WO2008100587A9 - Arm guards - Google Patents

Arm guards Download PDF


Publication number
WO2008100587A9 PCT/US2008/001998 US2008001998W WO2008100587A9 WO 2008100587 A9 WO2008100587 A9 WO 2008100587A9 US 2008001998 W US2008001998 W US 2008001998W WO 2008100587 A9 WO2008100587 A9 WO 2008100587A9
Grant status
Patent type
Prior art keywords
outer housing
high performance
Prior art date
Application number
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
WO2008100587A1 (en )
Paul Carter
Original Assignee
Archangel Armor
Paul Carter
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date



    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41H1/00Personal protection gear
    • F41H1/02Armoured or projectile- or missile-resistant garments; Composite protection fabrics


A ballistic arm guard is provided and includes a pliable outer shell or housing that encompasses inner ballistic cores which are housed or contained within an inner shell or housing. Secured to exterior portions of the ballistic arm guard are a series of attaching straps and buckles that facilitates the securing of the ballistic arm guard to the wearer's upper limb. Secured to and incorporated into an upper portion of the ballistic arm guard is a tourniquet. In one design, the interior ballistic cores comprise high performance fibers such as an aramid fiber, high molecular weight polyethylene, a combination of these, or other high performance fibers types.




[0001] The present invention relates to anti-ballistic systems, and more particularly to a versatile human body upper limb anti-ballistic guard that is of a relatively lightweight construction and which provides ballistic protection with a full range of motion and joint articulation for the upper arm, elbow, and lower arm of an individual, a soldier, or a policeman.


[0002] The modern battlefield is more dangerous and violent than ever before. "Smart" weapons, automatic weapons, and improved munitions have dramatically increased the probability of multiple injuries to combatants. Multiple injuries decrease the proportion of surviving wounded. Combat wounds are unique in that there is a high percentage of penetrating wounds and multi-system etiologic injuries with a high degree of wound contamination. The nature of asymmetric warfare has moved a portion of the battlefield in to an urban or indigenous setting. The opponent's unconventional weapon of choice, the Improvised Explosive Device (IED) causes projectile wounds to upper limbs. Modern armor, aggressive application of tourniquets on the injured limbs and extremities, and rapid medical care help most of the injured survive.

[0003] Ballistic protection systems are widely used throughout the world in military, police, personnel protection, and security applications. The range and types of anti-ballistic protection systems are vast. For example, there is a wide range of heavy-duty anti-ballistic protection devices that are commonly employed on and around military vehicles. Much attention has been given to the individual soldier or policeman. In that regard, much research and development has been devoted to providing improved body armor, for example, in the form of improved anti- ballistic vests, bulletproof torso protection, etc. However, no feasible option for upper limb protection has been provided or fielded, which clearly demonstrates an unmet need. The hands and arms are the platform for any personal weapons system a soldier or policeman may carry. Upper limbs are almost always exposed and vulnerable, which is a major weakness in the current individual defensive platform. [0004] Therefore, there has been and continues to be a need for a versatile anti-ballistic protection device for an individual soldier, or policeman upper extremity that provides upper arm, elbow, and lower arm ballistic protection with full range of motion and joint articulation without sacrificing mobility or the ability to maneuver. Additionally, there is a need for a supplemental feature of this device that enables self or buddy aid in the form of tourniquets for wounded extremities, thereby decreasing mortality and increasing survivability for the wearer.


[0005] The present invention relates to contoured segments of rigid or semi-rigid protective ballistic materials and form fitted segments of pliable ballistic materials constructed from modern high-performance fibers disposed within an outer shell or carrier or abrasion, moisture, and flame resistant pliable materials. The outer shell or carrier is provided with a series of, straps and fasteners for positioning and securing the device to the wearer's upper arm, elbow, and lower arm, providing frontal skeletal and muscular, and side skeletal and muscular protection from bullets and ballistic projectiles. The upper portion of the invention incorporates a pre- positioned tourniquet device for rapid application in case of injury to the upper limb. Other objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent and obvious from a study of the following description and the accompanying drawings which are merely illustrative of such invention.


[0006] Other objects, features, and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description of the invention and certain modifications thereof when taken together with the accompanying drawings in which:

[0007] Figure 1 is a profile perspective view of the right and left arm guard of the present invention.


