WO2009049357A1 - Roof water collection and delivery system - Google Patents

Roof water collection and delivery system Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2009049357A1
WO2009049357A1 PCT/AU2008/001517 AU2008001517W WO2009049357A1 WO 2009049357 A1 WO2009049357 A1 WO 2009049357A1 AU 2008001517 W AU2008001517 W AU 2008001517W WO 2009049357 A1 WO2009049357 A1 WO 2009049357A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
water
roof
storage tank
collector
sloping
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/AU2008/001517
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Dan Allen
Original Assignee
Dan Allen
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to AU2007905637 priority Critical
Priority to AU2007905638A priority patent/AU2007905638A0/en
Priority to AU2007905637A priority patent/AU2007905637A0/en
Priority to AU2007905638 priority
Priority to AU2007905636 priority
Priority to AU2007905636A priority patent/AU2007905636A0/en
Priority to AU2007237249A priority patent/AU2007237249B1/en
Priority to AU2007237249 priority
Priority to AU2007240166 priority
Priority to AU2007240166A priority patent/AU2007240166A1/en
Application filed by Dan Allen filed Critical Dan Allen
Publication of WO2009049357A1 publication Critical patent/WO2009049357A1/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/02Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from rain-water
    • E03B3/03Special vessels for collecting or storing rain-water for use in the household, e.g. water-butts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B1/00Methods or layout of installations for water supply
    • E03B1/04Methods or layout of installations for water supply for domestic or like local supply
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B1/00Methods or layout of installations for water supply
    • E03B1/04Methods or layout of installations for water supply for domestic or like local supply
    • E03B1/041Greywater supply systems
    • E03B2001/047Greywater supply systems using rainwater
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • E04D13/0404Drainage on the roof surface
    • E04D13/0445Drainage channels
    • E04D2013/045Drainage channels on inclined roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • E04D13/0404Drainage on the roof surface
    • E04D13/0445Drainage channels
    • E04D2013/045Drainage channels on inclined roofs
    • E04D2013/0454Drainage channels on inclined roofs at the intersection of roof surfaces, e.g. roof valleys
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • E04D13/0404Drainage on the roof surface
    • E04D2013/0495Drainage on the roof surface to storage tanks
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

A roof water collection and delivery system for a building; said building having a sloping roof; a roof water collector mounted on said roof so as to duct water falling on said roof to at least one water storage tan mounted in association with said sloping roof surface; said at least one water storage tank mounted such that a base of said tank is above a level of guttering; said guttering arranged at lower edges of said sloping roof; and wherein said roof water collector is mounted at an intermediate location on said roof between said at least one water storage tank and an uppermost portion of said sloping roof.

