WO2013120419A1 - Hydraulic lifting self-climbing template system - Google Patents

Hydraulic lifting self-climbing template system Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2013120419A1
WO2013120419A1 PCT/CN2013/071319 CN2013071319W WO2013120419A1 WO 2013120419 A1 WO2013120419 A1 WO 2013120419A1 CN 2013071319 W CN2013071319 W CN 2013071319W WO 2013120419 A1 WO2013120419 A1 WO 2013120419A1
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Prior art keywords
main
hydraulic
self
support
truss
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PCT/CN2013/071319
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张健华
Original Assignee
泰博混凝土模板与支撑(陕西)有限公司
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Priority to CN201210032625.7A priority Critical patent/CN102587646B/en
Priority to CN201210032625.7 priority
Application filed by 泰博混凝土模板与支撑(陕西)有限公司 filed Critical 泰博混凝土模板与支撑(陕西)有限公司
Publication of WO2013120419A1 publication Critical patent/WO2013120419A1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G11/00Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs
    • E04G11/06Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs for walls, e.g. curved end panels for wall shutterings; filler elements for wall shutterings; shutterings for vertical ducts
    • E04G11/20Movable forms; Movable forms for moulding cylindrical, conical or hyperbolical structures; Templates serving as forms for positioning blocks or the like
    • E04G11/22Sliding forms raised continuously or step-by-step and being in contact with the poured concrete during raising and which are not anchored in the hardened concrete; Arrangements of lifting means therefor
    • E04G11/24Construction of lifting jacks or climbing rods for sliding forms

Abstract

A hydraulic lifting self-climbing template system comprises a support system (10), a truss system (20) arranged on the support system (10), an operation platform system (40) and a molding system (50) suspended on the truss system (20), and a lifting system (60), a main electrical control system (70) and a main touch screen control panel (80) in a sequential communication connection for driving the operation system (40) and the molding system (50) to lift and adjusting the balance thereof. The support system (10) comprises a plurality of main columns (11), and support legs (14) and guide legs (113) disposed thereon. The main column (11) comprises an outer square tube (12) and an inner square tube (13) being movable to each other. Each main column can be driven to self-climb independently through a self-climbing lifting system (15), a separate electrical control system (16) and a separate touch screen control panel (17) all disposed on the outer square tube (12) in a sequential communication connection. Each support system of the hydraulic lifting self-climbing template system can be driven to self-climb independently. The invention reduces the safety risk caused by the decrease of the support points on the wall for the upper truss system (20) when a plurality of support systems are driven to self-climb simultaneously.

Description

说 明 书 液压顶升自爬模板系统  Description Hydraulic top lift self-climbing formwork system
技术领域 Technical field
本发明涉及高层建筑施工用的液压顶升自爬模板系统, 具体涉及一种智能 化独立单元结构的液压顶升自爬模板系统。  The invention relates to a hydraulic jacking self-climbing formwork system for high-rise building construction, and particularly relates to a hydraulic jack-up self-climbing formwork system with an intelligent independent unit structure.
背景技术 Background technique
目前在超高层建筑结构施工时, 提模施工是应用最广的施工系统提升方式, 中国专利 ZL200810029576. 5公开了一种多功能可变整体提升模板系统, 该系统 中的动力与控制分系统为大马力的液压缸, 大马力的液压缸使得该多功能可变 整体提升模板系统可以带动整个模板分系统同步提升, 但该系统的支撑分系统 中的支撑柱由于采用的是上下支撑横梁的结构, 使其顶升或自爬的步距固定, 且取决于预留在建筑结构上位置, 无法实现随意高度墙体的施工, 另外各支撑 柱都由设在某处的单一油源来控制, 油路电路遍布于各支撑柱间, 再有就是至 少需要三个或更多的支撑柱才能组成系统, 还有就是由于该系统的模板系统整 体提升或自爬的过程中, 平台主架在墙体上的支撑点减少了一半, 因此, 存在 管路损坏及不安全的风险。  At present, in the construction of super high-rise building structure, the mold-lifting construction is the most widely used construction system lifting method. Chinese patent ZL200810029576. 5 discloses a multi-functional variable overall lifting formwork system. The power and control subsystem in the system is The high-powered hydraulic cylinder and the high-powered hydraulic cylinder enable the multi-function variable integral lifting formwork system to drive the entire template sub-system to be simultaneously upgraded. However, the supporting column in the supporting sub-system of the system adopts the structure of the upper and lower supporting beams. , the step of lifting or self-climbing is fixed, and depending on the position reserved on the building structure, the construction of the free height wall cannot be realized, and each support column is controlled by a single oil source located somewhere. The oil circuit is distributed between the support columns, and then at least three or more support columns are required to form the system, and the main frame of the platform is in the process of lifting or self-climbing of the template system of the system. The support points on the body are reduced by half, so there is a risk of damage and unsafe piping.
