WO2010083644A1 - Uniform temperature heat-conductive pipe - Google Patents

Uniform temperature heat-conductive pipe Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2010083644A1
WO2010083644A1 PCT/CN2009/070251 CN2009070251W WO2010083644A1 WO 2010083644 A1 WO2010083644 A1 WO 2010083644A1 CN 2009070251 W CN2009070251 W CN 2009070251W WO 2010083644 A1 WO2010083644 A1 WO 2010083644A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
pipe
water
auxiliary
valve
main water
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2009/070251
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
施成福
Original Assignee
Shi Chengfu
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Shi Chengfu filed Critical Shi Chengfu
Priority to PCT/CN2009/070251 priority Critical patent/WO2010083644A1/en
Publication of WO2010083644A1 publication Critical patent/WO2010083644A1/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D17/00Domestic hot-water supply systems
    • F24D17/0078Recirculation systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D17/00Domestic hot-water supply systems
    • F24D17/0078Recirculation systems
    • F24D17/0084Coaxial tubings
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D19/00Details
    • F24D19/10Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • F24D19/1006Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices for water heating systems
    • F24D19/1051Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices for water heating systems for domestic hot water

Abstract

A uniform temperature heat-conductive pipe comprises a main water pipe (1), a front auxiliary pipe (2), a rear auxiliary pipe (3) and a valve (4). One end of the main water pipe (1) and one end of the front auxiliary pipe (2) are connected to a hot water source respectively. The other end of the main water pipe (1) and one end of the rear auxiliary pipe (3) are connected to each other to form a connection section (5). The valve (4) is set at the connection section (5). An inner circulation drive device is set between the front auxiliary pipe (2) and the rear auxiliary pipe (3). When the valve (4) is closed, the inner circulation drive device makes the water in the front auxiliary pipe (2) and in the rear auxiliary pipe (3) flow towards the connection section (5), and makes the water in the main water pipe (1) flow towards the hot water source. When the valve (4) is open, the inner circulation drive device makes the water in the main water pipe (1), in the front auxiliary pipe (2) and in the rear auxiliary pipe (3) flow towards the valve (4). The water in the pipe between the hot water source and the valve (4) can circulate with the hot water source. When the valve (4) is open, hot water can flow out.

Description

均温导热管  Uniform heat pipe
技术领域 Technical field
本发明涉及一种与热水源连接的输水管, 特别是涉及一种均温导热管。  The invention relates to a water pipe connected with a hot water source, in particular to a temperature equal heat pipe.
背景技术  Background technique
目前, 在民用或工业上有很多使用热水的场合, 从热水源到用水处一般都需要经过一段 一定长度输水管, 出水开关处于关闭的时段, 水管中不能流动的热水就会慢慢冷却, 当再次 用水时就需要先将水管中的冷水放掉才能使用到热水。 如家用电热水器, 燃气热水器以及住 宅小区管道热水供应系统都存在这种情况, 虽然现代的即热式电热水器的恒温技术水平有了 很大提高, 采用各种技术措施提高热水箱的恒温水平, 但是目前电热水器的恒温只是针对热 水箱本身的水温控制能力, 至于经过一段长水管后的水温就难以控制了, 因此当水龙头关闭 一段时间, 再次打开水龙头流出来的是冷水而不是热水, 甚至出现忽冷忽热的现象, 需要等 待一段时间才能让出水温度稳定下来, 这段水温调整的过程造成水资源的很大浪费, 同时也 消耗大量的能源。  At present, there are many places where hot water is used in civil or industrial applications. From a hot water source to a water supply, it is generally necessary to pass a certain length of water supply pipe. When the water outlet switch is in a closed period, the hot water that cannot flow in the water pipe will be slowly cooled. When you use water again, you need to drain the cold water from the water pipe to use the hot water. Such as household electric water heaters, gas water heaters and residential district pipeline hot water supply systems, this situation exists, although the thermostat technology level of modern instant electric water heaters has been greatly improved, using various technical measures to improve the thermostat temperature Level, but the current constant temperature of the electric water heater is only for the water temperature control ability of the hot water tank itself. As for the water temperature after a long water pipe, it is difficult to control. Therefore, when the faucet is closed for a period of time, the faucet is turned on again and the cold water is not hot. Water, even the phenomenon of cold and heat, needs to wait for a period of time to stabilize the temperature of the water. This process of water temperature adjustment causes a great waste of water resources and consumes a lot of energy.
