WO2008128600A2 - In-line uv-germicidal device for fluid media - Google Patents

In-line uv-germicidal device for fluid media

Info

Publication number
WO2008128600A2
WO2008128600A2 PCT/EP2008/001794 EP2008001794W WO2008128600A2 WO 2008128600 A2 WO2008128600 A2 WO 2008128600A2 EP 2008001794 W EP2008001794 W EP 2008001794W WO 2008128600 A2 WO2008128600 A2 WO 2008128600A2
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
line
pump
radiators
sheath
distance
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/EP2008/001794
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
WO2008128600A3 (en )
Inventor
Rolf Sief
Friedhelm Krüger
Original Assignee
Wedeco Ag
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/30Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by irradiation
    • C02F1/32Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by irradiation with ultra-violet light
    • C02F1/325Irradiation devices or lamp constructions
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J2219/00Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
    • B01J2219/30Details relating to random packing elements
    • B01J2219/302Basic shape of the elements
    • B01J2219/30223Cylinder
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J2219/00Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
    • B01J2219/30Details relating to random packing elements
    • B01J2219/302Basic shape of the elements
    • B01J2219/30269Brush
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/006Water distributors either inside a treatment tank or directing the water to several treatment tanks; Water treatment plants incorporating these distributors, with or without chemical or biological tanks
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/008Originating from marine vessels, ships and boats, e.g. bilge water or ballast water
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2201/00Apparatus for treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • C02F2201/32Details relating to UV-irradiation devices
    • C02F2201/322Lamp arrangement
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2201/00Apparatus for treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • C02F2201/32Details relating to UV-irradiation devices
    • C02F2201/322Lamp arrangement
    • C02F2201/3225Lamps immersed in an open channel, containing the liquid to be treated
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2201/00Apparatus for treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • C02F2201/32Details relating to UV-irradiation devices
    • C02F2201/322Lamp arrangement
    • C02F2201/3227Units with two or more lamps

Abstract

The invention relates to a device for the sterilisation of ballast water on ships by means of UV radiation, with a pump line by means of which ballast water can be taken up and discharged, wherein the pump line is passed through by a number of UV-transparent sheath pipes arranged one behind another in the direction of the pump line and in which UV radiators are arranged for the emission of UV radiation into the pump line and sheath pipes arranged one behind another in the circumferential direction of the pump line are offset by an angle α in relation to one another.

Description

In-line UV-germicidal device for fluid media

The present invention relates to a UV-germicidal device for fluid media, preferably with low transmission and high required UV intensity, in particular for ballast water in shipping, with the features of the preamble to Claim 1.

Ballast water is taken on by ships in order to attain a more stable position in the water with a small cargo. For this purpose ballast tanks are provided, into which, at the departure port before a journey with small cargo, seawater is pumped directly from the harbour. With this taking on of ballast water, organisms are also taken on, which are conveyed on the voyage in the ballast tank. The water taken on undergoes only coarse filtering.

In the destination port the ballast water is then discharged in order to re-establish the full loading capacity of the vessel once more. The ballast water is then pumped out of the tanks into the surrounding water when outside or in the destination port. Because the departure port and the destination port form different ecosystems, especially with overseas voyages, the risk should be avoided of the organisms taken up with the ballast water being discharged into the foreign ecosystem. To achieve this, the ballast water is disinfected when taken on and/or when being discharged.

According to the prior art, the disinfection device is incorporated in the pump line, specifically with disinfection by UV radiation sources in the form of radiation units aligned transversely to the direction of flow. The radiation units are in this situation either arranged one behind another in one plane in the direction of flow, or in two planes, likewise one behind another in the direction of flow but arranged offset against the mid- axis of the pipe at a distance from one another. A further variant is known in which numerous UV radiators are arranged in two planes parallel to the mid-axis of the pipe, but are aligned at an angle to the direction of flow. In this way a greater radiation length can be used with a given diameter of the pipe.

The radiator arrangements mentioned have the fact in common that, next to the planes in which the radiator groups are arranged, flow paths form with a low intensity of UV radiation. In these flow paths, which in the variant first referred to are located above and below the radiator plane and in the second and third known variant are also located between the radiator planes, the probability of survival of the organisms contained in the water is too great. This applies in particular if the transmission of the ballast water for UV radiation is restricted.

The desired disinfection performances can only be achieved with these devices with high usage of radiation power. To achieve this, a large number of high-performance radiators are required, which incur correspondingly high costs. The object of the present invention is therefore to provide a UV disinfection device for ballast water which, when arranged in a pump line, produces a substantially better disinfection performance with a comparable number of radiators and a similar energy consumption.

