WO2009006764A1 - Hardware production, inspection and assorting system and method - Google Patents

Hardware production, inspection and assorting system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2009006764A1
WO2009006764A1 PCT/CN2007/002442 CN2007002442W WO2009006764A1 WO 2009006764 A1 WO2009006764 A1 WO 2009006764A1 CN 2007002442 W CN2007002442 W CN 2007002442W WO 2009006764 A1 WO2009006764 A1 WO 2009006764A1
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Prior art keywords
detection
production
hardware
sorting
main control
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PCT/CN2007/002442
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Jingtu Chen
Original Assignee
Jingtu Chen
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Priority to CNA2007100759657A priority Critical patent/CN101342530A/en
Priority to CN200710075965.7 priority
Application filed by Jingtu Chen filed Critical Jingtu Chen
Publication of WO2009006764A1 publication Critical patent/WO2009006764A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/04Sorting according to size
    • B07C5/10Sorting according to size measured by light-responsive means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/04Sorting according to size
    • B07C5/08Sorting according to size measured electrically or electronically

Abstract

Hardware production, inspection and assorting system and method can be used for production, inspection and assorting the hardware such as spring, screw, connector. This system comprises a main control device, a production device, an inspection device and an assorting device. The main control device controls the inspection device to amplify and collect the image of the hardware. The main control device inspects and analyses the image which was collected, and sends the result to the assorting device to assort in order to divide the eligible product from the inferior, then feeds back the information of the inferior, for adjusting the productiondevice. This invention can improve the precision and efficiency of the inspection of the hardware to be inspected more greatly than the manual inspection, at the same time, the main control device can adjust the parameter of the production device synchronously, in order to correct the warp of the parameter, so as to reduce the ratio of the waster.

Description

一种小五金件生产检测分选系统及方法 技术 ^域  Small hardware production detection and sorting system and method
本发明涉及一种小五金件生产检测分选系统及方法, 尤其涉及一 种通过对生产的小五金件的图像进行放大和采集, 并根据采集到的小 五金件图像进行自动检测、 分选的一种小五金件生产检测分选系统及 方法, 所述系统和方法可广泛应用于对小五金件如弹簧、 螺栓、 连接 件等的检测。  The invention relates to a small hardware production detection sorting system and method, in particular to a small hardware for automatically detecting and sorting according to the image of the produced small hardware, and collecting and sorting according to the collected small hardware image. A production inspection sorting system and method, the system and method can be widely applied to the detection of small hardware such as springs, bolts, connectors, and the like.
背景技术 Background technique
现有技术中对小五金件进行检测主要是通过人工进行的, 由检测 人通过使用游标卡尺进行检测。 例如在检测弹簧的长度时, 需要用卡 尺卡住弹簧两端。 由于弹簧具有弹性, 因此测出的弹簧长度数据准确 度不高; 人工检测受主观因素影响, 捡测者的身体和心理状态会影响 每次的检测结 果, 而且人眼易于产生疲劳, 工作时间过长也会出现认 为的误差; 传统人工检测方法测出弹簧尺寸后, 需要记录数据和判断 弹簧合格与否, 这样及其浪费时间检测的效率很低。  In the prior art, the detection of small hardware is mainly performed manually, and the detection is performed by the examiner by using a vernier caliper. For example, when detecting the length of the spring, it is necessary to use a caliper to clamp the ends of the spring. Because the spring has elasticity, the measured spring length data is not accurate; manual detection is affected by subjective factors, the physical and psychological state of the tester will affect each test result, and the human eye is prone to fatigue, working time has passed Long-term errors can also occur; after the traditional manual detection method measures the size of the spring, it is necessary to record the data and judge whether the spring is qualified or not, and the wasteful time detection efficiency is low.
