WO2012003631A1 - 车载式涵道风力发电机 - Google Patents

车载式涵道风力发电机 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2012003631A1
WO2012003631A1 PCT/CN2010/075025 CN2010075025W WO2012003631A1 WO 2012003631 A1 WO2012003631 A1 WO 2012003631A1 CN 2010075025 W CN2010075025 W CN 2010075025W WO 2012003631 A1 WO2012003631 A1 WO 2012003631A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
vehicle
wind
wind power
shaft
battery
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2010/075025
Other languages
English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
孙首泉
Original Assignee
Sun Shouquan
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sun Shouquan filed Critical Sun Shouquan
Priority to PCT/CN2010/075025 priority Critical patent/WO2012003631A1/zh
Publication of WO2012003631A1 publication Critical patent/WO2012003631A1/zh

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/30Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/32Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations on moving objects, e.g. vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L50/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L50/10Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by engine-driven generators, e.g. generators driven by combustion engines
    • B60L50/16Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by engine-driven generators, e.g. generators driven by combustion engines with provision for separate direct mechanical propulsion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L50/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L50/50Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by batteries or fuel cells
    • B60L50/51Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by batteries or fuel cells characterised by AC-motors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L8/00Electric propulsion with power supply from forces of nature, e.g. sun or wind
    • B60L8/006Converting flow of air into electric energy, e.g. by using wind turbines
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/10Combinations of wind motors with apparatus storing energy
    • F03D9/11Combinations of wind motors with apparatus storing energy storing electrical energy
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2200/00Type of vehicles
    • B60L2200/18Buses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2200/00Type of vehicles
    • B60L2200/36Vehicles designed to transport cargo, e.g. trucks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2260/00Operating Modes
    • B60L2260/20Drive modes; Transition between modes
    • B60L2260/28Four wheel or all wheel drive
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2240/00Components
    • F05B2240/10Stators
    • F05B2240/13Stators to collect or cause flow towards or away from turbines
    • F05B2240/133Stators to collect or cause flow towards or away from turbines with a convergent-divergent guiding structure, e.g. a Venturi conduit
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2240/00Components
    • F05B2240/40Use of a multiplicity of similar components
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2240/00Components
    • F05B2240/90Mounting on supporting structures or systems
    • F05B2240/94Mounting on supporting structures or systems on a movable wheeled structure
    • F05B2240/941Mounting on supporting structures or systems on a movable wheeled structure which is a land vehicle
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/728Onshore wind turbines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors

