升降装置 技术领域 Lifting device
本发明是以节能减排为主要目的升降运输机械。 背景技术 The invention is a lifting and transporting machine with the main purpose of energy saving and emission reduction. Background technique
本装置利用杠杆原理将升和降的矛盾同时利用起来，用升以贮备降， 用降 来完成升， 从而实现几乎没有能源消耗的升降功能.而目前世界普遍采用的是 升降机、 电梯等来完成升降任务，公路运输、 铁路运输以及山地运输等的升降 几乎还停留在纯粹依靠车辆自身去完成，其上和下、 升和降同时都要消耗大量 能量.本装置则可将降的势能贮存起来以备升之所用.它是一个很好的节能装 置.它的广泛应用可以为全球节能降耗、 减少温室气体排放发挥巨大作用. The device utilizes the principle of leverage to simultaneously use the contradiction between ascending and descending, and uses the ascending to reserve and descend, and uses the descending to complete the ascent, thereby realizing the lifting function with almost no energy consumption. At present, lifts, elevators, etc. are commonly used in the world to complete Lifting tasks, road transport, rail transport, and mountain transport are almost always done by relying solely on the vehicle itself. It consumes a lot of energy both up and down, ascending and descending. The device can store the potential energy. It is used for high-rise. It is a good energy-saving device. Its wide application can play a huge role in saving energy and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
当今世界人口巨增，经济发展迅猛，工业化不断加速.与此同时，旅游业、 商 业日倾发达，国与国之间、地区与地区之间交往越来越密切，人员往来为数大增. 大量的流动人口、货物贸易带来交通运输飞速发展.城市化致使高楼建筑林立. 大量的车辆运输和高楼电梯的使用使能源消耗猛增.不可再生能源如煤、石油、 天燃气等供给日倾紧张，价格也在不断攀升.石油从短短几年前的三十美元左 右一桶陡升至一百多美元一桶，煤价也翻了一倍多.另一方面，大量煤、 石油的 消耗产生了大量温室气体，为整个地球气候和生态环境带来了空前压力.不堪 重负的地球环境随时都有可能给人类报以灾难.在此前提下，人们在开发新能 源的同时，如何降低能耗成了各国乃至全人类的战略要务. At present, the population of the world is increasing rapidly, the economy is developing rapidly, and industrialization is accelerating. At the same time, tourism and business are becoming more developed, and the exchanges between countries and regions are becoming more and more close, and the number of personnel exchanges is increasing. The floating population and trade in goods have brought about rapid development of transportation. Urbanization has led to the construction of high-rise buildings. The use of a large number of vehicles and high-rise elevators has led to a sharp increase in energy consumption. Non-renewable energy sources such as coal, oil and natural gas are in a tight supply. Prices are also rising. Oil has risen sharply from a barrel of about 30 US dollars a few years ago to more than 100 US dollars a barrel, and coal prices have more than doubled. On the other hand, the consumption of large amounts of coal and oil has been generated. A large number of greenhouse gases have brought unprecedented pressure on the entire earth's climate and ecological environment. The overwhelming global environment is likely to give people a disaster at any time. Under this premise, how to reduce energy consumption while developing new energy sources It has become a strategic priority for all countries and even all mankind.
众所周知，汽车运输爬坡下坡、火车翻山越岭，高楼人员上楼下楼都要消耗 大量能量.尤其像中国这样的国家山地、丘陵多平原少，运输上的上下坡非常多， 能耗更是巨大.火车上山要耗能、下山也要耗能.汽车爬坡要耗能、下坡返回也 要耗能.居住高楼的人们乘坐电梯上楼要耗能、下楼也要耗能.人们的这些行为 更加加剧了能源的消耗.
如果火车不爬山下山，就只有挖隧道.但是像中国的上西藏这样的铁路是 必须上山的.如果计划修一条铁路连接中国和印度，就必须穿越喜马拉雅山脉， 要打隧道并非易事，且耗资巨大。 有没有更好的办法可以避免打那么长的隧道 呢？ 这就是本发明可以完成的任务。 As we all know, car transport climbs downhill, trains over the mountains, high-rise people go upstairs and downstairs to consume a lot of energy. Especially in China, such as mountains, hills and plains, there are many ups and downs on transportation, energy consumption is more It is huge. It takes energy to go up the mountain and consume energy when going down the mountain. It takes energy to climb the car and consume energy when going downhill. People who live in high buildings need energy to go upstairs and energy to go downstairs. People These behaviors exacerbate energy consumption. If the train does not climb down the mountain, there is only a tunnel. But a railway like China's Tibet is necessary to go up the mountain. If you plan to build a railway to connect China and India, you must cross the Himalayas. It is not easy to tunnel. huge. Is there a better way to avoid playing such a long tunnel? This is the task that the present invention can accomplish.
本发明的升降装置不仅可以解决火车上山下山的难题，而且还可以节省绝 大部分能耗.它的广泛应用，每年可以为全世界节省成百上千亿美元的能源开 支。 发明内容 The lifting device of the invention not only solves the problem of the train going down the mountain, but also saves most of the energy consumption. Its wide application can save hundreds of billions of dollars of energy expenditure every year. Summary of the invention
本发明的目的是提供一种在具有高差的区域利用重力势能的贮备和做功 进行升降作业的节能升降装置。 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An object of the present invention is to provide an energy-saving lifting device that performs lifting operation using stocking and work of gravity potential energy in an area having a height difference.
本发明的上述目的是这样实现的，一种在具有高差的区域利用重力势能的 贮备和做功进行升降作业的节能升降装置，所述区域至少具有形成高差的低端 位置和高端位置， 所述升降装置包括： The above object of the present invention is achieved by an energy-saving lifting device that utilizes the storage of gravity potential energy and the work of lifting and lowering in a region having a height difference, the region having at least a low-end position and a high-end position forming a height difference. The lifting device comprises:
设置在高端位置之上的滑轮装置； a pulley device disposed above the high end position;
经由所述滑轮装置上下移动的缆绳； a cable that moves up and down via the pulley device;
连接所述缆绳一端的配重箱； a weight box connecting one end of the cable;
连接所述缆绳另一端的承载机构； a carrier mechanism connecting the other end of the cable;
弓 I导所述承载机构升降的第一升降轨道； The first guiding track of the lifting and lowering of the carrying mechanism;
引导所述配重箱升降的第二升降轨道； a second lifting rail for guiding the lifting and lowering of the weight box;
可以向所述配重箱和承载机构进行增减的砝码； 以及 Weights that can be added or subtracted to the weight box and the load bearing mechanism;
分别设置在所述高端位置和所述低端位置上的执行称重测量的称重装置。 其中， 当位于低端位置的所述承载机构被提升时，位于高端位置的配重箱 首先加装与被提升物重量相等的配重物，然后再加装附加配重物， 以便所述承 载机构和配重箱分别按照上升和下降方向运行； 以及
当所述配重箱下降到低端位置和所述承载机构上升到高端位置时，通过在 所述承载机构中装载下行货物或人员，使所述承载机构和配重箱分别按照下降 和上升方向运行， 以便把所述配重箱中的配重砝码运送到所述高端位置，从而 储备重力势能。 Weighing devices that perform weighing measurements at the high end position and the low end position, respectively. Wherein, when the carrying mechanism at the low end position is lifted, the weight box located at the high end position first adds a weight equal to the weight of the lifted object, and then adds an additional weight to the carrying mechanism And the weight box are operated in the ascending and descending directions respectively; When the weight box is lowered to the low end position and the carrying mechanism is raised to the high end position, the loading mechanism and the weight box are respectively operated in the descending and rising directions by loading the lower cargo or the person in the carrying mechanism. In order to transport the weight weight in the weight box to the high end position, the gravitational potential energy is reserved.
