WO2013037152A1 - Solar cell power generation system, and module array and module array support thereof - Google Patents

Solar cell power generation system, and module array and module array support thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2013037152A1
WO2013037152A1 PCT/CN2011/080870 CN2011080870W WO2013037152A1 WO 2013037152 A1 WO2013037152 A1 WO 2013037152A1 CN 2011080870 W CN2011080870 W CN 2011080870W WO 2013037152 A1 WO2013037152 A1 WO 2013037152A1
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WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
solar cell
concrete support
concrete
cell module
array
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PCT/CN2011/080870
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘志斌
范继良
林智强
袁继潮
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东莞市中海光电材料有限公司
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Priority to CN2011102722174A priority Critical patent/CN102306670B/en
Priority to CN201110272217.4 priority
Application filed by 东莞市中海光电材料有限公司 filed Critical 东莞市中海光电材料有限公司
Publication of WO2013037152A1 publication Critical patent/WO2013037152A1/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/10Supporting structures directly fixed to the ground
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/60Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/61Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules for fixing to the ground or to building structures
    • F24S25/617Elements driven into the ground, e.g. anchor-piles; Foundations for supporting elements; Connectors for connecting supporting structures to the ground or to flat horizontal surfaces
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

A solar cell module array support (1), including a concrete support (10), a connector (20), and a fixture pin (30). The equally-spaced vertical arrangement of the concrete support forms an array structure. Adjacent concrete supports are fixed and connected to each other via the connector (20). The concrete supports at the periphery of the array structure circle to form a polygon. The concrete supports are divided into a first concrete support (11) and a second concrete support (12). The first concrete support is at the intersection of the polygon. The fixture pin (30) is fixed and protrudes at the first corresponding concrete support. An installation hole (11c) of the first concrete support is inserted onto the protruding fixture pin and fixed. The concrete support greatly reduces the manufacturing costs of supports. The first concrete support is fixed at the intersection of the array structure by means of the fixture pin, and adjacent concrete supports are fixed and connected to each other via the connector, which greatly strengthens the stability of the array support. Furthermore, a solar cell module array and a solar cell power generation system are provided.

Description

太阳能电池发电系统及其模块阵列、 模块阵列支架 技术领域  Solar cell power generation system and module array thereof, module array bracket
本发明涉及太阳能电池发电系统领域, 尤其涉及一种具有太阳能电池模块 阵列支架的太阳能电池发电系统。 背景技术  The present invention relates to the field of solar cell power generation systems, and more particularly to a solar cell power generation system having a solar cell module array support. Background technique
太阳能电池是一种新型电源, 具有永久性、 清洁性和灵活性三大优点, 且 太阳能电池寿命长, 只要太阳存在, 太阳能电池就可以一次投资而长期使用; 而且与火力发电、 核能发电相比, 太阳能电池不会引起环境污染; 太阳能电池 可以大中小并举, 大到百万千瓦的中型电站, 小到只供一户用的太阳能电池组, 这是其它电源无法比拟的。  Solar cells are a new type of power source with three advantages of permanentness, cleanliness and flexibility, and long life of solar cells. As long as the sun exists, solar cells can be used for long-term investment; and compared with thermal power generation and nuclear power generation. Solar cells will not cause environmental pollution; solar cells can be large and medium-sized, ranging from a medium-sized power plant with a capacity of one million kilowatts to a solar battery pack for only one household. This is unmatched by other power sources.
而太阳能发电系统最主要的组成部分包括太阳能电池组、 太阳能控制器及 蓄电池(组), 另外还需要配合逆变器; 其中, 太阳能电池组是太阳能发电系统 的核心部分, 也是太阳能发电系统中价值最高的部分, 其作用是将太阳能转化 为电能, 或送往蓄电池中存储起来, 或推动负载工作; 而太阳能控制器的作用 是控制整个系统的工作状态, 并对蓄电池起到过充电保护、 过放电保护的作用; 蓄电池一般为铅酸电池, 一般有 12V和 24V这两种, 小微型系统中, 也可用镍 氢电池、 镍镉电池或锂电池, 其作用是在有光照时将太阳能电池板所发出的电 能储存起来, 到需要的时候再释放出来; 由于太阳能电池组的直接输出一般都 是 DC12V、 DC24V、 DC48V, 为了能够向 AC220V的电器提供电能, 需要将太 阳能发电系统所发出的直流电能转换成交流电能,因此需要使用 DC-AC逆变器。  The most important components of the solar power system include solar cells, solar controllers and batteries (groups), and also need to cooperate with inverters; among them, solar cells are the core part of solar power systems, and are also the value of solar power systems. The highest part, its role is to convert solar energy into electrical energy, or send it to the storage battery to store, or push the load to work; and the role of the solar controller is to control the working state of the entire system, and overcharge protection of the battery The role of discharge protection; batteries are generally lead-acid batteries, generally 12V and 24V, in small and micro systems, nickel-hydrogen batteries, nickel-cadmium batteries or lithium batteries can also be used, the role is to have solar panels in the light The generated electric energy is stored and released when needed. Since the direct output of the solar battery pack is generally DC12V, DC24V, DC48V, in order to be able to supply electric energy to the AC220V electrical appliance, the DC power generated by the solar power generation system is required. Converted to AC power, so To use the DC-AC inverter.
目前, 用来安装太阳能电池组的支架主要釆用铝合金主材及不锈钢配件, 铝合金材质的支架虽然外观美观, 但是铝合金材质的支架, 在使用过程中稳固 性不够高, 且釆用铝合金使支架的生产成本较高。  At present, the brackets for installing solar battery packs are mainly made of aluminum alloy main materials and stainless steel fittings. Although the aluminum alloy brackets are aesthetically pleasing, the aluminum alloy brackets are not stable enough during use, and aluminum is used. The alloy makes the production cost of the stent high.