Definitions

  • the present invention relates to the field of wind power generation, and more particularly to a ducted wind power generator that mounts a wind power generator on various automobiles or trains, and uses a high speed movement of the automobile or the train to generate a combined wind to drive the wind wheel to rotate.
  • the object of the present invention is to provide a green electric energy for an electric vehicle, that is, a vehicle-mounted ducted wind power generator, and install the ducted wind power generation device on various driving cars or trains, using the automobile. Or when the train is moving forward, it will quickly generate a combined wind, and the aerodynamic force will be used to push the wind wheel to rotate to generate electricity.
  • the electric energy generated by the generator is stored in the battery of the electric vehicle, and the number of times the electric vehicle is charged to the charging station is reduced, thereby saving coal energy. the goal of.
  • a vehicle-mounted ducted wind power generator includes: an automobile, an electric device having a vehicle body, a battery mounted on the vehicle body, and an automobile drive system that supplies electric energy from the battery; a ducted wind power generation device, mounted on the vehicle body , electrically connected with the battery, generates a combined wind with the rapid driving of the car to generate wind power, and stores the electric energy in the battery.
  • the ducted wind power generation device comprises: a ducted road fixed to the vehicle body through the base, the extending direction of which is the same as the traveling direction of the automobile; the wind wheel device, installed in the duct, having the wind wheel shaft and the one end mounted on the wind turbine shaft a wind turbine; a generator fixed to the base and connected to the other end of the wind turbine shaft for generating electricity under the driving of the wind turbine device and electrically connected to the battery for storing electrical energy in the battery.
  • the wind wheel device further includes: a wind turbine shaft bracket, the two ends of which are respectively fixedly connected with the duct, wherein
  • the bearing is provided with a bearing housing; the wind turbine shaft is connected to the generator through a bearing housing.
  • a vehicle-mounted wind power generator comprising: an automobile, an electric device having a vehicle body, a battery (23) mounted on the vehicle body, and an automobile drive system for supplying electric energy from the battery;
  • the wind power generator is mounted on the vehicle body and electrically connected to the battery, and wind power is generated along with the rapid driving of the vehicle and the electric energy is stored in the battery.
  • the wind power generation device includes: a generator fixed to the vehicle body through the base and electrically connected to the battery to store electric energy generated by the generator in the battery; the wind wheel device having a wind wheel shaft and a wind One end of the axle is equipped with a wind wheel, and the other end is connected to a generator to drive the generator to generate electricity.
  • the generator is a dual-rotor generator;
  • the wind turbine shaft includes a first wind wheel shaft and a second wind wheel shaft respectively connected to the dual-rotor generator, the second wind wheel shaft being a hollow shaft and being fitted through a bearing
  • the wind wheel includes a first group of wind wheels and a second group of wind wheels respectively mounted on the first wind wheel shaft and the second wind wheel shaft.
  • the drive system further includes: a pair of drive wheels mounted on the bottom of the vehicle body and connected to each other by a drive shaft; a reduction gearbox mounted on the drive shaft; the electric device being a single motor, electrically connected to the battery through a transformer Connected, the motor output shaft of the motor is connected to the reduction gear box to drive the drive shaft to rotate through the reduction gear box, thereby driving the drive wheel to rotate.
  • the electric device is a single motor electrically connected to the battery through a transformer;
  • the drive system further comprises: a pair of driving wheels mounted on the bottom of the vehicle body and connected to each other through the driving shaft;
  • the reduction box is mounted on the driving shaft
  • the engine is mounted on the vehicle body;
  • the power distribution device is respectively connected to the motor output shaft of the motor and the engine output shaft of the engine, and is connected to the reduction gear box through the transmission shaft to transmit the power of the motor or the engine to Gearbox.
  • the duct may be a diffuser ducted duct, or a collecting ducted duct, or a wind diffusing ducted duct, or a straight ducted duct; the cross-sectional area of the inner diffusing section of the duct is shaped like An airfoil that generates lift when the wind flows through the diffuser.
  • the car can be a car, a van, a van, a van, a bus, a buggy, a high-speed train, a train, a hydrofoil, a flying car, or other high-speed linear motion devices.
  • the electric device comprises two pairs of motors distributed front and rear, respectively connected to the battery through a transformer; a pair of front motors are connected to each other through a front axle bridge, and a pair of rear motors are connected to each other through a rear axle bridge; the drive system further
  • the utility model comprises: a pair of driving wheels respectively installed at two ends of a pair of motors in front, And respectively connected to the output shafts of the pair of motors in front; a pair of rear wheels are respectively installed at the two ends of the rear pair of motors, and are respectively connected with the output shafts of the pair of rear motors.
  • the electric device comprises a pair of electric motors distributed forward and backward, respectively connected to the battery through a transformer;
  • the drive system further comprises: a pair of driving wheels respectively mounted at two ends of the front motor and respectively passing through the driving shaft and the front motor The two ends are connected;
  • a pair of rear wheels are respectively installed at both ends of the rear motor, and are respectively connected to the two ends of the rear motor through the rear axle.
  • Vehicle-mounted ducted wind turbines place wind wheels in the ducts of various high-speed sports cars, trains, high-speed trains and hydrofoils.
