WO2012044583A1 - Curved lenses for 3d - Google Patents

Curved lenses for 3d Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2012044583A1
WO2012044583A1 PCT/US2011/053276 US2011053276W WO2012044583A1 WO 2012044583 A1 WO2012044583 A1 WO 2012044583A1 US 2011053276 W US2011053276 W US 2011053276W WO 2012044583 A1 WO2012044583 A1 WO 2012044583A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
liquid crystal
exemplary embodiment
shutters
signal
shutter
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US2011/053276
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
WO2012044583A9 (en
Inventor
Boyd Macnaughton
Rodney W. Kimmell
David W. Allen
Jure Bezgovsek
Ziga Cetrtic
Andrej Tomeljak
Original Assignee
X6D Limited
Xpand, Inc.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US38733410P priority Critical
Priority to US61/387,334 priority
Priority to US12/908,430 priority
Priority to US90843010A priority
Priority to US90837110A priority
Priority to US12/908,371 priority
Priority to US12/947,619 priority patent/US20110234775A1/en
Priority to US12/947,619 priority
Priority to US12/963,373 priority
Priority to US12/963,373 priority patent/US20110221876A1/en
Priority to US12/963,812 priority patent/US20110228062A1/en
Priority to US12/963,812 priority
Priority to US13/020,601 priority
Priority to US13/019,896 priority patent/US20110242275A1/en
Priority to US13/019,896 priority
Priority to US13/020,601 priority patent/US20110249102A1/en
Priority to US13/038,944 priority
Priority to US13/038,944 priority patent/US20110216176A1/en
Priority to US13/040,916 priority
Priority to US13/040,916 priority patent/US8542326B2/en
Priority to US13/045,728 priority patent/US20110205347A1/en
Priority to US13/045,728 priority
Priority to US13/096,801 priority patent/US20110254935A1/en
Priority to US13/096,331 priority
Priority to US13/096,331 priority patent/US20110292191A1/en
Priority to US13/096,801 priority
Priority to US13/100,807 priority
Priority to US201113100952A priority
Priority to US13/100,952 priority
Priority to US13/100,807 priority patent/US20120050266A1/en
Priority to US13/101,695 priority
Priority to US13/101,695 priority patent/US20110310348A1/en
Priority to US13/113,784 priority patent/US20120044331A1/en
Priority to US13/113,784 priority
Priority to US13/171,531 priority patent/US20110254936A1/en
Priority to US13/171,531 priority
Priority to PCT/US2011/051000 priority patent/WO2012034020A1/en
Priority to USPCT/US2011/051000 priority
Application filed by X6D Limited, Xpand, Inc. filed Critical X6D Limited
Publication of WO2012044583A1 publication Critical patent/WO2012044583A1/en
Publication of WO2012044583A9 publication Critical patent/WO2012044583A9/en

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B27/00Other optical systems; Other optical apparatus
    • G02B27/22Other optical systems; Other optical apparatus for producing stereoscopic or other three dimensional effects
    • G02B27/2264Other optical systems; Other optical apparatus for producing stereoscopic or other three dimensional effects involving time multiplexing, e.g. using sequentially activated left and right shutters
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B27/00Other optical systems; Other optical apparatus
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N13/00Stereoscopic video systems; Multi-view video systems; Details thereof
    • H04N13/30Image reproducers
    • H04N13/332Displays for viewing with the aid of special glasses or head-mounted displays [HMD]
    • H04N13/341Displays for viewing with the aid of special glasses or head-mounted displays [HMD] using temporal multiplexing
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N13/00Stereoscopic video systems; Multi-view video systems; Details thereof
    • H04N13/30Image reproducers
    • H04N13/349Multi-view displays for displaying three or more geometrical viewpoints without viewer tracking
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N2213/00Details of stereoscopic systems
    • H04N2213/008Aspects relating to glasses for viewing stereoscopic images

Abstract

Glasses for viewing three dimensional video images, the glasses having a flexible left and right liquid crystal shutters.

Description

CURVED LENSES FOR 3D

1. CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This application claims the benefit of the filing date of U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 61/387,334, attorney docket number 092847.000315, filed on September 28, 2010, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference.

[0002] This application is a continuation in part of U.S. utility patent application serial nos. 13/096,331 filed on April 28, 2011 , which claims priority to and benefit of U.S. provisional application No. 61/329,617, filed on April 30, 2009, the disclosures all of which are incorporated herein by reference.

[0003] This application is a continuation in part of U.S. utility patent application serial no. 13/038,944 filed on March 2, 2011 , which claims priority to and benefit of U.S. provisional application no. 61/309,611 , filed on March 2, 2010, the disclosures all of which are incorporated herein by reference.

[0004] This application is a continuation in part of U.S. utility patent application serial no. 13/019,896 filed on February 2, 2011 , which claims priority to and benefit of U.S. provisional application no. 61/337,392, filed on February 3, 2010, the disclosures all of which are incorporated herein by reference.

[0005] This application is a continuation in part of U.S. utility patent application serial no. 13/113,784 filed on May 23, 2011 , which claims priority to and benefit of U.S. provisional application no. 61/347,243, filed on May 21 , 2010, the disclosures all of which are incorporated herein by reference.

[0006] This application is a continuation in part of U.S. utility patent application serial no. 13/101 ,695 filed on May 5, 2011 , which claims priority to and benefit of U.S. provisional application no. 61/333,008, filed on May 10, 2010, the disclosures all of which are incorporated herein by reference.

[0007] This application is a continuation in part of U.S. utility patent application serial no. 13/040,916 filed on March 4, 2011 , which claims priority to and benefit of U.S. provisional application no. 61/310,556, filed on March 4, 2010, the disclosures all of which are incorporated herein by reference. [0008] This application is a continuation in part of U.S. utility patent application serial no. 12/963,812 filed on December 9, 2010, which claims priority to and benefit of U.S. provisional application no. 61/285,048, filed on December 9, 2009, the disclosures all of which are incorporated herein by reference.

[0009] This application is a continuation in part of U.S. utility patent application serial no. 13/100,952 filed on May 4, 201 1 , which is a continuation of utility patent application No. 12/908,371 , filed October 20, 2010, which claims priority to and benefit of U.S. provisional application no. 61/253, 140, filed on October 20, 2009, the disclosures all of which are incorporated herein by reference.

[0010] This application is a continuation in part of U.S. utility patent application serial no. 12/722,312 filed on March 1 1 , 2010, which claims priority to and benefit of U.S. provisional application no. 61/164,781 , filed on March 30, 2009, the disclosures all of which are incorporated herein by reference.

[001 1] This application is a continuation in part of U.S. utility patent application serial no. 12/947,619 filed on November 16, 2010, which claims priority to and benefit of U.S. provisional application no. 61/261 ,663, filed on November 16, 2009, the disclosures all of which are incorporated herein by reference.

[0012] This application is a continuation in part of U.S. utility patent application serial no. 13/020,601 filed on February 3, 2011 , which is a continuation of utility patent application no. 12/619,309, filed November 16, 2009, which claims priority to and benefit of U.S. provisional application no. 61/115,477, filed November 17, 2008 , the disclosures all of which are incorporated herein by reference.

[0013] This application is a continuation in part of U.S. utility patent application serial no. 13/100,807, filed on May 4, 201 1 , which is a continuation of utility patent application no. 12/908,430, filed October 20, 2010, which claims priority to and benefit of U.S. provisional application no. 61/253, 150, filed on October 20, 2009, the disclosures all of which are incorporated herein by reference.

[0014] This application is a continuation in part of U.S. utility patent application serial no. 13/096,801 filed on April 28, 201 1 , which claims priority to and benefit of U.S. provisional application no. 61/329,858, filed on April 30, 2010, the disclosures all of which are incorporated herein by reference.

[0015] This application is a continuation in part of U.S. utility patent application serial no. 12/963,373 filed on December 8, 2010, which claims priority to and benefit of U.S. provisional application no. 61/285,071 , filed on December 9, 2009, the disclosures all of which are incorporated herein by reference.

[0016] This application is a continuation in part of U.S. utility patent application serial no. 13/045,728 filed on March 11 , 2011 , which claims priority to and benefit of U.S. provisional application no. 61/319,727, filed on March 31 , 2010, the disclosures all of which are incorporated herein by reference.

[0017] This application is a continuation in part of U.S. utility patent application serial no. 13/171 ,531 filed on June 29, 2011 , which claims priority to and benefit of U.S. provisional application no. 61/359,612, filed on June 29, 2010, the disclosures all of which are incorporated herein by reference.

2. BACKGROUND

[0018] This disclosure relates to image processing systems for the presentation of a video image that appears three dimensional to the viewer.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0019] Fig. 1 is an illustration of an exemplary embodiment of a system for providing three dimensional images.

[0020] Fig. 2 is a flow chart of an exemplary embodiment of a method for operating the system of Fig. 1.

[0021] Fig. 3 is a graphical illustration of the operation of the method of Fig. 2.

[0022] Fig. 4 is a graphical illustration of an exemplary experimental embodiment of the operation of the method of Fig. 2.

[0023] Fig. 5 is a flow chart of an exemplary embodiment of a method for operating the system of Fig. 1. [0024] Fig. 6 is a flow chart of an exemplary embodiment of a method for operating the system of Fig. 1.

[0025] Fig. 7 is a flow chart of an exemplary embodiment of a method for operating the system of Fig. 1.

[0026] Fig. 8 is a graphical illustration of the operation of the method of Fig. 7.

[0027] Fig. 9 is a flow chart of an exemplary embodiment of a method for operating the system of Fig. 1.

[0028] Fig. 10 is a graphical illustration of the operation of the method of Fig. 9.

[0029] Fig. 11 is a flow chart of an exemplary embodiment of a method for operating the system of Fig. 1.

[0030] Fig. 12 is a graphical illustration of the operation of the method of Fig. 11.

[0031] Fig. 13 is a flow chart of an exemplary embodiment of a method for operating the system of Fig. 1.

[0032] Fig. 14 is a graphical illustration of the operation of the method of Fig. 13.

[0033] Fig. 15 is a flow chart of an exemplary embodiment of a method for operating the system of Fig. 1.

[0034] Fig. 16 is an illustration of an exemplary embodiment of a method for operating the system of Fig. 1.

[0035] Fig. 17 is an illustration of an exemplary embodiment of the 3D glasses of the system of Fig. 1.

[0036] Figs. 18, 18a, 18b, 18c and 18d is a schematic illustration of an exemplary embodiment of 3D glasses.

[0037] Fig. 19 is a schematic illustration of the digitally controlled analog switches of the shutter controllers of the 3D glasses of Figs. 18, 18a, 18b, 18c and 18d. [0038] Fig. 20 is a schematic illustration of the digitally controlled analog switches of the shutter controllers, the shutters, and the control signals of the CPU of the 3D glasses of Figs. 18, 18a, 18b, 18c and 18d.

[0039] Fig. 21 is a flow chart illustration of an exemplary embodiment of the operation of the 3D glasses of Figs. 18, 18a, 18b, 18c and 18d.

[0040] Fig. 22 is a graphical illustration of an exemplary embodiment of the operation of the 3D glasses of Figs. 18, 18a, 18b, 18c and 18d.

[0041] Fig. 23 is a flow chart illustration of an exemplary embodiment of the operation of the 3D glasses of Figs. 18, 18a, 18b, 18c and 18d.

[0042] Fig. 24 is a graphical illustration of an exemplary embodiment of the operation of the 3D glasses of Figs. 18, 18a, 18b, 18c and 18d.

[0043] Fig. 25 is a flow chart illustration of an exemplary embodiment of the operation of the 3D glasses of Figs. 18, 18a, 18b, 18c and 18d.

[0044] Fig. 26 is a graphical illustration of an exemplary embodiment of the operation of the 3D glasses of Figs. 18, 18a, 18b, 18c and 18d.

[0045] Fig. 27 is a flow chart illustration of an exemplary embodiment of the operation of the 3D glasses of Figs. 18, 18a, 18b, 18c and 18d.

[0046] Fig. 28 is a graphical illustration of an exemplary embodiment of the operation of the 3D glasses of Figs. 18, 18a, 18b, 18c and 18d.

[0047] Fig. 29 is a graphical illustration of an exemplary embodiment of the operation of the 3D glasses of Figs. 18, 18a, 18b, 18c and 18d.

[0048] Figs. 30, 30a, 30b and 30c is a schematic illustration of an exemplary embodiment of 3D glasses.

[0049] Fig. 31 is a schematic illustration of the digitally controlled analog switches of the shutter controllers of the 3D glasses of Figs. 30, 30a, 30b and 30c. [0050] Fig. 32 is a schematic illustration of the operation of the digitally controlled analog switches of the shutter controllers of the 3D glasses of Figs. 30, 30a, 30b and 30c.

[0051] Fig. 33 is a flow chart illustration of an exemplary embodiment of the operation of the 3D glasses of Figs. 30, 30a, 30b and 30c.

[0052] Fig. 34 is a graphical illustration of an exemplary embodiment of the operation of the 3D glasses of Figs. 30, 30a, 30b and 30c.

[0053] Fig. 35 is a flow chart illustration of an exemplary embodiment of the operation of the 3D glasses of Figs. 30, 30a, 30b and 30c.

[0054] Fig. 36 is a graphical illustration of an exemplary embodiment of the operation of the 3D glasses of Figs. 30, 30a, 30b and 30c.

[0055] Fig. 37 is a flow chart illustration of an exemplary embodiment of the operation of the 3D glasses of Figs. 30, 30a, 30b and 30c.

[0056] Fig. 38 is a graphical illustration of an exemplary embodiment of the operation of the 3D glasses of Figs. 30, 30a, 30b and 30c.

[0057] Fig. 39 is a flow chart illustration of an exemplary embodiment of the operation of the 3D glasses of Figs. 30, 30a, 30b and 30c.

[0058] Fig. 40 is a flow chart illustration of an exemplary embodiment of the operation of the 3D glasses of Figs. 30, 30a, 30b and 30c.

[0059] Fig. 41 is a graphical illustration of an exemplary embodiment of the operation of the 3D glasses of Figs. 30, 30a, 30b and 30c.

[0060] Fig. 42 is a flow chart illustration of an exemplary embodiment of the operation of the 3D glasses of Figs. 30, 30a, 30b and 30c.

[0061] Fig. 43 is a graphical illustration of an exemplary embodiment of the operation of the 3D glasses of Figs. 30, 30a, 30b and 30c.

[0062] Fig. 44 is a top view of an exemplary embodiment of 3D glasses. [0063] Fig. 45 is a rear view of the 3D glasses of Fig. 44.

[0064] Fig. 46 is a bottom view of the 3D glasses of Fig. 44.

[0065] Fig. 47 is a front view of the 3D glasses of Fig. 44.

[0066] Fig. 48 is a perspective view of the 3D glasses of Fig. 44.

[0067] Fig. 49 is a perspective view of the use of a key to manipulate a housing cover for a battery for the 3D glasses of Fig. 44.

[0068] Fig. 50 is a perspective view of the key used to manipulate the housing cover for the battery for the 3D glasses of Fig. 44.

[0069] Fig. 51 is a perspective view of the housing cover for the battery for the 3D glasses of Fig. 44.

[0070] Fig. 52 is a side view of the 3D glasses of Fig. 44.

[0071] Fig. 53 is a perspective side view of the housing cover, battery and an O- ring seal for the 3D glasses of Fig. 44.

[0072] Fig. 54 a perspective bottom view of the housing cover, battery and the CD- ring seal for the 3D glasses of Fig. 44.

[0073] Fig. 55 is a perspective view of an alternative embodiment of the glasses of Fig. 44 and an alternative embodiment of the key used to manipulate housing cover of Fig. 50.

[0074] Fig. 56 is a schematic illustration of an exemplary embodiment of a signal sensor for use in one or more of the exemplary embodiments.

[0075] Fig. 57 is a graphical illustration of an exemplary data signal suitable for use with the signal sensor of Fig. 56.

[0076] Fig. 58 is a schematic illustration of an exemplary system for viewing 3D images. [0077] Fig. 59 is a flow chart illustration of an exemplary method of operating the system of Fig. 58.

[0078] Figs. 60a and 60b are schematic illustrations of an exemplary system for viewing 3D images.

[0079] Fig. 61 is a flow chart illustration of an exemplary embodiment of operating the systems of Figs. 58, 60a and 60b.

[0080] Figs. 62a, 62b, 62c and 62d is a flow chart illustration of an exemplary embodiment of operating 3D shutter glasses.

[0081] Fig. 63 is a graphical illustration of an exemplary embodiment of a method of operating twisted nematic shutters for 3D glasses.

[0082] Figs. 64a, 64b and 64c is a flow chart illustration of an exemplary embodiment of a method of operating the systems of Figs. 58, 60a and 60b.

[0083] Figs. 65a and 65b is a flow chart illustration of an exemplary embodiment of a method of operating the systems of Figs. 58, 60a and 60b.

[0084] Fig. 66 is a flow chart illustration of an exemplary embodiment of a method of operating 3D shutter glasses.

[0085] Fig. 67 is a flow chart illustration of an exemplary embodiment of a method of operating 3D shutter glasses.

[0086] Fig. 68 is a flow chart illustration of an exemplary embodiment of a method of operating 3D shutter glasses.

[0087] Figs. 69a-69s is a flow chart illustration of an exemplary embodiment of a method of operating 3D shutter glasses.

[0088] Fig. 70 is a top sectional view of an exemplary embodiment of 3D shutter glasses.

[0089] Fig. 71 is an exploded top view of an exemplary embodiment of a shutter of the 3D shutter glasses of Figure 70. [0090] Fig. 72 is a top view of a person wearing an exemplary embodiment of the 3D glasses of Figure 70.

[0091] Fig. 73 is a schematic illustration of a shutter of the 3D glasses of Figure 70 in relation to a viewer's eye.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0092] In the drawings and description that follows, like parts are marked throughout the specification and drawings with the same reference numerals, respectively. The drawings are not necessarily to scale. Certain features of the invention may be shown exaggerated in scale or in somewhat schematic form and some details of conventional elements may not be shown in the interest of clarity and conciseness. The present invention is susceptible to embodiments of different forms. Specific embodiments are described in detail and are shown in the drawings, with the understanding that the present disclosure is to be considered an exemplification of the principles of the invention, and is not intended to limit the invention to that illustrated and described herein. It is to be fully recognized that the different teachings of the embodiments discussed below may be employed separately or in any suitable combination to produce desired results. The various characteristics mentioned above, as well as other features and characteristics described in more detail below, will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art upon reading the following detailed description of the embodiments, and by referring to the accompanying drawings.

[0093] Referring initially to Fig. 1 , a system 100 for viewing a three dimensional ("3D") movie on a movie screen 102 includes a pair of 3D glasses 104 having a left shutter 106 and a right shutter 108. In an exemplary embodiment, the 3D glasses 104 include a frame and the shutters, 106 and 108, are provided as left and right viewing lenses mounted and supported within the frame.

[0094] In an exemplary embodiment, the shutters, 106 and 108, are liquid crystal cells that open when the cell goes from opaque to clear, and the cell closes when the cell goes from clear back to opaque. Clear, in this case, is defined as transmitting enough light for a user of the 3D glasses 104 to see an image projected on the movie screen 102. In an exemplary embodiment, the user of the 3D glasses 104 may be able to see the image projected on the movie screen 102 when the liquid crystal cells of the shutters, 106 and/or 108, of the 3D glasses 104 become 25-30 percent transmissive. Thus, the liquid crystal cells of a shutter, 106 and/or 108, is considered to be open when the liquid crystal cell becomes 25-30 percent transmissive. The liquid crystal cells of a shutter, 106 and/or 108, may also transmit more than 25-30 percent of light when the liquid crystal cell is open.

[0095] In an exemplary embodiment, the shutters, 106 and 108, of the 3D glasses 104 include liquid crystal cells having a Pl-cell configuration utilizing a low viscosity, high index of refraction liquid crystal material such as, for example, Merck MLC6080. In an exemplary embodiment, the Pl-cell thickness is adjusted so that in its relaxed state it forms a ½-wave retarder. In an exemplary embodiment, the Pl-cell is made thicker so that the ½-wave state is achieved at less than full relaxation. One of the suitable liquid crystal materials is MLC6080 made by Merck, but any liquid crystal with a sufficiently high optical anisotropy, low rotational viscosity and/or birefringence may be used. The shutters, 106 and 108, of the 3D glasses 104 may also use a small cell gap, including, for example, a gap of 4 microns. Furthermore, a liquid crystal with a sufficiently high index of refraction and low viscosity may also be suitable for use in the shutters, 106 and 108, of the 3D glasses 104.

[0096] In an exemplary embodiment, the Pi-cells of the shutters, 106 and 108, of the 3D glasses 104 work on an electrically controlled birefringence ("ECB") principle. Birefringence means that the Pi-cell has different refractive indices, when no voltage or a small catching voltage is applied, for light with polarization parallel to the long dimension of the Pi-cell molecules and for light with polarization perpendicular to long dimension, no and ne. The difference no-ne=An is optical anisotropy. An*d, where d is thickness of the cell, is optical thickness. When An*d=1/2A the Pi-cell is acting as a ½ wave retarder when cell is placed at 45° to the axis of the polarizer. So optical thickness is important not just thickness. In an exemplary embodiment, the Pi-cells of the shutters, 106 and 108, of the 3D glasses 104 are made optically too thick, meaning that An*d>1/2A. The higher optical anisotropy means thinner cell - faster cell relaxation. In an exemplary embodiment, when voltage is applied the molecules' of the Pi-cells of the shutters, 106 and 108, of the 3D glasses 104 long axes are perpendicular to substrates - homeotropic alignment, so there is no birefringence in that state, and, because the polarizers have transmitting axes crossed, no light is transmitted. In an exemplary embodiment, Pi-cells with polarizers crossed are said to work in normally white mode and transmit light when no voltage is applied. Pi-cells with polarizers' transmitting axes oriented parallel to each other work in a normally black mode, i.e., they transmit light when a voltage is applied.

[0097] In an exemplary embodiment, when high voltage is removed from the Pi- cells, the opening of the shutters, 106 and/or 108, start. This is a relaxation process, meaning that liquid crystal ("LC") molecules in the Pi-cell go back to the equilibrium state, i.e. molecules align with the alignment layer, i.e. the rubbing direction of the substrates. The Pi-cell's relaxation time depends on the cell thickness and rotational viscosity of the fluid.

[0098] In general, the thinner the Pi-cell, the faster the relaxation. In an exemplary embodiment, the important parameter is not the Pi-cell gap, d, itself, but rather the product And, where Δη is the birefringence of the LC fluid. In an exemplary embodiment, in order to provide the maximum light transmission in its open state, the head-on optical retardation of the Pi-cell, And, should be λ/2. Higher birefringence allows for thinner cell and so faster cell relaxation. In order to provide the fastest possible switching fluids with low rotational viscosity and higher birefringence - Δη (such as MLC 6080 by EM industries) are used.

[0099] In an exemplary embodiment, in addition to using switching fluids with low rotational viscosity and higher birefringence in the Pi-cells, to achieve faster switching from opaque to clear state, the Pi-cells are made optically too thick so that the ½-wave state is achieved at less than full relaxation. Normally, the Pi-cell thickness is adjusted so that in its relaxed state it forms a ½-wave retarder. However, making the Pi-cells optically too thick so that the ½-wave state is achieved at less than full relaxation results in faster switching from opaque to clear state. In this manner, the shutters 106 and 108 of the exemplary embodiments provide enhanced speed in opening versus prior art LC shutter devices that, in an exemplary experimental embodiment, provided unexpected results. [00100] In an exemplary embodiment, a catch voltage may then be used to stop the rotation of the LC molecules in the Pi-cell before they rotate too far. By stopping the rotation of the LC molecules in the Pi-cell in this manner, the light transmission is held at or near its peak value.

[00101] In an exemplary embodiment, the system 100 further includes a signal transmitter 110, having a central processing unit ("CPU") 110a, that transmits a signal toward the movie screen 102. In an exemplary embodiment, the transmitted signal is reflected off of the movie screen 102 towards a signal sensor 112. The transmitted signal could be, for example, one or more of an infrared ("IR") signal, a visible light signal, multiple colored signal, or white light. In some embodiments, the transmitted signal is transmitted directly toward the signal sensor 112 and thus, may not reflected off of the movie screen 102. In some embodiments, the transmitted signal could be, for example, a radio frequency ("RF") signal that is not reflected off of the movie screen 102.

[00102] The signal sensor 112 is operably coupled to a CPU 114. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal sensor 112 detects the transmitted signal and communicates the presence of the signal to the CPU 114. The CPU 110a and the CPU 114 may, for example, each include a general purpose programmable controller, an application specific integrated circuit ("ASIC"), an analog controller, a localized controller, a distributed controller, a programmable state controller, and/or one or more combinations of the aforementioned devices.

[00103] The CPU 114 is operably coupled to a left shutter controller 116 and a right shutter controller 118 for monitoring and controlling the operation of the shutter controllers. In an exemplary embodiment, the left and right shutter controllers, 116 and 118, are in turn operably coupled to the left and right shutters, 106 and 108, of the 3D glasses 104 for monitoring and controlling the operation of the left and right shutters. The shutter controllers, 116 and 118, may, for example, include a general purpose programmable controller, an ASIC, an analog controller, an analog or digital switch, a localized controller, a distributed controller, a programmable state controller, and/or one or more combinations of the aforementioned devices. [00104] A battery 120 is operably coupled to at least the CPU 114 and provides power for operating one or more of the CPU, the signal sensor 112, and the shutter controllers, 116 and 118, of the 3D glasses 104. A battery sensor 122 is operably coupled to the CPU 114 and the batter 120 for monitoring the amount of power remaining in the battery.

[00105] In an exemplary embodiment, the CPU 114 may monitor and/or control the operation of one or more of the signal sensor 112, the shutter controllers, 116 and 118, and the battery sensor 122. Alternatively, or in addition, one or more of the signal sensor 112, the shutter controllers, 116 and 118, and the battery sensor 122 may include a separate dedicated controller and/or a plurality of controllers, which may or may not also monitor and/or control one or more of signal sensor 112, the shutter controllers, 116 and 118, and the battery sensor 122. Alternatively, or in addition, the operation of the CPU 114 may at least be partially distributed among one or more of the other elements of the 3D glasses 104.

[00106] In an exemplary embodiment, the signal sensor 112, the CPU 114, the shutter controllers, 116 and 118, the battery 120, and the battery sensor 122 are mounted and supported within the frame of the 3D glasses 104. If the movie screen 102 is positioned within a movie theater, then a projector 130 may be provided for projecting one or more video images on the movie screen. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter 110 may be positioned proximate, or be included within, the projector 130. In an exemplary embodiment, the projector 130 may include, for example, one or more of an electronic projector device, an electromechanical projector device, a film projector, a digital video projector, or a computer display for displaying one or more video images on the movie screen 102. Alternatively, or in addition to the movie screen 102, a television ("TV") or other video display device may also be used such as, for example, a flat screen TV, a plasma TV, an LCD TV, or other display device for displaying images for viewing by a user of the 3D glasses that may, for example, include the signal transmitter 110, or an additional signal transmitter for signaling to the 3D glasses 104, that may be positioned proximate and/or within the display surface of the display device.

[00107] In an exemplary embodiment, during operation of the system 100, the CPU 114 controls the operation of the shutters, 106 and 108, of the 3D glasses 104 as a function of the signals received by the signal sensor 112 from the signal transmitter 110 and/or as a function of signals received by the CPU from the battery sensor 122. In an exemplary embodiment, the CPU 114 may direct the left shutter controller 116 to open the left shutter 106 and/or direct the right shutter controller 118 to open the right shutter 108.

[00108] In an exemplary embodiment, the shutter controllers, 116 and 118, control the operation of the shutters, 106 and 108, respectively, by applying a voltage across the liquid crystal cells of the shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, the voltage applied across the liquid crystal cells of the shutters, 106 and 108, alternates between negative and positive. In an exemplary embodiment, the liquid crystal cells of the shutters, 106 and 108, open and close the same way regardless of whether the applied voltage is positive or negative. Alternating the applied voltage prevents the material of the liquid crystal cells of the shutters, 106 and 108, from plating out on the surfaces of the cells.

[00109] In an exemplary embodiment, during operation of the system 100, as illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3, the system may implement a left-right shutter method 200 in which, if in 202a, the left shutter 106 will be closed and the right shutter 108 will be opened, then in 202b, a high voltage 202ba is applied to the left shutter 106 and no voltage 202bb followed by a small catch voltage 202bc are applied to the right shutter 108 by the shutter controllers, 116 and 118, respectively. In an exemplary embodiment, applying the high voltage 202ba to the left shutter 106 closes the left shutter, and applying no voltage to the right shutter 108 starts opening the right shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, the subsequent application of the small catch voltage 202bc to the right shutter 108 prevents the liquid crystals in the right shutter from rotating too far during the opening of the right shutter 108. As a result, in 202b, the left shutter 106 is closed and the right shutter 108 is opened.

