WO2012081967A1 - A self-sustaining close controlled agricultural system - Google Patents

A self-sustaining close controlled agricultural system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2012081967A1
WO2012081967A1 PCT/MY2011/000157 MY2011000157W WO2012081967A1 WO 2012081967 A1 WO2012081967 A1 WO 2012081967A1 MY 2011000157 W MY2011000157 W MY 2011000157W WO 2012081967 A1 WO2012081967 A1 WO 2012081967A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
energy
unit
electrode
plant
container
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/MY2011/000157
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Jefrey Bin Basirun Wan
A. S. M. Mukter-Uz-Zaman
Jin Hoong Leong
Bin Sulaiman Azhar
Original Assignee
Mimos Berhad
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to MYPI2010005943 priority Critical
Priority to MYPI2010005943 priority
Application filed by Mimos Berhad filed Critical Mimos Berhad
Publication of WO2012081967A1 publication Critical patent/WO2012081967A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The present invention relates to a self-sustaining close controlled agricultural system. The system comprises of a sensing unit (52) for sensing environmental parameters values; a comparison unit (54) for comparing the environmental parameters values with predefined values; a control unit (56) for keeping the environmental parameters values at the predefined values by generating a set of instruction; a support unit (58) for executing the set of instruction from the control unit; and an energy generating unit (60) wherein the energy generating unit (60) is able to generate energy for operating the system (50). The present invention also further relates to a method for growing a plant in a close controlled environmental system.

