WO2006127652A3 - Materials and processes for reducing combustion by-products in a lubrication system for an internal combustion engine - Google Patents

Materials and processes for reducing combustion by-products in a lubrication system for an internal combustion engine Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2006127652A3
WO2006127652A3 PCT/US2006/019824 US2006019824W WO2006127652A3 WO 2006127652 A3 WO2006127652 A3 WO 2006127652A3 US 2006019824 W US2006019824 W US 2006019824W WO 2006127652 A3 WO2006127652 A3 WO 2006127652A3
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
pores
filtration media
internal
lubrication system
combustion engine
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US2006/019824
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
WO2006127652A2 (en
WO2006127652A9 (en
Inventor
Scott P Lockledge
Darrell W Brownawell
Original Assignee
Lutek Llc
Scott P Lockledge
Darrell W Brownawell
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US11/133,530 priority Critical
Priority to US11/133,530 priority patent/US8016125B2/en
Priority to US11/283,435 priority
Priority to US11/283,435 priority patent/US7520371B2/en
Application filed by Lutek Llc, Scott P Lockledge, Darrell W Brownawell filed Critical Lutek Llc
Priority claimed from JP2008512605A external-priority patent/JP2008540123A/en
Publication of WO2006127652A2 publication Critical patent/WO2006127652A2/en
Publication of WO2006127652A9 publication Critical patent/WO2006127652A9/en
Publication of WO2006127652A3 publication Critical patent/WO2006127652A3/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M175/00Working-up used lubricants to recover useful products ; Cleaning
    • C10M175/0058Working-up used lubricants to recover useful products ; Cleaning by filtration and centrifugation processes; apparatus therefor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2201/00Inorganic compounds or elements as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2201/06Metal compounds
    • C10M2201/062Oxides; Hydroxides; Carbonates or bicarbonates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2201/00Inorganic compounds or elements as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2201/10Compounds containing silicon
    • C10M2201/102Silicates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2201/00Inorganic compounds or elements as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2201/10Compounds containing silicon
    • C10M2201/102Silicates
    • C10M2201/103Clays; Mica; Zeolites
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2201/00Inorganic compounds or elements as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2201/10Compounds containing silicon
    • C10M2201/105Silica
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2205/00Organic macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds or fractions, whether or not modified by oxidation as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2205/02Organic macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds or fractions, whether or not modified by oxidation as ingredients in lubricant compositions containing acyclic monomers
    • C10M2205/028Organic macromolecular hydrocarbon compounds or fractions, whether or not modified by oxidation as ingredients in lubricant compositions containing acyclic monomers containing aliphatic monomers having more than four carbon atoms
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2209/00Organic macromolecular compounds containing oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2209/02Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • C10M2209/04Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds containing monomers having an unsaturated radical bound to an alcohol or ester thereof; bound to an aldehyde, ketonic, ether, ketal or acetal radical
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2209/00Organic macromolecular compounds containing oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2209/02Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • C10M2209/06Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds containing monomers having an unsaturated radical bound to an acyloxy radical of saturated carboxylic or carbonic acid
    • C10M2209/062Vinyl esters of saturated carboxylic or carbonic acids, e.g. vinyl acetate
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2209/00Organic macromolecular compounds containing oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2209/02Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • C10M2209/08Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds containing monomers having an unsaturated radical bound to a carboxyl radical, e.g. acrylate type
    • C10M2209/084Acrylate; Methacrylate
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
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    • C10M2209/00Organic macromolecular compounds containing oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2209/10Macromolecular compoundss obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • C10M2209/102Polyesters
