WO2010079115A2 - Heating positive-displacement pump for liquids - Google Patents

Heating positive-displacement pump for liquids Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2010079115A2
WO2010079115A2 PCT/EP2009/068040 EP2009068040W WO2010079115A2 WO 2010079115 A2 WO2010079115 A2 WO 2010079115A2 EP 2009068040 W EP2009068040 W EP 2009068040W WO 2010079115 A2 WO2010079115 A2 WO 2010079115A2
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
liquid
cylinder
temperature
pump
heating
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/EP2009/068040
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
WO2010079115A3 (en
Inventor
Vincent Grenon
Luis Duarte
Original Assignee
Gotec Sa
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CH00022/09A priority Critical patent/CH698340B1/en
Priority to CH00022/09 priority
Application filed by Gotec Sa filed Critical Gotec Sa
Publication of WO2010079115A2 publication Critical patent/WO2010079115A2/en
Publication of WO2010079115A3 publication Critical patent/WO2010079115A3/en

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H1/00Water heaters having heat generating means, e.g. boiler, flow- heater, water-storage heater
    • F24H1/10Continuous-flow heaters, i.e. in which heat is generated only while the water is flowing, e.g. with direct contact of the water with the heating medium
    • F24H1/12Continuous-flow heaters, i.e. in which heat is generated only while the water is flowing, e.g. with direct contact of the water with the heating medium in which the water is kept separate from the heating medium
    • F24H1/14Continuous-flow heaters, i.e. in which heat is generated only while the water is flowing, e.g. with direct contact of the water with the heating medium in which the water is kept separate from the heating medium by tubes, e.g. bent in serpentine form
    • F24H1/142Continuous-flow heaters, i.e. in which heat is generated only while the water is flowing, e.g. with direct contact of the water with the heating medium in which the water is kept separate from the heating medium by tubes, e.g. bent in serpentine form using electric energy supply
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B39/00Component parts, details, or accessories, of pumps or pumping systems specially adapted for elastic fluids, not otherwise provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B25/00 - F04B37/00
    • F04B39/12Casings; Cylinders; Cylinder heads; Fluid connections
    • F04B39/122Cylinder block
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B53/00Component parts, details or accessories not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B23/00 or F04B39/00 - F04B47/00
    • F04B53/08Cooling; Heating; Preventing freezing
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B53/00Component parts, details or accessories not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B23/00 or F04B39/00 - F04B47/00
    • F04B53/16Casings; Cylinders; Cylinder liners or heads; Fluid connections
    • F04B53/162Adaptations of cylinders
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/20Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices or methods
    • F24H9/2007Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices or methods for water heaters
    • F24H9/2014Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices or methods for water heaters for heaters using electrical energy supply
    • F24H9/2028Continuous-flow heaters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B2205/00Fluid parameters
    • F04B2205/11Outlet temperature

Abstract

The invention relates to a liquid pump comprising: a cylinder (2); a valve (4) for taking liquid into the cylinder; a valve (5) for discharging the liquid out of the cylinder; a piston (2) sliding in said cylinder so as to draw the liquid into the cylinder and to expel the liquid out of the cylinder; a cylinder-heating electric circuit (7) with at least one resistor (70, 71) for electrically heating the liquid in the cylinder; a temperature sensor (11) for measuring the liquid temperature in the cylinder; and a control circuit (8) for reducing the electric current in said heating electric circuit and for starting the discharge of the liquid out of the cylinder as soon as the liquid temperature has reached a predetermined setpoint value.

Description

 Volumetric heating pump for liquids

Technical area

The present invention relates to a positive displacement liquid pump including a heating body. A particular application of this pump relates to the heating at a given temperature of a precise dose of liquid, for example in a hot drink dispenser.

State of the art

[0002] Numerous examples of liquid pumps operating according to different principles are known. There are also different types of water heaters. Many coffee machines use a tank in which the water is preheated before being pumped through the coffee powder and then poured into the cups. These devices require preheating a larger volume of water than that which will ultimately be used, which causes energy waste. Conversely, when a volume of coffee is required that is greater than the capacity of the tank, it is necessary to wait after filling until the newly introduced water has been heated.