现有技术中对小五金件的生产、 检测和分选是分开进行的, 首先 通过生产设备对小五金件进行生产, 然后通过人工对生产出来的大量 小五金件进行检测, 最后是根据检测结果将生产出来的小五金件进行 合格产品和不合格产品的分类。 现有技术中的模式不能实现系统化、 流水式作业, 工作效率非常低, 而且对小五金件的检测是对以经过生 产设备的统一模式生产出的大量小五金件进行的, 一旦小五金件的生 产设备在设置上出现偏差会导致该批生产的小五金件出现大量废品。 对小五金件的检测是事后进行的, 不能实现对生产设备在生产过程中 · 出现问题情况下的及时更正。 In the prior art, the production, inspection and sorting of small hardware parts are carried out separately. Firstly, the small hardware parts are produced through the production equipment, and then a large number of small hardware pieces produced by the artificial parts are manually detected, and finally, the production results are produced according to the test results. Small hardware for the classification of qualified and unqualified products. The mode in the prior art cannot realize systematic and flowing operation, and the work efficiency is very low, and the detection of the small hardware is performed on a large number of small hardware pieces which are produced through the unified mode of the production equipment, once the production equipment of the small hardware pieces is produced. Deviations in the settings can result in a large amount of scrap in the batch of hardware. The inspection of small hardware is carried out afterwards, and timely correction of the production equipment in the production process may occur.
发明内容 Summary of the invention
为了解决现有技术中存在的对小五金件检测误差大和检测效率 低、 生产、 检测和分选过程分幵进行和不能对生产过程进行及时检测、 及时纠正的技术问题, 本发明提供了一种全自动化的小五金件生产捡 测分选系统。  In order to solve the technical problems existing in the prior art that the detection error of the small hardware is large, the detection efficiency is low, the production, detection and sorting processes are performed, and the production process cannot be timely detected and corrected in time, the present invention provides a full Automated hardware production and measurement sorting system.
为了解决现有技术中存在的对小五金件检测误差大和检测效率低 和不能对生产过程进行及时检测、 及时纠正的技术问题, 本发明提供 了一种全自动化的小五金件生产检测分析方法。  In order to solve the technical problems existing in the prior art that the detection error of the small hardware is large, the detection efficiency is low, and the production process cannot be timely detected and corrected in time, the present invention provides a fully automated detection and analysis method for the production of small hardware parts.
本发明解决上述第一个技术问题所采用的方案是: 提供一种小五 金件生产检测分选系统, 所述生产检测分选系统包括: 用于对所述生 产检测分选系统进行控制的主控装置; 用于对所述小五金件进行制造 的生产装置; 用于对所述小五金件进行信息收集的检测装置; 用于对 所述小五金件进行分选的分选装置; 所述生产装置将生产出的小五金 件交所述检测装置进行检测, 所述检测装置将收集到的所述小五金件 的信息发送给与其连接的所述主控装置, 通过所述主控装置对所述检 测信息进行数据釆集并对所述釆集到的信息进行分析, 将所述分析结 果交所述分选装置进行分选处理, 并向所述生产装置反馈不合格产品 信息, 调整生产设备。  The solution adopted by the present invention to solve the above first technical problem is: providing a small hardware production detection and sorting system, wherein the production inspection and sorting system comprises: a main control for controlling the production detection and sorting system a production device for manufacturing the small hardware; a detecting device for collecting information on the small hardware; a sorting device for sorting the small hardware; the production device will produce The small hardware is sent to the detecting device for detecting, and the detecting device sends the collected information of the small hardware to the main control device connected thereto, and the data is detected by the main control device. The information collected by the enthalpy is analyzed, and the analysis result is sent to the sorting device for sorting processing, and the unqualified product information is fed back to the production device to adjust the production equipment.
根据本发明的一优选实施例: 所述主控装置为工控机。  According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the main control device is an industrial computer.
根据本发明的一优选实施例: 所述工控机包括主控模块、 分别与 所述主控模块连接的检测装置控制模块、 伺服驱动器控制模块、 生产 设备控制模块、 控制信息输入模块和数据信息显示模块, 其中所述伺 服驱动器控制模块与所述分选装置控制模块连接。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the industrial computer includes a main control module, and respectively The detecting device control module, the servo driver control module, the production device control module, the control information input module and the data information display module connected to the main control module, wherein the servo driver control module is connected to the sorting device control module.
根据本发明的一优选实施例: 所述检测装置为投影检测仪, 其包 括- 用于对被检测的所述小五金件进行放大的显微镜; 用于对被检测 的所述小五金件进行图像采集的摄像装置; 所述显微镜安装在所述摄 像装置的前端。  According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the detecting device is a projection detector, comprising: a microscope for amplifying the detected hardware, and for performing image acquisition on the detected hardware. An imaging device; the microscope is mounted at a front end of the imaging device.
