WO2011130930A1 - Multifunctional foldable portable bicycle - Google Patents

Multifunctional foldable portable bicycle Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2011130930A1
WO2011130930A1 PCT/CN2010/073038 CN2010073038W WO2011130930A1 WO 2011130930 A1 WO2011130930 A1 WO 2011130930A1 CN 2010073038 W CN2010073038 W CN 2010073038W WO 2011130930 A1 WO2011130930 A1 WO 2011130930A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
frame
wheel
seat
strut
handlebar
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2010/073038
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄清华
Original Assignee
Huang Qinghua
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Huang Qinghua filed Critical Huang Qinghua
Publication of WO2011130930A1 publication Critical patent/WO2011130930A1/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62KCYCLES; CYCLE FRAMES; CYCLE STEERING DEVICES; RIDER-OPERATED TERMINAL CONTROLS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CYCLES; CYCLE AXLE SUSPENSIONS; CYCLE SIDE-CARS, FORECARS, OR THE LIKE
    • B62K15/00Collapsible or foldable cycles
    • B62K15/006Collapsible or foldable cycles the frame being foldable
    • B62K15/008Collapsible or foldable cycles the frame being foldable foldable about 2 or more axes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62KCYCLES; CYCLE FRAMES; CYCLE STEERING DEVICES; RIDER-OPERATED TERMINAL CONTROLS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CYCLES; CYCLE AXLE SUSPENSIONS; CYCLE SIDE-CARS, FORECARS, OR THE LIKE
    • B62K15/00Collapsible or foldable cycles
    • B62K2015/005Collapsible or foldable cycles having additional wheels for use when folded or collapsed

Abstract

A multifunctional foldable portable bicycle has a frame (1), a handlebar (2) which is rotatebly arranged on the front end of the frame, a front wheel (3) which is mounted on a lower end of the handlebar and can be folded on one side of the frame, a saddle (4) which is mounted on the frame, a rear wheel (5) which is mounted on the back end of the frame and can be folded on the other side of the frame, a transmission mechanism (6) which is arranged under the frame, and a bracket (7) which is movably connected to the frame. A free end of the bracket is equipped with a bracket wheel (74). The multifunctional foldable portable bicycle is used of round frame and inner-outer bags (11, 12). The bicycle is good looking and easy to take children or other goods. Furthermore, the bicycle has driving mechanism as electric bicycle which is provided with self-generating function. The bicycle can be used for emergency charging of other carried electrical equipment. The bicycle is practical and convenient in use, and beneficial for long-distance ridding.

Description

多功能可折叠便携式自行车  Multifunctional folding portable bicycle
技术领域 Technical field
本发明涉及一种自行车, 尤其涉及一种多功能可折叠便携式自行车。 背景技术  The present invention relates to a bicycle, and more particularly to a multifunctional foldable portable bicycle. Background technique
可折叠自行车作为现代人们生活中常见的交通工具, 由于其折叠快速、 方便携带等优点, 越来越受到人们的青睐, 是人们出行的主要代步工具之 一。 现有技术的可折叠自行车, 仍存在折叠后体积大、 重量重, 外形不美 观, 不方便携带小孩及随身物品等不足, 虽然现有可折叠自行车中出现了 采用小轮 (如 6寸小轮) 设计来减小体积, 但采用小轮的可折叠自行车给 人骑行的感觉较差, 骑行速度较慢, 且只能单人骑行, 仍然不能满足使用 者的需求, 此外, 对于长时间长距离的骑行, 现有的不具备动力装置的可 折叠自行车还是较为费力。 发明内容  As a common means of transportation in modern people's life, foldable bicycles are increasingly favored by people because of their fast folding and convenient carrying. They are one of the main means of transportation for people to travel. The foldable bicycle of the prior art still has a large volume, a heavy weight, an unsightly appearance, and is inconvenient to carry children and personal belongings, although a small wheel (such as a 6-inch small wheel) has appeared in the existing foldable bicycle. Designed to reduce the size, but the folding bike with the small wheel gives people a bad feeling of riding, the riding speed is slow, and it can only be used by a single person, still can not meet the needs of users, in addition, for long For long distance riding, existing folding bicycles without a power unit are more laborious. Summary of the invention
本发明的目的是提供一种多功能可折叠便携式自行车, 采用圆形车架, 便于携带小孩及随身物品, 且自行车折叠后可置于外包中, 提高整体的美 观性, 利于推拉携带。  The object of the present invention is to provide a multifunctional foldable portable bicycle, which adopts a circular frame, which is convenient for carrying children and personal belongings, and can be placed in an outsourcing after the bicycle is folded, thereby improving the overall beauty and facilitating push-pull carrying.
本发明的又一目的是提供一种多功能可折叠便携式自行车, 可装设驱 动机构, 便于长途骑行, 其驱动机构具自发电功能, 且可用于其它携带的 用电设备的紧急充电, 更加实用方便。  Another object of the present invention is to provide a multifunctional foldable portable bicycle, which can be equipped with a driving mechanism, which is convenient for long-distance riding, and has a self-generating function for the driving mechanism, and can be used for emergency charging of other portable electrical equipment, and more Practical and convenient.
