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Insecticidal 2-methoxybenzamide derivatives

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Publication number
WO2013050261A1
WO2013050261A1 PCT/EP2012/068655 EP2012068655W WO2013050261A1 WO 2013050261 A1 WO2013050261 A1 WO 2013050261A1 EP 2012068655 W EP2012068655 W EP 2012068655W WO 2013050261 A1 WO2013050261 A1 WO 2013050261A1
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spp
yl
methyl
ethyl
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PCT/EP2012/068655
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French (fr)
Inventor
Ottmar Franz Hueter
Peter Renold
Peter Maienfisch
Pierre Joseph Marcel Jung
Thomas Pitterna
Christopher Richard Ayles Godfrey
Elke Maria HILLESHEIM
André Stoller
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Syngenta Participations Ag
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/34Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom
    • A01N43/40Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom six-membered rings
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07D213/00Heterocyclic compounds containing six-membered rings, not condensed with other rings, with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom and three or more double bonds between ring members or between ring members and non-ring members
    • C07D213/02Heterocyclic compounds containing six-membered rings, not condensed with other rings, with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom and three or more double bonds between ring members or between ring members and non-ring members having three double bonds between ring members or between ring members and non-ring members
    • C07D213/04Heterocyclic compounds containing six-membered rings, not condensed with other rings, with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom and three or more double bonds between ring members or between ring members and non-ring members having three double bonds between ring members or between ring members and non-ring members having no bond between the ring nitrogen atom and a non-ring member or having only hydrogen or carbon atoms directly attached to the ring nitrogen atom
    • C07D213/60Heterocyclic compounds containing six-membered rings, not condensed with other rings, with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom and three or more double bonds between ring members or between ring members and non-ring members having three double bonds between ring members or between ring members and non-ring members having no bond between the ring nitrogen atom and a non-ring member or having only hydrogen or carbon atoms directly attached to the ring nitrogen atom with heteroatoms or with carbon atoms having three bonds to hetero atoms, with at the most one to halogen, e.g. ester or nitrile radicals, directly attached to ring carbon atoms
    • C07D213/78Carbon atoms having three bonds to hetero atoms, with at the most one to halogen, e.g. ester or nitrile radicals
    • C07D213/81Amides; Imides
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07DHETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07D213/00Heterocyclic compounds containing six-membered rings, not condensed with other rings, with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom and three or more double bonds between ring members or between ring members and non-ring members
    • C07D213/02Heterocyclic compounds containing six-membered rings, not condensed with other rings, with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom and three or more double bonds between ring members or between ring members and non-ring members having three double bonds between ring members or between ring members and non-ring members
    • C07D213/04Heterocyclic compounds containing six-membered rings, not condensed with other rings, with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom and three or more double bonds between ring members or between ring members and non-ring members having three double bonds between ring members or between ring members and non-ring members having no bond between the ring nitrogen atom and a non-ring member or having only hydrogen or carbon atoms directly attached to the ring nitrogen atom
    • C07D213/60Heterocyclic compounds containing six-membered rings, not condensed with other rings, with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom and three or more double bonds between ring members or between ring members and non-ring members having three double bonds between ring members or between ring members and non-ring members having no bond between the ring nitrogen atom and a non-ring member or having only hydrogen or carbon atoms directly attached to the ring nitrogen atom with heteroatoms or with carbon atoms having three bonds to hetero atoms, with at the most one to halogen, e.g. ester or nitrile radicals, directly attached to ring carbon atoms
    • C07D213/78Carbon atoms having three bonds to hetero atoms, with at the most one to halogen, e.g. ester or nitrile radicals
    • C07D213/81Amides; Imides
    • C07D213/82Amides; Imides in position 3

Abstract

The present invention relates to novel triazole derivatives of formula (I) having insecticidal activity, to processes and intermediates for preparing them, to insecticidal, acaricidal, nematicidal or molluscicidal compositions comprising them and to methods of using them to combat and control insect, acarine, nematode or mollusc pests wherein R1, R2, G1, G2, Q1 and Q2 are as defined in claim 1; or salts or N-oxides thereof.

Description

INSECTICIDAL 2 -METHOXYBENZAMIDE DERIVATIVES

The present invention relates to bis-amide derivatives, to processes and intermediates for preparing them, to methods of using them to control insect, acarine, nematode and mollusc pests, and to insecticidal, acaricidal, nematicidal and molluscicidal compositions comprising them.

Compounds having insecticidal properties are disclosed in EP1714958,

JP2006306771, WO2006137376, EP1916236, WO2007017075, WO2008000438,

WO2008/074427, WO2009049845 and WO2010127928. There exists a need for alternative methods of control of pests. Preferably, new compounds may possess improved insecticidal properties, such as improved efficacy, improved selectivity, reduced toxicity, lower tendency to generate resistance or activity against a broader range of pests. Compounds may be more advantageously formulated or provide more efficient delivery and retention at sites of action, or may be more readily biodegradable.

It has surprisingly been found that certain bisamide derivatives, which are substituted by an arylperfluoroalkyl group and 4-pyridyl or a 3-pyridyl group, have beneficial properties, which makes them particularly suitable for use as insecticides, more particulary for the control of sucking pests.

The present invention therefore provides a compound of formula (I)

Q1 is 3-pyridyl, 4-pyridyl, 3-pyridinyl-N-oxide, 4-pyridinyl-N-oxide, substituted 3-pyridyl, substituted4-pyridyl, substituted 3-pyridinyl-N-oxide or substituted4-pyridinyl-N-oxide substituted by one to four R3 substituents, which may be the same or different;

Q2 is a moiety of formula (II)

wherein

Y1 and Y5 are independently of each other selected from CI, Br, I, methyl, trifluoromethyl, ethyl, methoxy, trifluoromethoxy, trifluoromethylthio or methoxymethyl

Y3 is selected from nonafluorobut-2-yl or heptafluoroprop-2-yl

R1 is selected from hydrogen, Ci-Csalkyl, C2-Csalkenyl, C2-Csalkynyl, Ci-Csalkylcarbonyl, Ci-Csalkoxycarbonyl, hydroxyl, Ci-Csalkyloxy, and aminocarbonyl-Ci-C4alkylene;

R2 is selected from hydrogen, Ci-Csalkyl, C2-Csalkenyl, C2-Csalkynyl, Ci-Csalkylcarbonyl, Ci-Csalkoxycarbonyl, hydroxyl, Ci-Csalkyloxy, and aminocarbonyl-Ci-C4alkylene; and R3 is selected from cyano, nitro, amine, halogen, hydroxyl, Ci-C4-alkoxy, Ci-C4alkyl, Ci- C4haloalkyl, Ci-C4alkyloxycarbonylamino, Ci-C4alkylamino, N-Ci-C4alkyl-Ci-C4alkyloxy- carbonylamino;

G1 and G2 are independently of each other oxygen or sulfur;

provided that

if R1 is H and Y3 is heptafluoroprop-2-yl and Y1 and Y5 are both methyl then Q1 is selected from pyridin-4-yl, pyridin-4-yl-N-oxide, pyridin-3-yl and pyridin-3-yl-N-oxide, pyridin-2- yl, pyridin-2-yl-N-oxide; and

if R1 is H and Y3 is nonafluorobut-2-yl and Y1 is ethyl then Y5 is not methyl;

if R1 is H and Y3 is nonafluorobut-2-yl and Y1 is methyl then Y5 is not ethyl

if R1 is H and Y3 is nonafluorobut-2-yl and Y1 is chlorine then Y5 is not bromine;

if R1 is H and Y3 is nonafluorobut-2-yl and Y1 is bromine then Y5 is not chlorine

if R1 is H and Y3 is nonafluorobut-2-yl then Y1 and Y5 are not both chlorine;

or an agrochemically acceptable salt thereof. Preferably if R1 is H and Y3 is heptafluoroprop-2-yl and Y1 and Y5 are both methyl then Q1 is selected from pyridin-4-yl, pyridin-4-yl-N-oxide, pyridin-3-yl and pyridin-3-yl-N-oxide. More preferably if R1 is H and Y3 is heptafluoroprop-2-yl then Y1 and Y5 are not both methyl. The compounds of formula (I) may exist in different geometric or optical isomers (enantiomers and/or diasteroisomers) or tautomeric forms. This invention covers all such isomers and tautomers and mixtures thereof in all proportions as well as isotopic forms such as deuterated compounds.

Each alkyl moiety either alone or as part of a larger group (such as alkoxy, alkoxy- carbonyl, alkylcarbonyl, alkylaminocarbonyl, dialkylaminocarbonyl) is a straight or branched chain and is, for example, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, n-butyl, z'so-propyl, n-butyl, sec- butyl, z'so-butyl or tert-butyl. The alkyl groups are preferably Ci to C6 alkyl groups, more preferably C1-C4 and most preferably C1-C3 alkyl groups.

Halogen is fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine.

Haloalkyl groups (either alone or as part of a larger group, such as haloalkoxy or haloalkylthio) are alkyl groups which are substituted with one or more of the same or different halogen atoms and are, for example, -CF3, -CF2C1, -CH2CF3 or -CH2CHF2.

In one embodiment (A) of the present invention provides a compound of formula (la)

Q1 is 3-pyridyl, 4-pyridyl, 3-pyridinyl-N-oxide, 4-pyridinyl-N-oxide, substituted 3-pyridyl, substituted4-pyridyl, substituted 3-pyridinyl-N-oxide or substituted4-pyridinyl-N-oxide substituted by one to four R3 substituents, which may be the same or different;

Q2 is a moiety of formula (II)

wherein Y1 is selected from CI, Br, I, trifluoromethyl, ethyl, methoxy, trifluoromethoxy,

trifluoromethylthio or methoxymethyl

Y5 is selected from CI, Br, I, methyl, trifluoromethyl, ethyl, methoxy, trifluoromethoxy, trifluoromethylthio or methoxymethyl

Y3 is heptafluoroprop-2-yl

R1 is selected from hydrogen, Ci-Csalkyl, C2-Csalkenyl, C2-Csalkynyl, Ci-Csalkylcarbonyl,

Ci-Csalkoxycarbonyl, hydroxyl, Ci-Csalkyloxy, and aminocarbonyl-Ci-C4alkylene;

R2 is selected from hydrogen, Ci-Csalkyl, C2-Csalkenyl, C2-Csalkynyl, Ci-Csalkylcarbonyl,

Ci-Csalkoxycarbonyl, hydroxyl, Ci-Csalkyloxy, and aminocarbonyl-Ci-C4alkylene; and

R3 is selected from cyano, nitro, amine, halogen, hydroxyl, Ci-C4-alkoxy, Ci-C4alkyl, Ci-

C4haloalkyl, Ci-C4alkyloxycarbonylamino, Ci-C4alkylamino, N-Ci-C4alkyl-Ci-C4alkyloxy- carbonylamino;

G1 and G2 are both oxygen;

or an agrochemically acceptable salt thereof.

In one preferred embodiment (A) of the present invention provides a compound of formula (la)

wherein

Q1 is 3-pyridyl, 4-pyridyl, 3-pyridinyl-N-oxide, 4-pyridinyl-N-oxide, substituted 3-pyridyl, substituted4-pyridyl, substituted 3-pyridinyl-N-oxide or substituted4-pyridinyl-N-oxide substituted by one to four R3 substituents, which may be the same or different;

Q2 is a moiety of formula (II)

wherein

Y1 is selected from CI, Br, I, ethyl;

Y5 is selected from CI, Br, I, methyl, ethyl;

Y3 is heptafluoroprop-2-yl

R1 is selected from hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, allyl, aminocarbonyl- ethylene;

R2 is selected from hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, aminocarbonyl-ethylene; and R3 is independently cyano, CI, F, methyl, trifluoromethyl or methoxy;

G1 and G2 are both oxygen;

More preferably the substituents in the embodiment (A) are as follows

Y1 is selected from CI, Br, ethyl;

Y5 is selected from CI, Br, methyl, ethyl;

Y3 is heptafluoroprop-2-yl

R1 is selected from hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, preferably methyl, ethyl;

R2 is selected from hydrogen, methyl, ethyl; and

R3 is independently cyano, CI, F, methyl, trifluoromethyl or methoxy;

G1 and G2 are both oxygen;

and the other substituents have the meaning as set forth in one of the embodiments (A) above.

Even more preferably the substituents in the embodiment (A) are as follows

Y1 is selected from CI, Br, ethyl;

Y5 is selected from CI, Br, methyl, ethyl;

Y3 is heptafluoroprop-2-yl

R1 is selected from hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, preferably methyl, ethyl;

R2 is selected from hydrogen, methyl, ethyl; and

R3 is independently CI, F;

G1 and G2 are both oxygen; and the other substituents have the meaning as set forth in one of the embodiments (A) above.

Most preferably the substituents in the embodiment (A) are as follows

Y1 is selected from CI, Br;

Y5 is selected from CI, Br;

Y3 is heptafluoroprop-2-yl

R1 is selected from hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, preferably methyl, ethyl;

R2 is selected from hydrogen, methyl, ethyl; and

R3 is independently CI, F;

G1 and G2 are both oxygen;

and the other substituents have the meaning as set forth in one of the embodiments (A) above. In one embodiment (B) of the present invention provides a compound of formula (lb)

wherein

Q1 is 3-pyridyl, 4-pyridyl, 3-pyridinyl-N-oxide, 4-pyridinyl-N-oxide;

Q2 is a moiety of formula (II)

wherein Y1 is selected from CI, Br, I, methyl, trifluoromethyl, ethyl, methoxy, trifluoromethoxy, trifluoromethylthio or methoxymethyl

Y5 is selected from CI, Br, I, methyl, trifluoromethyl, ethyl, methoxy, trifluoromethoxy, trifluoromethylthio or methoxymethyl

Y3 is heptafluoroprop-2-yl

R1 is selected from hydrogen, Ci-Csalkyl, C2-Csalkenyl, C2-Csalkynyl, Ci-Csalkylcarbonyl,

Ci-Csalkoxycarbonyl, hydroxyl, Ci-Csalkyloxy, and aminocarbonyl-Ci-C4alkylene;

R2 is selected from hydrogen, Ci-Csalkyl, C2-Csalkenyl, C2-Csalkynyl, Ci-Csalkylcarbonyl,

Ci-Csalkoxycarbonyl, hydroxyl, Ci-Csalkyloxy, and aminocarbonyl-Ci-C4alkylene; and

G1 and G2 are both oxygen;

or an agrochemically acceptable salt thereof.

In one preferred embodiment (B) of the present invention provides a compound of formula (lb)

wherein

Q is 3-pyridyl, 4-pyridyl, 3-pyridinyl-N-oxide, 4-pyridinyl-N-oxide;

Q2 is a moiety of formula (II)

wherein

Y is selected from CI, Br, I, methyl, ethyl;

Y5 is selected from CI, Br, I, methyl, ethyl;

Y3 is heptafluoroprop-2-yl R1 is selected from hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, allyl, aminocarbonyl- ethylene;

R2 is selected from hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, aminocarbonyl-ethylene; and G1 and G2 are both oxygen;

More preferably the substituents in the embodiment (B) are as follows

Y1 is selected from CI, Br, methyl, ethyl;

Y5 is selected from CI, Br, methyl, ethyl;

Y3 is heptafluoroprop-2-yl

R1 is selected from hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, preferably methyl, ethyl;

R2 is selected from hydrogen, methyl, ethyl; and

G1 and G2 are both oxygen;

and the other substituents have the meaning as set forth in one of the embodiments (B) above.

Even more preferably the substituents in the embodiment (B) are as follows

Y1 is selected from CI, Br, ethyl;

Y5 is selected from CI, Br, methyl, ethyl;

Y3 is heptafluoroprop-2-yl

R1 is selected from hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, preferably methyl, ethyl;

R1 is selected from hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, preferably methyl, ethyl; and

G1 and G2 are both oxygen;

and the other substituents have the meaning as set forth in one of the embodiments (B) above.

Most preferably the substituents in the embodiment (B) are as follows

Y1 is selected from CI, Br;

Y5 is selected from CI, Br;

Y3 is heptafluoroprop-2-yl

R1 is selected from hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, preferably methyl, ethyl;

R1 is selected from hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, preferably methyl, ethyl; and

G1 and G2 are both oxygen;

and the other substituents have the meaning as set forth in one of the embodiments (B) above. Further preferred values of R1, R2, G1, G2, R3, Q2, Y1, Y3 and Y5 are, in any combination, as set out below for the different embodiments of the present invention.

Preferably R1 is hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, propyl, iso-propyl, allyl, propargyl, acetyl, hydroxy, or methyloxy.

More preferably R1 is hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, allyl, propargyl, acetyl or hydroxy.

Even more preferably R1 is hydrogen, methyl or ethyl.

Most preferably R1 is methyl or ethyl.

Preferably R2 is hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, allyl, propargyl, acetyl, hydroxy, or methyloxy.

More preferably R2 is hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, allyl, propargyl, acetyl or hydroxy. Even more preferably R2 is hydrogen, methyl or ethyl.

Most preferably R2 is methyl or ethyl.

Preferably G1 is oxygen. Preferably G2 is oxygen. More preferably G1 and G2 are both oxygen.

Preferably each R3 is independently cyano, halogen, Ci-C4alkyl, Ci-C4haloalkyl, Ci- C4alkoxy, Ci-C4haloalkoxy.

More preferably each R3 is independently cyano, CI, F, Ci-C2alkyl, Ci-C2haloalkyl, Ci-C2alkoxy, Ci-C2haloalkoxy.

More preferably each R3 is independently cyano, CI, F, methyl, trifluoromethyl or methoxy.

Preferably at least one of the substituents R3 is CI, CH3, F, CN, OCH3, CF3 ; more preferably one of the substituents R3 is CI, CH3, F, CN, CF3 more preferably at least one of the substituents R3 is CI.

In a further preferred embodiment Q1 is 4-pyridine or 4-pyridine substituted by one to four substituents R3, which may be the same or different,

In a further preferred embodiment Q1 is 4-pyridine -N-oxide or 4-pyridine-N-oxide substituted by one to four substituents R3, which may be the same or different,

In a further preferred embodiment Q1 is 3-pyridine or 3-pyridine substituted by one to four substituents R3, which may be the same or different.

Preferably Y1 and Y5 are independently of each other selected from CI, Br, I, methyl, ethyl, trifluoromethyl, methoxy, trifluoromethoxy;

Preferably Y1 and Y5 are independently of each other selected from CI, Br, methyl, ethyl, trifluoromethyl, methoxy, trifluoromethoxy; More preferably Y1 and Y5 are independently of each other selected from CI, Br, methyl, ethyl, trifluoromethyl;

Most preferably Y1 and Y5 are independently of each other selected from CI, Br, ethyl;

Preferably Y3 is nonafluorobut-2-yl;

A further preferred Y3 is heptafluoroprop-2-yl;

In a further preferred embodiment Q1 is 3-pyridinyl-N-oxide or 3-pyridinyl-N-oxide substituted by one to four substituents R3, which may be the same or different,

In a further preferred embodiment Q1 is 4-pyridinyl-N-oxide or 4-pyridinyl-N-oxide substituted by one to four substituents R3, which may be the same or different,

In a further preferred embodiment Q1 is 3-pyridinyl.

In a further preferred embodiment Q1 is 3-pyridinyl-N-oxide.

In a further preferred embodiment Q1 is 4-pyridinyl.

In a further preferred embodiment Q1 is 4-pyridinyl-N-oxide.

Preferably Q2 is selected from

2-ethyl-6-methyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-bromo-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-chloro-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dichloro-4-(nonafluoro-but-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dibromo-4-(nonafluoro-but-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-diiodo-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dimethyl-4-(nonafluoro-but-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-methyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-methoxymethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-methyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-methoxymethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-methyl-6-methoxymethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-iodo-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-trifluoromethoxy-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-trifluoromethoxy-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-trifluoromethylthio-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, 2-bromo-6-trifluoromethylthio-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl. Preferably Q2 is selected from

2-ethyl-6-bromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-chloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-methyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dichloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dibromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-diiodo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dimethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-methyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-methyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-methyl-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl;

2-iodo-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl;

2-chloro-6-trifluoromethoxy-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-trifluoromethoxy-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-trifluoromethylthio-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-trifluoromethylthio-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl.

In a further preferred embodiment Q2 is selected from

2-ethyl-6-bromo-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-chloro-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dibromo-4-(nonafluoro-but-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dimethyl-4-(nonafluoro-but-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-methoxymethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, 2-bromo-6-methoxymethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl.

In a further preferred embodiment Q2 is selected from

2-ethyl-6-bromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-chloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-methyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, 2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dichloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dibromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dimethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-methoxyrnethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-methyl-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafiuoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(nonafiuorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl;

More preferably Q2 is select from

2-ethyl-6-bromo-4-(nonafiuorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-chloro-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, 2-bromo-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl.

More preferably Q2 is select from

2-ethyl-6-bromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-chloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl;

2,6-dibromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-methyl-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl.

In a further more preferably embodiment Q2 is selected from

2-ethyl-6-bromo-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-chloro-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dibromo-4-(nonafluoro-but-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dimethyl-4-(nonafluoro-but-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-methoxymethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yi)phenyl, 2-bromo-6-methoxymethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, 2-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, 2-bromo-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl. In a further more preferably embodiment Q2 is selected from

2-chloro-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-bromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-chloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-methyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dichloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2 , 6-dibro mo -4-(heptafluoroprop-2 -y l)phenyl,

2,6-dimethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-methyl-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl;

Most preferably Q2 is selected from

2-ethyl-6-bromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-chloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-methyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dichloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dibromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dimethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-methyl-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl;

Most preferably Q2 is selected from 2-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, 2-bromo-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

In a further most preferably embodiment Q2 is selected from

2-ethyl-6-bromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-chloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dibromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, 2-bromo-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, 2-methyl-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, 2-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, 2-bromo-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl;

In a further most preferably embodiment Q2 is selected from

2-ethyl-6-bromo-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-chloro-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dibromo-4-(nonafluoro-but-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dimethyl-4-(nonafluoro-but-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, 2-bromo-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, 2-chloro-6-methoxymethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, 2-bromo-6-methoxymethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, 2-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, 2-bromo-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

In a further most preferably embodiment Q2 is selected from

2-ethyl-6-bromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-chloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-methyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dichloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dibromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dimethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, 2-bromo-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, 2-methyl-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl;

More preferably Q2 is select from

2-ethyl-6-bromo-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-chloro-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, 2-bromo-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

More preferably Q2 is select from

2-ethyl-6-bromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-chloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dibromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-methyl-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl;

In a further embodiment Q2 is selected from

2-ethyl-6-bromo-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-chloro-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dibromo-4-(nonafluoro-but-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dimethyl-4-(nonafluoro-but-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-methoxymethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-methoxymethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

In a further embodiment Q2 is selected from

2-ethyl-6-bromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-chloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-methyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dichloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dibromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dimethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, 2-chloro-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-methoxyrnethyl-4-(heptafiuoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-methyl-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

In a further embodiment Q2 is selected from

2-ethyl-6-bromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-chloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-methyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dichloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dibromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dimethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-chloro-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-methyl-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

In a further embodiment Q2 is selected from

2-ethyl-6-bromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-ethyl-6-chloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dibromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dichloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dibromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl

2-chloro-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-bromo-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2-methyl-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

In a further preferred embodiment Q2 is selected from

2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dichloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

2,6-dibromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl and

2-bromo-6-ethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl.

In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-ethyl-6-methyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-ethyl-6-bromo-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-ethyl-6-chloro-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl,

In a further embodiment Q2 is 2,6-dichloro-4-(nonafluoro-but-2-yl)phenyl,

In a further embodiment Q2 is 2,6-dibromo-4-(nonafluoro-but-2-yl)phenyl,

In a further embodiment Q2 is 2,6-diiodo-4-(nonafluoro-but-2-yl)phenyl,

In a further embodiment Q2 is 2,6-dimethyl-4-(nonafluoro-but-2-yl)phenyl,

In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-chloro-6-methoxymethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-bromo-6-methoxymethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-bromo-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-iodo-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-chloro-6-trifluoromethoxy-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-bromo-6-trifluoromethoxy-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-chloro-6-trifluoromethylthio-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-bromo-6-trifluoromethylthio-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-ethyl-6-bromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-ethyl-6-chloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-ethyl-6-methyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

In a further embodiment Q2 is 2,6-dichloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

In a further embodiment Q2 is 2,6-dibromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

In a further embodiment Q2 is 2,6-diiodo-4-( heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

In a further embodiment Q2 is 2,6-dimethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-chloro-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-bromo-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-methyl-6-methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-bromo-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-iodo-6-trifluoromethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,

In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-chloro-6-trifluoromethoxy-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-bromo-6-trifluoromethoxy-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-chloro-6-trifluoromethylthio-4-(heptafluoroprop-2- yl)phenyl, In a further embodiment Q2 is 2-bromo-6-trifluoromethylthio-4-(heptafluoroprop-2- yl)phenyl;

The compounds in Tables 1 to 36 below illustrate the compounds of the invention.

Table 1 :

Table 1 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-ethyl-6-methyl-4- (nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 andR2 have the values listed in the table below.

Compound R R2 Q

numbers

1.1 H H pyrid -4-yl

1.2 H H 3-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.3 H H 3 -methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.4 H H 2-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.5 H H 2-methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.6 H H 3-fluoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.7 H H 2-fluoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.8 H H 3-trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.9 H H 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.10 Methyl H pyrid -4-yl

1.11 Methyl H 3-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.12 Methyl H 3 -methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.13 Methyl H 2-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.14 Methyl H 2-methyl- pyrid -4-yl Compound R1 Pv2 Q1

numbers

1.15 Methyl H 3-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.16 Methyl H 2-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.17 Methyl H 3 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.18 Methyl H 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.19 Ethyl H pyrid-4-yl

1.20 Ethyl H 3-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.21 Ethyl H 3 -methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.22 Ethyl H 2-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.23 Ethyl H 2-methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.24 Ethyl H 3-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.25 Ethyl H 2-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.26 Ethyl H 3 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.27 Ethyl H 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.28 Propyl H pyrid-4-yl

1.29 Propyl H 3-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.30 Propyl H 3 -methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.31 Propyl H 2-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.32 Propyl H 2-methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.33 Propyl H 3-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.34 Propyl H 2-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.35 Propyl H 3 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.36 Propyl H 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.37 z'so-Propyl H pyrid -4-yl

1.38 z'so-Propyl H 3-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.39 z'so-Propyl H 3 -methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.40 z'so-Propyl H 2-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.41 z'so-Propyl H 2-methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.42 z'so-Propyl H 3-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.43 z'so-Propyl H 2-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.44 z'so-Propyl H 3 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl Compound R1 Pv2 Q1

numbers

1.45 z'so-Propyl H 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.46 H H pyrid -3-yl

1.47 H H 5-chloro- pyrid-3-yl

1.48 H H 5 -methyl- pyrid-3-yl

1.49 H H 2-chloro- pyrid-3-yl

1.50 H H 2-methyl- pyrid-3-yl

1.51 H H 5-fiuoro- pyrid-3-yl

1.52 H H 2-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.53 H H 5 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.54 H H 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.55 Methyl H pyrid -3-yl

1.56 Methyl H 5-chloro- pyrid -3-yl

1.57 Methyl H 5 -methyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.58 Methyl H 2-chloro- pyrid -3-yl

1.59 Methyl H 2-methyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.60 Methyl H 5-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.61 Methyl H 2-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.62 Methyl H 5 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.63 Methyl H 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.64 Et H pyrid-3-yl

1.65 Et H 5-chloro- pyrid -3-yl

1.66 Et H 5 -methyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.67 Et H 2-chloro- pyrid -3-yl

1.68 Et H 2-methyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.69 Et H 5-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.70 Et H 2-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.71 Et H 5 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.72 Et H 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.73 Propyl H pyrid -3-yl

1.74 Propyl H 5-chloro- pyrid -3-yl Compound R1 Pv2 Q1

numbers

1.75 Propyl H 5 -methyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.76 Propyl H 2-chloro- pyrid -3-yl

1.77 Propyl H 2-methyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.78 Propyl H 5-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.79 Propyl H 2-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.80 Propyl H 5 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.81 Propyl H 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.82 z'so-Propyl H pyrid -3-yl

1.83 z'so-Propyl H 5-chloro- pyrid -3-yl

1.84 z'so-Propyl H 5 -methyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.85 z'so-Propyl H 2-chloro- pyrid -3-yl

1.86 z'so-Propyl H 2-methyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.87 z'so-Propyl H 5-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.88 z'so-Propyl H 2-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.89 z'so-Propyl H 5 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.90 z'so-Propyl H 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.91 H H pyrid -4-yl-N-oxide

1.92 H H pyrid -3-yl-N-oxide

1.93 Methyl H pyrid -4-yl-N-oxide

1.94 Methyl H pyrid -3-yl-N-oxide

1.95 Ethyl H pyrid -4-yl-N-oxide

1.96 Ethyl H pyrid -3-yl-N-oxide

1.97 Propyl H pyrid -4-yl-N-oxide

1.98 Propyl H pyrid -3-yl-N-oxide

1.99 z'so-Propyl H pyrid -4-yl-N-oxide

1.100 z'so-Propyl H pyrid -3-yl-N-oxide

1.101 H Methyl pyrid -4-yl

1.102 H Methyl 3-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.103 H Methyl 3 -methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.104 H Methyl 2-chloro- pyrid -4-yl Compound R1 Pv2 Q1

numbers

1.105 H Methyl 2-methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.106 H Methyl 3-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.107 H Methyl 2-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.108 H Methyl 3 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.109 H Methyl 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.110 Methyl Methyl pyrid -4-yl

1 .1 1 1 Methyl Methyl 3-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1 .1 12 Methyl Methyl 3 -methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.113 Methyl Methyl 2-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1 .1 14 Methyl Methyl 2-methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.115 Methyl Methyl 3-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.116 Methyl Methyl 2-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.117 Methyl Methyl 3 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.118 Methyl Methyl 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.119 Ethyl Methyl pyrid-4-yl

1.120 Ethyl Methyl 3-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1 .121 Ethyl Methyl 3 -methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.122 Ethyl Methyl 2-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.123 Ethyl Methyl 2-methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.124 Ethyl Methyl 3-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.125 Ethyl Methyl 2-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.126 Ethyl Methyl 3 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.127 Ethyl Methyl 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.128 Propyl Methyl pyrid-4-yl

1.129 Propyl Methyl 3-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.130 Propyl Methyl 3 -methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.131 Propyl Methyl 2-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.132 Propyl Methyl 2-methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.133 Propyl Methyl 3-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.134 Propyl Methyl 2-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl Compound R1 Pv2 Q1

numbers

1.135 Propyl Methyl 3 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.136 Propyl Methyl 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.137 z'so-Propyl Methyl pyrid -4-yl

1.138 z'so-Propyl Methyl 3-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.139 z'so-Propyl Methyl 3 -methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.140 z'so-Propyl Methyl 2-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.141 z'so-Propyl Methyl 2-methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.142 z'so-Propyl Methyl 3-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.143 z'so-Propyl Methyl 2-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.144 z'so-Propyl Methyl 3 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.145 z'so-Propyl Methyl 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.146 H Methyl pyrid -3-yl

1.147 H Methyl 5-chloro- pyrid-3-yl

1.148 H Methyl 5 -methyl- pyrid-3-yl

1.149 H Methyl 2-chloro- pyrid-3-yl

1.150 H Methyl 2-methyl- pyrid-3-yl

1.151 H Methyl 5-fiuoro- pyrid-3-yl

1.152 H Methyl 2-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.153 H Methyl 5 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.154 H Methyl 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.155 Methyl Methyl pyrid -3-yl

1.156 Methyl Methyl 5-chloro- pyrid -3-yl

1.157 Methyl Methyl 5 -methyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.158 Methyl Methyl 2-chloro- pyrid -3-yl

1.159 Methyl Methyl 2-methyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.160 Methyl Methyl 5-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.161 Methyl Methyl 2-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.162 Methyl Methyl 5 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.163 Methyl Methyl 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.164 Et Methyl pyrid-3-yl Compound R1 Pv2 Q1

numbers

1.165 Et Methyl 5-chloro- pyrid -3-yl

1.166 Et Methyl 5 -methyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.167 Et Methyl 2-chloro- pyrid -3-yl

1.168 Et Methyl 2-methyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.169 Et Methyl 5-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.170 Et Methyl 2-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.171 Et Methyl 5 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.172 Et Methyl 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.173 Propyl Methyl pyrid -3-yl

1.174 Propyl Methyl 5-chloro- pyrid -3-yl

1.175 Propyl Methyl 5 -methyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.176 Propyl Methyl 2-chloro- pyrid -3-yl

1.177 Propyl Methyl 2-methyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.178 Propyl Methyl 5-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.179 Propyl Methyl 2-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.180 Propyl Methyl 5 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.181 Propyl Methyl 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.182 z'so-Propyl Methyl pyrid -3-yl

1.183 z'so-Propyl Methyl 5-chloro- pyrid -3-yl

1.184 z'so-Propyl Methyl 5 -methyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.185 z'so-Propyl Methyl 2-chloro- pyrid -3-yl

1.186 z'so-Propyl Methyl 2-methyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.187 z'so-Propyl Methyl 5-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.188 z'so-Propyl Methyl 2-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.189 z'so-Propyl Methyl 5 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.190 z'so-Propyl Methyl 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.191 H Methyl pyrid -4-yl-N-oxide

1.192 H Methyl pyrid -3-yl-N-oxide

1.193 Methyl Methyl pyrid -4-yl-N-oxide

1.194 Methyl Methyl pyrid -3-yl-N-oxide Compound R1 Pv2 Q1

numbers

1.195 Ethyl Methyl pyrid -4-yl-N-oxide

1.196 Ethyl Methyl pyrid -3-yl-N-oxide

1.197 Propyl Methyl pyrid -4-yl-N-oxide

1.198 Propyl Methyl pyrid -3-yl-N-oxide

1.199 z'so-Propyl Methyl pyrid -4-yl-N-oxide

1.200 z'so-Propyl Methyl pyrid -3-yl-N-oxide

1.201 H Ethyl pyrid -4-yl

1.202 H Ethyl 3-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.203 H Ethyl 3 -methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.204 H Ethyl 2-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.205 H Ethyl 2-methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.206 H Ethyl 3-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.207 H Ethyl 2-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.208 H Ethyl 3 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.209 H Ethyl 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.210 Methyl Ethyl pyrid -4-yl

1.211 Methyl Ethyl 3-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.212 Methyl Ethyl 3 -methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.213 Methyl Ethyl 2-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.214 Methyl Ethyl 2-methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.215 Methyl Ethyl 3-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.216 Methyl Ethyl 2-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.217 Methyl Ethyl 3 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.218 Methyl Ethyl 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.219 Ethyl Ethyl pyrid-4-yl

1.220 Ethyl Ethyl 3-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.221 Ethyl Ethyl 3 -methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.222 Ethyl Ethyl 2-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.223 Ethyl Ethyl 2-methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.224 Ethyl Ethyl 3-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl Compound R1 Pv2 Q1

numbers

1.225 Ethyl Ethyl 2-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.226 Ethyl Ethyl 3 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.227 Ethyl Ethyl 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.228 Propyl Ethyl pyrid-4-yl

1.229 Propyl Ethyl 3-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.230 Propyl Ethyl 3 -methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.231 Propyl Ethyl 2-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.232 Propyl Ethyl 2-methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.233 Propyl Ethyl 3-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.234 Propyl Ethyl 2-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.235 Propyl Ethyl 3 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.236 Propyl Ethyl 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.237 z'so-Propyl Ethyl pyrid -4-yl

1.238 z'so-Propyl Ethyl 3-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.239 z'so-Propyl Ethyl 3 -methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.240 z'so-Propyl Ethyl 2-chloro- pyrid -4-yl

1.241 z'so-Propyl Ethyl 2-methyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.242 z'so-Propyl Ethyl 3-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.243 z'so-Propyl Ethyl 2-fiuoro- pyrid -4-yl

1.244 z'so-Propyl Ethyl 3 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.245 z'so-Propyl Ethyl 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -4-yl

1.246 H Ethyl pyrid -3-yl

1.247 H Ethyl 5-chloro- pyrid-3-yl

1.248 H Ethyl 5 -methyl- pyrid-3-yl

1.249 H Ethyl 2-chloro- pyrid-3-yl

1.250 H Ethyl 2-methyl- pyrid-3-yl

1.251 H Ethyl 5-fiuoro- pyrid-3-yl

1.252 H Ethyl 2-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.253 H Ethyl 5 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.254 H Ethyl 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl Compound R1 Pv2 Q1

numbers

1.255 Methyl Ethyl pyrid -3-yl

1.256 Methyl Ethyl 5-chloro- pyrid -3-yl

1.257 Methyl Ethyl 5 -methyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.258 Methyl Ethyl 2-chloro- pyrid -3-yl

1.259 Methyl Ethyl 2-methyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.260 Methyl Ethyl 5-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.261 Methyl Ethyl 2-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.262 Methyl Ethyl 5 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.263 Methyl Ethyl 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.264 Et Ethyl pyrid-3-yl

1.265 Et Ethyl 5-chloro- pyrid -3-yl

1.266 Et Ethyl 5 -methyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.267 Et Ethyl 2-chloro- pyrid -3-yl

1.268 Et Ethyl 2-methyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.269 Et Ethyl 5-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.270 Et Ethyl 2-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.271 Et Ethyl 5 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.272 Et Ethyl 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.273 Propyl Ethyl pyrid -3-yl

1.274 Propyl Ethyl 5-chloro- pyrid -3-yl

1.275 Propyl Ethyl 5 -methyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.276 Propyl Ethyl 2-chloro- pyrid -3-yl

1.277 Propyl Ethyl 2-methyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.278 Propyl Ethyl 5-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.279 Propyl Ethyl 2-fiuoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.280 Propyl Ethyl 5 -trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.281 Propyl Ethyl 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.282 z'so-Propyl Ethyl pyrid -3-yl

1.283 z'so-Propyl Ethyl 5-chloro- pyrid -3-yl

1.284 z'so-Propyl Ethyl 5 -methyl- pyrid -3-yl Compound R1 R2 Q1

numbers

1.285 z'so-Propyl Ethyl 2-chloro- pyrid -3-yl

1.286 z'so-Propyl Ethyl 2-methyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.287 z'so-Propyl Ethyl 5-fluoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.288 z'so-Propyl Ethyl 2-fluoro- pyrid -3-yl

1.289 z'so-Propyl Ethyl 5-trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.290 z'so-Propyl Ethyl 2- trifluoromethyl- pyrid -3-yl

1.291 H Ethyl pyrid -4-yl-N-oxide

1.292 H Ethyl pyrid -3-yl-N-oxide

1.293 Methyl Ethyl pyrid -4-yl-N-oxide

1.294 Methyl Ethyl pyrid -3-yl-N-oxide

1.295 Ethyl Ethyl pyrid -4-yl-N-oxide

1.296 Ethyl Ethyl pyrid -3-yl-N-oxide

1.297 Propyl Ethyl pyrid -4-yl-N-oxide

1.298 Propyl Ethyl pyrid -3-yl-N-oxide

1.299 z'so-Propyl Ethyl pyrid -4-yl-N-oxide

1.300 z'so-Propyl Ethyl pyrid -3-yl-N-oxide

Table 2:

Table 2 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-ethyl-6-bromo-4- (nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 andR2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 3:

Table 3 provides 300 compounds of formula (IIII) wherein Q2 is 2-ethyl-6-chloro-4- (nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 andR2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 4:

Table 4 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-bromo-6-chloro-4- (nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 andR2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 5:

Table 5 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2,6-dichloro-4- (nonafluoro-but-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 andR2 have has the values listed in Table 1.

Table 6: Table 6 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2,6-dimethyl-4- (nonafluoro-but-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 andR2 have has the values listed in Table 1.