根据本发明的一优选实施例: 所述摄像装置上安装有可调节光亮 度的灯光装置。  According to a preferred embodiment of the invention: the camera device is provided with a light device that adjusts the brightness.
根据本发明的一优选实施例: 所述分选装置为机械手装置包括: 用于将待检测小五金件送往所述检测装置进行检测的第一机械手装置 和根据所述主控装置的分析结果将所述小五金件进行分选的第二机械 手装置, 所述第一机械手装置和所述第二机械手装置被分别安装在伺 服驱动器的相应滑道内。  According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the sorting device is a robot device comprising: a first robot device for sending the hardware to be inspected to the detecting device for detection, and an analysis result according to the main control device The small hardware performs sorting of the second robot device, and the first robot device and the second robot device are respectively installed in corresponding slides of the servo driver.
根据本发明的一优选实施例: 所述机械手装置包括第一转臂、 第 二转臂和用于拾取所述小五金件的机械手; 所述第一转臂与伺服驱动 器连接, 可在所述伺服驱动器的滑道内滑动; 所述第二转臂与所述第 一转臂连接, 可相对所述第一转臂绕 Y轴旋转; 所述机械手与所述第 二转臂连接, 所述机械手上安装有吸盘。  According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the robot apparatus includes a first rotating arm, a second rotating arm, and a robot for picking up the small hardware; the first rotating arm is connected to a servo driver, and the servo is The second arm is coupled to the first arm and rotatable relative to the first arm about the Y axis; the robot is coupled to the second arm, the robot Suction cups are installed.
本发明解决上述第二个技术问题所采用的方案是: 提供一种小五 金件生产检测分析方法, 所述检测分析方法包括步骤: 第一、 将小五 金件按照预先设定的参数加工成型; 第二、 对成型的小五金件进行图 像采集; 第三、 对所述被采集到的图像进行自动检测, 得到检测数据; 第四、 将所述检测数据与预先设定的标准品参数值进行比对和判断; ' 第五、 根据所述比对和判断结果将所述小五金件进行合格品或不合格 品的分选。 第六、 向所述生产装置反馈不合格产品信息, 调整生产设 备。 The solution adopted by the present invention to solve the above second technical problem is: providing a small hardware production detection and analysis method, the detection analysis method comprising the steps of: first, processing the small hardware according to preset parameters; , drawing on the shaped hardware Third, the automatic detection of the collected image to obtain detection data; Fourth, the detection data and the preset standard parameter values are compared and judged; 'fifth, according to The comparison and the judgment result sort the good hardware or the non-conforming product. Sixth, feedback the unqualified product information to the production device, and adjust the production equipment.
根据本发明的一优选实施例: 所述第三步中对图像的检测包括尺 寸检测和表面缺陷检测。  According to a preferred embodiment of the invention: the detection of the image in the third step comprises size detection and surface defect detection.
本发明的有益效果在于: 通过对被检测小五金件的图像进行放大 和采集, 并根据采集到的图像信息进行自动检测, 所得到的检测结果 稳定可靠, 不受人为因素的干扰, 所检测出的数据更精确; 而且从设 备的检测到对被检测产品的分选都是通过自动化设备完成, 只需操作 者预先对检测系统设定一次相应的命令, 本系统可以长时间不间断的 工作, 无需操作者进行多次重复劳动, 大大提高了检测和分选的工作 效率; 本系统从生产到检测再到最后的分选采用一体化的流水线式结 构设计大大提高了工作效率, 而且生产设备受本系统主控装置的控制, 主控装置可以根据已生产出来的产品的检测结果及时纠正生产设备的 设置偏差, 这样大大降低了废品率。  The invention has the advantages that: the image of the detected hardware is enlarged and collected, and the automatic detection is performed according to the collected image information, and the obtained detection result is stable and reliable, and is not interfered by human factors, and the detected result is detected. The data is more accurate; and from the detection of the device to the sorting of the detected product is completed by the automation device, the operator only needs to set a corresponding command to the detection system in advance, the system can work continuously for a long time, no need The operator performs repeated labors, which greatly improves the efficiency of detection and sorting. The system uses an integrated streamlined structure design from production to detection to final sorting to greatly improve work efficiency, and the production equipment is subject to The control of the main control device of the system, the main control device can correct the setting deviation of the production equipment in time according to the detection result of the produced product, thus greatly reducing the scrap rate.