Also known are continuous liquid heating devices in which the water is heated during its passage through a tube or pipe. Such devices are described for example in the patent application EP-A1 -1380243 (Nestec SA) which illustrates a liquid heating module comprising a hollow tube coated with at least two heating resistors, for example son or conductive inks deposited on a substrate. A similar solution is also described in EP-A1 -1097663. The solutions of the prior art generally require a pump to circulate the water in a heating tube or a thermoblock, and a flow meter to control the amount of water supplied. The complete device therefore comprises many discrete discrete parts, complex to combine, and whose assembly requires a large volume. Moreover, the temperature of the water depends both on the electric current in the heating module and the flow rate of the water in the tube, which requires rather complex regulation.

The patent application FR2780262 discloses a coffee machine comprising a hollow piston pump driven by an electromagnetic motor. The hollow piston traversed by the liquid is difficult to clean; in addition, it does not allow to move a constant volume of water with each actuation. A flowmeter is therefore required, formed in this case of a crazy wheel with blades rotated by the flow of liquid.

Other examples of hot beverage dispenser comprising a piston pump are described in patents US2654505 and FR2012636.

The patent application EP-A1 -496939 discloses another pump for a coffee machine comprising a piston sliding in a cylinder actuated by a motor and an actuator. The stroke of the piston, which determines the volume of liquid sucked and then rejected into the cylinder, is controlled using microconnectors or an encoder connected to the engine. The signals from the microswitches or the encoder are processed by electronics that generate control signals for the motor. The volume of water in the cylinder is heated using a resistive wire wound around the outer surface of the cylinder and traversed by an electric current.

This arrangement makes it possible to heat the liquid directly inside the pump, so that an additional heating tube is not required. In addition, the use of a piston pump makes it easy to control the volume of liquid aspirated, simply by changing the stroke of the piston. However, the time it takes to get a cup of hot coffee is important for several reasons:

First, the tube is heated using a discrete wire wound around the cylinder. Only a part of the heat emitted by the wire is transmitted to the cylinder and then to the liquid; the rest is dissipated in the air. The thermal resistance between the wire and the cylinder is indeed important, unless expensive measurements, for example the use of an electrically conductive paste, are implemented.

On the other hand, the heating of the cylinder begins only when it is full of liquid. The significant thermal inertia of the heating wire and the cylinder slows the heat transfer and increases the time required to heat the volume of liquid sucked. This inertia also makes it difficult to precisely maintain a constant temperature of the liquid; the reaction time of the system is too important, especially when the external conditions change, for example during the evacuation of the liquid. Moreover, because of the high thermal inertia and the thermal resistance between the wire and the cylinder, the system remains hot for a relatively long time even when the electric current is interrupted.

Finally, the heat of the resistance is transmitted over the entire length of the cylinder, even when a small amount of liquid must be heated for an espresso for example. The turns of the resistance above the piston, in the empty zone of liquid, provide a heat which is scarcely used and which is transmitted to the environment at a loss. If the wastage of electric current that results can be tolerated in a plant powered by the mains electricity, this is not the case in the case of a machine intended to be powered by a power source. autonomous, for example a car battery. Brief summary of the invention

An object of the present invention is to provide a liquid pump free from the limitations of the pumps described in the documents mentioned above. In particular, one goal is to provide a pump for quickly transferring and heating a controlled volume of liquid, using a compact device and easy to manufacture and assemble.

It has been discovered in the context of this invention that the quality of a coffee depends greatly on the temperature of the water passing through the powder; a precisely controlled and constant temperature throughout the flow through the powder can significantly improve the quality of coffee obtained. Indeed, a temperature too low does not allow water to carry all the aromas of coffee. Another object of the invention is therefore to provide a device for delivering a controlled volume of water, at a controlled flow pressure, and with a constant temperature throughout the flow.

According to the invention, these objects are achieved in particular by means of a liquid pump comprising the features of the main claim, and using a method comprising the characteristics of the independent process claim. Preferred but non-essential embodiments are indicated in the dependent claims and in the description.

