WO2013080211A1 - Battery selection system and method - Google Patents

Battery selection system and method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2013080211A1
WO2013080211A1 PCT/IL2012/050490 IL2012050490W WO2013080211A1 WO 2013080211 A1 WO2013080211 A1 WO 2013080211A1 IL 2012050490 W IL2012050490 W IL 2012050490W WO 2013080211 A1 WO2013080211 A1 WO 2013080211A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
battery
data
vehicle
user
replenished
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/IL2012/050490
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Yoav Heichal
Barak Hershkovitz
Shai Agassi
Original Assignee
Better Place GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US201161566529P priority Critical
Priority to US61/566,529 priority
Application filed by Better Place GmbH filed Critical Better Place GmbH
Publication of WO2013080211A1 publication Critical patent/WO2013080211A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/06Resources, workflows, human or project management, e.g. organising, planning, scheduling or allocating time, human or machine resources; Enterprise planning; Organisational models
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/30Constructional details of charging stations
    • B60L53/305Communication interfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/30Constructional details of charging stations
    • B60L53/31Charging columns specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/60Monitoring or controlling charging stations
    • B60L53/65Monitoring or controlling charging stations involving identification of vehicles or their battery types
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/60Monitoring or controlling charging stations
    • B60L53/66Data transfer between charging stations and vehicles
    • B60L53/665Methods related to measuring, billing or payment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/60Monitoring or controlling charging stations
    • B60L53/68Off-site monitoring or control, e.g. remote control
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/80Exchanging energy storage elements, e.g. removable batteries
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L58/00Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • B60L58/10Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries
    • B60L58/12Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries responding to state of charge [SoC]
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L58/00Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • B60L58/10Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries
    • B60L58/16Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries responding to battery ageing, e.g. to the number of charging cycles or the state of health [SoH]
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2200/00Type of vehicles
    • B60L2200/22Microcars, e.g. golf cars
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2200/00Type of vehicles
    • B60L2200/26Rail vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2200/00Type of vehicles
    • B60L2200/32Waterborne vessels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2200/00Type of vehicles
    • B60L2200/36Vehicles designed to transport cargo, e.g. trucks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2240/00Control parameters of input or output; Target parameters
    • B60L2240/40Drive Train control parameters
    • B60L2240/54Drive Train control parameters related to batteries
    • B60L2240/545Temperature
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2240/00Control parameters of input or output; Target parameters
    • B60L2240/70Interactions with external data bases, e.g. traffic centres
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2240/00Control parameters of input or output; Target parameters
    • B60L2240/70Interactions with external data bases, e.g. traffic centres
    • B60L2240/72Charging station selection relying on external data
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2260/00Operating Modes
    • B60L2260/40Control modes
    • B60L2260/50Control modes by future state prediction
    • B60L2260/54Energy consumption estimation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7005Batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7038Energy storage management
    • Y02T10/7044Controlling the battery or capacitor state of charge
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7038Energy storage management
    • Y02T10/705Controlling vehicles with one battery or one capacitor only
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • Y02T10/7088Charging stations
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/72Electric energy management in electromobility
    • Y02T10/7258Optimisation of vehicle performance
    • Y02T10/7291Optimisation of vehicle performance by route optimisation processing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • Y02T90/121Electric charging stations by conductive energy transmission
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • Y02T90/124Electric charging stations by exchange of energy storage elements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • Y02T90/128Energy exchange control or determination
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/14Plug-in electric vehicles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/163Information or communication technologies related to charging of electric vehicle
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/167Systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies for supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles, i.e. smartgrids as interface for battery charging of electric vehicles [EV] or hybrid vehicles [HEV]
    • Y02T90/169Aspects supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles, e.g. recognition, authentication, identification or billing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S30/00Systems supporting specific end-user applications in the sector of transportation
    • Y04S30/10Systems supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles
    • Y04S30/14Details associated with the interoperability, e.g. vehicle recognition, authentication, identification or billing

Abstract

The application provides techniques for selecting a battery for an electric vehicle during, or before exchanging the used battery installed in the vehicle with a fresh one, in a battery exchange station. In some embodiments the battery selection utilizes profile data comprising at least user related data, which may be associated with a specific vehicle, and status data about a plurality of replenished battery packs available in the battery exchange station, and which may comprise at least the amount of stored energy in each of the replenished battery packs. An energy consumption estimate is computed for the vehicle and the status data and the energy consumption estimate are processed to select at least one replenished battery pack from the plurality of replenished battery packs for the vehicle being serviced.

Description

BATTERY SELECTION SYSTEM AND METHOD

TECHNOLOGICAL FIELD

The present application relates to a system and method for battery selection for an at least partially electrical vehicle.

BACKGROUND

It is now recognized that the use of rechargeable batteries results in longer battery lifespan and use of fewer batteries. Rechargeable batteries have gained wide acceptance mainly due to their environmental benefits, reusability, and as being recyclable and economical. Apart from the reusability and economical aspects, use of rechargeable batteries may further offer reductions in toxic risks, less impact on ozone pollution, and in general, reduced consumption of natural resources (compared to disposable batteries).

One important use of rechargeable batteries is in the electrical vehicle industry, which intends to gradually replace air polluting petrol and diesel internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles with electric motor engine vehicles powered by rechargeable battery packs, or with the so-called hybrid vehicles which utilize both internal combustion and electric motors.

Various solutions for exchanging and replenishing batteries of electrical vehicles have been developed and are described for example in the following patent publications:

European patent publication No. 0902521 describes a battery rental system aiming to provide appropriate battery maintenance and control over battery charging and discharging, employing an unmanned automatic battery rental apparatus operated with a central control apparatus.

U.S. patent No. 6,014,597 describes a distributed electric vehicle battery exchange network employing a network of E-stops of battery exchange stations having control post units and card reader units.

U.S. patent publication No. 2003/209375 describes an electrical vehicle energy supply system for vehicles using removable cassette-type batteries, employing an energy supply station having a plurality of cassette-type batteries which charge the batteries and store the charged batteries for servicing electrical vehicles entering the energy supply station.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION

The present application provides a novel approach for battery selection for an electrical vehicle enabling to accommodate suitably charged batteries to serviced vehicles. More particularly, the present application provides a battery selection scheme designed to accommodate user needs and comply with a predetermined battery selection policy.

The term "vehicle" as used herein generally refers to electrically powered transporting machinery utilizing a battery as their main power source, such as, but not limited to, electric cars, electric trucks, electric trains, diesel-electric locomotives and ships. It is noted that although the following description mainly refers to electrical vehicles, the present invention is applicable to other types of electric engine machines, such as, but not limited to, forklifts, golf carts, electric wheelchairs, riding floor scrubbers, electric motorcycles, trucks, vans, ships and locomotives. The term "electrical vehicle " used herein refers to an at least partially electrical vehicle, i.e., all- electrical vehicle, or other types of electric engine machines as mentioned above.

The energy capacity of a rechargeable battery depends mostly on the size of the battery {e.g. , number of cells, cell arrangement and cell capacity), and since the capacity degrades over time, it depends also on usage and recharge history of the battery. Rechargeable batteries based on the Lithium-Ion technology are becoming more acceptable nowadays in electric vehicles. Such batteries, in certain arrangements, offer an average driving range of up to 160km. For many users this range is sufficient, as they typically travel between home and work locations, and in particular in situations where plug-in charging spots are available at home and work locations, allowing recharging of the vehicle batteries during off use time at work and/or at home.

However, there are cases wherein electrical vehicles are required to travel longer distances, which are often greater than the travelable distances feasible for the energy capacity of a typical rechargeable battery of an all-electric or hybrid vehicle. In addition, the route to a desired target destination may have no reachable battery recharging facilities. In certain circumstances, battery recharging may be overly time demanding for a busy user, and the temperature of the used, partially or fully discharged, battery pack may also impose further recharging restrictions. In order to resolve such situations, a battery exchange station (BES) is to be configured to allow for quick replacement of a discharged, or partially discharged, battery with a replenished battery. Such battery exchange may be an additional service provided to users of electrical vehicles, in addition to typical battery recharge services, during which the electric vehicle is plugged to the charging grid to replenish its battery by an onboard, or offboard, battery charger.

The BES stores a plurality of batteries placed in recharge units or in a battery storage facility of the BES. The BES recharges the discharged batteries, removed from serviced electrical vehicles, in the charge units, and once adequately charged, stores the charged batteries in the battery storage facility, from which the charged batteries are supplied for installation in electric vehicles that are being serviced in the BES.

The recharging process of a battery may take more than an hour, even if high electric currents/voltages, and powerful cooling systems, are used in the BES. The temperature of batteries extracted from vehicles may be relatively high (e.g. , about 45°C) due to continuous use. During the time in which the battery is being recharged and stored in the BES, the temperature of the extracted battery may not decrease, or may even rise, in particular due to the aggressive charging process in the BES (e.g., employing high electric voltages/currents).

The amount of energy which can be stored in a specific rechargeable battery does not remain fixed over time and depends on the state and overall condition ("health") of the battery. Such conditions of rechargeable batteries reflect the age and history of the battery, and typically depend on the number of recharge/discharge cycles the battery has undergone and on the magnitude of the recharge/discharge currents/voltages used in these cycles. For example, the higher the number of recharge/discharge cycles a battery has undergone, the lower the effective capacity of the battery. In addition, charging using high electrical currents also degrades battery capacity.

Battery temperature also affects battery usage, since high temperature batteries may give limited performance during the course of driving. For example, charged batteries slowly become discharged even if they are not connected to a load, and such a slow discharge effect is increased when the temperature of the battery is high (e.g. , above 40°C). In addition, rechargeable batteries also age and lose some of their capacity over time (even if not used or go through recharge/discharge cycles), and exposure to high temperatures accelerates the battery aging process significantly.

High temperature conditions of rechargeable batteries accelerate the aging of the battery, which is typically reflected in increase in the internal resistance of the battery. Such increase in the internal resistance of the battery causes higher internal loses, which also diminishes the output voltage that the battery can supply.

Due to the above factors, and since the rate of electric vehicles serviced in the BES may drastically vary between peak and off-peak hours, a typical BES may encounter at any given time situations in which the BES has numerous batteries, each having different maximal energy capacity and different amounts of stored energy, and that need to be serviced to a plurality of electric vehicles, each of which may have different expected needs.

