WO2007054023A1 - Composite board consisting of timber and alumina and manufacturing process thereof - Google Patents

Composite board consisting of timber and alumina and manufacturing process thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2007054023A1
WO2007054023A1 PCT/CN2006/002992 CN2006002992W WO2007054023A1 WO 2007054023 A1 WO2007054023 A1 WO 2007054023A1 CN 2006002992 W CN2006002992 W CN 2006002992W WO 2007054023 A1 WO2007054023 A1 WO 2007054023A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
solid wood
layer
whole
slats
board
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2006/002992
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Shiliang Jiang
Original Assignee
Shiliang Jiang
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CNB2005101102696A priority Critical patent/CN100434267C/en
Priority to CN200510110269.6 priority
Application filed by Shiliang Jiang filed Critical Shiliang Jiang
Publication of WO2007054023A1 publication Critical patent/WO2007054023A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B9/00Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00
    • B32B9/005Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising one layer of ceramic material, e.g. porcelain, ceramic tile
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27MWORKING OF WOOD NOT PROVIDED FOR IN SUBCLASSES B27B - B27L; MANUFACTURE OF SPECIFIC WOODEN ARTICLES
    • B27M3/00Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles
    • B27M3/0013Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles of composite or compound articles
    • B27M3/006Manufacture or reconditioning of specific semi-finished or finished articles of composite or compound articles characterised by oblong elements connected both laterally and at their ends
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B15/00Layered products comprising a layer of metal
    • B32B15/04Layered products comprising a layer of metal comprising metal as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • B32B15/10Layered products comprising a layer of metal comprising metal as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material of wood
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B9/00Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00
    • B32B9/04Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising such particular substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • B32B9/042Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising such particular substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material of wood
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/10Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products
    • E04C2/12Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products of solid wood
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2315/00Other materials containing non-metallic inorganic compounds not provided for in groups B32B2311/00 - B32B2313/04
    • B32B2315/02Ceramics
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2317/00Animal or vegetable based
    • B32B2317/16Wood, e.g. woodboard, fibreboard, woodchips
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2451/00Decorative or ornamental articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2601/00Upholstery
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2607/00Walls, panels
    • B32B2607/02Wall papers, wall coverings

Abstract

A composite board is made of a timber layer (2) and an alumina film layer (1) arranged on the surface of the timber layer (2). A process of manufacturing the composite board comprise: 1) splicing timber strips transversely to form a timber layer (2), and then controlling water content of whole spliced timber layer (2); 2) treating the surface of said timber layer (2) to be flat and clean; 3) placing said timber layer (2) in hot press and hot pressing an alumina film layer (1) onto the surface of timber layer (2) at high temperature. Said composite board is suitable for floor, top board in furniture, cabinet, building door and wall decoration etc.

