WO2008089037A3 - Preparation of yttria-stabilized zirconia reaction sintered products - Google Patents

Preparation of yttria-stabilized zirconia reaction sintered products

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Publication number
WO2008089037A3
WO2008089037A3 PCT/US2008/050748 US2008050748W WO2008089037A3 WO 2008089037 A3 WO2008089037 A3 WO 2008089037A3 US 2008050748 W US2008050748 W US 2008050748W WO 2008089037 A3 WO2008089037 A3 WO 2008089037A3
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WO
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
yttria
zirconia
less
method
includes
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US2008/050748
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
WO2008089037A2 (en )
Inventor
W Grover Coors
Ruthie Swartzlander
Original Assignee
W Grover Coors
Coorstek Inc
Ruthie Swartzlander
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    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/01Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products based on oxide ceramics
    • C04B35/48Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products based on oxide ceramics based on zirconium or hafnium oxides, zirconates, zircon or hafnates
    • C04B35/486Fine ceramics
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    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • H01M4/86Inert electrodes with catalytic activity, e.g. for fuel cells
    • H01M4/90Selection of catalytic material
    • H01M4/9016Oxides, hydroxides or oxygenated metallic salts
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/10Fuel cells with solid electrolytes
    • H01M8/12Fuel cells with solid electrolytes operating at high temperature, e.g. with stabilised ZrO2 electrolyte
    • H01M8/124Fuel cells with solid electrolytes operating at high temperature, e.g. with stabilised ZrO2 electrolyte characterised by the process of manufacturing or by the material of the electrolyte
    • H01M8/1246Fuel cells with solid electrolytes operating at high temperature, e.g. with stabilised ZrO2 electrolyte characterised by the process of manufacturing or by the material of the electrolyte the electrolyte consisting of oxides
    • H01M8/1253Fuel cells with solid electrolytes operating at high temperature, e.g. with stabilised ZrO2 electrolyte characterised by the process of manufacturing or by the material of the electrolyte the electrolyte consisting of oxides the electrolyte containing zirconium oxide
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    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3224Rare earth oxide or oxide forming salts thereof, e.g. scandium oxide
    • C04B2235/3225Yttrium oxide or oxide-forming salts thereof
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    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3262Manganese oxides, manganates, rhenium oxides or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. MnO
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    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
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    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/327Iron group oxides, their mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof
    • C04B2235/3272Iron oxides or oxide forming salts thereof, e.g. hematite, magnetite
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    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/327Iron group oxides, their mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof
    • C04B2235/3275Cobalt oxides, cobaltates or cobaltites or oxide forming salts thereof, e.g. bismuth cobaltate, zinc cobaltite
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    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
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    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/327Iron group oxides, their mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof
    • C04B2235/3279Nickel oxides, nickalates, or oxide-forming salts thereof
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    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3281Copper oxides, cuprates or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. CuO or Cu2O
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    • C04B2235/9623Ceramic setters properties
    • HELECTRICITY
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    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/10Fuel cells with solid electrolytes
    • H01M8/12Fuel cells with solid electrolytes operating at high temperature, e.g. with stabilised ZrO2 electrolyte
    • H01M2008/1293Fuel cells with solid oxide electrolytes
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    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M2300/00Electrolytes
    • H01M2300/0017Non-aqueous electrolytes
    • H01M2300/0065Solid electrolytes
    • H01M2300/0068Solid electrolytes inorganic
    • H01M2300/0071Oxides
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/50Fuel cells
    • Y02E60/52Fuel cells characterised by type or design
    • Y02E60/525Solid Oxide Fuel Cells [SOFC]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product
    • Y02P70/56Manufacturing of fuel cells

Abstract

A method of making a solid electrolyte-YSZ product, where the method includes the step of providing a powdered mixture of zirconia, yttria and about 2%, by wt., or less of a metal oxide, where yttria-stabilized zirconia is not added to the mixture. The method also includes sintering the powdered mixture at about 1500°C or less, for about 5 hours or less, to form a reaction sintered YSZ. Also, a method of making a fuel cell electrolyte that includes the step of forming a green body that includes zirconia, yttria and about 2%, by wt., or less of a metal oxide, where yttria-stabilized zirconia is not added to the green body. The method also includes shaping the green body into a form of the electrolyte, and sintering the green body at about 1500°C or less to form a reaction sintered yttria-stabilized zirconia and metal oxide electrolyte.
PCT/US2008/050748 2004-12-15 2008-01-10 Preparation of yttria-stabilized zirconia reaction sintered products WO2008089037A3 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/625,207 2007-01-19
US11625207 US7833469B2 (en) 2004-12-15 2007-01-19 Preparation of yttria-stabilized zirconia reaction sintered products

