WO2012065358A1 - Disassembling-free insulation decorative template and mounting method thereof - Google Patents

Disassembling-free insulation decorative template and mounting method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2012065358A1
WO2012065358A1 PCT/CN2011/001798 CN2011001798W WO2012065358A1 WO 2012065358 A1 WO2012065358 A1 WO 2012065358A1 CN 2011001798 W CN2011001798 W CN 2011001798W WO 2012065358 A1 WO2012065358 A1 WO 2012065358A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
template
decorative
formwork
rod
reinforced concrete
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2011/001798
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刁宏伟
吴昊
Original Assignee
Diao Hongwei
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN201010542591.7 priority Critical
Priority to CN201010542591.7A priority patent/CN102031866B/en
Application filed by Diao Hongwei filed Critical Diao Hongwei
Publication of WO2012065358A1 publication Critical patent/WO2012065358A1/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/86Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms
    • E04B2/8647Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms with ties going through the forms
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/0801Separate fastening elements
    • E04F13/0803Separate fastening elements with load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements
    • E04F13/081Separate fastening elements with load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements with additional fastening elements between furring elements and covering elements
    • E04F13/0816Separate fastening elements with load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements with additional fastening elements between furring elements and covering elements the additional fastening elements extending into the back side of the covering elements
    • E04F13/0819Separate fastening elements with load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements with additional fastening elements between furring elements and covering elements the additional fastening elements extending into the back side of the covering elements inserted into grooves in the back side of the covering elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/86Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms
    • E04B2002/8682Mixed technique using permanent and reusable forms

Abstract

A disassembling-free insulation decorative template comprises a decorative template (10), a wall template (30), and a separation template (20) is located between the decorative template (10) and the wall template (30). Multiple insulation layer connecting rods (40) are located between the decorative template (10) and the separation template (20) so as to form an insulation pouring layer (60). Multiple reinforcing steel bar layer connecting rods (50) are located between the separation template (20) and the wall template (30) so as to form a reinforced concrete pouring layer (70).Also disclosed here is a mounting method for the template described above, which has advantages of low cost, high precision and short construction period.

Description

 Disassembly-free thermal insulation decorative template and installation method thereof

 The invention belongs to the field of templates in buildings, and in particular relates to a non-removable thermal insulation decorative template and a mounting method thereof.

Background technique

 At present, the construction process of reinforced concrete pouring, external thermal insulation and surface decoration of the external wall of the building used in the market is basically a step-by-step construction process, that is, firstly tying the steel bar, supporting the formwork, pouring the reinforced concrete to complete the main bearing wall, and then pasting the external heat preservation. After the external insulation is completed, the final surface decoration is mainly characterized by: high labor costs on site, poor precision, long construction period, and many uncertain factors, which affect the entire construction progress and project quality. Summary of the invention

 OBJECT OF THE INVENTION The present invention provides a detachable thermal insulation decorative formwork and an installation method thereof, the purpose of which is to solve the problems of high labor costs, poor precision, long construction period and many uncertain factors in the construction process of the traditional building exterior wall.

 The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:

 A partitioning template is arranged between the decorative template and the wall template, and a plurality of insulating layer connecting rods are connected between the decorative template and the partitioning template to form a heat insulating pouring layer; the separating template and the wall template are connected by a plurality of reinforced concrete connecting rods Form a reinforced concrete casting layer.

The back of the decorative template is provided with a plurality of decorative template studs corresponding to the decorative template end of the insulating layer connecting rod; the decorative template has a groove on four sides; the decorative template may be composed of three templates: an outer decorative template, a rim keel plate and a grooved keel plate; The bilge keel plate and the groove side keel plate are respectively disposed on the left and right sides of the vertical side of the outer decorative template, and the grooving grooves provided on the upper and lower sides of the decorative template are arranged at the upper and lower ends of the keel keel plate and the groove side keel plate. The vertical grooves on the two sides of the decorative template are respectively arranged on the exposed vertical edges of the keel keel and the groove keel; the outer decorative template is not required to be positioned on the four sides, and the outer decorative template is connected to the keel keel and the grooved keel plate. The keel keel plate and the groove on the groove side keel plate are mutually positioned and connected; this can save the amount of the plate for processing the decorative template.

