WO2006118149A1 - Artificial leg - Google Patents

Artificial leg Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2006118149A1
WO2006118149A1 PCT/JP2006/308755 JP2006308755W WO2006118149A1 WO 2006118149 A1 WO2006118149 A1 WO 2006118149A1 JP 2006308755 W JP2006308755 W JP 2006308755W WO 2006118149 A1 WO2006118149 A1 WO 2006118149A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
support shaft
means
characterized
support
prosthesis according
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/JP2006/308755
Other languages
French (fr)
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Yasuyoshi Saiga
Original Assignee
Yasuyoshi Saiga
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP2005132427A priority Critical patent/JP3873076B2/en
Priority to JP2005-132427 priority
Application filed by Yasuyoshi Saiga filed Critical Yasuyoshi Saiga
Publication of WO2006118149A1 publication Critical patent/WO2006118149A1/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/50Prostheses not implantable in the body
    • A61F2/60Artificial legs or feet or parts thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H3/00Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H3/00Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about
    • A61H3/02Crutches
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/50Prostheses not implantable in the body
    • A61F2/60Artificial legs or feet or parts thereof
    • A61F2/601Peg legs, e.g. wooden legs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/50Prostheses not implantable in the body
    • A61F2/60Artificial legs or feet or parts thereof
    • A61F2/605Hip joints
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/50Prostheses not implantable in the body
    • A61F2/76Means for assembling, fitting or testing prostheses, e.g. for measuring or balancing, e.g. alignment means
    • A61F2002/7615Measuring means
    • A61F2002/762Measuring means for measuring dimensions, e.g. a distance
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/50Prostheses not implantable in the body
    • A61F2/78Means for protecting prostheses or for attaching them to the body, e.g. bandages, harnesses, straps, or stockings for the limb stump
    • A61F2002/7862Harnesses, straps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H3/00Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about
    • A61H2003/007Appliances for aiding patients or disabled persons to walk about secured to the patient, e.g. with belts

Abstract

[OBJECT] To realize an artificial leg having such a readiness that can be used immediately after manufacture since a time for adjustment after manufacture is not required, low in weight and cost, preventing physical load from applying onto affected parts, excellent in stability when legs are opened, allowing a user to easily keep a walking balance, and less providing a stride stress and a sense of incongruity during running to the user. [CONSTRUCTION] This artificial leg is characterized by comprising a pivot shaft (1) supporting the weight of the user along the affected side of a body, a support lever (2) fitted to the pivot shaft (1) and used to keep the balance of the weight of the user by gripping it by one hand, and a mounting means formed of a frame (3), a harness sheet (4), a waist belt (5), a suspension belt (6), and a connection part (7) which mounts the pivot shaft (1) on the body of the user to distribute a load on the pivot shaft.

Description

Specification

Artificial leg

Technical field

[0001] The present invention relates to a prosthesis, it can be utilized in general purpose, particularly many users, relates prosthesis that can be utilized in and a short walking training period.

BACKGROUND

[0002] In the conventional prosthetic foot, if it is created in order production to match such as the user of the fault location (cleavage site) and height is the most, and therefore, required a long period of time of about three months to delivery from the mold up and, it had a problem in that it is expensive. Furthermore, since the conventional prosthesis is in the form plugging cut end (cleavage site) in a cylindrical portion called a socket provided on the prosthesis upper, generally 55 to 58% of the positions of height, i.e. the first sacral vertebra should take walking balance at the point of application of the position lower than the central portion vicinity near Ru centroid of the pelvis of the front edge, the balance is not easily taken, also, since it is necessary to support the weight load at the cut end, physical the burden is large, it was in need of a long-term walking training after mounting. In addition, there is also a problem that should not be rather than to prepare a new prosthesis with the growth. In addition, the prosthesis manufacturing personnel a required state certification license, which also had become an obstacle in terms of delivery time and price.

[0003] As a means for solving such a problem, for example, a saddle crotch provided, prosthesis saddle as fixed by the belt have been reported (e.g., see Patent Document 1.) O Figure 26 Nico It shows a schematic view of usage of the saddle-type prosthesis.

