WO2012158875A1 - Micro droplet discharging apparatus - Google Patents

Micro droplet discharging apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2012158875A1
WO2012158875A1 PCT/US2012/038278 US2012038278W WO2012158875A1 WO 2012158875 A1 WO2012158875 A1 WO 2012158875A1 US 2012038278 W US2012038278 W US 2012038278W WO 2012158875 A1 WO2012158875 A1 WO 2012158875A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
droplet
electronic
pump unit
valve
discharging
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US2012/038278
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Sang Jin KIM
Suk-Ho Song
Bo Sung Ku
Moo-Yeal Lee
Original Assignee
Solidus Biosciences, Inc.
Samsung Electro-Mechanical Co. Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US201161487112P priority Critical
Priority to US61/487,112 priority
Application filed by Solidus Biosciences, Inc., Samsung Electro-Mechanical Co. Ltd filed Critical Solidus Biosciences, Inc.
Publication of WO2012158875A1 publication Critical patent/WO2012158875A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L3/00Containers or dishes for laboratory use, e.g. laboratory glassware; Droppers
    • B01L3/02Burettes; Pipettes
    • B01L3/0203Burettes, i.e. for withdrawing and redistributing liquids through different conduits
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L3/00Containers or dishes for laboratory use, e.g. laboratory glassware; Droppers
    • B01L3/02Burettes; Pipettes
    • B01L3/0241Drop counters; Drop formers
    • B01L3/0265Drop counters; Drop formers using valves to interrupt or meter fluid flow, e.g. using solenoids or metering valves
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L3/00Containers or dishes for laboratory use, e.g. laboratory glassware; Droppers
    • B01L3/02Burettes; Pipettes
    • B01L3/0241Drop counters; Drop formers
    • B01L3/0268Drop counters; Drop formers using pulse dispensing or spraying, eg. inkjet type, piezo actuated ejection of droplets from capillaries
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N35/00Automatic analysis not limited to methods or materials provided for in any single one of groups G01N1/00 - G01N33/00; Handling materials therefor
    • G01N35/10Devices for transferring samples or any liquids to, in, or from, the analysis apparatus, e.g. suction devices, injection devices
    • G01N35/1009Characterised by arrangements for controlling the aspiration or dispense of liquids
    • G01N35/1016Control of the volume dispensed or introduced
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L2400/00Moving or stopping fluids
    • B01L2400/04Moving fluids with specific forces or mechanical means
    • B01L2400/0403Moving fluids with specific forces or mechanical means specific forces
    • B01L2400/0433Moving fluids with specific forces or mechanical means specific forces vibrational forces
    • B01L2400/0439Moving fluids with specific forces or mechanical means specific forces vibrational forces ultrasonic vibrations, vibrating piezo elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L2400/00Moving or stopping fluids
    • B01L2400/04Moving fluids with specific forces or mechanical means
    • B01L2400/0475Moving fluids with specific forces or mechanical means specific mechanical means and fluid pressure
    • B01L2400/0478Moving fluids with specific forces or mechanical means specific mechanical means and fluid pressure pistons
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01LCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GENERAL USE
    • B01L2400/00Moving or stopping fluids
    • B01L2400/06Valves, specific forms thereof
    • B01L2400/0633Valves, specific forms thereof with moving parts
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N35/00Automatic analysis not limited to methods or materials provided for in any single one of groups G01N1/00 - G01N33/00; Handling materials therefor
    • G01N35/10Devices for transferring samples or any liquids to, in, or from, the analysis apparatus, e.g. suction devices, injection devices
    • G01N2035/1027General features of the devices
    • G01N2035/1034Transferring microquantities of liquid

Abstract

Disclosed herein is a micro droplet discharging apparatus including: a pump unit generating discharging pressure; an electronic valve controlling the discharging of a large amount of droplet; an electronic pipette controlling the discharging of a small amount of droplet and having droplet discharged from a distal end thereof; and a controller controlling the driving of the pump unit, the electronic valve, and the electronic pipette. The micro droplet discharging apparatus may discharge the large amount of droplet and the small amount of droplet in a single apparatus, thereby making it possible to reduce time of the experiment, provide convenience to a user, and reduce a cost. In addition, the micro droplet discharging apparatus is used, such that the stop frequency of the experiment may be reduced, thereby making it possible to obtain an accurate experiment result.

