WO2011147074A1 - Method, system and corresponding apparatus for implementing policy and charging control - Google Patents

Method, system and corresponding apparatus for implementing policy and charging control Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2011147074A1
WO2011147074A1 PCT/CN2010/073185 CN2010073185W WO2011147074A1 WO 2011147074 A1 WO2011147074 A1 WO 2011147074A1 CN 2010073185 W CN2010073185 W CN 2010073185W WO 2011147074 A1 WO2011147074 A1 WO 2011147074A1
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WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
policy
entity
routing service
local routing
server
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PCT/CN2010/073185
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
时晓岩
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华为技术有限公司
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Priority to PCT/CN2010/073185 priority Critical patent/WO2011147074A1/en
Publication of WO2011147074A1 publication Critical patent/WO2011147074A1/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L65/00Network arrangements or protocols for real-time communications
    • H04L65/10Signalling, control or architecture
    • H04L65/1066Session control
    • H04L65/1069Setup
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L12/00Data switching networks
    • H04L12/02Details
    • H04L12/14Metering, charging or billing arrangements specially adapted for data wireline or wireless communications
    • H04L12/1403Architecture for metering, charging or billing
    • H04L12/1407Policy-and-charging control [PCC] architecture
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L41/00Arrangements for maintenance or administration or management of packet switching networks
    • H04L41/08Configuration management of network or network elements
    • H04L41/0893Assignment of logical groupings to network elements; Policy based network management or configuration
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L41/00Arrangements for maintenance or administration or management of packet switching networks
    • H04L41/08Configuration management of network or network elements
    • H04L41/0896Bandwidth or capacity management, i.e. automatically increasing or decreasing capacities, e.g. bandwidth on demand
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L65/00Network arrangements or protocols for real-time communications
    • H04L65/80QoS aspects
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/28Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications for the provision of proxy services, e.g. intermediate processing or storage in the network
    • H04L67/2814Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications for the provision of proxy services, e.g. intermediate processing or storage in the network for data redirection
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M15/00Arrangements for metering, time-control or time indication ; Metering, charging or billing arrangements for voice wireline or wireless communications, e.g. VoIP
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M15/00Arrangements for metering, time-control or time indication ; Metering, charging or billing arrangements for voice wireline or wireless communications, e.g. VoIP
    • H04M15/66Policy and charging system
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/24Accounting or billing
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L41/00Arrangements for maintenance or administration or management of packet switching networks
    • H04L41/50Network service management, i.e. ensuring proper service fulfillment according to an agreement or contract between two parties, e.g. between an IT-provider and a customer
    • H04L41/5019Ensuring SLA

Abstract

Provided are a method, system and corresponding apparatus for implementing the policy and charging control in the embodiments of the present invention, which belong to the technical field of the communications. When the local route is provided in the Evolved Packet Core (EPC) scenarios, an access control entity transmits a session establishment request to a transmission policy server, the session establishment request comprises the indication about providing the local route, and the access control entity comprises the Broadband Remote Access Server (BRAS) or the Network Attachment Sub-System (NASS) (101); a policy enforcement entity receives the policy and charging control rules from the transmission policy server (102).

Description

 Method and system for implementing policy and charging control, and corresponding equipment

 The present invention relates to the field of network communications, and in particular, to a method, system, and corresponding device for implementing policy and charging control.

Background technique

 In the Evolved Packet Core (EPC), the Policy Control and Charging Rules Function (IPC) is used to limit the user's access to the network, the operator's policy, and the user's subscription. The data and the service information currently being performed by the user determine the policy and charging control rules applicable to the user, so as to implement the control of the QoS (Quality of Service) corresponding to the service data flow and the data flow based charging. PGW (PDN Gateway, Packet Data Network Gateway), used to connect to the PDN (Packet Date Network) that provides the service, and is responsible for forwarding and filtering the user data stream; Non-3GPP IP Access (non-3GPP IP Access) IP access) is used for IP access methods other than 3GPP, such as 3GPP2 access, WiMAX (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access) access, etc., and may have additional mobility management, etc. Features.

FIG. 1 shows a scenario of fixed network access EPC defined by TISPAN (Telecommunications and Internet Converged Services and Protocols for Advanced Networking). The box is the implementation of Non-3GPP IP Access in this scenario. The Network Attachment Sub-System (NASS) entity in the Non-3GPP IP Access is used to assign an IP address to the UE (User Equipment); the RACS entity (Resource and Admission Control Subsystem) a control subsystem), configured to establish a policy control session with the PCRF entity, and obtain a policy and charging control rule from the PCRF entity, thereby implementing QoS for the RCEF (Resource Control Enforcement Function, equivalent to the AGW) control. When using unified policy control, there can be no RACS entities. Figure 2 shows the scenario of fixed network access EPC defined by BBF (Broadband Forum). The box is the implementation of Non-3GPP IP Access in this scenario. BRAS (Broadband Remote Access Server) in Non-3GPP IP Access, which is used to assign an IP address to the UE, and a Policy Controller, which is used to establish a policy control session with the PCRF entity, and The policy and charging control rules are obtained at the PCRF entity to implement QoS control for the BRAS (equivalent to AGW). When using unified policy control, there can be no PolicyController

 In the above two scenarios, when the UE accesses the EPC, the EPC can provide two routing modes for the UE: Home routing and local routing (also called local conflict). The home route, as shown in Figure 3, means that the user's data stream is forwarded by the AGW to the PGW, and communicates with the external network through the PGW. Local route, as shown in Figure 4, means that the user's data flow does not pass through the PGW, but is directly forwarded by the AGW to the external network.