Description

ROOF WATER COLIiECTION AND DELIVERY SYSTEM
The present invention relates to apparatus and method for collection of rainwater falling on the roof of a building, and more particularly for an arrangement .of making such water available through gravity feed.
BACKGROUND
Many arrangements are known for collecting rainwater from roof tops. Generally such arrangements make use of the existing guttering and downpipes of a building to direct water flowing into the gutters and into the downpipes to water tanks installed at some level below that of the gutters. A disadvantage of these systems is that for the collected water to be made available at outlets inside the building,, pumps and the ancillary electrical and plumbing installations are required. Pumps, are expensive to acquire and install and not infrequently require maintenance or repair.
It is an pbject of the present invention to address or ameliorate the above disadvantages, or to at least provide a useful alternative. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF INVENTION
Accordingly, in a first broad form of the invention, there is provided a roof water collection and delivery system for a building; said building having a sloping roof; a roof water collector mounted on said roof so as to duct water falling on said xoof to at least one water storage tank mounted in association with said sloping roof surface; said at least one water storage tank, mounted such that a base of said tank is above a level of guttering; said guttering arranged at lower edges of said sloping roof; and wherein said roof water collector is mounted at an intermediate location on said roof between said at least one water storage tank and an uppermost portion of said sloping roof.
Preferably, said roof water collector includes an elongate collector manifold and a flexible collector sheet extending from said collector manifold; water flowing down said sloping roof surface flowing onto said flexible sheet to enter said elongate collector manifold; said elongate collector manifold connected to said at least one water tank by a water conducting conduit.
Preferably, said water collector includes a fabricated trough adapted for location in a valley between two adjoining sloping roof surfaces; said fabricated trough provided with a water outlet at a lower end of saidtrough for connection to said at least one water tank by a water conducting conduit.
Preferably, said water storage tank is mounted below said. roof surface.
Preferably,, said water storage tank is mounted on said roof surface.
Preferably, said water collector comprises a front wall of said storage tank; said storage tank mounted on a sloping roof surface such that a rear wall of said storage tank is closest to a lower edge of said sloping roof surface; said front wall provided with perforations through which water flowing down said sloping roof surface enters said storage tank through said perforations.
Preferably, said storage tank includes side walls of a generally triangular shape; a top of an installed said storage tank at least close to horizontal.
Preferably, water collected in said water storage tank is made available to water outlets in said building through gravity feed to said outlets.
Preferably, said water storage tank is sized so as to be manipulated by a single system installer. Preferably, said water storage tank is sized so as to be inserted between adjacent roof trusses in a roof space; said trusses spaced apart at standard truss spacing.
Preferably, said water storage tank is provided with inlet and outlet fittings; said outlet fittings adapted for interconnection of two or more said water storage tanks so as to provide a desired water storage capacity.
Preferably, said flexible collector sheet is adapted to conform to contours of a roof surface; an upper edge of said flexible collector sheet arranged on said roof surface so as to intercept rainwater flowing down said roof surface; a lower edge of said flexible collector sheet affixed to an underside of said elongate collector manifold.
Preferably, said upper edge of said flexible sheet is interposed between overlapping edges of a first upward row of roof tiles and a second next lower row of roof tiles.
Preferably, said upper edge of said flexible collector sheet is affixed to a roof surface with a suitable adhesive.
Preferably, said collector manifold comprises an elongate tubular member closed at each outer end; said elongate member provided along a lowermost edge with a series of apertures; said apertures adapted to receive for entry into said elongate member of water flowing down said flexible collector sheet.
Preferably, said collector manifold is formed into a roll-formed channel; said channel including a bottom portion and one side portion rising from a lower edge of said bottom portion; said channel further including an upper surface and a partially
Preferably, said collector manifold is connected to said water storage tank by at least one water conducting conduit; one at least one water conducting conduit connecting an end of said collector manifold to an inlet fitting of said water storage tank.
Preferably, said roof water collector is located on said roof such that said collector manifold is at a level at least equal to the level of the uppermost portion of said water storage tank.
In a further broad form o£ the invention, there is provided a roof water collection and distribution system; said system including at least one water storage tank mounted to a sloping roof surface and a roof water collector connected to said water storage tank; said roof water collector including an elongate water collecting manifold and a water collector sheet; said water collector sheet extending upward from said manifold along said sloping roof; and wherein water flowing down said sloping roof surface, is intercepted to flow onto said water collector sheet; water intercepted by said sheet flowing into said water collector manifold.
In yet another broad form of the invention, there is provided a roof water collection and distribution system; said system including a water storage tank mounted to a sloping roof surface and a roof water collector; said roof water collector including a collector trough formed so as to locate in a valley channel between adjoining sloping roof surfaces; said trough having an end portion at a lower end of said trough; said lower end portion provided with a fitting for connection of a water conducting conduit; said conduit connecting said collector trough to said water storage tank.
