WO2013037111A1 - Locking mechanism, garbage tank and garbage transfer station - Google Patents

Locking mechanism, garbage tank and garbage transfer station Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2013037111A1
WO2013037111A1 PCT/CN2011/079630 CN2011079630W WO2013037111A1 WO 2013037111 A1 WO2013037111 A1 WO 2013037111A1 CN 2011079630 W CN2011079630 W CN 2011079630W WO 2013037111 A1 WO2013037111 A1 WO 2013037111A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
locking
hook
garbage
chute
rod
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PCT/CN2011/079630
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙昌俊
彭小仙
Original Assignee
长沙中联重工科技发展股份有限公司
湖南中联重科专用车有限责任公司
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Application filed by 长沙中联重工科技发展股份有限公司, 湖南中联重科专用车有限责任公司 filed Critical 长沙中联重工科技发展股份有限公司
Priority to PCT/CN2011/079630 priority Critical patent/WO2013037111A1/en
Publication of WO2013037111A1 publication Critical patent/WO2013037111A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F3/00Vehicles particularly adapted for collecting refuse

Abstract

Disclosed in the present invention is a locking mechanism for locking a first object (5) and a second object (6) together, which incomprises a locking hook (1) and a driving mechanism (4). The first object is provided with a first chute (21), to which the locking hook is connected. When the locking mechanism is driven to the rearmost end of the first chute by the driving mechanism, the locking mechanism is locked and the first and the second object are locked together. When the locking mechanism is driven to the most front end of the first chute by the driving mechanism, the locking mechanism is unlocked and the first and the second object are released. Also disclosed is a garbage tank comprising the locking mechanism for locking a door onto the tank. Also disclosed is a garbage transfer station comprising the locking mechanism for locking a garbage compressor and the garbage tank together. As the position of the locking hook of the locking mechanism is adjustable relative to the first object, the first and the second object are effectively locked together.

Description

锁紧装置、 垃圾箱和垃圾转运站 技术领域  Locking device, garbage bin and garbage transfer station

本发明涉及物体间的锁紧领域, 具体地, 涉及一种锁紧装置、 使用该 锁紧装置的垃圾箱和使用该锁紧装置的垃圾转运站。 背景技术  BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention This invention relates to the field of locking between objects, and more particularly to a locking device, a waste bin using the same, and a garbage transfer station using the same. Background technique

由于锁紧装置用于各种装置之间的锁紧, 其具有多种多样的形式, 例 如在用于垃圾的压缩和转运中的垃圾转运站中, 垃圾压缩机和垃圾箱在进 行垃圾压缩时就需要一种锁紧装置, 将垃圾压缩机和垃圾箱锁定, 以实现 垃圾的压缩。 在现有技术中, 锁紧装置包括一个铰接在垃圾压缩机侧壁的 锁钩, 当需要锁紧垃圾箱时, 锁钩锁定垃圾箱, 当需要打开垃圾箱时, 锁 钩张开即可。 这种锁紧装置在一般情况下能够满足垃圾压缩机和垃圾箱的 锁定, 但是由于锁钩铰接在垃圾压缩机侧壁上的固定一点, 无法调节与垃 圾箱在锁紧时的位置, 其要求垃圾压缩机和垃圾箱之间配合度相当精准, 否则锁钩将无法锁紧垃圾箱。  Since the locking device is used for locking between various devices, it has various forms, for example, in a garbage transfer station for use in the compression and transfer of garbage, the garbage compressor and the garbage can are subjected to garbage compression. There is a need for a locking device that locks the waste compressor and the waste bin to achieve the compression of the waste. In the prior art, the locking device includes a locking hook hinged to the side wall of the garbage compressor. When the garbage bin needs to be locked, the locking hook locks the garbage can. When the garbage can is opened, the locking hook is opened. Such a locking device can generally satisfy the locking of the garbage compressor and the garbage can, but since the locking hook is hinged on the side wall of the garbage compressor, the position of the garbage box when the locking is locked cannot be adjusted. The degree of fit between the garbage compressor and the waste bin is quite accurate, otherwise the lock hook will not lock the waste bin.

例如, 在垃圾压缩机和垃圾箱长时间使用后, 锁钩和垃圾箱的配合度 或者变大或者变小, 而如果该配合度变大, 锁钩将无法锁紧垃圾箱, 起不 到锁紧装置的作用, 如果该配合度变小, 则锁钩无法勾住垃圾箱, 此时锁 钩在锁紧垃圾箱和垃圾压缩机时就需要外力辅助, 例如使用锤子敲击等。 因此, 这种锁紧装置的锁紧效果较差。 发明内容  For example, after the garbage compressor and the garbage can are used for a long time, the fit of the lock hook and the garbage bin may become larger or smaller, and if the fit becomes larger, the lock hook will not lock the dustbin and will not lock. The function of the tightening device, if the fitting degree becomes small, the locking hook cannot hook the garbage bin, and the locking hook needs external force assistance when locking the garbage bin and the garbage compressor, for example, using a hammer to strike. Therefore, the locking device has a poor locking effect. Summary of the invention

本发明的一个目的是提供一种锁紧装置, 该锁紧装置设计合理, 能够 有效完成对物体的锁紧。 本发明的另一目的是提供一种垃圾箱, 该垃圾箱使用本发明提供的锁 紧装置。 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION One object of the present invention is to provide a locking device that is reasonably designed to effectively lock an object. Another object of the present invention is to provide a waste bin that uses the locking device provided by the present invention.