 When the surface of the building needs to be provided with a vertical transparent ventilation layer; the decorative template may be composed of an outer decorative formwork and an outer wall sealing plate, and the two sides of the plate sandwich the side keel plate and the groove side keel plate; The grooved keel plate is respectively disposed on the left and right sides of the outer decorative template and the outer wall sealing plate, and the interior of the decorative template forms a vertically transparent ventilation layer; the upper and lower sides of the decorative template are provided on the edge of the keel and the groove side The upper and lower ends of the keel plate; the gutters provided on the two sides of the decorative template are respectively arranged on the exposed vertical edges of the keel keel plate and the bilge keel plate, and the outer decorative template and the outer wall sealing plate are arranged without four-sided positioning, and the outer decorative template The outer wall sealing plate is connected to the bilge keel plate and the groove side keel plate, and is connected to each other by the bilge keel plate and the groove on the groove side keel plate.

 The partitioning template is provided with a plurality of partitioning template through holes corresponding to the insulating layer connecting rod separating template ends; the separating template is provided with four grooves on the four sides; the separating template may be composed of three main plates: a main dividing template, a side keel plate and a groove side keel plate; The side keel plate and the groove side keel plate are respectively disposed on the left and right sides of the main plane of the main partition template, and the gutters provided on the upper and lower sides of the partition template are arranged on the upper and lower ends of the keel keel plate and the groove side keel plate, and the two sides of the template are vertically separated. The gutters are respectively arranged on the exposed vertical edges of the keel keel plate and the groove keel plate; the main separation template is not required to be positioned on the four sides of the slab, and the main separation template is connected to the keel keel plate and the groove side keel plate, The keel plate and the groove on the grooved keel plate are positioned to each other; this saves the amount of sheet material used to process the stencil.

The wall template is provided with a plurality of through holes corresponding to the reinforced concrete connecting rods. The decorative template end of the insulating layer connecting rod is provided with a decorative template internal thread corresponding to the decorative template stud, and the separating template end is provided with the separating template end. The hole corresponding to the hole in the template; when the decorative formwork has a certain weight, the edge of the insulation layer connecting rod may be provided with a triangular wing, one vertical edge of the triangular wing plate is integrated with the lower edge of the insulation layer connecting rod, and the other vertical side is Separating the surface of the template; this can improve the support strength of the insulation layer connecting rod to the decorative template, and increase the safety factor of the building when the decorative template has a certain weight.

 The reinforced concrete connecting rod is composed of an inner rod and a sleeve outside the inner rod; the inner rod separating template end is provided with a separating template stud corresponding to the internal thread of the separating template on the insulating layer connecting rod, and separating the bottom of the template stud A limit step is provided, and the partition template stud is screwed through the through hole of the partition template into the internal thread of the partition template on the connecting rod of the heat insulation layer, and the limit step is pressed to separate the template to fix the partition template.

 The inner wall of the sleeve separating template end is tightly combined with the inner rod, and the inner end of the inner rod wall is provided with a wall template internal thread; the sleeve wall template end and the inner rod separating the template stud bottom are provided with limit steps respectively against the wall The body template and the partition template ensure the thickness of the reinforced concrete casting layer is accurate. One end of the detachable double-headed stud passes through the through hole of the wall template and the sleeve is screwed into the internal thread of the wall template on the inner rod, and the detachable double is locked. The nut at the other end of the stud presses the washer and wall formwork to secure the wall formwork.

 There is a reinforced concrete pre-embedded rod between the limit step of the inner rod and the internal thread of the wall template, and the outer part of the reinforced concrete pre-embedded rod is provided with a joint thread, and the sleeve is only sleeved outside the inner end of the inner end of the wall template of the inner rod, the steel rod砼 The embedded rod is exposed in the reinforced concrete casting layer and tightly combined with the reinforced concrete. After the reinforced concrete is poured, the detachable double-headed studs and nuts are removed, and the reinforced concrete pre-embedded rods are tightly combined with the reinforced concrete. The outer wall of the casing is provided with a casing joint thread which is tightly combined with the reinforced concrete, and the sleeve separates the inner wall of the template end and The inner rods are tightly combined to ensure that there is no water leakage at the connecting rod of the reinforced concrete layer of the reinforced concrete pouring layer, and the inner wall of the template end of the casing wall is suspended to ensure that the detachable double-headed stud can enter and exit freely.