Brief description of the figures

Examples of implementation of the invention are indicated in the description illustrated by the appended figures in which: [0016] Figure 1 illustrates a perspective view of a pump according to the invention.

Figure 2 illustrates a sectional view of a pump according to the invention, shown without the motor element.

Figure 3 is a block diagram of the system.

Example (s) of embodiment of the invention

An example pump according to the invention is illustrated in Figure 1. The pump comprises a cylinder 2 of cylindrical section in this non-limiting example. A piston 3 can slide inside the cylinder, being moved by a motor element 1. A liquid coming from a tank not shown or from a source of liquid not shown can enter the internal volume of the cylinder by a valve 4 or 5 valves can be controlled electromechanically by actuators, mechanically by the movements of the piston, or opened and closed automatically depending on the differences in pressure between the inside and the outside of the cylinder.

The motor 1 is preferably an electric linear cylinder capable of moving alternately in one direction and then in the other when an electric current is supplied thereto. According to a preferred feature of the invention, the motor can be powered at 12 or 24 volts, or at a lower voltage, which allows it to be used in an automobile with the current produced by a battery. Other DC or alternating voltage sources are also conceivable within the scope of the invention. Rotary motors with a worm, cam, connecting rod or toothed belt system for converting rotation into a translation, or pneumatic cylinders can also be employed. In a preferred embodiment, the stroke of the piston can be controlled to vary the amount of liquid sucked by the valve 4 and then expelled via the valve 5. The stroke is preferably controlled by a microcontroller by changing the duration of supply of the motor 1. The control can be carried out in an open circuit, that is to say by applying a pulse duration which depends solely on the set value chosen for the stroke and the volume, or preferably in circuit closed with a feedback loop taking into account a measurement value provided by a position sensor 6. The position sensor may comprise for example one or more Hall effect sensors, or an encoder, connected to the movable shaft of the motor 1.

The piston comprises a piston head provided in this example with two peripheral seals 30, 31 each engaged in an annular groove at the periphery of the piston head. The seals 30, 31 are for example o-ring seals and are slightly compressed against the inner face of the cylinder. Other joint geometries, different from the o-ring, can also provide the sealing function. A lubricant 32, for example a food compatible grease, is trapped between the two seals, the outer surface of the piston and the inner face of the cylinder in order to lubricate the piston and facilitate its movements.

The cylinder is preferably made of metal, for example stainless steel or another material good thermal conductor. Its outer faces are at least partially covered with electrical tracks 70, 71, .. part of an electric heating circuit 7; the tracks have an electrical resistance that can produce heat when a current flows through them. In a preferred embodiment, the tracks 70, 71 consist of conductive ink electrically deposited in thin layers by screen printing or by another printing process on the outer surface 20 of the cylinder 2. In fact, it has been found that surprisingly that this process makes it possible to print sufficiently thick and resistant layers to not be destroyed by the large currents needed to heat the water - even if the supply voltage is reduced, for example 12V or 24V DC.

The electric circuit formed by the tracks preferably comprises several branches 70, resp. 71 connected in parallel, which reduces the current in each branch. Electrical switches 72 resp. 73, for example transistors, integrated circuits or relays, make it possible to modify the configuration of the circuit and to control the branches which are supplied with current and which contribute to the heating of the cylinder and the liquid in the cylinder. These switches may be provided on the surface of the cylinder, or more easily in the electronic circuit which supplies the current to the various branches of the circuit.

In a preferred embodiment, the electric heating circuit 7 comprises at least two branches 70, 71 which occupy or overlap separate longitudinal portions of the cylinder. It is thus possible to choose the longitudinal portion of the cylinder which is heated at each instant by selecting the branches 70 or 70 + 71 supplied with current. Thus, a number of branches will be fed depending on the amount of volume to be heated, so as to avoid large portions of the cylinder above the upper stroke limit of the piston. In one example, only the bottom half of the cylinder is heated with the branch 70 when a desired produces a half volume of hot water cylinder. The number of heating tracks 70, 71 may be greater than two.

The choice of the number of branches supplied with current may also depend on the temperature of the desired liquid. In general, the heating power, and therefore the time required to obtain a given liquid temperature, can be controlled by acting on one or more of the following parameters: • Number of branches 70, 71 of the circuit supplied with current

• Branch connection between them (series, parallel, etc.)