附图说明 DRAWINGS
图 1.本发明一种小五金件生产检测分选系统及方法中检测分选系 统各装置装配关系结构示意图;  Figure 1. Schematic diagram of the assembly relationship structure of each device of the detection and sorting system in a small hardware production inspection and sorting system and method;
图 2.生产检测分选系统整体结构示意图;  Figure 2. Schematic diagram of the overall structure of the production inspection sorting system;
图 3.主控装置模块结构示意图; 图 4.小五金件生产捡测分析方法流程图。 Figure 3. Schematic diagram of the structure of the main control device module; Figure 4. Flow chart of the analysis method for the production of small hardware.
具体实施方式 detailed description
下面结合附图和实施方式对本发明作进一步说明。  The invention will now be further described with reference to the drawings and embodiments.
请参阅图 1 一种小五金件生产检测分选系统及方法中检测分选系 统各装置装配关系结构示意图和图 2生产检测分选系统整体结构示意 图。 如图 1或图 2所示, 所述生产检测分选系统包括: 用于对所述生 产检测分选系统进行控制的主控装置 101 ;用于对所述小五金件进行制 造的生产装置 102;用于对所述小五金件进行信息收集的检测装置 103 ; 用于对所述小五金件进行分选的分选装置 104;所述生产装置 102将生 产出的小五金件交所述检测装置 103进行检测, 所述检测装置 103将 收集到的所述小五金件的信息发送给与其连接的所述主控装置 101,通 过所述主控装置 101对所述检测信息进行数据转换并对所述采集到的 信息进行分析, 将所述分析结果交所述分选装置 104进行分选处理, 并向所述生产装置 102反馈不合格产品信息, 调整生产设备。  Please refer to FIG. 1 . A schematic diagram of the assembly relationship structure of each device in the detection and sorting system in the production and testing sorting system and method of the small hardware, and FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of the production inspection and sorting system. As shown in FIG. 1 or FIG. 2, the production detection sorting system includes: a main control device 101 for controlling the production detection sorting system; and a production device 102 for manufacturing the small hardware; a detecting device 103 for collecting information on the small hardware; a sorting device 104 for sorting the small hardware; the producing device 102 passes the produced small hardware to the detecting device 103 for detecting The detecting device 103 sends the collected information of the hardware to the main control device 101 connected thereto, and the main control device 101 performs data conversion on the detection information and the collected information. The information is analyzed, and the analysis result is sent to the sorting device 104 for sorting processing, and the defective product information is fed back to the production device 102 to adjust the production equipment.
在本实施例中所述主控装置 101为工控机、 所述检测装置 103为 投影检测仪, 该投影检测仪 103包括: 用于对被检测的所述小五金件 进行放大的显微镜 108;用于对被检测的所述小五金件进行图像釆集的 摄像装置 107;所述显微镜 108安装在所述摄像装置 107的前端。在所 述摄像装置 107上安装有可调节光亮度的灯光装置(图中未示出), 安 装该灯光装置可以使摄像装置 107在对被检测的小五金件进行图像采 集时能获得更清晰的图像资料, 使主控装置工控机 101对图像的分析 更准确。 在本实施例中的所述分选装置 104为气动机械手装置包括: 用于将待检测小五金件送往所述检测装置进行捡测的第一机械手装置In the embodiment, the main control device 101 is an industrial computer, and the detecting device 103 is a projection detector. The projection detector 103 includes: a microscope 108 for amplifying the detected hardware, for An image pickup device 107 that performs image collection on the detected small hardware; the microscope 108 is mounted on the front end of the image pickup device 107. A light device (not shown) capable of adjusting brightness is mounted on the image capturing device 107, and the light device can be installed to enable the camera device 107 to obtain a clearer image when image capturing the detected hardware. The data makes the analysis of the image by the master control unit 101 more accurate. The sorting device 104 in the embodiment is a pneumatic manipulator device comprising: First robot device for sending the hardware to be inspected to the detecting device for speculation