[00110] If in 202c, the left shutter 106 will be opened and the right shutter 108 will be closed, then in 202d, a high voltage 202da is applied to the right shutter 108 and no voltage 202db followed by a small catch voltage 202dc are applied to the left shutter 106 by the shutter controllers, 118 and 116, respectively. In an exemplary embodiment, applying the high voltage 202da to the right shutter 108 closes the right shutter, and applying no voltage to the left shutter 106 starts opening the left shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, the subsequent application of the small catch voltage 202dc to the left shutter 106 prevents the liquid crystals in the left shutter from rotating too far during the opening of the left shutter 106. As a result, in 202d, the left shutter 106 is opened and the right shutter 108 is closed.

[00111] In an exemplary embodiment, the magnitude of the catch voltage used in 202b and 202d ranges from about 10 to 20 % of the magnitude of the high voltage used in 202b and 202d.

[00112] In an exemplary embodiment, during the operation of the system 100, during the method 200, during the time that the left shutter 106 is closed and the right shutter 108 is open in 202b, a video image is presented for the right eye, and during the time that the left shutter 106 is opened and the right shutter 108 is closed in 202d, a video image is presented for the left eye. In an exemplary embodiment, the video image may be displayed on one or more of the movie theater screen 102, an LCD television screen, a digital light processing ("DLP") television, a DLP projector, a plasma screen, and the like.

[00113] In an exemplary embodiment, during the operation of the system 100, the CPU 114 will direct each shutter, 106 and 108, to open at the same time the image intended for that shutter, and viewer eye, is presented. In an exemplary embodiment, a synchronization signal may be used to cause the shutters, 106 and 108, to open at the correct time.

[00114] In an exemplary embodiment, a synchronization signal is transmitted by the signal transmitter 110 and the synchronization signal could, for example, include an infrared light. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter 110 transmits the synchronization signal toward a reflective surface and the surface reflects the signal to the signal sensor 112 positioned and mounted within the frame of the 3D glasses 104. The reflective surface could, for example, be the movie theater screen 102 or another reflective device located on or near the movie screen such that the user of the 3D glasses 104 is generally facing the reflector while watching the movie. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter 110 may send the synchronization signal directly to the sensor 112. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal sensor 112 may include a photo diode mounted and supported on the frame of the 3D glasses 104.

[00115] The synchronization signal may provide a pulse at the beginning of each left-right lens shutter sequence 200. The synchronization signal could be more frequent, for example providing a pulse to direct the opening of each shutter, 106 or 108. The synchronization signal could be less frequent, for example providing a pulse once per shutter sequence 200, once per five shutter sequences, or once per 100 shutter sequences. The CPU 14 may have an internal timer to maintain proper shutter sequencing in the absence of a synchronization signal.

[00116] In an exemplary embodiment, the combination of viscous liquid crystal material and narrow cell gap in the shutters, 106 and 108, may result in a cell that is optically too thick. The liquid crystal in the shutters, 106 and 108, blocks light transmission when voltage is applied. Upon removing the applied voltage, the molecules in the liquid crystals in the shutters, 106 and 108, rotate back to the orientation of the alignment layer. The alignment layer orients the molecules in the liquid crystal cells to allow light transmission. In a liquid crystal cell that is optically too thick, the liquid crystal molecules rotate rapidly upon removal of power and thus rapidly increase light transmission but then the molecules rotate too far and light transmission decreases. The time from when the rotation of the liquid crystal cell molecules starts until the light transmission stabilizes, i.e. liquid crystal molecules rotation stops, is the true switching time.

[00117] In an exemplary embodiment, when the shutter controllers, 116 and 118, apply the small catch voltage to the shutters, 106 and 108, this catch voltage stops the rotation of the liquid crystal cells in the shutters before they rotate too far. By stopping the rotation of the molecules in the liquid crystal cells in the shutters, 106 and 108, before they rotate too far, the light transmission through the molecules in the liquid crystal cells in the shutters is held at or near its peak value. Thus, the effective switching time is from when the liquid crystal cells in the shutters, 106 and 108, start their rotation until the rotation of the molecules in the liquid crystal cells is stopped at or near the point of peak light transmission. [00118] Referring now to Fig. 4, the transmission refers to the amount of light transmitted through a shutter, 106 or 108, wherein a transmission value of 1 refers to the point of maximum, or a point near the maximum, light transmission through the liquid crystal cell of the shutter, 106 or 108. Thus, for a shutter, 106 or 108, to be able to transmit its maximum of 37% of light, a transmission level of 1 indicates that the shutter, 106 or 108, is transmitting its maximum, i.e., 37%, of available light. Of course, depending upon the particular liquid crystal cell used, the maximum amount of light transmitted by a shutter, 106 or 108, could be any amount, including, for example, 33%, 30%, or significantly more or less.

[00119] As illustrated in Fig. 4, in an exemplary experimental embodiment, a shutter, 106 or 108, was operated and the light transmission 400 was measured during operation of the method 200. In the exemplary experimental embodiment of the shutter, 106 or 108, the shutter closed in approximately 0.5 milliseconds, then remained closed through the first half of the shutter cycle for about 7 milliseconds, then the shutter was opened to about 90% of the maximum light transmission in about one millisecond, and then the shutter remained open for about 7 milliseconds and then was closed. As a comparison, a commercially available shutter was also operated during the operation of the method 200 and exhibited the light transmission 402. The light transmission of the shutter, 106 and 108, of the present exemplary embodiments, during the operation of the method 200, reached about 25-30 percent transmissive, i.e., about 90% of the maximum light transmission, as shown in Fig. 4, in about one millisecond whereas the other shutter only reached about 25-30 percent transmissive, i.e., about 90% of the maximum light transmission, as shown in Fig. 4, after about 2.5 milliseconds. Thus, the shutters, 106 and 108, of the present exemplary embodiments, provided a significantly more responsive operation than commercially available shutters. This was an unexpected result.

[00120] Referring now to Fig. 5, in an exemplary embodiment, the system 100 implements a method 500 of operation in which, in 502, the signal sensor 114 receives an infrared synchronization ("sync") pulse from the signal transmitter 110. If the 3D glasses 104 are not in the RUN MODE in 504, then the CPU 114 determines if the 3D glasses 104 are in the OFF MODE in 506. If the CPU 114 determines that the 3D glasses 104 are not in the OFF MODE in 506, then the CPU 114 continues normal processing in 508 and then returns to 502. If the CPU 114 determines that the 3D glasses 104 are in the OFF MODE in 506, then the CPU 114 clears the sync inverter ("SI") and validation flags in 510 to prepare the CPU 114 for the next encrypted signals, initiates a warm up sequence for the shutters, 106 and 108, in 512, and then proceeds with normal operations 508 and returns to 502.

[00121] If the 3D glasses 104 are in the RUN MODE in 504, then the CPU 114 determines whether the 3D glasses 104 are already configured for encryption in 514. If the 3D glasses 104 are already configured for encryption in 514, then the CPU 114 continues normal operations in 508 and proceeds to 502. If the 3D glasses 104 are not already configured for encryption in 514, then the CPU 114 checks to determine if the incoming signal is a three pulse sync signal in 516. If the incoming signal is not a three pulse sync signal in 516, then the CPU 114 continues normal operations in 508 and proceeds to 502. If the incoming signal is a three pulse sync signal in 516, then the CPU 114 receives configuration data from the signal transmitter 110 in 518 using the signal sensor 112. The CPU 114 then decrypts the received configuration data to determine if it is valid in 520. If the received configuration data is valid in 520, then the CPU 114 checks to see if the new configuration ID ("CONID") matches the previous CONID in 522. In an exemplary embodiment, the previous CONID may be stored in a memory device such as, for example, a nonvolatile memory device, operably coupled to the CPU 114 during the manufacture or field programming of the 3D glasses 104. If the new CONID does not match the previous CONID in 522, then the CPU 114 directs the shutters, 106 and 108, of the 3D glasses 104 to go into CLEAR MODE in 524. If the new CONID does match the previous CONID, in 522, then the CPU 114 sets the SI and CONID flags to trigger the NORMAL MODE shutter sequence for viewing three dimensional images in 526.

[00122] In an exemplary embodiment, in the RUN or NORMAL MODE, the 3D glasses 104 are fully operational. In an exemplary embodiment, in the OFF MODE, the 3D glasses are not operational. In an exemplary embodiment, in the NORMAL MODE, the 3D glasses are operational and may implement the method 200.

[00123] In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter 110 may be located near the theater projector 130. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter 110, among other functions, sends a synchronization signal ("sync signal") to the signal sensor 112 of the 3D glasses 104. The signal transmitter 110 may instead, or in addition to, receive a synchronization signal from the theater projector 130 and/or any display and/or any emitter device. In an exemplary embodiment, an encryption signal may be used to prevent the 3D glasses 104 from operating with a signal transmitter 110 that does not contain the correct encryption signal. Furthermore, in an exemplary embodiment, the encrypted transmitter signal will not properly actuate 3D glasses 104 that are not equipped to receive and process the encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter 110 may also send encryption data to the 3D glasses 104.

[00124] Referring now to Fig. 6, in an exemplary embodiment, during operation, the system 100 implements a method 600 of operation in which, in 602, the system determines if the signal transmitter 110 was reset because the power just came on in 602. If the signal transmitter 110 was reset because the power just came on in 602, then the signal transmitter generates a new random sync invert flag in 604. If the signal transmitter 110 did not have a power on reset condition in 602, then the CPU 110a of the signal transmitter 110 determines whether the same sync encoding has been used for more than a predetermined amount of time in 606. In an exemplary embodiment, the predetermined time in 606 could be four hours or the length of a typical movie or any other suitable time. If the same sync encoding has been used for more than four hours in 606, then the CPU 110a of the signal transmitter 110 generates a new sync invert flag in 604.

[00125] The CPU 110a of the signal transmitter 110 then determines if the signal transmitter is still receiving a signal from the projector 130 in 608. If the signal transmitter 110 is not still receiving a signal from the projector 130 in 608, then the signal transmitter 110 may use its own internal sync generator to continue sending sync signals to the signal sensor 112 at the proper time in 610.

[00126] During operation, the signal transmitter 110 may, for example, alternate between two-pulse sync signals and three-pulse sync signals. In an exemplary embodiment, a two-pulse sync signal directs the 3D glasses 104 to open the left shutter 108, and a three-pulse sync signal directs the 3D glasses 104 to open the right shutter 106. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter 110 may send an encryption signal after every nth signal. [00127] If the signal transmitter 110 determines that it should send a three-pulse sync signal in 612, then the signal transmitter determines the signal count since the last encryption cycle in 614. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter 110 sends an encryption signal only once out of every ten signals. However, in an exemplary embodiment, there could be more or less signal cycles between encryption signals. If the CPU 110a of the signal transmitter 110 determines this is not the nth three-pulse sync in 614, then the CPU directs the signal transmitter to send a standard three pulse sync signal in 616. If the sync signal is the nth three- pulse signal, then the CPU 110a of the signal transmitter 110 encrypts the data in 618 and sends a three pulse sync signal with embedded configuration data in 620. If the signal transmitter 110 determines that it should not send a three-pulse sync signal in 612, then the signal transmitter sends a two-pulse sync signal in 622.

[00128] Referring now to Figs. 7 and 8, in an exemplary embodiment, during operation of the system 100, the signal transmitter 110 implements a method 700 of operation in which the sync pulses are combined with encoded configuration data and then transmitted by the signal transmitter 110. In particular, the signal transmitter 110 includes a firmware internal clock that generates a clock signal 800. In 702, the CPU 110a of the signal transmitter 110 determines if the clock signal 800 is at the beginning of the clock cycle 802. If the CPU 110a of the signal transmitter 110 determines that the clock signal 800 is at the beginning of the clock cycle in 702, then the CPU of the signal transmitter checks to see if a configuration data signal 804 is high or low in 704. If the configuration data signal 804 is high, then a data pulse signal 806 is set to a high value in 706. If the configuration data signal 804 is low, then the data pulse signal 806 is set to a low value in 708. In an exemplary embodiment, the data pulse signal 806 may already include the sync signal. Thus, the data pulse signal 806 is combined with the synch signal in 710 and transmitted by the signal transmitter 110 in 710.

[00129] In an exemplary embodiment, the encrypted form of the configuration data signal 804 may be sent during every sync signal sequence, after a predetermined number of sync signal sequences, embedded with the sync signal sequences, overlayed with the sync signal sequences, or combined with the sync signal sequences - before or after the encryption operation. Furthermore, the encrypted form of the configuration data signal 804 could be sent on either the two or three pulse sync signal, or both, or signals of any other number of pulses. In addition, the encrypted configuration data could be transmitted between the transmission of the sync signal sequence with or without encrypting the sync signals on either end of the transmission.

[00130] In an exemplary embodiment, encoding the configuration data signal 804, with or without the sync signal sequence, may be provided, for example, using Manchester encoding.

[00131] Referring now to Figs. 2, 5, 8, 9 and 10, in an exemplary embodiment, during the operation of the system 100, the 3D glasses 104 implement a method 900 of operation in which, in 902, the CPU 114 of the 3D glasses 104 checks for a wake up mode time out. In an exemplary embodiment, the presence of a wake up mode time out in 902 is provided by a clock signal 902a having a high pulse 902aa with a duration of 100 milliseconds that may occur every 2 seconds, or other predetermined time period. In an exemplary embodiment, the presence of the high pulse 902aa indicates a wake up mode time out.

[00132] If the CPU 14 detects a wake up time out in 902, then the CPU checks for the presence or absence of a sync signal using the signal sensor 112 in 904. If the CPU 114 detects a sync signal in 904, then the CPU places the 3D glasses 104 in a CLEAR MODE of operation in 906. In an exemplary embodiment, in the CLEAR MODE of operation, the 3D glasses implement, at least portions of, one or more of the methods 200 and 500, receiving sync pulses, and/or processing configuration data 804. In an exemplary embodiment, in the CLEAR mode of operation, the 3D glasses may provide at least the operations of the method 1300, described below.

[00133] If the CPU 114 does not detect a sync signal in 904, then the CPU places the 3D glasses 104 in an OFF MODE of operation in 908 and then, in 902, the CPU checks for a wake up mode time out. In an exemplary embodiment, in the OFF MODE of operation, the 3D glasses do not provide the features of NORMAL or CLEAR mode of operations. [00134] In an exemplary embodiment, the method 900 is implemented by the 3D glasses 104 when the 3D glasses are in either the OFF MODE or the CLEAR MODE.

[00135] Referring now to Figs. 11 and 12, in an exemplary embodiment, during operation of the system 100, the 3D glasses 104 implement a warm up method 1100 of operation in which, in 1102, the CPU 114 of the 3D glasses checks for a power on of the 3D glasses. In an exemplary embodiment, the 3D glasses 104 may be powered on either by a user activating a power on switch or by an automatic wakeup sequence. In the event of a power on of the 3D glasses 104, the shutters, 106 and 108, of the 3D glasses may, for example, require a warm-up sequence. The molecules of the liquid crystal cells of the shutters, 106 and 108, that do not have power for a period of time may be in an indefinite state.

[00136] If the CPU 114 of the 3D glasses 104 detect a power on of the 3D glasses in 1102, then the CPU applies alternating voltage signals, 1104a and 1104b, to the shutters, 106 and 108, respectively, in 1104. In an exemplary embodiment, the voltage applied to the shutters, 106 and 108, is alternated between positive and negative peak values to avoid ionization problems in the liquid crystal cells of the shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, the voltage signals, 1104a and 1104b, are at least partly out of phase with one another. Alternatively, the voltage signals, 1104a and 1104b, may be in phase or completely out of phase. In an exemplary embodiment, one or both of the voltage signals, 1104a and 1104b, may be alternated between a zero voltage and a peak voltage. In an exemplary embodiment, other forms of voltage signals may be applied to the shutters, 106 and 108, such that the liquid crystal cells of the shutters are placed in a definite operational state. In an exemplary embodiment, the application of the voltage signals, 1104a and 1104b, to the shutters, 106 and 108, causes the shutters to open and close, either at the same time or at different times. Alternatively, the application of the voltage signals, 1104a and 1104b, causes the shutters, 106 and 108, to be closed all of the time.

[00137] During the application of the voltage signals, 1104a and 1104b, to the shutters, 106 and 108, the CPU 114 checks for a warm up time out in 1106. If the CPU 114 detects a warm up time out in 1106, then the CPU will stop the application of the voltage signals, 1104a and 1104b, to the shutters, 106 and 108, in 1108.

[00138] In an exemplary embodiment, in 1104 and 1106, the CPU 114 applies the voltage signals, 1104a and 1104b, to the shutters, 106 and 108, for a period of time sufficient to actuate the liquid crystal cells of the shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the CPU 114 applies the voltage signals, 1104a and 1104b, to the shutters, 106 and 108, for a time out period of two seconds. In an exemplary embodiment, the maximum magnitude of the voltage signals, 1104a and 1104b, may be 14 volts. In an exemplary embodiment, the time out period in 1106 may be two seconds. In an exemplary embodiment, the maximum magnitude of the voltage signals, 1104a and 1104b, may be greater or lesser than 14 volts, and the time out period may be longer or shorter. In an exemplary embodiment, during the method 1100, the CPU 114 may open and close the shutters, 106 and 108, at a different rate than would be used for viewing a movie. In an exemplary embodiment, in 1104, the voltage signals, 1104a and 1104b, applied to the shutters, 106 and 108, alternate at a different rate than would be used for viewing a movie. In an exemplary embodiment, in 1104, the voltage signals applied to the shutters, 106 and 108, do not alternate and are applied constantly during the warm up time period and therefore the liquid crystal cells of the shutters may remain opaque for the entire warm up period. In an exemplary embodiment, the warm-up method 1100 may occur with or without the presence of a synchronization signal. Thus, the method 1100 provides a WARM UP mode of the operation for the 3D glasses 104. In an exemplary embodiment, after implementing the warm up method 1100, the 3D glasses are placed in a NORMAL RUN MODE of operation and may then implement the method 200. Alternatively, in an exemplary embodiment, after implementing the warm up method 1100, the 3D glasses are placed in a CLEAR MODE of operation and may then implement the method 1300, described below.

[00139] Referring now to Figs. 13 and 14, in an exemplary embodiment, during the operation of the system 100, the 3D glasses 104 implement a method 1300 of operation in which, in 1302, the CPU 114 checks to see if the sync signal detected by the signal sensor 112 is valid or invalid. If the CPU 114 determines that the sync signal is invalid in 1302, then the CPU applies voltage signals, 1304a and 1304b, to the shutters, 106 and 108, of the 3D glasses 104 in 1304. In an exemplary embodiment, the voltage applied to the shutters, 106 and 108, is alternated between positive and negative peak values to avoid ionization problems in the liquid crystal cells of the shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, one or both of the voltage signals, 1104a and 1104b, may be alternated between a zero voltage and a peak voltage. In an exemplary embodiment, other forms of voltage signals may be applied to the shutters, 106 and 108, such that the liquid crystal cells of the shutters remain open so that the user of the 3D glasses 104 can see normally through the shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the application of the voltage signals, 1104a and 1104b, to the shutters, 106 and 108, causes the shutters to open.

[00140] During the application of the voltage signals, 1304a and 1304b, to the shutters, 106 and 108, the CPU 114 checks for a clearing time out in 1306. If the CPU 114 detects a clearing time out in 1306, then the CPU will stop the application of the voltage signals, 1304a and 1304b, to the shutters, 106 and 108, in 1308.

[00141] Thus, in an exemplary embodiment, if the 3D glasses 104 do not detect a valid synchronization signal, they may go to a clear mode of operation and implement the method 1300. In the clear mode of operation, in an exemplary embodiment, both shutters, 106 and 108, of the 3D glasses 104 remain open so that the viewer can see normally through the shutters of the 3D glasses. In an exemplary embodiment, a constant voltage is applied, alternating positive and negative, to maintain the liquid crystal cells of the shutters, 106 and 108, of the 3D glasses in a clear state. The constant voltage could, for example, be in the range of 2-3 volts, but the constant voltage could be any other voltage suitable to maintain reasonably clear shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the shutters, 106 and 108, of the 3D glasses 104 may remain clear until the 3D glasses are able to validate an encryption signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the shutters, 106 and 108, of the 3D glasses may alternately open and close at a rate that allows the user of the 3D glasses to see normally.

[00142] Thus, the method 1300 provides a method of clearing the operation of the 3D glasses 104 and thereby provide a CLEAR MODE of operation. [00143] Referring now to Fig. 15, in an exemplary embodiment, during the operation of the system 100, the 3D glasses 104 implement a method 1500 of monitoring the battery 120 in which, in 1502, the CPU 114 of the 3D glasses uses the battery sensor 122 to determine the remaining useful life of the battery. If the CPU 114 of the 3D glasses determines that the remaining useful life of the battery 120 is not adequate in 1502, then the CPU provides an indication of a low battery life condition in 1504.

[00144] In an exemplary embodiment, an inadequate remaining battery life may, for example, be any period less than 3 hours. In an exemplary embodiment, an adequate remaining battery life may be preset by the manufacturer of the 3D glasses and/or programmed by the user of the 3D glasses.

[00145] In an exemplary embodiment, in 1504, the CPU 114 of the 3D glasses 104 will indicate a low battery life condition by causing the shutters, 106 and 108, of the 3D glasses to blink slowly, by causing the shutters to simultaneously blink at a moderate rate that is visible to the user of the 3D glasses, by flashing an indicator light, by generating an audible sound, and the like.

[00146] In an exemplary embodiment, if the CPU 14 of the 3D glasses 104 detects that the remaining battery life is insufficient to last for a specified period of time, then the CPU of the 3D glasses will indicate a low battery condition in 1504 and then prevent the user from turning on the 3D glasses.

[00147] In an exemplary embodiment, the CPU 114 of the 3D glasses 104 determines whether or not the remaining battery life is adequate every time the 3D glasses transition to the CLEAR MODE of operation.

[00148] In an exemplary embodiment, if the CPU 114 of the 3D glasses determines that the battery will last for at least the predetermined adequate amount of time, then the 3D glasses will continue to operate normally. Operating normally may include staying in the CLEAR MODE of operation for five minutes while checking for a valid signal from the signal transmitter 110 and then going to an OFF MODE wherein the 3D glasses 104 periodically wake up to check for a signal from the signal transmitter. [00149] In an exemplary embodiment, the CPU 114 of the 3D glasses 104 checks for a low battery condition just before shutting off the 3D glasses. In an exemplary embodiment, if the battery 120 will not last for the predetermined adequate remaining life time, then the shutters, 106 and 108, will begin blinking slowly.

[00150] In an exemplary embodiment, if the battery 120 will not last for the predetermined adequate remaining life time, the shutters, 106 and/or 108, are placed into an opaque condition, i.e., the liquid crystal cells are closed, for two seconds and then placed into a clear condition, i.e., the liquid crystal cells are opened, for 1/10th of a second. The time period that the shutters, 106 and/or 108, are closed and opened may be any time period.

[00151] In an exemplary embodiment, the 3D glasses 104 may check for a low battery condition at any time including during warm up, during normal operation, during clear mode, during power off mode, or at the transition between any conditions. In an exemplary embodiment, if a low battery life condition is detected at a time when the viewer is likely to be in the middle of a movie, the 3D glasses 104 may not immediately indicate the low battery condition.

[00152] In some embodiments, if the CPU 114 of the 3D glasses 104 detects a low battery level, the user will not be able to power the 3D glasses on.

[00153] Referring now to Fig. 16, in an exemplary embodiment, a tester 1600 may be positioned proximate the 3D glasses 104 in order to verify that the 3D glasses are working properly. In an exemplary embodiment, the tester 1600 includes a signal transmitter 1600a for transmitting test signals 1600b to the signal sensor 112 of the 3D glasses. In an exemplary embodiment, the test signal 1600b may include a sync signal having a low frequency rate to cause the shutters, 106 and 108, of the 3D glasses 104 to blink at a low rate that is visible to the user of the 3D glasses. In an exemplary embodiment, a failure of the shutters, 106 and 108, to blink in response to the test signal 1600b may indicate a failure on the part of the 3D glasses 104 to properly operate.

[00154] Referring now to Fig. 17, in an exemplary embodiment, the 3D glasses 104 further include a charge pump 1700 operably coupled to the CPU 114, the shutter controllers, 116 and 118, the battery 120 for converting the output voltage of the battery to a higher output voltage for use in operating the shutter controllers.

[00155] Referring to Figs. 18, 18a, 18b, 18c and 18d, an exemplary embodiment of 3D glasses 1800 is provided that is substantially identical in design and operation as the 3D glasses 104 illustrated and described above except as noted below. The 3D glasses 1800 include a left shutter 1802, a right shutter 1804, a left shutter controller 1806, a right shutter controller 1808, a CPU 1810, a battery sensor 1812, a signal sensor 1814 and a charge pump 1816. In an exemplary embodiment, the design and operation of the left shutter 1802, the right shutter 1804, the left shutter controller 1806, the right shutter controller 1808, the CPU 1810, the battery sensor 1812, the signal sensor 1814, and the charge pump 1816 of the 3D glasses 1800 are substantially identical to the left shutter 106, the right shutter 108, the left shutter controller 116, the right shutter controller 118, the CPU 114, the battery sensor 122, the signal sensor 112, and the charge pump 1700 of the 3D glasses 104 described and illustrated above.

[00156] In an exemplary embodiment, the 3D glasses 1800 include the following components:

Figure imgf000029_0001
NAME VALUE/ID

R13 100K

U3 PIC16F636

C1 47uF

C2 .1uF

R8 10K

R10 20K

R14 10K

R15 100K

Q1 NDS0610

D6 MAZ31200

D5 BAS7004

L1 1 mh

C11 1 uF

C3 .1uF

U1 4052

R511 470

C8 .1uF

C4 .1uF

U2 4052

R512 470

C1 47uF

C11 1uf

Left Lens LCD 1

Right Lens LCD 2

BT1 3V Li

[00157] In an exemplary embodiment, the left shutter controller 1806 includes a digitally controlled analog switch U1 that, under the control of the CPU 1810, depending upon the mode of operation, applies a voltage across the left shutter 1802 for controlling the operation of the left shutter. In similar fashion, the right shutter controller 1808 includes a digitally controller analog switch U2 that, under the control of the CPU 1810, depending upon the mode of operation, applies a voltage across the right shutter 1804 for controlling the operation of the right shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, U1 and U2 are conventional commercially available digitally controlled analog switches available from Unisonic Technologies or Texas Instruments as part numbers, UTC 4052 and Tl 4052, respectively.

[00158] As will be recognized by persons having ordinary skill in the art, the 4052 digitally controlled analog switch includes control input signals A, B and INHIBIT ("INH"), switch I/O signals XO, X1 , X2, X3, YO, Y1, Y2 and Y3, and output signals X and Y and further provides the following truth table:

TRUTH TABLE

Figure imgf000031_0001

*X=Don't Care

And, as illustrated in Fig. 19, the 4052 digitally controlled analog switch also provides a functional diagram 1900. Thus, the 4052 digitally controlled analog switch provides a digitally controlled analog switch, each having two independent switches, that permits the left and right shutter controllers, 1806 and 1808, to selectively apply a controlled voltage across the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, to control the operation of the shutters.

[00159] In an exemplary embodiment, the CPU 1810 includes a microcontroller U3 for generating output signals A, B, C, D and E for controlling the operation of the digitally controlled analog switches, U1 and U2, of the left and right shutter controllers, 1806 and 1808. The output control signals A, B and C of the microcontroller U3 provide the following input control signals A and B to each of the digitally controlled analog switches, U1 and U2:

Figure imgf000031_0002
U3 - Output Control U1 - Input Control U2 - Input Control Signals Signals Signals

C B B

[00160] In an exemplary embodiment, the output control signals D and E of the microcontroller U3 provide, or otherwise affect, the switch I/O signals X0, X1 , X2, X3, Y0, Y1 , Y2 and Y3 of the digitally controlled analog switches, U1 and U2:

U3 - Output Control U1 - Switch I/O Signals U2 - Switch I/O Signals Signals

D X3, Y1 X0, Y2

E X3, Y1 X0, Y2

[00161] In an exemplary embodiment, the microcontroller U3 of the CPU 1810 is a model number PIC16F636 programmable microcontroller, commercially available from Microchip.

[00162] In an exemplary embodiment, the battery sensor 1812 includes a power detector U6 for sensing the voltage of the battery 120. In an exemplary embodiment, the power detector U6 is a model MCP111 micropower voltage detector, commercially available from Microchip.