因此, 急需一种在使用中具有较好稳固性、 且生产成本低的支架来安装太 阳能电池组。 发明内容 Therefore, there is an urgent need for a bracket that is more stable in use and has a low production cost to mount a solar battery pack. Summary of the invention
本发明的目的在于提供一种太阳能电池模块阵列支架, 其用于在户外安装 太阳能电池模块, 并具有良好的稳定性且生产成本低。  SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An object of the present invention is to provide a solar cell module array holder for mounting a solar cell module outdoors, which has good stability and low production cost.
本发明的另一目的在于提供一种太阳能电池模块阵列, 其具有的太阳能电 池模块阵列支架, 使得安装太阳能电池模块后具有良好的稳定性且生产成本低。  Another object of the present invention is to provide an array of solar cell modules having a solar cell module array holder which has good stability after installation of the solar cell module and low production cost.
本发明的又一目的在于提供一种太阳能电池发电系统, 其具有的太阳能电 池模块阵列支架, 使得安装太阳能电池模块后具有良好的稳定性且生产成本低。  It is still another object of the present invention to provide a solar cell power generation system having a solar cell module array holder which has good stability after installation of the solar cell module and low production cost.
为实现上述目的, 本发明的技术方案为: 提供一种太阳能电池模块阵列支 架, 其用于在户外安装太阳能电池模块并形成呈阵列排布的太阳能电池模块阵 列, 所述太阳能电池模块阵列支架包括混泥土支架、 连接件及固定销, 所述混 泥土支架等间距的直立排布形成阵列结构, 相邻的所述混泥土支架之间通过所 述连接件相互固定连接, 位于所述阵列结构的外围的混泥土支架围成多边形, 所述混泥土支架分为第一混泥土支架及第二混泥土支架, 所述第一混泥土支架 的下端开设有安装孔, 所述第一混泥土支架位于所述多边形的交点处, 对应所 述第一混泥土支架处固定并凸出设置所述固定销, 所述第一混泥土支架的安装 孔插入凸出的所述固定销上并固定。  To achieve the above objective, the technical solution of the present invention is to provide a solar cell module array support for mounting a solar cell module outdoors and forming an array of solar cell modules arranged in an array, the solar cell module array support comprising The concrete support, the connecting member and the fixing pin, the upright arrangement of the concrete support is formed into an array structure, and the adjacent concrete supports are fixedly connected to each other by the connecting member, and the array structure is located The outer concrete support is divided into a polygonal shape, and the concrete support is divided into a first concrete support and a second concrete support, and a lower end of the first concrete support is provided with a mounting hole, and the first concrete support is located At the intersection of the polygons, the fixing pin is fixed and protruded corresponding to the first concrete support, and the mounting hole of the first concrete bracket is inserted into the protruding fixing pin and fixed.
较佳地, 所述太阳能电池模块阵列支架还包括混泥土加固件, 所述混泥土 加固件对应于所述第一混泥土支架固定, 所述固定销的一端固定于所述混泥土 加固件上, 所述固定销的另一端穿入所述第一混泥土支架的安装孔内并固定, 混泥土加固件用于进一步加强第一混泥土支架的强度, 以适应更恶劣的外部环 境。  Preferably, the solar cell module array support further comprises a concrete reinforcement, the concrete reinforcement is fixed corresponding to the first concrete support, and one end of the fixed pin is fixed on the concrete reinforcement The other end of the fixing pin penetrates into the fixing hole of the first concrete bracket and is fixed, and the concrete reinforcement is used to further strengthen the strength of the first concrete bracket to adapt to a worse external environment.
较佳地, 所述第一混泥土支架等间距的分布于所述多边形上, 根据太阳能 电池模块阵列的大小, 可选择地使用更多的第一混泥土支架, 使混泥土支架阵 列具有较好的稳定性。  Preferably, the first concrete support is equally spaced on the polygon, and according to the size of the solar cell module array, more first concrete supports can be selectively used to make the concrete support array better. Stability.
较佳地, 所述第一混泥土支架等间距的分布于所述阵列结构中, 若混泥土 支架所形成的阵列较大时, 还可将第一混泥土支架设置于阵列中, 以使混泥土 支架所形成的阵列具有较高的稳定性。 Preferably, the first concrete support is equally spaced in the array structure, and if the array formed by the concrete support is large, the first concrete support can be placed in the array to mix Soil The array formed by the stent has a high stability.
较佳地, 所述连接件为钢丝绳, 所述混泥土支架上贯穿开设至少两个通孔, 所述钢丝绳依次对应穿过相邻的所述混泥土支架上的通孔并与所述混泥土支架 固定, 相邻的所述混泥土支架之间通过所述钢丝绳相互固定连接; 更具体地, 固定于所述阵列结构的混泥土支架上的钢丝绳形成空间网状结构; 形成空间网 状结构的钢丝绳进一步加强混泥土支架之间的稳定性。  Preferably, the connecting member is a steel wire rope, and at least two through holes are formed through the concrete support, and the steel wire ropes sequentially pass through the through holes in the adjacent concrete support and the concrete The bracket is fixed, and the adjacent concrete supports are fixedly connected to each other by the wire rope; more specifically, the steel wire rope fixed on the concrete support of the array structure forms a spatial network structure; forming a spatial network structure The wire rope further strengthens the stability between the concrete supports.