发明内容 Summary of the invention
为了克服上述现有技术存在的缺点, 本发明的目的在于提供一种智能化独 立单元结构的液压顶升自爬模板系统, 每个支撑系统能够进行单独自爬, 解决 了多个支撑系统同时自爬造成上部钢桁架系统在墙体上的支撑点减少而存在安 全风险的问题。  In order to overcome the shortcomings of the prior art described above, an object of the present invention is to provide a hydraulic jack-up self-climbing formwork system with an intelligent independent unit structure, each support system capable of self-climbing alone, and solving multiple support systems simultaneously Climbing causes the upper steel truss system to reduce the number of support points on the wall and poses a safety risk.
为了实现上述目的, 本发明采用以下技术方案: 一种智能化独立单元结构的液压顶升自爬模板系统, 包括支撑系统 10, 置 于所述支撑系统 10之上的钢桁架系统 20, 挂设于所述钢桁架系统 20上的操作 平台系统 40和模板系统 50,以及带动所述操作平台系统 40和模板系统 50实现 顶升并调节其平衡的依次通信连接的提升系统 60、总电气控制系统 70以及触摸 屏总控制面板 80, 所述支撑系统 10包括至少一个主立柱 11及设置在主立柱 11 上的支撑腿 14与导向腿 113, 所述主立柱 11包括能够相对移动的外方管 12和 配套在外方管 12内的内方管 13, 主液压油缸 65设置在主立柱 11上, 所述主液 压油缸 65—端和外方管 12连接, 另一端和内方管 13连接, 外方管 12上设置 有实现每个主立柱 11单独自爬的依次通信连接的自爬提升系统 15、独立电气控 制系统 16以及独立触摸屏控制面板 17。 In order to achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical solutions: A hydraulic jack-up self-climbing formwork system with an intelligent independent unit structure, including a support system 10, a steel truss system 20 placed above the support system 10, hanged Operation on the steel truss system 20 a platform system 40 and a stencil system 50, and a lifting system 60, a total electrical control system 70, and a touch screen overall control panel 80 that drive the operating platform system 40 and the templating system 50 to achieve a vertical communication and balance thereof The support system 10 includes at least one main upright 11 and support legs 14 and guide legs 113 disposed on the main uprights 11, the main uprights 11 including an outer tube 12 capable of relative movement and an inner tube supported in the outer tube 12 13. The main hydraulic cylinder 65 is disposed on the main column 11, the main hydraulic cylinder 65-end is connected to the outer tube 12, the other end is connected to the inner square tube 13, and the outer tube 12 is provided with each main column 11 A self-climbing lift system 15, a separate electrical control system 16 and a separate touch screen control panel 17 are sequentially connected to each other.
所述主立柱 11为三至五个。  The main column 11 is three to five.
所述主立柱 11的内方管 13顶部设置有顶托 18, 顶托 18和钢桁架系统 20 相连接, 在所述外方管 12的上部设置有两个分别带有相互连接的第一液压油缸 66-1和第一控制器 111-1的能够横向伸缩的支撑腿 112, 在外方管 12的底部设 置有二至四个分别带有相互连接的第二液压油缸 66-2及第二控制器 111-2的导 向腿 113。  The top of the inner tube 13 of the main column 11 is provided with a top support 18, and the top support 18 is connected with the steel truss system 20, and two upper hydraulic pressures respectively connected to each other are arranged at the upper portion of the outer square tube 12. The cylinder 66-1 and the support leg 112 of the first controller 111-1 capable of laterally expanding and contracting are provided at the bottom of the outer tube 12 with two to four second hydraulic cylinders 66-2 and second control respectively connected to each other. The guide leg 113 of the device 111-2.
所述支撑腿 112的端头为豁口状 114。  The end of the support leg 112 has a slit shape 114.
所述提升系统 60包括液压油管路顺序连接的液压泵 61、用于控制液压油流 向的电磁换向阀 62、 用于确保各油缸自锁的液控单向阀 64、 用于驱动所述主立 柱 11的主液压油缸 65、用于驱动支撑腿 112与导向腿 113的第一液压油缸 66_1 和第二液压油缸 66-2以及驱动所述液压泵 61的调频控制电动机 67。  The lifting system 60 includes a hydraulic pump 61 sequentially connected to the hydraulic oil pipeline, an electromagnetic reversing valve 62 for controlling the flow of the hydraulic oil, a hydraulically controlled check valve 64 for ensuring self-locking of the respective cylinders, and for driving the main A main hydraulic cylinder 65 of the column 11, a first hydraulic cylinder 66_1 and a second hydraulic cylinder 66-2 for driving the support leg 112 and the guide leg 113, and a frequency control motor 67 for driving the hydraulic pump 61.
