ECOLOGICAL MECHANICAL FORCE-GENERATING MAGNETIC MILL
The subject of the invention relates to general mechanical force-generating devices, and specifically to an ecological mechanical force-generating magnetic mill, the main objective of which is to achieve a very simple and compact device which consists of several magnetic units which are in operational connection with at least one other unit with a larger magnetic force which may be placed perpendicular to the former magnets in several positions, close to them; one of them may be in the same plane as the other magnetic units or under it.
The main aim of this invention is to generate ecological mechanical force without any external energy or fuel, using only natural magnetic force. The axle of the machine may be horizontal or vertical.
Rotational movement is created at the axle of the machine, the output of which may be used for any device, machine or equipment that has to be driven by a rotational energy- generating machine, producing force without influencing the ecosystem.
Therefore, this invention relates to a new, compact and economical rotational energy generator which may be linked to any mechanical unit that requires rotational motion, and where, according to the amount of the work, we do not only use single-level permanent magnets, but multi-level magnets as well. The device according to the invention consists of a disc that is from a material that has no effect on magnets on which there are several permanent magnets, built into the body of the disc itself or on any of its surfaces, which magnets are regularly distributed at equal distances from each other, and are fitted at the same predetermined angle on the radius. At a very small distance from the magnets positioned on the disc, leaving a small gap (it is commonly known that the force that attracts or repels two magnetic poles is in proportion with their magnetic mass and inversely proportionate to the square of the distance that separates them) there may be at least one magnet with a larger magnetic mass that may be located at right angles to the plane of the aforementioned disc, one of them may be in the same plane as the disc, or under it.
A number of application possibilities of the device according to the invention apart from direct force-generation: generation of electricity; operation of lighthouses; the driving of machines in factories; in family homes the electrical energy received may power kitchens,
stoves, refrigerators, lighting, ventilation equipment, household machines, like mixers and microwave ovens, etc.
On the basis of data on the "Prior Art", searching for previous examples, the result showed that no simple, rotational energy generator is known that is similar to the subject of the present invention. In the following a number are listed where magnetic interaction is established:
Patent no. US 7.026.900, "Magnetic movement device". Permanent magnets slide forwards and backwards on a rail suspended from a pin; the magnetic fields are created at both ends of the rail as a consequence of the combination of the permanent magnets or electromagnets located opposite and the attractive force of the earth. It moves between the two ends of the rail, oscillating up and down. The movement of the rail may drive a pump, for example.
Patent no. US 7.453.341. "System and method for the use of magnetic force." The basis of the principle may be realized in various ways. A magnet may be rotated or an electromagnet may be controlled so that it controls a magnetic field that a set of magnets forms. This may result in several kinds of gain if we use at least one magnet set. For example, they can be used with systems and methods for various activities, including but not restricted to: (1) controlling, handling, holding or releasing loads; (2) opening or closing passages; (3) opening or closing a circuit; (4) placing a magnetic field on a load or removing the magnetic field from a load; (5) periodically applying or removing a magnetic field; (6) increasing a magnetic field that has been used for a load; (7) inducing a load to move; (8) producing energy; (9) increasing the energy output of a system or method. We can achieve all these with two electromagnets fitted to identical yokes, operated with electricity so that the south and north poles are opposite to each other, between which there is a rotor fitted.
Patent no. US 7.476.999. "Rotation production device".
It consists of three rectangular boards fitted to a common axle. The rotating central board has a frame with a printed circuit that forms a spiral rectangular inductor on the magnetic field, being connected to an external source of electricity. Another board fitted to the frame produces counteractive rotation, which frame may be rotated with every inductor, which affects the magnetic field, which may be found near to the corners of the rectangular
spiral, every direction of it is the counter to the neighbouring one with respect to magnetic field, every single magnetic axle is essentially normal with the rectangular spiral, with the coils and the inductors of the magnetic field causing rotation on the frame when the coils receive electrical energy, the rotation has a certain level as compared to the capacity level, the rotation of the production component is rotation in the opposite direction of the counter- rotation mounted on the frame. In summary, the device according to the example consists of three rectangular boards on a common axle. The coil of the central rotor obtains energy from outside and the permanent magnets of the four corners of the two side boards form inductors.
It is easy to realise that these constructions have nothing in common with the construction that is the subject of the present invention.
In order for the present invention to be easily understood, which is an energy- generating magnetic mill, and so that it may be easily realised in practice, in the following we describe the invention in detail in connection with one of its embodiments, in connection with drawings; this, however, is only an example and does not limit the scope of the invention, the parts of which may be selected from various equivalents without deviating from the basic principle of the invention which is stated in the present document.
On the drawings:
In the outline drawings, which are appended to the present specification:
Figure 1 shows the ecological mechanical force-generating magnetic mill that is the subject of the present invention, in plan view.
Figure 2 shows a mill with a vertical axle, which is now being described.
Figure 3 shows a side view of an ecological mechanical force-generating magnetic mill with a horizontal mill, which is also illustrated in the previous figures.
In the figure described above the same references relate to the same parts, or indicate equivalents.
According to the figures the device consists of a disc 1 of a material that does not affect magnets, on which several permanent magnets 2 are mounted in the body of the disc 1, plate or similar itself or on any of its surfaces.
The disc 1 is mounted on a rotating central axle 3. The magnets 2 are distributed regularly at equal distances from each other, for example, at an angle A equal to 22.5° and at an inclination B of 40° as compared to the radius. The size of the power transmission and the speed of the disc depend on the number of the magnets and their inclination, the propulsive force of all the magnets and the mass of all the magnets.
The axle 3 is mounted onto the device via a ball bearing 4 or similar.
Within a minimal distance it is possible to find at least one other permanent magnet 5, with the same or greater magnetic mass, which is fitted to a sliding guide 6 forming a determined angle C to the magnets fitted to the rotating disc 1. In the described embodiment of the various possibilities, in the following we illustrate one with three identical sliding guides at an angle of 120° to each other.
The magnets 5 fitted to the sliding guide 6 may be slid into several positions, from an active position 7, which may be in the same plane as the disc 1, to a neutral position 8, appropriately separated from the rotating disc 1, where the magnetic fields do not influence one another.
The magnets 2 fitted to the rotating disc 1 all point outwards with the same pole or charge, in other words with the negative pole (south) or with the positive pole (north), and the poles-charges of the magnets 5 fitted to the sliding guides 6 are fitted in the opposite direction.
Now that the various important components of the invention have been determined, and their nature has been explained, we supplement the specification with the operational
connections of the components and present the result that they provide.
The operational relation is very simple and can be seen from the appended figures.
The rotation of the magnetic device around the axle takes place when the magnets 2 fitted to the rotating disc 1 are placed opposite to the repulsive magnets 5 fitted to the sliding guide 6 by placing the latter close to the rotating disc 1.
By positioning the magnets 5 fitted to the sliding guides 6 from the neutral position 8 to the active position 7 close to the magnets 2 on the disc the device is made active.
It is obvious that the magnets 2 located on the rotating disc 1 are all positioned in the same way according to the position of their poles, and the repulsive magnets 5 are fitted the other way around.
It can be seen that the magnets located on the disc are inclined at the same angle B and are distributed evenly, in this case at 22.5°, in other words there are a total of 16 magnets on the disc 1. These angles also contribute to the conditioning of the rotational movement, just like the angles of the magnets 5 fitted to the sliding guides 6.
In this way one of the construction examples and form of operation of the invention can be seen, supplementing the documentation with the synthesis of the invention, which is contain in the claims, which we attach below.