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2209/00Organic macromolecular compounds containing oxygen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2209/10Macromolecular compoundss obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • C10M2209/103Polyethers, i.e. containing di- or higher polyoxyalkylene groups
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2217/00Organic macromolecular compounds containing nitrogen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2217/02Macromolecular compounds obtained from nitrogen containing monomers by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • C10M2217/022Macromolecular compounds obtained from nitrogen containing monomers by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds containing monomers having an unsaturated radical bound to an amino group
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2217/00Organic macromolecular compounds containing nitrogen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2217/04Macromolecular compounds from nitrogen-containing monomers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • C10M2217/044Polyamides
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2217/00Organic macromolecular compounds containing nitrogen as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2217/04Macromolecular compounds from nitrogen-containing monomers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • C10M2217/045Polyureas; Polyurethanes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
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    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2221/00Organic macromolecular compounds containing sulfur, selenium or tellurium as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2221/02Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions of monomers involving only carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2221/00Organic macromolecular compounds containing sulfur, selenium or tellurium as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2221/04Macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10MLUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS; USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES EITHER ALONE OR AS LUBRICATING INGREDIENTS IN A LUBRICATING COMPOSITION
    • C10M2225/00Organic macromolecular compounds containing phosphorus as ingredients in lubricant compositions
    • C10M2225/04Organic macromolecular compounds containing phosphorus as ingredients in lubricant compositions obtained by phosphorisation of macromolecualr compounds not containing phosphorus in the monomers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2210/00Nature of the metal present as such or in compounds, i.e. in salts
    • C10N2210/01Group I, e.g. Li, Na, K, Cs, Cu, Ag, Au
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2210/00Nature of the metal present as such or in compounds, i.e. in salts
    • C10N2210/02Group II, e.g. Mg, Ca, Ba, Zn, Cd, Hg
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2210/00Nature of the metal present as such or in compounds, i.e. in salts
    • C10N2210/04Group IV, e.g. Sn, Pb, Ti, Zr
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2230/00Specified physical or chemical properties of lubricating compositions
    • C10N2230/40Low content or no content compositions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2230/00Specified physical or chemical properties of lubricating compositions
    • C10N2230/40Low content or no content compositions
    • C10N2230/42Phosphor free or low phosphor content compositions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2230/00Specified physical or chemical properties of lubricating compositions
    • C10N2230/40Low content or no content compositions
    • C10N2230/43Sulfur free or low sulfur content compositions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2230/00Specified physical or chemical properties of lubricating compositions
    • C10N2230/40Low content or no content compositions
    • C10N2230/45Ashless or low ash content
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10NINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS C10M RELATING TO LUBRICATING COMPOSITIONS
    • C10N2240/00Specified uses or applications of lubricating compositions
    • C10N2240/10Internal-combustion engines
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01MLUBRICATING OF MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; LUBRICATING INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES; CRANKCASE VENTILATING
    • F01M9/00Lubrication means having pertinent characteristics not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F01M1/00 - F01M7/00
    • F01M9/02Lubrication means having pertinent characteristics not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F01M1/00 - F01M7/00 having means for introducing additives to lubricant