 In the prior art, the policy and charging for the UE are mainly implemented as follows: When the AGW receives the IP connection establishment request of the UE, the AGW establishes a gateway control session with the PCRF entity, and initiates a binding update message of the proxy mobile IP. Giving the PGW; the PGW establishes an IP-CAN (IP Connectivity Access Network) session with the PCRF entity after receiving the binding update message; the PCRF entity will gateway according to the identity of the UE, the identity of the packet data network, and the like. The control session is associated with the IP-CAN session. When the PCRF entity receives the service resource request from the AF (Application Function) entity, it finds the matching IP-CAN session and formulates the policy and charging control. Rule, the PCRF entity passes the policy control rule to the AGW for QoS control through the gateway control session, and passes the policy and charging control rule to the PGW through the IP-CAN session for QoS control and charging control.

In the above process, the inventor has found that the prior art has at least the following disadvantages: When the AGW provides the local routing mode for the UE, the data flow no longer passes through the PGW; and, since the data flow no longer passes through the PGW, the charging control cannot be obtained. The rules thus enable the charging control of the service. That is: the strategy and charging control scheme that needs to be implemented through PGW will not be realized. Summary of the invention

 Embodiments of the present invention provide a method, a system, and a corresponding device for implementing policy and charging control, which implement policy and charging control when providing a locally routed service for a user.

 A method for implementing policy and charging control, including:

 The access control entity sends a session establishment request to the delivery policy server, where the session establishment request includes an indication of providing a local routing service, and the access control entity includes a broadband remote access server BRAS or a network attachment subsystem NASS;

 The policy enforcement entity receives the policy and charging control rules of the local routing service sent by the delivery policy server.

 An access control entity, the access control entity comprising a broadband remote access server BRAS or a network attachment subsystem NASS,

 Specifically, the access control entity includes:

 a receiving unit, configured to receive a message from the user equipment requesting to establish a connection, where the message requesting to establish a connection indicates to request to establish a new IP connection, and the message requesting to establish a connection includes an identifier of the user equipment;

 a route determining unit, configured to determine, according to the identifier, a local routing service for the user equipment;

 And a sending unit, configured to send a session establishment request to the delivery policy server, where the session establishment request includes an indication of providing a local routing service.

 A system for implementing policy and billing control, comprising:

 An access control entity, configured to send a session establishment request to the delivery policy server, where the session establishment request includes an indication of providing a local routing service, where the access control entity includes a broadband remote access server BRAS or a network attachment subsystem NASS;

 The policy enforcement entity is configured to receive a policy and charging control rule of the local routing service sent by the delivery policy server.

The solution provided in this embodiment carries the local routing service indication by carrying the session establishment request. The technical means, the delivery policy server sends the policy and charging control rule of the local routing service to the policy enforcement entity according to the indication, and in the local routing mode, provides an IP-CAN session without association. A method for obtaining policy and charging control rules without PGW participation, and realizing a local routing service for providing QoS control and service flow accounting for users without PGW.

DRAWINGS

 1 is a schematic diagram of a scenario of a fixed network access EPC defined by TISPAN in the prior art; FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a scenario of a fixed network access EPC defined by BBF in the background art;

 FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of execution of a home routing method in the background art; FIG.

 4 is a schematic diagram of execution of a local routing manner in the background art;

 5 is a schematic flowchart of a method for implementing a policy and a charging control rule according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention; FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a method for implementing a policy and a charging control rule in a scenario according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention; FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of a method for implementing policy and charging control rules in a scenario of the fourth embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of a policy and a charging policy in a scenario of Embodiment 5 of the present invention; A schematic diagram of a method for implementing a charging control rule; FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram of a method for implementing a policy and charging control rule in a scenario of Embodiment 6 of the present invention;

 11 is a schematic diagram of a method for implementing policy and charging control rules in a scenario of Embodiment 7 of the present invention;

 FIG. 12 is a schematic diagram of a method for implementing policy and charging control rules in a scenario of Embodiment 8 of the present invention; FIG.

 13 is a schematic diagram of a method for implementing a policy and a charging control rule in a scenario of Embodiment 9 of the present invention;

 14 is a schematic structural diagram of a policy server according to Embodiment 10 of the present invention;

 15 is a schematic structural diagram of an access control entity according to Embodiment 11 of the present invention;

16 is a schematic structural diagram of another access control entity according to Embodiment 11 of the present invention; FIG. 17 is a schematic diagram of a system for implementing policy and charging control rules according to Embodiment 12 of the present invention. detailed description

 The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention are clearly and completely described in the following with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. It is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without creative efforts are within the scope of the present invention.

 When the AGW provides the local routing mode for the UE, the data flow no longer passes through the PGW, and the PGW does not establish an IP-CAN session with the PCRF entity. Then, when receiving the service resource request sent by the AF entity, the PCRF entity cannot be associated. On a valid IP-CAN session, the PCRF entity cannot formulate the policy and charging control rules of the user, and the AGW cannot obtain the policy control rule to implement QoS control. Moreover, since the data flow no longer passes through the PGW, the charging control rule cannot be obtained to implement the charging control of the service.

 Embodiment 1

 This embodiment provides a method for implementing policy and charging control rules. As shown in FIG. 5, the method mainly includes:

 Step 101: The access control entity sends a session establishment request to the delivery policy server, where the session establishment request includes an indication of providing a local routing service, where the access control entity includes a BRAS or a NASS;

 Step 102: The policy enforcement entity receives the policy and charging control rule of the local routing service sent by the delivery policy server.

 It should be noted that the policy and charging control rule mentioned in this embodiment and the following embodiments may include only the policy control rule, or only the charging control rule, or both the policy and the charging control rule. .