为实现上述目的, 本发明提供一种多功能可折叠便携式自行车, 包括: 车架、 可转动设于车架前端的车把、 安装在车把下端且可折叠收于车架一 侧的前轮, 安装于车架上的车座、 安装于车架后端且可折叠收于车架另一 侧的后轮、 设于车架下方的传动机构、 及可活动连接在车架上的支架, 该 支架自由端设有支架轮。  In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides a multifunctional foldable portable bicycle, comprising: a frame, a handlebar rotatably provided at a front end of the frame, and a front wheel mounted at a lower end of the handlebar and foldable on a side of the frame a seat mounted on the frame, a rear wheel mounted on the rear end of the frame and foldable on the other side of the frame, a transmission mechanism disposed under the frame, and a bracket movably coupled to the frame. The bracket free wheel is provided with a bracket wheel.
所述车架为圆形结构, 设有内包及一外包, 该外包包覆于车架外, 车 架上方设有座架, 用以安装座椅, 外包采用皮质材料或布料制成, 其侧端 面上设有拉链。 所述车把包括一手把及连接于手把下方的撑杆, 该撑杆包括上撑杆及 下撑杆, 上撑杆上端固定连接于手把下方, 下端滑动套装于下撑杆内, 下 撑杆可转动连接在车架前端上, 上撑杆与下撑杆连接处设有第一松紧扣, 通过该第一松紧扣来调节车把高度; 车把上还设有显示器, 通过用于显示 骑行里程、 时间或消耗热量。 The frame has a circular structure, and is provided with an inner bag and an outer cover. The outer cover is wrapped around the frame, and a frame is arranged above the frame for mounting the seat, and the outer cover is made of cortical material or cloth, and the side thereof is A zipper is provided on the end face. The handlebar includes a handle and a strut connected below the handlebar, the strut includes an upper strut and a lower strut, the upper end of the upper strut is fixedly connected under the handlebar, and the lower end is slidingly set in the lower strut, the lower The struts are rotatably connected to the front end of the frame, and the first elastic buckle is arranged at the connection between the upper struts and the lower struts, and the height of the handlebar is adjusted by the first elastic buckle; the display is also provided on the handlebar Used to display mileage, time or calories burned.
所述车座包括一座椅及连接座椅下方的座杆, 该座杆包括上座杆及下 座杆, 上座杆上端连接于座椅下方, 下端滑动套装于下座杆内, 下座杆固 定连接在车架后端上, 上座杆与下座杆连接处设有第二松紧扣, 通过该第 二松紧扣来调节车座高度。  The seat includes a seat and a seat bar connected under the seat, the seat bar includes an upper seat bar and a lower seat bar, the upper seat bar is connected to the lower side of the seat, the lower end is slidingly set in the lower seat bar, and the lower seat bar is fixed. The second elastic buckle is connected to the rear end of the frame, and the second elastic buckle is used to adjust the height of the seat.
所述前轮设有一前轮叉及前挡泥板, 前轮通过前轮叉连接在车把下方, 后轮设有一后轮叉及后挡泥板, 后轮通过后轮叉与车架连接; 前轮叉下端 连接前轮, 上端通过一第一折叠扣连接车把下撑杆下端, 后轮叉下端连接 后轮, 车架上对应设有一连接杆, 后轮叉上端通过一第二折叠扣连接连接 杆自由端, 通过打开第一、 第二折叠扣以将前轮及后轮分别向后及向前折 叠于车架内。  The front wheel is provided with a front fork and a front fender. The front wheel is connected to the underside of the handlebar through the front fork, the rear wheel is provided with a rear fork and a rear fender, and the rear wheel is connected to the frame through the rear fork. The lower end of the front fork is connected to the front wheel, the upper end is connected to the lower end of the lower strut by a first folding buckle, and the lower end of the rear fork is connected to the rear wheel. The connecting frame is correspondingly provided with a connecting rod, and the upper end of the rear fork passes a second folding The buckle connects the free end of the connecting rod, and the front wheel and the rear wheel are respectively folded back and forward into the frame by opening the first and second folding buckles.
传动机构包括脚蹬轮盘、 轴接于脚蹬轮盘两侧的脚蹬连杆、 连接在脚 蹬连杆上的脚蹬板、 设于后轮中心处的连接盘与一张紧轮、 及绕覆于脚蹬 轮盘及连接盘外周的皮带, 该传动机构通过皮带与后轮同步连接, 脚蹬轮 盘上设有至少一皮带扣, 用于折叠时扣紧皮带。  The transmission mechanism includes an ankle wheel, an ankle link connected to both sides of the ankle wheel, an ankle plate connected to the ankle link, a connecting plate at the center of the rear wheel, and a tension wheel. And a belt wound around the outer circumference of the pedal wheel and the connecting plate, the transmission mechanism is synchronously connected with the rear wheel through the belt, and at least one belt buckle is arranged on the pedal wheel for fastening the belt when folding.
所述支架设于传动机构与前轮之间而活动连接在车架下方, 该支架包 括平行设置的两支杆及连接两支杆的连杆, 支杆对应车架周缘呈圆弧形设 置, 每一支杆一末端轴接有固定板, 利用固定板将支架安装于车架上, 其 中一固定板上设有定位弹簧, 支架轮设于支杆的自由端上。  The bracket is disposed between the transmission mechanism and the front wheel and is movably connected under the frame. The bracket comprises two poles arranged in parallel and a connecting rod connecting the two poles, and the pole is arranged in a circular arc shape corresponding to the circumference of the frame. A fixing plate is connected to one end of each rod, and the bracket is mounted on the frame by a fixing plate. One of the fixing plates is provided with a positioning spring, and the bracket wheel is disposed on the free end of the strut.