本发明的再一目的是提供一种垃圾转运站, 该垃圾转运站包括本发明 提供的锁紧装置。  It is still another object of the present invention to provide a refuse transfer station comprising the locking device provided by the present invention.

为了实现上述目的, 根据本发明的一个方面, 提供一种锁紧装置, 该 锁紧装置用于锁紧第一物体和第二物体, 该锁紧装置包括锁钩和驱动装置, 其中, 所述第一物体上形成有第一滑槽, 所述锁钩连接在所述第一滑槽内, 当所述驱动装置将所述锁钩驱动到所述第一滑槽的最后端时, 所述锁紧装 置锁紧, 从而将所述第一物体和第二物体锁紧; 当所述驱动装置将所述锁 钩驱动到所述第一滑槽的最前端时, 所述锁紧装置打开, 从而所述第一物 体和所述第二物体松开。  In order to achieve the above object, according to an aspect of the invention, a locking device for locking a first object and a second object is provided, the locking device comprising a locking hook and a driving device, wherein a first sliding groove is formed on the first object, and the locking hook is connected in the first sliding slot. When the driving device drives the locking hook to the last end of the first sliding slot, the The locking device is locked to lock the first object and the second object; when the driving device drives the locking hook to the foremost end of the first chute, the locking device is opened, Thereby the first object and the second object are released.

优选地, 所述锁钩与第一销轴铰接, 所述锁钩通过所述第一销轴能够 相对于所述第一物体枢转, 并且所述第一销轴可滑动地连接在所述第一滑 槽内。  Preferably, the locking hook is hinged to the first pin shaft, the locking hook is pivotable relative to the first object by the first pin shaft, and the first pin shaft is slidably coupled to the Inside the first chute.

优选地, 所述锁紧装置还包括连杆机构, 该连杆机构与所述锁钩的后 端连接, 所述驱动装置通过所述连杆机构驱动所述锁钩。  Preferably, the locking device further includes a link mechanism coupled to the rear end of the lock hook, and the drive device drives the lock hook through the link mechanism.

优选地, 所述连杆机构包括第一杆和第二杆, 所述第一杆的第一端铰 接在所述锁钩后端, 所述第一杆的第二端与所述第二杆的第一端铰接, 所 述第二杆的第二端与驱动装置相连, 所述第二杆具有拐点, 并且通过位于 该拐点的铰接点与所述第一物体铰接。  Preferably, the link mechanism includes a first rod and a second rod, a first end of the first rod is hinged at a rear end of the lock hook, and a second end of the first rod and the second rod The first end is hinged, the second end of the second rod is coupled to the drive, the second rod has an inflection point, and is hinged to the first object by a hinge point located at the inflection point.

优选地, 所述第一物体上还形成有第二滑槽, 所述第一杆的第一端和 所述锁钩的后端通过第二销轴铰接, 该第二销轴可滑动地连接在所述第二 滑槽内, 并且所述第一杆和所述锁钩通过所述第二销轴能够相对于所述第 一物体枢转。  Preferably, the first object is further formed with a second sliding slot, the first end of the first rod and the rear end of the locking hook are hinged by a second pin shaft, and the second pin shaft is slidably connected In the second chute, and the first rod and the lock hook are pivotable relative to the first object by the second pin.

优选地, 所述第二滑槽包括光滑连接的第一行程段和第二行程段, 所 述第一行程段的中心线和所述第一滑槽的中心线在同一直线上且均为水平 线, 所述第二行程段的中心线与所述第一行程段的中心线的夹角为钝角。 优选地, 所述铰接点位于所述第一滑槽的中心线的延长线上。 Preferably, the second chute includes a first stroke segment and a second stroke segment that are smoothly connected, the center line of the first stroke segment and the center line of the first chute are on the same straight line and are horizontal a line, an angle between a center line of the second stroke segment and a center line of the first stroke segment is an obtuse angle. Preferably, the hinge point is located on an extension line of a center line of the first chute.

优选地, 当所述锁钩锁紧时, 首先所述抵压部绕所述第一销轴枢转到 所述抵压部的中心轴线位于所述第一滑槽的中心线的延长线上, 然后所述 抵压部沿该第一滑槽的中心线的延长线靠近并抵压在第二物体上; 当所述 锁钩张开时, 首先所述抵压部沿所述第一滑槽的中心线的延长线远离并松 开第二物体, 然后绕所述第一销轴枢转张开。  Preferably, when the locking hook is locked, first, the pressing portion pivots around the first pin shaft to an extension line of a center line of the pressing portion on a center line of the first sliding slot. And then the pressing portion approaches and presses against the second object along an extension line of the center line of the first sliding slot; when the locking hook is opened, first the pressing portion is along the first sliding slot The extension of the centerline moves away from and releases the second object and then pivots about the first pin.

根据本发明的另一方面, 提供一种垃圾箱, 该垃圾箱包括箱体、 门板 和将所述门板锁紧在所述箱体上的锁紧装置, 所述锁紧装置为本发明提供 的锁紧装置, 所述第一物体为箱体, 所述第二物体为门板。  According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a garbage can including a case, a door panel, and a locking device for locking the door panel to the case, the locking device being provided by the present invention The locking device, the first object is a box, and the second object is a door panel.