  • the setting of ducts changes the slipstream state downstream of the wind turbines, increasing The slip flow area reduces the slip flow velocity and the slip flow energy loss, thereby converting the kinetic energy behind the wind turbine paddle into pressure energy.
  • the wall of the duct improves the flow characteristics of the tip of the wind turbine and reduces the loss of the tip.
  • the front edge of the duct inlet forms a large negative pressure zone, which creates an additional pulling force.
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic view showing the overall structure of a vehicle-mounted ducted wind power generator according to the present invention
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic view showing the connection between the ducted wind power generation device and the electric vehicle of the present invention
  • FIG. 2A is a schematic view showing the connection of an electric vehicle equipped with a driving motor for each wheel of the ducted wind power generating device of the present invention
  • 2B is a schematic view showing the connection of an electric vehicle equipped with two driving motors for the ducted wind power generation device of the present invention
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic view showing the connection between the ducted wind power generation device and the hybrid electric vehicle of the present invention
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a ducted wind power generation device according to the present invention.
  • FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a coaxial reversing installation of a plurality of sets of wind turbines for a ducted wind power generation device according to the present invention
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of a wind power generating device for a vehicle-mounted wind power generator according to the present invention
  • Figure 7 is a schematic view of a diffuser type ducting of the present invention.
  • Figure 8 is a schematic view of a collecting duct of the present invention
  • Figure 9 is a schematic view of the wind collecting and diffusing type ducting of the present invention
  • Figure 10 is a schematic view of a straight tubular duct of the present invention.
  • FIG. 11 is a schematic view of a vehicle-mounted ducted wind power generator installed on a passenger car according to the present invention
  • FIG. 12 is a schematic view showing a vehicle-mounted ducted wind power generator installed on an off-road vehicle according to the present invention
  • FIG. 14 is a schematic view of a vehicle-mounted ducted wind power generator installed on a passenger car according to the present invention
  • FIG. 15 is a schematic view of a vehicle-mounted ducted wind power generator installed on a van of the present invention
  • Figure 16 is a schematic view of a vehicle-mounted ducted wind power generator installed on a truck
  • Figure 17 is a schematic view of a vehicle-mounted ducted wind power generator installed on a high-speed rail train
  • the vehicle-mounted ducted wind power generator of the present invention comprises: a vehicle having a vehicle body 21, a pair of driving wheels 30 and a bottom mounted on the bottom of the vehicle body.
  • a ducted wind power generation device is installed at the top of the vehicle body, so that the ducted wind power generation device generates a combined wind with the rapid running of the automobile to generate wind power.
  • FIG. 2 is a top plan view showing the overall structure of the vehicle-mounted ducted wind power generator of the present invention
  • the automobile shown in the drawing is an electric vehicle
  • a pair of rear wheels 20 are mounted at the bottom of the vehicle body 21, and are passed through the rear axle 19 to each other.
  • a pair of driving wheels 30 are connected to each other by a drive shaft 28, the reduction box 29 is mounted on the drive shaft 28, and the bottom of the vehicle body 21 is mounted with a motor 25, and the motor output shaft 27 of the motor 25 is coupled to the reduction box 29
  • the drive shaft 28 is driven to rotate by the drive shaft 28 to realize the running of the vehicle.
  • the bottom of the vehicle body 21 is also provided with a transformer 24 and a battery 23, the motor 25 is connected to the transformer 24 via a cable 26, and the transformer 24 is connected to the battery 23 via a cable 22, so that the battery 23 supplies power to the motor 25.
  • the battery 23 is connected to the ducted wind power generation device at the top of the vehicle body 21 via a cable 18 so that the electric energy generated by the ducted wind power generator is stored in the battery 23.
  • FIG. 2A is a schematic diagram of an electric vehicle connection in which a vehicle-mounted ducted wind power generator of the present invention is equipped with a single driving motor for each wheel:
  • the electric vehicle shown in the figure has two pairs of electric motors 25a, 25b, 25c, 25d, respectively Connected to the transformer 24 via a cable, the transformer 24 is connected to the battery 23 via a cable 22; the front pair of motors 25a, 25b are connected to each other by a front axle bridge 35, and the rear pair of motors 25c, 25d are connected to each other by a rear axle bridge 36.
  • a pair of driving wheels 30 are respectively installed at both ends of the front pair of motors 25a, 25b, and are respectively connected to the output shafts of the pair of front motors 25a, 25b; a pair of rear wheels 20 are respectively mounted on the rear pair of motors 25c Both ends of 25d are connected to the output shafts of the pair of rear motors 25c, 25d, respectively.
  • the two pairs of motors 25a, 25b, 25c, 25d separately provide power to each of the wheels, thereby driving the four wheels.
  • FIG. 2B is a schematic diagram of the electric vehicle connection of the vehicle-mounted ducted wind power generator of the present invention equipped with two drive motors:
  • the electric vehicle shown in the figure includes a pair of motors 25e, 25f distributed front and rear, respectively, through the transformer 24 and the battery 23 Connected; a pair of driving wheels 30 are respectively installed at both ends of the front motor 25e, and are respectively connected to both ends of the front motor 25e through the driving shaft 28; a pair of rear wheels 20 are respectively installed at both ends of the rear motor 25f, and They are connected to both ends of the rear motor 25f through the rear axle 19a, respectively.
  • the motors 25e, 25f respectively drive the drive shaft 28 and the rear axle 19a to rotate, thereby driving the drive wheel 30 and the rear wheel 20 to rotate.
  • the automobile used in the present invention may also be a hybrid electric vehicle.