This object is resolved by a disinfection device with the features of Claim 1.

Because UV radiators arranged behind one another in the flow direction are offset against one another at an angle in relation to the radial direction, the probability is reduced of the micro-organisms or other substances contained in the medium to be disinfected passing through the device on a flow path which does not have an adequate UV intensity.

Further embodiments of the invention are presented in the dependent claims .

A good effect is derived if the angle α amounts to 15° to 45° and preferably 30°. Depending on the embodiment, the angle α can, for example, be selected as dependent on the pipe diameter.

Radiators with greater discharge lengths can be used if the sheath pipe is inclined against the radial direction of the pump line by an angle β of 30° to 70°.

A broad irradiation of all possible flow paths is achieved if at least two groups of sheath pipes are provided, of which one sheath pipe in each case is arranged in relation to the mid-axis of the pump line next to a sheath pipe of the other group and wherein the groups in each case form a separate screw-shaped row. For a particularly high throughput and/or media with particularly low UV transmission, three or more radiators can be arranged next to one another in a radial plane. In this situation the areas of the pump line close to the wall are also reached if the sheath pipes are arranged at a distance from the mid-axis .

The results are particularly good if the groups have different distance intervals from the mid-axis, namely a first group has a large distance interval and a second group a small distance interval. In addition, the first group can be aligned at a large angle β of 50° to 70° and the second group at a smaller angle β of 30° to 49° to the radial direction, such that both groups can be equipped with the same radiators.

Preferably, the larger distance interval can amount to more than 60% of the radius of the pump line and the smaller distance interval less than 40% of the radius of the pump line. In particular, the one distance interval can be 75% of the radius of the pump line and the second distance interval 20% of the radius of the pump line. The formation of flow paths with undesirably high flow speeds or low intensity can be avoided if the axial distance interval is varied within a group, for example if the first group has on average a distance interval of 60% of the radius but fluctuates by +/- 10%, while the second group has on average a distance interval of 20% of the radius, which likewise varies by +/- 10% of the radius. A particularly good ratio is achieved between the number of radiators used and the effect achieved if each of the groups of sheath pipes comprises a total of 12 sheath pipes .

The present invention is described in greater detail hereinafter on the basis of the drawings and two embodiments. The drawings show:

Figure 1: A disinfection device according to the prior art, with a single-row radiator arrangement, which has radiators aligned at an angle of 90° to the direction of flow;

Figure 2 : A disinfection device with two rows of radiators arranged in the radial direction at a distance from the axis, which likewise have an angle of 90° to the direction of flow;

Figure 3 : A disinfection system with two rows of radiators at a radial distance interval from one another, wherein the radiators have an angle of about 50° to the direction of flow of the medium;

Figure 4 : A disinfection device according to the invention with a single row of radiators arranged in screw- shaped;

Figure 5: A disinfection device similar to Figure 4 with two rows located radially at a distance from one another, which are in each case arranged in screw-shaped; and Figure 6: The arrangement according to Fig. 5 in a diagrammatic perspective arrangement.

To provide an explanation of the technical preconditions, the use of UV disinfection systems for the disinfection of ballast water should first be described. Disinfection in this situation means a reduction in the live microorganisms contained in it .

The ballast water is taken up through a pump line and stored in tanks. At the destination, the ballast water is again discharged through the pump line. A disinfection procedure in which the whole of the water must be subjected to a specific UV dosage can therefore only take place in the pump line itself, since not all areas of the tank can be irradiated. Disinfection in the tank during the voyage with UV radiation therefore cannot be carried out without additional installed elements. Chemical disinfection should not be carried out because of possible residues of the disinfection media in the ballast water.

In addition, because the take-up and discharge of ballast water should be carried out as rapidly as possible in order to make voyage and demurrage times as short as possible, a high flow rate is to be expected in the pump line. In order to subject the water to a minimum UV dosage, a high UV intensity is therefore required at the site of the irradiation, i.e. in the pump line. This intensity is achieved by a number of high-performance UV radiators . The radiators themselves are arranged in sheath pipes . These sheath pipes are made of quartz and run through the pump line in such a way that they are inserted in a sealing manner into the wall. The radiators are then in turn inserted into the sheath pipes, such that they do not come in contact with the ballast water but can emit their radiation effect into the ballast water through the sheath pipe.

