objects other than coins to free or to actuate vending, hiring, coin or paper currency dispensing or refunding apparatus
    • G07F7/08Mechanisms actuated by objects other than coins to free or to actuate vending, hiring, coin or paper currency dispensing or refunding apparatus by coded identity card or credit card or other personal identification means
    • G07F7/10Mechanisms actuated by objects other than coins to free or to actuate vending, hiring, coin or paper currency dispensing or refunding apparatus by coded identity card or credit card or other personal identification means together with a coded signal, e.g. in the form of personal identification information, like personal identification number [PIN] or biometric data

Abstract

An apparatus for fingerprint scanner that is secure, mobile and small as half of a business card. The apparatus will be capable of interacting with all smart phones, tablets and PCs. The apparatus will be as standard USB HID device for PC yet for any smart phone or tablet the apparatus will use the audio jack interface as the interface. The apparatus will stare and manage not the actual image of a fingerprint but a binary template according to ISO 378 templates thus no application can get a raw fingerprint image data. The apparatus will be able to camper the finger print to a pre-determine binary fingerprint thus serve as a biometric authentication device or serve as a portable micro-fingerprint scanner.

Description

SECURE MOBILE FINGERPRINT MICRO-SCANNER

APPARATUS

Cro ss-Refe rence to Related Applications

This application claims priority to Israel Application No. 218251 filed 22nd February, 2012, incorporated herein by reference in its entirety

Field of the Inve ntion

The present invention relates to an apparatus for scanning fingerprint and more particularly a mobile micro-scanner fingerprint apparatus.

Background

A fingerprint in its narrow sense is an impression left by the friction ridges of a human finger. In a wider use of the term, fingerprints are the traces of an impression from the friction ridges of any part of a human hand. A print from the foot can also leave an impression of friction ridges. A friction ridge is a raised portion of the epidermis on the fingers and toes (digits), the palm of the hand or the sole of the foot, consisting of one or more connected ridge units of friction ridge skin. These are sometimes known as "epidermal ridges" which are caused by the underlying interface between the dermal papillae of the dermis and the epidermis. These epidermal ridges serve to amplify vibrations triggered, for example, when fingertips brush across an uneven surface, better transmitting the signals to sensory nerves involved in fine texture perception. These ridges also assist in gripping rough surfaces, as well as smooth wet surfaces.

Impressions of fingerprints may be left behind on a surface by the natural secretions of sweat from glands that are present in friction ridge skin, or they may be made by ink or other substances transferred from the peaks of friction ridges on the skin to a relatively smooth surface such as a fingerprint card. Fingerprint records normally contain impressions from the pad on the last joint of fingers and thumbs, although fingerprint cards also typically record portions of lower joint areas of the fingers.

Before computer replaced manual filing systems in large fingerprint operations, manual fingerprint classification systems were used to categorize fingerprints based on general ridge formations (such as the presence or absence of circular patterns on various fingers), thus permitting filing and retrieval of paper records in large collections based on friction ridge patterns alone. The most popular ten-print classification systems include the Roscher system, the Juan Vucetich system, and the Henry Classification System. Of these systems, the Roscher system was developed in Germany and implemented in both Germany and Japan, the Vucetich system (developed by a Croatian-born Buenos Aires Police Officer) was developed in Argentina and implemented throughout South America, and the Henry system was developed in India and implemented in most English-speaking countries. [9]

In the Henry system of classification, there are three basic fingerprint patterns: loop, whorl and arch, which constitute 60-65%, 30-35% and 5% of all fingerprints respectively.

There are also more complex classification systems that break down patterns even further, into plain arches or tented arches, and into loops that may be radial or lunar, depending on the side of the hand toward which the tail points. Lunar loops start on the pinky-side of the finger, the side closer to the ulna, the lower arm bone. Radial loops start on the thumb -side of the finger, the side closer to the radius. Whorls may also have sub-group classifications including plain whorls, accidental whorls, double loop whorls, peacock's eye, composite, and central pocket loop whorls.