其中，所述配重箱、承载机构、第一升降轨道和第二升降轨道被垂直布置; 或者 Wherein the weight box, the carrying mechanism, the first lifting track and the second lifting track are arranged vertically; or
所述配重箱、 承载机构、 第一升降轨道和第二升降轨道被倾斜布置。 其中， 所述承载机构为吊挂货物的挂钩。 The weight box, the carrying mechanism, the first lifting rail and the second lifting rail are arranged obliquely. Wherein, the carrying mechanism is a hook for hanging goods.
其中， 所述配重箱是升水箱， 所述承载机构是降水箱， 并且所述升水箱质 量大于所述降水箱质量的垂直分量。 Wherein the weight box is a water tank, the bearing mechanism is a precipitation tank, and the quality of the water tank is greater than a vertical component of the mass of the water tank.
其中，所述配重箱和所述承载机构分别为下行载客厢和上行载客厢或者相 反，其中所述下行载客厢和上行载客厢分别装有手动刹车装置， 并且通过在相 应楼层增减车厢内的配重物进行升降。 Wherein the weight box and the carrying mechanism are respectively a downlink passenger compartment and an uplink passenger compartment or vice versa, wherein the downlink passenger compartment and the uplink passenger compartment are respectively equipped with manual brake devices, and are increased by corresponding floors. Reduce the weight in the car to lift.
其中，所述下行载客厢和上行载客厢上装载其重量至少为最大载重负荷 50 %的砝码， 以便通过 "增人减法码"方式进行升降运动。 Wherein, the lower passenger compartment and the upper passenger compartment are loaded with a weight which is at least 50% of the maximum load load, so as to perform the lifting movement by the "additional subtraction code" method.
其中，所述下行载客厢和上行载客厢分别悬吊一条其重量和长度与所述缆 绳相等的平衡绳索， 以便平衡缆绳的上行部分和下行部分的重量。 Wherein, the descending passenger compartment and the ascending passenger compartment respectively suspend a balance rope having the same weight and length as the cable to balance the weight of the upstream portion and the descending portion of the cable.
其中， 所述下行载客厢和上行载客厢各自悬吊的平衡绳索的另一端相连 接， 形成用于平衡的循环链。 Wherein, the other ends of the balance ropes respectively suspended by the descending passenger compartment and the uplink passenger compartment are connected to form an endless chain for balance.
其中，所述第一升降轨道和第二升降轨道分别为工字形轨道， 以及所述配 重箱和承载机构分别具有伸入所述工字形轨道两侧的防脱轨部件。 Wherein, the first lifting rail and the second lifting rail are respectively an I-shaped rail, and the weight box and the supporting mechanism respectively have anti-derailing members extending into two sides of the I-shaped rail.
凡是懂得物理学能量守恒定律和功能转化原理知识的人都知道，将重物提 高需要消耗能量.但重物在被提高的同时，它的势能也随之增大.汽车从山下上 到山上是要消耗能量的，而山上的汽车则具备着相应的势能.可不可以将这山 上的汽车的势能利用起来同时化作汽车上山的能源呢？同理，要下楼的楼上的 人们是否可以与需要上楼的楼下的人们交换势能呢?这是完全可以的.当然这
种交换必须要同时才能进行.即上楼的人与下楼的人必须同时上下。 对此我们 只要利用一个定滑轮装置把楼上的人的重力势能将楼下的人不断提升，当楼上 的人下到楼下时，相当重量的楼下的人同时也被提升到了楼上.这个前提条件 是，楼上下楼的人的质量大于或等于上楼的人的质量.如果下楼的人质量小于 上楼的人的质量，则需辅以外在动力才能完成势能交换.如果上、下楼的人们不 在同时怎么办呢?一是可以等待到同时.但如果需要等待的时间过长也是不行 的。这就是存在的两个问题：一是上下货物的重量不等问题，二是同时性问题。 本发明则巧妙地借助法码同时解决了这两个问题.当有人要上楼时，若没有其 他人需要下楼，可以将预先准备在楼上的法码将楼下的人吊上去.反之，下楼的 人也可以把楼下的法码吊上楼以备返回楼上时使用.且砝码的重量总是可以调 节到与人的重量相当的程度。这就是势能的贮备.有了贮备势能的机理，人们就 再也不用上楼耗能、下楼也耗能了.汽车也不用上山耗能、下山也耗能了.如此 以至，可以推而广之，到火车、 到一切可以上下的人或物.这就是本微能耗升降 装置的原理和作用之所在.而其具体应用到公路运输、 铁路运输以及高楼人货 升降、 商场人流等又有所不同. Anyone who knows the laws of conservation of energy and the principle of functional transformation knows that increasing weights requires energy. But as the weight is increased, its potential energy increases. The car goes from the bottom of the mountain to the mountain. It is necessary to consume energy, and the car on the mountain has the corresponding potential energy. Can you use the potential energy of the car on this mountain and turn it into the energy of the car up the mountain? In the same way, can people on the upper floors going downstairs exchange potential energy with people who need to go upstairs downstairs? This is perfectly fine. Of course this Exchanges must be carried out at the same time. That is, people going upstairs and people going downstairs must go up and down at the same time. In this case, we only need to use a fixed pulley device to increase the gravity of the people upstairs to improve the people downstairs. When the people upstairs go downstairs, the people with the weight downstairs are also raised to the upper floor. The premise is that the quality of the person up and down the building is greater than or equal to the quality of the person who goes upstairs. If the quality of the person who goes downstairs is less than the quality of the person who goes upstairs, it is necessary to supplement the power exchange to complete the potential energy exchange. What should people do not do at the same time? First, you can wait until the same time. But if you need to wait too long, it will not work. This is the two problems that exist: one is the problem of the weight of the upper and lower goods, and the other is the simultaneous problem. The invention skillfully solves these two problems simultaneously by means of the code. When someone wants to go upstairs, if no one else needs to go downstairs, the person who prepares the code upstairs in advance can hang up the person downstairs. The person who goes downstairs can also use the downstairs code to hang upstairs for use when returning to the upper floor. The weight of the weight can always be adjusted to the same level as the weight of the person. This is the reserve of potential energy. With the mechanism of storing potential energy, people no longer need to go upstairs to consume energy, and downstairs also consume energy. The car does not need to go up the mountain to consume energy, down the mountain is also energy-consuming. So even more, can be pushed It is the train and the people or things that can go up and down. This is the principle and function of this micro-energy lifting device. Its specific application to road transportation, railway transportation, high-rise people and goods lifting, shopping malls, etc. Different.
下面结合附图对本发明进行详细说明。 附图说明 The invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings. DRAWINGS
图 1为公路运输垂直升降的示意图。 Figure 1 is a schematic diagram of the vertical lifting of road transport.
图 2为公路运输从斜坡升降的示意图. Figure 2 is a schematic diagram of road transport lifting from the slope.
图 3为铁路运输升降示意图。 Figure 3 is a schematic diagram of railway transportation lifting.
图 4为高楼升降示意图。 Figure 4 is a schematic diagram of the elevation of a tall building.
图 5为农业灌溉和自来水取水示意图。 Figure 5 is a schematic diagram of agricultural irrigation and tap water withdrawal.
图 6为山地运输升降示意图。 Figure 6 is a schematic diagram of mountain transportation lifting.