In the first instance, the prior art may be explained on the basis of Figures 1-3. Figure 1 shows a pump line 1 with an essentially circular cross-section. The direction of flow runs in the longitudinal direction of the pump line 1, which is indicated by the flow arrow 2. An axis of symmetry 3 symbolises the mid-axis of the pump line 1 and represents the rotational symmetry of the arrangement. It is possible to define two angles, namely one angle α, which is measured from a horizontally aligned radius in the circumferential direction and in the clockwise direction, and a second angle β, which is measured from a radius outwards in the direction of the axis of symmetry 3.

Located in the interior of the pump pipe 1 are a number of UV radiators which are aligned transverse to the direction of flow 2. In Figure 1 they are represented as horizontal, i.e. they lie in one plane in relation to the mid-axis 3. The radiators 4 are arranged in the area of the greatest diameter of the pump line 1. In the sense of the angle definition explained above, the angle α measures 0° and the angle β likewise 0°. The individual radiators 4 lie precisely transverse to the mid-axis 3 and are penetrated by it.

With the embodiment according to Figure 1, it results in practice in flow paths being formed above and below the radiator 4, in which the UV dosage is relatively low, such that an effective disinfection can only be achieved with very high output from the radiators 4.

Figure 2 shows another prior art, in which radiators 5 are arranged in a plane above the axis of symmetry 3, while a second set of radiators 5' is arranged below the axis of symmetry 3. The two groups of radiators 5 and 5' have the same distance interval from the axis of symmetry 3. The radiators are arranged horizontally and parallel to a diameter of the pump line 1. The angles α and β are likewise equal to 0°. A distance interval d between the mid-axis 3 and the radiator units 5 and 5' amounts to some 50% of the radius of the pump line 1. With this embodiment too, flow paths form which receive a relatively low UV dose, in particular with ballast water with low transmission.

Finally, Figure 3 shows a further prior art. With this embodiment, UV radiators 6 and 6' are arranged, as in Figure 2, in two planes parallel to the mid-axis of the pump line 1. In this case, the individual radiators 6 and 6', as a departure from the embodiments in Figure 1 and Figure 2, are inclined against the radius of the pump line 1. The angle β amounts to about 40°. The distance interval d corresponds to that in Figure 2. The angle α is 0°.

With this configuration too, flow paths occur. Although, because of the high flow rate, the flow in the pump line 1 is turbulent in all cases, no complete intermixing of the pumped medium takes place in the transverse direction of the pump line. Rather, although individual particles in the pumped medium move in the transverse direction to the conveying direction 2, these particles remain on average on a path parallel to the mid-axis 3.

It is here that the present invention comes into effect, in that a radiator arrangement is selected which allows every possible flow path to impinge on a UV radiator at least once in the course of the pump line.

An embodiment of this invention is shown in the first instance in a representation in Figure 4 corresponding to Figures 1-3. Figure 4 shows the pump line 1 with a number of radiators 7, which in each case are offset to one another by an angle α. The angle α in this case amounts to about 30°. With this embodiment, the distance interval d for two radiators arranged next to one another is the same.

Figure 5 shows another embodiment, this time in a front view in the direction of the mid-axis 3 of the pump line 1. The representation shows a plurality of sheath pipes, which are numbered sequentially from front to back. Lying in the first plane are two sheath pipes 10 and 10' . The second plane located behind this is comprised of two sheath pipes 11 and 11'; the third plane of the sheath pipes 12 and 12'; and so on. The term "plane" in this connection is not to be understood strictly as a radial plane, but rather as the area in which two radiators lie next to one another in relation to the direction of flow of the pumped medium.

It can be seen that the sheath pipes 10, 11, 12, 13 ... have a distance interval rl from the mid-axis 3, which amounts to some 75% of the radius of the pump line 1. The distance interval of the sheath pipes 10' 11', 12', 13' ... from the mid-axis 3 of the pump line 1 amounts to about 18% of the radius of the pump line 1.

While with the embodiment according to Figure 4, the distance interval in each case between two radiators lying radially next to one another at the mid-axis 3 is the same, in Figure 5 an embodiment is shown in which the distance interval between the two radiators lying next to one another is different. This embodiment is therefore preferred.

Seen in the direction of flow of the fluid to be disinfected, the arrangement according to Fig. 5 shows a type of double helix or super helix.

With the embodiment according to Figure 5, the chord length available of the sheath pipes 10, 11, 12, 13 ... is shorter than that of the sheath pipes 10', 11', 12' 13' ... This is compensated for by different angles β to the longitudinal axis 3 of the pump pipe 1, as can be seen from Fig. 6.