发明内容  Summary of the invention
本发明要解决的技术问题是提供一种结构简单, 成本低廉, 操作方便的均温导热管。 本发明均温导热管, 包括主水管、 前副管、 后副管和阀门, 所述主水管和前副管的一端 分别与热水源相连通, 主水管的另一端和后副管的一端相互连通形成连通部, 所述连通部装 有阀门, 所述前副管和后副管之间还装有内循环动力装置, 其中当阀门关闭时, 所述内循环 动力装置使前、 后副管中的水向连通部流动, 使主水管中的水向热水源方向流动; 当阀门开 启时, 内循环动力装置使主水管和前、 后副管中的水向阀门方向流动。  The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a uniform temperature heat transfer tube which is simple in structure, low in cost and convenient in operation. The uniform temperature heat pipe of the present invention comprises a main water pipe, a front auxiliary pipe, a rear auxiliary pipe and a valve, wherein one ends of the main water pipe and the front auxiliary pipe are respectively connected with a hot water source, and the other end of the main water pipe and one end of the rear auxiliary pipe are mutually connected Connecting to form a communication portion, the communication portion is provided with a valve, and an inner circulation power device is further disposed between the front auxiliary pipe and the rear auxiliary pipe, wherein when the valve is closed, the inner circulation power device makes the front and rear auxiliary pipes The water in the flow flows to the communication portion, so that the water in the main water pipe flows toward the hot water source; when the valve is opened, the inner circulation power device causes the water in the main water pipe and the front and rear auxiliary pipes to flow toward the valve.
本发明均温导热管, 其中所述内循环动力装置包括单向阀和水泵, 所述单向阀的入水口 与水泵的入水口相连接并与前副管相连通, 单向阀的出水口与水泵的出水口相连接并与后副 管相连通, 所述主水管上装有控制水泵的开关装置。  The uniform temperature heat pipe of the present invention, wherein the inner circulation power device comprises a one-way valve and a water pump, wherein the water inlet of the one-way valve is connected with the water inlet of the water pump and communicates with the front auxiliary pipe, and the water outlet of the one-way valve It is connected with the water outlet of the water pump and communicates with the rear auxiliary pipe, and the main water pipe is provided with a switch device for controlling the water pump.
本发明均温导热管, 其中所述开关装置包括水流方向舵、 磁铁和磁敏开关, 所述水流方 向舵一端铰接在主水管内侧壁上, 水流方向舵的自由端上固定装有磁铁, 与磁铁相对应的主 水管外侧壁上装有磁敏开关, 所述水流方向舵的转轴处上还装有复位弹片, 所述复位弹片的 一端支撑在主水管内侧壁上, 另一端支撑在水流方向舵上, 所述磁敏开关的控制线与水泵串 联连接在电源上。  The uniform temperature heat pipe of the present invention, wherein the switch device comprises a water flow rudder, a magnet and a magnetic sensitive switch, wherein one end of the water flow rudder is hinged on the inner side wall of the main water pipe, and a magnet is fixed on the free end of the water flow rudder, corresponding to the magnet The outer side wall of the main water pipe is provided with a magnetic sensitive switch, and the rotating shaft of the water flow rudder is further provided with a reset elastic piece, one end of the reset elastic piece is supported on the inner side wall of the main water pipe, and the other end is supported on the water flow rudder, the magnetic The control line of the sensitive switch is connected in series with the water pump on the power supply.
本发明均温导热管, 其中所述开关装置为膜片压力开关, 所述膜片压力开关包括膜片、 顶杆、 微动开关和底板, 所述底板上部设有顶盖, 底板固定安装在主水管外侧壁上, 所述主 水管侧壁与底板上设有贯穿的压力通孔, 所述膜片固定安装在底板上并覆盖在压力通孔上, 膜片与顶杆的一端固定连接, 顶杆的另一端穿过顶盖与所述微动开关相对应, 所述顶杆上还 装有复位弹簧, 所述复位弹簧的一端支撑在膜片上, 另一端支撑在顶盖内侧, 所述微动开关 与水泵串联连接在电源上。 The uniform temperature heat pipe of the present invention, wherein the switch device is a diaphragm pressure switch, and the diaphragm pressure switch comprises a diaphragm, a top rod, a micro switch and a bottom plate, wherein a top cover is arranged on the upper part of the bottom plate, and the bottom plate is fixedly mounted on the outer side wall of the main water pipe, and the pressure pipe through hole is formed in the side wall of the main water pipe and the bottom plate, and the diaphragm is fixed Mounted on the bottom plate and covered on the pressure through hole, the diaphragm is fixedly connected with one end of the jack, and the other end of the jack passes through the top cover corresponding to the micro switch, and the top rod is further provided with a return spring One end of the return spring is supported on the diaphragm, and the other end is supported on the inner side of the top cover, and the micro switch is connected in series with the water pump on the power source.