The present application in some of its embodiments provides a system and method for selecting a battery pack to be installed in an electrical vehicle, in a battery exchange station, according to data related to energy consumption patterns of a user of the electric vehicle. The battery selection scheme in some embodiments is designed to study and analyze energy consumption features of the user of the electrical vehicle, and to select a suitable battery pack from a stock of replenished battery packs available in the battery exchange station. In possible embodiments, a replenished battery pack is selected to allow the user to safely reach a desired target destination and/or another battery service station located along, or in the vicinity, of the route the user intends to drive towards the target destination.

The battery selection scheme in some embodiments is performed by providing status data (e.g. , amount of stored energy, battery temperature, efficiency, and suchlike) concerning a plurality of replenished battery packs available in the battery exchange station, and collecting profile data comprising the user related data. The profile data is used for calculating an energy consumption estimate, and the status data and the energy consumption estimate are processed for selecting at least one replenished battery pack from the plurality of replenished battery packs for the specific vehicle.

The profile data is analyzed to define expected features required from a replenished battery pack to be installed in the vehicle. The expected features comprise at least one of the following: battery type or types of compatible battery packs; battery temperature range; battery age; battery health; and battery efficiency. Accordingly, the selecting may be based at least in part on said expected features. The expected features are then used in the battery selection to search in the status data of the available battery packs for at least one replenished battery pack, satisfying the expected features, to be installed in the vehicle from the stock of battery packs available in the battery exchange station.

For example, the profile data may include data about driving habits of the user (e.g. , frequently driven routes, driving speeds, tendencies for aggressive accelerations and decelerations), which may be then used to determine a target destination of the user and calculate accordingly a minimal amount of energy required for the specific user to reach the target destination. The profile data may further include indications concerning the vehicle used by the user (e.g. , vehicle weight, energy consumption efficiency, motor specifications, and suchlike), which may be used to adjust the calculation of minimal amount of energy required, accordingly. In other exemplary embodiments the profile data further includes indications concerning the battery pack (e.g. , type, weight, geometric dimensions, efficiency, and suchlike) currently used in the vehicle, which may be also used in the battery pack selection to ensure that the selected replenished battery pack is of the same, or compatible, type.

In some exemplary embodiments, the profile data indications (e.g. , concerning the user, the battery pack currently in use and/or the vehicle) are collected and analyzed in order to determine a battery selection profile reflecting battery features (e.g. , amount of stored energy, battery temperature, battery efficiency, and suchlike) required from a replenished battery pack to be installed in a specific vehicle used by the specific user. In these exemplary embodiments the features defined in the battery selection profile are used in the battery selection process to find at least one battery pack from the stock of battery packs available in the battery exchange station that complies with the requirements defined in the battery selection profile.

The battery pack selection process may be adapted to provide users of the vehicles serviced in the battery exchange station replenished battery packs satisfying their needed driving coverage (e.g. , battery conditions required for reaching a desired target destination) and which may minimize their need to visit additional battery exchange stations during the drive towards the target destination. Accordingly, in some possible embodiments, the battery pack selection process is adapted to provide users with battery packs having the highest level of charged energy and lowest temperature level. In other possible embodiments, the battery selection process is adapted to select at least one replenished battery pack having the minimal level of charged energy and certain range of temperatures permitting the vehicle to safely reach a desired target destination and/or a battery exchange/recharge station located along the route to be driven by the user towards the target destination, or adjacent to this route.

In some possible embodiments, the battery pack selection process further employs a battery pack selection policy. The battery pack selection policy may be defined by the battery exchange station or by a service provider managing the, or coordinating with, the battery selection station, to introduce additional considerations in the battery selection process. For example, the battery selection policy may be used to enable the battery exchange stations to meet users' requirements during times of high demands for battery exchange services. Alternatively or additionally, the battery selection policy may be adapted to maintain a desired average level of energy stored in the battery packs available in the battery exchange station, for example, in order to regulate energy supply rates. Yet alternatively or additionally, the battery selection policy may be adapted to equalize the level of wear of all battery packs used, for example, by guiding the battery selection process to give priority in the battery selection process to newer battery packs and/or battery packs having better health conditions.

Therefore, according to an aspect of some embodiments of the present application, there is provided a method for selecting a battery for a vehicle in a battery exchange station. The method comprises providing profile data comprising at least user related data associated with a specific vehicle, providing status data about a plurality of replenished battery packs available in the battery exchange station, calculating an energy consumption estimation based on the profile data, processing the status data and the energy consumption estimate and, based thereon, selecting at least one replenished battery pack from the plurality of replenished battery packs for the specific vehicle.

Preferably, the status data comprises at least the amount of stored energy in each of the replenished battery packs. Optionally the status data comprises a plurality of records, each record comprising data indicative of a specific battery pack from the plurality of replenished battery packs available in the battery exchange station. For example, each of these data records may comprise at least one of the following: battery identifier; battery maximal capacity; battery charge level; battery temperature; battery location specifying whether said battery is being recharged or being stored after such recharge; and battery health.

The profile data may comprise vehicle related data of the specific vehicle and/or information about driving routes frequently driven by the user of the vehicle. In a variant, the vehicle related data comprises at least one of the following: vehicle type, vehicle weight and motor efficiency. Optionally, the profile data further comprises battery data specifying features of a battery pack currently installed in the vehicle, wherein the battery data may include at least one of the following: battery type, battery age, battery temperature, battery health, battery efficiency, and a battery identifier.

In possible embodiments, the profile data further comprises at least one of the following: energy replenishment patterns specifying user's patterns of battery exchange and/or recharge; service package data specifying terms and agreement of user subscription; and target destination data specifying at least one target destination of said user.

The method may further comprise determining a target destination of the user of the vehicle based on the profile data, and using the target destination for calculating the energy consumption estimation. Optionally, the target destination is determined by generating a query to the user, and the energy consumption estimation is calculated based on user's response to the query.

In possible embodiments the selecting of at least one replenished battery pack comprises selecting from battery packs which temperature is lower than a preset threshold value (e.g. , 33°C).

The calculating of energy consumption estimation may further comprise determining expected features for battery pack selection, and the selecting may be based at least in part on the determined expected features. The expected features may comprise at least one of the following: battery type or types of compatible battery packs; battery temperature range; battery age; battery health; and battery efficiency.

The method may further comprise providing a battery selection policy for introducing additional considerations in the selection of the at least one replenished battery pack, wherein the additional considerations may include reservation of replenished battery packs having a desired level of charged energy and/or of temperature. Alternatively, the additional considerations may include maintaining a desired average level of energy stored in the battery packs available in the battery exchange station. Optionally, the additional considerations may include equalizing the level of wear of all battery packs used.

According to another aspect of some embodiments of the present application there is provided a management system for use in selecting a battery for a vehicle in a battery exchange station. The management system comprises a memory utility for storing data comprising status data about a plurality of replenished battery packs available in the battery exchange station, wherein the status data comprises at least amount of stored energy in each of the replenished battery packs, and a processor utility comprising: an energy consumption estimator module configured and operable for receiving and processing profile data comprising vehicle related data and respective user related data for estimating energy consumption for the vehicle used by the user, and for generating data indicative thereof; and a battery selection module configured and operable for receiving and processing the status data and data indicative of the estimated energy consumption, and generating output data indicative of at least one replenished battery pack from said plurality of replenished battery packs selected for the specific vehicle.

In possible embodiments, the energy consumption estimator module is configured and operable for determining a target destination of said user, based on said profile data, and for using the target destination for calculating of the energy consumption estimation. Additionally or alternatively, the processor utility may be configured and operable for generating a query to the user for determining a target destination to be used for calculating the energy consumption estimation.

In exemplary embodiments of the present application the energy consumption estimator module is configured to select the battery pack for the specific vehicle from battery packs, in the plurality of replenished battery packs, whose temperature is lower than a preset threshold value (e.g. , 33°C).

In a variant, the energy consumption estimator module is further configured and operable for determining expected features for battery pack selection, wherein the expected features comprise at least one of the following: battery type or types of compatible battery packs; battery temperature range; battery age; battery health; and battery efficiency. Advantageously, the selecting may be based at least in part on the determined expected features. According to yet another aspect of some embodiments of the present application there is provided a management system for use in managing battery selection for vehicles in a battery exchange station. The management system comprises a memory utility accessible from the battery exchange station and comprising status data about a plurality of replenished battery packs available in the battery exchange station, and a control system connectable to said memory utility and connectable to users' service provider utility for receiving profile data comprising vehicle related data and respective user related data. The control system comprises an energy consumption estimator module configured and operable for processing the profile data and estimating energy consumption for the vehicle used by the user and generating data indicative thereof, and a battery selection module configured and operable for receiving and processing the status data and data indicative of the estimated energy consumption, and generating output data indicative of at least one replenished battery pack from the plurality of replenished battery packs selected for the specific vehicle. Preferably, the status data comprises at least the amount of stored energy in each of the replenished battery packs.

According to yet another aspect of some embodiments of the present application there is provided a management system for use in managing battery selection for vehicles in a battery exchange station. The management system comprises a control system connectable to a storage device for receiving status data about a plurality of replenished battery packs available in the battery exchange station, wherein the status data comprises at least the amount of stored energy in each of the replenished battery packs, and wherein the control system is connectable to users' service provider utility via a communication network for receiving profile data comprising vehicle related data and respective user related data. The control system comprises an energy consumption estimator module configured and operable for processing the profile data and estimating energy consumption for the vehicle used by the user and generating data indicative thereof, and a battery selection module configured and operable for receiving and processing the status data and data indicative of the estimated energy consumption, and generating output data indicative of at least one replenished battery pack from said plurality of replenished battery packs selected for the specific vehicle.