Description

由实木和三氧化二铝组成的复合板材及其制造方法  Composite plate composed of solid wood and aluminum oxide and manufacturing method thereof
所属技术领域 Technical field
本发明涉及一种用于制作地板、 家具的台面板、 橱柜板、 建筑装潢用的门板、 墙 壁板的复合板材的结构及其制造技术。  The present invention relates to a structure for fabricating a composite panel of a floor panel, a countertop for a furniture, a cabinet panel, a door panel for building and decorating, and a wall panel, and a manufacturing technique thereof.
背景技术  Background technique
目前用于家具的台面板、橱柜板、建筑装潢用的门板、墙壁板特别是地板的板材 中, 单层实木板材由采伐森林资源获取的原木经加工而成, 因取自天然材料, 单层实 木板材具有深受消费者喜爱的优良特性, 木紋自然美观, 作地板时脚感舒适, 属于绿 色建材, 无化.学有毒成份, 耐潮不易变形等; 其中一般的单层实木板材特别是速成材 如白杨、 松木等的实木板材材质较松软, 虽然有吸音、 保暖、 韧柔性较好等特性, 但 表面硬度较低, 怕磕碰, 极易划伤损坏, 保护层较软, 耐磨性较差, 不能做高档材料 使用, 不适合做地板和家具的台面板; 而一些单层硬质实木板材, 如槲栎(柞木)、花 梨、 重蚁木(依贝)、 冰片香(山樟)香二翅豆、 甘巴豆、 坤甸铁樟(铁木)等, 材质 坚硬细密, 表面硬度高, 耐磨性好, 适合做高档材料用于家具的台面板和地板; 但由 于这类髙档木材需要自然界几十甚至几百年才能形成,资源紧缺产量低,因而价格高, 无法满足消费者的需求, 这种紧缺自然资源与人们需求之间的矛盾日益突出; 为解决 这一矛盾, 目前有采用实木复合板的, 但实木复合板多用胶粘接, 胶的防水性、 耐老 化性、抗剥离性以及游离甲醛的释放量都将对实木复合板的质量及装修质量造成影响, 特别是胶含人体有害的如甲醛等化学有毒成份, 不属于绿色建材; 而另外一些强化地 板、强化台面板, 虽然表面使用了三氧化二铝或三聚氰胺, 其硬度较高, 耐磨性较好, 但由于其基板使用的是高、 中密度的纤维板, 紋理不美观, 而且板材发脆, 韧柔性能 降低, 影响了其使用; 而且更主要的是其基板的纤维板也多用胶粘接, 含对人体有害 的化学有毒成份, 也不属于绿色建材; 虽然三氧化二铝薄膜热压在纤维板或中高密度 板等整板的加工工艺已非常成熟, 但长期以来三氧化二铝薄膜热压在由实木条拼接的 整板上的加工却无法实施, 这是由于热压加工后的由实木条拼接的整板表面呈现出凹 凸不平, 凸出的实木条表面能很好地附着三氧化二铝薄膜, 而凹入的实木条表面就不 能附着甚至于没有三氧化二铝薄膜, 所以无法实现三氧化二铝薄膜热压在由实木条拼 接的整板上的规模生产。 而在现有技术中, 也有用三氧化二铝薄膜作表层的复合板材, 其表层由含三氧化 二铝粉末的薄膜在板材成型机上经髙温髙压压制在一张纤维板上而形成, 然后将整张 表层背面凃上粘合层, 用成型机复合于实木基板上; 由于其表层与实木基板是用胶粘 接, 不仅制造工艺繁琐, 表层与实木基板之间容易脱落, 防水性、 耐老化性、 抗剥离 性都较差, 严重影响其使用年限, 而且由于胶含对人体有害的化学有毒成份, 会影响 使用者的健康, 所以不属于绿色建材。 Currently used for furniture countertops, cabinet panels, door panels for building and decoration, wall panels, especially flooring panels, single-layer solid wood panels are processed from logs obtained from deforestation resources, due to natural materials, single layers Solid wood panels have excellent characteristics that are deeply loved by consumers. The wood grain is natural and beautiful. When it is used as a floor, it feels comfortable. It belongs to green building materials, has no chemical. It has toxic ingredients, is resistant to moisture and is not easily deformed. Among them, the general single-layer solid wood board is especially fast. Solid wood plates such as poplar and pine are softer. Although they have the characteristics of sound absorption, warmth, and good flexibility, they have low surface hardness, are afraid of bumping, are easily scratched and damaged, and have a soft protective layer and wear resistance. Poor, can not be used for high-grade materials, not suitable for floor and furniture countertops; and some single-layer hard solid wood panels, such as 槲栎 (柞木), rosewood, heavy antwood (Ibe), borneol (Hawthorn ) fragrant two-winged beans, ganba beans, Pontianak shovel (ironwood), etc., hard and fine material, high surface hardness, good wear resistance, suitable for high-grade materials for furniture Countertops and floors; but because such timbers need to be formed in tens or even hundreds of years in nature, the resources are scarce and the output is low, so the price is high and cannot meet the needs of consumers. This shortage between natural resources and people's needs Contradictions are increasingly prominent; in order to solve this contradiction, there are currently solid wood composite panels, but the solid wood composite panels are glued with glue, and the waterproof, aging resistance, peeling resistance and release of free formaldehyde of the rubber will be solidified. The quality of the board and the quality of the decoration are affected, especially the chemical toxic components such as formaldehyde, which are harmful to the human body, are not green building materials; while other laminate flooring and reinforced countertops, although aluminum oxide or melamine is used on the surface, High hardness and good wear resistance, but because the substrate is made of high and medium density fiberboard, the texture is not beautiful, and the board is brittle, the toughness and flexibility can be reduced, which affects its use; and more importantly, its substrate The fiberboard is also glued with glue, contains chemically toxic components harmful to the human body, and is not a green building material; Although the processing technology of the aluminum oxide film on the whole board such as the fiberboard or the medium-high density board is very mature, the processing of the aluminum oxide film on the whole board spliced by the solid wood strip has not been implemented for a long time. Because the surface of the whole board spliced by solid wood strip after hot pressing is uneven, the surface of the protruding solid