[0008] As required, detailed features and embodiments of the invention are disclosed herein. However, it is to be understood that the disclosed features and embodiments are merely exemplary of the technology that may be embodied in various and alternative forms. The figures are not necessarily to scale, and some features may be exaggerated or minimized to show details of particular components. Therefore, specific structural and functional details disclosed herein, and any particular combination of these details, are not to be interpreted as limiting, but merely as a basis for claims and as a representative basis for teaching one skilled in the art to variously employ the technology.

[0009] The present invention is configured to primarily provide frontal ballistic protection for the wearer's upper arm, elbow, and lower arm. The upper portion of the invention contains frontal plates consisting of a rigid or semi-rigid ballistic material. This protection is supplemented by a layer of pliable ballistic material which acts as the undercover of the plate. Furthermore, ballistic components are covered in a flame retardant material. A contoured protective support pad provides protection for the elbow of the wearer while engaged in tasks that subject this area to discomfort caused by impacts or pressure. The protective support pad protects from protruding objects and debris (e.g. rocks and gravel, glass) and does not overly restrict range of motion or circulation while remaining securely in place during individual movement tactics. Under impact loading conditions, the padding demonstrates a non-shock type response. Under constant compression loading conditions, the padding endures minimal deflection and readily recovers to near original thickness. The fasteners provide a secure, substantially continuously contoured fit during movement and repositioning. The contoured protective pad provides a non-slip surface that also protects the wearer from external protruding objects. Incorporated into the securing straps is a tourniquet comprised of a rigid cylindrical tensioning rod, a tensioning strap circumferentially applied circumferentially around the location expected to be proximate to the brachial artery. This enables the wearer to engage the tensioning rod and apply tension to the tourniquet. The end product is re-enforced ballistic covering for upper extremities designed to defeat smalls arms and IED attacks, and to increase survivability after sustaining injuries, in part through timely application of a tourniquet.

[0010] The portion of the invention that provides protection to the forearm is comprised of contoured segments of rigid or semi-rigid ballistic material providing full frontal skeletal and muscular protection for this portion of the limb. The rigid or semi-rigid ballistic material is contained within an outer carrier constructed of a pliable, abrasion, moisture, and flame resistant quick drying material capable of accepting various Camouflage design patterns. The rigid or semi-rigid pliable carrier is attached to a segment of pliable and flexible high-performance ballistic material that provides side skeletal and muscular ballistic protection. This protective section contains a variety of straps and attachment devices allowing the wearer to secure the device comfortably to the limb circumferentially around the forearm. The rigid plates are contoured around the forearm to allow articulation of the joint to the extent of full range of motion of the wrist. The plates snap back to the lowest possible profile position in the range of motion and stay secured to the arm by means of a padded circumferential strap placed around the wrist and attached with the tension desired by the wearer without restriction to circulation blood flow or physical movement of the limb.

[0011] The entire device can be donned and doffed over uniforms. The device dimensions are proportionally modified to achieve the appropriate dimensions for individual body sizes categorized as small, medium, and large. The series of attachment devices are aligned along the lateral arm for rapid disengagement of the item in emergency medical situations, which supports the trauma process.

[0012] With further reference to the drawing, the arm guard is shown herein. Generally the arm guard includes an outer shell, housing, or ballistic material carrier that holds an inner housing or shell indicated by 3 that in turn encompasses and holds a ballistic material core indicated by 2A and 2C which in one embodiment comprises an aramid fiber panel, ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene fiber panel, or a combination of these and other high performance fibers.

[0013] The invention is comprised of these material items: at least one tourniquet including, IA tension rod, IB strap, 1C anchor clip, ID anchor base, IE anchoring clip; 2 A contoured non-slip rigid or semi-rigid ballistic material, 2B heavy elastic strap, 2C flexible pliable ballistics material, 2D flexible foam padding; 3 ballistic material cover or "spoil shield" over 2A and 2C components; 4 thermal insulation material; 5 outer shell or ballistic material carrier of a pliable, abrasion, moisture, and flame resistant quick drying material capable of accepting various Camouflage design patterns.

