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WO2010117731A2 - Variable power optical system - Google Patents

Variable power optical system

Info

Publication number
WO2010117731A2
WO2010117731A2 PCT/US2010/029069 US2010029069W WO2010117731A2 WO 2010117731 A2 WO2010117731 A2 WO 2010117731A2 US 2010029069 W US2010029069 W US 2010029069W WO 2010117731 A2 WO2010117731 A2 WO 2010117731A2
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
lens
optical
liquid
variable
image
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US2010/029069
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
WO2010117731A3 (en )
Inventor
Iain A. Neil
James H . Jannard
Original Assignee
Blackeye Optics, Llc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B3/00Simple or compound lenses
    • G02B3/12Fluid-filled or evacuated lenses
    • G02B3/14Fluid-filled or evacuated lenses of variable focal length
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B15/00Optical objectives with means for varying the magnification

Abstract

Liquid lens cells are used in a compound variable power optical system that forms an intermediate image between the object and the final image. A first variable power optical component is located between the object and an intermediate real image. The first variable power optical component varies power to change the magnification of the intermediate real image. A second variable power optical component is located between the intermediate real image and the final image. The second variable power optical component varies power to change the magnification of the final image. At least one of the first and second variable power optical components is stationary on the optical axis and comprises at least two liquids with different refractive properties and at least one variable shape contact surface between the two liquids, with variations in the shape of the contact surface producing a change of optical power in the optical system.

Description

VARIABLE POWER OPTICAL SYSTEM

RELATED APPUCATIONS

[0001] This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional 61/168,523 filed April 10, 2009, the entirety of which is hereby incorporated by reference herein and made a part of the present specification.

BACKGROUND

[0002] The present invention relates to variable power optical systems.

[0003] Some zoom lens designs group the lens used in the design, with one group being used largely for zooming, a second group being used largely for keeping an image in focus, and a third group used to keep the image plane stationary. A fourth group may also be used to form a sharp image. The focusing group may be adjusted for focusing the zoom lens at any focal length position without the need to refocus for other focal lengths of the zoom lens. The zooming group (or "variator") causes significant magnification change during zooming. The lens group that stabilizes the image plane may also be used to provide magnification.

[0004] Desirable features in a zoom lens include high zoom ratio and a wide angle field of view. As the zoom range of a lens system increases, generally the length and weight also increases. Consumer products such as cellular telephones or point-and-shoot cameras are often small and lightweight, so zoom lenses included in those products are constrained by size and weight. Moreover, as the focal length range of a lens system increases, generally focusing problems also increase usually at the wide field of view zoom positions.

SUMMARY

[0005] Liquid lens cells comprise two or more fluids in a chamber. The fluids contact to form a surface that is variable by, for example, through electrical nodes. A fluid may be, for example, one or more gases, one or more liquids, or a mixture of one or more solids and one or more liquids. Using liquid lens cells to replace one or more moving lens groups results in additional configuration options for the optical path. Liquid cells can be used in a compound zoom lens system to take advantage of these properties. Many point and shoot cameras and cell phone cameras do not have large amounts of space for a long lens. Using liquid cells in combination with folds or redirection of the radiation axis allows for better zoom lens systems in these small camera packages. Larger cameras can also benefit.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0006] FIGS. 1A-1D are optical diagrams of a compound zoom lens system employing six liquid lens cells, with a surface of the liquids being varied to provide a range of zoom positions. [0007] FIGS. 2A-2D are optical diagrams of a compound zoom lens system employing five liquid lens cells, with a surface of the liquids being varied to provide a range of zoom positions.

[0008] FIGS. 3A-3D are optical diagrams of a compound zoom lens system employing five liquid lens cells, with a surface of the liquids being varied to provide a range of zoom positions.

[0009] FIGS. 4A-4D are optical diagrams of a compound zoom lens system employing four liquid lens cells, with a surface of the liquids being varied to provide a range of zoom positions.

[0010] FIGS. 5A-5D are optical diagrams of a compound zoom lens system employing three liquid lens cells, with a surface of the liquids being varied to provide a range of zoom positions.

[0011] FIGS. 6A-6D are optical diagrams of a compound zoom lens system employing three liquid lens cells, with a surface of the liquids being varied to provide a range of zoom positions.

