WO2006132604A1 - Sharps disposal - Google Patents

Sharps disposal

Info

Publication number
WO2006132604A1
WO2006132604A1 PCT/SG2006/000142 SG2006000142W WO2006132604A1 WO 2006132604 A1 WO2006132604 A1 WO 2006132604A1 SG 2006000142 W SG2006000142 W SG 2006000142W WO 2006132604 A1 WO2006132604 A1 WO 2006132604A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
sharps
container
disposal
invention
system
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/SG2006/000142
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Ngah Chai Leow
Original Assignee
Pintas Pte Ltd
Ngah Chai Leow
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/178Syringes
    • A61M5/31Details
    • A61M5/32Needles; Details of needles pertaining to their connection with syringe or hub; Accessories for bringing the needle into, or holding the needle on, the body; Devices for protection of needles
    • A61M5/3205Apparatus for removing or disposing of used needles or syringes, e.g. containers; Means for protection against accidental injuries from used needles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B50/00Containers, covers, furniture or holders specially adapted for surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments, e.g. sterile covers
    • A61B50/30Containers specially adapted for packaging, protecting, dispensing, collecting or disposing of surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments
    • A61B50/36Containers specially adapted for packaging, protecting, dispensing, collecting or disposing of surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments for collecting or disposing of used articles
    • A61B50/362Containers specially adapted for packaging, protecting, dispensing, collecting or disposing of surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments for collecting or disposing of used articles for sharps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L11/00Methods specially adapted for refuse
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B50/00Containers, covers, furniture or holders specially adapted for surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments, e.g. sterile covers
    • A61B2050/005Containers, covers, furniture or holders specially adapted for surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments, e.g. sterile covers with a lid or cover
    • A61B2050/0051Containers, covers, furniture or holders specially adapted for surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments, e.g. sterile covers with a lid or cover closable by rotation
    • A61B2050/0056Containers, covers, furniture or holders specially adapted for surgical or diagnostic appliances or instruments, e.g. sterile covers with a lid or cover closable by rotation about a lateral axis in the lid plane

Abstract

A disposal system for sharps (50), such as contaminated needles or syringes, comprises a container (10) for receiving and storing the sharps (50). A sharp (50) instrument is inserted through an entry opening (20). When the sharps (50) within the container (10) has reached a certain level, a coagulant (40) is poured into the container (10). This coagulant (40) hardens and encompasses the sharps (50). This process can be repeated at intervals until the container (10) is full, or it may be done only once, when the container (10) is filled with sharps (50). The lid (30) is then closed and the container (10) ready for disposal in a landfill or some other appropriate location.

Description

Sharps Disposal

Field of Invention

This invention relates to a system for safe and effective disposal of contaminated sharp instruments, such as needles or syringes.

Background of the Invention

Safe and effective disposal of contaminated sharp instruments is of great concern to medical and public health workers. These instruments are sometimes referred to as "sharps". This concern is caused by the possibility of transmittable diseases such as AIDS and Hepatitis B being contracted by medical personnel or others who frequently handle these contaminated materials. This is more afflictive when dealing with sharp instruments such as needles or syringes, in that the contagions responsible for the transmission of these diseases usually enter the body through breaks in the skin. Accordingly, there is a need for a system which safely and effectively disposes contaminated sharps, including storage, transport, and ultimate disposal.

There are existing inventions that may seem to have a similar functionality as the invention described herein. One example is the Sharps Disposal System (United States Patent 5,038,929). This apparatus receives an entire syringe in individual compartments, and immerses it in liquid which hardens to contain the syringe and any contaminants. It is capable of recording the number of syringes it receives if that is so desired. The invention described herein is different from the present invention in that there are no individual compartments for each syringe. This is beneficial when there are other sharp objects, other than syringes that need to be disposed of. If the sharp objects are smaller than the size of a syringe, a whole compartment is not used, and hence space is saved.

Another invention is the Interim storage and permanent disposal of medical sharps (United States Patent 6,142,303). This system differs from the invention described herein in that it uses a completely different method of encompassing and containing the sharps within the receptacle. It utilizes a granular or powdery substance such as calcium hypochlorite to inhibit microorganism growth and a separate, cementitious slurry that hardens around the sharps being stored inside the receptacle.