所述总电气控制系统 70包括用于输出电信号控制所述的电磁换向阀 62 、 压力显示与控制、主立柱上升位置显示与控制及调频控制电动机 67的控制台 71, 用于采集主液压油缸 65的行程数据并传送至控制台 71的行程传感器 72以及用 于采集主液压油缸 65与第一液压油缸 66-1和第二液压油缸 66-2的压力数据并 传送至控制台 71的压力传感器 73。 所述钢桁架系统 20包括两个主桁架 21和连接两个主桁架 21的多个次桁架The total electrical control system 70 includes a console 71 for outputting electrical signals to control the electromagnetic directional control valve 62, pressure display and control, main column up position display and control, and frequency control motor 67 for collecting the primary hydraulic pressure The stroke data of the cylinder 65 is transmitted to the stroke sensor 72 of the console 71 and the pressure for collecting the pressure data of the main hydraulic cylinder 65 and the first hydraulic cylinder 66-1 and the second hydraulic cylinder 66-2 and transmitted to the console 71. Sensor 73. The steel truss system 20 includes two main trusses 21 and a plurality of secondary trusses connecting the two main trusses 21
22。 twenty two.
所述操作平台系统 40包括设置在钢桁架系统 20上部的上工作平台 41、 吊 挂于第一悬挂部件 30-1下的模板操作平台 42、 钢筋操作平台 43, 所述第一悬 挂部件 30-1悬挂于次桁架 22下旋或外加的 H型钢上。  The operating platform system 40 includes an upper working platform 41 disposed at an upper portion of the steel truss system 20, a stencil operating platform 42 suspended under the first suspension member 30-1, and a rebar operating platform 43, the first suspension member 30- 1 Hanging on the H-beam of the sub-truss 22 down or added.
所述模板系统 50通过第二悬挂部件 30-2吊挂于次桁架 22下旋上, 所述第 二悬挂部件 30-2包括活动安装在次桁架 22下旋上的吊挂移动滑车 51, 吊挂移 动滑车 51下部通过花篮螺栓 52与模板 54上部的模板吊环 53连接。 和现有技术相比, 本发明具有如下优点:  The stencil system 50 is suspended from the lower sill 22 by a second suspension member 30-2, and the second suspension member 30-2 includes a hanging mobile trolley 51 movably mounted on the lower sill 22, which is suspended. The lower portion of the hanging moving trolley 51 is connected to the template lifting ring 53 at the upper portion of the template 54 by a basket bolt 52. Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:
1、 由于支撑系统包括多个主立柱及设置在主立柱上的支撑腿与导向腿, 所 述主立柱包括能够相对移动的外方管和内方管, 外方管上设置有实现主立柱单 独顶升与自爬的提升系统以及独立电气控制系统, 在每个主立柱上还设置有独 立触摸屏控制面板, 各主立柱间除了由通讯信号线相连以外, 没有液压油管相 通; 能够实现每个主立柱的外方管单独自爬, 避免多个主立柱自爬, 造成上部 钢桁架系统在墙体上的支撑点减少而存在不安全的风险;  1. Since the support system comprises a plurality of main columns and supporting legs and guiding legs disposed on the main column, the main column comprises an outer tube and an inner tube which are relatively movable, and the outer tube is provided with a main column A lifting system for self-climbing and self-climbing, and an independent electric control system. Each main column is also provided with a separate touch screen control panel. Except for the communication signal lines, the main columns are not connected by hydraulic oil pipes; The outer tube of the column is self-climbing separately, avoiding the self-climbing of the plurality of main columns, causing the support points of the upper steel truss system to be reduced on the wall and there is an unsafe risk;
2、 由于本发明模板系统具有带动所述悬挂系统、 操作平台系统和模板系统 实现顶升并调节其平衡的通讯系统和总电气控制系统以及触摸屏总控制面板, 由总电气控制系统通过通讯系统来统一协调各主立柱在顶升时的高度, 确保主 立柱上面的桁架系统匀速整体同步提升, 带有完整的工作平台;  2. Since the stencil system of the present invention has a communication system and a total electrical control system and a touch screen total control panel that drive the suspension system, the operating platform system and the stencil system to achieve the jacking and adjust the balance thereof, the total electrical control system is used by the communication system. Uniformly coordinate the height of each main column during jacking, ensuring that the truss system above the main column is simultaneously and uniformly raised at a constant speed, with a complete working platform;
3、 通过主立柱内方管的顶升和外方管的自爬, 无歩距的限制, 可随意调整 浇注高度;  3. Through the jacking of the square tube in the main column and the self-climbing of the outer tube, the height of the pouring can be adjusted freely;
4、 由于在主立柱外方管的上部设置有两个分别带有液压油缸及控制器的能 够横向伸缩的支撑腿, 该支撑腿挂在墙顶部, 无需预埋件, 节省了工料和工时; 5、 由于主立柱支撑腿直接支撑在混凝土墙顶上, 本发明模板系统将主立柱 上的可伸缩支撑腿的端头设计为豁口状, 能够避开墙顶上的钢筋; 4. Since two outer legs of the main column are provided with two horizontally telescopic support legs with hydraulic cylinders and controllers, the support legs are hung on the top of the wall, and no embedded parts are needed, which saves materials and working hours; 5. Since the main column support leg is directly supported on the top of the concrete wall, the template system of the invention designs the end of the retractable support leg on the main column as a slit shape, and can avoid the steel bar on the top of the wall;