Table 7:

Table 7 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-chloro-6- methoxymethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 and R2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 8:

Table 8 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-bromo-6- methoxymethyl-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl; and Q1, R1 and R2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 9:

Table 9 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-ethyl-6-bromo-4- (heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 andR2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 10:

Table 10 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-ethyl-6-chloro-4-

(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,and Q1, R1 and R2 have has the values listed in Table 1.

Table 11 :

Table 11 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-ethyl-6-methyl-4- (heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 andR2 have has the values listed in Table 1.

Table 12:

Table 12 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-bromo-6-chloro-4- (heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 andR2 have has the values listed in Table 1.

Table 13:

Table 13 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2,6-dichloro-4- (heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 andR2 have has the values listed in Table 1.

Table 14:

Table 14 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2,6-dimethyl-4- (heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 andR2 have has the values listed in Table 1.

Table 15:

Table 15 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-chloro-6-methoxymethyl- 4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 and R2 have has the values listed in Table 1. Table 16: Table 16 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-bromo-6- methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 and R2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 17:

Table 17 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-methyl-6- methoxymethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 and R2 have has the values listed in Table 1.

Table 18:

Table 18 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2,6-dibromo-4- (heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 andR2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 19:

Table 19 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-bromo-6-methyl-4- (heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 andR2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 20:

Table 20 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-chloro-6-methyl-4- (heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 andR2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 21 :

Table 21 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl- 4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 andR2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 22:

Table 22 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-bromo-6-trifluoromethyl- 4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 andR2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 23:

Table 23 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-iodo-6-trifluoromethyl-4- (nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 andR2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 24:

Table 24 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2,6-diiodo-4- (nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 andR2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 25:

Table 25 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-chloro-6- trifluoromethoxy-4-nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 and R2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 26: Table 26 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-bromo-6- trifluoromethoxy-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 and R2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 27:

Table 27 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-chloro-6- trifluoromethylthio-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 and R2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 28:

Table 28 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-bromo-6- trifluoromethylthio-4-(nonafluorobut-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 and R2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 29:

Table 29 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-chloro-6-trifluoromethyl- 4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 and R2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 30:

Table 30 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-bromo-6-trifluoromethyl- 4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 and R2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 31 :

Table 31 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-iodo-6-trifluoromethyl-4- (heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 andR2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 32:

Table 32 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2,6-diiodo-4- (heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 andR2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 33:

Table 33 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-chloro-6- trifluoromethoxy-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 and R2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 34:

Table 34 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-bromo-6- trifluoromethoxy -4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 and R2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 35: Table 35 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-chloro-6- trifluoromethylthio-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 and R2 have the values listed in Table 1.

Table 36:

Table 36 provides 300 compounds of formula (III) wherein Q2 is 2-bromo-6- trifluoromethylthio-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl, and Q1, R1 and R2 have the values listed in Table 1.

The compounds of the invention may be made by a variety of methods, for example, the methods disclosed in WO 08/000438 or WO 2010/127928.

1) Compounds of formula (Γ) may be made by treatment of compounds of formula (V), wherein R is OH, Ci-C6alkoxy, CI, F or Br with an amine of formula NHR2Q2. When R is OH such reactions may be carried out in the presence of a coupling reagent, such as DCC (Ν,Ν'-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide), EDC (l-ethyl-3-[3-dimethylamino-propyl]carbodiimide hydrochloride) or BOP-C1 (bis(2-oxo-3-oxazolidinyl)phosphonic chloride), in the presence of a base, such as pyridine, triethylamine, 4-(dimethylamino)pyridine or

diisopropylethylamine, and optionally in the presence of a nucleophilic catalyst, such as hydroxybenzotriazole. When R is CI, such reactions may be carried out under basic conditions, for example in the presence of pyridine, triethylamine, 4- (dimethylamino)pyridine or diisopropylethylamine, and optionally in the presence of a nucleophilic catalyst. Alternatively, the reaction may be conducted in a biphasic system comprising an organic solvent, preferably ethyl acetate, and an aqueous solvent, preferably a solution of sodium bicarbonate. When R is Ci-C6alkoxy the ester may be converted directly to the amide by heating the ester and amine together in a thermal process.

2) Acid halides of formula (V), wherein R is CI, F or Br, may be made from carboxylic acids of formula (V), wherein R is OH by treatment with thionyl chloride or oxalyl chloride. 3) Carboxylic acids of formula (V), wherein R is OH, may be formed from esters of formula (V), wherein R is Ci-C6alkoxy by treatment of the ester with an alkali hydroxide, such as sodium hydroxide, in a solvent, such as ethanol.

4) Esters of formula (V), wherein R is Ci-C6alkoxy, may be made by treatment of compounds of formula (IV), wherein R is Ci-C6alkoxy, by acylation with a carboxylic acid of formula Q'-COOH or an acid halide of formula Q'-COHal, wherein Hal is CI, F or Br, under standard conditions as described in 1).

5) Compounds of formula (IV), wherein R is Ci-C6alkoxy, may be made from compounds of formula (VI) by sequential treatment with an alcohol R-OH under acidic conditions and then formation of the N-R1 bond. For example, reductive amination may be achieved by treatment of the amine with an aldehyde or ketone and a reducing agent such as sodium cyanoboro hydride. Alternatively, alkylation may be achieved by treating the amine with an alkylating agent such as an alkyl halide, optionally in the presence of a base. Alternatively, arylation may be achieved by treatment of the amine with an aryl halide or sulfonate in the presence of a suitable catalyst/ligand system, often a palladium (0) complex.

6) Alternatively, compounds of formula (IV), wherein R is Ci-Cealkoxy, may be made from a compound of formula (VII), wherein R is Ci-Cealkoxy and LG is a leaving group, such as fluoro, chloro or sulfonate, via the displacement of the leaving group by an amine of formula R1-NH2 or other imine analogue followed by hydrolysis with a metal catalyst. See, for example: Chemical Communications (2009), (14), 1891-1893 or Journal of Organic Chemistry (2000), 65(8), 2612-2614.

Compounds of formula (VII) and amines of formula R!-NH2 are either known compounds or may be made by methods known to a person skilled in the art. 7) Alternatively, compounds of formula (I), may be made by the treatment of compounds of formula (IX) with a carboxylic acid of formula Q'-COOH or an acid halide of formula Q1 -COHal, wherein Hal is CI, F or Br, under standard conditions as described in 1).

8) Compounds of formula (IX) may be formed from compounds of formula (VIII), wherein P is a suitable protecting group and R is OH, CI or Ci-C6alkoxy, by amide bond formation with an amine of formula NHR2Q2 under standard conditions as described in 1), followed by removal of the protecting group P under standard conditions.

9) Compounds of formula (VIII), wherein R is OH or Ci-C6alkoxy, may be made by the protection of the amine functionality in compounds of formula (IV), wherein R is OH or Ci-C6alkoxy. Suitable protecting groups include carbamates (such as tert-butyloxycarbonyl, allyloxycarbonyl and benzyloxycarbonyl), trialkylsilyl groups (such as tert-butyldimethyl- silyl) and acyl groups (such as acetyl).

10) For compounds of formula (VIII) and compounds of formula (IV), the esters, wherein R is Ci-C6alkoxy, may be hydro lysed to the acids, wherein R is OH, by treatment with an alkali hydroxide, such as sodium hydroxide, in a solvent, such as ethanol. The acids may be converted to the acid chlorides, wherein R is CI, by treatment with thionyl chloride or oxalyl chloride as described in 2) and 3). 1 1) Alternatively, compounds of formula (IV), wherein R is OH, CI, F, Br or

Ci-C6alkoxy, may be converted directly to compounds of formula (IX) by amide bond formation with an amine of formula NHR2Q2 under standard conditions as described in 1).

12) Alternatively, compounds of formula (IX) may be made from compounds of formula (XI), wherein LG is a leaving group such as iodo, bromo, chloro or sulfonate, by displacement of the leaving group with a compound of formula R1-NH2 or other imine analogue followed by hydrolysis with a metal catalyst. See for example: Chemical

Communications (2009), (14), 1891-1893 or Journal of Organic Chemistry (2000), 65(8), 2612-2614.

13) Compounds of formula (XI) may be made from compounds of formula (X), wherein R is CI or OH and LG is a leaving group as described in 12), via amide bond formation under standard conditions as described in 1). Compounds of formula (X) and formula (IV) are either known compounds or may be made by methods known to the person skilled in the art.

14) An alternative synthesis of compounds of formula (IX), wherein R1 is hydrogen, may be achieved by the reduction of nitro compounds of formula (XIII), such as by treatment with tin chloride under acidic conditions, or hydrogenation catalysed by a noble metal such as palladium on carbon.

Y is LG or OMe

15) Compounds of formula (XIII) may be derived from compounds of formula (XII), wherein R is OH, CI, or Ci-Cealkoxy, via acylation with an amine of formula NHR2Q2 under the standard conditions as described in 1). 16) For compounds of formula (XII), the esters, wherein R is Ci-C6alkoxy, may be hydrolysed to the acids, wherein R is OH, by treatment with an alkali hydroxide, such as sodium hydroxide, in a solvent, such as ethanol as described in 3). The acids may be converted to the acid chlorides, wherein R is CI, by treatment with thionyl chloride or oxalyl chloride as described in 2). Compounds of formula (XII) are either known or may be made by methods known to a person skilled in the art.

17) Compounds of formula (XII) can be made from a compound of formula (XIV) wherein LG is halogen, such as fluorine or chlorine, by reaction with methanol in the presence of a base, such as NaH.

The displacement of a halogen with an oxygen nucleophile can also be carried out on intermediates of formula (XIII) .

18) Compounds of formula (XIII) where R2 is selected from Ci-Csalkyl, C2- Csalkenyl, C2-Csalkynyl, may be prepared from compounds of formula (XIII) where R2 is hydrogen, by treating them with a base, followed by an appropriate electrophile. Example of bases can be metal hydrides, like sodium hydride, potassium hydride or calcium hydride or metal alkoxide, like potassium t-butoxide, or organometals, like methyllithium, butyllithium, alkylmagnesium halide, metal amides like lithium diisopropylamide or lithium

hexamethyldisilazide or a basic salt, like potassium carbonate. A solvent can be used. It could be , for example, a polar aprotic solvent like DMF or an ether like THF or

dimethoxy ethane. The reaction can be performed below 0°C or above 80°C, but preferably in DMF between 0°C and 25°C. The electrophile is R2-X where R2 is selected from Ci-C8alkyl, C2-Csalkenyl, C2-Csalkynyl and X is a leaving group like bromide, chloride, iodide, mesylate, triflate, tosylate and the like. The base can be used in excess, as well as the electrophile, but preferably, the base is used in equivalent amounts as well as the

electrophilic reagent.

(XIII) (XIII)

(Y is LG or OMe v . . (Y is LG or OMe

pj2 = H) X IS leavm9 grou R2 different from H)

19) Compounds of formula (IX) where R1 is hydrogen and R2 is selected from Ci- Csalkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, C2-Csalkynyl, may be prepared from compound of formula (IX) where both R1 and R2 are hydrogen, by treating it with a base, followed by an appropriate electrophile. Example of bases can be metal hydrides, like sodium hydride, potassium hydride or calcium hydride or metal alkoxide, like potassium t-butoxide, or organometals, like methyllithium, butyllithium, alkylmagnesium halide, metal amides like lithium diisopropylamide or lithium hexamethyldisilazide or a basic salt, like potassium carbonate. A solvent can be used. It could be , for example, a polar aprotic solvent like DMF or an ether like THF or dimethoxy ethane. The reaction can be performed below 0°C or above 80°C, but preferably in DMF between 0°C and 25°C. The electrophile is R2-X where R2 is selected from Ci-Csalkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, C2-Csalkynyl and X is a leaving group like bromide, chloride, iodide, mesylate, triflate, tosylate and the like. The base can be used in excess, as well as the electrophile, but preferably, the base is used in equivalent amounts as well as the electrophilic reagent. Prefered conditions are sodium hydride in DMF between 0°C and 25°C.

(IX) (ix)

1 , R2 = H) (X is a leaving group) (R1 = H

R2 not H) 20) Compounds of formula (Γ) wherin Q1 and Q2 are as defined in the description, R1 is different from hydrogen and R2 is selected from Ci-Csalkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, C2- Csalkynyl, may be prepared from compound of formula (I) wherin Q1 and Q2 are as defined in the description, R1 is different from hydrogen and R2 is hydrogen, by treating it with a base, followed by an appropriate electrophile. Example of bases can be metal hydrides, like sodium hydride, potassium hydride or calcium hydride or metal alkoxide, like potassium t- butoxide, or organometals, like methyllithium, butyllithium, alkylmagnesium halide, metal amides like lithium diisopropylamide or lithium hexamethyldisilazide or a basic salt, like potassium carbonate. A solvent can be used. It could be , for example, a polar aprotic solvent like DMF or an ether like THF or dimethoxy ethane. The reaction can be performed below 0°C or above 80°C, but preferably in DMF between 0°C and 25°C. The electrophile is R2-X where R2 is selected from Ci-Csalkyl, C2-Csalkenyl, C2-Csalkynyl and X is a leaving group like bromide, chloride, iodide, mesylate, triflate, tosylate and the like. The base can be used in excess, as well as the electrophile, but preferably, the base is used in equivalent amounts as well as the electrophilic reagent. Prefered conditions are sodium hydride in DMF between 0°C and 25°C.

(R1 not H pi nr

R2 = H) (X is a leaving group) g ∞

21) Compounds of formula (Γ) wherin Q1 and Q2 are as defined in the description, R1 is selected from Ci-Csalkyl, C2-Csalkenyl, C2-Csalkynyl and R2 is different from hydrogen, may be prepared from compound of formula (I) wherin Q1 and Q2 are as defined in the description, R1 is hydrogen and R2 is different from hydrogen, by treating it with a base, followed by an appropriate electrophile. Example of bases can be metal hydrides, like sodium hydride, potassium hydride or calcium hydride or metal alkoxide, like potassium t- butoxide, or organometals, like methyllithium, butyllithium, alkylmagnesium halide, metal amides like lithium diisopropylamide or lithium hexamethyldisilazide or a basic salt, like potassium carbonate. A solvent can be used. It could be , for example, a polar aprotic solvent like DMF or an ether like THF or dimethoxy ethane. The reaction can be performed below 0°C or above 80°C, but preferably in DMF between 0°C and 25°C. The electrophile is R!-X where R1 is selected from Ci-Csalkyl, C2-Csalkenyl, C2-Csalkynyl and X is a leaving group like bromide, chloride, iodide, mesylate, triflate, tosylate and the like. The base can be used in excess, as well as the electrophile, but preferably, the base is used in equivalent amounts as well as the electrophilic reagent. Prefered conditions are sodium hydride in DMF between 0°C and 25°C.

(I) (Ι')

(R1 - H DI nol u

R2 not H) (X is a leavin9 grouP) p»2 not H)

The compounds of formula (I) can be used to combat and control infestations of insect pests such as Lepidoptera, Diptera, Hemiptera, Thysanoptera, Orthoptera, Dictyoptera, Coleoptera, Siphonaptera, Hymenoptera and Isoptera and also other invertebrate pests, for example, acarine, nematode and mollusc pests. Insects, acarines, nematodes and molluscs are hereinafter collectively referred to as pests. The pests which may be combated and controlled by the use of the invention compounds include those pests associated with agriculture (which term includes the growing of crops for food and fiber products), horticulture and animal husbandry, companion animals, forestry and the storage of products of vegetable origin (such as fruit, grain and timber); those pests associated with the damage of man-made structures and the transmission of diseases of man and animals; and also nuisance pests (such as flies). Examples of the abovementioned animal pests are:

from the order Acarina, for example, Acalitus spp., Aculus spp., Acaricalus spp., Aceria spp., Acarus siro, Amblyomma spp., Argas spp., Boophilus spp., Brevipalpus spp., Bryobia spp., Calipitrimerus spp., Chorioptes spp., Dermanyssus gallinae, Dermatophagoides spp., Eotetranychus spp., Eriophyes spp., Hemitarsonemus spp., Hyalomma spp., Ixodes spp., Olygonychus spp., Ornithodoros spp., Polyphagotarsone latus, Panonychus spp., Phyllocoptruta oleivora, Phytonemus spp., Polyphagotarsonemus spp., Psoroptes spp., Rhipicephalus spp., Rhizoglyphus spp.,

Sarcoptes spp., Steneotarsonemus spp., Tarsonemus spp., a/?<i Tetranychus spp.;

^rom t/ze order Anoplura, for example,

Haematopinus spp., Linognathus spp., Pediculus spp., Pemphigus spp., and Phylloxera spp.; from the order Coleoptera, for example,

Agriotes spp., Amphimallon majale, Anomala orientalis, Anthonomus spp., Aphodius spp., Astylus atromaculatus, Ataenius spp., Atomaria linearis, Chaetocnema tibialis, Cerotoma spp., Conoderus spp., Cosmopolites spp., Cotinis nitida, Curculio spp., Cyclocephala spp., Dermestes spp., Diabrotica spp., Diloboderus abderus, Epilachna spp., Eremnus spp., Heteronychus arator, Hypothenemus hampei, Lagria vilosa, Leptinotarsa decemLineata, Lissorhoptrus spp., Liogenys spp., Maecolaspis spp., Maladera castanea, Megascelis spp., Melighetes aeneus, Melolontha spp., Myochrous armatus, Orycaephilus spp., Otiorhynchus spp., Phyllophaga spp., Phlyctinus spp., Popillia spp., Psylliodes spp., Rhyssomatus aubtilis, Rhizopertha spp., Scarabeidae, Sitophilus spp., Sitotroga spp., Somaticus spp.,

Sphenophorus spp., Sternechus subsignatus, Tenebrio spp., Tribolium spp., a/?<i Trogoderma spp.; from the order Diptera, for example,

Aedes spp., Anopheles spp., Antherigona soccata, Bactrocea oleae, Bibio hortulanus, Bradysia spp., Calliphora erythrocephala, Ceratitis spp., Chrysomyia spp., Cw/ex spp., Cuter ebra spp., Dacus spp., De/z'a spp., Drosophila melanogaster, Fannia spp., Gastrophilus spp., Geomyza tripunctata, Glossina spp., Hypoderma spp., Hyppobosca spp., Liriomyza spp., Lucilia spp., Melanagromyza spp., Musca spp., Oestrus spp., Orseolia spp., Oscinella frit, Pegomyia hyoscyami, Phorbia spp., Rhagoletis spp., Rivelia quadrifasciata, Scatella spp., Sciara spp., Stomoxys spp., Tabanus spp., Tannia spp., a/?<i Tipula spp.; from the order Hemiptera, for example, Acanthocoris scabrator, Acrosternum spp., Adelphocoris lineolatus, Amblypelta nitida, Bathycoelia thalassina, Blissus spp., Cimex spp., Clavigralla tomentosicollis, Creontiades spp., Distantiella theobroma, Dichelops furcatus, Dysdercus spp., Edessa spp., Euchistus spp., Eurydema pulchrum, Eurygaster spp., Halyomorpha halys, Horcias nobilellus, Lep- tocorisa spp., Lygus spp., Margarodes spp., Murgantia histrionic, Neomegalotomus spp., Nesidiocoris tenuis, Nezara spp., Nysius simulans, Oebalus insularis, Piesma spp.,

Piezodorus spp., Rhodnius spp., Sahlbergella singularis, Scaptocoris castanea, Scotinophara spp., Thyanta spp., , Triatoma spp., Vatiga illudens; Acyrthosium pisum, Adalges spp., Agalliana ensigera, Agonoscena targionii, Aleurodicus spp., Aleurocanthus spp., Aleurolobus barodensis, Aleurothrixus floccosus, Aleyrodes brassicae, Amarasca biguttula, Amritodus atkinsoni, Aonidiella spp., Aphididae, Aphis spp., Aspidiotus spp., Aulacorthum solani, Bactericera cocker elli, Bemisia spp., Brachycaudus spp., Brevicoryne brassicae, Cacopsylla spp., Cavariella aegopodii Scop., Ceroplaster spp., Chrysomphalus aonidium, Chrysomphalus dictyospermi, Cicadella spp., Cofana spectra, Cryptomyzus spp., Cicadulina spp., Coccus hesperidum, Dalbulus maidis, Dialeurodes spp., Diaphorina citri, Dim -aphis noxia, Dysaphis spp., Empoasca spp., Eriosoma larigerum, Erythroneura spp., Gascardia spp., Glycaspis brimblecombei, Hyadaphis pseudobrassicae, Hyalopterus spp., Hyperomyzus pallidus, Idioscopus clypealis, Jacobiasca lybica,

Laodelphax spp., Lecanium corni, Lepidosaphes spp., Lopaphis erysimi, Lyogenys maidis, Macrosiphum spp., Mahanarva spp., Metcalfa pruinosa, Metopolophium dirhodum, Myndus crudus, Myzus spp., Neotoxoptera spp., Nephotettix spp., Nilaparvata spp., Nippolachnus piri Mats, Odonaspis ruthae, Oregma lanigera Zehnter, Parabemisia myricae, Paratrioza cocker elli, Parlatoria spp., Pemphigus spp., Peregrinus maidis, Perkinsiella spp., Phorodon humuli, Phylloxera spp., Planococcus spp., Pseudaulacaspis spp., Pseudococcus spp., Pseudatomoscelis seriatus, Psylla spp., Pulvinaria aethiopica, Quadraspidiotus spp., Quesada gigas, Recilia dorsalis, Rhopalosiphum spp., Saissetia spp., Scaphoideus spp., Schizaphis spp., Sitobion spp., Sogatella furcifera, Spissistilus festinus, Tarophagus

Proserpina, Toxoptera spp., Trialeurodes spp., Tridiscus sporoboli, Trionymus spp., Trioza erytreae , Unaspis citri, Zygina flammigera, Zyginidia scutellaris ; from the order Hymenoptera, for example, Acromyrmex, Arge spp., Atta spp., Cephus spp., Diprion spp., Diprionidae, Gilpinia polytoma, Hoplocampa spp., Lasius spp., Monomorium pharaonis, Neodiprion spp., Pogonomyrmex spp., Slenopsis invicta, Solenopsis spp., and Vespa spp.; from the order Isoptera, for example,

Coptotermes spp., Corniternes cumulans, Incisitermes spp., Macrotermes spp., Mastotermes spp., Microtermes spp., Reticulitermes spp.; Solenopsis geminate from the order Lepidoptera, for example,

Acleris spp., Adoxophyes spp., Aegeria spp., Agrotis spp., Alabama argillaceae, Amylois spp., Anticarsia gemmatalis, Archips spp., Argyresthia spp., Argyrotaenia spp., Autographa spp., Bucculatrix thurberiella, Busseola fusca, Cadra cautella, Carposina nipponensis, Chilo spp., Choristoneura spp., Chrysoteuchia topiaria, Clysia ambiguella, Cnaphalocrocis spp., Cnephasia spp., Cochylis spp., Coleophora spp., Colias lesbia, Cosmophila flava, Cr ambus spp., Crocidolomia binotalis, Cryptophlebia leucotreta, Cydalima perspectalis, Cydia spp., Diaphania perspectalis, Diatraea spp., Diparopsis castanea, Earias spp., Eldana saccharina, Ephestia spp., Epinotia spp., Estigmene acrea, Etiella zinckinella, Eucosma spp., Eupoecilia ambiguella, Euproctis spp., Euxoa spp., Feltia jaculiferia, Grapholita spp., Hedya nubiferana, Heliothis spp., Hellula undalis, Herpetogramma spp., Hyphantria cunea, Keiferia lycopersicella, Lasmopalpus lignosellus, Leucoptera scitella, Lithocollethis spp., Lobesia botrana, Loxostege bifidalis, Lymantria spp., Lyonetia spp., Malacosoma spp., Mamestra brassicae, Manduca sexta, Mythimna spp., Noctua spp., Operophtera

spp., Orniodes indica, Ostrinia nubilalis, Pammene spp., Pandemis spp., Panolis flammea, Papaipema nebris, Pectinophora gossypiela, Perileucoptera coffeella, Pseudaletia unipuncta, Phthorimaea operculella, Pieris rapae, Pieris spp., Plutella xylostella, Prays spp., Pseudoplusia spp., Rachiplusia nu, Richia albicosta, Scirpophaga spp., Sesamia spp., Sparganothis spp., Spodoptera spp., Sylepta derogate, Synanthedon spp., Thaumetopoea spp., Tortrix spp., Trichoplusia ni , Tuta absoluta, and Yponomeuta spp.; from the order Mallophaga, for example,

Damalinea spp., and Trichodectes spp.; from the order Orthoptera, for example, Blatta spp., Blattella spp., Gryllotalpa spp., Leucophaea maderae, Locusta spp., Neocurtilla hexadactyla, Periplaneta spp., , Scapteriscus spp., and Schistocerca spp.; from the order Psocoptera, for example,

Liposcelis spp.; from the order Siphonaptera, for example,

Ceratophyllus spp., Ctenocephalides spp., and Xenopsylla cheopis; from the order Thysanoptera, for example,

Calliothrips phaseoli, Frankliniella spp., Heliothrips spp., Hercinothrips spp.,

Parthenothrips spp., Scirtothrips aurantii, Sericothrips variabilis, Taeniothrips spp., Thrips spp.; from the order Thysanura, for example,

Lepisma saccharina.

The active ingredients according to the invention can be used for controlling, i. e. containing or destroying, pests of the abovementioned type which occur in particular on plants, especi- ally on useful plants and ornamentals in agriculture, in horticulture and in forests, or on organs, such as fruits, flowers, foliage, stalks, tubers or roots, of such plants, and in some cases even plant organs which are formed at a later point in time remain protected against these pests. Suitable target crops are, in particular, cereals, such as wheat, barley, rye, oats, rice, maize or sorghum; beet, such as sugar or fodder beet; fruit, for example pomaceous fruit, stone fruit or soft fruit, such as apples, pears, plums, peaches, almonds, cherries or berries, for example strawberries, raspberries or blackberries; leguminous crops, such as beans, lentils, peas or soya; oil crops, such as oilseed rape, mustard, poppies, olives, sunflowers, coconut, castor, cocoa or ground nuts; cucurbits, such as pumpkins, cucumbers or melons; fibre plants, such as cotton, flax, hemp or jute; citrus fruit, such as oranges, lemons, grapefruit or tangerines; vegetables, such as spinach, lettuce, asparagus, cabbages, carrots, onions, tomatoes, potatoes or bell peppers; Lauraceae, such as avocado, Cinnamonium or camphor; and also tobacco, nuts, coffee, eggplants, sugarcane, tea, pepper, grapevines, hops, the plantain family, latex plants and ornamentals.

The invention therefore provides a method of combating and controlling insects, acarines, nematodes or molluscs which comprises applying an insecticidally, acaricidally, nematicidally or molluscicidally effective amount of a compound of formula (I), or a composition containing a compound of formula (I), to a pest, a locus of pest, preferably a plant, or to a plant susceptible to attack by a pest, The compounds of formula (I) are preferably used against insects, acarines or nematodes.

As for acari, for example, Tetranychus cinnabarinus, Tetranychus urticae,

Panonychus citri, Aculops pelekassi, Tarsonemus spp..

As for nematodes, for example, Meloidogyne incognita, Bursaphelenchus lignicolus Mamiya et Kiyohara, Aphelenchoides besseyi, Heterodera glycines, Pratylenchus spp..

Additionally, the compounds can be used for controlling animal pests, in particular insects, arachnids, helminths, nematodes and molluscs, which are encountered in agriculture, in horticulture, the field of veterinary medicine, in forests, in gardens and leisure facilities, in the protection of stored products and of materials, and in the hygiene sector. They may preferably be employed as plant protection agents. They may be active against normally sensitive and resistant species and against all or some stages of development.

These pests include inter alia:

From the order of the Anoplura (Phthiraptera), for example, Damalinia spp.,

Haematopinus spp., Linognathus spp., Pediculus spp., Trichodectes spp..

From the class of the Arachnida, for example, Acarus siro, Aceria sheldoni, Aculops spp., Aculus spp., Amblyomma spp., Argas spp., Boophilus spp., Brevipalpus spp., Bryobia praetiosa, Chorioptes spp., Dermanyssus gallinae, Eotetranychus spp., Epitrimerus pyri, Eutetranychus spp., Eriophyes spp., Hemitarsonemus spp., Hyalomma spp., Ixodes spp., Latrodectus mactans, Metatetranychus spp., Oligonychus spp., Ornithodoros spp.,

Panonychus spp., Phyllocoptruta oleivora, Polyphagotarsonemus latus, Psoroptes spp., Rhipicephalus spp., Rhizoglyphus spp., Sarcoptes spp., Scorpio maurus, Stenotarsonemus spp., Tarsonemus spp., Tetranychus spp., Vasates ly coper sici.

From the class of the Bivalva, for example, Dreissena spp..

From the order of the Chilopoda, for example, Geophilus spp., Scutigera spp.. From the order of the Coleoptera, for example, Acanthoscehdes obtectus, Adoretus spp., Agelastica alni, Agriotes spp., Amphimallon solstitialis, Anobium punctatum,

Anoplophora spp., Anthonomus spp., Anthrenus spp., Apogonia spp., Atomaria spp., Attagenus spp., Bruchidius obtectus, Bruchus spp., Ceuthorhynchus spp., Cleonus mendicus, Conoderus spp., Cosmopolites spp., Costelytra zealandica, Curculio spp., Cryptorhynchus lapathi, Dermestes spp., Diabrotica spp., Epilachna spp., Faustinus cubae, Gibbium psylloides, Heteronychus arator, Hylamorpha elegans, Hylotrupes bajulus, Hypera postica, Hypothenemus spp., Lachnosterna consanguinea, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus, Lixus spp., Lyctus spp., Meligethes aeneus, Melolontha melolontha, Migdolus spp., Monochamus spp., Naupactus xanthographus, Niptus hololeucus, Oryctes rhinoceros, Oryzaephilus surinamensis, Otiorrhynchus sulcatus, Oxycetonia jucunda, Phaedon cochleariae, Phyllophaga spp., Popillia japonica, Premnotrypes spp., Psylliodes

chrysocephala, Ptinus spp., Rhizobius centralis, Rhizopertha dominica, Sitophilus spp., Sphenophorus spp., Sternechus spp., Symphyletes spp., Tenebrio molitor, Tribolium spp., Trogoderma spp., Tychius spp., Xylotrechus spp., Zabrus spp..

From the order of the Collembola, for example, Onychiurus armatus.

From the order of the Dermaptera, for example, Forficula auricularia.

From the order of the Diplopoda, for example, Blaniulus guttulatus.

From the order of the Diptera, for example, Aedes spp., Anopheles spp., 5z'¾z'o hortulanus, Calliphora erythrocephala, Ceratitis capitata, Chrysomyia spp., Cochliomyia spp., Cordylobia anthropophaga, Culex spp., Cuter ebra spp., Dacus oleae, Dermatobia hominis, Drosophila spp., Fannia spp., Gastrophilus spp., Hylemyia spp., Hyppobosca spp., Hypoderma spp., Liriomyza spp., Lucilia spp., Musca spp., Nezara spp., Oestrus spp., Oscinella frit, Pegomyia hyoscyami, Phorbia spp., Stomoxys spp., Tabanus spp., Tannia spp., Tipula paludosa, Wohlfahrtia spp..

From the class of the Gastropoda, for example, ^non spp., Biomphalaria spp., Bulinus spp., Deroceras spp., Galba spp., Lymnaea spp., Oncomelania spp., Succinea spp..

From the class of the helminths, for example, Ancylostoma duodenale, Ancylostoma ceylanicum, Acylostoma braziliensis, Ancylostoma spp., Ascaris lubricoides, Ascaris spp., Brugia malayi, Brugia timori, Bunostomum spp., Chabertia spp., Clonorchis spp., Cooperia spp., Dicrocoelium spp., Dictyocaulus filaria, Diphyllobothrium latum, Dracunculus medinensis, Echinococcus granulosus, Echinococcus multilocularis, Enterobius

vermicularis, Faciola spp., Haemonchus spp., Heterakis spp., Hymenolepis nana,

Hyostrongulus spp., Zoa Zoa, Nematodirus spp., Oesophagostomum spp., Opisthorchis spp., Onchocerca volvulus, Ostertagia spp., Paragonimus spp., Schistosomen spp., Strongyloides fuelleborni, Strongyloides stercoralis, Stronyloides spp., Taenia saginata, Taenia solium, Trichinella spiralis, Trichinella nativa, Trichinella britovi, Trichinella nelsoni, Trichinella pseudopsiralis, Trichostrongulus spp., Trichuris trichuria, Wuchereria bancrofti.

It may be furthermore possible to control protozoa, such as Eimeria.

From the order of the Heteroptera, for example, Anasa tristis, Antestiopsis spp., Blissus spp., Calocoris spp., Campylomma livida, Cavelerius spp., Cimex spp., Creontiades dilutus, Dasynus piperis, Dichelops furcatus, Diconocoris hewetti, Dysdercus spp.,

Euschistus spp., Eurygaster spp., Heliopeltis spp., Horcias nobilellus, Leptocorisa spp., Leptoglossus phyllopus, Lygus spp., Macropes excavatus, Miridae, Nezara spp., Oebalus spp., Pentomidae, Piesma quadrata, Piezodorus spp., Psallus seriatus, Pseudacysta persea, Rhodnius spp., Sahlbergella singularis, Scotinophora spp., Stephanitis nashi, Tibraca spp., Triatoma spp..

From the order of the Homoptera, for example, Acyrthosipon spp., Aeneolamia spp., Agonoscena spp., Aleurodes spp., Aleurolobus barodensis, Aleurothrixus spp., Amrasca spp., Anuraphis cardui, Aonidiella spp., Aphanostigma piri, Aphis spp., Arboridia apicalis, Aspidiella spp., Aspidiotus spp., Atanus spp., Aulacorthum solani, Bemisia spp.,

Brachycaudus helichrysii, Brachycolus spp., Brevicoryne brassicae, Calligypona marginata, Carneocephala fulgida, Ceratovacuna lanigera, Cercopidae, Ceroplastes spp.,

Chaetosiphon fragaefolii, Chionaspis tegalensis, Chlorita onukii, Chromaphis juglandicola, Chrysomphalus ficus, Cicadulina mbila, Coccomytilus halli, Coccus spp., Cryptomyzus ribis, Dalbulus spp., Dialeurodes spp., Diaphorina spp., Diaspis spp., Doralis spp., Drosicha spp., Dysaphis spp., Dysmicoccus spp., Empoasca spp., Eriosoma spp., Erythroneura spp., Euscelis bilobatus, Geococcus cofifieae, Homalodisca coagulata, Hyalopterus arundinis, leery a spp., Idiocerus spp., Idioscopus spp., Laodelphax striatellus, Lecanium spp.,

Lepidosaphes spp., Lipaphis erysimi, Macrosiphum spp., Mahanarva fimbriolata,

Melanaphis sacchari, Metcalfiella spp., Metopolophium dirhodum, Monellia costalis, Monelliopsis pecanis, Myzus spp., Nasonovia ribisnigri, Nephotettix spp., Nilaparvata lugens, Oncometopia spp., Orthezia praelonga, Parabemisia myricae, Paratrioza spp., Parlatoria spp., Pemphigus spp., Peregrinus maidis, Phenacoccus spp., Phloeomyzus passerinii, Phorodon humuli, Phylloxera spp., Pinnaspis aspidistrae, Planococcus spp., Protopulvinaria pyriformis, Pseudaulacaspis pentagona, Pseudococcus spp., Psylla spp., Pteromalus spp., Pyrilla spp., Quadraspidiotus spp., Quesada gigas, Rastrococcus spp., Rhopalosiphum spp., Saissetia spp., Scaphoides titanus, Schizaphis graminum, Selenaspidus articulatus, Sogata spp., Sogatella furcifera, Sogatodes spp., Stictocephala festina, Tenalaphara malayensis, Tinocallis caryaefoliae, Tomaspis spp., Toxoptera spp.,

Trialeurodes vaporariorum, Trioza spp., Typhlocyba spp., Unaspis spp., Viteus vitifolii.

From the order of the Hymenoptera, for example, Diprion spp., Hoplocampa spp., Lasius spp., Mono- morium pharaonis, Vespa spp..

From the order of the Isopoda, for example, Armadillidium vulgare, Oniscus asellus, Porcellio scaber.

From the order of the Isoptera, for example, Reticulitermes spp., Odontotermes spp..

From the order of the Lepidoptera, for example, Acronicta major, Aedia

leucomelas, Agrotis spp., Alabama argillacea, Anticarsia spp., Barathra brassicae,

Bucculatrix thurberiella, Bupalus piniarius, Cacoecia podana, Capua reticulana,

Carpocapsa pomonella, Cheimatobia brumata, Chilo spp., Choristoneura fumiferana, Clysia ambiguella, Cnaphalocerus spp., Earias insulana, Ephestia kuehniella, Euproctis

chrysorrhoea, Euxoa spp., Feltia spp., Galleria mellonella, Helicoverpa spp., Heliothis spp., Hofmannophila pseudospretella, Homona magnanima, Hyponomeuta padella, Laphygma spp., Lithocolletis blancardella, Lithophane antennata, Loxagrotis albicosta, Lymantria spp., Malacosoma neustria, Mamestra brassicae, Mocis repanda, Mythimna separata, Oria spp., Oulema oryzae, Panolis flammea, Pectinophora gossypiella, Phyllocnistis citrella, Pieris spp., Plutella xylostella, Prodenia spp., Pseudaletia spp., Pseudoplusia includens, Pyrausta nubilalis, Spodoptera spp., Thermesia gemmatalis, Tinea pellionella, Tineola bisselliella, Tortrix viridana, Trichoplusia spp..

From the order of the Orthoptera, for example, Acheta domesticus, Blatta orientalis, Blattella germanica, Gryllotalpa spp., Leucophaea maderae, Locusta spp., Melanoplus spp., Periplaneta americana, Schistocerca gregaria.

From the order of the Siphonaptera, for example, Ceratophyllus spp., Xenopsylla cheopis.

From the order of the Symphyla, for example, Scutigerella immaculata.

From the order of the Thysanoptera, for example, Baliothrips biformis, Enneothrips flavens, Frankliniella spp., Heliothrips spp., Hercinothrips femoralis, Kakothrips spp., Rhipiphorothrips cruentatus, Scirtothrips spp., Taeniothrips cardamoni, Thrips spp.

From the order of the Thysanura, for example, Lepisma saccharina.

The phytoparasitic nematodes include, for example, Anguina spp., Aphelenchoides spp., Belonoaimus spp., Bursaphelenchus spp., Ditylenchus dipsaci, Globodera spp., Heliocotylenchus spp., Heterodera spp., Longidorus spp., Meloidogyne spp., Pratylenchus spp., Radopholus similis, Rotylenchus spp., Trichodorus spp., Tylenchorhynchus spp., Tylenchulus spp., Tylenchulus semipenetrans, Xiphinema spp..

Furthermore, in the field of veterinary medicine, the novel compounds of the present invention can be effectively used against various harmful animal parasitic pests (endoparasites and ectoparasites), for example, insects and helminthes.

Examples of such animal parasitic pests include the pests as described below. Examples of the insects include Gasterophilus spp., Stomoxys spp., Trichodectes spp., Rhodnius spp., Ctenocephalides canis, Cimx lecturius, Ctenocephalides felis, Lucilia cuprina, and the like.

Examples of acari include Ornithodoros spp., Ixodes spp., Boophilus spp., and the like.

In the veterinary fields, e.g. in the field of veterinary medicine, the active compounds according to the present invention are active against animal parasites, in particular ectoparasites or endoparasites.

The term endoparasites includes in particular helminths, such as cestodes, nematodes or trematodes, and protozoae, such as coccidia.

Ectoparasites are typically and preferably arthropods, in particular insects such as flies (stinging and licking), parasitic fly larvae, lice, hair lice, bird lice, fleas and the like; or acarids, such as ticks, for examples hard ticks or soft ticks, or mites, such as scab mites, harvest mites, bird mites and the like.