114和根据所述主控装置 101的分析结果将所述小五金件进行分选的第 二机械手装置 115, 所述第一机械手装置 114和所述第二机械手装置 115被分别安装在伺服驱动器的相应滑道 113、 116内。 所述机械手装 置包括第一转臂 109、第二转臂 110和用于拾取所述小五金件的机械手 111 ; 所述第一转臂 109与伺服驱动器 112连接, 可在所述伺服驱动器 112的滑道 113、 116内滑动; 所述第二转臂 110与所述第一转臂 109 连接, 可相对所述第一转臂 109绕 Y轴旋转; 所述机械手 111与所述 第二转臂 110连接, 所述机械手 111上安装有吸盘 117。 114 and a second robot device 115 for sorting the hardware according to an analysis result of the main control device 101, the first robot device 114 and the second robot device 115 being respectively installed in a corresponding servo driver Inside the slides 113, 116. The robot apparatus includes a first rotating arm 109, a second rotating arm 110, and a robot 111 for picking up the small hardware; the first rotating arm 109 is connected to the servo driver 112, and is slidable at the servo driver 112. Sliding in the lanes 113, 116; the second arm 110 is coupled to the first arm 109 and rotatable relative to the first arm 109 about the Y axis; the robot 111 and the second arm 110 Connected, a suction cup 117 is mounted on the robot hand 111.
本发明所提供的检测分选系统还包括与主控装置工控机 101相连 接用于控制生产检测分选系统进行工作的系统操作控制面板 105和用 于显示检测结果和系统监控过程的显示屏 106。  The detection sorting system provided by the present invention further includes a system operation control panel 105 connected to the main control unit industrial computer 101 for controlling the production detection sorting system to operate, and a display screen 106 for displaying the detection result and the system monitoring process. .
请参阅图 3.主控装置模块结构示意图; 如图 3所示本生产检测分 选系统中主控装置工控机 101包括系统的控制核心主控模块 301、分别 与所述主控模块 301连接的检测装置控制模块 302、伺服驱动器控制模 块 303、 生产设备控制模块 304、 控制信息输入模块 306和数据信息显 示模块 305, 所述伺服驱动器控制模块 303 与所述分选装置控制模块 307连接。  Referring to FIG. 3, a schematic diagram of the structure of the main control device module; as shown in FIG. 3, the main control device IPC 101 of the production detection and sorting system includes a control core main control module 301 of the system, and is respectively connected with the main control module 301. The detecting device control module 302, the servo driver control module 303, the production device control module 304, the control information input module 306, and the data information display module 305 are connected to the sorting device control module 307.
其中检测装置控制模块 302用于连接检测装置, 并接收主控模块 301的控制命令对检测装置进行控制;伺服驱动器控制模块 303用于连 接伺服驱动器并按照主控模块 301 的指令驱动伺服驱动器工作; 生产 设备控制模块 304与主控模块 301双向连接, 生产设备控制模块 304 将生产设备的状况和生产信息发送给主控模块 301, 同时主控模块 301 可以将不合格产品的信息反馈给生产设备, 控制生产设备进行调整; 控制信息输入模块 306用于将控制信息发送给主控模块 301 ;数据信息 显示模块 305 用于显示监控信息、 生产设备参数信息和程序信息; 分 选装置控制模块 307与伺服驱动器控制模块 303连接, 通过伺服驱动 器控制模块 303带动分选装置控制模块 307对小五金件进行合格品和 不合格品的分选。 The detecting device control module 302 is configured to connect the detecting device, and receives the control command of the main control module 301 to control the detecting device; the servo driver control module 303 is configured to connect the servo driver and drive the servo driver according to the instruction of the main control module 301; The production equipment control module 304 is bidirectionally connected to the main control module 301, and the production equipment control module 304 The status of the production equipment and the production information are sent to the main control module 301, and the main control module 301 can feed back the information of the non-conforming product to the production equipment, and control the production equipment to perform adjustment; the control information input module 306 is configured to send the control information to The main control module 301; the data information display module 305 is configured to display monitoring information, production equipment parameter information and program information; the sorting device control module 307 is connected to the servo driver control module 303, and the sorting device control module is driven by the servo driver control module 303. 307 sorting of qualified and non-conforming products for small hardware.