6、 本发明模板系统采用主桁架和次桁架连接构成的桁架系统, 在保证足够 强度的前提下有效减轻了系统的整体重量, 可以节省顶升力;  6. The stencil system of the present invention adopts a truss system composed of a main truss and a secondary truss connection, which can effectively reduce the overall weight of the system under the premise of ensuring sufficient strength, and can save the lifting force;
7、 本发明系统的悬挂系统及模板系统均吊挂于次桁架下旋上或外加的 H型 钢上并可以在其上滑动, 使得建筑墙体结构沿纵向发送变化时, 只需要滑动悬 挂系统及模板系统就可以做相应的调整, 操作简单并极大的降低了高空改装系 统的作业量, 有效减少人工劳动强度, 使得施工过程安全、 高效;  7. The suspension system and the formwork system of the system of the present invention are hung on the H-shaped steel which is screwed on the sub-truss or added and can be slid thereon, so that when the wall structure of the building is transmitted in the longitudinal direction, only the sliding suspension system and The stencil system can be adjusted accordingly, the operation is simple and the workload of the high-altitude modification system is greatly reduced, the labor intensity is effectively reduced, and the construction process is safe and efficient;
8、 由于在主立柱外方管的下部设置有四个分别带有液压油缸及控制器的能 够横向伸缩的导向腿, 该导向腿顶在已浇筑好的墙面, 确保立柱自爬时的垂直  8. Since the lower part of the outer column of the main column is provided with four horizontally telescopic guiding legs with hydraulic cylinders and controllers, the guiding legs are placed on the wall to ensure the vertical vertical position of the column when climbing.
附图说明 DRAWINGS
图 1为本发明系统整体结构示意图, 其中图 la为剖视图, 图 lb为俯视图。 图 2为本发明主立柱结构示意图。  BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Fig. 1 is a schematic view showing the overall structure of a system of the present invention, wherein Fig. la is a cross-sectional view, and Fig. 1b is a plan view. 2 is a schematic view showing the structure of a main column of the present invention.
图 3为本发明主立柱支撑腿端头为豁口状示意图。  FIG. 3 is a schematic view showing the end of the main column support leg of the present invention.
图 4为本发明油路连接示意图。  Figure 4 is a schematic view of the oil circuit connection of the present invention.
图 5为本发明总电气控制系统线路连接示意图,其中图 5a为主视图, 图 5b 为仰视图。  Figure 5 is a schematic view showing the wiring of the general electrical control system of the present invention, wherein Figure 5a is a front view and Figure 5b is a bottom view.
图 6为钢桁架系统结构示意图。 图 7为操作平台系统示意图。  Figure 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the steel truss system. Figure 7 is a schematic diagram of the operating platform system.
图 8为模板系统吊挂示意图, 其中图 8a为主视图, 图 8b为右视图。 具体实施方式  Figure 8 is a schematic view of the stencil system, wherein Figure 8a is the main view and Figure 8b is the right view. detailed description
下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明作更详细的说明。 如图 1所示, 本发明一种智能化独立单元结构的液压顶升自爬模板系统, 包 括支撑系统 10, 置于所述支撑系统 10之上的钢桁架系统 20, 挂设于所述钢桁架 系统 20上的操作平台系统 40和模板系统 50, 以及带动所述操作平台系统 40和模 板系统 50实现顶升并调节其平衡的依次通信连接的提升系统 60、 总电气控制系 统 70以及触摸屏总控制面板 80, 触摸屏总控制面板 80用来控制提升方式, 可以 同时一次性提升所有的模板, 可编程的浇注高度和每个主立柱的位置显示, 可 以实现精确的移动, 自动同步定位, 以确保整个桁架体系在顶升过程中, 始终 处于同一水平状态。 The invention will now be described in greater detail with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments. As shown in FIG. 1, the hydraulic jacking self-climbing formwork system of the intelligent independent unit structure comprises a support system 10, and a steel truss system 20 placed on the support system 10 is hung on the steel. An operating platform system 40 and a stencil system 50 on the truss system 20, and a lifting system 60, a total electrical control system 70, and a touch screen that drive the operating platform system 40 and the templating system 50 to achieve a top-up and adjust their balance. The control panel 80, the touch screen total control panel 80 is used to control the lifting mode, and all the templates can be lifted at the same time, the programmable pouring height and the position display of each main column can realize precise movement and automatic synchronous positioning to ensure The entire truss system is always at the same level during the jacking process.
优选的, 主立柱为三至五个, 特别优选为四个, 能够提高系统的承载能力, 同时增强系统的稳定性。  Preferably, the main column is three to five, and particularly preferably four, which can improve the load carrying capacity of the system and enhance the stability of the system.