较佳地, 所述混泥土支架的顶端面呈倾斜结构, 在实际安装过程中, 可根 据具体的安装位置及釆光条件, 选择性地将混泥土支架的顶端面设计成倾斜结 构, 以便太阳能电池模块更好的接收太阳光, 从而提高发电效率。  Preferably, the top surface of the concrete support has an inclined structure. During the actual installation process, the top surface of the concrete support can be selectively designed as a tilt structure according to a specific installation position and a light-emitting condition, so as to be solar energy. The battery module better receives sunlight, thereby increasing power generation efficiency.
较佳地, 所述混泥土支架呈工字形结构, 一方面方便其上端面安装太阳能 电池模块, 另一方面其安装后具有较高的稳定性。  Preferably, the concrete support has an I-shaped structure, and on the one hand, the solar cell module is mounted on the upper end surface thereof, and on the other hand, it has high stability after installation.
较佳地, 所述混泥土支架的顶端面上还设置有固定件, 用于固定连接太阳 能电池模块, 所述固定件可以是釆用喷涂方式形成于混泥土支架的顶端面上的 连接层, 还可以是固定于混泥土支架的顶端面上的其他连接机构, 其用于将太 阳能电池模块稳定的固定于混泥土支架的顶端面上。  Preferably, the top surface of the concrete support is further provided with a fixing member for fixing and connecting the solar battery module, and the fixing member may be a connecting layer formed on the top surface of the concrete support by spraying. It may also be another connection mechanism fixed to the top end surface of the concrete support for stably fixing the solar cell module to the top end surface of the concrete support.
较佳地, 位于所述阵列结构的外围的混泥土支架围成矩形。  Preferably, the concrete support located at the periphery of the array structure is rectangular.
相应地, 本发明还提供一种太阳能电池模块阵列, 其包括太阳能电池模块 及太阳能电池模块阵列支架, 所述太阳能电池模块——对应的安装于所述太阳 能电池模块阵列支架的混泥土支架上。  Correspondingly, the present invention also provides an array of solar cell modules, comprising a solar cell module and a solar cell module array support, wherein the solar cell module is correspondingly mounted on the concrete support of the solar cell module array support.
本发明还提供一种太阳能电池发电系统, 其包括太阳能控制器及太阳能电 池模块阵列 , 所述太阳能控制器控制所述太阳能电池模块阵列的工作状态。  The present invention also provides a solar cell power generation system including a solar controller and an array of solar battery modules, the solar controller controlling an operating state of the array of solar battery modules.
与现有技术相比, 由于本发明的太阳能电池模块阵列支架, 其包括混泥土 支架、 连接件及固定销, 所述混泥土支架等间距的直立排布形成阵列结构, 相 邻的混泥土支架之间通过连接件相互固定连接, 且位于阵列结构的外围的混泥 土支架围成多边形, 而混泥土支架分为第一混泥土支架及第二混泥土支架, 第 一混泥土支架的下端开设有安装孔, 第一混泥土支架位于所述多边形的交点处, 对应第一混泥土支架处固定并凸出设置所述固定销, 第一混泥土支架的安装孔 插入凸出的所述固定销上并固定; 釆用混泥土制成的混泥土支架大大降低了支 架的生产成本, 且第一混泥土支架通过固定销固定于阵列结构的交点处, 相邻 混泥土支架之间通过连接件相互固定连接, 这样大大加强了阵列支架的稳定性。 附图说明 Compared with the prior art, the solar cell module array support of the present invention comprises a concrete support, a connecting member and a fixing pin, and the concrete support is equally arranged in an upright arrangement to form an array structure, and the adjacent concrete support The concrete brackets are fixedly connected to each other by a connecting member, and the concrete brackets located at the periphery of the array structure are polygonal, and the concrete bracket is divided into a first concrete bracket and a second concrete bracket, and the lower end of the first concrete bracket is opened. a mounting hole, the first concrete bracket is located at an intersection of the polygon, and the fixing pin is fixed and protruded corresponding to the first concrete bracket, and the mounting hole of the first concrete bracket Inserting the protruding fixing pin and fixing it; 混 The concrete bracket made of concrete greatly reduces the production cost of the bracket, and the first concrete bracket is fixed at the intersection of the array structure by the fixing pin, adjacently mixed The soil supports are fixedly connected to each other by a connecting member, which greatly enhances the stability of the array bracket. DRAWINGS
图 1是本发明太阳能电池发电系统的系统框图。  BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Figure 1 is a system block diagram of a solar cell power generation system of the present invention.
图 2是本发明太阳能电池模块阵列的实施例一的结构示意图。  2 is a schematic structural view of Embodiment 1 of a solar cell module array of the present invention.
图 3是图 2沿 Y轴方向的侧视图。  Figure 3 is a side view of Figure 2 along the Y-axis direction.
图 4是图 2沿 X轴方向的侧视图。  Figure 4 is a side view of Figure 2 along the X-axis direction.
图 5是图 2中太阳能电池模块阵列的局部放大示意图。  Figure 5 is a partially enlarged schematic view of the solar cell module array of Figure 2.
图 6是图 2中第一混泥土支架的实施例一的结构示意图。  Figure 6 is a schematic view showing the structure of the first embodiment of the first concrete support of Figure 2;
图 7是图 2中第二混泥土支架的结构示意图。  Figure 7 is a schematic view showing the structure of the second concrete support of Figure 2;
图 8是图 2中第一混泥土支架的实施例二的结构示意图。  Figure 8 is a schematic view showing the structure of the second embodiment of the first concrete support of Figure 2;
图 9是图 2中第一混泥土支架的实施例三的结构示意图。  Figure 9 is a schematic view showing the structure of the third embodiment of the first concrete support of Figure 2;
图 10是本发明太阳能电池模块阵列的实施例二的结构示意图。  FIG. 10 is a schematic structural view of Embodiment 2 of the solar cell module array of the present invention.