Description

A SELF-SUSTAINING CLOSE CONTROLLED AGRICULTURAL SYSTEM
FIELD OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to a self-sustaining agricultural system for growing plant in a close and controlled environment.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION In agriculture, environmental condition is crucial for plant to grow well. Temperature, water, light and nutrient are examples of important parameter referring to the environmental condition. The parameters must be maintained at a required level for the plant to survive. Thus, close and controlled environment is often employed where the plant is planted in a confined environment and the parameters are maintained at the required level manually. However, this requires large human dependency since it involves manual maintenance.
In minimizing human dependency, an automatic controlled environmental system is employed where automatic sensor is used to sense any change of the parameter level. In operation, the sensor must be supplied with electric power. Often, external power such as battery or grid power are used to power the sensor.
Therefore, there is a need to provide an automatic controlled environmental system capable of generating power by itself. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
According to a first aspect of the first invention, there is provided a self-sustaining close controlled agricultural system comprising: a sensing unit for sensing environmental parameters values; a comparison unit for comparing the environmental parameters values with predefined values; a control unit for keeping the environmental parameters values at the predefined values by generating a set of instruction; a support unit for executing the set of instruction from the control unit; and an energy generating unit wherein the energy generating unit is able to generate energy for operating the system. The provision of energy generating unit is advantageous as it generates energy continuously for operating the system.
Advantageously, the system is suitable to be employed at remote area.
According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided an energy generating unit comprising: a container for containing electrolyte having a base and a wall; a plantation bed positioned inside the container; an inlet for channelling the electrolyte into the container; and a storage box attached to outer surface of the wall wherein a first electrode is attached to inner surface of the wall and a second electrode is attached to bottom of the plantation bed enabling electrochemical reaction thereby generating energy.
Accordingly, the first electrode is made from aluminium. Accordingly, the second electrode is an air electrode.
Accordingly, the electrolyte is hydroquinone, dihydroxyanthracene, dihydroxynphtalene, parietin, sodium hypophosphite or phosphonic acid. Accordingly, the energy is stored in the storage box.
According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method for growing a plant in a close controlled environmental system comprising: providing a plant; planting the plant on a plantation bed; inspecting environmental parameters values; comparing the environmental parameters values with predefined values; providing sufficient environmental parameter input to the plant; and generating energy by electrochemical reaction for enabling operation of the system wherein the system performing third step to sixth step automatically. Advantageously, by-product of the electrochemical reaction is used by the plant as a nutrient for growth.
Advantageously, the method is environmentally friendly. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURE
FIGURE 1: illustrates schematic diagram of the self-sustaiiiing close controlled
agricultural system.
FIGURE 2: illustrates top view of the system.
FIGURE 3: illustrates cross section of the system. FIGURE 4: illustrates the system.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
The present invention relates to a self-sustaining close controlled agricultural system. The system is employed for growing plant in a close and controlled environment. The system is automatic where sensor is used to monitor and control crucial environmental parameters for plant growth. External power is not required by this system as it equips with a unit that able to generate energy continuously for operating the whole system. Thus, the system is suitable to be employed at remote area
As seen in FIGURE 1, the system comprises of a sensing unit 52, a comparison unit 54, a control unit 56, a support unit 58 and an energy generating unit 60.
The sensing unit 52 functions in sensing environmental parameters values. The environmental parameters are light intensity, temperature, water level and nutrient level. The comparison unit 54 functions in comparing the environmental parameters values with predefined values. The control unit 56 functions in keepmg the environmental parameters values at the predefined values by generating a set of instruction. The support unit 58 functions in executing the set of instruction from the control unit 56. The support unit 58 further comprises of a light bulb 103 for controlling the light intensity, a heater for controlling the temperature and a pump 101 for controlling the water level and the nutrient level. The energy generating unit 60 functions in generating energy for operating the system. Generally, the environmental parameters values are sensed by the sensing unit 52. The environmental parameters values are then compared with the predefined values by the comparison unit 54. When the environmental parameters values are different from the predefined values, a corrective action is required where the support unit 58 is activated by the control unit 56. The control unit 56 generates instructions to be executed by the support unit 58. The support unit 58 is turned on when the environmental parameters values are lower than the predefined values and turned off when the environmental parameters values exceed the predefined values. For light intensity control, the light bulb 103 is turned on when the environment is dark and turned off when the environment is bright. For temperature control, the heater is turned on when the temperature is low and turned off when the temperature is high. For water level and nutrient level control, the_pump 101 is turned on when the level of both water and nutrient is low and turned off when the level of both water and nutrient is high. The water and nutrient are pumped from a storage through an inlet 107. When the environmental parameters values are within a range of the predefined values, the corrective action is not required. The sensing unit 52 is then sensed the environmental parameters values again within a time interval.
The energy generating unit 60 generates energy from electrochemical reaction. The energy generating unit 60 is further comprises of a container 100, a plantation bed 106, an inlet 107, a storage box 108, a first electrode 110 and a second electrode 112.
As seen in FIGURE 1 and FIGURE 2, the container 100 has a base 102 and a wall 104. The container contains water and an electrolyte for the electrochemical reaction. The water and electrolyte are channelled into the container 100 through an inlet 107 at the wall 104. However, multiple inlets could also be attached at the wall to channel water and electrolyte respectively. The plantation bed 106 is positioned inside the container 100. Preferably, the plantation bed 106 is a cork sheet. The first electrode 110 is attached to inner surface of the wall 104 while the second electrode 112 is attached to bottom of the plantation bed 106. The first electrode 110, the second electrode 112 and the electrolyte undergo electrochemical reaction and thus generating energy. The energy is then stored inside the storage box 108.
The first electrode 110 and the second electrode 112 could be changed during replacement of the plant. Preferably, the container 100 is arranged on top of another in a rack as seen in FIGURE 4. This arrangement reduces space requirement.
The present invention also relates to an energy generating unit 60. The energy generating unit 60 comprises of a container 100 for containing electrolyte having a base 102 and a wall 104; a plantation bed 106 positioned inside the container 100; an inlet 107 for channelling the electrolyte into the container 100; and a storage box 108 attached to outer surface of the wall 104 wherein a first electrode 110 is attached to inner surface of the wall 104 and a second electrode 112 is attached to bottom of the plantation bed 106 enabling electrochemical reaction thereby generating energy.
In the electrochemical reaction, aluminium is used as the first electrode 110 while air electrode is used as the second electrode 112. Hydroquinone, dihydroxyanthracene, dihydroxynaphtalene, parietin, sodium hypophosphite, phosphonic acid or the like are used as the electrolyte. The electrolyte could be used solely or in combination. The generated energy is then stored inside the storage box 108.
The present invention further relates to a method for growing a plant in a close controlled environmental system comprises of providing a plant; planting the plant on a plantation bed; inspecting environmental parameters values; comparing the environmental parameters values with predefined values; providing sufficient environmental parameter input to the plant; and generating energy by electrochemical reaction for enabling operation of the system wherein the system performing third step to sixth step automatically. The method is suitable for growing plant having a short life cycle.
Preferably, by-product of the electrochemical reaction is used by the plant as a nutrient for growth. The method is environmentally friendly as the by-product is not dispose to environment. The invention being thus described, it will be apparent that the same may be varied in many ways. Such variations are to be regarded as within the scope of the invention, and all such modifications as would be apparent to one skilled in the art are intended to be within the scope of the following claims.