These parasites include:

From the order of the Anoplurida, for example Haematopinus spp., Linognathus spp., Pediculus spp., Phtirus spp., Solenopotes spp.; particular examples are: Linognathus setosus, Linognathus vituli, Linognathus ovillus, Linognathus oviformis, Linognathus pedalis, Linognathus stenopsis, Haematopinus asini macrocephalus, Haematopinus eurysternus, Haematopinus suis, Pediculus humanus capitis, Pediculus humanus corporis, Phylloera vastatrix, Phthirus pubis, Solenopotes capillatus; from the order of the

Mallophagida and the suborders Amblycerina and Ischnocerina, for example Trimenopon spp., Menopon spp., Trinoton spp., Bovicola spp., Werneckiella spp., Lepikentron spp., Damalina spp., Trichodectes spp., Felicola spp.; particular examples are: Bovicola bovis, Bovicola ovis, Bovicola limbata, Damalina bovis, Trichodectes canis, Felicola subrostratus, Bovicola caprae, Lepikentron ovis, Werneckiella equi; from the order of the Diptera and the suborders Nematocerina and Brachycerina, for example Aedes spp., Anopheles spp., Culex spp., Simulium spp., Eusimulium spp., Phlebotomus spp., Lutzomyia spp., Culicoides spp., Chrysops spp., Odagmia spp., Wilhelmia spp., Hybomitra spp., Aty lotus spp., Tabanus spp., Haematopota spp., Philipomyia spp., Braula spp., Musca spp., Hydrotaea spp., Stomoxys spp., Haematobia spp., Morellia spp., Fannia spp., Glossina spp., Calliphora spp., Lucilia spp., Chrysomyia spp., Wohlfahrtia spp., Sarcophaga spp., Oestrus spp., Hypoderma spp., Gasterophilus spp., Hippobosca spp., Lipoptena spp., Melophagus spp., Rhinoestrus spp., Tipula spp.; particular examples are: Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus, Aedes

taeniorhynchus, Anopheles gambiae, Anopheles maculipennis, Calliphora erythrocephala, Chrysozona pluvialis, Culex quinquefasciatus, Culex pipiens, Culex tarsalis, Fannia canicularis, Sarcophaga carnaria, Stomoxys calcitrans, Tipula paludosa, Lucilia cuprina, Lucilia sericata, Simulium reptans, Phlebotomus papatasi, Phlebotomus longipalpis, Odagmia ornata, Wilhelmia equina, Boophthora erythrocephala, Tabanus bromius, Tabanus spodopterus, Tabanus atratus, Tabanus sudeticus, Hybomitra ciurea, Chrysops caecutiens, Chrysops relictus, Haematopota pluvialis, Haematopota italica, Musca autumnalis, Musca domestica, Haematobia irritans irritans, Haematobia irritans exigua, Haematobia stimulans, Hydrotaea irritans, Hydrotaea albipuncta, Chrysomya chloropyga, Chrysomya bezziana, Oestrus ovis, Hypoderma bovis, Hypoderma lineatum, Przhevalskiana silenus, Dermatobia hominis, Melophagus ovinus, Lipoptena capreoli, Lipoptena cervi, Hippobosca variegata, Hippobosca equina, Gasterophilus intestinalis, Gasterophilus haemorroidalis, Gasterophilus inermis, Gasterophilus nasalis, Gasterophilus nigricornis, Gasterophilus pecorum, Braula coeca; from the order of the Siphonapterida, for example Pulex spp., Ctenocephalides spp., Tunga spp., Xenopsylla spp., Ceratophyllus spp.; particular examples are: Ctenocephalides canis, Ctenocephalides felis, Pulex irritans, Tunga penetrans, Xenopsylla cheopis; from the order of the Heteropterida, for example Cimex spp., Triatoma spp., Rhodnius spp.,

Panstrongylus spp..

From the order of the Blattarida, for example Blatta orientalis, Periplaneta americana, Blattela germanica, Supella spp., (e.g. Suppella longipalpa);

From the subclass of the Acari (Acarina) and the orders of the Meta- and

Mesostigmata, for example Argas spp., Ornithodorus spp., Otobius spp., Ixodes spp., Amblyomma spp., Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) spp., Dermacentor spp., Haemophysalis spp., Hyalomma spp., Dermanyssus spp., Rhipicephalus spp., (the original genus of multi host ticks) Ornithonyssus spp., Pneumonyssus spp., Raillietia spp., Pneumonyssus spp.,

Sternostoma spp., Varroa spp., Acarapis spp.; particular examples are: Argas persicus, Argas reflexus, Ornithodorus moubata, Otobius megnini, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) decoloratus, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) annulatus, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) calceratus, Hyalomma anatolicum, Hyalomma aegypticum, Hyalomma marginatum, Hyalomma transiens, Rhipicephalus evertsi, Ixodes ricinus, Ixodes hexagonus, Ixodes canisuga, Ixodes pilosus, Ixodes rubicundus, Ixodes scapularis, Ixodes holocyclus, Haemaphysalis concinna, Haemaphysalis punctata, Haemaphysalis cinnabarina, Haemaphysalis otophila, Haemaphysalis leachi, Haemaphysalis longicorni, Dermacentor marginatus, Dermacentor reticulatus, Dermacentor pictus, Dermacentor albipictus,

Dermacentor andersoni, Dermacentor variabilis, Hyalomma mauritanicum, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Rhipicephalus bursa, Rhipicephalus appendiculatus, Rhipicephalus capensis, Rhipicephalus turanicus, Rhipicephalus zambeziensis, Amblyomma americanum,

Amblyomma variegatum, Amblyomma maculatum, Amblyomma hebraeum, Amblyomma cajennense, Dermanyssus gallinae, Ornithonyssus bursa, Ornithonyssus sylviarum, Varroa jacobsoni; from the order of the Actinedida (Prostigmata) and Acaridida (Astigmata) , for example Acarapis spp., Cheyletiella spp Ornithocheyletia spp., Myobia spp Psorergates spp., Demodex spp., Trombicula spp Listrophorus spp., Acarus spp., Tyrophagus spp., Caloglyphus spp., Hypodectes spp., Pterolichus spp., Psoroptes spp., Chorioptes spp., Otodectes spp., Sarcoptes spp., Notoedres spp., Knemidocoptes spp., Cytodites spp.,

Laminosioptes spp.; particular examples are: Cheyletiella yasguri, Cheyletiella blakei, Demodex canis, Demodex bovis, Demodex ovis, Demodex caprae, Demodex equi, Demodex caballi, Demodex suis, Neotrombicula autumnalis, Neotrombicula desaleri, Neoschongastia xerothermobia, Trombicula akamushi, Otodectes cynotis, Notoedres cati, Sarcoptis canis, Sarcoptes bovis, Sarcoptes ovis, Sarcoptes rupicaprae (S. caprae), Sarcoptes equi, Sarcoptes suis, Psoroptes ovis, Psoroptes cuniculi, Psoroptes equi, Chorioptes bovis, Psoergates ovis, Pneumonyssoidic mange, Pneumonyssoides caninum, Acarapis woodi.

The active compounds according to the invention are also suitable for controlling arthropods, helminths and protozoae, which attack animals.

Animals include agricultural livestock such as, for example, cattle, sheep, goats, horses, pigs, donkeys, camels, buffaloes, rabbits, chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, cultured fish, honeybees.

Moreover, animals include domestic animals - also referred to as companion animals - such as, for example, dogs, cats, cage birds, aquarium fish and what are known as experimental animals such as, for example, hamsters, guinea pigs, rats and mice.

By controlling these arthropods, helminths and/or protozoae, it is intended to reduce deaths and improve performance (in the case of meat, milk, wool, hides, eggs, honey and the like) and health of the host animal, so that more economical and simpler animal keeping is made possible by the use of the active compounds according to the invention.

For example, it may be desirable to prevent or interrupt the uptake of blood by the parasites from the hosts .

Also, controlling the parasites may help to prevent the transmittance of infectious agents.

The term "controlling" as used herein with regard to the veterinary field, means that the active compounds are effective in reducing the incidence of the respective parasite in an animal infected with such parasites to innocuous levels.

More specifically, "controlling", as used herein, means that the active compound is effective in killing the respective parasite, inhibiting its growth, or inhibiting its proliferation. Generally, when used for the treatment of animals the active compounds according to the invention can be applied directly.

Preferably they are applied as pharmaceutical compositions which may contain pharmaceutically acceptable excipients and/or auxiliaries which are known in the art.

In the veterinary field and in animal keeping, the active compounds are applied (e.g. administered) in the known manner by enteral administration in the form of, for example, tablets, capsules, drinks, drenches, granules, pastes, boluses, the feed-through method, suppositories; by parenteral administration, such as, for example, by injections

(intramuscular, subcutaneous, intravenous, intraperitoneal and the like), implants, by nasal application, by dermal application in the form of, for example, bathing or dipping, spraying, pouring-on and spotting-on, washing, dusting, and with the aid of active-compound- comprising shaped articles such as collars, ear tags, tail tags, limb bands, halters, marking devices and the like.

The active compounds may be formulated as shampoo or as suitable formulations usable in aerosols, unpressurized sprays, for example pump sprays and atomizer sprays.

When used for livestock, poultry, domestic animals and the like, the active compounds according to the invention can be applied as formulations (for example powders, wettable powders ["WP"], emulsions, emulsifiable concentrates ["EC"], flowables, homogeneous solutions, and suspension concentrates ["SC"]) which comprise the active compounds in an amount of from 1 to 80 percent by weight, either directly or after dilution (e.g. 100- to 10 000-fold dilution), or else as a chemical bath. When used in the veterinary field the active compounds according to the invention may be used in combination with suitable synergists or other active compounds, such as for example, acaricides, insecticides, anthelmintics, anti-protozoal drugs.

In the present invention, a substance having an insecticidal action against pests including all of these is referred to as an insecticide.

An active compound of the present invention can be prepared in conventional formulation forms, when used as an insecticide.

Examples of the formulation forms include solutions, emulsions, wettable powders, water dispersible granules, suspensions, powders, foams, pastes, tablets, granules, aerosols, active compound- infiltrated natural and synthetic materials, microcapsules, seed coating agents, formulations used with a combustion apparatus (for example, fumigation and smoking cartridges, cans, coils or the like as the combustion apparatus), ULV (cold mist, warm mist), and the like.

These formulations can be produced by methods that are known per se.

For example, a formulation can be produced by mixing the active compound with a developer, that is, a liquid diluent or carrier; a liquefied gas diluent or carrier; a solid diluent or carrier, and optionally with a surfactant, that is, an emulsifier and/or dispersant and/or foaming agent.

In the case where water is used as the developer, for example, an organic solvent can also be used as an auxiliary solvent.

Examples of the liquid diluent or carrier include aromatic hydrocarbons (for example, xylene, toluene, alkylnaphthalene and the like), chlorinated aromatic or chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons (for example, chlorobenzenes, ethylene chlorides, methylene chlorides), aliphatic hydrocarbons (for example, cyclohexanes), paraffins (for example, mineral oil fractions), alcohols (for example, butanol, glycols and their ethers, esters and the like), ketones (for example, acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone, cyclohexanone and the like), strongly polar solvents (for example, dimethylformamide, dimethylsulfoxide and the like), water and the like. The liquefied gas diluent or carrier may be those which are gaseous at normal temperature and normal pressure, for example, aerosol propellants such as butane, propane, nitrogen gas, carbon dioxide and halogenated hydrocarbons. Examples of the solid diluent include pulverized natural minerals (for example, kaolin, clay, talc, chalk, quartz, attapulgite, montmorillonite, diatomaceous earth, and the like), pulverized synthetic minerals (for example, highly dispersed silicic acid, alumina, silicates and the like), and the like. Examples of the solid carrier for granules include pulverized and screened rocks (for example, calcite, marble, pumice, sepiolite, dolomite and the like), synthetic granules of inorganic and organic powder, fine particles of organic materials (for example, sawdust, coconut shells, maize cobs, tobacco stalk and the like), and the like. Examples of the emulsifier and/or foaming agent include nonionic and anionic emulsifiers [for example, polyoxyethylene fatty acid esters, polyoxyethylene fatty acid alcohol ethers (for example, alkylaryl polyglycol ether), alkylsulfo nates, alkylsulfates, arylsulfonates and the like], albumin hydro lyzate, and the like. Examples of the dispersant include lignin sulfite waste liquor and methylcellulose.

Fixing agents can also be used in the formulations (powders, granules, emulsions), and examples of the fixing agent include carboxymethylcellulose, natural and synthetic polymers (for example, gum arabic, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl acetate, and the like) and the like. Colorants can also be used, and examples of the colorants include inorganic pigments (for example, iron oxide, titanium oxide, Prussian Blue and the like), organic dyes such as alizarin dyes, azo dyes or metal phthalocyanine dyes, and in addition, trace elements such as the salts of iron, manganese, boron, copper, cobalt, molybdenum and zinc. The formulations in general can contain the active ingredient in an amount ranging from 0.1 to 95 percent by weight, and preferably 0.5 to 90 percent> by weight. The compound according to the present invention can also exist as an admixture with other active compounds, for example, insecticides, poisonous baits, bactericides, miticides, nematicides, fungicides, growth regulators, herbicides and the like, in the form of their commercially useful formulation forms and in the application forms prepared from those formulations.

The content of the compound according to the present invention in a commercially useful application form can be varied within a wide range.

The concentration of the active compound according to the present invention in actual usage can be, for example, in the range of 0.0000001 to 100 percent by weight, and preferably 0.00001 to 1 percent by weight.

The compounds according to the present invention can be used through

conventional methods that are appropriate for the usage form.

The active compound of the present invention have, when used against hygiene pests and pests associated with stored products, stability effective against alkali on lime materials, and also shows excellent residual effectiveness on wood and soil. The compounds of the invention may have favourable properties with respect to amount appled, residue formulation, selectivity, toxicity, production methodology, high activity, wide spectrum of control, safety, control of resistant organisms, e.g. pests that are resistant to organic phosphorus agents and/or carbamate agents.

Further embodiments of the invention are described below.

The compounds of formula (I) can be used to combat and control infestations of insect pests such as Lepidoptera, Diptera, Hemiptera, Thysanoptera, Orthoptera, Dictyoptera, Coleoptera, Siphonaptera, Hymenoptera and Isoptera and also other invertebrate pests, for example, acarine, nematode and mollusc pests. Insects, acarines, nematodes and molluscs are hereinafter collectively referred to as pests. The pests which may be combated and controlled by the use of the invention compounds include those pests associated with agriculture (which term includes the growing of crops for food and fiber products), horticulture and animal husbandry, companion animals, forestry and the storage of products of vegetable origin (such as fruit, grain and timber); those pests associated with the damage of man-made structures and the transmission of diseases of man and animals; and also nuisance pests (such as flies).

The compounds of the invention may be used for example on turf, ornamentals, such as flowers, shrubs, broad- leaved trees or evergreens, for example conifers, as well as for tree injection, pest management and the like.

The compounds of the invention may be used to control animal housing pests including: Ants, Bedbugs (adult), Bees, Beetles, Boxelder Bugs, Carpenter Bees, Carpet Beetles, Centipedes, Cigarette, Beetles, Clover Mites, Cockroaches, Confused Flour Beetle, Crickets, Earwigs, Firebrats, Fleas, Flies, Lesser Grain Borers, Millipedes, Mosquitoes, Red Flour Beetles, Rice Weevils, Saw-toothed Grain Beetles, Silverfish, Sowbugs, Spiders, Termites, Ticks, Wasps, Cockroaches, Crickets, Flies, Litter Beetles (such as Darkling, Hide, and Carrion), Mosquitoes, Pillbugs, Scorpions, Spiders, Spider Mites (Twospotted, Spruce), Ticks.

The compounds of the invention may be used to control ornamental pests including:

Ants (Including Imported fire ants), Armyworms, Azalea caterpillars, Aphids, Bagworms, Black vine weevils (adult), Boxelder bugs, Budworms, California oakworms, Cankerworms, Cockroaches, Crickets, Cutworms, Eastern tent caterpillars, Elm leaf beetles, European sawflies, Fall webworms, Flea beetles, Forest tent caterpillars, Gypsy moth larvae, Japanese beetles (adults), June beetles (adults), Lace bugs, Leaf-feeding caterpillars, Leafhoppers, Leafminers (adults), Leaf rollers, Leaf skeletonizers, Midges, Mosquitoes, Oleander moth larvae, Pillbugs, Pine sawflies, Pine shoot beetles, Pinetip moths, Plant bugs, Root weevils, Sawflies, Scale insects (crawlers), Spiders, Spittlebugs, Striped beetles, Striped oakworms, Thrips, Tip moths, Tussock moth larvae, Wasps, Broadmites, Brown softscales, California redscales (crawlers), Clover mites, Mealybugs, Pineneedlescales (crawlers), Spider mites, Whiteflies

The compounds of the invention may be used to control turf pests including: Ants (Including Imported fire ants, Armyworms, Centipedes, Crickets, Cutworms, Earwigs, Fleas (adult), Grasshoppers, Japanese beetles (adult), Millipedes, Mites, Mosquitoes (adult), Pillbugs, Sod webworms, Sow bugs, Ticks (including species which transmit Lyme disease), Bluegrass billbugs (adult), Black turfgrass ataenius (adult), Chiggers, Fleas (adult), Grubs (suppression), Hyperodes weevils (adult), Mole crickets (nymphs and young adults), Mole Crickets (mature adults), Chinch Bugs

Examples of pest species which may be controlled by the compounds of formula (I) include: Myzus persicae (aphid), Aphis gossypii (aphid), Aphis fabae (aphid), Lygus spp., (capsids), Dysdercus spp., (capsids), Nilaparvata lugens (planthopper), Nephotettixc incticeps (leafhopper), Nezara spp., (stinkbugs), Euschistus spp., (stinkbugs), Leptocorisa spp., (stinkbugs), Frankliniella occidentalis (thrip), Thrips spp., (thrips), Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle), Anthonomus grandis (boll weevil), Aonidiella spp., (scale insects), Trialeurodes spp., (white flies), Bemisia tabaci (white fly), Ostrinia nubilalis (European corn borer), Spodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm), Heliothis virescens (tobacco budworm), Helicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm), Helicoverpa zea (cotton bollworm), Sylepta derogata (cotton leaf roller), Pieris brassicae (white butterfly), Plutella xylostella (diamond back moth), Agrotis spp., (cutworms), Chilo suppressalis (rice stem borer), Locusta migratoria (locust), Chortiocetes terminifera (locust), Diabrotica spp., (rootworms), Panonychus ulmi (European red mite), Panonychus citri (citrus red mite), Tetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite), Tetranychus cinnabarinus (carmine spider mite),

Phyllocoptruta oleivora (citrus rust mite), Polyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite),

Brevipalpus spp., (flat mites), Boophilus microplus (cattle tick), Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick), Ctenocephalides felis (cat flea), Liriomyza spp., (leafminer), Musca domestica (housefly), Aedes aegypti (mosquito), Anopheles spp., (mosquitoes), Culex spp., (mosquitoes), Lucillia spp., (blowflies), Blattella germanica (cockroach), Periplaneta americana (cockroach), Blatta orientalis (cockroach), termites of the Mastotermitidae (for example Mastotermes spp.), the Kalotermitidae (for example Neotermes spp.), the

Pvhinotermitidae (for example Coptotermes formosanus, Reticulitermes flavipes, R. speratu, R. virginicus, R. hesperus, and R. santonensis) and the Termitidae (for example Globitermes sulfur eus), Solenopsis geminata (fire ant), Monomorium pharaonis (pharaoh's ant), Damalinia spp., and Linognathus spp., (biting and sucking lice), Meloidogyne spp., (root knot nematodes), Globodera spp., and Heterodera spp., (cyst nematodes), Pratylenchus spp., (lesion nematodes), Rhodopholus spp., (banana burrowing nematodes), Tylenchulus spp. (citrus nematodes), Haemonchus contortus (barber pole worm), Caenorhabditis elegans_ (vinegar eelworm), Trichostrongylus spp., (gastro intestinal nematodes) and Deroceras reticulatum (slug).

The compounds of the invention may be used for pest control on various plants, including soybean (e.g. in some cases 10-70g/ha), corn (e.g. in some cases 10-70g/ha), sugarcane (e.g. in some cases 20-200g/ha), alfalfa (e.g. in some cases 10-70g/ha), brassicas (e.g. in some cases 10-50g/ha), oilseed rape (e.g. canola) (e.g. in some cases 20-70g/ha), potatoes (including sweet potatoes) (e.g. in some cases 10-70g/ha), cotton (e.g. in some cases 10-70g/ha), rice (e.g. in some cases 10-70g/ha), coffee (e.g. in some cases 30-150g/ha), citrus (e.g. in some cases 60-200g/ha), almonds (e.g. in some cases 40-180g/ha), fruiting vegetables (e.g. tomatoes, pepper, chili, eggplant, cucumber, squash etc.) (e.g. in some cases 10-80g/ha), tea (e.g. in some cases 20-150g/ha), bulb vegetables (e.g. onion, leek etc.) (e.g. in some cases 30-90g/ha), grapes (e.g. in some cases 30-180g/ha), pome fruit (e.g. apples, pears etc.) (e.g. in some cases 30-180g/ha), and stone fruit (e.g. pears, plums etc.) (e.g. in some cases 30-180g/ha).

The compounds of the invention may be used on soybean to control, for example, Elasmopalpus lignosellus, Diloboderus abderus, Diabrotica speciosa, Sternechus

subsignatus, Formicidae, Agrotis ypsilon, Julus spp., Anticarsia gemmatalis, Megascelis spp., Procornitermes spp., Gryllotalpidae, Nezara viridula, Piezodorus spp., Acrosternum spp., Neomegalotomus spp., Cerotoma trifurcata, Popillia japonica, Edessa spp., Liogenys fuscus, Euchistus heros, stalk borer, Scaptocoris castanea, phyllophaga spp., Pseudoplusia includens, Spodoptera spp., Bemisia tabaci, Agriotes spp., The compounds of the invention are preferably used on soybean to control Diloboderus abderus, Diabrotica speciosa, Nezara viridula, Piezodorus spp., Acrosternum spp., Cerotoma trifurcata, Popillia japonica, Euchistus heros, phyllophaga spp., Agriotes spp..

The compounds of the invention may be used on corn to control, for example, Euchistus heros, Dichelops furcatus, Diloboderus abderus, Elasmopalpus lignosellus, Spodoptera frugiperda, Nezara viridula, Cerotoma trifurcata, Popillia japonica, Agrotis ypsilon, Diabrotica speciosa, Heteroptera, Procornitermes ssp., Scaptocoris castanea, Formicidae, Julus ssp., Dalbulus maidis, Diabrotica virgifera, Mods latipes, Bemisia tabaci, heliothis spp., Tetranychus spp., Thrips spp., phyllophaga spp., scaptocoris spp., Liogenys fuscus, Spodoptera spp., Ostrinia spp., Sesamia spp., Agriotes spp.. The compounds of the invention are preferably used on corn to control Euchistus heros, Dichelops furcatus, Diloboderus abderus, Nezara viridula, Cerotoma trifurcata, Popillia japonica, Diabrotica speciosa, Diabrotica virgifera, Tetranychus spp., Thrips spp., Phyllophaga spp., Scaptocoris spp., Agriotes spp..

The compounds of the invention may be used on sugar cane to control, for example, Sphenophorus spp., termites, Mahanarva spp.. The compounds of the invention are preferably used on sugar cane to control termites, Mahanarva spp..

The compounds of the invention may be used on alfalfa to control, for example, Hypera brunneipennis, Hypera postica, Colias eurytheme, Collops spp., Empoasca solana, Epitrix, Geocoris spp., Lygus hesperus, Lygus lineolaris, Spissistilus spp., Spodoptera spp., Trichoplusia ni. The compounds of the invention are preferably used on alfalfa to control Hypera brunneipennis, Hypera postica, Empoasca solana, Epitrix, Lygus hesperus, Lygus lineolaris, Trichoplusia ni.

The compounds of the invention may be used on brassicas to control, for example,

Plutella xylostella, Pieris spp., Mamestra spp., Plusia spp., Trichoplusia ni, Phyllotreta spp., Spodoptera spp., Empoasca solana, Thrips spp., Spodoptera spp., Delia spp.. The compounds of the invention are preferably used on brassicas to control Plutella xylostella Pieris spp., Plusia spp., Trichoplusia ni, Phyllotreta spp., Thrips spp..

The compounds of the invention may be used on oil seed rape, e.g. canola, to control, for example, Meligethes spp., Ceutorhynchus napi, Psylloides spp..

The compounds of the invention may be used on potatoes, including sweet potatoes, to control, for example, Empoasca spp., Leptinotarsa spp., Diabrotica speciosa,

Phthorimaea spp., Paratrioza spp., Maladera matrida, Agriotes spp.. The compounds of the invention are preferably used on potatoes, including sweet potatoes, to control Empoasca spp., Leptinotarsa spp., Diabrotica speciosa, Phthorimaea spp., Paratrioza spp., Agriotes spp..

The compounds of the invention may be used on cotton to control, for example, Anthonomus grandis, Pectinophora spp., heliothis spp., Spodoptera spp., Tetranychus spp., Empoasca spp., Thrips spp., Bemisia tabaci, Lygus spp., phyllophaga spp., Scaptocoris spp.. The compounds of the invention are preferably used on cotton to control Anthonomus grandis, Tetranychus spp., Empoasca spp., Thrips spp., Lygus spp., phyllophaga spp., Scaptocoris spp. The compounds of the invention may be used on rice to control, for example, Leptocorisa spp., Cnaphalocrosis spp., Chilo spp., Scirpophaga spp., Lissorhoptrus spp., Oebalus pugnax. The compounds of the invention are preferably used on rice to control Leptocorisa spp., Lissorhoptrus spp., Oebalus pugnax.

The compounds of the invention may be used on coffee to control, for example,

Hypothenemus Hampei, Perileucoptera Coffeella, Tetranychus spp., The compounds of the invention are preferably used on coffee to control Hypothenemus Hampei, Perileucoptera Coffeella.

The compounds of the invention may be used on citrus to control, for example, Panonychus citri, Phyllocoptruta oleivora, Brevipalpus spp., Diaphorina citri, Scirtothrips spp., Thrips spp., Unaspis spp., Ceratitis capitata, Phyllocnistis spp.. The compounds of the invention are preferably used on citrus to control Panonychus citri, Phyllocoptruta oleivora, Brevipalpus spp, Diaphorina citri, Scirtothrips spp., Thrips spp., Phyllocnistis spp.

The compounds of the invention may be used on almonds to control, for example, Amyelois transitella, Tetranychus spp.

The compounds of the invention may be used on fruiting vegetable, including tomatoes, pepper, chili, eggplant, cucumber, squash etc, to control Thrips spp, Tetranychus spp., Polyphagotarsonemus spp., Aculops spp., Empoasca spp., Spodoptera spp., heliothis spp., Tuta absoluta, Liriomyza spp., Bemisia tabaci, Trialeurodes spp., Paratrioza spp., Frankliniella occidentalis, Frankliniella spp., Anthonomus spp., Phyllotreta spp., Amrasca spp., Epilachna spp., Halyomorpha spp., Scirtothrips spp., Leucinodes spp., Neoleucinodes spp.. The compounds of the invention are preferably used on fruiting vegetable, including tomatoes, pepper, chili, eggplant, cucumber, squash etc, to control, for example, Thrips spp., Tetranychus spp., Polyphagotarsonemus spp., Aculops spp., Empoasca spp., Spodoptera spp., heliothis spp., Tuta absoluta, Liriomyza spp., Paratrioza spp., Frankliniella

occidentalis, Frankliniella spp., Amrasca spp., Scirtothrips spp., Leucinodes spp.,

Neoleucinodes spp..

The compounds of the invention may be used on tea to control, for example, Pseudaulacaspis spp., Empoasca spp., Scirtothrips spp., Caloptilia theivora. The compounds of the invention are prefrerably used on tea to control Empoasca spp., Scirtothrips spp..

The compounds of the invention may be used on bulb vegetables, including onion, leek etc to control, for example, Thrips spp., Spodoptera spp., heliothis spp.. The compounds of the invention are preferably used on bulb vegetables, including onion, leek etc to control Thrips spp. The compounds of the invention may be used on grapes to control, for example, Empoasca spp., Lobesia spp., FranklinieUa spp., Thrips spp., Tetranychus spp.,

Rhipiphorothrips Cruentatus, Eotetranychus Willamettei, Erythroneura Elegantula, Scaphoides spp.. The compounds of the invention are preferably used on grapes to control FranklinieUa spp., Thrips spp., Tetranychus spp., Rhipiphorothrips Cruentatus, Scaphoides spp.

The compounds of the invention may be used on pome fruit, including apples, pairs etc, to control, for example, Cacopsylla spp., Psylla spp., Panonychus ulmi, Cydia pomonella. The compounds of the invention are preferably used on pome fruit, including apples, pairs etc, to control Cacopsylla spp., Psylla spp., Panonychus ulmi.

The compounds of the invention may be used on stone fruit to control, for example, Grapholita molesta, Scirtothrips spp., Thrips spp., FranklinieUa spp., Tetranychus spp.. The compounds of the invention are preferably used on stone fruit to control Scirtothrips spp., Thrips spp., FranklinieUa spp., Tetranychus spp. The invention therefore provides a method of combating and/or controlling an animal pest, e.g. an invertebrate animal pest, which comprises applying to the pest, to a locus of the pest, or to a plant susceptible to attack by the pest a pesticidally effective amount of a compound of formula (I). In particular, the invention provides a method of combating and/or controlling insects, acarines, nematodes or molluscs which comprises applying an insecticidally, acaricidally, nematicidally or molluscicidally effective amount of a compound of formula (I), or a composition containing a compound of formula (I), to a pest, a locus of pest, preferably a plant, or to a plant susceptible to attack by a pest, The compounds of formula (I) are preferably used against insects, acarines or nematodes.

The term "plant" as used herein includes seedlings, bushes and trees. Crops are to be understood as also including those crops which have been rendered tolerant to herbicides or classes of herbicides (e.g. ALS-, GS-, EPSPS-, PPO- and HPPD-inhibitors) by conventional methods of breeding or by genetic engineering. An example of a crop that has been rendered tolerant to imidazolinones, e.g. imazamox, by conventional methods of breeding is

Clearfield® summer rape (canola). Examples of crops that have been rendered tolerant to herbicides by genetic engineering methods include e.g. glyphosate- and glufosinate-resistant maize varieties commercially available under the trade names RoundupReady® and

LibertyLink®.

Crops are also to be understood as being those which have been rendered resistant to harmful insects by genetic engineering methods, for example Bt maize (resistant to European corn borer), Bt cotton (resistant to cotton boll weevil) and also Bt potatoes (resistant to Colorado beetle). Examples of Bt maize are the Bt 176 maize hybrids of NK® (Syngenta Seeds). Examples of transgenic plants comprising one or more genes that code for an insecticidal resistance and express one or more toxins are KnockOut® (maize), Yield Gard® (maize), NuCOTIN33B® (cotton), BoUgard® (cotton), NewLeaf® (potatoes), NatureGard® and Protexcta® .Plant crops or seed material thereof can be both resistant to herbicides and, at the same time, resistant to insect feeding ("stacked" transgenic events). For example, seed can have the ability to express an insecticidal Cry3 protein while at the same time being tolerant to glyphosate.

Crops are also to be understood as being those which are obtained by conventional methods of breeding or genetic engineering and contain so-called output traits (e.g. improved storage stability, higher nutritional value and improved flavor).

In order to apply a compound of formula (I) as an insecticide, acaricide, nematicide or molluscicide to a pest, a locus of pest, or to a plant susceptible to attack by a pest, a compound of formula (I) is usually formulated into a composition which includes, in addition to the compound of formula (I), a suitable inert diluent or carrier and, optionally, a surface active agent (SFA). SFAs are chemicals which are able to modify the properties of an interface (for example, liquid/solid, liquid/air or liquid/liquid interfaces) by lowering the interfacial tension and thereby leading to changes in other properties (for example dispersion, emulsification and wetting). It is preferred that all compositions (both solid and liquid formulations) comprise, by weight, 0.0001 to 95%, more preferably 1 to 85%, for example 5 to 60%, of a compound of formula (I). The composition is generally used for the control of pests such that a compound of formula (I) is applied at a rate of from 0. lg to 10kg per hectare, preferably from lg to 6kg per hectare, more preferably from lg to 1kg per hectare.

When used in a seed dressing, a compound of formula (I) is generally used at a rate of 0.000 lg to lOg (for example 0.00 lg or 0.05g), preferably 0.005g to lOg, more preferably 0.005g to 4g, per kilogram of seed.

In another aspect the present invention provides a composition comprising a pesticidally effective amount of a compound of formula (I), in particular an insecticidal, acaricidal, nematicidal or molluscicidal composition comprising an insecticidally, acaricidally, nematicidally or molluscicidally effective amount of a compound of formula (I) and a suitable carrier or diluent therefor. The composition is preferably an insecticidal, acaricidal, nematicidal or molluscicidal composition. The compositions can be chosen from a number of formulation types, including dustable powders (DP), soluble powders (SP), water soluble granules (SG), water dispersible granules (WG), wettable powders (WP), granules (GR) (slow or fast release), soluble concentrates (SL), oil miscible liquids (OL), ultra low volume liquids (UL), emulsifiable concentrates (EC), dispersible concentrates (DC), emulsions (both oil in water (EW) and water in oil (EO)), micro-emulsions (ME), suspension concentrates (SC), aerosols, fogging/smoke formulations, capsule suspensions (CS) and seed treatment formulations. The formulation type chosen in any instance will depend upon the particular purpose envisaged and the physical, chemical and biological properties of the compound of formula (I).

Dustable powders (DP) may be prepared by mixing a compound of formula (I) with one or more solid diluents (for example natural clays, kaolin, pyrophyllite, bentonite, alumina, montmorillonite, kieselguhr, chalk, diatomaceous earths, calcium phosphates, calcium and magnesium carbonates, sulfur, lime, flours, talc and other organic and inorganic solid carriers) and mechanically grinding the mixture to a fine powder.

Soluble powders (SP) may be prepared by mixing a compound of formula (I) with one or more water-soluble inorganic salts (such as sodium bicarbonate, sodium carbonate or magnesium sulfate) or one or more water-soluble organic solids (such as a polysaccharide) and, optionally, one or more wetting agents, one or more dispersing agents or a mixture of said agents to improve water dispersibility/solubility. The mixture is then ground to a fine powder. Similar compositions may also be granulated to form water soluble granules (SG).

Wettable powders (WP) may be prepared by mixing a compound of formula (I) with one or more solid diluents or carriers, one or more wetting agents and, preferably, one or more dispersing agents and, optionally, one or more suspending agents to facilitate the dispersion in liquids. The mixture is then ground to a fine powder. Similar compositions may also be granulated to form water dispersible granules (WG).

Granules (GR) may be formed either by granulating a mixture of a compound of formula (I) and one or more powdered solid diluents or carriers, or from pre-formed blank granules by absorbing a compound of formula (I) (or a solution thereof, in a suitable agent) in a porous granular material (such as pumice, attapulgite clays, fuller's earth, kieselguhr, diatomaceous earths or ground corn cobs) or by adsorbing a compound of formula (I) (or a solution thereof, in a suitable agent) on to a hard core material (such as sands, silicates, mineral carbonates, sulfates or phosphates) and drying if necessary. Agents which are commonly used to aid absorption or adsorption include solvents (such as aliphatic and aromatic petroleum solvents, alcohols, ethers, ketones and esters) and sticking agents (such as polyvinyl acetates, polyvinyl alcohols, dextrins, sugars and vegetable oils). One or more other additives may also be included in granules (for example an emulsifying agent, wetting agent or dispersing agent).

Dispersible Concentrates (DC) may be prepared by dissolving a compound of formula (I) in water or an organic solvent, such as a ketone, alcohol or glycol ether. These solutions may contain a surface active agent (for example to improve water dilution or prevent crystallization in a spray tank).

Emulsifiable concentrates (EC) or oil- in- water emulsions (EW) may be prepared by dissolving a compound of formula (I) in an organic solvent (optionally containing one or more wetting agents, one or more emulsifying agents or a mixture of said agents). Suitable organic solvents for use in ECs include aromatic hydrocarbons (such as alkylbenzenes or alkylnaphthalenes, exemplified by SOLVESSO 100, SOLVESSO 150 and SOLVESSO 200; SOLVESSO is a Registered Trade Mark), ketones (such as cyclohexanone or

methylcyclohexanone) and alcohols (such as benzyl alcohol, furfuryl alcohol or butanol), N- alkylpyrrolidones (such as N-methylpyrrolidone or N-octylpyrrolidone), dimethyl amides of fatty acids (such as Cs-Cio fatty acid dimethylamide) and chlorinated hydrocarbons. An EC product may spontaneously emulsify on addition to water, to produce an emulsion with sufficient stability to allow spray application through appropriate equipment. Preparation of an EW involves obtaining a compound of formula (I) either as a liquid (if it is not a liquid at room temperature, it may be melted at a reasonable temperature, typically below 70°C) or in solution (by dissolving it in an appropriate solvent) and then emulsifiying the resultant liquid or solution into water containing one or more SFAs, under high shear, to produce an emulsion. Suitable solvents for use in EWs include vegetable oils, chlorinated hydrocarbons (such as chlorobenzenes), aromatic solvents (such as alkylbenzenes or alkylnaphthalenes) and other appropriate organic solvents which have a low solubility in water.

Microemulsions (ME) may be prepared by mixing water with a blend of one or more solvents with one or more SFAs, to produce spontaneously a thermodynamically stable isotropic liquid formulation. A compound of formula (I) is present initially in either the water or the solvent/SFA blend. Suitable solvents for use in MEs include those hereinbefore described for use in ECs or in EWs. An ME may be either an oil-in-water or a water-in-oil system (which system is present may be determined by conductivity measurements) and may be suitable for mixing water-soluble and oil-soluble pesticides in the same formulation. An ME is suitable for dilution into water, either remaining as a microemulsion or forming a conventional oil-in-water emulsion. Suspension concentrates (SC) may comprise aqueous or non-aqueous suspensions of finely divided insoluble solid particles of a compound of formula (I). SCs may be prepared by ball or bead milling the solid compound of formula (I) in a suitable medium, optionally with one or more dispersing agents, to produce a fine particle suspension of the compound. One or more wetting agents may be included in the composition and a suspending agent may be included to reduce the rate at which the particles settle.

Alternatively, a compound of formula (I) may be dry milled and added to water, containing agents hereinbefore described, to produce the desired end product.

Aerosol formulations comprise a compound of formula (I) and a suitable propellant (for example n-butane). A compound of formula (I) may also be dissolved or dispersed in a suitable medium (for example water or a water miscible liquid, such as n-propanol) to provide compositions for use in non-pressurized, hand-actuated spray pumps.

A compound of formula (I) may be mixed in the dry state with a pyrotechnic mixture to form a composition suitable for generating, in an enclosed space, a smoke containing the compound.

Capsule suspensions (CS) may be prepared in a manner similar to the preparation of EW formulations but with an additional polymerization stage such that an aqueous dispersion of oil droplets is obtained, in which each oil droplet is encapsulated by a polymeric shell and contains a compound of formula (I) and, optionally, a carrier or diluent therefor. The polymeric shell may be produced by either an interfacial poly condensation reaction or by a coacervation procedure. The compositions may provide for controlled release of the compound of formula (I) and they may be used for seed treatment. A compound of formula (I) may also be formulated in a biodegradable polymeric matrix to provide a slow, controlled release of the compound.

A composition may include one or more additives to improve the biological performance of the composition (for example by improving wetting, retention or distribution on surfaces; resistance to rain on treated surfaces; or uptake or mobility of a compound of formula (I)). Such additives include surface active agents, spray additives based on oils, for example certain mineral oils or natural plant oils (such as soy bean and rape seed oil), and blends of these with other bio-enhancing adjuvants (ingredients which may aid or modify the action of a compound of formula (I)).

