WO2011014137A1 - Friable mixtures separating device - Google Patents

Friable mixtures separating device Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2011014137A1
WO2011014137A1 PCT/UA2009/000063 UA2009000063W WO2011014137A1 WO 2011014137 A1 WO2011014137 A1 WO 2011014137A1 UA 2009000063 W UA2009000063 W UA 2009000063W WO 2011014137 A1 WO2011014137 A1 WO 2011014137A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
electric motor
separation
working
air flow
separator
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/UA2009/000063
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Valentin Yuriyovich Cherniy
Ivan Ivanovich Voloshchenko
Stanislav Olegovich Kostrubiak
Gennady Volodimirovich Dudnik
Original Assignee
Valentin Yuriyovich Cherniy
Ivan Ivanovich Voloshchenko
Stanislav Olegovich Kostrubiak
Gennady Volodimirovich Dudnik
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to UAu200908072 priority Critical
Priority to UAu200908072U priority patent/UA46628U/en
Application filed by Valentin Yuriyovich Cherniy, Ivan Ivanovich Voloshchenko, Stanislav Olegovich Kostrubiak, Gennady Volodimirovich Dudnik filed Critical Valentin Yuriyovich Cherniy
Priority claimed from EA201101649A external-priority patent/EA201101649A1/en
Publication of WO2011014137A1 publication Critical patent/WO2011014137A1/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B4/00Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents
    • B07B4/02Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents while the mixtures fall

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of separation of friable mixtures after a form and properties of the component particles' surfaces, can be use in agriculture and comprises a body, loading device, working element, separation chamber and drive unit. Working element is executed as high- circulating impeller, which is actuated by an electric motor, combined with a rectifier, static pressure chamber, set of deturbulization nets and air flow generator, incorporated in one block. The invention clamed allows increasing of air flow power, and also increasing of reliability and simplification of separator design.