In another broad form of the invention there is provided a roof water collection and distribution system; said system including a water storage tank mounted between adjacent trusses of a sloping roof surface; said system further including a roof water collector connected, to said water storage tank; said roof water collector including an elongate water collecting manifold and a water collector sheet; said sheet extending upward from said manifold along said sloping roof; and wherein water flowing down said sloping roof surface, is intercepted .to flow onto said water collector sheet; water intercepted by said sheet flowing into said water collector manifold.
In a further broad form of the invention, there is provide a method of providing rainwater to at least one water outlet in a building; said method including the following steps:
(a) mounting a water storage tank on a sloping roof of said building,
(b) mounting a roof water collector on said sloping roof between said water storage tank and an uppermost portion of said roof,
(σ) connecting said roof water collector to said water storage tank,
and wherein said water storage tank is provided with an outlet for connection of a water delivery pipe; said water delivery pipe connected to said at least one water outlet within said building.
In still a further broad form of the invention, there is provided a roof water collection and distribution system; said system including a water storage tank mounted to a sloping roof surface; an installed said water storage tank including a rear wall adjacent a lower edge of said sloping roof surface; a front wall of said water storage tank provided with apertures such that at least a portion of water flowing down said sloping roof surface is intercepted by said front wall; water entering said water storage tank through said apertures.
In another broad form of the invention, there is provided a roof water collection and delivery system for a building; said building having at least one sloping roof surface; water falling on portions of a said at least one sloping roof surface collected in at least one water storage tank mounted on a lower portion of a said at least one sloping roof surface.
Preferably, said at least one sloping roof surface is a surface of a roof structure covering a single-level structure .
Preferably, said at least one sloping roof surface includes a first sloping roof surface of a lower level roof structure covering a lower level of a two-level structure; said at least one sloping roof surface further including a second sloping roof surface of an upper level roof structure covering an upper level of said structure.
Preferably, water draining from surfaces of a said upper level roof structure of said upper level of said two- level structure, is directed to said at least one water storage tank mounted on said lower level roof structure.
Preferably, at least a portion of water falling on said upper level roof structure is collected in said at least . one water storage tank mounted on said lower level roof structure.
Preferably, water falling on a said sloping roof surface is collected in a tank mounted on said sloping roof surface.
Preferably, a roof water collector is mounted between said at least one water storage tank and said uppermost portion of said at least one sloping roof surface.
Preferably, said roof water collector includes an elongate collector manifold and a flexible collector sheet extending from said collector manifold; water flowing down said sloping roof surface flowing onto said flexible sheet to enter said elongate collector manifold; said elongate collector manifold connected to said at least one water tank by a water conducting conduit.
Preferably, said collector manifold comprises a roll- formed channel; said channel including a bottom portion and one side portion rising from a lower edge of said bottom portion; said channel further including an upper surface and a partially overhanging top portion; an open portion of said channel directed towards said uppermost portion of said sloping roof surface.
Preferably, said collector manifold comprises an elongate tubular member closed at each outer end; said elongate member provided along a lowermost edge with a series of apertures; said apertures adapted to receive for entry into said elongate member of water flowing down said flexible collector sheet.
Preferably, said flexible collector sheet is adapted to conform to contours of a roof surface; an upper edge of said flexible collector sheet arranged on said roof surface so as to intercept rainwater flowing down said roof surface; a lower edge of said flexible collector sheet affixed to an underside of said elongate collector manifold.
Preferably, said upper edge of said flexible sheet is interposed between overlapping edges of a first upward row of roof tiles and a second next lower row of roof tiles.
Preferably, said upper edge of said flexible collector sheet is affixed to a roof surface with a suitable adhesive. Preferably, said collector manifold is connected to said water storage tank by at least one water conducting conduit; one at least one water conducting conduit connecting an end of said collector manifold to an inlet fitting of said water storage tank.
Preferably, a front wall of said storage tank is adapted for collection of water falling on a said sloping roof surface; said front wall provided with perforations through which water flowing down said sloping roof surface enters 3aid storage tank.
Preferably, a fabricated trough located in a valley between two adjoining sloping roof surfaces is adapted for collection of water falling on said adjoining roof surfaces; said fabricated trough provided with a water outlet at a lower end of said trough for connection to said at least one water tank by a water conducting conduit .
Preferably, said water storage tank is mounted below said first sloping roof surface of said lower level roof structure ,
Preferably, said storage tank includes sidewalls of a generally triangular shape; an upper sids of an installed said storage tank substantially horizontal. Preferably, water collected in said at least one water storage tank is made available to water outlets in said building through gravity feed to said outlets .
Preferably/ said at least one water storage tank is sized so as to be manipulated by a single system installer.
Preferably, said at least one water storage tank is sized ao as to be inserted between adjacent roof trusses in a roof space; said trusses spaced apart at standard truss spacing.