[0012] FIGS. 7A-7D are optical diagrams of a compound zoom lens system employing two liquid lens cells, with a surface of the liquids being varied to provide a range of zoom positions.

[0013] FIGS. 8A-8D are optical diagrams of a compound zoom lens system employing a moving lens group and two liquid lens cells, with a surface of the liquids being varied to provide a range of zoom positions.

[0014] FIG. 9 illustrates a block diagram of a camera with a zoom lens.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0015] In the following description, reference is made to the accompanying drawings. It is to be understood that other structures and/or embodiments may be utilized without departing from the scope of the invention.

[0016] Liquid lens cells can modify an optical path without relying upon mechanical movement of the liquid cell. A liquid lens cell comprising first and second contacting liquids may be configured so that a contacting optical surface between the contacting liquids has a variable shape that may be substantially symmetrical relative to an optical axis of the liquid lens cell. A plurality of lens elements could be aligned along a common optical axis and arranged to collect radiation emanating from an object side space and delivered to an image side space. The liquid lens cell could be inserted into an optical path formed by the plurality of lens elements that are aligned along the common optical axis. The optical axis of the liquid lens cell could be parallel to the common optical axis, or it could be at an angle or decentered to the common optical axis.

[0017] Presently contemplated liquid lens systems will have a difference in refractive index of about 0.2 or more, preferably at least about 0.3, and in some embodiments at least about 0.4. Water has a refractive index of about 1.3, and adding salt may allow varying the refractive index to about 1.48. Suitable optical oils may have a refractive index of at least about 1.5. Even by utilizing liquids with higher, lower or higher and lower refractive indices, for example a higher refractive index oil, the range of power variation remains limited. This limited range of power variation usually provides less magnification change than that of a movable lens group. Therefore, in a simple variable power optical system, to provide zooming while maintaining a constant image surface position most of the magnification change may be provided by one movable lens group and most of the compensation of defocus at the image surface during the magnification change may be provided by one liquid cell.

[0018] It should be noted that more movable lens groups or more liquid cells, or both, may be utilized. Examples of one or more moving lens groups used in combination with one or more liquid cells is described in U.S. Patent Application No. 12/246,224 titled "Liquid Optics Zoom Lens and Imaging Apparatus," filed October 6, 2008, and incorporated by reference in its entirety.

[0019] The size and properties of lens elements used in a system introduce constraints to be considered in designing the lens system. For example, the diameter of one or more lens elements may limit the size of an image formed on an image surface. For lens systems with variable properties, such as a variable power optical system, the optics may change based on variation of the lens elements. Thus, a first lens element may constrain a lens system in a first zoom configuration, while a second lens element constrains the lens system in a second zoom configuration. As an example, the rim rays for a light beam may approach the outer edge of a lens element at one extreme of the zoom range, while being a significant distance from the outer edge of the same lens element at the other extreme of the zoom range.

[0020] FIGS. 1A-1D illustrate optical diagrams of a simplified compound variable power optical system that forms an intermediate image 108 and a final image 107. As illustrated the stop 109 is located just after liquid lens cell 104 in the relay portion of the lens. The variable power optical system may be used, for example, with a camera. FIG. 1A illustrates the zoom ratio in the wide position, and FIG. 1D illustrates the zoom ratio in the telephoto position.

[0021] The variable power optical system illustrated in FIGS. 1A-1D has no moving lens groups. Instead, the zooming and a constant focus at the final image is accomplished through six liquid lens cells 101, 102, 103, 104, 105 and 106, with each liquid lens cell having a variable surface 111, 112, 113, 114, 115 and 116. A control system may be used to control the variable shape of the contacting optical surface in liquid lens cells 101, 102, 103, 104, 105 and 106.

[0022] It is to be understood that liquid lens cells could each comprise multiple surfaces, with the surfaces being controllable and/or fixed. In some embodiments, the liquid lens cells could comprise a combination of two or more liquid cells. A plate may be placed between the combined cells. The plate may have an optical power that may be set as desired for the design. The liquid lens cells may also have plates on the exterior surfaces. In some embodiments, the plates on the exterior surfaces may provide optical power or a folding function. The plates and other lens elements can be spherical or aspherical to provide improved optical characteristics.

