WO2006074921A1 - Device and method for applying a liquid medium to a material web - Google Patents

Device and method for applying a liquid medium to a material web

Info

Publication number
WO2006074921A1
WO2006074921A1 PCT/EP2006/000206 EP2006000206W WO2006074921A1 WO 2006074921 A1 WO2006074921 A1 WO 2006074921A1 EP 2006000206 W EP2006000206 W EP 2006000206W WO 2006074921 A1 WO2006074921 A1 WO 2006074921A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
web
material
liquid
medium
device
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/EP2006/000206
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Dieter Nagel
Original Assignee
Sonotronic Nagel Gmbh
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS BY LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B19/00Treatment of textile materials by liquids, gases or vapours, not provided for in groups D06B1/00 - D06B17/00
    • D06B19/0005Fixing of chemicals, e.g. dyestuffs, on textile materials
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS BY LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B1/00Applying liquids, gases or vapours on to textile materials to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating
    • D06B1/10Applying liquids, gases or vapours on to textile materials to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating by contact with a member carrying the treating material
    • D06B1/14Applying liquids, gases or vapours on to textile materials to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating by contact with a member carrying the treating material with a roller
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS BY LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B13/00Treatment of textile materials with liquids, gases or vapours with aid of vibration

Abstract

The invention relates to a device for applying a liquid medium to a material web (M). Said device comprises an application device (2) in whose container (3) the liquid medium is received, in addition to a fixing device (7) which is used to fix the liquid medium which is applied to the material web (M) by means of the application device (2). According to the invention, the fixing device (7) comprises at least one ultrasonic unit (8; 8a, 8b) which impinges the liquid medium which is applied to the material web (M) with ultrasonic oscillations. The ultrasonic unit (8; 8a, 8b) comprises a work surface (9) which can be displaced by an advancing device counter to a work surface of an opposite counter bearing (10).

Description

Apparatus and method for applying a liquid medium to a material web

description

The invention relates to a device for applying a liquid medium to a material web, having a applicator, in its reservoir, the liquid medium is added, and a fixing means for fixing of the web of material applied by the applicator liquid medium, and a method of applying a liquid medium to a material web, wherein the web of material an applicator which applied liquid medium containing supplied and applied to the web of material liquid medium is fixed in a fixing device.

Such an apparatus and such a method are known. Here, it is provided that the charge stored in a material receiving means of the applicator material web is fed in an application of the received in a reservoir of the applicator the liquid medium is carried out on the material web. For this purpose, the material web is guided through a bath of the liquid medium. In order to prevent the thus treated web of material entrains too much liquid medium from the applicator, is in the known device and provided to the known method, that over which the liquid medium receiving reservoir of the applicator nip rolls are arranged, which strip the excess liquid from the material web lead and back into the reservoir. Such a procedure has the disadvantage that as a result a change in the consistency and / or the constancy of the forehand ends in the reservoir of the applicator liquid medium through the recirculated medium occurs. Another disadvantage of the known procedure is to be seen in that the applied to the material web liquid medium has a relatively high residual moisture which is typically between 40-70%. This means that in the subsequent fixing the applied to the material web liquid-SiGe medium must be strongly dried to stabilize the order.

In the known devices, and the known method, the fixation of the liquid medium to the material web by a heat application is carried out in particular by steam or in a heat chamber, in which the described above with the liquid metal dium treated material web is introduced and in a correspondingly must linger long time. However, such heating chambers have the disadvantage that they not only have a large space requirement, which leads disadvantageously way that the known devices build bulky. Another, even more serious disadvantage of the known procedure is that the heat chambers take a long pre-heating time and / or a large cooling time. This results in a disadvantageous manner not only to that with a defect, especially in a tearing of the web in the heating chamber, it must be cooled first before it is possible to correct the defect, in particular a new web of material into the heating chamber a - respectively. Rather, the prior art approach also has the disadvantage that it has a relatively high energy consumption, not least in that the heat chambers - as already stated - to build bulky, so that for an appropriate application of heat to the material web, not only the energy is needed, for treating the web is required, but that in addition, a large proportion of the required total energy is still spending to heat the heating chambers.

It is an object of the present invention, an apparatus and a method of the type mentioned at the beginning such that an easier fixing of a liquid medium is made possible on a material web.

This object is achieved by the inventive apparatus in that the fixing least comprising an ultrasonic unit, through which the force applied to the web of material liquid medium can be subjected to ultrasonic vibration, wherein the ultrasonic unit has a working surface lying from a feed device for a working face of their opposite is movable anvil.