Preferably, said at least one water storage tank is provided with inlet and outlet fittings; said outlet fittings adapted for interconnection of two or more said water storage tanks so as to provide a desired water storage capacity.
In another broad form of the invention there is provided a roof water collection and distribution system; said system including at least one water storage tank mounted to a sloping roof surface and a roof water collector connected to said water storage tank; said roof water collector including an elongate water collecting manifold and a water collector sheet; said water collector sheet extending upward from said manifold along said sloping roof; and wherein water flowing down said sloping roof surface, is intercepted to flow onto said water collector sheet; water intercepted by said sheet flowing into said water collector manifold.
In another broad form of the invention, there is provided a roof water collection and distribution system; said system including a water storage tank mounted to a sloping roof surface and a roof water collector; said roof water collector including a collector trough formed so as to locate in a valley channel between adjoining sloping roof surfaces; said trough having an end portion at a lower end of said trough; said lower end portion provided with a fitting for connection of a water conducting conduit; said conduit connecting said collector trough to said water storage tank.
In another broad form of the invention, there is provided a roof water collection and distribution system; said system including a water storage tank mounted between adjacent trusses of a sloping roof surface; said system further including a roof water collector connected to said water storage tank; said roof water collector including an elongate water collecting manifold and a water collector sheet/ said sheet extending upward from said manifold along said sloping roof; and wherein water flowing down said sloping roof surface, is intercepted to flow onto said water collector sheet; water intercepted by said sheet flowing into said water collector manifold. Ina another broad form of the invention, there is provided a method of providing rainwater to at least one water outlet in a building; said method including the following steps:
(d) mounting a water storage tank on a sloping roof of said building,
(e) mounting a roof water collector on said sloping roof between said water storage tank and an uppermost portion of said roof,
(f) connecting said roof water collector to said water storage tank,
and wherein said water storage tank is provided with an outlet for connection of a water delivery pipe; said water delivery pipe connected to said at least one water outlet within said building.
In another broad form of the invention, there is provided a roof water collection and distribution system; said system including a water storage tank mounted to a sloping roof surface; an installed said water storage tank including a rear wall adjacent a lower edge of said sloping roof surface; a front wall of said water storage tank provided with apertures such that at least a portion of water flowing down said sloping roof surface is intercepted by said front wall; water entering said water storage tank through said apertures.
In another broad form of the invention, there is provided a roof water collection and distributions system; said system including at least one roof storage tank mounted to a sloping roof surface; said roof storage tank receiving rainwater falling on a roof portion above a level of a water collector in coiruminication with said roof storage tank; said roof storage tank receiving pumped water from a rainwater storage tank located below said at least one roof $torage tank when water in said roof storage tank is exhausted.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS
Embodiments of the present invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings wherein;
Figure 1 is perspective view of a tiled roof showing an embodiment of. the present invention installed,
Figure 2 is a perspective view of a portion of a roof water collector according to a preferred embodiment of the invention as viewed from the collection and water entry- side,
Figure 2A is a sectioned view of a further example of a roof water collector, Figure 3 is a cross section of a roof space showing a further preferred embodiment of the invention,
Figure 4 is a perspective view of another embodiment of a roof water collector mounted in a roof valley,
Figure 5 is a side elevation view of a sloping roof surface with a water storage tank according to a further preferred embodiment mounted on the sloping roof surface,
Figure 6 is a perspective view of an array of two of the water storage tanks of Figure 5 installed on a sloping roof surface, . Figure 7 is a further perspective view of the water storage tank of Figures 5 or 6 provided with augmented water capturing elements/
Figure 8 is a perspective view of a building with two roof areas at different levels, Figure 9 is a sectioned view of a building with two roof areas at different levels showing a further embodiment of a roof water collection and delivery system according to the invention. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS First Preferred Embodiment
With reference to Figure 1, a roof water collection and delivery system 10 is located on the sloping roof 12 of a building 14. in this instance, the system 10 includes two identical water storage tanks 16 connected together by connector 18 so as to effectively form one storage facility. A feature of the arrangement is that the water storage facility is mounted so that the base of the tank ox tanks are above the level of the roof guttering 23 at the edge of the sloping roof 12. System 10 further includes a roof water collector 17.
.Preferably, water storage tanks 16 are of a size which is readily manipulated by one installing person. The modular arrangement of interconnecting two or more tanks allows for a convenient manner of providing a desired total storage volume in accordance with roof catchment areas and rainfall patterns for example. Storage tanks 16 may be fixed to the roof by fasteners {not shown), for example through flanges 20 provided along edges of the base of the tanks or with suitable brackets.
Preferably also, the water storage tanks 16 are located towards the lower edge 22 of the roof 12 , so that not only is the catchment area above the roof water collector maximised, but the tanks may be located approximately over the load bearing outer wall 24.