A compound of formula (I) may also be formulated for use as a seed treatment, for example as a powder composition, including a powder for dry seed treatment (DS), a water soluble powder (SS) or a water dispersible powder for slurry treatment (WS), or as a liquid composition, including a flowable concentrate (FS), a solution (LS) or a capsule suspension (CS). The preparations of DS, SS, WS, FS and LS compositions are very similar to those of, respectively, DP, SP, WP, SC and DC compositions described above. Compositions for treating seed may include an agent for assisting the adhesion of the composition to the seed (for example a mineral oil or a film-forming barrier).

Wetting agents, dispersing agents and emulsifying agents may be surface SFAs of the cationic, anionic, amphoteric or non- ionic type.

Suitable SFAs of the cationic type include quaternary ammonium compounds (for example cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide), imidazolines and amine salts.

Suitable anionic SFAs include alkali metals salts of fatty acids, salts of aliphatic monoesters of sulfuric acid (for example sodium lauryl sulfate), salts of sulfonated aromatic compounds (for example sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate, calcium

dodecylbenzenesulfonate, butylnaphthalene sulfonate and mixtures of sodium di- z'sopropyl- and tri-z'sopropyl-naphthalene sulfonates), ether sulfates, alcohol ether sulfates (for example sodium laureth-3-sulfate), ether carboxylates (for example sodium laureth-3- carboxylate), phosphate esters (products from the reaction between one or more fatty alcohols and phosphoric acid (predominately mono-esters) or phosphorus pentoxide

(predominately di-esters), for example the reaction between lauryl alcohol and

tetraphosphoric acid; additionally these products may be ethoxylated), sulfosuccinamates, paraffin or olefine sulfonates, taurates and lignosulfonates.

Suitable SFAs of the amphoteric type include betaines, propionates and glycinates. Suitable SFAs of the non- ionic type include condensation products of alkylene oxides, such as ethylene oxide, propylene oxide, butylene oxide or mixtures thereof, with fatty alcohols (such as oleyl alcohol or cetyl alcohol) or with alkylphenols (such as octylphenol, nonylphenol or octylcresol); partial esters derived from long chain fatty acids or hexitol anhydrides; condensation products of said partial esters with ethylene oxide; block polymers (comprising ethylene oxide and propylene oxide); alkanolamides; simple esters (for example fatty acid polyethylene glycol esters); amine oxides (for example lauryl dimethyl amine oxide); and lecithins.

Suitable suspending agents include hydrophilic colloids (such as polysaccharides, polyvinylpyrrolidone or sodium carboxymethylcellulose) and swelling clays (such as bentonite or attapulgite).

A compound of formula (I) may be applied by any of the known means of applying pesticidal compounds. For example, it may be applied, formulated or unformulated, to the pests or to a locus of the pests (such as a habitat of the pests, or a growing plant liable to infestation by the pests) or to any part of the plant, including the foliage, stems, branches or roots, to the seed before it is planted or to other media in which plants are growing or are to be planted (such as soil surrounding the roots, the soil generally, paddy water or hydroponic culture systems), directly or it may be sprayed on, dusted on, applied by dipping, applied as a cream or paste formulation, applied as a vapor or applied through distribution or

incorporation of a composition (such as a granular composition or a composition packed in a water-soluble bag) in soil or an aqueous environment.

A compound of formula (I) may also be injected into plants or sprayed onto vegetation using electrodynamic spraying techniques or other low volume methods, or applied by land or aerial irrigation systems.

Compositions for use as aqueous preparations (aqueous solutions or dispersions) are generally supplied in the form of a concentrate containing a high proportion of the active ingredient, the concentrate being added to water before use. These concentrates, which may include DCs, SCs, ECs, EWs, MEs, SGs, SPs, WPs, WGs and CSs, are often required to withstand storage for prolonged periods and, after such storage, to be capable of addition to water to form aqueous preparations which remain homogeneous for a sufficient time to enable them to be applied by conventional spray equipment. Such aqueous preparations may contain varying amounts of a compound of formula (I) (for example 0.0001 to 10%, by weight) depending upon the purpose for which they are to be used.

A compound of formula (I) may be used in mixtures with fertilizers (for example nitrogen-, potassium- or phosphorus-containing fertilizers). Suitable formulation types include granules of fertilizer. The mixtures preferably contain up to 25% by weight of the compound of formula (I).

The invention therefore also provides a fertilizer composition comprising a fertilizer and a compound of formula (I).

The compositions of this invention may contain other compounds having biological activity, for example micronutrients or compounds having fungicidal activity or which possess plant growth regulating, herbicidal, insecticidal, nematicidal or acaricidal activity.

The compound of formula (I) may be the sole active ingredient of the composition or it may be admixed with one or more additional active ingredients such as a pesticide, e.g. a insecticide, fungicide or herbicide, or a synergist or plant growth regulator where appropriate. An additional active ingredient may provide a composition having a broader spectrum of activity or increased persistence at a locus; synergize the activity or complement the activity (for example by increasing the speed of effect or overcoming repellency) of the compound of formula (I); or help to overcome or prevent the development of resistance to individual components. The particular additional active ingredient will depend upon the intended utility of the composition.

The compounds of the invention are also useful in the field of animal health, e.g. they may be used against parasitic invertebrate pests, more preferably against parasitic invertebrate pests in or on an animal. Examples of pests include nematodes, trematodes, cestodes, flies, mites, tricks, lice, fleas, true bugs and maggots. The animal may be a non- human animal, e.g. an animal associated with agriculture, e.g. a cow, a pig, a sheep, a goat, a horse, or a donkey, or a companion animal, e.g. a dog or a cat.

In a further aspect the invention provides a compound of the invention for use in a method of therapeutic treatment.

In a further aspect the invention relates to a method of controlling parasitic invertebrate pests in or on an animal comprising administering a pesticidally effective amount of a compound of the invention. The administration may be for example oral administration, parenteral administration or external administration, e.g. to the surface of the animal body. In a further aspect the invention relates to a compound of the invention for controlling parasitic invertebrate pests in or on an animal. In a further aspect the invention relates to use of a compound of the invention in the manufacture of a medicament for controlling parasitic invertebrate pests in or on an animal

In a further aspect, the invention relates to a method of controlling parasitic invertebrate pests comprising administering a pesticidally effective amount of a compound of the invention to the environment in which an animal resides.

In a further aspect the invention relates to a method of protecting an animal from a parasitic invertebrate pest comprising administering to the animal a pesticidally effective amount of a compound of the invention. In a further aspect the invention relates to a compound of the invention for use in protecting an animal from a parasitic invertebrate pest. In a further aspect the invention relates to use of a compound of the invention in the manufacture of a medicament for protecting an animal from a parasitic invertebrate pest.

In a further aspect the invention provides a method of treating an animal suffering from a parasitic invertebrate pest comprising administering to the animal a pesticidally effective amount of a compound of the invention. In a further aspect the invention relates to a compound of the invention for use in treating an animal suffering from a parasitic invertebrate pest. In a further aspect the invention relates to use of a compound of the invention in the manufacture of a medicament for treating an animal suffering from a parasitic invertebrate pest.

In a further aspect, the invention provides a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of the invention and a pharmaceutically suitable excipient.

The compounds of the invention may be used alone or in combination with one or more other biologically active ingredients.

In one aspect the invention provides a combination product comprising a pesticidally effective amount of a component A and a pesticidally effective amount of component B wherein component A is a compound of the invention and component B is a compound as described below.

The compounds of the invention may be used in combination with anthelmintic agents. Such anthelmintic agents include, compounds selected from the macrocyclic lactone class of compounds such as ivermectin, avermectin, abamectin, emamectin, eprinomectin, doramectin, selamectin, moxidectin, nemadectin and milbemycin derivatives as described in EP- 357460, EP-444964 and EP-594291. Additional anthelmintic agents include semisynthetic and biosynthetic avermectin/milbemycin derivatives such as those described in US-5015630, WO-9415944 and WO-9522552. Additional anthelmintic agents include the benzimidazoles such as albendazole, cambendazole, fenbendazole, flubendazole, mebendazole, oxfendazole, oxibendazole, parbendazole, and other members of the class. Additional anthelmintic agents include imidazothiazoles and tetrahydropyrimidmes such as tetramisole, levamisole, pyrantel pamoate, oxantel or morantel. Additional anthelmintic agents include flukicides, such as triclabendazole and clorsulon and the cestocides, such as praziquantel and epsiprantel.

The compounds of the invention may be used in combination with derivatives and analogues of the paraherquamide/marcfortine class of anthelmintic agents, as well as the antiparasitic oxazo lines such as those disclosed in US-5478855, US- 4639771 and DE- 19520936.

The compounds of the invention may be used in combination with derivatives and analogues of the general class of dioxomorpholine antiparasitic agents as described in WO- 9615121 and also with anthelmintic active cyclic depsipeptides such as those described in WO-9611945, WO-9319053, WO- 9325543, EP-626375, EP-382173, WO-9419334, EP- 382173, and EP-503538.

The compounds of the invention may be used in combination with other ectoparasiticides; for example, fipronil; pyrethroids; organophosphates; insect growth regulators such as lufenuron; ecdysone agonists such as tebufenozide and the like;

neonicotinoids such as imidacloprid and the like.

The compounds of the invention may be used in combination with terpene alkaloids, for example those described in International Patent Application Publication Numbers W095/19363 or WO04/72086, particularly the compounds disclosed therein.

Other examples of such biologically active compounds that the compounds of the invention may be used in combination with include but are not restricted to the following:

Organophosphates: acephate, azamethiphos, azinphos-ethyl, azinphos- methyl, bromophos, bromophos-ethyl, cadusafos, chlorethoxyphos, chlorpyrifos, chlorfenvinphos, chlormephos, demeton, demeton-S-methyl, demeton-S-methyl sulphone, dialifos, diazinon, dichlorvos, dicrotophos, dimethoate, disulfoton, ethion, ethoprophos, etrimfos, famphur, fenamiphos, fenitrothion, fensulfothion, fenthion, flupyrazofos, fonofos, formothion, fosthiazate, heptenophos, isazophos, isothioate, isoxathion, malathion, methacriphos, methamidophos, methidathion, methyl- parathion, mevinphos, monocrotophos, naled, omethoate, oxydemeton-methyl, paraoxon, parathion, parathion-methyl, phenthoate, phosalone, phosfolan, phosphocarb, phosmet, phosphamidon, phorate, phoxim, pirimiphos, pirimiphos- methyl, profenofos, propaphos, proetamphos, prothiofos, pyraclofos,

pyridapenthion, quinalphos, sulprophos, temephos, terbufos, tebupirimfos, tetrachlorvinphos, thimeton, triazophos, trichlorfon, vamidothion.

Carbamates: alanycarb, aldicarb, 2-sec-butylphenyl methylcarbamate, benfuracarb, carbaryl, carbofuran, carbosulfan, cloethocarb, ethiofencarb, fenoxycarb, fenthiocarb, furathiocarb, HCN-801, isoprocarb, indoxacarb, methiocarb, methomyl, 5-methyl-m- cumenylbutyryl(methyl)carbamate, oxamyl, pirimicarb, propoxur, thiodicarb, thiofanox, triazamate, UC-51717.

Pyrethroids: acrinathin, allethrin, alphametrin, 5-benzyl-3-furylmethyl (E) -

(1 R)-cis-2,2-dimethyl-3-(2-oxothiolan-3-ylidenemethyl)cyclopropanecarboxylate, bifenthrin, beta -cyfluthrin, cyfluthrin, a-cypermethrin, beta -cypermethrin, bio allethrin, bioallethrin((S)-cyclopentylisomer), bioresmethrin, bifenthrin, NCI-85193, cycloprothrin, cyhalothrin, cythithrin, cyphenothrin, deltamethrin, empenthrin, esfenvalerate, ethofenprox, fenfluthrin, fenpropathrin, fenvalerate, flucythrinate, flumethrin, fluvalinate (D isomer), imiprothrin, cyhalothrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, permethrin, phenothrin, prallethrin, pyrethrins (natural products), resmethrin, tetramethrin, transfluthrin, theta-cypermethrin, silafluofen, t- fluvalinate, tefluthrin, tralomethrin, Zeta-cypermethrin. Arthropod growth regulators: a) chitin synthesis inhibitors: benzoylureas:

chlorfluazuron, diflubenzuron, fluazuron, flucycloxuron, flufenoxuron, hexaflumuron, lufenuron, novaluron, teflubenzuron, triflumuron, buprofezin, diofenolan, hexythiazox, etoxazole, chlorfentazine; b) ecdysone antagonists: halofenozide, methoxyfenozide, tebufenozide; c) juvenoids: pyriproxyfen, methoprene (including S-methoprene),

fenoxycarb; d) lipid biosynthesis inhibitors: spirodiclofen.

Other antiparasitics: acequinocyl, amitraz, AKD-1022, ANS-118, azadirachtin, Bacillus thuringiensis, bensultap, bifenazate, binapacryl, bromopropylate, BTG-504, BTG- 505, camphechlor, cartap, chlorobenzilate, chlordimeform, chlorfenapyr, chromafenozide, clothianidine, cyromazine, diacloden, diafenthiuron, DBI-3204, dinactin,

dihydroxymethyldihydroxypyrrolidine, dinobuton, dinocap, endosulfan, ethiprole, ethofenprox, fenazaquin, flumite, MTI- 800, fenpyroximate, fluacrypyrim, flubenzimine, flubrocythrinate, flufenzine, flufenprox, fluproxyfen, halofenprox, hydramethylnon, IKI-220, kanemite, NC-196, neem guard, nidinorterfuran, nitenpyram, SD-35651, WL- 108477, pirydaryl, propargite, protrifenbute, pymethrozine, pyridaben, pyrimidifen, NC-1111 , R- 195,RH-0345, RH-2485, RYI-210, S-1283, S-1833, SI-8601, silafiuofen, silomadine, spinosad, tebufenpyrad, tetradifon, tetranactin, thiacloprid, thiocyclam, thiamethoxam, tolfenpyrad, triazamate, triethoxyspinosyn, trinactin, verbutin, vertalec, YI-5301.

Fungicides: acibenzolar, aldimorph, ampropylfos, andoprim, azaconazole, azoxystrobin, benalaxyl, benomyl, bialaphos, blasticidin-S, Bordeaux mixture,

bromuconazole, bupirimate, carpropamid, captafol, captan, carbendazim, chlorfenazole, chloroneb, chloropicrin, chlorothalonil, chlozolinate, copper oxychloride, copper salts, cyflufenamid, cymoxanil, cyproconazole, cyprodinil, cyprofuram, RH-7281, diclocymet, diclobutrazole, diclomezine, dicloran, difenoconazole, RP-407213, dimethomorph, domoxystrobin, diniconazole, diniconazole-M, dodine, edifenphos, epoxiconazole, famoxadone, fenamidone, fenarimol, fenbuconazole, fencaramid, fenpiclonil, fenpropidin, fenpropimorph, fentin acetate, fluazinam, fludioxonil, flumetover, f umorf/flumorlin, fentin hydroxide, fluoxastrobin, fluquinconazole, flusilazole, flutolanil, f utriafol, folpet, fosetyl- aluminium, furalaxyl, furametapyr, hexaconazole, ipconazole, iprobenfos, iprodione, isoprothiolane, kasugamycin, krsoxim-methyl, mancozeb, maneb, mefenoxam, mepronil, metalaxyl, metconazole, metominostrobin/fenominostrobin, metrafenone, myclobutanil, neo- asozin, nicobifen, orysastrobin, oxadixyl, penconazole, pencycuron, probenazole, prochloraz, propamocarb, propioconazole, proquinazid, prothioconazole, pyrifenox, pyraclostrobin, pyrimethanil, pyroquilon, quinoxyfen, spiroxamine, sulfur, tebuconazole, tetrconazole, thiabendazole, thifluzamide, thiophanate-methyl, thiram, tiadinil, triadimefon, triadimenol, tricyclazole, trifloxystrobin, triticonazole, validamycin, vinclozin.

Biological agents: Bacillus thuringiensis ssp aizawai, kurstaki, Bacillus

thuringiensis delta endotoxin, baculovirus, entomopathogenic bacteria, virus and fungi.

Bactericides: chlortetracycline, oxytetracycline, streptomycin.

Other biological agents: enrofloxacin, febantel, penethamate, moloxicam, cefalexin, kanamycin, pimobendan, clenbuterol, omeprazole, tiamulin, benazepril, pyriprole, cefquinome, florfenicol, buserelin, cefovecin, tulathromycin, ceftiour, carprofen,

metaflumizone, praziquarantel, triclabendazole.

When used in combination with other active ingredients, the compounds of the invention are preferably used in combination with the following (where "Tx" means a compound of formula (I), and in particular a compound selected from Tables 1 to Table 36, which may result in a synergistic combination with the given active ingredient): imidacloprid + Tx, enrofloxacin + Tx, praziquantel + Tx, pyrantel embonate + Tx, febantel + Tx, penethamate + Tx, moloxicam + Tx, cefalexin + Tx, kanamycin + Tx, pimobendan + Tx, clenbuterol + Tx, fipronil + Tx, ivermectin + Tx, omeprazole + Tx, tiamulin + Tx, benazepril + Tx, milbemycin + Tx, cyromazine + Tx, thiamethoxam + Tx, pyriprole + Tx, deltamethrin + Tx, cefquinome + Tx, florfenicol + Tx, buserelin + Tx, cefovecin + Tx, tulathromycin + Tx, ceftiour + Tx, selamectin + Tx, carprofen + Tx, metaflumizone + Tx, moxidectin + Tx, methoprene (including S-methoprene) + Tx, clorsulon + Tx, pyrantel + Tx, amitraz + Tx, triclabendazole + Tx, avermectin + Tx, abamectin + Tx, emamectin + Tx, eprinomectin + Tx, doramectin + Tx, selamectin + Tx, nemadectin + Tx, albendazole + Tx, cambendazole + Tx, fenbendazole + Tx, flubendazole + Tx, mebendazole + Tx, oxfendazole + Tx, oxibendazole + Tx, parbendazole + Tx, tetramisole + Tx, levamisole + Tx, pyrantel pamoate + Tx, oxantel + Tx, morantel + Tx, triclabendazole + Tx, epsiprantel + Tx, fipronil + Tx, lufenuron + Tx, ecdysone + Tx or tebufenozide + Tx; more preferably, enrofloxacin + Tx, praziquantel + Tx, pyrantel embonate + Tx, febantel + Tx, penethamate + Tx, moloxicam + Tx, cefalexin + Tx, kanamycin + Tx, pimobendan + Tx, clenbuterol + Tx, omeprazole + Tx, tiamulin + Tx, benazepril + Tx, pyriprole + Tx, cefquinome + Tx, florfenicol + Tx, buserelin + Tx, cefovecin + Tx, tulathromycin + Tx, ceftiour + Tx, selamectin + Tx, carprofen + Tx, moxidectin + Tx, clorsulon + Tx, pyrantel + Tx, eprinomectin + Tx, doramectin + Tx, selamectin + Tx, nemadectin + Tx, albendazole + Tx, cambendazole + Tx, fenbendazole + Tx, flubendazole + Tx, mebendazole + Tx, oxfendazole + Tx, oxibendazole + Tx, parbendazole + Tx, tetramisole + Tx, levamisole + Tx, pyrantel pamoate + Tx, oxantel + Tx, morantel + Tx, triclabendazole + Tx, epsiprantel + Tx, lufenuron + Tx or ecdysone + Tx; even more preferably enrofloxacin + Tx, praziquantel + Tx, pyrantel embonate + Tx, febantel + Tx, penethamate + Tx, moloxicam + Tx, cefalexin + Tx, kanamycin + Tx, pimobendan + Tx, clenbuterol + Tx, omeprazole + Tx, tiamulin + Tx, benazepril + Tx, pyriprole + Tx, cefquinome + Tx, florfenicol + Tx, buserelin + Tx, cefovecin + Tx, tulathromycin + Tx, ceftiour + Tx, selamectin + Tx, carprofen + Tx, moxidectin + Tx, clorsulon + Tx or pyrantel + Tx.

Examples of ratios include 100: 1 to 1 :6000, 50: 1 to 1 :50, 20:1 to 1 :20, even more especially from 10:1 to 1 : 10, 5: 1 to 1 :5, 2:1 to 1 :2, 4: 1 to 2: 1, 1 : 1, or 5: 1, or 5:2, or 5:3, or 5:4, or 4: 1, or 4:2, or 4:3, or 3: 1, or 3:2, or 2: 1, or 1 :5, or 2:5, or 3:5, or 4:5, or 1 :4, or 2:4, or 3:4, or 1 :3, or 2:3, or 1 :2, or 1 :600, or 1 :300, or 1 : 150, or 1 :35, or 2:35, or 4:35, or 1 :75, or 2:75, or 4:75, or 1 :6000, or 1 :3000, or 1 : 1500, or 1 :350, or 2:350, or 4:350, or 1 :750, or 2:750, or 4:750. Those mixing ratios are understood to include, on the one hand, ratios by weight and also, on other hand, molar ratios.

Of particular note is a combination where the additional active ingredient has a different site of action from the compound of formula I. In certain instances, a combination with at least one other parasitic invertebrate pest control active ingredient having a similar spectrum of control but a different site of action will be particularly advantageous for resistance management. Thus, a combination product of the invention may comprise a pesticidally effective amount of a compound of formula I and pesticidally effective amount of at least one additional parasitic invertebrate pest control active ingredient having a similar spectrum of control but a different site of action.

One skilled in the art recognizes that because in the environment and under physiological conditions salts of chemical compounds are in equilibrium with their corresponding non salt forms, salts share the biological utility of the non salt forms.

Thus a wide variety of salts of compounds of the invention (and active ingredients used in combination with the active ingredients of the invention) may be useful for control of invertebrate pests and animal parasites. Salts include acid-addition salts with inorganic or organic acids such as hydrobromic, hydrochloric, nitric, phosphoric, sulfuric, acetic, butyric, fumaric, lactic, maleic, malonic, oxalic, propionic, salicylic, tartaric, 4-toluenesulfonic or valeric acids. The compounds of the invention also include N-oxides. Accordingly, the invention comprises combinations of compounds of the invention including N-oxides and salts thereof and an additional active ingredient including N-oxides and salts thereof. The compositions for use in animal health may also contain formulation auxiliaries and additives, known to those skilled in the art as formulation aids (some of which may be considered to also function as solid diluents, liquid diluents or surfactants). Such formulation auxiliaries and additives may control: pH (buffers), foaming during processing (antifoams such polyorganosiloxanes), sedimentation of active ingredients (suspending agents), viscosity (thixotropic thickeners), in-container microbial growth (antimicrobials), product freezing (antifreezes), color (dyes/pigment dispersions), wash-off (film formers or stickers), evaporation (evaporation retardants), and other formulation attributes. Film formers include, for example, polyvinyl acetates, polyvinyl acetate copolymers, polyvinylpyrrolidone-vinyl acetate copolymer, polyvinyl alcohols, polyvinyl alcohol copolymers and waxes. Examples of formulation auxiliaries and additives include those listed in McCutcheon 's Volume 2: Functional Materials, annual International and North American editions published by McCutcheon's Division, The Manufacturing Confectioner Publishing Co.; and PCT

Publication WO 03/024222.

The compounds of the invention can be applied without other adjuvants, but most often application will be of a formulation comprising one or more active ingredients with suitable carriers, diluents, and surfactants and possibly in combination with a food depending on the contemplated end use. One method of application involves spraying a water dispersion or refined oil solution of the combination products. Compositions with spray oils, spray oil concentrations, spreader stickers, adjuvants, other solvents, and synergists such as piperonyl butoxide often enhance compound efficacy. Such sprays can be applied from spray containers such as a can, a bottle or other container, either by means of a pump or by releasing it from a pressurized container, e.g., a pressurized aerosol spray can. Such spray compositions can take various forms, for example, sprays, mists, foams, fumes or fog. Such spray compositions thus can further comprise propellants, foaming agents, etc. as the case may be. Of note is a spray composition comprising a pesticidally effective amount of a compound of the invention and a carrier. One embodiment of such a spray composition comprises a pesticidally effective amount of a compound of the invention and a propellant. Representative propellants include, but are not limited to, methane, ethane, propane, butane, isobutane, butene, pentane, isopentane, neopentane, pentene, hydrofluorocarbons, chlorofluorocarbons, dimethyl ether, and mixtures of the foregoing. Of note is a spray composition (and a method utilizing such a spray composition dispensed from a spray container) used to control at least one parasitic invertebrate pest selected from the group consisting of mosquitoes, black flies, stable flies, deer flies, horse flies, wasps, yellow jackets, hornets, ticks, spiders, ants, gnats, and the like, including individually or in combinations.

The controlling of animal parasites includes controlling external parasites that are parasitic to the surface of the body of the host animal (e.g., shoulders, armpits, abdomen, inner part of the thighs) and internal parasites that are parasitic to the inside of the body of the host animal (e.g., stomach, intestine, lung, veins, under the skin, lymphatic tissue).

External parasitic or disease transmitting pests include, for example, chiggers, ticks, lice, mosquitoes, flies, mites and fleas. Internal parasites include heartworms, hookworms and helminths. The compounds of the invention may be particularly suitable for combating external parasitic pests. The compounds of the invention may be suitable for systemic and/or non-systemic control of infestation or infection by parasites on animals.

The compounds of the invention may be suitable for combating parasitic

invertebrate pests that infest animal subjects including those in the wild, livestock and agricultural working animals. Livestock is the term used to refer (singularly or plurally) to a domesticated animal intentionally reared in an agricultural setting to make produce such as food or fiber, or for its labor; examples of livestock include cattle, sheep, goats, horses, pigs, donkeys, camels, buffalo, rabbits, hens, turkeys, ducks and geese (e.g., raised for meat, milk, butter, eggs, fur, leather, feathers and/or wool). By combating parasites, fatalities and performance reduction (in terms of meat, milk, wool, skins, eggs, etc.) are reduced, so that applying the compounds of the invention allows more economic and simple husbandry of animals.

The compounds of the invention may be suitable for combating parasitic

invertebrate pests that infest companion animals and pets (e.g., dogs, cats, pet birds and aquarium fish), research and experimental animals (e.g., hamsters, guinea pigs, rats and mice), as well as animals raised for/in zoos, wild habitats and/or circuses.

In an embodiment of this invention, the animal is preferably a vertebrate, and more preferably a mammal, avian or fish. In a particular embodiment, the animal subject is a mammal (including great apes, such as humans). Other mammalian subjects include primates (e.g., monkeys), bovine (e.g., cattle or dairy cows), porcine (e.g., hogs or pigs), ovine (e.g., goats or sheep), equine (e.g., horses), canine (e.g., dogs), feline (e.g., house cats), camels, deer, donkeys, buffalos, antelopes, rabbits, and rodents (e.g., guinea pigs, squirrels, rats, mice, gerbils, and hamsters). Avians include Anatidae (swans, ducks and geese), Columbidae (e.g., doves and pigeons), Phasianidae (e.g., partridges, grouse and turkeys), Thesienidae (e.g., domestic chickens), Psittacines (e.g., parakeets, macaws, and parrots), game birds, and ratites (e.g., ostriches).

Birds treated or protected by the compounds of the invention can be associated with either commercial or noncommercial aviculture. These include Anatidae, such as swans, geese, and ducks, Columbidae, such as doves and domestic pigeons, Phasianidae, such as partridge, grouse and turkeys, Thesienidae, such as domestic chickens, and Psittacines, such as parakeets, macaws and parrots raised for the pet or collector market, among others.

For purposes of the present invention, the term "fish" is understood to include without limitation, the Teleosti grouping of fish, i.e., teleosts. Both the Salmoniformes order (which includes the Salmonidae family) and the Perciformes order (which includes the

Centrarchidae family) are contained within the Teleosti grouping. Examples of potential fish recipients include the Salmonidae, Serranidae, Sparidae, Cichlidae, and Centrarchidae, among others.

Other animals are also contemplated to benefit from the inventive methods, including marsupials (such as kangaroos), reptiles (such as farmed turtles), and other economically important domestic animals for which the inventive methods are safe and effective in treating or preventing parasite infection or infestation.

Examples of parasitic invertebrate pests controlled by administering a pesticidally effective amount of the compounds of the invention to an animal to be protected include ectoparasites (arthropods, acarines, etc.) and endoparasites (helminths, e.g., nematodes, trematodes, cestodes, acanthocephalans, etc.).

The disease or group of diseases described generally as helminthiasis is due to infection of an animal host with parasitic worms known as helminths. The term 'helminths' is meant to include nematodes, trematodes, cestodes and acanthocephalans. Helminthiasis is a prevalent and serious economic problem with domesticated animals such as swine, sheep, horses, cattle, goats, dogs, cats and poultry.

Among the helminths, the group of worms described as nematodes causes widespread and at times serious infection in various species of animals.

Nematodes that are contemplated to be treated by the compounds of the invention include, without limitation, the following genera: Acanthocheilonema, Aelurostrongylus, Ancylo stoma, Angiostrongylus, Ascaridia, Ascaris, Brugia, Bunostomum, Capillaria, Chabertia, Cooperia, Crenosoma, Dictyocaulus, Dioctophyme, Dipetalonema,

Diphyllobothrium, Dirofilaria, Dracunculus, Enterobius, Filaroides, Haemonchus,

Heterakis, Lagochilascaris, Loa, Mansonella, Muellerius, Necator, Nematodirus, Oesophagostomum, Ostertagia, Oxyuris, Parafilaria, Parascaris, Physaloptera,

Protostrongylus, Setaria, Spirocerca, Stephanofilaria, Strongy hides, Strongylus, Thelazia, Toxascaris, Toxocara, Trichinella, Trichonema, Trichostrongylus, Trichuris, Uncinaria and Wuchereria.

Of the above, the most common genera of nematodes infecting the animals referred to above are Haemonchus, Trichostrongylus, Ostertagia, Nematodirus, Cooperia, Ascaris, Bunostomum, Oesophagostomum, Chabertia, Trichuris, Strongylus, Trichonema,

Dictyocaulus, Capillaria, Heterakis, Toxocara, Ascaridia, Oxyuris, Ancylostoma, Uncinaria, Toxascaris and Parascaris. Certain of these, such as Nematodirus, Cooperia and

Oesophagostomum attack primarily the intestinal tract while others, such as Haemonchus and Ostertagia, are more prevalent in the stomach while others such as Dictyocaulus are found in the lungs. Still other parasites may be located in other tissues such as the heart and blood vessels, subcutaneous and lymphatic tissue and the like.

Trematodes that are contemplated to be treated by the invention and by the inventive methods include, without limitation, the following genera: Alaria, Fasciola, Nanophyetus, Opisthorchis, Paragonimus and Schistosoma.

Cestodes that are contemplated to be treated by the invention and by the inventive methods include, without limitation, the following genera: Diphyllobothrium, Diplydium, Spirometra and Taenia.

The most common genera of parasites of the gastrointestinal tract of humans are

Ancylostoma, Necator, Ascaris, Strongy hides, Trichinella, Capillaria, Trichuris and Enterobius. Other medically important genera of parasites which are found in the blood or other tissues and organs outside the gastrointestinal tract are the filarial worms such as Wuchereria, Brugia, Onchocerca and Loa, as well as Dracunculus and extra intestinal stages of the intestinal worms Strongyloides and Trichinella.

Numerous other helminth genera and species are known to the art, and are also contemplated to be treated by the compounds of the invention. These are enumerated in great detail in Textbook of Veterinary Clinical Parasitology, Volume 1, Helminths, E. J. L.

Soulsby, F. A. Davis Co., Philadelphia, Pa.; Helminths, Arthropods and Protozoa, (6thEdition of Monnig's Veterinary Helminthology and Entomology), E. J. L. Soulsby, Williams and Wilkins Co., Baltimore, Md.

The compounds of the invention may be effective against a number of animal ectoparasites (e.g., arthropod ectoparasites of mammals and birds). Insect and acarine pests include, e.g., biting insects such as flies and mosquitoes, mites, ticks, lice, fleas, true bugs, parasitic maggots, and the like.

Adult flies include, e.g., the horn fly or Haematobia irritans, the horse fly or Tabanus spp., the stable fly or Stomoxys calcitrans, the black fly or Simulium spp., the deer fly or Chrysops spp., the louse fly or Melophagus ovinus, and the tsetse fly or Glossina spp.. Parasitic fly maggots include, e.g., the bot fly {Oestrus ovis and Cuterebra spp.), the blow fly or Phaenicia spp., the screwworm or Cochliomyia hominivorax, the cattle grub or

Hypoderma spp., the fleeceworm and the Gastrophilus of horses. Mosquitoes include, for example, Culex spp., Anopheles spp., and Aedes spp.

Mites include Mesostigmalphatalpha spp., e.g., mesostigmatids such as the chicken mite, Dermalphanyssus galphallinalphae; itch or scab mites such as Sarcoptidae spp., for example, Salpharcoptes scalphabiei; mange mites such as Psoroptidae spp., including Chorioptes bovis and Psoroptes ovis; chiggers e.g., Trombiculidae spp., for example the North American chigger, Trombiculalpha alphalfreddugesi.

Ticks include, e.g., soft-bodied ticks including Argasidae spp., for example

Argalphas spp., and Ornithodoros spp.; hard-bodied ticks including Ixodidae spp., for example Rhipicephalphalus sanguineus, Dermacentor variabilis, Dermacentor andersoni, Amblyomma americanum, Ixodes scapularis and other Rhipicephalus spp., (including the former Boophilus genera).

Lice include, e.g., sucking lice, e.g., Menopon spp..

and Bovicola spp.; biting lice, e.g., Haematopinus spp., Linognathus spp., and Solenopotes spp..

Fleas include, e.g., Ctenocephalides spp., such as dog flea (Ctenocephalides canis) and cat flea {Ctenocephalides felis); Xenopsylla spp., such as oriental rat flea {Xenopsylla cheopis); and Pulex spp., such as human flea {Pulex irritans).

True bugs include, e.g., Cimicidae or e.g., the common bed bug {Cimex lectularius); Triatominae spp., including triatomid bugs also known as kissing bugs; for example

Rhodnius prolixus and Triatoma spp.

Generally, flies, fleas, lice, mosquitoes, gnats, mites, ticks and helminths cause tremendous losses to the livestock and companion animal sectors. Arthropod parasites also are a nuisance to humans and can vector disease-causing organisms in humans and animals.

Numerous other parasitic invertebrate pests are known to the art, and are also contemplated to be treated by the compounds of the invention. These are enumerated in great detail in Medical and Veterinary Entomology, D. S. Kettle, John Wiley AND Sons, New York and Toronto; Control of Arthropod Pests of Livestock: A Review of Technology, R. O. Drummand, J. E. George, and S. E. Kunz, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla.

The compounds of the invention may also be effective against ectoparasites including: flies such as Haematobia (Lyperosia) irritans (horn fly), Simulium spp.,

(blackfly), Glossina spp., (tsetse flies), Hydrotaea irritans (head fly), Musca autumnalis (face fly), Musca domestica (house fly), Morellia simplex (sweat fly), Tabanus spp., (horse fly), Hypoderma bovis, Hypoderma lineatum, Lucilia sericata, Lucilia cuprina (green blowfly), Calliphora spp., (blowfly), Protophormia spp., Oestrus ovis (nasal botfly), Culicoides spp., (midges), Hippobosca equine, Gastrophilus intestinalis, Gastrophilus haemorrhoidalis and Gastrophilus nasalis; lice such as Bovicola (Damalinia) bovis, Bovicola equi, Haematopinus asini, Felicola subrostratus, Heterodoxus spiniger, Lignonathus setosus and Trichodectes canis; keds such as Melophagus ovinus; and mites such as Psoroptes spp., Sarcoptes scabei, Chorioptes bovis, Demodex equi, Cheyletiella spp., Notoedres cati, Trombicula spp., and Otodectes cyanotis (ear mites).

Treatments of the invention are by conventional means such as by enteral administration in the form of, for example, tablets, capsules, drinks, drenching preparations, granulates, pastes, boli, feed-through procedures, or suppositories; or by parenteral administration, such as, for example, by injection (including intramuscular, subcutaneous, intravenous, intraperitoneal) or implants; or by nasal administration.

When compounds of the invention are applied in combination with an additional biologically active ingredient, they may be administered separately e.g. as separate compositions. In this case, the biologically active ingredients may be administered simultaneously or sequentially. Alternatively, the biologically active ingredients may be components of one composition.

The compounds of the invention may be administered in a controlled release form, for example in subcutaneous or orally adminstered slow release formulations.

Typically a parasiticidal composition according to the present invention comprises a compound of the invention, optionally in combination with an additional biologically active ingredient, or N-oxides or salts thereof, with one or more pharmaceutically or veterinarily acceptable carriers comprising excipients and auxiliaries selected with regard to the intended route of administration (e.g., oral or parenteral administration such as injection) and in accordance with standard practice. In addition, a suitable carrier is selected on the basis of compatibility with the one or more active ingredients in the composition, including such considerations as stability relative to pH and moisture content. Therefore of note are compounds of the invention for protecting an animal from an invertebrate parasitic pest comprising a parasitically effective amount of a compound of the invention, optionally in combination with an additional biologically active ingredient and at least one carrier.

For parenteral administration including intravenous, intramuscular and

subcutaneous injection, the compounds of the invention can be formulated in suspension, solution or emulsion in oily or aqueous vehicles, and may contain adjuncts such as suspending, stabilizing and/or dispersing agents.

The compounds of the invention may also be formulated for bolus injection or continuous infusion. Pharmaceutical compositions for injection include aqueous solutions of water-soluble forms of active ingredients (e.g., a salt of an active compound), preferably in physiologically compatible buffers containing other excipients or auxiliaries as are known in the art of pharmaceutical formulation. Additionally, suspensions of the active compounds may be prepared in a lipophilic vehicle. Suitable lipophilic vehicles include fatty oils such as sesame oil, synthetic fatty acid esters such as ethyl oleate and triglycerides, or materials such as liposomes.

Aqueous injection suspensions may contain substances that increase the viscosity of the suspension, such as sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, sorbitol, or dextran. Formulations for injection may be presented in unit dosage form, e.g., in ampoules or in multi-dose containers. Alternatively, the active ingredient may be in powder form for constitution with a suitable vehicle, e.g., sterile, pyrogen-free water, before use.

In addition to the formulations described supra, the compounds of the invention may also be formulated as a depot preparation. Such long acting formulations may be

administered by implantation (for example, subcutaneously or intramuscularly) or by intramuscular or subcutaneous injection.

The compounds of the invention may be formulated for this route of administration with suitable polymeric or hydrophobic materials (for instance, in an emulsion with a pharmacologically acceptable oil), with ion exchange resins, or as a sparingly soluble derivative such as, without limitation, a sparingly soluble salt.

For administration by inhalation, the compounds of the invention can be delivered in the form of an aerosol spray using a pressurized pack or a nebulizer and a suitable propellant, e.g., without limitation, dichlorodifluoromethane, trichlorofluoromethane, dichlorotetrafluoroethane or carbon dioxide. In the case of a pressurized aerosol, the dosage unit may be controlled by providing a valve to deliver a metered amount. Capsules and cartridges of, for example, gelatin for use in an inhaler or insufflator may be formulated containing a powder mix of the compound and a suitable powder base such as lactose or starch.

The compounds of the invention may have favourable pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties providing systemic availability from oral administration and ingestion. Therefore after ingestion by the animal to be protected, parasiticidally effective concentrations of a compound of the invention in the bloodstream may protect the treated animal from blood-sucking pests such as fleas, ticks and lice. Therefore of note is a composition for protecting an animal from an invertebrate parasite pest in a form for oral administration (i.e. comprising, in addition to a parasiticidally effective amount of a compound of the invention, one or more carriers selected from binders and fillers suitable for oral administration and feed concentrate carriers).