The inventive method provides that the thus treated web of material of the fixing device is supplied under pressure with ultrasonic vibration.

In an advantageous manner, the energy input is effected into the fixing device by the data generated by the ultrasonic unit ultrasonic vibrations. Such a measure has the advantage that such an approach by a low energy consumption characterizes as heating chambers or a steam treatment are not usually required or at least significantly reduced now.

Advantageously, it is provided here that the treated material with the liquid medium path between a working surface of the ultrasonic unit and a thrust bearing is carried out, and that the working surface of the ultrasonic unit is pressed with a certain pressure on the material web. Such a measure has the advantage that thereby is effected a mechanical loading of the coated material web with the liquid medium. The caused by the ultrasonic vibrations vibrations of the working surface of the ultrasonic unit act in an advantageous manner contrary also a clamping the clamped between the ultrasound unit and the abutment web, so that a further transport of the material web is ensured.

An advantageous further development of the invention provides that the applying means comprises a application member, through which the applied liquid medium from the reservoir of the applicator can be removed and the material web can be applied. This will now be achieved in an advantageous manner that the order of the liquid medium is to dose more accurately on the material to be treated web by means of the application member than in the known methods in which the material web has passed through a liquid bath, is the case. In this way, the liquid medium can be selectively applied to the material web on the one hand, which is up to now prevented inevitable order of excess medium or at least ated application steps. This has the advantage that it is no longer necessary now to deposit excess medium through nip rolls or the like of the type described above treated material web, so that no reflux of such excess medium is in an advantageous manner in the storage container, whereby the consistency and Flottenkon- substance is not adversely affected. A further advantage of the claimed

Procedure is that after the fixing, it is not nurmehr or lesser extent necessary to wash out excess medium. The measures according to the invention are thus distinguished by a high environmental compatibility. A further advantageous development of the invention provides that the device has a turning device for the material web. Such a measure has the advantage that in this way first a first side of the material web the application means and then a second side of the web of this device can be supplied. Thereby advantageously manner, a two-sided application of the liquid medium on the material web is possible.

A further advantageous development of the invention provides that the device comprises two applicators that are connected in series, wherein the turning device is arranged between the two applicators. Such a measure has the advantage that it is hereby possible to act on the both sides of the web of material with different liquid media. This measure is particularly advantageous if the liquid medium is a color, as this is a web of material can be manufactured in a simple manner, which has on both sides of different colors.

A further advantageous development of the invention provides that at least one application member at least one application unit has a contoured surface. This makes it possible in an advantageous manner that pattern or the like can be applied, a kind of printing on the web.

Further advantageous developments of the invention are the subject of the dependent claims.

Further details and advantages of the invention are described in the embodiments which will be described below with reference to FIGS. In the drawings: Figure 1 is a schematic representation of a first embodiment,

Figure 2 is a schematic representation of a second embodiment,

Figure 3 is a view of the embodiment of Figure 2 from the direction III. of Figure 2, and

Figure 4 is a schematic representation of a third embodiment.

1 shows a first embodiment of a device 1, there is shown for applying a liquid medium to a material web M. The described apparatus 1 is particularly suitable for applying liquid ink F to the material web M. For ease of illustration, it is always spoken in the fol- constricting of "color F" instead of the more general term "liquid medium", but the skilled person is clear of course that the following embodiments are not limited solely to liquid colors in the strict sense, but also apply to the application and / or introduction of other fluids such as coatings and paint, starches, etc..

The recorded in a not shown in Figure 1 material receiving unit web of material M is fed to an applicator 2, in which the applied color F is contained in a not shown reservoir. 3 As can be seen from Figure 1, it is provided that the order of the color F not characterized carried out on the material web M, that the material web M is guided directly by the absorbed in the reservoir tank 3 color F, but that an application member 4 is provided, which comprises each amount to be applied color F from the reservoir 3 takes out and then applying to the material web M or transferring.

In the embodiment described here, the applicator element 4 has a contact roller 5 and cooperating with its guide roll 5a, where between the two rollers 5, 5a, the web of material M is performed. The contact roller 5 thus circulate the removed her from the reservoir 3 F color onto the material web M.

Such a procedure is now not only has the advantage that thereby allows an accurate dosage of the material web to be applied to the M color and F is so prevents application of excess ink F or at least reduced. Rather, it allows the procedure described, the color F only on one side M 'of the material web to apply M, so that it is possible in an advantageous manner to prepare sheets of material with the described procedure which have, on both sides, different colors. This was so far with the known devices in which the web of material were moved by a dye bath, not possible.