The roof water collector 17 is installed at an intermediate position on the roof between the water storage tank or tanks 16, and the uppermost portion of the roof
(not visible in Figure 1) . With reference also to Figure 2, in this embodiment, the roof water collector 17 includes a collector manifold 26 and a flexible collector sheet 28 extending from underneath collector manifold 26. ϊhe roof water collector 17 is located ''upstream" of the storage tank$ 16, at a point where the uppermost point of the storage tanks is at least just below the level- the collector manifold 26.
Collector manifold 26 is provided with perforations or slots 30 arranged along the length of the manifold, and which allow water intercepted by the flexible collector sheet 28 to enter the collector manifold. Collector manifold 26 is also fixed to the roof by suitable brackets
(not shown) , It will be understood that although the collector manifold has been illustrated as a tubular element, any at least partially enclosed channel, blocked off at both ends and able to receive water from the roof water collector, and conduct that water to an outlet, may form a water collecting manifold. Likewise the water entry into the manifold need not be a series of slots as illustrated in Figure 2 but may be of any other suitable configuration. Thus for example the collector manifold may have a profile as shown in the inset of Figure 2A. In this arrangement the collector manifold is roll-formed to include a bottom portion 31 and one side portion 32 rising from the lower edge of the bottom portion 31. A top portion 33 extends over the bottom portion and a front portion 34 extends downwards towards the bottom, leaving a gap to form a continuous opening 36 along its lower edge at the junction with the .lower edge of the flexible collector sheet 28,
Flexible collector sheet 28 is the same length as collector manifold 26 and is adapted .to conform along its upper edge 38 with the contours of the roof to which the system is installed. Collector sheet 28 acts to intercept rainwater flowing down the sloping roof 12 , In the example shown in Figure 1, the upper edge 38 may be inserted between the overlapping edges of the row of upward tiles 40 "upstream" of the collector sheet 28 and the next lower row of tiles 41.
The flexibility of the collector sheet 28 allows it to conform also to other roof profiles such as corrugated iron and other metal profile roofing materials. In the case of continuous metal sheeted roof surfaces, the upper edge 38 of the sheet 28 is worked into the troughs and fixed in place with a suitable adhesive.
Although in the illustration of Figure 1, the roof water collector is shown as being in one piece, it will be understood that roof water collectors may also be provided in relatively short lengths and linked together in similar manner to the storage tanks 16.
At least one end of the collector manifold 26 (or a line of interconnected manifolds) is connected by a water conducting conduit 42 to an inlet 44 of at least one of the water storage tanks 16.
Where needed, a leaf deflecting mesh 27 may extend from proximate the upper edge 38 of collector sheet 28 to the top. of the collector manifold 26.
Second Preferred Embodiment
In this second preferred embodiment shown in Figure 3, one or more roof water storage tanks 16 as described above, may be supported below the roof line between adjoining roof trusses 50 of a sloping roof 12.
A roof water collector 17 as previously described is situated on the roof surface either immediately above or at some suitable location so that the collector manifold 26 is at least above the highest point of the storage tank 16. A water conducting conduit 42 conducts water collected by the roof top collector 17 through the roof to enter the storage tank 16.
Ae before both roof water collector 17 and water storage tank 16 may be ones of a number of interlinked collectors and storage tanks.
Third Preferred Embodiment
In a third preferred embodiment of. the present invention, with reference to Figure 4, a roof water collector 54 may be located in the valley 56 of a roof 12; that is, within the channel provided at the junction of two sloping roof surfaces 12A and 12B.
In this embodiment, one or more water storage tanks 16 as previously described, may be installed in the vicinity of the roof valley 56 as shown in Figure 4.
. Typically, especially on a tiled roof, the valley channel 58 lies at a level somewhat below the tile surfaces. The water collector 54 in this eitibodiinent is a fabricated trough forming a base and end portions so as to fit in the valley channel 58. Water flowing off the adjoining roof surfaces enters the water collector 54. Preferably, water collector 54 is provided with a mesh cover 60 to prevent leaves and other detritus from entering the water collector 54. The lowermost end portion 62 of the water collector trough is provided with an. outlet to which a water conduction conduit 42 connects the water collector 54 with the nearest of the water storage tanks 16.
In each of the above described embodiments, an outlet fitting 45 of the water storage tank 16 (or of one of the interconnected storage tanks) is connected to a water distribution pipe 47 leading to one or more water outlets within the building as best seen in Figure 3. Stored water may be used for a variety of uses; for example flushing toilets, or with suitable filtering provide a source of clean drinking water.
In at least one form of the invention, the water storage tank 16 may be provided with a watar level . sensing system (not shown) and connected to mains water supply so that when collected roof water falls to some predetermined minimum level, a replacement volume of mains water may be automatically added to the tank.
Fourth Preferred Embodiment
In a fourth preferred embodiment of the invention, with reference to Figures 5 to 7, one or more storage tanks 116 are again adapted for mounting to the surface of a sloping roof 112 of a building 114. in this instance however, eaoh tank 116 is itself adapted to act as the water collector. As best seen in the side elevation view of Figure 5, a storage tank 116 is provided with generally triangular shaped sides 115 tapering from the rear wall 117 of the tank to a collection front wall 119. As can be seen in Figures 6 and 7, front wall 119 of the tank is perforated, for example with slots 121. A flexible .collector sheet 128 extends from the lower edge of front wall 119 and, as described above , is made to conform to the configuration of the roof surface.