本发明均温导热管, 其中所述单向阀由一个两位三通电磁阀代替, 所述两位三通电磁阀 的进口与前副管连通, 其中一个出口与后副管直接连通, 另一个出口与水泵的入水口连通。  The uniform temperature heat pipe of the present invention, wherein the one-way valve is replaced by a two-position three-way solenoid valve, the inlet of the two-position three-way solenoid valve is in communication with the front auxiliary pipe, and one of the outlets is in direct communication with the rear auxiliary pipe, and An outlet is connected to the water inlet of the pump.
本发明均温导热管, 其中所述主水管分为若干分水管分管, 所述后副管分为与主水管分 管相对应的若干后副管分管,所述主水管分管的末端与后副管分管的末端相连通形成连通部, 所述连通部装有阀门。  The uniform temperature heat pipe of the present invention, wherein the main water pipe is divided into a plurality of water pipe branches, the rear pipe is divided into a plurality of rear pipe branches corresponding to the main water pipe, and the end pipe and the rear pipe of the main water pipe are divided. The ends of the manifolds are connected to form a communication portion, and the communication portion is provided with a valve.
本发明均温导热管, 其中所述前副管和后副管设置在主水管内部。  The uniform temperature heat pipe of the present invention, wherein the front auxiliary pipe and the rear auxiliary pipe are disposed inside the main water pipe.
本发明均温导热管, 其中所述前副管和后副管与主水管为一条水管的两部分, 所述两部 分由水管中的隔板分隔形成。  The uniform temperature heat pipe of the present invention, wherein the front and rear auxiliary pipes and the main water pipe are two parts of a water pipe, and the two parts are separated by a partition in the water pipe.
本发明均温导热管, 其中所述前副管和后副管与主水管为两条水管, 且管壁相互分离。 本发明均温导热管与现有热水管路不同之处在于, 本发明均温导热管分为主水管和前、 后副管, 前、 后副管之间装有内循环动力装置, 后副管与主水管相连通, 在连通部位装有阀 门, 当阀门关闭时, 内循环动力装置中的水泵开始工作, 使热水从热水源中流入到前副管中, 通过水泵和后副管进入主水管, 再回到热水源中, 使主水管和前、 后副管中都充满热水, 当 阀门打开时, 热水直接从阀门中流出, 从而避免了由于等待水温调整而造成的水资源的浪费。  The uniform temperature heat pipe of the present invention, wherein the front auxiliary pipe and the rear auxiliary pipe and the main water pipe are two water pipes, and the pipe walls are separated from each other. The uniform temperature heat pipe of the present invention is different from the existing hot water pipe in that the uniform temperature heat pipe is divided into a main water pipe and a front and a rear auxiliary pipe, and an inner circulation power device is arranged between the front and rear auxiliary pipes. The auxiliary pipe is connected with the main water pipe, and a valve is arranged at the connecting portion. When the valve is closed, the water pump in the inner circulation power device starts to work, so that the hot water flows from the hot water source into the front auxiliary pipe, passes through the water pump and the rear auxiliary pipe. Enter the main water pipe and return to the hot water source, so that the main water pipe and the front and rear auxiliary pipes are filled with hot water. When the valve is opened, the hot water flows directly from the valve, thereby avoiding the water caused by waiting for the water temperature adjustment. Waste of resources.
下面结合附图对本发明的均温导热管作进一步说明。  The isothermal heat transfer tube of the present invention will be further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
附图说明  DRAWINGS
图 la为本发明均温导热管第一种实施方式的结构示意图 (阀门关闭时);  Figure la is a schematic structural view of the first embodiment of the uniform temperature heat pipe of the present invention (when the valve is closed);
图 lb为本发明均温导热管第一种实施方式的结构示意图 (阀门打开时);  Figure 1b is a schematic structural view of the first embodiment of the uniform temperature heat pipe of the present invention (when the valve is opened);
图 lc为图 lb的局部放大图;  Figure lc is a partial enlarged view of Figure lb;
图 Id为本发明均温导热管第一种实施方式中水泵的控制电路图;  Figure Id is a control circuit diagram of a water pump in a first embodiment of the uniform temperature heat pipe of the present invention;
图 2为本发明均温导热管第二种实施方式中开关装置的结构示意图;  2 is a schematic structural view of a switch device in a second embodiment of a uniform temperature heat pipe according to the present invention;
图 3a 为本发明均温导热管第三种实施方式中内循环动力装置的结构示意图 (阀门关闭 时);  Figure 3a is a schematic structural view of an internal circulation power unit in a third embodiment of the uniform temperature heat pipe of the present invention (when the valve is closed);
图 3b 为本发明均温导热管第三种实施方式中内循环动力装置的结构示意图 (阀门打开 时);  Figure 3b is a schematic view showing the structure of the internal circulation power device in the third embodiment of the uniform temperature heat pipe of the present invention (when the valve is opened);