Another advantage of the approach described consists in the fact that you can work with a higher color concentration, since the measures described enable a precisely metered paint.

The thus treated web of material M is then passed via further deflection rollers 6 to a fixing means 7 of the device 1, carried out fixation of the color F on the material web M and the Färbgut thereby stabilis- ated. In an advantageous way this ultrasound unit 8 is used, the ultrasonic vibrations thus subject the material web M and their applied color. Preferably, is in this case the procedure is such that the ultrasonic unit 8 having a working surface 9 which is formed by the effective surface of the ultrasonic unit. 8 The working surface 9 is opposite a counter-support 10 is arranged, whereby the web of material M between the working surface 9 and the thrust bearing is guided 10th In order to achieve the greatest possible overlap between the working surface 9 and the thrust bearing 10, it is provided that the working surface 9 and the supporting surface of the thrust bearing 10 are made complementary. Is - as in the case shown here - uses a roller as counter-bearing 10, so, preferably, the working surface 9 of the ultra- is traschalleinheit 8 performed a circular arc. but it is also possible to use an anvil just executed 10th Then, it is preferred that the working surface 9 is formed plate-shaped, the ultrasonic unit. 8

The working surface 9 of the ultrasonic unit 8 is pressed by a not shown in Figure 1 feed device against the bearing surface of the thrust bearing 10 and thus against the material web M. Caused by the ultrasonic vibrations vibrating motion of the working surface 9 now causes not only a distance or at least a very strong reduction of the residual moisture of the auftragenen color F, but also results in a good penetration of the web of material M with the color R, so that in an advantageous manner and Thus, a high color fastness of the dyed material web M as described above is provided.

Is used with a binder as a color pigment F, a color, the vibrations caused by the ultrasonic energy input causes in the web of material M that the color F is "glued" using the binder to the material web M.

When using Dispersfarben the Ultraschallbeaufschagung causes it to penetrate more deeply into the fabric of the web of material, in this case, but a post-treatment for fixing the Dispersfarben must then be carried out, for fixing a steam treatment at a steam temperature of about 100 ° C or more (in particular in polyamide fibers), or a heat treatment in a heating chamber (in particular for polyester fibers) is preferred. This is followed by drying, preferably by ultrasound, convection or infrared impingement.

In the figures 2 and 3, a second embodiment of a device 1 is shown the basic construction to that of the first embodiment corresponds to be provided so that corresponding components with the same reference numerals and not described in detail. The main difference between the first and the second embodiment lies in the fact that the second embodiment enables a color application on both the first side M 'of the material web M and on the opposite side of M'. For this purpose, it is provided that the advantages device 1 having the turning device 11, shown schematically in Figure 3, which makes it possible that, in a first pass of the material web takes place first M by the applicator 2, a paint applicator on the first side M1 of the material web M, that then the web of material is M "flipped" by passing through the turning device 11 so that on a subsequent pass of the web of material M is thereafter the second side M "of the material web M acted upon by the contact roll. 5

hen in Figure 4, a third embodiment, there is shown, whose basic structure, in turn, corresponds to that of the second embodiment, so that here corresponding components with identical reference numerals verse- and are no longer described in detail. The main difference between the first and the third embodiment consists in the fact that the fixing means used in two Sonotrodeneinheiten 8a, 8b, which act on the material web M from either side. Of course, however, it is of course also possible that only a single sided application of color is also performed in the third embodiment, in which the turning device 11 is not used in the third embodiment.

