WO2013037091A1 - Glazed material and ceramic sheet and manufacturing process therefor - Google Patents

Glazed material and ceramic sheet and manufacturing process therefor Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2013037091A1
WO2013037091A1 PCT/CN2011/001575 CN2011001575W WO2013037091A1 WO 2013037091 A1 WO2013037091 A1 WO 2013037091A1 CN 2011001575 W CN2011001575 W CN 2011001575W WO 2013037091 A1 WO2013037091 A1 WO 2013037091A1
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ceramic sheet
glaze
layer
glazed
forming
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PCT/CN2011/001575
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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刘一军
潘利敏
汪庆刚
张松竹
杨晓峰
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广东蒙娜丽莎新型材料集团有限公司
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Priority to PCT/CN2011/001575 priority Critical patent/WO2013037091A1/en
Publication of WO2013037091A1 publication Critical patent/WO2013037091A1/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/02Frit compositions, i.e. in a powdered or comminuted form
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/32Burning methods
    • C04B33/34Burning methods combined with glazing
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/009After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone characterised by the material treated
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/52Multiple coating or impregnating multiple coating or impregnating with the same composition or with compositions only differing in the concentration of the constituents, is classified as single coating or impregnation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/89Coating or impregnation for obtaining at least two superposed coatings having different compositions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/70Aspects relating to sintered or melt-casted ceramic products
    • C04B2235/95Products characterised by their size, e.g. microceramics
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/14Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements stone or stone-like materials, e.g. ceramics concrete; of glass or with an outer layer of stone or stone-like materials or glass

Abstract

Disclosed are a glazed material, a ceramic sheet and a manufacturing process therefor. The glazed material has the following main chemical components by weight percentage: SiO2 72-78%, Al2O3 6-14%, CaO 5-7%, MgO 0.3-1%, Κ2Ο 0.2-1%, Na2O 2-4%, ΖnΟ 0-4%. The glazed material can form a high gloss and transparent surface layer, so that the ceramic sheet manufactured from the glazed material has a high surface glossiness and a large finished size, and the manufacturing process therefor has a simple procedure and low costs.

Description

釉面材料和陶瓷薄板以及该陶瓷薄板的制作方法 技术领域  Glazed material and ceramic sheet and manufacturing method thereof
本发明涉及一种釉面材料、 包括该釉面材料的陶瓷薄板以及该陶瓷薄板 的制作方法。 背景技术  The present invention relates to a glazed material, a ceramic sheet comprising the glazed material, and a method of making the ceramic sheet. Background technique
目前巿面上占主导地位的瓷砖品种主要是抛光砖和釉面仿古砖。在装修 方面, 抛光砖显得大气、 富丽堂皇, 但许多效果限于材料及工艺装备而无法 实现, 仿真度不高。 随着生活水平的提高, 人们对自己的起居空间有了更高 的要求, 所以满足人们个性化要求的仿古砖就出现在人们的眼前。  At present, the most dominant types of ceramic tiles on the surface are polished tiles and glazed antique tiles. In terms of decoration, the polished tiles are atmospheric and magnificent, but many effects are limited to materials and process equipment, and the simulation is not high. With the improvement of living standards, people have higher requirements for their living space, so the antique bricks that meet people's individual requirements appear in front of people's eyes.
CN 101224996中公开的釉彩复合板材的制备工艺流程为: 坯料入球-喷 雾干燥-压制-干燥-施釉印花 (釉料入球) -一次烧成-分选-布熔块-二次烧成- 抛光 -磨边 -分级 -包装入库, 其中, 透明熔块的化学成分是: A1203 9-12%, SiO2 65~70%、 CaO+Mg0 2~5%、 K20+Na20 6~8%、 Fe2O3 <0.5%、 IL<0.5%。 虽然该工艺采用布透明熔块和二次烧成的方式制得了表面光泽度高且产品 规格较大的瓷砖表面透明层, 但是制作过程复杂, 而且成本高。 The preparation process of the glaze composite composite sheet disclosed in CN 101224996 is: blank ball-spray drying-press-drying-glazing printing (glaze into the ball) - one-time firing-sorting-cloth frit-second firing- Polishing-edging-grading-packaging, wherein the chemical composition of the transparent frit is: A1 2 0 3 9-12%, SiO 2 65~70%, CaO+Mg0 2~5%, K 2 0+Na 2 0 6~8%, Fe 2 O 3 <0.5%, IL <0.5%. Although the process uses a transparent frit and a secondary firing method to obtain a transparent surface of the tile surface with high surface gloss and large product specifications, the manufacturing process is complicated and costly.