Accordingly, it is a principal object of the invention herein to provide a system for the safe and effective disposal of contaminated sharps.

It is also an object of the invention herein to provide a sharps disposal system which isolates and secures sharps from after it is used until final disposal.

Summary of the Invention

A disposal system for contaminated sharps comprises a container having an entry opening. A sharp instrument may be inserted through the entry opening, and stored in the container. After an interim period a coagulent may be poured into the container to harden and encompass the sharps which are inside. This can be done at several intervals.

According to other aspects of the invention, the coagulent may be an epoxy or polymer which solidifies upon mixing. The coagulent may have anti-bacterial or disinfectant agents which assist in containing the spread of contagions in the container.

Other and more specific objects and features of the invention herein will appear in the following description of the preferred embodiment and the claims, taken together with the drawings.

Brief Description of the Drawings

FIG. 1 is shows the top view and the side view of a disposal system according to the present invention, including the container and lid. Detailed Description of the Invention

In accordance with the present invention, Figure 1 shows a disposal container 10 for receiving and storing contaminated sharps, such as needles 50, having a lid 30. There is an entry opening 20 at the location of the lid 30 where the sharps 50 are inserted.

The preferred embodiment of the container 10 generally comprises side walls, a bottom wall, a top wall and a lid 30 pivotally attached to the top wall. The embodiment of the container wherein such a container is cylindrical in shape will comprise a side wall running around the circumference of the container, a bottom wall, a top wall, and a lid pivotally attached to the top wall. The top wall may be made from transparent material to facilitate visual inspection of level of contents.

When the level of sharps 50 in the container 10 reaches a certain level, said container may be filled with a coagulent 40 which is poured into said container. The coagulent 40 will harden and encompass the sharps 50 within the container 10. The coagulent 40 may be an epoxy, polymer, latex, or a derivative of latex, and whichever possible may include anti-bacterial or disinfectant properties in order that the spread of any contaminants be inhibited.

The entry opening may have a separation means that assists in the removal of sharps from their original holders, as an alternative to the sharps being cut by a cutter before disposal. This may be in the form of a built-in notch 70.

When the sharps within the container 10 has reached a certain level, the coagulent 40 may be poured in to harden and encompass the sharps. This may be done at intervals or as often as required, and depends on the rate at which sharps are being inserted into the container. It is ideal to add the coagulent 40 when the sharps are at a level that is not so high that any contaminants or contagions are exposed for too long. When the container 10 is full it may disposed in an appropriate location, such as a landfill. Alternatively, the coagulent 40 could be added only once into the container 10. This is done after the sharps 50 have filled up the container 10. The coagulent 40 hardens and securely seals the sharps 50 within the container 10, preventing the said sharps from moving around or falling out of the container 10.

The disposable container according to the invention herein and the preferred embodiment described above provides for total storage, protection and accountability with respect to used sharps from the time after their use to their final disposal. The system is easy to operate and of low cost. Accordingly, the disposable container described herein achieves the objects of this invention.

It will be appreciated that the preferred embodiment is illustrative only and that various changes may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, which is limited only by the following claims.

Claims

Claims
1. A disposal system for sharps, comprising: a container, said container having an entry opening through which sharps are inserted; and a coagulant, said coagulant able to harden after being poured into the container and encompass any sharps within the container.
2. The disposal system as defined in claim 1 further comprising a cutter located adjacent to the entry opening.
3. The disposal system as defined in claim 1 wherein said coagulent is chosen from one of the following group includingepoxy, latex and polymer.
4. The disposal system as defined in claim 1 wherein said coagulent has disinfectant properties.
5. The disposal system as defined in claim 1 further comprising a lid which is pivotally attached to the container, for covering said opening, and sealing the contents within.
6. The disposal system as defined in claim 1 wherein the top wall of said container is made of transparent material to facilitate visual inspection of level of contents.
7. A disposal system as defined in claim 1 further comprising a means of separating sharps from their original holders.
PCT/SG2006/000142 2005-06-08 2006-06-05 Sharps disposal WO2006132604A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
MYPI20052597 2005-06-08
MYPI20052597 2005-06-08

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11916989 US20080185306A1 (en) 2005-06-08 2006-06-05 Sharps Instrument Disposal

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2006132604A1 true true WO2006132604A1 (en) 2006-12-14

