WO2012077181A1 - Automatic washing apparatus for photovoltaic panel - Google Patents

Automatic washing apparatus for photovoltaic panel Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2012077181A1
WO2012077181A1 PCT/JP2010/071896 JP2010071896W WO2012077181A1 WO 2012077181 A1 WO2012077181 A1 WO 2012077181A1 JP 2010071896 W JP2010071896 W JP 2010071896W WO 2012077181 A1 WO2012077181 A1 WO 2012077181A1
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Prior art keywords
cleaning
power generation
roof
panel
main
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PCT/JP2010/071896
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French (fr)
Japanese (ja)
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岡本眞一
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Okamoto Shinichi
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Priority to PCT/JP2010/071896 priority Critical patent/WO2012077181A1/en
Publication of WO2012077181A1 publication Critical patent/WO2012077181A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/04Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members using rotary operative members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/008Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members using translating operative members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S40/00Safety or protection arrangements of solar heat collectors; Preventing malfunction of solar heat collectors
    • F24S40/20Cleaning; Removing snow
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S30/00Structural details of PV modules other than those related to light conversion
    • H02S30/10Frame structures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The present invention solves the difficult problems of remarkable drops in power generating efficiency with the soiling of photovoltaic panels over time and repair and replacement thereof. The present invention also solves problems such as cleaning variances easily arising in conventional devices, remarkable deterioration easily occurring over time if cleaning equipment is left as is on a roof, loss of aesthetics, and maintaining at least 95% or greater of the power generating efficiency when newly installed over a life of 10 years or more. Rails are installed at prescribed positions on a roof, and a washing apparatus main unit is provided so as to be capable of automatic running on the rails by a guide mechanism that determines a vertical or lateral direction. The form is such that periodic automatic cleaning is possible with rotating brushes and the like while water and a cleaning agent, if necessary, are supplied. The washing apparatus main unit uses a means that can store the same in a space under the eaves of the roof inconspicuously while avoiding sunlight, rain water and the like when not washing.

Description

太陽光発電パネル用の自動洗浄装置Automatic cleaning equipment for photovoltaic panels
 本発明は、家庭や事務所や工場などのあらゆる建物に設置される太陽光発電パネル用の自動洗浄装置に関するものである。 The present invention relates to an automatic cleaning device for a photovoltaic power generation panel installed in any building such as a home, office or factory.
 近年、京都議定書でも定められたような地球温暖化防止のための低炭素化社会への移行が世界的な動向となっており、各界で精力的に研究開発の努力が成され、今後更に、この傾向が強まっていくのは時代の趨勢であるが、それらのうち太陽光発電が主要な技術分野となっているけれども、現状は、装置が高価なことや発電効率の不足などからコストパフォーマンスに大きな問題があって、一般家庭などにおいては、政府或いは自治体の補助金をあてにして徐々に利用され始めているのが現状である。 In recent years, the transition to a low-carbon society to prevent global warming as defined by the Kyoto Protocol has become a global trend, and research and development efforts have been made energetically in various fields. Although this trend is becoming more prevalent, solar power generation is the main technological field, but the current situation is cost performance due to expensive equipment and lack of power generation efficiency. There is a big problem, and the current situation is that it is gradually being used in ordinary households with subsidies from the government or local government.
近い将来においては、大量生産と技術開発によって大きく改善されて極めて大量に採用されていくと思われるが、その際には、現状の太陽光発電パネルを数枚使用した一般家庭の屋根のごく一部を使用した初歩的ものではなく、例えば特許文献1に示すような屋根全体が太陽光発電パネルとなり、瓦などの代わりの屋根材として使用され美観、耐久性などを著しく向上する形態となっていくと思量される。 In the near future, it will be greatly improved by mass production and technological development, and it will be adopted in an extremely large amount. However, in that case, the roof of a general household using several photovoltaic panels is currently being used. For example, the entire roof as shown in Patent Document 1 is a photovoltaic power generation panel, and is used as a roofing material instead of tiles, and has a form that significantly improves aesthetics, durability, etc. It is thought to go.