Claims

CLAIM
1. A self-sustaimng close controlled agricultural system 50 comprising:
a sensing unit 52 for sensing environmental parameters values;
a comparison unit 54 for comparing the environmental parameters values with predefined values;
a control unit 56 for keeping the environmental parameters values at the predefined values by generating a set of instruction;
a support unit 58 for executing the set of instruction from the control unit; and an energy generating unit 60
wherein the energy generating unit 60 is able to generate energy for operating the system 50.
2. A system 50 according to Claim 1, wherein the energy generating unit 60 further comprising:
a container 100 for containing electrolyte having a base 102 and a wall 104;
a plantation bed 106 positioned inside the container 100;
an inlet 107 for channelling the electrolyte into the container 100;
a storage box 108 attached to outer surface of the wall 104; and
a first electrode 110 attached to inner surface of the wall 104 and a second electrode
112 attached to bottom of the plantation bed 106 enabling electrochemical reaction thereby generating energy.
3. A system 50 according to Claim 2, wherein the energy is stored in the storage box
108.
4. A system 50 according to Claim 1, wherein the support unit 58 comprising a light bulb, a heater and a pump.
5. An energy generating unit 60 comprising:
a container 100 for containing electrolyte having a base 102 and a wall 104;
a plantation bed 106 positioned inside the container 100;
an inlet 107 for channelling the electrolyte into the container 100; and
a storage box 108 attached to outer surface of the wall 104 wherein a first electrode 110 is attached to inner surface of the wall 104 and a second electrode 112 is attached to bottom of the plantation bed 106 enabling electrochemical reaction thereby generating energy.
6. An energy generating unit 60 according to Claim 5, wherein the first electrode 110 is aluminium.
7. An energy generating unit 60 according to Claim 5, wherein the second electrode 112 is an air electrode.
8. An energy generating unit 60 according to Claim 5, wherein the electrolyte is selected from a group of hydroquinone, dihydroxyanthracene, dihydroxynaphtalene, parietin, sodium hypophosphite or phosphonic acid.
9. An energy generating unit 60 according to Claim 5, wherein the energy is stored in the storage box 108.
10. A method for growing a plant in a close controlled environmental system comprising: providing a plant;
planting the plant on a plantation bed;
inspecting environmental parameters values;
comparing the environmental parameters values with predefined values;
providing sufficient environmental parameter input to the plant; and
generating energy by electrochemical reaction for enabling operation of the system wherein the system performing third step to sixth step automatically.
11. A method according to Claim 10, wherein by-product of the electrochemical reaction is used by the plant as a nutrient for growth.
PCT/MY2011/000157 2010-12-13 2011-06-23 A self-sustaining close controlled agricultural system WO2012081967A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
MYPI2010005943 2010-12-13
MYPI2010005943 2010-12-13

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2012081967A1 true WO2012081967A1 (en) 2012-06-21

Family

ID=46244922

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/MY2011/000157 WO2012081967A1 (en) 2010-12-13 2011-06-23 A self-sustaining close controlled agricultural system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
WO (1) WO2012081967A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106508510A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-03-22 天津市蓟县绿普生蔬菜种植有限公司 A greenhouse irrigation device
CN108040567A (en) * 2018-01-15 2018-05-18 广东工业大学 A kind of control system and method for small plant factory

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009050174A (en) * 2007-08-23 2009-03-12 Keiyo Gas Kk Automatic operation controlling system for plant cultivation greenhouse
US20090320366A1 (en) * 2008-06-30 2009-12-31 Darryl Matlen Apparatuses for powering self-contained plant maintenance systems
US20100042234A1 (en) * 2005-12-21 2010-02-18 Innovative Imaging & Research Expert System for Controlling Plant Growth in a Contained Environment

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20100042234A1 (en) * 2005-12-21 2010-02-18 Innovative Imaging & Research Expert System for Controlling Plant Growth in a Contained Environment
JP2009050174A (en) * 2007-08-23 2009-03-12 Keiyo Gas Kk Automatic operation controlling system for plant cultivation greenhouse
US20090320366A1 (en) * 2008-06-30 2009-12-31 Darryl Matlen Apparatuses for powering self-contained plant maintenance systems

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106508510A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-03-22 天津市蓟县绿普生蔬菜种植有限公司 A greenhouse irrigation device
CN108040567A (en) * 2018-01-15 2018-05-18 广东工业大学 A kind of control system and method for small plant factory

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US20210076573A1 (en) Ultraviolet Plant Illumination System
ES2702956T3 (en) A method to control a system of cultivation of plants with artificial light
EP2556745A1 (en) Lighting device, plant cultivation device, and method for cooling lighting device
CN202476181U (en) Indoor intelligent soil culture apparatus for vegetables and flowers
CN202218546U (en) Full automatic greenhouse control system
JP2006262852A (en) Culture system and method for controlling the same
CN103098693A (en) Miniature light-emitting diode (LED) plant factory
WO2015154035A1 (en) Lighting fixture with application controller
KR101279101B1 (en) Plant growing system using LED
CN105052618A (en) Agricultural seedling cultivation box
CN108093991A (en) A kind of corn breeding Multifunctional seedling culturing case
WO2012081967A1 (en) A self-sustaining close controlled agricultural system
CN207948297U (en) A kind of solar energy flowerpot
CN204742032U (en) Agricultural cultivation case of growing seedlings
JP3158682U (en) Plant cultivation equipment
JP2017212886A (en) Hydroponic cultivation system, hydroponic cultivation control device, hydroponic cultivation method and program
CN103999715A (en) Solar indoor constant temperature planting device
CN205455108U (en) Fast device of giving birth to of plant
WO2016002114A1 (en) Hydroponic method and hydroponic device
KR20130105040A (en) System and method for managing horticulture facility
KR20120116043A (en) Box type cultivation equipment
CN208402657U (en) A kind of agricultural planter box
JP2012147749A (en) Interior hydroponic culture apparatus
CN201947751U (en) Automatic control system for plant cultivation
CN203985394U (en) A kind of culturing device detecting with lumen

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application

Ref document number: 11849311

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1

NENP Non-entry into the national phase

Ref country code: DE

122 Ep: pct application non-entry in european phase

Ref document number: 11849311

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1