According to yet another aspect of some embodiments of the present application there is provided a management system for use in managing battery selection for vehicles in a battery exchange station. The system comprises a server system connected to a communication network, wherein the server system comprises a data input utility for receiving and identifying a request data indicative of a request of a user of a vehicle at the battery exchange station, a first communication utility for communicating with a storage device and receiving status data about a plurality of replenished battery packs available in said battery exchange station, wherein the status data comprises at least amount of stored energy in each of the replenished battery packs, a second communication utility for communicating with a users' service provider utility for receiving profile data comprising vehicle related data and respective user related data, and a processor system. The processor system comprises an energy consumption estimator module for processing the profile data and estimating energy consumption for the vehicle used by the user and generating data indicative thereof, and a battery selection module for processing the status data and data indicative of the estimated energy consumption, and generating battery selection data indicative of at least one selected replenished battery pack from a plurality of replenished battery packs at the battery exchange station selected for the vehicle.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

In order to understand the invention and to see how it may be carried out in practice, embodiments will now be described, by way of non-limiting example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figs. 1A to 1C are block diagrams schematically illustrating some embodiments of the battery selection technique of the present application, wherein Fig. 1A exemplifies a battery management system, Fig. IB exemplifies a battery service system, and Fig. 1C exemplifies a battery exchange station;

Fig. 2A and Fig. 2B schematically illustrate a battery exchange process according to possible embodiments of the present application, wherein Fig. 2A is a flowchart illustrating a possible battery selection and exchange process and Fig. 2B is an event trace diagram demonstrating possible data flow in such a possible battery selection and exchange process; and

Figs. 3A to Fig. 3E are block diagrams schematically illustrating possible profile data records and data structures used and determined in possible embodiments of the present application, wherein Fig. 3A demonstrates a possible user profile data record, Fig. 3B demonstrates a possible battery profile record, Fig. 3C demonstrates a possible vehicle profile data record, Fig. 3D demonstrates a possible battery selection profile defining various properties and conditions expected from the selected battery pack, and Fig. 3E demonstrates a possible status data report of battery packs available in the battery exchange station.

It is noted that the embodiments exemplified in the figures are not intended to be in scale and are in diagram form to facilitate ease of understanding and description.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS

The present disclosure provides a battery selection scheme useful for selecting a battery for an electric machine serviced in a battery exchange station (BES). The battery selection scheme of the present invention is adapted to satisfy user and machine needs, and optionally also a predefined battery selection policy. Though the following description mainly relates to electric vehicles, as will be recognized by those of ordinary skill in the art, the present invention is applicable, mutatis mutandis, to almost any electric machine utilizing rechargeable batteries.

In general, the battery selection technique of the present application is carried out by a management system configured and operable for processing profile data related to at least the user of a vehicle, calculating, based on the profile data, an energy consumption estimate for the vehicle when driven by the user to a target destination, and analyzing status data about a plurality of replenished battery packs available in the BES and the calculated energy consumption estimate for selecting from the plurality of available replenished battery packs at least one replenished battery pack capable of satisfying at least the estimated energy consumption. The battery exchange station may be part of, or connectable to, the management system which manages the exchange of batteries of a plurality of vehicles in one or more such battery exchange stations distributed over geographical areas in which the vehicles are used.

Fig. 1A schematically illustrates one possible embodiment of a battery management system 17 configured to select a battery for a vehicle serviced in a battery exchange station. In this example, the system 17 comprises a data storage device 7 (also referred to herein as a memory utility) which stores and manages status data 34 about a plurality of replenished battery packs (34a, 34b, 34c,...) available in the battery exchange station(s). The status data 34 may comprise for each replenished battery pack (e.g. , 34a) data indicative of at least the amount of stored energy (e.g. , 34a3) and the temperature (e.g. , 34a4) of the battery pack.

An additional data storage device 8 may be used in the system 17 to store and manage profile data 8r. It is however noted that in possible embodiments the status data 34 and the profile data 8r are stored and managed by a single data storage device (e.g. , data storage device 7). As indicated above, the profile data 8r comprises user related data. Preferably, the profile data 8r also comprises vehicle related data about the vehicle used by the user. In possible embodiments the profile data 8r comprises the following: data about the users of each of the vehicles (31); data about each of the vehicles (33) serviced at the BES; data about the battery pack (32) currently installed in each of the vehicles.

System 17 includes a computer system 5 having a processor 6 and a memory 5m. System 17 is configured to communicate data with the data storage devices 7 and 8 over a data network 9 (e.g. , wireless network such as a cellular network or computer network such as the Internet), and manage the battery selection and exchange operations. In some exemplary embodiments the computer system 5 is directly coupled to the data storage devices 7 and 8 (designated by dashed arrowed lines) for communicating data therewith, such that the data network 9 is not necessarily required. The data storage devices 7 and 8 may be hosted and managed by the computer system 5, e.g. , the computer system 5 and storage devices 7 and 8 are located in the same site, room or building, or even operably housed and packaged in the same unit.

In some possible embodiments, data storage device 7 comprising the replenished batteries status data 34 is hosted and managed in the battery exchange station. Computer system 5 may be also part of the battery exchange station, as will be exemplified hereinbelow. In some possible embodiments, the storage device 8 comprising the profile data 8r is hosted and managed by a service provider which may be located at a remote location and configured to communicate with the battery exchange stations, and possibly also with the vehicles, over the data network 9. Data storage devices 7 and 8 may be implemented utilizing any suitable volatile and/or non-volatile memory devices (e.g. , RAM, magnetic hard disks, FLASH memories, optical disks, and suchlike), and may be hosted on a computer server (e.g. , RAID server), as well known to those skilled in the art. The processor unit 6 includes an energy consumption estimator module 6e and a battery pack selection module 6s. The energy consumption estimator module 6e is configured and operable for receiving and processing the profile data 8r, calculating energy consumption estimation 6q for a serviced vehicle when used by the user, and generating data indicative thereof. The battery pack selection module 6s is configured and operable for receiving and processing the status data 34 and the energy consumption estimation 6q calculated by the estimator 6e, and generating output data 6p indicative of at least one selected replenished battery pack from the plurality of available replenished battery packs, the at least one selected replenished battery pack being capable of at least partially satisfying the calculated energy consumption estimation 6q.

The management system 17 may include, or be incorporated in, a server system connected to the communication network. The server system is configured to receive data from a data input utility and identify a request data indicative of a request of a user of a vehicle at the battery exchange station. The server system includes a first communication interface (e.g. , Ethernet, WiFi, modem, or suchlike) for communicating replenished battery status data 34 with data storage device 7, and a second communication interface for communicating profile data 8r with data storage device (7 or 8). The server system further includes a control unit or processor utility configured as the above described computer system including, the energy consumption estimator module 6e for processing the profile data and estimating energy consumption for the vehicle used by the user, and the battery selection module 6s for processing the status data and the data indicative of the estimated energy consumption and generating battery selection data.

Fig. IB exemplifies an electrical vehicle battery service system 16 according to some embodiments. Electrical vehicle battery service system 16 includes a central control system 15 (marked in the figure as "control center") configured to communicate data with control units of a plurality of battery exchange stations (BES) 10 and control units installed in electric vehicles (EV) 12. Each battery exchange station 10 includes its associated control unit lOt, charger and storage apparatus 10c, and a service lane 13 providing electrical vehicles 12 visiting the battery exchange station 10 with access to a battery exchange apparatus lOx of battery exchange station 10. Battery exchange apparatus lOx is configured to remove the battery pack 13d (shown in Fig. 1C) of a serviced vehicle 12 and replace it with a recharged battery pack 13g (see Fig. 1C). More particularly, the battery exchange apparatus lOx is operable to remove a partially or fully discharged battery pack 13d from a serviced vehicle 12, transfer the removed battery pack 13d to charger and storage apparatus 10c for recharge and storage, fetch a replenished battery pack 13g from recharge and storage apparatus 10c, and install the fetched battery pack 13g in the serviced electric vehicle 12.

Data communication between the control units of the battery exchange stations 10 and the central control system 15 may be carried out over wired communication links (e.g. , landline telephony, cables), over optical communication links (e.g. , fiber optics) and/or wirelessly (e.g. , RF cellular network, WiFi, or satellite communication). Optionally, the data communication between the battery exchange stations 10 and the central control system 15 is carried out employing standard data communication networks (e.g. , LAN, WAN, WLAN, MAN, SAN) and protocols (e.g. , TCP/IP), for example, over the Internet. Data communication between the control units of the electric vehicles 12 and the central control system 15 (indicated by dashed-dotted arrowed lines) may be carried over any suitable state of the art wireless communication (e.g. , cellular network, WiFi, IR, Bluetooth, or satellite).

As demonstrated in Fig. IB, the communication between the control units of the vehicles 12 and central control system 15 may be intermittently available due to varying geographical and environmental conditions and/or limited availability of wireless communication nodes. Electric vehicles 12 approaching exchange apparatus lOx on lane 13 may communicate data with the control unit lOt of the battery exchange station over wired, or wireless (by establishing WLAN communication between the internal computer of the vehicle and the control unit lOt), data communication links (indicated by dashed arrowed lines). It should be understood that the same wireless communication links utilized by the control units of the electric vehicles 12 to communicate with the central control system 15 may be also utilized by the electric vehicle 12 to communicate data with the control unit lOt of the battery exchange apparatus. However, the battery exchange apparatus lOx may be equipped with appropriate wired communication interfaces (e.g. , modems, UART, I2C, USB, Ethernet) connectable to the internal computers of the serviced vehicles 12 during the battery exchange process for exchanging data between them therethrough. As shown more specifically in the example of Fig. 1C, the electrical vehicle 12 includes an internal computer (control unit) 12m (e.g. , onboard telematic device) which is capable of establishing data communication with the central control system 15 and also with various modules of battery exchange apparatus 10. Such an internal computer 12m may be configured to monitor and manage the battery pack 13d of vehicle 12, and to communicate with central control system 15 and with the control unit lOt via a communication interface unit 12i (indicated as interface I/F in Fig. 1C). The internal computer 12m may be also configured to receive inputs from the user and display data and images to the user, by means of the respective user interface (not shown).

Vehicle 12 may further comprise a positioning system 12p (e.g. , GPS, or any other type of cellular or satellite positioning system) which may be used together with internal computer 12m to determine possible routes for vehicle 12 to travel and reach a desired destination indicated by the user. Internal computer 12m may be adapted to prepare a driving route for reaching a desired target destination indicated by the user. Additionally or alternatively, internal computer 12m may be configured to transfer from time to time vehicle location data obtained from positioning system 12p, and/or the desired target destination data obtained from the user, to the central control system 15. Accordingly, the central control system 15 may be used for determining a driving route for the specific vehicle 12 towards the user's desired target destination based on the location and destination data it receives from the vehicle 12.