  • a pair of driving wheels 30 are connected to each other by a drive shaft 28, and a reduction box 29 is mounted on the drive shaft 28, and a motor 25 is mounted at the bottom of the vehicle body 21.
  • the engine 31 and the power split device 33 are respectively connected to the motor output shaft 27 of the motor 25 and the engine output shaft 32 of the engine 31, and are connected to the reduction gear box 29 via the transmission shaft 34 to drive the motor 25 or the engine 31.
  • the power is transmitted to the reduction gear box 29, and the power is transmitted to the drive shaft 28 through the reduction gear box 29, thereby driving the drive wheel 30 to rotate by the drive shaft 28, thereby realizing the running of the automobile.
  • a transformer 24 and a battery 23 are also mounted at the bottom of the body 21, the motor 25 is connected to the transformer 24 via a cable 26, and the transformer 24 is in turn connected to the battery 23 via a cable 22, so that the battery 23 supplies power to the motor 25.
  • the battery 23 is in turn connected to the ducted wind power generator at the top of the vehicle body 21 via a cable 18 so that the electric energy generated by the ducted wind power generator is stored in the battery 23.
  • the ducted wind power generator is fixedly mounted on the top of the vehicle body 21 through the base 1, and can be mounted at other positions of the vehicle body 21.
  • a duct 2 is fixed to the base 1, and the duct 2 extends in the same direction as the direction in which the vehicle travels, so that the wind generated by the vehicle while traveling can enter the duct 2 along the duct and push the wind wheel 3 to rotate.
  • the cross-sectional area of the inner diffuser section of the duct 2 is shaped like an airfoil, and lift occurs when wind energy flows through the diffuser section.
  • a generator is also fixed on the base 1 and a socket 14 is mounted on the generator 14. One end of the cable 18 is connected to the terminal block 13, and the other end is connected to the battery 23, as shown in Figs.
  • a brake assembly 11 is mounted on the generator shaft 12 of the generator 14.
  • the output shaft 12 is coupled to one end of the wind turbine shaft 9 via a coupling 10, and the other end of the wind turbine shaft 9 extends into the duct 2 and is fitted with a wind wheel.
  • Only one set of wind wheels 3 can be installed, and multiple sets of wind wheels can be installed, as shown in FIG. 4, the first set of wind wheels 3a and the second set of wind wheels 3b, and the plurality of sets of wind wheels 3a, 3b are installed in series On the wind turbine shaft 9, and rotating together with the rotation of the wind turbine shaft 9, such a mounting manner of the plurality of sets of wind wheels 3a, 3b is called a tandem type.
  • the wind turbine shaft 9 can also be mounted with a wind turbine shaft bracket.
  • the wind turbine shaft bracket shown in FIG. 4 is two sets of side wind turbine shaft brackets 6, 8 which are respectively fixedly connected with the duct 2 respectively.
  • the middle part is provided with bearing housings 5, 7, respectively.
  • the wind turbine shaft 9 passes through the bearing housings 5, 7, so that the wind turbine shaft 9 can be rotated on the two wind wheel axle supports 6, 8.
  • the installation method of the plurality of sets of wind turbines of the ducted wind power generation device of the present invention may also be a coaxial reversal type, as shown in FIG.
  • a first wind wheel 3a is mounted on one end of the first wind wheel shaft 9a extending into the duct 2 ; the second wind wheel shaft 9b is fitted outside the wind wheel shaft 9a by two bearings 15, 17 and the second wind wheel shaft 9b extends to the culvert
  • a second set of wind wheels 3b is mounted on one end of the track 2, and the other ends of the first wind wheel shaft 9a and the second wind wheel shaft 9b are respectively connected to a generator, and the generator at this time is a double-rotor generator 14A.
  • the installation method of the plurality of sets of wind turbines of the ducted wind power generation device of the present invention may also be a side-by-side type, that is, a plurality of ducted wind power generation devices are installed on the top of the vehicle body 21, so that a plurality of ducted wind power generation devices are arranged side by side, that is, The plurality of sets of wind wheels are arranged side by side.
  • the duct 2 in the present invention may be a diffuser duct (as shown in FIG. 7) or a wind collecting duct (as shown in the figure). 8), or a wind-expansion duct (as shown in Figure 9), or a straight duct (as shown in Figure 10).
  • the automobile in the present invention may be a car (as shown in FIG. 11), an off-road vehicle (as shown in FIG. 12), a van (as shown in FIG. 13), a passenger car (as shown in FIG. 14), and a van (as shown in FIG. Figure 15), truck (as shown in Figure 16), high-speed train (as shown in Figure 17), train (as shown in Figure 18), hydrofoil, speeding, or other high-speed linear motion devices.
  • the wind power generator in this embodiment is a vehicle-mounted wind power generator, that is, the duct 2 is removed on the basis of the vehicle-mounted ducted wind power generator in the first embodiment, so that the wind wheel is exposed.
  • the vehicle-mounted wind power generator in this embodiment includes: an automobile having 21; and a wind power generator mounted on the vehicle body 21.
  • the structure of the automobile is the same as that of the automobile in the first embodiment; as shown in FIG. 6, the wind power generator includes: a generator 14A fixed to the vehicle body 21 via the base 1, and connected to the battery 23 via the cable 18, so that The electric energy generated by the generator 14A is stored in the battery 23; the first wind wheel 3a is extended to the end of the duct 2 and the first wind wheel 3a is mounted; the second wind shaft 9b is fitted through the two bearings 15, 17 Outside the wind turbine shaft 9a, a second wind wheel 3b is mounted on one end of the second wind wheel shaft 9b extending into the duct 2, and the other ends of the first wind wheel shaft 9a and the second wind wheel shaft 9b are respectively connected to the generator.
  • the generator is a dual rotor generator 14A. This type of installation of the plurality of sets of wind wheels 3a, 3b is a coaxial reversal type.
  • the plurality of sets of wind wheels 3a, 3b may be mounted in a tandem or side-by-side manner as described in embodiment 1.
  • Other structures of this embodiment are the same as those of the first embodiment, and will not be repeated here.