[0023] The individual lens elements may be constructed from solid-phase materials, such as glass, plastic, crystalline, or semiconductor materials, or they may be constructed using liquid or gaseous materials such as water or oil. The space between lens elements could contain one or more gases. For example normal air, nitrogen or helium could be used. Alternatively the space between the lens elements could be a vacuum. When "Air" is used in this disclosure, it is to be understood that it is used in a broad sense and may include one or more gases, or a vacuum. The lens elements may have coatings such as an ultraviolet ray filter.

[0024] Liquids in a liquid lens cell may have a fixed volume, and the shape of the outer surface of the liquid lens cell may be fixed. In the accompanying figures, some of the liquid lens cells are illustrated in a way that suggest variation in the volume of liquids and/or variation in the shape of the outer surface of the liquid lens cell. This also means the vertex points of the surfaces shift axially. The illustrations were generated with computer software without placing constraints on volume or shape of the liquid lens cells. The accompanying figures illustrate the concepts of using liquid lens cells in a variable power optical system, and appropriate modifications may be made for the various liquid lens cells that may be used.

[0025] The lens elements illustrated in FIGS. 1A-1D are arranged to form an intermediate image 108. Although the location and size of the intermediate image 108 changes as the zoom position changes, it remains between liquid lens cells 101 and 102. Although FIGS. 1A-1D illustrate an objective optics group followed by a relay optics group, multiple relay optics groups could also be used to achieve higher magnifications. Additional magnification can be achieved with high refractive index fluids.

[0026] Using liquid lens cells to replace one or more moving lens groups results in additional configuration options for the optical path. Replacing moving lens groups with liquid lens cells facilitates additional design possibilities. For example, a linear optical design may result in a lens that is longer than desired. The use of liquid lens cells instead of a moving group facilitates the use of optical elements such as folds to redirect the radiation axis and reduce the physical length of a lens. Although the overall length of the optical path through the lens may remain the same, the liquid lens cells may provide strategic space for folding that reduces the length in one or more directions. This allows longer overall lens lengths to be used in smaller camera packages. For example, many point and shoot cameras and cell phone cameras do not have large amounts of space for a long lens. Using liquid cells in combination with folds allows for better lens systems in these small camera packages. Larger cameras can also benefit from reducing the camera package length that would be required for a lens system that did not use folds. Using liquid lens cells may also allow for a smaller diameter, especially towards the front of the lens design and especially for wide field of view positions. Folding in combination with a relatively small front diameter, as compared to conventional moving group zoom lens designs, may provide for more compact and ergonomically shaped camera packages.

[0027] FIGS. 2A-2D illustrate optical diagrams of a simplified compound variable power optical system using five liquid cells 121 , 122, 123, 124, and 125, with each liquid lens cell having a variable surface 131, 132, 133, 134, and 135. The stop 129 is located just after liquid cell 123 in the relay optics group. The optical system forms an intermediate image 128 and a final image 127. [0028] FIGS. 3A-3D illustrate optical diagrams of a amplified compound variable power optical system using five liquid cells 121, 122, 123, 124, and 125, with each liquid lens eel having a variable surface 131, 132, 133. 134. and 135. This design is similar to the design illustrated in FIGS.2A-2D, but the stop 129 is located in the objective optics group. This may improve the image quality and may allow for liquid cells with smaller diameters, but may also reduce the relative iluminatjoπ.

[0029] FIGS. 4A-4O illustrate optical diagrams of a simplified compound variable power optical system using lour liquid cells 141, 142, 143, and 144, with each liquid lens cell having a variable surface 151, 152, 153, and 154. The stop 149 is located in the relay lens group. The optical system forms an intermediate image 148 and a final image 147.

[0030] FIGS. 5A-5O illustrate optical diagrams of a simplified compound variable power optical system using three liquid cells 161, 162, and 163, with each liquid lens cell having a variable surface 171, 172, and 173. The stop 169 is located in the relay lens group. The optical system forms an intermediate image 168 and a final image 167.

[0031] FIGS. 6A-6D illustrate optical diagrams of a simplified compound variable power optical system using three liquid celts 161, 162, and 163, with each liquid lens cell having a variable surface 171, 172, and 173. The stop 169 is located in the objective lens group. The optical system forms an intermediate image 168 and a final image 167.