还包括驱动机构, 该驱动机构包括设于车架内的蓄电池、 逆变器、 设 于车把内的电子控制器、 及设于后轮上的电机, 电子控制器与蓄电池电性 连接。  The drive mechanism further includes a battery disposed in the frame, an inverter, an electronic controller disposed in the handlebar, and a motor disposed on the rear wheel, and the electronic controller is electrically connected to the battery.
逆变器通过逆变技术将蓄电池的直流电转换为 220V的交流电, 用于供 电给用电设备。 所述电机为具有自发电功能的电机, 通过传动机构的动作带动电机实 现自发电, 将产生的电反充给蓄电池; 电机还设有太阳能充电接口, 用于 外接太阳能电池。 The inverter converts the DC power of the battery into 220V AC through inverter technology for power supply to the power equipment. The motor is a motor with a self-generating function, and the motor is driven by the action of the transmission mechanism to self-generate, and the generated electricity is reversely charged to the battery; the motor is further provided with a solar charging interface for external solar cells.
本发明具有如下有益效果是: 本发明的多功能可折叠便携式自行车, 采用圆形车架及内外包装置, 时尚美观, 可便于携带小孩及随身物品, 更 加方便出行, 折叠时可将前后轮折叠平行装于车架内, 通过外包将折叠后 的自行车容置其中, 提高了外在整体美观性, 及使用支架轮滑动利于推拉, 便于携带; 此外, 本发明可采用自行车模式骑行, 也可通过装设驱动机构 以电动车模式骑行, 其驱动机构具自发电功能, 且可用于其它携带的用电 设备的紧急充电, 更加实用方便, 利于长途骑行。  The utility model has the following beneficial effects: The multifunctional foldable portable bicycle of the invention adopts a circular frame and an inner wrapping device, is fashionable and beautiful, can be convenient for carrying children and personal belongings, is more convenient to travel, and can fold the front and rear wheels when folded. Parallelly mounted in the frame, the folded bicycle is accommodated therein by outsourcing, thereby improving the overall aesthetic appearance, and sliding using the bracket wheel for facilitating carrying; and the present invention can also be used in bicycle mode riding, or By installing the drive mechanism to ride in the electric vehicle mode, the drive mechanism has a self-generating function, and can be used for emergency charging of other portable electrical equipment, which is more practical and convenient, and is advantageous for long-distance riding.
为了能更进一步了解本发明的特征以及技术内容, 请参阅以下有关本 发明的详细说明与附图, 然而附图仅提供参考与说明用, 并非用来对本发 明加以限制。 附图说明  For a better understanding of the features and technical aspects of the present invention, reference should be made to the accompanying drawings. DRAWINGS
下面结合附图, 通过对本发明的具体实施方式详细描述, 将使本发明 的技术方案及其他有益效果显而易见。  The technical solutions and other advantageous effects of the present invention will be apparent from the following detailed description of the embodiments of the invention.
附图中,  In the drawings,
图 1为本发明一实施例多功能可折叠便携式自行车的平面结构图; 图 2为图 1的折叠过程俯视图;  1 is a plan view of a multifunctional foldable portable bicycle according to an embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 2 is a plan view of the folding process of FIG. 1;
图 3为图 1的折叠后平面结构图;  Figure 3 is a plan view of the folded plane of Figure 1;
图 4为图 3装入外包后的结构透视图;  Figure 4 is a perspective view of the structure of Figure 3 after being loaded into an outer package;
图 5为图 4的立体图;  Figure 5 is a perspective view of Figure 4;
图 6为图 1中支架结构侧视图;  Figure 6 is a side view of the bracket structure of Figure 1;
图 7 为图 6中支架结构正视图;  Figure 7 is a front elevational view of the bracket structure of Figure 6;
图 8为本发明第二实施例多功能可折叠便携式自行车的平面结构。 具体实施方式  Figure 8 is a plan view showing the structure of a multifunctional foldable portable bicycle according to a second embodiment of the present invention. detailed description
以下结合附图对本发明进行详细描述。 如图 1-7所示,为本发明一实施例的多功能可折叠便携式自行车,包括: 车架 1、 可转动设于车架 1前端的车把 2、 安装在车把 2下端且可折叠收于车 架 1一侧的前轮 3, 安装于车架 2上的车座 4、 安装于车架 1后端且可折叠收于 车架 1另一侧的后轮 5、 设于车架 1下方的传动机构 6、 及可活动连接在车架 2 上的支架 7, 该支架 7自由端设有支架轮 74。 The invention is described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings. As shown in FIG. 1-7, a multi-functional foldable portable bicycle according to an embodiment of the present invention includes: a frame 1, a handlebar 2 rotatably disposed at a front end of the frame 1, and a front end of the handlebar 2 and foldable a front wheel 3 received on one side of the frame 1, a seat 4 mounted on the frame 2, a rear wheel 5 mounted on the rear end of the frame 1 and foldable on the other side of the frame 1, and a frame provided on the frame 1 below the transmission mechanism 6, and a bracket 7 movably connected to the frame 2, the bracket 7 is provided with a bracket wheel 74 at its free end.