根据本发明提供的再一方面, 提供一种垃圾转运站, 该垃圾转运站包 括垃圾压缩机、 垃圾箱和锁紧装置, 所述锁紧装置将所述垃圾压缩机和所 述垃圾箱锁紧, 所述锁紧装置为本发明提供的锁紧装置, 第一物体为垃圾 压缩机, 所述第二物体为垃圾箱。  According to still another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a garbage transfer station including a garbage compressor, a garbage can and a locking device, the locking device locking the garbage compressor and the garbage can The locking device is a locking device provided by the invention, the first object is a garbage compressor, and the second object is a garbage bin.

通过上述技术方案, 由于本发明提供的锁紧装置的锁钩相对于第一物 体的位置可调节, 因此, 其能够有效完成对物体的锁紧, 从而提高了本发 明提供的垃圾压缩机和垃圾转运站的实用性。  According to the above technical solution, since the position of the locking hook of the locking device provided by the present invention is adjustable relative to the first object, the locking of the object can be effectively completed, thereby improving the garbage compressor and the garbage provided by the present invention. The practicality of the transfer station.

本发明的其他特征和优点将在随后的具体实施方式部分予以详细说 明。 附图说明  Other features and advantages of the invention will be described in detail in the detailed description which follows. DRAWINGS

附图是用来提供对本发明的进一步理解, 并且构成说明书的一部分, 与下面的具体实施方式一起用于解释本发明, 但并不构成对本发明的限制。 在附图中:  The drawings are intended to provide a further understanding of the invention, and are in the In the drawing:

图 1是本发明提供的锁紧装置处于锁紧状态时的结构示意图; 图 2是本发明提供的锁紧装置处于打开状态时的结构示意图。 具体实施方式 1 is a schematic structural view of the locking device provided by the present invention in a locked state; and FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the locking device provided by the present invention in an open state. detailed description

以下结合附图对本发明的具体实施方式进行详细说明。应当理解的是, 此处所描述的具体实施方式仅用于说明和解释本发明, 并不用于限制本发 明。  The specific embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings. It is to be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are intended to be illustrative and not restrictive.

在本发明中, 在未作相反说明的情况下, 使用的方位词如 "前、 后" 通常通过锁钩定义的, 即锁钩的锁定端为 "前 ", 锁钩固定端为 "后 ", 即 在图 1和图 2中, 左端为 "前 ", 右端为 "后"。  In the present invention, the orientation words used, such as "front and rear", are usually defined by the lock hooks, that is, the locking end of the lock hook is "front" and the fixed end of the lock hook is "rear". That is, in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the left end is "front" and the right end is "rear".

根据本发明的一个方面, 如图 1和图 2所示, 提供一种锁紧装置, 该 锁紧装置用于锁紧第一物体 5和第二物体 6,该锁紧装置包括锁钩 1和驱动 装置 4, 其中, 第一物体 5上形成有第一滑槽 21, 锁钩 1连接在第一滑槽 21内, 当驱动装置 4将锁钩 1驱动到第一滑槽 21的最后端时, 锁紧装置锁 紧, 从而将第一物体 5和第二物体 6锁紧; 当驱动装置 4将锁钩 1驱动到 第一滑槽 21的最前端时, 锁紧装置打开, 从而第一物体 5和第二物体 6松 开。  According to an aspect of the invention, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, a locking device for locking a first object 5 and a second object 6 is provided, the locking device comprising a locking hook 1 and The driving device 4, wherein the first object 5 is formed with a first sliding slot 21, and the locking hook 1 is connected in the first sliding slot 21, when the driving device 4 drives the locking hook 1 to the last end of the first sliding slot 21 The locking device is locked to lock the first object 5 and the second object 6; when the driving device 4 drives the locking hook 1 to the foremost end of the first sliding slot 21, the locking device is opened, thereby the first object 5 and the second object 6 is released.

在上述技术方案中,由于锁钩 1铰接在第一物体 5上的第一滑槽 21内, 锁钩 1和第一物体 5的相对位置可调节, 因此, 在锁紧装置锁紧或打开时, 锁钩相对于第二物体 6 的距离也可调节。 其中, 当锁紧装置需要打开时, 由驱动装置 4将锁钩驱动到第一滑槽 21的最前端, 这样锁钩 1能够脱离第 二物体 6, 使第一物体 5和第二物体 6能够松开; 当锁紧装置需要锁紧时, 由驱动装置 4将锁钩驱动到第一滑槽 21的最后端, 这样锁钩 1能够和第二 物体 6接触并锁定该第二物体 6。这种锁定方法不仅对第一物体和第二物体 之间的配合度要求不大, 并且还能通过驱动装置 4和锁钩 1有效将第一物 体 5和第二物体 6锁紧。  In the above technical solution, since the locking hook 1 is hinged in the first sliding slot 21 on the first object 5, the relative position of the locking hook 1 and the first object 5 can be adjusted, and therefore, when the locking device is locked or opened The distance of the locking hook relative to the second object 6 can also be adjusted. Wherein, when the locking device needs to be opened, the locking hook is driven by the driving device 4 to the foremost end of the first sliding slot 21, so that the locking hook 1 can be disengaged from the second object 6, so that the first object 5 and the second object 6 can Release; When the locking device needs to be locked, the locking hook is driven by the driving device 4 to the last end of the first chute 21, so that the locking hook 1 can contact the second object 6 and lock the second object 6. This locking method not only requires little cooperation between the first object and the second object, but also effectively locks the first object 5 and the second object 6 by the driving device 4 and the lock hook 1.

