WO2006130154A1 - Medical deveice for overcoming airway obstruction - Google Patents

Medical deveice for overcoming airway obstruction Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2006130154A1
WO2006130154A1 PCT/US2005/024195 US2005024195W WO2006130154A1 WO 2006130154 A1 WO2006130154 A1 WO 2006130154A1 US 2005024195 W US2005024195 W US 2005024195W WO 2006130154 A1 WO2006130154 A1 WO 2006130154A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
end
attached
headband
patient
ends
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US2005/024195
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Jacob Frank Simon
Original Assignee
Jacob Frank Simon
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US11/140,406 priority Critical
Priority to US11/140,406 priority patent/US7134436B2/en
Priority to US11/156,164 priority patent/US7032597B1/en
Priority to US11/156,164 priority
Application filed by Jacob Frank Simon filed Critical Jacob Frank Simon
Publication of WO2006130154A1 publication Critical patent/WO2006130154A1/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G13/00Operating tables; Auxiliary appliances therefor
    • A61G13/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G13/12Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G13/00Operating tables; Auxiliary appliances therefor
    • A61G13/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G13/12Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces
    • A61G13/1205Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces for specific parts of the body
    • A61G13/121Head or neck
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G13/00Operating tables; Auxiliary appliances therefor
    • A61G13/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G13/12Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces
    • A61G13/1205Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces for specific parts of the body
    • A61G13/121Head or neck
    • A61G13/1215Head or neck with patient airway positioning devices

Abstract

A medical device for overcoming upper airway obstruction when a patient is placed in a supine position, featuring a flat rectangular support base that attaches to the support frame perpendicularly, and a variation of lower jaw supports that attach to the support frame after encircling the patient's lower jaw.

Description

MEDICAL DEVICE FOR OVERCOMING AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION

BY

SIMON JACOB FRANK

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to a device to be used during surgery for holding an anesthetized patient's head in a position to maintain an open airway during surgery.

BACKGROUND ART

Obstruction of the upper airway by the tongue is a common complication when a sedated or unconscious patient is lying in the supine position. The causes of unconsciousness may be sedation, anesthesia, head trauma, drug overdose or any of a multitude of medical causes. The patient may be in any emergency situation. The direct cause is that gravity pulls the person's tongue downwards (towards the cervical spine) and the tongue obstructs the airway and impedes respiration, partially or completely. The airway obstruction discussed above might cause a life- threatening situation if the airway obstruction is not urgently cleared, for hypoxemia and death can quickly ensue.

Anesthesiologists commonly overcome airway obstruction by tilting the patient's head backwards and pulling the chin up towards the ceiling and away from the body (cephalad). Obstruction of the airway is overcome because the base of the tongue is attached to the mandible, and by pulling the chin upward the tongue will be simultaneously pulled upward. This practice is very fatiguing and restricts the anesthesiologist's or emergency responder's ability to perform other functions that require two free hands.

An upper airway can also be maintained open by inserting various medical tubes into the airway, for example, nasal-pharyngeal, oral-pharyngeal, laryngeal mask airway (LMA) and the cuffed oral pharyngeal. But as of today, there are no medical devices in common use that attach externally to the face that will maintain an open upper airway.

In the past, medical personnel have attempted to use surgical tape to attempt to maintain an open upper airway. Anesthesiologist would secure tape around the chin of a patient and then attach the ends of the tape to an operating room table. Tape procedures are unsatisfactory, for the tape attachment pulls back and downwards and do not provide the upward pull required on the chin to maintain an open upper airway. Tape quickly stretches and traction is lost. Tape is not sufficiently adherent to cope with the traction forces and detaches. Other complications with this procedure are skin trauma and eye damage. The tape passes close to the patient's eyes and contact with the eye is unavoidable if the patient coughs or turns the head. The method of attaching tape to the operating room table cannot be used to manage an obstructed airway outside of the operating room, example, at a roadside motor vehicle accident or during subsequent transportation to hospital.

Chin props comprising a ball on the end of an arm secured to the operating room table have also been used to push the chin up. They too have proven to be unsatisfactory and are not commonly used, because they are large and cumbersome and get in the way of surgeons operating on the upper body. Furthermore, if misapplied they may constrict the airway. Chin props with complex mechanisms that attach to suitable operating tables, cannot be used to manage an obstructed airway outside of the operating room, for example, at a roadside motor vehicle accident or during subsequent transportation to hospital.

Information relevant to attempts to address these problems can be found in U.S. Patent Nos.

5,494,048, 6,200,285 Bl, and 6,196,224 B l . However, each one of these references suffers from one or more of the following disadvantages:

1. Can cause eye damage and skin trauma; 2. Require attachment to suitable operating tables;

3. Obstruct the attendant's view of the patient;

4. Do not provide sufficient upward leverage to the chin;

5. Do not lend themselves to use in accident situations;

6. Do not effectively overcome airway obstruction; and 7. Difficulties in removal of devices, should immediate endotracheal intubation be required.