Description

MICRO DROPLET DISCHARGING APPARATUS

RELATED APPLICATION

This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application No. 61/487,112, filed on May 17, 2011. The entire teaching of the above application is incorporated herein by reference.

BACKGROUND OF THE PATVENTION

1. Technical Field

The present invention relates to a micro droplet discharging apparatus.

2. Description of the Related Art

Pharmaceutical research and development is largely focused on prevention and diagnosis of various diseases. The diagnosis of disease includes sensing biomaterials specific to particular diseases of interest. In addition, the sensing of the biomaterial include sensing physical changes caused by chemical reaction or physical behavior generated between any target material and enzymes, microorganisms, antibodies, receptors, cells, proteins, DNAs which can yield information about changes to the target material.

Recently, research into a biochip has been actively conducted in order to suggest an apparatus having excellent capability to sense the biomaterial and a compact size and capable of mass production. The biochip may be classified into a molecule chip, an enzyme chip, a microorganism chip, a cell chip, a protein chip, and a DNA chip according to the kind of target biomaterial.

In perfoiming research using the biochip, supplying a fixed amount of liquid such as culture solution or reagent to the biochip is a very important factor in deteimining accuracy of experimental results.

A problem of supplying a fixed amount of liquid is more important in a cell chip in which a toxicity test, an anti-cancer sensitiveness test and a resistance test are necessarily required in order to develop a new medicine.

According to the prior art, a liquid discharging apparatus including a ceramic nozzle connected to a pump unit through a tube has been used in supplying liquid to the biochip. Even though an injection amount is controlled through electronic control, the liquid discharging apparatus has supplied a minimal droplet amount of several ten microliters through the ceramic nozzle, thereby having a difficulty in supplying a fixed amount and a micro amount.

In order to solve the problem, an electronic pipette capable of supplying several nanoliters or less of droplet through electronic control has been developed. However, in the case of using the electronic pipette, there was a difficulty in supplying a large amount of droplet.

Therefore, there is a need to prepare both of an apparatus for discharging a large amount of droplet and an electronic pipette for discharge a small amount of droplet, thereby increasing burden in terms of a cost. In addition, the apparatus for discharging a large amount of droplet and the electronic pipette for discharging a small amount of droplet can be altemately used in order to supply a fixed amount of droplet, thereby increasing the stop frequency and the time of the experiment on the biochip.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention has been made in an effort to provide a micro droplet discharging apparatus capable of controlling the amount of droplet discharged through a single apparatus as a large amount or a small amount.

According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a micro droplet discharging apparatus including: a pump unit generating discharging pressure; an electronic valve connected to the pump unit through a first connection pipe and controlling the discharging of a large amount of droplet; an electronic pipette connected to the electronic valve through a second connection pipe, controlling the discharging of a small amount of droplet and having droplet discharged from a distal end thereof; and a controller controlling the driving of the pump unit, the electronic valve, and the electronic pipette so as to control the amount of droplet discharged from the electronic pipette.

When the controller drives the pump unit and the electronic valve, the pump unit may generate the discharging pressure and the electronic valve may allow liquid supplied from the pump unit to be discharged as the large amount of droplet from the distal end of the electronic pipette through opening and closing of the valve.

When controller drives the electronic pipette, the electronic pipette may generate discharging pressure to allow liquid to be discharged as the small amount of droplet from the distal end of the electronic pipette.

The pump unit may generate suction pressure to suck liquid through the electronic pipette.

When the large amount of droplet is discharged to the outside, the controller may drive the pump unit and the electronic valve, such that the pump unit generates the discharging pressure and the electronic valve allows liquid supplied from the pump unit to be discharged as the large amount of droplet from the distal end of the electronic pipette through opening and closing of the valve, and stop the driving of the electronic pipette so as not to generate discharging pressure.

When the small amount of droplet is discharged to the outside, the controller may drive the electronic pipette, such that the electronic pipette generates discharging pressure to allow liquid to be discharged as the small amount of droplet from the distal end of the electronic pipette, and stop the driving of the pump unit so as not to generate the discharging pressure and the driving of the electronic valve so as to be maintained in an opened state.

The large amount of droplet may be about 20 nl or more; preferably about 20-10000 nl; more preferably about 25-1000 nl; preferably about 30-500 nl.

The small amount of droplet may be about 5 nl or less; preferably about 2 nl or less; preferably about 1 nl or less; preferably about 0.001-1 nl; preferably about 0.1 to 1 nl.

The pump unit may be a syringe pump.