This prosthesis is fixed to the saddle 12 as used in the barrow on the top end of the support shaft 11 to be able to adjust the height adjustment pin to rotatably inserted a rotatable slide tube to the fixed sheath pipe, supported the provided band 15 fastened to the shaft bottom, furthermore, is provided with a waist belt 17 to hold the pull belt 16 Toko traction belt 16 for pulling the saddle 12 upward in the waist in this way, the affected area (cutting portion ) since the force is not applied to, physical burden of the affected area Nag rehabilitation is also unnecessary. Further, it is possible to use to adjust the off-the-shelf, can respond to either side, height adjustment is easy, period of fabrication adjustments are required, there is a readiness, (about 1Z8 conventional) inexpensive to further in to be able to provide! /, there is a cormorant advantages.

However, artificial leg of the saddle type, since the position in must take the balance is lower than the center of gravity, at the time of open leg actual stride is small compared to stride the intended stability is small tool user, is something wrong with walking there was a problem such as it is (see Patent Document 1).

Patent Document 1: JP 2002- 34717 JP

Disclosure of the Invention

Problems that the Invention is to you'll solve

[0004] In order to solve the conventional artificial leg problems described above, inventors have previously proposed, readiness in which a fixing means a support shaft and the mounting means and the body weight support means, the ready-made prosthesis having versatility did. This onset Ming, this proposal was further improved, proposes a pre-made prosthesis which aimed to further stabilize a distributed and balanced surface weight.

The present invention is relatively simple way to solve the conventional artificial leg problems, time for fabrication adjustment has a readiness that can be utilized immediately needed are inexpensive and lightweight, body to the affected area not applied burden, excellent stability at the time of open leg, body weight is an object of the present invention to realize a little artificial leg discomfort during walking balance takes easy tool stride stress and traveling are distributed. Means for Solving the Problems

[0005] In order to solve the above problems, prosthesis according to claim 1 of the present invention includes: a support shaft to support the weight along the side of the faulty side, this by gripping with one hand is provided on the support shaft and wherein the support lever to take a walking balance dispersed weight exerted on the support shaft, mounted to a part of the body the user of the support shaft, by including a mounting means for distributing the force exerted on the support shaft to.

[0006] In order to solve the above problems, the invention according to claim 2 of the present invention, in the prosthetic foot of claim 1, wherein the mounting means, the pelvic girdle means miss force hunt force to the support shaft is fixed to the waist When, and having a connection means for connecting the support shaft and the girdle means.

[0007] In order to solve the above problems, the invention according to claim 3 of the present invention, the prosthesis according to claim 1, wherein the mounting means, both or thighs of the faulty side of the thigh wrapped around a respective part and said Rukoto which have a 卷装 fixing means configured to fix the support shaft. [0008] In order to solve the above problems, the invention according to claim 4 of the present invention, the prosthesis according to claim 1, wherein the mounting means, the body of the force applied to the support shaft is fixed to the support shaft and having a damping means to disperse a wide range of.

[0009] In order to solve the above problems, the invention according to claim 5 of the present invention, in the prosthetic foot of claim 1, wherein the mounting means includes two annular parts get to the root of the thigh of the legs It characterized in that it has a ring lock means for immediately Bei.

[0010] In order to solve the above problems, the invention according to claim 6 of the present invention, the prosthesis according to claim 5, constitutes one annular portion of the ring lock means so as to wind the thigh characterized in that replaced with been 卷装 fixing means.

[0011] In order to solve the above problems, the invention according to claim 7 of the present invention, the prosthesis according to claim 1, wherein the mounting means includes seat portions provided to be sitting on top of the support shaft characterized in that it has a.

[0012] In order to solve the above problems, invention, the mounting means of claim 8 of the present invention, in the prosthetic foot according to claim 2, suspension means for connecting the other parts of the pelvic girdle means and the mounting means characterized in that it has a.

[0013] In order to solve the above problems, the invention according to claim 9 of the present invention, in the prosthetic foot according to one of claims to one of claims 1 to 8, the inside of the support shaft beneath the body countercurrent Ke is curved or bent, portion in contact with the ground of the support shaft tip is configured to be positioned below the center of gravity of the body, characterized by Rukoto.

[0014] In order to solve the above problems, the invention according to claim 10 of the present invention, according to claim 1 請 Motomeko 9, prosthesis according to item 1 Zureka Nio Te, the support shaft is knee and having a knee joint means allowing bending at the position.

[0015] In order to solve the above problems, the invention according to claim 11 of the present invention, according to claim 1 請 Motomeko 10, prosthesis according to item 1 Zureka Nio Te, said support shaft waist characterized in that it has a waist joint means allowing bending at the position.