The method provided in this embodiment carries the decision notification that is determined to provide the local routing service to the delivery policy server by using the session establishment request, which may facilitate the delivery of the policy service by using the corresponding local routing mode. Execution method, avoiding the technical problem that the delivery policy server is in the existing way and is associated with the wrong IP-CAN session, thereby issuing the wrong policy and charging control rules, and also facilitating the provision of the user Implementation of policy and charging control when local routing services.

 Embodiment 2

 This embodiment provides a method for implementing policy and charging control in conjunction with FIG. 6. Figure 6 is mainly applicable to the fixed network access EPC scenario defined by BBF. In this scenario, the BRAS has the function of accessing the UE to the network and the function of executing the policy and the charging control rule, and thus is equivalent to the access control entity and the policy enforcement entity; the Policy Controller is equivalent to The delivery policy server, in this embodiment, is used to formulate policy and charging control rules.

 Step 301: The UE initiates a message for establishing a connection to the BRAS, includes the identifier of the UE in the message, and indicates to request to establish a new IP connection, and the BRAS receives the message.

 In this embodiment and the following embodiments, the message is a PPP (Point to Point Protocol) connection establishment request message, a DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) request message, an attach request message, and a PDN ( Packet Date Network, packet connection network, etc.; the identity of the UE may be the IMSI (International Mobile Subscriber Identity) of the UE, the user name, IP address, access line identifier, and logical interface of the UE. Logos, etc., are not strictly limited here.

 Step 302: The BRAS is triggered by the foregoing message, and the BRAS associates routing decision information corresponding to the local routing policy of the UE, the subscription data of the user, and the like according to the identifier of the UE, and determines, according to the routing decision information, that the BRAS provides a local routing service for the UE. in the case of.

 For example, the BRAS associates the subscription data and the local routing policy of the user of the UE according to the identifier of the UE, the subscription data of the user indicates that the UE is a fixed network user, and the local routing policy indicates that the fixed network user adopts a local routing manner. Therefore the BRAS determines to provide the local routing service for the user.

It should be noted that, in the scenario of the embodiment, the subscription data of the user is deployed on the BRAS local. Therefore, the BRAS can directly utilize the subscription data of the local user. But in fact, depending on the network deployment or planning, the user's subscription data may not be local to the BRAS, but It exists in other devices. In this case, only the user's subscription data is obtained from the other device through signaling interaction.

 Step 303: The BRAS initiates a policy control session establishment request message to the Policy Controller, and carries an indication of providing the local routing service in the request.

 The foregoing policy control session establishment request message includes a lot. For example: IP-CAN session messages, S9 session messages, etc. The same is true for the policy control session establishment request mentioned in the following embodiments.

 Optionally, in this embodiment, and the following embodiments, the session establishment request message that is sent by the access control entity to the policy server and includes the local routing service indication may include the identifier of the UE, when the identifier of the UE is included, In order to facilitate specifying which specific UE the requesting local routing service is specifically applied to.

 Step 304: After receiving the policy control session establishment request message, the Policy Controller, under the instruction of providing the local routing service in the request message, formulates a policy and charging control rule for the local routing service according to the control rule decision information.

 In this embodiment and the following embodiments, the control rule decision information mainly refers to a local control policy, and may further include: user subscription data, AF (Application Function, application layer function) service resource request information, and the like.

 For example, the local control policy stipulates that: 2 megabits of bandwidth is allocated when requesting local routing services, and 1 megabytes of bandwidth is allocated when routing services are not locally, and no user distinction is made. Therefore, when it is only necessary to formulate policy and charging control rules for local routing services according to local control policies, Policy Controller can allocate 2 megabits of bandwidth according to the policy.

For example, the session establishment request includes the identifier of the UE. In the process of formulating the policy of the local routing service and controlling the charging rule, the local control policy and the user subscription data of the UE may be referred to at the same time. The specific process is as follows: The identity of the UE is associated with the local control policy and the subscription data of the user (in this embodiment, the subscription data of the user is deployed locally in the Policy Controller), and the subscription data of the user of the UE indicates that the UE accesses through the WiFi, and The access bandwidth is 2 megabits, and WiFi (Wireless Fidelity) is specified in the local control policy. The UE with the access bandwidth of 2 Mbps shall be implemented according to the policy and charging control rule A. The policy and charging control rule A may specifically be: the QoS of the UE is WiFi, and the bandwidth is 2 megabytes. Minute 0.50 yuan, etc.). The specific application of the policy and the charging control rule according to the local policy and the user's subscription data is used in the prior art, and can be easily understood by those skilled in the art, and details are not described herein.

 Step 305: The Policy Controller sends the determined policy and charging control rule of the local routing service to the BRAS through the policy control session establishment response message, and is executed by the BRAS according to the rule, including controlling QoS and performing charging according to the traffic.

 In this embodiment, the policy controller may also be replaced by a PCRF entity, and the specific execution process is not described herein.

 The method provided in this embodiment implements the policy and charging control when the local routing service is provided to the user by using the technical means of obtaining the policy and the charging control rule by the BRAS in the fixed network access EPC scenario defined by the BBF. effect.

 Embodiment 3

 This embodiment provides a method for implementing policy and charging control in conjunction with the scenario of the authentication server. The scenario is mainly applicable to the fixed network access EPC scenario defined by the BBF. In this scenario, the BRAS has the function of accessing the UE to the network and the function of executing the policy and the charging control rule, and thus is equivalent to the access control entity and the policy enforcement entity; the Policy Controller is equivalent to the delivery policy server, This embodiment is used to formulate policy and charging control rules. The difference from the second embodiment is that the authentication server determines whether to provide the user with the local route. The authentication server can be specifically an AAA (Authorization, Authentication and Accounting) server, or a DHCP server.

