WO2013109058A1 - Method for constructing building made of dried soil and temporary frame used in same - Google Patents

Method for constructing building made of dried soil and temporary frame used in same Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2013109058A1
WO2013109058A1 PCT/KR2013/000361 KR2013000361W WO2013109058A1 WO 2013109058 A1 WO2013109058 A1 WO 2013109058A1 KR 2013000361 W KR2013000361 W KR 2013000361W WO 2013109058 A1 WO2013109058 A1 WO 2013109058A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
soil
skeletal
temporary mold
mold
dough
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/KR2013/000361
Other languages
French (fr)
Korean (ko)
Inventor
정문형
Original Assignee
Jung Moon-Hyoung
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to KR10-2012-0005379 priority Critical
Priority to KR20120005379 priority
Priority to KR1020130004866A priority patent/KR101454276B1/en
Priority to KR10-2013-0004866 priority
Application filed by Jung Moon-Hyoung filed Critical Jung Moon-Hyoung
Priority claimed from JP2014552136A external-priority patent/JP6029687B2/en
Publication of WO2013109058A1 publication Critical patent/WO2013109058A1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/842Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ by projecting or otherwise applying hardenable masses to the exterior of a form leaf
    • E04B2/845Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ by projecting or otherwise applying hardenable masses to the exterior of a form leaf the form leaf comprising a wire netting, lattice or the like

Abstract

The technical features of the present invention are for a method for quickly and easily constructing a building made of soil such as a house or a retaining wall by means of a process of installing a temporary mold in a frame member made of a mesh, compacting pugging clay into the temporary mold in a bottom-up method by a mechanical extruder, and immediately removing the temporary mold and drying the pugging clay.

Description

Construction method of soil dry matter and temporary mold used for it

The present invention relates to a method for constructing a building mainly based on soil and a temporary mold used therein. More specifically, the present invention relates to a wall or retaining wall of a house by filling earth dough into a skeletal member made of cage-shaped mesh. It relates to a so-called wet construction method for constructing the same structure.

Soil, wood, and stone, which are natural building materials, have been around for a long time.

In particular, since soil is a common material that can be easily obtained anywhere around wood or stone, it has been used as a building material for a long time. It is not used as mainstream material in comparison with stone.

In recent years, however, the environmentally-friendly and life-friendly characteristics of the soil have been newly highlighted, attracting attention as a building material of the future.

In other words, processed materials such as concrete, which are widely used as building materials today, destroy nature from the manufacturing process and consume a lot of energy. Therefore, not only does it increase the emission of pollutant carbon dioxide, but concrete waste generated during decontamination contaminates the soil. Compared with the problem of damaging the ecosystem, the soil is reduced to the natural state even if the building is dismantled at the end of its life, so it is a typical eco-friendly material in that there is no risk of polluting or damaging the natural ecosystem.

In addition, as all living beings are born from the soil and return to the soil, since living beings are inseparable from the soil, soil-based buildings function as a pleasant living space, which is the excellent automatic that soil has. It can be said to be life-friendly because it is caused by various properties that are beneficial to the human body, such as temperature and humidity control performance, sterilization, deodorization, and far-infrared radiation.

As described above, soil has many advantages that are environmentally friendly and life-friendly.However, because of the aesthetics and simplicity as well as the durability and robustness as described above, the soil is mainly baked and manufactured with bricks or by adding other binders to improve strength or durability. It has been used mainly as reinforced building materials.

However, most of them are deteriorated or weakened natural characteristics of the soil, so they can be roughly classified into dry and wet methods by looking at the conventional methods of constructing buildings based on pure soil.

First of all, the dry method can be divided into masonry and compaction method. Double masonry is a method of stacking and building block bodies formed by putting soil into the frame in the same way as brick stacking. It's a way to build a wall, repeating the step of putting the soil on it or slicing it with a ball and filling it again.

As such, the dry method does not require water during construction, so it does not require a separate drying process, and it does not require any special construction techniques, so it can be easily constructed.However, the wall is thicker than necessary due to weak shear force such as lateral force. There is a structural weakness that the ground is difficult to apply to medium and large buildings with two or more floors due to inefficient aspects and seismic resistance.