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Abstract

一种车载式涵道风力发电机,包括汽车和涵道风力发电装置。汽车具有车体(21)、安装在车体(21)上的蓄电池(23)、以及由蓄电池(23)提供电能的汽车驱动系统的电动装置(25)。涵道风力发电装置安装在车体(21)上,与蓄电池(23)电连接,利用汽车的快速行驶产生合流风进行发电,并将电能存储在蓄电池(23)内。该车载式涵道风力发电机为混合动力汽车提供电能,发电效率高,电能稳定、节能且环保。

Description

车载式涵道风力发电机 技术领域
本发明涉及风力发电领域,尤其是涉及一种将风力发电机安装在各种汽车或 火车上, 利用汽车或火车的高速运动, 产生合流风推动风轮旋转的涵道式风力发 电机。
背景技术
目前, 世界各国为了实现节能减排的目标大力发展电动汽车, 而电动汽车的 电能来自于电池充电站,这与汽车到加油站加油是一个道理,我国的电力有 70% 多是来自于煤电, 虽然电动汽车比燃油汽车节能环保, 但提供电力的源头煤电还 需排放大量的二氧化碳和二氧化硫及其他有害气体, 仍然会对环境造成影响, 并 且煤的大量使用也不利于节约煤矿资源。因此人们急需研究出一种既能为电动汽 车提供电力, 又能减少对环境造成的污染的绿色电能。
发明内容
本发明的目的就是针对上述现有技术的问题, 为电动汽车提供一种绿色电 能, 即车载式涵道风力发电机, 将涵道风力发电装置安装在各种行驶的汽车或火 车上, 利用汽车或火车前进时快速行驶产生合流风, 利用空气动力推动风轮旋转 进行发电, 发电机产生的电能储存在电动汽车上的蓄电池内, 减少电动汽车到充 电站充电的次数, 从而达到节省煤电能源的目的。
为实现本发明的目的一方面提供以下技术方案:
一种车载式涵道风力发电机, 包括: 汽车, 具有车体、 安装在车体上的蓄电 池、和由蓄电池提供电能的汽车驱动系统的电动装置; 涵道风力发电装置, 安装 在车体上, 与蓄电池电连接, 随汽车的快速行驶产生合流风进行风力发电, 并将 电能储存在蓄电池内。
其中, 涵道风力发电装置包括: 涵道, 通过机座固定在车体上, 其延伸方向 与汽车的行驶方向相同; 风轮装置, 安装在涵道内, 具有风轮轴和安装在风轮轴 一端的风轮; 发电机, 固定在机座上, 与风轮轴另一端相连, 以便在风轮装置的 驱动下发电, 并与所述蓄电池电连接, 以便将电能储存在所述蓄电池内。
特别是, 风轮装置还包括: 风轮轴支架, 其两端分别与涵道固定相连, 其中 部设有轴承箱; 所述风轮轴穿过轴承箱与所述发电机相连。
一种车载式风力发电机,包括:汽车,具有车体、安装在车体上的蓄电池 (23 )、 和由蓄电池提供电能的汽车驱动系统的电动装置;
风力发电装置, 安装在车体上, 与蓄电池电连接, 随汽车的快速行驶进行风 力发电并将电能储存在蓄电池内。
其中, 风力发电装置包括: 发电机, 通过机座固定在车体上, 并与所述蓄电 池电连接, 以便将发电机产生的电能储存在所述蓄电池内; 风轮装置, 具有风轮 轴,风轮轴的一端安装有风轮,另一端与发电机相连, 以便带动发电机进行发电。
特别是, 发电机为双转子发电机; 所述风轮轴包括分别与所述双转子发电机 相连的第一风轮轴和第二风轮轴,所述第二风轮轴为空心轴并通过轴承套装在第 一风轮轴上; 所述风轮包括分别安装在第一风轮轴和第二风轮轴上的第一组风 轮和第二组风轮。
特别是, 驱动系统还包括: 一对驱动轮, 安装在车体底部, 并通过驱动轴彼 此连接 ; 减速箱, 安装在驱动轴上; 所述电动装置为单个电动机, 通过变压器 与所述蓄电池电连接, 所述电动机的电动机输出轴与减速箱相连, 以便通过减速 箱带动驱动轴转动, 从而带动驱动轮转动。
其中, 电动装置为单个电动机, 通过变压器与所述蓄电池电连接; 所述驱动 系统还包括: 一对驱动轮, 安装在车体底部, 并通过驱动轴彼此连接 ; 减速箱, 安装在驱动轴上; 发动机, 安装在车体上; 动力分配装置, 分别与所述电动机的 电动机输出轴以及发动机的发动机输出轴相连, 并通过传动轴与减速箱相连, 以 便将所述电动机或发动机的动力传递给减速箱。
涵道可以是扩压式涵道, 或是集风式涵道, 或是集风扩压式涵道, 或直筒式 涵道; 所述的涵道的内侧扩压段的截面积的形状像一个翼型, 以便风流过扩压段 时产生升力。
汽车可以是轿车、 货车、 箱式货车、 面包车、 大客车、 越野车、 高铁列车、 火车、 水翼艇、 飞车、 或是其它高速直线运动装置。
其中, 电动装置包括前后分布的两对电动机, 分别通过变压器与所述蓄电池 相连; 前方一对电动机通过前轴过桥彼此相连, 后方一对电动机通过后轴过桥彼 此相连;所述驱动系统还包括:一对驱动轮,分别安装在前方一对电动机的两端, 并分别与前方一对电动机的输出轴相连; 一对后轮, 分别安装在后方一对电动机 的两端, 并分别与后方一对电动机的输出轴相连。
其中, 电动装置包括前后分布的一对电动机, 分别通过变压器与所述蓄电池 相连; 所述驱动系统还包括: 一对驱动轮, 分别安装在前方电动机的两端, 并 分别通过驱动轴与前方电动机的两端相连; 一对后轮, 分别安装在后方电动机的 两端, 并分别通过后轴与后方电动机的两端相连。
本发明的有益效果体现在以下方面:
1、 车载式涵道风力发电机将风轮置于各种高速运动的汽车、 火车、 高速列 车、水翼艇上的涵道内, 涵道的设置改变了风轮下游的滑流状态, 增大了滑流面 积, 减少了滑流速度和滑流动能损失, 从而较多地将风轮桨盘后面的动能转化为 压力能。
2、 涵道壁面改善了风轮叶尖区域的绕流特征, 减少了叶尖损失。
3、 涵道入口前缘形成较大的负压区, 产生了附加拉力。
4、 在汽车的作用下, 可以使风速和风能质量大大提高, 风轮的直径可以大 大地缩小, 风轮的转速高, 可以省去笨重而又昂贵、 且故障率高的齿轮箱, 风轮 可以直接带动直驱式同步发电机, 可以大大地降低成本, 减少故障、 减轻重量。 附图说明
图 1为本发明车载式涵道风力发电机的整体结构示意图;
图 2为本发明涵道风力发电装置与电动汽车的连接示意图;
图 2A为本发明涵道风力发电装置为每个车轮单独配备一个驱动电机的电动 汽车连接示意图;
图 2B 为本发明涵道风力发电装置配备两个驱动电机的电动汽车连接示意 图;
图 3为本发明涵道风力发电装置与混合电动汽车的连接示意图;
图 4为本发明的涵道风力发电装置的结构示意图;
图 5为本发明的涵道风力发电装置多组风轮共轴反转式安装的结构示意图; 图 6为本发明的车载式风力发电机的风力发电装置结构示意图;
图 7为本发明的扩压式涵道示意图;
图 8为本发明的集风式涵道示意图; 图 9为本发明的集风一扩压式涵道示意图;
图 10为本发明的直筒式涵道示意图;
图 11为本发明的车载式涵道风力发电机安装在轿车上的示意图; 图 12为本发明的车载式涵道风力发电机安装在越野车上的示意图; 图 13为本发明的车载式涵道风力发电机安装在面包车上的示意图; 图 14为本发明的车载式涵道风力发电机安装在客车上的示意图; 图 15为本发明的车载式涵道风力发电机安装在箱式货车上的示意图; 图 16为本发明的车载式涵道风力发电机安装在货车上的示意图; 图 17为本发明的车载式涵道风力发电机安装在高速轨道列车上的示意图; 图 18为本发明的车载式涵道风力发电机安装在火车上的示意图。
附图标记说明: 1、 机座; 2、 涵道; 3、 风轮; 3a、 第一组风轮; 3b、 第二 组风轮; 5、 轴承箱; 6、 风轮轴支架; 7、 轴承箱; 8、 风轮轴支架; 9、 风轮轴; 9a、 第一风轮轴; 9b、 第二风轮轴; 10、 联轴器; 11、 刹车总成; 12、 发电机轴; 13、 接线座; 14、 发电机; 14A、 双转子发电机; 15、 轴承; 17、 轴承; 18、 电缆线; 19、 后轴、 19a后轴; 20、 后轮; 21、 汽车体; 22、 电缆线; 23、 蓄电 池; 24、 变压器; 25、 电动装置: 25a、 25b、 25c、 25d、 25e、 25f、 电动机; 26、 电缆线; 27、 电动机输出轴; 28、 驱动轴; 29、 减速箱; 30、 驱动轮; 31、 发动 机; 32、 发动机输出轴; 33、 动力分配装置; 34、 传动轴。 35、 前轴过桥; 36、 后轴过桥。
具体实施形式
实施例一
如图 1本发明的车载式涵道风力发电机的整体结构示意图所示,本发明的车 载式涵道风力发电机包括: 汽车, 具有车体 21, 车体底部安装有一对驱动轮 30 和一对后轮 20, 车体顶部安装有涵道风力发电装置, 以便涵道风力发电装置随 汽车的快速行驶产生合流风进行风力发电。
如图 2本发明的车载式涵道风力发电机的整体结构俯视示意图所示,图中所 示的汽车为电动汽车, 一对后轮 20安装在车体 21的底部, 并通过后轴 19彼此 相连, 一对驱动轮 30通过驱动轴 28彼此相连, 减速箱 29安装在驱动轴 28上, 车体 21的底部安装有电动机 25, 电动机 25的电动机输出轴 27与减速箱 29相 连, 以便通过减速箱 29将电动机 25的动力传递给驱动轴 28, 从而通过驱动轴 28带动驱动轮 30转动, 实现汽车的行驶。
车体 21的底部还安装有变压器 24和蓄电池 23, 电动机 25通过电缆线 26 与变压器 24相连, 而变压器 24又通过电缆线 22与蓄电池 23相连, 从而实现蓄 电池 23为电动机 25供电。 蓄电池 23又通过电缆线 18与车体 21顶部的涵道风 力发电装置相连, 以便涵道风力发电装置将产生的电能储存在蓄电池 23内。
如图 2A本发明的车载式涵道风力发电机为每个车轮单独配备一个驱动电机 的电动汽车连接示意图: 图中所示的电动汽车前后分布有两对电动机 25a、 25b、 25c、 25d, 分别通过电缆线与变压器 24连接, 变压器 24通过电缆线 22与蓄电 池 23相连; 前方一对电动机 25a、 25b通过前轴过桥 35彼此相连, 后方一对电 动机 25c、 25d通过后轴过桥 36彼此相连; 一对驱动轮 30, 分别安装在前方一 对电动机 25a、 25b的两端, 并分别与前方一对电动机 25a、 25b的输出轴相连; 一对后轮 20, 分别安装在后方一对电动机 25c 、 25d的两端, 并分别与后方一 对电动机 25c 、 25d的输出轴相连。 两对电动机 25a、 25b、 25c、 25d分别为每 个车轮单独提供动力, 从而带动四轮转动。