图 4a为本发明均温导热管第四种实施方式中主水管分管与后副管分管的结构示意图(全 部阀门关闭时); 图 4b为本发明均温导热管第四种实施方式中主水管分管与后副管分管的结¾ 意图(全 部阀门打开时); 4a is a schematic structural view of a main water pipe branch and a rear sub pipe branch in the fourth embodiment of the uniform temperature heat pipe according to the present invention (when all valves are closed); Figure 4b is a schematic view of the junction of the main water pipe and the rear pipe in the fourth embodiment of the uniform temperature heat pipe of the present invention (when all the valves are opened);
图 4c为本发明均温导热管第四种实施方式中主水管分管与后副管分管的结构示意图(部 分阀门打开时);  Figure 4c is a schematic view showing the structure of the main water pipe branch and the rear auxiliary pipe branch in the fourth embodiment of the uniform temperature heat pipe according to the present invention (when the valve is opened);
图 5a为本发明均温导热管主水管和前、 后副管第一种连接方式的横截面示意图; 图 5b为本发明均温导热管主水管和前、 后副管第二种连接方式的横截面示意图; 图 5c为本发明均温导热管主水管和前、 后副管第三种连接方式的横截面示意图。 具体实施方式  5a is a cross-sectional view showing the first connection mode of the main water pipe and the front and rear auxiliary pipes of the uniform temperature heat pipe of the present invention; FIG. 5b is a second connection mode of the main water pipe of the uniform temperature heat pipe and the front and rear auxiliary pipes of the present invention; Cross-sectional schematic view; Figure 5c is a schematic cross-sectional view of the third connection mode of the main water pipe and the front and rear auxiliary pipes of the uniform temperature heat pipe. detailed description
如图 la和图 Id所示的均温导热管为本发明的第一种实施方式, 包括主水管 1, 套装在 主水管 1 中的前副管 2和后副管 3, 以及阈门 4, 主水管 1和前副管 2的一端分别与热水源 HT相连通, 主水管 1的另一端和后副管 3的一端相互连通形成连通部 5, 连通部 5装有阀门 4, 前副管 2和后副管 3之间还装有内循环动力装置, 内循环动力装置包括单向阀 6和微型水 泵 7, 单向阀 6的入水口与微型水泵 7的入水口相连接并与前副管 2相连通, 单向阀 6的出 水口与微型水泵 7的出水口相连接并与后副管 3相连通, 主水管 1上装有控制微型水泵 7的 开关装置, 开关装置包括水流方向舵 8、 磁铁 9和常闭磁敏开关 10, 水流方向舵 8—端铰接 在主水管 1内侧壁上, 水流方向舵 8的自由端上固定装有磁铁 9, 与磁铁 9相对应的主水管 1 外侧壁上装有常闭磁敏开关 10, 水流方向舵 8的转轴处上还装有复位弹片 11, 复位弹片 11 的一端支撑在主水管 1的内侧壁上, 另一端支撑在水流方向舵 8上, 常闭磁敏开关 10与微型 水泵 7的控制线串联连接在电源上。 当阀门 4关闭时, 复位弹片 11使水流方向舵 8上的磁铁 9远离常闭磁敏开关 10, 电路接通, 微型水泵 7处于工作状态, 热水源 HT中的水从前副管 2 进入, 通过微型水泵 7和后副管 3在连通部 5进入主水管 1 , 然后回到热水源 HT中, 使主水 管 1和前、 后副管 2、 3中保持有热水。  The uniform temperature heat pipe shown in FIGS. 1a and 1d is the first embodiment of the present invention, and includes a main water pipe 1, a front sub pipe 2 and a rear sub pipe 3 housed in the main water pipe 1, and a threshold door 4, One ends of the main water pipe 1 and the front sub-pipe 2 are respectively connected to the hot water source HT, and the other end of the main water pipe 1 and one end of the rear sub-pipe 3 communicate with each other to form a communication portion 5, and the communication portion 5 is provided with a valve 4, and the front sub-pipe 2 An inner circulation power unit is further disposed between the rear auxiliary pipe 3 and the inner circulation power unit, and the inner circulation power unit includes a one-way valve 6 and a micro water pump 7, and the water inlet of the one-way valve 6 is connected with the water inlet of the micro water pump 7 and the front auxiliary pipe 2 phase communication, the water outlet of the check valve 6 is connected with the water outlet of the micro water pump 7 and communicates with the rear auxiliary pipe 3, and the main water pipe 1 is provided with a switching device for controlling the micro water pump 7, the switching device includes a water flow rudder 8, a magnet 9 and the normally closed magnetic sensitive switch 10, the water flow rudder 8 - end is hinged on the inner side wall of the main water pipe 1, the free end of the water flow rudder 8 is fixedly equipped with a magnet 9, and the outer side wall of the main water pipe 1 corresponding to the magnet 9 is often provided Closed magnetic sensitive switch 10, water flow side The rotating shaft of the rudder 8 is further provided with a reset elastic piece 11, one end of the reset elastic piece 11 is supported on the inner side wall of the main water pipe 1, and the other end is supported on the water flow rudder 8, and the control line of the normally closed magnetic sensitive switch 10 and the micro water pump 7 Connected in series to the power supply. When the valve 4 is closed, the reset spring 11 causes the magnet 9 on the water rudder 8 to move away from the normally closed magnetic sensitive switch 10, the circuit is turned on, the micro water pump 7 is in operation, and the water in the hot water source HT enters from the front auxiliary pipe 2 through the micro The water pump 7 and the rear sub-pipe 3 enter the main water pipe 1 at the communication portion 5, and then return to the hot water source HT, so that hot water is maintained in the main water pipe 1 and the front and rear sub-pipes 2, 3.