CN 101157542A 中公开的具有半透明反光装饰面的陶瓷砖生产工艺包 括: 素坯干燥后先喷上烧成后不反光的面釉, 然后用多道丝网进行印花, 最 后一道丝网印上烧成后呈半透明白色的釉料 (即釉面材料), 其中, 该釉料 的配方为: 熔块 23.3%、 硅酸锆 27.3%、 烧滑石 2.7%、 氧化铝 5%、 乙二醇 21.2%、 水 20.5%。 应用该工艺制作的瓷砖虽然能够产生丰富的花色和图案, 但是由于所用的釉面材料烧成后呈半透明白色, 使得制成的陶瓷砖的表面不 够光洁亮丽。此外, 由于需要采用丝网印刷的方式在砖坯表面印上所述釉料, 这样会在砖面上留下一些网紋, 低陷的地方可能会产生漏抛, 从而影响产品 的整体视觉效果。  The production process of the ceramic tile with translucent reflective decorative surface disclosed in CN 101157542A comprises: after drying the green body, first spraying the non-reflective surface glaze after firing, and then printing with multiple screens, and finally printing on the screen. After being formed into a translucent white glaze (ie, glazed material), wherein the glaze has a formulation of: 23.3% of frit, 27.3% of zirconium silicate, 2.7% of talc, 5% of alumina, and 21.2 of ethylene glycol. %, water 20.5%. Although the tiles produced by the process can produce rich colors and patterns, the glazed materials used are semi-transparent white after firing, so that the surface of the prepared ceramic tiles is not smooth and bright. In addition, due to the need to screen printing the glaze on the surface of the brick, this will leave some texture on the brick surface, and the low depression may cause leakage, which will affect the overall visual effect of the product.
因此, 需要开发一种能够形成具有高光透明饰面层的釉面材料, 使用该 釉面材料制作的陶瓷薄板不但表面光泽度高、 产品规格大, 而且制作工艺简 单。 发明内容  Therefore, there is a need to develop a glazed material capable of forming a high-gloss transparent finish layer, and the ceramic thin plate produced using the glazed material has high surface glossiness, large product specifications, and a simple manufacturing process. Summary of the invention
因此, 本发明的目的是克服应用现有的釉面材料制作瓷砖的工艺复杂、 成本高或视觉效果不好、 产品规格小的缺点, 提供一种能够形成高光透明饰 面层的釉面材料, 使用该釉面材料制作的陶瓷薄板不但表面光泽度高、 产品 规格大, 而且制作工艺简单。 本发明的另一个目的是提供使用这样的釉面材 料制作的陶瓷薄板以及该陶瓷薄板的制作方法。 Therefore, the object of the present invention is to overcome the complicated process of fabricating ceramic tiles by using the existing glazed materials. A high-cost or poor visual effect and a small product specification, providing a glazed material capable of forming a high-gloss transparent finish layer, and the ceramic thin plate made of the glazed material has high surface gloss and large product specifications, and is produced. Simple process. Another object of the present invention is to provide a ceramic sheet produced using such a glazed material and a method of making the same.
除非特别说明, 本发明中所使用的术语 "陶瓷薄板", 是指由黏土和其 他无机非金属材料经成形、 高温烧结等生产工艺制成的厚度不大于 10 mm, 釉面面积不小于 1.62 m2的板状陶瓷制品。 Unless otherwise specified, the term "ceramic sheet" as used in the present invention means that the thickness of the clay and other inorganic non-metallic materials is not more than 10 mm and the glazed area is not less than 1.62 m by forming, high-temperature sintering, and the like. 2 plate-shaped ceramic products.
