WO2011002269A1 - Method to enable tetra-llke direct mode operation to work on broadband network - Google Patents

Method to enable tetra-llke direct mode operation to work on broadband network Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2011002269A1
WO2011002269A1 PCT/MY2009/000088 MY2009000088W WO2011002269A1 WO 2011002269 A1 WO2011002269 A1 WO 2011002269A1 MY 2009000088 W MY2009000088 W MY 2009000088W WO 2011002269 A1 WO2011002269 A1 WO 2011002269A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
direct mode
tetra
broadband network
mobile station
burst
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/MY2009/000088
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Yusri Mohamad Yusof Mohamad
Yaacob Azmi
Zarin Abdul Aziz Mohamad
Swee Leong Low
Abdo Saeed Mohammed
Mohd Tahir Shahirina
Hazli Hamdan Syaiful
Zawawi Wan
Original Assignee
Mimos Berhad
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Mimos Berhad filed Critical Mimos Berhad
Priority to PCT/MY2009/000088 priority Critical patent/WO2011002269A1/en
Publication of WO2011002269A1 publication Critical patent/WO2011002269A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W84/00Network topologies
    • H04W84/02Hierarchically pre-organised networks, e.g. paging networks, cellular networks, WLAN [Wireless Local Area Network] or WLL [Wireless Local Loop]
    • H04W84/04Large scale networks; Deep hierarchical networks
    • H04W84/08Trunked mobile radio systems

Abstract

A method of producing signals to emulate TETRA direct mode physical layer to a broadband network, particularly WiMAX network is disclosed. Frames of broadband signals are arranged as a time slot to form a direct mode multiframe, said multiframe is made up of 18 direct mode frames according to TETRA direct mode specification. Two time slots are provided for a call transaction, a first and third time slot within a direct mode frame, for every communication channel. A proper modulation is later assigned for each direct mode burst including linearization burst, synchronization burst and normal burst. The preamble of direct mode burst shall be different from the one used for WiMAX.

Description

METHOD TO ENABLE TETRA-LIKE DIRECT MODE OPERATION TO WORK ON

BROADBAND NETWORK

The present invention relates generally to network communications, more particularly to digital network communications.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Broadband communications, such as Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX) specification, do not provide mobile station to mobile station communication. WiMAX is a telecommunication technology for providing wireless transmission of data which is based on IEEE 802.16 standard. It needs a base station to broadcast data. TErrestrial Trunked RAdio (TETRA) provides a two way transceiver communication specification. TETRA provides group calling mode in which a single button push will connect a user to other users in a selected group. TETRA mobile stations can communicate in direct mode using trunked infrastructure. Direct mode allows communication to be made when network coverage is not available and allows one of the TETRA terminals to act as relays for a signal. Hence, a base station is not required in direct mode.

US patent 5,953,323 describes the adaptation of private radio system in a cellular mobile network. The private radio system's channel includes a dual-burst type of frequency correction channel and synchronization channel. The burst formats of these two channels are defined according to frequency correction and synchronization channel burst formats used in the cellular mobile network.

Consequently, the mobile terminal can be used as a private cordless phone.

However, the mobile terminal can't operate in radio mode and cellular at the same time. The mobile terminal also cannot operate in direct mode because it needs a base station.

WiMAX is suitable for centralized broadband transmission but there exists no active work in implementing direct mode communication between mobile stations. The disclosure proposes a method of enabling TETRA-like direct mode operation (direct mode) by emulating TETRA physical layer to work on broadband network, particularly WiMAX network. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

A method of producing signals to emulate TETRA direct mode physical layer on a broadband network, particularly WiMAX network is disclosed. A TETRA direct mode multiframe consists of 18 direct mode frames, whereby each of said frames consists of 4 time slots. Part of one specific frame of broadband signals within a duration exactly or close to that of a TETRA direct mode frame is used to emulate a time slot.