[0014] As further description of the technology, it comprises a carrier and a ballistics package. The carrier is the envelope which the ballistic package either fits into, or otherwise attaches onto for the purpose of holding it into position. The ballistic package is the armor, either flexible or rigid. Ballistic is referenced normally to bullets, fragmentation is referenced normal to the shrapnel or debris created as primary or secondary missiles during an explosion. The rigid portion of the hybrid ballistic package at the elbow serves as a capping section which is comprised of a cap that is held by tension bands substantially central to the point of the elbow. This also acts as a pinion of the articulation of the elbow joint where the proximal and distal plates meet. The elbow cap is proximate size the standard issue and commercial available impact pads, or a concave shape roughly 3 inches by 5 inches and about VA - 2 inches recessed from the rim to the apex of the concave portion, like a knee cap shaped bowl.

[0015] The distal (forearm) plate contours the front of the radial and ulna bones with the primary purpose of protection from blunt force trauma. It flares at the wrist to such a degree that it will not prevent the hand from being pulled back as far as a typical wearer can. The carrier is anchored to the arm by means of attachment mechanisms. Materials for this application may be cloth, nylon, wire or metal based, plastic or other materials. Use of textiles is in compliance with current ISO manufacturing guidelines.

[0016] A flexible "memory" material is used for anchoring the assembly to the arm at the bicep and distal to the elbow, and at the wrist. A "non-memory," "not stretchy" material such as fire resistant nylon webbing is used for the attachment point above mid bicep which is incorporated into the tourniquet assembly. Since the webbing of this attachment point is the constriction band of the tourniquet, any stretch is limited to the point at which the tourniquet can be adequately controlled when tightened, preferably, this is no stretch. This strap is strong and fire resistant, so that it will survive a blast and not burned or destroyed, and can still function as a constricting band after that blast on that limb. This strap is placed approximately 2 to 4 inches above the elbow, in the location a tourniquet would be placed on a patient. It is not placed directly around the elbow because it will hinder arm flexion, impede circulation in the arm, and would hurt. The tourniquet strap is per accepted tourniquet guidelines, e.g., approximately between 1 and 2 inches wide. These straps are anchored to the carrier on the medial side, wrap around the back of the arm, and anchor to the lateral side of the leg by means such as hook and loop, clips, mechanic devices, snaps, D-Rings, side release buckles or retainers. The upper strap "tourniquet strap" is attached back to the plate assembly with a locking mechanism to reduce the likelihood that the strap will slip or self loosen. The straps are accessible from the lateral aspect of the wearer so that securing points may be cut away if required for medical treatment. The tension of the straps is adjusted by means such as a tension buckle or adjusting the length of the strap, the strength of the elastic of area, or placement of the hook and loop. This allows for flexibility, e.g., in limb girth, for the wearing of cold weather clothing. The tension bar is a stiff rod about 5 inches long and just large enough to easily grip with one or two hands. It is seated over the securing strap just above the elbow. Each end is held in place by a triangle-shaped restraining piece. Each restraining piece is attached (e.g., sewn) to the carrier all one flat side, allowing a pointed side to point forward, in which the tension bar is held. The pointed side can fold outward releasing the tension bar, so it can be twisted to tighten the tourniquet. The pointed end of the triangle can then be folded back into position, locking the tension bar in place. The tension rod is covered with a fitted cover/ flap which can be quickly and easily to expose the tourniquet bar. This flap reduces the likelihood that the assembly will snag on things when not in use.

[0017] The rigid impact protection is substantially centered to the front of the device, allowing the soft armor to wrap around the front half of the limb. This allows for a formed fit for different shapes and girth of the limb/extremity. The joints allow one way flexion, which is a stronger joint structure. The distal plate assembly is held in place relative to the boot by a padded strap fitting around the wrist. Padding such as fire resistant lined memory foam is used in a mechanism placed at the wrist that allows tension control. The piece is held securely to the wrist, but allows the wrist to twist inside the hybrid plate, not hindering the rotation of the forearm within the distal assembly.

[0018] The material choice and the hardware selection has been made to lower the weight of each unit over traditional armor while allowing for maximum strength. For example, in some embodiments securing straps are three elastic, one non-elastic and (tourniquet assembly). The device is easily donned and doffed. Access to securing straps is from the side, for medical access, and may be cut away wholly or by section, as per a tourniquet challenge. The rigid portion of the ballistic package is disassemblable for replacement or maintenance. A padded sleeve incorporated into some embodiments of the device to guide the arm for donning, and for comfort of fit during wear. The material is durable, but allow for ventilation and for comfort.