Inside and outside the operating room, an urgent need exists for equipment that overcomes upper airway obstruction and maintains an open upper airway. This equipment should be compatible with and improve the effectiveness of oral-pharyngeal and nasal-pharyngeal airways and face masks. In the operating room, such equipment would allow mask anesthesia to be used for sedated and anesthetized patients instead of general anesthesia and endotracheal intubation with immediate cost savings. Outside the operating room, a need exists for portable, compact equipment that can overcome upper airway obstruction and maintain an open airway and that can be used in cramped quarters such as an ambulance, a hyperbaric chamber and an MRI chamber. For the foregoing reasons, there is a need for a medical device is safe and reliable that will overcome upper airway obstruction and that will maintain an open airway in the anesthetized and sedated patient lying in a supine position in an operating room and any unconscious patient lying in the supine position at any site. To be effective, the equipment should be safe and easy to use and reliable. The equipment should free up the operators' hands; render oral and nasal pharyngeal airways more effective and not interfere with but facilitate the use of a face mask. The equipment should be free standing, compact and portable.

SUMMARY

The present invention is directed to a medical device that assists in overcoming airway obstruction and maintaining an open airway when a patient, who may or may not be anesthetized, is unconscious and placed in the supine position. This device satisfies the following needs:

1. It frees the practitioner's hands to do other tasks;

2. Does not obstruct the view and allows the practitioner to visually monitor the patient;

3. It is a compact and portable device;

4. It does not cause eye damage or skin trauma; 5. Does not require the use of specific operating room tables when operating the device; and

6. Allows for the easy removal of the device should the patient vomit or emergency endotracheal intubation be required.

The medical device for overcoming airway obstruction comprises of a rectangular cradle that has first and second portions, wherein the first portion has a length that is at least a distance that allows a patient's head to rest on and act as an anchor to the cradle and the second portion has a length that is at least a distance that allows a band to be placed under a patient's chin and encircle the second portion so that an upward pull can be generated on the chin by the band when the second portion is placed in a perpendicular position to the first portion, and the cradle's width is at least a distance that allows for the clearance of a patient's side facial features when the patient's head rests on the first portion of the cradle and a band is made to encircle the chin of a patient and attach to the second portion of the cradle; and a band that attaches to the second portion of the cradle when the second portion is perpendicular to the first portion. The medical device for overcoming airway obstruction comprises of a harness, two clips, and a surface (clip receiving means) to place a patient's head when the patient is in the supine position.

In another variation of the present invention, the harness comprises of a headband section and of two belt sections. The headband section has front and rear sections. The rear of the headband section has two apertures defined therein. The headband section also has two tightening means. Each belt section has a first and a second end. The first end of each belt section attaches to the front of the headband. The first end of the belt sections is positioned on the headband so that the belts form an X- Junction on the apex of a user's head. The belt sections cross over one another at the apex of a patient's head and are attached to each other at the X-junction. The second end of each belt section inserts through each aperture of the rear section of the headband. The first end of each belt has a VELCRO receiver that is positioned and is attached on the side of each belt section not attached to the headband. Each belt section has a VELCRO attachment means attached to the same side of belt section attached to the headband. The VELCRO attachment means is positioned so that when the harness is placed on the patient, each belt section will pass under the chin of the patient and the VELCRO attachment means will attach to each VELCRO receiver. The second end of each belt section further has a plurality of fenestrations.

The two clips can be any type of clips that have at least two ends. One end of each clip hooks to the belt at one of the belt's fenestrations. The other end of the clip hooks to the clip receiving means after the patient is placed in a supine position.

The clip receiving means can be a flat plate or a bed.

One of the many advantages of this invention is the simplicity of its construction. The fact that the two main elements of this invention are perpendicular portions and a band that can be easily attached to one of the portions of the plate after encircling the chin of a patient whose head rests on the other portion of the cradle after being placed in a supine position, attest to the simplicity of construction and use of this device. This invention takes precautions in preventing injuries that have been previously caused by the prior art, for example, eye damage or skin trauma. This invention also aids those in the emergency transportation field, for they need to have the maximum use of their hands when dealing with other aspects of emergency situations facing them. In addition, not having to worry whether the patient is breathing properly can allow emergency personnel to care for other injuries sustained by the patient and to attend to other patients.

A further advantage to this invention is that it is a stand-alone medical device. The device does not need to be attached to any supporting devices to become operable. When a patient's head is made to rest on one of the surfaces of the perpendicular portion, the weight of the patient's head on the portion is sufficient to secure the cradle so that an upward pull on the chin is created between a band attached to the sides of the cradle not carrying the weight of the patient's head and the patient's chin will be maintained during the use of this device. Remember, as long as this upward pull is maintained, the upper airway will be maintained open, thus it is key that the tension created with this device not be compromised and this is easily solved by using the weight of the patient's head as the anchor to the device.

