WO2012089074A1 - Method for manufacturing light emitting diode chip - Google Patents

Method for manufacturing light emitting diode chip Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2012089074A1
WO2012089074A1 PCT/CN2011/084574 CN2011084574W WO2012089074A1 WO 2012089074 A1 WO2012089074 A1 WO 2012089074A1 CN 2011084574 W CN2011084574 W CN 2011084574W WO 2012089074 A1 WO2012089074 A1 WO 2012089074A1
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WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
substrate
led chip
manufacturing
growing
method
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PCT/CN2011/084574
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French (fr)
Inventor
Xilin Su
Hongpo Hu
Chunlin Xie
Wang ZHANG
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Byd Company Limited
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Priority to CN201010616141.8 priority Critical
Priority to CN201010616141.8A priority patent/CN102569543B/en
Application filed by Byd Company Limited filed Critical Byd Company Limited
Publication of WO2012089074A1 publication Critical patent/WO2012089074A1/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L33/00Semiconductor devices with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier specially adapted for light emission; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L33/005Processes
    • H01L33/0062Processes for devices with an active region comprising only III-V compounds
    • H01L33/0066Processes for devices with an active region comprising only III-V compounds with a substrate not being a III-V compound
    • H01L33/007Processes for devices with an active region comprising only III-V compounds with a substrate not being a III-V compound comprising nitride compounds
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L33/00Semiconductor devices with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier specially adapted for light emission; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L33/005Processes
    • H01L33/0095Post-treatments of the devices, e.g. annealing, recrystallisation, short-circuit elimination
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L33/00Semiconductor devices with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier specially adapted for light emission; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L33/02Semiconductor devices with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier specially adapted for light emission; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof characterised by the semiconductor bodies
    • H01L33/20Semiconductor devices with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier specially adapted for light emission; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof characterised by the semiconductor bodies with a particular shape, e.g. curved or truncated substrate

Abstract

A method for manufacturing a light emitting diode (LED) chip is provided. The method comprises: forming a plurality of channels on a first surface of a substrate to divide the first surface of the substrate into a plurality of growing islands (S1); forming on each of the growing islands an epitaxial structure with an oblique side surface by controlling an epitaxial growth rate ratio between a transverse direction and a vertical direction, wherein the epitaxial structure includes a first semiconductor layer, a light emitting layer and a second semiconductor layer (S2); forming a first electrode on the first semiconductor layer and a second electrode on the second semiconductor layer (S3); thinning from a second surface of the substrate to thin the substrate to a predetermined thickness (S4); and disparting the substrate along the plurality of channels to form the LED chips (S5).

Description

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING LED CHIP

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

This application claims priority to and benefits of Chinese Patent Application Serial No. 201010616141.8, filed with the State Intellectual Property Office of P. R. China on December 30, 2010, the entire content of which is incorporated herein by reference.

FIELD

The present disclosure relates to semiconductor light emitting field, and more particularly, to a method for manufacturing a LED chip.

BACKGROUND

LED has been getting more and more attention as a new generation light source. Turning electric power into light power is realized by activating an electron to combine with a cavity, and it may have advantages of energy saving, high lighting degree etc. LED chip may generally comprise a substrate and an epitaxial structure.

Groups III - V nitride materials such as GaN, InGaN, AlGaN and AlGalnN having a continuously adjustable direct bandwidth of 0.7-6.2 eV, which covers a wide spectral range from ultraviolet to infrared are ideal materials to manufacture a LED emitting a blue, a green or a white light. Fig. 1 shows a structure of a conventional GaN base LED chip, which generally uses sapphire as substrate. The LED chip comprises a sapphire substrate 5, a n type GaN layer 4 formed on the sapphire substrate 5, a light emitting layer 3 formed on the n type GaN layer 4, a p type GaN layer 2 formed on the light emitting layer 3, a n-electrode 6 disposed on an exposed part of the n type GaN layer 4, and a p-electrode 1 disposed on the p type GaN layer 2. When the semiconductor light emitting device works, a current flows through the p-electrode 1, the p type GaN layer 2, the light emitting layer 3 and the n type GaN layer 4 to reach the n-electrode 6 to emit light. Because the current transversely flows in the n type GaN layer, a current density distribution is non-uniform, which is adverse to a high current injection and an improvement of a power of the light emitting device.