Internal computer 12m may be further configured to provide the central control system 15 with data about the status (e.g. , amount of stored energy and temperature) of the battery pack used in the vehicle 12. In such possible embodiments the central control system 15 may be further configured to issue alerts whenever the amount of energy stored in the battery pack of the vehicle is below a predetermined threshold. The alerts may be transmitted to the vehicle 12 (its control unit 12m) and further used by the central control system 15 to place a battery exchange service reservation for vehicle 12 in a battery exchange station located nearby, or along (or adjacent to) the route driven by the user. Alternatively or additionally, the central control system 15 may be configured to plan, or adjust, the route driven by the user based on the vehicle location data, the desired target destination data and the battery state data, received from the internal computer 12m, and thereby guarantee that the user safely reaches the target destination. With reference to Fig. 1C, battery exchange station 10 may comprise a user identification unit 18 (designated as UID in Fig. 1C) configured to receive user identification information (e.g. , user name and/or password, PIN code, biometric identifier, or any other suitable user identifier) and transmit the same to control unit lOt over any suitable wired or wireless communication link (indicated by a dotted arrowed line) provided therebetween. For this purpose, user identification unit 18 may comprise a user interface utility including keypad or keyboard and display means, RFID reader unit, personal user card reader, such as credit card reader or smart card reader, biometric scanner or detector, or any combination thereof. Alternatively, user identification may be carried out via internal computer 12m, using user identification means, such as indicated hereinabove, to communicate the user identification data through the communication link obtained between the electric vehicle 12 and control unit lOt.

The user identification unit 18 may be further configured to carry out a user authentication and/or authorization procedure(s) for allowing the system 17 to bill a user account, and/or settle payment through a third party (e.g. , financial institution, such as, for example, a bank or a credit card company), for the service provided to the user by the BES 10.

The battery service system 17, the battery exchange station 10 and/or the battery exchange apparatus lOx, may be implemented utilizing one or more of the embodiments described in International Patent Publications Nos. WO 2009/039454, WO 2010/033517, WO 2010/033883 and/or WO 2010/033881 , all assigned to the assignee of the present application and being incorporated herein by reference.

A possible battery management process will be now described with reference to Fig. 2A and Fig. 2B.

In the exemplary battery management process 20 illustrated in Fig. 2A, a vehicle

12 accesses the exchange apparatus lOx (step 21), and identifying information is transmitted from the internal computer 12m of the vehicle 12 to the control unit lOt of the battery exchange station (step 22). Such identifying information comprises user identifying data (e.g. , user identification number, passport number, subscription number, or suchlike) and preferably also vehicle identification data (e.g. , vehicle registration number, vehicle identification number, manufacturer serial number, or suchlike). However, possible embodiments may include only transmittal of user identification data which may be required for billing the user for the service provided by the battery exchange station 10, and in such cases the user identifying data may be securely transmitted to control unit lOt by means of user identification unit 18.

The transmittal of identifying data in step 22 to the control unit lOt may be performed as part of a user request to receive a battery exchange service from the BES 10. The user identification in step 22 may be aimed at user authentication and authorization which may be carried out utilizing any suitable state of the art authentication/authorization protocol (e.g. , user name and password, detection of biometric signatures, or suchlike).

After the user is identified, and if needed also authenticated, control unit lOt operates to fetch one or more data profiles (step 23), for example, of the user, of the vehicle and/or of the battery pack used in the vehicle 12 to be serviced. In some embodiments, the data profiles are fetched from databases maintained and accessible by the central control system 15. Additionally or alternatively, the data profiles are fetched from the control unit lOt of the battery exchange station and/or the internal computer 12m of vehicle 12. While in some preferred embodiments the profile data is fetched from the central control system 15 alone, control unit lOt of the battery exchange station and/or central control system 15 may be configured to interrogate the internal computer 12m of the vehicle for updates, for example, concerning recent battery recharge events, vehicle performance over certain routes, user driving habits, and suchlike.

The user data profile may include information concerning user's driving habits

(e.g. , driving speeds and accelerations/decelerations), frequently driven routes and times during the day in which these frequent routes have been driven, usage of air conditioning, power consumption during specific routes (such as the frequently driven routes) and driving times, the state of user's subscription and/or user's account, and suchlike. The vehicle data profile may include information concerning the vehicle specification and operating conditions, such as, but not limited to, vehicle weight and type, energy consumption characteristics, vehicle efficiency, and suchlike. The battery profile may include information concerning battery type (e.g. , Lead-acid, Nickel metal hydride, Zebra, Lithium ion) and make, efficiency and storage capacity, working temperatures, recharge history, and the like.

The control unit lOt of the battery exchange station may further determine the destination data of the user of the vehicle (step 24). In certain cases, the destination information may be provided by the internal computer 12m of the vehicle 12, however, if the user did not indicate a desired target destination, it may be determined based on information in the fetched user profile. For example, if the user constantly drives from home to work during regular hours of ordinary business days, in case the user started the ride from home during such usual hours of the day, it may be assumed with a high degree of confidence that the working place is the user's target destination, in particular if the accessed BES 10 is on, or proximal to, the user's frequently used route between the home and work locations. The target destination may be determined by at least one of: the internal computer 12m, the control unit lOt of the BES, and the central control system 15.

Control unit lOt of the BES then fetches from charger and storage apparatus 10c

(step 25) a status report concerning all battery packs 13g that are currently available in storage or that are being recharged, and their charged levels. The control unit lOt may then use the information determined and fetched in steps 23 to 25 to select a suitable battery for the vehicle 12 to be serviced (step 26). However, if the state of the user's subscription and/or account indicates that the user's registration needs to be renewed, or that payment is required to settle the user's account, the vehicle servicing process 20 may be halted (or terminated) until the user settles the needed payments and/or registration formalities, optionally, onsite at the battery exchange station 10.

The control unit of the battery exchange station 10 may be periodically or continuously updated concerning the charging state/level, type, history and conditions (e.g. , temperature and health), of all battery packs 13g that are stored or being recharged at the charger and storage apparatus 10c. Each of the battery packs 13g in the charger and storage apparatus 10c may be uniquely identified using, for example, bar codes, ID chips, RFID, and suchlike. Information concerning each of the batteries (e.g. , manufacturer specifications, battery health and/or history) in the charger and storage apparatus 10c may be further obtained from a centralized server (not shown) communicatively linked to the network of system 17/16.

Fig. 2B is an event trace diagram 29 exemplifying dataflow in a possible battery selection and exchange process. The battery selection process may be initiated in the user identification step (SI) in which one or more user identifiers (e.g. , user name, subscription number), and possibly other data (password, PIN, biometric data), are sent from user identification unit 18 to the control unit lOt. It is noted that the requests for battery pack replacements may be generated by the control units 12m of the vehicles 12 or control unit lOt of the BES 10 when the vehicles arrive to the BES 10, for example, each time a user is authenticated and/or authorized at a user identification unit 18.

According to another example, an advance notification (SI1, indicated by a broken arrowed line) may be sent from the internal computer 12m of vehicle 12 to the central control system 15 to reserve a battery replacement slot for the vehicle 12 ahead of time. Upon receipt of such an advance request (SI1), central control system 15 transfers (SI", also indicated by a broken arrowed line) the details of vehicle 12 and/or of the user to the control unit lOt of the BES to schedule the reservation for service of vehicle 12 in the BES 10. In addition, if such advance notification (SI1) is sent from the vehicle's internal computer 12m, the latter may be further used to carry out the user authentication/authorization process, for example by establishing a secure channel (e.g. , SSL may be used over wireless communication) between the internal computer 12m and the central control system 15 (or control unit lOt of the BES).

According to yet another example, which may be used as an alternative, or in addition to the above described example, a request for service (SI'", indicated by a broken arrowed line) may be sent to the control unit lOt of the BES from the vehicle's internal computer, including the user's and/or vehicle identifying information. Possibly, the request (SI' or SI'") sent from vehicle 12 (to the central control system 15 or to the control unit lOt) may be followed by a user identification and authentication/authorization procedure (not shown) which may be carried out through the internal computer 12m or at the user identification unit 18 of the BES 10. Accordingly, the user authentication/authorization procedure carried out through the internal computer 12m may be carried out from a remote location, before the vehicle 12 reaches the BES 10, or during or after the vehicle 12 accesses the BES 10.

The control unit lOt then requests profile data (S2) from the central control system 15 concerning the user who has issued the request to service the vehicle 12, and the user profile data is then extracted and sent (S4) to control unit lOt of the BES. The profile data provided to the control unit lOt may comprise certain additional information including, but not limited to, battery profile data and/or vehicle profile data.

With reference to Fig. 3A, showing an exemplary user profile data record 31, the user profile data may include one or more of the following data sets: driving data (31a), frequent routes (31b), energy replenishment patterns (31c), service package (31d), and list of destinations (31e). Driving data set (31a) includes information concerning driving habits/style, road behavior and other driving data of the user, such as captured by drive recorders. For example, the driving data set may include user's driving speeds (e.g. , highway and urban roads speeds), frequencies of aggressive accelerations and decelerations, windows state and use of air-conditioning along frequently used routes and/or daily times thereof, and suchlike. This data set may be updated from time to time based on driving data updates recorded by the internal computer 12m of vehicle 12.

Frequent routes related data set (31b) includes information concerning routes frequently driven by the user and time of day in which these routes are usually driven by the user. The routes may be provided as an ordered set of waypoints (e.g. , ten or twelve digits waypoints), of road numbers, and/or of road junctions, for example. This data set may further comprise additional data concerning the roads frequently used by the user, such as, for example, the traffic loads on these roads within the times of the day during which the user access these roads, driving conditions of these roads (e.g. , number and uphill and downhill slopes, winds strength and direction), and suchlike. The additional data may also comprise indications about the number of passengers in the vehicle and/or overall vehicle weight during such frequently driven routes. For example, the internal computer 12m of the vehicle may be configured to determine the number of passengers in the vehicle by using sensors (e.g. , pressure or tension sensors) installed in the seats of the vehicle, and/or to measure the overall vehicle weight, for example based on pressure (or tension) sensors installed on the suspension system of the vehicle 12 and configured to provide indications corresponding to vehicle loads to the internal computer of the vehicle 12m.

