WO2009082656A1 - Cannula - Google Patents

Cannula Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2009082656A1
WO2009082656A1 PCT/US2008/087197 US2008087197W WO2009082656A1 WO 2009082656 A1 WO2009082656 A1 WO 2009082656A1 US 2008087197 W US2008087197 W US 2008087197W WO 2009082656 A1 WO2009082656 A1 WO 2009082656A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
shaft
cannula
tip
radius
proximal end
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US2008/087197
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Paul Alexander Torrie
Victor Manuel Ilizaliturri
Original Assignee
Smith & Nephew, Inc.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US1596007P priority Critical
Priority to US61/015,960 priority
Application filed by Smith & Nephew, Inc. filed Critical Smith & Nephew, Inc.
Publication of WO2009082656A1 publication Critical patent/WO2009082656A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/02Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for holding wounds open; Tractors
    • A61B17/025Joint distractors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/34Trocars; Puncturing needles
    • A61B17/3417Details of tips or shafts, e.g. grooves, expandable, bendable; Multiple coaxial sliding cannulas, e.g. for dilating
    • A61B17/3421Cannulas
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/16Bone cutting, breaking or removal means other than saws, e.g. Osteoclasts; Drills or chisels for bones; Trepans
    • A61B17/17Guides or aligning means for drills, mills, pins or wires
    • A61B17/1739Guides or aligning means for drills, mills, pins or wires specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A61B17/1742Guides or aligning means for drills, mills, pins or wires specially adapted for particular parts of the body for the hip
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/02Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for holding wounds open; Tractors
    • A61B17/025Joint distractors
    • A61B2017/0275Joint distractors for the hip
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/32Surgical cutting instruments
    • A61B2017/320044Blunt dissectors

Abstract

The present disclosure relates to a cannula. The cannula includes a shaft having a distal end and a proximal end and a handle coupled to the proximal end of the shaft. The distal end of the shaft includes a tip having a spherical radius.

Description

Cannula Cross-Reference to Related Applications

[0001] This application is a PCT International Application of United States Patent Application No. 61/015,960, filed on December 21, 2007, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

Background

1. Field of Techn ology

[0002] The present disclosure relates generally to a device for guiding a medical instrument to areas within the body where surgical operations are to be carried out, and more particularly, to a device that minimizes damage to those areas of the body during insertion of the device.

2. Related Art

[0003] Instruments, such as slotted cannulas, are used in the field of arthroscopy, especially hip arthroscopy, in order to facilitate the access for medical instruments to joints where surgical operations are to be carried out. The cannula's geometry is that of a tube with the top portion removed, thus producing a semi-circular cross section. The distal tip of these cannulas is cut off at various angles with the thin cross section radiused. Due to the geometry of the distal tip, the tissue within the surgical area is susceptible to damage when the cannula is introduced by the surgeon. [0004[ There remains a need in the art for a slotted cannula having a distal tip that minimizes the damage that may be caused when the cannula is introduced by the surgeon. Summary

[0005] In one aspect, the present disclosure relates to a cannula. The cannula includes a shaft having a distal end and a proximal end and a handle coupled to the proximal end of the shaft. The distal end of the shaft includes a tip having a spherical radius. In an embodiment, the spherical radius of the tip is equal to an outer radius of the shaft. In another embodiment, the spherical radius of the tip is not equal to an outer radius of the shaft. In yet another embodiment, the tip includes an edge. In a further embodiment, a radius of the edge is about .015 inches. In a yet a further embodiment, the outer radius is about .155 inches. In an embodiment, the shaft includes a slot extending from the proximal end to the distal end. Ln another embodiment, the shaft includes a semi-circular cross section. In yet another embodiment, the shaft includes an inner radius of about .125 inches. In a further embodiment, the tip includes a longitudinal axis that is parallel with a longitudinal axis of the shaft.