Next, the wet method includes the soil paste coating method, the soil spraying method and the recently developed soil filling method.

Among them, the earthen kneading method is a method that has been used for a long time, and it is a method of constructing walls, etc. by repeating the process of manually pasting the kneaded soil inside and outside of the heartwood, which is woven with vegetation such as a sorghum.

This method is an advanced method in that it strengthens the shear strength and the seismic resistance, which is the biggest weakness of soil construction by reinforcing the core material.However, because of its primitiveness and manual work, it is necessary to describe the lath wire mesh instead of the vegetation heartwood. On top of that, some spraying methods, such as shotcrete method, are used to spray soil and water or dough with a mechanical device.

However, in this process, the so-called dry type of soil and water are thrown out in the process of spraying, and there is a problem that they are lost or the dough is not properly kneaded. In the wet type of soil, the dough is dropped by machinery due to its viscosity. There is a problem that is easily broken, etc., mainly used for the limited use of the soil wall thinly padded on the ready-made wall is not used in full-scale wall construction.

Finally, the soil dough filling method is a method adopted by the present invention in the prior invention No. 10-1003371 (registered on Dec. 16, 2010), which the present inventors have recently developed and registered as a right in view of the problems of the conventional wet method described above.

The preceding invention relates to a skeletal member 10 made of a cage-type wire mesh connected between the front and rear meshes 11 and rear mesh 12, which are opposed to each other, as shown in FIG. If you compare it to concrete construction, it will perform the functions of formwork and reinforcing bars at the same time.

Thus, the skeletal member can function as a prosthetic member without formwork due to the clay's unique viscosity and plasticity when the soil becomes kneaded.

In other words, unlike concrete dough, which has outstanding fluidity, clay dough is more viscous and more plastic than fluidity. So when clay dough is filled in the skeletal member, it sticks to the dense mesh made of wire mesh and retains its shape as long as external force is not applied. The plasticity that they want to maintain prevents them from being easily pushed out of the wire mesh.

Therefore, the above-mentioned invention can be seen that the groundbreaking structure type construction method was newly created by utilizing the characteristics of clay, but in the actual construction process, the clay's unique viscosity and plasticity, as described above, act as a double-edged knife. There was a problem with this dropping and needed to be improved.

In other words, when filling and filling the skeletal member with soil kneading, the kneading of the earth kneading is easily entangled in the wire mesh due to the aforementioned viscosity, and when it is chopped with a compaction rod, the shape is not easily compacted due to its unique plasticity. There is a problem that it is difficult to compactly fill the skeletal member.

As a result, in order to properly fill the earthen dough in the skeletal member, it is necessary to push it manually by hand tools. Therefore, there is a problem in that construction efficiency is significantly reduced in terms of manpower or construction period. Again, the problem of the conventional method of spraying was just as it was.

The present invention takes into account the various problems caused by the soil building as described above, in particular, providing a comfortable soil building by the construction method that can improve the construction efficiency by using the skeleton member disclosed in the prior invention of the present invention. Has its purpose.

As described above, the object of the present invention is to provide a skeletal member having a shape retaining property, a temporary mold installed at an outer periphery of the skeleton member, and a mold mold having a mold function, and a clay dough into the temporary mold. Technical means such as a mechanical extrusion device is achieved by a technical feature that organically links the characteristics of clay dough and its plasticity.

That is, the skeletal member, which is a basic component of the present invention, has a merit that the shape retaining function works once the earthen dough is filled as described above. However, the skeletal member is not easily filled in the skeletal member due to the unique viscosity and plasticity of the earthen dough. there is a problem.

In the present invention, such a filling problem is installed on the outer periphery of the skeletal member means of the temporary mold, and the earthen dough is put into this by mechanical extrusion means, but from the bottom of the temporary mold, that is, bottom-up (Buttom-up It is a basic feature to solve by consolidating and filling in a) method.

