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WO2007057097A1 - Component and set consisting of at least one component and of an optical device - Google Patents

Component and set consisting of at least one component and of an optical device

Info

Publication number
WO2007057097A1
WO2007057097A1 PCT/EP2006/010340 EP2006010340W WO2007057097A1 WO 2007057097 A1 WO2007057097 A1 WO 2007057097A1 EP 2006010340 W EP2006010340 W EP 2006010340W WO 2007057097 A1 WO2007057097 A1 WO 2007057097A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
surface
color
different
area
prism
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/EP2006/010340
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Udo Tünte
Original Assignee
Hülsta-Werke Hüls Gmbh & Co. Kg
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements

Abstract

The invention relates to a component (1) for the inner or outer area of a building with a multicolored surface decoration (2) provided on the surface of the component (1). The invention provides that the surface decoration (2) has at least three different-colored surface areas (3, 4, 5) as a color coding such that when viewing the surface decoration (2) through an optical device having at least one prism (6, 7), at least two different-colored surface areas (3, 4) are situated on room levels (8, 9) which appear to be vertically offset. The light beams with different wavelengths emitted by the different-colored surface areas (3, 4) are highly deflected in a different manner when passing through the prism (6, 7), and the different deflection, according to the principle of stereoscopic vision, creates an item of three-dimensional depth information concerning the position of the surface areas (3, 4) with regard to one another.

Description

Component and set of at least one component and an optical device

The invention relates to a component for the interior or exterior of a building, preferably a floor, wall, ceiling and / or furniture covering, a -plate and / or nose cone, with a provided on a surface of the component multicolored decorative surface. Moreover, the present invention relates to a set of at least one component of the aforementioned type and at least one prism having optical see device.

Components of the aforesaid type are already known from the prior art and generally have on the visible side a decorative surface on which is intended to stimulate the sense of aesthetic shapes or colors loading trachters. The known surface indicia according to a two-dimensional display surface regions of different colors, whereby the arrangement and the shape of the surface areas as well as their colourise environment in accordance with the taste of the designer can be fixed. The aesthetic effect of the known surface designs is due to the two-dimensionality of the representations limited.

Object of the present invention is to provide a component of the type mentioned in the introduction, which is aesthetically pleasing and likely also to meet new features.

The aforementioned object is achieved in a device of the type mentioned that the surface decor has at least three differently colored surface regions as color-coded such that when looking at the surface decor by at least one prism at least two differently colored surface regions offset in height having opti- cal means to different appearing spatial planes are arranged, wherein the outgoing differently colored surface regions of the light beams are differentially deflected with different wavelengths while passing through the prism and the differential deflection of the viewer according to the principle of the stereoscope vision as spatial tie-feninformation about the relative position of the surface areas is interpreted to each other.

When a prism is in the optical system to a body as customarily has two non-parallel planar surfaces, and the shape of a wedge. The material of the prism has a different refractive index than the surrounding area. Thereby, light rays which enter at one side in a prism deflected during passage through the prism (broken). Light beams of different color wavelengths are refracted to different degrees, so that it is possible with a prism to separate light of different color wavelengths. The physical reason for this is dependent on the wavelength of the light refractive index of the prism, which is referred to in optics as a dispersion.

Humans have two adjacent eyes with which can be watched in the room at the same time the same point and enable a stereoscopic vision. Each eye takes a slightly different angle when viewing an object. The farther away an object is from the eyes of a viewer, the more eyeballs off parallel to one another are directed. In contrast, if eye near objects considered, it is necessary to twist the eyeballs inwards, ie towards the nose. Here, the spot is focused by the eye automatically, which is being viewed. The necessary space for focusing in a point angle of rotation of the eyeballs with respect to the parallel orientation of the eyeballs is interpreted as a spatial depth information up to a distance of about 10 m.