The partitioning template internal thread on the insulation layer connecting rod of the partial partitioning template is not required to be connected with the wall template by installing the reinforced concrete connecting rod, and directly installing the reinforced concrete layer pre-embedded screw, reinforced concrete layer 1798 The studs on the end of the pre-embedded screw separation template are screwed into the internal threads of the partition template on the connecting rod of the insulation layer through the through-hole of the partition template, and the nut compression washers in the reinforced concrete pouring layer on the pre-embedded screw of the reinforced concrete layer are locked. Separate the template and fix the partitioning template; the part of the reinforced concrete layer embedded in the reinforced concrete pouring layer is provided with reinforced concrete 螺纹 joint thread, and the wall template end is bent at an angle to ensure the firmness of the embedded.

 When installing, firstly screw the internal template of the decorative template on the insulating layer connecting rod to the decorative template stud on the back of the decorative template; at the same time, paste the insulating block for thickening and supporting reinforcement in the central part of the back of the decorative template; The partition template through hole on the partition template is aligned with the inner thread of the partition template of the insulation layer connecting rod; and the inner portion of the surface of the heat insulating block and the partition template insulating casting layer is bonded; the reinforced concrete connecting rod is installed, and the reinforced concrete layer connecting rod is attached The separating template screw is screwed through the partition template through hole into the internal thread of the separating template on the insulating layer connecting rod, and the separating template is pressed to fix the separating template.

 The partitioning template internal thread of the partitioning template of the partial partitioning template at the insulating layer connecting rod does not need to be installed with the reinforced concrete connecting rod and the wall template connection, directly installing the reinforced concrete layer pre-embedded screw, and the reinforced concrete layer pre-embedded screw separating template The studs on the end are screwed into the split template internal thread on the insulation layer connecting rod through the partition template through hole, and the nut compression bushing and separation template in the reinforced concrete pouring layer on the reinforced concrete layer embedded screw are locked, and the separation template is Fixing; The part of the reinforced concrete layer embedded in the reinforced concrete pouring layer is provided with reinforced concrete 螺纹 joint thread, and the wall template end is bent at an angle to ensure the firmness of the embedded.

 The decorative template and the partitioning template are fixedly connected by the insulating layer connecting rod and the insulating block to form a heat insulating wall shell block with a heat insulating casting layer; according to the construction drawing, the decorative template is provided with a groove and a partitioning template on four sides. The gutter is used to build the thermal insulation wall shell to form the thermal insulation wall outer casing; the thermal insulation material is poured into the thermal insulation pouring layer to form the thermal insulation wall.

The steel bar is tied according to the construction drawing; the whole thermal insulation wall is used as the exemption template, and the wall template is installed on the wall template end of the reinforced concrete connecting rod on the thermal insulation wall; the template wall end of the casing wall and the inner rod separate the template snail The limit steps at the bottom of the column respectively support the wall formwork and the partition template to ensure the thickness of the steel 3⁄4 casting layer is accurate. One end of the detachable double-head stud is screwed into the inner rod through the through hole and the sleeve on the wall formwork. Internal thread of the wall template, lock the nut at the other end of the detachable stud and press the washer and the wall formwork to fix the wall formwork; enclose the bundled steel bar in the formed reinforced concrete cast layer.

 After casting the reinforced concrete pouring layer, the concrete is solidified and finished, the detachable double studs and other auxiliary materials are removed, and the entire insulated load-bearing wall is completed.

 The decorative template stud on the back of the decorative formwork is a stud on the fixing screw that fixes the decorative formwork through the decorative formwork; after completing the construction of the entire insulated load-bearing wall, unscrew the fixing screws on the surface of the decorative formwork, and then fix the screws with the beam The hanging decorative panel is fixed to the decorative template by a beam; the hanging decorative panel is hung on the beam by the hanging piece on the back side.

 Advantages and effects: Through the implementation of the present invention, the problems of high labor costs, poor precision, long construction period, and many uncertain factors on the construction process of the traditional building exterior wall can be well solved, and the purpose of energy conservation and environmental protection is better achieved. .