wood strip can adhere well to the aluminum oxide film, and the surface of the concave solid wood strip cannot be attached or even The aluminum oxide film can not achieve the scale production of the aluminum oxide film on the whole plate spliced by solid wood strips. In the prior art, a composite sheet of a surface layer is also used, and the surface layer is formed by pressing a film containing aluminum oxide powder on a sheet forming machine by pressing and pressing on a fiberboard. The back surface of the whole surface layer is coated with an adhesive layer and laminated on a solid wood substrate by a molding machine; since the surface layer and the solid wood substrate are bonded by glue, not only the manufacturing process is cumbersome, but also the surface layer and the solid wood substrate are easily peeled off, and the water resistance and the resistance are resistant. Aging and peeling resistance are poor, which seriously affects the service life, and because the rubber contains chemically harmful components harmful to the human body, it will affect the health of users, so it is not a green building material.
发明内容  Summary of the invention
针对上述现有技术中存在的缺陷, 本发明所要解决的技术问题是提供一种表面坚 硬、 耐磨、 透明、 木纹自然美观, 隔音保温, 韧柔性好, 资源丰富, 并有显著经济效 益的, 而且不含化学有毒成份的, 属于绿色建材的复合板材, 以及能够实现三氧化二 铝薄膜热压在由实木板条拼接的整板上的规模生产的复合板材制造方法。  In view of the above-mentioned defects in the prior art, the technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a surface that is hard, wear-resistant, transparent, natural and beautiful in wood grain, soundproof and heat-insulating, flexible and flexible, resource-rich, and has significant economic benefits. And the composite sheet which belongs to green building materials without chemical toxic components, and the composite sheet manufacturing method capable of realizing the scale production of the aluminum oxide film on the whole board spliced by solid wood slats.
为了解决上述技术问题, 本发明提供的一种复合板材, 由实木板层和设在所述板 层表面的表层组成, 所述实木板层为单层纯实木横向拼接板层, 其特征在于, 所述表 层为三氧化二铝薄膜; 所述表层用热压的方法直接固定在所述板层的表面。  In order to solve the above technical problem, the present invention provides a composite board composed of a solid wood board layer and a surface layer disposed on the surface of the board layer, wherein the solid wood board layer is a single layer pure solid wood horizontal splice board layer, wherein The surface layer is a film of aluminum oxide; the surface layer is directly fixed to the surface of the layer by hot pressing.
进一步地 所述实木板层的材料为速成材实木。  Further, the material of the solid wood layer is a solid wood.
为了解决上述技术问题, 本发明提供的一种制造所述复合板材的方法, 其步骤如 下:  In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention provides a method for manufacturing the composite sheet, the steps of which are as follows:
1 ) 先将实木板条横向拼接成实木板层, 再将拼接后的整板进行水分控制处理, 使整板的含水率(量)低于 10%, 并使每一整板中的所有实木板条的含水率(量) 的 差值低于 1 %, 即一整板中含水率最髙的实木板条与含水率最低的实木板条的差值低 于 1% ;  1) Firstly splicing the solid wood slats into solid wood slabs, and then splicing the whole slabs to moisture control, so that the moisture content (quantity) of the whole slab is less than 10%, and all the solid wood in each whole board The difference in moisture content (quantity) of the slats is less than 1%, that is, the difference between the solid wood slats with the lowest moisture content in the whole plate and the solid wood slats with the lowest moisture content is less than 1%;
2) 将所述实木板层的表面处理平整、 干净;  2) smoothing and cleaning the surface of the solid wood layer;
3) 将所述实木板层放入热压机内在高温中将三氧化二铝薄膜直接热压在实木 板层的表面。  3) The solid wood plate layer is placed in a hot press to directly press the aluminum oxide film on the surface of the solid wood plate layer at a high temperature.
进一步地, 所述步骤 1) 中实木板层的材料为速成材实木。  Further, in the step 1), the material of the solid wood layer is a solid wood.
进一步地, 所述步骤 1 ) 中实木板条二头 (端)用指接(或榫接)。  Further, in the step 1), the two ends (ends) of the solid wood slats are finger-joined (or spliced).
进一步地, 所述步骤 1)中使整板的含水率(量)为 8%, 并使每一整板中的所有 实木板条的含水率 (量) 的差值低于 0. 5%。  Further, the moisture content (quantity) of the whole solid wood slabs in each of the whole plates is less than 0.5%.
进一步地, 所述步骤 2) 中将实木板层的表面上色。 进一步地, 所述步骤 2) 中实木板层表面处理的平整度 每平米 0. 2mm。 Further, in step 2), the surface of the solid wood layer is colored. 2毫米。 The flatness of the surface of the surface of the solid wood layer is 0. 2mm.
进一步地, 所述步骤 3) 中的高温为 100°C- 200°C。  Further, the high temperature in the step 3) is from 100 ° C to 200 ° C.
进一步地, 所述步骤 3) 中的热压时间为 20-30秒。  Further, the hot pressing time in the step 3) is 20-30 seconds.