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP20080705842 EP2102132B1 (en) 2007-01-19 2008-01-10 Preparation of yttria-stabilized zirconia reaction sintered products
ES08705842T ES2643764T3 (en) 2007-01-19 2008-01-10 Preparation of sintered products by reaction of yttria stabilized zirconia
DK08705842T DK2102132T3 (en) 2007-01-19 2008-01-10 Preparation of yttria-stabilized zirconia-products reaktionssintrerede

Publications (2)

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WO2008089037A2 true WO2008089037A2 (en) 2008-07-24
WO2008089037A3 true true WO2008089037A3 (en) 2008-11-20

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US (1) US7833469B2 (en)
EP (1) EP2102132B1 (en)
DK (1) DK2102132T3 (en)
ES (1) ES2643764T3 (en)
WO (1) WO2008089037A3 (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9120245B1 (en) 2007-05-09 2015-09-01 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force Methods for fabrication of parts from bulk low-cost interface-defined nanolaminated materials
US9162931B1 (en) * 2007-05-09 2015-10-20 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force Tailored interfaces between two dissimilar nano-materials and method of manufacture
US20090286125A1 (en) * 2008-04-03 2009-11-19 The University Of Toledo Bi-electrode supported solid oxide fuel cells having gas flow plenum channels and methods of making same
US8546284B2 (en) * 2008-05-07 2013-10-01 Council Of Scientific & Industrial Research Process for the production of plasma sprayable yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) and plasma sprayable YSZ powder produced thereby
DE102008046336A1 (en) * 2008-09-09 2010-03-11 Osram Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung LTCC layer stack
WO2010077945A3 (en) * 2008-12-17 2010-10-14 Saint-Gobain Ceramics & Plastics, Inc. Co-doped ysz eletrolytes for solid oxide fuel cell stacks
CN102292858B (en) * 2008-12-19 2014-11-12 圣戈本陶瓷及塑料股份有限公司 Reduction-oxidation-tolerant electrodes for solid oxide fuel cells
FR2940856B1 (en) * 2009-01-05 2012-05-18 Commissariat Energie Atomique Method of manufacturing a cermet electrode nickel
US8617456B1 (en) 2010-03-22 2013-12-31 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force Bulk low-cost interface-defined laminated materials and their method of fabrication
US20130170097A1 (en) * 2011-06-29 2013-07-04 Space Charge, LLC Yttria-stabilized zirconia based capacitor
DE102014211782A1 (en) * 2014-06-18 2015-12-24 Robert Bosch Gmbh Sensor element for detecting at least one characteristic of a measurement gas in a measuring gas chamber

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US3503809A (en) * 1967-11-02 1970-03-31 Gen Electric Electrical device including nickel-containing stabilized zirconia electrode
US3607323A (en) * 1968-07-31 1971-09-21 Gen Electric Sintered stabilized zirconia containing discontinuous phase of cobalt-containing oxide
US4883497A (en) * 1988-03-28 1989-11-28 Arch Development Corporation Formation of thin walled ceramic solid oxide fuel cells
US5474800A (en) * 1991-06-20 1995-12-12 Tokyo Gas Company, Ltd. Method for preparing anode for solid oxide fuel cells
US20030219637A1 (en) * 2002-05-22 2003-11-27 Coors W. Grover Direct hydrocarbon reforming in protonic ceramic fuel cells by electrolyte steam permeation
US20060125157A1 (en) * 2004-12-15 2006-06-15 Coorstek, Inc. Preparation of yttria-stabilized zirconia reaction sintered products

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
DK2102132T3 (en) 2017-10-02 grant
EP2102132B1 (en) 2017-08-23 grant
ES2643764T3 (en) 2017-11-24 grant
EP2102132A2 (en) 2009-09-23 application
US20070176332A1 (en) 2007-08-02 application
WO2008089037A2 (en) 2008-07-24 application
US7833469B2 (en) 2010-11-16 grant

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