图 11是本发明太阳能电池模块阵列的实施例三的结构示意图。  Figure 11 is a schematic view showing the structure of a third embodiment of the solar cell module array of the present invention.
图 12是本发明太阳能电池模块阵列的实施例四中的第一混泥土支架的结构 示意图。 具体实施方式  Figure 12 is a schematic view showing the structure of a first concrete support in the fourth embodiment of the solar cell module array of the present invention. detailed description
现在参考附图描述本发明的实施例, 附图中类似的元件标号代表类似的元 件。  Embodiments of the present invention will now be described with reference to the drawings, in which like reference numerals represent like elements.
如图 1所示, 本发明太阳能电池发电系统包括太阳能控制器、 逆变器、 蓄 电池及太阳能电池模块阵列, 其中, 所述太阳能电池模块阵列安装于户外, 并 形成阵列排布结构, 用于将太阳能转化为电能; 而蓄电池用于将太阳能电池板 所发出的电能储存起来, 并在需要时释放; 逆变器用于将直流电能转换成交流 电能; 所述太阳能控制器用于控制整个系统的工作状态。 如图 2-图 4所示,所述太阳能电池模块阵列包括太阳能电池模块阵列支架 1 及太阳能电池模块 2, 所述太阳能电池模块阵列支架 1包括混泥土支架 10、 连 接件 20及固定销 30, 所述混泥土支架 10等间距的直立排布形成阵列结构, 相 邻的所述混泥土支架 10之间通过所述连接件 20相互固定连接, 且位于所述阵 列结构的外围的混泥土支架 10围成多边形, 所述太阳能电池模块 2——对应的 安装于所述混泥土支架 10上。 As shown in FIG. 1 , the solar cell power generation system of the present invention includes a solar controller, an inverter, a battery, and a solar cell module array, wherein the solar cell module array is installed outdoors, and forms an array arrangement for The solar energy is converted into electrical energy; the battery is used to store the electrical energy emitted by the solar panel and is released when needed; the inverter is used to convert the direct current electrical energy into alternating current electrical energy; the solar energy controller is used to control the working state of the entire system . As shown in FIG. 2 to FIG. 4, the solar cell module array includes a solar cell module array support 1 and a solar cell module 2, and the solar cell module array support 1 includes a concrete support 10, a connecting member 20, and a fixing pin 30. The upright arrangement of the concrete support 10 is formed into an array structure, and the adjacent concrete supports 10 are fixedly connected to each other by the connecting member 20, and the concrete support 10 located at the periphery of the array structure In a polygonal shape, the solar cell module 2 is correspondingly mounted on the concrete support 10.
结合图 2-图 7所示, 在本发明的第一实施例中, 以将太阳能电池模块阵列 安装于户外地面为例进行说明, 在本实施例中, 位于所述太阳能电池模块阵列 的外围的混泥土支架 10围成矩形结构, 所述混泥土支架 10分为第一混泥土支 架 11及第二混泥土支架 12,且第一混泥土支架 11及第二混泥土支架 12均呈工 字形结构, 这样, 一方面方便其上端面安装太阳能电池模块, 另一方面其设置 于地面上后具有较高的稳定性; 而所述第一混泥土支架 11设置于矩形阵列结构 的四角交点处, 第二混泥土支架 12则设置在阵列中的其他位置; 具体地, 第一 混泥土支架 11的下端开设有安装孔 11c, 用于固定第一混泥土支架 10, 在本实 施例中, 第一混泥土支架 11上的安装孔 11c由其底部向内凹陷而形成, 即第一 混泥土支架 11的下端形成中空结构, 这样, 安装时, 将固定销 30对应固定于 地面并使其凸出地面, 而第一混泥土支架 11上的安装孔 11c对应插入凸出的固 定销 30上而使其固定即可; 在第一混泥土支架 11及第二混泥土支架 12上均贯 穿开设至少两个通孔, 在本实施例中, 在第一混泥土支架 11的两相对的侧壁上 贯穿开设有通孔 11a,在其两外的两相对的侧壁上贯穿开设有通孔 l ib,通孔 11a 与通孔 l ib的轴向相垂直, 相应地, 在第二混泥土支架 12的两相对的侧壁上也 贯穿开设有所述通孔 12a, 其另外的两相对的侧壁上贯穿开设有通孔 12b, 用连 接件 20将两者连接时, 一连接件 20a依次对应穿过相邻的第一混泥土支架 11 上的通孔 11a及第二混泥土支架 12上的通孔 12a内并与之固定,另一连接件 20b 依次对应穿过相邻的第一混泥土支架 11上的通孔 l ib及第二混泥土支架 12上 的通孔 12b内并与之固定, 这样, 相邻的第一混泥土支架 11及第二混泥土支架 12之间通过所述连接件 20a、 20b相互固定连接, 且固定于所述阵列结构的第一 混泥土支架 11及第二混泥土支架 12上的所有连接件 20a、 20b形成空间网状结 构, 本实施例中, 连接件 20a、 20b优选为钢丝绳, 当然, 并不仅限于是钢丝绳, 还可以是相类似的其他具有牢固结构的连接件。 As shown in FIG. 2 to FIG. 7, in the first embodiment of the present invention, the solar cell module array is mounted on an outdoor ground as an example. In the embodiment, the solar cell module array is located at the periphery of the solar cell module array. The concrete support 10 is divided into a rectangular structure, and the concrete support 10 is divided into a first concrete support 11 and a second concrete support 12, and the first concrete support 11 and the second concrete support 12 are in an I-shaped structure. In this way, on the one hand, it is convenient to install the solar cell module on the upper end surface thereof, and on the other hand, it has high stability after being disposed on the ground; and the first concrete support 11 is disposed at the intersection of the four corners of the rectangular array structure, The second concrete support 12 is disposed at other positions in the array; specifically, the lower end of the first concrete support 11 is provided with a mounting hole 11c for fixing the first concrete support 10, in this embodiment, the first mixed The mounting hole 11c of the soil support 11 is formed by the bottom of the bottom of the first concrete support 11, so that the fixing pin 30 is fixed to the ground. And protruding from the ground, and the mounting hole 11c of the first concrete support 11 is correspondingly inserted into the protruding fixing pin 30 to be fixed; on the first concrete support 11 and the second concrete support 12 At least two through holes are formed through the through holes. In