 Step 401: The UE initiates a message for establishing a connection to the BRAS, where the message includes the identifier of the UE and indicates that the request is to establish a new IP connection, and the BRAS receives the message.

Step 402: The BRAS initiates an authentication or address allocation request message to the authentication server, where the request message includes the identifier of the UE. Step 403: The authentication server associates routing decision information corresponding to the local routing policy of the UE, the subscription data of the user, and the like according to the identifier of the UE, and determines that the local routing service is provided for the UE according to the routing decision information.

 For details of the content of the local service, refer to the example in step 302 of the second embodiment. Step 404: The authentication server sends an authentication or IP address allocation response message to the BRAS, and indicates in the response message that the UE provides a local routing service.

 For the content of the following steps 405 to 407, refer to step 303 to step 305 in the second embodiment, and details are not described herein.

 In this embodiment, the policy controller may also be replaced by a PCRF entity, and the specific execution process is not described herein.

 The method provided in this embodiment provides a scheme for implementing policy and charging control when a local routing service is provided for a user in the case of including an authentication server, and can provide normal QoS service and charging control for the user.

 Embodiment 4

 This embodiment provides a method for implementing policy and charging control in conjunction with FIG. 8. Figure 8 is mainly applicable to fixed network access EPC scenarios defined by TISPAN. In this scenario, the NASS entity has the function of accessing the UE to the network, and can be equivalent to an access control entity. The RCEF has the function of executing the policy and the charging control rule, and thus can be regarded as a policy enforcement entity; In this embodiment, it is equivalent to a delivery policy server for formulating policy and charging control rules.

 Step 501: The UE initiates a connection establishment message to the NASS, includes the identifier of the UE and indicates to request to establish a new IP connection, and the NASS receives the message.

 The message may be any one of a PPP connection setup request message, a DHCP request message, an attach request message, or a PDN connection setup request message.

Step 502, triggered by the foregoing message, the NASS entity associates routing decision information corresponding to the local routing policy of the UE, the subscription data of the user, and the like according to the identifier of the UE, and determines, according to the routing decision information, that the NASS entity provides local information for the UE. In the case of a routing service. For the specific determination process of the NASS entity, refer to the BRAS instance in step 302 of Embodiment 2. Step 503: The NASS entity initiates an access parameter delivery request message to the RACS entity, where the request message includes an indication for providing a local routing service.

 Step 504: The RACS entity receives the access parameter delivery request message, and under the indication, formulating a policy and charging control rule for the local routing service according to the control rule decision information.

 For an implementation example, refer to the example of the Policy Controller in step 304 of Embodiment 2.

 Step 505: The RACS entity sends the determined policy and charging control rule of the local routing service to the RCEF for execution by using a policy control rule installation request message.

 In this embodiment, the foregoing RACS entity may also be replaced by a PCRF entity, and the specific execution process is not described herein.

 The method provided in this embodiment implements the policy and charging control when the local routing service is provided for the user by using the technical means of obtaining the policy and charging control rule by the RCEF in the fixed network access EPC scenario defined by the TISPAN. effect.

 Embodiment 5

 This embodiment provides a method for implementing policy and charging control in conjunction with FIG. 9. Figure 9 is mainly applicable to the fixed network access EPC scenario defined by the BBF, and the policy server of the access network (that is, the Policy Controller, which is mainly a fixed network service) is independent of the EPC policy server (that is, the PCRF entity, mainly for the mobile network service). deploy. In this scenario, the BRAS has the function of accessing the UE to the network and the function of executing the policy and the charging control rule, and thus is equivalent to the access control entity and the policy enforcement entity. In this embodiment, although Two policy servers (ie, Policy Controller and PCRF entity), but because the Policy Controller is mainly used to forward the indication of the local route to the PCRF entity, it is equivalent to the delivery policy server in this embodiment; and the policy and charging control The formulation of the rules is performed by the PCRF entity.

 Step 601: The UE initiates a message for establishing a connection to the BRAS, includes the identifier of the UE and indicates to request to establish a new IP connection, and the BRAS receives the message.

Step 602: The BRAS is triggered by the foregoing message, and the BRAS associates with the identifier of the UE according to the Routing decision information such as the local routing policy of the UE and the subscription data of the user, and determining that the local routing service is provided for the UE according to the routing decision information.

 Step 603: The BRAS initiates a policy control session establishment request message to the Policy Controller. The request message includes an indication to provide a local routing service.

 Step 604: The Policy Controller sends a setup request message 2 of the policy control session to the PCRF entity, where the request message includes an indication for providing a local routing service.

 The IP address of the Policy Controller can be used to provide a local routing service on behalf of the request. The Policy Controller can control the gateway in the session by sending a policy. Controls the session establishment request message and provides the home routing service on behalf of the request.

 Step 605: After receiving the establishment request message 2 of the policy control session, the PCRF entity, according to the instruction in the message, formulates a policy and a charging control rule for the local routing service according to the control rule decision information.

 Step 606: The PCRF entity sends a policy and charging control rule of the local routing service to the Policy Controller through the policy establishment session response message 2;

 Step 607: After receiving the foregoing response message, the Policy Controller sends the policy and charging control rule of the local routing service to the BRAS for execution by the policy establishment session response message.

 The method provided in this embodiment implements the technical means for obtaining the policy and charging control rules through the BRAS in the scenario that the fixed network defined by the BBF is connected to the EPC, and the policy server of the access network and the policy server of the EPC are deployed independently. The effect of policy and charging control is performed when providing local routing services to users.