Claims

claims
1. An apparatus for applying a liquid medium to a material web (M) having an applicator (2), in the storage container (3) the liquid medium is added, and a fixing means (7) for fixing the on the material web (M) by the to the applicator (2) applied liquid medium (F), characterized in that the fixing means (7) minimum an ultrasonic unit (8; 8a, 8b) by which the on the material web (M) applied liquid medium (F ) can be subjected to ultrasonic vibration, wherein the ultrasonic unit (8; 8a, 8b) having a working surface (9) which is movable by a feed mechanism against a working surface of their (opposite the anvil 10).
2. Device according to claim 1, characterized in that the applicator (2) comprises an application member (4) through which the constricting aufzubrin- liquid medium (F) from the reservoir (3)
Applying means (2) can be removed and the material web (M) can be applied.
3. Device according to claim 2, characterized in that the application member (4) having a contact roller (5) which is immersed in the reservoir (3) switched on and the material web (M) acted upon.
4. Device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the device comprises a turning device (11) for the material web (M), so that in a first pass of the material web (M) through the applicator (2) a first side (M ') is the web of material supplied (M) the application member (4), and (that after passing the turning device 11) a second side (M ") is the material web supplied (M) the application member (4) of the applicator (2).
5. Device according to one of the preceding claims, marked thereby characterized, that the device comprises at least two applicators (2), which has in the running direction of the material web (M) are arranged one behind the other, and that between at least two applicators (2) a turning device (11 ) is arranged.
6. Device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized thereby marked, that the fixing device (7) at least two ultrasonic units
(8a, 8b).
7. Device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that at least one application member (4) comprises an applicator (2) has a contoured surface.
8. A method for applying a liquid medium to a material web
supplied (M) in which the material web (M) of the applied liquid medium (F) in a reservoir (3) containing applicator (2) and on the material web (M) applied liquid medium (F) of a fixing device (7 ) is fixed, characterized in that the DER art treated material web (M) is fed to the fixing device (7) and is acted upon there by ultrasonic vibrations.
9. The method according to claim 8, characterized in that the to be treated and the applicator (2) fed material web is acted upon (M) of an application member (4) of the applicator (2), which takes the liquid medium out of the reservoir (3) and to the material web (M) applies.
10. The method according to claim 8, characterized in that the material web (M) via a turning device (11) is performed so that the first in a
Pass the material web (M) through the applicator (2) a first side (M ') of the material web is fed (M) the application member (4) and that after passing the turning device (11) a second side (M ") of the is supplied to the material web (M) the application member (4).
11. The method according to claim 10, characterized in that the turning device (11) arranged behind one another between two in the running direction of the material web (M) applicators (2) is provided.
PCT/EP2006/000206 2005-01-14 2006-01-12 Device and method for applying a liquid medium to a material web WO2006074921A1 (en)

Priority Applications (8)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102005002101.8 2005-01-14
DE102005002101 2005-01-14
DE202005000678.5 2005-01-14
DE202005000678 2005-01-14
DE202005002285.3 2005-02-14
DE200520002285 DE202005002285U1 (en) 2005-01-14 2005-02-14 Fluid application device for material web has fixing device with at least one ultrasound unit to act on fluid
DE102005006519.8 2005-02-14
DE200510006519 DE102005006519A1 (en) 2005-01-14 2005-02-14 Fixing of liquid applied to continuous material, e.g. setting liquid dye on fabric, involves passing material though an ultra-sound unit

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP20060700396 EP1836339B1 (en) 2005-01-14 2006-01-12 Device and method for applying a liquid medium to a material web
DE200650006438 DE502006006438D1 (en) 2005-01-14 2006-01-12 Apparatus and method for applying a liquid medium to a material web

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2006074921A1 true true WO2006074921A1 (en) 2006-07-20

Family

ID=36120925

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/EP2006/000206 WO2006074921A1 (en) 2005-01-14 2006-01-12 Device and method for applying a liquid medium to a material web

Country Status (2)

Country Link
EP (1) EP1836339B1 (en)
WO (1) WO2006074921A1 (en)

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2008081358A1 (en) * 2006-12-28 2008-07-10 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process for dyeing a textile web
WO2008081364A1 (en) * 2006-12-28 2008-07-10 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process for dyeing a textile web
WO2008081360A1 (en) * 2006-12-28 2008-07-10 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process for dyeing a textile web
WO2008081357A1 (en) * 2006-12-28 2008-07-10 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process for dyeing a textile web
US7947184B2 (en) 2007-07-12 2011-05-24 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Treatment chamber for separating compounds from aqueous effluent
US7998322B2 (en) 2007-07-12 2011-08-16 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Ultrasonic treatment chamber having electrode properties
US8034286B2 (en) 2006-09-08 2011-10-11 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Ultrasonic treatment system for separating compounds from aqueous effluent
US8057573B2 (en) 2007-12-28 2011-11-15 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Ultrasonic treatment chamber for increasing the shelf life of formulations
US8143318B2 (en) 2007-12-28 2012-03-27 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Ultrasonic treatment chamber for preparing emulsions
US8163388B2 (en) 2008-12-15 2012-04-24 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Compositions comprising metal-modified silica nanoparticles
US8206024B2 (en) 2007-12-28 2012-06-26 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Ultrasonic treatment chamber for particle dispersion into formulations
US8215822B2 (en) 2007-12-28 2012-07-10 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Ultrasonic treatment chamber for preparing antimicrobial formulations
US8454889B2 (en) 2007-12-21 2013-06-04 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Gas treatment system
US8616759B2 (en) 2006-09-08 2013-12-31 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Ultrasonic treatment system
US8632613B2 (en) * 2007-12-27 2014-01-21 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process for applying one or more treatment agents to a textile web
US8685178B2 (en) 2008-12-15 2014-04-01 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Methods of preparing metal-modified silica nanoparticles
US8858892B2 (en) 2007-12-21 2014-10-14 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Liquid treatment system
US9239036B2 (en) 2006-09-08 2016-01-19 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Ultrasonic liquid treatment and delivery system and process
US9283188B2 (en) 2006-09-08 2016-03-15 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Delivery systems for delivering functional compounds to substrates and processes of using the same
US9421504B2 (en) 2007-12-28 2016-08-23 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Ultrasonic treatment chamber for preparing emulsions