如图 2所示, 本发明支撑系统 10包括至少一个主立柱 11及设置在主立柱 11上的支撑腿 14与导向腿 113, 所述主立柱 11包括能够相对移动的外方管 12 和配套在外方管 12内的内方管 13,外方管 12上设置有实现每个主立柱 11单独 自爬的依次通信连接的自爬提升系统 15、独立电气控制系统 16以及独立触摸屏 控制面板 17, 独立触摸屏控制面板 17用来实现每个主立柱 11的支撑腿单独自 爬, 主液压油缸 65设置在主立柱 11上, 所述主液压油缸 65—端和外方管 12 连接,另一端和内方管 13连接,所述主立柱 11的内方管 13顶部设置有顶托 18, 顶托 18和钢桁架系统 20相连接, 在所述外方管 12的上部设置有两个分别带有 相互连接的第一液压油缸 66-1 和第一控制器 111-1 的能够横向伸缩的支撑腿 112,在外方管 12的底部设置有二至四个分别带有相互连接的第二液压油缸 66-2 及第二控制器 111-2的导向腿 113。 在设计上采取了由主液压油缸 65来顶垂直 负载, 用外方管 12和内方管 13来克服横向风的载荷, 支撑腿 112与导向腿 113 有各自的控制器, 以实现支撑、 调直与导向的作用。  As shown in FIG. 2, the support system 10 of the present invention includes at least one main upright 11 and support legs 14 and guide legs 113 disposed on the main uprights 11, the main uprights 11 including externally movable tubes 12 and supporting The inner tube 13 in the square tube 12 is provided with a self-climbing lifting system 15, a separate electrical control system 16 and a separate touch screen control panel 17, which are provided with a sequential communication connection for each main column 11 to self-climb. The touch screen control panel 17 is used to realize the self-climbing of the support legs of each main column 11. The main hydraulic cylinder 65 is disposed on the main column 11, and the main hydraulic cylinder 65-end is connected to the outer tube 12, and the other end and the inner side are connected. The tube 13 is connected, and the top of the inner tube 13 of the main column 11 is provided with a top bracket 18, and the top bracket 18 is connected with the steel truss system 20, and two upper portions of the outer tube 12 are respectively connected with each other. The first hydraulic cylinder 66-1 and the laterally telescopic support leg 112 of the first controller 111-1 are provided at the bottom of the outer tube 12 with two to four second hydraulic cylinders 66-2 respectively connected to each other.A second director guide tines 113 111-2. The main hydraulic cylinder 65 is designed to receive the vertical load, and the outer tube 12 and the inner tube 13 are used to overcome the lateral wind load. The support leg 112 and the guide leg 113 have respective controllers for supporting and adjusting. Straight and guiding role.
如图 3所示, 支撑腿 112的端头为豁口状 114, 以避开墙顶上的钢筋。 如图 4所示,本发明所述提升系统 60包括液压油管路顺序连接的液压泵 61、 用于控制液压油流向的电磁换向阀 62、 用于确保各油缸自锁的液控单向阀 64、 用于驱动所述主立柱 1 1的主液压油缸 65、用于驱动支撑腿 1 12与导向腿 1 13的 第一液压油缸 66-1和第二液压油缸 66-2以及驱动所述液压泵 61的调频控制电 动机 67。 As shown in Fig. 3, the end of the support leg 112 has a slit shape 114 to avoid the reinforcing bars on the top of the wall. As shown in FIG. 4, the lifting system 60 of the present invention includes a hydraulic pump 61 in which hydraulic oil lines are sequentially connected, an electromagnetic reversing valve 62 for controlling the flow of hydraulic oil, and a hydraulically controlled check valve for ensuring self-locking of each cylinder. 64. A main hydraulic cylinder 65 for driving the main column 1 1 , a first hydraulic cylinder 66-1 and a second hydraulic cylinder 66-2 for driving the support leg 1 12 and the guide leg 1 13 and driving the hydraulic pressure The frequency modulation of the pump 61 controls the motor 67.
如图 5所示, 本发明总电气控制系统 70包括用于输出电信号控制所述的电磁 换向阀 62、 压力显示与控制、 主立柱上升位置显示与控制及调频控制电动机 67 的控制台 71, 用于采集主液压油缸 65的行程数据并传送至控制台 71的行程传感 器 72以及用于采集主油缸与小液压油缸 66的压力数据并传送至控制台 71的压力 传感器 73。  As shown in FIG. 5, the overall electrical control system 70 of the present invention includes a console 71 for outputting electrical signals to control the electromagnetic directional control valve 62, pressure display and control, main column up position display and control, and frequency control motor 67. The stroke sensor 72 for collecting the stroke data of the main hydraulic cylinder 65 and transmitting it to the console 71 and the pressure sensor 73 for collecting the pressure data of the main cylinder and the small hydraulic cylinder 66 and transmitting it to the console 71.