本发明提供了一种釉面材料, 该釉面材料的主要化学成分的重量百分含 量如下: Si0272~78%、 A1203 6~14%、 CaO 5~12%、 MgO 0.3~1%、 K20 0.2-2%, Na20 2~4%、 ZnO 0~4%。 The invention provides a glazed material, the main chemical composition of the glazed material is as follows: Si0 2 72~78%, A1 2 0 3 6~14%, CaO 5~12%, MgO 0.3~ 1%, K 2 0 0.2-2%, Na 2 0 2~4%, ZnO 0~4%.
其中, 优选地, 所述釉面材料可以由以下重量百分含量的原料组成: 钠 长石 20~50%、 高岭土 4~10%、 硅灰石 6~30%、 石英 0~30%。  Preferably, the glazed material may be composed of the following raw materials by weight: sodium feldspar 20~50%, kaolin 4~10%, wollastonite 6~30%, quartz 0~30%.
本发明提供的釉面材料的颗粒大小可以在很大范围内变化。 为了使各种 组分混合得更加均匀,所述釉面材料的平均颗粒大小可以优选为 325~600目, 更优选为 400~500 目。  The particle size of the glazed material provided by the present invention can vary over a wide range. In order to make the various components more uniformly mixed, the average particle size of the glazed material may preferably be 325 to 600 mesh, more preferably 400 to 500 mesh.
另一方面, 本发明还提供了一种陶瓷薄板, 该陶瓷薄板包括坯体、 附着 于该坯体表面的底釉层和附着于该底釉层表面的面釉层, 其中, 所述面釉层 是由本发明提供的釉面材料烧制而成的。  In another aspect, the present invention provides a ceramic sheet comprising a blank, a bottom glaze layer attached to the surface of the blank, and a top glaze layer attached to the surface of the underglaze layer, wherein the top glaze The layers are fired from the glazed material provided by the present invention.
根据本发明提供的陶瓷薄板, 其中, 所述面釉层的厚度可以为 0.03~0.5 亳米, 优选为 0.05~0.35亳米。 优选地, 所述面釉层的光泽度可以大于 80。  According to the ceramic sheet provided by the present invention, the thickness of the glaze layer may be 0.03 to 0.5 mm, preferably 0.05 to 0.35 mm. Preferably, the gloss of the glaze layer may be greater than 80.
本发明对陶瓷薄板的规格没有特别地限定, 一般情况下, 该陶瓷薄板的 规格可以为(500~1500)mm X (1500~2500)mm X (3~10)mm。为了满足超薄化和 大规格化的需求, 该陶瓷薄板的规格可以优选为(800~1000)mm X (1600~2000)mm X (3~7)mm , 例如, 可以为 900mm X 1800mm X 5mm。  The specification of the ceramic sheet is not particularly limited in the present invention. In general, the ceramic sheet may have a specification of (500 to 1500) mm X (1500 to 2500) mm X (3 to 10) mm. In order to meet the demand for ultra-thinning and large-scale, the ceramic sheet may preferably have a specification of (800 to 1000) mm X (1600 to 2000) mm X (3 to 7) mm, for example, 900 mm X 1800 mm X 5 mm. .
根据本发明提供的陶瓷薄板, 其中, 所述坯体可以为本领域技术人员所 公知的用于制备陶瓷薄板的坯体, 本发明对所述坯体的组成和尺寸没有特别 的限定。 优选情况下, 为了满足超薄化和大规格化的需求, 所述坯体的尺寸 可以为(500~1500)mm X (1500-2500)mm X (l~5)mm。  The ceramic sheet according to the present invention, wherein the body can be a body for preparing a ceramic sheet known to those skilled in the art, and the composition and size of the body are not particularly limited in the present invention. Preferably, the size of the green body may be (500 to 1500) mm X (1500-2500) mm X (1 to 5) mm in order to meet the demand for ultra-thinness and large-scale.