所述车架 1采用圆形结构, 给人较为时尚美观感觉, 车把 2及车座 4分别 设于该车架 1的前后端上, 车架 1上方于车座 4及车把 2之间设有座架 10, 可 安装可拆卸的座椅, 便于携带小孩时安置小孩, 且利于随时照看小孩。 车 架 1内设有内包 11, 其可对应车架 1为圆形设置, 放置于车架 1圆形结构的内 空间中, 该内包 11可用于存放用户随身物品。特别地, 车架 1设有一外包 12, 该外包 12可为皮质材料制成或布料制成, 采用皮质材料的外包美观性佳且 时尚, 也可采用其他材料制成, 其侧端面上设有拉链 121, 外包 12拉链 121 末端处设有开口 (未标号)。 外包 12可独立设置也可连接设置在车架 1上, 本实施例中, 采用独立设置的外包 12, 外包 12形状对应折叠后自行车的外 形设置, 使用时可打开拉链 121, 将自行车折叠后包覆其中, 自行车的支架 7及车把 2可通过外包 12上开口伸出外露, 利用支架 7上支架轮 74支撑滚动, 车把 2作为手柄, 便于携带移动; 骑行时, 外包 12可折叠起来安置于内包 11 中或套于车架 1上。  The frame 1 adopts a circular structure, which gives a more fashionable and beautiful feeling. The handlebar 2 and the seat 4 are respectively disposed on the front and rear ends of the frame 1, and the frame 1 is above the seat 4 and the handlebar 2 It has a frame 10 that can be fitted with a detachable seat, which is convenient for children when carrying children, and is good for taking care of children at any time. The frame 1 is provided with an inner bag 11 which can be arranged in a circular shape corresponding to the frame 1 and placed in the inner space of the circular structure of the frame 1, and the inner bag 11 can be used for storing the user's belongings. In particular, the frame 1 is provided with an outer cover 12 which can be made of cortical material or cloth. The outer cover of the leather material is beautiful and fashionable, and can also be made of other materials, and the side end surface is provided with The zipper 121 has an opening (not labeled) at the end of the outer zipper 121. The outer cover 12 can be independently disposed or connected to the frame 1. In this embodiment, the outer cover 12 is independently provided. The shape of the outer cover 12 is corresponding to the shape of the folded bicycle. When used, the zipper 121 can be opened, and the bicycle can be folded and assembled. In this case, the bicycle bracket 7 and the handlebar 2 can be exposed through the upper opening of the outer casing 12, and the bracket wheel 74 supports the rolling, and the handlebar 2 serves as a handle for carrying and moving; when riding, the outer casing 12 can be folded up. It is placed in the inner bag 11 or on the frame 1.
车把 2包括一手把 21及连接于手把 21下方的撑杆, 该撑杆包括上撑杆 22 及下撑杆 23, 上撑杆 22上端固定连接于手把 21下方, 下端滑动套装于下撑 杆 23内, 下撑杆 23可转动连接在车架 1前端上, 上撑杆 22与下撑杆 23连接处 设有第一松紧扣 20, 通过松开及锁紧该第一松紧扣 20调节上撑杆 22与下撑 杆 23的连接长度, 进而调节车把 2高度。 车把 2上还设有显示器 (未图示), 用于显示骑行里程、 时间或消耗热量。 当用户骑行健身时, 可通过显示器 来显示骑行里程、 时间或用户骑行消耗热量等。  The handlebar 2 includes a handle 21 and a strut connected below the handlebar 21, the strut includes an upper strut 22 and a lower strut 23, the upper end of the upper strut 22 is fixedly connected below the handlebar 21, and the lower end is sleeved under the handlebar In the strut 23, the lower strut 23 is rotatably connected to the front end of the frame 1, and the first elastic brace 20 is provided at the joint of the upper brace 22 and the lower brace 23, by loosening and locking the first elastic The buckle 20 adjusts the length of connection between the upper strut 22 and the lower strut 23, thereby adjusting the height of the handlebar 2. A display (not shown) is also provided on the handlebar 2 for displaying mileage, time or calories burned. When the user is riding a fitness, the display can be used to display the mileage, time or calories burned by the user.
车座 4包括一座椅 41及连接座椅 41下方的座杆, 该座杆包括上座杆 42及 下座杆 43, 上座杆 42上端连接于座椅 41下方, 下端滑动套装于下座杆 43内, 下座杆 43固定连接在车架 1后端上, 上座杆 42与下座杆 43连接处设有第二松 紧扣 40, 可通过该第二松紧扣 40来调节上座杆 42套装于下座杆 43内的长度, 进而调节车座 4高度。 所述前轮 3及后轮 5尺寸采用现有自行车轮的尺寸, 优选 12-26寸, 可给 人较佳的骑行感觉; 前轮 3及后轮 5上分别设有一前轮叉 31、 前挡泥板 32及 后轮叉 51、 后挡泥板 52, 该前轮叉 31及后轮叉 51均为单边叉。 前轮叉 31下 端连接在前轮 3中心轴上, 上端连接在车把 2下撑杆 23的下端, 该连接处设 有一第一折叠扣 30, 前轮 3可以其为折点向后翻折重合于车架 1上。 后轮叉 51下端连接在后轮 5中心轴上, 车架 1对应后轮位置设有一连接杆 13, 后轮 叉 51上端连接在连接杆 13自由端上, 该连接处设有一第二折叠扣 50, 后轮 5 可以其为折点向前翻折重合于车架 1上。 前轮 3与后轮 5折叠后分别位于车架 1的两侧。 The seat 4 includes a seat 41 and a seat post connected to the lower side of the seat 41. The seat post includes an upper seat bar 42 and a lower seat bar 43. The upper seat bar 42 has an upper end connected to the lower side of the seat 41 and a lower end slide-fitted to the lower seat post 43. The bottom seat bar 43 is fixedly connected to the rear end of the frame 1, and the second seat buckle 42 is disposed at the joint between the upper seat bar 42 and the lower seat bar 43. The second seat buckle 42 can be used to adjust the upper seat bar 42 set. The length in the lower seat bar 43 further adjusts the height of the seat 4. The size of the front wheel 3 and the rear wheel 5 are the size of the existing bicycle wheel, preferably 12-26 inches, which can give a better riding feeling; the front wheel 3 and the rear wheel 5 are respectively provided with a front fork 31, The front fender 32, the rear fork 51, and the rear fender 52, the front fork 31 and the rear fork 51 are all single-sided forks. The lower end of the front fork 31 is connected to the central shaft of the front wheel 3, and the upper end is connected to the lower end of the lower strut 23 of the handlebar 2. The joint is provided with a first folding buckle 30, and the front wheel 3 can be folded back at a folding point. Coincident on the frame 1. The lower end of the rear fork 51 is connected to the central shaft of the rear wheel 5. The frame 1 is provided with a connecting rod 13 corresponding to the rear wheel. The upper end of the rear fork 51 is connected to the free end of the connecting rod 13, and the connecting portion is provided with a second folding buckle. 50, the rear wheel 5 can be folded forward on the frame 1 as a folding point. The front wheel 3 and the rear wheel 5 are folded and are respectively located on both sides of the frame 1.