Abstract

A lubrication system having an oil filter modified to replace or supplement the performance of lubricant additives that may be used within an internal combustion engine to increase the performance of a lubricant is described. Oil filter is a chemical filter that includes filtration media (24) which includes particles(30) including an internal pores (32) formed within individual particles and interstitial pores (34) formed between adjacent particles (30) wherein the internal pores (32) and the interstitial pores (34) collectively define filtration media pores and a strong base material is associated with at least some of the internal pores (32). The filtration media (24) has a surface area greater than or equal to 25 square meters per gram that is derived from filtration media pores that are large enough to receive a combustion acid-weak base complex contained within oil flowing through the chemical filter.
PCT/US2006/019824 2005-05-20 2006-05-22 Materials and processes for reducing combustion by-products in a lubrication system for an internal combustion engine WO2006127652A2 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/133,530 2005-05-20
US11/133,530 US8016125B2 (en) 2005-05-20 2005-05-20 Materials, filters, and systems for immobilizing combustion by-products and controlling lubricant viscosity
US11/283,435 2005-11-18
US11/283,435 US7520371B2 (en) 2005-05-20 2005-11-18 Materials and processes for reducing combustion by-products in a lubrication system for an internal combustion engine

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CA 2609318 CA2609318C (en) 2005-05-20 2006-05-22 Materials and processes for reducing combustion by-products in a lubrication system for an internal combustion engine
JP2008512605A JP2008540123A (en) 2005-05-20 2006-05-22 Material and method for reducing combustion by-products of the lubricant system for an internal combustion engine
CN 200680026388 CN101227962B (en) 2005-05-20 2006-05-22 Materials and processes for reducing combustion by-products in a lubrication system for an internal combustion engine
EP06770893A EP1881866A4 (en) 2005-05-20 2006-05-22 Materials and processes for reducing combustion by-products in a lubrication system for an internal combustion engine

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2006127652A2 WO2006127652A2 (en) 2006-11-30
WO2006127652A9 WO2006127652A9 (en) 2007-01-18
WO2006127652A3 true WO2006127652A3 (en) 2007-05-31

Family

ID=37452713

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US2006/019824 WO2006127652A2 (en) 2005-05-20 2006-05-22 Materials and processes for reducing combustion by-products in a lubrication system for an internal combustion engine

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP1881866A4 (en)
CA (1) CA2609318C (en)
WO (1) WO2006127652A2 (en)

Families Citing this family (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1880751A1 (en) 2006-06-21 2008-01-23 Castrol Limited Apparatus and method for adding additives to engine lubricant
US20090194484A1 (en) * 2008-02-01 2009-08-06 Lutek, Llc Oil Filters Containing Strong Base and Methods of Their Use
JP4711199B2 (en) * 2008-05-16 2011-06-29 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Oil mist separator for an internal combustion engine
DE102008037678A1 (en) 2008-08-14 2010-02-25 Sartorius Stedim Biotech Gmbh Depth filter sheet with the inorganic layered double
JP5639615B2 (en) 2011-11-07 2014-12-10 トヨタ紡織株式会社 Oil deterioration suppression device
JP5677268B2 (en) 2011-11-07 2015-02-25 トヨタ紡織株式会社 Oil deterioration suppression device
JP5542289B2 (en) 2012-01-23 2014-07-09 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Oil additives and oil filter
US20130283849A1 (en) * 2012-04-26 2013-10-31 Lawrence Livermore National Security, Llc Adsorption cooling system using metal organic frameworks
US9567655B2 (en) * 2012-10-22 2017-02-14 Georgia-Pacific Chemicals Llc Processes for the separation of ores
JP6197760B2 (en) 2014-07-23 2017-09-20 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Oil deterioration prevention device for an internal combustion engine
KR101661516B1 (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-09-30 필터로직 주식회사 A complex filter and a method manufacturing the same

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5069799A (en) * 1989-09-07 1991-12-03 Exxon Research & Engineering Company Method for rejuvenating lubricating oils
US5112482A (en) * 1989-09-07 1992-05-12 Exxon Research And Engineering Company Filter for removing hydroperoxides from lubricating oils
US5225081A (en) * 1989-09-07 1993-07-06 Exxon Research And Engineering Co. Method for removing polynuclear aromatics from used lubricating oils
US5478463A (en) * 1989-09-07 1995-12-26 Exxon Chemical Patents Inc. Method of reducing sludge and varnish precursors in lubricating oils

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5068044A (en) * 1988-11-09 1991-11-26 Exxon Research & Engineering Company Method for reducing piston deposits
EP1651743B1 (en) * 2003-08-01 2017-12-27 The Lubrizol Corporation Mixed dispersants for lubricants

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5069799A (en) * 1989-09-07 1991-12-03 Exxon Research & Engineering Company Method for rejuvenating lubricating oils
US5112482A (en) * 1989-09-07 1992-05-12 Exxon Research And Engineering Company Filter for removing hydroperoxides from lubricating oils
US5225081A (en) * 1989-09-07 1993-07-06 Exxon Research And Engineering Co. Method for removing polynuclear aromatics from used lubricating oils
US5478463A (en) * 1989-09-07 1995-12-26 Exxon Chemical Patents Inc. Method of reducing sludge and varnish precursors in lubricating oils

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
See also references of EP1881866A4 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CA2609318A1 (en) 2006-11-30
WO2006127652A2 (en) 2006-11-30
WO2006127652A9 (en) 2007-01-18
CA2609318C (en) 2013-07-09
EP1881866A2 (en) 2008-01-30
EP1881866A4 (en) 2011-09-07

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