本发明对所述底釉层的组成和厚度也没有特别地限定。 优选情况下, 为 了得到更好的装饰效果, 所述底釉层可以为不反光的 (哑光的) 材料, 其化 学成分的重量百分比组成可以优选为: Si02 66~74%、 Al203 16~22 %、 CaO 0.5~1 %、 MgO 0.3~l%、 K20 + Na20 + Li20 4~6 %。 例如, 在本发明的一种 优选的实施方式中, 所述底釉层的原料的重量百分比组成为: 钾长石 25%、 钠长石 12%、 黑泥 8% , 方解石 10%、 烧滑石 22% , 煅烧高岭土 6%、 氧化 铝 8%、 硅酸锆 8%、 氧化锌 1%。 所述底釉层的厚度可以为 0.5~5 mm , 优选 为 1-3 mm。 The composition and thickness of the underglaze layer are also not particularly limited in the present invention. Preferably, in order to obtain a better decorative effect, the underglaze layer may be a non-reflective (matte) material, and the composition by weight of the chemical composition may preferably be: Si0 2 66-74%, Al 2 0 3 16~22 %, CaO 0.5~1 %, MgO 0.3~l%, K 2 0 + Na 2 0 + Li 2 0 4~6 %. For example, in the invention In a preferred embodiment, the weight percentage of the raw material of the bottom glaze layer is: potassium feldspar 25%, albite 12%, black mud 8%, calcite 10%, burnt talc 22%, calcined kaolin 6%, 8% alumina, 8% zirconium silicate, and 1% zinc oxide. The bottom glaze layer may have a thickness of 0.5 to 5 mm, preferably 1-3 mm.
本发明还提供了上述陶瓷薄板的制作方法, 该方法包括在坯体的表面形 成底釉层的步骤和在底釉层的表面形成面釉层的步骤, 其中, 所述在底釉层 的表面形成面釉层的步骤中使用本发明提供的釉面材料形成面釉层。  The present invention also provides a method of fabricating the above ceramic sheet, the method comprising the steps of forming an underglaze layer on a surface of the green body and forming a surface glaze layer on the surface of the underglaze layer, wherein the surface of the underglaze layer The glaze material provided by the present invention is used in the step of forming the glaze layer to form the glaze layer.
根据本发明提供的制作方法, 其中, 在底釉层的表面形成面釉层的步骤 可以使用本领域常规的方法。 优选情况下, 为了避免在砖面上留下网紋或发 生漏抛, 最好使用全透滚简印刷和 /或钟罩淋釉。  According to the manufacturing method provided by the present invention, the step of forming the glaze layer on the surface of the underglaze layer may be carried out by a method conventional in the art. Preferably, in order to avoid leaving a texture or a drop on the brick surface, it is preferred to use a full-transmission rolling print and/or a bell jar glaze.
在本发明提供的制作方法中, 所述在坯体的表面形成底釉层的步骤还可 以包括在底釉层上形成图案的操作,优选地,形成图案的方法选自圆网印刷、 丝网印刷和辊简印刷中的一种或多种。  In the manufacturing method provided by the present invention, the step of forming an underglaze layer on the surface of the green body may further include an operation of forming a pattern on the underglaze layer, preferably, the method of forming the pattern is selected from the group consisting of rotary screen printing, screen printing. One or more of printing and roll printing.
具体地, 本发明提供的制作方法可以包括以下工序: 坯体成型 -施底釉- 印花-施面釉 -烧成 -抛光。 按照本发明提供的制作方法, 除了在所述 "面釉布 料" 步骤使用本发明提供的釉面材料进行布料之外, 其它步骤均为本领域技 术人员所公知, 在此不再赘述。  Specifically, the manufacturing method provided by the present invention may include the following steps: blank molding - bottom glaze - printing - application glaze - firing - polishing. In accordance with the fabrication method provided by the present invention, other steps are known to those skilled in the art except for the use of the glazed material provided by the present invention in the "face glaze" step, and will not be further described herein.