如图 lb和图 lc所示, 当阀门 4打开时, 连通部 5压力降低, 热水从阀门 4流出, 主水 管 1中的水流方向改变, 使水流方向舵 8上的磁铁 9靠近常闭磁敏开关 10, 电路断开, 微型 水泵 7停止工作, 由于单向阀 6出水口端的水压比进水口端的水压低, 使单向阀 6打开, 热 水也可以从单向阀 6通过。  As shown in FIG. 1b and FIG. 1c, when the valve 4 is opened, the pressure of the communication portion 5 is lowered, the hot water flows out from the valve 4, and the direction of the water flow in the main water pipe 1 is changed, so that the magnet 9 on the water rudder 8 is close to the normally closed magnetic sensitivity. The switch 10, the circuit is disconnected, and the micro water pump 7 is stopped. Since the water pressure at the water outlet end of the check valve 6 is lower than the water pressure at the water inlet end, the check valve 6 is opened, and hot water can also pass through the check valve 6.
如图 2所示, 本发明第二种实施方式与第一种实施方式的区别在于开关装置, 第二种实 施方式的开关装置为膜片压力开关, 膜片压力开关包括膜片 28、 顶杆 29、 微动开关 30和底 板 19, 底板 19上部设有顶盖 24, 底板 19固定安装在主水管 21外侧壁上, 主水管 21的侧壁 和底板 19上开有一贯贯穿的压力通孔 20, 膜片 28固定安装在底板 19上并覆盖在压力通孔 20上,膜片 28与顶杆 29的一端固定连接, 顶杆 29的另一端穿过顶盖 24与所述微动开关 30  As shown in FIG. 2, the second embodiment of the present invention differs from the first embodiment in a switching device. The switching device of the second embodiment is a diaphragm pressure switch, and the diaphragm pressure switch includes a diaphragm 28 and a ejector. 29, the micro switch 30 and the bottom plate 19, the upper part of the bottom plate 19 is provided with a top cover 24, the bottom plate 19 is fixedly mounted on the outer side wall of the main water pipe 21, and the side wall of the main water pipe 21 and the bottom plate 19 are provided with a pressure through hole 20 which is continuously penetrated. The diaphragm 28 is fixedly mounted on the bottom plate 19 and covers the pressure through hole 20. The diaphragm 28 is fixedly connected to one end of the jack 29, and the other end of the jack 29 passes through the top cover 24 and the micro switch 30.
替換页(细则第 26条) 相对应, 顶杆 29上还装有复位弹簧 25, 复位弹簧的 25—端支撑在膜片 28上, 另一端支撑 在顶盖 24的内侧, 微动开关 30与微型水泵 27串联连接在电源上。 当阀门关闭时, 主水管 21中的压力升高, 膜片 28在压力通孔 20中水压的作用下推动顶杆 29, 当顶杆 29碰到微动 开关 30时, 电路接通, 微型水泵 27处于工作状态, 热水源中的水从前副管 22进入, 流过微 型水泵 27和后副管 23, 再从连通部进入主水管 21, 然后回到热水源中, 使主水管 21和前、 后副管 22、 23中保持有热水; 当阀门打开时, 主水管 21中的压力下降, 顶杆 29在复位弹簧 25的作用下远离微动开关 30, 电路断开, 微型水泵 27停止工作, 由于单向阀 26出水口端的 水压比进水口端的水压低, 使单向阀 26打开, 热水也可以从单向阀 26通过。 Replacement page (Article 26) Correspondingly, the ejector pin 29 is further provided with a return spring 25, the 25-end of the return spring is supported on the diaphragm 28, and the other end is supported on the inner side of the top cover 24, and the micro switch 30 is connected in series with the micro water pump 27 on the power supply. . When the valve is closed, the pressure in the main water pipe 21 rises, and the diaphragm 28 pushes the ram 29 under the water pressure in the pressure through hole 20. When the ram 29 hits the micro switch 30, the circuit is turned on, the micro The water pump 27 is in operation, the water in the hot water source enters from the front sub-pipe 22, flows through the micro water pump 27 and the rear sub-tube 23, enters the main water pipe 21 from the communication portion, and then returns to the hot water source, so that the main water pipe 21 and the front The hot water is maintained in the rear sub-pipes 22, 23; when the valve is opened, the pressure in the main water pipe 21 is lowered, the jack 29 is moved away from the micro switch 30 by the return spring 25, the circuit is disconnected, and the micro water pump 27 is stopped. Working, since the water pressure at the water outlet end of the check valve 26 is lower than the water pressure at the water inlet end, the check valve 26 is opened, and hot water can also pass through the check valve 26.