Yet another advantage to this invention is the placement of the band on the second portion, it insures that the band does not come in contact with the patient's eyes, this is very important for one cannot prevent coughing and other involuntary movements of the head.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

These and other features, aspects, and advantages of the present invention will become better understood with regard to the following description, appended claims, and drawings where: Fig. 1 shows an embodiment of the present invention having a compressible element; Figs. 2 and 2a show a breakdown of the embodiment of Fig. 1 ;

Fig. 3 illustrates another embodiment of the present invention using two joints to connect the elements of the device, in this embodiment the joint's sockets receive the elements; Fig. 4 illustrates another embodiment of the present invention also using two joints to connect the elements, yet in this embodiment the joint's prongs are inserted within the cradle elements; Fig. 5 shows a variation of the device of Fig. 3, in this variation the joints are L-shaped and the same socket concept is utilized;

Fig. 6 illustrates yet another variation of the device, this variation shows a ribbed support frame and all of the cradle elements are rectangular in nature; Fig. 7 shows another version of the hammock used with this device; Fig. 8 shows how the device of Figs. 6 and 7 is used; Figs. 9a-b show a frontal view of a tubular skirt used with the devices of Figs. 3-6;

Fig. 10 shows the tubular skirt used in the devices of Figs. 3-6;

Fig. 11 shows a harness of the medical device of present invention; Fig. 12 illustrates the harness and the clip receiving means;

Fig. 13 shows an embodiment of the medical device on a patient;

Fig. 14 shows a plate as the clip receiving means of the present invention;

Fig. 15 shows a belt X-junction and how the belts of the present invention are clipped to the invention's clip receiving means; Fig. 16 shows another embodiment of the present invention, this embodiment uses a bed as the clip receiving means;

Fig. 17 shows a clip that might be used with the present invention;

Fig. 18 shows another variation of the harness of the present invention; and

Fig. 19 shows how the clip attaches to the plate of the present invention.

DESCRIPTION

As seen in Figs. l-2a, in yet another embodiment of the medical device used to overcome upper airway obstruction when a patient is placed in a supine position comprises of two compressible support structures 702, wherein each support structure has a first 702a and a second 702b end, and wherein each of the support structure's first end 702a defines a first oval aperture 702c, an oval stabilizer 704, wherein each of the stabilizer's ends define second oval apertures 704a adjacent to the stabilizer's 704 ends, two oval rods 706, each rod 706 is inserted through each of the oval stabilizer's second aperture 704a and through each of the compressible support structure's first oval aperture 702c so that the support structures 702 and the stabilizer 704 are flush after insertion of the oval rods 706, a rectangular piece of fabric 708 having four looped guides 710 located at each corner of the rectangular piece of fabric 708, each rod 706 is inserted through two of the looped guides 710 of the rectangular piece of fabric 708, and a hammock 750 as seen in Fig. 7, wherein the hammock comprises of a rectangular body 752 and each corner of the body 752a has a strap 754 that extends outward, and each strap 754 has an attachment means 758 so that when the hammock 750 is placed under the lower jaw of a patient, two straps 754 will attach to each compressible support structure 702. In a further embodiment of this invention the straps 754 define a plurality of fenestrations 756, and the device further comprises of four hooks 758, wherein each of the four hooks 758 is inserted through two of the fenestrations 756 of each strap 754 after each strap 754 encircles each compressible support structures 702. As seen in Figs. 3 and 5, in a further embodiment of the medical device used to overcome upper airway obstruction when a patient is placed in a supine position comprises of two compressible tubular structures 802/902, each tubular structure 802/902 having a first 802b/902b and a second 802a/902a end, and wherein the first end 802/b/902b of each compressible tubular structure 802/902 defines an aperture 802c/902c, two joints 804/904, each joint 804/904 having a first 804a/904a, a second 804b/904b, and a third 804c/904c socket, and wherein each socket of the joint 804/904 is perpendicular to each other, and wherein the second end 802a/902a of each compressible tubular structure is attached to the first socket 804a/904a of each joint, two rods 806/906, each rod 806/906 having a first 806a/906a and a second 806b/906b end, and wherein the second end 806b/906b of each rod 806/906 defines a rod aperture 806c/906c, and wherein the first end 806a/906a of each rod 806/906 is attached to the second socket 804b/904b of each joint, a connector 810/910, the connector 810/910 has two ends, each end of the connector is attached to each third 804c/904c socket of each joint, a u-shaped strut 808/908 having two ends, wherein each of the U-shaped strut's ends is attached to each of the rod's apertures 806c/906c, a tubular skirt 720 as seen in Figs. 9a-10, both rods 806/906 being inserted through the tubular skirt 720, and a hammock 750 as seen in Fig. 7, wherein the hammock comprises of a rectangular body 752 and each corner of the body 752a has a strap 754 that extends outward, and each strap 754 has an attachment means 758 so that when the hammock 750 is placed under the lower jaw of a patient, and each strap 754 has an attachment means 758 so that when the hammock 750 is placed under the lower jaw of a patient, two straps 754 will attach to each compressible tubular structure 802/902. In a variation of the present invention, each strap 754 of the hammock 750 has a plurality of fenestrations 756, the device further comprises of four hooks 758, wherein each of the four hooks 758 is inserted through two of the fenestrations 756 of each strap 754 after each strap encircles each compressible tubular structures 802/902. The medical device of the present invention might further comprise of a stabilizing bar 812/912 having two ends, each end of the stabilizing bar 812/912 is attached to each of the apertures 802c/902c of the compressible tubular structures.