Other common fingerprint patterns include the tented arch, the plain arch, and the central pocket loop. The system used by most experts, although complex, is similar to the Henry System of Classification. It consists of five fractions, in which R stands for right, L for left, i for index finger, m for middle finger, t for thumb, r for ring finger and p(pinky) for little finger. The fractions are as follows:

Ri/Rt + Rr/Rm + Lt/Rp + Lm/Li + Lp/Lr.

The numbers assigned to each print are based on whether or not they are whorls. A whorl in the first fraction is given a 16, the second an 8, the third a 4, the fourth a 2, and 0 to the last fraction. Arches and loops are assigned values of 0. Lastly, the numbers in the numerator and denominator are added up, using the scheme:

(Ri + Rr + Lt + Lm + Lp)/(Rt + Rm + Rp + Li + Lr) and a 1 is added to both top and bottom, to exclude any possibility of division by zero. For example, if the right ring finger and the left index finger have whorls, the fractions would look like this:

0/0 + 8/0 + 0/0 + 0/2 + 0/0 + 1 / 1 , and the calculation: (0 + 8 + 0 + 0 + 0 + l)/(0 + 0 + 0 + 2 + 0 + 1) = 9/3 = 3.

Using this system reduces the number of prints that the print in question needs to be compared to. For example, the above set of prints would only need to be compared to other sets of fingerprints with a value of 3.

Computer science has adopted biometric authentication identity access management and access control. Biometric authentication consists of methods for uniquely recognizing humans based upon one or more intrinsic physical or behavioral traits. Biometric identifiers are the distinctive, measurable characteristics used to identify individuals. The two categories of biometric identifiers include physiological and behavioral characteristics.

Physiological characteristics are related to the shape of the body, and include but are not limited to: fingerprint, face recognition, DNA, palm print, hand geometry, iris recognition and odor. Behavioral characteristics are related to the behavior of a person, including but not limited to: typing rhythm, gait, and voice.

As the computer and other smart devices get smaller, and the amount of data on these smart phones and portable PC increases it is important to develop micro-fingerprint scanners that will enable biometric control of the small computer devices.

US patent 7, 190,817 describe a system that include a mobile or portable fingerprint scanner and one or more docking stations adapted to operatively receive the scanner. The scanner can be hand carried to various locations for obtaining fingerprint images and other information such as images from bar code scanning. The scanner is battery operated and has the capacity of storing a number of such images. The docking station is in the form of a receptacle into which the scanner is inserted after obtaining one or more images. While the scanner is operatively received in the docking station, the image(s) stored in the scanner are downloaded via a connection to a personal computer or the like, the scanner battery is recharged and the docking station performs various diagnostic operations on the scanner before it is withdrawn from the docking station for further use. In a typical law enforcement situation, the docking station is located within the law enforcement vehicle and the scanner can be used by law enforcement.

US patent 6,886, 104 describe another mobile, hand-held fingerprint scanner is recharged by a data and power communication interface. The mobile, hand-held fingerprint scanner includes a rechargeable power supply and a data and power communication interface. The rechargeable power supply powers the fingerprint scanner during mobile use. In one example, the rechargeable power supply includes at least one rechargeable battery, a charging circuit, and a voltage regulator circuit. Data and recharging power is carried over the sane interface. A separate plug for power is not needed. The fingerprint scanner can then be inserted quickly and easily in a docking station as only a single data and power communication interface need be coupled. This is particularly advantageous in law enforcement applications where mobile use is important and safety can be compromised if a mobile scanner does not couple to a docking station quickly and easily.

Also US patent 5,222, 152 deals with a portable fingerprint scanning apparatus for identification verification which can optically scan and record fingerprint images in the field and wirelessly transmit said images to a mobile unit for processing and subsequent wireless transmission to a central location for the purpose of providing immediate identity and background checks on the individual being fingerprinted. The apparatus includes a fingerprint scanner and a wireless transmitter to transmit the fingerprint image to a mobile unit. The apparatus can also include a video camera to capture a photographic image or "mug shot" for wireless transmission to a mobile unit.