Energy replenishment patterns (31c) include information concerning the frequencies of battery recharging/discharging and/or replacements, and time durations and locations thereof. For example, a user who uses vehicle 12 mainly to drive between home and work locations may regularly recharge the vehicle battery pack using charging spots at these locations during specific time durations and hours of the day. Other users may drive longer distances and thus may regularly exchange exhausted battery packs with fresh ones during certain times and in certain favorable locations.

Service package data set (3 Id) includes data concerning the user's subscription terms, and services provided therein. For example, this data set may indicate whether the package of services the user subscribed for includes battery exchange services, type of batteries the subscription covers, any insurance coverage the subscription may provide, and suchlike.

Destination data set (31e) includes data concerning the regular driving destinations of the user during certain times of the day and days of the week, and/or the actual driving destination at the time the vehicle is being serviced, if so indicated by the user.

Fig. 3B illustrates data sets possibly included in a battery profile data 32 according to some embodiments. The battery profile data may include: battery type data (32a), age and/or health data (32b), recharge and exchange history data (32c), calculated efficiency (32d), and battery ID (32e).

Battery type (32a) data set includes data concerning the model and specifications of the battery pack 13d to be replaced e.g. , maximal capacity, maximal/nominal working electrical voltages/currents, weight, efficiency, working temperatures, specified recharge electrical voltages and currents and time durations, and suchlike. Age and health (32b) data set includes data concerning condition and state of the battery pack 13d e.g. , actual capacity, capacity at high temperatures, discharge rate in an unloaded state, year of manufacture, expected life-span, known fluctuations from battery manufacturer specifications, any known malfunction events, and suchlike. Recharge and exchange history (32c) data set includes data concerning all past recharge events and optionally a list of electrical vehicles in which the specific battery pack 13d was used in the past. This data set may further include details concerning past recharge events {e.g. , time durations, electric voltages and currents used during past recharge cycles, and suchlike) and the battery performance recorded in each of the vehicles in which the battery was previously installed. Calculated efficiency (32d) data set includes battery efficiency values calculated by the central control system 15 based on recorded battery performance and charging history. The measured battery efficiency may be different from the value specified by the manufacturer and may be used to evaluate the battery state and expected performance. The battery ID (32e) data set includes one or more identifiers which may be used to uniquely identify the battery pack 13d currently used in vehicle 12.

Data provided in the battery profile 32 may be used in the battery selection process to select a type of battery having suitable specifications {e.g. , size and geometrical dimensions, and electrical characteristics). In possible embodiments, the battery profile 32 is used in the battery selection process to find a battery pack 13g that is more or less of the same age and has health conditions as those of the battery pack 13d installed in the vehicle 12 to be serviced. Alternatively or additionally, the battery profile 32 is also used by the control unit to prepare a charging plan to be used in the charger and storage apparatus 10c, for example, based on the recharge and exchange history 32c and on the age and health 32b datasets.

Fig. 3C illustrates data sets possibly included in a vehicle profile data 33 according to some embodiments. The vehicle profile data 33 may include: vehicle type (33a), vehicle weight (33b), and/or motor efficiency (33c), for example.

Vehicle type (33a) data set includes information concerning the model and brand of the vehicle 12. Weight (33b) data set includes information concerning vehicle weight, and possibly also concerning maximal weights the vehicle may be loaded with according to manufacturer specifications. Motor efficiency (33c) data set includes information concerning the energy consumption efficiency of the motor of the vehicle to be serviced.

If the vehicle 12 to be serviced placed a reservation (SI1), the profile(s) data may be sent to the control unit lOt of the BES by the central control system 15 with the request (SI") to schedule the reservation, before or during access of the vehicle 12 to the BES 10.

In some possible embodiments, if there is no indication in the user profile 31 concerning the destination of the vehicle, control unit lOt of the BES may communicate the vehicle 12 to be serviced 12 (S41, indicated by a broken arrowed line) and request this information directly from the internal computer 12m. If such a request (S41) is received, the internal computer 12m may request the user to indicate a destination, if user destination is not indicated to it before, and then send a response (S4", also indicated by a broken arrowed line) to control unit lOt of the BES indicating the destination information. If, after this communication (S4, and/or S4' S4"), the user destination is still unknown, control unit lOt may attempt to determine the destination based on the user profile 31, for example according to regularly routes driven by the users on certain days and at certain times of day, as discussed and exemplified hereinabove.

The data received (S4) from the central control system 15 may include a battery selection policy to be used by the control unit lOt in the battery pack selection process. For example, the central control system 15 may predict trends of battery exchange demands based on data received from vehicles 12. Thus, the battery selection policy may be adapted to reserve an adequate amount of battery packs having a certain amount of charged energy and certain ranges of temperatures in order to meet expected demands and loads.

Such expected demands may be determined based on the users' profile data 31 managed by the central control system 15, by analyzing regularly driven routes during the days of the week and during hours of the day. For example, the central control system may be able to predict a high demand for battery exchange services during afternoon to early evening hours in which certain users living in remote locations may need to drive back home from their work locations. As another example, if the central control system is notified about a football match in a remote location which is the destination of a substantial number of users of vehicles 12, then the battery selection policy provided by the central control system 15 may be adapted to guide the battery pack selection process to reserve an adequate amount of battery packs having energy content sufficient to guarantee such users to safely reach their destination and thereafter return home or approach another BES 10, if so needed.

Accordingly, the battery pack selection policy may guide the battery selection process to select battery packs which are partially charged and/or being in certain temperature ranges, considered to be safe for reaching the users' destinations, while reserving battery packs with more capacity and/or with greater amounts of charged energies and/or lower temperatures, to meet expected or current demands of long distance drivers.

Additionally or alternatively, the battery selection policy may guide the control unit lOt to adapt the battery pack selection process to maintain at all times a desired average amount of charged capacity (e.g. , about or above 80%) of all battery packs stored and being charged in the charger and storage apparatus 10c. In this way the central control system 15 may regulate the energy supplied to users by the battery exchange service and maintain a constant desired level of energy in all BESs 10 available for servicing the vehicles.

After, or simultaneously with, requesting the data profile(s) (S2), the control unit lOt of the BES requests from the charger and storage apparatus 10c a status report (S3) concerning the charging level of all battery packs 13g in the charger and storage apparatus 10c. The status report from the charger and storage apparatus 10c (S5) may be provided periodically without requiring the issue of a request (S3) in order to continuously provide the control unit lOt with updated data concerning charge level of all battery packs 13g that are being recharged and that are stored after recharge in the charger and storage apparatus 10c.

Fig. 3E illustrates a data structure 34 of a possible status report (S5) provided by the charger and storage apparatus 10c in some possible embodiments. In this example, the status report includes a plurality of data records (34a, 34b, 34c, .. .) each of which includes data pertaining to a particular battery pack 13g in the charger and storage apparatus 10c. An exemplary data record 34a may include the following information:

Battery ID (34al) indicating the unique one or more identifiers of the battery pack 13g;

Maximal capacity (34a2) indicating the maximal energy capacity of the battery pack 13g;

- Charge level (34a3), being the level of energy recharged into battery pack

13g, which may be indicated as the percentage of recharged energy relative to the maximal energy capacity (34a2) of the battery pack 13g, or as the actual amount of energy stored in battery pack (e.g. , in Ampere-Hour units); Temperature (34a4) of the battery pack 13g;

- Status (34a5) indicating whether the battery pack 13g is currently in the process of being recharged or in storage after a recharge session; Health (34a6) parameters of battery pack (13g)(e.g. , number of recharge cycles, internal resistance, actual capacity, discharge rate in unloaded conditions, and such like).

In this way control unit lOt of the BES may be updated with information concerning the battery pack inventory, such as the state of charge, state of health and battery temperature status of all battery packs 13g in exchange apparatus lOx. Optionally, the history of the battery packs and their expected maximal capacity and state of health is obtained directly from battery packs 13g having an internal battery management module (not shown), or retrieved from central control system 15 based on battery pack identifier 34al.

Once received in the control unit lOt of the BES or at the control center 15, as the case may be, the profile(s) data (S4) and the status report (S5) are used by the respective control unit to determine the best match between the available battery packs 13g and the needs of the user of vehicle 12. The status report (S5) may be further used by the management system (e.g. , control unit lOt of the BES) to determine a battery selection policy for the BES 10 to allow maintaining a desired average charged energy level of battery packs 13g in BES 10, to meet users' requirements during times of high demands for battery exchange services, and/or to equalize the level of wear of all of the battery packs.

In possible embodiments, a battery selection/matching process is employed to provide users with the overall longest driving distances between charging points accessible by the user. For example, the selected battery pack may be the battery pack having the highest state of charge, the lowest battery temperature (34a4) and highest state of health (e.g. , 34a6 which may indicate newer batteries). The battery pack selection procedure may be adapted to provide battery packs 13g containing less energy (34a3), having higher temperature levels (34a4) and lower state of health (34a6) to users having smaller energy consumption demands.

For this purpose, the current driving destination (31e) data of the users is considered, and if it appears that there is a shortage in fully charged battery packs 13g, then partially charged battery packs 13g will be provided to users such that their immediate driving destinations are within the travelable range of the partially charged battery pack 13g that is selected for the battery exchange.

The service agreement that the user has subscribed for with the service provider as indicated in the service package data set 31d may be used in certain cases to guide the battery selection procedure. For example, certain service packages 31d may specify servicing only certain types of battery packs, or battery packs having certain capacities or charge levels. Accordingly, based on the level of service which the user is entitled to, the system may modify the battery selection process to provide a battery pack having higher or lower energy content to the specific user.

The battery pack selection process may take into account the demand of all vehicles 12 that are currently being serviced as well as vehicles 12 that communicated with the central control system 15 via their internal computer 12m to place an advance notification (SI1) requesting battery pack exchange service in a specific BES 10 in the near future. Based on the above, the battery pack selection process attempts to satisfy the requirement of all serviced vehicles 12, to allow them to reach their current destinations, or other BESs 10 accessible by the vehicles 12 along the route to the destinations, and provide battery packs whose current energy content can fulfill these requirements.

