An integrated, interoperable and reconfigurable automation system Field of the Invention "Embodiments of the invention generally relate to home, office, and enterprise requirements, traffic, industrial and building automation.
Background of the Invention Automation of appliances and its features in small house to bungalows, networked houses and enterprise requirements, particularly through electronic means that allow for things impracticable, overly expensive or simply not possible in recent past decades. An integrated, interoperable and reconfigurable wireless automation, access and security system, sensors and video surveillance system is the key for any future automation products. The term may be used in contrast to the more mainstream " any building automation and its management " which refers to industrial settings and the automatic or semi-automatic control of lighting, climate doors and windows, access, proximity, motor control, all available parameter sensors and security and surveillance systems. The techniques employed in home, office and enterprise and public automation include those in building automation as well as the control of any entertainment systems, sensor parameter, surveillance with web porting, houseplant watering, pet feeding, "scenes" for different events (such as dinners or parties), outdoor control, public usage systems like traffic management and the use of domestic robots.
Summary of the Invention
Embodiments of the invention related to a reconfigurable controlling system comprising a transreceiver, where in devices at a transceiver, wherein the transceiver comprises a transmitter and a receiver, the transmitter communicatively coupled to the receiver, the receiver further coupled to a plurality of devices, and the receiver is configured to receive a signal from the transmitter and the signal received by the receiver is appropriately decoded to control at least one of a plurality of devices coupled to the receiver.
In a further embodiment the transmitter or the receiver may comprise a display device, which can advantageously display the selection made to a user.
Jn a further embodiment the reconfigurable controlling system may comprise of frequency converter from one frequency band to other band of the electromagnetic spectrum.
In a further embodiment the reconfigurable controlling system may comprise of communication technology converter. This will convert information signal from one communication technology to other for example from Bluetooth technology to zigbee, or any of the communication technology and combinations thereof.
In a further embodiment the reconfigurable controlling system may comprise of status display unit to provide information about the status of the devices, power consumption, and other parameters connected in the network.
^Tri a further embodiment, the signal is a radio-frequency (RF) signal or an infra-red signal or a GSM signal or wireless signal or microwave signal or audio signal or video signal or combination thereof, and the range of the signal varies from 0 kilometer to few thousand kilometers, there fore one could control devices from anywhere in the world
In a further embodiment the transmitter is an electronic device, and the electronic device includes a universal learning wireless remote control, regular mechanical switch of pressing based, touch based or voice/ gesture recognition, a mobile phone, a PDA, a laptop computer, a desktop computer.
In a further embodiment, wherein the receiver is a device configured to receive a signal from the transmitter and is positioned at a pre-defined location. The receiver and transmitter couple on a one-to-one basis or a one-to-many basis or many to one or many to many, and controlling the device includes shutting off a device, varying the intensity of a device, switching on a device or activating a device as per pre programmed utilities in the device.
These and other objects, features and advantages of the embodiments of the invention will become apparent from the following detailed description, which is to be read in connection with the accompanying drawings.
Brief Description of the Drawings
FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating an exemplary embodiment of a transceiver coupled to a receiver and a transmitter to control a device in accordance with the invention;
Principles of the present invention include a systematic approach to integrated, interoperable and reconfigurable control devices at a specified location.
Reference is not made to Fig. 1, which illustrates an exemplary embodiment reconfigurable controlling system 100 of an integrated, interoperable and reconfigurable automation system having controlling devices namely universal learning remote 1 10, touch pad controlling devices 120, computing devices 130 coupled to a transceiver 160. Transreceiver 330 of devices 300 will receive controlling and operational parameters directly or signal boosters/repeaters 200 or manual operation 170 or PSTN 180 or any wired or wireless or internet communication methods 600 or building management system unit 700 with or with out coordinator 310.
In a further embodiment, devices 300 consist of trans-converters 320 to convert signal from one frequency band to other frequency band in the electromagnetic spectrum. Trans converter also convert signal from one communication technology to other for example wifi to zigbee or vice versa or any available combination of technologies thereof. Similar functions and features are envisaging in trans-frequency, technology converters 150. In a further embodiment, devices 300, has built in signal encryption and decryption techniques embedded either in coordinator 300 or transreceiver 330 or in both. Transreceiver 330 is communicatively couple to any or all the device or devices of home device control system 340, access control 350, sensors 360, cameras 370, entertainment system 380, server 390. The signal from the reconfigurable controlling system 100 may be in the form of a wired or a wireless signal, preferably a radio-frequency (RF) signal or an infra-red signal or a GSM signal
or wireless signal or microwave signal or audio signal or sound signal or video signal or combination thereof.
~The range of the signal varies from 0 kilo meters to few thousand kilometers or could control any devices 200 from anywhere in the world.