如图 3a和图 3b所示, 第三种实施方式与前两种实施方式的区别在于内循环动力装置, 第三种实施方式用一个两位三通电磁阀 36取代了单向阀, 两位三通电磁阀 36的进口与前副 管 32连通, 其中一个出口与后副管 33直接连通, 另一个出口与微型水泵 37的入水口连通。 当阀门关闭时, 微型水泵 37工作, 两位三通电磁阀 36的将前副管 32与微型水泵 37接通; 当阀门打开时, 微型水泵 37停止工作, 两位三通电磁阀 36得到一个电讯号, 将前副管 32直 接与后副管 33接通。 本实施方式适合用在电热水器上。  As shown in Figures 3a and 3b, the third embodiment differs from the first two embodiments in the internal circulation power unit. The third embodiment replaces the check valve with a two-position three-way solenoid valve 36, two The inlet of the three-way solenoid valve 36 is in communication with the front sub-pipe 32, one of which is in direct communication with the rear sub-pipe 33 and the other of which is in communication with the water inlet of the micro-pump 37. When the valve is closed, the micro water pump 37 is operated, and the front three-way solenoid valve 36 is connected to the micro-pump 37; when the valve is opened, the micro-pump 37 is stopped, and the two-way three-way solenoid valve 36 is obtained. The electric signal is connected to the front sub-pipe 33 directly to the rear sub-pipe 33. This embodiment is suitable for use on an electric water heater.
本发明第四种实施方式与前三种实施方式的区别仅在于将主水管 41 分为若干条主水管 分管 42, 后副管 43分为与主水管分管 42相对应的若干后副管分管 44, 主水管分管 42的末 端与后副管分管的 44末端相连通形成连通部 45, 连通部 45装有阀门 46。 如图 4a所示, 当 全部阀门 46关闭时, 微型水泵开始工作, 后副管 43中的热水进入后副管分管 44中, 经过连 通部 45流入主水管分管 42中, 再汇入主水管 41之后流回到热水源 HT中; 如图 4b所示, 当全部阀门 46打开时, 微型水泵停止工作, 主水管 41中的热水流入主水管分管 42中, 通过 阀门 46流出, 后副管 43中的热水流入后副管分管 44中, 通过阀门 46流出; 如图 4c所示, 当部分阀门 46打开时, 微型水泵停止工作, 主水管 41中的热水流入被打开阀门 46的主水管 分管 42内, 通过被打开的阀门 46流出, 后副管 43中的热水流入后副管分管 44中, 在打开 的阀门 46处流出, 在关闭的阀门 46处经过连通部 45流入相应的主水管分管 42中, 再流入 其他阀门 46打开的主水管分管 42内, 通过打开的阀门 46流出。  The fourth embodiment of the present invention differs from the first three embodiments only in that the main water pipe 41 is divided into a plurality of main water pipe branches 42 and the rear sub-pipe 43 is divided into a plurality of rear sub-pipes 44 corresponding to the main water pipe branch 42. The end of the main water pipe branch 42 communicates with the end 44 of the rear sub-pipe branch to form a communication portion 45, and the communication portion 45 is provided with a valve 46. As shown in Fig. 4a, when all the valves 46 are closed, the micro water pump starts to work, and the hot water in the rear sub-pipe 43 enters the rear sub-pipe 44, flows into the main water pipe branch 42 through the communication portion 45, and then flows into the main water pipe. 41 then flows back to the hot water source HT; as shown in Fig. 4b, when all the valves 46 are opened, the micro water pump stops working, and the hot water in the main water pipe 41 flows into the main water pipe branch 42, flows out through the valve 46, and the rear auxiliary pipe The hot water in 43 flows into the rear sub-pipe 44 and flows out through the valve 46. As shown in Fig. 4c, when the partial valve 46 is opened, the micro water pump stops working, and the hot water in the main water pipe 41 flows into the main body of the opened valve 46. The water pipe branch 42 flows out through the opened valve 46, and the hot water in the rear sub-pipe 43 flows into the rear sub-pipe 44, flows out at the open valve 46, and flows through the communication portion 45 at the closed valve 46. The main water pipe branch 42 flows into the main water pipe branch 42 where the other valves 46 are opened, and flows out through the open valve 46.