1. An upper limb anti-ballistic guard, comprising: an outer pliable housing, having an outer surface and an inner surface, and which forms a generally closed interior area, the outer housing being relatively thin compared to the length and width of the outer housing, and the outer housing including a perimeter and including a series of straps disposed around the perimeter of the outer housing; an inner housing, disposed in the interior area of the outer housing and generally surrounded by the outer housing; a ballistic core, contained within the inner housing comprising high performance fibers . such as high molecular weight polyethylene, aramid fibers, or a combination of these and other high performance fibers; a plurality of fasteners secured to the outer housing for fastening to other objects and securing the arm guard to an upper limb;.
2. The ballistic arm guard of claim 1 wherein: the outer housing is constructed of material taken from the group including fabric, vinyl, leather, and pliable synthetic materials.
3. The ballistic arm guard of claim 1 : wherein the outer housing includes two sides with one side separated into at least two sections, and wherein there are a plurality of access openings that permit access to the inner housing, and wherein the access openings at least partially delineates the two sections.
4. The ballistic arm guard of claim 1 wherein: the outer housing includes two opposed sides, and the straps are secured about outer portions of each side.
5. The ballistic arm guard of claim 1 wherein: the ballistic core is a high performance fiber such as an aramid fiber, ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene, a combination of these and other high performance fiber types.
6. A ballistic leg guard upper section comprising: at least one rigid or semi-rigid contoured plate; at least one shaped layer or pliable ballistic material; and at least one tourniquet constructed of rigid material, straps, and rigid holding clips.
7. A ballistic arm guard section comprising: a plurality of contoured shaped plates of rigid or semi-rigid ballistic material; at least one shaped layer of pliable ballistic material; a plurality of straps and fasteners; at least one elastic material strap; and at least one elastic foam pad.
8. A method of manufacturing a ballistic arm guard, comprising:: forming a pliable outer housing having an outer surface and an inner surface and forming a plurality of generally closed interior areas; inserting inner housings into the interior area of the outer housing where the inner housings forms enclosures and when inserted into the outer housing, the inner housings are surrounded and generally enclosed by the outer housing; forming ballistic cores; forming contoured rigid or semi-rigid plates of high performance fibers such as aramid fibers, ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene, or a combination of these, and other high performance fibers; inserting ballistic cores into the inner housings such that the ballistic cores are surrounded and enclosed by both the inner housings and the outer housing.
9. The method of claim 8 including: inserting a high performance fiber such as an aramid fiber, high molecular weight polyethylene material, a combination of these, or other high performance fiber types into the inner housings.
PCT/US2008/001998 2007-02-15 2008-02-15 Arm guards WO2008100587A9 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US89018307 true 2007-02-15 2007-02-15
US60/890,183 2007-02-15

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US12527477 US20100212485A1 (en) 2007-02-15 2008-02-15 Arm Guards

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2008100587A1 true WO2008100587A1 (en) 2008-08-21
WO2008100587A9 true true WO2008100587A9 (en) 2009-04-09



Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US2008/001998 WO2008100587A9 (en) 2007-02-15 2008-02-15 Arm guards

Country Status (2)

Country Link
US (1) US20100212485A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2008100587A9 (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2008140636A3 (en) * 2007-02-07 2009-01-15 Archangel Armor Leg guards
US9462835B1 (en) * 2011-03-02 2016-10-11 Albahealth Llc Elbow pad