[0016] In order to solve the above problems, the invention according to claim 12 of the present invention, Te prosthesis Nio, as claimed in the claims 1 to 請 Motomeko 11, item 1 Zureka, the support shaft thereof and having a length adjusting means capable of adjusting the length. [0017] In order to solve the above problems, the invention according to claim 13 of the present invention, in the prosthetic foot according to any one of claims 1 to 請 Motomeko 12, wherein the support lever is added to the support shaft One is the convolution capable constructed wherein the Ru with.

[0018] In order to solve the above problems, the invention according to claim 14 of the present invention, in the prosthetic foot according to any one of claims 1 to 請 Motomeko 13, the support lever relative to the support shaft characterized in that it is fixable configured at any angle Te.

[0019] In order to solve the above problems, the invention according to claim 15 of the present invention, along the prosthesis according to any one of claims 1 to 請 Motomeko 14, the support lever on the support shaft One and characterized in that it is height adjustable configuration.

Effect of the invention

[0020] Prostheses of the present invention, as described above, take the supporting shaft to support the weight along the side of the faulty side, the walking balance by distributing weight holding with one hand is provided on the support shaft and a support lever, was constituted by a mounting means to be attached to the body of a user of the support shaft. Yotsute to this,

1) Since the point of action is set at a position higher than the center of gravity can be walking balance is used in a very Yogu short gait training period.

2) There is a versatile, without the need for such type up by experts in the production, because the national qualification in production is not required, can be manufactured at low cost is possible in advance of mass production.

3) the burden to the affected area to support the body weight in the non-affected area is not from the force, Dari'm pain is cut end is the affected area, there is no possibility to cause inflammation.

4) Body are possible growth regulators such as the length in the user himself in accordance with the, as in the conventional ones, there is no need to turn it every few years.

The advantage of such is born. Further, it is possible to be able to select a plurality of methods which can be chosen by the state and operating conditions of the affected part of the user of the mounting means, to achieve Runode, a prosthetic leg that is suitable for the user.

Furthermore, since there is provided a collapsible portion for adjusting the bent portion and the length of the knee and hip, disturb the Narazu when seated, response to height is easy. Since further can be mounted on the outside of the structure is simple and thigh, excellent stability during open leg, there is an effect that is less discomfort stride stress and during running. BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION

[0021] Hereinafter, detailed explanation of the present invention with reference to the drawings.

[0022] and weight distribution of relative height of the human body in FIG. 1 is an explanatory view showing a schematic configuration of a conventional prosthetic and definition feet invention. In Figure 1, reference numeral 1 denotes a support shaft, numeral la is Hizaseki clause unit, reference numeral Id foot portion, reference numeral 2 denotes a support lever, reference numeral 3 denotes a frame, reference numeral 5 is the waist belt, reference numeral 8 is the waist bracket, reference numeral 18 socket, reference numeral 19 is the knee joint, reference numeral 20 is a foot. Body centroid A is generally from 55 to 58% of the positions of height, i.e. in the middle portion vicinity of the pelvis of the front edge portion of the first sacral vertebra, lower than the center of gravity in the conventional prosthesis shown in FIG. 1 (a) I was taking a walking balance at the point of action at the position. For this, it was in need of a gait training between the long-term after the balance takes the difficulty immediately mounted. Moreover, since it is necessary to support the weight load in the cut end in the socket 18, had a problem that the large physical burden.

In contrast, in the prosthetic foot of the present invention shown in FIG. 1 (b), which will be described in detail later, in the position B of the waist belt 5 acting point falls on 6 of approximately 3% the height of the height, further, the hand-supportable lever 2 since Turning point of action on the shoulder position C when holding the weight it is widely distributed not from the force on the part, when the balance is easily take an advantage cormorants.