Yet US patent 7,277,562 describe a method of reliably capturing biometric print images includes determining the print quality of a scanned image, detecting prints in the scanned image, and determining whether the scanned image is ready for capture. The method includes filtering the scanned image, binary filtered image, detecting print area, print contrast, and print shape of the binary image, and separating the print image into individual print images based on the print area, contrast, and shape. Each individual print image is classified base on a predetermined quality threshold and a quality classification of each individual print image is indicated. The method includes a predetermined capture delay time period, quality time period, and scanner timeout period. An operator can annotate issues regarding missing or unacceptable print images. A system of reliably capturing biometric print images includes a scanner including a print capture manager, a computer, and a communication link between the computers.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a micro -fingerprint scanner that can transfer data over the audio jack.

It is another object of the present invention to enable the micro - fingerprint scanner to be a biometric authentication device as well as forensic science device.

Yet it is another object of the present invention to provide portable, self- powered and secure fingerprint scanner device.

Yet it is another object of the present invention to secure and store fingerprint according to ISO 378 template.

Summary of the I nvention

An apparatus for fingerprint scanner that is secure, mobile and small as half of a business card. The apparatus will be capable of interacting with all smart phones, tablets and PCs. The apparatus will be as standard USB HID device for PC yet for any smart phone or tablet the apparatus will use the audio jack interface as the interface. The apparatus will stare and manage not the actual image of a fingerprint but a binary template according to ISO 378 templates thus no application can get a raw fingerprint image data.

The apparatus will be able to camper the finger print to a pre-determine binary fingerprint thus serve as a biometric authentication device or serve as a portable micro-fingerprint scanner. A preferred embo dime nt o f the invention

One of the preferred embodiment of the invention provides an apparatus for scanning finger prints and will be able to interact with all smart phones, tablets and PCs by voice output or USB interfaces.

The preferred embodiment will scan the fingerprint, convert it into a binary template according to ISO 378 templates and transfer only coded template to the smart phone or tablet or other computer device. The preferred embodiments of the invention will not store or transfer the actual image of a fingerprint itself to prevent "PHISING".

The preferred embodiment of the invention will enable comparing any finger print template to a pre-defined binary fingerprint template thus will serve as a mini-mobile biometric authentication device. The preferred embodiment can also serve as a portable micro-fingerprint scanner for law enforces and other finger print scanning purposes such as entrance control ext.

Another preferred embodiment of the invention is combining the micro finger print scanner with credit card reader device which will enable to authenticate the credit card holder by fingerprint. This preferred embodiment of the invention can be serve also without the credit card reader device, only the encrypted credit data of the finger print will be stored thus serve as a substitute for the current credit card.

This preferred embodiment of the invention, with the credit card reader is for the usage for merchant or salesperson. This preferred embodiment of the invention, with only credit data is for personal usage and will replace the plastic credit card that today hold limited data on a magnetic strip on it. This preferred embodiment will serve as the credit card itself. The paying process will be to connect the preferred embodiment of the invention, either by the audio jack or by a USB port, into the seller smart phone or tablet or PC and press his finger onto the device. If the scanned fingerprint match the pre-defined finger print template onto the device, the money transaction will be validate.

Claims

Claims
1. An apparatus for fingerprint scanner that is secure, mobile and small as half of a business card, connected to and computer device by audio jack or USB interfaces.
2. The apparatus describe in claim 1 that enables to interacting with all smart phones, tablets and PCs by voice output or USB.
3. The apparatus describe in claim 1 that enables to interface with USB or the audio jack interfaces.
4. The apparatus describe in claim 1 that enables to store and manipulate only a binary template according to ISO 378 templates, not the actual image of a fingerprint itself.
5. The apparatus describe in claim 1 that enables to compare the finger print template to a pre-defined binary fingerprint thus serve as a biometric authentication device.
6. The apparatus describe in claim 1 that enables the apparatus to serve as a portable micro-fingerprint scanner.
7. The apparatus describe in claim 1 combined with credit card reader which will enable to authenticate the credit card holder by fingerprint.
8. The apparatus describe in claim 1 that will store credit data and serve as a credit card by fingerprint.
PCT/IL2013/050132 2012-02-22 2013-02-13 Secure mobile fingerprint micro-scanner apparatus WO2013124843A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
IL21825112A IL218251D0 (en) 2012-02-22 2012-02-22 Secure mobile fingerprint micro-scanner apparatus
IL218251 2012-02-22

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2013124843A1 true WO2013124843A1 (en) 2013-08-29