请参阅图 4.小五金件生产检测分析方法流程图。 如图 4所示所述 生产检测分析方法包括步骤: 第一、 将小五金件按照预先设定的参数 402加工成型 403 ; 第二、对成型的小五金件进行图像采集 405 ; 第三、 对所述被采集到的图像进行自动检测, 得到检测数据 406; 第四、将所 述检测数据与预先设定的标准品参数值进行比对和判断 409; 第五、根 据所述比对和判断结果将所述小五金件进行合格品或不合格品的分选 410。第六、 向所述生产装置反馈不合格产品信息, 调整生产设备 413。  Please refer to Figure 4. Flow chart of the detection and analysis method of small hardware production. The production detection analysis method shown in FIG. 4 includes the steps of: first, processing the small hardware according to the preset parameter 402 to form 403; second, performing image acquisition 405 on the formed small hardware; The collected image is automatically detected to obtain detection data 406. Fourth, the detection data is compared with a preset standard parameter value and judged 409; fifth, according to the comparison and the judgment result The small hardware is sorted 410 of qualified products or non-conforming products. Sixth, the unqualified product information is fed back to the production device, and the production equipment 413 is adjusted.
本发明中以弹簧的生产检测分选为实施例对生产检测分析方法进 一步说明: 第一步、 通过控制面板输入需要制造弹簧所需要的各项参 数数值, 例如弹簧的直径、 长度、 线径、 线径间距和有效圈数等信息, 将所述参数信息通过工控机发送给弹簧生产设备执行生产; 第二步、 通过第一机械手将弹簧生产设备生产出的弹簧交检测装置投影检测仪 进行图像釆集, 图像采集的过程首先通过安装在投影检测仪上的显微 镜进行放大, 然后通过投影检测仪上的摄像机对经过放大处理后的弹 簧进行拍照完成图像采集, 并将采集到的图像信息发送给主控装置工 控机; 第三步、主控装置工控机将接收到的图像信息转换成数字信息; 第四步、 主控装置工控机将数字信息与其内部存储的合格品的各项数 据参数进行逐一比对和判断, 得出判断结论; 第五步、 主控装置工控 机将判断结果发送给伺服驱动器控制第二机械手将弹簧送往合格品存 放区或不合格品存放区; 第六步、 主控装置工控机同时会将不合格产 品存在的错误信息进行纠正, 并将纠正后的信息发送给生产设备重新 执行。 In the present invention, the production detection and separation method of the spring is taken as an example to further explain the production detection analysis method: In the first step, the parameter values required for manufacturing the spring, such as the diameter, length, and diameter of the spring, are input through the control panel. The information such as the line spacing and the effective number of turns, the parameter information is sent to the spring production equipment through the industrial computer to perform production; the second step is to perform the image of the spring intersection detecting device projection detector produced by the spring production device by the first robot. The process of image acquisition is first amplified by a microscope mounted on the projection detector, and then the camera is zoomed on by the camera on the projection detector to complete the image acquisition, and the collected image information is sent to Master control unit The third step, the main control device industrial computer converts the received image information into digital information; the fourth step, the main control device industrial computer compares the digital information with the data parameters of the internal quality products stored therein one by one And the judgment, the judgment conclusion is obtained; the fifth step, the main control device industrial computer sends the judgment result to the servo driver to control the second robot to send the spring to the qualified product storage area or the non-conforming product storage area; the sixth step, the main control device The IPC will also correct the error information of the non-conforming product and send the corrected information to the production equipment for re-execution.
