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WO2007024253A3 - Composite palladium membrane having long-term stability for hydrogen separation - Google Patents

Composite palladium membrane having long-term stability for hydrogen separation

Info

Publication number
WO2007024253A3
WO2007024253A3 PCT/US2005/047047 US2005047047W WO2007024253A3 WO 2007024253 A3 WO2007024253 A3 WO 2007024253A3 US 2005047047 W US2005047047 W US 2005047047W WO 2007024253 A3 WO2007024253 A3 WO 2007024253A3
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
wt
membrane
less
pd
tec
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US2005/047047
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
WO2007024253A2 (en )
Inventor
Zissis Dardas
Ying She
Thomas Henry Vanderspurt
Craig Walker
Jean Yamanis
Original Assignee
Zissis Dardas
Ying She
United Technologies Corp
Thomas Henry Vanderspurt
Craig Walker
Jean Yamanis
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C01BNON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF; METALLOIDS OR COMPOUNDS THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASS C01C
    • C01B3/00Hydrogen; Gaseous mixtures containing hydrogen; Separation of hydrogen from mixtures containing it; Purification of hydrogen
    • C01B3/50Separation of hydrogen or hydrogen containing gases from gaseous mixtures, e.g. purification
    • C01B3/501Separation of hydrogen or hydrogen containing gases from gaseous mixtures, e.g. purification by diffusion
    • C01B3/503Separation of hydrogen or hydrogen containing gases from gaseous mixtures, e.g. purification by diffusion characterised by the membrane
    • C01B3/505Membranes containing palladium
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/22Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by diffusion
    • B01D53/228Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by diffusion characterised by specific membranes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D69/00Semi-permeable membranes for separation processes or apparatus characterised by their form, structure or properties; Manufacturing processes specially adapted therefor
    • B01D69/02Semi-permeable membranes for separation processes or apparatus characterised by their form, structure or properties; Manufacturing processes specially adapted therefor characterised by their properties
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D69/00Semi-permeable membranes for separation processes or apparatus characterised by their form, structure or properties; Manufacturing processes specially adapted therefor
    • B01D69/12Composite membranes; Ultra-thin membranes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D71/00Semi-permeable membranes for separation processes or apparatus characterised by the material; Manufacturing processes specially adapted therefor
    • B01D71/02Inorganic material
    • B01D71/022Metals
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C5/00Alloys based on noble metals
    • C22C5/04Alloys based on a platinum group metal
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2325/00Details relating to properties of membranes
    • B01D2325/22Thermal or heat-resistance properties
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D71/00Semi-permeable membranes for separation processes or apparatus characterised by the material; Manufacturing processes specially adapted therefor
    • B01D71/02Inorganic material
    • B01D71/024Oxides
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C01BNON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF; METALLOIDS OR COMPOUNDS THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASS C01C
    • C01B2203/00Integrated processes for the production of hydrogen or synthesis gas
    • C01B2203/04Integrated processes for the production of hydrogen or synthesis gas containing a purification step for the hydrogen or the synthesis gas
    • C01B2203/0405Purification by membrane separation
    • C01B2203/041In-situ membrane purification during hydrogen production

Abstract

The materials of adjoining porous metal substrate (12), oxide (14), and Pd-alloy membrane (16) layers of a composite, H2 - separation palladium membrane (10) have respective thermal expansion coefficients (TEC) which differ from one another so little as to resist failure by TEC mismatch from thermal cycling. TEC differences (20, 22) of less than 3 µm/ (m.k) between materials of adjacent layers are achieved by a composite system of a 446 stainless steel substrate, an oxide layer of 4 wt % yittria-zirconia, and a 77 wt% Pd-23 wt% Ag or 60 wt% Pd-40 wt% Cu, membrane, having TECs of 11, 11, and 13.9 µm/ (m.k), respectively. The Intermediate oxide layer comprises particles forming pores having an average pore sizeless than about 0.1 microns, and is less than 5 microns, and preferably less than about 3 microns, in thickness.
PCT/US2005/047047 2005-12-23 2005-12-23 Composite palladium membrane having long-term stability for hydrogen separation WO2007024253A3 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/US2005/047047 WO2007024253A3 (en) 2005-12-23 2005-12-23 Composite palladium membrane having long-term stability for hydrogen separation