[00163] In an exemplary embodiment, the signal sensor 1814 includes a photodiode D2 for sensing the transmission of the signals, including the sync signal and/or configuration data, by the signal transmitter 110. In an exemplary embodiment, the photodiode D2 is a model BP104FS photodiode, commercially available from Osram. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal sensor 1814 further includes operational amplifiers, U5-1 and U5-2, and related signal conditioning components, resistors R1 , R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, R9, R11 , and R12, capacitors C5, C6, C7, and C10, and schottky diodes, D1 and D3. [00164] In an exemplary embodiment, the charge pump 1816 amplifies the magnitude of the output voltage of the battery 120, using a charge pump, from 3V to -12V. In an exemplary embodiment, the charge pump 1816 includes a MOSFET Q1 , a schottky diode D5, an inductor L1 , and a zener diode D6. In an exemplary embodiment, the output signal of the charge pump 1816 is provided as input signals to switch I/O signals X2 and Y0 of the digitally controlled analog switch U1 of the left shutter controller 1806 and as input signals to switch I/O signals X3 and Y1 of the digitally controlled analog switch U2 of the right shutter controller 1808.

[00165] As illustrated in Fig. 20, in an exemplary embodiment, during operation of the 3D glasses 1800, the digitally controlled analog switches, U1 and U2, under the control of the control signals A, B, C, D, and E of the CPU 1810, may provide various voltages across one or both of the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804. In particular, the digitally controlled analog switches, U1 and U2, under the control of the control signals A, B, C, D, and E of the CPU 1810, may provide: 1) a positive or negative 15 volts across one or both of the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, 2) a positive or negative voltage, in the range of 2-3 volts, across one or both of the left and right shutters, or 3) provide 0 volts, i.e., a neutral state, across one or both of the left and right shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the digitally controlled analog switches, U1 and U2, under the control of the control signals A, B, C, D, and E of the CPU 1810, may provide 15 volts by, for example, combining +3 volts with -12 volts to achieve a differential of 15 volts across the one or both of the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804. In an exemplary embodiment, the digitally controlled analog switches, U1 and U2, under the control of the control signals A, B, C, D, and E of the CPU 1810, may provide a 2 volt catch voltage, for example, by reducing the 3 volt output voltage of the battery 120 to 2 volts with a voltage divider, including components R8 and R10.

[00166] Alternatively, the digitally controlled analog switches, U1 and U2, under the control of the control signals A, B, C, D, and E of the CPU 1810, may provide: 1) a positive or negative 15 volts across one or both of the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, 2) a positive or negative voltage, of about 2 volts, across one or both of the left and right shutters, 3) a positive or negative voltage, of about 3 volts, across one or both of the left and right shutters, or 4) provide 0 volts, i.e., a neutral state, across one or both of the left and right shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the digitally controlled analog switches, U1 and U2, under the control of the control signals A, B, C, D, and E of the CPU 1810, may provide 15 volts by, for example, combining +3 volts with -12 volts to achieve a differential of 15 volts across the one or both of the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804. In an exemplary embodiment, the digitally controlled analog switches, U1 and U2, under the control of the control signals A, B, C, D, and E of the CPU 1810, may provide a 2 volt catch voltage, for example, by reducing the 3 volt output voltage of the battery 120 to 2 volts with a voltage divider, including components R8 and R10.

[00167] Referring now to Figs. 21 and 22, in an exemplary embodiment, during the operation of the 3D glasses 1800, the 3D glasses execute a normal run mode of operation 2100 in which the control signals A, B, C, D and E generated by the CPU 1810 are used to control the operation of the left and right shutter controllers, 1806 and 1808, to in turn control the operation of the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, as a function of the type of sync signal detected by the signal sensor 1814.

[00168] In particular, in 2102, if the CPU 1810 determines that the signal sensor 1814 has received a sync signal, then, in 2104, the CPU determines the type of sync signal received. In an exemplary embodiment, a sync signal that includes 3 pulses indicates that the left shutter 1802 should be closed and the right shutter 1804 should be opened while a sync signal that includes 2 pulses indicates that the left shutter should be opened and the right shutter should be closed. More generally, any number of different pulses may used to control the opening and closing of the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804.

[00169] If, in 2104, the CPU 1810 determines that sync signal received indicates that the left shutter 1802 should be closed and the right shutter 1804 should be opened, then the CPU transmits control signals A, B, C, D and E to the left and right shutter controllers, 1806 and 1808, in 2106, to apply a high voltage to the left shutter 1802 and no voltage followed by a small catch voltage to the right shutter 1804. In an exemplary embodiment, the magnitude of the high voltage applied to the left shutter 1802 in 2106 is 15 volts. In an exemplary embodiment, the magnitude of the catch voltage applied to the right shutter 1804 in 2106 is 2 volts. In an exemplary embodiment, the catch voltage is applied to the right shutter 1804 in 2106 by controlling the operational state of the control signal D, which can be either low, high or open, to be open thereby enabling the operation of the voltage divider components R8 and R10, and maintaining the control signal E at a high state. In an exemplary embodiment, the application of the catch voltage in 2106 to the right shutter 1804 is delayed by a predetermined time period to allow faster rotation of the molecules within the liquid crystals of the right shutter during the predetermined time period. The subsequent application of the catch voltage, after the expiration of the predetermined time period, then prevents the molecules within the liquid crystals in the right shutter 1804 from rotating too far during the opening of the right shutter.

[00170] Alternatively, if, in 2104, the CPU 1820 determines that sync signal received indicates that the left shutter 1802 should be opened and the right shutter 1804 should be closed, then the CPU transmits control signals A, B, C, D and E to the left and right shutter controllers, 1806 and 1808, in 2108, to apply a high voltage to the right shutter 1804 and no voltage followed by a small catch voltage to the left shutter 1802. In an exemplary embodiment, the magnitude of the high voltage applied to the right shutter 1804 in 2108 is 15 volts. In an exemplary embodiment, the magnitude of the catch voltage applied to the left shutter 1802 in 2108 is 2 volts. In an exemplary embodiment, the catch voltage is applied to the left shutter 1802 in 2108 by controlling the control signal D to be open thereby enabling the operation of the voltage divider components R8 and R10, and maintaining the control signal E at a high level. In an exemplary embodiment, the application of the catch voltage in 2108 to the left shutter 1802 is delayed by a predetermined time period to allow faster rotation of the molecules within the liquid crystals of the left shutter during the predetermined time period. The subsequent application of the catch voltage, after the expiration of the predetermined time period, then prevents the molecules within the liquid crystals in the left shutter 1802 from rotating too far during the opening of the left shutter.

[00171] In an exemplary embodiment, during the method 2100, the voltages applied to the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, are alternately positive and negative in subsequent repetitions of the steps 2106 and 2108 in order to prevent damage to the liquid crystal cells of the left and right shutters. [00172] Thus, the method 2100 provides a NORMAL or RUN MODE of operation for the 3D glasses 1800.

[00173] Referring now to Figs. 23 and 24, in an exemplary embodiment, during operation of the 3D glasses 1800, the 3D glasses implement a warm up method 2300 of operation in which the control signals A, B, C, D and E generated by the CPU 1810 are used to control the operation of the left and right shutter controllers, 1806 and 1808, to in turn control the operation of the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804.

[00174] In 2302, the CPU 1810 of the 3D glasses checks for a power on of the 3D glasses. In an exemplary embodiment, the 3D glasses 1810 may be powered on either by a user activating a power on switch or by an automatic wakeup sequence. In the event of a power on of the 3D glasses 1810, the shutters, 1802 and 1804, of the 3D glasses may, for example, require a warm-up sequence. The liquid crystal cells of the shutters, 1802 and 1804, that do not have power for a period of time may be in an indefinite state.

[00175] If the CPU 1810 of the 3D glasses 1800 detects a power on of the 3D glasses in 2302, then the CPU applies alternating voltage signals, 2304a and 2304b, to the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, respectively, in 2304. In an exemplary embodiment, the voltage applied to the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, is alternated between positive and negative peak values to avoid ionization problems in the liquid crystal cells of the shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, the voltage signals, 2304a and 2304b, may be at least partially out of phase with one another. In an exemplary embodiment, one or both of the voltage signals, 2304a and 2304b, may be alternated between a zero voltage and a peak voltage. In an exemplary embodiment, other forms of voltage signals may be applied to the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, such that the liquid crystal cells of the shutters are placed in a definite operational state. In an exemplary embodiment, the application of the voltage signals, 2304a and 2304b, to the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, causes the shutters to open and close, either at the same time or at different times. Alternatively, the application of the voltage signals, 2304a and 2304b, to the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, may causes the shutters to remain closed. [00176] During the application of the voltage signals, 2304a and 2304b, to the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, the CPU 1810 checks for a warm up time out in 2306. If the CPU 1810 detects a warm up time out in 2306, then the CPU will stop the application of the voltage signals, 2304a and 2304b, to the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, in 2308.

[00177] In an exemplary embodiment, in 2304 and 2306, the CPU 1810 applies the voltage signals, 2304a and 2304b, to the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, for a period of time sufficient to actuate the liquid crystal cells of the shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the CPU 1810 applies the voltage signals, 2304a and 2304b, to the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, for a period of two seconds. In an exemplary embodiment, the maximum magnitude of the voltage signals, 2304a and 2304b, may be 15 volts. In an exemplary embodiment, the time out period in 2306 may be two seconds. In an exemplary embodiment, the maximum magnitude of the voltage signals, 2304a and 2304b, may be greater or lesser than 15 volts, and the time out period may be longer or shorter. In an exemplary embodiment, during the method 2300, the CPU 1810 may open and close the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, at a different rate than would be used for viewing a movie. In an exemplary embodiment, in 2304, the voltage signals applied to the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, do not alternate and are applied constantly during, the warm up time period and therefore the liquid crystal cells of the shutters may remain opaque for the entire warm up period. In an exemplary embodiment, the warm-up method 2300 may occur with or without the presence of a synchronization signal. Thus, the method 2300 provides a WARM UP mode of the operation for the 3D glasses 1800. In an exemplary embodiment, after implementing the warm up method 2300, the 3D glasses 1800 are placed in a NORMAL or RUN MODE of operation and may then implement the method 2100. Alternatively, in an exemplary embodiment, after implementing the warm up method 2300, the 3D glasses 1800 are placed in a CLEAR MODE of operation and may then implement the method 2500 described below.

[00178] Referring now to Figs. 25 and 26, in an exemplary embodiment, during the operation of the 3D glasses 1800, the 3D glasses implement a method 2500 of operation in which the control signals A, B, C, D and E generated by the CPU 1810 are used to control the operation of the left and right shutter controllers, 1806 and 1808, to in turn control the operation of the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, as a function of the sync signal received by the signal sensor 1814.

[00179] In 2502, the CPU 1810 checks to see if the sync signal detected by the signal sensor 1814 is valid or invalid. If the CPU 1810 determines that the sync signal is invalid in 2502, then the CPU applies voltage signals, 2504a and 2504b, to the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, of the 3D glasses 1800 in 2504. In an exemplary embodiment, the voltage applied, 2504a and 2504b, to the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, is alternated between positive and negative peak values to avoid ionization problems in the liquid crystal cells of the shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, one or both of the voltage signals, 2504a and 2504b, may be alternated between a zero voltage and a peak voltage. In an exemplary embodiment, other forms of voltage signals may be applied to the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, such that the liquid crystal cells of the shutters remain open so that the user of the 3D glasses 1800 can see normally through the shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the application of the voltage signals, 2504a and 2504b, to the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, causes the shutters to open.

[00180] During the application of the voltage signals, 2504a and 2504b, to the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, the CPU 1810 checks for a clearing time out in 2506. If the CPU 1810 detects a clearing time out in 2506, then the CPU 1810 will stop the application of the voltage signals, 2504a and 2504b, to the shutters, 1802 and 1804, in 2508.

[00181] Thus, in an exemplary embodiment, if the 3D glasses 1800 do not detect a valid synchronization signal, they may go to a clear mode of operation and implement the method 2500. In the clear mode of operation, in an exemplary embodiment, both shutters, 1802 and 1804, of the 3D glasses 1800 remain open so that the viewer can see normally through the shutters of the 3D glasses. In an exemplary embodiment, a constant voltage is applied, alternating positive and negative, to maintain the liquid crystal cells of the shutters, 1802 and 1804, of the 3D glasses 1800 in a clear state. The constant voltage could, for example, be in the range of 2-3 volts, but the constant voltage could be any other voltage suitable to maintain reasonably clear shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the shutters, 1802 and 1804, of the 3D glasses 1800 may remain clear until the 3D glasses are able to validate an encryption signal and/or until a clearing mode time out. In an exemplary embodiment, the shutters, 1802 and 1804, of the 3D glasses 1800 may remain clear until the 3D glasses are able to validate an encryption signal and then may implement the method 2100 and/or if a time out occurs in 2506, then may implement the method 900. In an exemplary embodiment, the shutters, 1802 and 1804, of the 3D glasses 1800 may alternately open and close at a rate that allows the user of the 3D glasses to see normally.

[00182] Thus, the method 2500 provides a method of clearing the operation of the 3D glasses 1800 and thereby provide a CLEAR MODE of operation.

[00183] Referring now to Figs. 27 and 28, in an exemplary embodiment, during the operation of the 3D glasses 1800, the 3D glasses implement a method 2700 of monitoring the battery 120 in which the control signals A, B, C, D and E generated by the CPU 1810 are used to control the operation of the left and right shutter controllers, 1806 and 1808, to in turn control the operation of the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, as a function of the condition of the battery 120 as detected by battery sensor 1812.

[00184] In 2702, the CPU 1810 of the 3D glasses uses the battery sensor 1812 to determine the remaining useful life of the battery 120. If the CPU 1810 of the 3D glasses 1800 determines that the remaining useful life of the battery 120 is not adequate in 2702, then the CPU provides an indication of a low battery life condition in 2704.

[00185] In an exemplary embodiment, an inadequate remaining battery life may, for example, be any period less than 3 hours. In an exemplary embodiment, an adequate remaining battery life may be preset by the manufacturer of the 3D glasses 1800 and/or programmed by the user of the 3D glasses.

[00186] In an exemplary embodiment, in 2704, the CPU 1810 of the 3D glasses 1800 will indicate a low battery life condition by causing the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, of the 3D glasses to blink slowly, by causing the shutters to simultaneously blink at a moderate rate that is visible to the user of the 3D glasses, by flashing an indicator light, by generating an audible sound, and the like. [00187] In an exemplary embodiment, if the CPU 1810 of the 3D glasses 1800 detects that the remaining battery life is insufficient to last for a specified period of time, then the CPU of the 3D glasses will indicate a low battery condition in 2704 and then prevent the user from turning on the 3D glasses.

[00188] In an exemplary embodiment, the CPU 1810 of the 3D glasses 1800 determines whether or not the remaining battery life is adequate every time the 3D glasses transition to the OFF MODE and/or to the CLEAR MODE of operation.

[00189] In an exemplary embodiment, if the CPU 1810 of the 3D glasses 1800 determines that the battery will last for at least the predetermined adequate amount of time, then the 3D glasses will continue to operate normally. Operating normally may, for example, include staying in the CLEAR MODE of operation for five minutes while checking for a signal from the signal transmitter 110 and then going to the OFF MODE or to a turn-on mode wherein the 3D glasses 1800 periodically wake up to check for a signal from the signal transmitter.

[00190] In an exemplary embodiment, the CPU 1810 of the 3D glasses 1800 checks for a low battery condition just before shutting off the 3D glasses. In an exemplary embodiment, if the battery 120 will not last for the predetermined adequate remaining life time, then the shutters, 1802 and 1804, will begin blinking slowly.

[00191] In an exemplary embodiment, if the battery 120 will not last for the predetermined adequate remaining life time, the shutters, 1802 and/or 1804, are placed into an opaque condition, i.e., the liquid crystal cells are closed, for two seconds and then placed into a clear condition, i.e., the liquid crystal cells are opened, for 1/10th of a second. The time period that the shutters, 1802 and/or 1804, are closed and opened may be any time period. In an exemplary embodiment, the blinking of the shutters, 1802 and 1804, is synchronized with providing power to the signal sensor 1814 to permit the signal sensor to check for a signal from the signal transmitter 110.

[00192] In an exemplary embodiment, the 3D glasses 1800 may check for a low battery condition at any time including during warm up, during normal operation, during clear mode, during power off mode, or at the transition between any conditions. In an exemplary embodiment, if a low battery life condition is detected at a time when the viewer is likely to be in the middle of a movie, the 3D glasses 1800 may not immediately indicate the low battery condition.

[00193] In some embodiments, if the CPU 1810 of the 3D glasses 1800 detects a low battery level, the user will not be able to power the 3D glasses on.

[00194] Referring now to Fig. 29, in an exemplary embodiment, during the operation of the 3D glasses 1800, the 3D glasses implement a method for shutting down the 3D glasses in which the control signals A, B, C, D and E generated by the CPU 1810 are used to control the operation of the left and right shutter controllers, 1806 and 1808, to in turn control the operation of the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, as a function of the condition of the battery 120 as detected by the battery sensor 1812. In particular, if the user of 3D glasses 1800 selects shutting down the 3D glasses or the CPU 1810 selects shutting down the 3D glasses, then the voltage applied to the left and right shutters, 1802 and 1804, of the 3D glasses are both set to zero.

[00195] Referring to Figs. 30, 30a, 30b and 30c, an exemplary embodiment of 3D glasses 3000 is provided that is substantially identical in design and operation as the 3D glasses 104 illustrated and described above except as noted below. The 3D glasses 3000 include a left shutter 3002, a right shutter 3004, a left shutter controller 3006, a right shutter controller 3008, common shutter controller 3010, a CPU 3012, a signal sensor 3014, a charge pump 3016, and a voltage supply 3018. In an exemplary embodiment, the design and operation of the left shutter 3002, the right shutter 3004, the left shutter controller 3006, the right shutter controller 3008, the CPU 3012, the signal sensor 3014, and the charge pump 3016 of the 3D glasses 3000 are substantially identical to the left shutter 106, the right shutter 108, the left shutter controller 116, the right shutter controller 118, the CPU 114, the signal sensor 112, and the charge pump 1700 of the 3D glasses 104 described and illustrated above, except as described below and illustrated herein.

[00196] In an exemplary embodiment, the 3D glasses 3000 include the following components: NAME VALUE/ID

R13 10K

D5 BAS7004

R12 100K

D3 BP104F

R10 2.2M

U5-1 MIC863

R3 10K

R7 10K

R8 10K

R5 1 M

C7 .001uF

R9 47K

R11 1M

C1 .1uF

C9 .1uF

D1 BAS7004

R2 330K

U5-2 MIC863

U3 MIC7211

U2 PIC16F636

C3 .1uF

C12 47uF

C2 .1uF

LCD1 LEFT SHUTTER

C14 .1uF

LCD2 RIGHT SHUTTER

U1 4053

U6 4053

C4 .1uF

U4 4053

R14 10K

R15 100K

Q1 NDS0610

L1 1 mh

D6 BAS7004

D7 MAZ31200

C13 1uF

C5 1 uF

Q2

R16 1M

R1 1M

BT1 3V Li [00197] In an exemplary embodiment, the left shutter controller 3006 includes a digitally controlled analog switch U1 that, under the control of the common controller 3010, that includes a digitally controlled analog switch U4, and the CPU 3012, depending upon the mode of operation, applies a voltage across the left shutter 3002 for controlling the operation of the left shutter. In similar fashion, the right shutter controller 3008 includes a digitally controller analog switch U6 that, under the control of the common controller 3010 and the CPU 3012, depending upon the mode of operation, applies a voltage across the right shutter 3004 for controlling the operation of the right shutter 3004. In an exemplary embodiment, U1 , U4 and U6 are conventional commercially available digitally controlled analog switches available from Unisonic Technologies as part number UTC 4053.

[00198] As will be recognized by persons having ordinary skill in the art, the UTC 4053 digitally controlled analog switch includes control input signals A, B, C and INHIBIT ("INH"), switch I/O signals X0, X1 , Y0, Y1 , Z0 and Z1 , and output signals X, Y and Z, and further provides the following truth table:

TRUTH TABLE

Control Inputs

ON Switches

Select

Inhibit

C B A UTC 4053

0 0 0 0 ZO Y0 XO

0 0 0 1 ZO YO X1

0 0 1 0 ZO Y1 XO

0 0 1 1 ZO Y1 X1

0 1 0 0 Z1 YO XO

0 1 0 1 Z1 YO X1

0 1 1 0 Z1 Y1 XO

0 1 1 1 Z1 Y1 X1

1 X x X None

x = Don't Care

And, as illustrated in Fig. 31 , the UTC 4053 digitally controlled analog switch also provides a functional diagram 3100. Thus, the UTC 4053 provides a digitally controlled analog switch, each having three independent switches, that permits the left and right shutter controllers, 3006 and 3008, and the common shutter controller 3010, under the control of the CPU 3012, to selectively apply a controlled voltage across the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, to control the operation of the shutters.

[00199] In an exemplary embodiment, the CPU 3012 includes a microcontroller U2 for generating output signals A, B, C, D, E, F and G for controlling the operation of the digitally controlled analog switches, U1 , U6 and U4, of the left and right shutter controllers, 3006 and 3008, and the common shutter controller 3010.

[00200] The output control signals A, B, C, D, E, F and G of the microcontroller U2 provide the following input control signals A, B, C and INH to each of the digitally controlled analog switches, U1 , U6 and U4:

Figure imgf000044_0001

[00201] In an exemplary embodiment, input control signal INH of U1 is connected to ground and input control signals C and INH of U6 are connected ground. [00202] In an exemplary embodiment, the switch I/O signals XO, X1 , YO, Y1 , ZO and Z1 of the digitally controlled analog switches, U1 , U6 and U4, are provided with the following inputs :

Figure imgf000045_0001

[00203] In an exemplary embodiment, the microcontroller U2 of the CPU 3012 is a model number PIC16F636 programmable microcontroller, commercially available from Microchip. [00204] In an exemplary embodiment, the signal sensor 3014 includes a photodiode D3 for sensing the transmission of the signals, including the sync signal and/or configuration data, by the signal transmitter 110. In an exemplary embodiment, the photodiode D3 is a model BP104FS photodiode, commercially available from Osram. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal sensor 3014 further includes operational amplifiers, U5-1 , U5-2, and U3, and related signal conditioning components, resistors R2, R3, R5, R7, R8, R9, R10, R11 , R12 and R13, capacitors C1 , C7, and C9, and schottky diodes, D1 and D5, that may, for example, condition the signal by preventing clipping of the sensed signal by controlling the gain.

[00205] In an exemplary embodiment, the charge pump 3016 amplifies the magnitude of the output voltage of the battery 120, using a charge pump, from 3V to -12V. In an exemplary embodiment, the charge pump 3016 includes a MOSFET Q1 , a schottky diode D6, an inductor L1 , and a zener diode D7. In an exemplary embodiment, the output signal of the charge pump 3016 is provided as input signals to switch I/O signals X1 and Y1 of the digitally controlled analog switch U4 of the common shutter controller 3010 and as input voltage VEE to the digitally controlled analog switches U1 , U6, and U4 of the left shutter controller 3006, the right shutter controller 3008, and the common shutter controller 3010.

[00206] In an exemplary embodiment, the voltage supply 3018 includes a transistor Q2, a capacitor C5, and resistors R1 and R16. In an exemplary embodiment, the voltage supply 3018 provides 1V signal as an input signal to switch I/O signal Z1 of the digitally controlled analog switch U4 of the common shutter controller 3010. In an exemplary embodiment, the voltage supply 3018 provides a ground lift.

[00207] As illustrated in Fig. 32, in an exemplary embodiment, during operation of the 3D glasses 3000, the digitally controlled analog switches, U1 , U6 and U4, under the control of the control signals A, B, C, D, E, F and G of the CPU 3012, may provide various voltages across one or both of the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004. In particular, the digitally controlled analog switches, U1 , U6 and U4, under the control of the control signals A, B, C, D, E, F and G of the CPU 3012, may provide: 1) a positive or negative 15 volts across one or both of the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, 2) a positive or negative 2 volts across one or both of the left and right shutters, 3) a positive or negative 3 volts across one or both of the left and right shutters, and 4) provide 0 volts, i.e., a neutral state, across one or both of the left and right shutters.

[00208] In an exemplary embodiment, as illustrated in Fig. 32, the control signal A controls the operation of left shutter 3002 and the control signal B controls the operation of the right shutter 3004 by controlling the operation of the switches within the digitally controlled analog switches, U1 and U6, respectively, that generate output signals X and Y that are applied across the left and right shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the control inputs A and B of each of the digitally controlled analog switches U1 and U6 are connected together so that switching between two pairs of input signals occurs simultaneously and the selected inputs are forwarded to terminals of the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004. In an exemplary embodiment, control signal A from the CPU 3012 controls the first two switches in the digitally controlled analog switch U1 and control signal B from the CPU controls first two switches in the digitally controlled analog switch U6.

[00209] In an exemplary embodiment, as illustrated in Fig. 32, one of the terminals of each of the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, are always connected to 3V. Thus, in an exemplary embodiment, the digitally controlled analog switches U1 , U6 and U4, under the control of the control signals A, B, C, D, E, F and G of the CPU 3012, are operated to bring either -12V, 3V, 1V or 0V to the other terminals of the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004. As a result, in an exemplary embodiment, the digitally controlled analog switches U1 , U6 and U4, under the control of the control signals A, B, C, D, E, F and G of the CPU 3012, are operated to generate a potential difference of 15V, 0V, 2V or 3V across the terminals of the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004.

[00210] In an exemplary embodiment, the third switch of the digitally controlled analog switch U6 is not used and all of the terminals for the third switch are grounded. In an exemplary embodiment, the third switch of the digitally controlled analog switch U1 is used for power saving.

[00211] In particular, in an exemplary embodiment, as illustrated in Fig. 32, the control signal C controls the operation of the switch within the digitally controlled analog switch U1 that generates the output signal Z. As a result, when the control signal C is a digital high value, the input signal INH for the digitally controlled analog switch U4 is also a digital high value thereby causing all of the output channels of the digitally controlled analog switch U4 to be off. As a result, when the control signal C is a digital high value, the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, are short circuited thereby permitting half of the charge to be transferred between the shutters thereby saving power and prolonging the life of the battery 120.

[00212] In an exemplary embodiment, by using the control signal C to short circuit the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, the high amount of charge collected on one shutter that is in the closed state can be used to partially charge the other shutter just before it goes to the closed state, therefore saving the amount of charge that would otherwise have to be fully provided by the battery 120.

[00213] In an exemplary embodiment, when the control signal C generated by the CPU 3012 is a digital high value, for example, the negatively charged plate, -12V, of the left shutter 3002, then in the closed state and having a 15V potential difference there across, is connected to the more negatively charged plate of the right shutter 3004, then in the open state and still charged to +1V and having a 2V potential difference there across. In an exemplary embodiment, the positively charged plates on both shutters, 3002 and 3004, will be charged to +3V. In an exemplary embodiment, the control signal C generated by the CPU 3012 goes to a digital high value for a short period of time near the end of the closed state of the left shutter 3002 and just before the closed state of the right shutter 3004. When the control signal C generated by the CPU 3012 is a digital high value, the inhibit terminal INH on the digitally controlled analog switch U4 is also a digital high value. As a result, in an exemplary embodiment, all of the output channels, X, Y and Z, from U4 are in the off state. This allows the charge stored across the plates of the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, to be distributed between the shutters so that the potential difference across both of the shutter is approximately 17/2V or 8.5V. Since one terminal of the shutters, 3002 and 3004, is always connected to 3V, the negative terminals of the shutters, 3002 and 3004, are then at -5.5V. In an exemplary embodiment, the control signal C generated by the CPU 3012 then changes to a digital low value and thereby disconnects the negative terminals of the shutters, 3002 and 3004, from one another. Then, in an exemplary embodiment, the closed state for the right shutter 3004 begins and the battery 120 further charges the negative terminal of the right shutter, by operating the digitally controlled analog switch U4, to -12V. As a result, in an exemplary experimental embodiment, a power savings of approximately 40% was achieved during a normal run mode of operation, as described below with reference to the method 3300, of the 3D glasses 3000.

[00214] In an exemplary embodiment, the control signal C generated by the CPU 3012 is provided as a short duration pulse that transitions from high to low when the control signals A or B, generated by the CPU, transition from high to low or low to high, to thereby start the next left shutter open/right shutter closed or right shutter open/left shutter closed.

[00215] Referring now to Figs. 33 and 34, in an exemplary embodiment, during the operation of the 3D glasses 3000, the 3D glasses execute a normal run mode of operation 3300 in which the control signals A, B, C, D, E, F and G generated by the CPU 3012 are used to control the operation of the left and right shutter controllers, 3006 and 3008, and central shutter controller 3010, to in turn control the operation of the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, as a function of the type of sync signal detected by the signal sensor 3014.