In addition, the present invention provides a separate supporting reinforcement structure by using the shape of the skeletal member of the present invention, that is, the side pressure acting on the mold is remarkably alleviated in order to improve construction efficiency and convenience during installation and disassembly of the temporary mold. Another technical feature is to install the hook means directly on the temporary frame without hanging it directly to the skeletal member.

The present invention is a technical effect according to the above-described technical features, that is, the shape retention of the skeletal member, the mold function of the temporary mold, and the press-in function by the mechanical extrusion device are organically linked with the characteristics of the soil dough. This is more obvious when compared with concrete formwork, which seems to be a similar technology.

In other words, the concrete formwork is introduced by dropping the concrete from the top to the bottom. In this case, the concrete itself must bear not only the weight of the concrete but also the strong vibration pressure caused by the vibrator generated during the compaction work. High process density and robustness are required.

However, in the temporary mold of the present invention, the concrete formwork of the rigid and complicated bracing structure is not required because the structural member does not have to cover the earth pressure of the earth dough to be filled and is not required to have a watertight structure. Unlike the simple structure that is simply supported by the hook on the skeletal member is enough, there is an effect that the construction convenience or speed during the construction or dismantling process is secured.

Moreover, since the concrete formwork must be continuously installed during the curing period required for 28 days of strength, the formwork of the present invention cannot be repeatedly used at the construction site, but since the temporary mold of the present invention can be dismantled immediately after filling is completed, the frequent use of the material is high. It is also economically useful in this respect.

In addition, in the present invention, it is possible to quickly put a large amount of soil dough into the temporary mold by a mechanical extrusion device, which is easily pushed into the mold because the inner peripheral surface of the temporary mold acts as a smooth surface due to the unique viscosity of the clay dough. Because.

In other words, the stickiness of sticking soil is mainly applied in the direction perpendicular to the surface, which is as if the adsorption holes adsorbed on the surface of the glass plate are pulled in the direction perpendicular to the surface. In the invention, even if the earthen dough is forcedly pressed into the injection hole of the temporary mold, the side wall of the temporary mold does not have any side pressure and is pushed to the empty space in the temporary mold as it flows.

Therefore, by using the flow characteristics to push the earth dough in the direction parallel to the plate surface of the mold at the bottom of the temporary mold, the earthen dough is gradually filled up from the lower empty space more effectively consolidation and filling without voids.

After all, the present invention not only can effectively fill a large amount of soil dough into the skeletal member at high speed by a mechanical extrusion device and a temporary mold, and can also easily dismantle the temporary mold by filling and compacting it with a conventional hand tool. The construction convenience and construction speed are significantly improved compared to the manual work, and the construction fidelity is also improved since the dough is densely packed and packed into the dough.

1 is an exploded perspective view showing a skeletal member of the present invention employed in the present invention.

2 is a perspective view showing a state in which a temporary mold is installed on the frame member.

3 is a perspective view illustrating a construction process of a house wall;

<Description of the symbols for the main parts of the drawings>

10: skeletal member consisting of a network 20: temporary frame

21: Template 23: Hook

25: hole 30: concrete foundation

Hereinafter, exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

The skeletal member 10 of the present invention as shown in FIG. 1 forms a cage-shaped net that connects the front net 11 and the rear net 12 opposite each other with a plurality of spacer nets 13.

The cage-shaped mesh is preferably configured in a lattice shape, and the material is preferably a metal material such as iron wire, but may be made of synthetic resin or wood.

And the skeletal member 10 is a temporary mold 20 is installed so that the front, rear and left and right sides are blocked, as shown in Figure 2, the bottom of one side of the temporary mold 20, the dough kneading Input hole 25 is formed.

When constructing, a space between the outer peripheral surface of the mesh member 10 and the temporary mold 20 of the skeletal member 10 is spaced apart with a spacer or the like so as to cover the mesh when necessary, and the lower end of the mesh is made of reinforcing bar such as a concrete foundation 30 or a rim beam. It is desirable to fix and stabilize structurally.