A conventional method for manufacturing the GaN base LED chip may comprise steps of: forming the n type GaN layer 4, the light emitting layer 3 and the p type GaN layer 2 as GaN epitaxial layers on a 2-inch sapphire substrate by MOCVD, respectively; etching a part of the p type GaN layer 2 and a part of the light emitting layer 3 to expose the n type GaN layer 4; forming the p-electrode 1 and the n-electrode 6; forming channels on a back surface of the sapphire substrate by laser cutting; disparting the substrate along the channels by a disparting machine.

Disadvantages of the method lie in that melted stain remaining in the chip may affect light-emitting efficiency of the LED chip, and high temperature during the laser cutting process may disadvantageously affect each GaN layer, thus reducing an internal quantum efficiency to further reduce the light-emitting efficiency. SUMMARY

The present disclosure is aimed to solve at least one of the problems, particularly low light-emitting efficiency of a LED chip.

According to one aspect of one embodiment of the present disclosure, a method for manufacturing a LED chip is provided comprising steps of: (A) forming a plurality of channels on a first surface of a substrate to divide the first surface of the substrate into a plurality of growing islands; (B) forming on each of the growing islands an epitaxial structure with an oblique side surface by controlling an epitaxial growth rate ratio between a transverse direction and a vertical direction, wherein the epitaxial structure includes a first semiconductor layer, a light emitting layer and a second semiconductor layer; (C) forming a first electrode on the first semiconductor layer and a second electrode on the second semiconductor layer; (D) thinning from a second surface of the substrate to thin the substrate to a predetermined thickness; and (E) disparting the substrate along the plurality of channels to form the LED chips.

According to another aspect of one embodiment of the present disclosure, another method for manufacturing a LED chip is provided comprising steps of: (Α') forming a plurality of channels on a first surface of a substrate to divide the first surface of the substrate into a plurality of growing islands; (Β') forming on each of the growing islands an epitaxial structure with an oblique side surface by controlling an epitaxial growth rate ratio between a transverse direction and a vertical direction, wherein the epitaxial structure includes a first semiconductor layer, a light emitting layer and a second semiconductor layer ; (C) forming a second electrode on the second semiconductor layer; and (D') removing the substrate and forming a first electrode on the first semiconductor layer to form the LED chips.

According to the methods for manufacturing the LED chip provided by the embodiments of the present disclosure, scribing is not required in the manufacturing process, thus reducing the amount of mask and avoiding damages to the epitaxial structure during the scribing process. Furthermore, following performances such as etching or laser cutting are not required for the epitaxial structure to form the oblique side surface, thus reducing steps of the manufacturing process, lowering cost and improving production efficiency. In addition, because the oblique side surface is formed naturally, disadvantageous influences on the epitaxial structure caused by the etching or laser cutting may be avoided so that the light-emitting efficiency may be further improved. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

These and other aspects and advantages of the disclosure will become apparent and more readily appreciated from the following descriptions taken in conjunction with the drawings in which:

Fig. 1 is a structural schematic view of a LED chip according to the prior art;

Fig. 2 is a top view of a substrate according to an embodiment of the present disclosure; Fig. 3 is a top view of a growing island according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;

Fig. 4A to Fig.4F are structural schematic views of the LED chip during a manufacturing process thereof according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;

Fig. 5 is a structural schematic view of the LED chip according to an embodiment of the present disclosure; and

Fig. 6 is a flowchart for manufacturing the LED chip according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

Embodiments of the present disclosure will be described in detail in the following descriptions, examples of which are shown in the accompanying drawings, in which the same or similar elements and elements having same or similar functions are denoted by like reference numerals throughout the descriptions. The embodiments described herein with reference to the accompanying drawings are explanatory and illustrative, which are used to generally understand the present disclosure. The embodiments shall not be construed to limit the present disclosure.

LED chips are generally classified into a chip with a horizontal structure and a chip with a vertical structure. The LED chip with a horizontal structure includes a substrate, an epitaxial structure formed on the substrate, a first electrode and a second electrode for transmitting power to the epitaxial structure. The LED chip with a vertical structure includes an epitaxial structure, a first electrode and a second electrode for transmitting power to the epitaxial structure. The epitaxial structure may comprise but is not limited to an n type semiconductor layer, a light emitting layer and a p type semiconductor layer. The first electrode may be electrically connected with the n type semiconductor layer and the second electrode may be electrically connected with the p type semiconductor layer. Materials of the LED chip may be groups III- V nitride materials such as GaN, InGaN, AlGaN and AlGalnN. In one embodiment of the present disclosure, GaN is taken as an example.