[00216] In particular, in 3302, if the CPU 3012 determines that the signal sensor 3014 has received a sync signal, then, in 3304, control signals A, B, C, D, E, F and G generated by the CPU 3012 are used to control the operation of the left and right shutter controllers, 3006 and 3008, and central shutter controller 3010, to transfer charge between the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, as described above with reference to Fig. 32.

[00217] In an exemplary embodiment, in 3304, the control signal C generated by the CPU 3012 is set to a high digital value for approximately 0.2 milliseconds to thereby short circuit the terminals of the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, and thus transfer charge between the left and right shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, in 3304, the control signal C generated by the CPU 3012 is set to a high digital value for approximately 0.2 milliseconds to thereby short circuit the more negatively charged terminals of the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, and thus transfer charge between the left and right shutters. Thus, the control signal C is provided as a short duration pulse that transitions from high to low when, or before, the control signals A or B transition from high to low or from low to high. As a result, power savings is provided during the operation of the 3D glasses 3000 during the cycle of alternating between open left/closed right and closed left/opened right shutters.

[00218] The CPU 3012 then determines the type of sync signal received in 3306. In an exemplary embodiment, a sync signal that includes 2 pulses indicates that the left shutter 3002 should be opened and the right shutter 3004 should be closed while a sync signal that includes 3 pulses indicates that the right shutter should be opened and the left shutter should be closed. In an exemplary embodiment, other different numbers and formats of sync signals may be used to control the alternating opening and closing of the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004.

[00219] If, in 3306, the CPU 3012 determines that sync signal received indicates that the left shutter 3002 should be opened and the right shutter 3004 should be closed, then the CPU transmits control signals A, B, C, D, E, F and G to the left and right shutter controllers, 3006 and 3008, and the common shutter controller 3010, in 3308, to apply a high voltage across the right shutter 3004 and no voltage followed by a small catch voltage to the left shutter 3002. In an exemplary embodiment, the magnitude of the high voltage applied across the right shutter 3004 in 3308 is 15 volts. In an exemplary embodiment, the magnitude of the catch voltage applied to the left shutter 3002 in 3308 is 2 volts. In an exemplary embodiment, the catch voltage is applied to the left shutter 3002 in 3308 by controlling the operational state of the control signal D to be low and the operational state of the control signal F, which may be either be low or high, to be high. In an exemplary embodiment, the application of the catch voltage in 3308 to the left shutter 3002 is delayed by a predetermined time period to allow faster rotation of the molecules within the liquid crystal of the left shutter. The subsequent application of the catch voltage, after the expiration of the predetermined time period, prevents the molecules within the liquid crystals in the left shutter 3002 from rotating too far during the opening of the left shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, the application of the catch voltage in 3308 to the left shutter 3002 is delayed by about 1 millisecond. [00220] Alternatively, if, in 3306, the CPU 3012 determines that sync signal received indicates that the left shutter 3002 should be closed and the right shutter 3004 should be opened, then the CPU transmits control signals A, B, C, D, E, F and G to the left and right shutter controllers, 3006 and 3008, and the common shutter controller 3010, in 3310, to apply a high voltage across the left shutter 3002 and no voltage followed by a small catch voltage to the right shutter 3004. In an exemplary embodiment, the magnitude of the high voltage applied across the left shutter 3002 in 3310 is 15 volts. In an exemplary embodiment, the magnitude of the catch voltage applied to the right shutter 3004 in 3310 is 2 volts. In an exemplary embodiment, the catch voltage is applied to the right shutter 3004 in 3310 by controlling the control signal F to be high and the control signal G to be low. In an exemplary embodiment, the application of the catch voltage in 3310 to the right shutter 3004 is delayed by a predetermined time period to allow faster rotation of the molecules within the liquid crystal of the right shutter. The subsequent application of the catch voltage, after the expiration of the predetermined time period, prevents the molecules within the liquid crystals in the right shutter 3004 from rotating too far during the opening of the right shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, the application of the catch voltage in 3310 to the right shutter 3004 is delayed by about 1 millisecond.

[00221] In an exemplary embodiment, during the method 3300, the voltages applied to the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, are alternately positive and negative in subsequent repetitions of the steps 3308 and 3310 in order to prevent damage to the liquid crystal cells of the left and right shutters.

[00222] Thus, the method 3300 provides a NORMAL or RUN MODE of operation for the 3D glasses 3000.

[00223] Referring now to Figs. 35 and 36, in an exemplary embodiment, during operation of the 3D glasses 3000, the 3D glasses implement a warm up method 3500 of operation in which the control signals A, B, C, D, E, F and G generated by the CPU 3012 are used to control the operation of the left and right shutter controllers, 3006 and 3008, and central shutter controller 3010, to in turn control the operation of the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004. [00224] In 3502, the CPU 3012 of the 3D glasses checks for a power on of the 3D glasses. In an exemplary embodiment, the 3D glasses 3000 may be powered on either by a user activating a power on switch, by an automatic wakeup sequence, and/or by the signal sensor 3014 sensing a valid sync signal. In the event of a power on of the 3D glasses 3000, the shutters, 3002 and 3004, of the 3D glasses may, for example, require a warm-up sequence. The liquid crystal cells of the shutters, 3002 and 3004, that do not have power for a period of time may be in an indefinite state.

[00225] If the CPU 3012 of the 3D glasses 3000 detects a power on of the 3D glasses in 3502, then the CPU applies alternating voltage signals to the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, respectively, in 3504. In an exemplary embodiment, the voltage applied to the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, is alternated between positive and negative peak values to avoid ionization problems in the liquid crystal cells of the shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, the voltage signals applied to the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, may be at least partially out of phase with one another. In an exemplary embodiment, one or both of the voltage signals applied to the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, may be alternated between a zero voltage and a peak voltage. In an exemplary embodiment, other forms of voltage signals may be applied to the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, such that the liquid crystal cells of the shutters are placed in a definite operational state. In an exemplary embodiment, the application of the voltage signals to the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, causes the shutters to open and close, either at the same time or at different times.

[00226] During the application of the voltage signals to the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, the CPU 3012 checks for a warm up time out in 3506. If the CPU 3012 detects a warm up time out in 3506, then the CPU will stop the application of the voltage signals to the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, in 3508.

[00227] In an exemplary embodiment, in 3504 and 3506, the CPU 3012 applies the voltage signals to the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, for a period of time sufficient to actuate the liquid crystal cells of the shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the CPU 3012 applies the voltage signals to the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, for a period of two seconds. In an exemplary embodiment, the maximum magnitude of the voltage signals applied to the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, may be 15 volts. In an exemplary embodiment, the time out period in 3506 may be two seconds. In an exemplary embodiment, the maximum magnitude of the voltage signals applied to the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, may be greater or lesser than 15 volts, and the time out period may be longer or shorter. In an exemplary embodiment, during the method 3500, the CPU 3012 may open and close the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, at a different rate than would be used for viewing a movie. In an exemplary embodiment, in 3504, the voltage signals applied to the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, do not alternate and are applied constantly during the warm up time period and therefore the liquid crystal cells of the shutters may remain opaque for the entire warm up period. In an exemplary embodiment, the warm-up method 3500 may occur with or without the presence of a synchronization signal. Thus, the method 3500 provides a WARM UP mode of the operation for the 3D glasses 3000. In an exemplary embodiment, after implementing the warm up method 3500, the 3D glasses 3000 are placed in a NORMAL MODE, RUN MODE or CLEAR MODE of operation and may then implement the method 3300.

[00228] Referring now to Figs. 37 and 38, in an exemplary embodiment, during the operation of the 3D glasses 3000, the 3D glasses implement a method 3700 of operation in which the control signals A, B, C, D, E, F and G generated by the CPU 3012 are used to control the operation of the left and right shutter controllers, 3006 and 3008, and the common shutter controller 3010, to in turn control the operation of the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, as a function of the sync signal received by the signal sensor 3014.

[00229] In 3702, the CPU 3012 checks to see if the sync signal detected by the signal sensor 3014 is valid or invalid. If the CPU 3012 determines that the sync signal is invalid in 3702, then the CPU applies voltage signals to the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, of the 3D glasses 3000 in 3704. In an exemplary embodiment, the voltage applied to the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, in 3704, is alternated between positive and negative peak values to avoid ionization problems in the liquid crystal cells of the shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, the voltage applied to the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, in 3704, is alternated between positive and negative peak values to provide a square wave signal having a frequency of 60 Hz. In an exemplary embodiment, the square wave signal alternates between +3V and -3V. In an exemplary embodiment, one or both of the voltage signals applied to the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, in 3704, may be alternated between a zero voltage and a peak voltage. In an exemplary embodiment, other forms, including other frequencies, of voltage signals may be applied to the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, in 3704, such that the liquid crystal cells of the shutters remain open so that the user of the 3D glasses 3000 can see normally through the shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the application of the voltage signals to the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, in 3704, causes the shutters to open.

[00230] During the application of the voltage signals to the left and right shutters, 3002 and 3004, in 3704, the CPU 3012 checks for a clearing time out in 3706. If the CPU 3012 detects a clearing time out in 3706, then the CPU 3012 will stop the application of the voltage signals to the shutters, 3002 and 3004, in 3708, which may then place the 3D glasses 3000 into an OFF MODE of operation. In an exemplary embodiment, the duration of the clearing time out may, for example, be up to about 4 hours in length.

[00231] Thus, in an exemplary embodiment, if the 3D glasses 3000 do not detect a valid synchronization signal, they may go to a clear mode of operation and implement the method 3700. In the clear mode of operation, in an exemplary embodiment, both shutters, 3002 and 3004, of the 3D glasses 3000 remain open so that the viewer can see normally through the shutters of the 3D glasses. In an exemplary embodiment, a constant voltage is applied, alternating positive and negative, to maintain the liquid crystal cells of the shutters, 3002 and 3004, of the 3D glasses 3000 in a clear state. The constant voltage could, for example, be 2 volts, but the constant voltage could be any other voltage suitable to maintain reasonably clear shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the shutters, 3002 and 3004, of the 3D glasses 3000 may remain clear until the 3D glasses are able to validate an encryption signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the shutters, 3002 and 3004, of the 3D glasses 3000 may alternately open and close at a rate that allows the user of the 3D glasses to see normally. [00232] Thus, the method 3700 provides a method of clearing the operation of the 3D glasses 3000 and thereby provide a CLEAR MODE of operation.

[00233] Referring now to Figs. 39 and 41 , in an exemplary embodiment, during the operation of the 3D glasses 3000, the 3D glasses implement a method 3900 of operation in which the control signals A, B, C, D, E, F and G generated by the CPU 3012 are used to transfer charge between the shutters, 3002 and 3004. In 3902, the CPU 3012 determines if a valid synchronization signal has been detected by the signal sensor 3014. If the CPU 3012 determines that a valid synchronization signal has been detected by the signal sensor 3014, then the CPU generates the control signal C in 3904 in the form of a short duration pulse lasting, in an exemplary embodiment, about 200 ps. In an exemplary embodiment, during the method 3900, the transfer of charge between the shutters, 3002 and 3004, occurs during the short duration pulse of the control signal C, substantially as described above with reference to Figs. 33 and 34.

[00234] In 3906, the CPU 3012 determines if the control signal C has transitioned from high to low. If the CPU 3012 determines that the control signal C has transitioned from high to low, then the CPU changes the state of the control signals A or B in 3908 and then the 3D glasses 3000 may continue with normal operation of the 3D glasses, for example, as described and illustrated above with reference to Figs. 33 and 34.

[00235] Referring now to Figs. 30a, 40 and 41 , in an exemplary embodiment, during the operation of the 3D glasses 3000, the 3D glasses implement a method 4000 of operation in which the control signals RC4 and RC5 generated by the CPU 3012 are used to operate the charge pump 3016 during the normal or warm up modes of operation of the 3D glasses 3000, as described and illustrated above with reference to Figs. 32, 33, 34, 35 and 36. In 4002, the CPU 3012 determines if a valid synchronization signal has been detected by the signal sensor 3014. If the CPU 3012 determines that a valid synchronization signal has been detected by the signal sensor 3014, then the CPU generates the control signal RC4 in 4004 in the form of a series of short duration pulses. [00236] In an exemplary embodiment, the pulses of the control signal RC4 control the operation of the transistor Q1 to thereby transfer charge to the capacitor C13 until the potential across the capacitor reaches a predetermined level. In particular, when the control signal RC4 switches to a low value, the transistor Q1 connects the inductor L1 to the battery 120. As a result, the inductor L1 stores energy from the battery 120. Then, when the control signal RC4 switches to a high value, the energy that was stored in the inductor L1 is transferred to the capacitor C13. Thus, the pulses of the control signal RC4 continually transfer charge to the capacitor C13 until the potential across the capacitor C13 reaches a predetermined level. In an exemplary embodiment, the control signal RC4 continues until the potential across the capacitor C13 reaches -12V.

[00237] In an exemplary embodiment, in 4006, the CPU 3012 generates a control signal RC5. As a result, an input signal RA3 is provided having a magnitude that decreases as the potential across the capacitor C13 increases. In particular, when the potential across the capacitor C13 approaches the predetermined value, the zener diode D7 starts to conduct current thereby reducing the magnitude of the input control signal RA3. In 4008, the CPU 3012 determines if the magnitude of the input control signal RA3 is less than a predetermined value. If the CPU 3012 determines that the magnitude of the input control signal RA3 is less than the predetermined value, then, in 4010, the CPU stops generating the control signals RC4 and RC5. As a result, the transfer of charge to the capacitor C13 stops.

[00238] In an exemplary embodiment, the method 4000 may be implemented after the method 3900 during operation of the 3D glasses 3000.

[00239] Referring now to Figs. 30a, 42 and 43, in an exemplary embodiment, during the operation of the 3D glasses 3000, the 3D glasses implement a method 4200 of operation in which the control signals A, B, C, D, E, F, G, RA4, RC4 and RC5 generated by the CPU 3012 are used to determine the operating status of the battery 120 when the 3D glasses 3000 have been switched to an off condition. In 4202, the CPU 3012 determines if the 3D glasses 3000 are off or on. If the CPU 3012 determines that the 3D glasses 3000 are off, then the CPU determines, in 4204, if a predetermined timeout period has elapsed in 4204. In an exemplary embodiment, the timeout period is 2 seconds in length. [00240] If the CPU 3012 determines that the predetermined timeout period has elapsed, then the CPU determines, in 4206, if the number of synchronization pulses detected by the signal sensor 3014 within a predetermined prior time period exceeds a predetermined value. In an exemplary embodiment, in 4206, predetermined prior time period is a time period that has elapsed since the most recent replacement of the battery 120.

[00241] If the CPU 3012 determines that the number of synchronization pulses detected by the signal sensor 3014 within a predetermined prior time period does exceed a predetermined value, then the CPU, in 4208, generates control signal E as a short duration pulse, in 4210, provides the control signal RA4 as a short duration pulse to the signal sensor 3014, and, in 4212, toggles the operational state of the control signals A and B, respectively. In an exemplary embodiment, if the number of synchronization pulses detected by the signal sensor 3014 within a predetermined prior time period does exceed a predetermined value, then this may indicate that the remaining power in the battery 120 is low.

[00242] Alternatively, if the CPU 3012 determines that the number of synchronization pulses detected by the signal sensor 3014 within a predetermined prior time period does not exceed a predetermined value, then the CPU, in 4210, provides the control signal RA4 as a short duration pulse to the signal sensor 3014, and, in 4212, toggles the operational state of the control signals A and B, respectively. In an exemplary embodiment, if the number of synchronization pulses detected by the signal sensor 3014 within a predetermined prior time period does not exceed a predetermined value, then this may indicate that the remaining power in the battery 120 is not low.

[00243] In an exemplary embodiment, the combination of the control signals A and B toggling and the short duration pulse of the control signal E, in 4208 and 4212, causes the shutters, 3002 and 3004, of the 3D glasses 3000 to be closed, except during the short duration pulse of the control signal E. As a result, in an exemplary embodiment, the shutters, 3002 and 3004, provide a visual indication to the user of the 3D glasses 3000 that the power remaining within the battery 120 is low by flashing the shutters of the 3D glasses open for a short period of time. In an exemplary embodiment, providing the control signal RA4 as a short duration pulse to the signal sensor 3014, in 4210, permits the signal sensor to search for and detect synchronization signals during the duration of the pulse provided.

[00244] In an exemplary embodiment, the toggling of the control signals A and B, without also providing the short duration pulse of the control signal E, causes the shutters, 3002 and 3004, of the 3D glasses 3000 to remain closed. As a result, in an exemplary embodiment, the shutters, 3002 and 3004, provide a visual indication to the user of the 3D glasses 3000 that the power remaining within the battery 120 is not low by not flashing the shutters of the 3D glasses open for a short period of time.

[00245] In embodiments that lack a chronological clock, time may be measured in terms of sync pulses. The CPU 3012 may determine time remaining in the battery 120 as a factor of the number of sync pulses for which the battery may continue to operate and then provide a visual indication to the user of the 3D glasses 3000 by flashing the shutters, 3002 and 3004, open and closed.

[00246] Referring now to Figures 44-55, in an exemplary embodiment, one or more of the 3D glasses 104, 1800 and 3000 include a frame front 4402, a bridge 4404, right temple 4406, and a left temple 4408. In an exemplary embodiment, the frame front 4402 houses the control circuitry and power supply for one or more of the 3D glasses 104, 1800 and 3000, as described above, and further defines right and left lens openings, 4410 and 4412, for holding the right and left ISS shutters described above. In some embodiments, the frame front 4402 wraps around to form a right wing 4402a and a left wing 4402b. In some embodiments, at least part of the control circuitry for the 3D glasses 104, 1800 and 3000 are housed in either or both wings 4402a and 4402b.

[00247] In an exemplary embodiment, the right and left temples, 4406 and 4408, extend from the frame front 4402 and include ridges, 4406a and 4408a, and each have a serpentine shape with the far ends of the temples being spaced closer together than at their respective connections to the frame front. In this manner, when a user wears the 3D glasses 104, 1800 and 3000, the ends of the temples, 4406 and 4408, hug and are held in place on the user's head. In some embodiments, the spring rate of the temples, 4406 and 4408, is enhanced by the double bend while the spacing and depth of the ridges, 4406a and 4408a, control the spring rate. As shown in Figure 55, some embodiments do not use a double bended shape but, rather, use a simple curved temple 4406 and 4408.

[00248] Referring now to Figures 48-55, in an exemplary embodiment, the control circuitry for one or more of the 3D glasses 104, 1800 and 3000 is housed in the frame front, which includes the right wing 4402a, and the battery is housed in the right wing 4402a. Furthermore, in an exemplary embodiment, access to the battery 120 of the 3D glasses 3000 is provided through an opening, on the interior side of the right wing 4402a, that is sealed off by a cover 4414 that includes an o-ring seal 4416 for mating with and sealingly engaging the right wing 4402a.

[00249] Referring to Figures 49-55, in some embodiments, the battery is located within a battery cover assembly formed by cover 4414 and cover interior 4415. Battery cover 4414 may be attached to battery cover interior 4415 by, for example, ultra-sonic welding. Contacts 4417 may stick out from cover interior 4415 to conduct electricity from the battery 120 to contacts located, for example, inside the right wing 4402a.

[00250] Cover interior 4415 may have circumferentially spaced apart radial keying elements 4418 on an interior portion of the cover. Cover 4414 may have circumferentially spaced apart dimples 4420 positioned on an exterior surface of the cover.

[00251] In an exemplary embodiment, as illustrated in Figures 49-51, the cover 4414 may be manipulated using a key 4422 that includes a plurality of projections 4424 for mating within and engaging the dimples 4420 of the cover. In this manner, the cover 4414 may be rotated relative to the right wing 4402a of the 3D glasses 104, 1800 and 3000 from a closed (or locked) position to an open (or unlocked) position. Thus, the control circuitry and battery of the 3D glasses 104, 1800 and 3000 may be sealed off from the environment by the engagement of the cover 4414 with the right wing 4402a of the 3D glasses 3000 using the key 4422. Referring to Figure 55, in another embodiment, key 4426 may be used.

[00252] Referring now to Fig. 56, an exemplary embodiment of a signal sensor 5600 includes a narrow band pass filter 5602 that is operably coupled to a decoder 5604. The signal sensor 5600 in turn is operably coupled to a CPU 5604. The narrow band pass filter 5602 may be an analog and/or digital band pass filter that may have a pass band suitable for permitting a synchronous serial data signal to pass therethrough while filtering out and removing out of band noise.

[00253] In an exemplary embodiment, the CPU 5604 may, for example, be the CPU 114, the CPU 1810, or the CPU 3012, of the 3D glasses, 104, 1800, or 3000.

[00254] In an exemplary embodiment, during operation, the signal sensor 5600 receives a signal from a signal transmitter 5606. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter 5606 may, for example, be the signal transmitter 110.

[00255] In an exemplary embodiment, the signal 5700 transmitted by the signal transmitter 5606 to the signal sensor 5600 includes one or more data bits 5702 that are each preceded by a clock pulse 5704. In an exemplary embodiment, during operation of the signal sensor 5600, because each bit 5702 of data is preceded by a clock pulse 5704, the decoder 5604 of the signal sensor can readily decode long data bit words. Thus, the signal sensor 5600 is able to readily receive and decode synchronous serial data transmissions from the signal transmitter 5606. By contrast, long data bit words, that are asynchronous data transmissions, are typically difficult to transmit and decode in an efficient and/or error free fashion. Therefore, the signal sensor 5600 provides an improved system for receiving data transmissions. Further, the use of synchronous serial data transmission in the operation of the signal sensor 5600 ensures that long data bit words may be readily decoded.

[00256] Referring to Fig. 58, an exemplary embodiment of a system 5800 for viewing 3D images is substantially identical to the system 100, except as noted below. In an exemplary embodiment, the system 5800 includes a display device 5802, having an internal clock 5802a, that is operably coupled to a signal transmitter 5804.

[00257] In an exemplary embodiment, the display device 5802 may, for example, be a television, movie screen, liquid crystal display, computer monitor, or other display device, adapted to display, for example, left and right images intended for viewing by the left and right eyes, respectively, of a user of the system 5800. In an exemplary embodiment, a signal transmitter 5804 is operably coupled to the display device 5802 that transmits signals to the signal sensor 112 of the 3D glasses 104 for controlling the operation of the 3D glasses. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter 5804 is adapted to transmit signals such as, for example, electromagnetic, infrared, acoustic, and/or radio frequency signals that may or may not be transmitted through an insulated conductor and/or through free space. Furthermore, in an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter 5804 may transmit one or more signals at the same time, which may or may not include the same information.

[00258] Referring to Fig. 59, in an exemplary embodiment, the system 5800 implements a method 5900 of operation in which, in 5902, the system determines if the operation of the 3D glasses 104 with the display device 5802 should be initialized. In an exemplary embodiment, the system 5800 may determine that the operation of the 3D glasses 104 with the display device 5802 should be initialized if, for example, the power supply for either device is cycled from off to on or if the user of the system selects an initialization of operation of the 3D glasses with the display device 5802.

[00259] If the system determines that the operation of the 3D glasses 104 with the display device 5802 should be initialized in 5902, then, in 5904, an information word is transmitted from the display device 5802 using the signal transmitter 5804 and received by the signal sensor 112. In an exemplary embodiment, the information word may include one or more of the following: 1) the type of display device, 2) the operating frequency of the display device, 3) the opening and closing sequence of the left and right shutters, 106 and 108, and 4) the 3D display format that will be used by the display device 5802. In an exemplary embodiment, the information word is then used by the 3D glasses 104 to control the operation of the left and right shutters, 106 and 108, to permit the wearer of the 3D glasses to view 3D images by viewing the display device 5802. In an exemplary embodiment, the information word is also used initially to synchronize the clock 5802a of the display device 5802 with the clock 114a of the CPU 114 of the 3D glasses. In this manner, the opening and closing of the left and right shutters, 106 and 108, may be initially synchronized with the corresponding images intended for viewing through the respective shutters.

[00260] In an exemplary embodiment, the system 5800 then determines if a time out period has expired in 5906. If the time out period has expired, then, in 5908, the transmitter 5804 then transmits a synchronization signal to the signal sensor 112. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a synchronization pulse, a time of transmission of the synchronization signal and a time delay of the transmission of the synchronization signal. In this manner, the synchronization signal is used to resynchronize the clock 5802a of the display device 5802 with the clock 114a of the CPU 114 of the 3D glasses. In this manner, the opening and closing of the left and right shutters, 106 and 108, may be resynchronized with the corresponding images intended for viewing through the respective shutters.

[00261] In an exemplary embodiment, if the time delay of the transmission of the synchronization signal is anything other than a zero value, the non-zero value of the time delay of the transmission of the synchronization signal may then be used by the CPU 114 of the 3D glasses 104 to correctly synchronize the clock 114a of the CPU with the clock 5802a of the display device 5802. In an exemplary embodiment, the time delay of the transmission of the synchronization signal may be a non-zero value if, for example, there was a time delay within the signal transmitter 5804 that affected the time of transmission of the synchronization signal to the signal sensor 112. In this manner, the method 5800 may permit effective synchronization of the clock 114a of the CPU with the clock 5802a of the display device 5802 in a radio frequency communication protocol such as Bluetooth.

[00262] In an exemplary embodiment, the system 5800 and/or method 5900 may include, or omit, one or more aspects of one or more of the exemplary embodiments.

[00263] Referring now to Figs. 60a and 60b, an exemplary embodiment of a system 6000 for viewing 3D images is substantially identical to the system 100, except as noted below. In an exemplary embodiment, the system 6000 includes a display device 6002 that is operably coupled to a signal transmitter 6004.

[00264] In an exemplary embodiment, the display device 6002 may, for example, be a television, movie screen, liquid crystal display, computer monitor, or other display device, adapted to display, for example, left and right images intended for viewing by the left and right eyes, respectively, of a user of the system 6000. In an exemplary embodiment, a signal transmitter 6004 is operably coupled to the display device 6002 that transmits signals to the signal sensor 112 of the 3D glasses 104 for controlling the operation of the 3D glasses. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter 6004 is adapted to transmit signals such as, for example, electromagnetic, infrared, acoustic, and/or radio frequency signals that may or may not be transmitted through an insulated conductor and/or through free space. Furthermore, in an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter 6004 may transmit one or more signals at the same time, which may or may not include the same information.

[00265] In an exemplary embodiment, the 3D glasses 104 may include a memory 6006 operably coupled to the CPU 114 that may include a look up table 6006a that includes identifiers 6006aa for various synchronization protocols and the associated operating rules 6006ab. In this manner, the 3D glasses 104 may use any number of synchronization protocols during operation thereby permitting the 3D glasses to be used with any number of display devices 6002.

[00266] In an exemplary embodiment, referring now to Fig. 61 , during the operation of the system 6000, the system may implement a method 6100 of operating in which the 3D viewing glasses 104 may determine if the 3D display device 6002 is operating in 6102. The 3D viewing glasses 104 may then determine the presence of a synchronization signal from the 3D display device 6002 in 6104. In an exemplary embodiment, in 6104, the 3D glasses may determine the presence or absence of a synchronization signal using the look up table 6006a to determine if a recognizable synchronization signal is being transmitted by the display device 6002. The 3D viewing glasses 104 may then specifically identity the synchronization signal being transmitted by the display device 6002 in 6106. In an exemplary embodiment, in 6106, the 3D glasses may determine the identity of the synchronization signal transmitted by the display device 6002 using the look up table 6006a. The 3D viewing glasses 104 may then, in 6108, operate in synchronization with the display of images on the display device 6002 using the synchronization protocol for the identified synchronization signal. In an exemplary embodiment, in 6108, the 3D glasses may operate in synchronization with the display of images on the display device 6002 using the synchronization protocol by using the look up table 6006a.

[00267] In an exemplary embodiment, as illustrated in Figs. 62a, 62b, 62c and 62d, one or more of the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 of one or more of the systems 100, 5800 and/or 6000 may implement a method 6200 of operation in which, in 6202, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 are placed in a stand-by mode of operation for a predetermined time period. In an exemplary embodiment, the standby mode of operation may be a mode of operation in which the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 wait for a command signal and/or the method 900.

[00268] If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 have been in the stand-by mode of operation for a predetermined time period in 6202, then the 3D glasses determine if an incoming signal has been received by the 3D glasses in 6204. In an exemplary embodiment, in 6204, the incoming signal may, for example, be a radio frequency, acoustic and/or infrared signal, or combination thereof. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 do not receive an incoming signal in 6204, then, in 6206, the 3D glasses determine the power level of the battery 120.

[00269] If the battery power level is determined to be high in 6206, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 return to the stand-by mode of operation in 6202. Alternatively, if the battery power level is determined to be low in 6206, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 are placed into a stand-by mode of operation in which an indication of a low power condition for the battery is provided by the 3D glasses in 6208. In an exemplary embodiment, the operation of the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 in 6206 and 6208 includes one or more of the steps of the methods 1500 and/or 2700.