the embodiment, the through holes 11a are formed through the opposite side walls of the first concrete support 11 and are disposed on the opposite outer walls of the two outer walls. The through hole l ib, the through hole 11a is perpendicular to the axial direction of the through hole l ib , and correspondingly, the through hole 12a is also opened through the opposite side walls of the second concrete support 12, and the other two A through hole 12b is formed in the opposite side wall, and when the two are connected by the connecting member 20, a connecting member 20a sequentially passes through the through hole 11a and the second concrete support on the adjacent first concrete support 11 The inside of the through hole 12a in 12 is fixed and fixed thereto, and the other connecting member 20b sequentially passes through the through hole l ib of the adjacent first concrete support 11 and the through hole 12b of the second concrete support 12 and Fixed thereto, such that the adjacent first concrete support 11 and the second concrete support 12 pass through the connection The connectors 20a, 20b are fixedly connected to each other and fixed to the first of the array structure All the connecting members 20a, 20b on the concrete support 11 and the second concrete support 12 form a space network structure. In this embodiment, the connecting members 20a, 20b are preferably wire ropes, of course, not limited to steel wire ropes, but also Similar to other connectors with a strong structure.
结合图 3-图 5所示,安装完第一混泥土支架 11、第二混泥土支架 12使其形 成预先设计的阵列后, 再将太阳能电池模块 2—一对应的安装于所述第一混泥 土支架 11及第二混泥土支架 12上, 首先在安装完成的第一混泥土支架 11及第 二混泥土支架 12上分别先固定上固定件 40, 在本实施例中, 固定件 40是直接 于第一混泥土支架 11及第二混泥土支架 12上涂上硅胶而形成的硅胶层 2b, 最 后将太阳能电池模块 2——对应粘贴固定于第一混泥土支架 11及第二混泥土支 架 12上, 完成太阳能电池模块 2的安装; 当然, 太阳能电池模块 2并不限于本 实施例中的釆用硅胶层 2b来粘贴固定连接,还可以釆用其他的固定方式,例如, 还可以釆用直接喷涂的方式在第一混泥土支架 11及第二混泥土支架 12的顶端 面上形成其他粘合层, 或是釆用其他方式在第一混泥土支架 11及第二混泥土支 架 12的顶端面上固定一连接机构, 再将太阳能电池模块 2稳定地固定于第一混 泥土支架 11及第二混泥土支架 12的顶端面上。  As shown in FIG. 3 to FIG. 5, after the first concrete support 11 and the second concrete support 12 are installed to form a pre-designed array, the solar battery module is correspondingly mounted to the first hybrid. On the soil support 11 and the second concrete support 12, the upper fixing member 40 is first fixed on the first concrete support 11 and the second concrete support 12, respectively. In the embodiment, the fixing member 40 is directly The first concrete support 11 and the second concrete support 12 are coated with a silica gel layer 2b formed by silica gel, and finally the solar battery module 2 is correspondingly fixed to the first concrete support 11 and the second concrete support 12 The installation of the solar cell module 2 is completed. Of course, the solar cell module 2 is not limited to the silicone layer 2b for bonding and fixing the connection in the embodiment, and other fixing methods may be used. For example, the solar cell module 2 may be directly used. The manner of spraying forms other adhesive layers on the top surfaces of the first concrete support 11 and the second concrete support 12, or other means in the first concrete support 11 and the first Concrete bracket fixed to the top surface 12 a connecting means, and then the solar cell module 2 can be stably fixed to the first holder 11 and the mixed soil to the top surface of the second bracket 12 of concrete.
如图 8所示, 在本发明第一混泥土支架 11的结构并不限于上述第一实施例 中的结构, 第一混泥土支架 11的另一种结构中, 安装孔 11c由在第一混泥土支 架 11的下端对称开设的两通孔形成, 安装时, 在对应于第一混泥土支架 11所 要安装的位置处, 将两固定销 30分别固定于地面并使其凸出地面, 而第一混泥 土支架 11上的两安装孔 11c则分别对应插入凸出的固定销 30上,再分别通过两 固定件 30a、 30b与固定销 30配合连接而将第一混泥土支架 11固定, 当然, 为 加强两者之间连接的稳定性, 在固定件 30a、 30b与固定销 30之间还可设置垫 圈等, 此为本领域技术人员所熟知的技术, 不在赘述。  As shown in FIG. 8, the structure of the first concrete support 11 of the present invention is not limited to the structure in the first embodiment described above. In another structure of the first concrete support 11, the mounting hole 11c is in the first mix. Two through holes are formed symmetrically at the lower end of the soil support 11, and when installed, at the position corresponding to the first concrete support 11 to be installed, the two fixing pins 30 are respectively fixed to the ground and protruded from the ground, and the first The two mounting holes 11c of the concrete support 11 are respectively inserted into the protruding fixing pins 30, and then the first fixing members 30 are fixedly coupled with the fixing pins 30 to fix the first concrete support 11, of course, To enhance the stability of the connection between the two, a gasket or the like may be disposed between the fixing members 30a, 30b and the fixing pin 30, which is a technique well known to those skilled in the art, and will not be described again.