Eighteen of said frames of broadband signals form the equivalent of a TETRA direct mode multiframe according to TETRA direct mode specification.

Two time slots are provided for a call transaction, a first and third time slot within a direct mode frame, for every direct mode communication channel. A proper modulation is later assigned for each direct mode burst including synchronization burst and normal burst, and optionally, linearization burst. The chosen preambles of direct mode bursts shall be different from the ones used for WiMAX to avoid false synchronization from WiMAX mobile station.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The invention will now be described in greater detail, by way of an example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 shows an overview of time slots used to form a TETRA direct mode multiframe, said multiframe consists of 18 frames;

Fig. 2 shows a diagram of time slots used in TETRA direct mode communication;

Fig. 3 shows a diagram of linearization burst, normal burst and synchronization burst;

Fig. 4 shows a diagram of the emulation of TETRA direct mode multiframe consisting of 204 WiMAX frames;

Fig. 5 shows a diagram of the emulation TETRA direct mode multiframe made up of 216 WiMAX frames; Fig. 6 shows a diagram of time slot arrangement for six active channels within TETRA DM frame emulation consisting of 6 WiMAX frames; and

Fig. 7 shows a diagram of an example configuration of fields used to emulate TETRA direct mode normal burst and synchronization burst within the allocated transparent zone within a WiMAX frame.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS For TETRA direct mode, a basic radio unit which is a time slot has a duration of 14.167 milliseconds. A time slot in TETRA consists of 510 modulation bit durations. Four time slots form a 56.65-millisecond direct mode frame, as shown in Fig. 1. Control and traffic data are cyclically sent in multiframes, which is made up of 18 frames. A multiframe takes up exactly 1.02 second. Frame 18 of multiframe is reserved for control signal.

A direct mode physical channel comes into existence when a call is active. A TETRA direct mode channel is defined as one radio frequency carrier and two time slots per frame, as shown in Fig. 2. Since there are four time slots per frame, at frame K, two calls can be active at the same time. A call can occur in direct mode first channel, Channel A using a first and third time slot at time slot 1 and 3, while another call occurs in direct mode second channel, Channel B using a second and fourth time slot at time slot 2 and 4. When both channels are used, TETRA direct mode operation is working in a frequency efficient mode.

The physical content within a time slot is carried by a burst. A burst is duration of radio carrier modulated with data. There are three different kinds of burst, as shown in Fig. 3. The first burst is a linearization burst. It is used by a transmitting mobile station to ramp and linearize its power amplifier (PA). Synchronization burst, the second burst, carries control information and receive synchronization information from mobile station. The third burst, normal burst, is used to carry traffic data. Ramping & PA linearization, preamble, phase adjustment, block 1 and block 2 data bits, normal training sequence (seq), tail bits, and guard bits are basic components of direct mode burst. Ramping & PA linearization, preamble, phase adjustment, frequency correction, block 1 and block 2 data bits, synchronization training sequence, tail bits, and guard bits are basic components of synchronization burst.

Normal burst and synchronization burst contain two independent fields containing modulation bits of the same type. These fields are called a first block and a second block. A separate logical channel may be mapped to each block.

Normal burst and synchronization burst have a preamble and a training sequence field. Normal burst has the option of using two different preambles, a first preamble and a second preamble. Synchronization burst uses one preamble, a third preamble. Different preamble and training sequence are used in synchronized burst to indicate whether one or two logical channels are mapped to the first and second block, in the burst. Direct mode logical channels are mapped to the physical channel when a call is active. As mentioned earlier, the physical channel is allocated with two time slots per TETRA direct mode frame. The logical channels are mapped to the appropriate time slots in the frames within the cyclical 18-frame multiframe structure during a call. Logical channels can be divided into two categories: traffic channels carrying speech or user data and control channels carrying data signal. Other than these two channels, there are linearization channel, signaling channel and stealing channel.