[0023] Figure 2 shows a schematic view of usage of an embodiment of the prosthetic foot of the present invention. This method, in order to support the weight, harness sheet wound on the thigh in addition to the support lever (corresponding to 卷装 fixing means according to claim 3.) And the suspension belt (suspension means according to claim 8 for supporting the Oh serving.) and is an example of using. In Figure 2, the force thyme cut showing the case of using the user's knee amputation, can also be used for the user's knee amputation. 2, reference numeral 1 denotes a support shaft, numeral la knee joint unit (corresponding to the knee joint means according to claim 10.), Reference numeral lb is control pipe (constituting the adjusting means according to claim 12.), Reference numeral lc slide tube, reference numeral Id foot portion, reference numeral le hip unit (comprising adjusting means according to claim 12.) (corresponding to the waist joint means according to claim 11;.), reference numeral 2 denotes a support lever, reference numeral 3 denotes a frame (according corresponds to the buffer means of claim 4.), reference numeral 4 is a harness sheet, reference numeral 5 hits girdle means of the waist belt (claim 2.), reference numeral 6 is suspended vertical belt, reference numeral 7 connecting portion (connecting means according to claim 2 to hit.), reference numeral 8 is a hip bracket

[0024] shaft 1 consists of a hollow pipe made of metal force, such as aluminum alloy, and to be able to adjust the height adjustment pin to rotatably inserted a control pipe lb to slide tube lc, walking It has the strength to support the weight of the user at the time, Ru. Spindle 1 is configured as described above, Runode, combined overall length of the support shaft 1 to the height of the user can be freely adjusted, also, it is possible to cope with both left and right feet.

[0025] with the knee joint unit la straight fix the support shaft 1 at the time of walking, in such resting have become like that can be bent hinged configuration in this section. During hip instrument le walking straight fix the connecting portion 7 and the support shaft 1, in such resting has a structure that like can be bent even in this position. Knee device la may be fitted with a knee joint, which is commercially available.

Figure 3 is a side view of a use state of the prosthesis during seated. Hip device le in A of FIG., By bending the knee joint unit la in B of FIG., The foot portion Id of the shaft 1 can be positioned below the knee, can sit comfortably without taking place. Incidentally, C in the figure shows a state that can adjust the height by inserting the slide tube 1 c to control pipe lb of the support shaft 1, Ru.

[0026] foot Id of the support shaft 1 consists of a soft material per a relatively resilient, such as rubber or plastic, constituting a portion in contact with the ground of the support shaft 1. Foot Id is Te ヽ interchangeably be configured with respect to the support shaft 1, are generally commercially available as a prosthesis member can be used attach things Ru supporting shaft 1, one for sport, impact-absorbing ones use, it is also possible to use a replacement in accordance with the purpose such as those to increase the sliding friction. As shown in FIG. 4, the foot portion Id relative to the support shaft 1 can be bent in any angle, and is comfortable configuration walking.

[0027] As shown in FIG. 5 (a), connecting part 7 is connected to the hip belt 5 by the waist fitting 8, the walking times, as shown in FIG. 5 (b), connecting the waist fitting 8 to the shaft part 7, so as to swing back and forth arrangement of hip units le and the support shaft 1 gar communication. Thus, the pressure exerted on the support shaft 1 is dispersed to the waist belt 5, the support shaft 1 moves along the thigh portion during walking is mounted on the outside of the thigh. Therefore, the top end and connected parts 7 of the support shaft 1, when walking the like supporting lever 2 Nag be a bogus walking, high stability at rest stance. Connecting portion 7 is constituted by a reinforced plastics or metal, and has a 弹 'property to absorb shocks and having a sufficient strength.

Waist fitting 8 can be detachably mounted with respect to the waist belt 5. As shown in FIG. 6 (a), connecting part 7 its length 1 relative to the waist fitting 8, so it is possible to adjust the gamma, also, as shown in FIG. 6 (b), waist fitting 8 the mounting angle theta, it can be adjusted Θ is urchin configured for.

[0028] FIG. 7 (a), the as shown in (b) and FIG. 8 (a), (b), the frame 3 is a support which is integral with harness sheet 4, with respect to the support shaft 1 mounted so as to be movable up and down with the harness sheet 4 Te, along with serve to contact the support shaft 1 in side, it acts to cushion the contact against side of the support shaft 1. Frame 3 may be provided with cushions Nya cushioning material to the harness sheet 4 side. FIG. 8 (a), the (b), the frame 3 is attached to the shaft 1 at a side end between the knee joint unit la and hip unit le. Alternatively, as shown in FIG. 8 (c), it may be a frame 3 integrally with the hip unit le and knee joint unit la.