传动机构 6包括脚蹬轮盘 61、 轴接于脚蹬轮盘 61两侧的脚蹬连杆 62、 连 接在脚蹬连杆 62上的脚蹬板 63、 设于后轮 5中心处的连接盘 64与一张紧轮 65、 及绕覆于脚蹬轮盘 61及连接盘 64外周的皮带 66, 该传动机构 6通过皮带 66与后轮 5同步连接, 脚蹬轮盘 61上设有至少一皮带扣 661, 用于折叠时扣 紧皮带 66, 避免皮带 66脱离脚蹬轮盘 61。 所述设有皮带扣 661两个, 分别设 置在脚蹬轮盘 61的上下端, 可扣住该两端上的皮带 66。  The transmission mechanism 6 includes an ankle wheel 61, an ankle link 62 pivotally connected to both sides of the ankle wheel 61, an ankle plate 63 connected to the ankle link 62, and a connection at the center of the rear wheel 5. a disk 64 and a tensioning wheel 65, and a belt 66 wound around the outer circumference of the pedal disk 61 and the connecting plate 64. The transmission mechanism 6 is synchronously connected to the rear wheel 5 via a belt 66, and the pedal disk 61 is provided with at least A belt buckle 661 is used to fasten the belt 66 when folded, to prevent the belt 66 from coming off the ankle wheel 61. Two belt buckles 661 are provided, which are respectively disposed at upper and lower ends of the ankle wheel 61, and can fasten the belt 66 on the two ends.
所述支架 7设于传动机构 6与前轮 3之间而可活动连接在车架 1下方, 该 支架 7包括平行设置的两支杆 71及连接两支杆 71的连杆 72, 支杆 71对应车架 1周缘呈圆弧形设置, 每一支杆 71—末端轴接有固定板 73, 利用固定板 73将 支架 7安装于车架 1上, 其中一固定板 73上设有定位弹簧 731, 使支杆 71于固 定板 73之间弹性连接, 利于支杆 71的转动及回复, 支架轮设于支杆 71的自 由端上, 该支架轮 74可用于折叠后自行车的推拉移动, 减轻用户搬移的负 担。  The bracket 7 is disposed between the transmission mechanism 6 and the front wheel 3 and is movably connected under the frame 1. The bracket 7 includes two rods 71 arranged in parallel and a connecting rod 72 connecting the two rods 71. The rod 71 The peripheral edge of the corresponding frame 1 is arranged in a circular arc shape, and each of the rods 71 is connected to the end plate with a fixing plate 73. The bracket 7 is mounted on the frame 1 by a fixing plate 73, and a fixing plate 73 is provided with a positioning spring 731. The support rod 71 is elastically connected between the fixed plates 73 to facilitate the rotation and recovery of the support rod 71. The support wheel is disposed on the free end of the support rod 71, and the support wheel 74 can be used for the push-pull movement of the bicycle after folding, thereby reducing the user The burden of moving.
本发明的多功能可折叠便携式自行车折叠时, 取出外包 12, 打开其拉 链 121, 先稍为用力将支架 7用脚蹬下, 后将脚蹬轮盘 61上的皮带扣 661按下 固定皮带 66, 然后打开第一折叠扣 30, 将前轮 3向后翻折而平行叠于车架 1 一侧内, 同时支架 7的支架轮 74着地, 打开第二折叠扣 50, 将后轮 5向前翻 折而平行叠于车架 1另一侧内, 再打开第二松紧扣 40, 将车座 4上座杆 42压 下使其完全套装于下座杆 43内, 这时, 自行车折叠成为小体积整体, 最后 用外包 12将折叠后的自行车整体套装起来, 套装后的自行车形成一箱体, 车把 2可用来当箱体的拉把进行推拉移动, 该车把 2还可根据需要调节高度 以更利于推拉。 折叠后的自行车由于有一外包 12包覆, 外观上较为美观, 节省空间、 方便出行。 When the multifunctional foldable portable bicycle of the present invention is folded, the outer cover 12 is taken out, the zipper 121 is opened, and the bracket 7 is slightly pushed down by the foot, and then the belt buckle 661 on the ankle wheel 61 is pressed against the fixed belt 66. Then, the first folding buckle 30 is opened, the front wheel 3 is folded back and stacked in parallel on the side of the frame 1, and the bracket wheel 74 of the bracket 7 is grounded, the second folding buckle 50 is opened, and the rear wheel 5 is turned forward. Folded and stacked in parallel on the other side of the frame 1, and then the second elastic buckle 40 is opened, and the seat rod 42 of the seat 4 is pressed down to be completely fitted into the lower seat post 43. At this time, the bicycle is folded into a small volume. Overall, the folded bicycle is finally assembled with the outer cover 12, and the assembled bicycle forms a box body, and the handlebar 2 can be used for pushing and pulling the handle of the box, and the handlebar 2 can also adjust the height as needed. To be more conducive to push and pull. The folded bicycle has an outer cover 12 and is aesthetically pleasing, saving space and facilitating travel.