In TETRA direct mode, the transmitting mobile station defines the timing used in a call. It defines the multiframe structure as well. The transmitting mobile station is the master while a receiving mobile station is the slave. The slave station derives synchronization data from master station. There could be more than one slave in a call group. Based on the TETRA direct mode discussed, the disclosure proposes a method of producing signals to map TETRA direct mode physical layer to a broadband network, particularly WiMAX physical layer. The frames of broadband signals are arranged as time slots to form a direct mode multiframe. As explained, a direct mode multiframe takes exactly 1.02 seconds. To form the same direct mode multiframe duration in WiMAX, a direct mode multiframe will require 204 WiMAX frames. To form 18 direct mode frames within a multiframe, each direct mode frame will require 11 WiMAX Jrames. Six extra WiMAX frames are padded to form a 1.02 second multiframe.

The six extra padding frames can be lumped together into an extended direct mode frame or they can be evenly distributed within a multiframe so that each pad exists in every three direct mode frames, as shown in Fig. 4.

Alternatively, to avoid using padding frames, a fixed number of WiMAX frames can be allocated for each direct mode frame. If ten WiMAX frame is used per direct mode frame, the multiframe will have a duration of 900 milliseconds. If eleven WiMAX frame is used per direct mode frame, the multiframe will have a duration of 990 milliseconds. If twelve WiMAX frame is used per direct mode frame, the multiframe will have a duration of 1080 ms, which is shown in Fig. 5. The exact timing of a direct mode multiframe of 1.02 second against one in TETRA is important for a direct implementation of TETRA speech at 7.2 kbps from upper layers.

In the discussion that follows, twelve WiMAX frame per direct mode frame is chosen to achieve 1.08 second of direct mode multiframe duration. The direct mode multiframe contains 216 WiMAX frames in total. A person skilled in the art should be able to apply the discussion on mapping with any given number of WiMAX frames per direct mode frame, with or without padding frames. As discussed earlier, TETRA direct mode makes use of two time slots per direct mode frame for a call transaction. Two time slots are provided for a call transaction, a first and third time slot (TN 1 , TN3) within a direct mode frame, for every communication channel. Since there are twelve WiMAX frames per direct mode frame, six call transactions (Channel A to F) can be mapped in one direct mode frame, frame K, as shown in Fig. 6. One direct mode time slot is mapped into one WiMAX frame. This is akin to frequency efficient mode of operation in TETRA direct mode where it supports up to two concurrent calls.

When a base station is operating, the base station provides an extra zone, called transparent zone, within its frames. Within each WiMAX frame assigned to a direct mode time slot, a transparent zone is allocated by the base station so that it will not transmit, to allow for operating direct mode time slot in a WiMAX network. More transparent zones or one larger transparent zone can be accommodated for more direct mode channels to enable more concurrent calls.

The base station may allocate fixed transparent zones for direct mode operation. Alternatively, some bandwidth request protocol to the base station may be defined so that a mobile station that wants to make a direct mode call may be allocated one or more direct mode channels.

In subsequent discussion, a fixed transparent zone is allocated with one transparent zone in a WiMAX frame per direct mode time slot. A person skilled in the art should be able to expand the discussion using dynamically allocated direct mode channels by the base station or using more than one transparent zone for direct mode operation.

The mapping of TETRA synchronization burst and normal burst to WiMAX will now be described. A downlink subchannel permutation, known as Downlink Full Usage of Subchannels (DL FUSC) is used to carry data bits. While DL FUSC is used, it does not preclude the use of other subchannel permutations. In DL FUSC, the basic transmission unit, which is called a slot, is one subchannel by one symbol. There are eight subchannels for 512-point Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) and sixteen subchannels for 1024-point FFT. Each subchannel has 48 data subcarriers. It follows that for 512-point FFT there are 384 data subcarriers and for 1024 point FFT, there are 768 data subcarriers. The table below shows the number of data bits in DL FUSC for various FFT points and modulations.