附图标记说明： 101、 称重装置； 102、 汽车； 103、 承载机构； 104、 配重
箱； 105、 滑轮装置； 106、 第二升降轨道； 107、 缆绳； 108、 高端公路； 109、 低端公路； 110、 第一升降轨道； 111、 砝码； 201、 高端公路； 202、 储水池； 203、 汽车； 204、 承载机构； 205、 缆绳； 206、 称重装置； 207、 砝码； 208、 第二升降轨道； 209、 滑轮装置； 210、 低端公路； 211、 第一升降铁轨； 212、 配重箱； 301、低端铁路； 302、 高端铁路； 303、跳板式导轨； 304、 活动铁轨； 305、 火车； 306、 配重箱； 307、 预备砝码； 308、滑轮装置； 309、 挂钩； 310、 缆绳； 311、 第一升降轨道； 312、 第二升降轨道； 313、 储水池； 401、 下行载 客厢； 402、 滑轮装置； 403、 缆绳； 404、 预备砝码； 405、 楼房； 406、 上行 载客厢； 407、 第二升降轨道； 408、 第一升降轨道； 501、 水库； 502、 下游河 道； 503、 储水池； 504、 梯田； 505、 升水箱； 506、 降水箱； 507、 滑轮装置； 508、 缆绳； 509、 第二升降轨道； 601、 配重箱； 602、 承载机构； 603、 滑轮 装置； 604、 缆绳； 605、 第一升降轨道； 606、 储水池； 607、 山下公路； 608、 山上公路； 609、 山间公路； 610、 第二升降轨道。 具体实施方式 本发明是一种在具有高差的区域利用重力势能的贮备和做功进行升降作 业的节能升降装置， 该区域至少具有形成高差的低端位置和高端位置。 DESCRIPTION OF REFERENCE NUMERALS: 101, weighing device; 102, automobile; 103, carrying mechanism; 104, counterweight 105; pulley device; 106, second lifting rail; 107, cable; 108, high-end highway; 109, low-end highway; 110, first lifting rail; 111, weight; 201, high-end highway; 202, cistern 203, automobile; 204, carrying mechanism; 205, cable; 206, weighing device; 207, weight; 208, second lifting rail; 209, pulley device; 210, low-end highway; 211, first lifting rail; 212, weight box; 301, low-end railway; 302, high-end railway; 303, springboard rail; 304, movable rail; 305, train; 306, weight box; 307, preparation weight; 308, pulley device; 309, hook 310, cable; 311, first lifting rail; 312, second lifting rail; 313, reservoir; 401, down passenger compartment; 402, pulley device; 403, cable; 404, preliminary weight; 405, building; 406, ascending passenger compartment; 407, second lifting rail; 408, first lifting rail; 501, reservoir; 502, downstream river channel; 503, reservoir; 504, terraced; 505, premium 506, precipitation tank; 507, pulley device; 508, cable; 509, second lifting rail; 601, weight box; 602, carrying mechanism; 603, pulley device; 604, cable; 605, first lifting rail; , cistern; 607, Yamashita Highway; 608, mountain road; 609, mountain road; 610, second lifting track. BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION The present invention is an energy-saving lifting device that performs lifting operation using a gravitational potential energy in a region having a height difference, and the region has at least a low-end position and a high-end position in which a height difference is formed.
如图 1至图 6所示，本发明的所述升降装置包括： 设置在高端位置之上的滑 轮装置， 如图中的滑轮装置 105、 209、 306、 308、 402、 507、 603； As shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 6, the lifting device of the present invention comprises: a pulley device disposed above a high-end position, such as pulley devices 105, 209, 306, 308, 402, 507, 603;
经由所述滑轮装置上下移动的缆绳， 如图中的缆绳 107、 205、 310、 403、 508、 604； a cable moving up and down via the pulley device, such as cables 107, 205, 310, 403, 508, 604;
连接所述缆绳一端的配重箱， 如图中的配重箱 104、 212、 306、 401、 506、 a weight box connecting one end of the cable, such as the weight boxes 104, 212, 306, 401, 506,
连接所述缆绳另一端的承载机构，如图中的承载机构 103， 204 , 309， 406 , 505 , 602；
引导所述承载机构升降的第一升降轨道， 如图中的轨道 110， 211 , 311 , 408， 605； a carrier mechanism connecting the other end of the cable, such as the carrier mechanism 103, 204, 309, 406, 505, 602; a first lifting rail guiding the lifting and lowering of the supporting mechanism, as shown in the track 110, 211, 311, 408, 605;
引导所述配重箱升降的第二升降轨道， 如轨道 106， 208 , 312, 407， 509， a second lifting track that guides the lifting and lowering of the weight box, such as tracks 106, 208, 312, 407, 509,
可以向所述配重箱和承载机构进行增减的砝码， 如图中的砝码 111， 207， 307， 404； 以及 Weights that can be added or subtracted to the weight box and the carrying mechanism, such as weights 111, 207, 307, 404;
分别设置在所述高端位置和所述低端位置上的执行称重测量的称重装置， 如图中的称重装置 101、 206 ,称重装置用于测量承载机构将要承载人员和车辆 或货物的重量， 以便确定将装入配重箱的配重。 Weighing devices for performing weighing measurement at the high end position and the low end position, respectively, the weighing devices 101, 206 in the figure, the weighing device is used to measure the carrying mechanism to carry people and vehicles or goods The weight, in order to determine the weight that will be loaded into the weight box.
其中当位于低端位置的所述承载机构被提升时，位于高端位置的配重箱首 先加装与被提升物重量相等的配重物，然后再加装附加配重物， 以便所述承载 机构和配重箱分别按照上升和下降方向运行；当所述配重箱下降到低端位置和 所述承载机构上升到高端位置时， 通过在所述承载机构中装载下行货物或人 员，使所述承载机构和配重箱分别按照下降和上升方向运行， 以便把所述配重 箱中的配重砝码运送到所述高端位置， 从而储备重力势能。 Wherein when the carrying mechanism at the low end position is lifted, the weight box at the high end position first adds a weight equal to the weight of the lifted object, and then adds an additional weight to the carrying mechanism and The weight boxes are respectively operated in the ascending and descending directions; when the weight box is lowered to the low end position and the carrier mechanism is raised to the high end position, the load bearing mechanism is made by loading the cargo or personnel in the carrying mechanism The weight boxes are operated in descending and ascending directions, respectively, to transport the weights in the weight box to the high end position to reserve the gravitational potential energy.
本发明利用承载机构装载下行重物的重力将砝码提升到高端位置的机制， 使得配重箱获得重力势能，从而实现重力与重力势能的转换， 以达到节能的目 的。 The invention utilizes the mechanism that the loading mechanism loads the weight of the descending weight to raise the weight to the high-end position, so that the weight box obtains the gravitational potential energy, thereby realizing the conversion of gravity and gravity potential energy to achieve the purpose of energy saving.
配重箱中的配重物可以是下行货物或砝码或水，附加配重物可以是砝码或 水。 The weight in the weight box may be a downward cargo or weight or water, and the additional weight may be a weight or water.
需要指出的是，本发明所述的 "上行 "是指从下向上的运行或运送，即"上 升"； "下行"是指从上向下的运行或运送， 即 "下降"。 另外， 尽管配重箱 和承载机构都可以装载货物，但是配重箱和承载机构具有一个重要区别是，配 重箱必须装载配重砝码， 而承载机构不一定装载砝码。 It should be noted that the "upstream" as used in the present invention refers to the operation or transportation from the bottom up, that is, "upward"; "downstream" refers to the operation or transportation from the top to the bottom, that is, "down". In addition, although the weight box and the load-bearing mechanism can carry the cargo, the important difference between the weight box and the load-bearing mechanism is that the weight box must be loaded with the weight weight, and the load-bearing mechanism does not necessarily carry the weight.