[0029] Harness sheet 4, by winding the thigh, so I along the frame 3 and the support shaft 1 to the side. Harness sheet 4 is not intended that wrapped around the leg, as shown in FIG. 9 (a), may be one wrapped around the legs as shown in Figure 9 (b). Also, good!, Be used in place of FIG. 9 (c), the harness sheet 4 which through the suspension belts 6a, 6b in a bag shape harness 4b to interleave the crotch portion as simplified.

[0030] Harness sheet 4 is formed of fibers and leather, such as easy canvas absorb durable sweat, belt or as shown in FIG. 10 (a), or the like Velcro as shown in FIG. 10 (b) configured to be tightened. It shows the overall shape of the surface fastener type harness sheet 4 in Figure 10 (c).

The [0031] harness sheet 4, have attached suspension belt 6, the other end of the suspension belt 6 is connected to the connecting portion 7, the waist fitting 8 or hip belt 5. Thus, the thigh and the engaging Ru pressure from Nono Nesushito 4 the support shaft 1 can be dispersed to the waist portion via a waist belt 5. Suspension belt 6 similar to the connecting portion 7 is formed at etc. reinforced plastic or synthetic fibers, or leather. Fixed to the harness sheet 4 of the suspension belt 6, to attach choose anywhere on the harness sheet 4 by using a can also be made by a like sewing and eyelets force strong Velcro (TM) it is also possible. Figure 11 shows the shape of the design example of the distal end of the suspension belt 6. End of the suspension belt 6 is the form is not intended particularly determined, in the prone shape in close contact with the thighs and buttocks, to avoid the dispersion partially force the load is applied. [0032] hip belt 5 plays a role of dispersing receiving at the waist portion of the pressure from the suspension belt 6 and connecting portion 7 through the waist fitting 8. To the belt to the waist portion, because it is accustomed relatively natural and user, even when a force is applied to this part it is physical burden less. Waist belt 5 total belt is made of force, such as leather or fiber.

[0033] The support lever 2, as shown in FIG. 12 (a), the support shaft 1, is attached between the knee joint unit la and hip unit le. Its position as shown in FIG. 12 (b), and summer to be adjusted up or down depending on the length of the user's arm. Further, by rotating movement back and forth in the horizontal plane with respect supporting shaft 1 as shown in a view from above shown in FIG. 13 (a), and One Do a fixed configurable at that position. Alternatively, not limited to the horizontal plane may be configured to be fixed at an arbitrary angle with respect to the support shaft 1. Furthermore, as shown in FIG. 13 (b), foldably form configured along the support shaft 1, Do using the supporting lever 2, it is also sometimes folded in such out of the way! /, So that. Further, as shown in FIG. 13 (c), the support lever 2 is formed integrally with the hip device le, regulatory height may be performed by adjustment of the total length and the connecting portion 7 of the support shaft 1 .

Support lever 2 is in the above figures are expressed as straight bars overhanging side. However, as shown in FIG. 14, straight rod which protrudes side (a), straight bars which protrudes forward side (b), rod bent at a right angle to the front (c), constituting a T-shaped have been bar (d) easy to support holding in the hand, such as!, it is also possible to take a variety of deformation design.

[0034] Since this embodiment is configured as described above, can manufacturing versatility in high tool inexpensive off-the-shelf, or physical burdens force S to easily implement the affected area taken by walking balance is weight dispersion Tona V, it is possible to provide a prosthetic leg.

In [0035] FIG. 15 shows a schematic diagram of the use of other embodiments of the present invention. This method, in order to support the body weight, in addition to dregs on the thighs of both legs annular Roh support lever, an example of using the one-ness and suspension belt for supporting it. In Figure 15, shows the case of using the user's knee amputation, can be used as well to Sime cutting, the user of the knee amputation. 15, reference numeral 1 denotes a support shaft, numeral 2 support lever, reference numeral 3 denotes a frame, reference numeral 4 is a harness sheet, reference numeral 4a is fixed belt, reference numeral 5 is the waist belt, reference numeral 6 is suspended belt, reference numeral 8 is the waist bracket , reference numeral 9 is annular Bruno, an Ness (corresponding to ring lock means according to claim 5.).

[0036] In this embodiment, the support shaft 1, the support lever 2, frame 3, etc. hip belt 5 and the waist fitting 8 can be used similar to that shown in the embodiment of FIG. This embodiment is, it differs from the Figure 2, harness sheet 4 plays only the role to bring the shaft 1 to the side, the pressure exerted on the support shaft 1 mainly coupling part 7 and a hip belt 5 and the waist fitting 8 annular Bruno, a point to be distributed to one Ness 9. Thus, pressure is distributed on both sides of the body, it is possible to side load is particularly large with disabilities.