In possible embodiments, the management system (e.g., the control unit lOt of

BES 10) optimizes the selection process, such that battery packs 13g with higher energy content and lower temperatures will be provided to users with typical longer driving distances, in order to minimize battery exchange events. The profile(s) data may be used by control unit lOt to determine a battery selection profile specifying the requirements expected from the selected battery pack.

In possible embodiments the profile data 8r may be collected and analyzed in order to determine a battery selection profile reflecting battery features required from a replenished battery pack to be installed in a specific vehicle used by a specific user. An exemplary battery selection profile 35 is illustrated in Fig. 3D. In this example the battery selection profile includes the following data sets: battery type (35a), needed amount of energy (35b), threshold temperature (35c), age and health (35d), efficiency (35e). These features of the battery selection profile 35 are then used in the battery selection process to find at least one battery pack from the stock of replenished battery packs available in the battery exchange station that complies with the requirements defined in the battery selection profile 35.

Battery type (35a) data set specifies one or more types of battery packs which may be used in the battery exchange process. For example, this data set may include the information indicated in the battery type data set 32a of the battery profile 32, and or any number of other types of compatible battery packs matching the needs of the specific vehicle 12 and capable of satisfying a user's needs. Needed amount of energy (35b) data set specifies the minimal amount of energy required for satisfying the user and vehicle needs for reaching the target destination.

The threshold temperature (35c) data specifies a temperature threshold (Jthresh) for the battery pack to be selected. For example, in some possible embodiments the battery selection process is configured to select battery packs whose temperature (Jbatt) is smaller than some predetermined threshold temperature i.e., Tbatt < Ύ thresh- The threshold temperature (35c) defined in the battery selection profile 35 may define different threshold values for different battery selection events. For example, the threshold temperature (35c) may be defined for each battery selection event based on the battery type (35a), battery age and health (35d) and/or battery efficiency (35e), fields of the battery selection profile 35.

In possible embodiments a preset threshold temperature (35c) is defined for all battery selection events. In one exemplary embodiment the preset threshold value is generally in the range of 30°C to 36°C, preferably about 33°C, i.e. , to preclude selection of battery packs whose temperatures are higher than 33°C.

Age and health (35d) data set specifies possible age and health conditions of the battery pack to be selected. For example, if the user agreement so requires, this data set may define parameters that will guarantee that the condition of the selected battery pack be more or less the same as those of the battery pack 13d currently installed in the vehicle 12. In other possible embodiments this data set may define parameters determined to satisfy certain insurance conditions as may be defined in the service package data set 31d. Efficiency (35e) data set specifies a range of expected efficiency values expected for the battery pack to be selected in order to guarantee optimal performance.

Accordingly, the battery selection profile 35 may be used by the management system to extract from the status report 34 a set of candidate batteries complying with the requirements specified in the data sets of the battery selection profile 35. A battery pack to be installed in the vehicle 12 may be then selected from the set of candidates, for example, by constructing a list of the candidates and sorting it in descending order according to one of the data sets 35a to 35e and selecting the uppermost candidate in said list.

It should be clear that other selection methods may be used based on the same inputs in order to satisfy other parameters, as an example, a selection process that aims to equalize the level of wear of all battery packs which are used in the system 17/16.

Once a suitable battery pack is selected, the control unit lOt instructs (S6) the battery exchange apparatus lOx to use the selected battery pack in the battery exchange process. For example, this may be implemented by simply indicating, to the battery exchange apparatus lOx, the identifier (e.g., 34al) of the selected battery pack. Simultaneously, or shortly thereafter, control unit lOt instructs (S7) the serviced vehicle 12 to release any battery pack locking mechanism which may be active therein. The battery exchange apparatus lOx then proceeds to remove the discharged, or partially discharged, battery pack 13d from the serviced vehicle 12, and installs the selected battery pack 13g in the vehicle 12.

After completing the battery exchange process, the battery exchange apparatus lOx indicates (S8) to the control unit lOt that the battery exchange is completed, which thereupon instructs (S9) the serviced vehicle 12 to activate the locking mechanism for securing the newly installed battery pack in the battery bay of the vehicle 12.

Simultaneously, or shortly thereafter, the control unit lOt reports (S10) to the central control system 15 the details of the battery exchange event, which may also include payment information concerning payable fees for charging the user account and/or any fees paid by the user onsite (if any) during the battery exchange process. The battery exchange report (S10) sent to the central control system 15 may include the battery profile 32 of the battery pack installed in the serviced vehicle 12.

The above examples and description have of course been provided only for the purpose of illustration, and are not intended to limit the invention in any way. As will be appreciated by the skilled person, the invention can be carried out in a great variety of ways, employing more than one technique from those described above, all without exceeding the scope of the invention.

Claims

CLAIMS:
1. A method for selecting a battery for a vehicle in a battery exchange station, the method comprising:
providing profile data comprising at least user related data associated with a specific vehicle;
providing status data about a plurality of replenished battery packs available in said battery exchange station, said status data comprising at least amount of stored energy in each of the replenished battery packs;
calculating an energy consumption estimation based on said profile data; and processing said status data and said energy consumption estimate and selecting at least one replenished battery pack from said plurality of replenished battery packs for the specific vehicle.
2. A method according to claim 1, wherein the profile data comprises vehicle related data of said specific vehicle.
3. A method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the profile data comprises information about driving routes frequently driven by the user.
4. A method according to any one of claims 1 to 3, further comprising determining a target destination of said user based on said profile data, and using said target destination for calculating the energy consumption estimation.
5. A method according to any one of claims 1 to 4, comprising generating a query to the user for determining of a target destination to be used for calculating the energy consumption estimation.
6. A method according to any one of claims 2 to 5, wherein the vehicle related data comprises at least one of the following: vehicle type, vehicle weight and motor efficiency.
7. A method according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the profile data further comprises battery data specifying features of a battery pack currently installed in the vehicle.
8. A method according to claim 7, wherein the battery data includes at least one of the following: battery type, battery age, battery temperature, battery health, battery efficiency, battery identifier.
9. A method according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the profile data comprises at least one of the following: energy replenishment patterns specifying user's patterns of battery exchange and/or recharge; service package data specifying terms and agreement of user subscription; and target destination data specifying at least one target destination of said user.
10. A method according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the status data comprises a plurality of records, each record comprising data indicative of a specific battery pack from the plurality of replenished battery packs available in the battery exchange station, each data record comprising at least one of the following: battery identifier; battery maximal capacity; battery charge level; battery temperature; battery location specifying whether said battery is being recharged or being stored after such recharge; and battery health.
11. A method according to any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein the selecting comprises selecting from battery packs whose temperature is lower than a preset threshold value.
12. A method according to any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein the calculating of energy consumption estimation further comprises determining expected features for battery pack selection, said expected features comprising at least one of the following: battery type or types of compatible battery packs; threshold temperature; battery age; battery health; and battery efficiency, and wherein said selecting is based at least in part on said expected features.
13. A method according to any one of claims 1 to 12, further comprising providing a battery selection policy for introducing additional considerations in the selecting of the at least one replenished battery pack.
14. A method according to claim 13, wherein the additional considerations include reservation of replenished battery packs having a desired level of charged energy or of temperature.
15. A method according to claim 13, wherein the additional considerations include maintaining a desired average level of energy stored in the battery packs available in the battery exchange station.
16. A method according to claim 13, wherein the additional considerations include equalizing the level of wear of all battery packs used.
17. A management system for use in selecting a battery for a vehicle in a battery exchange station, the system comprising:
a memory utility for storing data comprising status data about a plurality of replenished battery packs available in said battery exchange station, said status data comprising at least amount of stored energy in each of the replenished battery packs; and
a processor utility comprising:
an energy consumption estimator module configured and operable for receiving and processing profile data comprising vehicle related data and respective user related data for estimating energy consumption for said vehicle used by said user and generating data indicative thereof; and
a battery selection module configured and operable for receiving and processing said status data and data indicative of the estimated energy consumption, and generating output data indicative of at least one replenished battery pack from said plurality of replenished battery packs selected for the specific vehicle.
18. A system according to claim 17, wherein the profile data comprises vehicle related data of said specific vehicle.
19. A system according to claim 17 or 18, wherein the profile data comprises information about driving routes frequently driven by the user.
20. A system according to any one of claims 17 to 19, wherein the energy consumption estimator module is configured and operable for determining a target destination of said user based on said profile data, and using said target destination for calculating of the energy consumption estimation.
21. A system according to any one of claims 17 to 20, wherein the processor utility is configured and operable for generating a query to the user for determining a target destination for further using said target destination for calculating the energy consumption estimation.
22. A system according to any one of claims 18 to 21, wherein the vehicle related data comprises at least one of the following: vehicle type, vehicle weight and motor efficiency.
23. A system according to any one of claims 17 to 22, wherein the profile data further comprises battery data specifying features of a battery pack currently installed in the vehicle.
24. A system according to claim 23, wherein the battery data includes at least one of the following: battery type, battery age, battery temperature, battery health, battery efficiency, battery identifier.
25. A system according to any one of claims 17 to 24, wherein the profile data comprises at least one of the following: energy replenishment patterns specifying user's patterns of battery exchange and/or recharge; service package data specifying terms and agreement of user subscription; and target destination data specifying at least one target destination of said user.
26. A system according to any one of claims 17 to 25, wherein the status data comprises a plurality of records, each record comprising data indicative of a specific battery pack from the plurality of replenished battery packs available in the battery exchange station, each data record comprising at least one of the following: battery identifier; battery maximal capacity; battery charge level; battery temperature; battery location specifying whether said battery is being recharged or being stored after such recharge; and battery health.
27. A system according to any one of claims 17 to 26, wherein the energy consumption estimator module is configured to select from battery packs which temperature is higher than a preset threshold value.
28. A system according to any one of claims 17 to 26, wherein the energy consumption estimator module is configured and operable for determining expected features for battery pack selection, said expected features comprising at least one of the following: battery type or types of compatible battery packs; battery temperature range; battery age; battery health; and battery efficiency, and wherein said selecting is based at least in part on said expected features.
29. A management system for use in managing battery selection for vehicles in a battery exchange station, the system comprising:
a memory utility accessible from said battery exchange station, said memory utility comprising status data about a plurality of replenished battery packs available in said battery exchange station, said status data comprising at least amount of stored energy in each of the replenished battery packs; and
a control system connectable to said memory utility and connectable to users' service provider utility for receiving profile data comprising vehicle related data and respective user related data, said control system comprising:
an energy consumption estimator module configured and operable for processing said profile data and estimating energy consumption for said vehicle used by said user and generating data indicative thereof; and a battery selection module configured and operable for receiving and processing said status data and data indicative of the estimated energy consumption, and generating output data indicative of at least one replenished battery pack from said plurality of replenished battery packs selected for the specific vehicle.
30. A management system for use in managing battery selection for vehicles in a battery exchange station, the system comprising:
a control system connectable to a storage device for receiving status data about a plurality of replenished battery packs available in said battery exchange station, said status data comprising at least amount of stored energy in each of the replenished battery packs, and connectable to users' service provider utility via a communication network for receiving profile data comprising vehicle related data and respective user related data, said control system comprising:
an energy consumption estimator module configured and operable for processing said profile data and estimating energy consumption for said vehicle used by said user and generating data indicative thereof; and
a battery selection module configured and operable for receiving and processing said status data and data indicative of the estimated energy consumption, and generating output data indicative of at least one replenished battery pack from said plurality of replenished battery packs selected for the specific vehicle.
31. A management system for use in managing battery selection for vehicles in a battery exchange station, the system comprising:
a server system connected to a communication network, said server system comprising:
a data input utility for receiving and identifying a request data indicative of a request of a user of a vehicle at the battery exchange station;
a first communication utility for communicating with a storage device and receiving status data about a plurality of replenished battery packs available in said battery exchange station, said status data comprising at least amount of stored energy in each of the replenished battery packs, a second communication utility for communicating with a users' service provider utility for receiving profile data comprising vehicle related data and respective user related data, and
a processor system comprising: an energy consumption estimator module for processing said profile data and estimating energy consumption for said vehicle used by said user and generating data indicative thereof; and a battery selection module for processing said status data and data indicative of the estimated energy consumption, and generating battery selection data indicative of at least one selected replenished battery pack from a plurality of replenished battery packs at said battery exchange station selected for said vehicle.
PCT/IL2012/050490 2011-12-02 2012-11-29 Battery selection system and method WO2013080211A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US201161566529P true 2011-12-02 2011-12-02
US61/566,529 2011-12-02