如图 2B本发明的车载式涵道风力发电机配备两个驱动电机的电动汽车连接 示意图: 图中所示的电动汽车包括有前后分布的一对电动机 25e、 25f, 分别通过 变压器 24与蓄电池 23相连; 一对驱动轮 30, 分别安装在前方电动机 25e的两 端, 并分别通过驱动轴 28与前方电动机 25e的两端相连; 一对后轮 20, 分别安 装在后方电动机 25f的两端,并分别通过后轴 19a与后方电动机 25f的两端相连。 电动机 25e、 25f分别带动驱动轴 28和后轴 19a转动, 从而带动驱动轮 30和后 轮 20转动。
本发明中采用的汽车也可以为混合电动汽车, 如图 3所示, 一对驱动轮 30 通过驱动轴 28彼此相连, 减速箱 29安装在驱动轴 28上, 车体 21的底部安装有 电动机 25、发动机 31和动力分配装置 33, 动力分配装置 33分别与电动机 25的 电动机输出轴 27以及发动机 31的发动机输出轴 32相连,并通过传动轴 34与减 速箱 29相连, 以便将电动机 25或发动机 31的动力传递给减速箱 29, 并通过减 速箱 29将动力传递给驱动轴 28, 从而通过驱动轴 28带动驱动轮 30转动, 实现 汽车的行驶。 车体 21的底部还安装有变压器 24和蓄电池 23, 电动机 25通过电缆线 26 与变压器 24相连, 而变压器 24又通过电缆线 22与蓄电池 23相连, 从而使得蓄 电池 23为电动机 25供电。 蓄电池 23又通过电缆线 18与车体 21顶部的涵道风 力发电装置相连, 以便涵道风力发电装置将产生的电能储存在蓄电池 23内。
下面结合附图 4、 5、 6详细描述本发明的涵道风力发电装置的结构。
如图 4所示, 涵道风力发电装置通过机座 1固定安装在车体 21的顶部, 也 可安装在车体 21的其它位置。 机座 1上固定有涵道 2, 涵道 2的延伸方向与汽 车的行驶方向相同, 以便汽车在行驶时产生的风能够顺着涵道进入涵道 2内, 并 推动风轮 3转动。涵道 2的内侧扩压段的截面积的形状像一个翼型, 风能流过扩 压段时就会产生升力。 机座 1上还固定有发电机 14, 发电机 14上安装有接线座 13, 电缆线 18的一端连接在接线座 13, 另一端与蓄电池 23相连, 如图 2、 3所 示。 发电机 14的发电机轴 12上安装有刹车总成 11, 输出轴 12通过联轴器 10 与风轮轴 9的一端相连, 风轮轴 9的另一端延伸至涵道 2内, 并安装有风轮 3, 可以只安装一组风轮 3, 还可以安装多组风轮, 如图 4所示的第一组风轮 3a和 第二组风轮 3b, 多组风轮 3a、 3b—起串联安装在风轮轴 9上, 并随风轮轴 9的 转动一起转动, 多组风轮 3a、 3b的这种安装方式称为串列式。
再如图 4所示, 风轮轴 9上还可以安装风轮轴支架, 图 4中所示的风轮轴支 架为两组并列的风轮轴支架 6、 8, 其两端分别与涵道 2固定相连, 其中部分别 设有轴承箱 5、 7, 风轮轴 9穿过轴承箱 5、 7, 使得风轮轴 9可以在两风轮轴支 架 6、 8上转动。
本发明的涵道风力发电装置多组风轮的安装方式也可以为共轴反转式,如图 5所示。 第一风轮轴 9a延伸至涵道 2内的一端上安装有第一组风轮 3a; 第二风 轮轴 9b通过两个轴承 15、 17套装在风轮轴 9a外, 第二风轮轴 9b延伸至涵道 2 内的一端上安装有第二组风轮 3b, 第一风轮轴 9a和第二风轮轴 9b的另一端分 别与发电机相连, 此时的发电机为双转子发电机 14A。
本发明的涵道风力发电装置多组风轮的安装方式还可以为并列式,即在车体 21 的顶部安装多个涵道风力发电装置, 使得多个涵道风力发电装置并列布置, 也就使得多组风轮之间并列布置。
本发明中的涵道 2可以是扩压式涵道 (如图 7所示), 或集风式涵道 (如图 8所示), 或集风一扩压式涵道 (如图 9所示), 或直筒式涵道 (如图 10所示)。 本发明中的汽车可以是轿车(如图 11所示)、 越野车(如图 12所示)、 面包 车(如图 13所示)、 客车(如图 14所示)、 厢式货车(如图 15所示)、 货车(如 图 16所示)、 高铁列车 (如图 17所示)、 火车 (如图 18所示)、 水翼艇、 飞车, 或是其它高速直线运动装置。
实施例二
本实施例中的风力发电机为车载式风力发电机,即在实施例一中的车载式涵 道风力发电机的基础上除去涵道 2, 使得风轮裸露在外。
本实施例中的车载式风力发电机包括: 汽车, 具有 21 ; 和安装在车体 21上 的风力发电装置。汽车的结构与实施例一中汽车的结构相同; 如图 6所示, 风力 发电装置包括: 发电机 14A, 通过机座 1固定在车体 21上, 并通过电缆线 18与 蓄电池 23连接, 以便将发电机 14A产生的电能储存在蓄电池 23 内; 第一风轮 轴 9a延伸至涵道 2内的一端上安装有第一组风轮 3a; 第二风轮轴 9b通过两个 轴承 15、 17套装在风轮轴 9a外, 第二风轮轴 9b延伸至涵道 2内的一端上安装 有第二组风轮 3b, 第一风轮轴 9a和第二风轮轴 9b的另一端分别与发电机相连, 此时的发电机为双转子发电机 14A。 多组风轮 3a、 3b的这种安装方式为共轴反 转式。
多组风轮 3a、 3b的安装方式可以为如实施例 1所述的串列式或并列式。 本实施例的其它结构与实施例一相同, 在此不再重述。
尽管上文对本发明作了详细说明, 但本发明不限于此, 本技术领域的技术人 员可以根据本发明的原理进行修改, 因此, 凡按照本发明的原理进行的各种修改 都应当理解为落入本发明的保护范围。