The signal in one embodiment may be routed directly between the device 300 and mobile device 400 by means of mobile network. In a further embodiment, the signal between the reconfigurable controlling system 100 and the transceiver 330 may be controlled by means of a web or cloud controller 500 for example by means of a laptop computer or a desktop computer or the likes.
In a further embodiment, the signal between the reconfigurable controlling system 100 and the transceiver 330 may be controlled by means of a universal wired or wireless remote 1 10, or touch pad devices 120 or computing device 130. One could control through any one of these device or all of them. All these devices have built in display to monitor the status of the connected devices, power usage and device is in working condition or not etc. In a further embodiment, all units 100 to 700 may have built in display system to display health, status, power usage and other parameters of the device such as its life etc. In additions it may also have built in mechanism to operate automatically with out any external signal too.
In yet a further embodiment, the signal between the reconfigurable controlling system 100 and the transceiver 330 may be controlled by a PST line 180.
It should be well understood by one skilled in the art that the reconfigurable controlling system 100 may consists of multiple reconfigurable controlling system 100' coupled to a single transreceiver 330 or couple to multiple transceivers 330'.
For example, considering home automation being applied to a home, a master transceiver 330 may be located at a pre-defined position within the home. A user can select an appropriate device
to be used as a transmitter which can transmit the signal to the main transceiver positioned at the home. On the transmitter the user firsts selects a particular device name and location of the device, for example user selects device light and location as main drawing room. Once the user selects this device, the user can switch on the device or switch off the device or even control the intensity of the light or take information on health of the device (working or not working etc) or power usage or few other parameters. The transceiver 330 receives the signal from one or any of the reconfigurable controlling system 100 or mobile device 400 or web/cloud control 500 or building management system 700 or manual operation 170 or PSTN 180 and determines the right device and sub devices in 340, 350, 360, 370, 380, 390 to which the signal needs to be routed to, and then routes the signal from the control system 100/400/500/ 111180/ 190/ 195/700 to the appropriate appliance. Each of the devices 300 will be configured with a receiver which can receive the signal from the control system 00/400/500/17/180/700 via the transceiver 330.
For example if there are more than one light in the main drawing room, a further option can be provided to the user on the transmitter to select the correct device 300 that the user needs to control.
In one embodiment, the user can also select the time for which the appliances should be switched on. For example, assuming the user is traveling from his office to his home, the user may transmit a signal from a transmitter, in this case a mobile phone, wherein the signal may be a SMS message to the transceiver 160 to switch on the devices appliance 300, in this case a geyser in the bathroom of the master or any bedroom. The user may also additionally provide a time for which the geyser may be switched on, for example 15 minutes. Once the transreceivers 330 receives the signal from the transmitter 400, the transceiver locates the geyser in the bathroom associated with the master bedroom and switches the geyser on for time duration of 15 minutes.
In one embodiment, controlling the any devices of any manufacturer can be programmed by the transceiver at any time of the day. For example, the transmitter may send a signal to the transceiver to switch on the lights in the drawings room at 18:00 hrs on a certain day with a particular intensity. At the slated time, the transceiver sends a signal to the lights in the drawing room to be switched on with the particular intensity and color. In a further embodiment, such a feature can be programmed to take place on particular time of the day or days or on all days.
For example devices such as home, office, enterprise requirement lightings, level controllable output for any device, fans, door locks, all sensors ( pressure, temperature, moisture, flow, gas), dimmer lights, water sprinklers, motors, changing the color of the lights, color changing switch/touch panel, shade controllers, window covering, curtains, vertical blends, heating and cooling units, thermostat, intruder alarm systems and its zone etc can be controlled using a single or multiple controlling devices from anywhere in the world using this invention.
In a further embodiment, one could integrate, interoperable and reconfigure lighting for levels based on activity and create scenes, built in security ensures integrity of smart home, monitor power use. In a further embodiment, one may also integrate, interoperable and reconfigure devices such as medical parameter devices, robots.
In a further embodiment, self-organizing and learning networks simplify set-up and maintenance. In yet an embodiment any device will work manually or automatic built in learning sensors and timers. In a further embodiment, to conserver power, a street lights, in a locality may be controlled using such a mechanism. Control and monitoring of these devices are done by an automatic method or self learning sensors or universal controlling system 100 or building management 700 or web of cloud computing 500 methods or distributed and centrally located management server units through any possible communication methods and techniques.
In a further embodiment, all communication, networking and all other technologies, designs may be international standard or proprietary or customized. But any point of time this invention works across these standards, proprietary, open standard and customized methods In yet a further embodiment, traffic signals and color of the lights and its power usage, may be controlled using such a mechanism. In yet a further embodiment, lift or escalator or any motor, any industrial fire fighting systems may be controlled using such a mechanism.
Advantages of the invention are that such a mechanism is easy to user and affordable in terms of cost, proven interfaces, universal learning techniques and results in at least about 341 savings.