如图 9所示, 本发明第一混泥土支架 11的又一结构中, 为加强第一混泥土 支架 11的连接强度, 在其下端还设置有一混泥土加固件 50, 所述混泥土加固件 50埋设于地面, 而所述固定销 30的一端固定于混泥土加固件 50的上端, 固定 销 30的另一端穿过第一混泥土支架 11下端的安装孔 11c并固定,从而将第一混 泥土支架 11固定于混泥土加固件 50上, 而固定销 30与第一混泥土支架 11之 间的固定连接方式可以是上述固定方式中的任一种, 当然, 也还可以是其他的 固定连接方式。 As shown in FIG. 9, in another structure of the first concrete support 11 of the present invention, in order to strengthen the connection strength of the first concrete support 11, a concrete reinforcement 50 is further disposed at the lower end thereof, and the concrete reinforcement is provided. 50 is embedded in the ground, and one end of the fixing pin 30 is fixed to the upper end of the concrete reinforcement 50, and the other end of the fixing pin 30 passes through the mounting hole 11c of the lower end of the first concrete support 11 and is fixed, thereby the first mixing The soil support 11 is fixed to the concrete reinforcement 50, and the fixed connection between the fixing pin 30 and the first concrete support 11 may be any one of the above fixing methods. Of course, other fixed connections may also be used. the way.
如图 10所示, 第一混泥土支架 11并不限于上述第一实施例中的设置方式, 在本发明太阳能电池模块阵列的第二实施例中, 第一混泥土支架 11可根据实际 安装太阳能电池模块阵列的需要而设置在阵列中的其他位置, 例如, 当所述阵 列较大时, 可将第一混泥土支架 11等间距的分布于所述阵列的最外围, 这样, 根据太阳能电池模块阵列的大小, 可选择的安装第一混泥土支架 11 , 从而使混 泥土支架阵列具有较好的稳定性。  As shown in FIG. 10, the first concrete support 11 is not limited to the arrangement in the first embodiment. In the second embodiment of the solar battery module array of the present invention, the first concrete support 11 can be installed according to actual solar energy. The battery module array is disposed at other locations in the array as needed, for example, when the array is large, the first concrete support 11 may be equally spaced around the outermost periphery of the array, such that, according to the solar battery module The size of the array, optionally the first concrete support 11 is installed, so that the concrete support array has better stability.
如图 11所示, 当太阳能电池阵列足够大时, 为使太阳能电池模块阵列具有 更好的稳定性, 还可将第一混泥土支架 11等间距的分布于所述阵列结构中, 以 使混泥土支架所形成的阵列具有较高的稳定性, 而第一混泥土支架 11的固定方 式, 及其与第二混泥土支架 12之间的连接方式与上述实施例一相同。  As shown in FIG. 11, when the solar cell array is sufficiently large, in order to make the solar cell module array have better stability, the first concrete support 11 may be equally spaced in the array structure to be mixed. The array formed by the soil support has a high stability, and the manner of fixing the first concrete support 11 and its connection with the second concrete support 12 is the same as that of the first embodiment.
可以理解地, 并非所有的太阳能电池模块阵列中都必须需使用第一混泥土 支架 11及第二混泥土支架 11 ,在安装环境对太阳能电池模块的影响较小的情况 下, 也可以仅选择使用第二混泥土支架 12, 以节省安装程序, 提高安装效率。  It can be understood that not all the solar cell module arrays need to use the first concrete support 11 and the second concrete support 11 , and only when the installation environment has little influence on the solar battery module, The second concrete support 12 is used to save installation procedures and improve installation efficiency.
如图 12所示, 在本发明太阳能电池模块阵列的第四实施例中, 混泥土支架 10所包含的第一混泥土支架 11及第二混泥土支架 12的排列方式也可以是上述 实施例中的任意一种, 不同之处在于, 所述混泥土支架 10的顶端面设置成倾斜 结构, 以第一混泥土支架 11为例进行说明, 在本实施例中, 第一混泥土支架 11 的顶端面 l ib设计成倾斜结构, 而第一混泥土支架 11的固定方式可以是通过固 定销 30直接固定, 也可以是利用混泥土加固件 50来固定; 可以理解地, 由于 第一混泥土支架 11 的顶端面设计成倾斜结构, 第二混泥土支架 12的顶端面也 设计成相对应的倾斜结构, 在此不再详述; 因此, 在实际安装过程中, 可根据 具体的安装位置及釆光条件, 选择性地将第一混泥土支架 11及第二混泥土支架 12的顶端面设计成 0。-90。的倾斜结构, 以便安装于其上的太阳能电池模块更好 地接收太阳光, 从而提高发电效率。 下面结合图 1-图 8所示, 对本发明太阳能电池模块阵列的安装过程进行描 述。 As shown in FIG. 12, in the fourth embodiment of the solar cell module array of the present invention, the arrangement of the first concrete support 11 and the second concrete support 12 included in the concrete support 10 may also be in the above embodiment. Any one of the differences is that the top end surface of the concrete support 10 is provided in an inclined structure, and the first concrete support 11 is taken as an example. In the present embodiment, the top end of the first concrete support 11 is used. The face l ib is designed as a slanted structure, and the first concrete support 11 can be fixed by means of the fixing pin 30 or by the concrete reinforcement 50; it is understood that the first concrete support 11 is The top surface of the second concrete support 12 is also designed as a corresponding inclined structure, which will not be described in detail here; therefore, in the actual installation process, according to the specific installation position and dawn The top end faces of the first concrete support 11 and the second concrete support 12 are selectively designed to be 0. -90. The inclined structure allows the solar cell module mounted thereon to better receive sunlight, thereby improving power generation efficiency. The installation process of the solar cell module array of the present invention will now be described with reference to Figs.