As seen in Figs. 6, in another embodiment of the medical device used to overcome upper airway obstruction when a patient is placed in a supine position comprises of two compressible tubular structures 822, each tubular structure 822 having a first 822b and a second 822a end, and wherein the first end 822b of each compressible tubular structure 822 defines an aperture 822c, two joints 824, each joint 824 having a first 824a, a second 824b, and a third prong 824c, and wherein each prong of the joint 824 is perpendicular to each other, and wherein the second end 822a of each compressible tubular structure receives the first prong 824a of each joint, two rods 826, each rod 826 having a first 826a and a second end 826b, and wherein the second end 826b of each rod 826 defines a rod aperture 826c, and wherein the first end 826a of each rod 826 receives the second prong 824b of each joint, a connector 830, the connector 830 has two ends, each end of the connector 830 receives the third prong 824c of each joint, a U-shaped strut 828 having two ends, wherein each of the U-shaped strut's ends 828 is attached to each of the rod's apertures 826c, a tubular skirt 720 as seen in Fig 10, wherein both rods 826 are inserted through the tubular skirt 720, and a hammock 750 as seen in Fig. 7, wherein the hammock comprises of a rectangular body 752 and each corner of the body 752a has a strap 754 that extends outward, and each strap 754 has an attachment means 758 so that when the hammock 750 is placed under the lower jaw of a patient, and each strap 754 has an attachment means 758 so that when the hammock 750 is placed under the lower jaw of a patient, two straps 754 will attach to each compressible tubular structure 822. In a variation of the present invention, each strap 754 of the hammock 750 has a plurality of fenestrations 756, the device further comprises of four hooks 758, wherein each of the four hooks 758 is inserted through two of the fenestrations 756'of each strap 754 after each strap encircles each compressible tubular structures 822. The medical device of the present invention might further comprise of a stabilizing bar 832 having two ends, each end of the stabilizing bar 832 is attached to each of the apertures 822c of the compressible tubular structures.

As seen in Figs. 6 and 8, in yet another embodiment of the medical device used to overcome upper airway obstruction when a patient is placed in a supine position comprises of two rectangular support frames 1002, each frame having a ribbed side 1002c running along the length of each frame 1002, and each frame 1002 having a first 1002a and a second end 1002b, wherein a rectangular support aperture 1002d is defined adjacent to the first end 1002a and a second support aperture 1002e is defined adjacent to the second end 1002b of the rectangular support frame 1002, a rectangular connector 1010 having two ends, wherein a connector aperture 1010a is defined adjacent to each end of the rectangular connector 1010, and wherein the connector's ends 1010 are inserted through each of the rectangular support frame's rectangular apertures 1002d, Two rectangular support bases 1006, each rectangular support base 1006 having a first 1006c and a second 1006b end, wherein the first end 1006a of the rectangular support base 1006 defines a rectangular aperture 1006c and the second end of the rectangular support base 1006 defines a strut holding aperture 1006d, wherein the connectors 1010 ends are inserted through the rectangular support base's rectangular apertures 1006c, Two pins 1014, each pin 1014 is inserted into the connector's apertures 1010a after the connector 1010 has been inserted through the rectangular support frame's rectangular apertures 1002d and through the rectangular supports base's rectangular apertures 1006c, a U-shaped strut 1008 having two ends, wherein each of the U-shaped strut's ends is attached to each of the rectangular support base's strut holding aperture 1006d, a tubular skirt 720 as seen in Fig. 10, wherein both rectangular support bases 1006 are inserted through the tubular skirt 720, and a hammock 750 as seen in Fig. 7, wherein the hammock comprises of a rectangular body 752 and each corner of the body 752a has a strap 754 that extends outward, and each strap 754 has an attachment means 758 so that when the hammock 750 is placed under the lower jaw of a patient, and each strap 754 has an attachment means 758 so that when the hammock 750 is placed under the lower jaw of a patient, two straps 754 will attach to each rectangular support frames 1002. In a variation of the present invention, each strap 754 of the hammock 750 has a plurality of fenestrations 756, the device further comprises of four hooks 758, wherein each of the four hooks 758 is inserted through two of the fenestrations 756 of each strap 754 after each strap encircles each rectangular support frames 1002. The medical device of the present invention might further comprise of a stabilizing bar 832 having two ends, each end of the stabilizing bar 832 is attached to each of the support apertures 1002e of the rectangular support frames 1002.