DRAWINGS

 Figure 1 is a structural sectional view showing the outer wall of a conventional construction process building;

 Figure 2 is a perspective view of the decorative formwork after installing the insulation layer connecting rod and the heat insulating block;

 Figure 3 is an isometric view of the decorative formwork and the partitioning formwork connected by the insulating layer connecting rod;

 Figure 4 is an isometric view of the thermal insulation wall shell block;

 Figure 5 is an isometric view of a thermal insulation wall casing constructed by a thermal insulation wall shell;

 Figure 6 is an isometric view of a wall template installed with a thermal insulation wall as a free-form template;

 Figure 7 is a vertical sectional view showing the structure of the present invention;

Figure 8 is a vertical sectional view showing the structure of the present invention when an external decorative panel is provided; Figure 9 is a horizontal sectional view showing the structure of the present invention when a venting layer is provided;

 Figure 10 is a horizontal sectional view showing the structure of the present invention when the decorative formwork and the partition formwork are respectively composed of three plates;

 Figure 11 is a horizontal sectional view showing the structure of the present invention when the decorative form has no tongue and groove;

 Figure 12 is a horizontal sectional view showing the structure of the present invention when the template is free from the groove;

 Figure 13 is a vertical sectional view showing the structure of the present invention when the edge of the insulating layer connecting rod is provided with a delta wing. detailed description

 At present, the construction process of reinforced concrete pouring, external thermal insulation and surface decoration of the external wall of the building used in the market is basically a step-by-step construction process, that is, firstly tying the steel bar, supporting the formwork, pouring the reinforced concrete to complete the main bearing wall, and then pasting the external heat preservation. After finishing the external insulation, the final surface decoration.

 Example 1

 The invention is an improvement on the construction process of the traditional building exterior wall; Figure 1 is a structural sectional view of the exterior wall of the traditional construction process building: the drawing 1 is the main bearing wall, 2 is the bonding mortar, 3 is the thermal insulation board, 4 is Moisture mortar, 5 is alkali-resistant glass fiber reinforced mesh cloth, 6 is anchor, 7 is plastering mortar, 8 is surface decoration layer.

 The present invention is a non-removable thermal insulation decorative template, comprising a decorative template 10, a wall template 30 and a partitioning template 20 disposed therebetween, and a plurality of insulating layer connecting rods are used between the decorative template 10 and the partitioning template 20. 40 is joined to form the thermal insulation cast layer 60; the partition template 20 and the wall formwork 30 are joined by a plurality of reinforced concrete tie bars 50 to form a reinforced concrete casting layer 70.

Referring to Figures 2 and 7, first, the decorative template internal thread 41 on the thermal insulation layer connecting rod 40 is screwed on the decorative template stud 11 on the back side of the decorative template 10; at the same time, the thickening and support are adhered to the central portion of the back surface of the decorative template 10. Insulation block 100 for reinforcement; see Figures 3 and 7, and then install the partition template 20, let the points The partition template through-holes 21 on the spacer template 20 are aligned with the partition template internal threads 42 of the insulating layer connecting rod 40; and the insulating block 100 and the partitioning template 20 are bonded to the central portion of the surface of the insulating casting layer 60. The reinforced concrete connecting rod 50 is installed, and the separating template screw 53 on the reinforced concrete connecting rod 50 is screwed through the separating template through hole 21 into the separating template internal thread 42 on the insulating layer connecting rod 40, and the separating template 20 is pressed, and the partition is separated. The template 20 is fixed. The partition template internal thread 42 on the insulation layer connecting rod 40 at the partition template through hole 21 of the partial separation template 20 does not need to be connected with the wall template 30 by installing the reinforced concrete connection rod 50, and directly installs the reinforced concrete layer pre-embedded screw 90, the steel bar The 砼 layer pre-embedded screw 90 separates the stud 91 on the end of the template 20 and passes through the partition template through hole 21 to be screwed into the split template internal thread 42 on the insulating layer connecting rod 40, and locks the reinforced concrete layer on the pre-embedded screw 90. The nut 92 in the layer 70 presses the washer 93 and the partitioning template 20 to fix the partitioning template 20; the portion of the reinforced concrete layer pre-embedded screw 90 suspended in the reinforced concrete casting layer 70 is provided with a reinforced concrete coupling thread 94, a wall The body template 30 is bent at an angle of 95 to ensure the firmness of the embedded.