Referring to Fig.6 and Figs.4A- 4F, a method for manufacturing a LED chip according to one embodiment of the present disclosure may comprise the following steps.

In step SI, with reference to Fig.2 and Fig.4B, a plurality of channels 110 are formed on a first surface of a substrate 100 to divide the first surface of the substrate 100 into a plurality of growing islands 120. Referring to Fig. 4A, the substrate 100 may be a sapphire substrate, a silicon substrate or a silicon carbide substrate, which may be suitable for growing a GaN semiconductor. In one embodiment, the substrate 100 may be the sapphire substrate. A size of the substrate may be 2, 4 or 6 inches. A 4-inch wafer may be preferably chosen in the embodiment due to its high ratio of performance and price, high output and low cost.

A depth of the channels 110 is within a range from 10 to 50 microns and a width of the channels 110 is within a range from 5 to 20 microns. In one embodiment, the depth is within 15-45 microns and the width is within 5-10 microns. The etching may be wet etching or dry etching. It should be noted that a surface area of the growing island 120 is substantially consistent with an ultimate size of a chip. However, the surface area of the growing island 120 does not need to be exactly identical with the ultimate size of the chip, as long as a difference between the size of the surface of the growing island 120 and the ultimate size of the chip caused by growing and following procedures may be neglected. In the embodiment, the channels 110 define regions for the plurality of growing islands 120, and a shape of the channels 110 may be flexible.

In the embodiment, the channels 110 may be formed by laser scribing. In one embodiment, the channels 110 may be formed by an ultraviolet laser device with a laser wavelength of 355nm. The ultraviolet laser device performs cutting and scribing on the substrate 100 along a predetermined path to form the plurality of channels 110, which divide the surface of the substrate into the plurality of growing islands 120. The surface area of the growing island 120 is substantially consistent with the ultimate size of the chip (ultimate surface size of the chip) but a small difference is allowed. An ultimate shape of the chip which has important influences on the light-emitting efficiency is determined by a shape of the growing island 120. The shape of the growing island 120 may be rectangle (shown in Fig.2) in one embodiment. In order to further improve the light-emitting efficiency of the ultimate chip, a side surface of the growing island may be zigzag or wavy or other irregular shapes, which is clearly shown from the growing island 120' in Fig. 3. Since a shape of the side surface of the epitaxial structure of the ultimate chip is determined by the shape of each side surface of the growing island, the light-emitting efficiency of the ultimate chip having epitaxial structure with such irregular shape of side surface may be improved. Furthermore, the side surface of the growing island 120 is preferably zigzag so as to accord with a crystal angle of the substrate 100, and the zigzag side surface of the growing islands may be a crystal surface of the sapphire. Therefore, not only a good crystal quality of a marginal side surface may be obtained, but also the light-emitting efficiency of the ultimate chip may be improved since the side surface of the epitaxial structure of the ultimate chip naturally varies with the side surface of the growing island and a possibility of total reflection of lights in the LED chip is lower. The growing island 120 with irregular shape may be formed by a pulse laser device, of which the wavelength may be the same as the ultraviolet laser device mentioned above. By adjusting a pulse frequency of the pulse laser device, a Laser light from the pulse laser device may work on the surface of the substrate 100 with an interval so as to form the growing islands 120 with the irregular shape. In one embodiment, the pulse frequency of 8KHZ to 9 KHZ may ensure a good cutting effect, a convenient operation and a high efficiency.

The depth of the channels 110 may range from 15 to 40 microns, thus releasing a stress resulting from an epitaxial growth, improving the crystal quality of the epitaxial layer, improving the light-emitting efficiency of the LED chip. Meanwhile it may ensure that the growing islands 120 are not connected with each other during the epitaxial growth process and there is a gap (channels 110) between adjacent islands. A preferred depth of the channels 110 of the embodiment may be 30 microns.

The width of the channels 110 may be 5-10 microns which is determined according to an oblique degree of the side surface of the growing island and a thickness of the whole epitaxial layers to ensure there is enough extending space for the side surface of the growing islands 120. A small width of the channels 110 may cause the oblique degree of the side surface of the growing island too small, and a large width of the channels 110 may lower a utilization rate of the substrate 100 and increase a cost accordingly. It is found that 5-10 microns may be a proper range for the width of the channels 110. A preferred width of the channels 110 may be 8 microns in one embodiment.