[0006] In another aspect, the present disclosure relates to a method of performing arthroscopic surgery. The method includes providing a cannula having a shaft including a distal end and a proximal end and a handle coupled to the proximal end of the shaft, wherein the shaft comprises a tip having a spherical radius; inserting the cannula into a joint area of the body such that the distal tip is inserted into a tissue surface of the joint; inserting a medical instrument through the cannula and into the joint area; and performing a surgical repair in the joint area. [0007] In an embodiment, the distal tip of the shaft is inserted at an angle α relative to the tissue surface. In another embodiment, the angle α is about 30°. In yet another embodiment, the angle α is greater than about 30°. [0008] Further features, aspects, and advantages of the present disclosure, as well as the structure and operation of various embodiments of the present disclosure, are described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.

Brief Description of the Drawings [0009] The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and form a part of the specification, illustrate the embodiments of the present invention and together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the invention. In the drawings:

[0010] Figure 1 is a perspective view of an embodiment of the cannula of the present disclosure. [0011] Fig. 2 shows an enlarged view of the tip of the shaft of the cannula of Fig. 1.

[0012] Fig. 3 shows a cross-sectional view of the shaft of the cannula of Fig. 1. [0013] Fig. 4 shows a side view of the tip of the shaft of the cannula of Fig. 1 during insertion of the tip into tissue during surgery.

[0014] Fig. 5 shows a cross-sectional view of a shaft of an alternative embodiment of the cannula of the present disclosure.

Detailed Description of the Embodiments

[0015] Referring to the accompanying drawings in which like reference numbers indicate like elements, Figure 1 illustrates the cannula 10 of the present disclosure. The cannula 10 includes a shaft 11 having a distal end 11a and a proximal end lib and a handle 12 coupled to the proximal end lib of the shaft 11. The handle 12 projects at an angle from a longitudinal axis L of the shaft 11. The shaft 11 includes an opening or slot 13 extending from the proximal end lib to the distal end l la of the shaft 11. In addition, the shaft 11 includes a round bottom 14 and two side walls 15, 16, thereby forming a semi-circular cross-section. [0016] As shown in Figs. 2-4, the distal end 11a of the shaft 11 includes a tip 17 having a spherical radius. Fig. 3 shows a cross sectional view of the shaft 11 having a shaft outer diameter D and a shaft outer radius R. As shown in Fig. 4, the spherical radius R' of the tip 17 is formed through included angle β, which is equal to or greater than the cannulas insertion angle α into a tissue surface 20, such as the articular cartilage surface of the acetabular cup, during hip arthroscopy. The spherical radius R' may or may not be equal to the outer radius R of the shaft 11. The angle β is about 30°. The spherical radius R' is truncated by its intersection with a cut-off angle Θ, resulting in a thick wall with a full radius edge 18. The cut-off angle Θ is about 20° and the radius r of the edge is about .015 inches. The shaft outer diameter D is about .310 inches and the shaft inner diameter Di is about .250 inches.

[0017] The semicircular shaft 11 is made from a round rod by hollowing the rod, via the use of a drill or other hollowing device, and then separating the rod into two halves. The spherical radius tip 17 is then formed according to the dimensions described above. The shaft 11 includes a biocompatible material, such as stainless steel, or other biocompatible material known to one of skill in the art. The handle 12 is shown as having a generally cylindrical shape, but may have any other shape known to one of skill in the art. In addition, the handle 12 is made from a material similar to the material of the shaft or other material known to one of skill in the art. The handle 12 and shaft 11 are coupled via known processes in the art. [0018] Fig. 5 shows a cross-sectional view of an alternative embodiment of the cannula shaft 11. The spherical radius tip 17 may be modified to minimize point loading of instruments sliding above it. As shown in Fig. 5, especially when compared to Fig. 3, a smaller radius R2 may be created with it axis generally parallel to the longitudinal axis of the shaft 11. This would spread out the contact point between the instrument and the tip 17 to minimize pressure between the tip 17 and the instrument being passed.