 Embodiment 6

This embodiment provides a method for implementing policy and charging control in conjunction with FIG. 10 . Figure 10 is mainly applicable to the fixed network access EPC scenario defined by TISPAN, and the policy server of the access network (that is, the RACS entity, mainly serving users of the fixed network) and the policy server of the EPC (that is, the PCRF entity, mainly for the mobile network. User Service) Independent deployment. In this scenario, the NASS entity has The function of accessing the UE to the network may be equivalent to an access control entity; the RCEF has the function of executing the policy and the charging control rule, and thus can be regarded as a policy enforcement entity; in this embodiment, although Two policy servers (ie, RACS entity and PCRF entity), but because the RACS entity is mainly used to forward the indication of the local route to the PCRF entity, it is equivalent to the delivery policy server in this embodiment; and the policy and charging control is formulated. The function of the rule is performed by the PCRF entity.

 Steps 701 to 703 can be the same as steps 501 to 503 in the fourth embodiment.

 Step 704: After receiving the access parameter delivery request message, the RACS entity is triggered to initiate a policy control session establishment request message to the PCRF entity, where the request message includes an indication for providing a local routing service.

 The step can also be performed in an implicit manner, for example: the Policy Controller sends an IP-CAN session establishment request message to provide a local routing service on behalf of the request; or the Policy Controller controls the session establishment request message by sending a gateway to provide a hometown request on behalf of the request. Routing service.

 Step 705: After receiving the request message, the PCRF entity formulates a policy and charging control rule for the local routing service according to the control rule decision information.

 For the process of formulating the policy and charging control rules for the local routing service, refer to the example of the Policy Controller in step 304 of the second embodiment.

 Step 706: The PCRF entity sends a policy and charging control rule of the local routing service to the RACS entity by using a policy control session establishment response message.

 Step 707: The RACS entity sends the policy and charging control rule of the local routing service to the RCEF for execution through the policy control rule installation request message.

 The method provided by the embodiment is implemented in the scenario that the fixed network accessing the EPC defined by the TISPAN and the policy server of the access network and the policy server of the EPC are deployed independently, and the RCEF obtains the technical means of the policy and the charging control rule. The effect of implementing policy and charging control when providing local routing services to users.

 Example 7

This embodiment provides a method for implementing policy and charging control in conjunction with FIG. 11. Figure 11 main Applicable to the fixed network access EPC scenario defined by the BBF, and the policy server of the access network (ie, the Policy Controller, which is mainly the user service of the fixed network) and the policy server of the EPC (that is, the PCRF entity, mainly serving the mobile network) ) Independent deployment. In this scenario, the BRAS has the function of accessing the UE to the network and the function of executing the policy and the charging control rule, and thus is equivalent to the access control entity and the policy enforcement entity. In the example, although there are two policy servers (ie, a Policy Controller and a PCRF entity), the Policy Controller is mainly used to forward the indication of the local route to the PCRF entity, and is equivalent to the delivery policy server in this embodiment. The function of formulating policy and charging control rules is performed by the PCRF entity. It can be seen from FIG. 11 that the difference between the embodiment and the fifth embodiment is that, in the application process, if there is a service resource request sent by the AF entity, the specific processing manner is as follows.

 Step 801 to step 804 can refer to step 601 to step 604 in the fifth embodiment.

 Step 805: The PCRF entity receives a service resource request message from the AF, where the request message includes the identifier of the requested UE, and the service resource request information.

 The specific content of the service resource request information may be the same as the prior art, including the requested service type, bandwidth, and coding mode. For example: Request to provide video service for the UE, bandwidth requirement 1 trillion, etc.

 Step 806: The PCRF entity formulates a policy and charging control rule for the local routing service according to the service resource request information.

 When the PCRF entity in the above step 806 formulates the policy and charging control rule of the local routing service, it also needs to refer to the resource request information of the AF. The formulation process and manner after the specific reference are the same as the prior art, and will not be described here.

 Step 807: The PCRF entity sends a policy and charging control rule of the local routing service to the Policy Controller through the policy control rule installation request message 1.

 Step 808: After receiving the request message, the Policy Controller sends the policy and the charging control rule of the local routing service to the BRAS for execution through the policy control rule installation request message.

Of course, in step 807 and step 808, the identifier of the UE may also need to be provided, so that The BRAS can know which UE the policy and charging control rules are applied to.

 The method provided in this embodiment is applicable to a fixed network access EPC defined by the BBF, and the policy server of the access network and the policy server of the EPC are deployed independently, and when receiving the service resource request from the AF entity, the BRAS is adopted. The technical means of obtaining the policy and charging control rules realizes the effect of performing policy and charging control when providing local routing services for users.

 Example eight

 This embodiment provides a method for implementing policy and charging control in conjunction with FIG. Figure 12 is mainly applicable to the fixed network access EPC scenario defined by BBF. In this scenario, the BRAS has the function of accessing the UE to the network and the function of executing the policy and the charging control rule, and thus is equivalent to the access control entity and the policy enforcement entity; the Policy Controller is transmitted in this embodiment. Policy server, used to formulate policy and charging control rules.

 Step 901 is the same as step 301 of the second embodiment.

 Step 902: The BRAS is triggered by the foregoing message, and the BRAS associates the routing decision information corresponding to the local routing policy of the UE, the subscription data of the user, and the like according to the identifier of the UE, and determines, according to the routing decision information, that the local route needs to be provided for the UE at the same time. Service and home routing services.

 For example, the BRAS associates the subscription data and the local routing policy of the user of the UE according to the identifier of the UE, and the subscription data of the user indicates that the UE is a fixed network user, and the call is required to make a call and access the Internet through the fixed network; The strategy indicates that users who use the fixed network network provide local routing services, and users who make calls through the fixed network provide home routing services for maintaining good continuity, and then through the fixed network, through the fixed network. When you call, you will also be provided with local routing services and home routing services.