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2013080211A1 true WO2013080211A1 (en) 2013-06-06

Family

ID=48534770

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/IL2012/050490 WO2013080211A1 (en) 2011-12-02 2012-11-29 Battery selection system and method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
WO (1) WO2013080211A1 (en)

Cited By (44)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8798852B1 (en) 2013-03-14 2014-08-05 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, system, and method for authentication of vehicular components
US8862388B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2014-10-14 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for providing locations of power storage device collection, charging and distribution machines
US8878487B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2014-11-04 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for providing to a user device information regarding availability of portable electrical energy storage devices at a portable electrical energy storage device collection, charging and distribution machine
US8901861B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2014-12-02 Gogoro, Inc. Thermal management of components in electric motor drive vehicles
US8996212B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2015-03-31 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for providing vehicle diagnostic data
US9123035B2 (en) 2011-04-22 2015-09-01 Angel A. Penilla Electric vehicle (EV) range extending charge systems, distributed networks of charge kiosks, and charge locating mobile apps
US9124085B2 (en) 2013-11-04 2015-09-01 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for power storage device failure safety
US9129461B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2015-09-08 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for collection, charging and distributing power storage devices, such as batteries
US9182244B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2015-11-10 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for authentication, security and control of power storage devices, such as batteries
US9216687B2 (en) 2012-11-16 2015-12-22 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for vehicle turn signals
US9275505B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2016-03-01 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for physical security of power storage devices in vehicles
WO2016036742A1 (en) 2014-09-04 2016-03-10 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, system, and method for vending, charging, and two-way distribution of electrical energy storage devices
US9390566B2 (en) 2013-11-08 2016-07-12 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for providing vehicle event data
US9407024B2 (en) 2014-08-11 2016-08-02 Gogoro Inc. Multidirectional electrical connector, plug and system
US9424697B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2016-08-23 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for a power storage device compartment
US9437058B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2016-09-06 Gogoro Inc. Dynamically limiting vehicle operation for best effort economy
TWI568132B (en) * 2015-03-12 2017-01-21 Omron Tateisi Electronics Co Information processing apparatus, information processing method, program and recording medium
US9552682B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2017-01-24 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for redistributing power storage devices, such as batteries, between collection, charging and distribution machines
US9597973B2 (en) 2011-04-22 2017-03-21 Angel A. Penilla Carrier for exchangeable batteries for use by electric vehicles
WO2017067440A1 (en) * 2015-10-19 2017-04-27 北京新能源汽车股份有限公司 Electric vehicle battery pack swap control system and method
USD789883S1 (en) 2014-09-04 2017-06-20 Gogoro Inc. Collection, charging and distribution device for portable electrical energy storage devices
US9770996B2 (en) 2013-08-06 2017-09-26 Gogoro Inc. Systems and methods for powering electric vehicles using a single or multiple power cells
US9830753B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2017-11-28 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for reserving power storage devices at reserving power storage device collection, charging and distribution machines
US9837842B2 (en) 2014-01-23 2017-12-05 Gogoro Inc. Systems and methods for utilizing an array of power storage devices, such as batteries
US9854438B2 (en) 2013-03-06 2017-12-26 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for authentication, security and control of portable charging devices and power storage devices, such as batteries
DE102016214338A1 (en) * 2016-08-03 2018-02-08 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft Method and system for assisting the maintenance of an electrically powered vehicle
EP3249775A4 (en) * 2015-03-12 2018-04-25 Omron Corporation Excess/deficiency determination device, control method for same, control program, and recording medium
WO2018104965A1 (en) * 2016-12-07 2018-06-14 Kumar Maini Chetan Battery swapping systems and methods
US10055911B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2018-08-21 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for authentication, security and control of power storage devices, such as batteries, based on user profiles
WO2018154594A1 (en) * 2017-02-21 2018-08-30 Chetan Kumar Maini A modular and scalable battery swap station
WO2018153912A1 (en) * 2017-02-22 2018-08-30 Erasmus Gerhard System for setting up and operating a wide-area-coverage network of battery changing stations for electric vehicles
US10065525B2 (en) 2013-08-06 2018-09-04 Gogoro Inc. Adjusting electric vehicle systems based on an electrical energy storage device thermal profile
EP3379464A4 (en) * 2015-11-17 2019-01-02 Omron Corporation Battery reservation device
US10186094B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2019-01-22 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for providing locations of power storage device collection, charging and distribution machines
EP3505389A1 (en) * 2017-12-29 2019-07-03 Gogoro Inc. System and method for managing batteries based on usage in an exchange station
EP3379465A4 (en) * 2015-11-17 2019-07-17 Omron Corporation Reservation management device, reservation management system, and reservation management method
EP3511199A1 (en) * 2017-12-29 2019-07-17 Gogoro Inc. Systems and methods for predicting demands for exchangeable energy storage devices
EP3536545A1 (en) * 2018-03-09 2019-09-11 Kwang Yang Motor Co., Ltd. Method and system for battery binding
EP3536544A1 (en) * 2018-03-09 2019-09-11 Kwang Yang Motor Co., Ltd. Verification method and system for battery power supply
EP3539815A1 (en) * 2018-03-13 2019-09-18 Kwang Yang Motor Co., Ltd. Method and system for battery binding
US10421462B2 (en) 2015-06-05 2019-09-24 Gogoro Inc. Systems and methods for vehicle load detection and response
EP3547491A1 (en) * 2018-03-29 2019-10-02 Gogoro Inc. Systems and methods for managing batteries in a battery exchange station
EP3536540A4 (en) * 2016-11-01 2019-11-20 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Information processing device
EP3431324A4 (en) * 2016-03-18 2019-12-04 Nio Nextev Limited Cloud storage-based system and method for electric vehicle battery exchange

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090082957A1 (en) * 2007-09-20 2009-03-26 Shai Agassi Electric Vehicle Network
US20100094496A1 (en) * 2008-09-19 2010-04-15 Barak Hershkovitz System and Method for Operating an Electric Vehicle
JP2010272142A (en) * 2010-08-27 2010-12-02 Nippon Telegr & Teleph Corp <Ntt> Method and device for estimating traveling time, traveling time estimation program mounted with the method, medium storing the program, method and device for predicting traveling time, traveling time prediction program mounted with the method, and medium storing the program
JP2011096233A (en) * 2009-10-01 2011-05-12 Shigeru Suganuma Common battery management system for driving vehicle
WO2011138205A1 (en) * 2010-05-06 2011-11-10 Leica Geosystems Ag Method and guidance-unit for guiding battery-operated transportation means to reconditioning stations

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090082957A1 (en) * 2007-09-20 2009-03-26 Shai Agassi Electric Vehicle Network
US20100094496A1 (en) * 2008-09-19 2010-04-15 Barak Hershkovitz System and Method for Operating an Electric Vehicle
JP2011096233A (en) * 2009-10-01 2011-05-12 Shigeru Suganuma Common battery management system for driving vehicle
WO2011138205A1 (en) * 2010-05-06 2011-11-10 Leica Geosystems Ag Method and guidance-unit for guiding battery-operated transportation means to reconditioning stations
JP2010272142A (en) * 2010-08-27 2010-12-02 Nippon Telegr & Teleph Corp <Ntt> Method and device for estimating traveling time, traveling time estimation program mounted with the method, medium storing the program, method and device for predicting traveling time, traveling time prediction program mounted with the method, and medium storing the program