 その際に屋根上の太陽光発電パネルが、ホコリや雨水やゴミやコケや場所により火山灰、海塩、煤煙などで経時的に汚れることは避けられず、また一旦そのまま放置して汚れがこびりつくと容易に取ることが難しくなるという大きな問題があり、使用期間が長くなるにつれて太陽光の透過率が減少して、発電効率が著しく低下する現象があるが、人が定期的に屋根に上がって洗浄することは、滑ることやパネルの強度不足などから不可能であり、また屋根の中央付近のパネルが故障した場合においては、そのパネルだけを修理或いは取り替えるには、専門の業者がスミの方からパネルを外しながらそのパネルまで到達しなければならないなど著しく手間取りコストもかかる問題があった。 At that time, it is inevitable that the solar power generation panel on the roof will become dirty over time with volcanic ash, sea salt, smoke, etc. depending on dust, rainwater, garbage, moss, and location, and if it is left as it is, the dirt will stick. There is a big problem that it becomes difficult to take easily, and there is a phenomenon that the transmittance of sunlight decreases and the power generation efficiency decreases significantly as the usage period becomes longer, but people regularly go up to the roof and wash it It is impossible to do this because of slipping or insufficient strength of the panel, and if a panel near the center of the roof breaks down, a professional contractor will ask a specialist to repair or replace only that panel. There was a problem that it took a lot of time and labor, such as having to reach the panel while removing the panel.
 これらの対策として、特許文献2には太陽電池パネル用の自動洗浄装置が提案されているが、自走式の水洗装置であり、コンパクトで簡便で安価にできるなどの効果を有する半面、傾斜の大きな屋根の洗浄では、洗浄機が落下する心配があって屋根によって使用できないことや洗浄ムラが出やすいことや洗浄機本体を屋根上に放置したままにしておくと紫外線や雨水などで経時的に著しく劣化しやすく、また美観も損ねるなどの問題があり、また取り込んで下に保存することは、洗浄機本体が重くて殆ど不可能な問題があった。 As these countermeasures, Patent Document 2 proposes an automatic cleaning device for a solar cell panel, but is a self-propelled water cleaning device, which has an effect of being compact, simple and inexpensive, and having an inclined surface. When cleaning large roofs, there is a risk of the cleaning machine falling and it cannot be used depending on the roof, cleaning unevenness is likely to occur, and if the cleaning machine body is left on the roof, it may be affected by ultraviolet rays or rainwater over time. There are problems such as remarkably easy deterioration and loss of aesthetics, and there is a problem that it is almost impossible to take in and store underneath because the washing machine body is heavy.
特開2004-332200号公報JP 2004-332200 A 特開2002-273351号公報JP 2002-273351 A
本発明においては、太陽光発電パネルが経時的に汚れて発電効率が著しく低下することやパネルの修理や取替えの難しい問題を解決することを課題としており、更に従来の技術では傾斜の大きな屋根に使用できないことや洗浄ムラが出やすいことや洗浄機を屋根上に放置したままにしておくと紫外線や雨水などで使用されているプラスチック部品やゴムベルトや金属部品が経時的に著しく劣化しやすく、また美観も損ねるなどの問題を解決することと、発電効率を十年以上の寿命期間に亘って新設時の少なくとも95%以上を維持するこ
とを課題としている。
In the present invention, it is an object to solve the problem that the photovoltaic power generation panel is soiled with time and the power generation efficiency is remarkably reduced and the panel is difficult to repair or replace. If it cannot be used, cleaning unevenness is likely to occur, or if the washer is left on the roof, plastic parts, rubber belts, and metal parts used in ultraviolet rays and rainwater are likely to deteriorate over time. The challenge is to solve problems such as the loss of aesthetics and maintain at least 95% of the power generation efficiency over the lifetime of more than 10 years.