本发明打开使用时, 先取下外包 12, 将前轮 3及后轮 5分别向前及向后 翻折, 锁紧第一、 第二折叠扣 30、 50, 把支架 7蹬回原位置, 打开固定皮带 66的皮带扣 661及第二松紧扣 40, 调整好车座 4, 这时, 自行车即可骑行使 用。  When the invention is opened for use, the outer cover 12 is first removed, and the front wheel 3 and the rear wheel 5 are respectively folded forward and backward, and the first and second folding buckles 30, 50 are locked, and the bracket 7 is returned to the original position, and opened. The belt buckle 661 of the fixed belt 66 and the second elastic buckle 40 adjust the seat 4, and the bicycle can be used for riding.
如图 8所示, 为本发明的另一种实施例的多功能可折叠便携式自行车的 平面结构图, 该实施例结构相同于上述实施例, 其不同上述实施例的是该 实施例安装有驱动机构, 可以电动模式骑行。 所述驱动机构包括设于车架 1 内的蓄电池 81、 逆变器 82、 电子控制器 (未图示)、 及安装于后轮 5上的电 机 83。  As shown in FIG. 8, a plan view of a multi-functional foldable portable bicycle according to another embodiment of the present invention is the same as the above embodiment, and different embodiments of the above embodiment are provided with a drive. The agency can ride in electric mode. The drive mechanism includes a battery 81, an inverter 82, an electronic controller (not shown), and a motor 83 mounted on the rear wheel 5, which are disposed in the frame 1.
所述蓄电池 81可为现有技术, 如采用磷酸铁锂电池, 该磷酸铁锂电池 具有快速充电功能, 可在 15分钟内充满, 且该磷酸铁锂电池具有环保、 体 积小、 容量大及寿命长等优点, 其寿命可长达 10-15年。 逆变器 82与蓄电池 81电性连接, 通过逆变器 82实行逆变技术, 可将蓄电池 81的直流电逆变为 220V的交流电, 可为用户携带的电子设备(如笔记本电脑、 MP3、 手机等) 紧急供电。 特别地, 当蓄电池 81的电能源耗完时, 在无市电进行充电的情 况下, 还可通过传动机构 6动作带动电机 83产电, 即用户可通过蹬传动机构 6的脚蹬板 63带动电机 83发动, 实现机械自发电功能, 其将产生的电反充给 蓄电池 81。  The battery 81 can be a prior art, such as a lithium iron phosphate battery, which has a fast charging function and can be filled in 15 minutes, and the lithium iron phosphate battery is environmentally friendly, small in size, large in capacity, and long in life. Long-term advantages, its life can be as long as 10-15 years. The inverter 82 is electrically connected to the battery 81, and the inverter technology is implemented by the inverter 82. The DC power of the battery 81 can be inverted to 220V AC, and can be carried by the user (such as a notebook computer, an MP3, a mobile phone, etc.). ) Emergency power supply. In particular, when the electric energy of the battery 81 is exhausted, in the case of no mains charging, the motor 83 can be driven to generate electricity by the action of the transmission mechanism 6, that is, the user can drive through the pedal plate 63 of the transmission mechanism 6. The motor 83 is started to realize a mechanical self-generating function, which reversely charges the generated electric power to the battery 81.
所述电机 83采用无刷直流电机, 其能源由蓄电池 81提供, 并通过电子 控制器控制; 电机上还设有太阳能充电接口 (未图示), 用于外接太阳能电 池, 如外接薄膜太阳能电池板, 该种电池板具可折叠、 可褶皱而不损坏等 特性, 骑行时可将其折叠收于车架内包 11中; 需要充电时, 只需将其摊开 于太阳光下即可进行充电。 所述电子控制器安装于车把 2内, 用户可直接通 过旋转手把 21控制电机 83, 进而控制车速, 实现无极变速。  The motor 83 adopts a brushless DC motor, the energy source thereof is provided by the battery 81, and is controlled by an electronic controller; the motor is further provided with a solar charging interface (not shown) for external solar cells, such as an external thin film solar panel. The battery panel has the characteristics of being foldable, wrinkle-free and not damaged, and can be folded into the frame 11 when riding; when charging, it can be charged by simply spreading it under the sunlight. . The electronic controller is mounted in the handlebar 2, and the user can directly control the motor 83 by rotating the handlebar 21, thereby controlling the vehicle speed to achieve infinitely variable speed.
本实施例的多功能可折叠便携式自行车, 通过安装驱动机构以电动模 式骑行, 更加有利于用户长途野外旅游。  The multifunctional foldable portable bicycle of the embodiment is mounted in an electric mode by installing a driving mechanism, which is more advantageous for the user to travel long distances in the field.