[00270] If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 have been in the stand-by mode of operation with an indication of a low power condition in 6208 for a predetermined time period, then, in 6210, the 3D glasses determine if an incoming signal has been received by the 3D glasses. In an exemplary embodiment, in 6210, the incoming signal may, for example, be a radio frequency, acoustic and/or infrared signal, or combination thereof. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 do not receive an incoming signal in 6210, then the 3D glasses return to the stand-by mode of operation with an indication of a low power condition in 6208.

[00271] If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 do receive an incoming signal in 6204 or 6210, then the 3D glasses implement a warm up mode of operation in 6212. In an exemplary embodiment, in 6212, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 operate the shutters, 106, 108, 1802, 1804, 3002 and 3004, to ensure proper operation. In an exemplary embodiment, in 6212, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 operate the shutters, 106, 108, 1802, 1804, 3002 and 3004, using one or more aspects of the methods 1100, 2300 and/or 3500. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 implement the warm up mode of operation in 6212 for a predetermined time period, then, in 6214, the 3D glasses determine if a command signal has been received that requests a two-dimensional ("2D") mode of operation or a three- dimensional ("3D") mode of operation.

[00272] If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that a command signal has been received that requests 3D mode of operation in 6214, then the 3D glasses measure and set the frame rate of the 3D glasses in 6216. In an exemplary embodiment, in 6216, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 measure and set the frame rate of the 3D glasses based at least in part on information received within an incoming signal that may be transmitted to the 3D glasses from a display device such as, for example, a movie screen, a computer display, a television, or other display device.

[00273] After determining the frame rate in 6216, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 operate the shutters, 106, 108, 1802, 1804, 3002 and 3004, in 6218 as a function of the frame rate. In an exemplary embodiment, 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 operate the shutters, 106, 108, 1802, 1804, 3002 and 3004, in 6218 using one or more of the methods and teachings of the present disclosure.

[00274] If ½ of a frame has elapsed during the operation of the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 in 6220, then the 3D glasses determine if a synchronization signal has been received in 6222. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that a synchronization signal has been received in 6222, then the 3D glasses operate the operate the shutters, 106, 108, 1802, 1804, 3002 and 3004, in 6218 as a function of the frame rate. Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that a synchronization signal has not been received in 6222, then the 3D glasses determine if a 2D command signal has been received or if a predetermined time period has elapsed since the receipt of a synchronization signal in 6224. [00275] If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that a 2D command signal has not been received and that a predetermined time period has not elapsed since the receipt of a synchronization signal in 6224, then the 3D glasses operate the operate the shutters, 106, 108, 1802, 1804, 3002 and 3004, in 6218 as a function of the frame rate. In this manner, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 may continue to operate even if signals cannot be sent to the 3D glasses such, for example, if the transmitter, 110, 5804, and/or 6004, of the display device malfunctions, is delayed in operation, or is somehow blocked.

[00276] Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that a 2D command signal has been received or a predetermined time period has elapsed since the receipt of a synchronization signal in 6224, or determine that a 2D command signal has been received in 6214, then the 3D glasses are operated in a clear mode of operation in 6226. In an exemplary embodiment, in 6226, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 are operated in a clear mode of operation such that the left and right shutters, 106, 108, 1802, 1804, 3002 and 3004, of the 3D glasses are both optically transparent such that the wearer of the glasses sees a 2D image on a display device. In an exemplary embodiment, in 6226, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 are operated in a clear mode of operation using one or more aspects of the methods 1300, 2500 and/or 3700.

[00277] If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 are operated in a clear mode of operation for a predetermined time period in 6226, then the 3D glasses determine if a synchronization signal has been received in 6228. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that a synchronization signal has been received in 6228, then the 3D glasses measure and set the frame rate of the 3D glasses in 6216. Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that a synchronization signal has not been received in 6228, then the 3D glasses determine if the 3D glasses have operated in the clear mode of operation for a predetermined time period without having received a 2D command signal in 6130.

[00278] If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the 3D glasses have not operated in the clear mode of operation for a predetermined time period without having received a 2D command signal in 6130, then the 3D glasses operate in the clear mode of operation in 6226. Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the 3D glasses have operated in the clear mode of operation for a predetermined time period without having received a 2D command signal in 6130, then the 3D glasses operate in the stand by mode of operation in 6202.

[00279] Referring now to Fig. 63, in an exemplary embodiment, one or more of the shutters, 106, 108, 1802, 1804, 3002 and 3004, of the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 are twisted nematic ("TN") liquid crystals and are operated using a driving signal 6302. As a result, a transparency 6304 of the TN liquid crystal shutters is provided. As illustrated in Fig. 63, in an exemplary experimental embodiment, when in the open position, the transparency of the TN shutter reached a maximum of about 38%.

[00280] Referring now to Figs. 64a, 64b and 64c, in an exemplary embodiment, one or more of the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 of one or more of the systems 100, 5800 and/or 6000 may implement a method 6400 of operation in which, in 6402, the 3D glasses are in a sleep mode of operation. If a timeout occurs in 6404, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 wake up and use a default synchronization protocol in 6406. In an exemplary embodiment, the default synchronization protocol may be stored in the memory of the 3D glasses. In an exemplary embodiment, the default synchronization protocol may be the synchronization protocol last used by the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 and may be stored in the memory of the 3D glasses.

[00281] If a synchronization signal is not received by the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 within a timeout period in 6410, then operation of the 3D glasses continues in 6402. Alternatively, if a synchronization signal is received by the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 within a timeout period in 6410, then the 3D glasses determine if the received synchronization signal matches the default synchronization protocol in 6412.

[00282] If the received synchronization signal matches the default synchronization protocol in 6412, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 increment a CORRECT FLAG1 in 6414 and then determine if the CORRECT FLAG1 is greater than a predetermined value in 6416. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the CORRECT FLAG1 is greater than a predetermined value in 6416, then the 3D glasses are placed into a normal run mode of operation in 6418. In an exemplary embodiment, the run mode entered in 6418 may include one or more aspects of the methods 200, 500, 600, 2100, 3300 and/or 3700. Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the CORRECT FLAG1 is not greater than a predetermined value in 6416, then the 3D glasses return to operation in 6410.

[00283] Alternatively, if the received synchronization signal does not match the default synchronization protocol in 6412, then the received synchronization signal is compared with the possible synchronization protocols stored within a memory of the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 in 6420. If the received synchronization signal does match one of the possible synchronization protocols in 6422, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 increment a CORRECT FLAG2 in 6424 and then determine if the CORRECT FLAG2 is greater than a predetermined value in 6426. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the CORRECT FLAG2 is greater than a predetermined value in 6426, then the 3D glasses are placed into a normal run mode of operation in 6428. In an exemplary embodiment, the run mode entered in 6428 may include one or more aspects of the methods 200, 500, 600, 2100, 3300 and/or 3700. Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the CORRECT FLAG2 is not greater than a predetermined value in 6426, then the 3D glasses return to operation in 6410.

[00284] Alternatively, if the received synchronization signal does not match one of the possible synchronization protocols in 6422, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 increment an ERROR FLAG in 6430 and then determine if the ERROR FLAG is greater than a predetermined value in 6432. If the ERROR FLAG is greater than a predetermined value in 6432, then the 3D glasses return to operation in 6402. Alternatively, if the ERROR FLAG is not greater than a predetermined value in 6432, then the 3D glasses return to operation in 6410.

[00285] Referring now to Figs. 65a and 65b, in an exemplary embodiment, one or more of the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 of one or more of the systems 100, 5800 and/or 6000 may implement a method 6500 of operation in which, in 6502, the 3D glasses are in a sleep mode of operation. If a timeout occurs in 6504, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 wake up and set a COUNT and a PULSE COUNT both equal to zero in 6506 and 6508, respectively, and then determine if a synchronization signal pulse was received within a timeout period in 6510.

[00286] If a synchronization signal pulse was received within a timeout period in 6510, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 will increment the PULSE COUNT in 6512. Alternatively, if a synchronization signal pulse was not received within a timeout period in 6510, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 will store the PULSE COUNT corresponding to the COUNT in a memory of the 3D glasses in 6514.

[00287] The 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 will then increment the COUNT in 6516 and then determine if the COUNT is greater than a predetermined constant value in 6518. If the COUNT is not greater than a predetermined constant value in 6518, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 will continue operation in 6508.

[00288] Alternatively, if the COUNT is greater than a predetermined constant value in 6518, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 will determine if all of the stored PULSE COUNT values are equal in 6520. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that all of the stored PULSE COUNT values are not equal in 6520, then the 3D glasses will continue operation in 6502.

[00289] Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that all of the stored PULSE COUNT values are equal in 6520, then the 3D glasses will determine if the stored PULSE COUNT values are all equal to zero in 6522. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the stored PULSE COUNT values are all equal to zero in 6522, then the 3D glasses will select the synchronization protocol for use based upon one or more other parameters in 6524 and will then be placed in a RUN MODE in 6526. In an exemplary embodiment, the run mode entered in 6526 may include one or more aspects of the methods 200, 500, 600, 2100, 3300 and/or 3700.

[00290] Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the stored PULSE COUNT values are not all equal to zero in 6522, then the 3D glasses will select the synchronization protocol for use based upon the average stored PULSE COUNT in 6528 and will then be placed in a RUN MODE in 6530. In an exemplary embodiment, the run mode entered in 6530 may include one or more aspects of the methods 200, 500, 600, 2100, 3300 and/or 3700.

[00291] Referring now to Fig. 66, in an exemplary embodiment, one or more of the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 of one or more of the systems 100, 5800 and/or 6000 may implement a method 6600 of operation in which, in 6602, the 3D glasses are in a CLEAR MODE of operation. In an exemplary embodiment, in the CLEAR MODE in 6602, both of the shutters of the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 are transmissive. In an exemplary embodiment, in the CLEAR MODE in 6602, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 may implement one or more of the methods 1300, 2500, and 3700.

[00292] In 6604, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine if a timeout has occurred. If a time out has occurred in 6604, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 are placed in an OFF MODE of operation in 6606. Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine if a timeout has not occurred in 6604, then, in 6608, the 3D glasses determine if an error of a synchronization signal received by the 3D glasses is excessive in 6608.

[00293] If the error of the synchronization signal received by the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 is excessive in 6608, then the 3D glasses are placed in an OFF MODE of operation in 6606. Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the error of the synchronization signal received by the 3D glasses is not excessive in 6608, then the 3D glasses determine if the synchronization signal received by the 3D glasses is correct in 6610.

[00294] If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the synchronization signal received by the 3D glasses is correct in 6610, then the 3D glasses are placed in an ON MODE of operation in 6612. In an exemplary embodiment, in the ON MODE of operation in 6612, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 may implement one or more of the methods of the exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure. Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the synchronization signal received by the 3D glasses is not correct in 6610, then the 3D glasses are placed in a CLEAR MODE of operation in 6602. [00295] Referring now to Fig. 67, in an exemplary embodiment, one or more of the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 of one or more of the systems 100, 5800 and/or 6000 may implement a method 6700 of operation in which, in 6702, the 3D glasses operate in a FLYWHEEL MODE of operation. In an exemplary embodiment, in the FLYWHEEL MODE in 6702, the left and right shutters of the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 are operated to open and close including the following operating states:

Figure imgf000071_0001

[00296] In this manner, in the FLYWHEEL MODE in 6702, the left and right shutters of the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 are alternately opened and closed by repeating the operational states 1-2-1-2-1-2-1-2 ... In an exemplary embodiment, in the FLYWHEEL MODE in 6702, the operation of the left and right shutters of the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 are controlled in accordance with the following operational parameters:

Figure imgf000071_0002

[00297] In an exemplary embodiment, the LOT refers to the amount of time the left shutter is open within a display frame that includes a left eye image and a right eye image to permit a user of the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 to view a left eye image, the ROT refers to the amount of time the right shutter is open within a display frame that includes a left eye image and a right eye image to permit a user of the 3D glasses to view a right eye image, the LCT refers to the amount of time the left shutter is closed within a display frame that includes a left eye image and a right eye image, the RCT refers to the amount of time the right shutter is closed within a display frame that includes a left eye image and a right eye image, the LOD refers to the amount of elapsed time within a display frame that includes a left eye image and a right eye image before the left shutter is opened, the ROD refers to the amount of elapsed time within a display frame that includes a left eye image and a right eye image before the right shutter is opened, the LCD refers to the amount of elapsed time within a display frame that includes a left eye image and a right eye image before the left shutter is closed, the RCD refers to the amount of elapsed time within a display frame that includes a left eye image and a right eye image before the right shutter is closed.

[00298] In 6704, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine if a synchronization signal has been received. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that a synchronization signal has not been received in 6704, then the 3D glasses return to the FLYWHEEL MODE in 6702. Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that a synchronization signal has been received in 6704, then the 3D glasses determine if the synchronization signal has errors in 6706.

[00299] If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the synchronization signal has errors in 6706, then the 3D glasses will increment a synchronization signal error counter in 6708 and then determine, in 6710, if the synchronization signal error counter exceeds a predetermined value in 6710.

[00300] If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the synchronization signal error counter exceeds a predetermined value in 6710, then the 3D glasses will then determine if the 3D glasses are operating in a RUN MODE or a CLEAR MODE of operation in 6712. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the 3D glasses are operating in a RUN MODE of operation in 6712, then the 3D glasses will then operate in a CLEAR MODE of operation in 6714. In an exemplary embodiment, in the CLEAR MODE in 6714, both of the shutters of the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 are transmissive. In an exemplary embodiment, in the CLEAR MODE in 6714, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 may implement one or more of the methods 1300, 2500, and 3700. Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the 3D glasses are operating in a CLEAR MODE of operation in 6712, then the 3D glasses will then operate in a OFF MODE of operation in 6716.

[00301] Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the synchronization signal does not have errors in 6706, then the 3D glasses will reset the FLYWHEEL MODE of operation in 6706. In an exemplary embodiment, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 will reset the FLYWHEEL MODE of operation in 6706 by modifiying one or more of the operating parameters of the FLYWHEEL MODE using information contained within the synchronization signals. After resetting the FLYWHEEL MODE of operation in 6706, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 will then return to the FLYWHEEL MODE of operation in 6702.

[00302] Referring now to Fig. 68, in an exemplary embodiment, one or more of the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 of one or more of the systems 100, 5800 and/or 6000 may implement a method 6800 of operation in which, in 6802, the 3D glasses operate in a FLYWHEEL MODE of operation. In an exemplary embodiment, in the FLYWHEEL MODE in 6802, the left and right shutters of the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 are operated to open and close as described above with regard to 608 and 610 of the method 600 and/or 6702 of the method 6700.

[00303] In 6804, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine if a synchronization signal has been received. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that a synchronization signal has been received in 6804, then the 3D glasses will reset the FLYWHEEL MODE of operation in 6806. In an exemplary embodiment, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 will reset the FLYWHEEL MODE of operation in 6806 by modifiying one or more of the operating parameters of the FLYWHEEL MODE using information contained within the synchronization signals. After resetting the FLYWHEEL MODE of operation in 6706, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 will then return to the FLYWHEEL MODE of operation in 6802. [00304] Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that a synchronization signal has not been received in 6804, then the 3D glasses will determine if FLYWHEEL MODE timeout has occurred in 6808. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 will determine that a FLYWHEEL MODE timeout has occurred in 6808, then the 3D glasses will then operate in a CLEAR MODE of operation in 6810. In an exemplary embodiment, in the CLEAR MODE in 6810, both of the shutters of the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 are transmissive. In an exemplary embodiment, in the CLEAR MODE in 6810, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 may implement one or more of the methods 1300, 2500, and 3700.

[00305] Referring now to Figs. 69a-69s, in an exemplary embodiment, one or more of the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 of one or more of the systems 100, 5800 and/or 6000 may implement a method 6900 of operation in which, in 6902, the 3D glasses determine if a received synchronization signal is a default signal DEFAULT!

[00306] If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the received synchronization signal is a default signal DEFAULT1 in 6902, then the 3D glasses determine if no signal has been received within a predetermined timeout period in 6904 and 6906. In an exemplary embodiment, once the timeout period in 6906 has expired, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine if a pulse has been received in 6908. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that a pulse has been received in 6908, then the 3D glasses increment a bit count in 6910.

[00307] In an exemplary embodiment, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 then determine if the bit count is greater than two in 6912. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 then determine that the bit count is not greater than two in 6912, then the 3D glasses wait during a predetermined time delay in 6914 and return to operation in 6908. Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the bit count is greater than two in 6912, then the 3D glasses wait to see if no signal is received during a predetermined timeout period in 6916.

[00308] If a signal is received during the predetermined timeout period in 6916, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 set a synchronization error condition in 6918 and exit. Alternatively, if no signal is received during the predetermined timeout period in 6916, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 translate the received signal to the corresponding synchronization protocol for the corresponding model of TV in 6920 and then enter a RUN MODE in 6922. In exemplary embodiment, the RUN MODE entered in 6922 includes one or more aspects of the methods 200, 500, 600, 2100, 3300 and/or 3700.

[00309] Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the received synchronization signal is not the default signal DEFAULT1 in 6902, then the 3D glasses determine if the received synchronization signal is for a first television model TV1 in 6924.

[00310] If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the received synchronization signal is for a first television model TV1 in 6924, then the 3D glasses determine if no signal has been received within a predetermined timeout period in 6926 and 6928. In an exemplary embodiment, once the timeout period in 6928 has expired, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine if a pulse has been received in 6930. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that a pulse has been received in 6930, then the 3D glasses increment a bit count in 6932.

[00311] In an exemplary embodiment, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 then determine if the bit count is greater than two in 6934. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 then determine that the bit count is not greater than two in 6934, then the 3D glasses wait during a predetermined time delay in 6936 and return to operation in 6930. Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the bit count is greater than two in 6934, then the 3D glasses wait to see if no signal is received during a predetermined timeout period in 6938.

[00312] If a signal is received during the predetermined timeout period in 6938, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 set a synchronization error condition in 6940 and exit. Alternatively, if no signal is received during the predetermined timeout period in 6938, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 translate the received signal to the corresponding synchronization protocol for the corresponding model of TV in 6942 and then enter a RUN MODE in 6944. In exemplary embodiment, the RUN MODE entered in 6944 includes one or more aspects of the methods 200, 500, 600, 2100, 3300 and/or 3700. [00313] Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the received synchronization signal is not for the first television model TV1 in 6924, then the 3D glasses determine if the received synchronization signal is for a second television model TV2 in 6946.

[00314] If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the received synchronization signal is for a second television model TV2 in 6946, then the 3D glasses determine if no signal has been received within a predetermined timeout period in 6948 and 6950. In an exemplary embodiment, once the timeout period in 6950 has expired, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine if a pulse has been received in 6952. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that a pulse has been received in 6952, then the 3D glasses increment a bit count in 6954.

[00315] In an exemplary embodiment, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 then determine if the bit count is greater than four in 6956. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 then determine that the bit count is not greater than four in 6956, then the 3D glasses wait during a predetermined time delay in 6958 and return to operation in 6952. Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the bit count is greater than four in 6956, then the 3D glasses wait to see if no signal is received during a predetermined timeout period in 6960.

[00316] If a signal is received during the predetermined timeout period in 6960, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 set a synchronization error condition in 6962 and exit. Alternatively, if no signal is received during the predetermined timeout period in 6960, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 translate the received signal to the corresponding synchronization protocol for the corresponding model of TV in 6964 and then enter a RUN MODE in 6966. In exemplary embodiment, the RUN MODE entered in 6966 includes one or more aspects of the methods 200, 500, 600, 2100, 3300 and/or 3700.

[00317] Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the received synchronization signal is not for the second television model TV2 in 6946, then the 3D glasses determine if the received synchronization signal is for a third television model TV3 in 6968. [00318] If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the received synchronization signal is for a third television model TV3 in 6968, then the 3D glasses determine if no signal has been received within a predetermined timeout period in 6970 and 6972. In an exemplary embodiment, once the timeout period in 6972 has expired, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine if a pulse has been received in 6974. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that a pulse has been received in 6974, then the 3D glasses increment a bit count in 6976.

[00319] In an exemplary embodiment, the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 then determine if the bit count is greater than one in 6978. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 then determine that the bit count is not greater than one in 6978, then the 3D glasses wait during a predetermined time delay in 6980 and return to operation in 6974. Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the bit count is greater than one in 6978, then the 3D glasses wait during a predetermined timeout period in 6982. The 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 then determine if a signal has been received during a predetermined timeout period in 6984.

[00320] If a signal is received during the predetermined timeout period in 6984, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 wait during a predetermined timeout period in 6986. The 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 then determine if no signal has been received during a predetermined timeout period in 6988. If a signal is received during the predetermined timeout period in 6988, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 set a synchronization error condition in 6990 and exit. Alternatively, if no signal is received during the predetermined timeout period in 6988, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 translate the received signal to a corresponding command to close the left shutter of the 3D glasses in 6992 and then enter a RUN MODE in 6994. In exemplary embodiment, the RUN MODE entered in 6994 includes one or more aspects of the methods 200, 500, 600, 2100, 3300 and/or 3700.

[00321] Alternatively, if no signal is received during the predetermined timeout period in 6984, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine if a signal is received during a predetermined timeout period in 6996. If a signal is received by the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 during the predetermined timeout period in 6996, then the 3D glasses wait during a predetermined timeout period in 6998. The 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 then determine if no signal has been received during a predetermined timeout period in 7000. If a signal is received during the predetermined timeout period in 6988, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 set a synchronization error condition in 7002 and exit. Alternatively, if no signal is received during the predetermined timeout period in 7000, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 translate the received signal to a corresponding command to open the left shutter of the 3D glasses in 7004 and then enter a RUN MODE in 7006. In exemplary embodiment, the RUN MODE entered in 7006 includes one or more aspects of the methods 200, 500, 600, 2100, 3300 and/or 3700.

[00322] Alternatively, if no signal is received during the predetermined timeout period in 6996, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine if a signal is received during a predetermined timeout period in 7008. If a signal is received by the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 during the predetermined timeout period in 7008, then the 3D glasses wait during a predetermined timeout period in 7010. The 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 then determine if no signal has been received during a predetermined timeout period in 7012. If a signal is received during the predetermined timeout period in 7012, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 set a synchronization error condition in 7014 and exit. Alternatively, if no signal is received during the predetermined timeout period in 7012, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 translate the received signal to a corresponding command to close the right shutter of the 3D glasses in 7016 and then enter a RUN MODE in 7018. In exemplary embodiment, the RUN MODE entered in 7018 includes one or more aspects of the methods 200, 500, 600, 2100, 3300 and/or 3700.

[00323] Alternatively, if no signal is received during the predetermined timeout period in 7008, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 wait during a predetermined timeout period in 7022. The 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 then determine if a signal is received during a predetermined timeout period in 7024. If a signal is received by the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 during the predetermined timeout period in 7024, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 set a synchronization error condition in 7026 and exit. Alternatively, if no signal is received during the predetermined timeout period in 7024, then the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 translate the received signal to a corresponding command to open the right shutter of the 3D glasses in 7028 and then enter a RUN MODE in 7030. In exemplary embodiment, the RUN MODE entered in 7030 includes one or more aspects of the methods 200, 500, 600, 2100, 3300 and/or 3700.

[00324] Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the received synchronization signal is not for the third television model TV3 in 6968, then the 3D glasses determine if the received synchronization signal is for a fourth television model TV4 in 7032.

[00325] If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the received synchronization signal is for a fourth television model TV4 in 7032, then the 3D glasses determine if a signal has been received in 7034. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that a signal has been received in 7034, then the 3D glasses determine if a pulse has been received in 7036. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that a pulse has not been received in 7036, then the 3D glasses determine if a predetermined timeout has expired in 7038. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the predetermined timeout has not expired in 7038, then operation continues in 7036.

[00326] Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that a pulse has been received in 7036, then the 3D glasses measure the height and width of the pulse in 7040. The 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 then determine if the pulse is ok in 7042. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the pulse is not ok in 7042, then the 3D glasses increment a bad pulse count in 7044 and then determine if the bad pulse count equals a predetermined target value in 7046. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the bad pulse count is not equal to the predetermined target value in 7046, then operation continues in 7036.

[00327] Alternatively, If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the pulse is ok in 7042, then the 3D glasses increment a good pulse count in 7048 and then determine if the good pulse count equals a predetermined target value in 7050. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the good pulse count is not equal to the predetermined target value in 7050, then operation continues in 7036. [00328] Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the good pulse count is equal to the predetermined target value in 7050, then the 3D glasses determine if more pulses are received within a predetermined timeout period in 7052. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that more pulses were not received within a predetermined timeout period in 7052, then the 3D glasses operate the left and right shutters as a function of the pulses received in 7054.

[00329] Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the received synchronization signal is not for the fourth television model TV4 in 7032, then the 3D glasses determine if the received synchronization signal is for a fifth television model TV5 in 7056.

[00330] If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the received synchronization signal is for a fifth television model TV4 in 7056, then the 3D glasses determine if a signal has been received in 7058. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that a signal has been received in 7058, then the 3D glasses determine if a pulse has been received in 7060. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that a pulse has not been received in 7060, then the 3D glasses determine if a predetermined timeout has expired in 7062. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the predetermined timeout has not expired in 7062, then operation continues in 7060.

[00331] Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that a pulse has been received in 7060, then the 3D glasses measure the height and width of the pulse in 7064. The 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 then determine if the pulse is ok in 7066. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the pulse is not ok in 7066, then the 3D glasses increment a bad pulse count in 7068 and then determine if the bad pulse count equals a predetermined target value in 7070. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the bad pulse count is not equal to the predetermined target value in 7070, then operation continues in 7060.

[00332] Alternatively, If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the pulse is ok in 7066, then the 3D glasses increment a good pulse count in 7072 and then determine if the good pulse count equals a predetermined target value in 7074. If the 3D glasses 104, 800, and/or 3000 determine that the good pulse count is not equal to the predetermined target value in 7074, then operation continues in 7060.

[00333] Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the good pulse count is equal to the predetermined target value in 7074, then the 3D glasses determine if more pulses are received within a predetermined timeout period in 7076. If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that more pulses were not received within a predetermined timeout period in 7076, then the 3D glasses operate the left and right shutters as a function of the pulses received in 7078.

[00334] Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the received synchronization signal is not for the fifth television model TV5 in 7056, then the 3D glasses determine if the received synchronization signal is for a sixth television model TV6 in 7080.

[00335] If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the received synchronization signal is not for the sixth television model TV5 in 7080, then the 3D glasses operate the left and right shutters using an associated protocol in 7082.

[00336] Alternatively, if the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the received synchronization signal is not for the sixth television model TV5 in 7080, then the 3D glasses determine if the received synchronization signal is for a default synchronization protocol DEFAULT2 in 7084.

[00337] If the 3D glasses 104, 1800, and/or 3000 determine that the received synchronization signal is for a default synchronization protocol DEFAULT2 in 7084, then the 3D glasses operate the left and right shutters using an associated protocol in 7086.

[00338] Referring to Figure 70, shutters 7088 and 7090 can have a generally flat shape, or a curved shape. In one embodiment, curved liquid crystal cells 7088 and 7090 can be the left and right lenses, respectively, located in frames 7092 of 3D glasses 7094. Curved liquid crystal cells, or curved shutters, 7088 and 7090 can operate in a manner identical to or substantially similar to shutters 106 and 108, as described above. [00339] Referring to Figure 71 , shutters 7088 and 7090 can have substrate 7102, which can act as a base layer upon which conductive layers 7104 and 7106, polarized layers 7108 and 7110, and surface layer 7112 are placed. In one embodiment, substrate 7102 can be a clear plastic material. Similarly, surface layer 7112 can be clear plastic. Liquid crystal 7114 can be located between polarized layers 7108 and 7110. Other configurations of curved shutter 7088 and 7090 can be used. In one embodiment, plastic layers 7102 and 7112 have a protective coating to provide resistance to abrasion, chemical etching, and discoloration or damage associated with various types of glue that can be used to hold curved shutters 7088 and 7090 in glasses 7094. In one embodiment, the substrate 7102 and surface layer of 7112 are a material that has greater impact resistance than glass. In this embodiment, the shutters 7088 and 7090 can withstand an impact force that is greater than a predetermined value. In one embodiment, the predetermined value is the amount of force that would break a glass shutter.

[00340] In one embodiment, shutter 7088 and 7090 components such as substrate 7102 and surface layer 7112, can be a flexible glass material or include a flexible glass material. The flexible glass can be, for example, a very thin piece of glass that permits shutters 7088 and 7090 to flex. In one embodiment, the thickness of the flexible material for either or both of substrate 7102 and surface layer 7112 is less than a predetermined value. The predetermined value is a thickness at which the particular type of glass will maintain a degree of flexibility. One of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that certain types of glass, having a thickness less than a predetermined value, will maintain a degree of flexibility. The degree of flexibility allows the shutters 7088 and 7090 to elastically deform in response to forces.