Claims

权 利 要 求 书
1、 一种车载式涵道风力发电机, 包括:
汽车,具有车体(21)、安装在车体(21)上的蓄电池(23)、和由蓄电池(23) 提供电能的汽车驱动系统的电动装置 (25);
涵道风力发电装置, 安装在车体(21)上, 与蓄电池 (23) 电连接, 随汽车 的快速行驶产生合流风进行风力发电, 并将电能储存在蓄电池 (23) 内。
2、 如权利要求 1所述的车载式涵道风力发电机, 其特征在于, 所述涵道风力发 电装置包括:
涵道 (2), 通过机座 (1) 固定在车体 (21) 上, 其延伸方向与汽车的行驶 方向相同;
风轮装置, 安装在涵道 (2) 内, 具有风轮轴 (9) 和安装在风轮轴 (9) 一 端的风轮 (3);
发电机 (14), 固定在机座 (1) 上, 与风轮轴 (9) 另一端相连, 以便在风 轮装置的驱动下发电, 并与所述蓄电池(23) 电连接, 以便将电能储存在所述蓄 电池 (23) 内。
3、 如权利要求 2所述的车载式涵道风力发电机, 其特征在于, 所述风轮装置还 包括: 风轮轴支架 (6、 8), 其两端分别与所述涵道(2) 固定相连, 其中部设有 轴承箱 (5、 7);
所述风轮轴 (9) 穿过轴承箱 (5、 7) 与所述发电机 (14) 相连。
4、 一种车载式风力发电机, 包括:
汽车,具有车体(21)、安装在车体(21)上的蓄电池(23)、和由蓄电池(23) 提供电能的汽车驱动系统的电动装置 (25);
风力发电装置, 安装在车体(21)上, 与蓄电池 (23) 电连接, 随汽车的快 速行驶进行风力发电并将电能储存在蓄电池 (23) 内。
5、 如权利要求 4所述的车载式风力发电机, 其特征在于, 所述风力发电装置包 括:
发电机 (14), 通过机座 (1) 固定在车体 (21) 上, 并与所述蓄电池 (23) 电连接, 以便将发电机 (14) 产生的电能储存在所述蓄电池 (23) 内;
风轮装置, 具有风轮轴 (9), 风轮轴 (9) 的一端安装有风轮 (3), 另一端 与发电机 (14) 相连, 以便带动发电机 (14) 进行发电。
6、 如权利要求 2或 5所述的车载式涵道风力发电机或车载式风力发电机, 其特 征在于,
所述发电机为双转子发电机 (14A);
所述风轮轴 (9) 包括分别与所述双转子发电机 (14A) 相连的第一风轮轴 (9a) 和第二风轮轴 (9b), 所述第二风轮轴 (9b) 为空心轴并通过轴承套装在 第一风轮轴 (9a) 上;
所述风轮 (3 ) 包括分别安装在第一风轮轴 (9a) 和第二风轮轴 (9b) 上的 第一组风轮 (3a) 和第二组风轮 (3b)。
7、 如权利要求 1或 4所述的车载式涵道风力发电机或车载式风力发电机, 其特 征在于, 所述驱动系统还包括:
一对驱动轮(30), 安装在车体(21 )底部, 并通过驱动轴(28)彼此连接 ; 减速箱 (29), 安装在驱动轴 (28) 上;
所述电动装置 (25 ) 为单个电动机, 通过变压器 (24) 与所述蓄电池 (23 ) 电连接, 所述电动机的电动机输出轴 (27) 与减速箱(29)相连, 以便通过减速 箱 (29) 带动驱动轴 (28) 转动, 从而带动驱动轮 (30) 转动。
8、 如权利要求 1或 4所述的车载式涵道风力发电机或车载式风力发电机, 其特 征在于,所述电动装置(25 )为单个电动机,通过变压器(24)与所述蓄电池(23 ) 电连接; 所述驱动系统还包括:
一对驱动轮(30), 安装在车体(21 )底部, 并通过驱动轴 (28)彼此连接; 减速箱 (29), 安装在驱动轴 (28) 上;
发动机 (31 ), 安装在车体 (21 ) 上;
动力分配装置 (33 ), 分别与所述电动机的电动机输出轴 (27) 以及发动机 (31 ) 的发动机输出轴 (32) 相连, 并通过传动轴 (34) 与减速箱 (29) 相连, 以便将所述电动机或发动机 (31 ) 的动力传递给减速箱 (29)。
9、 如权利要求 2所述的车载式涵道风力发电机, 其特征在于, 所述的涵道 (2) 可以是扩压式涵道, 或是集风式涵道, 或是集风扩压式涵道, 或直筒式涵道; 所 述的涵道 (2) 的内侧扩压段的截面积的形状像一个翼型, 以便风流过扩压段时 产生升力。
10、如权利要求 1或 4所述的车载式涵道风力发电机或车载式风力发电机, 其特 征在于, 所述的汽车可以是轿车、 货车、 箱式货车、 面包车、 大客车、 越野车、 高铁列车、 火车、 水翼艇、 飞车、 或是其它高速直线运动装置。
11、如权利要求 1或 4所述的车载式涵道风力发电机或车载式风力发电机, 其特 征在于, 所述电动装置(25 )包括前后分布的两对电动机(25a、 25b、 25c、 25d), 分别通过变压器 (24) 与所述蓄电池 (23 ) 相连; 前方一对电动机 (25a、 25b ) 通过前轴过桥(35 )彼此相连, 后方一对电动机(25c、 25d)通过后轴过桥(36) 彼此相连;
所述驱动系统还包括:
一对驱动轮 (30), 分别安装在前方一对电动机 (25a、 25b ) 的两端, 并分 别与前方一对电动机 (25a、 25b) 的输出轴相连;
一对后轮(20), 分别安装在后方一对电动机(25c 、 25d) 的两端, 并分别 与后方一对电动机 (25c 、 25d) 的输出轴相连。
12、如权利要求 1或 4所述的车载式涵道风力发电机或车载式风力发电机, 其特 征在于, 所述电动装置 (25 ) 包括前后分布的一对电动机 (25e、 250 , 分别通 过变压器 (24) 与所述蓄电池 (23 ) 相连;
所述驱动系统还包括:
一对驱动轮(30), 分别安装在前方电动机(25e) 的两端, 并分别通过驱动 轴 (28 ) 与前方电动机 (25e) 的两端相连;
一对后轮(20),分别安装在后方电动机(250的两端,并分别通过后轴(19a) 与后方电动机 (250 的两端相连。
PCT/CN2010/075025 2010-07-07 2010-07-07 车载式涵道风力发电机 WO2012003631A1 (zh)

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ITUD20120062A1 (it) * 2012-04-17 2013-10-18 Renzo Marcuzzi "dispositivo di ricarica di accumulatori di energia elettrica per veicoli"
CN103754120A (zh) * 2013-11-07 2014-04-30 北京理工大学 一种直驱高速太阳能车
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CN108312818A (zh) * 2018-01-04 2018-07-24 宁波市诚邦创意汽车用品有限公司 一种方便安装的房车专用天窗

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CN201040492Y (zh) * 2007-03-13 2008-03-26 谭松林 小型节能环保电车

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CN1683176A (zh) * 2004-04-12 2005-10-19 于耀庆 一种可供实际应用的电动汽车
CN201040492Y (zh) * 2007-03-13 2008-03-26 谭松林 小型节能环保电车

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ITUD20120062A1 (it) * 2012-04-17 2013-10-18 Renzo Marcuzzi "dispositivo di ricarica di accumulatori di energia elettrica per veicoli"
WO2014167269A1 (en) * 2013-04-08 2014-10-16 Eudes VERA Accelerated fluid machine
CN103754120A (zh) * 2013-11-07 2014-04-30 北京理工大学 一种直驱高速太阳能车
DE102015004518A1 (de) * 2015-04-07 2016-10-13 Stjepan Pipic Elektroauto mit Windgennerator
CN108312818A (zh) * 2018-01-04 2018-07-24 宁波市诚邦创意汽车用品有限公司 一种方便安装的房车专用天窗
CN108312818B (zh) * 2018-01-04 2020-10-27 宁波市诚邦创意汽车用品有限公司 一种方便安装的房车专用天窗

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