本发明的多功能可折叠便携式自行车可配备可拆卸 GPS导航仪, 利于 旅行导航功能; 此外还可体现宣传奥运精神: 在前轮上添加可拆卸蓝色圆 圈, 后轮添加可拆卸红色圆圈, 将前轮及后轮分别涂成黄色及绿色, 车架 涂成黑色, 即成为奥运的五环标志, 可利于宣传奥运精神, 提倡运动健身, 绿色出行和低碳出行的理念。 The multifunctional foldable portable bicycle of the invention can be equipped with a detachable GPS navigator, which is beneficial to the travel navigation function; and can also embody the spirit of promoting the Olympics: adding a detachable blue circle on the front wheel Circle, the rear wheel adds a detachable red circle, the front and rear wheels are painted yellow and green respectively, and the frame is painted black, which becomes the Olympic five-ring mark, which can promote the Olympic spirit, promote sports and fitness, green travel and The concept of low carbon travel.
综上所述, 本发明的多功能可折叠便携式自行车, 采用圆形车架及内 外包装置, 时尚美观, 可便于携带小孩及随身物品, 更加方便出行, 折叠 时可将前后轮折叠平行装于车架内, 通过外包将折叠后的自行车容置其中, 提高了外在整体美观性, 及使用支架轮滑动利于推拉, 便于携带; 此外, 本发明可采用自行车模式骑行, 也可通过装设驱动机构以电动车模式骑行, 其驱动机构具自发电功能, 且可用于其它携带的用电设备的紧急充电, 更 加实用方便, 利于长途骑行。  In summary, the multifunctional foldable portable bicycle of the present invention adopts a circular frame and an inner wrapping device, is fashionable and beautiful, can be convenient for carrying children and personal belongings, and is more convenient to travel. When folded, the front and rear wheels can be folded in parallel and mounted in parallel. In the frame, the folded bicycle is accommodated therein by outsourcing, thereby improving the overall aesthetic appearance, and using the bracket wheel sliding to facilitate pushing and pulling, which is convenient to carry; Moreover, the present invention can adopt bicycle mode riding or installation. The driving mechanism is driven in the electric vehicle mode, and the driving mechanism has a self-generating function, and can be used for emergency charging of other portable electrical equipment, which is more practical and convenient, and is advantageous for long-distance riding.
以上所述, 仅为本发明的较佳实施例, 对于本领域的普通技术人员来 说, 可以根据本发明的技术方案和技术构思作出其他各种相应的改变和变 形, 而所有这些改变和变形都应属于本发明权利要求的保护范围。  The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and various other changes and modifications can be made in accordance with the technical solutions and technical concept of the present invention, and all such changes and modifications can be made by those skilled in the art. All should fall within the scope of protection of the claims of the present invention.

Claims

权利要求 Rights request
1、 一种多功能可折叠便携式自行车, 其特征在于, 包括: 车架、 可转 动设于车架前端的车把、 安装在车把下端且可折叠收于车架一侧的前轮、 安装于车架上的车座、 安装于车架后端且可折叠收于车架另一侧的后轮、 设于车架下方的传动机构、 及可活动连接在车架上的支架, 该支架自由端 设有支架轮。 A multifunctional foldable portable bicycle, comprising: a frame, a handlebar rotatably provided at a front end of the frame, a front wheel mounted on a lower end of the handlebar and foldable on a side of the frame, and mounting a seat on the frame, a rear wheel mounted on the rear end of the frame and foldable on the other side of the frame, a transmission mechanism disposed under the frame, and a bracket movably coupled to the frame, the bracket The free end is provided with a bracket wheel.
2、 根据权利要求 1所述的多功能可折叠便携式自行车, 其特征在于, 所述车架为圆形结构, 设有内包及一外包, 该外包包覆于车架外, 车架上 方设有座架, 用以安装座椅, 外包采用皮质材料或布料制成, 其侧端面上 设有拉链。  2. The multifunctional foldable portable bicycle according to claim 1, wherein the frame is a circular structure, and is provided with an inner bag and an outer cover, the outer cover is wrapped around the frame, and the frame is provided above the frame. The frame is used to mount the seat. The outer cover is made of cortical material or cloth, and has a zipper on the side end.
3、 根据权利要求 1所述的多功能可折叠便携式自行车, 其特征在于, 所述车把包括一手把及连接于手把下方的撑杆, 该撑杆包括上撑杆及下撑 杆, 上撑杆上端固定连接于手把下方, 下端滑动套装于下撑杆内, 下撑杆 可转动连接在车架前端上, 上撑杆与下撑杆连接处设有第一松紧扣, 通过 该第一松紧扣来调节车把高度; 车把上还设有显示器, 用于显示骑行里程、 时间或消耗热量。  3. The multifunctional foldable portable bicycle according to claim 1, wherein the handlebar includes a handle and a strut connected to the underside of the handle, the strut including an upper strut and a lower strut, The upper end of the strut is fixedly connected to the lower side of the handle, the lower end is slidably set in the lower strut, the lower strut is rotatably connected to the front end of the frame, and the first elastic buck is provided at the joint of the upper strut and the lower strut, The first elastic buckle adjusts the height of the handlebar; the handlebar also has a display for displaying mileage, time or calories burned.
4、 根据权利要求 1所述的多功能可折叠便携式自行车, 其特征在于, 所述车座包括一座椅及连接座椅下方的座杆, 该座杆包括上座杆及下座杆, 上座杆上端连接于座椅下方, 下端滑动套装于下座杆内, 下座杆固定连接 在车架后端上, 上座杆与下座杆连接处设有第二松紧扣, 通过该第二松紧 扣来调节车座高度。  4. The multifunctional foldable portable bicycle according to claim 1, wherein the seat comprises a seat and a seat post connected to the seat, the seat post comprising an upper seat post and a lower seat post, the upper seat post The upper end is connected to the lower part of the seat, the lower end is slidably disposed in the lower seat post, the lower seat post is fixedly connected to the rear end of the frame, and the second elastic buckle is disposed at the joint between the upper seat post and the lower seat post, and the second elastic is passed Buckle to adjust the height of the seat.