需要说明的是, 驱动装置 4驱动锁钩 1运动的实施方式有多种, 为了 方便说明, 本发明只介绍其中的优选实施方式, 该优选实施方式只用于说 明本发明, 并不用于限制本发明。 在优选实施方式中, 优选地, 锁钩 1与第一销轴 11铰接, 锁钩 1通过 第一销轴 11能够相对于第一物体 5枢转, 并且第一销轴 11可滑动地连接 在第一滑槽 21内。 因此, 通过第一销轴 11, 锁钩 1既可以相对于第一滑槽 2滑动又可以绕第一销轴 11枢转, 使得锁紧装置在打开时, 锁钩 1能够在 移动到第一滑槽 21的最前端后, 相对于第一物体 5旋转张开, 以不影响第 一物体 5和第二物体 6的后续操作, 使本发明更加实用。 其中, 为了更好 地配合锁钩 1通过第一销轴 11在第一滑槽 21内的运动, 第一物体 5上可 以形成有槽状件, 其具有两个相对的侧壁, 锁钩 1在第一物体 5的槽内进 行运动, 该两个侧壁上均形成有对称的第一滑槽 21, 第一销轴 11的两端分 别可滑动地容纳在第一滑槽 21内, 并且同时穿过锁钩 1, 以使锁钩 1铰接 在第一销轴 11上。 从而实现锁钩 1和第一滑槽 21之间的配合。 另外, 除 了使用这种设置方式外, 本领域技术人员能够对其进行各种改变和替换, 例如使用螺杆件替换销轴件, 同样可以实现本发明的目的。 It should be noted that there are many embodiments for the driving device 4 to drive the movement of the locking hook 1. For convenience of description, the present invention only describes the preferred embodiments thereof. The preferred embodiment is only for explaining the present invention, and is not intended to limit the present invention. invention. In a preferred embodiment, preferably, the locking hook 1 is hinged to the first pin 11, the locking hook 1 being pivotable relative to the first object 5 by the first pin 11, and the first pin 11 being slidably coupled Inside the first chute 21. Therefore, through the first pin shaft 11, the locking hook 1 can slide relative to the first sliding slot 2 and can pivot about the first pin shaft 11, so that when the locking device is opened, the locking hook 1 can be moved to the first After the foremost end of the chute 21, it is rotated relative to the first object 5 so as not to affect the subsequent operations of the first object 5 and the second object 6, making the present invention more practical. In order to better fit the movement of the locking hook 1 through the first pin 11 in the first sliding slot 21, the first object 5 may be formed with a groove member having two opposite side walls, the locking hook 1 Moving in the slot of the first object 5, the two side walls are formed with symmetrical first sliding slots 21, and the two ends of the first pin shaft 11 are slidably received in the first sliding slot 21, respectively, and At the same time, the locking hook 1 is passed through so that the locking hook 1 is hinged on the first pin shaft 11. Thereby, the cooperation between the lock hook 1 and the first chute 21 is achieved. Further, in addition to the use of such an arrangement, those skilled in the art can make various changes and substitutions thereto, for example, replacing the pin member with a screw member, and the object of the present invention can also be achieved.

另外如图 1和图 2所示, 为了实现本发明, 在优选实施方式中, 锁紧 装置还包括连杆机构 3, 该连杆机构 3与锁钩 1的后端连接, 驱动装置 4通 过连杆机构 3驱动锁钩 1。连杆机构结构简单,是机械领域常用的传动手段。 在本发明中, 能够采用各种本领域技术人员公知的连杆机构驱动锁钩 1, 为 了使本发明的结构更加简单, 优选地, 该连杆机构 3包括第一杆 31和第二 杆 32, 第一杆 31的第一端铰接在锁钩 1后端, 第一杆 31的第二端与第二 杆 32的第一端铰接, 第二杆 32的第二端与驱动装置 4相连, 第二杆 32具 有拐点, 并且通过位于该拐点的铰接点 33与第一物体 5铰接。 通过设置第 一杆 31和第二杆 32, 能够将驱动装置 4输出的动力有效传递给锁钩 1, 使 锁钩在沿第一滑槽 21移动时, 同时进行绕第一物体 5的旋转动作。 其中, 通过将第二杆 32与第一物体 5的铰接点 33设置在拐点上, 能够将驱动装 置 4输出力的方向改变, 即需要锁紧装置打开时, 驱动装置 4缩回, 并依 次通过第二杆 32和第一杆 31首先驱动锁钩 1沿第一滑槽 21向前移动, 此 时锁钩 1不发生绕第一物体 5的旋转, 当锁钩 1移动到第一滑槽 21的最前 端时, 锁钩 1在驱动装置 4的继续作用下, 才绕第一物体 5旋转张开到最 大角度, 这时本发明提供的锁紧装置不会影响到第一物体 5 和第二物体 6 的后续操作; 当需要锁紧装置锁紧时, 驱动装置 4伸出, 并依次通过第二 杆 32和第一杆 31首先驱动锁钩 1绕第一物体 5从最大张开角度旋转回锁 定状态时的角度, 然后在驱动装置 4的继续驱动下, 锁钩 1才沿第一滑槽 21移动最后端, 即将第二物体 6锁定。 从而实现本发明的目的。 In addition, as shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, in order to implement the present invention, in a preferred embodiment, the locking device further includes a link mechanism 3, which is connected to the rear end of the lock hook 1, and the drive device 4 is connected The lever mechanism 3 drives the lock hook 1. The linkage mechanism is simple in structure and is a commonly used transmission method in the mechanical field. In the present invention, the lock hook 1 can be driven by various link mechanisms known to those skilled in the art. In order to make the structure of the present invention simpler, preferably, the link mechanism 3 includes the first rod 31 and the second rod 32. The first end of the first rod 31 is hinged at the rear end of the locking hook 1, the second end of the first rod 31 is hinged with the first end of the second rod 32, and the second end of the second rod 32 is connected to the driving device 4. The second rod 32 has an inflection point and is hinged to the first object 5 by a hinge point 33 located at the inflection point. By providing the first rod 31 and the second rod 32, the power output from the driving device 4 can be effectively transmitted to the lock hook 1 to cause the lock hook to simultaneously rotate around the first object 5 while moving along the first chute 21. . Wherein, by arranging the hinge point 33 of the second rod 32 and the first object 5 on the inflection point, the direction of the output force of the driving device 4 can be changed, that is, when the locking device is required to be opened, the driving device 4 is retracted and sequentially passed. The second rod 32 and the first rod 31 first drive the lock hook 1 to move forward along the first chute 21, When the lock hook 1 does not rotate around the first object 5, when the lock hook 1 moves to the foremost end of the first chute 21, the lock hook 1 rotates around the first object 5 under the continuation of the driving device 4. Opening to the maximum angle, the locking device provided by the present invention does not affect the subsequent operation of the first object 5 and the second object 6; when the locking device is required to be locked, the driving device 4 is extended, and sequentially passes through The two rods 32 and the first rod 31 first drive the angle at which the locking hook 1 rotates from the maximum opening angle back to the locked state about the first object 5, and then, under the continued driving of the driving device 4, the locking hook 1 follows the first chute. 21 moves the last end, that is, the second object 6 is locked. Thereby the object of the invention is achieved.