In another embodiment of the present invention, as seen in Figs. 1 1-14, a medical device used to overcome upper airway obstruction when a patient is placed in a supine position comprises of a harness 100, two clips 210, and a clip receiving means 102/300. The harness 100 comprises a headband section 202, the headband section 202 has a front 202a and a rear 202b section, wherein the rear of the headband 202b has two apertures 202c defined therein, and the headband 202 has two tightening means 202e; and two belt sections 204, each belt section 204 has a first 204a and a second 204b end, the first end of each belt section 204a attaches to the front of the headband 202a, the first end of the belt sections 204a are positioned on the headband 202 so that the belt sections 204 form an X-Junction 204f on the apex of a user's head, the belt sections 204 are crossed over one another and attached to each other at an X-j unction 204f and the second end of each belt section 204b inserts through each aperture 202c of the rear section of the headband 202, the first end of each belt 204a section further comprises a VELCRO receiver 204e that is positioned and is attached on the side of each belt section not attached to the headband 202, each belt section 204 has a VELCRO attachment means 204c attached to the same side of belt section attached to the headband location 202d at a position allowing the harness 100 to be placed on a patient and each belt section 204 pass under the chin of the patient and attach to each VELCRO receiver 204e, the second end of each belt section 204b further defining a plurality of fenestrations 204d. The two clips 210 have a first 210a and second end 210b, the first end 210a of each clip attaches to the second end of each belt section 204b at the fenestrations 204d. The clip receiving means 102/300 attaches to the second end of each clip 210b.

The harness 100 is made of any material known in the art of headbands and head medical restraints.

As seen in Figs. 1 1a, 17, and 19, any clip known in the art of clips that has at least two ends can be used with this invention.

As seen in Figs. 15-16, the clip receiving means 102/300 might be a flat plate 102 or a bed 300.

As seen in Figs. 1 1 , 12, and 14, in a further embodiment of the above invention, the medical device comprises a plate VELCRO receiver 104 and a strip of material 208. The plate Velcro receiver 104 is a material that is attached to the plate 102 that will receive VELCRO. The strip of material 208 has two ends, and one side of the material is VELCRO, wherein one end of the non- VELCRO side of the material attaches to the middle of the rear side of the headband 202b and the other end attaches at the X-j unction 204f, the VELCRO side of the strip 208 attaches to the plate VELCRO receiver 104.

As seen in Figs. 11, 13, 16, and 18, the tightening means 202e of the headband comprises two tension strips attached to the headband 202, each strip 202e having a first 202el and a second end 202e2, the first end of each strip 202el attached to the headband 202, and the second end of each strip having a strip attachment means 202e2 attachable to the headband location 202d. The strip attachment means 202e2 might be VELCRO.

As seen in Fig. 18, in another embodiment of the invention, the harness 100 of the medical device comprises a headband section 202, the headband section 202 has a front 202a and a rear 202b section, wherein the rear of the headband 202b has a first pair of apertures 202c defined therein, the front section 202a has a second pair of apertures 202f defined therein, and the headband 202 has two tightening means 202e; and two belt sections 204, each belt section 204 has a first 204a and a second 204b end, the first end of each belt section 204a attaches to the front of the headband 202a, the first end of the belt sections 204a are positioned on the headband 202 so that the belt sections 204 form an X- Junction 204f on the apex of a user's head, the belt sections 204 cross over one another and attach to each other at the X-j unction 204f and the

second end of each belt section 204b inserts through each first aperture 202c of the rear section of the headband 202, and the second end of each belt section 204b further inserts through each second aperture 202f after the harness 100 is placed on a patient and each belt section 204 passes under the chin of the patient, the second end 204b of each belt section further defining a plurality of fenestrations 204d. The two clips 210 and the clip receiving means 102/300 are the same as the first embodiment of the medical device recited above.

A method of using the invention in Figs. 11-17, which comprises the steps of first positioning the clip receiving means on a flat surface, then placing a harness 100 around the head of a patient so that the adjustable ends 204b of the belts of the harness 100 flow from the back of the neck of the patient, next, resting the back of the patients head on the clip receiving means 102, then, threading the belts 204 through the headband's apertures 202c, next pulling the adjustable ends 204b of the belts, then crossing the belts 204 under the lower jaw of the patient so that an upward pull is created on the lower jaw of the patient, next attaching the belt VELCRO attachment means 204c to the belt VELCRO receiver 204e, then crossing the belts 204 at the apex of the patients head, and lastly, securing the clips 210 to the clip receiving means 102/300.

A method of using the invention in Figs. 18-19, which comprises the steps of first positioning the clip receiving means on a flat surface, then placing a harness 100 around the head of a patient so that the adjustable ends 204b of the belts of the harness 100 flow from the back of the neck of the patient, next, resting the back of the patients head on the clip receiving means 102, then, threading the belts 204 through the headband's first set of apertures 202c, next pulling the adjustable ends 204b of the belts, then crossing the belts 204 under the lower jaw of the patient so that an upward pull is created on the lower jaw of the patient, next threading the belts 204 through the headbands second set of apertures 202f, and lastly, securing the clips 210 to the clip receiving means 102/300. An advantage of the present invention is that a patient's eyes are never in danger of being damaged, for when the belts are placed to encircle the chin of the patient and then attached to the

clip receiving means, the belts are at a position that does not allow the belts to rub against the eyes.

Another advantage of the present invention is a patient can be observed from all positions.

A further advantage of the present invention is that it is compact and rudimentary in its nature.

A further advantage of the present invention is that it is compact and rudimentary in its nature. The device can be made operational by simply placing the device on a flat surface, placing a patient's head on the device (the patient being in a supine position) and encircling an elastic band around the patient's chin and the second portion of the cradle.