首先, 预先制备所需的混泥土支架 10, 所述混泥土支架 10包括第一混泥土 支架 11及第二混泥土支架 12, 且第一混泥土支架 11的下端开设有安装孔 11c; 其次, 将混泥土支架 10按照所需要排列的太阳能电池模块阵列结构进行安装, 即将第一混泥土支架 11、 第二混泥土支架 12按照所要排成的阵列结构排列, 且 第一混泥土支架 11设置于该阵列结构的交点处, 并将钢丝绳 20分别穿过两相 邻的第一混泥土支架 11及第二混泥土支架 12并与之固定连接, 从而使连接混 泥土支架的所有钢丝绳 20形成空间网状结构; 然后, 在对应于第一混泥土支架 11的位置处, 将固定销 30凸出固定; 接着, 将相互连接起来的第一混泥土支架 11及第二混泥土支架 12放置到预设的安装位置, 并使第一混泥土支架 11的安 装孔 11c插入固定销 30上进行固定, 完成混泥土支架 10的安装; 最后, 分别对 应在每一个第一混泥土支架 11或第二混泥土支架 12上分别对应安装太阳能电 池模块 2, 是其最后形成一个完整的太阳能电池模块阵列。  First, the desired concrete support 10 is prepared in advance, and the concrete support 10 includes a first concrete support 11 and a second concrete support 12, and the lower end of the first concrete support 11 is provided with a mounting hole 11c; The concrete support 10 is installed in accordance with the solar cell module array structure that is arranged, that is, the first concrete support 11 and the second concrete support 12 are arranged in an array structure to be arranged, and the first concrete support 11 is disposed on At the intersection of the array structure, the wire rope 20 is respectively passed through and fixedly connected to the two adjacent first concrete support 11 and the second concrete support 12, so that all the wire ropes 20 connecting the concrete support form a space network. Then, at a position corresponding to the first concrete support 11, the fixing pin 30 is convexly fixed; then, the first concrete support 11 and the second concrete support 12 connected to each other are placed to a preset a mounting position, and the mounting hole 11c of the first concrete bracket 11 is inserted into the fixing pin 30 for fixing, and the installation of the concrete bracket 10 is completed; Finally, the solar battery module 2 is correspondingly mounted on each of the first concrete support 11 or the second concrete support 12, respectively, which finally forms a complete array of solar battery modules.
由于本发明的太阳能电池模块阵列支架 1 , 其包括混泥土支架 10、 连接件 20及固定销 30, 所述混泥土支架 10等间距的直立排布形成阵列结构, 相邻的 混泥土支架 10之间通过连接件 20相互固定连接, 且位于阵列结构的外围的混 泥土支架 10围成多边形, 而混泥土支架 10分为第一混泥土支架 11及第二混泥 土支架 12, 所述第一混泥土支架 11的下端开设有安装孔 11c, 第一混泥土支架 11位于所述多边形的交点处,对应第一混泥土支架 11处固定并凸出设置有所述 固定销 30, 第一混泥土支架 11的安装孔 11c插入凸出的固定销 30上并固定; 釆用混泥土制成的混泥土支架 10大大降低了支架的生产成本, 且第一混泥土支 架 11通过固定销 30固定于阵列的结构的交点处, 相邻混泥土支架之间通过连 接件 20相互固定连接, 这样大大加强了太阳能电池模块阵列支架的稳定性。  The solar cell module array holder 1 of the present invention comprises a concrete support 10, a connecting member 20 and a fixing pin 30, and the upright arrangement of the concrete support 10 forms an array structure, and the adjacent concrete support 10 The concrete support 10 is fixedly connected to each other by the connecting member 20, and the concrete support 10 at the periphery of the array structure is formed into a polygonal shape, and the concrete support 10 is divided into a first concrete support 11 and a second concrete support 12, the first mixed The lower end of the soil support 11 is provided with a mounting hole 11c. The first concrete support 11 is located at the intersection of the polygons, and is fixed and protruded from the first concrete support 11 to provide the fixing pin 30, and the first concrete support The mounting hole 11c of the 11 is inserted into the protruding fixing pin 30 and fixed; the concrete support 10 made of concrete is greatly reduced in the production cost of the bracket, and the first concrete bracket 11 is fixed to the array by the fixing pin 30. At the intersection of the structures, the adjacent concrete supports are fixedly connected to each other by the connecting member 20, which greatly enhances the stability of the solar cell module array support.
本发明太阳能电池发电系统的原理及结构设计等均为本领域普通技术人员 所熟知 , 在此不再做详细的说明。  The principle, structural design and the like of the solar cell power generation system of the present invention are well known to those skilled in the art and will not be described in detail herein.
以上所揭露的仅为本发明的优选实施例而已, 当然不能以此来限定本发明 之权利范围, 因此依本发明申请专利范围所作的等同变化, 仍属本发明所涵盖 The above disclosure is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and of course, the present invention cannot be limited thereto. The scope of the claims, therefore, equivalent changes made in accordance with the scope of the invention of the present invention are still covered by the present invention.