As shown in FIG. 4, the decorative formwork 10 and the partitioning formwork 20 are fixedly connected by the insulating layer connecting rod 40 and the heat insulating block 100 to form a heat insulating wall shell block with a heat insulating casting layer 60; According to the construction drawing, the decorative formwork 10 is provided with four grooves on the four sides and a partitioning template 20, and four sides are provided with a gutter 22 to build a thermal insulation wall outer casing to form a thermal insulation wall outer casing; a thermal insulation material is poured into the thermal insulation casting layer 60 to form Insulation wall; steel bars can be tied in the insulation casting layer 60 to improve the seismic performance of the insulation wall. See Figure 6 and Figure 7, tying the steel bars according to the construction drawings; using the entire thermal insulation wall as the free-removal template, installing the wall template 30 on the wall template 30 end of the reinforced concrete connecting rod 50 on the thermal insulation wall; The tube 52 wall template 30 end and the inner rod 51 are separated from the bottom of the template stud 53 and the limiting step 56 is respectively placed against the wall template 30 and the partition template 20 to ensure the thickness of the reinforced concrete casting layer 70 is accurate, and the double head is detachable. The stud 80-end passes through the through hole 34 of the wall template 30 and the sleeve 52 is screwed into the wall template internal thread 54 on the inner rod 51, and the nut 81 at the other end of the detachable double-head stud 80 is locked to press the washer. 82 and wall template 30. Fixing the wall formwork 30; enclosing the bundled reinforcing bars in the formed reinforced concrete casting layer 70.

 As shown in FIG. 7, a reinforced concrete pre-embedded rod 57 is disposed between the limiting step 56 of the inner rod 51 and the internal thread 54 of the wall template, and the reinforced concrete pre-embedded rod 57 is provided with a coupling thread 58 outside, and the sleeve 52 is only The reinforced concrete pre-embedded rod 57 is exposed in the reinforced concrete casting layer 70 and is tightly coupled to the reinforced concrete in the outer portion of the inner end of the wall template of the inner rod 51. After casting the reinforced concrete casting layer 70, after the concrete is solidified and finished, the detachable double stud 80, the nut 81 and other auxiliary materials are removed to complete the construction of the entire insulated load-bearing wall. The reinforced concrete pre-embedded rod 57 is tightly coupled with the reinforced concrete, and the outer wall of the sleeve 52 is provided with a sleeve-bonding thread 55 closely combined with the reinforced concrete, and the sleeve 52 separates the inner wall of the template 20 from the inner rod 51 to ensure the reinforced concrete pouring layer. The reinforced concrete layer connecting rod 50 of 70 does not leak water, and the inner wall of the end wall of the casing 52 of the casing 52 is suspended, so that the detachable double-headed stud 80 can be freely moved in and out.

 Example 2

 As shown in FIG. 8 , the decorative template stud 11 on the back of the decorative template 10 is a stud on the fixing screw 112 of the decorative template 10 through the decorative template 10; after the construction of the entire insulated load-bearing wall is completed according to Embodiment 1, The fixing screw 112 on the surface of the decorative template 10 is unscrewed, and the hanging decorative panel 110 is fixed to the decorative formwork 10 by the beam 111 by the beam fixing screw 113. The hanging decorative plate 110 is hung on the beam 111 by the hanging piece 114 on the back side thereof. .

 Example 3

As shown in Figure 9, when the building surface needs to be provided with a vertically transparent venting layer 13; the decorative formwork 10 is composed of two layers of the outer decorative formwork 14 and the outer wall sealing plate 15, and the two sides of the slab are sandwiched between the two sides. The plate 16 and the rim keel plate 17; the rim keel plate 16 and the rim keel plate 17 are respectively disposed on the left and right sides of the outer decorative formwork 14 and the outer wall sealing plate 15, respectively, and the interior of the decorative formwork 10 forms a vertically transparent venting layer 13 Decoration The gutters 12 provided on the upper and lower sides of the template 10 are disposed at the upper and lower ends of the crotch keel plate 16 and the groove side keel plate 17; the gutters 12 provided on the vertical sides of the decorative template 10 are respectively disposed on the side keel plate 16 and the groove side The exposed vertical side of the keel plate 17, the outer decorative formwork 14 and the outer wall sealing plate 15 have no grooves on all sides, and the outer decorative formwork 14 and the outer wall sealing plate 15 are connected to the side keel board 16 and the groove side keel board 17, relying on The edge keel plate 16 and the groove 12 on the groove side keel plate are positioned and connected to each other. After the decorative template 10, the partition template 20, the thermal insulation layer connecting rod 40 and the thermal insulation block 100 are formed into the thermal insulation wall outer casing block according to the embodiment 1, the inner boring keel plate 16 and the groove on the groove side keel plate are used by the decorative template 10 12 and the partitioning template 20 are provided with a gutter 22 on the four sides of the partitioning plate 20 to form a thermal insulation wall outer casing, forming a thermal insulation wall outer casing.