The syringe pump may include: an opening and closing valve having a first connection pipe connected thereto; a syringe connected to the opening and closing valve and having liquid stored therein; and a plunger moving upward in an inside of the syringe to thereby generate the discharging pressure so as to discharge the liquid to an outside of the syringe and moving downward in the inside of the syringe to thereby generate suction pressure so as to introduce the liquid to the inside of the syringe.

The micro droplet discharging apparatus may further include a cleaning liquid storing tank connected to the syringe pump through a supply pipe.

The electronic pipette may be a piezoelectric electronic pipette.

The electronic valve may be a solenoid valve.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a view showing a configuration of a micro droplet discharging apparatus according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a plan view of a pump unit shown in FIG. 1 ; and

FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of an electronic pipette shown in FIG. 1. DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

Various features and advantages of the present invention will be more obvious from the following description with reference to the accompanying drawings.

The terms and words used in the present specification and claims should not be interpreted as being limited to typical meanings or dictionary definitions, but should be interpreted as having meanings and concepts relevant to the technical scope of the present invention based on the rule according to which an inventor can appropriately define the concept of the term to describe most appropriately the best method he or she knows for carrying out the invention.

The above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will be more clearly understood from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings. In the specification, in adding reference numerals to components throughout the drawings, it is to be noted that like reference numerals designate like components even though components are shown in different drawings. Further, when it is determined that the detailed description of the known art related to the present invention may obscure the gist of the present invention, the detailed description thereof will be omitted.

Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

As shown in FIG. 1 , a micro droplet discharging apparatus according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention is configured to include a pump unit 100 generating discharging pressure, an electronic valve 300 controlling the discharging of a large amount of droplet, an electronic pipette 500 controlling the discharging of a small amount of droplet and having droplet discharged from a distal end thereof, and a controller 600 controlling the driving of the pump unit 100, the electronic valve 300, and the electronic pipette 500.

An operation principle of the micro droplet discharging apparatus according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention will be schematically described before a configuration thereof is described.

When the micro droplet discharging apparatus discharges a large amount of droplet, the controller 600 drives the pump unit 100 and the electronic valve 300, and stops the driving of the electronic pipette 500. The driven pump unit 100 generates discharging pressure, and the electron valve 300 allows liquid supplied from the pump unit 100 to be discharged as a large amount of droplet through the opening and closing of the valve. Here, the electronic pipette 500 of which the driving is stopped simply serves as a flow passage through which the liquid passes. When the micro droplet discharging apparatus discharges a small amount of droplet, the controller 600 drives the electronic pipette 500, and stops the driving of the pump unit 100 and the electronic valve 300. The driven electronic pipette 500 generates micro discharging pressure to thereby discharge a small amount of droplet. Here, the electronic valve 300 of which the driving is stopped is in an opened sate and only serves as a flow passage through which the liquid passes.

Hereinafter, each component of the micro droplet discharging apparatus according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail.

The pump unit 100, which is an apparatus converting an electrical energy into a mechanical energy, forcibly transports the liquid according to the intention using the pressure generated from the mechanical energy. When the pump unit 100 is driven according to a control signal of the controller 600, it generates discharge pressure so that a large amount of droplet is discharged.

In addition, the pump unit 100 serves to generate suction pressure to thereby suck external liquid into an inside of the apparatus through the electronic pipette 500. The pump unit 100 may be divided into a reciprocating pump, a centrifugal pump, an axial flow pump, and the like, according to a method of generating pressure.

Herein, the pump unit 100 is preferably a syringe pump. The syringe pump, which is a kind of reciprocating pump, has a simple structure and may easily control the discharging of the liquid.

As shown in FIG. 2, the syringe pump includes an opening and closing valve 100 having an external connection pipe connected thereto, a syringe 130 storing liquid, and a plunger 150 vertically moving in an inside of the syringe 130. The opening and closing valve 110 has a first connection pipe 200 connected thereto, and may change a moving direction of the liquid through the opening and closing of the valve. The opening and closing valve 110 may also have a plurality of pipes connected thereto, wherein the plurality of pipes are inserted into a cleaning liquid storing tank, etc.

The syringe 130 is connected to the opening and closing valve 110 to store liquid. The syringe 130 may be made of various material such as glass, PVC, PTFE, etc., according to a kind of liquid stored therein.