The temporary mold 20 may be any one such as wood, synthetic resin, or metal plate, but may be assembled into modular unit members for repeated use. In addition, since the rigidity or watertightness of the temporary mold of the present invention is not required as in a concrete formwork, a slight gap may be formed between the unit members, and there is no need to firmly install the rigid support structures. The member alone is sufficiently supportable.

2, the hook type temporary mold 20 showing another technical feature of the present invention is illustrated in two structural forms, and the hook type temporary mold 20 is equipped with a hook means on the mold plate 21. By making it possible to hang directly on the mesh of the skeletal member 10 to facilitate the installation and dismantling of the temporary mold 20 without a separate fastening rod or support reinforcing member or crutch.

That is, two rows of supports 22 are laid in the transverse direction at appropriate intervals on the mold plate 21 installed at the rear of the skeletal member 10, and a plurality of hooks 23 are protruded from the supports 22. There is a configuration in which the temporary mold 20 is installed by allowing the mold plate 21 to be immediately hung on the mesh of the skeletal member 10 by these hooks 23.

On the other hand, the temporary frame 20 is installed on the front of the skeletal member 10 is another structural form that connects and installs the mold plate 21 without the hook hole to the hook hole 23 mounted on a separate rod 24 Is showing.

In this case, the two support plates 21 are adjacent to each other with a slight gap, and the adjacent portions are pressed against the skeletal member 10 by pressing the adjacent portions with the skeletal member 10, so that the center support 22 of the scaffold 24 is inclined. The hanger 23 mounted on the) is configured to install the temporary mold 20 while hanging on the mesh of the skeletal member 10 through the gap.

2 and 3 illustrate the case in which the above two structural methods are constructed together for convenience, but in practice, it is preferable to select one structural method for construction and in any way, the hook 23 is somewhat lower as possible. It is preferable that the gap is formed so that a narrow gap is formed to the same extent as the diameter of the mesh.

And the clay dough input hole 25 formed in the temporary mold 20 should be installed in the lower portion of the temporary mold 20 for each construction stage so that the clay dough can be filled in the bottom-up method, preferably the temporary mold It is preferable to form in the side cross-sectional area rather than the front and back of (20).

In this case, the upper surface portion of the temporary mold 20 may not be opened without being blocked. This is because when the extrusion of the earthen dough is inserted into the lower hole 25, the earthen dough is gradually pushed upward from the bottom of the mold, No gaps are created and it is filled tightly to the top, and on the open top surface, the wall construction can be finished by just selecting the surface.

In addition, the temporary mold 20 may be mixed with the mold plate 21 of a transparent or translucent material in the middle, so that the process of filling the earthen dough can be externally estimated.

As described above, the dough kneaded in the temporary mold 20 may be added by kneading the soil, which is naturally excavated, but it is preferable to use a light aggregate such as expanded pearlite or expanded vermiculite.

These lightweight aggregates, which are factory processed products, have a particle diameter of about 0.1 mm to 3 mm and adjust the amount of mixing in the range of about 30 to 40% by weight to soil, but mix light weight aggregate in a state where it is aged by adding water to the soil and kneading. The viscosity, plasticity, and fluidity can be finely adjusted. At this time, it can be considered that it is enough to squeeze slightly between the fingers in a loosely held state by hand.

When the mixing ratio of soil, water, and light aggregate is determined as described above, the mixing and kneading is carried out in a large mixer, which is a mechanical device, which is also consolidated through the input hole 25 of the temporary mold 20 by a mechanical extrusion device of a screw or piston type. It will be filled.

Figure 3 illustrates the process of constructing the wall of the house, first the concrete foundation (30) construction and then assembled by fixing the mesh body of the skeleton member 10 of the present invention to the reinforcement of the concrete foundation (30) It is preferable to work in a state where the skeletal member of the finished slope wall is stabilized as a whole.