另外, 为了使连杆机构 3更加稳定的按照要求的轨迹运行, 优选地, 第一物体 5上还形成有第二滑槽 22,第一杆 31的第一端和锁钩 1的后端通 过第二销轴 34铰接, 该第二销轴 34可滑动地连接在第二滑槽 22内, 并且 第一杆 31和锁钩 1通过第二销轴 34能够相对于第一物体 5枢转。 通过第 二滑槽 22, 能够使锁钩 1的后端按照符合要求的轨迹运行。 其中具体优选 地, 第二滑槽 22包括光滑连接的第一行程段 221和第二行程段 222, 第一 行程段 222的中心线和第一滑槽 21的中心线在同一直线上且均为水平线, 从而保证锁钩 1的直线运动和锁紧效果, 并且, 第二行程段 222的中心线 与第一行程段 221 的中心线的夹角为钝角, 以使锁钩 1 的后端在第二行程 段 222顺利滑动。 另外, 为了保证锁钩 1的锁紧效果, 优选地, 铰接点 33 位于第一滑槽 21的中心线的延长线上, 另外, 当锁钩锁紧时, 锁钩 1对第 二物体 6的抵压部 12的中心轴线以及第二销轴 34也位于该延长线上, 因 此, 抵压部 12能够最大程度地获得驱动装置 4输出的锁紧力, 而不产生额 外的分力。 另外通过设计, 在该锁紧状态时, 连杆机构 3 正恰恰处于运动 的死点位置。 因此, 在本发明提供的锁紧装置位于锁紧状态时, 能够使第 一物体 5和第二物体 6的锁紧更加有效。  In addition, in order to make the link mechanism 3 run more stably according to the required trajectory, preferably, the first object 5 is further formed with a second sliding groove 22, and the first end of the first rod 31 and the rear end of the locking hook 1 pass through The second pin 34 is hinged, the second pin 34 is slidably coupled within the second chute 22, and the first rod 31 and the locking hook 1 are pivotable relative to the first object 5 by the second pin 34. Through the second chute 22, the rear end of the lock hook 1 can be operated in accordance with a desired trajectory. Specifically, the second chute 22 includes a first stroke section 221 and a second stroke section 222 that are smoothly connected. The center line of the first stroke section 222 and the center line of the first chute 21 are on the same line and both are a horizontal line, thereby ensuring the linear motion and the locking effect of the lock hook 1, and the angle between the center line of the second stroke section 222 and the center line of the first stroke section 221 is an obtuse angle, so that the rear end of the lock hook 1 is at the The two-stroke section 222 slides smoothly. In addition, in order to ensure the locking effect of the locking hook 1, it is preferable that the hinge point 33 is located on the extension line of the center line of the first chute 21, and in addition, when the locking hook is locked, the locking hook 1 is opposite to the second object 6. The central axis of the abutting portion 12 and the second pin shaft 34 are also located on the extension line, so that the pressing portion 12 can obtain the locking force outputted by the driving device 4 to the utmost without generating an additional component force. In addition, by design, in the locked state, the link mechanism 3 is just at the dead center position of the movement. Therefore, when the locking device provided by the present invention is in the locked state, the locking of the first object 5 and the second object 6 can be made more effective.