Family

ID=37498729

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/SG2006/000142 WO2006132604A1 (en) 2005-06-08 2006-06-05 Sharps disposal

Country Status (3)

Country Link
US (1) US20080185306A1 (en)
CN (1) CN101222947A (en)
WO (1) WO2006132604A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101678180B (en) 2007-03-29 2012-04-18 贝克顿·迪金森公司 Blood exposure prevention in vascular access devices
WO2016060565A1 (en) * 2014-10-14 2016-04-21 Gripit As Collecting device for pointy objects

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101999944B (en) * 2010-12-06 2012-01-04 刘淑波 Medical lumbar puncture needle pairing placement soaking device

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4919569A (en) * 1988-11-10 1990-04-24 Wittenzellner Siegfried Process for disposing of waste
US5038929A (en) * 1990-06-07 1991-08-13 Susanne Kubofcik Sharps disposal system
US5076178A (en) * 1991-02-11 1991-12-31 Medical Safety Technologies, Inc. Syringe needle destruction method and apparatus
US5322165A (en) * 1993-02-16 1994-06-21 University Of Florida Sharp instrument encasement system
FR2767670A1 (en) * 1997-08-27 1999-03-05 Gerard Etienne Medical sharps disposal container
US6010444A (en) * 1997-09-05 2000-01-04 Isolyser Company, Inc. Infectious waste containment system
US6087548A (en) * 1996-02-15 2000-07-11 Levy; Alfred Method and assembly for sterilizing contaminated waste
US6142303A (en) * 1998-11-05 2000-11-07 Earth-Shield Incorporated Interim storage and permanent disposal of medical sharps
US6332534B1 (en) * 1999-12-10 2001-12-25 Innovative Consumer Products, Inc. System for safe disposal of sharp instruments
US6561352B2 (en) * 2001-01-30 2003-05-13 Alan Sherman Sharps disposal
CN1603019A (en) * 2004-10-28 2005-04-06 杨仕桐 Separator for medical-purpose syringe and needle

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4816307A (en) * 1987-01-20 1989-03-28 Honeycutt Travis W Novel infectious waste containment
US5086922A (en) * 1990-06-12 1992-02-11 Medical Safety Products, Inc. Disposal for needles and syringes
US5415315A (en) * 1993-09-17 1995-05-16 Devon Industries, Inc. Closure lid to disposable container for holding and disposing of used medical sharps and other medical-surgical materials
US5584386A (en) * 1995-04-04 1996-12-17 Ahonen; Peggy S. Container for safely storing and disinfecting used medical instruments
US6253916B1 (en) * 2000-04-27 2001-07-03 Christopher R. Bickel Sharps disposal assembly having improved unwinder

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4919569A (en) * 1988-11-10 1990-04-24 Wittenzellner Siegfried Process for disposing of waste
US5038929A (en) * 1990-06-07 1991-08-13 Susanne Kubofcik Sharps disposal system
US5076178A (en) * 1991-02-11 1991-12-31 Medical Safety Technologies, Inc. Syringe needle destruction method and apparatus
US5322165A (en) * 1993-02-16 1994-06-21 University Of Florida Sharp instrument encasement system
US6087548A (en) * 1996-02-15 2000-07-11 Levy; Alfred Method and assembly for sterilizing contaminated waste
FR2767670A1 (en) * 1997-08-27 1999-03-05 Gerard Etienne Medical sharps disposal container
US6010444A (en) * 1997-09-05 2000-01-04 Isolyser Company, Inc. Infectious waste containment system
US6142303A (en) * 1998-11-05 2000-11-07 Earth-Shield Incorporated Interim storage and permanent disposal of medical sharps
US6332534B1 (en) * 1999-12-10 2001-12-25 Innovative Consumer Products, Inc. System for safe disposal of sharp instruments
US6561352B2 (en) * 2001-01-30 2003-05-13 Alan Sherman Sharps disposal
CN1603019A (en) * 2004-10-28 2005-04-06 杨仕桐 Separator for medical-purpose syringe and needle

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101678180B (en) 2007-03-29 2012-04-18 贝克顿·迪金森公司 Blood exposure prevention in vascular access devices
WO2016060565A1 (en) * 2014-10-14 2016-04-21 Gripit As Collecting device for pointy objects

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
US20080185306A1 (en) 2008-08-07 application
CN101222947A (en) 2008-07-16 application

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