本发明提供的釉面材料能够形成具有高光的透明饰面层, 使用该釉面材 料制作的陶瓷薄板不但表面光泽度高、 产品规格大, 而且制作工艺简单、 成 本低。 实施发明的最佳方式  The glazed material provided by the invention can form a transparent facing layer with high light, and the ceramic sheet made of the glazed material has high surface glossiness, large product specifications, simple manufacturing process and low cost. The best way to implement the invention
下面结合具体实施方式对本发明进行进一步的详细描述, 给出的实施例 仅为了阐明本发明, 而不是为了限制本发明的范围。 实施例 1  The present invention is further described in detail with reference to the preferred embodiments thereof. Example 1
本实施例用于说明本发明提供的釉面材料和陶瓷薄板以及陶瓷薄板的 制作方法。  This embodiment is for explaining the manufacturing method of the glazed material and the ceramic thin plate and the ceramic thin plate provided by the present invention.
釉面材料的原料组成 (重量百分含量) 为: 钠长石 39%、 高岭土 8%、 硅灰石 28%、 石英 25%。  The raw material composition (weight percent) of the glazed material is: albite 39%, kaolin 8%, wollastonite 28%, quartz 25%.
该原料的平均颗粒大小为 450 目。  The raw material had an average particle size of 450 mesh.
用化学全分析仪 (DHF82型, 湘潭湘仪仪器有限公司) 测得上述原料的 化学成分的重量百分含量为: Si02 76.6%、 A1203 10.5%、 CaO 5.9%、 MgO 0.6%、 K2O 0.6%、 Na20 3.8%、 Zn0 2%。 坯体成型: 使用陶瓷压机将陶瓷坯料压制成型, 成型后的坯体的规格是 900mm X 1800mm X 6.0mm , 然后将坯体干燥至水分为 2%。 The above raw materials were measured by a chemical analyzer (DHF82, Xiangtan Xiangyi Instrument Co., Ltd.) The weight percentage of the chemical components is: Si0 2 76.6%, A1 2 0 3 10.5%, CaO 5.9%, MgO 0.6%, K 2 O 0.6%, Na 2 0 3.8%, and Zn0 2%. Blank molding: The ceramic blank was press-formed using a ceramic press, and the molded blank was 900 mm X 1800 mm X 6.0 mm, and then the green body was dried to a moisture content of 2%.
底釉: 底釉材料的原料组成 (重量百分含量) 为: 钾长石 25%、 钠长石 12%、 黑泥 8%、 方解石 10%、 烧滑石 22%、 煅烧高岭土 6%、 氧化铝 8%、 硅酸锆 8%、 氧化锌 1% , 平均颗粒大小为 400 目。 向该底釉材料中加入相同 重量的水, 搅拌均匀形成底釉浆料, 在坯体的一个表面上涂覆一层厚度为 2.5mm的底釉浆料。  Bottom glaze: The raw material composition (weight percentage) of the bottom glaze material is: potassium feldspar 25%, albite 12%, black mud 8%, calcite 10%, burnt talc 22%, calcined kaolin 6%, alumina 8%, 8% zirconium silicate, 1% zinc oxide, and an average particle size of 400 mesh. Water of the same weight was added to the glaze material, and the glaze slurry was uniformly stirred to form a glaze slurry having a thickness of 2.5 mm on one surface of the body.
印花: 在所述底釉材料上用多套滚简根据图案设计进行印花装饰。  Printing: On the bottom glaze material, multiple sets of rolling are used to carry out printing decoration according to the pattern design.
面釉: 向本实施例的釉面材料中加入相同重量的水, 搅拌均匀形成釉面 浆料, 使用全透滚简印刷的方式在印花后的底釉浆料上涂覆一层厚度为 Glaze: Add the same amount of water to the glazed material of this embodiment, stir evenly to form a glaze slurry, and apply a layer of thickness on the bottom glaze slurry after printing by using full-transfer rolling printing.