前記課題を解決するために、屋根上の所定位置にラックレールなどのレールを設置し、その中間に太陽光発電パネルを敷き詰めて固定してから、当該レールと相応したギア輪などの車輪と回転ブラシなどを敷設した細長い洗浄装置本体が、当該レール上をガイド機構によって上下左右方向を定めて自動走行可能に設置され、屋根の最頂部などに設置されている水供給管から水と必要により少量の洗剤なども供給しながら回転ブラシなどで定期的に自動洗浄可能する形態となっていて、洗浄しない時には、洗浄装置本体は屋根の軒下に太陽光や雨水などを避けて日陰に目立たずに収納可能な構成となっており、また故障したパネルの修理などにおいては、作業者が洗浄装置本体の上に乗って手動で移動可能にして、目的のパネルだけを極めて容易に修理したり点検できる手段を採用した。 In order to solve the above-mentioned problem, a rail such as a rack rail is installed at a predetermined position on the roof, and a photovoltaic power generation panel is laid and fixed in the middle, and then a wheel such as a gear wheel corresponding to the rail is rotated. The main body of the long and thin cleaning device laid with brushes is installed on the rail so that it can automatically run with the guide mechanism set up and down, left and right, and water and a small amount if necessary from the water supply pipe installed at the top of the roof etc. It can be automatically cleaned regularly with a rotating brush while supplying other detergents, etc. When not cleaning, the main body of the cleaning device is stored under the roof eaves so as not to stand out in the shade by avoiding sunlight and rainwater When repairing a broken panel, the operator can get on the main body of the cleaning device and manually move it so that only the desired panel can be accommodated. It adopted the means that can be inspected or repaired.
上記手段の採用によって、太陽光発電パネルが経時的に汚れて発電効率が低下することやパネルの修理や取替えの著しく難しい問題を解決することができ、更に従来の装置では、傾斜の大きな屋根に適用できないことや洗浄ムラが出やすいことや洗浄機を屋根上に放置したままにしておくと紫外線や雨水などで劣化しやすく、また美観も損ねるなどの問題を解決することができ、更に定期的に洗浄することによって発電効率を十年以上の寿命期間に亘って新設時の少なくとも95%以上を維持することを容易にできるなどの多大な効果を奏する。 By adopting the above-mentioned means, it is possible to solve the problem that the photovoltaic power generation panel becomes dirty over time and the power generation efficiency is lowered, and the remarkably difficult problem of repair and replacement of the panel is solved. Problems such as inapplicability, easy cleaning unevenness, and the possibility of deterioration due to ultraviolet rays, rainwater, etc. and loss of aesthetics can be solved if the cleaning machine is left on the roof. By cleaning the power generation efficiency, it is possible to easily maintain at least 95% of the power generation efficiency at the time of new installation over a lifetime of 10 years or more.
本発明に係る一実施例の太陽光発電パネル自動洗浄装置の概略の設置形態を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the schematic installation form of the solar power generation panel automatic cleaning apparatus of one Example which concerns on this invention. 本発明に係る一実施例の洗浄装置本体の自動洗浄時の概略の構成を示す拡大側面図である。It is an enlarged side view which shows the structure of the outline at the time of the automatic washing | cleaning of the washing | cleaning apparatus main body of one Example which concerns on this invention. 本発明に係る一実施例のラックレール上を洗浄装置が移動している時のギア輪付近の拡大正面図である。It is an enlarged front view of the vicinity of the gear wheel when the cleaning device is moving on the rack rail of one embodiment according to the present invention.