进一步地, 所述步骤 1 ) 中实木板条的宽度相等; 所述宽度为成品地板条的宽度 与榫头和锯隙的宽度的总和; 所述步骤 3) 中将加工后的整板沿胶粘缝锯开, 制成由 实木板层和三氧化二铝薄膜组成的、 不含胶等化学有毒成份的复合板材(企口地板的 坯料), 再将所述复合板材(企口地板的坯料)沿四边加工出榫头和榫槽, 从而制成真 正属于绿色建材的条型企口地板成品。  Further, in the step 1), the width of the solid wood slats is equal; the width is the sum of the width of the finished floor strip and the width of the boring head and the nick; and the whole board after the processing is glued in the step 3) The saw is opened and made into a composite sheet (the blank of the tongue-and-groove floor) composed of a solid wood layer and an aluminum oxide film, which does not contain chemical and toxic components such as glue, and the composite sheet (the blank of the tongue-and-groove floor) The hoes and groovings are machined along the four sides to make the strip-shaped tongue-and-groove finished products that are truly green building materials.
本发明提供的复合板材及其制造方法, 由于在实木板层的表面用热压的方法直接 固定了三氧化二铝薄膜(表层),其不仅制造工艺简单,而且三氧化二铝薄膜渗入实木 板层的表面, 使实木板层与三氧化二铝薄膜的结合非常牢固, 提髙了防水性、 耐老化 性和抗剥离性, 延长了所述复合板材的使用年限; 由于实木板层自然美观的天然木紋 能透过透明的三氧化二铝表层显现出来, 所述复合板材具有天然的美观性; 由于本发 明的复合板材可以用白杨、松木、杉木、桤木、椿木等 6- 10年成材的速成材在其表面 直接热压三氧化二铝的方式制成, 属绿色建材, 用以替代花梨、重蚁木(依贝)、香二 翅豆等 50- 100年成材的硬质实木,做高档材料使用,从而解决了长期以来人们生活中 对表面坚硬耐磨、 木紋自然美观的硬木髙档材料日益增长的需求与自然界需要几十甚 至于几百年才能生成硬实木高档材料自然资源紧缺的矛盾; 同时速成材不仅具有材质 较松软、 隔音保温、 韧柔性好等特点, 而且用表面有三氧化二铝的速成材替代硬质实 木具有巨大的经济效益, 例如在上海地区, 做地板的白杨、 松木、 杉木、 桤木、 椿木 等速成材成本每平米约 50元, 可使用 3- 5年, 而花梨、 重蚁木(依贝)、 香二翅豆等 硬质实木成本每平米约 200元(地板的表面用 UV类油漆),可使用 8-10年,用表面有 :三氧化二铝薄膜的杉木、 梏木、 椿木等速成材成本(包括三氧化二铝薄膜的原料和加 工成本)每平米约 60元(不用油漆), 因其表面坚硬耐磨可使用 15-20年; 本发明所 带来的巨大的经济效益是显而易见的; 而且由于本发明的复合板材在实木板层中不用 胶, 所述复合板材仅有实木和三氧化二铝, 不含化学有毒成份, 是真正绿色建材, 也 是目前解决所述矛盾的最佳方案之一; The composite board and the manufacturing method thereof provided by the invention directly fix the aluminum oxide film (surface layer) by hot pressing on the surface of the solid wood board layer, which not only has a simple manufacturing process, but also the aluminum oxide film penetrates into the solid wood board. The surface of the layer makes the combination of the solid wood layer and the aluminum oxide film very strong, and improves the water repellency, aging resistance and peeling resistance, and prolongs the service life of the composite board; The natural wood grain can be visualized through the transparent aluminum oxide surface layer, and the composite board has natural beauty; since the composite board of the invention can be used for poplar, pine, Chinese fir, eucalyptus, eucalyptus, etc. 6-10 years The quick-formed material is made by directly hot-pressing Al2O3 on the surface, which is a green building material, which is used to replace 50-100 years of hard solid wood such as rosewood, heavy ant wood (Ibe), and fragrant two-winged beans. It is used as a high-grade material to solve the growing demand for hardwood enamel materials with a hard surface and a natural appearance in the long-term life. Even in a few hundred years, the contradiction between the natural resources of hard solid wood high-grade materials can be generated. At the same time, the quick-casting materials not only have the characteristics of soft material, sound insulation, good toughness and flexibility, but also replace the hard solid wood with the quick-formed material with aluminum oxide on the surface. Huge economic benefits, such as in Shanghai, the cost of quick-casting materials such as poplar, pine, fir, eucalyptus, and eucalyptus for flooring is about 50 yuan per square meter, and can be used for 3 to 5 years, while pears and heavy ants are used. ), hard solid wood such as fragrant two-winged beans costs about 200 yuan per square meter (UV paint on the surface of the floor), can be used for 8-10 years, with the surface : fir, eucalyptus, eucalyptus The cost of constant velocity materials (including the raw material and processing cost of Al2O3 film) is about 60 yuan per square meter (no paint), and it can be used for 15-20 years due to its hard surface. The huge economic benefits brought by the invention It is obvious; and since the composite sheet of the present invention does not use glue in the solid wood layer, the composite sheet is only solid wood and aluminum oxide, does not contain chemically toxic components, and is truly green. Timber, which is also one of the best solutions to solve the contradiction;