0.4mm的釉面浆料。 0.4mm glaze slurry.
压制成型: 使用 KD6800型设备, 在 61000KN的压力下将布料后的坯 烧成: 使压制成型后的产品在 1200°C下烧成, 烧成的时间为 60分钟。 抛光: 使用柔性抛光机对烧成得到的产品的釉面进行抛光, 使釉面的光 泽度达到 85, 从而制得本发明的陶瓷薄板。  Press molding: Using KD6800 equipment, the billet after firing was fired at a pressure of 61000 KN: The pressed product was fired at 1200 ° C for 60 minutes. Polishing: The glaze of the fired product was polished using a flexible polishing machine to give a glaze of 85, thereby producing the ceramic sheet of the present invention.
该陶瓷薄板的规格为 900mm X l800mm X 5.5 mm, 其中底釉层的厚度为 lmm, 面釉层的厚度为 0.18mm。 实施例 2  The ceramic sheet has a specification of 900 mm X l800 mm X 5.5 mm, wherein the thickness of the bottom glaze layer is lmm, and the thickness of the glaze layer is 0.18 mm. Example 2
本实施例用于说明本发明提供的釉面材料和陶瓷薄板以及陶瓷薄板的 制作方法。  This embodiment is for explaining the manufacturing method of the glazed material and the ceramic thin plate and the ceramic thin plate provided by the present invention.
釉面材料的原料组成 (重量百分含量) 为: 钠长石 45%、 高岭土 7%、 硅灰石 25%、 石英 23%。  The raw material composition (weight percentage) of the glazed material is: albite 45%, kaolin 7%, wollastonite 25%, quartz 23%.
该原料的平均颗粒大小为 400 目。  The raw material has an average particle size of 400 mesh.
用化学全分析仪 (DHF82型, 湘潭湘仪仪器有限公司) 测得上述原料的 化学成分的重量百分含量为: Si0273.5%、 A1203 13%、 CaO 6.8%、 MgO 0.9%、 K2O 0.3%、 Na20 3%、 Zn0 3%。 按照与实施例 1相同的方法制作陶瓷薄板, 不同的是: The chemical composition of the above raw materials was measured by a chemical analyzer (DHF82, Xiangtan Xiangyi Instrument Co., Ltd.): Si0 2 73.5%, A1 2 0 3 13%, CaO 6.8%, MgO 0.9%, K 2 O 0.3%, Na 2 0 3%, Zn0 3%. A ceramic sheet was produced in the same manner as in Example 1, except that:
在坯体成型步骤中, 坯体的规格为 1500mm XI 500mm X 3mm;  In the blank forming step, the size of the blank is 1500 mm XI 500 mm X 3 mm;
在底釉布料步骤中, 底釉浆料的厚度为 5mm;  In the step of glazing cloth, the thickness of the bottom glaze slurry is 5 mm;
在面釉布料步骤中, 使用钟罩淋釉的方式在印花后的底釉浆料上涂覆一 层厚度为 0.76mm的釉面浆料;  In the step of glazing cloth, a glazed slurry having a thickness of 0.76 mm is coated on the bottom glaze slurry after printing by using a bell jar glaze;
在抛光步骤中, 釉面的光泽度为 88;  In the polishing step, the gloss of the glaze is 88;
该陶瓷薄板的规格为 900mmXl800mmX5.3mm, 其中底釉层的厚度为 2mm, 面釉层的厚度为 0.3mm。 实施例 3  The ceramic sheet has a specification of 900 mm×1 800 mm×5.3 mm, wherein the thickness of the bottom glaze layer is 2 mm, and the thickness of the surface glaze layer is 0.3 mm. Example 3
本实施例用于说明本发明提供的釉面材料和陶瓷薄板以及陶瓷薄板的 制作方法。  This embodiment is for explaining the manufacturing method of the glazed material and the ceramic thin plate and the ceramic thin plate provided by the present invention.