Front wall 119 is of sufficient height to. intercept water flowing down the surface of sloping roof 112 and allow water to enter the tank 116. The top 123 of tank 116 is preferably horizontal to maximise the volume of water which may be stored in the tank. Tanks 116 may be provided in a range of side wall profiles to suit a range of roof slopes so that the top/s 123 of the installed tank or tanks are as close to horizontal as possible.
Where a large roof is involved so that a large volume of water may be expected to flow to the tank 116, a raised lip 125 may be provided as shown in Figure 7 to more effectively capture the flow of water.
As well, as also shown in Figure 1, collector sheet 128 may be broadened out and be provided with side water guide elements 127 to provide a larger catchment for a single tank 116 installation.
As also previously described, tanks 116 are preferably provided as modular units adapted for side by side interconnected installation as shown in Figure 6 so that a closely spaced array of such tanks arranged adjacent a lower edge 122 of a sloping roof 112, can effectively collect most of the water flow from the roof to the point where all the tanks are filled. Once filled, water simply bypasses the tanks and flows to the gutter system 120 of the building.
In this embodiment also, leaves and other detritus may readily be prevented from entering through the perforations 121 in front wall 11 by a suitable mesh over the perforations.
Fifth Preferred Embodiment
In still another preferred embodiment of the present invention, a water collection system is adapted for those dwellings and other buildings where there are roof structures at different levels. Thus in many two storey houses for example, such as the house 210 shown in Figure 8, the garage or garages 212 or some other parts of the building may be of single storey construction so that the single storey roof 214 is at a lower level than the roof 216 over the main two storey part. Such buildings may be referred to for the purposes of this specification as two- level structures as distinct from a single-level structure.
In this embodiment of the invention, any of the water collecting arrangements of the above described embodiments, may be located on the lower roof 214 of the two-level structure 210 as shown in Figure 8. When so situated, the collection tank or tanks 218 may collect water falling on the lower roof itself, but more preferably can receive water from the guttering 220 of the higher level roof 216. Typically, the higher level roof. 216 will be that of the larger or main part of the two-level structure and will provide a considerably larger water catchment area then that which can be accessed in the arrangements described above, in which water for the roof mounted tank ox tanks is only available from the area of the roof immediately above the tanks or collector element/s. As shown in Figure 8 by suitable pipe-work 222 , all of the higher roof of the two storey part of the building may then act as catchment for the tanks 218 mounted to the roof 214 of the single storey portion .
With reference now to Figure 9 water- from a tank 318 or tanks located on the lower roof 314 of a building 310 combining single and two storey portions can be used by simple gravity feed to water outlets 324 on the ground floor of both parts of the building 310. Typically the system of the present embodiment may be used to supply water to toilets and laundry facilities on the ground floor as well as providing a source of water for garden or car washing for example.
In a further preferred form of this embodiment/ the catchment area of the higher roof 316 of building 310 is likely to capture considerably more water than can be stored in the tank 318 on the lower roof 314. Thus the upper roof 316 may additionally be equipped with a tank and water catchment arrangement 330 as described in the embodiment above, to capture and store at least a portion of the water falling on the higher roof. This may then provide water to facilities on the upper floor of the building also.
In still an alternative arrangement, storage tank 318 shown in Figure 9 could be mounted below the surface of lower roof 314, such an arrangement still allowing the servicing of water outlets on the ground floor of the building.
To ensure water remains available to the facilities connected to the roof mounted tank systems of this, as well as the above embodiments, should insufficient rain cause exhaustion of the tank supply, various "cut-over" systems may be employed to switch supply to mains water where this is available. In all cases such supply switching systems include back wash prevention arrangements to prevent tank water contaminating the mains supply lines as is well know in the art. In the present invention, the switch over system may range from a simple manual tap arrangement to provide mains water when it becomes apparent that the roof tank or tanks are exhausted. Alternatively such switch over may be effected automatically by a suitable tank level sensor and servo operated control valving.
Sixth Preferred Embodiment
In this further embodiment of the present invention, any of the roof-mounted tanks of the previously described embodiments above, may receive an alternative supply of water from a ground level tank or well, should the collected roof water be exhausted due to insufficient rainfall. Such an arrangement is shown in Figure 9, in which the rainwater collection system of a building includes a rainwater collection tank 340 mounted below the level of the roof mounted collection tanks 318 and 330; in this instance, located underground.
In this arrangement, water from a ground installed tank or well/ may be pumped up to the roof-mounted tank or tanks. In a preferred arrangement, the water is raised up to the roof tank or tanks by means of a small, low wattage pump 342 able to transfer the required top-up volume at a. rate sufficient to offset water draw off to the facilities connected to the roof mounted tank. In a particularly preferred arrangement, the pump may be powered from a solar-voltaic panel (not shown) .
The roof-mounted tank or tanks of any of the above embodiments, may be fabricated from metal such as stainless steel for example, or rotation moulded from a suitable polymer. Suitable brackets may be provided integral with the base of the tank for mounting to a roof surface- A variety of brackets may be provided to suit various roof cladding, for tiles, metal profile or slate roofs.