[0019] As various modifications could be made in the constructions and methods herein described and illustrated without departing from the scope of the invention, it is intended that all matter contained in the foregoing description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative rather than limiting. Thus, the breadth and scope of the present disclosure should not be limited by any of the above-described exemplary embodiments, but should be defined only in accordance with the following claims appended hereto and their equivalents.

Claims

What is Claimed Is:
1. A cannula comprising: a shaft including a distal end and a proximal end; and a handle coupled to the proximal end of the shaft, wherein the distal end of the shaft comprises a tip, the tip including a spherical radius.
2. The cannula of claim 1 wherein the spherical radius of the tip is equal to an outer radius of the shaft.
3. The cannula of claim 1 wherein the tip includes an edge.
4. The cannula of claim 3 wherein a radius of the edge is about .015 inches.
5. The cannula of claim 2 wherein the outer radius is about .155 inches.
6. The cannula of claim 1 wherein the shaft includes a slot extending from the proximal end to the distal end.
7. The cannula of claim 1 wherein the shaft includes a semi-circular cross section.
8. The cannula of claim 6 wherein the shaft includes an inner radius of about .125 inches.
9. The cannula of claim 1 wherein the tip includes a longitudinal axis that is parallel with a longitudinal axis of the shaft.
10. A method of performing arthroscopic surgery comprising: providing a cannula comprising a shaft including a distal end and a proximal end and a handle coupled to the proximal end of the shaft, wherein the shaft comprises a tip, the tip having a spherical radius; inserting the cannula into a joint area of the body such that the distal tip is inserted into a tissue surface of the joint; inserting a medical instrument through the cannula and into the joint area; and performing a surgical repair in the joint area.
1 1. The method of claim 10 wherein the distal tip of the shaft is inserted at an angle α relative to the tissue surface.
12. The method of claim 1 1 wherein angle α is about 30°.
13. The method of claim 1 1 wherein the angle α is greater than about 30°,
14. The cannula of claim 1 wherein the spherical radius of the tip is not equal to an outer radius of the shaft.
PCT/US2008/087197 2007-12-21 2008-12-17 Cannula WO2009082656A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1596007P true 2007-12-21 2007-12-21
US61/015,960 2007-12-21

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP08863626A EP2231025A1 (en) 2007-12-21 2008-12-17 Cannula
AU2008340311A AU2008340311B2 (en) 2007-12-21 2008-12-17 Cannula
JP2010539738A JP6017759B2 (en) 2007-12-21 2008-12-17 Cannula

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2009082656A1 true WO2009082656A1 (en) 2009-07-02

Family

ID=40343606

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US2008/087197 WO2009082656A1 (en) 2007-12-21 2008-12-17 Cannula

Country Status (5)

Country Link
US (1) US20090163770A1 (en)
EP (1) EP2231025A1 (en)
JP (1) JP6017759B2 (en)
AU (1) AU2008340311B2 (en)
WO (1) WO2009082656A1 (en)

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US9254169B2 (en) 2011-02-28 2016-02-09 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrical ablation devices and methods
US9233241B2 (en) 2011-02-28 2016-01-12 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrical ablation devices and methods
US9049987B2 (en) 2011-03-17 2015-06-09 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Hand held surgical device for manipulating an internal magnet assembly within a patient
US20130158348A1 (en) * 2011-12-14 2013-06-20 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Introducer for an internal magnetic camera
US9427255B2 (en) 2012-05-14 2016-08-30 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Apparatus for introducing a steerable camera assembly into a patient
US9078662B2 (en) 2012-07-03 2015-07-14 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Endoscopic cap electrode and method for using the same
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US9277957B2 (en) 2012-08-15 2016-03-08 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrosurgical devices and methods
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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US20090163770A1 (en) 2009-06-25
AU2008340311B2 (en) 2014-12-18
JP6017759B2 (en) 2016-11-02
AU2008340311A1 (en) 2009-07-02
JP2011507618A (en) 2011-03-10
EP2231025A1 (en) 2010-09-29

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