10032] FIGS. 7A-7D illustrate optical diagrams of a simplified compound variable power optical system using two liquid cells 181 and 182, with each liquid lens cell having a variable surface 191 and 192. The stop 189 is located in the objective lens group. The optical system forms an intermediate image 188 and a final image 187.

[0033] FIGS. 8A-8D Illustrate optical diagrams of a simplified compound variable power optical system using two liquid cells 201 and 202, with each liquid lens cell having a variable surface 211 and 212. The illustrated embodiment also has a moving lens group 203. An intermediate image is formed at image surface 208, between the liquid cells 201 and 202. The configuration of optical elements results in a final image 207 that is larger than the final images obtained in earlier embodiments. The allows the use of a larger image sensor, such as sensors 11 mm to 28 mm and above. A moving lens group is used near the sensor because the diameter of a liquid cell may not be sufficiently large to achieve the desired performance. Of note, the final image 207 is also larger than the rim rays at the Iquid lens cell variable surface 211 and 212.

[0034] For each of the lens designs shown in FIGS. 1-8, a listing produced by the CodeV optical design software version 9.70 commercially available from Optical Research Associates, Pasadena, CA USA is attached hereto as part of this specification and Incorporated by reference in its entirety.

[0035] FIG. 9 illustrates a block diagram of a camera 300 with a zoom lens 302. FIG. 9 also illustrates a lens control module 304 that controls the movement and operation of the lens groups in tens 302. The control module 304 includes electronic circuitry that controls the radius of curvature in the liquid lens cell. The appropriate electronic signal levels for various focus positions and zoom positions can be determined in advance and placed in one or more lookup tables. Alternatively, analog circuitry or a combination of circuitry and one or more lookup tables can generate the appropriate signal levels. In one embodiment, one or more polynomials are used to determine the appropriate electronic signal levels. Points along the polynomial could be stored in a lookup table or the polynomial could be implemented with circuitry. The lookup tables, polynomials, and/or other circuitry may use variables for zoom position, focus position, temperature, or other conditions.

[0036] Thermal effects may also be considered in me cortrol of tte between the Oquids. The polynomial or lookup table may include an additional variable related to the thermal effects.

[0037] The control module 304 may include preset controls for specific zoom settings or focal lengths. These settings may be stored by the user or camera manufacturer.

[0038] FIG. 9 further illustrates an image capture module 306 that receives an optical image corresponding to an external object The image is transmitted along an optical axis through the lens 302 to the image capture module 306. The image capture module 306 may use a variety of formats, such as film (e.g., film stock or still picture film), or electronic image detection technology (e.g., a CCD array, CMOS device or video pickup circuit). The optical axis may be linear, or it may include folds.

[0039] Image storage module 308 maintains the captured image in, for example, on-board memory or on film, tape or disk. In one embodiment, the storage medium is removable (e.g., flash memory, film canister, tape cartridge or disk).

[0040] Image transfer module 310 provides transferring of the captured image to other devices. For example, the image transfer module 310 may use one or a variety of connections such as, for example, a US8 port, IEEEE 1394 multimedia connection, Ethernet port, Bluetooth wireless connection, IEEE 802.11 wireless connection, video component connection, or S-Video connection.

[0041] The camera 300 may be implemented in a variety of ways, such as a video camera, a ceil phone camera, a digital photographic camera, or a film camera.

[0042] The liquid cells in the focus and zoom groups could be used to provide stabiizatjon, as described in U.S. Patent Application No. 127327,666 titled liquid Optics Image Stabiizatjon,' filed December 3, 2008, Incorporated by reference in its entirety. By using non-moving lens groups, folds may be used to reduce the overafl size as described in U.S. Patent Application No. 12/327,651 titled "Liquid Optics with Folds Lens and Imaging Apparatus,' filed December 3, 2008, incorporated by reference in its entirety. One or more moving lens groups may be used in combination with one or more Bquid cells as described in U.S. Patent Application No. 12/246,224 titled 'Liquid Optics Zoom Lens and Imaging Apparatus,' filed October 6, 2008, incorporated by reference in Hs entirety. [0043] It is to be noted that various changes and modifications will become apparent to those skilled in the art. Such changes and modifications are to be understood as being included within the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