An advantage of using the invention of Figs. 1-10 is that the embodiments are made so that they can be easily stored, for all of the device's elements can be broken down and housed in a minimal storage place. In some of the embodiments, the pieces of the device will be made to fit within each other when storing the device, for example, Figs. 1-5. This advantage is extremely important, for emergency or military units that cannot afford to carry burdensome medical equipment to emergency or combat environments will be able to carry this device to their respective environments. These embodiments also are inexpensive to manufacture, therefore they can be discarded after each use. Discarding the device after each use ensures that the device is sterile when used.

Yet a further advantage to the device (when using the plate as the clip receiving means) is that it does not require attachment to other structures to become operational, it is an ideal device for practitioners working in the field, paramedics.

Another advantage of the invention is the simplicity in which it can be taken off a patient should an emergency situation arise.

An advantage of this invention is that it promotes sterility, for the harness can be disposable. Another advantage of this invention is that it is easily stored. The invention is also inexpensive to manufacture, therefore it can be discarded after each use. Discarding the device after each use ensures that the device is sterile when used.

Finally, another advantage of this device is that it frees the hands of the operator, thereby allowing the attendant to treat other problems that the patient might be experiencing and to attend to other patients.

Although the present invention has been described in considerable detail with reference to certain preferred versions thereof, other versions are possible. Therefore the spirit and the scope of the claims should not be limited to the description of the preferred versions contained herein.