Figure imgf000007_0001

A transmitting direct mode mobile station will use all the subcarriers for transmission. In FUSC, and also in Partial Usage of Subchannels (PUSC) permutation, it is also possible for multiple direct-mode mobile stations to transmit at the same time on different subchannels. However, this may complicate the design of direct mode receiver because the transmission may potentially be received by a slave mobile station at different timing, frequency and phase offsets. The emulation of TETRA synchronization burst in WiMAX frame shall carry a preamble symbol before its data symbol. The preamble will be used by slave mobile station to synchronize with the transmitting mobile station. In TETRA1 the synchronization burst carries 336 bits; hence QPSK rate ΛA may be used for the data symbol. QPSK rate % is sufficient to emulate TETRA normal burst although a higher modulation rate may be chosen to increase data bandwidth.

The disclosure does not specify the structure of preamble symbol used for direct mode operation. However, a person skilled in the art should be able to allocate the direct mode preamble structure that will not cause false synchronization with normal WiMAX mobile station. To avoid false synchronization, the structure of the preamble for direct mode operation shall be different from the one used in WiMAX. In WiMAX, three carrier sets are used to carry preamble. In each carrier set, every three subcarriers are modulated using boosted BPSK modulation with specific pseudo noise sequence. The specific sequence used depends on the segment used and the identity of cell parameter.

For emulating TETRA direct mode normal burst, to simplify allocation of transparent zone for direct mode operation, the number of OFDMA symbols used is set to two, which is the same number of symbols allocated for synchronization burst. Whereas one symbol is used for preamble and another for data in synchronization burst emulation, both symbols are used for data bits in the mapped normal burst. The pilot carriers in the FUSC slots used in the two symbols may be used for channel tracking until another synchronization burst arrives. TETRA direct mode normal burst makes use of two preambles, a first and second preamble. Different preamble is used to indicate if one or two logical channels are mapped to the two blocks, a first block and second block, in the direct mode time slot. Instead of using preamble symbols, this disclosure proposes the use of flag bit in the data symbols of the mapped noise burst.

To emulate the first and second block in normal burst and synchronization burst, the DL FUSC burst will be logically divided into two blocks. The division could be symmetric or asymmetric depending on which method would give better overall throughput. One possible configuration for the synchronization burst and normal burst mapped to WiMAX symbols is shown in Fig. 7. Other configurations are possible. Fig. 7 illustrates a transparent zone selected between the downlink subframe and uplink subframe of a WiMAX frame. To allow for the master direct- mode mobile station to switch to direct-mode transmit mode, Receive/Transmit Transition Gap (RTG) is required at the beginning of the transparent zone. Similarly, to allow for a slave direct-mode mobile station to switch back to normal WiMAX transmit mode, Receive/Transmit Transition Gap (RTG) is required at the end of the transparent zone. The emulation of direct-mode synchronization burst requires the use of a preamble which occupies symbol 0 of the transparent zone. The two blocks for modulated data bits, BKN 1 and BKN2, for said synchronization burst is emulated within the same symbol, symbol 1. Some control bits (C) may also be added in symbol 1. To simplify design, the exemplary emulation of direct-mode normal burst makes use of the same number of symbols as in the emulation of direct-mode synchronization burst. However, since emulation of normal burst does not make use of a preamble symbol, each block of the modulated data bits, BKN1 and BKN2, may occupy separate symbols, symbol 0 and symbol 1 , respectively. Control bits (C ) may also be added to the symbols. The control bits may be used, for example, to indicate whether one or two logical channels are mapped to the two blocks of modulated data bits.

With the TETRA direct mode operation physical layer fully emulated within WiMAX physical layer, a fully compatible service access point can be provided for the physical layer so that existing implementation of the higher-level layers can be reused with minimal modification.

Accordingly, the invention disclosed a method to enable TETRA network to work on broadband network. It is the combination of the above features and its technical advantages give rise to the uniqueness of such invention. Although the descriptions above contain much specificity, these should not be construed as limiting the scope of the embodiment but as merely providing illustrations of some of the presently preferred embodiments.