配重箱、承载机构、第一升降轨道和第二升降轨道可以被垂直布置， 如图 图 4所示； 也可以被倾斜布置， 如图 2、 图 3、 图 5和图 6所示。
承载机构为吊挂货物的挂钩如图 3所示的挂钩 309。 The weight box, the carrying mechanism, the first lifting track and the second lifting track may be arranged vertically, as shown in Figure 4; or may be arranged obliquely, as shown in Figures 2, 3, 5 and 6. The carrying mechanism is a hook 309 for the hook of the hanging cargo as shown in FIG.
如图 4所示，配重箱和所述承载机构可以分别为下行载客厢 401和上行载客 厢 406或者相反， 其中所述下行载客厢 401和上行载客厢 406分别装有手动刹车 装置， 并且通过在相应楼层增减车厢内的配重物进行升降。 As shown in FIG. 4, the weight box and the carrying mechanism may be a downlink passenger compartment 401 and an uplink passenger compartment 406, respectively, or vice versa, wherein the downlink passenger compartment 401 and the uplink passenger compartment 406 are respectively equipped with manual brake devices. And lifting and lowering by increasing or decreasing the weight in the compartment on the corresponding floor.
另外，下行载客厢 401和上行载客厢 406上装载其重量至少为最大载重负荷 50 %的砝码， 以便通过 "增人减法码"方式进行升降运动。 In addition, the lower passenger compartment 401 and the upper passenger compartment 406 are loaded with weights having a weight of at least 50% of the maximum load capacity for lifting movement by the "additional subtraction code" method.
此外，下行载客厢 401和上行载客厢 406分别悬吊一条其重量和长度与所述 缆绳相等的平衡绳索， 以便平衡缆绳的上行部分和下行部分的重量。 In addition, the lower passenger compartment 401 and the overhead passenger compartment 406 respectively suspend a balance rope having the same weight and length as the cable to balance the weight of the upstream and downstream portions of the cable.
此外，下行载客厢 401和上行载客厢 406各自悬吊的平衡绳索的另一端相连 接， 形成用于平衡的循环链。 Further, the other ends of the balance ropes each of which is suspended from the lower passenger compartment 401 and the upper passenger compartment 406 are connected to form an endless chain for balance.
如图 5所示， 配重箱可以是升水箱 505， 承载机构可以是降水箱 506， 并且 所述升水箱质量大于所述降水箱质量的垂直分量。 As shown in Fig. 5, the weight box may be a water tank 505, the load bearing mechanism may be a water tank 506, and the mass of the water tank is greater than the vertical component of the mass of the water tank.
第一升降轨道和第二升降轨道最好分别为工字形轨道， 以及所述配重箱 104和承载机构 103分别具有伸入所述工字形轨道两侧的防脱轨部件。这样可以 防止承载机构和配重箱脱离轨道的现象发生，从而避免承载机构和配重箱在升 降过程中因摇摆而出现事故。 Preferably, the first lifting rail and the second lifting rail are respectively I-shaped rails, and the weight box 104 and the load-bearing mechanism 103 respectively have anti-derailing members that extend into both sides of the I-shaped rail. This prevents the load-bearing mechanism and the weight box from coming off the track, thereby preventing the load-bearing mechanism and the weight box from being accidentally caused by the swing during the ascent and descent.
下面结合附 1至 6对本发明进行详细说明。 The invention will now be described in detail in conjunction with the accompanying claims 1 to 6.
一、 公路运输 First, road transport
汽车翻山越岭是常见之事， 比走平原大坝总是要多耗大量燃油。 尤其像中 国这样的国家山地多平原少，盘山公路非常多见。本升降装置应用在公路运输 上是直接将汽车通过升降平台垂直升降 （如图 1 ) ， 或通过升降平台从斜坡轨 道上滚动升降 （如图 2 ) ， 以达到翻山越岭的目的。 Cars over the mountains are common, and they always consume a lot more fuel than the plain dam. In particular, countries like China have few plains in the mountains, and the Panshan Highway is very common. The application of the lifting device on the road transportation is to directly raise and lower the vehicle through the lifting platform (Fig. 1), or to roll up and down from the slope rail through the lifting platform (Fig. 2), so as to achieve the purpose of over the mountains.
如图 1和 2所示， 本发明升降装置包括： 设置在高端公路 108、 201和低端公 路 109、 210上执行称重测量的称重装置 101、 206； 设置在高端公路 108、 201 之上的滑轮装置 105、 209； 经由滑轮装置 105、 209上下移动的缆绳 107、 205；
连接缆绳 107、 205—端的配重箱 104、 212； 连接缆绳 107、 205另一端的承载机 构 103、 204； 引导承载机构 103、 204升降的第一升降轨道 110、 211； 引导配重 箱 104、 212升降的第二升降轨道 106、 208。其中， 滑轮装置 105、 209包括承重 架和安装在承重架上的滑轮组， 配重箱 104、 212、 承载机构 103、 204、第一升 降轨道 110、 211和第二升降轨道 106、 208被垂直布置。 As shown in Figures 1 and 2, the lifting device of the present invention comprises: weighing devices 101, 206 disposed on the high-end highways 108, 201 and the low-end highways 109, 210 for performing weighing measurements; disposed on the high-end highways 108, 201 Pulley devices 105, 209; cables 107, 205 moving up and down via pulley devices 105, 209; a weight box 104, 212 connecting the ends of the cables 107, 205; a carrying mechanism 103, 204 connecting the other ends of the cables 107, 205; a first lifting rail 110, 211 for guiding the lifting and lowering mechanisms 103, 204; guiding the weight boxes 104, 212 up and down The second lifting track 106, 208. Among them, the pulley device 105, 209 includes a load bearing frame and a pulley block mounted on the load bearing frame, and the weight boxes 104, 212, the carrying mechanisms 103, 204, the first lifting rails 110, 211 and the second lifting rails 106, 208 are vertically arranged.
当汽车 102、 203需要从低端上到高端时， 它首先经过称重装置 101、 206称 量， 然后开进承载机构 103、 203 , 这时操作人员则根据承载机构 103、 204的重 量往配重箱 104、 212加入相当重量的砝码 111、 207， 待一切就绪， 放开刹车， 让承载机构 103、 204下降， 同时将配重箱 104、 212提升。 待其到达顶点， 先让 汽车 102、 203开出承载机构 103、 204, 然后再将降下的配重箱 104、 212里的砝 码取出。 这样就完成了一次升的操作。 When the car 102, 203 needs to go from the low end to the high end, it is first weighed by the weighing devices 101, 206 and then driven into the carrying mechanisms 103, 203, at which time the operator is assigned according to the weight of the carrying mechanisms 103, 204. The heavy boxes 104, 212 add weights 111, 207 of equal weight, ready for all, release the brakes, lower the load-bearing mechanisms 103, 204, and lift the weight boxes 104, 212. When it reaches the apex, the cars 102, 203 are first opened out of the carrying mechanisms 103, 204, and then the weights in the lowered weight boxes 104, 212 are taken out. This completes a lapping operation.