总电气控制系统 70利用同步控制方式, 通过测量出的位移, 由调频的方式 调节调频控制电机 67的转速来调节控制多个主立柱顶升油缸的液压油流量, 从 而达到多个主立柱顶升油缸的同步顶升要求。 其中行程控制设置为不超过 20mm, 任意油缸顶升行程与其它的油缸的行程超过 20mm后即自动补偿, 油缸压力控制 考虑到施工荷载的不均匀, 以顶升开始前初始压力为基准, 顶升过程中若压力 达到设定值, 将会等待其他油缸。  The total electrical control system 70 uses the synchronous control mode to adjust the rotational speed of the frequency-controlled motor 67 by frequency modulation to adjust and control the hydraulic oil flow of the plurality of main column jacking cylinders, thereby achieving multiple main column jacking Synchronous jacking requirements for the cylinder. The stroke control is set to not exceed 20mm, and any cylinder lifting stroke and other cylinder strokes are automatically compensated after the stroke exceeds 20mm. The cylinder pressure control takes into account the uneven construction load, and the initial pressure before the jacking starts is used as the benchmark. If the pressure reaches the set value during the process, it will wait for other cylinders.
如图 6所示, 本发明钢桁架系统 20包括两个主桁架 21和连接两个主桁架 21的多个次桁架 22, 次桁架 22优选为四到八个, 主桁架 21和次桁架 22的分 布要考虑桁架间留有足够的空间, 并采用桁架连接器进行在交叉位置进行连接。  As shown in FIG. 6, the steel truss system 20 of the present invention comprises two main trusses 21 and a plurality of secondary trusses 22 connecting the two main trusses 21, preferably four to eight, the primary truss 21 and the secondary truss 22. The distribution should take into account that there is sufficient space between the trusses and the truss connectors are used for the connection at the intersection.
如图 7所示, 包括设置在钢桁架系统 20上部的上工作平台 41、 吊挂于第一 悬挂部件 30-1下的模板操作平台 42、钢筋操作平台 43,所述第一悬挂部件 30-1 悬挂于次桁架 22下旋或外加的 H型钢上。  As shown in FIG. 7, the upper working platform 41 disposed on the upper portion of the steel truss system 20, the stencil operating platform 42 suspended under the first suspension member 30-1, and the steel bar operating platform 43, the first suspension member 30- 1 Suspended from the sub-truss 22 down or added to the H-beam.
如图 8所示, 本发明模板系统 50通过第二悬挂部件 30-2吊挂于次桁架 22 下旋上, 所述第二悬挂部件 30-2包括活动安装在次桁架 22下旋上的吊挂移动 滑车 51, 吊挂移动滑车 51下部通过花篮螺栓 52与模板 54上部的模板吊环 53 连接, 花篮螺栓 52用于微调, 以便与模板的安装。 As shown in FIG. 8, the stencil system 50 of the present invention is suspended from the lower sill 22 by a second suspension member 30-2, and the second suspension member 30-2 includes a sling that is movably mounted on the lower sill 22 Hang mobile The trolley 51, the lower portion of the hanging moving trolley 51 is connected to the template sling 53 at the upper portion of the stencil 54 via a basket bolt 52, and the basket bolt 52 is used for fine adjustment for mounting with the stencil.
本发明的工作过程为: 当混凝土强度达到指定的设计时, 将桁架支在墙顶 上, 操作人员操作独立触摸屏控制面板 17利用主立柱上的独立电气控制系统 16 启动自爬提升系统 15, 带动主立柱 11上的支撑腿 112自爬, 在爬升的过程中仅允 许一次爬升一个主立柱, 调整支撑腿 112与导向腿 113长度, 以实现支撑、 调直 与导向的作用, 重复上述过程, 完成所有主立柱的自爬动作; 绑筋, 拆模并清 理模板, 然后操作人员操作触摸屏总控制面板 80利用总电气控制系统 70启动提 升系统 60, 带动主立柱 11的内方管 13上升, 进而带动操作平台系统 40和模板系 统 50顶升, 总电气控制系统 70利用同步控制方式, 通过测量出的位移, 调节控 制多个主立柱 11顶升主液压油缸 65的液压油流量, 从而达到多个主立柱 11的主 液压油缸 65的同步顶升要求,其中行程控制设置为不超过 20mm, 任意油缸顶升行 程与其它的油缸的行程超过 20mm后即自动补偿, 油缸压力控制考虑到施工荷载 的不均匀, 以顶升开始前初始压力为基准, 顶升过程中若压力达到设定值, 将 会等待其他油缸, 完成顶升动作, 然后将模板绑合在预浇筑墙体的钢筋上, 最 后浇注混凝土, 完成竖向混凝土结构施工; 再重复同样的自爬和顶升过程, 实 现在不用塔吊的条件下实现墙体的垂向施工。  The working process of the invention is: when the concrete strength reaches the specified design, the truss is supported on the top of the wall, and the operator operates the independent touch screen control panel 17 to start the self-climbing lifting system 15 by using the independent electrical control system 16 on the main column, The supporting legs 112 on the main column 11 are self-climbing, and only one main column is allowed to climb once during the climbing process, and the lengths of the supporting legs 112 and the guiding legs 113 are adjusted to achieve the functions of support, straightening and guiding, and the above process is repeated. Self-climbing action of all main columns; ribbing, demoulding and cleaning the template, and then the operator operates the touch screen total control panel 80 to start the lifting system 60 by the total electrical control system 70, causing the inner tube 13 of the main column 11 to rise, and then drive The operating platform system 40 and the formwork system 50 are jacked up, and the total electrical control system 70 uses the synchronous control mode to adjust and control the hydraulic oil flow of the plurality of main column 11 jacking main hydraulic cylinders 65 by the measured displacement, thereby achieving multiple mains. Synchronous jacking requirement of the main hydraulic cylinder 65 of the column 11, wherein the stroke control setting If it is not more than 20mm, the stroke of any cylinder and the stroke of other cylinders will be automatically compensated after the stroke of the cylinder exceeds 20mm. The cylinder pressure control takes into account the unevenness of the construction load, based on the initial pressure before the jacking starts, if during the jacking process When the pressure reaches the set value, it will wait for other cylinders to complete the lifting action, then tie the template to the steel bar of the pre-casting wall, and finally pour the concrete to complete the vertical concrete structure construction; repeat the same self-climbing and topping The lifting process realizes the vertical construction of the wall without using the tower crane.