具体地, 当锁钩 1锁紧时, 首先抵压部 12绕第一销轴 11枢转到抵压 部 12的中心轴线位于第一滑槽 21的中心线的延长线上, 然后抵压部 12沿 该第一滑槽 21的中心线的延长线靠近并抵压在第二物体 6上; 当锁钩 1张 开时, 首先抵压部 12沿第一滑槽 21 的中心线的延长线远离并松开第二物 体 6, 然后绕第一销轴 11枢转张开, 从而实现本发明的目的。 Specifically, when the locking hook 1 is locked, the pressing portion 12 is first pivoted around the first pin shaft 11 to the central axis of the pressing portion 12 on the extension line of the center line of the first sliding slot 21, and then the pressing portion 12 is extended along the extension line of the center line of the first chute 21 and pressed against the second object 6; when the lock hook is 1 When it is opened, first, the pressing portion 12 is moved away from the second object 6 along the extension line of the center line of the first chute 21, and then pivoted around the first pin shaft 11, thereby achieving the object of the present invention.

另外, 本发明中所涉及的驱动装置 4可以为本领域内所公知的任意驱 动装置, 为了本发明更加容易操作, 优选地, 驱动装置 4为液压缸。 这样, 通过设置液压阀等阀元件能够方便操作该液压缸, 从而方便控制本发明提 供的锁紧装置。  Further, the driving device 4 according to the present invention may be any driving device known in the art, and for the sake of easier operation of the present invention, preferably, the driving device 4 is a hydraulic cylinder. Thus, the hydraulic cylinder can be conveniently operated by providing a valve member such as a hydraulic valve, thereby facilitating control of the locking device provided by the present invention.

因此, 本发明提供的锁紧装置设计合理, 锁紧效果好, 并且具有较强 的实用性, 能够用于各种领域的锁紧工作。  Therefore, the locking device provided by the invention has reasonable design, good locking effect, and strong practicability, and can be used for locking work in various fields.

根据本发明的另一方面, 提供一种垃圾箱, 该垃圾箱包括箱体、 门板 和将门板锁紧在箱体上的锁紧装置, 其中, 锁紧装置为本发明提供的锁紧 装置, 第一物体 5为箱体, 第二物体 6为门板。 其中, 由于垃圾箱经常用 于储存垃圾, 其箱体和后门之间经常残留垃圾碎屑等, 而影响箱体和后门 的配合度, 由于本发明提供的锁紧装置的锁钩位置可调, 从而本发明提供 的锁紧装置能够有效将本发明提供的垃圾箱的箱体和后门锁紧, 使得垃圾 中的污水或气味密封在箱体内而不外泄。  According to another aspect of the present invention, a garbage can is provided, the garbage box comprising a box body, a door panel and a locking device for locking the door panel to the box body, wherein the locking device is the locking device provided by the present invention, The first object 5 is a box and the second object 6 is a door panel. Wherein, since the garbage bin is often used for storing garbage, garbage debris and the like often remain between the box body and the back door, and the fitting degree of the box body and the back door is affected, and the locking hook position of the locking device provided by the present invention is adjustable, Therefore, the locking device provided by the invention can effectively lock the box and the rear door of the garbage bin provided by the invention, so that the sewage or smell in the garbage is sealed in the box without leaking.

根据本发明的再一方面, 提供一种垃圾转运站, 该垃圾转运站包括垃 圾压缩机和垃圾箱, 锁紧装置将垃圾压缩机和垃圾箱锁紧, 其中, 锁紧装 置为本发明提供的锁紧装置, 第一物体 5为垃圾压缩机, 第二物体 6为垃 圾箱。  According to still another aspect of the present invention, a garbage transfer station is provided, the garbage transfer station including a garbage compressor and a garbage can, the locking device locking the garbage compressor and the garbage can, wherein the locking device is provided by the present invention The locking device, the first object 5 is a garbage compressor, and the second object 6 is a garbage can.

在本发明提供的垃圾转运站中, 本发明提供的锁紧装置还能够克服由 于垃圾压缩工作时在垃圾压缩机和垃圾箱之间残留污物或泥沙, 而造成的 垃圾压缩机和垃圾箱贴合不紧的问题, 当垃圾箱需要锁定时, 锁紧装置的 锁钩通过驱动装置会将垃圾箱从前端向后端压紧, 从而克服少量存留的污 物所造成的问题。 另外, 为了使压缩垃圾车和垃圾箱之间贴合更加紧密, 防止污水或气味溢出, 优选地, 垃圾压缩机和垃圾箱之间还可以设置密封 件。 其中, 该密封件可设置在垃圾压缩机上也可设置在垃圾箱上, 此处所 提及的密封件可以为本领域内公知的任意密封件, 例如密封条, 密封垫等。 另外, 在本发明提供的垃圾转运站中, 所述垃圾压缩机安装有本发明提供 的锁紧装置, 本领域技术人员可以理解的是, 垃圾箱上也可以安装本发明 提供的锁紧装置, 本发明对此不做限制, 这种改变也应落在本发明的保护 范围内。 In the garbage transfer station provided by the present invention, the locking device provided by the present invention can also overcome the garbage compressor and the garbage can caused by residual dirt or sediment between the garbage compressor and the garbage can when the garbage is compressed. The problem of not fitting tightly, when the garbage bin needs to be locked, the locking hook of the locking device presses the garbage can from the front end to the rear end through the driving device, thereby overcoming the problem caused by a small amount of remaining dirt. In addition, in order to make the fit between the compressed garbage truck and the garbage bin more tight and prevent sewage or odor from overflowing, preferably, a seal may be provided between the garbage compressor and the garbage can. Wherein, the sealing member can be disposed on the garbage compressor or on the garbage can, where The seals mentioned may be any seal known in the art, such as weather strips, gaskets and the like. In addition, in the garbage transfer station provided by the present invention, the garbage compressor is equipped with the locking device provided by the present invention, and those skilled in the art can understand that the locking device provided by the present invention can also be installed on the garbage can. The invention is not limited thereto, and such modifications are also intended to fall within the scope of the invention.