図1は、本発明に係る一実施例を示す太陽光発電パネル自動洗浄装置の概略の設置形態を示す斜視図であるが、太陽光発電パネル1の敷設された一般家庭などの家の南側の屋根部3の所定位置にラックレールなどのレール2が屋根の斜面の直下方向に平行に複数本敷設され、当該レール上を上下方向に移動可能にした屋根上の太陽光発電パネル1の幅寸法の細長い洗浄装置本体4が屋根の斜面の上下方向に落下することなく移動可能となっており、当該洗浄装置本体4には本体駆動モーター5とブラシ駆動モーター6が取り付けられて、両端部のレール2に設けられた電源からスライドしながら交流または直流電気を取得するなどの方法でブラシ7の高速回転と洗浄装置本体4の移動を可能とし、複数本のレール2の下方の端部は、そのまま180度程度を適度の半径で曲面状に曲げられており、当該洗
浄装置が作動していない通常の時に軒下の本体収納庫8の中に洗浄装置本体4を逆さまに収納可能な形態となっている。なお、洗浄装置本体8を南側の軒下に収納保管する構成を前記したが、これに限定されず、例えば北側の軒下に収納する構成であってもよい。
FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing a schematic installation form of an automatic photovoltaic power generation panel cleaning apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention, but on the south side of a home such as a general household where a photovoltaic power generation panel 1 is laid. The width dimension of the photovoltaic panel 1 on the roof in which a plurality of rails 2 such as rack rails are laid in parallel at a predetermined position of the roof portion 3 in a direction directly below the slope of the roof and are movable in the vertical direction on the rail. The main body drive motor 5 and the brush drive motor 6 are attached to the main body drive motor 5 and the rails at both ends. The brush 7 can be rotated at a high speed and the cleaning device body 4 can be moved by a method such as acquiring AC or DC electricity while sliding from a power source provided in the power source 2, and the lower end portions of the plurality of rails 2 remain as they are. 1 About 80 degrees is bent into a curved surface with an appropriate radius, and the cleaning device body 4 can be stored upside down in the main body storage 8 under the eaves when the cleaning device is not operating normally. Yes. In addition, although the structure which accommodates and stores the washing | cleaning apparatus main body 8 under the eaves of the south side was described above, it is not limited to this, For example, the structure accommodated under the eaves of the north side may be sufficient.
そしてタンク9に雨水を溜めておき、定期的に洗浄する時には揚水ポンプ10を作動させて屋根の頂点付近に設置した水供給管11の細孔から雨水と必要によって少量の洗剤を供給しながら噴出させると同時にブラシを移動しながら高速回転して自動洗浄する機構となっている。なお、水を供給する位置は、前記した屋根の頂点付近に限定されず、例えば洗浄装置本体に直接取り付けて供給する方法を採用しても差し支えなく、また使用する水は、水道水でも差し支え無いが、通常の水道水には炭酸カルシウムなどの塩類が含有されて
いるために一般に水垢と言われる物質がパネルの表面に強固に付着する問題があるため、少量の水垢除去剤の添加をするなどの対策を要する。
Then, rainwater is stored in the tank 9, and when periodically washed, the pump 10 is operated and ejected while supplying rainwater and a small amount of detergent as needed from the pores of the water supply pipe 11 installed near the top of the roof. At the same time, it is a mechanism that rotates at high speed while moving the brush and performs automatic cleaning. In addition, the position for supplying water is not limited to the vicinity of the top of the roof as described above. For example, a method of directly attaching and supplying water to the cleaning apparatus main body may be adopted, and the water used may be tap water. However, because normal tap water contains salts such as calcium carbonate, there is a problem that substances commonly called scales adhere firmly to the surface of the panel, so a small amount of scale removal agent is added. It is necessary to take measures.