Claims

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:
1. A variable power optical system on a common optical axis for forming a final image of an object, said system having an object side and an image side and at least one intermediate real image between the object and the final image, said system comprising: at least a first variable power optical component located between the object and an intermediate real image, wherein the first variable power optical component varies power to change the magnification of the intermediate real image; and at least a second variable power optical component located between the intermediate real image and a final image, wherein the second variable power optical component varies power to change the magnification of the final image; wherein at least one of the first and second variable power optical components is stationary on the optical axis and comprises at least two liquids with different refractive properties and at least one variable shape contact surface between the two liquids, with variations in the shape of the contact surface producing a change of optical power in the optical system.
2. The variable power optical system of Claim 1, wherein variation of the first and second variable power optical components provides zooming.
3. The variable power optical system of Claim 2, wherein variation of the first and second variable power optical components provides focusing.
4. The variable power optical system of Claim 2, wherein variation of the first variable power optical component provides focusing.
5. The variable power optical system of Claim 2, wherein variation of the second variable power optical component provides focusing.
6. The variable power optical system of Claim 1, wherein variation of the first and second variable power optical components provides a combination of zooming and focusing.
7. The variable power optical system of Claim 1, wherein an optical stop is located between the object and the intermediate image.
8. The variable power optical system of Claim 1, wherein an optical stop is located between the intermediate image and the final image.
9. The variable power optical system of Claim 1, wherein the first variable power optical component comprises at least one moving lens group.
10. The variable power optical system of Claim 1, wherein the second variable power optical component comprises at least one moving lens group.
11. The variable power optical system of Claim 1, wherein the second variable power optical component is stationary, the variable power optical system further comprising at least one moving lens group located between the intermediate real image and a final image.
12. The variable power optical system of Claim 1, wherein at least one optical surface has an aspheric profile.
13. The variable power optical system of Claim 7 wherein an iris is placed substantially at the stop location to provide a variable aperture.
14. The variable power optical system of Claim 8 wherein an iris is placed substantially at the stop location to provide a variable aperture.
PCT/US2010/029069 2009-04-10 2010-03-29 Variable power optical system WO2010117731A3 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US16852309 true 2009-04-10 2009-04-10
US61/168,523 2009-04-10

Applications Claiming Priority (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ES10762153T ES2439318T3 (en) 2009-04-10 2010-03-29 zoom optical system comprising liquid lenses
CN 201080016154 CN102388332A (en) 2009-04-10 2010-03-29 Variable power optical system
EP20100762153 EP2417488B1 (en) 2009-04-10 2010-03-29 Zoom optical system comprising liquid lenses
JP2012504706A JP5695028B2 (en) 2009-04-10 2010-03-29 Variable power optical system
CA 2758207 CA2758207A1 (en) 2009-04-10 2010-03-29 Variable power optical system

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WO2010117731A2 true true WO2010117731A2 (en) 2010-10-14
WO2010117731A3 true WO2010117731A3 (en) 2011-01-13

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US (2) US8638496B2 (en)
EP (1) EP2417488B1 (en)
JP (1) JP5695028B2 (en)
KR (1) KR101642169B1 (en)
CN (2) CN102388332A (en)
CA (1) CA2758207A1 (en)
ES (1) ES2439318T3 (en)
WO (1) WO2010117731A3 (en)

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JP2012523585A (en) 2012-10-04 application
EP2417488A2 (en) 2012-02-15 application
US20140285883A1 (en) 2014-09-25 application
EP2417488B1 (en) 2013-11-06 grant
US8638496B2 (en) 2014-01-28 grant
US20100259817A1 (en) 2010-10-14 application
KR20120004457A (en) 2012-01-12 application
CA2758207A1 (en) 2010-10-14 application
ES2439318T3 (en) 2014-01-22 grant
WO2010117731A3 (en) 2011-01-13 application
CN106886084A (en) 2017-06-23 application
CN102388332A (en) 2012-03-21 application
JP5695028B2 (en) 2015-04-01 grant
EP2417488A4 (en) 2012-09-19 application
KR101642169B1 (en) 2016-07-22 grant
US9285511B2 (en) 2016-03-15 grant

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