Claims

CLAIMSWhat is claimed is:
1. A medical device used to overcome upper airway obstruction when a patient is placed in a supine position comprising: two compressible support structures, wherein each support structure has a first and a second end, and wherein each of the support structure's first end defines a first oval aperture; an oval stabilizer, wherein each of the stabilizer's ends define second oval apertures adjacent to the stabilizer's ends; two oval rods, each rod is inserted through each of the oval stabilizer's second aperture and through each of the compressible support structure's first oval aperture so that the support structures and the stabilizer are flush after insertion of the oval rods; a rectangular piece of fabric having four looped guides located at each corner of the rectangular piece of fabric, each rod is inserted through two of the looped guides of the rectangular piece of fabric; and a hammock, the hammock comprises of a rectangular body and each corner of the body has a strap that extends outward, and each strap has an attachment means so that when the hammock is placed under the lower jaw of a patient, two straps will attach to each compressible support structure.
2. The medical device of claim 1, wherein each strap of the hammock has a plurality of fenestrations, the device further comprises of four hooks, wherein each of the four hooks is inserted through two of the fenestrations of each strap after each strap encircles each compressible support structures.
3. A medical device used to overcome upper airway obstruction when a patient is placed in a supine position comprising: two compressible tubular structures, each tubular structure having a first and a second end, and wherein the first end of each compressible tubular structure defines an aperture; two joints, each joint having a first, a second, and a third socket, and wherein each socket of the joint is perpendicular to each other, and wherein the second end of each compressible tubular structure is attached to the first socket of each joint; two rods, each rod having a first and a second end, and wherein the second end of each rod defines a rod aperture, and wherein the first end of each rod is attached to the second socket of each joint; a connector, the connector has two ends, each end of the connector is attached to each third socket of each joint; a u-shaped strut having two ends, wherein each of the U-shaped strut's ends is attached to each of the rod's apertures; a tubular skirt, both rods being inserted through the tubular skirt; and a hammock, the hammock comprises of a rectangular body and each corner of the body has a strap that extends outward, and each strap has an attachment means so that when the hammock is placed under the lower jaw of a patient, two straps will attach to each compressible tubular structure.
4. The medical device of claim 3, wherein each strap of the hammock has a plurality of fenestrations, the device further comprises of four hooks, wherein each of the four hooks is inserted through two of the fenestrations of each strap after each strap encircles each compressible tubular structures.
5. The medical device of claim 4, further comprising a stabilizing bar having two ends, each end of the stabilizing bar is attached to each of the apertures of the compressible tubular structures.
6. A medical device used to overcome upper airway obstruction when a patient is placed in a supine position comprising: two compressible tubular structures, each tubular structure having a first and a second end, and wherein the first end of each compressible tubular structure defines an aperture; two joints, each joint having a first, a second, and a third attachment means, and wherein each attachment means of the joint is perpendicular to each other, and wherein the second end of each compressible tubular structure is attached to the first attachment means of each joint; two rods, each rod having a first and a second end, and wherein the second end of each rod defines a rod aperture, and wherein the first end of each rod is attached to the second attachment means of each joint; a connector, the connector has two ends, each end of the connector is attached to each third attachment means of each joint; a u-shaped strut having two ends, wherein each of the U-shaped strut's ends is attached to each of the rod's apertures; a tubular skirt, both rods being inserted through the tubular skirt; and a hammock, the hammock comprises of a rectangular body and each corner of the body has a strap that extends outward, and each strap has an attachment means so that when the hammock is placed under the lower jaw of a patient, two straps will attach to each compressible tubular structure.
7. The medical device of claim 6, wherein each strap of the hammock has a plurality of fenestrations, the device further comprises of four hooks, wherein each of the four hooks is inserted through two of the fenestrations of each strap after each strap encircles each compressible tubular structures.
8. The medical device of claim 7, further comprising a stabilizing bar having two ends, each end of the stabilizing bar is attached to each of the apertures of the compressible tubular structures.
9. The medical device of claim 8, wherein the joint is L-shaped.
10. A medical device used to overcome upper airway obstruction when a patient is placed in a supine position comprising: two rectangular support frames, each frame having a ribbed side running along the length of each frame, and each frame having a first and a second end, wherein a rectangular support aperture is defined adjacent to the first end and a second support aperture is defined adjacent to the second end of the rectangular support frame; a rectangular connector having two ends, wherein a connector aperture is defined adjacent to each end of the rectangular connector, and wherein the connector's ends are inserted through each of the rectangular support frame's rectangular apertures; two rectangular support bases, each rectangular support base having a first and a second end, wherein the first end of the rectangular support base defines a rectangular aperture and the second end of the rectangular support base defines a strut holding aperture, wherein the connectors ends are inserted through the rectangular support base's rectangular apertures; two pins, each pin is inserted into the connector's apertures after the connector has been inserted through the rectangular support frame's rectangular apertures and through the rectangular supports base's rectangular apertures; a u-shaped strut having two ends, wherein each of the U-shaped strut's ends is attached to each of the rectangular support base's strut holding •aperture; a tubular skirt, both rectangular support bases are inserted through the tubular skirt; and a hammock, the hammock comprises of a rectangular body and each corner of the body has a strap that extends outward, and each strap has an attachment means so that when the hammock is placed under the lower jaw of a patient, two straps will attach to each compressible tubular structure.
11. The medical device of claim 10, wherein each strap of the hammock has a plurality of fenestrations, the device further comprises of four hooks, wherein each of the four hooks is inserted through two of the fenestrations of each strap after each strap encircles each compressible tubular structures.
12. The medical device of claim 1 1, further comprising a stabilizing bar having two ends, each end of the stabilizing bar is attached to each of the apertures of the compressible tubular structures.
13. A medical device used to overcome upper airway obstruction when a patient is placed in a supine position comprising: two compressible tubular structures, each tubular structure having a first and a second end, and wherein the first end of each compressible tubular structure defines an aperture; two joints, each joint having a first, a second, and a third prong, and wherein each prong of the joint is perpendicular to each other, and wherein the second end of each compressible tubular structure receives the first prong of each joint; two rods, each rod having a first and a second end, and wherein the second end of each rod defines a rod aperture, and wherein the first end of each rod receives the second socket of each joint; a connector, the connector has two ends, each end of the connector receives the third socket of each joint; a u-shaped strut having two ends, wherein each of the U-shaped strut's ends is attached to each of the rod's apertures; a tubular skirt, both rods being inserted through the tubular skirt; and a hammock, the hammock comprises of a rectangular body and each corner of the body has a strap that extends outward, and each strap has an attachment means so that when the hammock is placed under the lower jaw of a patient, two straps will attach to each compressible tubular structure.