釉面材料的原料组成 (重量百分含量) 为: 钠长石 43%、 高岭土 5%、 硅灰石 24%、 石英 28%。  The raw material composition (weight percent) of the glazed material is: albite 43%, kaolin 5%, wollastonite 24%, quartz 28%.
该原料的平均颗粒大小为 400 目。  The raw material has an average particle size of 400 mesh.
用化学全分析仪 (DHF82型, 湘潭湘仪仪器有限公司) 测得上述原料的 化学成分的重量百分含量为: Si0275%、 A12038.6%、 CaO 6.5%、 MgO 0.4%、 K2O0.8%、 Na203.9%。 按照与实施例 1相同的方法制作陶瓷薄板, 不同的是: The chemical composition of the above raw materials was measured by a chemical analyzer (DHF82, Xiangtan Xiangyi Instrument Co., Ltd.): Si0 2 75%, A1 2 0 3 8.6%, CaO 6.5%, MgO 0.4%, K 2 O 0.8%, Na 2 03.9%. A ceramic sheet was produced in the same manner as in Example 1, except that:
在坯体成型步骤中, 坯体的规格为 900mm XI 800mm X 3mm;  In the blank forming step, the size of the blank is 900mm XI 800mm X 3mm;
在底釉布料步骤中, 底釉浆料的厚度为 2.5mm;  In the step of glazing cloth, the thickness of the bottom glaze slurry is 2.5 mm;
在面釉布料步骤中, 釉面浆料的厚度为 0.25mm;  In the step of glazing cloth, the thickness of the glaze slurry is 0.25 mm;
在抛光步骤中, 釉面的光泽度为 88;  In the polishing step, the gloss of the glaze is 88;
该陶瓷薄板的规格为 900mmXl800mmX4 mm, 其中底釉层的厚度为 lmm, 面釉层的厚度为 0.1mm。 通过以上实施例的描述可以看出, 使用本发明的釉面材料烧制成的陶瓷 薄板的表面光泽度高于 80, 产品规格较大, 而且制作工艺简单易行。  The ceramic sheet has a specification of 900 mm×1 800 mm×4 mm, wherein the thickness of the bottom glaze layer is lmm, and the thickness of the glaze layer is 0.1 mm. As can be seen from the description of the above embodiments, the ceramic sheet fired using the glazed material of the present invention has a surface gloss of more than 80, a large product specification, and a simple and easy manufacturing process.

Claims

杈 利 要 求 Patent claim
1. 一种釉面材料, 其特征在于,该釉面材料的主要化学成分的重量百分 含量如下: Si02 72-78% ^ A1203 6-14%, CaO 5-7%, MgO 0.3~1%、 K20 0.2-1%, Na20 2~4%、 ZnO 0~4%。 A glazed material characterized in that the weight percentage of main chemical components of the glazed material is as follows: Si0 2 72-78% ^ A1 2 0 3 6-14%, CaO 5-7%, MgO 0.3~1%, K 2 0 0.2-1%, Na 2 0 2~4%, ZnO 0~4%.
2. 根据权利要求 1所述的釉面材料, 其中, 该釉面材料由以下重量百分 含量的原料制成: 钠长石 20~50%、 高岭土 4~10%、 硅灰石 6~30%、 石英 0~30%。  2. The glazed material according to claim 1, wherein the glazed material is made of the following raw materials by weight: sodium albite 20-50%, kaolin 4-10%, wollastonite 6-30 %, quartz 0~30%.
3. 一种陶瓷薄板, 该陶瓷薄板包括坯体、 附着于该坯体表面的底釉层和 附着于该底釉层表面的面釉层, 其特征在于, 所述面釉层由权利要求 1或 2 所述的釉面材料形成。  3. A ceramic sheet comprising a blank, a bottom glaze layer attached to the surface of the blank, and a top glaze layer attached to the surface of the underglaze layer, wherein the top glaze layer is claimed in claim 1. Or a glazed material as described in 2.
4. 根据权利要求 3 所述的陶瓷薄板, 其中, 所述面釉层的厚度为 0.05-0.35亳米。  The ceramic sheet according to claim 3, wherein the glaze layer has a thickness of 0.05 to 0.35 mm.