 Example 4

As shown in FIG. 10, the decorative template 10 is composed of an outer decorative template 14, a rim keel plate 16 and a rim keel plate 17; the rim keel plate 16 and the rim keel plate 17 are respectively disposed on the back of the outer decorative template 14. Vertically on the left and right sides, the top and bottom sides of the decorative formwork 10 are provided on the upper and lower ends of the side keel plate 16 and the groove side keel plate 17, and the gutters 12 provided on the vertical sides of the decorative formwork 10 are respectively disposed at the sides of the side The exposed vertical edge of the keel plate 16 and the grooved keel plate 17; the outer decorative formwork 14 is not required to be positioned on the four sides of the slat plate 14 , and the outer decorative form 14 is connected to the rim keel plate 16 and the rim keel plate 17 , and the keel keel plate 16 The gutters 12 on the rim keel plate 17 are positioned to each other; this saves the amount of plate material used to process the stencil 10. As shown in FIG. 10, the partition template 20 is composed of a main partition template 23, a side keel plate 24, and a groove side keel plate 25; the edge keel plate 24 and the groove side keel plate 25 are respectively disposed on the main partition template 23 On the left and right sides of the same vertical surface, the gutters 22 provided on the upper and lower sides of the partitioning template 20 are disposed at the upper and lower ends of the crotch keel plate 24 and the groove side keel plate 25, and the gutters 22 provided on the vertical sides of the partitioning template 20 are respectively disposed at榫 The vertical side of the edge keel plate 24 and the groove side keel plate 25; the main partition template 23 is not required to be positioned on the four sides, and the main partition template 23 is connected to the edge keel plate 24 and the groove side keel plate 25, and the keel keel plate 24 The gutters 22 on the rim keel plate 25 are positioned to each other; this saves the amount of sheet material used to process the stencil 20.

 Example 6

 As shown in Fig. 11, the decorative template 10 can be free of any four sides, and the decorative template 10 and the partitioning template 20 are connected by the thermal insulation layer connecting rod 40 to form the thermal insulation wall housing block; Masonry insulation wall shells form a thermal insulation wall enclosure.

 Example 7

 As shown in Fig. 12, the partition template 20 can be free of any four sides, and the decorative template 10 and the partition template 20 are connected by the thermal insulation layer connecting rod 40 to form the thermal insulation wall housing block; Masonry insulation wall shells form a thermal insulation wall enclosure.

 Example 8

 As shown in FIG. 13, when the decorative template 10 has a certain weight, the edge of the thermal insulation layer connecting rod 40 may be provided with a triangular wing 43. One vertical side of the triangular wing 43 is integrated with the lower edge of the insulating layer connecting rod 40, and A vertical edge is combined with the surface of the partitioning template 20; this can improve the supporting strength of the insulating layer connecting rod 40 to the decorative formwork 10, and can increase the safety factor of the building when the decorative formwork 10 has a certain weight.