通过对被检测小五金件的图像进行放大和采集, 并根据采集到的 图像信息进行自动检测, 所得到的检测结果稳定可靠, 不受人为因素 的干扰, 所检测出的数据更精确; 而且从设备的检测到对被检测产品 的分选都是通过自动化设备完成, 只需操作者预先对检测系统设定一 次相应的命令, 本系统可以长时间不间断的工作, 无需操作者进行多 次重复劳动, 大大提高了检测和分选的工作效率; 本系统从生产到检 测再到最后的分选采用一体化的流水线式结构设计大大提高了工作效 率, 而且生产设备受本系统主控装置的控制, 主控装置可以根据已生 产出来的产品的检测结果及时纠正生产设备的设置偏差, 这样大大降 低了废品率。  By amplifying and collecting the image of the detected hardware, and automatically detecting according to the collected image information, the obtained detection result is stable and reliable, free from human factors, and the detected data is more accurate; It is detected that the sorting of the products to be tested is completed by the automatic equipment, and the operator only needs to set a corresponding command to the detection system in advance, and the system can work continuously for a long time without requiring the operator to perform repeated work for many times. The working efficiency of the detection and sorting is greatly improved; the integrated pipeline structure design from the production to the detection to the final sorting greatly improves the working efficiency, and the production equipment is controlled by the main control device of the system. The main control device can correct the setting deviation of the production equipment in time according to the detection result of the produced product, which greatly reduces the scrap rate.
以上内容是结合具体的优选实施方式对本发明所作的进一步详细 说明, 不能认定本发明的具体实施只局限于这些说明。 对于本发明所 属技术领域的普通技术人员来说, 在不脱离本发明构思的前提下, 还 可以做出若干简单推演或替换, 都应当视为属于本发明的保护范围。  The above is a further detailed description of the present invention in conjunction with the specific preferred embodiments, and the specific embodiments of the invention are not limited to the description. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that the present invention may be practiced without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims

权 利 要 求 书 Claim
1. 一种小五金件生产检测分选系统, 其特征在于: 所述生产检测 分选系统包括: A small hardware production inspection sorting system, characterized in that: the production inspection sorting system comprises:
用于对所述检测分选系统进行控制的主控装置 (101);  a master device (101) for controlling the detection sorting system;
用于对所述小五金件进行制造的生产装置 (102);  a production device (102) for manufacturing the small hardware;
用于对所述小五金件进行信息收集的检测装置 (103);  a detecting device (103) for collecting information on the small hardware;
用于对所述小五金件进行分选的分选装置 ( 104);  a sorting device (104) for sorting the small hardware;
所述生产装置 (102)将生产出的小五金件交所述检测装置 (103)进 行检测, 所述检测装置 (103)将收集到的所述小五金件的信息发送给与 其连接的所述主控装置 (101), 通过所述主控装置 (101)对所述检测信息 进行数据采集并对所述采集到的信息进行分析, 将 述分析结果交所 述分选装置 (104)进行分选处理, 并向所述生产装置 ( 102)反馈不合格产 品信息, 调整生产参数。  The production device (102) sends the produced small hardware to the detecting device (103) for detection, and the detecting device (103) sends the collected information of the small hardware to the main control connected thereto The device (101) performs data collection on the detection information by the main control device (101) and analyzes the collected information, and passes the analysis result to the sorting device (104) for sorting processing. And feeding back the unqualified product information to the production device (102) to adjust the production parameters.
2. 根据权利要求 1所述的生产检测分选系统, 其特征在于: 所述 主控装置 (101)为工控机。  2. The production inspection sorting system according to claim 1, wherein: said main control device (101) is an industrial computer.
3. 根据权利要求 2所述的生产检测分选系统, 其特征在于: 所述 工控机 (101)包括主控模块 (301)、分别与所述主控模块 (301)连接的检测 装置控制模块 (302)、 伺服驱动器控制模块 (303)、 生产设备控制模块 (304)、 控制信息输入模块 (306)和数据信息显示模块 (305), 其中所述伺 服驱动器控制模块 (303)与所述分选装置控制模块 (307)连接。  3. The production detection sorting system according to claim 2, wherein: the industrial computer (101) comprises a main control module (301), and a detection device control module respectively connected to the main control module (301) (302), a servo drive control module (303), a production device control module (304), a control information input module (306), and a data information display module (305), wherein the servo drive control module (303) and the minute The device control module (307) is connected.