 Step 903: The BRAS initiates a policy control session establishment request message to the Policy Controller. The request message includes an indication for providing a home routing service.

The step may also adopt an implicit indication manner, for example: the BRAS sends an IP-CAN session establishment request message to request the local routing service; the BRAS sends a gateway control session establishment request message to request the home routing service. Step 904: The Policy Controller formulates a policy and charging control rule for the home routing service according to the control rule decision information.

 The specific process of formulating the policy and charging control rules may be the same as the process of the home-based routing policy and charging control rules in the prior art.

 Step 905: The Policy Controller sends a policy and charging control rule of the home routing service to the BRAS by using the policy control session establishment response message.

 Step 906 to step 908 may refer to step 303 to step 305 of the second embodiment. The main difference is that the BRAS sends a policy control session establishment request message 2 to the Policy Controller, and obtains a policy control session establishment response message. two.

 It should be noted that, in the embodiment, the steps 903 to 905 and the steps 906 to 908 are executed without any order constraint, and may even occur at the same time. In addition, the Policy controller in this embodiment may also be replaced by a PCRF entity, and details are not described herein again.

 Example nine

 This embodiment provides a method for implementing policy and charging control in conjunction with FIG. Figure 13 is mainly applicable to the fixed network access EPC scenario defined by TISPAN, and the policy server of the access network (that is, the RACS entity, mainly serving users of the fixed network) and the policy server of the EPC (that is, the PCRF entity, mainly for the mobile network. User Service) Independent deployment. In this scenario, the NASS entity has the function of accessing the UE to the network, which can be equivalent to an access control entity; the RCEF has the function of executing the policy and the charging control rule, and thus can be regarded as a policy enforcement entity; Embodiment 6 is the same. In this embodiment, although two policy servers (ie, a RACS entity and a PCRF entity) exist at the same time, since the RACS entity is mainly used to forward the indication of the local route to the PCRF entity, it is equivalent to the present invention. The policy server is passed, and the function of formulating the policy and charging control rules is performed by the PCRF entity. As can be seen from Fig. 13, the main difference between this embodiment and the sixth embodiment is that the specific execution mode in the case where it is decided to provide the home routing service at the same time is described.

 Step 1001, the same as step 501.

Step 1002: triggered by the foregoing message, the NASS entity associates with the identifier of the UE. The routing decision information of the local routing policy of the UE, the subscription data of the user, and the like, and determining, according to the routing decision information, that the local routing service and the home routing service are simultaneously provided for the UE.

 The specifically determined process can be referred to the example of the above step 902.

 Step 1003: The NASS entity sends an access parameter delivery message to the RACS entity, where the message includes an indication of providing both the local routing service and the home routing service.

 Step 1004: The RACS entity initiates a request for establishing a policy control session to the PCRF entity. For details, refer to step 903 above.

 Step 1005: The PCRF entity formulates a policy and charging control rule for the home routing service according to the control rule decision information.

 The specific process of formulating the policy and charging control rules may be the same as the process of the home-based routing policy and charging control rules in the prior art.

 Step 1006: The PCRF entity sends a policy and charging control rule for the home routing service to the RACS entity by using the policy control session establishment response message.

 Step 1007: The RACS entity sends the policy and charging control rule for the home routing service to the RCEF through the policy control rule installation request message one.

 Step 1008: The RACS entity initiates a policy control session establishment request message to the PCRF entity. Second, the request message includes an indication for providing a local routing service.

 This step may also adopt an implicit indication manner, for example: the policy control session establishment request message 2 is specifically an IP-CAN session request message, and the RCAS sends an IP-CAN session establishment request message to request the local routing service.

 Step 1009 is the same as step 605 in the fifth embodiment.

 Step 1010: The PCRF entity sends a policy and charging control rule of the local routing service to the RACS entity by using a policy control session establishment response message 2.

 Step 1011: After receiving the response message, the RACS entity sends the policy and charging control rule of the local routing service to the RCEF for execution through the policy control rule installation request 2.

It should be noted that: Step 1003-1007 and Steps 1008-1011 in this embodiment have no sequence. The constraint may even occur at the same time. In addition, the step 1007 and the step 1011 may be different policy control rule installation request messages between the RACS entity and the RCEF, or the same policy control rule installation request message, which is not limited herein. Step 1004 and step 1008 may be requests of different sub-sessions in the same policy control session, or may be independent two policy control sessions.

 In the embodiment of the present invention, when a home route and a local route need to be provided for a user, a method for policy and charging control rules is proposed, and when the access control entity provides a local routing service for the user, the method cannot be correct. The technical effect of conducting policy and billing control.

 Example ten

 The present embodiment provides a policy server, which may be specifically a Policy controller, or a RACS entity, or a PCRF entity, according to a deployment scenario of the network. As shown in FIG. 14, the acquisition unit 10, the development unit 20, and the transmission unit 30 are included.

 The obtaining unit 10 is configured to obtain a session establishment request from the access control entity, where the session establishment request includes an indication for providing a local routing service, and the determining unit 20 is configured to: according to the instruction obtained by the obtaining unit 10, according to the control rule The decision information is used to formulate a policy and charging control rule for the local routing service. The sending unit 30 is configured to send the policy and charging control rule of the local routing service formulated by the formulating unit 20 to the policy execution entity for execution.

 When the session establishment request acquired by the obtaining unit 10 includes an indication of providing a home routing service, the determining unit 20 is further configured to formulate a policy and a plan for the home routing service according to the control rule decision information. The fee control rule; the sending unit 30 further applies the policy and the charging control rule of the home routing service to the policy execution entity for execution.