Claims

Rights request
 A split-free thermal insulation decorative template comprising a decorative formwork (10) and a wall formwork (30), characterized in that a partition template (20) is arranged between the decorative formwork (10) and the wall formwork (30). Between the decorative formwork (10) and the partitioning formwork (20), a plurality of insulating layer connecting rods (40) are formed to form a heat insulating casting layer (60); and between the partitioning formwork (20) and the wall formwork (30) The root reinforced concrete layer connecting rod (50) forms a reinforced concrete casting layer (70).
 2 . The non-removable thermal insulation decorative template according to claim 1 , wherein the decorative template ( 10 ) has a plurality of decorative template studs corresponding to the end of the thermal insulation layer connecting rod (40) decorative template (10) (11).
 3. A detachable thermal insulation decorative form according to claim 1, characterized in that the decorative formwork (10) is provided with a tongue and groove (12) on four sides.
 4. A split-free thermal insulation decorative form according to claim 3, characterized in that the decorative formwork (10) can be made up of three parts: an outer decorative formwork (14), a side keel plate (16) and a grooved keel plate (17). The rim keel plate (16) and the rim keel plate (17) are respectively disposed on the left and right sides of the outer decorative formwork (14) on the back side, and the decorative stencil (10) is provided on the upper and lower sides of the sill (12). The upper and lower ends of the side keel plate (16) and the grooved keel plate (17), the decorative template (10) are provided on the vertical sides of the bilge plate (12) on the bilge keel plate (16) and the groove side keel plate ( 17) exposed vertical edge; exterior decorative formwork (14) without the need for gutter positioning on all sides, the outer decorative formwork (14) is attached to the edged keel plate (16) and the grooved keel plate (17), and the bilge keel plate ( 16) Position the groove with the groove (12) on the grooved keel plate (17).
5. The detachable thermal insulation decorative form according to claim 1, wherein the partitioning template (20) is provided with a plurality of separating template through holes corresponding to the insulating layer connecting rod (40) separating template (20) end. (twenty one) .
 A split-free thermal insulation decorative form according to claim 1, characterized in that the partitioning template (20) is provided with a groove (22) on four sides.
 7. A split-free thermal insulation decorative form according to claim 6, characterized in that the partition template (20) consists of a main partition template (23), a rim keel plate (24), and a groove keel plate (25). The composition of the plate; the bilge keel plate (24) and the rim keel plate (25) are respectively disposed on the left and right sides of the main stencil (23) on the same side, and the sipe (22) provided on the upper and lower sides of the stencil (20) At the upper and lower ends of the bilge keel plate (24) and the rim keel plate (25), the slats (22) provided on the vertical sides of the stencil (20) are respectively arranged on the keel keel plate (24) and the bilge keel The exposed vertical edge of the plate (25); the main partition template (23) without the need for gutter positioning on all sides, the main partition template (23) is connected to the keel keel plate (24) and the grooved keel plate
(25) Upper, the grooving plate (24) and the groove (22) on the grooved keel plate (25) are positioned to each other.
8. A non-removable thermal insulation decorative form according to claim 1, 2, 5, characterized in that the insulating layer connecting rod (40) is provided with a decorative template (10) end corresponding to the decorative template stud (11). The template internal thread (41) and the partition template (20) end are provided with a partition template internal thread (42) corresponding to the partition template through hole (21); the reinforced concrete connection rod (50) is supported by the inner rod (51) and the sleeve The outer rod (51) is composed of an outer sleeve (52); the inner rod (51) is separated from the template (20) with a partition template stud corresponding to the split template internal thread (42) on the insulation connecting rod (40) (53), the bottom of the partition template stud (53) is provided with a limit step (56), and the partition template stud (53) is inserted through the partition template through hole (21) into the partition template on the insulation connecting rod (40) The internal thread (42) and the limit step (56) press the partition template (20) to fix the partition template (20); the sleeve (52) separates the template (20) and the inner wall of the end is tightly coupled with the inner rod (51). Inner rod (51) The wall template (30) is provided with a wall template internal thread (54); Sleeve (52) Wall formwork (30) End and inner rod (51) Separate formwork studs (53) The limit steps (56) at the bottom are placed against the wall formwork (30) and the split formwork (20) To ensure accurate thickness of the reinforced concrete casting layer (70), the detachable double-headed stud (80) - the through hole (34) and the sleeve (52) through the wall template (30) are screwed into the inner rod (51) ) On the wall template internal thread (54), lock the detachable stud (80) at the other end of the nut (81) press the washer (82) and the wall formwork (30), against the wall formwork (30) ) Fix it.
 9. A detachable thermal insulation decorative form according to claim 8, characterized in that a reinforced concrete pre-embedded rod is arranged between the limiting step (56) of the inner rod (51) and the internal thread (54) of the wall template. (57), the sleeve (52) is only placed outside the inner thread (54) end of the wall template of the inner rod (51), and the reinforced concrete pre-embedded rod (57) is exposed in the reinforced concrete casting layer (70) and the steel rod 3⁄4 Closely integrated.