 更に詳しく説明すると、図2は洗浄装置本体4の自動洗浄時の概略の構成を示す側面図であるが、本体駆動モーター5とブラシ駆動モーター6を上部に設けた構造基板13の下部の端部付近の二ヶ所に車軸支持バー15を垂下し、当該車軸支持バー15の中間程度の位置にベアリングなどを介して車軸16が設けられ、当該車軸16にはラックのあるレール2のギアの形状に合わせたギア輪などの車輪12が固定されて屋根の斜面を落下することなく上下動可能に敷設されており、また構造基板13の下部の中間程度の位置にブラシ用バー18を垂下し、ブラシ7の外径寸法から洗浄に適切な位置にブラシ軸17が、ベアリングを介して設けられ、ブラシ駆動モーター6の回転力をギアベルト14で伝達してブラシ7を高速回転させる構成となっており、更にラックレール2の側面の両側には、ガイド用凹溝19が設けられ、車軸支持バー15の下端部付近に設けた突起などと嵌合して摺動するなどのガイド機構によってギア輪12が脱輪を防止すると同時に、逆さまになっても落下することなく屋根の軒下に逆さまに収納可能な構成となっている。なお、洗浄機の洗浄素材については、ブラシを使用すると前記したが、本発明においては、これに限定されるものではなく、例えば発泡ウレタンや不織布などの軟質素材を短冊状に細長く切ったものを回転しながら接触する方法や自動車のワイパーと同様なゴムなどの軟質素材のスキージで擦り取る方法など接触して物理的な方法で洗浄するあらゆる方法を採用可能であり、また、車輪にギア輪を採用した例を前記したが、これに限定されるものではなく、例えば通常の車輪を採用して屋根頂部付近に設置したワイヤ巻取り装置によってワイヤで繋いで吊って落下することなく上下動可能にする方法などを採用しても差し支えなく、どちらかと言えば、この方式の方が装置が単純で安価にできる。 More specifically, FIG. 2 is a side view showing a schematic configuration at the time of automatic cleaning of the cleaning apparatus main body 4, but the lower end portion of the structural substrate 13 provided with the main body driving motor 5 and the brush driving motor 6 on the upper side. An axle support bar 15 is suspended at two nearby locations, and an axle 16 is provided through a bearing or the like at an intermediate position between the axle support bar 15. The axle 16 has a shape of a gear of the rail 2 with a rack. A wheel 12 such as a combined gear wheel is fixed and laid so as to be movable up and down without dropping on the slope of the roof. A brush bar 18 is suspended at a middle position below the structural substrate 13 to brush the brush. The brush shaft 17 is provided through a bearing at a position suitable for cleaning from the outer diameter dimension of the brush 7, and the rotational force of the brush drive motor 6 is transmitted by the gear belt 14 to rotate the brush 7 at high speed. Further, guide grooves 19 are provided on both sides of the side surface of the rack rail 2 and are guided by a guide mechanism such as fitting and sliding with a protrusion provided near the lower end of the axle support bar 15. The gear wheel 12 prevents the wheel from being removed, and can be stored upside down under the eaves of the roof without falling even if it is turned upside down. As for the cleaning material of the cleaning machine, as described above when a brush is used, the present invention is not limited to this. For example, a material obtained by cutting a soft material such as urethane foam or nonwoven fabric into a strip shape. Any method of contacting and cleaning with a physical method such as a method of contacting while rotating or a method of scraping with a soft material squeegee such as rubber similar to a car wiper can be adopted, and a gear wheel is attached to the wheel. Although the example adopted is not limited to this, for example, it is possible to move up and down without falling by hanging with a wire winding device installed near the roof top using a normal wheel and suspended by a wire However, this method can be simpler and less expensive.
 更に詳しく説明すると、図3はラック状のレール2上を洗浄装置が移動している洗浄時の図2のギア輪付近の拡大正面図であるが、構造基板13から車軸支持バー15がレール2に対向して摺るように二本を垂下し、下方に所定位置に設けられた突起部20がレールの中間位置に設けられたガイド用凹溝19と寸法精度良く挟んで摺動可能になっており、ブラシ7を高速回転しながら屋根上を自由に上下に移動して水と少量の洗剤などの薬剤と共に自動洗浄する構成となっている。 More specifically, FIG. 3 is an enlarged front view of the vicinity of the gear wheel of FIG. 2 when the cleaning device is moving on the rack-like rail 2. The two protrusions hang down so as to slide against each other, and the protrusion 20 provided at a predetermined position below can be slid between the guide groove 19 provided at the intermediate position of the rail with good dimensional accuracy. In addition, the brush 7 is freely moved up and down on the roof while rotating at a high speed, and is automatically cleaned together with water and a small amount of detergent.