另外,长期以来三氧化二铝薄膜热压在由实木条拼接的整板上的加工无法实施是 由于在加工前道工序中没有注意控制实木板条的含水率(量),特别是整板中各拼接的 实木板条之间的含水率 (量) 的差异, 使热压加工后的实木板条因水分丧失不一而呈 现出凹凸不平, 水分多的缩得多, 水分少的缩得少, 使三氧化二铝薄膜不能很好地附 着在所有整板上的实木板条上, 成为长期以来一直无法克服的复合实木板材的生产工 艺问题; 在本发明的复合板材制造方法中, 由于在加工的前道工序中, 不但注意整板 表面的平整度, 而且特别注意选用含水率(量)低而且含水率(量)一致的实木板条 横向拼接成实木板层的整板, 使热压加工后的整板表面还能呈现出极高的平整度, 保 证了三氧化二铝薄膜对所有实木板条表面能很好地附着力, 从而实现了三氧化二铝薄 膜热压在由实木条拼接的整板上的规模生产, 解决了这个长期以来一直无法克服的复 合实木板材的生产工艺问题。在本发明的复合板材制造方法中,由于实木板条二头 (端) 采用指接(或榫接)工艺, 克服热压中产生的应力, 防止实木板条头拼接端的变形, 使整板表面在热压后能保持极高的平整度。 In addition, the long-term processing of the aluminum oxide film on the whole plate spliced by the solid wood strip cannot be implemented because the moisture content (quantity) of the solid wood slats is not paid attention to during the pre-processing, especially in the whole plate. Spliced The difference in water content (quantity) between the solid wood slats makes the solid wood slats after hot pressing process appear uneven due to the loss of water, the water shrinks much, and the water shrinks less, making the three The aluminum oxide film does not adhere well to the solid wood slats on all the whole boards, and has become a production process problem of the composite solid wood board which has been incomprehensible for a long time; in the composite sheet manufacturing method of the present invention, since before processing In the process, not only pay attention to the flatness of the surface of the whole plate, but also pay special attention to the use of solid wood slats with low water content (quantity) and uniform water content (quantity) to form a whole plate of solid wood slabs, so that after hot pressing The surface of the whole plate can also exhibit extremely high flatness, which ensures that the aluminum oxide film can adhere well to the surface of all solid wood slats, thereby realizing the hot pressing of the aluminum oxide film on the solid wood strip. The scale production on the board solves the production process of composite solid wood panels that have long been insurmountable. In the composite sheet manufacturing method of the present invention, since the two ends (ends) of the solid wood slats adopt a finger joint (or splicing) process, the stress generated in the hot pressing is overcome, and the deformation of the splicing end of the solid wood slats is prevented, so that the whole board surface is It maintains extremely high flatness after hot pressing.
附图说明  DRAWINGS
图 1为本发明实施例复合板材的结构示意图;  1 is a schematic structural view of a composite board according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图 2为本发明另一实施例用于地板的复合板材的横截面示意图。  2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a composite sheet for a floor according to another embodiment of the present invention.
具体实施方式  detailed description
以下结合附图说明对本发明的实施例作进一步详细描述, 但本实施例并不用于限 制本发明, 凡是釆用本发明的相似结构、 方法及其相似变化, 均应列入本发明的保护 范围。  The embodiments of the present invention are further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings, but the present embodiments are not intended to limit the present invention, and the similar structures, methods, and similar changes of the present invention should be included in the scope of the present invention. .
如图 1所示, 本发明实施例的一种复合板材, 由单层纯实木横向拼接板层 2和设 在所述板层表面的三氧化二铝薄膜的表层 1组成, 所述表层 1用热压的方法直接固 ^ 在所述板层 2的表面, 所述单层纯实木的材料为如白杨、 松木等速成材实木。 在本发 明的图 1的实施例中, 先将实木板条二边用少量的水性无毒胶横向拼接成实木板层, 实木板条二头(端)用指接(或榫接), 再将拼接后的整板进行回烘处理, 使整板中各 实木条含水率(量)一致并并控制在 9%, 然后将所述实木板层的表面处理平整、 干 净, 放入热压机内在高温中将三氧化二铝薄膜直接热压在实木板层的表面, 取出后其 温度慢慢降至室温,从而完成整个复合加工过程。所述复合板材可用于地板,家具的台 面板、 橱柜板, 建筑装潢用的门板、 墙壁板等。 如图 1所示, 本发明实施例中, 所述 单层纯实木板层是指在复合板材平放时, 纯实木板层上下为单层实木; 所述横向拼接 是指在复合板材平放时, 实木板条二侧 (边)沿水平方向的 (左右)拼接。 如图 2所示, 本发明另一实施例的用于地板的复合板材, 由单层纯实木板层 2和 设在所述板层表面的三氧化二铝薄膜的表层 1组成, 所述表层 1用热压的方法直接固 定在所述板层 2的表面; 所述地板是企口地板, 横向设有榫头 4和榫槽 3。 As shown in FIG. 1 , a composite board according to an embodiment of the present invention is composed of a single-layer pure solid wood horizontally-splicing board layer 2 and a surface layer 1 of an aluminum oxide film provided on the surface of the board layer, and the surface layer 1 is used. The hot pressing method is directly applied to the surface of the ply 2, and the single-layer pure solid wood material is a solid wood such as poplar or pine. In the embodiment of Fig. 1 of the present invention, the solid wood slats are first spliced into a solid wood slab with a small amount of water-based non-toxic glue on both sides, and the two ends (ends) of the solid wood slats are finger-joined (or spliced), and then The spliced whole board is subjected to back-baking treatment, so that the moisture content (quantity) of each solid wood strip in the whole board is uniform and controlled at 9%, and then the surface of the solid wood board layer is processed flat and clean, and placed in a hot press In the inner high temperature, the aluminum oxide film is directly pressed on the surface of the solid wood layer, and the temperature is gradually lowered to room temperature after the removal, thereby completing the entire composite processing. The composite sheet can be used for flooring, furniture countertops, cabinet panels, door panels for building and decoration, wall panels, and the like. As shown in FIG. 1 , in the embodiment of the present invention, the single-layer pure solid wood board layer refers to a single-layer solid wood layer on the upper and lower sides of the pure solid wood board layer when the composite board is laid flat; the horizontal stitching refers to laying flat on the composite board. When the two sides (edges) of the solid wood slats are spliced in the horizontal direction (left and right). As shown in FIG. 2, a composite board for a floor according to another embodiment of the present invention is composed of a single-layer pure solid wood board layer 2 and a surface layer 1 of an aluminum oxide film provided on the surface of the board layer, the surface layer. 1 is directly fixed to the surface of the ply 2 by means of hot pressing; the floor is a tongue and groove floor, and the taro 4 and the gutter 3 are laterally provided.