Description

FRIABLE MIXTURES SEPARATING DEVICE
TECHNICAL FIELD
The present invention relates to the field of separating the friable mixtures after a form and properties of the component particles' surfaces and can be utilized in agriculture at cleaning of grain and products of its processing, and also in food, chemical, mining, metallurgical and build industries for separation of friable mixtures depending on mass, size and form, on the base of the process of initial material blowing out in free falling state.
BACKGROUND ART
The separator for the division of friable materials after the surface form and properties is known (Journal "Tpaκτopbi H cejibxo3MaujHHbi" JY»2, 1964 p., p.27), which comprises a body, loading device, working element in cylindrical rotor form with an internal dividing surface revolving in relation to an axis which is installed under a corner to horizon, device for collection and output the overhead faction, components of which have a higher coefficient of friction, from the separator.
The lack of this known separator is that the device for collection and output of a faction with the higher coefficient of friction uses a ditch with internal auger, in which the particles of overhead faction can get only after tearing away from the dividing surface of rotor in a point, near the overhead point of cylinder. At the same time for the real friable mixtures a difference in the coefficients of friction of overhead and lower faction (that is the faction the components of which have a lower coefficient of friction) is small. Hereupon producing the cylinder from traditional machine-building materials, for example steel, the particles of overhead faction can not rise at a height large enough for allowing collecting them in the ditch and output by the auger from a separator. Therefore in the known separator the working element is a cylinder, which has an internal dividing surface, covered by a smooth woolen cloth (fleecy fabric "beta").
The most closely related to the invention of technical nature, purpose, results achieved, and chosen to be a prototype is the separator for the dividing friable mixtures by a form and properties of surface (Patent of Russian Federation N° 2287380, published 20.1 1.06), which comprises a body, loading device, working element, executed in the form of cylinder rotor with an internal dividing surface, device for the output of overhead faction and drive unit. In this known device a device for the output of overhead faction is executed as a slot cap, united by airway with the suction air system with the adjustable pressure.
This device however has some drawbacks. At first, a decline of air flow power takes place at the expense of total lack resistance of airway.
In addition, to the lacks of the above mentioned device low reliability and complicated design take place through the presence of plenty of structural elements and their connecting elements, and also through probability of getting into separator air inlet of shallow admixtures that are on the floor around a machine. DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION
The aim put into the basis of the invention is to increase the air flow power, and also to simplify the separator construction.
For the accomplishment of the above mentioned objects the concerning friable mixtures separating device comprises a body, loading device, working element, separation chamber and drive unit. In accordance with an invention, working element is executed as high-circulating impeller, which is actuated by an electric motor, combined with a rectifier, static pressure chamber, set of deturbulization nets and air flow shaper, incorporated in one block. Meanwhile the loading device is executed as a bunker which contains mobile choke fastened on him.
In one preferred embodiment of the present invention the drive unit contains an electric motor, movable jointed through a transmission belt with an airscrew with capability of its rotation, and also frequency transformer jointed with an electric motor with capability of turn frequency regulating.
According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the separator additionally comprises an electro-cabinet and reflector, movable jointed in a body, and the separation chamber contains trays and window shades connected with them with capability of turning.
The present invention provides increasing air flow power. Using the impeller in the machines of such type allows to minimize air flow power reducing due to the total absence of air inlets resistance, which are not used, to eliminate getting into separator air inlet of shallow admixtures that are on the floor around a machine as an elements of the invention clamed are located in a high distance relative to the floor, and also to get grain warm flow necessary for the effective drying without using additional devices which improves machine operating features. The impeller electric motor speed can be changed in wide range of rotation frequencies due to frequency transformer using.
The aim of increasing reliability and design simplification is achieved at a present separator due to that the separator is based on using of high-speed impeller activated by the electric motor, which is combined with a rectifier, static pressure chamber, set of deturbulization nets and air flow generator, incorporated in one block. Meanwhile the impeller design allows air warming by the aerodynamic method for the further drying of material separated.
In addition, a device is provided by the supplying bunker, which does not need using of vibrating tray, which improves the separated grain supplying comparing to analogues equipped by vibrotray.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS
Figure shows the general view of the separator.
BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION A separator comprises a body 17, loading device 3, separation chamber 14, working element in the form of high-speed impeller 4 operated by the electric motor 1 1 , which is combined with a rectifier 5, static pressure chamber 6, set of deturbulization nets 7 and air flow shaper 8 incorporated in one block (see Figure). The loading device 3 is executed as a bunker 1 , which contains mobile choke 2 fastened on him. Drive unit is executed as an electric motor 1 1 movable jointed through a transmission belt 10 with an airscrew 9 with capability of its rotation. An electro-cabinet 12 and reflector 13 are movable fastened in a body 17. Separation chamber 14 contains trays 16 and window shades 15 connected with said trays with capability of turning.
The invention operates as follows. Operation of the machine is based on the changing of free falling grain trajectory by the air flow from the impeller 4 and on the further distribution and division of initial material on faction depending on mass, size and form (see Figure).
The initial material, further "grain", is given in a bunker 1 , is distributed on the width of tray 16 under its own weight and in such state is coming in the form of uniform stream into the separation chamber 14, where said grain is being stratificated and divided by mass, size and form due to impeller 4 air flow effecting grain (see Figure).
After separation from the receiving bunkers the grain is divided and packaged into bags. If necessary, part of grain can be sent through collections of reverse factions into the bunker 1 for reseparation.
Operation of the device is possible in five modes:
1- previous cleaning mode;
2- primary cleaning mode;
3- calibration mode;
4- warm air dry mode;
5- mixed mode (calibration, cleaning, drying simultaneously).
A separator is able to:
1 - separate grains of 3rd and 4th class from the six class grains (if they are there);
2- separate grains, affected by dorn-bug and weevil;
3-refine wheat grains from wild oat and oat;
4-divide mixture of wheat and barley, up to 60% for one passage-way;
5-separate pea, affected by bruhus beetle;
6-separate rotten corn from healthy one;
7-dry 3%of grain simultaneously for one passage-way at his cleaning and calibration by the air flow;
8-separate from a general bulk the most viable, productive grains;
9-separate wheat grains which have enhanceable maintenance of gluten due to:
- ability of machine to select the grains with the biggest mass of 2 and 3 factions;
- selection of the most dense, executed and full weight grains with enhanceable maintenance of albumen and gluten.
10- dispersion on groats mill, dividing groats by sizes on seven factions. Meanwhile:
- to remove meal giving groats the high ready sale;
- to handle practically all of types of agricultural production— from small-seeded (alfalfa, poppy, colza) to the corn, bobs and seed of sugar beet;
- to separate industrial friable materials (a shallow stone crumb for mineral plaster).
Thus, the invention clamed allows increasing of air flow power, and also increasing of reliability and simplification of separator design.