5、 根据权利要求 1所述的多功能可折叠便携式自行车, 其特征在于, 所述前轮设有一前轮叉及前挡泥板, 前轮通过前轮叉连接在车把下方, 后 轮设有一后轮叉及后挡泥板, 后轮通过后轮叉与车架连接; 前轮叉下端连 接前轮, 上端通过一第一折叠扣连接车把下撑杆下端, 后轮叉下端连接后 轮, 车架上对应设有一连接杆, 后轮叉上端通过一第二折叠扣连接连接杆 自由端, 通过打开第一、 第二折叠扣以将前轮及后轮分别向后及向前折叠 于车架内。 5. The multifunctional foldable portable bicycle according to claim 1, wherein the front wheel is provided with a front fork and a front fender, and the front wheel is connected to the underside of the handlebar through the front fork, and the rear wheel is provided. There is a rear fork and a rear fender, and the rear wheel is connected to the frame through the rear fork; the lower end of the front fork is connected to the front wheel, and the upper end is connected to the lower end of the lower strut by a first folding buckle, and the lower end of the rear fork is connected The wheel frame is correspondingly provided with a connecting rod, and the upper end of the rear wheel fork is connected with the free end of the connecting rod through a second folding buckle, and the front wheel and the rear wheel are respectively folded backward and forward by opening the first and second folding buckles respectively. Inside the frame.
6、 根据权利要求 1所述的多功能可折叠便携式自行车, 其特征在于, 所述传动机构包括脚蹬轮盘、 轴接于脚蹬轮盘两侧的脚蹬连杆、 连接在脚 蹬连杆上的脚蹬板、 设于后轮中心处的连接盘与一张紧轮、 及绕覆于脚蹬 轮盘及连接盘外周的皮带, 该传动机构通过皮带与后轮同步连接, 脚蹬轮 盘上设有至少一皮带扣, 用于折叠时扣紧皮带。 6. The multifunctional foldable portable bicycle according to claim 1, wherein the transmission mechanism comprises an ankle wheel, an ankle link pivotally connected to both sides of the ankle wheel, and is connected to the ankle link. a pedal plate on the rod, a connecting plate at the center of the rear wheel and a tensioning wheel, and a belt wound around the outer circumference of the pedal wheel and the connecting plate, the transmission mechanism is synchronously connected with the rear wheel through the belt, the pedal At least one belt buckle is provided on the wheel for fastening the belt when folded.
7、 根据权利要求 1所述的多功能可折叠便携式自行车, 其特征在于, 所述支架设于传动机构与前轮之间而活动连接在车架下方, 该支架包括平 行设置的两支杆及连接两支杆的连杆, 支杆对应车架周缘呈圆弧形设置, 每一支杆一末端轴接有固定板, 利用固定板将支架安装于车架上, 其中一 固定板上设有定位弹簧, 支架轮设于支杆的自由端上。  The versatile foldable portable bicycle according to claim 1, wherein the bracket is disposed between the transmission mechanism and the front wheel and is movably connected under the frame, the bracket includes two poles disposed in parallel Connecting the connecting rods of the two poles, the supporting rods are arranged in a circular arc shape corresponding to the circumference of the frame, and each of the rods is connected with a fixing plate at one end of the shaft, and the bracket is mounted on the frame by the fixing plate, wherein one fixing plate is provided Positioning spring, the bracket wheel is arranged on the free end of the strut.
8、 根据权利要求 1所述的多功能可折叠便携式自行车, 其特征在于, 还包括驱动机构, 该驱动机构包括设于车架内的蓄电池、 逆变器、 设于车 把内的电子控制器、 及设于后轮上的电机, 电子控制器与蓄电池电性连接。  8. The multifunctional foldable portable bicycle according to claim 1, further comprising a driving mechanism comprising a battery disposed in the frame, an inverter, and an electronic controller disposed in the handlebar And the motor disposed on the rear wheel, the electronic controller is electrically connected to the battery.
9、 根据权利要求 8所述的多功能可折叠便携式自行车, 其特征在于, 逆变器通过逆变技术将蓄电池的直流电转换为 220V的交流电, 用于供电给 用电设备。  9. The multi-function foldable portable bicycle according to claim 8, wherein the inverter converts the direct current of the battery into 220V alternating current by an inverter technology for supplying power to the electric device.
10、 根据权利要求 8所述的多功能可折叠便携式自行车, 其特征在于, 所述电机为具有自发电功能的电机, 通过传动机构的动作带动电机实现自 发电, 将产生的电反充给蓄电池; 电机还设有太阳能充电接口, 用于外接 太阳能电池。  The multifunctional foldable portable bicycle according to claim 8, wherein the motor is a motor having a self-generating function, and the motor is driven by the action of the transmission mechanism to self-generate, and the generated electricity is reversely charged to the battery. The motor also has a solar charging interface for external solar cells.
PCT/CN2010/073038 2010-04-21 2010-05-21 Multifunctional foldable portable bicycle WO2011130930A1 (en)

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JP2015091685A (en) * 2013-09-30 2015-05-14 京叡 谷 Folding bicycle
WO2020223682A1 (en) * 2019-05-02 2020-11-05 Hunter Ian W Electric bicycle

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