 また、太陽光発電パネル1の一部に故障が発生して修理或いは交換が必要となった時や点検する時には、洗浄装置本体4の上に、落下防止用の柵などを設けた専用の補助装置を取り付けて、上に作業者が乗って手動で移動することによって目的のパネルだけを極めて簡単に修繕することができる。 In addition, when a failure occurs in a part of the photovoltaic power generation panel 1 and it is necessary to repair or replace it, a dedicated auxiliary device provided with a fence for preventing fall on the cleaning device body 4 is provided. Only the target panel can be repaired very easily by mounting the device and manually moving the operator on it.
本発明においては、発電効率を常に測定して劣化を把握して、基準レベル以下になったら洗浄装置を作動させたり、或いは一定期間毎に作動させるなどコンピュータ制御によって自動管理することが望ましい。 In the present invention, it is desirable that the power generation efficiency is always measured to grasp the deterioration, and automatically managed by computer control, such as operating the cleaning device when it falls below the reference level, or operating at regular intervals.
1 太陽光発電パネル           2 レール
3 屋根部                4 洗浄装置本体
5 本体駆動モーター           6 ブラシ駆動モーター
7 ブラシ                8 本体収納庫
9 タンク                10 揚水ポンプ
11 水供給管               12 車輪
13 構造基板               14 ギアベルト
15 車軸支持バー             16 車軸
17 ブラシ軸               18 ブラシ用バー
19 ガイド用凹溝             20 突起部
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Photovoltaic power generation panel 2 Rail 3 Roof part 4 Cleaning apparatus main body 5 Main body drive motor 6 Brush drive motor 7 Brush 8 Main body storage 9 Tank 10 Lift pump
11 water supply pipe 12 wheels
13 Structure board 14 Gear belt
15 axle support bar 16 axle
17 Brush shaft 18 Brush bar
19 Guide groove 20 Protrusion

Claims (6)

  1. 屋根上の斜面に垂下する平行な複数本のレール2を設置し、下方にブラシなどを設けた細長い洗浄装置本体4の下部に取り付けられた車輪12で、当該洗浄装置本体4が当該レール2上を上下左右の進行方向をガイド機構によって定めて自動走行可能に設置され、水と必要により少量の洗剤なども供給しながらブラシなどの洗浄素材を太陽光発電パネル1に接触させて洗浄可能な構成となっていることを特徴とする太陽光発電パネル用の自動洗浄装置。 A plurality of parallel rails 2 depending on the slope on the roof are installed, and the cleaning device body 4 is mounted on the rails 2 with wheels 12 attached to the lower part of the elongated cleaning device body 4 provided with a brush or the like below. The vertical and horizontal travel directions are determined by a guide mechanism and installed so that it can run automatically, and it can be cleaned by bringing cleaning materials such as brushes into contact with the photovoltaic panel 1 while supplying water and a small amount of detergent as needed. An automatic cleaning device for photovoltaic power generation panels, characterized in that
  2.  洗浄しない時には、洗浄装置本体4は屋根の軒下に収納可能となっていることを特徴とする請求項1記載の太陽光発電パネル用の自動洗浄装置。 2. The automatic cleaning device for a photovoltaic power generation panel according to claim 1, wherein the cleaning device main body 4 can be stored under the eaves of the roof when the cleaning is not performed.
  3. 故障したパネルの修理などにおいては、作業者が洗浄装置本体4の上に補助装置を取り付け、その上に乗って手動で移動可能にして、目的のパネルだけを修理できる手段を採用したことを特徴とする請求項1、2記載の太陽光発電パネル用の自動洗浄装置。 In repairing a broken panel, the operator installed an auxiliary device on the cleaning device main body 4 and was able to get on it manually and move it manually so that only the desired panel was repaired. An automatic cleaning device for a photovoltaic power generation panel according to claim 1 or 2.
  4.  雨水を溜めたタンク9の水を洗浄に使用することを特徴とする請求項1、2記載の太陽光発電パネル用の自動洗浄装置。 The automatic cleaning device for a solar power generation panel according to claim 1 or 2, wherein water in the tank 9 in which rain water is stored is used for cleaning.