 10. A detachable thermal insulation decorative form according to any of claims 1, 5 and 8, characterized in that the partition on the insulating layer connecting rod (40) at the partition stencil through hole (21) of the partial stencil (20) is separated. The internal thread of the template (42) does not need to be installed with the reinforced concrete connecting rod (50) to connect with the wall template (30), directly install the reinforced concrete layer pre-embedded screw (90), and the reinforced concrete layer pre-embedded screw (90) separates the template ( 20) Insert the stud (91) on the end through the partition template through hole (21) into the split template internal thread (42) on the insulation connection rod (40), and lock the reinforced concrete layer on the pre-embedded screw (90). Nut in reinforced concrete casting layer (70)
(92) Pressing the partition template (20) to fix the partition template (20); the portion of the reinforced concrete layer pre-embedded screw (90) suspended in the reinforced concrete casting layer (70) is in the wall template (30) The end bends at an angle (95) to ensure the firmness of the embedded.
11. A method for installing a detachable thermal insulation decorative form, characterized in that firstly, a decorative formwork internal thread (41) on the insulating layer connecting rod (40) is screwed to a decorative formwork stud (11) on the back of the decorative formwork (10) Upper; then install the partition template (20), let the partition template through hole (21) on the partition template (20) Align with the insulation template connecting rod (40) and the partition template internal thread (42) corresponding to the partition template through hole (21); install the reinforced concrete connecting rod (50), the separating template screw on the reinforced concrete connecting rod (50) (53) Screw the partition template internal thread (42) through the partition template through hole (21) into the insulation layer connecting rod (40), press the partition template (20), and fix the partition template (20); The split template internal thread (42) on the insulation template connection rod (40) at the partition (30) of the template (20) does not require the installation of a reinforced concrete connection rod (50) to be connected to the wall formwork (30). Direct installation of reinforced concrete layer pre-embedded screw
(90), reinforced concrete layer pre-embedded screw (90) Separate template (20) Studs on the end (91) through the partition template through hole (21) Screw into the insulation template connecting rod (40) on the split template internal thread (42), the nut (92) in the reinforced concrete casting layer (70) on the pre-embedded screw (90) of the reinforced concrete layer is pressed to separate the template (20), and the partition template (20) is fixed; Overhanging reinforced concrete casting layer on the embedded screw (90)
(70) The inner part is bent at an angle (95) at the end of the wall formwork (30) to ensure the firmness of the embedded; the decorative formwork (10) and the partition formwork (20) are fixedly connected by the insulation layer connecting rod (40). , forming a thermal insulation wall shell with insulation casting layer (60); according to the construction drawings, using the decorative template (10) with four sides of the groove (12) and the partition template (20) four sides with a groove (22 Masonry insulation wall shell block, forming a thermal insulation wall shell; pouring insulation material to the thermal insulation casting layer (60) to form a thermal insulation wall; tying the steel reinforcement according to the construction drawings; using the entire thermal insulation wall as a free-form template, insulation Wall template (30) on the wall of the reinforced concrete connecting rod (50) wall mounting template (30); casing (52) wall template
(30) End and inner rods (51) Separate template studs (53) The limit steps (56) at the bottom are placed against the wall formwork (30) and the partition formwork (20) respectively to ensure the reinforced concrete cast-in layer (70) Accurate thickness, detachable stud (80) - through the through hole (34) and sleeve (52) on the wall formwork (30) screwed into the inner wall of the inner rod (51) (54), lock the detachable stud (80) at the other end of the nut (81), press the washer (82) and the wall formwork (30) to fix the wall formwork (30); The reinforced steel bars are enclosed in the formed reinforced concrete casting layer (70); the reinforced concrete pouring layer (70) is poured into the reinforced concrete layer, and after solidification and maintenance, the detachable double-headed studs (80) and other auxiliary parts are removed. Material, complete the construction of the entire insulation load-bearing wall.
 12. A method for installing a detachable thermal insulation decorative form, characterized in that a decorative formwork stud (11) on the back of the decorative formwork (10) is a fixing screw (112) for fixing the decorative formwork (10) through the decorative formwork (10). After the construction of the entire insulated load-bearing wall, unscrew the fixing screws (112) on the surface of the decorative formwork (10), and then use the beam fixing screws (113) to attach the hanging decorative plate (110) to the beam. (111) is fixed on the decorative formwork (10); the hanging decorative board (110) is hung on the cross member (111) by the hanging piece (114) on the back side.
PCT/CN2011/001798 2010-11-15 2011-10-27 Disassembling-free insulation decorative template and mounting method thereof WO2012065358A1 (en)

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