汽车 102、 203下山时， 则要在汽车进行称量后， 先往配重箱 104、 212加入 相当重量的砝码后， 再让汽车开进承载机构 103、 204然后再进行操作。而配重 箱 104、 212和承载机构 103、 204分别到达顶端和底端后首先也是要将处于顶端 的砝码推出后才能开出底端的汽车。 When the cars 102, 203 go downhill, after the car is weighed, the weights of the weight boxes 104, 212 are added to the weights, and then the cars are driven into the carrying mechanisms 103, 204 and then operated. After the weight boxes 104, 212 and the load-bearing mechanisms 103, 204 reach the top and bottom ends, respectively, it is first necessary to push the weight at the top to push out the bottom end of the car.
如果同时有无数汽车需要上下，则要将进行称量后的处于低端的汽车先开 进承载机构 103后， 再计算重量差， 看是否还需要加入砝码， 如果低端较轻， 则待加入相当重量的砝码后再让高端汽车开进配重箱， 然后再进行操作。 If there are countless cars that need to go up and down at the same time, the weighing low-end car should be driven into the carrying mechanism 103 first, then calculate the weight difference to see if the weight needs to be added. If the low end is lighter, then wait Add a weight to the weight and let the high-end car into the weight box before proceeding.
为了安全方面的考虑， 第一升降轨道 110、 211和第二升降轨道 106、 208 分别设计成工字形轨道，配重箱 104和承载机构 103 )分别具有伸入所述工字形 轨道两侧的防脱轨部件。 For safety reasons, the first lifting rails 110, 211 and the second lifting rails 106, 208 are respectively designed as I-shaped rails, and the weight box 104 and the supporting mechanism 103) respectively have anti-derailing rails extending into the two sides of the I-shaped rail. component.
这就是对公路运输的汽车进行升降的操作。 它不仅可以节约燃油， 还可以 完全消除盘山公路。对运输线路的堪探选择上可以走更多捷径。能够减少工程 造价， 减少土地占用。 其在节能减排和节约增效方面功效显著。 This is the operation of lifting and lowering the road transported cars. It not only saves fuel but also completely eliminates the winding road. More shortcuts can be made to the selection of transport routes. It can reduce project cost and reduce land occupation. It has significant effects in energy saving, emission reduction and efficiency enhancement.
铁路运输与公路运输的不同在于， 火车比汽车长， 比汽车重。 如图 3所示， 人们不能用升降平台而只能用一条比火车 305更长的活动铁轨 304来从无数条 第一升降轨道 311上纵向滚动去完成升降任务。 活动铁轨 304与高低两端铁路 301、 302连接处用带挂钩的跳板式导轨 304连接。 火车 304从高端铁路 302驶向 低端铁路 301时将砝码 307吊上， 以备返车使用或反向车使用。火车从低端铁路 301驶向高端铁路 302时降落的砝码 307可备返程或反向车使用。 活动铁轨 304 下部及配重箱 306下部均可设计为可注水容器以备调节火车与砝码的重量， 使 其尽量平衡。 水来自高山流水， 可在高低两端分别建一贮水池 313。 Second, railway transportation The difference between rail transport and road transport is that trains are longer than cars and heavier than cars. As shown in FIG. 3, one cannot use the lifting platform to use only one moving rail 304 longer than the train 305 to roll longitudinally from the innumerable first lifting rails 311 to complete the lifting task. The movable rail 304 is connected to the high and low end railways 301 and 302 by a springboard guide rail 304 with a hook. When the train 304 sails from the high-end railway 302 to the low-end railway 301, the weight 307 is hoisted for use in returning or reverse driving. The weight 307 that the train landed from the low-end railway 301 to the high-end railway 302 can be used for return or reverse vehicles. The lower portion of the movable rail 304 and the lower portion of the weight box 306 can be designed as water-fillable containers for adjusting the weight of the train and the weight to make it as balanced as possible. The water comes from the mountain water, and a water tank 313 can be built at both ends.
承载机构 309为两个支架， 第一升降轨道 311和第二升降轨道 312不是在同 一平面而是凹下去的， 这样火车 305与配重箱 306在升降过程中才不会相互冲 撞。 而具体应用时配重箱 306的滑向与坡度、 高度均可以根据具体地形选定。 但要保证滑向距离与火车活动铁轨的滑向距离相等，提升力与火车缆绳张力相 等。 The carrier mechanism 309 is two brackets, and the first lifting rail 311 and the second lifting rail 312 are not recessed in the same plane, so that the train 305 and the weight box 306 do not collide with each other during the lifting process. In the specific application, the sliding direction, slope and height of the weight box 306 can be selected according to the specific terrain. However, it is necessary to ensure that the sliding distance is equal to the sliding distance of the train's active rails, and the lifting force is equal to the train cable tension.
假设火车及活动铁轨重量 Gl， 斜坡轨道仰角 a， 配重箱重量 G2， 滑向轨道 仰角 B， 则有： Assume that the train and the active rail weight Gl, the slope elevation angle a, the weight of the weight box G2, the sliding direction to the elevation angle B, then:
Gl * s in a =G2 * sin B Gl * s in a =G2 * sin B
其具体操作与汽车升降的操作类似。所不同的是，活动铁轨只能承载火车， 而配重箱只能承载砝码。 这里设计活动铁轨与配重箱对缆绳 310的张力相等， 如果火车要下山时活动铁轨处于低端，则只要将活动铁轨放下， 同时将配重箱 吊上就可以进行操作了。 The specific operation is similar to the operation of the car lift. The difference is that the active rail can only carry the train, while the counterweight can only carry the weight. Here, the design of the active rail and the weight box is equal to the tension of the cable 310. If the moving rail is at the low end when the train is going downhill, the movable rail can be lowered and the weight box can be lifted and operated.
三、 高楼升降 Third, high-rise lift
住在高层楼房的人们总是离不开电梯的，他们几乎每天都上下楼一两次甚 至多次， 他们消耗着大量的电能。而楼房的高度少则七、 八层， 多则十几层甚 至几十层。还有很多高层商场、 医院等， 其人流量非常大， 他们也普遍使用电 梯上下楼。 可见用本升降装置取代电梯完成升降任务其节能潜力十分可观。
在具体应用上，对于商场、医院等人流量较大的场合可以采用固定楼层固 定高度， 把同时上下楼的人员同时升降， 再辅以砝码调节。而对于高层住宅由 于其人员上下楼时间不统一，所到楼层又多有不同，只能使用一台升降机而不 能使用多台升降机。这种情况下， 要求人们在每层放置足够的砝码。砝码的增 减与人员的上下必须同时进行。对砝码的增减最好是辅以微电脑操作。在升降 台的载客厢外围设置标准砝码摆放区， 用电脑操纵推杆对砝码进行增减。 People living in high-rise buildings are always inseparable from elevators. They go up and down the building almost once or twice a day, and they consume a lot of electricity. The height of the building is as small as seven or eight, and more than ten or even dozens. There are also many high-rise shopping malls, hospitals, etc., and their traffic is very large. They also use elevators to go up and down. It can be seen that the energy saving potential of this lifting device is replaced by the elevator to complete the lifting task. In the specific application, for the occasions where the traffic volume of shopping malls, hospitals, etc. is large, the fixed height of the fixed floor can be used, and the personnel who go up and down the building at the same time can be lifted and lowered at the same time, and then adjusted by the weight. As for the high-rise residential buildings, because the time of the staff is not uniform, the floors to be visited are different. Only one elevator can be used and multiple elevators cannot be used. In this case, people are required to place enough weights on each floor. The increase or decrease of the weight must be carried out simultaneously with the upper and lower parts of the personnel. The increase or decrease of the weight is preferably supplemented by microcomputer operation. A standard weight setting area is arranged on the periphery of the passenger compartment of the lifting platform, and the weight is increased or decreased by using a computer to operate the push rod.