Furthermore, in one embodiment, before or after the channels 110 are formed, there may be a step of forming a patterned microstructure on the growing island 120 so as to improve a reflection of the substrate bottom and the crystal quality. The patterned microstructure may be formed by etching or laser processing. The patterned microstructure may be a frustum of a cone or a frustum of a three pyramid in one embodiment of the present disclosure.

In one embodiment, after step SI, the substrate 100 is rinsed to improve the crystal quality of the epitaxial structure. The rinse may be realized by wet etching with hot strong acid solution or hot strong alkaline solution. In addition, the rinse may be realized by laser rinse. Laser rinse may remove organic matters or oil contaminations from a substrate by a laser rinse device without contaminating the substrate. For instance, a KrF excimer laser may be used during the laser rinse in one embodiment. A preferred rinse process may be rinsing and etching the substrate by a chemical solution of 96wt%H2S04 and 86wt% H3PO4 with a volume proportion 3: 1 under 300 °C and lasting 1-5 minutes. Melted stains on the side surface of the channels 110 caused by the laser scribing and other contaminations on the substrate may be removed and a rough side surface of the channels 110 may be formed to enhance light-emitting efficiency of the LED chip.

In step S2, with reference to Fig 4C, the epitaxial structure 200 with an oblique side surface is formed on each of the growing islands 120. The epitaxial structure 200 may be formed by MOCVD, HVPE or MBE, etc. In one embodiment, MOCVD is used. The epitaxial structure 200 may comprise a first semiconductor layer, a light emitting layer and a second semiconductor layer. In one embodiment, the first semiconductor layer and the second semiconductor layer may be one of p type gallium nitride and n type gallium nitride, respectively. Preferably, the first semiconductor layer may be n type gallium nitride and the second semiconductor layer may be may be p type gallium nitride in one embodiment. The light emitting layer may be multiple quantum wells consisted of GaN implanted with Indium and intrinsic GaN or a GalnN single quantum well. In one embodiment, an intrinsic GaN layer may be further disposed between the growing island and the first second semiconductor layer to improve a performance of the epitaxial structure 200. In another embodiment, a p type GaAIN layer may be further disposed between the light emitting layer and the second semiconductor layer to block a movement of electrons so as to enable a current to diffuse uniformly.

The epitaxial structure 200 with the oblique side surface may be formed by adjusting a processing pressure and a ratio of groups III-V materials to control a growth rate ratio V between the transverse direction and the vertical direction within a range from 4: 1 tol :4. With reference to Fig.4F or Fig.5, an angle ( β ,β') between the side surface of the epitaxial structure and the growing island may be within a range from 105 degree to 165 degree to minimize the possibility of the total reflection of the lights generated by the LED chip. A preferred angle (β, β') may be 116 degree in one embodiment. The angle (β, β') refers to an angle between a tangent of the side surface and the growing island, in which the tangent is a line passing through an intersecting point between the side surface and the growing island and tangential with the side surface.

In one embodiment, the growth rate ratio VI between the transverse direction and the vertical direction during a period of growing a first 80% part of the epitaxial structure (a first side surface) may be larger than the epitaxial growth rate ratio V2 between the transverse direction and the vertical direction during a period of growing a remaining part of the epitaxial structure (a second side surface), thus enabling the epitaxial structure to have two side surfaces with different oblique degrees. The oblique degree of the second side surface is nearly perpendicular to avoid leakage of electricity at an edge of the light emitting layer and improve a reliability of the LED chip. In one embodiment, an oblique plane surface may be obtained by controlling the growth rate ratio between the transverse direction and the vertical direction to vary linearly. Generally the growth rate in the transverse direction may vary from small to large, thus forming an inverted pyramid epitaxial structure which has a small bottom and a large top. An oblique curved surface may be formed by controlling the growth rate ratio between the transverse direction and the vertical direction to vary in curve. Therefore, the side surface of the epitaxial structure may be plane surface, curved surface or wavy surface. Not only the good crystal quality may be guaranteed but also the epitaxial structure with certain angle may be obtained at an edge of the growing island, thus reducing reflection times of the light in the LED chip and improving the light-emitting efficiency of the LED chip. The epitaxial structure may also be a pyramid structure which has a large bottom and a small top according to one embodiment of the present disclosure.