For oral administration in the form of solutions (the most readily available form for absorption), emulsions, suspensions, pastes, gels, capsules, tablets, boluses, powders, granules, rumen-retention and feed/water/lick blocks, the compounds of the invention can be formulated with binders/fillers known in the art to be suitable for oral administration compositions, such as sugars and sugar derivatives (e.g., lactose, sucrose, mannitol, sorbitol), starch (e.g., maize starch, wheat starch, rice starch, potato starch), cellulose and derivatives (e.g., methylcellulose, carboxymethylcellulose, ethylhydroxycellulose), protein derivatives (e.g., zein, gelatin), and synthetic polymers (e.g., polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinylpyrrolidone). If desired, lubricants (e.g., magnesium stearate), disintegrating agents (e.g., cross-linked polyvinylpyrrolidinone, agar, alginic acid) and dyes or pigments can be added. Pastes and gels often also contain adhesives (e.g., acacia, alginic acid, bentonite, cellulose, xanthan gum, colloidal magnesium aluminum silicate) to aid in keeping the composition in contact with the oral cavity and not being easily ejected.

In one embodiment a composition of the present invention is formulated into a chewable and/or edible product (e.g., a chewable treat or edible tablet). Such a product would ideally have a taste, texture and/or aroma favored by the animal to be protected so as to facilitate oral administration of the compounds of the invention.

If the parasiticidal compositions are in the form of feed concentrates, the carrier is typically selected from high-performance feed, feed cereals or protein concentrates.

Such feed concentrate-containing compositions can, in addition to the parasiticidal active ingredients, comprise additives promoting animal health or growth, improving quality of meat from animals for slaughter or otherwise useful to animal husbandry. These additives can include, for example, vitamins, antibiotics, chemotherapeutics, bacteriostats, fungistats, coccidiostats and hormones.

The compound of the invention may also be formulated in rectal compositions such as suppositories or retention enemas, using, e.g., conventional suppository bases such as cocoa butter or other glycerides.

The formulations for the method of this invention may include an antioxidant, such asBHT (butylated hydroxytoluene). The antioxidant is generally present in amounts of at 0.1- 5 percent (wt/vol). Some of the formulations require a solubilizer, such as oleic acid, to dissolve the active agent, particularly if spinosad is included. Common spreading agents used in these pour-on formulations include isopropyl myristate, isopropyl palmitate,

caprylic/capric acid esters of saturated C12-C18 fatty alcohols, oleic acid, oleyl ester, ethyl oleate, triglycerides, silicone oils and dipropylene glycol methyl ether. The pour-on formulations for the method of this invention are prepared according to known techniques. Where the pour-on is a solution, the parasiticide/insecticide is mixed with the carrier or vehicle, using heat and stirring if required. Auxiliary or additional ingredients can be added to the mixture of active agent and carrier, or they can be mixed with the active agent prior to the addition of the carrier. Pour-on formulations in the form of emulsions or suspensions are similarly prepared using known techniques.

Other delivery systems for relatively hydrophobic pharmaceutical compounds may be employed. Liposomes and emulsions are well-known examples of delivery vehicles or carriers for hydrophobic drugs. In addition, organic solvents such as dimethylsulfoxide may be used, if needed.

The rate of application required for effective parasitic invertebrate pest control (e.g. "pesticidally effective amount") will depend on such factors as the species of parasitic invertebrate pest to be controlled, the pest's life cycle, life stage, its size, location, time of year, host crop or animal, feeding behavior, mating behavior, ambient moisture, temperature, and the like. One skilled in the art can easily determine the pesticidally effective amount necessary for the desired level of parasitic invertebrate pest control.

In general for veterinary use, the compounds of the invention are administered in a pesticidally effective amount to an animal, particularly a ho meo thermic animal, to be protected from parasitic invertebrate pests.

A pesticidally effective amount is the amount of active ingredient needed to achieve an observable effect diminishing the occurrence or activity of the target parasitic invertebrate pest. One skilled in the art will appreciate that the pesticidally effective dose can vary for the various compounds and compositions useful for the method of the present invention, the desired pesticidal effect and duration, the target parasitic invertebrate pest species, the animal to be protected, the mode of application and the like, and the amount needed to achieve a particular result can be determined through simple experimentation.

For oral or parenteral administration to animals, a dose of the compositions of the present invention administered at suitable intervals typically ranges from about 0.01 mg/kg to aboutlOO mg/kg, and preferably from about 0.01 mg/kg to about 30 mg/kg of animal body weight.

Suitable intervals for the administration of the compositions of the present invention to animals range from about daily to about yearly. Of note are administration intervals ranging from about weekly to about once every 6 months. Of particular note are monthly adminstration intervals (i.e. administering the compounds to the animal once every month).

The present invention also provides a method for controlling pests (such as mosquitoes and other disease vectors; see also http://www.who.int/malaria/vector_control/irs/en/). In one embodiment, the method for controlling pests comprises applying the compositions of the invention to the target pests, to their locus or to a surface or substrate by brushing, rolling, spraying, spreading or dipping. By way of example, an IRS (indoor residual spraying) application of a surface such as a wall, ceiling or floor surface is contemplated by the method of the invention. In another embodiment, it is contemplated to apply such compositions to a substrate such as non-woven or a fabric material in the form of (or which can be used in the manufacture of) netting, clothing, bedding, curtains and tents.

In one embodiment, the method for controlling such pests comprises applying a pesticidally effective amount of the compositions of the invention to the target pests, to their locus, or to a surface or substrate so as to provide effective residual pesticidal activity on the surface or substrate. Such application may be made by brushing, rolling, spraying, spreading or dipping the pesticidal composition of the invention. By way of example, an IRS application of a surface such as a wall, ceiling or floor surface is contemplated by the method of the invention so as to provide effective residual pesticidal activity on the surface. In another embodiment, it is contemplated to apply such compositions for residual control of pests on a substrate such as a fabric material in the form of (or which can be used in the manufacture of) netting, clothing, bedding, curtains and tents. Substrates including non- woven, fabrics or netting to be treated may be made of natural fibres such as cotton, raffia, jute, flax, sisal, hessian, or wool, or synthetic fibres such as polyamide, polyester, polypropylene, polyacrylonitrile or the like. The polyesters are particularly suitable. The methods of textile treatment are know, e.g. from Handbuch

Textilveredlung: Band 1 : Ausrustung, Band 2: Farbgebung, Band 3: Beschichtung, Band 4: Umwelttechnik; Verlag: Deutscher Fachverlag; Auflage: 15., uberarbeitete Ausgabe (17. April 2006); ISBN-10: 3866410123; ISBN-13: 978-3866410121, see especially Band 1 : Ausrustung pages 27-198, more preferably on page 118; or WO2008151984 or

WO2003034823 or US5631072 or WO200564072 or WO2006128870 or EP1724392 or WO2005064072 or WO2005113886 or WO2007090739.

The term "plant" as used herein includes seedlings, bushes and trees.

The term "crops" or "plant" is to be understood as including also crop plants which have been so transformed by the use of recombinant DNA techniques that they are capable of synthesising one or more selectively acting toxins, such as are known, for example, from toxin-producing bacteria, especially those of the genus Bacillus.

Toxins that can be expressed by such transgenic plants include, for example, insecticidal proteins, from Bacillus cereus or Bacillus popilliae; or insecticidal proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis, such as δ-endotoxins, e.g. CrylAb, Cryl Ac, CrylF, CrylFa2, Cry2Ab, Cry3A, Cry3Bbl or Cry9C, or vegetative insecticidal proteins (Vip), e.g. Vipl, Vip2, Vip3 or Vip3A; or insecticidal proteins of bacteria colonising nematodes, for example Photorhabdus spp., or Xenorhabdus spp., such as Photorhabdus luminescens, Xenorhabdus nematophilus; toxins produced by animals, such as scorpion toxins, arachnid toxins, wasp toxins and other insect-specific neurotoxins; toxins produced by fungi, such as Streptomycetes toxins, plant lectins, such as pea lectins, barley lectins or snowdrop lectins; agglutinins; proteinase inhibitors, such as trypsin inhibitors, serine protease inhibitors, patatin, cystatin, papain inhibitors; ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIP), such as ricin, maize-RIP, abrin, luffin, saporin or bryodin; steroid metabolism enzymes, such as 3-hydroxysteroidoxidase, ecdysteroid-UDP-glycosyl-transferase, cholesterol oxidases, ecdysone inhibitors, HMG- COA-reductase, ion channel blockers, such as blockers of sodium or calcium channels, juvenile hormone esterase, diuretic hormone receptors, stilbene synthase, bibenzyl synthase, chitinases and glucanases. In the context of the present invention there are to be understood by δ-endotoxins, for example CrylAb, CrylAc, CrylF, CrylFa2, Cry2Ab, Cry3A, Cry3Bbl or Cry9C, or vegetative insecticidal proteins (Vip), for example Vipl, Vip2, Vip3 or Vip3A, expressly also hybrid toxins, truncated toxins and modified toxins. Hybrid toxins are produced recombinantly by a new combination of different domains of those proteins (see, for example, WO 02/15701). Truncated toxins, for example a truncated CrylAb, are known. In the case of modified toxins, one or more amino acids of the naturally occurring toxin are replaced. In such amino acid replacements, preferably non-naturally present protease recognition sequences are inserted into the toxin, such as, for example, in the case of Cry3A055, a cathepsin-G-recognition sequence is inserted into a Cry3A toxin (see WO 03/018810).

Examples of such toxins or transgenic plants capable of synthesising such toxins are disclosed, for example, in EP-A-0 374 753, WO 93/07278, WO 95/34656, EP-A-0 427 529, EP-A-451 878 and WO 03/052073.

The processes for the preparation of such transgenic plants are generally known to the person skilled in the art and are described, for example, in the publications mentioned above. Cryl- type deoxyribonucleic acids and their preparation are known, for example, from WO

95/34656, EP-A-0 367 474, EP-A-0 401 979 and WO 90/13651.

The toxin contained in the transgenic plants imparts to the plants tolerance to harmful insects. Such insects can occur in any taxonomic group of insects, but are especially commonly found in the beetles (Coleoptera), two-winged insects (Diptera) and butterflies (Lepidoptera).

Transgenic plants containing one or more genes that code for an insecticidal resistance and express one or more toxins are known and some of them are commercially available.

Examples of such plants are: YieldGard® (maize variety that expresses a CrylAb toxin); YieldGard Rootworm® (maize variety that expresses a Cry3Bbl toxin); YieldGard Plus® (maize variety that expresses a CrylAb and a Cry3Bbl toxin); Starlink® (maize variety that expresses a Cry9C toxin); Herculex I® (maize variety that expresses a CrylFa2 toxin and the enzyme phosphinothricine N-acetyltransferase (PAT) to achieve tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate ammonium); NuCOTN 33B® (cotton variety that expresses a CrylAc toxin); Bollgard I® (cotton variety that expresses a CrylAc toxin); Bollgard II® (cotton variety that expresses a Cry 1 Ac and a Cry2Ab toxin); VipCot® (cotton variety that expresses a Vip3A and a Cryl Ab toxin); NewLeaf® (potato variety that expresses a Cry3 A toxin); NatureGard ®, Agrisure® GT Advantage (GA21 glyphosate-tolerant trait), Agrisure® CB Advantage (Btl 1 corn borer (CB) trait) and Protecta®.

Further examples of such transgenic crops are:

1. Bill Maize from Syngenta Seeds SAS, Chemin de l'Hobit 27, F-31 790 St. Sauveur, France, registration number C/FR/96/05/10. Genetically modified Zea mays which has been rendered resistant to attack by the European corn borer {Ostrinia nubilalis and Sesamia nonagrioides) by transgenic expression of a truncated Cryl Ab toxin. Btl 1 maize also transgenically expresses the enzyme PAT to achieve tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate ammonium. 2. Btl76 Maize from Syngenta Seeds SAS, Chemin de l'Hobit 27, F-31 790 St. Sauveur, France, registration number C/FR 96/05/10. Genetically modified Zea mays which has been rendered resistant to attack by the European corn borer {Ostrinia nubilalis and Sesamia nonagrioides) by transgenic expression of a CrylAb toxin. Btl 76 maize also transgenically expresses the enzyme PAT to achieve tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate ammonium.

3. MIR604 Maize from Syngenta Seeds SAS, Chemin de l'Hobit 27, F-31 790 St. Sauveur, France, registration number C/FR/96/05/10. Maize which has been rendered insect-resistant by transgenic expression of a modified Cry3A toxin. This toxin is Cry3A055 modified by insertion of a cathepsin-G-protease recognition sequence. The preparation of such transgenic maize plants is described in WO 03/018810.

4. MON 863 Maize from Monsanto Europe S.A. 270-272 Avenue de Tervuren, B-l 150 Brussels, Belgium, registration number C/DE/02/9. MON 863 expresses a Cry3Bbl toxin and has resistance to certain Coleoptera insects.

5. IPC 531 Cotton from Monsanto Europe S.A. 270-272 Avenue de Tervuren, B-l 150 Brussels, Belgium, registration number C/ES/96/02. 6. 1507 Maize from Pioneer Overseas Corporation, Avenue Tedesco, 7 B-1160 Brussels, Belgium, registration number C/NL/00/10. Genetically modified maize for the expression of the protein Cry IF for achieving resistance to certain Lepidoptera insects and of the PAT protein for achieving tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate ammonium.

7. NK603 x MON 810 Maize from Monsanto Europe S.A. 270-272 Avenue de Tervuren, B-1150 Brussels, Belgium, registration number C/GB/02/M3/03. Consists of conventionally bred hybrid maize varieties by crossing the genetically modified varieties NK603 and MON 810. NK603 x MON 810 Maize transgenically expresses the protein CP4 EPSPS, obtained from Agrobacterium spp. strain CP4, which imparts tolerance to the herbicide Roundup® (contains glyphosate), and also a Cryl Ab toxin obtained from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki which brings about tolerance to certain Lepidoptera, include the European corn borer. The activity of the compositions according to the invention can be broadened considerably, and adapted to prevailing circumstances, by adding other insecticidally, acaricidally and/or fungicidally active ingredients. The mixtures of the compounds of formula I with other insecticidally, acaricidally and/or fungicidally active ingredients may also have further surprising advantages which can also be described, in a wider sense, as synergistic activity. For example, better tolerance by plants, reduced phytotoxicity, insects can be controlled in their different development stages or better behaviour during their production, for example during grinding or mixing, during their storage or during their use.

Suitable additions to active ingredients here are, for example, representatives of the following classes of active ingredients: organophosphorous compounds, nitrophenol deri- vatives, thioureas, juvenile hormones, formamidines, benzophenone derivatives, ureas, pyrrole derivatives, carbamates, pyrethroids, chlorinated hydrocarbons, acylureas, pyridyl- methyleneamino derivatives, macro lides, neonicotinoids and Bacillus thuringiensis preparations. The following mixtures of the compounds of formula I with active ingredients are preferred (the abbreviation "TX" means "one compound selected from the group consisting of the compounds described in Tables 1 to 36 and tables A to K of the present invention"): an adjuvant selected from the group of substances consisting of petroleum oils (alternative name) (628) + TX,

an acaricide selected from the group of substances consisting of l,l-bis(4-chlorophenyl)-2- ethoxyethanol (IUPAC name) (910) + TX, 2,4-dichlorophenyl benzenesulfonate

(IUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1059) + TX, 2-fiuoro-N-methyl-N- 1 - naphthylacetamide (IUPAC name) (1295) + TX, 4-chlorophenyl phenyl sulfone (IUPAC name) (981) + TX, abamectin (1) + TX, acequinocyl (3) + TX, acetoprole [CCN] + TX, acrinathrin (9) + TX, aldicarb (16) + TX, aldoxycarb (863) + TX, alpha-cypermethrin (202) + TX, amidithion (870) + TX, amidoflumet [CCN] + TX, amidothioate (872) + TX, amiton (875) + TX, amiton hydrogen oxalate (875) + TX, amitraz (24) + TX, aramite (881) + TX, arsenous oxide (882) + TX, AVI 382 (compound code) + TX, AZ 60541 (compound code) + TX, azinphos-ethyl (44) + TX, azinphos-methyl (45) + TX, azobenzene (IUPAC name) (888) + TX, azocyclotin (46) + TX, azothoate (889) + TX, benomyl (62) + TX, benoxafos (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, benzoximate (71) + TX, benzyl benzoate (IUPAC name) [CCN] + TX, bifenazate (74) + TX, bifenthrin (76) + TX, binapacryl (907) + TX, brofenvalerate (alternative name) + TX, bromocyclen (918) + TX, bromophos (920) + TX, bromophos-ethyl (921) + TX, bromopropylate (94) + TX, buprofezin (99) + TX, butocarboxim (103) + TX, butoxycarboxim (104) + TX, butylpyridaben (alternative name) + TX, calcium polysulfide (IUPAC name) (111) + TX, camphechlor (941) + TX, carbanolate (943) + TX, carbaryl (115) + TX, carbofuran (118) + TX, carbophenothion (947) + TX, CGA 50'439 (development code) (125) + TX, chinomethionat (126) + TX, chlorbenside (959) + TX, chlordimeform (964) + TX, chlordimeform hydrochloride (964) + TX, chlorfenapyr (130) + TX, chlorfenethol (968) + TX, chlorfenson (970) + TX, chlorfensulphide (971 ) + TX, chlorfenvinphos ( 131 ) + TX, chlorobenzilate (975) + TX, chloromebuform (977) + TX, chloromethiuron (978) + TX, chloropropylate (983) + TX, chlorpyrifos (145) + TX, chlorpyrifos-methyl (146) + TX, chlorthiophos (994) + TX, cinerin I (696) + TX, cinerin II (696) + TX, cinerins (696) + TX, clofentezine (158) + TX, closantel (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, coumaphos ( 174) + TX, crotamiton (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, crotoxyphos ( 1010) + TX, cufraneb (1013) + TX, cyanthoate (1020) + TX, cyflumetofen (CAS Reg. No.: 400882-07- 7) + TX, cyhalothrin ( 196) + TX, cyhexatin ( 199) + TX, cypermethrin (201 ) + TX, DCPM (1032) + TX, DDT (219) + TX, demephion (1037) + TX, demephion-0 (1037) + TX, demephion-S (1037) + TX, demeton (1038) + TX, demeton-methyl (224) + TX, demeton-0 (1038) + TX, demeton-O-methyl (224) + TX, demeton-S (1038) + TX, demeton-S -methyl (224) + TX, demeton-S-methylsulphon (1039) + TX, diafenthiuron (226) + TX, dialifos (1042) + TX, diazinon (227) + TX, dichlofluanid (230) + TX, dichlorvos (236) + TX, dicliphos (alternative name) + TX, dicofol (242) + TX, dicrotophos (243) + TX, dienochlor (1071) + TX, dimefox (1081) + TX, dimethoate (262) + TX, dinactin (alternative name) (653) + TX, dinex (1089) + TX, dinex-diclexine (1089) + TX, dinobuton (269) + TX, dinocap (270) + TX, dinocap-4 [CCN] + TX, dinocap-6 [CCN] + TX, dinocton (1090) + TX, dinopenton (1092) + TX, dinosulfon (1097) + TX, dinoterbon (1098) + TX, dioxathion (1102) + TX, diphenyl sulfone (IUPAC name) (1103) + TX, disulfiram (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, disulfoton (278) + TX, DNOC (282) + TX, dofenapyn (1113) + TX, doramectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, endosulfan (294) + TX, endothion (1121) + TX, EPN (297) + TX, eprinomectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, ethion (309) + TX, ethoate-methyl (1134) + TX, etoxazole (320) + TX, etrimfos (1142) + TX, fenazaflor (1147) + TX, fenazaquin (328) + TX, fenbutatin oxide (330) + TX, fenothiocarb (337) + TX, fenpropathrin (342) + TX, fenpyrad (alternative name) + TX, fenpyroximate (345) + TX, fenson (1157) + TX, fentrifanil (1161) + TX, fenvalerate (349) + TX, fipronil (354) + TX, fluacrypyrim (360) + TX, fluazuron (1166) + TX, flubenzimine (1167) + TX, flucycloxuron (366) + TX, flucythrinate (367) + TX, fluenetil (1169) + TX, flufenoxuron (370) + TX, flumethrin (372) + TX, fluorbenside (1174) + TX, fluvalinate (1184) + TX, FMC 1137

(development code) (1185) + TX, formetanate (405) + TX, formetanate hydrochloride (405) + TX, formothion (1192) + TX, formparanate (1193) + TX, gamma-HCH (430) + TX, glyodin (1205) + TX, halfenprox (424) + TX, heptenophos (432) + TX, hexadecyl cyclopropanecarboxylate (IUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1216) + TX, hexythiazox (441) + TX, iodomethane (IUPAC name) (542) + TX, isocarbophos (alternative name) (473) + TX, isopropyl O-(methoxyaminothiophosphoryl)salicylate (IUPAC name) (473) + TX, ivermectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, jasmolin I (696) + TX, jasmolin II (696) + TX, jodfenphos (1248) + TX, lindane (430) + TX, lufenuron (490) + TX, malathion (492) + TX, malonoben (1254) + TX, mecarbam (502) + TX, mephosfo lan (1261) + TX, mesulfen (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, methacrifos (1266) + TX, methamidophos (527) + TX, methidathion (529) + TX, methiocarb (530) + TX, methomyl (531) + TX, methyl bromide (537) + TX, metolcarb (550) + TX, mevinphos (556) + TX, mexacarbate (1290) + TX, milbemectin (557) + TX, milbemycin oxime (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, mipafox (1293) + TX, monocrotophos (561) + TX, morphothion (1300) + TX, moxidectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, naled (567) + TX, NC-184 (compound code) + TX, NC-512 (compound code) + TX, nifluridide (1309) + TX, nikkomycins

(alternative name) [CCN] + TX, nitrilacarb (1313) + TX, nitrilacarb 1 : 1 zinc chloride complex (1313) + TX, NNI-0101 (compound code) + TX, NNI-0250 (compound code) + TX, omethoate (594) + TX, oxamyl (602) + TX, oxydeprofos (1324) + TX,

oxydisulfoton ( 1325) + TX, pp'-DDT (219) + TX, parathion (615) + TX, permethrin (626) + TX, petroleum oils (alternative name) (628) + TX, phenkapton (1330) + TX, phenthoate (631) + TX, phorate (636) + TX, phosalone (637) + TX, phosfolan (1338) + TX, phosmet (638) + TX, phosphamidon (639) + TX, phoxim (642) + TX, pirimiphos- methyl (652) + TX, polychloroterpenes (traditional name) (1347) + TX, polynactins (alternative name) (653) + TX, proclonol (1350) + TX, profenofos (662) + TX, promacyl (1354) + TX, propargite (671) + TX, propetamphos (673) + TX, propoxur (678) + TX, prothidathion (1360) + TX, prothoate (1362) + TX, pyrethrin I (696) + TX, pyrethrin II (696) + TX, pyrethrins (696) + TX, pyridaben (699) + TX, pyridaphenthion (701) + TX, pyrimidifen (706) + TX, pyrimitate (1370) + TX, quinalphos (711) + TX, quintiofos ( 1381 ) + TX, R- 1492 (development code) ( 1382) + TX, RA- 17 (development code) (1383) + TX, rotenone (722) + TX, schradan (1389) + TX, sebufos (alternative name) + TX, selamectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, SI-0009 (compound code) + TX, sophamide (1402) + TX, spirodiclofen (738) + TX, spiromesifen (739) + TX, SSI-121 (development code) (1404) + TX, sulfiram (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, sulfluramid (750) + TX, sulfotep (753) + TX, sulphur (754) + TX, SZI- 121 (development code) (757) + TX, tau-fluvalinate (398) + TX, tebufenpyrad (763) + TX, TEPP (1417) + TX, terbam (alternative name) + TX, tetrachlorvinphos (777) + TX, tetradifon (786) + TX,

tetranactin (alternative name) (653) + TX, tetrasul (1425) + TX, thiafenox (alternative name) + TX, thiocarboxime (1431) + TX, thiofanox (800) + TX, thiometon (801) + TX, thioquinox (1436) + TX, thuringiensin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, triamiphos (1441) + TX, triarathene (1443) + TX, triazophos (820) + TX, triazuron (alternative name) + TX, trichlorfon (824) + TX, trifenofos (1455) + TX, trinactin (alternative name) (653) + TX, vamidothion (847) + TX, vaniliprole [CCN] and YI-5302 (compound code) + TX, an algicide selected from the group of substances consisting of bethoxazin [CCN] + TX, copper dioctanoate (IUPAC name) (170) + TX, copper sulfate (172) + TX, cybutryne [CCN] + TX, dichlone (1052) + TX, dichlorophen (232) + TX, endothal (295) + TX, fentin (347) + TX, hydrated lime [CCN] + TX, nabam (566) + TX, quinoclamine (714) + TX, quinonamid (1379) + TX, simazine (730) + TX, triphenyltin acetate (IUPAC name) (347) and triphenyltin hydroxide (IUPAC name) (347) + TX, an anthelmintic selected from the group of substances consisting of abamectin (1) + TX, crufomate (1011) + TX, doramectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, emamectin (291) + TX, emamectin benzoate (291) + TX, eprinomectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, ivermectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, milbemycin oxime (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, moxidectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, piperazine [CCN] + TX, selamectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, spinosad (737) and thiophanate (1435) + TX,

an avicide selected from the group of substances consisting of chloralose (127) + TX, endrin (1122) + TX, fenthion (346) + TX, pyridin-4-amine (IUPAC name) (23) and strychnine (745) + TX,

a bactericide selected from the group of substances consisting of 1 -hydroxy- lH-pyridine-2- thione (IUPAC name) (1222) + TX, 4-(quinoxalin-2-ylamino)benzenesulfonamide (IUPAC name) (748) + TX, 8-hydroxyquinoline sulfate (446) + TX, bronopol (97) + TX, copper dioctanoate (IUPAC name) (170) + TX, copper hydroxide (IUPAC name) (169) + TX, cresol [CCN] + TX, dichlorophen (232) + TX, dipyrithione (1105) + TX, dodicin (1112) + TX, fenaminosulf (1144) + TX, formaldehyde (404) + TX, hydrargaphen (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, kasugamycin (483) + TX, kasugamycin hydrochloride hydrate (483) + TX, nickel bis(dimethyldithio carbamate) (IUPAC name) (1308) + TX, nitrapyrin (580) + TX, octhilinone (590) + TX, oxolinic acid (606) + TX, oxytetracycline (611) + TX, potassium hydroxyquinoline sulfate (446) + TX, probenazole (658) + TX, streptomycin (744) + TX, streptomycin sesquisulfate (744) + TX, tecloftalam (766) + TX, and thiomersal (alternative name) [CCN] + TX,

a biological agent selected from the group of substances consisting of Adoxophyes orana GV (alternative name) (12) + TX, Agrobacterium radiobacter (alternative name) (13) + TX, Amblyseius spp. (alternative name) (19) + TX, Anagrapha falcifera NPV (alternative name) (28) + TX, Anagrus atomus (alternative name) (29) + TX, Aphelinus abdominalis

(alternative name) (33) + TX, Aphidius colemani (alternative name) (34) + TX,

Aphidoletes aphidimyza (alternative name) (35) + TX, Autographa californica NPV (alternative name) (38) + TX, Bacillus firmus (alternative name) (48) + TX, Bacillus sphaericus Neide (scientific name) (49) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner (scientific name) (51) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. aizawai (scientific name) (51) + TX,

Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis (scientific name) (51) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. japonensis (scientific name) (51) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki (scientific name) (51) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. tenebrionis (scientific name) (51) + TX, Beauveria bassiana (alternative name) (53) + TX, Beauveria brongniartii (alternative name) (54) + TX, Chrysoperla carnea (alternative name) (151) + TX,

Cryptolaemus montrouzieri (alternative name) (178) + TX, Cydia pomonella GV

(alternative name) (191) + TX, Dacnusa sibirica (alternative name) (212) + TX,

Diglyphus isaea (alternative name) (254) + TX, Encarsia formosa (scientific name) (293) + TX, Eretmocerus eremicus (alternative name) (300) + TX, Helicoverpa zea NPV

(alternative name) (431) + TX, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora and H. megidis (alternative name) (433) + TX, Hippodamia convergens (alternative name) (442) + TX, Leptomastix dactylopii (alternative name) (488) + TX, Macrolophus caliginosus (alternative name) (491) + TX, Mamestra brassicae NPV (alternative name) (494) + TX, Metaphycus helvolus (alternative name) (522) + TX, Metarhizium anisopliae var. acridum (scientific name) (523) + TX, Metarhizium anisopliae var. anisopliae (scientific name) (523) + TX, Neodiprion sertifer NPV and N. lecontei NPV (alternative name) (575) + TX, Orius spp. (alternative name) (596) + TX, Paecilomyces fumosoroseus (alternative name) (613) + TX, Phytoseiulus persimilis (alternative name) (644) + TX, Spodoptera exigua multicapsid nuclear polyhedrosis virus (scientific name) (741) + TX, Steinernema bibionis (alternative name) (742) + TX, Steinernema carpocapsae (alternative name) (742) + TX, Steinernema feltiae (alternative name) (742) + TX, Steinernema glaseri (alternative name) (742) + TX, Steinernema riobrave (alternative name) (742) + TX, Steinernema riobravis (alternative name) (742) + TX, Steinernema scapterisci (alternative name) (742) + TX, Steinernema spp. (alternative name) (742) + TX, Trichogramma spp. (alternative name) (826) + TX, Typhlodromus occidentalis (alternative name) (844) and Verticillium lecanii (alternative name) (848) + TX,

a soil sterilant selected from the group of substances consisting of iodomethane (IUPAC name) (542) and methyl bromide (537) + TX,

a chemosterilant selected from the group of substances consisting of apholate [CCN] + TX, bisazir (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, busulfan (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, diflubenzuron (250) + TX, dimatif (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, hemel [CCN] + TX, hempa [CCN] + TX, metepa [CCN] + TX, methiotepa [CCN] + TX, methyl apholate [CCN] + TX, morzid [CCN] + TX, penfluron (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, tepa [CCN] + TX, thiohempa (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, thiotepa (alternative name)

[CCN] + TX, tretamine (alternative name) [CCN] and uredepa (alternative name) [CCN] + TX,

an insect pheromone selected from the group of substances consisting of (E)-dec-5-en-l-yl acetate with (E)-dec-5-en-l-ol (IUPAC name) (222) + TX, (E)-tridec-4-en-l-yl acetate (IUPAC name) (829) + TX, (E)-6-methylhept-2-en-4-ol (IUPAC name) (541) + TX, (E,Z)-tetradeca-4, 10-dien- 1 -yl acetate (IUPAC name) (779) + TX, (Z)-dodec-7-en- 1 -yl acetate (IUPAC name) (285) + TX, (Z)-hexadec- 11 -enal (IUPAC name) (436) + TX, (Z)- hexadec- 11 -en- 1 -yl acetate (IUPAC name) (437) + TX, (Z)-hexadec- 13 -en- 11 -yn- 1 -yl acetate (IUPAC name) (438) + TX, (Z)-icos-13-en-10-one (IUPAC name) (448) + TX, (Z)-tetradec-7-en- 1 -al (IUPAC name) (782) + TX, (Z)-tetradec-9-en- 1 -ol (IUPAC name) (783) + TX, (Z)-tetradec-9-en-l-yl acetate (IUPAC name) (784) + TX, (7E,9Z)-dodeca- 7,9-dien-l-yl acetate (IUPAC name) (283) + TX, (9Z,1 lE)-tetradeca-9,l 1-dien-l-yl acetate (IUPAC name) (780) + TX, (9Z, 12E)-tetradeca-9,12-dien-l-yl acetate (IUPAC name) (781) + TX, 14-methyloctadec-l-ene (IUPAC name) (545) + TX, 4-methylnonan-5-ol with 4- methylnonan-5-one (IUPAC name) (544) + TX, alpha-multistriatin (alternative name)

[CCN] + TX, brevicomin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, codlelure (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, codlemone (alternative name) (167) + TX, cuelure (alternative name) (179) + TX, disparlure (277) + TX, dodec-8-en-l-yl acetate (IUPAC name) (286) + TX, dodec- 9-en- 1 -yl acetate (IUPAC name) (287) + TX, dodeca-8 + TX, 10-dien- 1 -yl acetate (IUPAC name) (284) + TX, dominicalure (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, ethyl 4-methyloctanoate (IUPAC name) (317) + TX, eugenol (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, frontalin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, gossyplure (alternative name) (420) + TX, grandlure (421) + TX, grandlure I (alternative name) (421) + TX, grandlure II (alternative name) (421) + TX, grandlure III (alternative name) (421) + TX, grandlure IV (alternative name) (421) + TX, hexalure [CCN] + TX, ipsdienol (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, ipsenol (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, japonilure (alternative name) (481) + TX, lineatin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, litlure (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, looplure (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, medlure [CCN] + TX, megatomoic acid (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, methyl eugenol (alternative name) (540) + TX, muscalure (563) + TX, octadeca-2,13-dien-l-yl acetate (IUPAC name) (588) + TX, octadeca-3,13-dien-l-yl acetate (IUPAC name) (589) + TX, orfralure (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, oryctalure (alternative name) (317) + TX, ostramone (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, siglure [CCN] + TX, sordidin (alternative name) (736) + TX, sulcatol (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, tetradec-11-en-l-yl acetate (IUPAC name) (785) + TX, trimedlure (839) + TX, trimedlure A (alternative name) (839) + TX, trimedlure Bi (alternative name) (839) + TX, trimedlure B2 (alternative name) (839) + TX, trimedlure C (alternative name) (839) and trunc-call (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, an insect repellent selected from the group of substances consisting of 2-(octylthio)ethanol (IUPAC name) (591) + TX, butopyronoxyl (933) + TX, butoxy(polypropylene glycol) (936) + TX, dibutyl adipate (IUPAC name) (1046) + TX, dibutyl phthalate (1047) + TX, dibutyl succinate (IUPAC name) (1048) + TX, diethyltoluamide [CCN] + TX, dimethyl carbate [CCN] + TX, dimethyl phthalate [CCN] + TX, ethyl hexanediol (1137) + TX, hexamide [CCN] + TX, methoquin-butyl (1276) + TX, methylneodecanamide [CCN] + TX, oxamate [CCN] and picaridin [CCN] + TX,

an insecticide selected from the group of substances consisting of 1-dichloro-l-nitroethane (IUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1058) + TX, l,l-dichloro-2,2-bis(4-ethylphenyl)ethane (IUPAC name) (1056), + TX, 1 ,2-dichloropropane (IUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1062) + TX, 1 ,2-dichloropropane with 1,3-dichloropropene (IUPAC name) (1063) + TX, l-bromo-2-chloroethane (IUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (916) + TX, 2,2,2-trichloro-l- (3,4-dichlorophenyl)ethyl acetate (IUPAC name) (1451) + TX, 2,2-dichlorovinyl 2- ethylsulphinylethyl methyl phosphate (IUPAC name) (1066) + TX, 2-(l,3-dithiolan-2- yl)phenyl dimethylcarbamate (IUPAC/ Chemical Abstracts name) (1109) + TX, 2-(2- butoxyethoxy)ethyl thiocyanate (IUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (935) + TX, 2-(4,5- dimethyl-l,3-dioxolan-2-yl)phenyl methylcarbamate (IUPAC/ Chemical Abstracts name) (1084) + TX, 2-(4-chloro-3,5-xylyloxy)ethanol (IUPAC name) (986) + TX, 2-chlorovinyl diethyl phosphate (IUPAC name) (984) + TX, 2-imidazolidone (IUPAC name) (1225) + TX, 2-isovalerylindan-l,3-dione (IUPAC name) (1246) + TX, 2-methyl(prop-2- ynyl)aminophenyl methylcarbamate (IUPAC name) (1284) + TX, 2-thiocyanatoethyl laurate (IUPAC name) (1433) + TX, 3-bromo-l-chloroprop-l-ene (IUPAC name) (917) + TX, 3-methyl-l-phenylpyrazol-5-yl dimethylcarbamate (IUPAC name) (1283) + TX, 4- methyl(prop-2-ynyl)amino-3,5-xylyl methylcarbamate (IUPAC name) (1285) + TX, 5,5- dimethyl-3-oxocyclohex-l-enyl dimethylcarbamate (IUPAC name) (1085) + TX, abamectin (1) + TX, acephate (2) + TX, acetamiprid (4) + TX, acethion (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, acetoprole [CCN] + TX, acrinathrin (9) + TX, acrylonitrile (IUPAC name) (861) + TX, alanycarb (15) + TX, aldicarb (16) + TX, aldoxycarb (863) + TX, aldrin (864) + TX, allethrin (17) + TX, allosamidin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, allyxycarb (866) + TX, alpha-cypermethrin (202) + TX, alpha-ecdysone (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, aluminium phosphide (640) + TX, amidithion (870) + TX, amidothioate (872) + TX, aminocarb (873) + TX, amiton (875) + TX, amiton hydrogen oxalate (875) + TX, amitraz (24) + TX, anabasine (877) + TX, athidathion (883) + TX, AVI 382 (compound code) + TX, AZ 60541 (compound code) + TX, azadirachtin (alternative name) (41) + TX, azamethiphos (42) + TX, azinphos-ethyl (44) + TX, azinphos-methyl (45) + TX, azothoate (889) + TX, Bacillus thuringiensis delta endotoxins (alternative name) (52) + TX, barium hexafluorosilicate (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, barium polysulfide

(IUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (892) + TX, barthrin [CCN] + TX, Bayer 22/190 (development code) (893) + TX, Bayer 22408 (development code) (894) + TX, bendiocarb (58) + TX, benfuracarb (60) + TX, bensultap (66) + TX, beta-cyfluthrin (194) + TX, beta-cypermethrin (203) + TX, bifenthrin (76) + TX, bioallethrin (78) + TX, bioallethrin S-cyclopentenyl isomer (alternative name) (79) + TX, bioethanomethrin [CCN] + TX, biopermethrin (908) + TX, bioresmethrin (80) + TX, bis(2-chloroethyl) ether (IUPAC name) (909) + TX, bistrifluron (83) + TX, borax (86) + TX, brofenvalerate (alternative name) + TX, bromfenvinfos (914) + TX, bromocyclen (918) + TX, bromo-DDT

(alternative name) [CCN] + TX, bromophos (920) + TX, bromophos-ethyl (921) + TX, bufencarb (924) + TX, buprofezin (99) + TX, butacarb (926) + TX, butathiofos (927) + TX, butocarboxim (103) + TX, butonate (932) + TX, butoxycarboxim (104) + TX, butylpyridaben (alternative name) + TX, cadusafos (109) + TX, calcium arsenate [CCN] + TX, calcium cyanide (444) + TX, calcium polysulfide (IUPAC name) (111) + TX, camphechlor (941) + TX, carbanolate (943) + TX, carbaryl (115) + TX, carbofuran (118) + TX, carbon disulfide (IUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (945) + TX, carbon

tetrachloride (IUPAC name) (946) + TX, carbophenothion (947) + TX, carbosulfan (119) + TX, cartap (123) + TX, cartap hydrochloride (123) + TX, cevadine (alternative name) (725) + TX, chlorbicyclen (960) + TX, chlordane (128) + TX, chlordecone (963) + TX, chlordimeform (964) + TX, chlordimeform hydrochloride (964) + TX, chlorethoxyfos

(129) + TX, chlorfenapyr (130) + TX, chlorfenvinphos (131) + TX, chlorfluazuron (132) + TX, chlormephos (136) + TX, chloroform [CCN] + TX, chloropicrin (141) + TX, chlorphoxim (989) + TX, chlorprazophos (990) + TX, chlorpyrifos (145) + TX, chlorpyrifos-methyl (146) + TX, chlorthiophos (994) + TX, chromafenozide (150) + TX, cinerin I (696) + TX, cinerin II (696) + TX, cinerins (696) + TX, cis-resmethrin

(alternative name) + TX, cismethrin (80) + TX, clocythrin (alternative name) + TX, cloethocarb (999) + TX, closantel (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, clothianidin (165) + TX, copper acetoarsenite [CCN] + TX, copper arsenate [CCN] + TX, copper oleate