Claims

1. A method for enabling a mobile station (MS) to communicate directly with another mobile station using complete, subset or superset of TETRA-like direct mode features and at the same time be compatible with a target wireless broadband network air interface, said method comprising the steps of:
providing one or more transparent zones, by the base station within its communication frame, wherein the base station will not transmit to allow direct mobile station (MS) to mobile station communication to occur; and
mapping TETRA direct mode 18-frame multiframe structure, which includes
TETRA direct-mode frames, time slots, bursts and logical channels, by the transmitting direct-mode mobile station (DM-MS) to the transparent zones within the wireless broadband network frames.
2. The method of claim 1 , wherein said step of mapping TETRA direct mode multiframe structure is performed, by mapping a number of wireless broadband network frames such that the TETRA direct mode multiframe duration of 1.02 second is achieved, with the addition of padding frames within the wireless broadband network.
3. The method of claim 1 , wherein said step of mapping TETRA direct mode multiframe structure is performed by mapping a number of wireless broadband network frames such that the TETRA direct mode multiframe duration of 1.02 second is achieved.
4. The method of claim 1 , wherein one or more time slot is allocated to one or more transparent zones in a target wireless broadband network frame.
5. The method of claim 4, further comprising the step of mapping one or more TETRA direct mode physical channels, each of which is made of two time slots per TETRA direct mode frame, to the available time slot allocations among the target wireless broadband network frames within a TETRA direct mode frame duration.
6. The method of claim 4, further comprising the step of a mobile station transmitting in a time slot allocation the direct mode synchronization burst (DSB) comprising of one preamble symbol used for synchronization; and one or more data symbols.
7. The method of claim 4, further comprising the step of a mobile station transmitting in a time slot allocation the direct mode normal burst (DNB) comprising one or more data symbols; and, optionally, if more robust synchronization is required, one preamble symbol.
5
8. The method of claim 7, wherein the step to indicate the use of one or two logical channels through a bit in the data symbol; or, when preamble symbol is used, through two different preamble sequences.
10 9. The method of one of claims 6 to 8, further comprising the step of modulating the preamble sequence in such a way that will not cause a false synchronization from standard non-direct mode capable mobile stations.
10. A system for enabling a mobile station (MS) to communicate directly with another 5 mobile station using complete, subset or superset of TETRA direct mode-like features and at the same time to be compatible with the target wireless broadband network air interface, said system comprising:
a base station, employing a target wireless broadband network, having a means to add a transparent zone to its target wireless broadband network frames '0 wherein the base station will not transmit; and
one or more Direct-Mode Mobile Station (DM-MS), having a means to perform direct MS to MS communication within the allocated transparent zone defined by the base station.
:5 11. The system of claim 10, further comprising one or more receiving DM-MS, having a means to synchronize to a transmitting DM-MS.
12. The system of claim 10, wherein said DM-MS further including a means to detect the availability of the transparent zones when a base station is operating, for said 0 DM-MS to perform direct mode transmission.
PCT/MY2009/000088 2009-06-30 2009-06-30 Method to enable tetra-llke direct mode operation to work on broadband network WO2011002269A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/MY2009/000088 WO2011002269A1 (en) 2009-06-30 2009-06-30 Method to enable tetra-llke direct mode operation to work on broadband network

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/MY2009/000088 WO2011002269A1 (en) 2009-06-30 2009-06-30 Method to enable tetra-llke direct mode operation to work on broadband network

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2011002269A1 true WO2011002269A1 (en) 2011-01-06

Family

ID=43411202

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/MY2009/000088 WO2011002269A1 (en) 2009-06-30 2009-06-30 Method to enable tetra-llke direct mode operation to work on broadband network

Country Status (1)