 The policy server provided in this embodiment may formulate a corresponding policy and charging control rule according to the indication of the local routing service, and execute the policy execution entity sent by the formulated rule, thereby obtaining the case that the local route does not pass the PGW. The technical effect of providing the user with the policy and charging control rules of the local routing service is implemented.

 Embodiment 11

This embodiment provides an access control entity, where the access control entity is deployed according to a network. Different, can be specifically: BRAS, NASS entity, etc. As shown in FIG. 15, the method includes: a receiving unit 40, a route determining unit 50, and a transmitting unit 60.

 The receiving unit 40 is configured to receive a message from the UE requesting to establish a connection, where the message requesting to establish a connection indicates to request to establish a new IP connection, and the message requesting to establish a connection includes an identifier of the user equipment; the route determining unit 50, Determining to provide a local routing service for the UE according to the identifier; sending unit 60, configured to send a session establishment request to a delivery policy server, the session indication.

 In another embodiment of the present invention, the access control entity, as shown in FIG. 16, the route determining unit 50 includes: a first obtaining module 501, and/or a second obtaining unit 502.

 The first obtaining module 501 is configured to determine, according to the routing decision information, the local routing service for the user equipment according to the routing decision information of the user equipment associated with the user equipment identifier;

 The second obtaining unit 502 is configured to send an authentication or address allocation request message carrying the user equipment identifier to the authentication server, and determine, by using the returned authentication or address allocation response message, that the local routing service is provided for the user equipment, The authentication or address allocation request message is used to request the authentication server to determine to provide a local routing service for the user equipment according to the routing decision information of the user equipment corresponding to the user equipment identifier.

 In addition, in this embodiment, as shown in FIG. 16, the route determining unit 50 is further configured to: simultaneously determine, according to the routing decision information, that the home routing service is provided for the UE. Correspondingly,

The sending unit 60 includes: a transmitting subunit 6001. The sending sub-unit 6001 is configured to send the first sub-request in the session establishment request to the delivery policy server when the route determining unit 50 determines that the local routing service and the home routing service are provided for the user equipment according to the identifier, The first sub-request includes an indication of providing a local routing service; and sending a second sub-request in the session establishment request to the delivery policy server, where the second sub-request includes an indication of providing a home routing service; or The sending unit 60 is further configured to: when the route determining unit 50 determines to provide the local routing service and the home routing service for the user equipment according to the identifier, send a session establishment request 2 to the delivery policy server, where the session establishment request is sent The second contains instructions for providing home routing services.

 The access control entity in this embodiment can be used as a NASS entity or as a BRAS, but in particular, when it is a BRAS, it also includes: an execution unit 30.

 The executing unit 30 is configured to: when the sending unit sends the session establishment request to the delivery policy server, send and execute the policy and charging control rule of the local routing service sent by the delivery policy server, when the fixed network accessing the EPC scenario defined by the BBF .

 The access control entity provided in this embodiment can indicate that the service policy data of the user does not pass the PGW according to the indication, by indicating the technical means for providing the local routing mode in the session request sent to the delivery policy server. And formulating the policy and charging control rules applicable to the local routing, thereby implementing the technical effect of providing the user with the policy and charging control under the local routing.

 Example twelve

 This embodiment provides a system for implementing policy and charging control. As shown in FIG. 17, the system includes: an access control entity 70, a delivery policy server 80, and a policy enforcement entity 90.

 The access control entity 70 is configured to send a session establishment request to the delivery policy server 80, where the session establishment request includes an indication of providing a local routing service, and the access control entity 70 includes a BRAS or a NASS;

 The policy enforcement entity 90 is configured to receive a policy and charging control rule of the local routing service sent by the policy server 80.

 The delivery policy server 80 is configured to formulate a policy and a charging control rule for the local routing service according to the control rule decision information; or

And a delivery policy server, configured to send a policy control session establishment request to the PCRF entity, and receive a policy and a charging control rule of the local routing service that is determined by the PCRF entity according to the control rule decision information. It should be noted that, in some scenarios, the access control entity 70 and the policy enforcement entity 90 may be implemented by a specific device or device. For example, in the fixed network access EPC scenario defined by the BBF, the functions of the access control entity 70 and the policy enforcement entity 90 are both implemented by BRAS.

 The system provided in this embodiment provides a solution for the policy and charging control rules without the associated IP-CAN session and without the participation of the PGW in the local routing mode, and implements the case without the PGW. Under the circumstance, the user can still provide local routing services for QoS control and service flow accounting.

 Through the description of the above embodiments, those skilled in the art can clearly understand that the present invention can be implemented by means of software plus a necessary general hardware platform, and of course, can also be through hardware, but in many cases, the former is a better implementation. the way. Based on such understanding, the technical solution of the present invention, which is essential or contributes to the prior art, may be embodied in the form of a software product stored in a readable storage medium, such as a floppy disk of a computer. , a hard disk or an optical disk, etc., includes instructions for causing a device to perform the methods described in various embodiments of the present invention.

 The above is only the specific embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art can easily think of changes or substitutions within the technical scope of the present invention. It should be covered by the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the scope of the invention should be determined by the scope of the claims.