主水管与前、后副管的设置方式为多种, 优选为图 5a所示的前、后副管 A设置在主水管 M内部, 这种方式的热损失最小; 如图 5b所示, 还可以将一条水管分为两部分, 一部分作为 主水管 M', 另一部分作前副管或后副管 A' ; 如图 5c所示, 前、 后副管 A"与主水管 M"为两 条独立的水管, 其管壁之间可以有一定的距离也可以连接在一起。 The main water pipe and the front and rear auxiliary pipes are arranged in various ways. Preferably, the front and rear auxiliary pipes A shown in FIG. 5a are disposed inside the main water pipe M, and the heat loss in this manner is minimum; as shown in FIG. 5b, A water pipe can be divided into two parts, one part as the main water pipe M' and the other part as the front auxiliary pipe or the rear auxiliary pipe A'; as shown in Fig. 5c, the front and rear auxiliary pipes A" and the main water pipe M" are two Independent water pipes can be connected to each other at a certain distance between the pipe walls.
以上所述的实施例仅仅是对本发明的优选实施方式进行描述, 并非对本发明的范围进行 限定, 在不脱离本发明设计精神的前提下, 本领域普通技术人员对本发明的技术方案作出的 各种变形和改进, 均应落入本发明权利要求书确定的保护范围内。 工业实用性 The embodiments described above are only intended to describe the preferred embodiments of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and various embodiments of the present invention may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention. Modifications and improvements are intended to fall within the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims. Industrial applicability
本发明均温导热管, 主要应用于连接热水源和阀门, 在节约水资源和能源方面都能起到 很显著的效果, 本发明均温导热管的结构简单, 使用方便, 并且很容易实现对现有管路的改 造, 因此具有很高的工业实用性。  The uniform temperature heat pipe of the invention is mainly used for connecting hot water source and valve, and can play a significant effect in saving water resources and energy. The uniform temperature heat pipe of the invention has simple structure, convenient use, and is easy to realize. The transformation of the existing pipelines has a high industrial applicability.

Claims

权 利 要 求 Rights request
1、 一种均温导热管, 其特征在于: 包括主水管、 前副管、 后副管和阀门, 所述主水管和 前副管的一端分别与热水源相连通, 主水管的另一端和后副管的一端相互连通形成连通部, 所述连通部装有阀门, 所述前副管和后副管之间还装有内循环动力装置, 1. A uniform temperature heat pipe, comprising: a main water pipe, a front auxiliary pipe, a rear auxiliary pipe and a valve, wherein one ends of the main water pipe and the front auxiliary pipe are respectively connected with a hot water source, and the other end of the main water pipe and One end of the rear auxiliary pipe communicates with each other to form a communication portion, the communication portion is provided with a valve, and an inner circulation power device is further disposed between the front auxiliary pipe and the rear auxiliary pipe.
其中当阀门关闭时, 所述内循环动力装置使前、 后副管中的水向连通部流动, 使主水管 中的水向热水源方向流动; 当阀门开启时, 内循环动力装置使主水管和前、 后副管中的水向 阀门方向流动。  Wherein, when the valve is closed, the inner circulation power device causes water in the front and rear auxiliary pipes to flow to the communication portion, so that the water in the main water pipe flows toward the hot water source; when the valve is opened, the inner circulation power device makes the main water pipe The water in the front and rear auxiliary pipes flows in the direction of the valve.
2、 根据权利要求 1所述的均温导热管, 其特征在于: 所述内循环动力装置包括单向阀和 水泵, 所述单向阀的入水口与水泵的入水口相连接并与前副管相连通, 单向阀的出水口与水 泵的出水口相连接并与后副管相连通, 所述主水管上装有控制水泵的开关装置。  2. The uniform temperature heat pipe according to claim 1, wherein: the inner circulation power device comprises a one-way valve and a water pump, and the water inlet of the one-way valve is connected to the water inlet of the water pump and the front pair The pipe is connected, and the water outlet of the one-way valve is connected with the water outlet of the water pump and communicates with the rear auxiliary pipe, and the main water pipe is provided with a switch device for controlling the water pump.