The plunger 150 is driven by a motor, and a moving direction of liquid may be controlled by movement of the plunger 150. When the plunger 150 moves downward, suction pressure is generated, such that liquid is sucked into the inside of the syringe 130. In addition, when the plunger 150 moves upward, discharging pressure is generated, such that the liquid moves to the first connection pipe 200 connected to the opening and closing valve 110.

The electronic valve 300 serves to control the discharging of a large amount of droplet through the opening and closing of the valve. When the pump unit 100 generates the discharging pressure, the liquid is introduced into an inside of the electronic valve 300 through the first connection pipe 200, and the electronic valve 300 controls the opening and closing of the valve according to an electric signal of the controller 600 to thereby discharge droplet in unit of 20 nl s or more.

Here, the electronic valve 300 may preferably be a solenoid valve. The solenoid valve has a simple configuration and a cheap cost. When power is applied to the solenoid valve according to the electrical signal of the controller 600, the solenoid valve is opened and closed by magnetic force of a magnet included therein. A current amount applied to the solenoid valve is changed to adjust an opening and closing degree of the solenoid valve, thereby making it possible to easily control the discharged amount of a large amount of droplet.

The electronic pipette 500, which is a component of finally discharging the sucked liquid, is connected to the electronic valve 300 through a second connection pipe 400. When the electronic pipette 500 is driven according to a control signal of the controller 600, it generates discharging pressure to thereby discharge a small amount of droplet. In the present invention, the electronic pipette 500 may discharge a small amount of droplet of 1 nE or less. Here, as the electronic pipette 500, a piezoelectric electronic pipette that may satisfy the above-mentioned condition, easily control the discharged amount of droplet and be miniaturized is preferably used. The piezoelectric electronic pipette is characterized in that the discharged amount of droplet is determined according to vibration strength of a piezoelectric material including the electronic pipette 500.

Referring to FIG. 3, the piezoelectric electronic pipette 500 will be described in detail.

The piezoelectric electronic pipette 500 is configured of an inlet 510 through which liquid is introduced, a reservoir 520, a restrictor 530, a chamber 540, a piezoelectric material 550, a nozzle 560, and the like.

The reservoir 520 is supplied with the liquid through the inlet 510 to thereby

accommodate the liquid, and provides the liquid to the chamber 540 through the restrictor 530 described below. The restrictor 530 serves as a flow passage communicating between the reservoir 520 and the chamber 540 described below to supply the liquid from the reservoir 520 to the chamber 540. When the chamber 540 is vibrated by the piezoelectric material 540, the restrictor 530 may control the amount of liquid supplied from the reservoir 520 to the chamber 540.

The chamber 540 is connected to the restrictor 530 to communicate with the reservoir 520. In addition, the chamber 540 is connected to the nozzle 560 at a side other than the side at which it is connected to the restrictor 530. Through this structure, the chamber 540 may be supplied with the liquid from the reservoir 520 and supply the liquid to the nozzle 560, thereby making it possible to enable the liquid to be discharged.

The piezoelectric material 550 may be positioned on an upper portion of the chamber 540 and generate vibration according to a control signal. That is, vibration is generated by applying voltage to the piezoelectric material 550 and is transferred to the chamber 540 through a vibration plate, such that the liquid is discharged from the nozzle 560. An electrode (not shown) is formed on a surface of the piezoelectric material 550 to supply electricity from an external power supply to the piezoelectric material 550.

The controller 600 controls the driving of the pump unit 100, the electronic valve 300, and the electronic pipette 500 in order to control the amount of droplet discharged from the electronic pipette 500. The controller 600 includes a central processing unit (CPU) therein, wherein the CPU has a driving control algorithm embedded therein. In addition, the controller 600 may further include a key input unit for allowing a user to input a set droplet discharging amount and a display displaying a driving state of the micro droplet discharging apparatus so that the user recognizes the driving state.

When the user inputs a target amount to droplet to be discharged, the controller 600 determines whether the input amount of droplet is a small amount or a large amount to thereby control the driving using different algorithms. A process in which the controller 600 controls the driving of the pump unit 100, the electronic valve 300, and the electronic pipette 500 in order to control the discharged amount of droplet will be described.

When droplet in unit of 20 ni s or more is to be discharged to the outside, the controller 600 determines the droplet in unit of 20 ni s or more as a large amount of droplet and drives the pump unit 100 and the electronic valve 300 and stops the driving of the electronic pipette 500. When the pump unit 100 and the electronic valve 300 are driven, the pump unit 100 generates discharging pressure and the electronic valve 300 allows liquid supplied from the pump unit 100 to be discharged as a large amount of droplet from a distal end of the electronic pipette 500 through the opening and closing of the valve. Here, the electronic pipette 500 of which the driving is stopped simply serves as a flow passage through which the liquid passes.