Claims

权 利 要 求 书 Claim
1、一种智能化独立单元结构的液压顶升自爬模板系统,包括支撑系统( 10), 置于所述支撑系统(10)之上的钢桁架系统(20), 挂设于所述钢桁架系统(20) 上的操作平台系统 (40) 和模板系统 (50) , 以及带动所述操作平台系统 (40) 和模板系统 (50) 实现顶升并调节其平衡的依次通信连接的提升系统 (60) 、 总电气控制系统 (70) 以及触摸屏总控制面板 (80) , 其特征在于: 所述支撑 系统 (10) 包括至少一个主立柱 (11) 及设置在主立柱 (11) 上的支撑腿 (14) 与导向腿 (113) , 所述主立柱 (11) 包括能够相对移动的外方管 (12) 和配套 在外方管 (12) 内的内方管 (13) , 主液压油缸 (65) 设置在主立柱 (11) 上, 所述主液压油缸 (65) —端和外方管 (12) 连接, 另一端和内方管 (13) 连接, 外方管 (12) 上设置有实现每个主立柱 (11) 单独自爬的依次通信连接的自爬 提升系统 (15) 、 独立电气控制系统 (16) 以及独立触摸屏控制面板 (17) 。 1. A hydraulic jack-up self-climbing formwork system with an intelligent independent unit structure, comprising a support system (10), a steel truss system (20) placed above the support system (10), suspended from the steel An operating platform system (40) and a formwork system (50) on the truss system (20), and a lifting system that drives the operating platform system (40) and the formwork system (50) to effect a jacking and adjust the balance of the sequential communication connections (60), a total electrical control system (70) and a touch screen total control panel (80), characterized in that: the support system (10) comprises at least one main column (11) and a support disposed on the main column (11) a leg (14) and a guiding leg (113), the main column (11) comprising an outer tube (12) capable of relative movement and an inner tube (13) supporting the outer tube (12), a main hydraulic cylinder ( 65) Set on the main column (11), the main hydraulic cylinder (65) is connected to the outer tube (12), the other end is connected to the inner tube (13), and the outer tube (12) is provided. Realize the self-climbing of each main column (11) Climbing communication connection lift system (15), independently of the electrical control system (16) and a separate touch screen control panel (17).
2、 根据权利要求 1所述的液压顶升自爬模板系统, 其特征在于: 所述主立 柱 (11) 为三至五个。  2. The hydraulic jacking self-climbing formwork system according to claim 1, characterized in that: the main uprights (11) are three to five.
3、 根据权利要求 2所述的液压顶升自爬模板系统, 其特征在于: 所述主立 柱(11) 的内方管(13)顶部设置有顶托(18) , 顶托(18)和钢桁架系统(20) 相连接, 在所述外方管 (12) 的上部设置有两个分别带有相互连接第一液压油 缸 (66-1) 及第一控制器 (111-1) 的能够横向伸缩的支撑腿 (112) , 在外方 管 (12) 的底部设置有二至四个分别带有相互连接的第二液压油缸 (66-2) 及 第二控制器 (111-2) 的导向腿 (113) 。  3. The hydraulic jacking self-climbing formwork system according to claim 2, wherein: the top of the inner tube (13) of the main column (11) is provided with a top support (18), a top support (18) and The steel truss system (20) is connected, and two upper portions of the outer tube (12) are provided with two first hydraulic cylinders (66-1) and a first controller (111-1) The laterally telescopic support leg (112) is provided with two to four guides for the second hydraulic cylinder (66-2) and the second controller (111-2) respectively connected to each other at the bottom of the outer tube (12) Leg (113).