14. The medical device of claim 13, wherein each strap of the hammock has a plurality of fenestrations, the device further comprises of four hooks, wherein each of the four hooks is inserted through two of the fenestrations of each strap after each strap encircles each compressible tubular structures.
15. The medical device of claim 14, further comprising a stabilizing bar having two ends, each end of the stabilizing bar is attached to each of the apertures of the compressible tubular structures.
16. A medical device used to overcome upper airway obstruction when a patient is placed in a supine position comprising: a harness, the harness comprising; a headband section, the headband section having front and rear sections, wherein the rear of the headband has two apertures defined therein, and the headband has two tightening means; and two belt sections, each belt section having a first and a second end, the first end of each belt section attached to the front of the headband, the first end of the belt sections are positioned on the headband so that the belt sections form an X-j unction on the apex of a user's head, the belt sections are crossed over one another and attached to each other at the X- junction and the second end of each belt section inserts through each aperture of the rear section of the headband, the first end of each belt section further comprising a VELCRO receiver that is positioned and is attached on the side of each belt section not attached to the headband, each belt section has a VELCRO attachment means attached to the same side of belt section attached to the headband at a position allowing the harness to be placed on a patient and each belt section pass under the chin of the patient and attach to each VELCRO receiver, the second end of each belt section further defining a plurality of fenestrations; two clips, each clip having a first and a second end, the first end of each clip attaches to the second end of each belt section at the fenestrations; and a clip receiving means attached to the second end of each clip.
17. The device of claim 16, wherein the clip receiving means is a flat plate.
18. The device of claim 17, wherein the flat plate further comprises of a plate VELCRO receiver attached to the plate.
19. The device of claim 18, further comprising a strip of material, the strip of material having two ends, and one side of the material is VELCRO, wherein one end of the non- VELCRO side of the material attaches to the middle of the rear side of the headband and the other end attaches at the X-junction, the VELCRO side of the strip attaches to the plate VELCRO receiver.
20. The device of claim 19, wherein the tightening means comprises two tension strips attached to the headband, each strip having a first and a second end, the first end of each strip attached to the headband, and the second end of each strip having a strip attachment means attachable to the headband.
21. The device of claim 20, wherein the strip attachment means is VELCRO.
22. The device of claim 16, wherein the clip receiving means is a bed.
23. The device of claim 22, wherein the tightening means comprises two tension strips attached to the headband, each strip having a first and a second end, the first end of each strip attached to the headband, and the second end of each strip having a strip attachment means attachable to the headband.
24. The device of claim 23, wherein the strip attachment means is VELCRO.
25. A medical device used to overcome upper airway obstruction when a patient is placed in a supine position comprising: a harness, the harness comprising; a headband section having front and rear sections, wherein the rear of the headband has a first pair of apertures defined therein, the front section has a second pair of apertures defined therein, and the headband has two tightening means; two belt sections, each belt section having a first and a second end, the first end of each belt section attached to the front of the headband, the first end of the belt sections are positioned on the headband so that the belt sections form an X-junction on the apex of a user's head, the belt sections are crossed over one another and attached to each other at the X- junction and the second end of each belt section inserts through each first aperture of the rear section of the headband, and the second end of each belt section further inserts through each second aperture after the harness is placed on a patient and each belt section passes under the chin of the patient, the second end of each belt section further defining a plurality of fenestrations; two clips, each clip having a first and a second end, the first end of each clip attached to the second end of each belt section at the fenestrations; and a clip receiving means attached to the second end of each clip.
26. The device of claim 25, wherein the clip receiving means is a flat plate.
27. The device of claim 26, wherein the flat plate further comprises a plate VELCRO receiver attached to the plate.
28. The device of claim 27, further comprising a strip of material, the strip of material having two ends, and one side of the material is VELCRO, wherein one end of the non- VELCRO side of the material attaches to the middle of the rear side of the headband and the other end is attached at the X-junction, the VELCRO side of the strip attached to the plate VELCRO receiver.
29. The device of claim 28, wherein the tightening means comprises two tension strips attached to the headband, each tension having a first and a second end, the first end of each strip attached to the headband, and the second end of each strip having a strip attachment means that attachable to the headband.
30. The device of claim 29, wherein the strip attachment means is VELCRO.
31. The device of claim 25, wherein the clip receiving means is a bed.
32. The device of claim 31, wherein the tightening means comprises of two tension strips attached to the headband, each strip having a first and a second ends, the first end of each strip attached to the headband, and the second end of each strip having a strip attachment means attachable to the headband.
33. The device of claim 32, wherein the strip attachment means is VELCRO.
34. A method of using the device of claim 16, comprising the steps of: first, positioning the clip receiving means on a flat surface; then, placing a harness around the head of a patient so that the adjustable ends of the belts of the harness flow from the back of the neck of the patient; next, resting the back of the patients head on the clip receiving means; then, threading the belts through the headband's apertures; next, pulling the adjustable ends of the belts; then crossing the belts under the lower jaw of the patient so that an upward pull is created on the lower jaw of the patient; next attaching the belt VELCRO attachment means to the belt VELCRO receiver; then crossing the belts at the apex of the patients head; and lastly, securing the clips to the clip receiving means.
35. A method of using the device of claim 25, comprising the steps of:
First, positioning the clip receiving means on a flat surface;
Then, placing a harness around the head of a patient so that the adjustable ends of the belts of the harness flow from the back of the neck of the patient; next, resting the back of the patients head on the clip receiving means; then, threading the belts through the headband's first set of apertures; next, pulling the adjustable ends of the belts; then, crossing the belts under the lower jaw of the patient so that an upward pull is created on the lower jaw of the patient; next threading the belts through the headbands second set of apertures; and lastly, securing the clips to the clip receiving means.
PCT/US2005/024195 2003-06-30 2005-09-16 Medical deveice for overcoming airway obstruction WO2006130154A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/140,406 2005-05-28
US11/140,406 US7134436B2 (en) 2003-06-30 2005-05-28 Medical device for overcoming airway obstruction
US11/156,164 US7032597B1 (en) 2005-06-17 2005-06-17 Medical device for overcoming airway obstruction
US11/156,164 2005-06-17

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2006130154A1 true WO2006130154A1 (en) 2006-12-07

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US2005/024195 WO2006130154A1 (en) 2003-06-30 2005-09-16 Medical deveice for overcoming airway obstruction

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4657005A (en) * 1986-01-24 1987-04-14 Shirley Williamson GER harness
US5531229A (en) * 1995-01-20 1996-07-02 Dean; Richard D. Body part immobilization device
US5893365A (en) * 1997-07-28 1999-04-13 Anderson; Clarence D. Appliance for preventing snoring and obstructive sleep apnea

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4657005A (en) * 1986-01-24 1987-04-14 Shirley Williamson GER harness
US5531229A (en) * 1995-01-20 1996-07-02 Dean; Richard D. Body part immobilization device
US5893365A (en) * 1997-07-28 1999-04-13 Anderson; Clarence D. Appliance for preventing snoring and obstructive sleep apnea

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