When droplet in unit of 1 nl or less is to be discharged, the controller 600 determines the droplet in unit of 1 ni or less as a small amount of droplet and drives the electronic pipette 500 and stops the driving of the electronic valve 300 and the pump unit 100. When the electronic pipette 500 is driven, it generates micro discharging pressure to allow the liquid to be discharged as a small amount of droplet. Here, the electronic valve 300 of which the driving is stopped is in an opened state and only serves as a flow passage through which the liquid passes.

In addition, the micro droplet discharging apparatus according to a preferred

embodiment of the present invention may further include a cleaning liquid storing tank 800 (see FIG. 1) connected to the syringe pump through a supply pipe 700 (see FIG. 1). The cleaning liquid storing tank 800 is connected to the micro droplet discharging apparatus, thereby making it possible to clean an inside of the micro droplet discharging apparatus.

A specific cleaning process of the micro droplet discharging apparatus will be described. First, when the opening and closing valve 110 closes a valve connected to the first connection pipe 200 and opens a valve connected to the supply pipe 700, the plunger 150 moves downward to thereby generate suction pressure. When the suction pressure is generated, cleaning liquid stored in the cleaning liquid storing tank 800 is supplied to an inside of the syringe 130 through the supply pipe 700. When the cleaning liquid is supplied to the inside of the syringe 130, the opening and closing valve 110 closes the valve connected to the supply pipe 700 and opens the valve connected to the first connection pipe 200. Then, the plunger 150 moves upward to generate discharging pressure, thereby moving the cleaning liquid to the first connection pipe 200. Therefore, finally, the cleaning liquid is discharged to the outside through the distal end of the electronic pipette 500, thereby cleaning the inside of the micro droplet discharging apparatus. After reagent or culture solution is discharged through the micro droplet discharging apparatus, the micro droplet discharging apparatus is cleaned through the cleaning liquid, thereby making it possible to prevent the droplet from being polluted due to residue in the inside of the micro droplet discharging apparatus and obtain an accurate test result value.

According to the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the electronic valve controlling the discharging of a large amount of droplet, the electronic pipette controlling the discharging of a small amount of droplet, and the controller controlling the driving of the pump unit, the electronic valve, and the electronic pipette are included, thereby making it possible to discharge both of the large amount of droplet and the small amount of droplet in a single apparatus.

In addition, according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention, functions of two droplet discharging apparatuses are integrated in a single droplet discharging apparatus, thereby making it possible to provide convenience to a user and reduce a cost.

Further, the droplet is discharged using the micro droplet discharging apparatus according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention, such that the stop frequency of the experiment may be reduced, thereby making it possible to obtain an accurate experiment result and reduce the time of the experiment.

Although the preferred embodiments of the present invention have been disclosed for illustrative purposes, they are for specifically explaining the present invention and thus a micro droplet discharging apparatus according to the present invention is not limited thereto, but those skilled in the art will appreciate that modifications and alterations are possible, without departing from the scope and spirit of the invention. Accordingly, such modifications and alterations should also be understood to fall within the scope of the present invention. A specific protective scope of the present invention could be defined by the accompanying claims.