• Duration of the current in the various branches 70, 71. It is possible to feed certain branches longer, or differently, than others.

• Intensity of the current in each branch, or modulation of this intensity as a function of time.

The choice of the above parameters depends on the volume of liquid to be heated and the set temperature introduced with a control circuit 12, and possibly the initial temperature of the cylinder if it is known. A temperature sensor 11 is used to measure the temperature of the liquid or a piece in contact with the liquid, in order to interrupt or modify the electric current as a function of the measured temperature. In a variant, the temperature sensor 11 also makes it possible to detect the presence or absence of the liquid in the cylinder 2 because the temperature progression of the cylinder varies accordingly. The heating is thus secure in case of absence of liquid.

The different branches of the circuit 70, 71 do not necessarily all have the same length, the same thickness, the same width and / or the same electrical resistance.

In an advantageous embodiment, the pressure of the liquid ejected from the cylinder is also controlled by means of a reaction loop, in order to use a pressure of the liquid through the beverage powder adapted to the type of liquid. desired drink. The pressure of the liquid influences indeed directly the quality of the coffee or drink. For this purpose, the device of the invention advantageously comprises a pressure detector 13 downstream of the cylinder, supplying a measurement value used by a control circuit to control the current applied to the piston translation system and thus obtain a pressure of constant liquid during the evacuation and close to the set point depending on the desired drink. The system makes it possible not only to control and possibly modify the extraction pressure of the discharged liquid, but in a variant it also makes it possible to perform a reversal of the flow. The reversibility of the pump makes it possible, for example, to re-suck up part of the extracted coffee or to rinsing the device. In another variant the pressure can be deduced from the knowledge of the consumption current of the engine 1, without using the sensor 13.

The thin-film heating element may be replaced by an Egotherm (trademark) type resistor, or other similar heating systems having heating elements wound and welded around the outer surface of a cylinder. Alternatively, the heating element is replaced or supplemented with a cooling element, for example Peltier type, to lower the temperature of a liquid that enters the preheated pump.

The device described above can be further modified using two or more pistons advantageously working out of phase to transfer and heat several times controlled amounts of liquid. This makes it possible to supply a hot liquid continuously without any dead point when filling the piston. Moreover, by modifying the number of pistons actually used, it is possible to control the volume of heated and transferred liquid. The number of pistons used can be modified using numerical controls to control the valves that must be opened or closed during each cycle, and possibly the pistons that need to be moved. The different pistons can be driven by the same engine or cylinder, or by individual cylinders. It is also possible to use double-acting pistons, which sucks and pumps the liquid continuously to reduce the pulling time.

We will now describe the process used to produce a desired amount of hot liquid. In a first step, at least one electrical switch (for example 72 or 72 + 73) is open in order to circulate an electric current in one of the conductive tracks 70, 71 on the outer surface 20 of the cylinder, so as to preheat this cylinder . The heat produced by the thin resistive layers is immediately transmitted to the corresponding portion of the walls of the cylinder 2. Simultaneously, or shortly before or after, the inlet valve 4 is opened while the expulsion valve 5 is closed, for example electromechanically under the control of an electronic control circuit, or mechanically, for example using springs.

The piston 3 is then raised under the action of the engine 1, so as to suck the liquid inside the cylinder 2 and through the intake valve 4. The heating of the cylinder is preferably continued at course of aspiration. The stroke of the piston 3 is preferably regulated so as to correspond to the volume of liquid to be produced by means of the open-loop control or closed feedback loop mentioned above. The heating of the liquid can thus be started at the beginning of the aspiration, in order to arrive quickly at the desired temperature, or only at the end of the aspiration, after a given time, in order to avoid the risk of a temperature. excessive if a significant amount of energy is transmitted to a reduced volume of liquid.