Claims

Claim
 A method for implementing policy and charging, characterized in that it comprises:
 The access control entity sends a session establishment request to the delivery policy server, where the session establishment request includes an indication of providing a local routing service, and the access control entity includes a broadband remote access server BRAS or a network attachment subsystem NASS;
 The policy enforcement entity receives the policy and charging control rules of the local routing service sent by the delivery policy server.
 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein before the policy enforcement entity receives the policy and charging control rule of the local routing service sent by the policy server, the method further includes: the delivery policy server determines according to the control rule Information to formulate policies and charging control rules for local routing services; or,
 The delivery policy server sends a policy control session establishment request to the policy control and charging rule function PCRF entity, and receives a policy and charging control rule of the local routing service that is determined by the PCRF entity according to the control rule decision information.
 The method according to claim 2, wherein the control rule decision information comprises: a local control policy; or, the control rule decision information includes at least one of the following: in addition to the local control policy:
 User's contract data;
 Service resource request information of the application layer function entity.
 4. The method of claim 1 wherein:
 The policy enforcement entity includes: a resource control execution entity RCEF or a broadband remote access server BRAS;
 The delivery policy server includes: a policy controller or a resource admission control subsystem entity RACS.
 The method according to claim 1, wherein before the access control entity sends a session establishment request to the delivery policy server, the method further includes:
The access control entity receives a message from the user equipment requesting to establish a connection, and the request establishes a connection The received message indicates that a new IP connection is requested to be established, and the message requesting the connection includes the user equipment identity.
 The method according to claim 5, wherein after the access control entity receives the message from the user equipment requesting to establish a connection, the method further includes:
 The access control entity determines, according to the routing decision information of the corresponding user equipment, the local routing service for the user equipment according to the routing decision information; or
 The access control entity sends an authentication or address allocation request message carrying the user equipment identifier to the authentication server, and requests the authentication server to determine, according to the routing decision information of the user equipment corresponding to the user equipment identifier, the user equipment. Provide local routing services.
 The method according to claim 1, wherein the session establishment request comprises: a policy control session establishment request message, where the policy control session establishment request message at least includes: an IP connectivity access network session message, S9 Session message; or,
 The access parameter passes the message.
 8. A method according to any of claims 1-7, characterized in that
 When the method is applied to the fixed network access evolution packet core network EPC scenario defined by the broadband forum, the policy enforcement entity is a BRAS, and the delivery policy server is a policy controller, and the method further includes: The policy control session response message sends the policy and charging control rules of the local routing service to the BRAS.
 When the method is applied to the fixed network access EPC scenario defined by the telecommunication and Internet convergence services and the advanced network protocol, the policy enforcement entity is an RCEF, the delivery policy server is a RACS, and the method further includes: The control rule installation message sends the policy and charging control rules of the local routing service to the RCEF for execution.
The method according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein when the sub-request of the session establishment request includes an indication of providing a home routing service, or obtaining an access control entity from the access control entity The session establishment request 2, when the session establishment request 2 includes an indication for providing a home routing service, the method further includes: And formulating a policy and charging control rule of the home routing service according to the control rule decision information; sending the policy and charging control rule of the home routing service to the policy execution entity for execution.
An access control entity, wherein the access control entity comprises a broadband remote access server BRAS or a network attachment subsystem NASS,
 Specifically, the access control entity includes:
 a receiving unit, configured to receive a message from the user equipment requesting to establish a connection, where the message requesting to establish a connection indicates to request to establish a new IP connection, and the message requesting to establish a connection includes an identifier of the user equipment;
 a route determining unit, configured to determine, according to the identifier, a local routing service for the user equipment, and a sending unit, configured to send a session establishment request to the delivery policy server, where the session establishment request includes an indication of providing a local routing service.
 The access control entity according to claim 10, wherein the route determining unit comprises:
 a first obtaining module, configured to determine, according to the routing decision information of the user equipment corresponding to the user equipment identifier, a local routing service for the user equipment according to the routing decision information; and/or a second acquiring unit, And sending an authentication or address allocation request message carrying the user equipment identifier to the authentication server, and determining, by using the returned authentication or address allocation response message, that the user equipment is provided with a local routing service, where the authentication or address allocation is performed. The request message is used to request the authentication server to determine to provide a local routing service for the user equipment according to the routing decision information of the user equipment corresponding to the user equipment identifier.
 12. The access control entity of claim 10, wherein:
The sending unit includes: a sending subunit, configured to send the first subrequest in the session establishment request to the route determining unit when determining that the local routing service and the home routing service are provided for the user equipment according to the identifier Transmitting a policy server, the first sub-request includes an indication of providing a local routing service; and transmitting a second sub-request in the session establishment request to the delivery policy server, where the second sub-request includes an indication of providing a home routing service; or, The sending unit is further configured to: when the routing determining unit determines that the local routing service and the home routing service are provided for the user equipment according to the identifier, send a session establishment request to the delivery policy server, where the session establishment request is The second contains instructions for providing home routing services.
 The access control entity according to any one of claims 10 to 12, wherein the device further comprises:
 The execution unit is configured to receive and execute a policy and charging control rule of the local routing service sent by the delivery policy server when the fixed network access defined by the broadband forum BBF is in the EPC scenario of the evolved packet core network.
 14. A system for implementing policy and charging control, characterized in that:
 An access control entity, configured to send a session establishment request to the delivery policy server, where the session establishment request includes an indication of providing a local routing service, where the access control entity includes a broadband remote access server BRAS or a network attachment subsystem NASS;
 The policy enforcement entity is configured to receive a policy and a fee control rule of the local routing service sent by the delivery policy server.
 15. The system of claim 14 wherein:
 The delivery policy server is configured to formulate a policy and charging control rule of the local routing service according to the control rule decision information; or
 The delivery policy server is configured to send a policy control session establishment request to the policy control and charging rule function PCRF entity, and receive a policy and a charging control rule of the local routing service that is determined by the PCRF entity according to the control rule decision information.
PCT/CN2010/073185 2010-05-25 2010-05-25 Method, system and corresponding apparatus for implementing policy and charging control WO2011147074A1 (en)

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