在此假设一栋八层的楼房 （如图 4所示） ， 从一楼至八楼都预备了足够的 砝码以备本层人员上下楼时使用。 由于全楼的人都要从楼底上到所在楼层，必 须在八楼即顶楼预置全楼总人数的砝码。上八楼的人将砝码降至一楼，上七楼 的人要将砝码从顶楼降到二楼， 依此类推， 上六楼则砝码从顶楼降到三楼， 上 五楼砝码降到四楼， 上四楼砝码降到五楼， 上三楼砝码降到六楼， 上二楼砝码 降到七楼。 反之， 八楼的人下一楼， 将一楼相应的砝码升至八楼， 七楼的人下 一楼则将二楼砝码升至顶楼。依此类推六楼下一楼升三楼砝码， 五楼下一楼升 四楼砝码， 四楼下一楼升五楼砝码， 三楼人下一楼升六楼砝码， 二楼人下一楼 升七楼砝码。如此所有砝码都升回顶楼。如果有人从三楼升四楼， 则反之将六 楼砝码降至五楼。当他又从四楼返回三楼时，则再将相应的砝码从五楼升至六 楼。这样就保证了每层居民都能及时如愿地获得升降用的砝码。如果某楼砝码 用完（例如八楼砝码用完） 时， 有人要上该（八）楼怎么办？ 可以首先看二楼 和七楼的砝码情况，如果二楼和七楼都有相当多的砝码，则先将二楼的砝码降 至一楼， 同时七楼的砝码升至八楼。然后再从八楼放下砝码把一楼上八楼的人 升上。待更多八楼的人下到一楼时， 再将砝码归至七楼和二楼。这样就完成了 砝码的调节操作。 It is assumed here that an eight-story building (as shown in Figure 4) has sufficient weights from the first floor to the eighth floor for use by people on the floor. Since the entire building has to go from the bottom of the building to the floor, the weight of the total number of people in the whole building must be preset on the 8th floor. The person on the 8th floor will lower the weight to the first floor. The person on the 7th floor will lower the weight from the top floor to the second floor, and so on. On the sixth floor, the weight will drop from the top floor to the third floor. The code dropped to the fourth floor, and the weight of the fourth floor fell to the fifth floor. The weight of the third floor fell to the sixth floor, and the weight of the second floor fell to the seventh floor. On the contrary, the people on the 8th floor will raise the corresponding weight on the first floor to the 8th floor, and the person on the 7th floor will raise the second floor to the top floor. In the same way, the next floor of the sixth floor will be upgraded to the third floor. The next floor of the fifth floor will rise to the fourth floor. The fourth floor will rise to the fifth floor. The third floor will be upgraded to the sixth floor. The next floor of the person rises to the seventh floor. So all the weights are raised back to the top floor. If someone rises from the third floor to the fourth floor, the sixth floor weight is reduced to the fifth floor. When he returned to the third floor from the fourth floor, he then raised the corresponding weight from the fifth floor to the sixth floor. This ensures that each floor of the residents can get the weight for lifting in a timely manner. If a certain building is used up (for example, the eighth floor is used up), what should I do if I want to go to the (eight) floor? You can first look at the weights on the second and seventh floors. If there are quite a lot of weights on the second and seventh floors, first reduce the weight on the second floor to the first floor, and the weight on the seventh floor rises to the eighth floor. . Then put down the weight from the eighth floor and raise the person on the eighth floor of the first floor. When more people on the eighth floor go down to the first floor, they will return the weight to the seventh and second floors. This completes the adjustment of the weight.
重量方面， 对需上下楼的人先进行地磅称量， 再调节砝码， 使上行载客厢 406与下行载客厢 401保持重力平衡。可以在每层设一小贮水池， 随时可向载客 厢注入一定重量的水以对上、下行载客厢进行微调。将水作为砝码调节不仅可
以使操作更加简单，而且能使重力平衡更加精确。它是将液体作为砝码以拉动 任何形态的固体或其他物质。举个例子来说： 七楼一人地磅称量为 65公斤， 他 按了下到一楼，这时电脑操作就将正在二楼的 50公斤的标准砝码推上上升的载 客厢， 另外再注入 15公斤水， 同时一并升到八楼。这样就将七楼该 65公斤的人 送到了一楼， 完成了这一次操作。 In terms of weight, the person who needs to go up and down the building first weighs the weighbridge, and then adjusts the weight to maintain the gravity balance between the ascending passenger compartment 406 and the descending passenger compartment 401. A small reservoir can be set on each floor, and a certain amount of water can be injected into the passenger compartment at any time to fine-tune the upper and lower passenger compartments. Adjusting water as a weight is not only To make the operation easier, and to make the gravity balance more accurate. It is a solid or other substance that uses a liquid as a weight to pull any form. For example: On the seventh floor, the weighbridge weighs 65 kilograms. He presses down to the first floor. At this time, the computer operation will push the 50 kilogram standard weight on the second floor to the ascending passenger compartment. Inject 15 kg of water and raise it to the eighth floor. This sent the 65 kilograms on the seventh floor to the first floor and completed the operation.
高楼升降除了人， 有时还有货物。 货物的升降在重量上总是不能平衡的。 如果升的货物多降的货物少，势必减少楼上砝码的贮备数量。这时为了尽量节 能， 可以充分利用生活污水排放的势能。也就是说， 在每层的贮水池贮备的尽 可能是生活污水。 In addition to people, there are sometimes high-rise buildings. The lifting of the goods is always unbalanced in weight. If the number of goods that are raised by the ascending goods is small, it is bound to reduce the number of stocks upstairs. At this time, in order to save energy as much as possible, the potential energy of domestic sewage discharge can be fully utilized. That is to say, the storage tank in each floor is likely to be domestic sewage.
安全方面，可以在第二升降轨道 407和第一升降轨道 408上安装防坠抱死装 置。 In terms of safety, a fall arrest device can be mounted on the second lift rail 407 and the first lift rail 408.
作为选择，本发明升降装置在用于高楼人货升降时，还可以采用只需对本 载客厢进行人工操作的方式，那就是将升降前载客厢的负荷由原来的零负荷改 为 50 %负荷。 也就是说， 让上行载客厢和下行载客厢首先装载最大载重负荷 50 %的砝码， 当人和货物进入时，只对本载客厢进行砝码增减操作就能完成升 降任务。 由于上下行载客厢内首先已有足够的砝码，人们进入时只要减去本载 客厢内相应的砝码，并将其放置于本层预备砝码存放处，待升降到达目的地时， 再从该层预备砝码中如数取出相应的砝码补进载客厢，将其添加至原有重量即 可。 由于预置砝码没有达到满负荷， 当同时有人升降时， 还可以省去对部分砝 码的同时增减的操作。 这种方法被称作 "预置砝码的增人减码控制法"。 Alternatively, when the lifting device of the present invention is used for lifting and lowering the goods of a high-rise building, it is also possible to adopt a method of manually operating only the passenger compartment, that is, changing the load of the passenger compartment before and after the lifting from the original zero load to 50%. load. That is to say, the uplink passenger compartment and the downlink passenger compartment are first loaded with a weight of 50% of the maximum load capacity. When the person and the cargo enter, only the weight increase and decrease operation of the passenger compartment can complete the ascending and descending task. Since there are enough weights in the upper and lower passenger compartments, people only need to subtract the corresponding weights in the passenger compartment and place them in the reserve weight storage area of this floor. Then, take the corresponding weight from the layer preparation weight and fill it into the passenger compartment, and add it to the original weight. Since the preset weight does not reach the full load, when a person moves up and down at the same time, the operation of simultaneously increasing or decreasing the partial weight can be omitted. This method is called "additional weight reduction control method for preset weights".