When the piston 3 has reached the end of travel or the height corresponding to the desired volume of liquid, it is preferably maintained at this position for the time necessary for heating the liquid to the desired temperature. This time can be determined according to the volume of liquid, or preferably interrupted when the temperature sensor 11 indicates that the liquid has reached the desired temperature, for example 94 ° C for the coffee. In one embodiment, the current flowing through the resistors is progressively reduced when the temperature of the liquid approaches the setpoint, in order to arrive precisely at this value quickly and without exceeding it. The electric current injected into the circuit, as well as the number of branches through which a current flows, can be regulated according to the volume of liquid to be heated and / or the target temperature to be reached. The inlet valve 4 is preferably closed as soon as the piston has reached its maximum height, in order to prevent the heated liquid from coming out through the inlet channel or the heat escaping by convection or mixture of liquid. .

The expulsion valve 5 is then opened, and the piston 3 down to expel the heated liquid. The heating of the cylinder can be maintained and regulated during this expulsion phase so as to ensure a constant temperature of the liquid throughout the expulsion. In a preferred embodiment, the heating is interrupted, or at least reduced by decreasing the electric current, before the complete expulsion of the liquid out of the cylinder. This exploits the thermal inertia of the cylinder and it avoids transmitting heat to the cylinder which will not have time to be communicated to the liquid. The interruption or the rapid reduction of the heating also makes it possible to avoid excessive temperature differences between the last drops of liquid expelled and those leaving the cylinder first, which makes it possible, for example, to avoid the production of unnecessary steam. by evaporation of the last drops of liquid. It is also possible to modify the electrical connections of the heating circuit during the displacement of the piston, and for example to interrupt more quickly the supply of printed tracks which cover the top of the emptied cylinder first. An electronic circuit 8, for example a microcontroller controlled by a computer program or an FPGA circuit, preferably controls the following sequence of events:

• Opening and closing the valves 4, 5.

• Motor 1 supply so as to cause the piston to move in one direction or the other

• Control of the different tracks 70, 71, .. of the heating circuit 7

• Taking into account the signals provided by the position sensors 6 of the piston, by the temperature sensor 11, by the pressure sensor 13 and by a control circuit 12 for entering setpoints for the volume to be heated and / or the temperature and pressure to obtain.

In the embodiments described above, the liquid is heated in the cylinder. However, it is also possible to suck and transfer a liquid with the described pump without heating it, for example by controlling the heating body so as not to circulate current, or by providing a pump without heating body or by sucking already hot liquid.

The device and method of the invention can be used for example for a hot drink dispenser, including a coffee machine, including a coffee machine for car or caravan or mobile home, or all electrically autonomous vehicles such as planes, taxi, trains, boats, etc. A similar pump can also be used for the dosing of heated liquid, in the food industry, for gluing with a heated glue, for the evacuation of condensates, etc.