[CCN] + TX, coumaphos (174) + TX, coumithoate (1006) + TX, crotamiton (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, crotoxyphos (1010) + TX, crufomate (1011) + TX, cryolite

(alternative name) (177) + TX, CS 708 (development code) (1012) + TX, cyanofenphos (1019) + TX, cyanophos (184) + TX, cyanthoate (1020) + TX, cyclethrin [CCN] + TX, cycloprothrin (188) + TX, cyfluthrin (193) + TX, cyhalothrin (196) + TX, cypermethrin (201) + TX, cyphenothrin (206) + TX, cyromazine (209) + TX, cythioate (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, <i-limonene (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, -tetramethrin

(alternative name) (788) + TX, DAEP (1031) + TX, dazomet (216) + TX, DDT (219) + TX, decarbofuran (1034) + TX, deltamethrin (223) + TX, demephion (1037) + TX, demephion-0 (1037) + TX, demephion-S (1037) + TX, demeton (1038) + TX, demeton- methyl (224) + TX, demeton-0 (1038) + TX, demeton-O-methyl (224) + TX, demeton-S (1038) + TX, demeton-S-methyl (224) + TX, demeton- S-methylsulphon (1039) + TX, diafenthiuron (226) + TX, dialifos (1042) + TX, diamidafos (1044) + TX, diazinon (227) + TX, dicapthon (1050) + TX, dichlofenthion (1051) + TX, dichlorvos (236) + TX, dicliphos (alternative name) + TX, dicresyl (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, dicrotophos (243) + TX, dicyclanil (244) + TX, dieldrin (1070) + TX, diethyl 5 -methylpyrazo 1-3 -yl phosphate (IUPAC name) (1076) + TX, diflubenzuron (250) + TX, dilor (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, dimefluthrin [CCN] + TX, dimefox (1081) + TX, dimetan (1085) + TX, dimethoate (262) + TX, dimethrin (1083) + TX, dimethylvinphos (265) + TX, dimetilan (1086) + TX, dinex (1089) + TX, dinex-diclexine (1089) + TX, dinoprop (1093) + TX, dinosam (1094) + TX, dinoseb (1095) + TX, dinotefuran (271) + TX, dio feno lan ( 1099) + TX, dioxabenzofos ( 1100) + TX, dioxacarb ( 1101 ) + TX, dioxathion (1102) + TX, disulfoton (278) + TX, dithicrofos (1108) + TX, DNOC (282) + TX, doramectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, DSP (1115) + TX, ecdysterone (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, EI 1642 (development code) (1118) + TX, emamectin (291) + TX, emamectin benzoate (291) + TX, EMPC (1120) + TX, empenthrin (292) + TX, endosulfan (294) + TX, endothion (1121) + TX, endrin (1122) + TX, EPBP (1123) + TX, EPN (297) + TX, epofenonane (1124) + TX, eprinomectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, esfenvalerate (302) + TX, etaphos (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, ethiofencarb (308) + TX, ethion (309) + TX, ethiprole (310) + TX, ethoate-methyl (1134) + TX, ethoprophos (312) + TX, ethyl formate (IUPAC name) [CCN] + TX, ethyl-DDD

(alternative name) (1056) + TX, ethylene dibromide (316) + TX, ethylene dichloride (chemical name) (1136) + TX, ethylene oxide [CCN] + TX, etofenprox (319) + TX, etrimfos (1142) + TX, EXD (1143) + TX, famphur (323) + TX, fenamiphos (326) + TX, fenazaflor (1147) + TX, fenchlorphos (1148) + TX, fenethacarb (1149) + TX, fenfhithrin (1150) + TX, fenitrothion (335) + TX, fenobucarb (336) + TX, fenoxacrim (1153) + TX, fenoxycarb (340) + TX, fenpirithrin (1155) + TX, fenpropathrin (342) + TX, fenpyrad (alternative name) + TX, fensulfothion (1158) + TX, fenthion (346) + TX, fenthion-ethyl [CCN] + TX, fenvalerate (349) + TX, fipronil (354) + TX, flonicamid (358) + TX, flubendiamide (CAS. Reg. No.: 272451-65-7) + TX, flucofuron (1168) + TX, flucycloxuron (366) + TX, flucythrinate (367) + TX, fluenetil (1169) + TX, flufenerim [CCN] + TX, flufenoxuron (370) + TX, flufenprox (1171) + TX, flumethrin (372) + TX, fluvalinate (1184) + TX, FMC 1137 (development code) (1185) + TX, fonofos (1191) + TX, formetanate (405) + TX, formetanate hydrochloride (405) + TX, formothion (1192) + TX, formparanate (1193) + TX, fosmethilan (1194) + TX, fospirate (1195) + TX, fosthiazate (408) + TX, fosthietan (1196) + TX, furathiocarb (412) + TX, furethrin (1200) + TX, gamma-cyhalothrin (197) + TX, gamma-HCH (430) + TX, guazatine (422) + TX, guazatine acetates (422) + TX, GY-81 (development code) (423) + TX, halfenprox (424) + TX, halofenozide (425) + TX, HCH (430) + TX, HEOD (1070) + TX, heptachlor (1211) + TX, heptenophos (432) + TX, heterophos [CCN] + TX,

hexaflumuron (439) + TX, HHDN (864) + TX, hydramethylnon (443) + TX, hydrogen cyanide (444) + TX, hydroprene (445) + TX, hyquincarb (1223) + TX, imidacloprid (458) + TX, imiprothrin (460) + TX, indoxacarb (465) + TX, iodomethane (IUPAC name) (542) + TX, IPSP (1229) + TX, isazofos (1231) + TX, isobenzan (1232) + TX, isocarbophos (alternative name) (473) + TX, isodrin (1235) + TX, isofenphos (1236) + TX, isolane (1237) + TX, isoprocarb (472) + TX, isopropyl 0-(methoxy- aminothiophosphoryl)salicylate (IUPAC name) (473) + TX, isoprothiolane (474) + TX, isothioate (1244) + TX, isoxathion (480) + TX, ivermectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, jasmolin I (696) + TX, jasmolin II (696) + TX, jodfenphos (1248) + TX, juvenile hormone I (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, juvenile hormone II (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, juvenile hormone III (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, kelevan (1249) + TX, kinoprene (484) + TX, lambda-cyhalothrin (198) + TX, lead arsenate [CCN] + TX, lepimectin (CCN) + TX, leptophos (1250) + TX, lindane (430) + TX, lirimfos (1251) + TX, lufenuron (490) + TX, lythidathion (1253) + TX, m-cumenyl methylcarbamate (IUPAC name) ( 1014) + TX, magnesium phosphide (IUPAC name) (640) + TX, malathion (492) + TX, malonoben (1254) + TX, mazidox (1255) + TX, mecarbam (502) + TX, mecarphon (1258) + TX, menazon (1260) + TX, mephosfo lan (1261) + TX, mercurous chloride (513) + TX, mesulfenfos (1263) + TX, metaflumizone (CCN) + TX, metam (519) + TX, metam-potassium (alternative name) (519) + TX, metam-sodium (519) + TX, methacrifos (1266) + TX, methamidophos (527) + TX, methanesulphonyl fluoride (IUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1268) + TX, methidathion (529) + TX, methiocarb (530) + TX, methocrotophos (1273) + TX, methomyl (531) + TX,

methoprene (532) + TX, methoquin-butyl (1276) + TX, methothrin (alternative name) (533) + TX, methoxychlor (534) + TX, methoxyfenozide (535) + TX, methyl bromide (537) + TX, methyl isothiocyanate (543) + TX, methylchloroform (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, methylene chloride [CCN] + TX, metofiuthrin [CCN] + TX, metolcarb (550) + TX, metoxadiazone (1288) + TX, mevinphos (556) + TX, mexacarbate (1290) + TX, milbemectin (557) + TX, milbemycin oxime (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, mipafox (1293) + TX, mirex (1294) + TX, monocrotophos (561) + TX, morphothion (1300) + TX, moxidectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, naftalofos (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, naled (567) + TX, naphthalene (IUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1303) + TX, NC-170 (development code) (1306) + TX, NC- 184 (compound code) + TX, nicotine (578) + TX, nicotine sulfate (578) + TX, nifluridide (1309) + TX, nitenpyram (579) + TX, nithiazine (1311) + TX, nitrilacarb (1313) + TX, nitrilacarb 1 : 1 zinc chloride complex (1313) + TX, NNI-0101 (compound code) + TX, NNI-0250 (compound code) + TX, nornicotine (traditional name) (1319) + TX, novaluron (585) + TX, noviflumuron (586) + TX, O-5-dichloro-4-iodophenyl O-ethyl ethylphosphonothioate (IUPAC name) (1057) + TX, θ-diethyl 0-4-methyl-2-oxo-2H-chromen-7-yl phosphorothioate (IUPAC name) (1074) + TX, Ο,Ο-diethyl 0-6-methyl-2-propylpyrimidin-4-yl phosphorothioate (IUPAC name) (1075) + TX, O,O',O'-tetrapropyl dithiopyrophosphate (IUPAC name) (1424) + TX, oleic acid (IUPAC name) (593) + TX, omethoate (594) + TX, oxamyl (602) + TX, oxydemeton-methyl (609) + TX, oxydeprofos (1324) + TX, oxydisulfoton (1325) + TX, pp*-DDT (219) + TX, para-dichlorobenzene [CCN] + TX, parathion (615) + TX, parathion-methyl (616) + TX, penfluron (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, pentachlorophenol (623) + TX, pentachlorophenyl laurate (IUPAC name) (623) + TX, permethrin (626) + TX, petroleum oils (alternative name) (628) + TX, PH 60-38

(development code) (1328) + TX, phenkapton (1330) + TX, phenothrin (630) + TX, phenthoate (631) + TX, phorate (636) + TX, phosalone (637) + TX, phosfolan (1338) + TX, phosmet (638) + TX, phosnichlor (1339) + TX, phosphamidon (639) + TX, phosphine (IUPAC name) (640) + TX, phoxim (642) + TX, phoxim-methyl (1340) + TX, pirimetaphos (1344) + TX, pirimicarb (651) + TX, pirimiphos-ethyl (1345) + TX, pirimiphos-methyl (652) + TX, polychlorodicyclopentadiene isomers (IUPAC name) (1346) + TX, polychloroterpenes (traditional name) (1347) + TX, potassium arsenite [CCN] + TX, potassium thiocyanate [CCN] + TX, prallethrin (655) + TX, precocene I (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, precocene II (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, precocene III (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, primidophos (1349) + TX, profenofos (662) + TX, profluthrin [CCN] + TX, promacyl (1354) + TX, promecarb (1355) + TX, propaphos (1356) + TX, propetamphos (673) + TX, propoxur (678) + TX, prothidathion (1360) + TX, prothiofos (686) + TX, prothoate (1362) + TX, protrifenbute [CCN] + TX, pymetrozine (688) + TX, pyraclofos (689) + TX, pyrazophos (693) + TX, pyresmethrin (1367) + TX, pyrethrin I (696) + TX, pyrethrin II (696) + TX, pyrethrins (696) + TX, pyridaben (699) + TX, pyridalyl (700) + TX, pyridaphenthion (701) + TX, pyrimidifen (706) + TX, pyrimitate (1370) + TX, pyriproxyfen (708) + TX, quassia (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, quinalphos (711) + TX, quinalphos-methyl (1376) + TX, quinothion (1380) + TX, quintiofos (1381) + TX, R-1492 (development code) (1382) + TX, rafoxanide (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, resmethrin (719) + TX, rotenone (722) + TX, RU 15525 (development code) (723) + TX, RU 25475 (development code) (1386) + TX, ryania (alternative name) (1387) + TX, ryanodine (traditional name) (1387) + TX, sabadilla (alternative name) (725) + TX, schradan (1389) + TX, sebufos (alternative name) + TX, selamectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, SI-0009 (compound code) + TX, SI- 0205 (compound code) + TX, SI-0404 (compound code) + TX, SI-0405 (compound code) + TX, silafluofen (728) + TX, SN 72129 (development code) (1397) + TX, sodium arsenite [CCN] + TX, sodium cyanide (444) + TX, sodium fluoride (IUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1399) + TX, sodium hexafluorosilicate (1400) + TX, sodium

pentachlorophenoxide (623) + TX, sodium selenate (IUPAC name) (1401) + TX, sodium thiocyanate [CCN] + TX, sophamide (1402) + TX, spinosad (737) + TX, spiromesifen (739) + TX, spirotetrmat (CCN) + TX, sulcofuron (746) + TX, sulcofuron-sodium (746) + TX, sulfluramid (750) + TX, sulfotep (753) + TX, sulphuryl fluoride (756) + TX, sulprofos (1408) + TX, tar oils (alternative name) (758) + TX, tau-fluvalinate (398) + TX, tazimcarb (1412) + TX, TDE (1414) + TX, tebufenozide (762) + TX, tebufenpyrad (763) + TX, tebupirimfos (764) + TX, teflubenzuron (768) + TX, tefluthrin (769) + TX, temephos (770) + TX, TEPP ( 1417) + TX, terallethrin ( 1418) + TX, terbam (alternative name) + TX, terbufos (773) + TX, tetrachloroethane [CCN] + TX, tetrachlorvinphos

(777) + TX, tetramethrin (787) + TX, theta-cypermethrin (204) + TX, thiacloprid (791) + TX, thiafenox (alternative name) + TX, thiamethoxam (792) + TX, thicrofos (1428) + TX, thiocarboxime (1431) + TX, thiocyclam (798) + TX, thiocy clam hydrogen oxalate (798) + TX, thiodicarb (799) + TX, thiofanox (800) + TX, thiometon (801) + TX, thionazin (1434) + TX, thiosultap (803) + TX, thiosultap-sodium (803) + TX,

thuringiensin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, tolfenpyrad (809) + TX, tralomethrin (812) + TX, transfluthrin (813) + TX, transpermethrin ( 1440) + TX, triamiphos ( 1441 ) + TX, triazamate (818) + TX, triazophos (820) + TX, triazuron (alternative name) + TX, trichlorfon (824) + TX, trichlormetaphos-3 (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, trichloronat (1452) + TX, trifenofos (1455) + TX, triflumuron (835) + TX, trimethacarb (840) + TX, triprene (1459) + TX, vamidothion (847) + TX, vaniliprole [CCN] + TX, veratridine (alternative name) (725) + TX, veratrine (alternative name) (725) + TX, XMC (853) + TX, xylylcarb (854) + TX, YI-5302 (compound code) + TX, zeta-cypermethrin (205) + TX, zetamethrin (alternative name) + TX, zinc phosphide (640) + TX, zolaprofos (1469) and ZXI 8901 (development code) (858) + TX, cyantraniliprole [736994-63-19] + TX, chlorantraniliprole [500008-45-7] + TX, cyenopyrafen [560121-52-0] + TX, cyfiumetofen [400882-07-7] + TX, pyrifiuquinazon [337458-27-2] + TX, spinetoram [187166-40-1 + 187166-15-0] + TX, spirotetramat [203313-25-1] + TX, sulfoxaflor [946578-00-3] + TX, flufrprole [704886-18-0] + TX, meperfluthrin [915288-13-0] + TX, tetramethylfiuthrin

[84937-88-2] + TX,

a molluscicide selected from the group of substances consisting of bis(tributyltin) oxide (IUPAC name) (913) + TX, bromoacetamide [CCN] + TX, calcium arsenate [CCN] + TX, cloethocarb (999) + TX, copper acetoarsenite [CCN] + TX, copper sulfate (172) + TX, fentin (347) + TX, ferric phosphate (IUPAC name) (352) + TX, metaldehyde (518) + TX, methiocarb (530) + TX, niclosamide (576) + TX, niclosamide-olamine (576) + TX, pentachlorophenol (623) + TX, sodium pentachlorophenoxide (623) + TX, tazimcarb (1412) + TX, thiodicarb (799) + TX, tributyltin oxide (913) + TX, trifenmorph (1454) + TX, trimethacarb (840) + TX, triphenyltin acetate (IUPAC name) (347) and triphenyltin hydroxide (IUPAC name) (347) + TX, pyriprole [394730-71-3] + TX,

a nematicide selected from the group of substances consisting of AKD-3088 (compound code) + TX, l,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane (IUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1045) + TX, 1 ,2-dichloropropane (IUPAC/ Chemical Abstracts name) (1062) + TX, 1,2- dichloropropane with 1,3-dichloropropene (IUPAC name) (1063) + TX, 1,3-dichloropropene (233) + TX, 3,4-dichlorotetrahydrothiophene 1,1-dioxide (IUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name) (1065) + TX, 3-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-methylrhodanine (IUPAC name) (980) + TX, 5-methyl- 6-thioxo-l,3,5-thiadiazinan-3-ylacetic acid (IUPAC name) (1286) + TX, 6- isopentenylaminopurine (alternative name) (210) + TX, abamectin (1) + TX, acetoprole [CCN] + TX, alanycarb (15) + TX, aldicarb (16) + TX, aldoxycarb (863) + TX, AZ 60541 (compound code) + TX, benclothiaz [CCN] + TX, benomyl (62) + TX,

butylpyridaben (alternative name) + TX, cadusafos (109) + TX, carbofuran (118) + TX, carbon disulfide (945) + TX, carbosulfan ( 119) + TX, chloropicrin ( 141 ) + TX, chlorpyrifos (145) + TX, cloethocarb (999) + TX, cytokinins (alternative name) (210) + TX, dazomet (216) + TX, DBCP (1045) + TX, DCIP (218) + TX, diamidafos (1044) + TX, dichlofenthion (1051) + TX, dicliphos (alternative name) + TX, dimethoate (262) + TX, doramectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, emamectin (291) + TX, emamectin benzoate (291) + TX, eprinomectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, ethoprophos (312) + TX, ethylene dibromide (316) + TX, fenamiphos (326) + TX, fenpyrad (alternative name) + TX, fensulfothion (1158) + TX, fosthiazate (408) + TX, fosthietan (1196) + TX, furfural (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, GY-81 (development code) (423) + TX, heterophos [CCN] + TX, iodomethane (IUPAC name) (542) + TX, isamidofos (1230) + TX, isazofos (1231) + TX, ivermectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, kinetin

(alternative name) (210) + TX, mecarphon (1258) + TX, metam (519) + TX, metam- potassium (alternative name) (519) + TX, metam-sodium (519) + TX, methyl bromide (537) + TX, methyl isothiocyanate (543) + TX, milbemycin oxime (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, moxidectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, Myrothecium verrucaria composition (alternative name) (565) + TX, NC-184 (compound code) + TX, oxamyl (602) + TX, phorate (636) + TX, phosphamidon (639) + TX, phosphocarb [CCN] + TX, sebufos (alternative name) + TX, selamectin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX, spinosad (737) + TX, terbam (alternative name) + TX, terbufos (773) + TX, tetrachlorothiophene (IUPAC/ Chemical Abstracts name) (1422) + TX, thiafenox (alternative name) + TX, thionazin (1434) + TX, triazophos (820) + TX, triazuron (alternative name) + TX, xylenols [CCN] + TX, YI-5302 (compound code) and zeatin (alternative name) (210) + TX, fluensulfone [318290-98- 1 ] + TX,

a nitrification inhibitor selected from the group of substances consisting of potassium ethylxanthate [CCN] and nitrapyrin (580) + TX,

a plant activator selected from the group of substances consisting of acibenzolar (6) + TX, acibenzolar-S-methyl (6) + TX, probenazole (658) and Reynoutria sachalinensis extract (alternative name) (720) + TX,

a rodenticide selected from the group of substances consisting of 2-isovalerylindan-l,3-dione (IUPAC name) (1246) + TX, 4-(quinoxalin-2-ylamino)benzenesulfonamide (IUPAC name) (748) + TX, alpha-chlorohydrin [CCN] + TX, aluminium phosphide (640) + TX, antu (880) + TX, arsenous oxide (882) + TX, barium carbonate (891) + TX, bisthiosemi (912) + TX, brodifacoum (89) + TX, bromadiolone (91) + TX, bromethalin (92) + TX, calcium cyanide (444) + TX, chloralose (127) + TX, chlorophacinone (140) + TX, cholecalciferol (alternative name) (850) + TX, coumachlor (1004) + TX, coumafuryl (1005) + TX, coumatetralyl (175) + TX, crimidine (1009) + TX, difenacoum (246) + TX, difethialone (249) + TX, diphacinone (273) + TX, ergocalciferol (301) + TX, flocoumafen (357) + TX, fluoroacetamide (379) + TX, flupropadine (1183) + TX, flupropadine hydrochloride (1183) + TX, gamma-HCH (430) + TX, HCH (430) + TX, hydrogen cyanide (444) + TX, iodomethane (IUPAC name) (542) + TX, lindane (430) + TX, magnesium phosphide (IUPAC name) (640) + TX, methyl bromide (537) + TX, norbormide (1318) + TX, phosacetim (1336) + TX, phosphine (IUPAC name) (640) + TX, phosphorus [CCN] + TX, pindone (1341) + TX, potassium arsenite [CCN] + TX, pyrinuron (1371) + TX, sciUiroside (1390) + TX, sodium arsenite [CCN] + TX, sodium cyanide (444) + TX, sodium fluoroacetate (735) + TX, strychnine (745) + TX, thallium sulfate [CCN] + TX, warfarin (851) and zinc phosphide (640) + TX,

a synergist selected from the group of substances consisting of 2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethyl piperonylate (IUPAC name) (934) + TX, 5-(l,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-3-hexylcyclohex-2-enone (IUPAC name) (903) + TX, farnesol with nerolidol (alternative name) (324) + TX, MB- 599 (development code) (498) + TX, MGK 264 (development code) (296) + TX, piperonyl butoxide (649) + TX, piprotal (1343) + TX, propyl isomer (1358) + TX, S421 (development code) (724) + TX, sesamex (1393) + TX, sesasmolin (1394) and sulfoxide (1406) + TX,

an animal repellent selected from the group of substances consisting of anthraquinone (32) + TX, chloralose (127) + TX, copper naphthenate [CCN] + TX, copper oxy chloride (171) + TX, diazinon (227) + TX, dicyclopentadiene (chemical name) (1069) + TX, guazatine (422) + TX, guazatine acetates (422) + TX, methiocarb (530) + TX, pyridin-4-amine (IUPAC name) (23) + TX, thiram (804) + TX, trimethacarb (840) + TX, zinc

naphthenate [CCN] and ziram (856) + TX,

a virucide selected from the group of substances consisting of imanin (alternative name) [CCN] and ribavirin (alternative name) [CCN] + TX,

a wound protectant selected from the group of substances consisting of mercuric oxide (512) + TX, octhilinone (590) and thiophanate-methyl (802) + TX,

and biologically active compounds selected from the group consisting of azaconazole (60207-31-0] + TX, bitertanol [70585-36-3] + TX, bromuconazole [116255-48-2] + TX, cyproconazole [94361-06-5] + TX, difenoconazole [119446-68-3] + TX, diniconazole [83657-24-3] + TX, epoxiconazole [106325-08-0] + TX, fenbuconazole [114369-43-6] + TX, fluquinconazole [136426-54-5] + TX, flusilazole [85509-19-9] + TX, flutriafol

[76674-21-0] + TX, hexaconazole [79983-71-4] + TX, imazalil [35554-44-0] + TX, imibenconazole [86598-92-7] + TX, ipconazole [125225-28-7] + TX, metconazole

[125116-23-6] + TX, myclobutanil [88671-89-0] + TX, pefurazoate [101903-30-4] + TX, penconazole [66246-88-6] + TX, prothioconazole [178928-70-6] + TX, pyrifenox [88283- 41-4] + TX, prochloraz [67747-09-5] + TX, propiconazole [60207-90-1] + TX, simeconazole [149508-90-7] + TX, tebuconazole [107534-96-3] + TX, tetraconazole

[112281-77-3] + TX, triadimefon [43121-43-3] + TX, triadimenol [55219-65-3] + TX, triflumizole [99387-89-0] + TX, triticonazole [131983-72-7] + TX, ancymidol [12771-68- 5] + TX, fenarimol [60168-88-9] + TX, nuarimol [63284-71-9] + TX, bupirimate

[41483-43-6] + TX, dimethirimol [5221-53-4] + TX, ethirimol [23947-60-6] + TX, dodemorph [1593-77-7] + TX, fenpropidine [67306-00-7] + TX, fenpropimorph [67564- 91-4] + TX, spiroxamine [118134-30-8] + TX, tridemorph [81412-43-3] + TX, cyprodinil [121552-61-2] + TX, mepanipyrim [110235-47-7] + TX, pyrimethanil [53112- 28-0] + TX, fenpiclonil [74738-17-3] + TX, fludioxonil [131341-86-1] + TX, benalaxyl [71626-11-4] + TX, furalaxyl [57646-30-7] + TX, metalaxyl [57837-19-1] + TX,

R-metalaxyl [70630-17-0] + TX, ofurace [58810-48-3] + TX, oxadixyl [77732-09-3] + TX, benomyl [17804-35-2] + TX, carbendazim [10605-21-7] + TX, debacarb [62732-91- 6] + TX, fuberidazole [3878-19-1] + TX, thiabendazole [148-79-8] + TX, chlozolinate [84332-86-5] + TX, dichlozoline [24201-58-9] + TX, iprodione [36734-19-7] + TX, myclozoline [54864-61-8] + TX, procymidone [32809-16-8] + TX, vinclozoline [50471- 44-8] + TX, boscalid [188425-85-6] + TX, carboxin [5234-68-4] + TX, fenfuram

[24691-80-3] + TX, flutolanil [66332-96-5] + TX, mepronil [55814-41-0] + TX, oxycarboxin [5259-88-1] + TX, penthiopyrad [183675-82-3] + TX, thifluzamide [130000- 40-7] + TX, guazatine [108173-90-6] + TX, dodine [2439-10-3] [112-65-2] (free base) + TX, iminoctadine [13516-27-3] + TX, azoxystrobin [131860-33-8] + TX, dimoxystrobin [149961-52-4] + TX, enestroburin {Proc. BCPC, Int. Congr., Glasgow, 2003, 1, 93} + TX, fiuoxastrobin [361377-29-9] + TX, kresoxim-methyl [143390-89-0] + TX, metomi- nostrobin [133408-50-1] + TX, trifloxystrobin [141517-21-7] + TX, orysastrobin [248593- 16-0] + TX, picoxystrobin [117428-22-5] + TX, pyraclostrobin [175013-18-0] + TX, ferbam [14484-64-1] + TX, mancozeb [8018-01-7] + TX, maneb [12427-38-2] + TX, metiram [9006-42-2] + TX, propineb [12071-83-9] + TX, thiram [137-26-8] + TX, zineb [12122-67-7] + TX, ziram [137-30-4] + TX, captafol [2425-06-1] + TX, captan [133-06- 2] + TX, dichlofhianid [1085-98-9] + TX, fluoroimide [41205-21-4] + TX, folpet [133- 07-3 ] + TX, tolylfluanid [731 -27- 1 ] + TX, bordeaux mixture [8011 -63-0] + TX, copperhydroxid [20427-59-2] + TX, copperoxychlorid [1332-40-7] + TX, coppersulfat [7758-98-7] + TX, copperoxid [1317-39-1] + TX, mancopper [53988-93-5] + TX, oxine- copper [10380-28-6] + TX, dinocap [131-72-6] + TX, nitrothal-isopropyl [10552-74-6] + TX, edifenphos [17109-49-8] + TX, iprobenphos [26087-47-8] + TX, isoprothiolane [50512-35-1] + TX, phosdiphen [36519-00-3] + TX, pyrazophos [13457-18-6] + TX, tolclofos-methyl [57018-04-9] + TX, acibenzolar-S-methyl [135158-54-2] + TX, anilazine [101-05-3] + TX, benthiavalicarb [413615-35-7] + TX, blasticidin-S [2079-00-7] + TX, chinomethionat [2439-01-2] + TX, chloroneb [2675-77-6] + TX, chlorothalonil [1897-45- 6J + TX, cyflufenamid [180409-60-3] + TX, cymoxanil [57966-95-7] + TX, dichlone [117-80-6] + TX, diclocymet [139920-32-4] + TX, diclomezine [62865-36-5] + TX, dicloran [99-30-9] + TX, diethofencarb [87130-20-9] + TX, dimethomorph [110488-70- 5] + TX, SYP-LI90 (Flumorph) [211867-47-9] + TX, dithianon [3347-22-6] + TX, ethaboxam /762650- 77- 3] + ΎΧ, etridiazole [2593-15-9] + TX, famoxadone [131807-57- 3] + TX, fenamidone [161326-34-7] + TX, fenoxanil [115852-48-7] + TX, fentin [668- 34-8] + TX, ferimzone [89269-64-7] + ΎΧ, fluazinam [79622-59-6] + TX, fluopicolide [239110-15-7] + TX, flusulfamide [106917-52-6] + TX, fenhexamid [126833-17-8] + TX, fosetyl-aluminium [39148-24-8] + TX, hymexazol [10004-44-1] + TX, iprovalicarb

[140923-17-7] + TX, IKF-916 (Cyazofamid) [120116-88-3] + TX, kasugamycin [6980- 18-3] + TX, methasulfocarb [66952-49-6] + TX, metrafenone [220899-03-6] + TX, pencycuron [66063-05-6] + TX, phthalide [27355-22-2] + TX, polyoxins [11113-80-7] + TX, probenazole [27605-76-1] + TX, propamocarb [25606-41-1] + TX, proquinazid [189278-12-4] + TX, pyroquilon [57369-32-1] + TX, quinoxyfen [124495-18-7] + TX, quintozene [82-68-8] + TX, sulphur [7704-34-9] + TX, tiadinil [223580-51-6] + TX, triazoxide [72459-58-6] + TX, tricyclazole [41814-78-2] + TX, triforine [26644-46-2] + TX, validamycin [37248-47-8] + TX, zoxamide (RH7281) [156052-68-5] + TX, mandipropamid [374726-62-2] + TX, isopyrazam [881685-58-1] + TX, sedaxane [874967- 67-6] + TX, 3-difluoromethyl-l -methyl- lH-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid (9- dichloromethylene-l,2,3,4-tetrahydro-l,4-methano-naphthalen-5-yl)-amide (dislosed in WO 2007/048556) + TX, 3-difluoromethyl-l -methyl- lH-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid [2-(2,4- dichlorophenyl)-2-methoxy-l-methyl-ethyl]-amide (disclosed in WO 2008/148570) + TX, 1- [4-[4-[(5S)5-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-4,5-dihydro-l,2-oxazol-3-yl]-l,3-thiazol-2-yl]piperidin-l- yl]-2-[5-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]ethanone + TX, l-[4-[4-[5-(2,6- difluorophenyl)-4,5-dihydro- 1 ,2-oxazol-3-yl]- 1 ,3-thiazol-2-yl]piperidin- 1 -yl]-2-[5-methyl-3- (trifluoromethyl)-lH-pyrazol-l-yl]ethanone [1003318-67-9], both disclosed in WO

2010/123791, WO 2008/013925, WO 2008/013622 and WO 2011/051243 page 20) +TX, 3-difluoromethyl-l -methyl- lH-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid (3',4',5'-trifluoro-biphenyl-2-yl)- amide (disclosed in WO 2006/087343) + TX, and l-methyl-2-(2,4,5-trichloro-thiophen-3- yl)-ethyl] + TX.

The references in brackets behind the active ingredients, e.g. [3878-19-1] refer to the Chemical Abstracts Registry number. The above described mixing partners are known.

Where the active ingredients are included in "The Pesticide Manual" [The Pesticide Manual - A World Compendium; Thirteenth Edition; Editor: C. D. S. TomLin; The British Crop Protection Council], they are described therein under the entry number given in round brackets hereinabove for the particular compound; for example, the compound "abamectin" is described under entry number (1). Where "[CCN]" is added hereinabove to the particular compound, the compound in question is included in the "Compendium of Pesticide Common Names", which is accessible on the internet [A. Wood; Compendium of Pesticide Common Names, Copyright © 1995-2004]; for example, the compound "acetoprole" is described under the internet address http://www.alanwood.net/pesticides/acetoprole.html.

Most of the active ingredients described above are referred to hereinabove by a so-called "common name", the relevant "ISO common name" or another "common name" being used in individual cases. If the designation is not a "common name", the nature of the designation used instead is given in round brackets for the particular compound; in that case, the IUPAC name, the IUPAC/Chemical Abstracts name, a "chemical name", a "traditional name", a "compound name" or a "development code" is used or, if neither one of those designations nor a "common name" is used, an "alternative name" is employed. "CAS Reg. No" means the Chemical Abstracts Registry Number. The active ingredient mixture of the compounds of formula I selected from table P with active ingredients described above comprises a compound selected from table P and an active ingredient as described above preferably in a mixing ratio of from 100: 1 to 1 :6000, especially from 50: 1 to 1 :50, more especially in a ratio of from 20: 1 to 1 :20, even more especially from 10: 1 to 1 : 10, very especially from 5: l and 1 :5, special preference being given to a ratio of from 2: 1 to 1 :2, and a ratio of from 4: 1 to 2: 1 being likewise preferred, above all in a ratio of 1 : 1, or 5: 1, or 5:2, or 5:3, or 5:4, or 4: 1, or 4:2, or 4:3, or 3: 1, or 3:2, or 2: 1, or 1 :5, or 2:5, or 3:5, or 4:5, or 1 :4, or 2:4, or 3:4, or 1 :3, or 2:3, or 1 :2, or 1 :600, or 1 :300, or 1 : 150, or 1 :35, or 2:35, or 4:35, or 1 :75, or 2:75, or 4:75, or 1 :6000, or 1 :3000, or 1 : 1500, or 1 :350, or 2:350, or 4:350, or 1 :750, or 2:750, or 4:750. Those mixing ratios are understood to include, on the one hand, ratios by weight and also, on other hand, molar ratios.

The mixtures as described above can be used in a method for controlling pests, which comprises applying a composition comprising a mixture as described above to the pests or their environment, with the exception of a method for treatment of the human or animal body by surgery or therapy and diagnostic methods practised on the human or animal body.

The mixtures comprising a compound of formula I selected from table P and one or more active ingredients as described above can be applied, for example, in a single "ready-mix" form, in a combined spray mixture composed from separate formulations of the single active ingredient components, such as a "tank-mix", and in a combined use of the single active ingredients when applied in a sequential manner, i.e. one after the other with a reasonably short period, such as a few hours or days. The order of applying the compounds of formula I selected from table P and the active ingredients as described above is not essential for working the present invention.

The compositions can also comprise further solid or liquid auxiliaries, such as stabilizers, for example unepoxidized or epoxidized vegetable oils (for example epoxidized coconut oil, rapeseed oil or soya oil), antifoams, for example silicone oil, preservatives, viscosity regulators, binders and/or tackifiers, fertilizers or other active ingredients for achieving specific effects, for example bactericides, fungicides, nematocides, plant activators, molluscicides or herbicides. The compositions according to the invention are prepared in a manner known per se, in the absence of auxiliaries for example by grinding, screening and/or compressing a solid active ingredient and in the presence of at least one auxiliary for example by intimately mixing and/or grinding the active ingredient with the auxiliary (auxiliaries). These processes for the preparation of the compositions and the use of the compounds I for the preparation of these compositions are also a subject of the invention.

The application methods for the compositions, that is the methods of controlling pests of the abovementioned type, such as spraying, atomizing, dusting, brushing on, dressing, scattering or pouring - which are to be selected to suit the intended aims of the prevailing circum- stances - and the use of the compositions for controlling pests of the abovementioned type are other subjects of the invention. Typical rates of concentration are between 0.1 and 1000 ppm, preferably between 0.1 and 500 ppm, of active ingredient. The rate of application per hectare is generally 1 to 2000 g of active ingredient per hectare, in particular 10 to 1000 g/ha, preferably 10 to 600 g/ha.

A preferred method of application in the field of crop protection is application to the foliage of the plants (foliar application), it being possible to select frequency and rate of application to match the danger of infestation with the pest in question. Alternatively, the active ingredi- ent can reach the plants via the root system (systemic action), by drenching the locus of the plants with a liquid composition or by incorporating the active ingredient in solid form into the locus of the plants, for example into the soil, for example in the form of granules (soil application). In the case of paddy rice crops, such granules can be metered into the flooded paddy-field.

The compositions according to the invention are also suitable for the protection of plant propagation material, for example seeds, such as fruit, tubers or kernels, or nursery plants, against pests of the abovementioned type. The propagation material can be treated with the compositions prior to planting, for example seed can be treated prior to sowing. Alternative- ly, the compositions can be applied to seed kernels (coating), either by soaking the kernels in a liquid composition or by applying a layer of a solid composition. It is also possible to apply the compositions when the propagation material is planted to the site of application, for example into the seed furrow during drilling. These treatment methods for plant propagation material and the plant propagation material thus treated are further subjects of the invention.

The compounds of formula (I) according to the invention can also be used in combination with safeners. Preferably, in these mixtures, the compound of the formula (I) is one of those compounds listed in Tables 1 to 36 and A to K. The following mixtures with safeners, especially, come into consideration:

compound of formula (I) + cloquintocet-mexyl, compound of formula (I) + cloquintocet acid and salts thereof, compound of formula (I) + fenchlorazole-ethyl, compound of formula (I) + fenchlorazole acid and salts thereof, compound of formula (I) + mefenpyr-diethyl, compound of formula (I) + mefenpyr diacid, compound of formula (I) + isoxadifen-ethyl, compound of formula (I) + isoxadifen acid, compound of formula (I) + furilazole, compound of formula (I) + furilazole R isomer, compound of formula (I) + benoxacor, compound of formula (I) + dichlormid, compound of formula (I) + AD-67, compound of formula (I) + oxabetrinil, compound of formula (I) + cyometrinil, compound of formula (I) + cyometrinil Z-isomer, compound of formula (I) + fenclorim, compound of formula (I) + cyprosulfamide, compound of formula (I) + naphthalic anhydride, compound of formula (I) + flurazole, compound of formula (I) + N-(2-methoxybenzoyl)-4- [(methylaminocarbonyl)amino]benzenesulfonamide, compound of formula (I) + CL 304,415, compound of formula (I) + dicyclonon, compound of formula (I) + fluxofenim, compound of formula (I) + DKA-24, compound of formula (I) + R-29148 and compound of formula (I) + PPG- 1292. A safening effect can also be observed for the mixtures compound of the formula (I) + dymron, compound of the formula (I) + MCPA, compound of the formula (I) + mecoprop and compound of the formula (I) + mecoprop-P.

The mixing partners of the TX may also be in the form of esters or salts, as mentioned e.g. in The Pesticide Manual, 12th Edition (BCPC), 2000.

In the above different lists of active ingredients to be mixed with a TX, the compound of the formula I is preferably a compound from the Tables 1 to 36 and tables A to K; and more preferably, a compound TX is selected from Table A to K and even more preferably a compound TX is selected from Al, Bl to B15, CI to C14, Dl to D23, D25 to D28, D30- D38, D40-D42, El to E4, F2, F4, F5, F7, Gl to G30, H1-H4, J1-J4, Kl or compound TX is selected from Al, Bl to B10, CI to C14, Dl to D28, D30-D42, El to E4, Fl to F7, Gl to G19, G21-G30, H1-H4, J1-J4, Kl or compound TX is selected from Al, Bl to B15, CI, C2, C4 to C14, Dl to D38, D42, El to E3, Fl, F2, F4 to F7, Gl to G25, G27, G30, H1-H4, J1-J4, Kl or compound TX is selected from Al, Bl to B15, CI to C14, Dl to D23, D26-D38, D40, El to E3, Fl to F5, F7, Gl to G7, G9 to Gi l, G13-G15, G17-G25, G27-G28, H1-H4, J1-J4, Kl or compound TX is selected from Al, Bl to B5, CI to C14, Dl to D7, Dl 1 to D20, D23 to D38, El to E4, Flto F7, Gl to Gi l, G13-G19, G21-G24, G28, G29, H1-H4, J1-J4, Kl or compound TX is selected from Al, Bl to B5, B8 to B10, B12 to B15, CI to C14, Dlto D20, D23, D25, D26, D28, D30-D34, D37-D38, El to E4, Fl to F7, Gl to G19, G22-G25, G28, G30, H1-H4, J1-J4, Kl Al, B2 to B5, B8, B9, B13 to B15, CI to C14, Dl, D3 to D21, D23, D25 to D28, D30 to D34, D37, El to E4, Fl to F7, Gl to G25, G28, HI to H4, Jl to J4, Kl or compound TX is selected from B2, B3, CI to C14, Dl to D28, D30, D35, Gl to G15, G23, G24, H2, H2 Jl, J3 or compound TX is selected from B2, B3, CI to C4, C7, C9 to C13, Dl to D7, D9, Dl l to D13, D15 to D20, D23, D28, D30, D35, Gl to Gi l, G13, G14, G23, H2, H3, Jl

In the above-mentioned mixtures of compounds of formula I, in particular a compound selected from said Tables 1 to 36 and tables A to K, with other insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, safeners, adjuvants and the like, the mixing ratios can vary over a large range and are, preferably

100: 1 to 1 :6000, especially 50: 1 to 1 :50, more especially 20:1 to 1 :20, even more especially 10:1 to 1 : 10. Those mixing ratios are understood to include, on the one hand, ratios by weight and also, on other hand, molar ratios.