The invention is the fundamental idea of ​​using a prism having at least one optical device when viewing a two-dimensional surface decoration of a building element when loading Trachter a three-dimensional effect to produce. Therefore it is necessary to encode the surface decor with respect to the selected coloring of different surface areas. The color coding ensures that have due to the different deflection of light beams of different color or wavelength at the prism surface regions of the surface decor, to the varying shades, appear arranged on different room or depth planes. , ,

the surface decor has, for example, in a two-dimensional representation of a red area and a blue area in front of a black background, so the risks posed by the blue area light beams in other dimensions distracted when passing through the prism as emanating from the red area light beams. To kussieren to fo- the red area or the blue area, it is therefore necessary that the eyes strongly twist different from the parallel orientation. The different angular positions who need to take the eyeballs of the viewer to focus a red or a blue area while looking at the surface decor through a prism are interpreted by the brain as spatial depth information about the situation of the surface region. This gives the impression is created that different colored surface areas are arranged on different spatial planes when a viewer.

The prism may include a plane-parallel surfaces and the shape of a wedge or correspondingly curved surfaces. In addition, several prisms may be provided side by side in a prism array, so that light of a certain wavelength PAS prism assembly Sieren can, without causing a deflection of the light rays. It can view films composed of microscopic prisms are used. Preferably, the optical device prisms for both eyes of the viewer. The arrangement of differently colored surface regions on different spatial planes depends inter alia on the arrangement of the prism or the prisms in the optical device and the wavelength ranges of light emanating from the respective surface region light.

According to the invention three differently colored surface areas have to be provided for color coding of the surface decor, at least. This means that three surface elements are provided at least, each having a different hue. Basically many shades and surface elements may be provided, of course, arbitrary, preferably less than ten, in particular three to five, different colors can be provided. Since each different color, a different spatial plane or a different height in space relative to a background - -

corresponds to the number of different hues in a surface decoration can be preferably limited. , The surface decor too many different shades on, the three-dimensional view of the surface decor produced by viewing through a prism for a Betrach- may be ter exhausting and not very aesthetically pleasing.

A detected by the eye of an observer hue is determined by the relative excitation of blue, green and red receptors in the retina of the eye in each case with respect to the total excitation of the three color receptors. Here, a color by the relative excitation of the blue receptors on the overall excitement of the green receptors on the total excitation and the red receptors can be clearly marked on the total excitation. The location of a color tone in the process known from the prior art, so-called color triangle can clearly indicated in recognition of the relative Erregun- gene and defined so that, with a uniform excitation of all three receptor types corresponding to the color white.

The sensitivity of the three types of color receptors in the retina is wavelength-dependent. Here, blue receptors are excited over a wavelength range of about 380 nm to about 580 nm, green-receptors over a wavelength range of about 420 nm to about 700 nm, and red-receptors over a wavelength range of about 380 nm to about 700 nm. the sensitivity curve of red receptors has two maxima, namely in the range of about 440 nm and in the range of about 600 nm. a perceived by a viewer hue is the result of the relative excitation of the three types of color receptors in the retina. It passes through a prism to a hue fixing light beams of different wavelengths are deflected in varying degrees. A sharpest possible image of a surface region while looking through the optical inputs ensure direction, the invention provides that for the color coding of the surface decor surface areas are colored in very pure colors, wherein the light emanating from the surface regions of light to cover a narrow as possible wavelength range.

The typical viewing distance of the surface decor according to the invention depends on the kind of attentional component. The maximum Betrach-. ,

distance between them is about 10 m, wherein the minimum viewing distance is approximately 50 cm. In this connection it can be provided that the color gradation of differently colored surface regions and the distance between the different colors is selected in the color triangle such that the NEN the color shades corresponding spatial planes have a mutual distance of more than 5 cm to less than 50 cm, in particular between 10 cm to 30 cm have.