这样操作还有一个好处是，能够优化预备砝码的存放位置。因为如果按照 "增人增砝码"的方法， 必须在顶层预备存放全楼人员所需所有砝码。 因为哪 怕是上二楼的人，也要从顶层降下砝码才能将底层的人提升上去。当全楼的人 员都出门时，所有预备砝码都将存放在顶楼。这样对顶层的承载能力要求过高， 会增加设计制造成本。如果改为 "增人减砝码"的方法就完全不同了。 只需在
各层存放与本层人员数量相当的砝码。当本层所有人员都外出时，所有预备砝 码也收入至该层。当该层所有人员都回到家里时，这些预备砝码都将被放在底 层。 这样既解决了对砝码增减的操作问题， 又可以使预备砝码分散存放。 Another benefit of this operation is the ability to optimize the storage location of the prepared weight. Because if you follow the "additional weight increase" method, you must prepare all the weights required for the entire building on the top floor. Because even if you are on the second floor, you have to lower the weight from the top to upgrade the people at the bottom. When the entire building is out, all the preliminary weights will be stored on the top floor. This requires too much load carrying capacity on the top layer, which increases design and manufacturing costs. If you change to "increasing people minus the code", the method is completely different. Just in Each layer stores a weight equivalent to the number of people in the floor. When all the people on this floor are out, all the preparation weights are also included in this level. When all the people on this floor are back home, these preparation weights will be placed on the bottom. In this way, the operation problem of increasing or decreasing the weight is solved, and the preliminary weight can be dispersed and stored.
另一方面，对于升降过程中缆绳 403重量变化对上下行载客厢重力平衡的 影响，可以在升降载客厢下端各吊一条与缆绳长度和重量相当的绳索。当上行 载客厢升高时， 其上端缆绳不断缩短的同时， 其下端绳索会不断增长， 而同时 下行载客厢下降，其上端缆绳不断增长的同时其下端绳索会不断收短。这样使 升降载客厢始终能够保持重力平衡。缆绳对势能的损耗就可以降至零。另外还 可以将绳索连在一起在载客厢下端再形成一个循环链。这样可将两条绳索变为 一条绳索。但如果要设计自动化控制系统，需要在升降载客厢下端安装电缆控 制线， 则可用电缆线的自身重量替代绳索的作用。 On the other hand, for the effect of the weight change of the cable 403 during the lifting process on the gravity balance of the upper and lower passenger compartments, a rope equivalent to the length and weight of the cable can be hung at the lower end of the lifting passenger compartment. When the upper passenger compartment is raised, the upper end cable is shortened, and the lower end rope will continue to grow, while the lower passenger compartment is lowered, and the upper end cable is continuously growing while the lower end rope is continuously shortened. This allows the lift passenger compartment to always maintain gravity balance. The loss of potential energy from the cable can be reduced to zero. Alternatively, the ropes can be joined together to form an endless chain at the lower end of the passenger compartment. This turns the two ropes into one rope. However, if an automatic control system is to be designed, a cable control line needs to be installed at the lower end of the lift passenger compartment, and the function of the rope can be replaced by the weight of the cable itself.
四、 山地运输 Fourth, mountain transportation
山地人货运输目前在国内国外除了使用缆绳外， 几乎还是空白。 在旅游地 区人们坐着缆车爬山， 但这是要消耗电能的。再说， 其成本也很高， 不是一般 人都能享有的。山上的煤窑主也常将挖出的煤用缆绳放到山下，但很难将更多 的人或货物从山下升到山上。可见，单纯使用缆绳是难以解决山地运输难题的。 Mountain-to-person cargo transportation is currently almost blank except for the use of cables at home and abroad. In the tourist areas, people take the cable car to climb the mountain, but this is to consume electricity. Moreover, the cost is also high, not for the average person. The coal kiln owners on the mountain often put the excavated coal cables down the mountain, but it is difficult to lift more people or goods from the bottom of the mountain to the mountains. It can be seen that simply using cables is difficult to solve the mountain transportation problem.
本发明的升降装置则可以同时解决上和下的运输问题， 且能为广大民众普 遍使用。它将轨道和缆绳结合起来， 同时充分利用山地的水资源， 完成山地民 众上山下山的难题。 是一个一劳永逸的节能运输装置。 The lifting device of the present invention can solve both the upper and lower transportation problems at the same time, and can be widely used by the general public. It combines the track and the cable, while making full use of the water resources of the mountains to complete the problem of mountain people going up the mountain. It is an energy-saving transportation device once and for all.
如图 6所示， 图中的配重箱 601和承载机构 602下部是可以注入水的容器。 山上、 山下和山间均建有一贮水池 606， 可以根据需要随时将贮水池的水注入 配重箱 601和承载机构 602， 或将配重箱 601和承载机构 602中的水放回贮水池。 As shown in Fig. 6, the weight box 601 and the lower portion of the carrying mechanism 602 in the drawing are containers into which water can be injected. A water storage tank 606 is built between the mountain, the mountain and the mountain. The water of the storage tank can be injected into the weight box 601 and the load-bearing mechanism 602 as needed, or the water in the weight box 601 and the load-bearing mechanism 602 can be returned to the storage tank.
山间公路 609应在山下公路 607和山上公路 608的二分之一处。 另外， 在四 分之一和四分之三处也可分设站点。在每个站点均安装电动控制装置，就像控 制电梯一样， 一旦有人或货物上山下山， 只要按下按钮， 配重箱 601和承载机
构 602就会升降到该站点执行任务。 The mountain road 609 should be at one-half of the mountain road 607 and the mountain road 608. In addition, sites can be located in one quarter and three quarters. The electric control unit is installed at each station, just like controlling the elevator. Once someone or goods go up the mountain, just press the button, the weight box 601 and the carrying machine. Structure 602 will be raised and lowered to the site to perform the task.
在运输过程中， 由于缆绳 604自身的重量在较远的运输距离和不是很大的 运载负荷前提下不能忽略不计， 它的升降变化会明显地改变配重箱 601和承载 机构 602的重力平衡， 对此可以采用对下降的配重箱进行不断放水的办法以抵 消由于下降时缆绳增长而增加的重量。 这样可以使配重箱 601和承载机构 602 始终保持重力平衡。 具体可以安装一个类似罗茨泵的排水装置， 配重箱 601和 承载机构 602每转一圈， 罗茨泵则向外泵出一定量的水以使由于缆绳重量偏移 引起配重箱 601和承载机构 602重量消长后始终能够保持平衡。 During transportation, since the weight of the cable 604 itself cannot be neglected under the premise of a long transportation distance and a non-large carrying load, its lifting and lowering changes the gravity balance of the weight box 601 and the supporting mechanism 602 significantly. This can be done by continuously draining the descending weight box to counteract the increased weight due to cable growth as it descends. This allows the weight box 601 and the carrier mechanism 602 to always maintain a gravity balance. Specifically, a drainage device similar to a Roots pump can be installed. Each time the weight box 601 and the load-bearing mechanism 602 are rotated, the Roots pump pumps a certain amount of water outward to cause the weight box 601 and the supporting mechanism due to the weight deviation of the cable. 602 can always maintain balance after weight loss.
在速度控制方面， 可以在配重箱 601和承载机构 602的轮子上均安装一个刹 车， 当车速过快时就能通过刹车以减缓车速， 同时也起到平衡重力的作用。 In terms of speed control, a brake can be installed on the weights of the weight box 601 and the load-bearing mechanism 602. When the speed is too fast, the brakes can be used to slow down the speed and balance the gravity.