  5.  洗浄装置本体4の作動に、車輪12にギア輪を採用し、レール2に当該ギア輪に相応したラックレールを採用し、ギア輪をモーターで駆動して移動することを特徴とする請求項1、2記載の太陽光発電パネル用の自動洗浄装置。 2. The operation of the cleaning device main body 4 employs a gear wheel for the wheel 12, a rack rail corresponding to the gear wheel for the rail 2, and the gear wheel is driven by a motor to move. 2. An automatic cleaning device for a solar power generation panel according to 2.
  6.  洗浄装置本体4の移動に、ワイヤで吊る方法を採用することを特徴とする請求項1、2記載の太陽光発電パネル用の自動洗浄装置 The automatic cleaning device for a photovoltaic power generation panel according to claim 1, wherein a method of suspending the cleaning device main body 4 with a wire is adopted for the movement of the cleaning device main body 4.
PCT/JP2010/071896 2010-12-07 2010-12-07 Automatic washing apparatus for photovoltaic panel WO2012077181A1 (en)

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Cited By (8)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103785631A (en) * 2012-11-02 2014-05-14 吴瑞民 Cleaning device mounted on solar cell panel
WO2014131915A1 (en) * 2013-02-27 2014-09-04 Green Consultec Solar, S.L. Integrated electricity generation and smart lighting system
JP5600195B1 (en) * 2013-05-31 2014-10-01 健夫 宮本 Solar panel cleaning device
CN105521976A (en) * 2016-02-14 2016-04-27 赫得纳米科技(昆山)有限公司 Automatic inclined type tray brush waterfall glass cleaning machine
CN106513404A (en) * 2016-10-31 2017-03-22 杨洪新 Novel full-automatic photovoltaic plate cleaning machine
CN108282149A (en) * 2018-02-24 2018-07-13 清远初曲智能科技有限公司 A kind of quick, intelligent Surfaces Cleaning for photovoltaic solar cell panels
AT521014A4 (en) * 2018-05-24 2019-10-15 Garmehi Behfam CLEANING DEVICE FOR CLEANING SURFACES
CN111451237A (en) * 2020-04-08 2020-07-28 杭州吕艾文化创意有限公司 Solar photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment capable of effectively reducing hot spot effect

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103785631A (en) * 2012-11-02 2014-05-14 吴瑞民 Cleaning device mounted on solar cell panel
WO2014131915A1 (en) * 2013-02-27 2014-09-04 Green Consultec Solar, S.L. Integrated electricity generation and smart lighting system
JP5600195B1 (en) * 2013-05-31 2014-10-01 健夫 宮本 Solar panel cleaning device
JP2014236213A (en) * 2013-05-31 2014-12-15 健夫 宮本 Solar cell panel cleaning device
CN105521976A (en) * 2016-02-14 2016-04-27 赫得纳米科技(昆山)有限公司 Automatic inclined type tray brush waterfall glass cleaning machine
CN105521976B (en) * 2016-02-14 2017-12-12 赫得纳米科技(昆山)有限公司 The vertical disc brush waterfall glass cleaning machine of automatic inclined
CN106513404A (en) * 2016-10-31 2017-03-22 杨洪新 Novel full-automatic photovoltaic plate cleaning machine
CN108282149A (en) * 2018-02-24 2018-07-13 清远初曲智能科技有限公司 A kind of quick, intelligent Surfaces Cleaning for photovoltaic solar cell panels
AT521014A4 (en) * 2018-05-24 2019-10-15 Garmehi Behfam CLEANING DEVICE FOR CLEANING SURFACES
AT521014B1 (en) * 2018-05-24 2019-10-15 Garmehi Behfam CLEANING DEVICE FOR CLEANING SURFACES
CN111451237A (en) * 2020-04-08 2020-07-28 杭州吕艾文化创意有限公司 Solar photovoltaic panel cleaning equipment capable of effectively reducing hot spot effect

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