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US12086936 US20090000480A1 (en) 2005-12-23 2005-12-23 Composite Palladium Membrane Having Long-Term Stability for Hydrogen Separation
CN 200580052400 CN101351258A (en) 2005-12-23 2005-12-23 Composite Pd film with long-term stability for separating hydrogen
PCT/US2005/047047 WO2007024253A3 (en) 2005-12-23 2005-12-23 Composite palladium membrane having long-term stability for hydrogen separation
EP20050858533 EP1971414A4 (en) 2005-12-23 2005-12-23 Composite palladium membrane having long-term stability for hydrogen separation

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2007024253A2 true WO2007024253A2 (en) 2007-03-01
WO2007024253A3 true true WO2007024253A3 (en) 2007-06-28

Family

ID=37772046

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US2005/047047 WO2007024253A3 (en) 2005-12-23 2005-12-23 Composite palladium membrane having long-term stability for hydrogen separation

Country Status (4)

Country Link
US (1) US20090000480A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1971414A4 (en)
CN (1) CN101351258A (en)
WO (1) WO2007024253A3 (en)

Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8101243B2 (en) * 2002-04-03 2012-01-24 Colorado School Of Mines Method of making sulfur-resistant composite metal membranes
JP2007000858A (en) * 2005-05-23 2007-01-11 Kobe Steel Ltd Hydrogen permeation member and its manufacturing method
US7604771B2 (en) * 2005-08-25 2009-10-20 Uchicago Argonne, Llc Thermal method for fabricating a hydrogen separation membrane on a porous substrate
EP1849510B1 (en) * 2006-04-26 2014-08-13 Acktar Ltd. Composite inorganic membrane plate for affinity chromatography
US8048199B2 (en) 2007-02-20 2011-11-01 Shell Oil Company Method of making a leak stable gas separation membrane system
US9044715B2 (en) * 2007-08-22 2015-06-02 Colorado School Of Mines Unsupported palladium alloy membranes and methods of making same
US8479487B2 (en) * 2009-08-10 2013-07-09 General Electric Company Hybrid multichannel porous structure for hydrogen separation
US8778058B2 (en) 2010-07-16 2014-07-15 Colorado School Of Mines Multilayer sulfur-resistant composite metal membranes and methods of making and repairing the same
WO2012138017A1 (en) * 2011-04-04 2012-10-11 Lg Chem, Ltd. Apparatus and method for continuously producing carbon nanotubes
RU2587443C1 (en) * 2015-04-08 2016-06-20 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью "Инновационная компания "МЕВОДЭНА" Method of making membrane for extracting hydrogen from gas mixtures

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6152987A (en) * 1997-12-15 2000-11-28 Worcester Polytechnic Institute Hydrogen gas-extraction module and method of fabrication

Family Cites Families (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4921415A (en) * 1987-11-27 1990-05-01 General Electric Company Cure monitoring apparatus having high temperature ultrasonic transducers
US5498278A (en) * 1990-08-10 1996-03-12 Bend Research, Inc. Composite hydrogen separation element and module
US5393325A (en) * 1990-08-10 1995-02-28 Bend Research, Inc. Composite hydrogen separation metal membrane
US6537352B2 (en) * 1996-10-30 2003-03-25 Idatech, Llc Hydrogen purification membranes, components and fuel processing systems containing the same
US6383306B1 (en) * 2000-02-28 2002-05-07 General Electric Company Preparation of a nickel-base superalloy article having a decarburized coating containing aluminum and a reactive element
DE10039596C2 (en) * 2000-08-12 2003-03-27 Omg Ag & Co Kg The supported metal membrane, process for their preparation and use
US7306642B2 (en) * 2002-03-13 2007-12-11 Ceramem Corporation High CTE reaction-bonded ceramic membrane supports
DE10222568B4 (en) * 2002-05-17 2007-02-08 W.C. Heraeus Gmbh Composite membrane and process for their preparation
CA2524369A1 (en) * 2003-05-02 2004-11-18 Worcester Polytechnic Institute Composite gas separation modules having high tamman temperature intermediate layers
US7674726B2 (en) * 2004-10-15 2010-03-09 Asm International N.V. Parts for deposition reactors
EP1875780A2 (en) * 2005-04-19 2008-01-09 Philips Intellectual Property & Standards GmbH Illumination system comprising a red-emitting ceramic luminescence converter

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6152987A (en) * 1997-12-15 2000-11-28 Worcester Polytechnic Institute Hydrogen gas-extraction module and method of fabrication

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
See also references of EP1971414A4 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP1971414A2 (en) 2008-09-24 application
US20090000480A1 (en) 2009-01-01 application
EP1971414A4 (en) 2009-06-17 application
WO2007024253A2 (en) 2007-03-01 application
CN101351258A (en) 2009-01-21 application

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