Through the invention devices a particularly pleasing aesthetic effect can be produced for an observer together with the Verwen- fertil an optical device suddenly detects a two-dimensional surface decor itself as a three-dimensional image. In this context, it is understood that the decorative surface may be applied to non-planar or three-dimensional surfaces of the device, as examples of play edges. Moreover, it is possible by the color coding of the surface decor, assign new functions to the components of the invention. For example, by suitable size and color choice of the surface areas of projections, steps or edges on the ground, attention is drawn on the wall, on the ceiling or on furniture wherein at the location of the elevation or level, the device is colored in a hue when viewing of the device by the optical device in the fore and is arranged on a spatial plane above. This may be before the actual Inkontakttreten pointed to the collection of a hazard, a viewer that can result from the survey. In addition, it is possible by selecting the appropriate color coding of the surface decor to provide guidelines on a device available that can mark surefooted way or the pattern of electrical or plumbing lines in hazardous areas.

It can preferably be provided that the color gradation of differently colored surface regions is chosen so that a surface element can be unambiguously associated with a respective set by the hue of the surface element spatial plane. Each color is provided for color coding has in this context preferably further colors of the surface decor a correspondingly large distance in the color triangle on to a -

ensure clean separation of the different colors through the optical device. Preferably from a monochromatic area light can go out, which is due to a very good separation of the planes.

It is preferably provided that a surface area on said base is solid or has a single hue. This ensures that can be assigned by a viewer at any area of ​​a certain spatial plane. Basically it is also possible that a surface region having a color transition at least a first color to a second color, whereby the coloring can change from a first color to a second color over the surface of the surface element. This gives a surface area contouring te or rounded surfaces when viewed through the optical Einrich- processing. To illustrate for example a ball, can be provided that the ball has a yellow color against a black background in the central region a red color tone and at the edges, wherein the color transition from red to yellow is flowing. Can be effected by, for example, that the central portion towards the edges of the ball enters the foreground advantages.

A surface area should preferably have a base area of between 5 cm and 200 cm 2, in particular between 10 cm 2 and 100 cm 2 have. Basically, it is of course possible to set smaller or larger surface areas fixed, which are colored in a particular color. It is important that the size of the base is sufficient to define a surface area in a specific color compared to other surface areas, which are colored in a different color, and to allow an unambiguous assignment to a particular spatial plane. The surface areas may have any shape and may be arranged arbitrarily distributed over the surface decor. For example, it is possible that surface regions are arranged distributed with the same hue rasterfόrmig on the surface decor, whereby the separation of the space layers is enhanced by the arrangement of surface regions while looking at the surface decor by the optical device. At least one area can be provided as background surface and to be colored in a background color. At least two other surface areas may be colored in different foreground colors and arranged at different relative to the background area projecting planes. The proportion of the background area in the total area of ​​the surface decor can be between 25% to 75%, preferably about 50%. The background area is a reference point having an undefined depth to a viewer. Relative to the background area all further differently colored surface areas may be disposed on the above spatial planes, wherein at least two surface areas are required with different foreground colors to produce the effect of a spatial depth. Basically, it is of course also possible that a dyed in a foreground color area is provided as the foreground area, with respect to the all weite- ren differently colored surface regions occur in the background. The choice of background color or the foreground color depends on the different shades of the surface decor and the chosen color coding.

With the following color combinations of three colors very strong spatial depth effects can be achieved:

- Black, Blue, Red

- Blue, Black, White

- Magenta, Black, White

- Red, White, Black - Orange, Black, White

In addition to the above-mentioned colors surface areas may be provided with additional colors beyond. The aforementioned colors include shades of color of a color from light to dark and / or various Farbrich- obligations, such as a reddish blue or greenish blue, and / or graying. , ,

A very good depth effect is achieved when the surface areas are colored in a red, blue, or green color and the background area is black or colored in a dark blue color. Here, the depth of a surface region or the spatial plane on which the Flächenbe- disposed rich when viewed through the optical device, determined by its hue and the hue of the immediately surrounding surface region. Is a first surface area completely surrounded by a colored in a background hue second surface area, the depth or the space level of the first surface region by its color tone is determined. The choice of the background hue is crucial to set the tones that can be provided to color the coming into the foreground surface areas. If the background is black, with a suitable arrangement of the prism or the prisms, the effect can be obtained in that surface regions with red tones come to the fore, contact surface areas with dark blue colors in the background and surface areas are arranged with green shades to room levels in average depth. Starting from the foreground layer in the direction of the background layer surface regions are subsequently arranged with red, orange, yellow, yellow green, green, blue green, blue and dark blue colors on different planes. It can be selected from any number of tones, to divide the space between the foreground layer and the background layer.