4、 根据权利要求 3所述的液压顶升自爬模板系统, 其特征在于: 所述支 撑腿 (112) 的端头为豁口状 (114) 。  4. The hydraulic jacking self-climbing formwork system according to claim 3, wherein: the end of the supporting leg (112) is a slit (114).
5、 根据权利要求 1所述的液压顶升自爬模板系统, 其特征在于: 所述提升 系统 (60) 包括液压油管路顺序连接的液压泵 (61) 、 用于控制液压油流向的 电磁换向阀 (62) 、 用于确保各油缸自锁的液控单向阀 (64) 、 用于驱动所述 主立柱 (11) 的主液压油缸 (65) 、 用于驱动支撑腿 (112) 与导向腿 (113) 的第一液压油缸 (66-1) 和第二液压油缸 (66-2) 以及驱动所述液压泵 (61) 的调频控制电动机 (67) 。 5. The hydraulic jacking self-climbing formwork system according to claim 1, wherein: said lifting system (60) comprises a hydraulic pump (61) sequentially connected to a hydraulic oil line for controlling the flow of hydraulic oil. Electromagnetic reversing valve (62), hydraulically controlled check valve (64) for ensuring self-locking of each cylinder, main hydraulic cylinder (65) for driving the main column (11), for driving support legs (112) a first hydraulic cylinder (66-1) and a second hydraulic cylinder (66-2) with a guide leg (113) and an FM control motor (67) for driving the hydraulic pump (61).
6、 根据权利要求 5所述的液压顶升自爬模板系统, 其特征在于: 所述总电 气控制系统 (70) 包括用于输出电信号控制所述的电磁换向阀 (62) , 压力显 示与控制、主立柱上升位置显示与控制及调频控制电动机(67)的控制台(71), 用于采集主液压油缸(65)的行程数据并传送至控制台(71)的行程传感器(72) 以及用于采集主液压油缸(65)与第一液压油缸(66-1)和第二液压油缸(66-2) 的压力数据并传送至控制台 (71) 的压力传感器 (73) 。  6. The hydraulic jacking self-climbing formwork system according to claim 5, wherein: said total electrical control system (70) includes an electromagnetic reversing valve (62) for outputting an electrical signal to control said pressure display And control, main column up position display and control and frequency control motor (67) console (71), stroke data for collecting main hydraulic cylinder (65) and transmitted to the console (71) stroke sensor (72) And a pressure sensor (73) for collecting pressure data of the main hydraulic cylinder (65) and the first hydraulic cylinder (66-1) and the second hydraulic cylinder (66-2) and transmitting to the console (71).
7、 根据权利要求 1 所述的液压顶升自爬模板系统, 其特征在于: 所述钢 桁架系统 (20) 包括两个主桁架 (21) 和连接两个主桁架 (21) 的多个次桁架 7. The hydraulic jacking self-climbing formwork system according to claim 1, wherein: said steel truss system (20) comprises two main trusses (21) and a plurality of times connecting two main trusses (21) truss
(22) 。 (twenty two) .
8、 根据权利要求 7所述的液压顶升自爬模板系统, 其特征在于: 所述操作 平台系统 (40) 包括设置在钢桁架系统 (20) 上部的上工作平台 (41) 、 吊挂 于第一悬挂部件 (30-1) 下的模板操作平台 (42) 、 钢筋操作平台 (43) , 所 述第一悬挂部件 (30-1) 悬挂于次桁架 (22) 下旋或外加的 H型钢上。  8. The hydraulic jacking self-climbing formwork system according to claim 7, wherein: the operating platform system (40) comprises an upper working platform (41) disposed on an upper portion of the steel truss system (20), suspended from a template operating platform (42) under the first suspension component (30-1), a steel operating platform (43), the first suspension component (30-1) suspended from the secondary truss (22) or an external H-shaped steel on.
9、 根据权利要求 7所述的液压顶升自爬模板系统, 其特征在于: 所述模板 系统 (50) 通过第二悬挂部件 (30-2) 吊挂于次桁架 (22) 下旋上, 所述第二 悬挂部件 (30-2) 包括活动安装在次桁架 (22) 下旋上的吊挂移动滑车 (51) , 吊挂移动滑车(51)下部通过花篮螺栓(52)与模板(54)上部的模板吊环(53) 连接。  9. The hydraulic jacking self-climbing formwork system according to claim 7, wherein: the formwork system (50) is hung on the lower sill of the secondary truss (22) by the second suspension component (30-2). The second suspension component (30-2) includes a hanging moving trolley (51) movably mounted on the lower sill of the secondary truss (22), and a lower part of the hanging moving trolley (51) through the basket bolt (52) and the template (54) The upper template eyelet (53) is connected.
PCT/CN2013/071319 2012-02-14 2013-02-04 Hydraulic lifting self-climbing template system WO2013120419A1 (en)

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DE102016125549A1 (en) * 2016-12-23 2018-06-28 Tries Gmbh & Co. Kg Climbing device with a climbing rail
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