At this time, openings such as doors or windows are removed in advance, and the necessary equipment such as door frames, window frames, and pipes for electric wiring are buried, and then the temporary mold 20 is installed on the skeletal member 10 from one wall. After adding the release agent treatment or vinyl film or non-woven fabric so as to easily make it possible to consolidate the soil dough in the temporary mold 20 by a mechanical extrusion device not shown through the injection hole 25 formed in the lower end.

When the filling of the temporary mold 20 on one wall is completed, the temporary mold 20 is immediately dismantled and dried to dry the wall surface. The disassembled temporary mold 20 is then moved to the next wall and repeatedly installed in the manner The wall as well as the inner partition build the walls one after the other.

Of course, such a construction sequence can be applied to the construction of several walls at once or even divided into several zones according to the size of the building or site conditions, and the interior and exterior walls of the constructed wall is finished with interior and exterior materials of appropriate material Done.

In addition, the present invention can of course be applied not only to buildings such as silk houses, but also to the construction of walls, walls, vegetation retaining walls, and the like, and construction materials based on soil.

Claims (3)

  1. In constructing the structure by filling the kneaded skeletal member with a skeletal member, the temporary mold is installed on the outer circumferential surface of the skeletal member, and the clay mold is put into the temporary mold by a bottom-up method. Method of building a soil building, characterized in that the filling comprises the process of removing and drying the temporary mold.
  2. The method of claim 1, wherein the temporary mold is directly mounted to a mesh of the skeletal member by a hooking means.
  3. In consolidating and filling soil dough in a bottom-up manner by a mechanical extrusion device by installing a temporary mold on a skeletal member made of cage-shaped mesh, the mold plate equipped with a hook means is mounted directly on the mesh of the skeletal member. Temporary framework characterized by the above.
PCT/KR2013/000361 2012-01-17 2013-01-17 Method for constructing building made of dried soil and temporary frame used in same WO2013109058A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR10-2012-0005379 2012-01-17
KR20120005379 2012-01-17
KR1020130004866A KR101454276B1 (en) 2012-01-17 2013-01-16 method for constructing soil structure
KR10-2013-0004866 2013-01-16

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2014552136A JP6029687B2 (en) 2012-01-17 2013-01-17 Method for constructing soil structure and temporary formwork used therefor
US14/372,489 US9187915B2 (en) 2012-01-17 2013-01-17 Method for constructing building made of dried soil and temporary frame used in same
CN201380005792.5A CN104040084B (en) 2012-01-17 2013-01-17 The temporary mold for building method and its use of native structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2013109058A1 true WO2013109058A1 (en) 2013-07-25

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PCT/KR2013/000361 WO2013109058A1 (en) 2012-01-17 2013-01-17 Method for constructing building made of dried soil and temporary frame used in same

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR970007699B1 (en) * 1993-12-08 1997-05-15 권기출 Building construction using soils
JP2001311234A (en) * 2000-04-28 2001-11-09 Asano:Kk High flow fire resistive coating material and fire resistive coating method making use thereof
KR20060057235A (en) * 2004-11-23 2006-05-26 김삼권 Wooden decorative form assembly of constructing wall
KR20090110784A (en) * 2008-04-18 2009-10-22 정문형 A frame module for a mud-plastered wall and a mud-plastered wall frame and floor frame using the same and method for building mud-platered wall using the same
KR20100026206A (en) * 2008-08-29 2010-03-10 김동호 Assemble type latticed frame system and construction method applying the same

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR970007699B1 (en) * 1993-12-08 1997-05-15 권기출 Building construction using soils
JP2001311234A (en) * 2000-04-28 2001-11-09 Asano:Kk High flow fire resistive coating material and fire resistive coating method making use thereof
KR20060057235A (en) * 2004-11-23 2006-05-26 김삼권 Wooden decorative form assembly of constructing wall
KR20090110784A (en) * 2008-04-18 2009-10-22 정문형 A frame module for a mud-plastered wall and a mud-plastered wall frame and floor frame using the same and method for building mud-platered wall using the same
KR20100026206A (en) * 2008-08-29 2010-03-10 김동호 Assemble type latticed frame system and construction method applying the same

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