Claims

权 利 要 求 Rights request
1、 一种太阳能电池模块阵列支架, 用于在户外安装太阳能电池模块并形成 呈阵列排布的太阳能电池模块阵列, 其特征在于: 所述太阳能电池模块阵列支 架包括混泥土支架、 连接件及固定销, 所述混泥土支架等间距的直立排布形成 阵列结构, 相邻的所述混泥土支架之间通过所述连接件相互固定连接, 位于所 述阵列结构的外围的混泥土支架围成多边形, 所述混泥土支架分为第一混泥土 支架及第二混泥土支架, 所述第一混泥土支架的下端开设有安装孔, 所述第一 混泥土支架位于所述多边形的交点处, 对应所述第一混泥土支架处固定并凸出 设置所述固定销, 所述第一混泥土支架的安装孔插入凸出的所述固定销上并固 定。  A solar cell module array holder for mounting a solar cell module outdoors and forming an array of solar cell modules arranged in an array, wherein: the solar cell module array bracket comprises a concrete support, a connecting member and a fixing a pin, the upright arrangement of the concrete support is equally arranged to form an array structure, the adjacent concrete supports are fixedly connected to each other by the connecting member, and the concrete support located at the periphery of the array structure is surrounded by a polygon The concrete support is divided into a first concrete support and a second concrete support. The lower end of the first concrete support is provided with a mounting hole, and the first concrete support is located at an intersection of the polygons, corresponding to The fixing pin is fixed and protruded from the first concrete support, and the mounting hole of the first concrete bracket is inserted into the protruding fixing pin and fixed.
2、 如权利要求 1所述的太阳能电池模块阵列支架, 其特征在于: 所述太阳 能电池模块阵列支架还包括混泥土加固件, 所述混泥土加固件对应于所述第一 混泥土支架固定, 所述固定销的一端固定于所述混泥土加固件上, 所述固定销 的另一端穿入所述第一混泥土支架的安装孔内并固定。 2. The solar cell module array holder according to claim 1, wherein: the solar cell module array holder further comprises a concrete reinforcement, wherein the concrete reinforcement is fixed to the first concrete support, One end of the fixing pin is fixed to the concrete reinforcement, and the other end of the fixing pin penetrates into the mounting hole of the first concrete bracket and is fixed.
3、 如权利要求 1所述的太阳能电池模块阵列支架, 其特征在于: 所述第一 混泥土支架等间距的分布于所述多边形上。 3. The solar cell module array holder according to claim 1, wherein: the first concrete support is equally spaced on the polygon.
4、 如权利要求 1所述的太阳能电池模块阵列支架, 其特征在于: 所述第一 混泥土支架等间距的分布于所述阵列结构中。 4. The solar cell module array holder according to claim 1, wherein: the first concrete support is equally spaced in the array structure.
5、 如权利要求 1所述的太阳能电池模块阵列支架, 其特征在于: 所述连接 件为钢丝绳, 所述混泥土支架上贯穿开设至少两个通孔, 所述钢丝绳依次对应 穿过相邻的所述混泥土支架上的通孔并与所述混泥土支架固定, 相邻的所述混 泥土支架之间通过所述钢丝绳相互固定连接。 The solar cell module array holder according to claim 1, wherein: the connecting member is a steel wire rope, and at least two through holes are formed through the concrete support, and the steel wire ropes sequentially pass through adjacent ones. The through holes in the concrete support are fixed to the concrete support, and the adjacent concrete supports are fixedly connected to each other by the wire rope.
6、 如权利要求 5所述的太阳能电池模块阵列支架, 其特征在于: 固定于所 述阵列结构的混泥土支架上的钢丝绳形成空间网状结构。 The solar cell module array holder according to claim 5, wherein the steel wire rope fixed to the concrete support of the array structure forms a spatial network structure.
7、 如权利要求 1所述的太阳能电池模块阵列支架, 其特征在于: 所述混泥 土支架的顶端面呈倾斜结构。 The solar cell module array holder according to claim 1, wherein the top end surface of the concrete support has an inclined structure.
8、 如权利要求 1所述的太阳能电池模块阵列支架, 其特征在于: 所述混泥 土支架呈工字形结构。 The solar cell module array holder according to claim 1, wherein the concrete support has an I-shaped structure.
9、 如权利要求 1所述的太阳能电池模块阵列支架, 其特征在于: 所述混泥 土支架的顶端面上还设置有固定件, 用于固定连接太阳能电池模块。 9. The solar cell module array holder according to claim 1, wherein: the top surface of the concrete support is further provided with a fixing member for fixedly connecting the solar cell module.
10、 如权利要求 1 所述的太阳能电池模块阵列支架, 其特征在于: 位于所 述阵列结构的外围的混泥土支架围成矩形。 The solar cell module array holder according to claim 1, wherein the concrete support located at the periphery of the array structure is rectangular.
11、 一种太阳能电池模块阵列, 包括太阳能电池模块, 其特征在于: 还包括 如权利要求 1-10中任一项所述的太阳能电池模块阵列支架, 所述太阳能电池模 块——对应的安装于所述混泥土支架上。 An array of solar cell modules, comprising a solar cell module, further comprising: the solar cell module array holder according to any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein the solar cell module is correspondingly mounted on The concrete support.
12、 一种太阳能电池发电系统, 包括太阳能控制器, 其特征在于: 还包括 如权利要求 11所述的太阳能电池模块阵列, 所述太阳能控制器控制所述太阳能 电池模块阵列的工作状态。 12. A solar cell power generation system, comprising a solar energy controller, further comprising: the solar cell module array according to claim 11, wherein the solar energy controller controls an operation state of the solar cell module array.
PCT/CN2011/080870 2011-09-14 2011-10-18 Solar cell power generation system, and module array and module array support thereof WO2013037152A1 (en)

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