5. 根据权利要求 3或 4所述的陶瓷薄板, 其中,所述面釉层的光泽度大 于 80。  The ceramic sheet according to claim 3 or 4, wherein the glaze layer has a gloss of more than 80.
6. 根据权利要求 3至 5中任意一项所述的陶瓷薄板, 其中, 该陶瓷薄板 的规格为(500~1500) mm X (1500-2500) mm X (3~10)mm。  The ceramic sheet according to any one of claims 3 to 5, wherein the ceramic sheet has a specification of (500 to 1500) mm X (1500-2500) mm X (3 to 10) mm.
7. 根据权利要求 3至 6中任意一项所述的陶瓷薄板, 其中, 该陶瓷薄板 的厚度为 3~7亳米。  The ceramic sheet according to any one of claims 3 to 6, wherein the ceramic sheet has a thickness of 3 to 7 mm.
8. 权利要求 3至 7中任意一项所述的陶瓷薄板的制作方法,该方法包括 在坯体的表面形成底釉层的步骤和在底釉层的表面形成面釉层的步骤, 其特 征在于, 所述在底釉层的表面形成面釉层的步骤中使用权利要求 1或 2所述 的釉面材料形成面釉层。  The method of producing a ceramic sheet according to any one of claims 3 to 7, comprising the steps of forming an underglaze layer on the surface of the green body and forming a surface glaze layer on the surface of the underglaze layer, the characteristics of which are characterized In the step of forming the glaze layer on the surface of the underglaze layer, the glaze material according to claim 1 or 2 is used to form the glaze layer.
9. 根据权利要求 8所述的制作方法, 其中, 在底釉层的表面形成面釉层 的方法为全透滚简印刷和 /或钟罩淋釉。  9. The manufacturing method according to claim 8, wherein the method of forming the glaze layer on the surface of the underglaze layer is a full-transmission rolling printing and/or a bell glaze.
10. 根据权利要求 8或 9所述的制作方法, 其中, 所述在坯体的表面形 成底釉层的步骤还包括在底釉层上形成图案的操作, 优选地, 形成图案的方 法选自圆网印刷、 丝网印刷和辊简印刷中的一种或多种。  The manufacturing method according to claim 8 or 9, wherein the step of forming an underglaze layer on the surface of the green body further comprises an operation of forming a pattern on the underglaze layer, and preferably, the method of forming the pattern is selected from the group consisting of One or more of rotary screen printing, screen printing, and roll printing.
PCT/CN2011/001575 2011-09-16 2011-09-16 Glazed material and ceramic sheet and manufacturing process therefor WO2013037091A1 (en)

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CN107986759A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-05-04 景德镇市隆祥陶瓷有限公司 A kind of preparation method of fragrance porcelain ball
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CN111704435A (en) * 2017-10-18 2020-09-25 福建省中科养生健康瓷有限公司 Glaze for ceramic products with invisible patterns and process for manufacturing ceramic products with invisible patterns

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106565091A (en) * 2016-11-07 2017-04-19 广东道氏技术股份有限公司 High-temperature quick-burning sand crystal glaze and preparation technology thereof
CN107043214A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-08-15 平顶山学院 Brownish black floor iron red colored crystalline point ceramic glaze and the method using its preparation ceramics
CN111704435A (en) * 2017-10-18 2020-09-25 福建省中科养生健康瓷有限公司 Glaze for ceramic products with invisible patterns and process for manufacturing ceramic products with invisible patterns
CN111704435B (en) * 2017-10-18 2022-03-25 福建省中科养生健康瓷有限公司 Glaze for ceramic products with invisible patterns and process for manufacturing ceramic products with invisible patterns
CN107986759A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-05-04 景德镇市隆祥陶瓷有限公司 A kind of preparation method of fragrance porcelain ball
CN111377612A (en) * 2020-04-26 2020-07-07 佛山科学技术学院 Antifouling glaze

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