The mixtures can advantageously be used in the above-mentioned formulations (in which case "active ingredient" relates to the respective mixture of TX with the mixing partner).

Some mixtures may comprise active ingredients which have significantly different physical, chemical or biological properties such that they do not easily lend themselves to the same conventional formulation type. In these circumstances other formulation types may be prepared. For example, where one active ingredient is a water insoluble solid and the other a water insoluble liquid, it may nevertheless be possible to disperse each active ingredient in the same continuous aqueous phase by dispersing the solid active ingredient as a suspension (using a preparation analogous to that of an SC) but dispersing the liquid active ingredient as an emulsion (using a preparation analogous to that of an EW). The resultant composition is a suspoemulsion (SE) formulation.

The mixtures comprising a TX selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K and one or more active ingredients as described above can be applied, for example, in a single "ready- mix" form, in a combined spray mixture composed from separate formulations of the single active ingredient components, such as a "tank-mix", and in a combined use of the single active ingredients when applied in a sequential manner, i.e. one after the other with a reasonably short period, such as a few hours or days. The order of applying the compounds of formula I selected from Tables 1 to 36 and tables A to K and the active ingredients as described above is not essential for working the present invention. The compounds of formula (I) may be mixed with soil, peat or other rooting media for the protection of plants against seed-borne, soil-borne or foliar fungal diseases.

Examples of suitable synergists for use in the compositions include piperonyl butoxide, sesamex, safroxan and dodecyl imidazole.

Suitable herbicides and plant-growth regulators for inclusion in the compositions will depend upon the intended target and the effect required.

An example of a rice selective herbicide which may be included is propanil. An example of a plant growth regulator for use in cotton is PIX™.

Some mixtures may comprise active ingredients which have significantly different physical, chemical or biological properties such that they do not easily lend themselves to the same conventional formulation type. In these circumstances other formulation types may be prepared. For example, where one active ingredient is a water insoluble solid and the other a water insoluble liquid, it may nevertheless be possible to disperse each active ingredient in the same continuous aqueous phase by dispersing the solid active ingredient as a suspension (using a preparation analogous to that of an SC) but dispersing the liquid active ingredient as an emulsion (using a preparation analogous to that of an EW). The resultant composition is a suspoemulsion (SE) formulation.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing insects of the family Curculionidae, preferably in for use in controlling and/or preventing Anthonomus grandis.

Additional examples of insects from the family of Curculionidae. are Anthonomus corvulus, Anthonomus elutus, Anthonomus elongatus, Anthonomus eugenii, Anthonomus consors, Anthonomus haematopus, Anthonomus lecontei, Anthonomus molochinus,

Anthonomus morticinus, Anthonomus musculus, Anthonomus nigrinus, Anthonomus phyllocola, Anthonomus pictus, Anthonomus pomorum, Anthonomus quadrigibbus,

Anthonomus rectirostris, Anthonomus rubi, Anthonomus santacruzi, Anthonomus signatus, Anthonomus subfasciatus, and Anthonomus tenebrosus.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use against Anthonomus grandis in cotton.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing soil pests. In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing corn rootworm, in particular for use against corn root worm from the genus Diabrotica.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing Diabrotica virgifera.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing Diabrotica barberi.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing wireworms, in particular Agriotes spp.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing Agriotes spp. in cereals, potato or corn.

Additional examples of Agriotes spp. include Agriotes lineatus, Agriotes obscurus, Agriotes brevis, Agriotes gurgistanus, Agriotes sputator, Agriotes ustulatus, Ctenicera destructor, and Limonius californicus.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing grubs, in particular white grubs.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing Phyllophaga spp. , particularly on corn, soybean or cotton.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing Diloboderus spp. particularly on corn, soybean or cotton.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing Popillia japonica, particularly on corn, soybean or cotton.

Additional examples of white grubs include Phyllophaga anxia, Phyllophaga crinite, Phyllophaga subnitida, Diloboderus abderus.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing termites, e.g. on sugarcane.

Examples of termites include Reticulitermes, Coptotermes, Macrotermes,

Microtermes, Globitermes. Specific of subterranean termites include Reticulitermes flavipes, Reticulitermes hesperus, Reticulitermes verginicus, Reticulitermes hageni, Reticulitermes speratus, Reticulitermes lucifugus, Heterotermes aureus, Coptotermes formosanus,

Coptotermes acinaciformis, Coptotermes curvignathus, Nasutitermes exitiosus, Nasutitermes walkeri, Mastotermes darwiniensis, Schedorhinotermes spp, Macrotermes bellicosus, Macrotermes spp., Globitermes sulphureus, Odontotermes spp.. Specific examples of dry wood termites include Incisitermes minor, Marginitermes hubbardi, Cryptotermes brevis, Kalotermes flavicollis. Additional examples of termites include procornitermes spp. and procornitermes araujoi

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing subterraneous stinkbugs, e.g. Scaptocoris spp..

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing Scaptocoris castaneus, in particular on cereals, soybean or corn.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and Ato K for use in controlling and/or preventing cutworms, e.g. agrotis spp..

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and Ato K for use in controlling and/or preventing Agrotis ipsilon, particularly on cereals, canola, soybean or corn.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing millipedes, e.g. Julus spp..

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and Ato K for use in controlling and/or preventing Julus spp., particularly on cereals, canola, soybean & corn.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and Ato K for use in controlling and/or preventing broca gigante, e.g. Telchin licus, particularly on sugarcane.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and Ato K for use in controlling and/or preventing whitefly

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing Bemisia tabaci, particularly on vegetables, cotton, soybean, or potatoes.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and Ato K for use in controlling and/or preventing Trialeurodes vaporariorum, particularly on vegetables, cotton, soybean, or potatoes. - I l l -

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing stinkbugs, in particular Euschistus spp.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing Euschistus spp., particularly in soybean.

Examples of stinkbugs include Nezara spp. (e.g. Nezara viridula, Nezara antennata,

Nezara hilare), Piezodorus spp. (e.g. Piezodorus guildinii), Acrosternum spp. Euchistus spp. (e.g. Euchistus heros, Euschistus servus), Halyomorpha halys, Plautia crossota, Riptortus clavatus, Rhopalus msculatus, Antestiopsis orbitalus, Dichelops spp. (e.g. Dichelops furcatus, Dichelops melacanthus), Eurygaster spp. (e.g. Eurygaster intergriceps, Eurygaster maura), Oebalus spp. (e.g. Oebalus mexicana, Oebalus poecilus, Oebalus pugnase,

Scotinophara spp. (e.g. Scotinophara lurida, Scotinophara coarctata). Preferred targets include Antestiopsis orbitalus, Dichelops furcatus, Dichelops melacanthus, Euchistus heros, Euschistus servus, Nezara viridula, Nezara hilare, Piezodorus guildinii, Halyomorpha halys. In one embodiment the stinkbug target is Nezara viridula, Piezodorus spp., Acrosternum spp, Euchistus heros.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use against rice pests.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use against stemborer, particularly in rice.

Examples of stemborers include Chilo sp, Chilo suppressalis, Chilo polychrysus,

Chilo auricilius, Scirpophaga spp., Scirpophaga incertulas, Scirpophaga innotata,

Scirpophaga nivella

Sesamia sp, Sesamia inferens.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use against leaffolder, particularly in rice.

Examples of leaffolders include Cnaphalocrocis spp., Cnaphalocrocis medinalis, Marasmia spp., Marasmia patnalis, Marasmia exigua.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use against hoppers, particularly in rice.

Examples of Hoppers include Nephotettix spp., Nephotettix virescens, Nephotettix nigropictus, Nephotettix malayanus, Nephotettix cincticeps, Nilaparvata lugens, Sogatella furcifera.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use against gallmidge, particularly in rice. Examples of Gall midge include Orseolia sp, Orseolia oryzae.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use against whorl maggot, particularly in rice.

Examples of whorl maggots include Hydrellia sp, Hydrellia philippina.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use against Rice bugs, particularly in rice.

Examples of rice bugs include Leptocorisa sp, Leptocorisa oratorius, Leptocorisa chinensis, Leptocorisa acuta.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use against Black bugs, particularly in rice.

Examples of Black bugs include Scotinophara sp, Scotinophara coarctata, Scotinophara lurida, Scotinophara latiuscula.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use against plutella spp..

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use against Plutella xylostella, particularly in brassica crops.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing insects of the family Curculionidae, preferably in for use in controlling and/or preventing Anthonomus grandis.

Additional examples of insects from the family of Curculionidae. are Anthonomus corvulus, Anthonomus elutus, Anthonomus elongatus, Anthonomus eugenii, Anthonomus consors, Anthonomus haematopus, Anthonomus lecontei, Anthonomus molochinus,

Anthonomus morticinus, Anthonomus musculus, Anthonomus nigrinus, Anthonomus phyllocola, Anthonomus pictus, Anthonomus pomorum, Anthonomus quadrigibbus,

Anthonomus rectirostris, Anthonomus rubi, Anthonomus santacruzi, Anthonomus signatus, Anthonomus subfasciatus, and Anthonomus tenebrosus.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use against Anthonomus grandis in cotton.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing soil pests.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing corn rootworm, in particular for use against corn root worm from the genus Diabrotica. In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing corn Diabrotica virgifera.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing corn Diabrotica barberi.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing corn Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing wireworms, in particular Agriotes spp.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing Agriotes spp. in cereals, potato or corn.

Additional examples of Agriotes spp. include Agriotes lineatus, Agriotes obscurus, Agriotes brevis, Agriotes gurgistanus, Agriotes sputator, Agriotes ustulatus, Ctenicera destructor, and Limonius californicus.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing grubs, in particular white grubs.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing Phyllophaga spp., particularly on corn, soybean or cotton.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing Diloboderus spp. particularly on corn, soybean or cotton.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing Popillia japonica, particularly on corn, soybean or cotton.

Additional examples of white grubs include Phyllophaga anxia, Phyllophaga crinite, Phyllophaga subnitida, Diloboderus abderus.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing termites, e.g. on sugarcane.

Examples of termites include Reticulitermes, Coptotermes, Macrotermes,

Microtermes, Globitermes. Specific of subterranean termites include Reticulitermes flavipes, Reticulitermes hesperus, Reticulitermes verginicus, Reticulitermes hageni, Reticulitermes speratus, Reticulitermes lucifugus, Heterotermes aureus, Coptotermes formosanus,

Coptotermes acinaciformis, Coptotermes curvignathus, Nasutitermes exitiosus, Nasutitermes walkeri, Mastotermes darwiniensis, Schedorhinotermes spp, Macrotermes bellicosus, Macrotermes spp., Globitermes sulphureus, Odontotermes spp.. Specific examples of dry wood termites include Incisitermes minor, Marginitermes hubbardi, Cryptotermes brevis, Kalotermes flavicollis. Additional examples of termites include procornitermes spp. and procornitermes araujoi

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing subterraneous stinkbugs, e.g. Scaptocoris spp..

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing Scaptocoris castaneus, in particular on cereals, soybean or corn.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing cutworms, e.g. agrotis spp..

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing Agrotis ipsilon, particularly on cereals, canola, soybean or corn.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing millipedes, e.g. Julus spp..

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing Julus spp. , particularly on cereals, canola, soybean & corn.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing broca gigante, e.g. Telchin licus, particularly on sugarcane.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing whitefly

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing Bemisia tabaci, particularly on vegetables, cotton, soybean, or potatoes.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing Trialeurodes vaporariorum, particularly on vegetables, cotton, soybean, or potatoes.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing stinkbugs, in particular Euschistus spp. In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use in controlling and/or preventing Euschistus spp., particularly in soybean.

Examples of stinkbugs include Nezara spp. (e.g. Nezara viridula, Nezara antennata, Nezara hilare), Piezodorus spp. (e.g. Piezodorus guildinii), Acrosternum spp. Euchistus spp. (e.g. Euchistus heros, Euschistus servus), Halyomorpha halys, Plautia crossota, Riptortus clavatus, Rhopalus msculatus, Antestiopsis orbitalus, Dichelops spp. (e.g. Dichelops furcatus, Dichelops melacanthus), Eurygaster spp. (e.g. Eurygaster intergriceps, Eurygaster maura), Oebalus spp. (e.g. Oebalus mexicana, Oebalus poecilus, Oebalus pugnase,

Scotinophara spp. (e.g. Scotinophara lurida, Scotinophara coarctata). Preferred targets include Antestiopsis orbitalus, Dichelops furcatus, Dichelops melacanthus, Euchistus heros, Euschistus servus, Nezara viridula, Nezara hilare, Piezodorus guildinii, Halyomorpha halys. In one embodiment the stinkbug target is Nezara viridula, Piezodorus spp., Acrosternum spp, Euchistus heros.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use against rice pests.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use against stemborer, particularly in rice.

Examples of stemborers include Chilo sp, Chilo suppressalis, Chilo polychrysus, Chilo auricilius, Scirpophaga spp., Scirpophaga incertulas, Scirpophaga innotata,

Scirpophaga nivella

Sesamia sp, Sesamia inferens.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use against leaffolder, particularly in rice.

Examples of leaffolders include Cnaphalocrocis spp., Cnaphalocrocis medinalis, Marasmia spp., Marasmia patnalis, Marasmia exigua.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use against hoppers, particularly in rice.

Examples of Hoppers include Nephotettix spp., Nephotettix virescens, Nephotettix nigropictus, Nephotettix malayanus, Nephotettix cincticeps, Nilaparvata lugens, Sogatella furcifera.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use against gallmidge, particularly in rice.

Examples of Gall midge include Orseolia sp, Orseolia oryzae. In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use against whorl maggot, particularly in rice.

Examples of whorl maggots include Hydrellia sp, Hydrellia philippina.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use against Rice bugs, particularly in rice.

Examples of rice bugs include Leptocorisa sp, Leptocorisa oratorius, Leptocorisa chinensis, Leptocorisa acuta.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use against Black bugs, particularly in rice.

Examples of Black bugs include Scotinophara sp, Scotinophara coarctata,

Scotinophara lurida, Scotinophara latiuscula.

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use against plutella spp..

In one embodiment the invention provides a compound selected from Tables 1 to 36 and A to K for use against Plutella xylostella, particularly in brassica crops.

The following Examples illustrate, but do not limit, the invention.

Preparation Examples

Examples

The following abbreviations were used throughout this section: s = singlet; bs = broad singlet; d = doublet; dd = double doublet; dt = double triplet; t = triplet, tt = triple triplet, q = quartet, sept = septet; m = multiplet; Me = methyl; Et = ethyl; Pr = propyl; Bu = butyl; M.p. = melting point; RT = retention time, MH+ = molecular cation (i.e. measured molecular weight). Example I 1.1 :N-[2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(l, 2,2,3, 3,3-hexafluoro-l-trifluoro- methylpropyl)phenyl]-2-fluoro-3-nitrobenzamide

To a solution of 2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(l,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-l-trifluoromethyl- propyl)phenylamine (Example I 8.1) (20 g, 47.1 mmol) and 2-fluoro-3-nitrobenzoic acid (17.4 g, 94.2 mmol) in dichloromethane (230 ml) was added triethylamine (19.7 ml, 141 mmol) and bis(2-oxo-3-oxazolidinyl)phosphonic chloride ("BOP-C1") (23.98 g, 94 mmol). The reaction mixture was heated to reflux for 6 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature and quenched by the addition of aqueous hydrochloric acid (IN). The mixture was then extracted three times with dichloromethane. The combined organic extracts were washed with saturated aqueous sodium hydrogen carbonate, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: cyclohexane / ethyl acetate 7:3) to give N-[2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(l, 2,2,3, 3,3- hexafluoro-l-trifluoromethylpropyl)phenyl]-2-fluoro-3-nitrobenzamide (12 g, 43% yield). 1H NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz): 8.48 (t, 1H), 8.30 (t, 1H), 8.18 (db, 1H), 7.86 (s, 1H), 7.75 (s, 1H), 7.54 (t, 1H) ppm.

The following compounds were made by the same procedure:

Example I 1.2: N-[2,6-dichloro-4-(l,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-l-trifluoromethylpropyl)phenyl]-2- fluoro - 3 -nitro -b enzamide

1H NMR (CDCI3, 400 MHz): 8.48 (t, 1H), 8.28 (t, 1H), 8.14 (db, 1H), 7.68 (s, 2H), 7.54 (t, 1H) ppm.

Example I 1.3: N-[2-ethyl-6-methyl-4-(l, 2,2,2, 3,3, 3-heptafluoro-propyl)phenyl]-2-fluoro-3- nitro-benzamide

1H NMR (CDCI3, 400 MHz): 8.48 (m, 1H), 8.29 (m, 1H), 7.88 (d, 1H), 7.53 (t, 1H), 7.42 (s, 2H), 2.75 (q, 2H), 2.39 (s, 3H), 1.25 (t, 3H) ppm. Example I 2.1 :N-[2-ethyl-4-(l,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-l-trifluoromethylpropyl)-6-methyl- phenyl]-2-fluoro-3-nitrobenzamide

To a suspension of 2-fluoro-3-nitrobenzoic acid (6.3 g, 34 mmol) in dichloromethane (20 ml) was added oxalyl chloride (4.3 ml) at ambient temperature, followed by

N,N-dimethylformamide (0.2 ml). The reaction mixture was stirred for 1 hour at ambient temperature and then heated to reflux for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to ambient temperature and then concentrated. The residue was suspended in tetrahydro- furan (50 ml). 2-Ethyl-4-(l,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-l-trifluoromethylpropyl)-6-methylaniline (preparation as described in WO 08/074427) (10 g, 28.3 mmol) was dissolved in tetrahydro- furan (50 ml) and pyridine (6.8 ml, 84.9 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 3 hours, then at reflux for 3 hours. The reaction was quenched by addition of saturated aqueous sodium hydrogen carbonate (100 ml) and the mixture extracted twice with ethyl acetate (2x 200 ml). The combined organic extracts were dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: cyclohexane / ethyl acetate 4: 1 to 0: 1) to give N-[2-ethyl-4-(l,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro- l-trifluoromethylpropyl)-6-methylphenyl]-2-fluoro-3-nitrobenzamide (6.32 g, 43% yield).

1H NMR (CDCI3, 400 MHz): 8.34 (m, 1H), 8.22 (m, 1H), 8.02 (bs, 1H), 7.45 (t, 1H), 7.48 (s, 2H), 2.70 (q, 2H), 1.22 (t, 3H).

To a suspension of 2-bromo-3-nitrobenzoic acid (2.870 g, 0.0117 mol) in toluene

(29 ml) was added N,N-dimethylformamide (90 μΐ) at ambient temperature, followed by slow addition of thionyl chloride (1.69 ml, 0.02332 mol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 1 hour at 100°C. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to ambient temperature and the toluene was evaporated. The appropriate amount of acyl chloride was dissolved in THF and use without extra purification.

To a solution of 2-ethyl-4-(l,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-l-trifluoromethylpropyl)-6- methylaniline (preparation as described in WO 08/074427) (106 mg, 0.3 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (0.5 ml) was added pyridine (72.6 μΐ, 0.9 mmol) at 0 to 5°C. A solution of 2-bromo-3-nitrobenzoic acid chloride (87 mg, 0.33 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (0.5 ml) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 3 hours, then at reflux for 15 hours. After 15 hours, the reaction was not complete so N,N-dimethylacetamide ("DMA") (0.1 equivalents) and more 2-bromo-3-nitrobenzoic acid chloride (0.2 equivalents) were added. The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 41 hours. After 41 hours, the reaction was quenched by addition of saturated aqueous sodium hydrogen carbonate (10 ml) and the mixture extracted twice with ethyl acetate (2x 20 ml). The combined organic extracts were dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: cyclohexane / ethyl acetate 6: 1) to give N-[2-ethyl-4-(l,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-l-trifluoromethylpropyl)-6-methylphenyl]- 2-bromo-3-nitrobenzamide (0.133 g, 76% yield). 1H NMR (CDCI3, 400 MHz): 7.78 (dd, 1H), 7.72 (dd, 1H), 7.53 (t, 1H), 7.32 (s, 2H), 7.17 (bs, 1H), 2.71 (q, 2H), 2.40 (s, 3H), 1.19 (t, 3H).

Example I 4.1 :N-[2-ethyl-4-(l,2,2,3 ,3 ,3-hexafluoro-l-trifluoromethylpropyl)-6-methyl- -2-methoxy-3 -nitrobenzamide

To a suspension of N-[2-ethyl-4-(l,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-l-trifluoromethylpropyl)-6- methylphenyl]-2-fluoro-3-nitrobenzamide (Example 12) (5 g, 9.6 mmol) in methanol (195 ml) was added potassium carbonate (2.6 g, 16.2 mmol) at ambient temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred for 16 hours at ambient temperature. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in dichloromethane. The organic phase was washed with water, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: cyclohexane / ethyl acetate 3: 1) to give N-[2- ethyl-4-(l,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-l-trifluoromethylpropyl)-6-methylphenyl]-2-methoxy-3- nitrobenzamide (5.1 g, 99% yield). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): 8.90 (bs, 1H), 8.32 (d, 1H), 7.97 (d, 1H), 7.38 (m, 3H), 4.19 (s, 3H), 2.70 (q, 2H), 2.24 (s, 3H), 1.20 (t, 3H) ppm.

The following compounds were made by the same procedure:

Example I 4.2: N-[2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(l, 2,2,3, 3,3-hexafluorotrifluoromethylpropyl) phenyl] -2-methoxy-3 -nitrobenzamide

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): 9.23 (bs, 1H), 8.45 (dd, 1H), 8.07 (dd, 1H), 7.84 (s, 1H), 7.71 (s, 1H), 7.46 (t, 1H), 4.18 (s, 3H) ppm.

Example I 4.3: N-[2,6-dichloro-4-(l,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-l-trifluoromethylpropyl)phenyl]-2- methoxy-3 -nitrobenzamide

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): 9.22 (bs, 1H), 8.42 (d, 1H), 8.07 (d, 1H), 7.68 (s, 2H), 7.44 (t, lH), 4.15 (s, 3H) ppm. Example I 4.4: N-[2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(l, 2,2,2,3, 3,3-heptafluoro-propyl)phenyl]-2- methoxy-3-nitro-benzamide

l Ήi NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): 9.23 (bs, 1H), 8.46 (dd, 1H), 8.09 (dd, 1H), 7.88 (s, 1H), 7.75 (s, 1H), 7.48 (t, 1H), 4.19 (s, 3H) ppm. Example I 4.5: N-[2,6-dichloro-4-(l,2,2,2,3,33-heptafluoro-propyl)phenyl]-2-methoxy-3- nitrobenzamide

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): 9.21 (bs, 1H), 8.42 (dd, 1H), 8.07 (dd, 1H), 7.68 (s, 2H), 7.44 (t, 1H), 4.14 (s, 3H) ppm.

Example I 4.6: N-[2,6-dimethyl-4-(l, 2,2,2, 3,3, 3-heptafluoro-propyl)phenyl]-2-methoxy-3- nitrobenzamide

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): 8.72 (bs, 1H), 8.34 (dd, 1H), 7.97 (dd, 1H), 7.47 (t,

1H), 7.31 (s, 2H), 4.03 (s, 3H), 2.30 (s, 6H) ppm.

Example I 4.7: N-[2-ethyl-4-(l, 2,2,2,3, 3, 3-heptafluoro-propyl)-6-methyl-phenyl]-2- methoxy-3 -nitrobenzamide

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): 8.88 (bs, 1H), 8.46 (dd, 1H), 8.07 (dd, 1H), 7.45 (t, 1H), 7.42 (s, 2H), 4.13 (s, 3H), 2.73 (q, 2H), 2.39 (s, 3H), 1.26 (t, 3H) ppm.

A similar procedure was applied to N-[2-ethyl-4-(l,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-l- trifluoromethylpropyl)-6-methylphenyl]-2-bromo-3-nitrobenzamide (Example I 3.1) to give N-[2-ethyl-4-(l,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-l-trifluo

3 -nitrobenzamide (92% yield). Example I 4.8 :N-[2,6-dibromo-4-[ 1 ,2,2,2-tetrafluoro- 1 -(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl]-2- methoxy-N-methyl-3-nitro-benzamide

To a solution of N-[2,6-dibromo-4-[l,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-l-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl]-2- methoxy-3-nitro-benzamide (obtained in a similar way as example I 4.1) (0.482 g, 0.806 mmole) in N,N-dimethylformamide (5 ml), magnetically stirred under argon atmosphere, at 25°C, in a round-bottomed flask, was added sodium hydride (60% suspension in oil, 0.039g, 0.967 mmole). After the gas evolution had ceased, iodomethane (0.060 ml, 0.137 g, 0.967 mmole) was added and the mixture was stirred for 15 hours. The reaction mixture was quenched by addition of two drops of methanol, then concentrated under reduced pressure on a rotatory evaporator. The residue was placed on a silica gel column. Elution with a mixture of 15% ethyl acetate and 85% cyclohexane allowed the isolation of the title compound in quantitative yield (LC-MS analysis (method 6 described after the tables): retention time 1.22 min, observed M+H+ ion 611).

Example I 5.1 :3-Amino-N-[2-ethyl-4-(l,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-l-trifluoromethylpropyl)-6- methylphenyl] -2-methoxybenzamide

To a solution of N-[2-ethyl-4-(l,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-l-trifluoromethylpropyl)-6- methylphenyl]-2-methoxy-3-nitrobenzamide (Example I 4.1) (5.1 g, 9.57 mmol) in isopropanol (50 ml) was added tin chloride (6.5 g, 34.5 mmol) at ambient temperature. The mixture was cooled to 0°C and concentrated aqueous hydrochloric acid (10 ml) was added slowly. The reaction mixture was stirred at 80°C for 0.5 hours. One third of the total volume of isopropanol was evaporated. Water (100 ml) was added to the concentrated mixture and aqueous sodium hydroxide (4N) was added to adjust the pH to 7 to 8. The aqueous phase was extracted three times with ethyl acetate (3x 200 ml). The combined organic extracts were dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: cyclohexane / ethyl acetate 2: 1 to 1 : 1) to give 3-amino-N-[2-ethyl-4-(l,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-l-trifluoromethylpropyl)-6- methylphenyl]-2-methoxy benzamide (2.3 g, 48% yield).

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): 9.12 (bs, 1H), 7.37 (dd, 1H), 7.26 (s, 2H), 6.91(t, 1H), 6.80 (dd, 1H), 3.90 (bs, 2H), 3.80 (s, 3H), 2.60 (q, 2H), 2.24 (s, 3H), 1.11 (t, 3H) ppm.

The following compounds were made by the same procedure:

Example I 5.2: 3-Amino-N-[2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(l,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-l-trifluoromethyl- propyl)-phenyl]-2-methoxybenzamide

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): 7.73 (bs, 1H), 7.61 (s, 1H), 7.47 (dd, 1H), 6.98 (t, 1H): 6.88 (dd, 1H), 3.91 (s, 3H), 3.85 (bs, 2H) ppm.

Example I 5.3: 3-Amino-N-[2,6-dichloro-4-(l,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-l-trifluoromethyl- propyl)-phenyl]-2-methoxybenzamide

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): 7.65 (s, 2H), 7.54 (d, 1H), 7.10 (t, 1H), 6.98 (d, 1H), 3.98 (s, 3H), 3.93 (bs, 2H) ppm. Example I 5.4: 3-Amino-N-[2,6-dichloro-4-(l,2,2,2,3,3,3-heptafluoro-propyl)-phenyl]-2- methoxybenzamide

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): 7.63 (s, 2H), 7.55 (dd, 1H), 7.10 (t, 1H), 6.98 (dd, 1H), 3.98 (s, 3H), 3.93 (bs, 2H) ppm.

Example I 5.5 : 3-Amino-N-[2,6-dibromo-4-[ 1 ,2,2,2-tetrafluoro- 1 -(trifluoromethyl)ethyl] phenyl]-2-methoxy-N-methyl-benzamide

To a solution of N-[2,6-dibromo-4-[l,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-l-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl]-2- methoxy-N-methyl-3-nitro-benzamide (described above) (0.500 g, 0.612 mmole) in 5 ml isopropanol, under argon atmosphere was added stannous chloride (SnCl2, 0.558 g, 2.94 mmole) followed by concentrated hydrochloric acid (0.250 ml). The suspension was stirred under reflux conditions for 2.25 hours. The mixture was then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was treated with water and the product was extracted twice with ethyl acetate. The combined organic extracts were washed with water and dried over sodium sulfate. Afer removal of the solvent , the residue was purified by flash chromatography over silica gel with a mixture of 15% ethyl acetate and 85% cyclohexane. The title compound was obtained as a yellow oil with a retention time of 1.15 min and a M+H+ mass peak of 581 (LC-MS method 6 described after the tables). Example I 6.1 :3-Amino-N-[2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(l,2,2,2,3,3,3-heptafluoro-propyl)-phenyl]- -methoxybenzamide

N-[2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(l, 2,2,2, 3,3, 3-heptafluoro-propyl)phenyl]-2-methoxy-3-nitro- benzamide (20 g, 36.1 mmol) was dissolved in THF (300 ml). Then NaOH (90 ml), tetrabutylammonium bromide (1.2 g, 3.6 mmol) and sodium dithionite (18.9 g, 108.4 mmol) were added. The mixture was heated under reflux for four hours and then cooled down to room temperature. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate, water was added and the phases were separated. The organic phase was washed with aqueous solution of sodium hydrogen carbonate, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated.

Flashchromatography (eluent: acetone/ heptane 20:80) gave 3-amino-N-[2-bromo-6-chloro- 4-(l,2,2,2,3,3,3-heptafiuoro-propyl)-phenyl]-2-methoxybenzamide (10.9 g, 57.6% yield).

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): 9.55 (bs, 1H), 7.84 (s, 1H), 7.61 (dd, 1H), 7.12 (t, 1H), 7.03 (dd, 1H), 4.35 (bs, 2H), 4.02 (s, 3H), ppm.

The following compounds were made by the same procedure:

Example I 6.2: 3-Amino-N-[2,6-dimethyl-4-(l, 2,2,2, 3,3, 3-heptafluoro-propyl)phenyl]-2- methoxy-benzamide

1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO): 9.73 (s, 1H), 7.41 (s, 2H), 6.93 (t, 1H), 6.84 (dd, 1H), 6.78 (dd, 1H), 5.15 (bs, 2H), 3.72 (s, 3H), 2.32 (s, 6H) ppm.

Example I 6.3: 3-Amino-N-[2-ethyl-4-(l, 2,2,2, 3,3, 3-heptafluoro-propyl)-6-methyl-phenyl]- 2-methoxy-benzamide

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): 9.11 (s, 1H), 7.63 (d, 1H), 7.39 (s, 2H), 7.13 (t, 1H), 7.08 (d, 1H), 4.7 (bs, 2H), 3.99 (s, 3H), 2.73 (q, 2H), 2.38 (s, 3H), 1.24 (t, 3H) ppm.

Example I 6.4: 3-Amino-N-[2,6-dibromo-4-(l, 2,2,2, 3,3, 3-heptafluoro-propyl)phenyl]-2-

1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO): 9.57 (s, 1H), 7.89 (s, 2H), 7.60 (dd, 1H), 7.12 (t, 1H), 7.0 (dd, 1H), 4.04 (s, 3H), 3.97 (bs, 2H) ppm. Example 1 7.1 : 3-N-(ethylamino)-N'-[2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(l ,2,2,2,3, 3,3-heptafluoro-propyl)- henyl] -2-methoxybenzamide

3-amino-N-[2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(l , 2,2,2, 3,3, 3-heptafluoro-propyl)-phenyl]-2- methoxybenzamide (1.00 g, 1.91 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (13.6 ml) and

acetaldehyde (0.107 ml, 1.91 mmol) and acetic acid (0.12 ml, 2.10 mmol) were added. Then cyanoborohydride (0.132 g, 2.10 mmol) was added in small portions. The reaction mixture was stirred for 1 hour at room temperature. After evaporation of the solvent ethyl acetate and an aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide (0.1M) were added. The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted twice with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were washed with water, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (eluent: cyclohexane / ethyl acetate 100:0 => 60:40) to give 3-N-(ethylamino)-N'-[2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(l , 2,2,2, 3,3, 3-heptafluoro-propyl)-phenyl]- 2-methoxybenzamide (0.969 g, 92%).

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): 9.39 (bs, 1H), 7.73 (s, 1H), 7.62 (s, 1H), 7.40 (d, 1H), 7.09 (t, 1H), 6.83 (bd, 1H), 4.35 (bs, 1H), 3.79 (s, 3H), 3.15 (q, 2H), 1.25 (t, 3H) ppm.

The following compounds were made by the same procedure:

Example I 7.2: 3-N-(ethylamino)-N'-[2,6-dichloro-4-(l ,2,2,2, 3,3, 3-heptafluoro-propyl)- phenyl] -2-methoxybenzamide

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): 9.46 (bs, 1H), 7.68 (s, 2H), 7.51 (bd, 1H), 7.20 (t, 1H), 6.98 (bs, 1H), 4.40 (bs, 1H), 4.00 (s, 3H), 3.28 (q, 2H), 1.36 (t, 3H) ppm.

Example I 7.3 : 3-N-(ethylamino)-N'-[2-ethyl -4-(l , 2,2,2, 3,3, 3-heptafluoro-propyl)-6-methyl- phenyl] -2-methoxybenzamide

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): 9.0 (bs, 1H), 7.55 (bd, 1H), 7.38-7.42 (m, 2H), 7.22 (t, 1H), 6.05 (bs, 1H), 4.40 (bs, 1H), 4.00 (s, 3H), 3.28 (q, 2H), 2.73 (q, 2H), 2.39 (s, 3H), 1.38 (t, 3H), 1.25 (t, 3H) ppm.

Example I 7.4: 3-N-(ethylamino)-N'-[2,6-dibromo-4-(l ,2,2,2, 3,3, 3-heptafluoro-propyl)- phenyl] -2-methoxybenzamide

Ή NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): 9.50 (bs, 1H), 7.88 (s, 2H), 7.52 (d, 1H), 7.19 (t, 1H), 6.94 (bd, 1H), 4.40 (bs, 1H), 4.00 (s, 3H), 3.25 (m, 2H), 1.36 (t, 3H) ppm. Example I 8.1 : 3-amino-N-[2,6-dibromo-4-[l,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-l-(trifluoromethyl) ethyl]phenyl]-2-methoxy-N-methyl-benzamide

To the colorless solution of 3-amino-N-[2,6-dibromo-4-[l,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-l-

(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl]-2-methoxy-benzamide (0.200 g, 0.352 mmole) in N,N- dimethylformamide (4 ml), magnetically stirred under argon atmosphere was added sodium hydride (55% suspension in oil) (0.015 g, 0.352 mmole). After the gas evolution stopped, the resulting brown solution was treated with iodomethane (0.050 g, 0.352 mmole) and left to stir over night at 25°C. The reaction mixture was poured on water (20 ml) and extracted twice with ethyl acetate. The combined organic phases were washed with water then brine and dried over sodium sulfate. The crude material was chromatographed over a silica gel column with ethyl acetate - cyclohexane to yield the title compound as a brown viscous product showing by LC-MS analysis (method 6 described hereunder) a retention time of 1.14 min and a M+H+ mass peak of 581.

Example 1 9.1 : 2-bromo-6-chloro-4-( 1 ,2,2,3 ,3 ,3-hexafluoro- 1 -trifluoromethylpropyl)- phenylamine

4-(l,2,2,3,3,3-Hexafluoro-l-trifluoromethylethyl)phenylamine (prepared according to EP 1,006,102) (175.8 g, 565 mmol) was dissolved in acetonitrile (1000 ml) and N-chloro- succinimide ("NCS") (76.2 g, 570.7 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was heated to reflux for 90 minutes. The reaction mixture was concentrated under vacuum, the residue suspended in diethyl ether and the solids removed via filtration. The filtrate was

concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: cyclohexane / dichloromethane 9: 1) to give 2-chloro-4-(l,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-l- trifluoromethylpropyl)phenylamine. The same procedure was repeated using

N-bromosuccinimide ("NBS") (100.5 g, 565 mmol) as reagent. This time the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: cyclohexane / dichloromethane 2: 1) to give 2-bromo-6-chloro-4-( 1,2,2, 3,3, 3-hexafluoro-l -trifluoromethylpropyl)phenyl- amine (143.3 g, 59.7% yield).

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): 7.70 (s, 1H), 7.42 (s, 1H), 4.82 (s, 2H) ppm.

Example PI . l :N-[3-[[[2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(l, 2,2,2,3,3, 3-heptafluoro-propyl)- phenyljamino] carbonyl] -2-methoxyphenyl] -4-pyridinecarboxamide

(Compound No. Dl of Table D

3-amino-N-[2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(l, 2,2,2, 3,3, 3-heptafluoro-propyl)-6-phenyl]-2- methoxybenzamide (Example I 6.1) (9.00 g, 17.2 mmol) was dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (150 ml). Pyridine (4.6 ml, 57 mmol) and isonicotinylchloride hydrochloride (3.7 g, 21 mmol) were added and the reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 18 hours. Then further pyridine (0.69 ml, 8.6 mmol) and isonicotinylchloride hydrochloride (1.53 g, 8.6 mmol) were added and the mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 8 hours. The reaction mixture was poured into aqueous sodium hydrogen carbonate, the phases were separated and the aqueous phase was extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic phases were dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: ethyl acetate / heptane 1 :3 => 1 : 1). The fractions containing the desired product were combined and the solvents were evaporated. Crystallization from diethyl ether and subsequent crystallization from acetone gave pure Compound No. Dl of Table D (7.20 g, 67% yield). M.p. 164-155°C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCI3): 9.04 (bs, 1H), 8.88 (d, 2H), 8.69 (d, 1H), 8.49 (bs, 1H), 7.95 (dd, 1H), 7.85 (s, 1H), 7.76 (d, 2H), 7.72 (d, 1H), 7.40 (t, 1H), 4.09 (s, 3H) ppm. The mother liquid still contained 1.5 g impure product.

The following compound was prepared in a similar way as described above, but triethylamine was used as a base in instead of pyridine.

Example P1.2:N-[3-[[[2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(l,2,2,2,3,3,3-heptafluoro-propyl)- phenyl]amino]carbonyl]-2-methoxyphenyl]-2-chloro-4-pyridinecarboxamide (Compound No. D2 of Table D 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): 9.01 (bs, 1H), 8.63-8.71 (m, 2H), 8.46 (s, 1H), 7.96 (d,

1H), 7.88 (s, 1H), 7.83 (s, 1H), 7.75 (s, 1H), 7.68 (d, 1H), 7.42 (t, 1H), 4.09 (s, 3H) ppm.