[0037] portion forces of both wheels of the force ring Nono harness 9 suspending the belt 6 in Figure 15 are both connected to the waist fitting 8 side may be connect pendant belt 6 toward each waist belt 5. Figure 16 is a graph showing extracted in order to facilitate Ri more component force a relationship between the annular Nono harness 9 and suspension belt 6, suspension belt 6 is connected to the waist fitting 8 side, Ru.

[0038] 17, 18 and 19 shows a specific example of the connection of annular Nono one ness 9 and suspension belt 6 and the waist belt 5 in the case of suspending the annular Nono harness 9 in suspension belt 6. Figure 17 is seen before force is a view from the rear in FIG. 18, in FIG. 19 shows an example in which the tip of the suspension belt 6 is bifurcated.

Note that one leg, as shown in the force diagram 20 which is adapted Hakasu an annular Nono harness 9 thighs of both legs in Fig. 15 (leg cut side) replaced with harness sheet 4 in place of the annular Nono harness 9 and it may be.

[0039] This embodiment also, since it is configured as described above just like the embodiment shown in FIG. 2, an easy tool affected area to a physical taken versatility is high device weight walking balance is distributed the burden is not even the force prosthesis can be provided at low cost.

[0040] Figure 21 shows a schematic view of usage of still another embodiment of the present invention. This method, in order to support the weight, an example in which the saddle-type seat device in addition to the support lever. Figure 21 shows the case of using the user who left foot is deficient also base power. And have your 21, reference numeral 1 denotes a support shaft, numeral lg is control and sign If a horizontal pipe, reference numeral 2 denotes a support lever, sign-4 harness sheet, numeral 5 is the waist belt, reference numeral 6 is suspended belt, reference numeral 8 waist fitting, sign-10 saddle (corresponding to seating unit according to claim 7.), numeral 10a is a saddle fixed belt, reference numeral 1 Ob is a saddle auxiliary plate.

[0041] In this embodiment shown in FIG. 21 uses a saddle (seat base) 10 used like a bicycle and unicycle to support the weight load to weight maintenance. Furthermore it is used together suspended by suspension belt 6 the base portion of the thigh with disabilities wrapped by Nono Nesushito 4.

This format adjuster lg are easier to balance during stance changed by adjusting the length position of the saddle 10 and the supporting shaft 1 and the supporting lever 2 of groin horizontal pipe the If,. Further, by the saddle 10 provided in the crotch integral with the support shaft 1, it is possible to reduce the physical burden of the stance of the user.

[0042] According to this embodiment, easily obtained walking balance versatility is high tool weight is dispersed, it is possible to reduce the force hunt burden on the foot during standing, physical burden from the force in the affected area it is possible to provide low cost of such have artificial leg.

[0043] By the way, while walking human beings will try to align the center axis of the body's center of gravity A and the foot Id in a vertical line. Therefore, as shown in FIG. 22, the prosthesis force X bulging toward the outside of the body rather work. An example of a belt provided to attract prosthesis inside against this force X in Figure 23. Can thus waist belt (a) and crotch support shaft 1 by a belt (b), or the center of gravity by pulling on the opposite side of the waist and (c) easy to fit on the foot to facilitate walking . It is also previously shaft 1 in advance by bending or bending, by positioning the center of gravity of the body on the vertical line of the center axis of the foot Id. It shows the example in which the first bent support shaft in FIGS. 24 and 25. Figure 24 shows an example in which is bent at a portion above the knee joint unit la, Figure 25 is an example in which is bent at a portion below the knee joint unit la. By doing so, tension without feeling can take a walking balance, it is possible to comfortably walk.

Industrial Applicability

[0044] Prostheses of the present invention, since the structure described above, can be utilized for general purpose to adjust should make off-the-shelf for Nag relationship such as height damaged site and users. Therefore, it is possible to widely use for any such person of any location in the world. Moreover because there is responsive, can be used for such temporary use until be ready is prosthesis or if bespoke with trouble in the affected area.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0045] [FIG. 1] and distribution of body weight for height in the human body, is an explanatory view showing a schematic configuration of a prosthetic foot of the conventional prosthetic foot and the present invention.圆 2 is a schematic view of usage of an embodiment of the prosthetic foot of the present invention.