此外, 在本发明提供的垃圾箱和垃圾转运站中, 图 1和图 2示意性地 展示了位于第一物体 5 (箱体或垃圾压缩机)和第二物体 6 (门板或垃圾箱) 一侧的锁紧装置, 本领域技术人员容易理解的是, 在第一物体 5和第二物 体 6的另一侧具有相同的锁紧装置, 以配合地将第一物体 5和第二物体 6 锁紧。  Further, in the garbage bin and garbage transfer station provided by the present invention, FIGS. 1 and 2 schematically show a first object 5 (box or garbage compressor) and a second object 6 (door panel or trash can). The side locking device, as will be readily understood by those skilled in the art, has the same locking device on the other side of the first object 5 and the second object 6 to cooperatively lock the first object 5 and the second object 6 tight.

综上, 本发明提供的锁紧装置、 垃圾箱和垃圾转运站具有较强实用性 和推广价值。  In summary, the locking device, the garbage bin and the garbage transfer station provided by the invention have strong practicability and promotion value.

以上结合附图详细描述了本发明的优选实施方式, 但是, 本发明并不 限于上述实施方式中的具体细节, 在本发明的技术构思范围内, 可以对本 发明的技术方案进行多种简单变型, 这些简单变型均属于本发明的保护范 围。  The preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail above with reference to the accompanying drawings. However, the present invention is not limited to the specific details of the above embodiments, and various simple modifications of the technical solutions of the present invention may be made within the scope of the technical idea of the present invention. These simple variations are within the scope of the invention.

另外需要说明的是, 在上述具体实施方式中所描述的各个具体技术特 征, 在不矛盾的情况下, 可以通过任何合适的方式进行组合, 为了避免不 必要的重复, 本发明对各种可能的组合方式不再另行说明。  It should be further noted that the specific technical features described in the above specific embodiments may be combined in any suitable manner without contradiction. In order to avoid unnecessary repetition, the present invention has various possibilities. The combination method will not be described separately.

此外, 本发明的各种不同的实施方式之间也可以进行任意组合, 只要 其不违背本发明的思想, 其同样应当视为本发明所公开的内容。  In addition, any combination of various embodiments of the invention may be made, as long as it does not deviate from the idea of the invention, and should also be regarded as the disclosure of the invention.