Another color model which is very effective, can at coloring the area-are achieved with a black background color chenbereiche in red or white or blue shades. If the background area know the surface areas may have a cyan or magenta or yellow hue.

In order to provide a local background provided a surface area, a surface area may be surrounded or bordered, wherein the surface area of ​​a part, and the frame or a contour line may have different colors on the other. Preferably, the surface regions do not overlap in the surface decor. This ensures that each inked in a given color area is disposed at a certain spatial plane. The frame should have a minimum width of 1 cm to 10 cm, in particular from 2 cm to 5 cm. The frame or outline color should preferably be the same as the background color in the selected color model. The frame or the outline can therefore preferably be black or white colored.

The depth effect created by the optical device can be increased in that a space is arranged on a projecting plane area of ​​a certain shape has a larger area than a arranged on a spatial plane receding surface portion having the same shape. The invention is based on the fundamental idea underlying that man a large object as the foreground lying and seems to recognize a smaller article having the same shape as receded into the background. A further increase in depth can be achieved in that a projecting arranged on a spatial plane surface portion has a greater brightness than one arranged on a spatial plane receding area.

A surface region can be shaded and / or shaded to represent a single three-dimensionally when viewed through the optical device two-dimensionally appearance nenden area. Here black shadows or hatches can be provided that are commonly used to indicate roundness in a two-dimensional image.

In particular, there are a variety of possibilities for configuring device according to the invention and further. The invention allows it at that, if necessary, to be combined referred to in the claims together, although this is not described in detail. The aforementioned values ​​indications and the intervals indicated respectively detect all values, not only the lower limits or vallgrenzen the Inter- at intervals without this requires an explicit mention. Hereinafter, a preferred embodiment of the invention with reference to the single figure of the drawing will be described.

In the figure, a component 1 is shown, in which it is a component. The device 1 has a decorative surface 2, on the

is visible side of the flat surface of the component 1 is provided. The decorative surface 2 has in the illustrated embodiment has three differently colored surface areas 3, 4, 5, wherein the surface region 3 has a red hue, and the surface area 4 a blue tint. The surface area 5 is black. The surface region 5 is provided as background surface for the surface portions 3 and 4, wherein the surface regions 3 and 4 are completely surrounded by the surface region 5 and do not overlap. 2 shows the surface decorating the surface portions 3, 4 in a two-dimensional representation.

The surface portions 3, 4, 5 are provided as color coding of the surface decor 2, wherein the surface portions 3, 4 while looking at the surface decor 2 by a prism 6 having unillustrated optical means for a viewer to vary vertically offset appearing spatial planes 8, appear arranged. 9 In the figure, only one prism 6 for an eyeball of an observer 7 is shown for simplification. It is understood that the optical means for viewing the device 1 is formed with two eyes of the viewer.