Example P1.3:N-[3-[[2,6-dibromo-4-[l,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-l-

(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl]carbamoyl]-2-methoxy-phenyl]-N-methyl-pyridine-4- carboxamide (Compound No. G14 of Table G)

A solution of N-[2,6-dibromo-4-[l,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-l-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl]-2- methoxy-3-(methylamino)benzamide(0.600 g, 1.03 mmole), 4-dimethylaminopyridine (0.006 g) and pyridine (0.334 ml, 0.327 g, 4 mmole) in THF (11.4 ml) was treated with isonicotinoyl chloride hydrochloride (0.386 g, 2 mmole). The resulting white suspension was heated under reflux for 0.5 hour. The reaction mixture was filtered and the filtrate evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was taken up in aqueous saturated sodium bicarbonate solution. The product was extracted with ethyl acetate and the organic phase was washed with brine and dried over sodium sulfate. The crude product was purified by column chromatography over silica gel using ethyl acetate 50%-cyclohexane 50% to yield the title compound corresponding to compound No. G14 of table G.

Example P1.3:N-[3-[[2,6-dibromo-4-[l,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-l-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl]- methyl-carbamoyl]-2-methoxy-phenyl]pyridine-4-carboxamide (Compound No. G16 of Table G

A solution of 3-amino-N-[2,6-dibromo-4-[l,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-l-(trifluoromethyl)

ethyl]phenyl]-2-methoxy-N-methyl-benzamide (obtained as described here above) (0.342 g, 0.588 mmole) in THF (3.25 ml) was treated with isonicotinoyl chloride, hydrochloride (0.220 g, 1.18 mmole). Triethylamine (0.164 ml, 0.119 g, 1.18 mmole) was added and the mixture was refluxed for one hour. After evaporation of the solvent, the residue was taken up in water and extracted twice with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with a saturated aqueous solution of sodium bicarbonate. The aqueous phase was extracted again and the combined organic phases were washed with brine and dried over sodium sulfate. After evaporation of the solvent, the crude material was flash chromatographed over silica gel, eluting with a mixture of ethyl acetate 40%- cyclohexane 60%. The title compound (No. G16 of Table G) was obtained as a white powder with a melting range of 110-170°C. LC- MS analysis showed a retention time of 1.12 min and a M+H+ mass peak of 686 (method 6 described hereafter). Example P 2.1 : Preparation of benzamides from carboxylic acids which is amenable to parallel synthesis

To a solution an amino derivative (30 μιηοΐ), for example 3-amino-N-[2-Bromo-4- (1,2,2, 3,3, 3-hexafluoro-l-trifluoromethylpropyl)-6-Chlorophenyl]-2-methoxybenzamide (Example I 5.2) in the case of compound No. B2 of Table B, in N,N-dimethylacetamide ("DMA") (0.2 ml) was added successively a solution of a carboxylic acid (60 μιηοΐ), for example 4-Pyridinecarboxylic acid in the case of Compound No. B2 of Table B, in N,N- dimethylacetamide ("DMA") (0.6ml), diisopropylethylamine (Hunig's Base) (0.05 ml), and a solution of bis(2-oxo-3-oxazolidinyl)phosphonic chloride ("BOP-C1") (22.9 mg) in N,N- dimethylacetamide ("DMA") (0.1 ml). The reaction mixture was stirred at 70°C for 40 hours. Then the reaction mixture was diluted with acetonitrile (0.6 ml) and a sample was used for HPLC-MS analysis. The remaining mixture was further diluted with acetonitrile / N,N- dimethylformamide (4: 1) (0.8 ml) and purified by HPLC. This method was used to prepare a number of compounds (see table A compound No. Al and table B compounds No. Bl, B3- B15) in parallel.

Example P 3.1 : N-[3-[[2,6-dibromo-4-[ 1 ,2,2,2-tetrafluoro- 1 -(trifluoromethyl)ethyl] phenyl]- methyl-carbamoyl]-2-methoxy-phenyl]-N-methyl-pyridine-4-carboxamide (Compound No. G17 of Table G)

To the colorless solution of N-[3-[[2,6-dibromo-4-[l,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-l- (trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl]-methyl-carbamoyl]-2-methoxy-phenyl]pyridine-4- carboxamide (example G-16 above) (0.120 g, 0.175 mmole) in N,N-dimethylformamide (5 ml), magnetically stirred under argon atmosphere was added sodium hydride (60% suspension in oil) (0.008 g, 0.192 mmole). After the gas evolution stopped, the resulting yellow solution was treated with iodomethane (0.012 ml, 0.027 g, 0.192 mmole). After 10 minutes, two drops of methanol was added and the reaction mixture was evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was taken up in dichoromethane (5 ml) and water (10 ml). After phase separation, the aqueous solution was extracted twice with dichloromethane. The organic extracts were dried over sodium sulfate and evaporated. The residue was purified on a silica gel column using a gradient of ethyl acetate 20%-cyclohexane 80% to ethyl acetate 60%>-cyclohexane 40%>. The title product was a pale yellow oil showing, by LC-MS analysis (method 6 described hereunder) a retention time of 1.09 min and a M+H+ mass peak of 700.

Example P 3.2: N-[3-[[2,6-dibromo-4-[l,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-l-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl] phenyl]- methyl-carbamoyl]-2-methoxy-phenyl]-N-methyl-pyridine-4-carboxamide (Compound G17 of Table G

To a solution of N-[3-[[2,6-dibromo-4-[ 1 ,2,2,2-tetrafluoro- 1 -(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl] carbamoyl] -2-methoxy-phenyl]-N-methyl-pyridine-4-carboxamide (0.100 g, 0.145 mmole) in A ,N-dimethylformamide (4 ml) was added sodium hydride (55% suspension in oil, 0.0067 g, 0.153 mmole). After the gas evolution had stopped, iodomethane (0.010 ml, 0.023 g, 0.160 mmole) was added. After 0.5 hour, the reaction mixture was poured on to water (15 ml) and the product was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic solution was washed with water, then brine and dried over sodium sulfate. After removal of the solvent the crude was purified by column chromatography over silica gel using ethyl acetate-cyclohexane to yield the title compound (Compound G17 of Table G) as amorphous material showing by LC-MS analysis under the conditions 6 (described hereafter) a retention time of 1.09 min and a M+H+ mass of 700.

Example P4.1 :N-[3-[[[2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(l, 2,2,2, 3,3, 3-heptafluoro-propyl)phenyl]amino] carbonyl]-2-methoxyphenyl]-4-pyridinecarboxamide-l -oxide (Compound No. D3 of Table D)

N-[3-[[[2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(l, 2,2,2, 3,3, 3-heptafluoro-propyl)- phenyl]amino]carbonyl]-2-methoxyphenyl]-4-pyridinecarboxamide (Example Pl .l) (0.250 g, 0.398 mmol) was dissolved in dichloromethane (30 ml) 3-chloroperoxybenzoic acid

(0.315 g, 0.875 mmol) was added. After stirring for 5 h at room temperature the mixture was diluted with water and an aqueous solution of sodium hydrogen carbonate. The phases were separated and the aqueous phase was extracted three times with dichloromethane. The combined organic phases were washed with an aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide (0.1 M), dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (eluent: ethyl acetate) to give pure Compound No. D3 of Table D (211 mg, 82% yield). M.p. 128-130°C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): 8.98 (bs, 1H), 8.65 (d, 1H), 8.38 (s, 1H), 8.35 (d, 2H), 7.97 (dd, 1H), 7.87 (s, 1H), 7.83 (d, 2H), 7.76 (d, 1H), 7.41 (t, 1H), 4.09 (s, 3H) ppm. Example P4.2: N-[3-[[2,6-dibromo-4-[l,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-l-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl] phenyl]- methyl-carbamoyl]-2-methoxy-phenyl]-N-methyl- 1 -oxido-pyridin- 1 -ium-4-carboxamide (Compound G18 of Table G

To a solution of N-[3-[[2,6-dibromo-4-[l,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-l-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl] phenyl]- methyl-carbamoyl]-2-methoxy-phenyl]-N-methyl-pyridine-4-carboxamide (Example G- 17) (0.051 g, 0.073 mmole) in dichloromethane (0.44 ml) was added by small portions 3- chloroperbenzoic acid (purity 70%) (0.027 g, 0.11 mmole). After 2.5 hours stirring at 25°C, the yellow solution was quenched with aqueous sodium sulfite, diluted with dichloromethane and washed twice with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate, then with brine. The organic solution was dried over sodium sulfate. The product (Compound G18 of Table G) was isolated after removal of the solvent, as a white powder (melting range: 105 - 194°C) showing, by LC-MS analysis (method 6 described hereunder) a retention time of 0.99 min and a M+H+ peak of 716.

Example P4.3: N-[3-[[2,6-dibromo-4-[l,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-l-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl] phenyl]- methyl-carbamoyl]-2-methoxy-phenyl]- 1 -oxido-pyridin- 1 -ium-4-carboxamide (Compound G19 of Table G)

To a solution of N-[3-[[2,6-dibromo-4-[l,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-l-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl] phenyl]- methyl-carbamoyl]-2-methoxy-phenyl]-N-methyl-pyridine-4-carboxamide (Example G- 17) (0.0657 g, 0.178 mmole) in dichloromethane (1.08 ml) was added by small portions 3- chloroperbenzoic acid (purity 70%) (0.0657 g, 0.266 mmole). After 2.5 hours stirring at 25°C, the yellow solution was quenched with aqueous sodium sulfite, diluted with dichloromethane and washed twice with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate, then with brine. The organic solution was dried over sodium sulfate. The product was isolated after removal of the solvent, as a white powder (melting range: 134 - 230°C) showing, by LC-MS analysis (method 6 described hereunder) a retention time of 1.03 min and a M+H+ peak of 702.

The following HPLC-MS methods were used for the analysis of the compounds of Table A to K:

Method 1:

MS ZQ Mass Spectrometer from Waters (single quadrupole mass spectrometer),

ionization method: electrospray, polarity: positive ionization, capillary (kV)

3.00, cone (V) 30.00, extractor (V) 3.00, source temperature (°C) 100,

desolvation temperature (°C) 200, cone gas flow (L/Hr) 200, desolvation gas flow (L/Hr) 250, mass range: 150 to 800 Da.

LC 1 lOOer Series HPLC from Agilent: quaternary pump, heated column

compartment and diode-array detector.

Column: Waters Atlantis del 8; length: 20 mm; internal diameter: 3 mm; particle size: 3 μιη, temperature (°C) 40, DAD wavelength range (nm): 200 to 500, solvent gradient: A = 0.1% of formic acid in water and B: 0.1% of formic acid in acetonitrile.

Time (min) A% B% Flow (ml/min)

0.0 90 10 1.7

5.5 0.0 100 1.7

5.8 0.0 100 1.7

5.9 90 10 1.7 Method 2 :

Method 3:

MS ZQ Mass Spectrometer from Waters (Single quadrupole mass spectrometer) Instrument Parameter: Ionisation method: Electrospray . Polarity: positive (negative) ions

Capillary (kV) 3.80, Cone (V) 30.00, Extractor (V) 3.00, Source Temperature (°C) 150, Desolvation Temperature (°C) 350, Cone Gas Flow (L/Hr) OFF, Desolvation Gas Flow (L/Hr) 600 Mass range: 100 to 900 Da

LC HP 1100 HPLC from Agilent: solvent degasser, binary pump, heated column compartment and diode-array detector.

Column: Phenomenex Gemini C18, particle size 3 μιη, 30 x 3 mm, Temp: 60 °C DAD Wavelength range (nm): 200 to 500

Solvent Gradient: A = water + 0.05 % HCOOH, B= Acetonitril/Methanol (4: 1, v:v) + 0.04 % HCOOH

Time (min) A% B% Flow (ml/min)

0.00 95.0 5.0 1.7

2.00 0.00 100.00 1.7

2.80 0.00 100.00 1.7

2.90 95.0 5.0 1.7

3.00 95.0 5.0 1.7

Method 4:

MS ZQ Mass Spectrometer from Waters (Single quadrupole mass spectrometer) Instrument Parameter: Ionisation method: Electrospray . Polarity: positive (negative) ions

Capillary: 3.00 kV, Cone: 30 -60 V, Extractor: 2.00 V, Source Temperature: 100°C, Desolvation Temperature: 250°C, Cone Gas Flow: 50 L/Hr

Desolvation Gas Flow: 400 L/Hr, Mass range: 100 to 900 Da

LC HP 1100 HPLC from Agilent: solvent degasser, binary pump, heated column compartment and diode-array detector.

Column: Phenomenex Gemini C18, particle size 3 μιη, 30 x 3 mm, Temp: 60 °C

DAD Wavelength range (nm): 210 to 500

Solvent Gradient: A = H20 + 5% MeOH + 0.05 % HCOOH

B= Acetonitril + 0.05 % HCOOH

Time (min) A% B% Flow (ml/min)

0.00 100.0 0 1.7

2.00 0.00 100.00 1.7

2.80 0.00 100.00 1.7

2.90 100.0 0 1.7

3.00 100.0 0 1.7 Method 5:

MS SQD Mass Spectrometer from Waters (Single quadrupole mass spectrometer) Instrument Parameter: Ionisation method: Electrospray . Polarity: positive (negative) ions

Capillary: 3.00 kV, Cone: 30-60 V, Extractor: 2.00 V, Source Temperature: 150°C, Desolvation Temperature: 250°C, Cone Gas Flow: 0 L/Hr

Desolvation Gas Flow: 650 L/Hr, Mass range: 100 to 900 Da

LC Acquity UPLC from Waters: solvent degasser, binary pump, heated column compartment and diode-array detector.

Column: Phenomenex Gemini C18, particle size 3 μιη, 30 x 2 mm, Temp: 60 °C

DAD Wavelength range (nm): 210 to 500

Solvent Gradient: A = H20 + 5% MeOH + 0.05 % HCOOH

B= Acetonitril + 0.05 % HCOOH

Time (min) A% B% Flow (ml/min) 0.00 100.0 0 1.7

1.20 0.00 100.00 1.7

1.50 0.00 100.00 1.7

Method 6:

MS SQD Mass Spectrometer from Waters (Single quadrupole mass spectrometer) Instrument Parameter: Ionisation method: Electrospray . Polarity: positive (negative) ions

Capillary: 3.00 kV, Cone: 30-60 V, Extractor: 2.00 V, Source Temperature: 150°C, Desolvation Temperature: 350°C, Cone Gas Flow: 0 L/Hr

Desolvation Gas Flow: 650 L/Hr, Mass range: 100 to 900 Da

LC Acquity UPLC from Waters: solvent degasser, binary pump, heated column compartment and diode-array detector. Column: Waters UPLC HSS T3 , 1.8 μιη, 30 x 2.1 mm, Temp DAD Wavelength range (nm): 210 to 500

Solvent Gradient: A = H20 + 5% MeOH + 0.05 % HCOOH

B= Acetonitrile + 0.05 % HCOOH

Time (min) A% B% Flow (ml/min) 0.00 100.0 0 0.85

1.2 0.00 100.00 0.85

1.5 0.00 100.00 0.85

Method 7:

MS ACQUITY SQD Mass Spectrometer from Waters (Single quadrupole mass spectrometer)

Ionisation method: Electrospray

Polarity: positive ions

Capillary (kV) 3.00, Cone (V) 20.00, Extractor (V) 3.00, Source Temperature

(°C) 150, Desolvation Temperature (°C) 400, Cone Gas Flow (L/Hr) 60,

Desolvation Gas Flow (L/Hr) 700

Mass range: 100 to 800 Da

DAD Wavelength range (nm): 210 to 400

LC Method Waters ACQUITY UPLC with the following HPLC gradient conditions (Solvent A: Water/Methanol 9: 1,0.1% formic acid and Solvent B:

Acetonitrile,0.1% formic acid )

Type of column: Waters ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3; Column length: 30 mm; Internal diameter of column: 2.1 mm; Particle Size: 1.8 micron; Temperature: 60°C.

Time (minutes) A (%) B (%) Flow rate

(ml min)

0 100 0 0.75

2.5 0 100 0.75

2.8 0 100 0.75

3.0 100 0 0.75 The compounds in tables A - K were prepared in the same or a similar way as described above:

Table A:

Table B:

Comp. Q RT MH+ MP LC-MS

No. (min) (°C) Method

Bl 2,6-dichloropyridin-4-yl 4.4 745.84 1

B2 pyridin-4-yl 3.57 677.9 1

B3 3 -chloropyridin-4-yl 3.87 711.91 1

B4 3 -methylpyridin-4-yl 3.45 691.94 1 Comp. Q1 RT MH+ MP LC-MS

No. (min) (°C) Method

B5 3-chloro-2-methylpyridin-4-yl 3.98 725.88 1

B6 3-chloro-2-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-4-yl 4.3 779.85 1

B7 2-chloro-6-methoxypyridin-4-yl 4.32 741.83 1

B8 2-fluoropyridin-4-yl 3.88 695.84 1

B9 6-trifluoromethyl-2-methoxymethyl-

4.09 771.9 1 pyridin-3-yl

BIO 6-trifluoromethyl-2-methyl-pyridin-3-yl 4.19 759.89 1

Bl l 4-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-3 -yl 3.96 745.86 1

B12 1 -trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl 3.97 745.92 1

B13 pyridin-3 -yl-N-oxide 3.23 693.91 1

B14 1 -methoxy-pyridin-2-yl 4.10 723.99 1

B15 pyridin-3 -yl 3.57 677.98 1

Table C:

Comp. Q R RT MH+ [M-H]~ MP LC-MS

No. (min) (°C) Method

CI pyridin-4-yl H 1.96 584 3

C2 3-chloro-pyridin-4-yl H 2.05 618 3

C3 3 -methyl-pyridin-4-yl H 1.95 596 3

C4 pyridin-4-yl ethyl 1.95 612 610 94-96 4 C5 pyridin-4-yl-N-oxide ethyl 1.79 628 626 92-94 4

C6 pyridin-4-yl-N-oxide H 1.77 600 598 173-175 4

C7 pyridin-4-yl methyl 1.85 598 116-118 4

C8 pyridin-4-yl-N-oxide methyl 1.74 614 117-120 4

C9 pyridin-3-yl ethyl 1.92 612 610 166-168 4

CIO pyridin-3 -yl-N-oxide ethyl 1.79 628 191-193 4

Cl l pyridin-3-yl methyl 1.87 598 81-83 4

C12 5 -chloro-pyridin-3 -yl methyl 2.0 632 78-81 4

C13 pyridin-3 -yl-N-oxide methyl 0.93 614 612 170-172 5

C14 5 -chloro-pyridin-3 -yl- methyl 1.01 648 646 224-225 5 N-oxide

Table D:

Comp. Q R R2 RT MH+ [M- MP LC-MS No. (min) H]- (°C) Method

Dl pyridin-4-yl H H 1.95 626 169- 2

170

D2 2-chloro-pyridin- H H 2.02 662 660 94- 4 4-yl 96

D3 pyridin-4-yl-N- H H 0.95 644 642 128- 4 oxide 130

D4 pyridin-4-yl ethyl H 1.95 656 654 97- 4

99 D5 pyridin-4-yl methyl H 1.83 642 640 97- 4

98

D6 pyridin-4-yl-N- ethyl H 1.79 672 670 131- 4 oxide 133

D7 pyridin-4-yl-N- methyl H 1.74 658 656 131- 4 oxide 133

D8 pyridin-4-yl propyl H 1.95 670 94- 4

96

D9 pyridin-4-yl iso- H 1.92 670 106- 4 propyl 108

D10 pyridin-4-yl-N- propyl H 1.85 686 111- 4 oxide 113

Dl l pyridin-3-yl H H 1.90 628 626 90- 4

93

D12 6-chloro-pyridin- H H 2.01 662 100- 4 3-yl 102

D13 5-chloro-pyridin- H H 2.04 662 94- 4 3-yl 96

D14 pyridin-3-yl-N- H H 1.78 644 225- 4 oxide 227

D15 5-chloro-pyridin- ethyl H 2.04 690 157- 4 3-yl 159

D16 5-chloro-pyridin- methyl H 1.99 676 158- 4 3-yl 160

D17 pyridin-3-yl ethyl H 1.91 656 654 93- 4

94

D18 pyridin-3-yl methyl H 1.86 642 640 99- 4

100

D19 pyridin-3-yl-N- ethyl H 1.79 672 114- 4 oxide 115

D20 pyridin-3-yl-N- methyl H 1.74 658 128- 4 oxide 130 D21 pyridin-3-yl propyl H 1.97 670 173- 4

174

D22 pyridin-3-yl iso- H 1.95 670 668 187- 4 propyl 188

D23 pyridin-4-yl-N- iso- H 1.84 686 684 120- 4 oxide propyl 122

D24 pyridin-3-yl-N- propyl H 1.87 686 684 218- 4 oxide 219

D25 pyridin-3-yl-N- iso- H 1.85 686 684 219- 4 oxide propyl 220

D26 pyridin-4-yl H allyl 2.01 668 666 80- 4

82

D27 pyridin-4-yl ethylen- H 1.71 699 697 168- 4

C(0)NH2 169

D28 pyridin-4-yl allyl H 1.95 668 666 85- 4

87

D29 pyridin-4-yl-N- ethylen- H 1.63 715 713 161- 4 oxide C(0)NH2 162

D30 pyridin-4-yl-N- allyl H 1.84 684 682 117- 4 oxide 119

D31 pyridin-4-yl-N- H allyl 1.88 684 682 94- 4 oxide 96

D32 2-chloro-6- methyl H 2.07 705.72 7 methoxy-pyridin-

4-yl

D33 2-chloro-pyridin- methyl H 1.92 676.15 7 4-yl

D34 2,6-dichloro- methyl H 2.08 710.14 7 pyridin-4-yl

D35 5-chloro-pyridin- propyl H 2.11 704 702 174- 4 3-yl 175

D36 5-chloro-pyridin- iso- H 2.09 704 702 168- 4 3-yl propyl 170 D37 6-chloro-pyridin- methyl H 1.94 675.66 7 3-yl

D38 2- chloro-pyridin- methyl H 1.87 676.15 7

3- yl

D39 2-ethylthio- methyl H 2.07 701.74 7 pyridin-3-yl

D40 2,5-dichloro- methyl H 2.04 709.67 7 pyridin-3-yl

D41 2-methylthio- methyl H 1.98 688.15 7 pyridin-3-yl

D42 6-trifluoromethyl- methyl H 2.00 709.55 7 pyridin-3-yl

Table E:

Comp. Q R RT MH+ [M-H]~ MP LC-MS No. (min) (°C) Method

El pyridin-4-yl H 1.83 544 542 179- 4

180

E2 pyridin-4-yl-N- H 1.73 560 558 128- 4 oxide 130

E3 pyridin-3-yl H 1.84 544 542 185- 4

187 E4 pyridin-3-yl-N- H 1.72 560 558 243- 4 oxide 245

Table F:

Comp. Q1 R1 RT MH+ [M-H]~ MP LC-MS No. (min) (°C) Method

Fl pyridin-4-yl H 1.88 558 556 83- 4

85

F2 2-chloro-pyridin-4-yl H 2.01 592 590 118- 4

120

F3 pyridin-4-yl-N-oxide H 1.77 572 123- 4

125

F4 pyridin-4-yl ethyl 1.91 586 584 resin 4

F5 pyridin-3-yl H 1.88 558 556 82- 4

84

F6 pyridin-3 -yl-N-oxide H 1.76 574 572 131 - 4

133

F7 pyridin-3-yl ethyl 1.93 586 584 74- 4

76 Table G:

Comp. Q R R RT MH+ [M- MP LC-MS No. (min) H]- (°C) Method

Gl pyridin-4-yl H H 1.87 672 178- 4

180

G2 2-chloro-pyridin-4-yl H H 2.00 706 104- 4

106

G3 pyridin-4-yl-N-oxide H H 1.77 688 216- 4

218

G4 pyridin-4-yl ethyl H 1.90 700 97-99 4

G5 pyridin-4-yl-N-oxide ethyl H 1.80 716 120- 4

123

G6 pyridin-3-yl H H 1.88 672 670 97-99 4

G7 5 -chloro-pyridin-3 -yl H H 2.00 706 117- 4

119

G8 pyridin-3 -yl-N-oxide H H 1.75 688 110- 4

104

G9 5 -chloro-pyridin-3 -yl- H H 1.85 722 189- 4 N-oxide 190

G10 5 -chloro-pyridin-3 -yl ethyl H 2.04 734 102- 4

103

Gi l pyridin-3 -yl ethyl H 1.92 700 90-92 4 G12 5 -chloro-pyridin-3 -yl- ethyl H 1.89 750 223- 4 N-oxide 225

G13 pyridin-3 -yl-N-oxide ethyl H 1.79 716 122- 4

126

G14 pyridin-4-yl methyl H 1.86 686 94-96 4

G15 pyridin-4-yl-N-oxide methyl H 1.75 702 109- 4

111

G16 pyridin-4-yl H methyl 1.12 686 110- 6

170

G17 pyridin-4-yl methyl methyl 1.09 700 gum 6

G18 pyridin-4-yl-N-oxide methyl methyl 0.99 716 105- 6

194

G19 pyridin-4-yl-N-oxide H methyl 1.03 702 134- 6

230

G20 2-(tert-butoxy- H H 1.28 815 157- 6 carbonyl-N-methyl- 198 amino)-pyridin-4-yl

G21 2-(N-methyl-amino)- H H 0.91 715 123- 6 pyridin-4-yl 152

G22 2-(N-methyl-amino)- H H 1.00 731 114- 6 pyridin-4-yl-N-oxide 138

G23 pyridin-3 -yl methyl H 1.88 686 88-90 4

G24 pyridin-3 -yl-N-oxide methyl H 1.76 702 116- 4

118

G25 6-(N-methyl-amino)- methyl H 0.94 715 120- 6 pyridin-3-yl 200

G26 6-(tert-butoxy- H H 1.28 801 95- 6 carbonyl-N-methyl- 130 amino)-pyridin-3 -yl

G27 6-(N-methyl-amino)- H H 0.98 701 112- 6 pyridin-3-yl 145

G28 6-(N-methyl-amino)- H H 1.00 717 gum 6 pyridin-3 -yl-N-oxide G29 6-(N-methyl-amino)- methyl H 0.99 731 126- 6 pyridin-3 -yl-N-oxide 170

G30 6-(tert-butoxy- methyl H 1.27 815 111- 6 carbonyl-N-methyl- 120 amino)-pyridin-3 -yl

Table H:

Comp. Q R RT MH+ [M- MP LC-MS No. (min) H]- (°C) Method

HI pyridin-4-yl-N-oxide H 0.99 624, 622, 6

626 624

H2 pyridin-4-yl H 158- 160

H3 pyridin-4-yl ethyl 1.09 636, 634, 6

638 636

H4 pyridin-4-yl-N-oxide ethyl 1.02 652, 6

654 Table J:

Table K:

Comp. Q R RT MH+ [M- MP LC-MS

No. (min) H]- (°C) Method Kl pyridin-4-yl H 1.06 564, 6

566

Biological examples

These Examples illustrate the insecticidal and acaricidal properties of the compounds of formula (I). The tests were performed as follows:

Spodoptera littoralis (Egyptian cotton leafworm):

Cotton leaf discs were placed on agar in a 24-well microtiter plate and sprayed with test solutions at an application rate of 200 ppm. After drying, the leaf discs were infested with 5 LI larvae. The samples were checked for mortality, feeding behavior, and growth regulation 3 days after treatment (DAT).

The following compound gave at least 80% control of Spodoptera littoralis: Al, Bl to B15, CI to C14, Dl to D23, D25 to D28, D30-D38, D40-D42, El to E4, F2, F4, F5, F7, Gl to G30, H1-H4, J1-J4, Kl . Heliothis virescens (Tobacco budworm):

Eggs (0-24 h old) were placed in 24-well microtiter plate on artificial diet and treated with test solutions at an application rate of 200 ppm (concentration in well 18 ppm) by pipetting.

After an incubation period of 4 days, samples were checked for egg mortality, larval mortality, and growth regulation.

The following compound gave at least 80%> control of Heliothis virescens: Al, Bl to B10,

CI to C14, Dl to D28, D30-D42, El to E4, Fl to F7, Gl to G19, G21-G30, H1-H4, J1-J4,

Kl .

Plutella xylostella (Diamond back moth):

24-well microtiter plate (MTP) with artificial diet was treated with test solutions at an application rate of 200 ppm (concentration in well 18 ppm) by pipetting. After drying, the MTP's were infested with L2 larvae (7-12 per well). After an incubation period of 6 days, samples were checked for larval mortality and growth regulation.

The following compound gave at least 80%> control of Plutella xylostella: Al, Bl to B15, CI, C2, C4 to C14, Dl to D38, D42, El to E3, Fl, F2, F4 to F7, Gl to G25, G27, G30, H1-H4, J1-J4, Kl . Diabrotica balteata (Corn root worm):

A 24-well microtiter plate (MTP) with artificial diet was treated with test solutions at an application rate of 200 ppm (concentration in well 18 ppm) by pipetting. After drying, the MTP's were infested with L2 larvae (6-10 per well). After an incubation period of 5 days, samples were checked for larval mortality and growth regulation.

The following compound gave at least 80% control of Diabrotica balteata: Al, Bl to B15, CI to C14, Dl to D23, D26-D38, D40, El to E3, Fl to F5, F7, Gl to G7, G9 to Gi l, G13- G15, G17-G25, G27-G28, H1-H4, J1-J4, Kl . Thrips tabaci (Onion thrips):

Sunflower leaf discs were placed on agar in a 24-well microtiter plate and sprayed with test solutions at an application rate of 200 ppm. After drying, the leaf discs were infested with an aphid population of mixed ages. After an incubation period of 7 days, samples were checked for mortality.

The following compounds gave at least 80% control of Thrips tabaci: Al, Bl to B5, CI to C14, Dl to D7, Dl l to D20, D23 to D38, El to E4, Fl to F7, Gl to Gi l, G13-G19, G21- G24, G28, G29, H1-H4, J1-J4, Kl .

Tetranychus urticae (Two-spotted spider mite):

Bean leaf discs on agar in 24-well microtiter plates were sprayed with test solutions at an application rate of 200 ppm. After drying, the leaf discs are infested with mite populations of mixed ages. 8 days later, discs are checked for egg mortality, larval mortality, and adult mortality.

The following compounds gave at least 80%> control of Tetranychus urticae: Al, Bl to B5, B8 to B10, B12 to B15, CI to C14, Dlto D20, D23, D25, D26, D28, D30-D34, D37-D38, El to E4, Fl to F7, Gl to G19, G22-G25, G28, G30, H1-H4, J1-J4, Kl .

Myzus persicae (Green peach aphid):

Sunflower leaf discs were placed on agar in a 24-well microtiter plate and sprayed with test solutions at an application rate of 200 ppm. After drying, the leaf discs were infested with an aphid population of mixed ages. After an incubation period of 6 DAT, samples were checked for mortality. The following compounds gave at least 80% control of Myzus persicae Al, B2 to B5, B8, B9, B13 to B15, CI to C14, Dl , D3 to D21, D23, D25 to D28, D30 to D34, D37, El to E4, Fl to F7, Gl to G25, G28, HI to H4, Jl to J4, Kl . Aedes aegypti (Yellow fever mosquito):

Test solutions, at an application rate of 200ppm in ethanol, were applied to 12 well tissue culture plates. Once the deposits were dry, five, two to five day old adult female Aedes aegypti were added to each well, and sustained with a 10%> sucrose solution in a cotton wool plug. Assessment of knockdown was made one hour after introduction, and mortality was assessed at 24 and 48 hours after introduction.

None of the prepared examples described in the tables A-K showed knockdown activity after one hour. The following compounds gave at least 80%> control of Aedes aegypti after 48h and/or 24h:

B2, B3, CI to C14, Dl to D28, D30, D35, Gl to G15, G23, G24, H2, H2 Jl, J3

Anopheles stephensi (Indian malaria mosquito):

Test solutions, at an application rate of 200 ppm in ethanol, were applied to 12 well tissue culture plates. Once the deposits were dry, five, two to five day old adult female Anopheles stephensi were added to each well, and sustained with a 10%> sucrose solution in a cotton wool plug. Assessment of knockdown was made one hour after introduction, and mortality was assessed at 24 and 48 hours after introduction.

None of the prepared examples described in the tables A-K showed knockdown activity after one hour. The following compounds gave at least 80%> control of Anopheles stephensi after 48h and/or 24h:

B2, B3, CI to C4, C7, C9 to C13, Dl to D7, D9, Dl 1 to D13, D15 to D20, D23, D28, D30, D35, Gl to Gi l, G13, G14, G23, H2, H3, Jl

Claims

1. A compound of formula (I)
Q1 is 3-pyridyl, 4-pyridyl, 3-pyridinyl-N-oxide, 4-pyridinyl-N-oxide, substituted 3-pyridyl, substituted4-pyridyl, substituted 3-pyridinyl-N-oxide or substituted4-pyridinyl-N-oxide substituted by one to four R3 substituents, which may be the same or different;
substituents, which may be the same or different;
Q2 is a moiety of formula (II)
wherein
Y! and Y5 are independently of each other selected from CI, Br, I, methyl, trifluoromethyl, ethyl, methoxy, trifluoromethoxy, trifluoromethylthio or methoxymethyl
Y3 is selected from nonafluorobut-2-yl or heptafluoroprop-2-yl
R1 is selected from hydrogen, Ci-Csalkyl, C2-Csalkenyl, C2-Csalkynyl, Ci-Csalkylcarbonyl, Ci-Csalkoxycarbonyl, hydroxyl, Ci-Csalkyloxy, and aminocarbonyl-Ci-C4alkylene;
R2 is selected from hydrogen, Ci-Csalkyl, C2-Csalkenyl, C2-Csalkynyl, Ci-Csalkylcarbonyl, Ci-Csalkoxycarbonyl, hydroxyl, Ci-Csalkyloxy, and aminocarbonyl-Ci-C4alkylene; and R3 is selected from cyano, nitro, amine, halogen, hydroxyl, Ci-C4-alkoxy, Ci-C4alkyl, Ci- C4haloalkyl, Ci-C4alkyloxycarbonylamino, Ci-C4alkylamino, N-Ci-C4alkyl-Ci-C4alkyloxy- carbonylamino; G1 and G2 are independently of each other oxygen or sulfur;
provided that
if R1 is H and Y3 is heptafluoroprop-2-yl and Y1 and Y5 are both methyl then Q1 is selected from pyridin-4-yl, pyridin-4-yl-N-oxide, pyridin-3-yl and pyridin-3-yl-N-oxide, pyridin-2- yl, pyridin-2-yl-N-oxide; and
if R1 is H and Y3 is nonafluorobut-2-yl and Y1 is ethyl then Y5 is not methyl;
if R1 is H and Y3 is nonafluorobut-2-yl and Y1 is methyl then Y5 is not ethyl
if R1 is H and Y3 is nonafluorobut-2-yl and Y1 is chlorine then Y5 is not bromine;
if R1 is H and Y3 is nonafluorobut-2-yl and Y1 is bromine then Y5 is not chlorine
if R1 is H and Y3 is nonafluorobut-2-yl then Y1 and Y5 are not both chlorine;
or an agrochemically acceptable salt thereof.
2. A compound of formula (I) according to claim 1 characterized in that Y3 is
heptafluoroprop-2-yl
3. A compound of formula (I) according to claim 1 or claim 2 characterized in that Q2 is select from
2-bromo-6-chloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,
2,6-dichloro-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl,
2,6-dibromo-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl and
2-bromo-6-ethyl-4-(heptafluoroprop-2-yl)phenyl.
4. A compound of formula (I) according to claim 1 characterized in that
Q1 is 3-pyridyl, 4-pyridyl, 3-pyridinyl-N-oxide, 4-pyridinyl-N-oxide, substituted 3-pyridyl, substituted4-pyridyl, substituted 3-pyridinyl-N-oxide or substituted4-pyridinyl-N-oxide substituted by one to four R3 substituents, which may be the same or different;
Q2 is a moiety of formula (II)
Y1 is selected from CI, Br, I, trifluoromethyl, ethyl, methoxy, trifluoromethoxy,
trifluoromethylthio or methoxymethyl
Y5 is selected from CI, Br, I, methyl, trifluoromethyl, ethyl, methoxy, trifluoromethoxy, trifluoromethylthio or methoxymethyl
Y3 is heptafluoroprop-2-yl
R1 is selected from hydrogen, Ci-Csalkyl, C2-Csalkenyl, C2-Csalkynyl, Ci-Csalkylcarbonyl, Ci-Csalkoxycarbonyl, hydroxyl, Ci-Csalkyloxy, and aminocarbonyl-Ci-C4alkylene; R2 is selected from hydrogen, Ci-Csalkyl, C2-Csalkenyl, C2-Csalkynyl, Ci-Csalkylcarbonyl,
Ci-Csalkoxycarbonyl, hydroxyl, Ci-Csalkyloxy, and aminocarbonyl-Ci-C4alkylene; and
R3 is selected from cyano, nitro, amine, halogen, hydroxyl, Ci-C4-alkoxy, Ci-C4alkyl, Ci-
C4haloalkyl, Ci-C4alkyloxycarbonylamino, Ci-C4alkylamino, N-Ci-C4alkyl-Ci-C4alkyloxy- carbonylamino;
G1 and G2 are both oxygen;
5. A compound of formula (I) according to claim 4 characterized in that
Q1 is 3-pyridyl, 4-pyridyl, 3-pyridinyl-N-oxide, 4-pyridinyl-N-oxide, substituted 3-pyridyl, substituted4-pyridyl, substituted 3-pyridinyl-N-oxide or substituted4-pyridinyl-N-oxide substituted by one to four R3 substituents, which may be the same or different;
Q2 is a moiety of formula (II)
wherein
Y1 is selected from CI, Br, I, ethyl;
Y5 is selected from CI, Br, I, methyl, ethyl;
Y3 is heptafluoroprop-2-yl
R1 is selected from hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, allyl, aminocarbonyl- ethylene;
R2 is selected from hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, aminocarbonyl-ethylene; and R3 is independently cyano, CI, F, methyl, trifluoromethyl or methoxy;
G1 and G2 are both oxygen;
6. A compound of formula (I) according to claim 5 characterized in that
Y1 is selected from CI, Br, ethyl;
Y5 is selected from CI, Br, methyl, ethyl;
Y3 is heptafluoroprop-2-yl
R1 is selected from hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, preferably methyl, ethyl;
R2 is selected from hydrogen, methyl, ethyl,; and
R3 is independently cyano, CI, F, methyl, trifluoromethyl or methoxy; G1 and G2 are both oxygen;
or an agrochemically acceptable salt thereof.
7. A compound of formula (I) according to claim 1 to 6 characterized in that R1 is hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, allyl, propargyl, acetyl, hydroxy, or methyloxy.
8. A compound of formula (I) according to claim 7 characterized in that Q1 is 4-pyridyl, 4-pyridyl substituted by one to four R3 substituents , which may be the same or different
9. A compound of formula (I) according to claim 7 characterized in that Q1 is 3-pyridyl, 3-pyridyl substituted by one to four R3 substituents, which may be the same or different
10. A method of controlling insects, acarines, nematodes or molluscs which comprises applying to a pest, to a locus of a pest, or to a plant susceptible to attack by a pest an insecticidally, acaricidally, nematicidally or molluscicidally effective amount of a compound of formula (I) as defined in any one of claims 1 to 9.
11. An insecticidal, acaricidal, nematicidal or molluscicidal composition comprising an insecticidally, acaricidally, nematicidally or molluscicidally effective amount of a compound of formula (I) as defined in any one of claims 1 to 9 together with an agrochemically acceptable diluent or carrier.
12. A composition according to claim 11 which further comprises one or more additional insecticidal, acaricidal, nematicidal or molluscicidal compounds.
PCT/EP2012/068655 2011-10-03 2012-09-21 Insecticidal 2-methoxybenzamide derivatives WO2013050261A1 (en)

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CN 201280059007 CN104011024B (en) 2011-10-03 2012-09-21 2-methoxy-benzamide derivatives have insecticidal properties
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