3、 根据权利要求 2所述的均温导热管, 其特征在于: 所述开关装置包括水流方向舵、 磁 铁和磁敏开关, 所述水流方向舵一端铰接在主水管内侧壁上, 水流方向舵的自由端上固定装 有磁铁, 与磁铁相对应的主水管外侧壁上装有磁敏开关, 所述水流方向舵的转轴处上还装有 复位弹片, 所述复位弹片的一端支撑在主水管内侧壁上, 另一端支撑在水流方向舵上, 所述 磁敏开关的控制线与水泵串联连接在电源上。  3. The uniform temperature heat pipe according to claim 2, wherein: said switching device comprises a water flow rudder, a magnet and a magnetic sensitive switch, wherein one end of said water flow rudder is hinged on an inner side wall of the main water pipe, and the free end of the water flow rudder The magnet is fixed on the upper side of the main water pipe corresponding to the magnet, and the magnetic sensitive switch is mounted on the outer side wall of the main water pipe. The rotating shaft of the water flow rudder is further provided with a reset elastic piece, and one end of the reset elastic piece is supported on the inner side wall of the main water pipe, and One end is supported on the water flow rudder, and the control line of the magnetic sensitive switch is connected in series with the water pump on the power source.
4、 根据权利要求 2所述的均温导热管, 其特征在于: 所述开关装置为膜片压力开关, 所 述膜片压力开关包括膜片、 顶杆、 微动开关和底板, 所述底板上部设有顶盖, 底板固定安装 在主水管外侧壁上, 所述主水管侧壁与底板上设有贯穿的压力通孔, 所述膜片固定安装在底 板上并覆盖在压力通孔上, 膜片与顶杆的一端固定连接, 顶杆的另一端穿过顶盖与所述微动 开关相对应, 所述顶杆上还装有复位弹簧, 所述复位弹簧的一端支撑在膜片上, 另一端支撑 在顶盖内侧, 所述微动开关与水泵串联连接在电源上。  4. The temperature-equalizing heat pipe according to claim 2, wherein: said switching device is a diaphragm pressure switch, and said diaphragm pressure switch comprises a diaphragm, a jack, a micro switch and a bottom plate, said bottom plate The upper part is provided with a top cover, and the bottom plate is fixedly mounted on the outer side wall of the main water pipe. The side wall of the main water pipe and the bottom plate are provided with a through pressure through hole, and the diaphragm is fixedly mounted on the bottom plate and covered on the pressure through hole. The diaphragm is fixedly connected to one end of the jack, and the other end of the jack corresponds to the micro switch through the top cover. The jack is further provided with a return spring, and one end of the return spring is supported on the diaphragm. The other end is supported on the inner side of the top cover, and the micro switch is connected in series with the water pump on the power source.
5、 根据权利要求 3或 4所述的均温导热管, 其特征在于: 所述单向阀由一个两位三通电 磁阀代替, 所述两位三通电磁阀的进口与前副管连通, 其中一个出口与后副管直接连通, 另 一个出口与水泵的入水口连通。  5. The uniform temperature heat pipe according to claim 3 or 4, wherein: the one-way valve is replaced by a two-position three-way solenoid valve, and an inlet of the two-position three-way solenoid valve is connected to the front auxiliary pipe One of the outlets is in direct communication with the rear auxiliary pipe, and the other outlet is connected to the water inlet of the water pump.
6、 根据权利要求 5所述的均温导热管, 其特征在于: 所述主水管分为若干分水管分管, 所述后副管分为与主水管分管相对应的若干后副管分管, 所述主水管分管的末端与后副管分 管的末端相连通形成连通部, 所述连通部装有阀门。  6. The uniform temperature heat pipe according to claim 5, wherein: the main water pipe is divided into a plurality of water distribution pipes, and the rear auxiliary pipe is divided into a plurality of rear auxiliary pipes corresponding to the main water pipe. The end of the main water pipe branch communicates with the end of the rear sub-pipe branch to form a communication portion, and the communication portion is provided with a valve.
7、 根据权利要求 6所述的均温导热管, 其特征在于: 所述前副管和后副管设置在主水管 内部。  7. The temperature equalizing heat pipe according to claim 6, wherein: the front sub pipe and the rear sub pipe are disposed inside the main water pipe.
8、 根据权利要求 6所述的均温导热管, 其特征在于: 所述前副管和后副管与主水管为一 条水管的两部分, 所述两部分由水管中的隔板分隔形成。 8. The isothermal heat pipe according to claim 6, wherein: the front sub-pipe and the rear sub-pipe and the main water pipe are two parts of a water pipe, and the two parts are separated by a partition in the water pipe.
9、 根据权利要求 6所述的均温导热管, 其特征在于: 所述前副管和后副管与主水管为两 条水管, 且管壁相互分离。 9. The uniform temperature heat pipe according to claim 6, wherein: the front and rear auxiliary pipes and the main water pipe are two water pipes, and the pipe walls are separated from each other.
PCT/CN2009/070251 2009-01-21 2009-01-21 Uniform temperature heat-conductive pipe WO2010083644A1 (en)

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