圆 3 is a side view of a use state of the seat when the prosthetic foot of the present embodiment.

圆 4 is an explanatory view showing a bent state between the support shaft and the foot portion of the prosthetic foot of the present embodiment.

圆 5] connection of the prosthetic foot of the present embodiment, the waist fitting is an explanatory diagram shows the waist belt and the support shaft of the connection relationship.

圆 6 is an explanatory view showing the adjustment status of the connection portion of the prosthetic foot of the present embodiment.

圆 7 is a description view showing a positional relationship between the support shaft and the frame and the harness sheet prosthesis embodiment.

[8] frames and Bruno prosthetic foot of the present embodiment, it is shown to explaining a mounting condition of the support shaft one Nesushito.

圆 9 is an explanatory view showing a mounting condition of such a harness sheet prosthesis embodiment.

It is a diagram showing FIG. 10 of the harness sheet prosthesis embodiment configurations.

11 is a diagram showing the shape of the distal end of the suspension belt prosthetic foot of the present embodiment.

圆 12 is a description diagram showing the mounting position and its method of adjusting the prosthetic foot of the support lever of the embodiment.

圆 13 is an explanatory view showing a like mounting angle of the prosthetic foot of the support lever of the embodiment.圆 14 is an explanatory diagram showing the several variations on the support lever of the prosthetic foot of the present embodiment.

圆 15 is a schematic view of usage of another embodiment of the prosthetic foot of the present invention.

16 is a diagram showing the connection between the prosthesis annular Nono harness and suspended belt of the present embodiment.

17 is a diagram an example seen from the front of the connection of the annular Nono harness the suspension belt and waist belt of the prosthetic foot of the present embodiment.

18 is a view of a concrete example of the connection of annular Nono harness the suspension belt and waist belt of the prosthetic foot of the present embodiment from the rear.

[19] the tip of the suspension belt to embodiments of the connection ring Nono harness the suspension belt and waist belt of the prosthetic foot of the present embodiment is a diagram showing a case where bifurcated.

FIG. 20 is a schematic view of usage of yet another implementation mode using the prosthesis annular Nono harness and harness sheet of this embodiment. 21 is a schematic view of usage of still another embodiment of the prosthetic foot of the present invention.

FIG. 22 is an explanatory view of a force acting in the transverse direction of the prosthesis.

FIG. 23 is an explanatory diagram an example of a belt against the force acting in the transverse direction for use in prosthetic of the present invention.

FIG. 24 is an explanatory view of an example of a prosthetic foot of the support shaft is bent in the present invention.

[FIG 25 is an explanatory view of an example of a prosthetic foot of the support shaft is bent in the present invention.

FIG. 26 is a schematic view of usage of a conventional saddle-type prosthesis.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1 shaft

la knee joint unit

lb adjustment tube

lc slide tube

Id foot

le hip device

lg regulator

If the horizontal pipe

2 support lever

3 frame

4 Nono Nesushito

4a fixed base Noreto

4b bag-like harness

5 waist belt

6, 6a, 6b suspended bell Bok

7 connecting part

8 waist bracket

9 ring harness

10 saddle

10a saddle fixing belt saddle auxiliary plate pivot the saddle clamping band pull belt waist belt socket knee joint foot