The embodiment shown and described is based on the simplifying sponding assumption that the light emanating from the surface regions 3, 4 is monochromatic light. Therefore, from both surface portions 3, 4 light rays go out of defined different wavelengths, which enter the prism 6 at a right angle. Due to the different wavelength of the light beams and the wavelength dependence of the crushing speed of the prism 6 emanating from the surface region 3 beams and extending from the surface region 4 light beams are differentially deflected upon exiting from the prism. 6 Since the deflection of light rays when passing through the prism 6 is wavelength dependent, the exit angle ß 2 emanating from the blue area 4 light beams is greater than the exit angle SSI emanating from the red surface area of 3 beams, in each case with the same internal angle

Ci first

The different deflection of the light beams is interpreted by a viewer according to the principle of the stereoscope vision as a spatial depth information about the relative position of the surface portions 3, 4 to each other, wherein each surface portion 3, 4 a by the respective tone of the face portion 3, 4 fixed spatial plane 8, can be assigned. 9 Here, the eyeballs of the viewer 7 automatically align to the light beams of one or the other surface region 3, 4, whereby the eyeballs need to 7 from a parallel orientation to different degrees twist inward toward the nose. γ is a function of the twist angle of the respective surface portion 3, 4 of a certain projecting area level 8, associated. 9 The different exit angle SSI, ß 2 result in the surface areas 3, 4 are arranged on different extents with respect to the projecting surface Hintergrundflä- spatial planes 8, 9 appear. The result for the viewer a three-dimensional representation of the surface decor. 2

In fact, the light emanating from a surface portion 3, 4 light in dependence on the selected color light beams having different wavelengths from a wavelength range which lead to an excitation of the three types of color receptors in the eye of the viewer. Different colors are the result of the relative excitation of the different color receptors on the total excitation. A unique assignment of the surface portions 3, 4 to the space planes 8 to enable 9, the light emanating from the surface regions 3, 4 respectively light beams having wavelengths of a narrow wavelength range as possible. The different colors of the surface areas 3, 4 have, accordingly, a sufficient distance from each other in the color triangle on.

The distance between the planes of space 8, 9 as well as the arrangement of a face portion 3, 4 at a certain spatial plane 8, 9 depends on the choice of shades that for coloring the surface areas 3, are provided. 4 In addition, the position of the spatial planes 8, 9 affected by the hue of the background area and the distance of the viewer from the device 1. Furthermore, the orientation of the prism 6 plays a role. The distance between the planes of space 8, 9 and the arrangement of the surface portions 3, 4 on different spatial planes 8, 9 can also be affected by using a prism array having a plurality of prisms 6 for each eye and by changing the geometry of the prism. 6

Claims

claims:
1 component (1) for the interior or exterior of a building, provided with a on a surface of the component (1) multicolor surface decor (2), characterized in that the surface decor (2) at least three differently colored surface regions (3, 4, 5) as the color coding has such a manner that when viewing the surface decor (2) by at least one prism (6, 7) having optical means at least two differently colored surface regions (3, 4) on different HOE henversetzt appearing spatial planes (8, 9) is arranged are, the differently colored surface regions (3, 4) outgoing light beams with different wavelengths while passing through the prism (6, 7) are differentially deflected and the different deflection according to the principle of the stereoscope seeing a three-dimensional depth information about the relative position of the surface areas (3, 4) is generated to each other.
2. The component according to claim 1, characterized in that the color gradation of differently colored surface regions (3, 4) is selected such that a surface element (3, 4) is clearly a chenelementes by the respective shade of the area-(3, 4) fixed spatial plane ( 8, 9) can be assigned.
3. The component according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that a surface region (3, 4) having only one color or a color transition or a color gradation on at least a first color to at least a second color.
4. The component according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a surface region (3, 4), preferably each surface portion (3, 4), a surface area of between 5 cm 2 and 200 cm 2, in particular between 10 cm 2 and 100 cm 2 , having.
5. The component according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that surface regions (3, 4) preferably having the same hue rapid sterförmig on the surface decor (2) are distributed.
6. The component according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that at least one surface region (5) is provided as a background area and inked in a background color and at least two surface regions (3, 4) colored in different foreground colors and at different relative to the background area projecting spatial planes (8, 9) are arranged.
7. The component according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the proportion of the background area in the total area of ​​the upper surface decor (2) between 25% to 75% is preferably about 50%.
8. The component according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a surface region (3, 4) comprises a red or blue or green shade, and that, preferably, the background area is black or has a blue tint.
9. The component according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a surface region (3, 4) a cyan or magentafar- surrounded or yellow shade, and that, preferably, the background area is white.
10. The component according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a surface region (3, 4) is framed and that the area (3, 4) and a frame different color tones, said, the frame forward Preferably, a minimum width of 1 cm to 10 cm, in particular from 2 cm to 5 cm.
1 1. Component according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a surface region (3, 4) is surrounded by an outline, and that have the surface area (3, 4) and a contour different hues.
12. The component according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the frame or the outline, and the background area are colored in the same hue, and that, preferably, the frame or the outline is white or black.
13. The component according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a on a projecting room level (9) arranged surface portion (4) having a certain shape has a larger area than a receding on one opposite to the protruding space plane (9) spatial plane (8) arranged surface portion having the same shape.
14. The component according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that a on a projecting room level (9) arranged surface portion (4) having a greater brightness than a receding on one opposite to the protruding space plane (9) spatial plane (8) arranged area (3).
15. The component according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized thereby marked, that a surface region (3, 4) cross-hatched and / or shades, and that, preferably, the hatching and / or the shading has a black hue.
16. Set of at least one component (1) according to any one of the preceding claims and at least one prism (6, 7) having optical
Facility.
PCT/EP2006/010340 2005-11-18 2006-10-26 Component and set consisting of at least one component and of an optical device WO2007057097A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102005055516 2005-11-18
DE102005055516.0 2005-11-18
DE200510059704 DE102005059704B3 (en) 2005-11-18 2005-12-12 Component for a lining or covering of a floor, wall, ceiling or furniture part comprises a surface decoration having different colored regions as color coding
DE102005059704.1 2005-12-12