Country Link
WO (1) WO2011002269A1 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2965137A1 (en) * 2010-09-22 2012-03-23 Eads Defence & Security Sys Method for frequency channel planning for a narrow band network communication system
WO2014105387A1 (en) * 2012-12-27 2014-07-03 Motorola Mobility Llc Methods for device-to-device communication
KR101919444B1 (en) * 2016-10-12 2018-11-19 한국전력공사 Method for transmitting/receiving dl channels in wireless communication system

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090005057A1 (en) * 2007-06-29 2009-01-01 Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd. Apparatus and method for peer-to-peer (p2p) communications in a broadband wireless communication system
US20090082002A1 (en) * 2007-09-21 2009-03-26 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Apparatus and method for supporting cells with different characteristics in a broadband wireless communication system

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090005057A1 (en) * 2007-06-29 2009-01-01 Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd. Apparatus and method for peer-to-peer (p2p) communications in a broadband wireless communication system
US20090082002A1 (en) * 2007-09-21 2009-03-26 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Apparatus and method for supporting cells with different characteristics in a broadband wireless communication system

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2965137A1 (en) * 2010-09-22 2012-03-23 Eads Defence & Security Sys Method for frequency channel planning for a narrow band network communication system
WO2012037990A1 (en) * 2010-09-22 2012-03-29 Cassidian Sas Scheduling of frequency channels in a narrowband radiocommunication system
WO2014105387A1 (en) * 2012-12-27 2014-07-03 Motorola Mobility Llc Methods for device-to-device communication
KR101919444B1 (en) * 2016-10-12 2018-11-19 한국전력공사 Method for transmitting/receiving dl channels in wireless communication system

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US9930658B2 (en) Method and base stations for transmitting physical-layer control information and higher-layer data to a terminal device
US10178662B2 (en) Telecommunications systems and methods for machine type communication
US10158393B2 (en) Dynamic reconfiguration of uplink transmission in a TDD wireless communication system
US9219581B2 (en) Base station and method for configuring sub-frames for relay-node operations
US9974069B2 (en) Telecommunications method and system
US10117238B2 (en) Mobile communications system, network element and method for resource allocation on a virtual carrier for machine-type communications with a narrow band EPDCCH
RU2641673C2 (en) System and method using backward-compatible formats of preamble for wireless communication of multiple access
US9832772B2 (en) System and method for packet information indication in communication systems
US9560615B2 (en) Synchronization method of femtocell base station and femtocell base station using the same
US9838513B2 (en) Methods and apparatus for packet acquisition in mixed-rate wireless communication networks
US8964676B2 (en) Method and apparatus for transmitting system information in a mobile communication system
RU2595271C2 (en) Virtual carrier inserting into conventional ofdm host carrier in communication system
US10477557B2 (en) Transmission of control information to reduced bandwidth terminals
KR101609402B1 (en) Method and system using relays with aggregated spectrum
US9509464B2 (en) Flexible OFDM/OFDMA frame structure for communication systems
US20190215056A1 (en) Relay communication system
EP2232757B1 (en) OFDMA frame structures for uplinks in MIMO networks
US9474072B2 (en) Advanced technology frame structure with backward compatibility
KR101050522B1 (en) Method, Device and Terminal for Physical Layer Random Access in Wideband TD Mobile Communication System
CA2770993C (en) Method and apparatus for allocating a control channel resource of a relay node in a backhaul subframe
US8520606B2 (en) Synchronous spectrum sharing based on OFDM/OFDMA signaling
US9025517B2 (en) Flexible ways to indicate downlink/uplink backhaul subframe configurations in a relay system
EP2285013B1 (en) Apparatuses and methods for multiantenna channel quality data acquisition in a broadcast/multicast service network
US7885214B2 (en) Device, system, and method for partitioning and framing communication signals in broadband wireless access networks
EP2611058B1 (en) Dynamic TDD data channel transmission method and apparatus for wireless communication system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application

Ref document number: 09846879

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1

NENP Non-entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: DE

122 Ep: pct application non-entry in european phase

Ref document number: 09846879

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1