Claims

claims
1. Liquid pump comprising:
a cylinder (2);
an intake valve (4) for liquid in the cylinder;
an expulsion valve (5) of said liquid out of the cylinder;
a piston (3) sliding in said cylinder so as to suck said liquid into the cylinder and then to expel it from the cylinder;
an electric circuit (7) for heating the cylinder with at least one resistor (70, 71) for electrically heating the liquid in the cylinder, characterized by: a temperature sensor (11) for measuring the temperature of the liquid in the cylinder and a regulating circuit (8) arranged to reduce the electric current in said electric heating circuit and to begin the expulsion of the liquid from the cylinder as soon as the temperature of the liquid has reached a predetermined set point.
2. The pump of claim 1, characterized in that the heating of the liquid is completely interrupted as soon as the temperature of the liquid has reached said predetermined set point.
3. The pump of claim 1, characterized in that the electric current is reduced as soon as the temperature of the liquid has reached said predetermined set point, and regulated throughout the expulsion of the liquid so as to guarantee a temperature of constant liquid throughout the expulsion.
4. The pump of claim 1, wherein said resistor (70, 71) is in the form of an electrically conductive thin track deposited on or in the wall (20) of the cylinder (2).
5. The pump of claim 1, wherein said electrical circuit (7) has a plurality of branches (70, 71) and switches (72, 73) for changing the current path in said branches.
6. The pump of claim 2, wherein said branches (70, 71) occupy different longitudinal portions along said cylinder (2), in order to control the longitudinal portion of the heated cylinder (2) by selecting the branches (70, 71) traversed by a current depending on the volume of heated liquid to be produced.
7. The pump of one of claims 5 to 6, comprising a control circuit (8) arranged to select the number of branches in which a current flows according to the liquid set temperature and / or the volume of the liquid. liquid.
8. The pump of one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the control circuit (8) is arranged to vary the electric current in said circuit as a function of the set temperature of the liquid and / or the volume of the liquid. .
9. The pump of one of claims 1 to 8, comprising a pressure sensor (13) and a control circuit (8) arranged to control the pressure of the liquid at the outlet of the cylinder.
10. The pump of one of claims 1 to 9, wherein said predetermined temperature setpoint is introduced by a control circuit (12).
11. A method for delivering a determined volume of heated liquid, comprising the following steps: opening a liquid intake valve (4) in order to allow a liquid to enter a cylinder (2) and close a cylinder expulsion valve (5),
Longitudinal displacement in a first direction of a piston (3) in said cylinder (2), so as to suck said determined volume of liquid into said cylinder (2) through said intake valve (4),
Opening at least one electric switch (72, 73) for circulating an electric current in an electric heating circuit (7), the heat produced being transmitted to the walls of the cylinder (2),
-Reducing said electric current as soon as the temperature has reached a predetermined set value,
-Closing said inlet valve (4), and opening said expulsion valve (5),
Longitudinal displacement in a second direction opposite to said first direction of said piston (3) in said cylinder (2), so as to expel the heated liquid out of said cylinder.
12. The method of claim 11, wherein the electric current is interrupted before starting the expulsion of the liquid and as soon as the liquid has reached a predetermined set temperature.
The method of claim 11, wherein the electric current is maintained and regulated during the expulsion of the liquid, so as to ensure a constant expelled liquid temperature.
14. The method of one of claims 11 to 13, wherein the electric current already flows in said electric heating circuit (7) during the suction of the liquid.
PCT/EP2009/068040 2008-01-09 2009-12-30 Heating positive-displacement pump for liquids WO2010079115A2 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CH00022/09A CH698340B1 (en) 2008-01-09 2009-01-08 heating volumetric pump for liquids.
CH00022/09 2009-01-08

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2010079115A2 true WO2010079115A2 (en) 2010-07-15
WO2010079115A3 WO2010079115A3 (en) 2012-08-30

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2654505A (en) 1947-09-05 1953-10-06 Elmer O Gerth Automatic vending machine
FR2012636A1 (en) 1968-07-10 1970-03-20 Hydrokraft Entwicklungs
EP0496939A1 (en) 1991-01-25 1992-08-05 RICERCA ELETTROMECCANICA S.r.l Pump and measuring device for coffee machines
FR2780262A1 (en) 1998-05-15 1999-12-31 Rolland Versini Axial flow motor pump including an integral flow meter, flow limiter and pressure regulator, especially for use in an automatic coffee machine
EP1097663A1 (en) 1999-11-02 2001-05-09 Societe Des Produits Nestle S.A. Device and method for continuous heating of liquids at a constant temperature
EP1380243A1 (en) 2002-07-12 2004-01-14 Nestec S.A. A device for the heating of a liquid

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4721035A (en) * 1986-09-30 1988-01-26 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics & Space Administration Infusion extractor

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2654505A (en) 1947-09-05 1953-10-06 Elmer O Gerth Automatic vending machine
FR2012636A1 (en) 1968-07-10 1970-03-20 Hydrokraft Entwicklungs
EP0496939A1 (en) 1991-01-25 1992-08-05 RICERCA ELETTROMECCANICA S.r.l Pump and measuring device for coffee machines
FR2780262A1 (en) 1998-05-15 1999-12-31 Rolland Versini Axial flow motor pump including an integral flow meter, flow limiter and pressure regulator, especially for use in an automatic coffee machine
EP1097663A1 (en) 1999-11-02 2001-05-09 Societe Des Produits Nestle S.A. Device and method for continuous heating of liquids at a constant temperature
EP1380243A1 (en) 2002-07-12 2004-01-14 Nestec S.A. A device for the heating of a liquid

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