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2007057097A1 true true WO2007057097A1 (en) 2007-05-24

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ID=37650616

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/EP2006/010340 WO2007057097A1 (en) 2005-11-18 2006-10-26 Component and set consisting of at least one component and of an optical device

Country Status (2)

Country Link
DE (1) DE102005059704B3 (en)
WO (1) WO2007057097A1 (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2252821A (en) * 1938-08-17 1941-08-19 Catalin Corp Multicolored laminated resin product
US3161509A (en) * 1962-04-24 1964-12-15 Eastman Kodak Co Line stereo color pictures
GB1488696A (en) * 1974-10-10 1977-10-12 Cutanit Article having surface zones of different colours
US5008143A (en) * 1987-07-06 1991-04-16 The Mearl Corporation Decorative objects with multi-color effects
EP0425670A1 (en) * 1989-03-17 1991-05-08 Tovarischestvo S Ogranichennoi Otvetstvennostju Nauchnovnedrencheskaya I Proektno-Proizvodstvennaya Firma "Rastr F.Ltd" Decorative colour-dynamic material
WO2000031718A1 (en) * 1998-11-25 2000-06-02 Kamaras Andras Method and apparatus for the presentation of two-dimensional objects

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102004056584B4 (en) * 2004-11-23 2007-12-13 Johannes Schulte Panels for floor, wall and ceiling coverings and a process for their preparation

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2252821A (en) * 1938-08-17 1941-08-19 Catalin Corp Multicolored laminated resin product
US3161509A (en) * 1962-04-24 1964-12-15 Eastman Kodak Co Line stereo color pictures
GB1488696A (en) * 1974-10-10 1977-10-12 Cutanit Article having surface zones of different colours
US5008143A (en) * 1987-07-06 1991-04-16 The Mearl Corporation Decorative objects with multi-color effects
EP0425670A1 (en) * 1989-03-17 1991-05-08 Tovarischestvo S Ogranichennoi Otvetstvennostju Nauchnovnedrencheskaya I Proektno-Proizvodstvennaya Firma "Rastr F.Ltd" Decorative colour-dynamic material
WO2000031718A1 (en) * 1998-11-25 2000-06-02 Kamaras Andras Method and apparatus for the presentation of two-dimensional objects

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