[00341] In one embodiment, all of the layers of shutters 7088, 7090, including substrate 7102 and surface layer 7112, can be flexible, thus allowing the shutters to flex after the shutters are fabricated. The flexible shutters can be elastically deformed from their relaxed position to another position in response to a force exerted against the shutters. Thus, shutters 7088, 7090 can each have at least a first shape and a second shape, wherein the first shape is a natural shape of the shutter in a relaxed state, and the second shape is the shape of the shutter when external forces are applied. Each shutter can have a first end and a second end, and, due the flexibility of the shutter, the first end can move at least a predetermined distance relative to the second end.

[00342] The flexibility of shutters 7088 and 7090 can facilitate easier assembly of glasses 7094. Indeed, in the event that, at the time of assembly, openings in frames 7092 are not precisely the same shape as shutters 7088 and 7090, the shape of the shutters can conform to the shape of the opening without causing the shutters to break. Thus, shutters 7088 and 7090 can have a first shape, in a relaxed state, and a second shape when the frames exert 7092 a force against them. Indeed, the shutters 7088, 7090 can be elastically deformed and forcibly inserted into frames 7092 wherein such insertion does not cause shutters 7088 and 7090 to break.

[00343] Furthermore, after assembly, flexibility can allow shutters 7088 and 7090 to flex with frames 7092. Thus, if sufficient force is applied to frames 7092 to cause the frames 7092 to deflect or bend, the shutters 7088 and 7090 can deflect, bend, or elastically deform along with the frames without breaking.

[00344] Referring to Figure 72, in one embodiment, 3D glasses 7200 have curved shutters wherein the shutters have a non-planar shape. In one embodiment, at least a portion of each shutter 7202, 7204 curves about a radius about which the shutters wrap around. In one embodiment, left shutter 7202 and right shutter 7204 at least partially wrap around the side of the glasses 7200.

[00345] When this embodiment is worn by a viewer 7206, the viewer can look to the side, through shutters 7202 or 7204, without having to turn the viewer's head 7208 to the side. Indeed, the viewer can observe lateral objects, such as portions of a viewing screen, that are not directly in front of viewer, without having to turn the viewer's head 7208. In one embodiment, the viewer 7206 is able to observe objects through shutters 7202 or 7204 using peripheral vision.

[00346] In one embodiment, the lens axis 7210 is defined as a line that extends straight ahead from the viewer's eye 7212, such that when the viewer is looking straight forward, the lens axis 7210 for each eye is parallel. The lateral view line 7214 defines the farthest angle to the side of the viewer that can be seen through shutter 7202, 7204. The field of view angle 7216 is the angle measured between the lens axis and the lateral view line. In one embodiment, the field of view angle is at least 70 degrees. In one embodiment, the field of view angle is at least 80 degrees. In one embodiment, the field of view angle is at least 90 degrees (this embodiment approaches the typical peripheral vision field of view for a human). In one embodiment, the field of view angle is at least 100 degrees. In one embodiment, the field of view angle is at least 110 degrees. In one embodiment, the field of view angle is at least 120 degrees. The viewer's eyes may need to turn to the side, relative to the viewer's head, to appreciate fields of view angles greater than 70 degrees. As the field of view angle becomes larger, the viewer may have to look further to the side to fully appreciate the field of view.

[00347] Referring to Figure 73, the eye relief distance is defined as the distance from the viewer's eye 7302 to an interior surface 7304 of the shutter 7306, measured by a line 7308 that is normal to the surface of the viewer's eye. Eye relief distances are each measured in the same plane. In one embodiment, the shutter is curved such that at least two eye relief distances, to each of two points on the surface 7304 of the shutter that are spaced laterally apart, are generally the same length. In one embodiment, at least three eye relief distances, to each of three points on the surface 7304 of the shutter that are spaced laterally apart, are generally the same length.

[00348] A liquid crystal shutter has a liquid crystal that rotates by applying an electrical voltage to the liquid crystal and then the liquid crystal achieves a light transmission rate of at least twenty-five percent in less than one millisecond. When the liquid crystal rotates to a point having maximum light transmission, a device stops the rotation of the liquid crystal at the point of maximum light transmission and then holds the liquid crystal at the point of maximum light transmission for a period of time. A computer program installed on a machine readable medium may be used to facilitate any of these embodiments.

[00349] A system presents a three dimensional video image by using a pair of liquid crystal shutter glasses that have a first and a second liquid crystal shutter, and a control circuit adapted to open the first liquid crystal shutter. The first liquid crystal shutter can open to a point of maximum light transmission in less than one millisecond, at which time the control circuit may apply a catch voltage to hold the first liquid crystal shutter at the point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time and then close the first liquid crystal shutter. Next, the control circuit opens the second liquid crystal shutter, wherein the second liquid crystal shutter opens to a point of maximum light transmission in less than one millisecond, and then applies a catch voltage to hold the second liquid crystal shutter at the point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, and then close the second liquid crystal shutter. The first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of a viewer. A computer program installed on a machine readable medium may be used to facilitate any of the embodiments described herein.

[00350] In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit is adapted to use a synchronization signal to determine the first and second period of time. In an exemplary embodiment, the catch voltage is two volts.

[00351] In an exemplary embodiment, the point of maximum light transmission transmits more than thirty two percent of light.

[00352] In an exemplary embodiment, an emitter provides a synchronization signal and the synchronization signal causes the control circuit to open one of the liquid crystal shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal comprises an encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit of the three dimensional glasses will only operate after validating an encrypted signal.

[00353] In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit has a battery sensor and may be adapted to provide an indication of a low battery condition. The indication of a low battery condition may be a liquid crystal shutter that is closed for a period of time and then open for a period of time.

[00354] In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit is adapted to detect a synchronization signal and begin operating the liquid crystal shutters after detecting the synchronization signal.

[00355] In an exemplary embodiment, the encrypted signal will only operate a pair of liquid crystal glasses having a control circuit adapted to receive the encrypted signal. [00356] In an exemplary embodiment, a test signal operates the liquid crystal shutters at a rate that is visible to a person wearing the pair of liquid crystal shutter glasses.

[00357] In an exemplary embodiment, a pair of glasses has a first lens that has a first liquid crystal shutter and a second lens that has a second liquid crystal shutter. Both liquid crystal shutters have a liquid crystal that can open in less than one millisecond and a control circuit that alternately opens the first and second liquid crystal shutters. When the liquid crystal shutter opens, the liquid crystal orientation is held at a point of maximum light transmission until the control circuit closes the shutter.

[00358] In an exemplary embodiment, a catch voltage holds the liquid crystal at the point of maximum light transmission. The point of maximum light transmission may transmit more than thirty two percent of light.

[00359] In an exemplary embodiment, an emitter that provides a synchronization signal and the synchronization signal causes the control circuit to open one of the liquid crystal shutters. In some embodiments, the synchronization signal includes an encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit will only operate after validating the encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit includes a battery sensor and may be adapted to provide an indication of a low battery condition. The indication of a low battery condition could be a liquid crystal shutter that is closed for a period of time and then open for a period of time. In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit is adapted to detect a synchronization signal and begin operating the liquid crystal shutters after it detects the synchronization signal.

[00360] The encrypted signal may only operate a pair of liquid crystal glasses that has a control circuit adapted to receive the encrypted signal.

[00361] In an exemplary embodiment, a test signal operates the liquid crystal shutters at a rate that is visible to a person wearing the pair of liquid crystal shutter glasses. [00362] In an exemplary embodiment, a three dimensional video image is presented to a viewer by using liquid crystal shutter eyeglasses, opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter, then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, and then holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time. The first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of a viewer.

[00363] In an exemplary embodiment, the liquid crystal shutter is held at the point of maximum light transmission by a catch voltage. The catch voltage could be two volts. In an exemplary embodiment, the point of maximum light transmission transmits more than thirty two percent of light.

[00364] In an exemplary embodiment, an emitter provides a synchronization signal that causes the control circuit to open one of the liquid crystal shutters. In some embodiments, the synchronization signal comprises an encrypted signal.

[00365] In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit will only operate after validating the encrypted signal.

[00366] In an exemplary embodiment, a battery sensor monitors the amount of power in the battery. In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit is adapted to provide an indication of a low battery condition. The indication of a low battery condition may be a liquid crystal shutter that is closed for a period of time and then open for a period of time.

[00367] In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit is adapted to detect a synchronization signal and begin operating the liquid crystal shutters after detecting the synchronization signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the encrypted signal will only operate a pair of liquid crystal glasses that has a control circuit adapted to receive the encrypted signal. [00368] In an exemplary embodiment, a test signal operates the liquid crystal shutters at a rate that is visible to a person wearing the pair of liquid crystal shutter glasses.

[00369] In an exemplary embodiment, a system for providing three dimensional video images may include a pair of glasses that has a first lens having a first liquid crystal shutter and a second lens having a second liquid crystal shutter. The liquid crystal shutters may have a liquid crystal and an may be opened in less than one millisecond. A control circuit may alternately open the first and second liquid crystal shutters, and hold the liquid crystal orientation at a point of maximum light transmission until the control circuit closes the shutter. Furthermore, the system may have a low battery indicator that includes a battery, a sensor capable of determining an amount of power remaining in the battery, a controller adapted to determine whether the amount of power remaining in the battery is sufficient for the pair of glasses to operate longer than a predetermined time, and an indicator to signal a viewer if the glasses will not operate longer than the predetermined time. In an exemplary embodiment, the low battery indicator is opening and closing the left and right liquid crystal shutters at a predetermined rate. In an exemplary embodiment, the predetermined amount of time is longer than three hours. In an exemplary embodiment, the low battery indicator may operate for at least three days after determining that the amount of power remaining in the battery is not sufficient for the pair of glasses to operate longer than the predetermined amount of time. In an exemplary embodiment, the controller may determine the amount of power remaining in the battery by measuring time by the number of synchronization pulses remaining in the battery.

[00370] In an exemplary embodiment for providing a three dimensional video image, the image is provided by having a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses that includes a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time. The first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of the viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for the second eye of the viewer. In this exemplary embodiment, the three dimensional viewing glasses sense the amount of power remaining in the battery, determine whether the amount of power remaining in the battery is sufficient for the pair of glasses to operate longer than a predetermined time, and then indicate a low-battery signal to a viewer if the glasses will not operate longer than the predetermined time. The indicator may be opening and closing the lenses at a predetermined rate. The predetermined amount of time for the battery to last could be more than three hours. In an exemplary embodiment, the low battery indicator operates for at least three days after determining the amount of power remaining in the battery is not sufficient for the pair of glasses to operate longer than the predetermined amount of time. In an exemplary embodiment, the controller determines the amount of power remaining in the battery by measuring time by the number of synchronization pulses that the battery can last for.

[00371] In an exemplary embodiment, for providing three dimensional video images, the system includes a pair of glasses comprising a first lens having a first liquid crystal shutter and a second lens having a second liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters having a liquid crystal and an opening time of less than one millisecond. A control circuit may alternately open the first and second liquid crystal shutters, and the liquid crystal orientation is held at a point of maximum light transmission until the control circuit closes the shutter. Furthermore, a synchronization device that includes a signal transmitter that sends a signal corresponding to an image presented for a first eye, a signal receiver sensing the signal, and a control circuit adapted to open the first shutter during a period of time in which the image is presented for the first eye. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal is an infrared light.

[00372] In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter projects the signal toward a reflector, the signal is reflected by the reflector, and the signal receiver detects the reflected signal. In some embodiments, the reflector is a movie theater screen. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter receives a timing signal from an image projector such as the movie projector. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal is a radio frequency signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal is a series of pulses at a predetermined interval. In an exemplary embodiment, where the signal is a series of pulses at a predetermined interval, the first predetermined number of pulses opens the first liquid crystal shutter and a second predetermined number of pulses opens the second liquid crystal shutter.

[00373] In an exemplary embodiment for providing a three dimensional video image, the method of providing the image includes: having a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time. The first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for the left eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for the right eye of a viewer. The signal transmitter can transmit a signal corresponding to the image presented for a left eye, and, sensing the signal the three dimensional view glasses can use the signal to determine when to open the first liquid crystal shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal is an infrared light. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter projects the signal toward a reflector which reflects the signal toward the three dimensional viewing glasses, and the signal receiver in the glasses detects the reflected signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the reflector is a movie theater screen.

[00374] In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter receives a timing signal from an image projector. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal is a radio frequency signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal could be a series of pulses at a predetermined interval. A first predetermined number of pulses could open the first liquid crystal shutter and a second predetermined number of pulses could open the second liquid crystal shutter.

[00375] In an exemplary embodiment of a system for providing three dimensional video images, a pair of glasses has a first lens having a first liquid crystal shutter and a second lens having a second liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters having a liquid crystal and an opening time of less than one millisecond. A control circuit alternately opens the first and second liquid crystal shutters, and the liquid crystal orientation is held at a point of maximum light transmission until the control circuit closes the shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, a synchronization system comprising a reflection device located in front of the pair of glasses, and a signal transmitter sending a signal towards the reflection device. The signal corresponds to an image presented for a first eye of a viewer. A signal receiver senses the signal reflected from the reflection device, and then a control circuit opens the first shutter during a period of time in which the image is presented for the first eye.

[00376] In an exemplary embodiment, the signal is an infrared light. In an exemplary embodiment, the reflector is a movie theater screen. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter receives a timing signal from an image projector. The signal may a series of pulses at a predetermined interval. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal is a series of pulses at a predetermined interval and the first predetermined number of pulses opens the first liquid crystal shutter and the second predetermined number of pulses opens the second liquid crystal shutter.

[00377] In an exemplary embodiment for providing a three dimensional video image, the image can be provided by having a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, and then holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time. The first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of a viewer. In an exemplary embodiment, the transmitter transmits an infrared signal corresponding to the image presented for a first eye. The three dimensional viewing glasses sense the infrared signal, and then use the infrared signal to trigger the opening of the first liquid crystal shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal is an infrared light. In an exemplary embodiment, the reflector is a movie theater screen. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter receives a timing signal from an image projector. The timing signal could be a series of pulses at a predetermined interval. In some embodiments, a first predetermined number of pulses opens the first liquid crystal shutter and a second predetermined number of pulses opens the second liquid crystal shutter.

[00378] In an exemplary embodiment, a system for providing three dimensional video images includes a pair of glasses that have a first lens having a first liquid crystal shutter and a second lens having a second liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters having a liquid crystal and an opening time of less than one millisecond. The system could also have a control circuit that alternately opens the first and second liquid crystal shutters, and hold the liquid crystal orientation at a point of maximum light transmission until the control circuit closes the shutter. The system may also have a test system comprising a signal transmitter, a signal receiver, and a test system control circuit adapted to open and close the first and second shutters at a rate that is visible to a viewer. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter does not receive a timing signal from a projector. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter emits an infrared signal. The infrared signal could be a series of pulses. In another exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter emits an radio frequency signal. The radio frequency signal could be a series of pulses.

[00379] In an exemplary embodiment of a method for providing a three dimensional video image, the method could include having a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, and holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time. In an exemplary embodiment, the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of a viewer. In an exemplary embodiment, a transmitter could transmit a test signal towards the three dimensional viewing glasses, which then receive the test signal with a sensor on the three dimensional glasses, and then use a control circuit to open and close the first and second liquid crystal shutters as a result of the test signal, wherein the liquid crystal shutters open and close at a rate that is observable to a viewer wearing the glasses.

[00380] In an exemplary embodiment the signal transmitter does not receive a timing signal from a projector. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter emits an infrared signal, which could be a series of pulses. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter emits an radio frequency signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the radio frequency signal is a series of pulses.

[00381] An exemplary embodiment of a system for providing three dimensional video images could include a pair of glasses comprising a first lens that has a first liquid crystal shutter and a second lens that has a second liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters having a liquid crystal and an opening time of less than one millisecond. The system could also have a control circuit that alternately opens the first and second liquid crystal shutters, holds the liquid crystal orientation at a point of maximum light transmission and then close the shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, an auto-on system comprising a signal transmitter, a signal receiver, and wherein the control circuit is adapted to activate the signal receiver at a first predetermined time interval, determine if the signal receiver is receiving a signal from the signal transmitter, deactivate the signal receiver if the signal receiver does not receive the signal from the signal transmitter within a second period of time, and alternately open the first and second shutters at an interval corresponding to the signal if the signal receiver does receive the signal from the signal transmitter.

[00382] In an exemplary embodiment, the first period of time is at least two seconds and the second period of time could be no more than 100 milliseconds. In an exemplary embodiment, the liquid crystal shutters remain open until the signal receiver receives a signal from the signal transmitter.

[00383] In an exemplary embodiment, a method for providing a three dimensional video image could include having a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, and holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time. In an exemplary embodiment, the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of a viewer. In an exemplary embodiment, the method could include activating a signal receiver at a first predetermined time interval, determining if the signal receiver is receiving a signal from the signal transmitter, deactivating the signal receiver if the signal receiver does not receive the signal from the signal transmitter within a second period of time, and opening and closing the first and second shutters at an interval corresponding to the signal if the signal receiver does receive the signal from the signal transmitter. In an exemplary embodiment, the first period of time is at least two seconds. In an exemplary embodiment, the second period of time is no more than 100 milliseconds. In an exemplary embodiment, the liquid crystal shutters remain open until the signal receiver receives a signal from the signal transmitter.

[00384] In an exemplary embodiment, a system for providing three dimensional video images could include a pair of glasses comprising a first lens having a first liquid crystal shutter and a second lens having a second liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters having a liquid crystal and an opening time of less than one millisecond. It could also have a control circuit that can alternately open the first and second liquid crystal shutters, and hold the liquid crystal orientation at a point of maximum light transmission until the control circuit closes the shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit is adapted to hold the first liquid crystal shutter and the second liquid crystal shutter open. In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit holds the lenses open until the control circuit detects a synchronization signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the voltage applied to the liquid crystal shutters alternates between positive and negative.

[00385] In one embodiment of a device for providing a three dimensional video image, a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, wherein the first liquid crystal shutter can open in less than one millisecond, wherein the second liquid crystal shutter can open in less than one millisecond, open and close the first and second liquid crystal shutters at a rate that makes the liquid crystal shutters appear to be clear lenses. In one embodiment, the control circuit holds the lenses open until the control circuit detects a synchronization signal. In one embodiment, the liquid crystal shutters alternates between positive and negative.

[00386] In an exemplary embodiment, a system for providing three dimensional video images could include a pair of glasses comprising a first lens having a first liquid crystal shutter and a second lens having a second liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters having a liquid crystal and an opening time of less than one millisecond. It could also include a control circuit that alternately opens the first and second liquid crystal shutters and hold the liquid crystal at a point of maximum light transmission until the control circuit closes the shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, an emitter could provide a synchronization signal where a portion of the synchronization signal is encrypted. A sensor operably connected to the control circuit could be adapted to receive the synchronization signal, and the first and second liquid crystal shutters could open and close in a pattern corresponding to the synchronization signal only after receiving an encrypted signal.

[00387] In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal is a series of pulses at a predetermined interval. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal is a series of pulses at a predetermined interval and a first predetermined number of pulses opens the first liquid crystal shutter and a second predetermined number of pulses opens the second liquid crystal shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, a portion of the series of pulses is encrypted. In an exemplary embodiment, the series of pulses includes a predetermined number of pulses that are not encrypted followed by a predetermined number of pulses that are encrypted. In an exemplary embodiment, the first and second liquid crystal shutters open and close in a pattern corresponding to the synchronization signal only after receiving two consecutive encrypted signals.

[00388] In an exemplary embodiment of a method for providing a three dimensional video image, the method could include having a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, and holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time. In an exemplary embodiment, the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of a viewer. In an exemplary embodiment, an emitter provides a synchronization signal wherein a portion of the synchronization signal is encrypted. In an exemplary embodiment, a sensor is operably connected to the control circuit and adapted to receive the synchronization signal, and the first and second liquid crystal shutters open and close in a pattern corresponding to the synchronization signal only after receiving an encrypted signal.

[00389] In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal is a series of pulses at a predetermined interval. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal is a series of pulses at a predetermined interval and wherein a first predetermined number of pulses opens the first liquid crystal shutter and wherein a second predetermined number of pulses opens the second liquid crystal shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, a portion of the series of pulses is encrypted. In an exemplary embodiment, the series of pulses includes a predetermined number of pulses that are not encrypted followed by a predetermined number of pulses that are encrypted. In an exemplary embodiment, the first and second liquid crystal shutters open and close in a pattern corresponding to the synchronization signal only after receiving two consecutive encrypted signals.

[00390] A method for rapidly opening a liquid crystal shutter for use in 3D glasses has been described that includes causing the liquid crystal to rotate to an open position, the liquid crystal achieving a light transmission rate of at least twenty-five percent in less than one millisecond, waiting until the liquid crystal rotates to a point having maximum light transmission; stopping the rotation of the liquid crystal at the point of maximum light transmission; and holding the liquid crystal at the point of maximum light transmission for a period of time. In an exemplary embodiment, the system includes a pair of liquid crystal shutters having corresponding first and a second liquid crystal shutters, and a control circuit adapted to open the first liquid crystal shutter, wherein the first liquid crystal shutter opens to a point of maximum light transmission in less than one millisecond, apply a catch voltage to hold the first liquid crystal shutter at the point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, then close the first liquid crystal shutter, open the second liquid crystal shutter, wherein the second liquid crystal shutter opens to a point of maximum light transmission in less than one millisecond, apply a catch voltage to hold the second liquid crystal shutter at the point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, and then close the second liquid crystal shutter; wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of the user and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the user. In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit is adapted to use a synchronization signal to determine the first and second period of time. In an exemplary embodiment, the catch voltage is two volts. In an exemplary embodiment, the point of maximum light transmission transmits more than thirty two percent of light. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes an emitter that provides a synchronization signal and wherein the synchronization signal causes the control circuit to open one of the liquid crystal shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes an encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit will only operate after validating the encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes a battery sensor. In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit is adapted to provide an indication of a low battery condition. In an exemplary embodiment, the indication of a low battery condition comprises a liquid crystal shutter that is closed for a period of time and then open for a period of time. In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit is adapted to detect a synchronization signal and begin operating the liquid crystal shutters after detecting the synchronization signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the encrypted signal will only operate a pair of liquid crystal glasses having a control circuit adapted to receive the encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes a test signal wherein the test signal operates the liquid crystal shutters at a rate that is visible to the user wearing the pair of liquid crystal shutter glasses.

[00391] A system for providing three dimensional video images has been described that includes a pair of glasses including a first lens having a first liquid crystal shutter and a second lens having a second liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters each having a liquid crystal and an opening time of less than one millisecond, and a control circuit that alternately opens the first and second liquid crystal shutters, wherein the liquid crystal orientation is held at a point of maximum light transmission until the control circuit closes the shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, a catch voltage holds the liquid crystal at the point of maximum light transmission. In an exemplary embodiment, the point of maximum light transmission transmits more than thirty two percent of light. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes an emitter that provides a synchronization signal and wherein the synchronization signal causes the control circuit to open one of the liquid crystal shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes an encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit will only operate after validating the encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes a battery sensor. In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit is adapted to provide an indication of a low battery condition. In an exemplary embodiment, the indication of a low battery condition includes a liquid crystal shutter that is closed for a period of time and then open for a period of time. In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit is adapted to detect a synchronization signal and begin operating the liquid crystal shutters after detecting the synchronization signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the encrypted signal will only operate a pair of liquid crystal glasses having a control circuit adapted to receive the encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes a test signal wherein the test signal operates the liquid crystal shutters at a rate that is visible to a person wearing the pair of liquid crystal shutter glasses.

[00392] A method for providing a three dimensional video image has been described that includes opening a first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening a second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, and holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the viewer. In an exemplary embodiment, the method further includes holding the liquid crystal shutter at the point of maximum light transmission by a catch voltage. In an exemplary embodiment, the catch voltage is two volts. In an exemplary embodiment, the point of maximum light transmission transmits more than thirty two percent of light. In an exemplary embodiment, the method further includes emitting a synchronization signal for controlling an operation of the liquid crystal shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes an encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal will only control the operation of the liquid crystal shutters control circuit after being validating the encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the method further includes sensing a power level of a battery. In an exemplary embodiment, the method further includes providing an indication of the power level of the battery. In an exemplary embodiment, the indication of a low battery power level includes a liquid crystal shutter that is closed for a period of time and then open for a period of time. In an exemplary embodiment, the method further includes detecting a synchronization signal and then operating the liquid crystal shutters after detecting the synchronization signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the method further includes only operating the liquid crystal shutters after receiving an encrypted signal specially designated for the liquid crystal shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the method further includes providing a test signal that operates the liquid crystal shutters at a rate that is visible to the viewer.

[00393] A computer program installed on a machine readable medium in a housing for 3D glasses for providing a three dimensional video image to a user of the 3D glasses has been described that includes causing a liquid crystal to rotate by applying an electrical voltage to the liquid crystal, the liquid crystal achieving a light transmission rate of at least twenty-five percent in less than one millisecond; waiting until the liquid crystal rotates to a point having maximum light transmission; stopping the rotation of the liquid crystal at the point of maximum light transmission; and holding the liquid crystal at the point of maximum light transmission for a period of time.

[00394] A computer program installed on a machine readable medium for providing a three dimensional video image to a user of the 3D glasses has been described that includes opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, and holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of the user and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the user. In an exemplary embodiment, the liquid crystal shutter is held at the point of maximum light transmission by a catch voltage. In an exemplary embodiment, the catch voltage is two volts. In an exemplary embodiment, the point of maximum light transmission transmits more than thirty two percent of light. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program further includes providing a synchronization signal that controls an operation of the liquid crystal shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal comprises an encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program further includes operating the liquid crystal shutters only after validating the encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program further includes sensing a power level of a battery. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program includes providing an indication of a low battery condition. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program further includes providing an indication of a low battery condition by closing a liquid crystal shutter for a period of time and then opening the liquid crystal shutter for a period of time. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program further includes detecting a synchronization signal and then operating the liquid crystal shutters after detecting the synchronization signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program further includes only operating the liquid crystal shutters after receiving an encrypted signal specifically designated from controlling the liquid crystal shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program further includes providing a test signal that opens and closes the liquid crystal shutters at a rate that is visible to the user.

[00395] A system for rapidly opening a liquid crystal shutter has been described that includes means for causing a liquid crystal to rotate by applying an electrical voltage to the liquid crystal, the liquid crystal achieving a light transmission rate of at least twenty-five percent in less than one millisecond; means for waiting until the liquid crystal rotates to a point having maximum light transmission; means for stopping the rotation of the liquid crystal at the point of maximum light transmission; and means for holding the liquid crystal at the point of maximum light transmission for a period of time.

[00396] A system for providing a three dimensional video image has been described that includes means for opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, means for holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, means for closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, and means for holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, and wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the viewer. In an exemplary embodiment, at least one of the first and second liquid crystal shutter is held at the point of maximum light transmission by a catch voltage. In an exemplary embodiment, the catch voltage is two volts. In an exemplary embodiment, the point of maximum light transmission transmits more than thirty two percent of light. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes means for providing a synchronization signal and wherein the synchronization signal causes one of the liquid crystal shutters to open. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal comprises an encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes means for only operating the liquid crystal shutters after validating the encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes means for sensing an operating condition of a battery. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes means for providing an indication of a low battery condition. In an exemplary embodiment, the means for providing an indication of a low battery condition includes means for closing a liquid crystal shutter for a period of time and then opening the liquid crystal shutter for a period of time. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes means for detecting a synchronization signal and means for operating the liquid crystal shutters after detecting the synchronization signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes means for only operating the liquid crystal shutters after receiving an encrypted signal specially designated for operating the liquid crystal shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes means for operating the liquid crystal shutters at a rate that is visible to the viewer.

[00397] A method for rapidly opening a liquid crystal shutter for use in 3D glasses has been described that includes causing the liquid crystal to rotate to an open position, waiting until the liquid crystal rotates to a point having maximum light transmission; stopping the rotation of the liquid crystal at the point of maximum light transmission; and holding the liquid crystal at the point of maximum light transmission for a period of time; wherein the liquid crystal comprises an optically thick liquid crystal.

[00398] A method for providing a three dimensional video image has been described that includes transmitting an encrypted synchronization signal, receiving the encrypted synchronization signal at a remote location, after validating the received encrypted synchronization signal, opening a first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening a second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, providing battery power for opening and closing the liquid crystal shutters; sensing a power level of the battery power, and providing an indication of the sensed power level of the battery power by opening and closing the liquid crystal shutters at a rate that is visible to a viewer, wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of the viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the viewer, and wherein the liquid crystal shutters are held at the point of maximum light transmission by a catch voltage.