本发明图 2实施例的复合板材的制造方法是:  The manufacturing method of the composite board of the embodiment of Fig. 2 of the present invention is:
1 )先将固定宽度( ^成品地板条的宽度 +榫头和锯隙的宽度)的实木板条二边(侧) 用少量的水性无毒胶横向拼接成实木板层, 实木板条二头(端)用指接(或榫接), 再 将拼接后的整板进行回烘等水分控制处理, 使整板的含水率(量) 为 8% , 并使每一 整板中的所有实木板条的含水率(量) 的差值低于 0. 5% , 即一整板中含水率最高的 实木板条与含水率最低的实木板条的差值低于 0. 5%;  1) Firstly, the two sides (side) of the solid wood slats with a fixed width (the width of the finished floor strip + the width of the hoe and the kerf) are horizontally spliced into a solid wood slab with a small amount of water-based non-toxic glue, two heads of solid wood slats ( End) with finger joint (or splicing), and then the spliced whole board is subjected to moisture control treatment such as drying, so that the moisture content (quantity) of the whole board is 8%, and all the solid wood boards in each whole board are made. 5%; The difference between the moisture content (amount) of the strip is less than 0.5%, that is, the difference between the solid wood slats having the highest moisture content in the whole board and the solid wood slats having the lowest moisture content is less than 0.5%;
2)再将所述实木板层的表面处理平整、干净,使所述实木板层的表面每平米高低 误差在 0. 1mm以内, 并将实木板层的表面用油性溶剂(或水溶剂)颜料喷涂(或滚、 刷)上色;  2) The surface of the solid wood layer is treated flat and clean, so that the surface of the solid wood layer has an error of less than 0.1 mm per square meter, and the surface of the solid wood layer is coated with an oil solvent (or water solvent). Spray (or roll, brush) to color;
3)然后将所述实木板层放入热压机内在 10CTC- 200Ό高温中将三氧化二铝薄膜直 接热压在实木板层的表面, 压力为 1200吨, 热压时间为 24秒, 取出后降至室温; 3) The solid wood plate layer is then placed in a hot press to directly press the aluminum oxide film on the surface of the solid wood layer at a temperature of 10 CTC-200 Torr, the pressure is 1200 tons, and the hot pressing time is 24 seconds. Down to room temperature;
4)再沿胶粘缝锯幵,制成仅有实木板层 2和三氧化二铝薄膜表层 1的、不含胶等 化学有毒成份的复合板材(企口地板的坯料);最后将所述复合板材(企口地板的坯料) 沿四边加工出榫头 4和榫槽 3, 从而制成真正对人体无害的、 属于绿色建材的条型企 口地板产品。 4) along the adhesive seam saw, to make a composite board (the blank of the tongue and groove floor) containing only the chemical toxic component such as rubber and the surface layer 1 of the solid wood layer 2 and the aluminum oxide film; Composite sheet (blank of the tongue-and-groove floor) The hoe 4 and the groove 3 are machined along the four sides to make a strip-shaped tongue-and-groove product which is truly harmless to the human body and belongs to the green building material.
在本发明实施例中所述单层纯实木的材料为如白杨、 松木等速成 (生)材实木, 一般为气干密度小于立方厘米 0. 5克的软木, 但由于纬度、 气候的不同, 各地的速成 (生)材实木的气干密度也不相同。  In the embodiment of the present invention, the material of the single-layered pure solid wood is a solid wood such as poplar, pine, etc., generally having a dry density of less than cubic centimeter of 0.5 g of cork, but due to differences in latitude and climate, The air-dry density of solid wood (raw) wood is also different.
在本发明实施例中使用的三氧化二铝薄膜为现有技术, 常用于复合地板的制造, 其规格为每平方米三氧化二铝含量大于三十克,主要是为了增加实木板层的表面硬度, 使其能象多年生的硬木一样耐磨, 不怕磕碰, 不易划伤损坏。  The aluminum oxide film used in the embodiment of the present invention is a prior art, and is commonly used in the manufacture of composite flooring. The specification is that the content of aluminum oxide per square meter is more than 30 grams, mainly for increasing the surface of the solid wood layer. Hardness, so that it can be as wear-resistant as perennial hardwood, not afraid of bumping, not easy to scratch and damage.
在本发明的制造方法实施例中, 步骤 1 ) 中实木板条的含水率可以低于 10% ; 每 一整板中的所有实木板条的含水率(量)的差值可以低于 1 % ; 步骤 2)中所述实木板 层的表面每平米髙低误差可以在 0. 2皿以内; 步骤 3) 中热压时间可以为 20- 30秒。  In the embodiment of the manufacturing method of the present invention, the moisture content of the solid wood slats in step 1) may be less than 10%; the difference in moisture content (quantity) of all solid wood slats in each whole plate may be less than 1%; The step of the surface of the solid wood layer in step 2) may be within 0.2 liters per square meter; the hot pressing time in step 3) may be 20-30 seconds.