Figure 6 shows in a diagrammatic representation a perspective view of the pump line 1 with sheath pipes 11 to 15 and 11' to 15' respectively arranged in it in the configuration corresponding to Figure 5. The angle β of the sheath pipes 10, 11, 12, 13 ... amounts to 60° and that of the sheath pipes 10', 11', 12', 13' ... lying closer to the axis 3 amounts to 40°. The length of the sheath pipes available for the irradiation of the UV radiation into the medium is therefore about the same in each case.

Here, only a diagrammatic representation is provided to show that the sheath pipes of the radiators pass through the wall of the pump line 1 and are therefore accessible from the outside. The UV radiators themselves are then inserted into these sheath pipes, such that their radiating capacity can be given off to the pumped medium in the interior of the pump line 1.

In order to obtain a comparison between the performance capacity of the different in-line disinfection systems according to Figures 1-6, model calculations have been carried out according to what is referred to as the CFD method (Computational Fluid Dynamics) . As simulation parameters, a throughflow volume of 2,300 m3/h was selected, a water transmission of 75%/lcm, radiator capacities of 120W/cm = 8,40OW per radiator = 750W UV-C [biol . eff.] per radiator and a bacteria concentration of IxIO8 CFU/ml of bacillus subtilis (CFU = Colony Forming Units) .

The following bacteria survival rates are derived:

Figure 1: 4.7x1O7 CFU/ml Figure 2: 6.3xlO6 CFU/ml Figure 3: 1.7xlOs CFU/ml Figure 4: 5.6xlO5 CFU/ml Figures 5 and 6: 7.8xlO2 CFU/ml

The calculations therefore produce a superior disinfection performance for the embodiment according to Figures 5 and 6, in which the radiators are arranged in two screw-shaped wound rows one behind another, wherein the two rows have a different distance interval rl and r2 from the mid-axis of the pump line 1, radiators arranged in each case behind one another have an angle α of 30° to one another and the row of radiators arranged closer to the mid-axis is inclined at an angle β = 40° against the radial direction while the row of radiators arranged further away from the mid-axis is inclined at an angle β = 60° against the radial direction.

While in the description given above the structure has been explained on the basis of a straight cylindrical pipe for the pump line 1, the pump line can also be wound, angled or provided with another cross-section. The arrangement of the radiators in the pump line is then to be adapted accordingly.

Instead of the uniformly coiled embodiment described with parallel pairs of radiators, the radiators can also be aligned differently; for example, a displacement of the pairs of radiators in relation to one another in the direction of flow is also possible. In the direction of flow, the pairs of radiators in one plane can have a non- parallel relationship and these same pairs of radiators can have different angles β.

Claims

Claims
1. Device for the sterilisation of fluid media by means of UV radiation, with a pump line (1) , by means of which ballast water can be taken up and discharged, wherein the pump line (1) is passed through by a number of UV-transparent sheath pipes (7; 10-15;
10' -15') arranged one behind another in the direction of the pump line (1) and in which UV radiators are arranged for the emission of UV radiation into the pump line (1), characterised in that sheath pipes (7; 10-15; 10' -15') arranged one behind another in the circumferential direction of the pump line (1) are offset by an angle α in relation to one another.
2. Device according to Claim 1, characterised in that the angle α amounts to between 15° and 45° and preferably 30° .
3. Device according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that the sheath pipes (7...) are inclined against the radial direction of the pump line (1) by an angle β of 30° to 70°.
4. Device according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that at least two groups of sheath pipes (10, 11, 12, ... - 15; 10', 11', 12', ... - 15') are provided, of which in each case one sheath pipe of the one group (10-15) is arranged in relation to the mid-axis (3) of the pump line (1) next to a sheath pipe of the other group (10' -15') and wherein the groups in each case form a screw-shaped row.
5. Device according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that the sheath pipes (7; 10-15; 10' -15') are arranged at a distance interval (d, rl, r2) from the mid-axis (3) .
6. Device according to Claim 4, characterised in that the groups (10-15; 10' -15') have different distance intervals (rl, r2) from the mid-axis (3), namely a first group (10-15) a large distance interval (rl) , and a second group (10' -15') a small distance interval
(r2) .
7. Device according to Claim 6, characterised in that the first group (10-15) is aligned at a large angle β of 50° to 70° and in that the second group (10' -15') is aligned at a smaller angle β of 30° to 49° to the radial direction.
8. Device according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that the distance interval rl amounts to more than 50% of the radius of the pump line and the distance interval r2 is less than 50% of the radius of the pump line (1) .
9. Device according to Claim 8, characterised in that the distance interval rl amounts to 75% of the radius of the pump line (1) and the distance interval r2 20% of the radius of the pump line (1) .
10. Device according to Claim 8 or 9, characterised in that the axial distance interval is varied within a group, in that the first group has on average a distance interval rl, which varies by +/- 10% of the radius, while the second group has on average a distance interval r2 , which likewise varies by +/- 10% of the radius of the pump line.
11. Device according to any one of the preceding Claims 4 to 9, characterised in that each of the groups (10-15; 10' -15') of sheath pipes comprises a total of 12 sheath pipes .
12. Use of a device according to the preceding Claims 1 to 11 for the sterilisation of ballast water on ships.
PCT/EP2008/001794 2007-04-18 2008-03-06 In-line uv-germicidal device for fluid media WO2008128600A3 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102007018670.5 2007-04-18
DE200710018670 DE102007018670A1 (en) 2007-04-18 2007-04-18 Device for germinating ballast water in ship by ultraviolet radiation, comprises a pump line through which ballast water is received and discharged and which is interfused by two groups of ultraviolet transparent cladding tubes
EPPCT/EP2008/000581 2008-01-25
EP2008000581 2008-01-25