In step S3, a first electrode 300 is formed on the first semiconductor layer and a second electrode 400 is formed on the second semiconductor layer; as shown in Fig.4D. A chip with a horizontal structure is taken for example in the embodiment. The first electrode 300 and the second electrode 400 may be formed by: removing the second semiconductor layer and the light emitting layer to expose the first semiconductor layer by wet etching or dry etching; forming the first electrode 300 on the first semiconductor layer and forming the second electrode 400 on the second semiconductor layer. A material of the second electrode 400 may be gold or gold alloy, and a material of the first electrode 300 may be aluminum alloy in one embodiment of the present disclosure.

In step S4, the substrate is thinned to a predetermined thickness by thinning from a second surface of the substrate 100, as shown in Fig.4E. A preferred predetermined thickness may be 100 microns from the bottom surface of the substrate 100 to a surface of the epitaxial structure 200 in one embodiment. In the embodiment, the substrate 100 may be thinned by rubbing and polishing.

In step S5, the substrate 100 is disparted along the plurality of channels 110 to form the LED chips. In one embodiment, the LED chips may be formed by disparting the substrate 100 along the plurality of channels 110. A structure of the chip with a horizontal structure is shown in Fig.4F. The chip with a horizontal structure comprises the substrate 100, the epitaxial structure 200 with an oblique side surface, the first electrode 300 and the second electrode 400.

The method for manufacturing the LED chip provided by the embodiment of the present disclosure, comprises: firstly, forming channels on the surface of the substrate before the formation of the epitaxial structure, in which the channels are for disparting the substrate and for growing the growing islands; secondly, forming the epitaxial structure with the oblique side surface by growing process; thirdly, disparting the substrate to form the LED chips with a horizontal structure. According to the methods for manufacturing the LED chip of the embodiments, scribing is not required in the manufacturing process, thus reducing the amount of mask and avoiding damages to the epitaxial structure during the scribing process. Furthermore, following performances such as etching or laser cutting are not required for the epitaxial structure to form the oblique side surface, thus reducing steps of the manufacturing process, lowering a cost and improving production efficiency. In addition, because the oblique side surface is formed naturally, disadvantageous influences on the epitaxial structure caused by the etching or laser cutting may be avoided so that the light-emitting efficiency may be further improved.

A method for manufacturing a LED chip with the vertical structure and with the oblique side surface is provided according to a second aspect of the embodiment of the present disclosure. Step SI ' and step S2' are the same with the step SI and the stepS2 of the above embodiment, respectively.

Fig. 5 is a structural schematic view of a LED chip with vertical structure according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

The method for manufacturing a LED chip with the vertical structure further comprises following steps after the step S2' :

Step S3', forming a second electrode on the second semiconductor layer; and

Step S4', removing the substrate and forming a first electrode on the first semiconductor layer to form the LED chip with a vertical structure . The substrate may be removed by laser cutting or rubbing plus etching technology. A material of the second electrode may be gold or gold alloy, and a material of the first electrode may be aluminum alloy in one embodiment of the present disclosure.

In one embodiment of the present disclosure, a depth of the plurality of channels is within a range from 10 to 50 microns and a width of the plurality of channels is within a range from 5 to 20 microns.

In one embodiment of the present disclosure, the method further comprises: forming patterned microstructures on the growing islands before or after forming the plurality of channels.

In one embodiment of the present disclosure, the epitaxial growth rate ratio between the transverse direction and the vertical direction is within a range from 4: 1 to 1 :4.

In one embodiment of the present disclosure, the growth rate ratio between the transverse direction and the vertical direction during a period of growing a first 80% part of the epitaxial structure is larger than the growth rate ratio between the transverse direction and the vertical direction during a period of growing a remaining part of the epitaxial structure.

In one embodiment of the present disclosure, an angle between the side surface of the epitaxial structure and the growing island is within a range from 105 degree to 165 degree.

According to the methods for manufacturing the LED chip with vertical structure of the embodiments, scribing is not required in the manufacturing process, thus reducing the amount of mask and avoiding damages to the epitaxial structure during the scribing process. Furthermore, following performances such as etching or laser cutting are not required for the epitaxial structure to form the oblique side surface, thus reducing steps of the manufacturing process and lowering a cost. In addition, because the oblique side surface is formed naturally, disadvantageous influences on the epitaxial structure caused by the etching or laser cutting may be avoided so that the light-emitting efficiency may be further improved.