[00399] A system for providing three dimensional video images has been described that includes a pair of glasses comprising a first lens having a first liquid crystal shutter and a second lens having a second liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters having a liquid crystal and an opening time of less than one millisecond, a control circuit that alternately opens the first and second liquid crystal shutters, wherein the liquid crystal orientation is held at a point of maximum light transmission until the control circuit closes the shutter, and a low battery indicator that includes a battery operably coupled to the control circuit, a sensor capable of determining an amount of power remaining in the battery, a controller adapted to determine whether the amount of power remaining in the battery is sufficient for the pair of glasses to operate longer than a predetermined time, and an indicator to signal a viewer if the glasses will not operate longer than the predetermined time. In an exemplary embodiment, the indicator includes opening and closing the left and right liquid crystal shutters at a predetermined rate. In an exemplary embodiment, the predetermined amount of time is longer than three hours. In an exemplary embodiment, the low battery indicator operates for at least three days after determining the amount of power remaining in the battery is not sufficient for the pair of glasses to operate longer than the predetermined amount of time. In an exemplary embodiment, the controller adapted to determine the amount of power remaining in the battery measures time by a number of synchronization pulses.

[00400] A method for providing a three dimensional video image has been described that includes having a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the viewer, sensing an amount of power remaining in a battery, determining whether the amount of power remaining in the battery is sufficient for the pair of three dimensional viewing glasses to operate longer than a predetermined time, and indicating a low-battery signal to a viewer if the three dimensional viewing glasses will not operate longer than the predetermined time. In an exemplary embodiment, indicating a low-battery signal to a viewer if the three dimensional viewing glasses will not operate longer than the predetermined time includes opening and closing the first and second liquid crystal shutters at a predetermined rate. In an exemplary embodiment, the predetermined amount of time is longer than three hours. In an exemplary embodiment, indicating a low-battery signal to a viewer if the three dimensional viewing glasses will not operate longer than the predetermined time includes indicating a low-battery signal to a viewer if the three dimensional viewing glasses for at least three days after determining the amount of power remaining in the battery is not sufficient for the pair of three dimensional viewing glasses to operate longer than the predetermined amount of time. In an exemplary embodiment, the method further includes determining the amount of power remaining in the battery comprises measuring a number of synchronization pulses transmitted to the three dimensional viewing glasses.

[00401] A computer program installed on a machine readable medium for providing a three dimensional video image using a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses including a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter has been described that includes opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the viewer, sensing an amount of power remaining in a battery, determining whether the amount of power remaining in the battery is sufficient for the pair of three dimensional viewing glasses to operate longer than a predetermined time, and indicating a low-battery signal to a viewer if the three dimensional viewing glasses will not operate longer than the predetermined time. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program includes indicating a low- battery signal to a viewer if the three dimensional viewing glasses will not operate longer than the predetermined time comprises opening and closing the first and second liquid crystal shutters at a predetermined rate. In an exemplary embodiment, the predetermined amount of time is longer than three hours. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program includes indicating a low-battery signal to a viewer if the three dimensional viewing glasses will not operate longer than the predetermined time comprises indicating a low-battery signal to a viewer if the three dimensional viewing glasses will not operate longer than the predetermined time for at least three days after determining the amount of power remaining in the battery is not sufficient for the pair of three dimensional viewing glasses to operate longer than the predetermined amount of time. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program further includes determining the amount of power remaining in the battery by measuring a number of synchronization pulses transmitted to the three dimensional viewing glasses.

[00402] A system for providing a three dimensional video image has been described that includes means for having a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, means for opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, means for holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, means for closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, means for holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the viewer, means for sensing an amount of power remaining in a battery, means for determining whether the amount of power remaining in the battery is sufficient for the pair of three dimensional viewing glasses to operate longer than a predetermined time, and means for indicating a low-battery signal to a viewer if the three dimensional viewing glasses will not operate longer than the predetermined time. In an exemplary embodiment, the low-battery signal comprises means for opening and closing the first and second liquid crystal shutters at a predetermined rate. In an exemplary embodiment, the predetermined amount of time is longer than three hours. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes means for indicating a low battery power for at least three days after determining the amount of power remaining in the battery is not sufficient for the pair of three dimensional viewing glasses to operate longer than the predetermined amount of time. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes means for determining the amount of power remaining in the battery by measuring time by a number of synchronization pulses.

[00403] A system for providing three dimensional video images has been described that includes a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first lens having a first liquid crystal shutter and a second lens having a second liquid crystal shutter, a control circuit for controlling the operation of the first and second liquid crystal shutters, a battery operably coupled to the control circuit, and a signal sensor operably coupled to the control circuit, wherein the control circuit is adapted to determine whether the amount of power remaining in the battery is sufficient for the pair of three dimensional viewing glasses to operate longer than a predetermined time as a function of a number of external signals detected by the signal sensor and operate the first and second liquid crystal shutters to provide a visual indication of the amount of power remaining in the battery. In an exemplary embodiment, the visual indication comprises opening and closing the first and second liquid crystal shutters at a predetermined rate.

[00404] A method for providing a three dimensional video image has been described that includes having a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, sensing an amount of power remaining in a battery by determining a number of external signals transmitted to the three dimensional viewing glasses, determining whether the amount of power remaining in the battery is sufficient for the pair of three dimensional viewing glasses to operate longer than a predetermined time, and indicating a low-battery signal to a viewer if the three dimensional viewing glasses will not operate longer than the predetermined time. In an exemplary embodiment, the low-battery signal includes opening and closing the first and second liquid crystal shutters at a predetermined rate.

[00405] A computer program stored in a memory device for use in operating a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter providing a three dimensional video image has been described that includes sensing an amount of power remaining in a battery of the three dimensional viewing glasses by determining a number of external signals transmitted to the three dimensional viewing glasses, determining whether the amount of power remaining in the battery is sufficient for the pair of three dimensional viewing glasses to operate longer than a predetermined time, and indicating a low-battery signal to a viewer if the three dimensional viewing glasses will not operate longer than the predetermined time. In an exemplary embodiment, the low-battery signal comprises opening and closing the first and second liquid crystal shutters at a predetermined rate.

[00406] A method for providing a three dimensional video image has been described that includes having a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses including a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter has been described that includes opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the viewer, sensing an amount of power remaining in a battery, determining whether the amount of power remaining in the battery is sufficient for the pair of three dimensional viewing glasses to operate longer than a predetermined time, and indicating a low-battery signal to a viewer if the three dimensional viewing glasses will not operate longer than the predetermined time; wherein indicating a low-battery signal to a viewer if the three dimensional viewing glasses will not operate longer than the predetermined time includes opening and closing the first and second liquid crystal shutters at a predetermined rate, and wherein determining the amount of power remaining in the battery comprises measuring a number of synchronization pulses transmitted to the three dimensional viewing glasses.

[00407] A system for providing three dimensional video images has been described that includes a pair of glasses comprising a first lens having a first liquid crystal shutter and a second lens having a second liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters each having a liquid crystal and an opening time of less than one millisecond, a control circuit that alternately opens the first and second liquid crystal shutters, wherein the liquid crystal orientation is held at a point of maximum light transmission until the control circuit closes the shutter, and a synchronization device operably coupled to the control circuit, including a signal receiver for sensing a synchronization signal corresponding to an image presented to a user of the glasses, and a control circuit adapted to open the first liquid crystal shutter or the second liquid crystal shutter during a period of time in which the image is presented as a function of the synchronization signal transmitted. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes an infrared light. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes a signal transmitter, wherein the signal transmitter projects the synchronization signal toward a reflector, wherein the synchronization signal is reflected by the reflector, and wherein the signal receiver detects the reflected synchronization signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the reflector comprises a movie theater screen. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter receives a timing signal from an image projector. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a radio frequency signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a series of pulses at a predetermined interval. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a series of pulses at a predetermined interval, wherein a first predetermined number of pulses opens the first liquid crystal shutter, and wherein a second predetermined number of pulses opens the second liquid crystal shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal is encrypted. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal comprises a series of pulses and configuration data for the control circuit. In an exemplary embodiment, at least one of the series of pulses and the configuration data are encrypted. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes at least one data bit preceded by at least one clock pulse. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a synchronous serial data signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal is sensed between the presentation of images for the first and second liquid crystal shutters.

[00408] A method for providing a three dimensional video image has been described that includes having a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the viewer, transmitting a synchronization signal corresponding to the image presented to the viewer, sensing the synchronization signal, and using the synchronization signal to determine when to open the first liquid crystal shutter or the second liquid crystal shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes an infrared light. In an exemplary embodiment, the method further includes projecting the synchronization signal toward a reflector, reflecting the synchronization signal off of the reflector, and detecting the reflected synchronization signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the method further includes reflecting the synchronization signal off of a movie theater screen. In an exemplary embodiment, the method further includes receiving a timing signal from an image projector. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a radio frequency signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a series of pulses at a predetermined interval. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a series of pulses at a predetermined interval, wherein a first predetermined number of pulses opens the first liquid crystal shutter, and wherein a second predetermined number of pulses opens the second liquid crystal shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, the method further includes encrypting the synchronization signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a series of pulses and configuration data for the control circuit. In an exemplary embodiment, the method further includes encrypting at least one of the series of pulses and the configuration data. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes at least one data bit preceded by at least one clock pulse. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a synchronous serial data signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal is sensed between the presentation of images for the first and second liquid crystal shutters.

[00409] A system for providing three dimensional video images has been described that includes a pair of glasses comprising a first lens having a first liquid crystal shutter and a second lens having a second liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters having a liquid crystal and an opening time of less than one millisecond, a control circuit that alternately opens the first and second liquid crystal shutters, wherein the liquid crystal orientation is held at a point of maximum light transmission until the control circuit closes the shutter, and a synchronization system including: a reflection device located in front of the pair of glasses, a signal transmitter sending a synchronization signal towards the reflection device, the synchronization signal corresponding to an image presented to a user of the glasses, a signal receiver sensing the synchronization signal reflected from the reflection device, and a control circuit adapted to open the first shutter or the second shutter during a period of time in which the image is presented. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes an infrared light. In an exemplary embodiment, the reflector includes a movie theater screen. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter receives a timing signal from an image projector. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a series of pulses at a predetermined interval. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a series of pulses at a predetermined interval, wherein a first predetermined number of pulses opens the first liquid crystal shutter, and wherein a second predetermined number of pulses opens the second liquid crystal shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal is encrypted. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a series of pulses and configuration data for the control circuit. In an exemplary embodiment, at least one of the series of pulses and the configuration data are encrypted. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes at least one data bit preceded by at least one clock pulse. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a synchronous serial data signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal is sensed between the presentation of images for the first and second liquid crystal shutters.

[00410] A computer program installed on a machine readable medium for providing a three dimensional video image, using a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, has been described that includes opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the viewer, sensing a synchronization signal corresponding to an image presented to the viewer, and using the sensed synchronization signal to determine when to open the first or the second liquid crystal shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes an infrared light. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program further includes projecting the synchronization signal toward a reflector, reflecting the synchronization signal off of the reflector, and detecting the reflected synchronization signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the reflector includes a movie theater screen. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program further includes receiving a timing signal from an image projector. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a radio frequency signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a series of pulses at a predetermined interval. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a series of pulses at a predetermined interval, wherein a first predetermined number of pulses opens the first liquid crystal shutter, and wherein a second predetermined number of pulses opens the second liquid crystal shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program further includes encrypting the synchronization signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a series of pulses and configuration data for the control circuit. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program further includes encrypting at least one of the series of pulses and the configuration data. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes at least one data bit preceded by at least one clock pulse. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a synchronous serial data signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program further includes sensing the synchronization signal between the presentation of images for the first and second liquid crystal shutters.

[00411] A system for providing a three dimensional video image has been described that includes means for having a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, means for opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, means for holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, means for closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, means for holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the viewer, means for sensing a synchronization signal corresponding to the image presented to the viewer, and means for using the sensed synchronization signal to determine when to open the first or the second liquid crystal shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes an infrared light. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes means for transmitting the synchronization signal toward a reflector. In an exemplary embodiment, the reflector includes a movie theater screen. In an exemplary embodiment, the means for transmitting includes means for receiving a timing signal from an image projector. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a radio frequency signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a series of pulses at a predetermined interval. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a series of pulses at a predetermined interval and wherein a first predetermined number of pulses opens the first liquid crystal shutter and wherein a second predetermined number of pulses opens the second liquid crystal shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes means for encrypting the synchronization signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a series of pulses and configuration data for the control circuit. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes means for encrypting at least one of the series of pulses and the configuration data. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes at least one data bit preceded by at least one clock pulse. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a synchronous serial data signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes means for sensing the synchronization signal between the presentation of images for the first and second liquid crystal shutters.

[00412] A method for providing a three dimensional video image has been described that includes having a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the viewer, projecting an encrypted synchronization signal toward a reflector, reflecting the encrypted synchronization signal off of the reflector, detecting the reflected encrypted synchronization signal, decrypting the detected encrypted synchronization signal, and using the detected synchronization signal to determine when to open the first liquid crystal shutter or the second liquid crystal shutter, wherein the synchronization signal comprises an infrared light, wherein the synchronization signal comprises a series of pulses and configuration data, wherein a first predetermined series of pulses opens the first liquid crystal shutter, wherein a second predetermined series of pulses opens the second liquid crystal shutter, wherein the synchronization signal comprises at least one data bit preceded by at least one clock pulse, wherein the synchronization signal comprise a synchronous serial data signal, and wherein the synchronization signal is detected between the presentation of images for the first and second liquid crystal shutters.

[00413] A system for providing three dimensional video images has been described that includes a pair of glasses comprising a first lens having a first liquid crystal shutter and a second lens having a second liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters having a liquid crystal and an opening time of less than one millisecond, a control circuit that alternately opens the first and second liquid crystal shutters, and wherein an orientation of at least one of the liquid crystal shutters is held at a point of maximum light transmission until the control circuit closes the liquid crystal shutter, and a test system comprising a signal transmitter, a signal receiver, and a test system control circuit adapted to open and close the first and second liquid crystal shutters at a rate that is visible to a viewer. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter does not receive a timing signal from a projector. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter emits an infrared signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the infrared signal comprises a series of pulses. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter emits an radio frequency signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the radio frequency signal comprises a series of pulses.

[00414] A method for providing a three dimensional video image has been described that includes having a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of a viewer, transmitting a test signal towards the three dimensional viewing glasses, receiving the test signal with a sensor on the three dimensional glasses, and using a control circuit to open and close the first and second liquid crystal shutters as a result of the received test signal, wherein the liquid crystal shutters open and close at a rate that is observable to a viewer wearing the glasses. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter does not receive a timing signal from a projector. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter emits an infrared signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the infrared signal comprises a series of pulses. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter emits an radio frequency signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the radio frequency signal includes a series of pulses.

[00415] A computer program installed on a machine readable medium for providing a three dimensional video image using a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses including a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, the computer program has been described that includes opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of a viewer, transmitting a test signal towards the three dimensional viewing glasses, receiving the test signal with a sensor on the three dimensional glasses, and using a control circuit to open and close the first and second liquid crystal shutters as a result of the received test signal, wherein the liquid crystal shutters open and close at a rate that is observable to a viewer wearing the glasses. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter does not receive a timing signal from a projector. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter emits an infrared signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the infrared signal includes a series of pulses. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal transmitter emits an radio frequency signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the radio frequency signal comprises a series of pulses.

[00416] A system for providing a three dimensional video image has been described that includes a means for having a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, means for opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, means for holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, means for closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, means for holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of a viewer, means for transmitting a test signal towards the three dimensional viewing glasses, means for receiving the test signal with a sensor on the three dimensional glasses, and means for using a control circuit to open and close the first and second liquid crystal shutters as a result of the test signal, wherein the liquid crystal shutters open and close at a rate that is observable to a viewer wearing the glasses. In an exemplary embodiment, the means for transmitting does not receive a timing signal from a projector. In an exemplary embodiment, the means for transmitting emits an infrared signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the infrared signal includes a series of pulses. In an exemplary embodiment, the means for transmitting emits an radio frequency signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the radio frequency signal includes a series of pulses.

[00417] A method for providing a three dimensional video image has been described that includes having a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of a viewer, transmitting an infrared test signal towards the three dimensional viewing glasses, receiving the infrared test signal with a sensor on the three dimensional glasses, and using a control circuit to open and close the first and second liquid crystal shutters as a result of the received infrared test signal, wherein the liquid crystal shutters open and close at a rate that is observable to a viewer wearing the glasses, wherein the signal transmitter does not receive a timing signal from a projector, wherein the infrared signal comprises a series of pulses, wherein the infrared signal comprises one or more data bits that are each preceded by at least one clock pulse, and wherein the infrared signal comprises a synchronous serial data signal.

[00418] A system for providing three dimensional video images has been described that includes a pair of glasses comprising a first lens having a first liquid crystal shutter and a second lens having a second liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters each having a liquid crystal and an opening time of less than one millisecond, a control circuit that alternately opens the first and second liquid crystal shutters, wherein the liquid crystal orientation is held at a point of maximum light transmission until the control circuit closes the shutter, and signal receiver operably coupled to the control circuit, wherein the control circuit is adapted to activate the signal receiver at a first predetermined time interval, determine if the signal receiver is receiving a valid signal, deactivate the signal receiver if the signal receiver does not receive the valid signal within a second predetermined time interval, and alternately open and close the first and second shutters at an interval corresponding to the valid signal if the signal receiver does receive the valid signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the first period of time includes at least two seconds. In an exemplary embodiment, the second period of time includes no more than 100 milliseconds. In an exemplary embodiment, both of the liquid crystal shutters remain either open or closed until the signal receiver receives the valid signal.

[00419] A method for providing a three dimensional video image has been described that includes having a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of a viewer, activating a signal receiver at a first predetermined time interval, determining if the signal receiver is receiving a valid signal from a signal transmitter, deactivating the signal receiver if the signal receiver does not receive the valid signal from the signal transmitter within a second period of time, and opening and closing the first and second shutters at an interval corresponding to the valid signal if the signal receiver does receive the valid signal from the signal transmitter. In an exemplary embodiment, the first period of time includes at least two seconds. In an exemplary embodiment, the second period of time includes no more than 100 milliseconds. In an exemplary embodiment, both of the liquid crystal shutters remain either open or closed until the signal receiver receives a valid signal from the signal transmitter.

[00420] A system for providing three dimensional video images has been described that includes a pair of glasses comprising a first lens having a first liquid crystal shutter and a second lens having a second liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters having a liquid crystal and an opening time of less than one millisecond, a control circuit that can alternately open the first and second liquid crystal shutters, wherein the liquid crystal orientation is held at a point of maximum light transmission until the control circuit closes the shutter, and wherein the control circuit is adapted to hold both the first liquid crystal shutter and the second liquid crystal shutter open. In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit holds the first liquid crystal shutter and the second liquid crystal shutter open until the control circuit detects a synchronization signal. In an exemplary embodiment, a voltage applied to the first and second liquid crystal shutters alternates between positive and negative.

[00421] A method for providing a three dimensional video image has been described that includes having a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, wherein the first liquid crystal shutter can open in less than one millisecond, wherein the second liquid crystal shutter can open in less than one millisecond, and opening and closing the first and second liquid crystal shutters at a rate that makes the first and second liquid crystal shutters appear to be clear lenses to a user. In an exemplary embodiment, the method further includes opening and closing the first and second liquid crystal shutters at a rate that makes the liquid crystal shutters appear to be clear lenses to the user until detecting a valid synchronization signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the method further includes applying a voltage to the first and second liquid crystal shutters that alternates between positive and negative until detecting a valid synchronization signal.

[00422] A computer program installed on a machine readable medium for providing a three dimensional video image, for use in a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, has been described that includes opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of a viewer, activating a signal receiver at a first predetermined time interval, determining if the signal receiver is receiving a valid signal from the signal transmitter, deactivating the signal receiver if the signal receiver does not receive the valid signal from the signal transmitter within a second period of time, and opening and closing the first and second shutters at an interval corresponding to the valid signal if the signal receiver does receive the valid signal from the signal transmitter. In an exemplary embodiment, the first period of time comprises at least two seconds. In an exemplary embodiment, the second period of time comprises no more than 100 milliseconds. In an exemplary embodiment, the first and second liquid crystal shutters remain open until the signal receiver receives the valid signal from the signal transmitter.

[00423] A computer program installed on a machine readable medium for providing a three dimensional video image, for use in a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, wherein the first liquid crystal shutter can open in less than one millisecond, and wherein the second liquid crystal shutter can open in less than one millisecond, and has been described that includes opening and closing the first and second liquid crystal shutters at a rate that makes the liquid crystal shutters appear to be clear lenses. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program further includes holding the first and second liquid crystal shutters open until detecting a valid synchronization signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program further includes applying a voltage to the first and second liquid crystal shutters that alternates between positive and negative until detecting a valid synchronization signal.

[00424] A system for providing a three dimensional video image has been described that includes means for providing a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, means for opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, means for holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, means for closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, means for holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of a viewer, means for activating a signal receiver at a first predetermined time interval, means for determining if the signal receiver is receiving a valid signal from the signal transmitter, means for deactivating the signal receiver if the signal receiver does not receive the valid signal from the signal transmitter within a second period of time, and means for opening and closing the first and second shutters at an interval corresponding to the valid signal if the signal receiver does receive the valid signal from the signal transmitter. In an exemplary embodiment, the first period of time includes at least two seconds. In an exemplary embodiment, the second period of time includes no more than 100 milliseconds. In an exemplary embodiment, the first and second liquid crystal shutters remain open until the signal receiver receives a valid signal from the signal transmitter.

[00425] A system for providing three dimensional video images has been described that includes a pair of glasses including a first lens having a first liquid crystal shutter and a second lens having a second liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters having a liquid crystal and an opening time of less than one millisecond, and a control circuit that alternately opens the first and second liquid crystal shutters, wherein the liquid crystal orientation is held at a point of maximum light transmission until the control circuit closes the shutter, wherein the control circuit opens and closes the first and second liquid crystal shutters after the glasses are powered on for a predetermined time period. In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit alternatively opens and closes the first and second liquid crystal shutters after the glasses are powered on for a predetermined time period. In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit, after the predetermined time period, then opens and closes the first and second liquid crystal shutters as a function of a synchronization signal received by the control circuit. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal comprises a series of pulses at a predetermined interval. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a series of pulses at a predetermined interval and wherein a first predetermined number of pulses opens the first liquid crystal shutter and wherein a second predetermined number of pulses opens the second liquid crystal shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, a portion of the series of pulses is encrypted. In an exemplary embodiment, the series of pulses includes a predetermined number of pulses that are not encrypted followed by encrypted data. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal comprises one or more data bits that are each preceded by one or more clock pulses. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a synchronous serial data signal.

[00426] A method for providing a three dimensional video image has been described that includes having a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of a viewer, powering on the glasses; and opening and closing the first and second liquid crystal shutters for a predetermined time period after powering on the glasses. In an exemplary embodiment, the method further includes providing a synchronization signal, wherein a portion of the synchronization signal is encrypted, sensing the synchronization signal, and wherein the first and second liquid crystal shutters open and close in a pattern corresponding to the sensed synchronization signal only after receiving an encrypted signal after the predetermined time period. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a series of pulses at a predetermined interval and wherein a first predetermined number of pulses opens the first liquid crystal shutter and wherein a second predetermined number of pulses opens the second liquid crystal shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, a portion of the series of pulses is encrypted. In an exemplary embodiment, the series of pulses includes a predetermined number of pulses that are not encrypted followed by a predetermined number of pulses that are encrypted. In an exemplary embodiment, the first and second liquid crystal shutters open and close in a pattern corresponding to the synchronization signal only after receiving two consecutive encrypted signals. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes one or more data bits that are each preceded by one or more clock pulses. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal comprises a synchronous serial data signal.

[00427] A computer program installed on a machine readable medium for providing a three dimensional video image, using a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, has been described that includes opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of a viewer, powering on the glasses; and opening and closing the first and second liquid crystal shutters for a predetermined time period after powering on the glasses. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program further includes providing a synchronization signal, wherein a portion of the synchronization signal is encrypted, sensing the synchronization signal, and wherein the first and second liquid crystal shutters open and close in a pattern corresponding to the synchronization signal only after receiving an encrypted signal after the predetermined time period. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a series of pulses at a predetermined interval, and wherein a first predetermined number of pulses opens the first liquid crystal shutter and wherein a second predetermined number of pulses opens the second liquid crystal shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, a portion of the series of pulses is encrypted. In an exemplary embodiment, the series of pulses includes a predetermined number of pulses that are not encrypted followed by a predetermined number of pulses that are encrypted. In an exemplary embodiment, the first and second liquid crystal shutters open and close in a pattern corresponding to the synchronization signal only after receiving two consecutive encrypted signals. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes one or more data bits that are each preceded by one or more clock pulses. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal comprises a synchronous serial data signal. [00428] A system for providing a three dimensional video image has been described that includes means for providing a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, wherein the first liquid crystal shutter can open in less than one millisecond, wherein the second liquid crystal shutter can open in less than one millisecond, and means for opening and closing the first and second liquid crystal shutters after powering up the glasses for a predetermined period of time. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes means for opening and closing the first and second liquid crystal shutters upon receiving a synchronization signal after the predetermined period of time. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes one or more data bits that are each preceded by one or more clock pulses. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a synchronous serial data signal.

[00429] A system for providing a three dimensional video image has been described that includes means for providing a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses comprising a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, means for opening the first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, means for holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, means for closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening the second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, means for holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of a viewer, and means for opening and closing the first and second liquid crystal shutters after powering up the glasses for a predetermined period of time. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes means for transmitting a synchronization signal, wherein a portion of the synchronization signal is encrypted, means for sensing the synchronization signal, and means for opening and closing the first and second liquid crystal shutters in a pattern corresponding to the synchronization signal only after receiving an encrypted signal after the predetermined time period. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a series of pulses at a predetermined interval and wherein a first predetermined number of pulses opens the first liquid crystal shutter and wherein a second predetermined number of pulses opens the second liquid crystal shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, a portion of the series of pulses is encrypted. In an exemplary embodiment, the series of pulses includes a predetermined number of pulses that are not encrypted followed by a predetermined number of pulses that are encrypted. In an exemplary embodiment, the first and second liquid crystal shutters open and close in a pattern corresponding to the synchronization signal only after receiving two consecutive encrypted signals. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes one or more data bits that are each preceded by one or more clock pulses. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal comprises a synchronous serial data signal.

[00430] A frame for 3-D glasses having right and left viewing shutters has been described that includes a frame front that defines right and left lens openings for receiving the right and left viewing shutters; and right and left temples coupled to and extending from the frame front for mounting on a head of a user of the 3-D glasses; wherein each of the right and left temples comprise a serpentine shape. In an exemplary embodiment, each of the right and left temples include one or more ridges. In an exemplary embodiment, the frame further includes a left shutter controller mounted within the frame for controlling the operation of the left viewing shutter; a right shutter controller mounted within the frame for controlling the operation of the right viewing shutter; a central controller mounted within the frame for controlling the operation of the left and right shutter controllers; a signal sensor operably coupled to the central controller for sensing a signal from an external source; and a battery mounted within the frame operably coupled to the left and right shutter controllers, the central controller, and the signal sensor for supplying power to the left and right shutter controllers, the central controller, and the signal sensor. In an exemplary embodiment, the viewing shutters each include a liquid crystal having an opening time of less than one millisecond. In an exemplary embodiment, the frame further includes a battery sensor operably coupled to the battery and the central controller for monitoring the operating status of the battery and providing a signal to the central controller representative of the operating status of the battery. In an exemplary embodiment, the frame further includes a charge pump operably coupled to the battery and the central controller for providing an increased voltage supply to the left and right shutter controllers. In an exemplary embodiment, the frame further includes a common shutter controller operably coupled to the central controller for controlling the operation of the left and right shutter controllers. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal sensor includes a narrow band pass filter; and a decoder.

[00431] 3-D glasses having right and left viewing shutters have been described that include a frame defining left and right lens openings for receiving the right and left viewing shutters; a central controller for controlling the operation of the right and left viewing shutters; a housing coupled to the frame for housing the central controller defining an opening for accessing at least a portion of the controller; and a cover received within and sealingly engaging the opening in the housing. In an exemplary embodiment, the cover comprises an o-ring seal for sealingly engaging the opening in the housing. In an exemplary embodiment, the cover comprises one or more keying members for engaging complimentary recesses formed in the opening in the housing. In an exemplary embodiment, the 3-D glasses further include a left shutter controller operably coupled to the central controller mounted within the housing for controlling the operation of the left viewing shutter; a right shutter controller operably coupled to the central controller mounted within the housing for controlling the operation of the right viewing shutter; a signal sensor operably coupled to the central controller for sensing a signal from an external source; and a battery mounted within the housing operably coupled to the left and right shutter controllers, the central controller, and the signal sensor for supplying power to the left and right shutter controllers, the central controller, and the signal sensor. In an exemplary embodiment, the viewing shutters each include a liquid crystal having an opening time of less than one millisecond. In an exemplary embodiment, the 3-D glasses further include a battery sensor operably coupled to the battery and the central controller for monitoring the operating status of the battery and providing a signal to the central controller representative of the operating status of the battery. In an exemplary embodiment, the 3-D glasses further include a charge pump operably coupled to the battery and the central controller for providing an increased voltage supply to the left and right shutter controllers. In an exemplary embodiment, the 3-D glasses further include a common shutter controller operably coupled to the central controller for controlling the operation of the left and right shutter controllers. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal sensor includes a narrow band pass filter; and a decoder.