Claims

1. Friable mixtures separating device comprises a body, loading device, working element, separation chamber and drive unit, characterized in that the working element is executed as high-circulating impeller, which is actuated by an electric motor, combined with a rectifier, static pressure chamber, set of deturbulization nets and air flow shaper, incorporated in one block, and the loading device is executed as a bunker which contains mobile choke fastened on him.
2. Separation device according to claim 1 , characterized in that the drive unit contains an electric motor, movable jointed through a transmission belt with an airscrew with capability of its rotation, and also frequency transformer jointed with an electric motor with capability of turn frequency regulating.
3. Separation device according to claim 1-2, characterized in that the separator additionally comprises an electro-cabinet and reflector, movable jointed in a body, and the separation chamber contains trays and window shades connected with them with capability of turning.
PCT/UA2009/000063 2009-07-31 2009-12-07 Friable mixtures separating device WO2011014137A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
UAu200908072 2009-07-31
UAu200908072U UA46628U (en) 2009-07-31 2009-07-31 Device for separation of friable mixtures

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EA201101649A EA201101649A1 (en) 2009-07-31 2009-12-07 Device for implementation of the separation of the bulk mixtures
CN2009801605583A CN102448625A (en) 2009-07-31 2009-12-07 Friable mixtures separating device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2011014137A1 true WO2011014137A1 (en) 2011-02-03

Family

ID=43529565

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/UA2009/000063 WO2011014137A1 (en) 2009-07-31 2009-12-07 Friable mixtures separating device

Country Status (2)

Country Link
UA (1) UA46628U (en)
WO (1) WO2011014137A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102744213A (en) * 2012-06-18 2012-10-24 同济大学 Mineral powder particle jet-flow separation device
WO2019042737A1 (en) * 2017-08-31 2019-03-07 Siempelkamp Maschinen- Und Anlagenbau Gmbh Device and method for separating and/or recovering silicate particles from plant material

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
UA112277C2 (en) * 2016-03-09 2016-08-10 Вадим Володимирович Бурукін METHOD OF IMPELLER GAS EXHAUST IN AERODYNAMIC SEPARATORS, AERODYNAMIC SEPARATOR AND AIR BREEDING UNIT OF THE AERODYNAMIC SEPARATOR

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1479141A1 (en) * 1987-02-17 1989-05-15 Ю. А. Иванов Device for sorting loose material by density
US5032256A (en) * 1990-01-03 1991-07-16 Vickery James D Method and apparatus for air separation of material
RU60004U1 (en) * 2006-09-11 2007-01-10 Олег Викторович Ляхов Pneumatic separator of bulk material
RU63716U1 (en) * 2006-12-14 2007-06-10 Алексей Александрович Атамас Device for separation of bulk mixture in a fluid
RU2007133781A (en) * 2007-09-10 2009-03-20 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "СемМаш" (RU) Two-aspiration system of the universal grain-cleaning machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1479141A1 (en) * 1987-02-17 1989-05-15 Ю. А. Иванов Device for sorting loose material by density
US5032256A (en) * 1990-01-03 1991-07-16 Vickery James D Method and apparatus for air separation of material
RU60004U1 (en) * 2006-09-11 2007-01-10 Олег Викторович Ляхов Pneumatic separator of bulk material
RU63716U1 (en) * 2006-12-14 2007-06-10 Алексей Александрович Атамас Device for separation of bulk mixture in a fluid
RU2007133781A (en) * 2007-09-10 2009-03-20 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "СемМаш" (RU) Two-aspiration system of the universal grain-cleaning machine

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
"Statii o separatore SAD. Opisanie separatora SAD", OOO NPF ''AEROMEKH'', 30 April 2007 (2007-04-30), Retrieved from the Internet <URL:http://aeromeh.boom.ru/shema.htm> [retrieved on 20100406] *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102744213A (en) * 2012-06-18 2012-10-24 同济大学 Mineral powder particle jet-flow separation device
WO2019042737A1 (en) * 2017-08-31 2019-03-07 Siempelkamp Maschinen- Und Anlagenbau Gmbh Device and method for separating and/or recovering silicate particles from plant material
EP3778041A1 (en) * 2017-08-31 2021-02-17 Siempelkamp Maschinen- und Anlagenbau GmbH Device for separating and / or recovering silicate particles from plant material

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Publication number Publication date
UA46628U (en) 2009-12-25

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