Family Cites Families (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2266886A (en) * 1940-08-05 1941-12-23 Goodrich Co B F Protective body pad
US3902196A (en) * 1974-03-01 1975-09-02 R & R K 9 Professional Equipme Canine training apparatus
US4198708A (en) * 1978-06-21 1980-04-22 Fugere Albert L Elbow/knee guard
US4694505A (en) * 1984-03-30 1987-09-22 Corrado Flosi Upper body protector for off-road riders
USH7H (en) * 1984-04-04 1986-01-07 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Explosive ordnance disposal protective suit
US4639944A (en) * 1985-09-11 1987-02-03 Lester Lashley Armor for motorcyclists
US4692946A (en) * 1986-07-31 1987-09-15 George Frost Company Baseball catcher's leg guard
US4922630A (en) * 1988-01-26 1990-05-08 Nike, Inc. And Nike International Ltd. Athletic shoe with inversion resisting device
US6681403B2 (en) * 2000-03-13 2004-01-27 Robert M. Lyden Shin-guard, helmet, and articles of protective equipment including light cure material
US5180880A (en) * 1990-02-28 1993-01-19 Zufle T Tyler Soft body armor
US5179244A (en) * 1990-02-28 1993-01-12 Zufle T Tyler Reinforced soft and hard body armor
US5196252A (en) * 1990-11-19 1993-03-23 Allied-Signal Ballistic resistant fabric articles
US5185195A (en) * 1990-11-19 1993-02-09 Allied-Signal Inc. Constructions having improved penetration resistance
US5306557A (en) * 1992-02-27 1994-04-26 Madison Thomas J Composite tactical hard body armor
US5729832A (en) * 1993-02-23 1998-03-24 Morning Pride Manufacturing, Inc. Protective garment containing puncture-resistant and/or forearm portions
US5471906A (en) * 1993-10-15 1995-12-05 W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc. Body armor cover and method for making the same
US5565264A (en) * 1994-08-29 1996-10-15 Warwick Mills, Inc. Protective fabric having high penetration resistance
CA2152663C (en) * 1995-06-26 2002-10-08 Bradley J. Field Soft body armour
US5965223A (en) * 1996-10-11 1999-10-12 World Fibers, Inc. Layered composite high performance fabric
US6127291A (en) * 1997-10-20 2000-10-03 Coppage, Jr.; Edward A. Anti-ballistic protective composite fabric
US6266818B1 (en) * 1998-10-26 2001-07-31 Warwick Mills Inc Penetration resistant garment
USD475812S1 (en) * 2001-08-14 2003-06-10 Med-Eng Systems, Inc. Bomb disposal suit
US7356849B2 (en) * 2002-07-02 2008-04-15 Warrior Lacrosse, Inc. No-slip elbow pad
US7571493B1 (en) * 2004-08-04 2009-08-11 Sandia Corporation Armored garment for protecting
CN101247740A (en) * 2004-12-10 2008-08-20 俄克拉荷马州大学评议会;美国政府海军部;美国政府陆军部;Fs科技有限责任公司 Extremity armor
US7900271B2 (en) * 2005-02-22 2011-03-08 Matthew Aaron Sonner Ballistic elbow and knee guards

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
WO2008100587A1 (en) 2008-08-21 application
US20100212485A1 (en) 2010-08-26 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5644792A (en) Load-bearing, personally worn system for security and combat units
US4413357A (en) Protective shields
US6561994B1 (en) Wrist brace
US20050010987A1 (en) Personal body armor
US6804829B2 (en) Advanced combat helmet system
US7490358B1 (en) Back armor
US7987523B2 (en) Quick release garment
US3891996A (en) Ballistic vest
USH7H (en) Explosive ordnance disposal protective suit
US5431318A (en) Ballistic panel carrier having pocket for backup gun
US5072453A (en) Body protection system
US4106121A (en) Tactical load bearing vest
US6760924B2 (en) Glove
US3557384A (en) Variable infantry armor system
US3331083A (en) Leg protective armor system
US6453791B1 (en) Concealable body armor briefs
US7979917B2 (en) Rear break away ballistics vest
US6941585B2 (en) Ballistic protection apparatus
US3973275A (en) Armored garment
US20110113520A1 (en) Armor vest with mechanical quick release mechanism
US3829899A (en) Bulletproof protective body armor
US6233737B1 (en) Concealable ballistic vest
US7266850B1 (en) Side armor protection
US8490212B1 (en) Quick release garment
US7604651B1 (en) Military clothing having built-in tourniquets

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application

Ref document number: 08725610

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1

NENP Non-entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: DE

32PN Ep: public notification in the ep bulletin as address of the adressee cannot be established


WWE Wipo information: entry into national phase

Ref document number: 12527477

Country of ref document: US

122 Ep: pct application non-entry in european phase

Ref document number: 08725610

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1