Claims

1, A roof water collection and delivery system for a building; said building having at least one sloping roof surface; water falling on portions of a said at least one sloping roof surface collected in at least one water storage tank mounted on a lower portion of a said at least one sloping roof surface.
2, The system of claim 1 wherein said at least one sloping roof surface is a surface of a roof structure covering a single-level structure.
3. The system of claim 1 wherein said at least one sloping roof surface includes a first sloping roof surface of a lower level roof structure covering a lower level of a two-level structure; said at least one sloping roof surface further including a second sloping roof surface of an upper level roof structure covering an upper level of said structure.
4. The system of claim 3 wherein water draining from surfaces of a said upper level roof structure of said upper level of said two-level structure, is directed to said at least one water storage tank mounted on said lower level roof structure.
5. The system of claim 4 wherein at least a portion of water falling on said upper level roof structure is collected in said at least one water storage tank mounted on said lower level roof atructure.
6, The system of claim 2 wherein water falling on a said sloping roof surface is collected in a tank mounted on said sloping roof surface.
7. The system of claim 6 wherein a roof water collector is mounted between said at least one water storage tank and said uppermost portion of said at least one sloping roof surface.
8. The system of claim 6 or 7 wherein said roof water collector includes an elongate collector manifold and a flexible collector sheet extending from said collector manifold; water flowing down said sloping roof surface flowing onto' said flexible sheet to enter said elongate collector manifold; said elongate collector manifold connected to said at least one water tank by a water conducting conduit.
9. The system of claim 8 wherein said collector manifold comprises a roll-formed channel; said channel including a bottom portion and one side portion rising from, a lower edge of said bottom portion; said channel further including an upper surface and a partially overhanging top portion; an open portion of said channel directed towards said uppermost portion of said sloping roof surface.
10. The system of claim 8 wherein said collector manifold comprises an elongate tubular member closed at each outer end; said elongate member provided along a lowermost edge with a series of apertures; said apertures adapted to receive for entry into said elongate member of water flowing down said flexible collector sheet.
11. The system of any one of claims 8 to 10 wherein said flexible collector sheet is adapted to conform to contours of a roof surface; an upper edge of said flexible collector sheet arranged on said roof surface so as to intercept rainwater flowing down said roof surface; a lower edge of said flexible collector sheet affixed to an underside of said elongate collector manifold.
12. The system of claim 11 wherein said upper edge of said flexible sheet is interposed between overlapping edges of a first upward row of roof tiles and a second next lower row of roof tiles.
13. The system of claim 11 wherein said upper edge of said flexible collector sheet is affixed to a roof surface with a suitable adhesive.
14. The system of any one of claims 8 to 13 wherein said collector manifold is connected to said water storage tank by at least one water conducting conduit; one at least one water conducting conduit connecting an end of said collector manifold to an inlet fitting of said water storage tank.
15. The system of claim 6 wherein a front wall of said storage tank is adapted for collection of water falling on a said sloping roof surface; said front wall provided with perforations through which water flowing down said sloping roof surface enters said storage tank.
16« The system of claim 6 wherein a fabricated trough located in a valley between two adjoining sloping roof surfaces is adapted for collection of water falling on said adjoining roof surfaces; said fabricated trough provided with a water outlet at a lower end of said trough for connection to said at least one water tank by a water conducting conduit .
17. The system of claim 3 wherein said water storage tank is mounted below said first sloping roof surface of said lower level roof structure.
18. The system of any one of claims 1 to 16 .wherein said storage tank includes sidewalls of a generally triangular shape; an upper side of an installed said storage tank substantially horizontal.
19. The system of any one of claims 1 to 18 wherein water collected in said at least one water storage tank is made available to water outlets in said building through gravity feed to said outlets.
20. The system of any one of claims 1 to 19 wherein said at least one water storage tank is sized so as to be manipulated by a single system installer.
21. The system of claim 17 wherein said at least one water storage tank is sized so as to be inserted between adjacent roof trusses in a roof space; said trusses spaced apart at standard truss spacing.
22. The system of any one of claims 1 to 21 wherein said at least one water storage tank is provided with inlet and outlet fittings; said outlet fittings adapted for interconnection of two or more said water storage tanks so as to provide a desired water- storage capacity.
23. A roof water collection and distribution system; said system including at least one water storage tank mounted to a sloping roof surface and a roof water collector connected to said water storage tank; said roof water collector including an elongate water collecting manifold and a. water collector sheet; said water collector . sheet extending upward from said manifold along said sloping roof; and wherein water flowing down said sloping roof surface, is intercepted to . flow onto said water collector sheet; water intercepted by said sheet flowing into said water collector manifold.
24. A roof water collection and distribution system; said system including a water storage tank mounted to a sloping roof surface and a roof water collector; said roof water collector including a collector trough formed so as to locate in a valley channel between adjoining sloping roof surfaces; said trough having an end portion at a lower end of said trough; said lower end portion provided with a fitting for connection of a water conducting conduit; said conduit connecting said collector trough to said water storage tank.
25. A roof water collection and distribution system; said system including a water storage tank mounted between adjacent trusses of a sloping roof surface; said system further including a roof water collector connected to said water storage tank; said roof water collector including an elongate water collecting manifold and a water collector sheet; said sheet extending upward from said manifold along said sloping roof; and wherein water flowing down said sloping roof surface , is intercepted to flow onto said water collector sheet; water intercepted by said sheet flowing into said water collector manifold,
26. A method of providing rainwater to at least one water outlet in a building; said method including the following steps:
(g) mounting a water storage tank on a sloping roof of said building,
(h) mounting a roof water collector on said sloping roof between . said water storage tank and an uppermost portion of said roof,
(i) connecting said roof water collector to said water storage tank, and wherein said water storage tank is provided, with, an outlet for connection of a water delivery pipe; said water delivery pipe connected to said at least one water outlet within said building.
27. A roof water collection and distribution system; said system including a water storage tank mounted to a sloping roof surface; an installed said water storage tank including a rear1 wall adjacent a lower edge of said sloping roof surface; a front wall of said water storage tank provided with apertures such that at least a portion of water flowing down said sloping roof surface is intercepted by said front wall; water entering said water .storage tank through said apertures.
28. A roof water collection and distributions system; said system including at least one roof storage tank mounted to a sloping roof surface; said roof storage tank receiving rainwater falling on a roof portion above a level of a water collector in communication with said roof storage tank; said roof storage tank receiving pumped water from a rainwater storage tank located below said at least one roof storage tank when water in said roof storage tank is exhausted.
29. The roof water collection and delivery system of any one of claims 1 to 21, said system further including an automatic supply change over system.
30. The system of σlaira 29 wherein said automatic supply change over system includes a sensor for detecting low or no water in said storage tank.
31. The system of claim 30 wherein when said sensor detects low or no water in said storage tank it causes town water supply to be substituted for water from said storage tank.
32. The system of claim 30 wherein when said sensor detects not (low or no water) in said storage tank it causes water from said storage tank to be substituted for town water supply.
PCT/AU2008/001517 2007-10-16 2008-10-16 Roof water collection and delivery system WO2009049357A1 (en)