Cited By (68)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9177305B2 (en) 2011-04-22 2015-11-03 Angel A. Penilla Electric vehicles (EVs) operable with exchangeable batteries and applications for locating kiosks of batteries and reserving batteries
US9925882B2 (en) 2011-04-22 2018-03-27 Emerging Automotive, Llc Exchangeable batteries for use by electric vehicles
US9738168B2 (en) 2011-04-22 2017-08-22 Emerging Automotive, Llc Cloud access to exchangeable batteries for use by electric vehicles
US9597973B2 (en) 2011-04-22 2017-03-21 Angel A. Penilla Carrier for exchangeable batteries for use by electric vehicles
US10086714B2 (en) 2011-04-22 2018-10-02 Emerging Automotive, Llc Exchangeable batteries and stations for charging batteries for use by electric vehicles
US9335179B2 (en) 2011-04-22 2016-05-10 Angel A. Penilla Systems for providing electric vehicles data to enable access to charge stations
US9123035B2 (en) 2011-04-22 2015-09-01 Angel A. Penilla Electric vehicle (EV) range extending charge systems, distributed networks of charge kiosks, and charge locating mobile apps
US9193277B1 (en) 2011-04-22 2015-11-24 Angel A. Penilla Systems providing electric vehicles with access to exchangeable batteries
US9129272B2 (en) 2011-04-22 2015-09-08 Angel A. Penilla Methods for providing electric vehicles with access to exchangeable batteries and methods for locating, accessing and reserving batteries
US10245964B2 (en) 2011-04-22 2019-04-02 Emerging Automotive, Llc Electric vehicle batteries and stations for charging batteries
US9177306B2 (en) 2011-04-22 2015-11-03 Angel A. Penilla Kiosks for storing, charging and exchanging batteries usable in electric vehicles and servers and applications for locating kiosks and accessing batteries
US9275505B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2016-03-01 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for physical security of power storage devices in vehicles
US9176680B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2015-11-03 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for providing vehicle diagnostic data
US9182244B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2015-11-10 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for authentication, security and control of power storage devices, such as batteries
US10459471B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2019-10-29 Gorogo Inc. Apparatus, method and article for collection, charging and distributing power storage devices, such as batteries
US10345843B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2019-07-09 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for redistributing power storage devices, such as batteries, between collection, charging and distribution machines
US9129461B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2015-09-08 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for collection, charging and distributing power storage devices, such as batteries
US10209090B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2019-02-19 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for authentication, security and control of power storage devices, such as batteries
US8996212B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2015-03-31 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for providing vehicle diagnostic data
US10186094B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2019-01-22 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for providing locations of power storage device collection, charging and distribution machines
US8996308B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2015-03-31 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for providing locations of power storage device collection, charging, and distribution machines
US9424697B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2016-08-23 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for a power storage device compartment
US9437058B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2016-09-06 Gogoro Inc. Dynamically limiting vehicle operation for best effort economy
US10529151B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2020-01-07 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for reserving power storage devices at reserving power storage device collection, charging and distribution machines
US9552682B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2017-01-24 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for redistributing power storage devices, such as batteries, between collection, charging and distribution machines
US8901861B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2014-12-02 Gogoro, Inc. Thermal management of components in electric motor drive vehicles
US10055911B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2018-08-21 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for authentication, security and control of power storage devices, such as batteries, based on user profiles
US10546438B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2020-01-28 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for providing vehicle diagnostic data
US9911252B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2018-03-06 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for providing to a user device information regarding availability of portable electrical energy storage devices at a portable electrical energy storage device collection, charging and distribution machine
US8878487B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2014-11-04 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for providing to a user device information regarding availability of portable electrical energy storage devices at a portable electrical energy storage device collection, charging and distribution machine
US8862388B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2014-10-14 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for providing locations of power storage device collection, charging and distribution machines
US9830753B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2017-11-28 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for reserving power storage devices at reserving power storage device collection, charging and distribution machines
US9908506B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2018-03-06 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for physical security of power storage devices in vehicles
US10573103B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2020-02-25 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for physical security of power storage devices in vehicles
US9216687B2 (en) 2012-11-16 2015-12-22 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for vehicle turn signals
US9854438B2 (en) 2013-03-06 2017-12-26 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for authentication, security and control of portable charging devices and power storage devices, such as batteries
US8798852B1 (en) 2013-03-14 2014-08-05 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, system, and method for authentication of vehicular components
US10065525B2 (en) 2013-08-06 2018-09-04 Gogoro Inc. Adjusting electric vehicle systems based on an electrical energy storage device thermal profile
US9770996B2 (en) 2013-08-06 2017-09-26 Gogoro Inc. Systems and methods for powering electric vehicles using a single or multiple power cells
US9124085B2 (en) 2013-11-04 2015-09-01 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for power storage device failure safety
US9390566B2 (en) 2013-11-08 2016-07-12 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for providing vehicle event data
US10467827B2 (en) 2013-11-08 2019-11-05 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, method and article for providing vehicle event data
US9837842B2 (en) 2014-01-23 2017-12-05 Gogoro Inc. Systems and methods for utilizing an array of power storage devices, such as batteries
US9407024B2 (en) 2014-08-11 2016-08-02 Gogoro Inc. Multidirectional electrical connector, plug and system
CN107074120A (en) * 2014-09-04 2017-08-18 睿能创意公司 Peddle, charge and two-way distribution electric energy accumulator device, system and method
USD789883S1 (en) 2014-09-04 2017-06-20 Gogoro Inc. Collection, charging and distribution device for portable electrical energy storage devices
EP3188926A4 (en) * 2014-09-04 2019-06-19 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, system, and method for vending, charging, and two-way distribution of electrical energy storage devices
CN107074120B (en) * 2014-09-04 2019-10-11 睿能创意公司 Operate the method and two-way distribution system of the charging of Portable electrical energy storing device and two-way distribution system
WO2016036742A1 (en) 2014-09-04 2016-03-10 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, system, and method for vending, charging, and two-way distribution of electrical energy storage devices
US10040359B2 (en) 2014-09-04 2018-08-07 Gogoro Inc. Apparatus, system, and method for vending, charging, and two-way distribution of electrical energy storage devices
TWI568132B (en) * 2015-03-12 2017-01-21 Omron Tateisi Electronics Co Information processing apparatus, information processing method, program and recording medium
EP3249775A4 (en) * 2015-03-12 2018-04-25 Omron Corporation Excess/deficiency determination device, control method for same, control program, and recording medium
US10421462B2 (en) 2015-06-05 2019-09-24 Gogoro Inc. Systems and methods for vehicle load detection and response
WO2017067440A1 (en) * 2015-10-19 2017-04-27 北京新能源汽车股份有限公司 Electric vehicle battery pack swap control system and method
EP3379465A4 (en) * 2015-11-17 2019-07-17 Omron Corporation Reservation management device, reservation management system, and reservation management method
EP3379464A4 (en) * 2015-11-17 2019-01-02 Omron Corporation Battery reservation device
EP3431324A4 (en) * 2016-03-18 2019-12-04 Nio Nextev Limited Cloud storage-based system and method for electric vehicle battery exchange
DE102016214338A1 (en) * 2016-08-03 2018-02-08 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft Method and system for assisting the maintenance of an electrically powered vehicle
EP3536540A4 (en) * 2016-11-01 2019-11-20 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Information processing device
WO2018104965A1 (en) * 2016-12-07 2018-06-14 Kumar Maini Chetan Battery swapping systems and methods
WO2018154594A1 (en) * 2017-02-21 2018-08-30 Chetan Kumar Maini A modular and scalable battery swap station
WO2018153912A1 (en) * 2017-02-22 2018-08-30 Erasmus Gerhard System for setting up and operating a wide-area-coverage network of battery changing stations for electric vehicles
EP3511199A1 (en) * 2017-12-29 2019-07-17 Gogoro Inc. Systems and methods for predicting demands for exchangeable energy storage devices
EP3505389A1 (en) * 2017-12-29 2019-07-03 Gogoro Inc. System and method for managing batteries based on usage in an exchange station
EP3536544A1 (en) * 2018-03-09 2019-09-11 Kwang Yang Motor Co., Ltd. Verification method and system for battery power supply
EP3536545A1 (en) * 2018-03-09 2019-09-11 Kwang Yang Motor Co., Ltd. Method and system for battery binding
EP3539815A1 (en) * 2018-03-13 2019-09-18 Kwang Yang Motor Co., Ltd. Method and system for battery binding
EP3547491A1 (en) * 2018-03-29 2019-10-02 Gogoro Inc. Systems and methods for managing batteries in a battery exchange station

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US9176680B2 (en) Apparatus, method and article for providing vehicle diagnostic data
Pelletier et al. 50th anniversary invited article—goods distribution with electric vehicles: review and research perspectives
Azadfar et al. The investigation of the major factors influencing plug-in electric vehicle driving patterns and charging behaviour
US10336205B2 (en) System and method of charging a vehicle using a dynamic power grid, and system and method of managing power consumption in the vehicle
CN103010040B (en) Charge control system for electric motor vehicle
Wang et al. Smart charging for electric vehicles: A survey from the algorithmic perspective
US20190041886A1 (en) Method and system for scheduling the discharge of distributed power storage devices and for levelizing dispatch participation
EP2627532B1 (en) Recharging of battery electric vehicles on a smart electrical grid system
CN103918154B (en) For device, the method and article of the position for providing electrical energy storage collection, charging and dispenser
ES2701751T3 (en) Apparatus, method and article for authentication, security and control of energy storage devices, such as batteries, based on user profiles
US9911252B2 (en) Apparatus, method and article for providing to a user device information regarding availability of portable electrical energy storage devices at a portable electrical energy storage device collection, charging and distribution machine
Kang et al. An activity-based assessment of the potential impacts of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles on energy and emissions using 1-day travel data
US10144307B2 (en) Systems and methods for replacing a vehicle battery
CN101882700B (en) Method to determine a remote electrical socket for an electrically-powered vehicle
JP5596789B2 (en) Method and apparatus for managing stored energy in a vehicle powered by a battery
US8170699B2 (en) Metering system and method of operation
JP6026535B2 (en) Reserved power storage device device, method, and article for reserving a power storage device in a collection, charging and distribution machine
JP2014527390A (en) Apparatus, method and article for collecting, charging and distributing power storage devices such as batteries
JP6399928B2 (en) Load estimation and management in electric vehicle networks
CN104182492B (en) Information provider unit
US20150239365A1 (en) System and method for predictive control of an energy storage system for a vehicle
US6850898B1 (en) Vehicle sharing system and method for allocating vehicles based on state of charge
US6941197B1 (en) Vehicle sharing system and method with vehicle parameter tracking
US6253980B1 (en) Shared vehicle system and method with system for carrying a first vehicle with a second vehicle
Hess et al. Optimal deployment of charging stations for electric vehicular networks

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application

Ref document number: 12853230

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1

NENP Non-entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: DE

122 Ep: pct application non-entry in european phase

Ref document number: 12853230

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1