[00432] A method of housing a controller for 3-D glasses having right and left viewing elements has been described that includes providing a frame for supporting the right and left viewing elements for wearing by a user; providing a housing within the frame for housing a controller for the 3-D glasses; and sealing the housing within the frame using a removable cover having a sealing element for sealingly engaging the housing. In an exemplary embodiment, the cover includes one or more dimples. In an exemplary embodiment, sealing the housing comprises operating a key to engage the dimples in the cover of the housing. In an exemplary embodiment, the housing further houses a removable battery for providing power to the controller for the 3-D glasses.

[00433] A system for providing a three dimensional video image to a user of 3D glasses has been described that includes a power supply, first and a second liquid crystal shutters operably coupled to the power supply, and a control circuit operably coupled to the power supply and the liquid crystal shutters adapted to open the first liquid crystal shutter for a first period of time, close the first liquid crystal shutter for a second period of time, open the second liquid crystal shutter for the second period of time, close the second liquid crystal shutter for the first period of time, and transfer charge between the first and second liquid crystal shutters during portions of at least one of the first and second periods of time, wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of the user and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the user. In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit is adapted to use a synchronization signal to determine the first and second periods of time. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes an emitter that provides a synchronization signal and wherein the synchronization signal causes the control circuit to open one of the liquid crystal shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes an encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit will only operate after validating the encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit is adapted to detect a synchronization signal and begin operating the liquid crystal shutters after detecting the synchronization signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the encrypted signal will only operate a pair of liquid crystal glasses having a control circuit adapted to receive the encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes one or more data bits that are each preceded by one or more clock pulses. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal comprises a synchronous serial data signal.

[00434] A system for providing three dimensional video images has been described that includes a pair of glasses comprising a first lens having a first liquid crystal shutter and a second lens having a second liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters each having a liquid crystal, and a control circuit that alternately opens the first and second liquid crystal shutters and transfers charge between the liquid crystal shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes an emitter that provides a synchronization signal and wherein the synchronization signal causes the control circuit to open one of the liquid crystal shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes an encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit will only operate after validating the encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the control circuit is adapted to detect a synchronization signal and begin operating the liquid crystal shutters after detecting the synchronization signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the encrypted signal will only operate a pair of liquid crystal glasses having a control circuit adapted to receive the encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes one or more data bits that are each preceded by one or more clock pulses. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a synchronous serial data signal.

[00435] A method for providing a three dimensional video image using first and second liquid crystal shutters has been described that includes closing the first liquid crystal shutter and opening the second liquid crystal shutter, then closing the second liquid crystal shutter and opening the first liquid crystal shutter, and transferring charge between the first and second liquid crystal shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the method further includes providing a synchronization signal, and opening one of the liquid crystal shutters in response to the synchronization signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes an encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the method further includes operating only after validating the encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the method further includes detecting a synchronization signal, and begin operating the liquid crystal shutters after detecting the synchronization signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal comprises one or more data bits that are each preceded by one or more clock pulses. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a synchronous serial data signal.

[00436] A computer program installed on a machine readable medium in a housing for 3D glasses having first and second liquid crystal shutters for providing a three dimensional video image to a user of the 3D glasses has been described that includes closing the first liquid crystal shutter and opening the second liquid crystal shutter, then closing the second liquid crystal shutter and opening the first liquid crystal shutter, and transferring charge between the first and second liquid crystal shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program further includes providing a synchronization signal, and opening one of the liquid crystal shutters in response to the synchronization signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes an encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program further includes validating the encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program further includes detecting a synchronization signal, and operating the liquid crystal shutters after detecting the synchronization signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal comprises one or more data bits that are each preceded by one or more clock pulses. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a synchronous serial data signal.

[00437] A system for providing a three dimensional video image using first and second liquid crystal shutters has been described that includes means for closing the first liquid crystal shutter and opening the second liquid crystal shutter, means for then closing the second liquid crystal shutter and opening the first liquid crystal shutter, and means for transferring charge between the first and second liquid crystal shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes means for providing a synchronization signal, and means for the synchronization signal causing opening one of the liquid crystal shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal comprises an encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes means for only operating after validating the encrypted signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes one or more data bits that are each preceded by one or more clock pulses. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronization signal includes a synchronous serial data signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes means for detecting a synchronization signal, and means for operating the liquid crystal shutters after detecting the synchronization signal.

[00438] A system for providing electrical power to 3D glasses including left and right liquid crystal shutters has been described that includes a controller operably coupled to the left and right liquid crystal shutters; a battery operably coupled to the controller; and a charge pump operably coupled to the controller; wherein the controller is adapted to transfer electrical charge between the left and right liquid crystal shutters when changing the operational state of either of the left or right liquid crystal shutter; and wherein the charge pump is adapted to accumulate electrical potential when the controller changes the operational state of either the left or right liquid crystal shutter. In an exemplary embodiment, the charge pump is adapted to stop accumulating electrical potential when the level of the electrical potential equals a predetermined level.

[00439] A method of providing electrical power to 3D glasses including left and right liquid crystal shutters has been described that includes transferring electrical charge between the left and right liquid crystal shutters when changing the operational state of either of the left or right liquid crystal shutters; and accumulating electrical potential when changing the operational state of either the left or right liquid crystal shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the method further includes stopping the accumulation of electrical potential when the level of the electrical potential equals a predetermined level.

[00440] A computer program stored in a machine readable medium for providing electrical power to 3D glasses including left and right liquid crystal shutters has been described that includes transferring electrical charge between the left and right liquid crystal shutters when changing the operational state of either of the left or right liquid crystal shutters; and accumulating electrical potential when changing the operational state of either the left or right liquid crystal shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program further includes stopping the accumulation of electrical potential when the level of the electrical potential equals a predetermined level.

[00441] A system for providing electrical power to 3D glasses including left and right liquid crystal shutters has been described that includes means for transferring electrical charge between the left and right liquid crystal shutters when changing the operational state of either of the left or right liquid crystal shutters; and means for accumulating electrical potential when changing the operational state of either the left or right liquid crystal shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, the system further includes means for stopping the accumulation of electrical potential when the level of the electrical potential equals a predetermined level.

[00442] A signal sensor for use in 3D glasses for receiving a signal from a signal transmitter and sending a decoded signal to a controller for operating the 3D glasses has been described that includes a band pass filter for filtering the signal received from the signal transmitter; and a decoder operably coupled to the band pass filter for decoding the filtered signal and providing the decoded signal to the controller of the 3D glasses. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal received from the signal transmitter includes one or more data bits; and one or more clock pulses that proceed a corresponding one of the data bits. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal received from the signal transmitter comprises a synchronous serial data transmission. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal received from the signal transmitter comprise a synchronization signal for controlling the operation of the 3D glasses.

[00443] 3-D have been described that include a band pass filter for filtering the signal received from a signal transmitter; a decoder operably coupled to the band pass filter for decoding the filtered signal; a controller operably coupled to the decoder for receiving the decoded signal; and left and right optical shutters operably coupled to and controlled by the controller as a function of the decoded signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal received from the signal transmitter includes one or more data bits; and one or more clock pulses that proceed a corresponding one of the data bits. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal received from the signal transmitter comprises a synchronous serial data transmission. [00444] A method of transmitting data signals to 3D glasses has been described that includes transmitting a synchronous serial data signal to the 3D glasses. In an exemplary embodiment, the data signal comprises one or more data bits that are each preceded by a corresponding clock pulse. In an exemplary embodiment, the method further includes filtering the data signal to remove out of band noise. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronous serial data signal comprises a synchronization signal for controlling the operation of the 3D glasses.

[00445] A method of operating 3D glasses having left and right optical shutters has been described that includes transmitting a synchronous serial data signal to the 3D glasses; and controlling the operation of the left and right optical shutters as a function of data encoded in the data signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the data signal includes one or more data bits that are each preceded by a corresponding clock pulse. In an exemplary embodiment, the method further includes filtering the data signal to remove out of band noise.

[00446] A computer program for transmitting data signals to 3D glasses has been described that includes transmitting a synchronous serial data signal to the 3D glasses. In an exemplary embodiment, the data signal includes one or more data bits that are each preceded by a corresponding clock pulse. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program further includes filtering the data signal to remove out of band noise. In an exemplary embodiment, the synchronous serial data signal includes a synchronization signal for controlling the operation of the 3D glasses.

[00447] A computer program for operating 3D glasses having left and right optical shutters has been described that includes transmitting a synchronous serial data signal to the 3D glasses; and controlling the operation of the left and right optical shutters as a function of data encoded in the data signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the data signal includes one or more data bits that are each preceded by a corresponding clock pulse. In an exemplary embodiment, the computer program further includes filtering the data signal to remove out of band noise.

[00448] A synchronization signal for operating one or more optical shutters within a pair of three dimensional viewing glasses, the synchronization signal stored within a machine readable medium, has been described that includes one or more data bits for controlling the operation of the one or more of the optical shutters within the pair of three dimensional viewing glasses; and one or more clock pulses that precede each of the data bits. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal is stored within a machine readable medium operably coupled to a transmitter. In an exemplary embodiment, the transmitter includes an infra red transmitter. In an exemplary embodiment, the transmitter includes a visible light transmitter. In an exemplary embodiment, the transmitter includes a radio frequency transmitter. In an exemplary embodiment, the signal is stored within a machine readable medium operably coupled to a receiver. In an exemplary embodiment, the transmitter includes an infra red transmitter. In an exemplary embodiment, the transmitter includes a visible light transmitter. In an exemplary embodiment, the transmitter includes a radio frequency transmitter.

[00449] A method of synchronizing the operation of 3D glasses having left and right shutters with a display device has been described that includes initially synchronizing the operation of the 3D glasses with the operation of the display device; and periodically resynchronizing the operation of the 3D glasses with the operation of the display device. In an exemplary embodiment, initially synchronizing the operation of the 3D glasses with the operation of the display device comprises transmitting a signal from the display device to the 3D glasses that comprises one or more synchronization pulses. In an exemplary embodiment, initially synchronizing the operation of the 3D glasses with the operation of the display device comprises transmitting a signal from the display device to the 3D glasses that comprises information representative of the type of the display device. In an exemplary embodiment, initially synchronizing the operation of the 3D glasses with the operation of the display device comprises transmitting a signal from the display device to the 3D glasses that comprises information representative of an opening and closing sequence of the left and right shutters. In an exemplary embodiment, initially synchronizing the operation of the 3D glasses with the operation of the display device comprises transmitting a signal from the display device to the 3D glasses that comprises information representative of an operating frequency of the images displayed on the display device. In an exemplary embodiment, initially synchronizing the operation of the 3D glasses with the operation of the display device comprises transmitting a signal from the display device to the 3D glasses that comprises one or more synchronization pulses; transmitting a signal from the display device to the 3D glasses that comprises information representative of the type of the display device; transmitting a signal from the display device to the 3D glasses that comprises information representative of an opening and closing sequence of the left and right shutters; and transmitting a signal from the display device to the 3D glasses that comprises information representative of an operating frequency of the images displayed on the display device. In an exemplary embodiment, periodically resynchronizing the operation of the 3D glasses with the operation of the display device comprises transmitting a signal from the display device to the 3D glasses that comprises one or more synchronization pulses. In an exemplary embodiment, periodically resynchronizing the operation of the 3D glasses with the operation of the display device comprises transmitting a signal from the display device to the 3D glasses that comprises information representative of a time of transmission of the signal. In an exemplary embodiment, periodically resynchronizing the operation of the 3D glasses with the operation of the display device comprises transmitting a signal from the display device to the 3D glasses that comprises information representative of a time delay of the transmission of the signal. In an exemplary embodiment, periodically resynchronizing the operation of the 3D glasses with the operation of the display device comprises transmitting a signal from the display device to the 3D glasses that comprises one or more synchronization pulses; transmitting a signal from the display device to the 3D glasses that comprises information representative of a time of transmission of the signal; and transmitting a signal from the display device to the 3D glasses that comprises information representative of a time delay of the transmission of the signal. In an exemplary embodiment, the method further includes the 3D glasses using the time delay of the transmission of the signal to resynchronize the operation of the 3D glasses with the operation of the display device.

[00450] Glasses for viewing three dimensional video images can include a left liquid crystal shutter and a right liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters being flexible. [00451] A system for providing a three dimensional video image to a user of 3D glasses can include a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters being capable of elastic deformation in response to a force exerted against the shutters, and a control circuit adapted to open the first liquid crystal shutter, wherein the first liquid crystal shutter opens to a point of maximum light transmission in less than one millisecond, then close the first liquid crystal shutter, open the second liquid crystal shutter, wherein the second liquid crystal shutter opens to a point of maximum light transmission in less than one millisecond, and then close the second liquid crystal shutter; wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of the user and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the user. In one embodiment, the liquid crystal shutters each have a first end and a second end, the first end able to move a predetermined distance relative to the second end without breaking the liquid crystal shutter. In one embodiment, the liquid crystal shutters each have a first shape when in a relaxed state and at least a second shape when force is applied. In one embodiment, the liquid crystal shutters have a first shape while in a relaxed shape, and a second shape when installed in the frames, the frames exerting force against the liquid crystal shutters. In one embodiment, the shutters each elastically deform while being inserted into the frames. In one embodiment, at least one of the shutters elastically deforms when the frames are deformed, and wherein such deformation of the shutter does not cause the shutter to break. In one embodiment, the liquid crystal shutters each include a plastic substrate. In one embodiment, the liquid crystal shutters each include a glass substrate, the glass substrate having a thickness less than a predetermined value.

[00452] Glasses for viewing three dimensional video images can include a left liquid crystal shutter and a right liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters having a non-planar shape.

[00453] A system for providing a three dimensional video image to a user of 3D glasses can include a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters having a non-planar shape, and a control circuit adapted to open the first liquid crystal shutter, wherein the first liquid crystal shutter opens to a point of maximum light transmission in less than one millisecond, then close the first liquid crystal shutter, open the second liquid crystal shutter, wherein the second liquid crystal shutter opens to a point of maximum light transmission in less than one millisecond, and then close the second liquid crystal shutter; wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of the user and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the user. In one embodiment, a first point on the first shutter is laterally spaced apart from a second point on the first shutter, and wherein a distance from the first point to a viewer's eye is approximately the same as a distance from the second point to the viewer's eye. In one embodiment, a portion of each lens has at least one curve about a radius. In one embodiment, the field of view of the shutters is greater than 80 degrees. In one embodiment, the field of view of the shutters is greater than 90 degrees. In one embodiment, the field of view of the shutters is greater than 100 degrees. In one embodiment, the field of view of the shutters is greater than 110 degrees. In one embodiment, the field of view of the shutters is greater than 120 degrees. In one embodiment, the liquid crystal shutters each have a first end and a second end, the first end able to move a predetermined distance relative to the second end without breaking the liquid crystal shutter. In one embodiment, the liquid crystal shutters each have a first shape when in a relaxed state and at least a second shape when force is applied. In one embodiment, the liquid crystal shutters have a first shape while in a relaxed shape, and a second shape when installed in the frames, the frames exerting force against the liquid crystal shutters. In one embodiment, the shutters each elastically deform while being inserted into the frames. In one embodiment, at least one of the shutters elastically deforms when the frames are deformed, and the deformation of the shutter does not cause the shutter to break. In one embodiment, the liquid crystal shutters each include a plastic substrate. In one embodiment, the liquid crystal shutters each include a glass substrate and the glass substrate has a thickness less than a predetermined value.

[00454] A system for providing a three dimensional video image to a user of 3D glasses can include a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters having a non-planar shape, and a control circuit adapted to open the first liquid crystal shutter, wherein the first liquid crystal shutter opens to a point of maximum light transmission in less than one millisecond, then close the first liquid crystal shutter, open the second liquid crystal shutter, wherein the second liquid crystal shutter opens to a point of maximum light transmission in less than one millisecond, and then close the second liquid crystal shutter; wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of the user and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the user.

[00455] A system for providing a three dimensional video image to a user of 3D glasses can include a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters each comprising a plastic substrate and a plastic surface layer, and a control circuit adapted to open the first liquid crystal shutter, wherein the first liquid crystal shutter opens to a point of maximum light transmission in less than one millisecond, then close the first liquid crystal shutter, open the second liquid crystal shutter, wherein the second liquid crystal shutter opens to a point of maximum light transmission in less than one millisecond, and then close the second liquid crystal shutter; wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of the user and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the user. In one embodiment, the plastic surface is not damaged by an impact force that is less than a predetermined value. In one embodiment, each of the liquid crystal shutters does not break in response to an impact force that is less than a predetermined value.

[00456] A method for providing a three dimensional video image, can include elastically deforming a first and second liquid crystal shutter into a shape different from a natural shape; inserting the first and second liquid crystal shutters in a frame, the frame causing the first and second liquid crystal shutters to each maintain the shape different from the natural shape; opening a first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening a second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, and holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time, wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the viewer. [00457] A system for viewing three dimensional video images can include a means for plastically deformable liquid crystal shutters having liquid crystals; a means for causing the liquid crystal to rotate by applying an electrical voltage to the liquid crystal, the liquid crystal achieving a light transmission rate of at least twenty-five percent in less than one millisecond; a means for waiting until the liquid crystal rotates to a point having maximum light transmission; a means for stopping the rotation of the liquid crystal at the point of maximum light transmission; and a means for holding the liquid crystal at the point of maximum light transmission for a period of time. In one embodiment, the system can also include a means for plastically deforming the liquid crystal shutters when inserting the liquid crystal shutters into a frame.

[00458] It is understood that variations may be made in the above without departing from the scope of the invention. While specific embodiments have been shown and described, modifications can be made by one skilled in the art without departing from the spirit or teaching of this invention. The embodiments as described are exemplary only and are not limiting. Many variations and modifications are possible and are within the scope of the invention. Furthermore, one or more elements of the exemplary embodiments may be omitted, combined with, or substituted for, in whole or in part, one or more elements of one or more of the other exemplary embodiments. Accordingly, the scope of protection is not limited to the embodiments described, but is only limited by the claims that follow, the scope of which shall include all equivalents of the subject matter of the claims.

Claims

CLAIMS What is claimed is:
1. Glasses for viewing three dimensional video images, the glasses comprising: a left liquid crystal shutter and a right liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters being flexible.
2. A system for providing a three dimensional video image to a user of 3D glasses, the system comprising:
a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters being capable of elastic deformation in response to a force exerted against the shutters, and
a control circuit adapted to
open the first liquid crystal shutter, wherein the first liquid crystal shutter opens to a point of maximum light transmission in less than one millisecond,
then close the first liquid crystal shutter,
open the second liquid crystal shutter, wherein the second liquid crystal shutter opens to a point of maximum light transmission in less than one millisecond, and
then close the second liquid crystal shutter;
wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of the user and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the user.
3. The system according to claim 2, wherein the liquid crystal shutters each have a first end and a second end, the first end able to move a predetermined distance relative to the second end without breaking the liquid crystal shutter.
4. The system according to claim 2, wherein the liquid crystal shutters each have a first shape when in a relaxed state and at least a second shape when force is applied.
5. The system according to claim 2, wherein the liquid crystal shutters have a first shape while in a relaxed shape, and a second shape when installed in the frames, the frames exerting force against the liquid crystal shutters.
6. The system according to claim 2, wherein the shutters each elastically deform while being inserted into the frames.
7. The system according to claim 2, wherein at least one of the shutters elastically deforms when the frames are deformed, and wherein such deformation of the shutter does not cause the shutter to break.
8. The system according to claim 2, wherein the liquid crystal shutters each comprise a plastic substrate.
9. The system according to claim 2, wherein the liquid crystal shutters each comprise a glass substrate, the glass substrate having a thickness less than a predetermined value.
10. Glasses for viewing three dimensional video images, the glasses comprising: a left liquid crystal shutter and a right liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters having a non-planar shape.
11. A system for providing a three dimensional video image to a user of 3D glasses, the system comprising:
a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters having a non-planar shape, and
a control circuit adapted to
open the first liquid crystal shutter, wherein the first liquid crystal shutter opens to a point of maximum light transmission in less than one millisecond,
then close the first liquid crystal shutter,
open the second liquid crystal shutter, wherein the second liquid crystal shutter opens to a point of maximum light transmission in less than one millisecond, and
then close the second liquid crystal shutter; wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of the user and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the user.
12. The system according to claim 11 , wherein a first point on the first shutter is laterally spaced apart from a second point on the first shutter, and wherein a distance from the first point to a viewer's eye is approximately the same as a distance from the second point to the viewer's eye.
13. The system according to claim 11 , wherein a portion of each lens has at least one curve about a radius.
14. The system according to claim 11 , wherein the field of view of the shutters is greater than 80 degrees.
15. The system according to claim 11 , wherein the field of view of the shutters is greater than 90 degrees.
16. The system according to claim 11 , wherein the field of view of the shutters is greater than 100 degrees.
17. The system according to claim 11 , wherein the field of view of the shutters is greater than 110 degrees.
18. The system according to claim 11 , wherein the field of view of the shutters is greater than 120 degrees.
19. The system according to claim 11 , wherein the liquid crystal shutters each have a first end and a second end, the first end able to move a predetermined distance relative to the second end without breaking the liquid crystal shutter.
20. The system according to claim 11 , wherein the liquid crystal shutters each have a first shape when in a relaxed state and at least a second shape when force is applied.
21. The system according to claim 11 , wherein the liquid crystal shutters have a first shape while in a relaxed shape, and a second shape when installed in the frames, the frames exerting force against the liquid crystal shutters.
22. The system according to claim 11 , wherein the shutters each elastically deform while being inserted into the frames.
23. The system according to claim 11 , wherein at least one of the shutters elastically deforms when the frames are deformed, and wherein such deformation of the shutter does not cause the shutter to break.
24. The system according to claim 11 , wherein the liquid crystal shutters each comprise a plastic substrate.
25. The system according to claim 11 , wherein the liquid crystal shutters each comprise a glass substrate, the glass substrate having a thickness less than a predetermined value.
26. A system for providing a three dimensional video image to a user of 3D glasses, the system comprising:
a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters having a non-planar shape, and
a control circuit adapted to
open the first liquid crystal shutter, wherein the first liquid crystal shutter opens to a point of maximum light transmission in less than one millisecond,
then close the first liquid crystal shutter,
open the second liquid crystal shutter, wherein the second liquid crystal shutter opens to a point of maximum light transmission in less than one millisecond, and
then close the second liquid crystal shutter;
wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of the user and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the user.
27. A system for providing a three dimensional video image to a user of 3D glasses, the system comprising:
a first liquid crystal shutter and a second liquid crystal shutter, the liquid crystal shutters each comprising a plastic substrate and a plastic surface layer, and a control circuit adapted to
open the first liquid crystal shutter, wherein the first liquid crystal shutter opens to a point of maximum light transmission in less than one millisecond,
then close the first liquid crystal shutter,
open the second liquid crystal shutter, wherein the second liquid crystal shutter opens to a point of maximum light transmission in less than one millisecond, and
then close the second liquid crystal shutter;
wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of the user and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the user.
28. The system according to claim 27, wherein the plastic surface is not damaged by an impact force that is less than a predetermined value.
29. The system according to claim 27, wherein each of the liquid crystal shutters does not break in response to an impact force that is less than a predetermined value.
30. A method for providing a three dimensional video image, the method comprising:
elastically deforming a first and second liquid crystal shutter into a shape different from a natural shape,
inserting the first and second liquid crystal shutters in a frame, the frame causing the first and second liquid crystal shutters to each maintain the shape different from the natural shape,
opening a first liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond,
holding the first liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a first period of time, closing the first liquid crystal shutter and then opening a second liquid crystal shutter in less than one millisecond, and
holding the second liquid crystal shutter at a point of maximum light transmission for a second period of time,
wherein the first period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a first eye of a viewer and the second period of time corresponds to the presentation of an image for a second eye of the viewer.
31. The method according to claim 30, wherein the liquid crystal shutters each have a first end and a second end, the method further comprising moving the first end to a predetermined distance relative to the second end without breaking the liquid crystal shutter.
32. The method according to claim 30, wherein the liquid crystal shutters each have a first shape when in a relaxed state, the method further comprising applying a force to reconfigure the liquid crystal shutters to have a second shape.
33. The method according to claim 30, wherein the liquid crystal shutters have a first shape while in a relaxed shape, and a second shape when inserting the first and second liquid crystal shutters in a frame, the frames exerting force against the liquid crystal shutters.
34. The method according to claim 30, wherein the liquid crystal shutters each comprise a plastic substrate.
35. The method according to claim 30, wherein the liquid crystal shutters each comprise a glass substrate, the glass substrate having a thickness less than a predetermined value.
36. A system for viewing three dimensional video images, comprising:
means for plastically deformable liquid crystal shutters having liquid crystals; means for causing the liquid crystal to rotate by applying an electrical voltage to the liquid crystal, the liquid crystal achieving a light transmission rate of at least twenty- five percent in less than one millisecond; means for waiting until the liquid crystal rotates to a point having maximum light transmission;
means for stopping the rotation of the liquid crystal at the point of maximum light transmission; and
means for holding the liquid crystal at the point of maximum light transmission for a period of time.
37. The system according to claim 36, further comprising a means for plastically deforming the liquid crystal shutters when inserting the liquid crystal shutters into a frame.
PCT/US2011/053276 2008-10-20 2011-09-26 Curved lenses for 3d WO2012044583A1 (en)

Priority Applications (38)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US38733410P true 2010-09-28 2010-09-28
US61/387,334 2010-09-28
US90843010A true 2010-10-20 2010-10-20
US90837110A true 2010-10-20 2010-10-20
US12/908,371 2010-10-20
US12/908,430 2010-10-20
US12/947,619 US20110234775A1 (en) 2008-10-20 2010-11-16 DLP Link System With Multiple Projectors and Integrated Server
US12/947,619 2010-11-16
US12/963,373 US20110221876A1 (en) 2008-10-20 2010-12-08 Solar Powered 3D Glasses
US12/963,373 2010-12-08
US12/963,812 2010-12-09
US12/963,812 US20110228062A1 (en) 2008-10-20 2010-12-09 3D Glasses with OLED Shutters
US13/020,601 2011-01-05
US13/019,896 2011-02-02
US13/019,896 US20110242275A1 (en) 2009-11-16 2011-02-02 3d glasses with hinged frame and enhanced contrast lenses
US13/020,601 US20110249102A1 (en) 2008-11-17 2011-02-03 Free wheeling mode of operation for 3d glasses
US13/038,944 US20110216176A1 (en) 2008-11-17 2011-03-02 3D Glasses With RF Synchronization
US13/038,944 2011-03-02
US13/040,916 2011-03-04
US13/040,916 US8542326B2 (en) 2008-11-17 2011-03-04 3D shutter glasses for use with LCD displays
US13/045,728 US20110205347A1 (en) 2008-11-17 2011-03-11 Universal 3d glasses for use with televisions
US13/045,728 2011-03-11
US13/096,331 2011-04-28
US13/096,331 US20110292191A1 (en) 2009-11-16 2011-04-28 3d frame synchronization for 3d
US13/096,801 2011-04-28
US13/096,801 US20110254935A1 (en) 2009-03-30 2011-04-28 Rf signal for 3d frame synchronization for 3d shutter glasses
US201113100952A true 2011-05-04 2011-05-04
US13/100,952 2011-05-04
US13/100,807 2011-05-04
US13/100,807 US20120050266A1 (en) 2008-11-17 2011-05-04 Normalization of a synchronization signal for 3d glasses
US13/101,695 2011-05-05
US13/101,695 US20110310348A1 (en) 2008-11-17 2011-05-05 3d projector
US13/113,784 US20120044331A1 (en) 2008-11-17 2011-05-23 3d glasses
US13/113,784 2011-05-23
US13/171,531 US20110254936A1 (en) 2008-11-17 2011-06-29 Universal 3d glasses
US13/171,531 2011-06-29
USPCT/US2011/051000 2011-09-09
PCT/US2011/051000 WO2012034020A1 (en) 2010-09-09 2011-09-09 Advanced synchronization protocol for 3d tv's

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