Claims

权利要求 Rights request
1、一种锁紧装置,该锁紧装置用于锁紧第一物体(5)和第二物体(6), 其特征在于, 该锁紧装置包括锁钩 (1) 和驱动装置 (4), 其中, 所述第一 物体(5)上形成有第一滑槽(21),所述锁钩(1)连接在所述第一滑槽(21) 内, 当所述驱动装置 (4) 将所述锁钩 (1) 驱动到所述第一滑槽 (21) 的 最后端时, 所述锁紧装置锁紧, 从而将所述第一物体 (5) 和第二物体 (6) 锁紧; 当所述驱动装置 (4) 将所述锁钩 (1) 驱动到所述第一滑槽 (21) 的最前端时, 所述锁紧装置打开, 从而所述第一物体 (5) 和所述第二物体 (6) 松开。 A locking device for locking a first object (5) and a second object (6), characterized in that the locking device comprises a locking hook (1) and a driving device (4) The first object (5) is formed with a first sliding slot (21), and the locking hook (1) is connected in the first sliding slot (21), when the driving device (4) When the lock hook (1) is driven to the last end of the first chute (21), the locking device is locked to lock the first object (5) and the second object (6) When the driving device (4) drives the locking hook (1) to the foremost end of the first sliding slot (21), the locking device is opened, so that the first object (5) And the second object (6) is loosened.
2、 根据权利要求 1 所述的锁紧装置, 其特征在于, 所述锁钩 (1) 与 第一销轴 (11) 铰接, 所述锁钩 (1) 通过所述第一销轴 (11) 能够相对于 所述第一物体 (5) 枢转, 并且所述第一销轴 (11) 可滑动地连接在所述第 一滑槽 (21) 内。 2. A locking device according to claim 1, characterized in that the locking hook (1) is hinged to a first pin (11), and the locking hook (1) passes through the first pin (11) ) being pivotable relative to the first object (5) and the first pin (11) being slidably coupled within the first chute (21).
3、 根据权利要求 2所述的锁紧装置, 其特征在于, 所述锁紧装置还包 括连杆机构 (3), 该连杆机构 (3) 与所述锁钩 (1) 的后端连接, 所述驱 动装置 (4) 通过所述连杆机构 (3) 驱动所述锁钩 (1)。 The locking device according to claim 2, characterized in that the locking device further comprises a link mechanism (3) connected to the rear end of the locking hook (1) The drive device (4) drives the lock hook (1) via the link mechanism (3).
4、 根据权利要求 3所述的锁紧装置, 其特征在于, 所述连杆机构 (3) 包括第一杆 (31) 和第二杆 (32), 所述第一杆 (31) 的第一端铰接在所述 锁钩 (1) 后端, 所述第一杆 (31) 的第二端与所述第二杆 (32) 的第一端 铰接, 所述第二杆(32) 的第二端与驱动装置(4)相连, 所述第二杆(32) 具有拐点, 并且通过位于该拐点的铰接点(33)与所述第一物体(5)铰接。 The locking device according to claim 3, wherein the link mechanism (3) comprises a first rod (31) and a second rod (32), the first rod (31) One end is hinged at the rear end of the locking hook (1), the second end of the first rod (31) is hinged with the first end of the second rod (32), and the second rod (32) The second end is coupled to the drive unit (4), the second rod (32) having an inflection point and hinged to the first object (5) by a hinge point (33) located at the inflection point.
5、 根据权利要求 4所述的锁紧装置, 其特征在于, 所述第一物体 (5) 上还形成有第二滑槽 (22), 所述第一杆 (31) 的第一端和所述锁钩 (1) 的后端通过第二销轴 (34) 铰接, 该第二销轴 (34) 可滑动地连接在所述 第二滑槽 (22) 内, 并且所述第一杆 (31) 和所述锁钩 (1) 通过所述第二 销轴 (34) 能够相对于所述第一物体 (5) 枢转。 The locking device according to claim 4, wherein the first object (5) A second chute (22) is further formed thereon, the first end of the first rod (31) and the rear end of the locking hook (1) are hinged by a second pin (34), the second pin shaft (34) slidably coupled within the second chute (22), and the first rod (31) and the locking hook (1) are responsive to the second pin (34) The first object (5) pivots.
6、根据权利要求 5所述的锁紧装置, 其特征在于, 所述第二滑槽(22) 包括光滑连接的第一行程段 (221) 和第二行程段 (222), 所述第一行程段The locking device according to claim 5, wherein the second chute (22) comprises a first leg section (221) and a second leg section (222) that are smoothly connected, the first Travel section
(221) 的中心线和所述第一滑槽 (21) 的中心线在同一直线上且均为水平 线, 所述第二行程段 (222) 的中心线与所述第一行程段 (221) 的中心线 的夹角为钝角。 The center line of (221) and the center line of the first chute (21) are on the same straight line and are both horizontal lines, the center line of the second stroke section (222) and the first stroke section (221) The angle of the center line is an obtuse angle.
7、 根据权利要求 6所述的锁紧装置, 其特征在于, 所述铰接点 (33) 位于所述第一滑槽 (21) 的中心线的延长线上。 7. A locking device according to claim 6, characterized in that the hinge point (33) is located on an extension of the centerline of the first chute (21).
8、 根据权利要求 7所述的锁紧装置, 其特征在于, 当所述锁钩 (1) 锁紧时, 首先所述抵压部 (12) 绕所述第一销轴 (11) 枢转到所述抵压部 (12) 的中心轴线位于所述第一滑槽 (21) 的中心线的延长线上, 然后所 述抵压部 (12) 沿该第一滑槽 (21) 的中心线的延长线靠近并抵压在第二 物体 (6) 上; 当所述锁钩 (1) 张开时, 首先所述抵压部 (12) 沿所述第 一滑槽 (21) 的中心线的延长线远离并松开第二物体 (6), 然后绕所述第 一销轴 (11) 枢转张开。 8. The locking device according to claim 7, wherein when the locking hook (1) is locked, first the pressing portion (12) pivots about the first pin (11) The central axis of the pressing portion (12) is located on an extension line of the center line of the first chute (21), and then the pressing portion (12) is along the center of the first chute (21) The extension line of the line is close to and pressed against the second object (6); when the lock hook (1) is opened, first the pressing portion (12) is along the center line of the first chute (21) The extension line moves away from and releases the second object (6) and then pivots about the first pin (11).
9、 一种垃圾箱, 该垃圾箱包括箱体、 门板和将所述门板锁紧在所述箱 体上的锁紧装置, 其特征在于, 所述锁紧装置为权利要求 1~8 中任意一项 所述的锁紧装置, 所述第一物体 (5) 为箱体, 所述第二物体 (6) 为门板。 A garbage bin comprising a casing, a door panel and a locking device for locking the door panel to the casing, wherein the locking device is any of claims 1-8 In a locking device, the first object (5) is a box and the second object (6) is a door panel.
10、 一种垃圾转运站, 该垃圾转运站包括垃圾压缩机、 垃圾箱和锁紧 装置, 所述锁紧装置将所述垃圾压缩机和所述垃圾箱锁紧, 其特征在于, 所述锁紧装置为据权利要求 1~8任意一项所述的锁紧装置, 第一物体 (5 ) 为垃圾压缩机, 所述第二物体 (6) 为垃圾箱。 10. A refuse transfer station comprising a garbage compressor, a waste bin and a locking device, the locking device locking the garbage compressor and the garbage bin, wherein the lock The tightening device is the locking device according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the first object (5) is a garbage compressor and the second object (6) is a garbage can.
PCT/CN2011/079630 2011-09-14 2011-09-14 Locking mechanism, garbage tank and garbage transfer station WO2013037111A1 (en)

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CN104386398A (en) * 2014-11-05 2015-03-04 广西玉柴专用汽车有限公司 Latch hook mechanism of compressor
CN104386398B (en) * 2014-11-05 2016-08-24 广西玉柴专用汽车有限公司 The latch hook mechanism of compressor

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