Claims

The scope of the claims
A support shaft to support the weight along the [I] side of a side of the fault,
A support lever taking dispersed walking balance the forces hunt weight on the support shaft by squeezing with one hand is provided on the support shaft,
Prosthesis characterized in that it comprises a mounting means for mounting on a part of the body the user of the support shaft, to distribute the force exerted on the support shaft.
[2] The mounting means may prosthesis according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises a pelvic girdle means miss the force exerted on the support shaft is fixed to the waist, and a connecting means for connecting the support shaft and the girdle means.
[3] The mounting means includes a feature that it has a 卷装 fixing means arranged in the care-Certificates to the respective thigh or both thighs of a side of the failure to secure the support shaft prosthesis of claim 1 you.
[4] The mounting means may prosthesis according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises a buffer means for diffusing minute forces exerted on the support shaft is fixed to the support shaft to a wide range of the body.
[5] The mounting means may prosthesis according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises a ring lock means comprising two annular parts which get to the root of the thigh of the legs.
[6] prosthetic foot according to claim 5, characterized in that one of the annular portion of the annular fixing means is replaced with the configured 卷装 fixing means so wrapped thigh.
[7] The mounting means may prosthesis according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises a seat portion provided to be sitting on top of the support shaft.
[8] The mounting means may prosthesis according to claim 2, characterized that you have a suspension means for connecting the other parts of the pelvic girdle means and the mounting means.
[9] The support shaft downwardly curved or bent toward the inside of the body, a portion in contact with the ground surface of the support shaft tip is configured to be positioned below the center of gravity of the body, and wherein Rukoto prosthesis according to any one of claims 1 to 8.
[10] prosthesis according to any one of claims 1 to 9 wherein the shaft is characterized by having a knee joint means enabling bending of the knee position.
[II] prosthesis according to any one of claims 1 to 10 wherein the spindle is characterized by having a waist joint means allowing bending at the waist position.
[12] The support shaft of claim 1 to claim 11, characterized in that a length adjusting means capable of adjusting its length!, Prosthesis according to one of claims Zureka.
[13] The support lever prosthesis according to any force one of claims 1 to 12 you wherein convolution along the support shaft movable to and configured! Ru.
[14] The support lever prosthesis according to any one of claims 1 to 13, characterized in that it is fixably arranged in any angle with respect to the support shaft.
[15] The support lever prosthesis according to any one of claims 1 to 14, characterized in that it is configured to be adjusted height position along the support shaft.
PCT/JP2006/308755 2005-04-28 2006-04-26 Artificial leg WO2006118149A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2005132427A JP3873076B2 (en) 2005-04-28 2005-04-28 Artificial leg
JP2005-132427 2005-04-28

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2006118149A1 true WO2006118149A1 (en) 2006-11-09

Family

ID=37307948

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/JP2006/308755 WO2006118149A1 (en) 2005-04-28 2006-04-26 Artificial leg

Country Status (2)

Country Link
JP (1) JP3873076B2 (en)
WO (1) WO2006118149A1 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2012091555A1 (en) * 2010-12-27 2012-07-05 Rijksuniversiteit Groningen Lower leg prosthesis
JP2012147907A (en) * 2011-01-18 2012-08-09 Hideo Kondo Stick
JP2015029897A (en) * 2013-08-06 2015-02-16 英文 小嶋 Pipe artificial leg for walking

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5534848B2 (en) * 2010-02-15 2014-07-02 大喜 國村 Walking aids
JP2012110396A (en) * 2010-11-22 2012-06-14 Emi Yasui Walking aid
JP5841787B2 (en) * 2011-02-25 2016-01-13 川崎重工業株式会社 Wearable operation support device

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE702961C (en) * 1939-03-22 1941-02-24 Karl Theodor Maschwitz Apparatus for transtibial amputees with a knee rest for the stump
US4291715A (en) * 1980-02-04 1981-09-29 Monte Woodrow S Foot support crutch
JPH03505690A (en) * 1989-04-28 1991-12-12
US5300016A (en) * 1992-04-14 1994-04-05 Marlatt William W Lower leg shelf with foldable weight-bearing strut and stabilizer frame
JP2006102455A (en) * 2004-10-07 2006-04-20 Mututry:Kk Assistive device equipped with support member

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE702961C (en) * 1939-03-22 1941-02-24 Karl Theodor Maschwitz Apparatus for transtibial amputees with a knee rest for the stump
US4291715A (en) * 1980-02-04 1981-09-29 Monte Woodrow S Foot support crutch
JPH03505690A (en) * 1989-04-28 1991-12-12
US5300016A (en) * 1992-04-14 1994-04-05 Marlatt William W Lower leg shelf with foldable weight-bearing strut and stabilizer frame
JP2006102455A (en) * 2004-10-07 2006-04-20 Mututry:Kk Assistive device equipped with support member

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2012091555A1 (en) * 2010-12-27 2012-07-05 Rijksuniversiteit Groningen Lower leg prosthesis
US9060881B2 (en) 2010-12-27 2015-06-23 Rijksuniversiteit Groningen Lower leg prosthesis
JP2012147907A (en) * 2011-01-18 2012-08-09 Hideo Kondo Stick
JP2015029897A (en) * 2013-08-06 2015-02-16 英文 小嶋 Pipe artificial leg for walking

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP3873076B2 (en) 2007-01-24
JP2006305123A (en) 2006-11-09

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