Claims

权利要求: Rights request:
1、一种复合板材, 由实木板层和设在所述板层表面的表层组成,所述实木板层为 单层纯实木横向拼接板层, 其特征在于, 所述表层为三氧化二铝薄膜; 所述表层用热 压的方法直接固定在所述板层的表面。  A composite panel comprising a solid wood layer and a surface layer disposed on a surface of the layer, the solid wood layer being a single layer of pure solid wood horizontally splicing layer, wherein the surface layer is aluminum oxide a film; the surface layer is directly fixed to the surface of the layer by hot pressing.
2、根据权利要求 1所述的复合板材,其特征在于,所述实木板层的材料为速成材 实木。  The composite panel according to claim 1, wherein the material of the solid wood panel is a solid wood.
3、 一种权利要求 1所述的复合板材的制造方法, 其特征在于, 方法的步骤如下: 3. A method of manufacturing a composite panel according to claim 1, wherein the steps of the method are as follows:
1 ) 将实木板条横向拼接成实木板层, 再将拼接后的整板进行水分控制处理, 使 整板的含水率低于 10%, 并使每一整板中的所有实木板条的含水率的差值低于 1 % ; 1) splicing the solid wood slats into solid wood slabs, and then splicing the whole slabs to moisture control, so that the moisture content of the whole slab is less than 10%, and the water content of all solid wood slats in each whole slab The difference in rates is less than 1%;
2) 将所述实木板层的表面处理平整、 干净;  2) smoothing and cleaning the surface of the solid wood layer;
3) 将所述实木板层放入热压机内在髙温中将三氧化二铝薄膜直接热压在实木 板层的表面。  3) The solid wood plate layer is placed in a hot press to directly press the aluminum oxide film on the surface of the solid wood plate layer in the temperature.
4、 根据权利要求 .3所述的制造方法, 其特征在于, 所述步骤 1 ) 中实木板层的材 料为速成材实木。  4. The manufacturing method according to claim 3, wherein the material of the solid wood layer in the step 1) is a solid wood.
5、 根据权利要求 3所述的制造方法, 其特征在于, 所述步骤 1 ) 中实木板条二头 用指接或榫接。  The manufacturing method according to claim 3, wherein in the step 1), the two ends of the solid wood slats are finger-joined or spliced.
6、 根据权利要求 3所述的制造方法, 其特征在于, 所述步骤 1 ) 中使整板的含水 率为 8% , 并使每一整板中的所有实木板条的含水率的差值低于 0. 5%。  6. The manufacturing method according to claim 3, wherein in the step 1), the water content of the whole plate is 8%, and the difference in moisture content of all the solid wood slats in each whole plate is obtained. 5%。 Below 5%.
7、 .根据权利要求 3所述的制造方法, 其特征在于, 所述步骤 2) 中将实木板层的 表面上色。  The manufacturing method according to claim 3, wherein the surface of the solid wood layer is colored in the step 2).
8、 根据权利要求 3所述的制造方法, 其特征在于, 所述步骤 2) 中实木板层表面 处理的平整度 每平米 0. 2mm。  2毫米。 The flatness of the surface of the solid wood layer is 0. 2mm per square meter.
9、 根据权利要求 3所述的制造方法, 其特征在于, 所述步骤 3) 中的热压时间为 20- 30秒。  9. The manufacturing method according to claim 3, wherein the hot pressing time in the step 3) is 20 to 30 seconds.
10、 根据权利要求 3所述的制造方法, 其特征在于, 所述步骤 1 ) 中实木板条的 宽度相等; 所述宽度为成品地板条的宽度与榫头和锯隙的宽度的总和; 所述步骤 3) 中将加工后的整板沿胶粘缝锯开, 再沿四边加工出榫头和榫槽。  The manufacturing method according to claim 3, wherein the width of the solid wood slats in the step 1) is equal; the width is the sum of the width of the finished floor strip and the width of the boring head and the nick; In step 3), the processed whole plate is sawed along the adhesive seam, and then the hoe and the groove are machined along the four sides.
PCT/CN2006/002992 2005-11-11 2006-11-09 Composite board consisting of timber and alumina and manufacturing process thereof WO2007054023A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2005101102696A CN100434267C (en) 2005-11-11 2005-11-11 Composite board made of timber and alumina only and its making process
CN200510110269.6 2005-11-11