为了安全方面的考虑， 第一升降轨道 605和第二升降轨道 610设计成工字型 轨道， 配重箱 601和承载机构 602分别具有伸入工字型轨道两侧的防脱轨部件。 五、 农业灌溉、 自来水取水 For safety reasons, the first lifting rail 605 and the second lifting rail 610 are designed as I-shaped rails, and the weight box 601 and the carrying mechanism 602 respectively have anti-derailing members that extend into both sides of the I-shaped rail. V. Agricultural irrigation, tap water intake
俗话说， 人往高处走， 水往低处流。所以， 需要灌溉和取水时总是要在处 于较低的溏、河及水库等处利用柴油机或电动机进行抽取。这不仅消耗大量能 源，而且极为不便。可不可以直接利用水自身的势能对水进行抽取呢？ 根据本 装置的原理这是完全能够办到的。因为即使处于较低处的溏、河或水库的水也 往往还具有流向更低处的势能的。 As the saying goes, people go to the heights and the water flows down. Therefore, when it is necessary to irrigate and take water, it is always necessary to use a diesel engine or an electric motor for extraction at a lower raft, river and reservoir. This not only consumes a lot of energy, but it is also extremely inconvenient. Can you directly use the potential energy of water to extract water? This is completely achievable according to the principle of the device. Because even the water in the lower part of the river, river or reservoir often has the potential to flow to lower places.
本升降装置应用在农业灌溉和自来水取水方面有着非常广阔的前景。它就 是直接利用水能的重力势能将具有一定落差的水把另一部分水提高到一定高 度， 以供农业灌溉或自来水取水之用。它比起古人发明的水车来， 其优点是升 水高度不受地势、落差和水车转轮半径限制。只要有哪怕一米的落差， 也能将 水提升数米的高度。 且其对水能的利用率能达到 90 %以上。 The lifting device has a very broad prospect in agricultural irrigation and tap water intake. It is the direct use of the gravitational potential of water energy to raise water from a certain part of the water to a certain height for agricultural irrigation or tap water. Compared with the waterwheel invented by the ancients, it has the advantage that the height of the lift is not limited by the terrain, the drop and the radius of the water wheel. As long as there is even a drop of one meter, the water can be lifted by several meters. And its utilization rate of water energy can reach more than 90%.
如图 5所示。 这是一个自动无人取水系统。 降水箱 506、 升水箱 505和第二 升降轨道 509倾斜布置。 升水箱 505的箱体质量 nh比降水箱 506质量 m2乘以 sin a
( a为下滑轨道仰角）的积稍大。 当升、 降水箱的水均放完后， 升水箱可以自动 将降水箱拉回顶端。而升水高度 h总是等于降水箱的降水距离 s。 当升、 降水箱 同时装满水时， 升水箱的质量 n乘以 h的积总是比降水箱的质量 m2乘以 s再乘以 sin a的积小。 当升水箱装满水后其重量将不再增加， 而降水箱容积较大， 待 降水箱内的水装到一定量时，其拉动力必将超过升水箱重力，此时升水箱上升， 降水箱下降。 当升水箱到达贮水池 503上方时， 已安装的一个机械顶针自动将 箱体一侧下边的球阀打开， 使箱内的水及时注入贮水池。与此同时， 降水箱降 到最低点，预先安装的机械顶针同样自动将箱体下端的球阀打开，将箱内的水 放入下游河道 502。待箱内水放到一定程度，其箱体对缆绳 508的拉力将小于升 水箱的重力， 在升水箱重力的拉动下， 降水箱上升， 升水箱下降， 又开始了第 二次运作。 As shown in Figure 5. This is an automatic unmanned water intake system. The precipitation tank 506, the water tank 505, and the second lifting rail 509 are arranged obliquely. The tank mass nh of the riser tank 505 is multiplied by the mass of the precipitation tank 506 m 2 by sin a The product of (a is the falling track elevation angle) is slightly larger. When the water in the riser and the precipitation tank are all discharged, the water tank can automatically pull the precipitation tank back to the top. The rise height h is always equal to the precipitation distance s of the precipitation tank. When the ascending and descending tanks are filled with water at the same time, the product of the mass n of the water tank multiplied by h is always smaller than the mass m 2 of the precipitation tank multiplied by s and multiplied by the product of sin a. When the water tank is filled with water, its weight will no longer increase, and the volume of the precipitation tank is large. When the water in the precipitation tank is loaded to a certain amount, the pulling power will exceed the gravity of the water tank, and the water tank rises and the precipitation The box dropped. When the riser tank reaches above the water storage tank 503, a mechanical thimble that has been installed automatically opens the ball valve on the lower side of the tank body, so that the water in the tank is timely injected into the water tank. At the same time, the precipitation tank is lowered to the lowest point, and the pre-installed mechanical thimble also automatically opens the ball valve at the lower end of the tank, and puts the water in the tank into the downstream river channel 502. When the water in the box is placed to a certain extent, the pulling force of the box to the cable 508 will be less than the gravity of the water tank. Under the gravity of the water tank, the water tank rises, the water tank drops, and the second operation begins.
为了安全方面的考虑， 第二升降轨道 509设计成工字型轨道， 升水箱 505和 降水箱 506分别具有伸入工字型轨道两侧的防脱轨部件。 For safety reasons, the second lifting rail 509 is designed as an I-shaped rail, and the water tank 505 and the precipitation tank 506 respectively have anti-derailing members that extend into both sides of the I-shaped rail.
要补充说明一点， 有时受具体情形限制， 升水箱也不一定是垂直升降， 也 可以设计为从斜坡轨道升降。但必须保证的一点是， 升水箱上升时， 其对缆绳 的张力小于降水箱对缆绳的张力。而水箱内的水放完后，升水箱对缆绳的张力 则略大于降水箱对缆绳的张力。 只有这样才能使本装置能够自动运行。 To add a point, sometimes depending on the circumstances, the riser tank does not have to be vertically lifted, and it can also be designed to lift from the slope track. However, it must be ensured that when the riser rises, its tension on the cable is less than the tension of the riser against the cable. After the water in the water tank is discharged, the tension of the water tank to the cable is slightly greater than the tension of the water tank to the cable. This is the only way to make the unit run automatically.
六、 其它应用 Sixth, other applications
除了上述五种较为广泛的应用外，本升降装置还可以有其它一些应用。如 修建山顶机场、大型多层汽车站及停车场等。还可用于横跨河流的运输以及码 头货物装卸甚至江河船泊航运等等。 In addition to the above five broad applications, the lifting device can have other applications. Such as the construction of the Peak Airport, large multi-storey bus stations and parking lots. It can also be used for transportation across rivers, loading and unloading of pallet cargo, and even shipping by river.
山顶机场可以提高飞机起飞高度，减少对城市的噪声污染，还可避免大雾 天气造成的起降困难。双层及多层汽车站或停车场可以在不增加能耗的前提下 增加车站的客货车转运量，增加停车场的停车数量， 同时节省城市建筑占地面 积。
The Peak Airport can increase the takeoff height of the aircraft, reduce noise pollution to the city, and avoid the difficulty of taking off and landing caused by foggy weather. Double-deck and multi-storey bus stations or parking lots can increase the amount of vans transported at the station without increasing energy consumption, increase the number of parking spaces in the parking lot, and save the urban building footprint. It can be seen that the lifting device has a very wide application prospect and is a very valuable project worthy of promotion.