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR20097024070A KR101503457B1 (en) 2007-04-18 2008-03-06 Uv-line sterilizing device for a fluid medium
EP20080716309 EP2160362A2 (en) 2007-04-18 2008-03-06 In-line uv-germicidal device for fluid media
CN 200880018515 CN101790497B (en) 2007-04-18 2008-03-06 In-line uv-germicidal device for fluid media
US12596039 US9073768B2 (en) 2007-04-18 2008-03-06 In-line UV-germicidal device for fluid media

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2008128600A2 true true WO2008128600A2 (en) 2008-10-30
WO2008128600A3 true WO2008128600A3 (en) 2009-01-22

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PCT/EP2008/001794 WO2008128600A3 (en) 2007-04-18 2008-03-06 In-line uv-germicidal device for fluid media

Country Status (3)

Country Link
KR (1) KR101503457B1 (en)
CN (1) CN101790497B (en)
WO (1) WO2008128600A3 (en)

Cited By (2)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2010043278A1 (en) * 2008-10-17 2010-04-22 Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc. Uv reactor for chemical reactions and use thereof
US9073768B2 (en) 2007-04-18 2015-07-07 Xylem Ip Holdings Llc In-line UV-germicidal device for fluid media

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101237978B1 (en) * 2011-09-28 2013-02-28 현대중공업 주식회사 Uv irradiative reactor for ballast water treatment

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4210509A1 (en) * 1992-03-31 1993-10-07 Peter Ueberall Fluid and gas disinfection appts. - has UV radiator aligned at a target point with given effective intensity
WO2002079095A1 (en) * 2001-03-28 2002-10-10 Photoscience Japan Corporation Cleaning of off-set lamps in ultraviolet light water treatment system
US20040055966A1 (en) * 2002-06-29 2004-03-25 Hap Nguyen Ballast water treatment systems including related apparatus and methods
US20040069954A1 (en) * 2002-06-19 2004-04-15 Trojan Technologies Inc. Fluid treatment system and radiation sources module for use therein
FR2881130A1 (en) * 2005-01-21 2006-07-28 Otv Sa Reactor for the treatment of water for its drinking water

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4210509A1 (en) * 1992-03-31 1993-10-07 Peter Ueberall Fluid and gas disinfection appts. - has UV radiator aligned at a target point with given effective intensity
WO2002079095A1 (en) * 2001-03-28 2002-10-10 Photoscience Japan Corporation Cleaning of off-set lamps in ultraviolet light water treatment system
US20040069954A1 (en) * 2002-06-19 2004-04-15 Trojan Technologies Inc. Fluid treatment system and radiation sources module for use therein
US20040055966A1 (en) * 2002-06-29 2004-03-25 Hap Nguyen Ballast water treatment systems including related apparatus and methods
FR2881130A1 (en) * 2005-01-21 2006-07-28 Otv Sa Reactor for the treatment of water for its drinking water

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9073768B2 (en) 2007-04-18 2015-07-07 Xylem Ip Holdings Llc In-line UV-germicidal device for fluid media
WO2010043278A1 (en) * 2008-10-17 2010-04-22 Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc. Uv reactor for chemical reactions and use thereof

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
CN101790497B (en) 2013-07-17 grant
KR101503457B1 (en) 2015-03-17 grant
WO2008128600A3 (en) 2009-01-22 application
CN101790497A (en) 2010-07-28 application
KR20100024917A (en) 2010-03-08 application

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