Priority Applications (10)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU2007905638A AU2007905638A0 (en) 2007-10-16 Roof rainwater tank
AU2007905637A AU2007905637A0 (en) 2007-10-16 Roof valley water collector
AU2007905638 2007-10-16
AU2007905636 2007-10-16
AU2007905636A AU2007905636A0 (en) 2007-10-16 Roof Rainwater Collector
AU2007905637 2007-10-16
AU2007237249A AU2007237249B1 (en) 2007-10-16 2007-11-23 Roof water collection and delivery system
AU2007237249 2007-11-23
AU2007240166 2007-12-07
AU2007240166A AU2007240166A1 (en) 2007-10-16 2007-12-07 Roof Water Collection and Delivery System

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2009049357A1 true WO2009049357A1 (en) 2009-04-23

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/AU2008/001517 WO2009049357A1 (en) 2007-10-16 2008-10-16 Roof water collection and delivery system

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AU (2) AU2007237249B1 (en)
WO (1) WO2009049357A1 (en)

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WO2010143002A1 (en) * 2009-06-12 2010-12-16 Nu-Sustainable Limited Roof unit and rainwater collection system
GB2506103A (en) * 2012-07-27 2014-03-26 Stephen Thomas Roof water collection device
CN110771385A (en) * 2019-10-26 2020-02-11 天一建设发展有限公司 Green energy-saving ecological building structure and construction method thereof

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CN104213599B (en) * 2013-05-31 2015-10-07 湖南道勤能源科技有限公司 Zero energy consumption roof rain water reclaims Waste water utilization system

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GB2506103A (en) * 2012-07-27 2014-03-26 Stephen Thomas Roof water collection device
CN110771385A (en) * 2019-10-26 2020-02-11 天一建设发展有限公司 Green energy-saving ecological building structure and construction method thereof

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AU2007237249B1 (en) 2008-03-20

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