4.根据权利要求 1所述的生产检测分选系统, 其特征在于: 所述 检测装置 (103)为投影检测仪, 其包括: 用于对被检测的所述小五金件进行放大的显微镜 (108); The production detection sorting system according to claim 1, wherein: the detecting device (103) is a projection detector, comprising: a microscope (108) for amplifying the detected hardware;
用于对被检测的所述小五金件进行图像釆集的摄像装置 (107); 所述显微镜 (108)安装在所述摄像装置 (107)的前端。  An image pickup device (107) for performing image collection on the detected hardware, wherein the microscope (108) is mounted at a front end of the image pickup device (107).
5. 根据权利要求 4所述的检测分选系统, 其特征在于: 所述摄像 装置 (107)上安装有可 ί周节光亮度的灯光装置。  The detection sorting system according to claim 4, characterized in that: the image pickup device (107) is provided with a light device capable of illuminating the brightness of the circumference.
6. 根据权利要求 1所述的检测分选系统, 其特征在于: 所述分选 装置 (104)为机械手装置,包括: 用于将待检测小五金件送往所述检测装 置 (103)进行检测的第一机械手装置 (114)和根据所述主控装置 (101)的 分析结果将所述小五金件进行分选的第二机械手装置 (115), 所述第一 机械手装置 (114)和所述第二机械手装置 (115)被分别安装在伺服驱动器 (112)的相应滑道 (113、 116)内。  The detection and sorting system according to claim 1, characterized in that: the sorting device (104) is a robot device, comprising: for sending the hardware to be inspected to the detecting device (103) for detecting a first robot device (114) and a second robot device (115) for sorting the hardware according to an analysis result of the main control device (101), the first robot device (114) and the The second robot devices (115) are mounted in respective slides (113, 116) of the servo drive (112).
7. 根据权利要求 6所述的检测分选系统, 其特征在于: 所述机械 手装置 (114、 115)包括第一转臂 (109)、 第二转臂 (110)和用于拾取所述 小五金件的机械手 (111); 所述第一转臂 (109)与伺服驱动器 (112)连接, 可在所述伺服驱动器 (112)的滑道 (113、 116)内滑动;所述第二转臂 (110) 与所述第一转臂 (109)连接, 可相对所述第一转臂 (109)绕 Y轴旋转; 所 述机械手 (111)与所述第二转臂 (110)连接, 所述机械手 (111)上安装有吸 盘 (117)。  7. The detection sorting system according to claim 6, wherein: the robot apparatus (114, 115) comprises a first rotating arm (109), a second rotating arm (110), and a pickup for the hardware a robot (111); the first arm (109) is coupled to the servo driver (112) and slidable within the slide (113, 116) of the servo driver (112); the second arm (110) connected to the first rotating arm (109), rotatable relative to the first rotating arm (109) about the Y axis; the robot (111) is connected to the second rotating arm (110) A suction cup (117) is mounted on the robot (111).
8. 一种小五金件生产检测分析方法, 其特征在于: 所述生产检测 分析方法包括步骤:  8. A method for detecting and analyzing small hardware parts, characterized in that: the production detection analysis method comprises the steps of:
A1.将小五金件按照预先设定的参数加工成型 (403);  A1. Forming the small hardware according to the preset parameters (403);
A2.对成型的小五金件进行图像采集 (405); A3.对所述被采集到的图像进行自动检测, 得到检测数据 (406); A4.将所述检测数据与预先设定的标准品参数值迸行比对和判断 (409); A2. Image acquisition of the formed small hardware (405); A3. Perform automatic detection on the collected image to obtain detection data (406); A4. Align and determine the detection data with a preset standard parameter value (409);
A5.根据所述比对和判断结果将所述小五金件进行合格品或不合 格品的分选 (410)。  A5. Sorting the small hardware into qualified or unqualified products according to the comparison and the judgment result (410).
A6.向所述生产装置反馈不合格产品信息, 调整生产设备参数 (413)。  A6. Feed back the unqualified product information to the production device, and adjust the production equipment parameters (413).
9.根据权利要求 8所述检测分析方法, 其特征在于: 所述 A3步中 对图像的检测包括尺寸检测 (407)和表面缺陷检测 (408)。  The detection analysis method according to claim 8, wherein the detecting of the image in the step A3 comprises size detection (407) and surface defect detection (408).
PCT/CN2007/002442 2007-07-10 2007-08-14 Hardware production, inspection and assorting system and method WO2009006764A1 (en)

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