Family

ID=46145213

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/IL2013/050132 WO2013124843A1 (en) 2012-02-22 2013-02-13 Secure mobile fingerprint micro-scanner apparatus

Country Status (2)

Country Link
IL (1) IL218251D0 (en)
WO (1) WO2013124843A1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9773151B2 (en) 2014-02-06 2017-09-26 University Of Massachusetts System and methods for contactless biometrics-based identification

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1508883A2 (en) * 2003-08-21 2005-02-23 International Business Machines Corporation Credit card application automation system
US6886104B1 (en) * 1999-06-25 2005-04-26 Cross Match Technologies Rechargeable mobile hand-held fingerprint scanner with a data and power communication interface
EP2026526A2 (en) * 2007-07-20 2009-02-18 Broadcom Corporation Method and system for creating secure network links utilizing a user's biometric identity on network elements
US7690030B1 (en) * 2000-01-06 2010-03-30 Super Talent Electronics, Inc. Electronic data flash card with fingerprint verification capability
US20120168500A1 (en) * 2010-12-31 2012-07-05 Syue-Min Li IC Card and IC Card Security Authentication System

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6886104B1 (en) * 1999-06-25 2005-04-26 Cross Match Technologies Rechargeable mobile hand-held fingerprint scanner with a data and power communication interface
US7690030B1 (en) * 2000-01-06 2010-03-30 Super Talent Electronics, Inc. Electronic data flash card with fingerprint verification capability
EP1508883A2 (en) * 2003-08-21 2005-02-23 International Business Machines Corporation Credit card application automation system
EP2026526A2 (en) * 2007-07-20 2009-02-18 Broadcom Corporation Method and system for creating secure network links utilizing a user's biometric identity on network elements
US20120168500A1 (en) * 2010-12-31 2012-07-05 Syue-Min Li IC Card and IC Card Security Authentication System

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9773151B2 (en) 2014-02-06 2017-09-26 University Of Massachusetts System and methods for contactless biometrics-based identification

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
IL218251D0 (en) 2012-04-30

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US6011858A (en) Memory card having a biometric template stored thereon and system for using same
Ortega-Garcia et al. Authentication gets personal with biometrics
US8708230B2 (en) Biometric identification device with smartcard capabilities
US6719200B1 (en) Checking of right to access
Dunstone et al. Biometric system and data analysis: Design, evaluation, and data mining
JP3356144B2 (en) User authentication method used in the user authentication device and its use of biometrics
US20080192988A1 (en) Multibiometric multispectral imager
Sandström Liveness detection in fingerprint recognition systems
Petrovska-Delacrétaz et al. Guide to biometric reference systems and performance evaluation
US20040052405A1 (en) Biometric identity check
US20030149661A1 (en) Method and apparatus for authenticating financial transactions
Rathgeb et al. Iris biometrics: from segmentation to template security
US8391590B2 (en) System and method for three-dimensional biometric data feature detection and recognition
Ross et al. Biometric sensor interoperability: A case study in fingerprints
JP4164732B2 (en) Fingerprint identification system, the fingerprint collation apparatus, the fingerprint collation method, and biometrics verification device
JP4800312B2 (en) Communication device, communication system
WO2009104437A1 (en) Biometric authentication device, biometric authentication method and biometric authentication program
US20030029913A1 (en) Personal identification method and personal identification device
Sanderson et al. Authentication for secure environments based on iris scanning technology
Weaver Biometric authentication
Sahoo et al. Multimodal biometric person authentication: A review
US6765470B2 (en) Mobile electronic apparatus having function of verifying a user by biometrics information
DE102013102399A1 (en) Facial feature detection
US20070220272A1 (en) Transaction authentication card
US7395088B2 (en) Mobile electronic apparatus, and battery pack for the apparatus

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application

Ref document number: 13751568

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1

NENP Non-entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: DE

32PN Ep: public notification in the ep bulletin as address of the adressee cannot be established

Free format text: NOTING OF LOSS OF RIGHTS PURSUANT TO RULE 112(1) EPC (EPO FORM 1205A DATED 12/01/2015)

122 Ep: pct app. not ent. europ. phase

Ref document number: 13751568

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1