Claims

CLAIMS What is claimed is:
1. A micro droplet discharging apparatus comprising:
a pump unit generating discharging pressure;
an electronic valve connected to the pump unit through a first connection pipe and controlling the discharging of a large amount of droplet;
an electronic pipette connected to the electronic valve through a second connection pipe, controlling the discharging of a small amount of droplet and having droplet discharged from a distal end thereof; and
a controller controlling the driving of the pump unit, the electronic valve, and the electronic pipette so as to control the amount of droplet discharged from the electronic pipette.
2. The micro droplet discharging apparatus as set forth in claim 1 , wherein when the controller drives the pump unit and the electronic valve, the pump unit generates the discharging pressure and the electronic valve allows liquid supplied from the pump unit to be discharged as the large amount of droplet from the distal end of the electronic pipette through opening and closing of the valve.
3. The micro droplet discharging apparatus as set forth in claim 1, wherein when controller drives the electronic pipette, the electronic pipette generates discharging pressure to allow liquid to be discharged as the small amount of droplet from the distal end of the electronic pipette.
4. The micro droplet discharging apparatus as set forth in claim 1 , wherein the pump unit generates suction pressure to suck liquid through the electronic pipette.
5. The micro droplet discharging apparatus as set forth in claim 1 , wherein when the large amount of droplet is discharged to the outside, the controller drives the pump unit and the electronic valve, such that the pump unit generates the discharging pressure and the electronic valve allows liquid supplied from the pump unit to be discharged as the large amount of droplet from the distal end of the electronic pipette through the opening and closing of the valve, and stops the driving of the electronic pipette so as not to generate discharging pressure.
6. The micro droplet discharging apparatus as set forth in claim 1 , wherein when the small amount of droplet is discharged to the outside, the controller drives the electronic pipette, such that the electronic pipette generates discharging pressure to allow liquid to be discharged as the small amount of droplet from the distal end of the electronic pipette, and stops the driving of the pump unit so as not to generate the discharging pressure and the driving of the electronic valve so as to be maintained in an opened state.
7. The micro droplet discharging apparatus as set forth in claim 1 , wherein the large amount of droplet is about 20 nl or more.
8. The micro droplet discharging apparatus as set forth in claim 1 , wherein the small amount of droplet is about 1 nl or less.
9. The micro droplet discharging apparatus as set forth in claim 1 , wherein the pump unit is a syringe pump.
10. The micro droplet discharging apparatus as set forth in claim 9, wherein the syringe pump includes:
an opening and closing valve having a first connection pipe connected thereto; a syringe connected to the opening and closing valve and having liquid stored therein; and a plunger moving upward in an inside of the syringe to thereby generate the discharging pressure so as to discharge the liquid to an outside of the syringe and moving downward in the inside of the syringe to thereby generate suction pressure so as to introduce the liquid to the inside of the syringe.
11. The micro droplet discharging apparatus as set forth in claim 9, further comprising a cleaning liquid storing tank connected to the syringe pump through a supply pipe.
12. The micro droplet discharging apparatus as set forth in claim 1 , wherein the electronic pipette is a piezoelectric electronic pipette.
13. The micro droplet discharging apparatus as set forth in claim 1 , wherein the electronic valve is a solenoid valve.
PCT/US2012/038278 2011-05-17 2012-05-17 Micro droplet discharging apparatus WO2012158875A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US201161487112P true 2011-05-17 2011-05-17
US61/487,112 2011-05-17

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2012158875A1 true WO2012158875A1 (en) 2012-11-22

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6220075B1 (en) * 1996-05-31 2001-04-24 Packard Instrument Company Method for determining and verifying a microvolume of a sample liquid dispersed in droplets
US6589791B1 (en) * 1999-05-20 2003-07-08 Cartesian Technologies, Inc. State-variable control system
US6599479B1 (en) * 1997-12-05 2003-07-29 Max-Planck-Gesellschaft Zur Forderung Der Wissenschaften E.V. Device and procedure for the electrically triggered microdrop release with a dispensing head
US20050056713A1 (en) * 2003-07-31 2005-03-17 Tisone Thomas C. Methods and systems for dispensing sub-microfluidic drops
US20070153033A1 (en) * 2005-12-29 2007-07-05 Kuo-Hua Wu Micro-droplet injection apparatus and injecting process using the same
US20080227663A1 (en) * 2007-01-19 2008-09-18 Biodot, Inc. Systems and methods for high speed array printing and hybridization

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6220075B1 (en) * 1996-05-31 2001-04-24 Packard Instrument Company Method for determining and verifying a microvolume of a sample liquid dispersed in droplets
US6599479B1 (en) * 1997-12-05 2003-07-29 Max-Planck-Gesellschaft Zur Forderung Der Wissenschaften E.V. Device and procedure for the electrically triggered microdrop release with a dispensing head
US6589791B1 (en) * 1999-05-20 2003-07-08 Cartesian Technologies, Inc. State-variable control system
US20050056713A1 (en) * 2003-07-31 2005-03-17 Tisone Thomas C. Methods and systems for dispensing sub-microfluidic drops
US20070153033A1 (en) * 2005-12-29 2007-07-05 Kuo-Hua Wu Micro-droplet injection apparatus and injecting process using the same
US20080227663A1 (en) * 2007-01-19 2008-09-18 Biodot, Inc. Systems and methods for high speed array printing and hybridization

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