Although explanatory embodiments have been shown and described, it would be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, alternatives, and modifications may be made in the embodiments without departing from spirit and principles of the disclosure. Such changes, alternatives, and modifications all fall into the scope of the claims and their equivalents.

Claims

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:
1. A method for manufacturing a LED chip, comprising steps of:
A: forming a plurality of channels on a first surface of a substrate to divide the first surface of the substrate into a plurality of growing islands;
B: forming on each of the growing islands an epitaxial structure with an oblique side surface by controlling an epitaxial growth rate ratio between a transverse direction and a vertical direction, wherein the epitaxial structure includes a first semiconductor layer, a light emitting layer and a second semiconductor layer;
C: forming a first electrode on the first semiconductor layer and a second electrode on the second semiconductor layer;
D: thinning from a second surface of the substrate to thin the substrate to a predetermined thickness; and
E: disparting the substrate along the plurality of channels to form the LED chips.
2. The method for manufacturing a LED chip according to claim 1, wherein a depth of the plurality of channels is within a range from 10 to 50 microns and a width of the plurality of channels is within a range from 5 to 20 microns.
3. The method for manufacturing a LED chip according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the epitaxial growth rate ratio between the transverse direction and the vertical direction is within a range from 4: 1 to 1 :4.
4. The method for manufacturing a LED chip according to any of claims 1 to 3, wherein the epitaxial growth rate ratio between the transverse direction and the vertical direction during a period of growing a first 80% part of the epitaxial structure is larger than the epitaxial growth rate ratio between the transverse direction and the vertical direction during a period of growing a remaining part of the epitaxial structure.
5. The method for manufacturing a LED chip according to any of claims 1- 4, wherein the epitaxial structure is formed by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition or hydride vapor phase epitaxy.
6. The method for manufacturing a LED chip according to any of claims 1- 5, further comprising a step F after step A, in which the substrate is rinsed.
7. The method for manufacturing a LED chip according to any of claims 1- 6, wherein in step A, the plurality of channels are formed by applying a pulse laser with a frequency of 8KHZ to 9KHZ on the first surface of the substrate.
8. The method for manufacturing a LED chip according to any of claims 1 to 7, wherein the side surfaces of the growing island are zigzag or wavy.
9. The method for manufacturing a LED chip according to any of claims 1 to 8, wherein the substrate is a sapphire substrate and the side surfaces of the growing island are a crystal face of the sapphire.
10. The method for manufacturing a LED chip according to any of claims 1 to9, further comprising forming patterned microstructures on the growing islands before or after forming the plurality of channels.
11. The method for manufacturing a LED chip according to any of claims 1 to 11 , wherein an angle between the side surface of the epitaxial structure and the growing island is within a range from 105 degree to 165 degree.
12. A method for manufacturing a LED chip, comprising steps of:
A' : forming a plurality of channels on a first surface of a substrate to divide the first surface of the substrate into a plurality of growing islands;
B' : forming on each of the growing islands an epitaxial structure with an oblique side surface by controlling an epitaxial growth rate ratio between a transverse direction and a vertical direction, wherein the epitaxial structure includes a first semiconductor layer, a light emitting layer and a second semiconductor layer ;
C : forming a second electrode on the second semiconductor layer; and
D' : removing the substrate and forming a first electrode on the first semiconductor layer to form the LED chips.
13. The method for manufacturing a LED chip according to claim 12, wherein a depth of the plurality of channels is within a range from 10 to 50 microns and a width of the plurality of channels is within a range from 5 to 20 microns.
14. The method for manufacturing a LED chip according to the claim 12 or 13, further comprising: forming patterned microstructures on the growing islands before or after forming the plurality of channels.
15. The method for manufacturing a LED chip according to any of claims 12 to 14, wherein the epitaxial growth rate ratio between the transverse direction and the vertical direction is within a range from 4: 1 to 1 :4.
16. The method for manufacturing a LED chip according to any of claims 12 to 15, wherein the growth rate ratio between the transverse direction and the vertical direction during a period of growing a first 80% part of the epitaxial structure is larger than the growth rate ratio between the transverse direction and the vertical direction during a period of growing a remaining part of the epitaxial structure.
17. The method for manufacturing a LED chip according to any of claims 12- 16, wherein an angle between the side surface of the epitaxial structure and the growing island is within a range from 105 degree to 165 degree.
PCT/CN2011/084574 2010-12-30 2011-12-23 Method for manufacturing light emitting diode chip WO2012089074A1 (en)

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