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2007054023A1 true WO2007054023A1 (en) 2007-05-18

Family

ID=36759702

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/CN2006/002992 WO2007054023A1 (en) 2005-11-11 2006-11-09 Composite board consisting of timber and alumina and manufacturing process thereof

Country Status (2)

Country Link
CN (1) CN100434267C (en)
WO (1) WO2007054023A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101871256A (en) * 2010-06-18 2010-10-27 常州市美丽佳装饰材料有限公司 Production process of solid wood tempering floors
CN103114790A (en) * 2013-03-05 2013-05-22 黑龙江华信家具有限公司 Environment-friendly, energy-saving, high-strength, beat-resistant and scratch-resistant public dedicated door and manufacturing method of the same
CN103661452B (en) * 2013-04-24 2016-05-25 中车青岛四方机车车辆股份有限公司 Rail vehicle sound insulation composite floor board
CN104493942B (en) * 2013-12-11 2017-03-01 广西柳州中嘉知识产权服务有限公司 The manufacture method of Eucalyptus timber substrate
CN105835428A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-08-10 无锡南理工科技发展有限公司 Cedarwood splice plate

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5863434A (en) * 1981-10-14 1983-04-15 Mitsui Toatsu Chem Inc Manufacture of particle board
JPH03202A (en) * 1989-05-26 1991-01-07 Aica Kogyo Co Ltd Manufacture of modified wood
JPH11277508A (en) * 1998-03-31 1999-10-12 Nippon Paper Industries Co Ltd Small gapped floor board
CN1282654A (en) * 1999-08-03 2001-02-07 杨智良 Technology for manufacturing reinforced wood floor with compound groove and tongue
CN2542767Y (en) * 2002-01-23 2003-04-02 吴绍良 Floor with wood spliced block as surface layer
CN2668360Y (en) * 2004-01-05 2005-01-05 李青森 Wood board with diamond layer

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2549527B2 (en) * 1987-09-07 1996-10-30 中国塗料株式会社 Manufacturing method of wear resistant wood floorboard
CN1284914C (en) * 2002-12-05 2006-11-15 东莞市兴昌木业有限公司 Environmental protection wearable water-proof and fire-proof floor and manufacturing method thereof
CN1487161A (en) * 2003-06-05 2004-04-07 英 宋 High-bright composite PVC foor board

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5863434A (en) * 1981-10-14 1983-04-15 Mitsui Toatsu Chem Inc Manufacture of particle board
JPH03202A (en) * 1989-05-26 1991-01-07 Aica Kogyo Co Ltd Manufacture of modified wood
JPH11277508A (en) * 1998-03-31 1999-10-12 Nippon Paper Industries Co Ltd Small gapped floor board
CN1282654A (en) * 1999-08-03 2001-02-07 杨智良 Technology for manufacturing reinforced wood floor with compound groove and tongue
CN2542767Y (en) * 2002-01-23 2003-04-02 吴绍良 Floor with wood spliced block as surface layer
CN2668360Y (en) * 2004-01-05 2005-01-05 李青森 Wood board with diamond layer

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN1772475A (en) 2006-05-17
CN100434267C (en) 2008-11-19

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US20090291286A1 (en) Laminate manufacturing system, method, and article of manufacture
CN101963029B (en) Composite fireproof plate for door and manufacturing method thereof
WO2007054023A1 (en) Composite board consisting of timber and alumina and manufacturing process thereof
CN105464316A (en) Making method of integrated board
CN107288306A (en) A kind of laminated flooring and its manufacture method
CN2276875Y (en) Wooden floor blocks with decorative surface
CN107816193A (en) A kind of solid wood composite cork floor and preparation method thereof
CN2697202Y (en) Super-thin bamboo composite floor
CN201424771Y (en) Sound-absorbing OSB plate
CN102896665B (en) Solid wood combined base board and machining and production method for same
CN1199766C (en) Production technology of real-wood handicraft composite reinforced board
WO2017206931A1 (en) Composite flooring comprising solid wood
CN206141028U (en) PVC laminate flooring
KR200343776Y1 (en) A interior design use a functional wood boards
JPH08309711A (en) Laminated material and its preparation
CN202805336U (en) Solid wood combination type base board
CN100376384C (en) Decorative board and its manufacturing method
CN109537848A (en) A kind of OSB composite floor board of cork wood and its preparation process
JPH07144308A (en) Surface decorative woody board
CN210940799U (en) Decorative board with high friction resistance
JP2646187B2 (en) Building materials
CN1546315B (en) Method for manufacturing artificial stone clad plate
CN2221624Y (en) Integral wood floor
CN2228108Y (en) Wooden composite floor
CN2445042Y (en) Wood compound floor

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application
NENP Non-entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: DE

122 Ep: pct application non-entry in european phase

Ref document number: 06805188

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1