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EP1283294A2 (en) * 2001-08-07 2003-02-12 Sonotronic Nagel GmbH Apparatus and process for heatsetting, for deforming and/or smoothing of the weft - and/or meshstructure of a workpiece, in particular of a workpiece in rope ,strip or bandlike form

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DE2113370A1 (en) * 1971-03-19 1972-10-26 Dura Tufting Gmbh Ultrasonic heat - applied to tufted carpeting between dye impregnation and steaming
US4419160A (en) * 1982-01-15 1983-12-06 Burlington Industries, Inc. Ultrasonic dyeing of thermoplastic non-woven fabric
EP1283294A2 (en) * 2001-08-07 2003-02-12 Sonotronic Nagel GmbH Apparatus and process for heatsetting, for deforming and/or smoothing of the weft - and/or meshstructure of a workpiece, in particular of a workpiece in rope ,strip or bandlike form

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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9283188B2 (en) 2006-09-08 2016-03-15 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Delivery systems for delivering functional compounds to substrates and processes of using the same
US9239036B2 (en) 2006-09-08 2016-01-19 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Ultrasonic liquid treatment and delivery system and process
US8034286B2 (en) 2006-09-08 2011-10-11 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Ultrasonic treatment system for separating compounds from aqueous effluent
US8616759B2 (en) 2006-09-08 2013-12-31 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Ultrasonic treatment system
WO2008081357A1 (en) * 2006-12-28 2008-07-10 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process for dyeing a textile web
US7674300B2 (en) * 2006-12-28 2010-03-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process for dyeing a textile web
US8182552B2 (en) * 2006-12-28 2012-05-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process for dyeing a textile web
WO2008081364A1 (en) * 2006-12-28 2008-07-10 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process for dyeing a textile web
WO2008081360A1 (en) * 2006-12-28 2008-07-10 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process for dyeing a textile web
KR101415790B1 (en) 2006-12-28 2014-07-04 킴벌리-클라크 월드와이드, 인크. Process for dyeing a textile web
KR101415791B1 (en) 2006-12-28 2014-07-04 킴벌리-클라크 월드와이드, 인크. Process for dyeing a textile web
US7740666B2 (en) 2006-12-28 2010-06-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process for dyeing a textile web
WO2008081358A1 (en) * 2006-12-28 2008-07-10 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process for dyeing a textile web
US7998322B2 (en) 2007-07-12 2011-08-16 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Ultrasonic treatment chamber having electrode properties
US7947184B2 (en) 2007-07-12 2011-05-24 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Treatment chamber for separating compounds from aqueous effluent
US8454889B2 (en) 2007-12-21 2013-06-04 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Gas treatment system
US8858892B2 (en) 2007-12-21 2014-10-14 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Liquid treatment system
US8632613B2 (en) * 2007-12-27 2014-01-21 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Process for applying one or more treatment agents to a textile web
US8206024B2 (en) 2007-12-28 2012-06-26 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Ultrasonic treatment chamber for particle dispersion into formulations
US8215822B2 (en) 2007-12-28 2012-07-10 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Ultrasonic treatment chamber for preparing antimicrobial formulations
US9421504B2 (en) 2007-12-28 2016-08-23 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Ultrasonic treatment chamber for preparing emulsions
US8143318B2 (en) 2007-12-28 2012-03-27 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Ultrasonic treatment chamber for preparing emulsions
US8057573B2 (en) 2007-12-28 2011-11-15 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Ultrasonic treatment chamber for increasing the shelf life of formulations
US8163388B2 (en) 2008-12-15 2012-04-24 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Compositions comprising metal-modified silica nanoparticles
US8685178B2 (en) 2008-12-15 2014-04-01 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Methods of preparing metal-modified silica nanoparticles

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP1836339A1 (en) 2007-09-26 application
EP1836339B1 (en) 2010-03-17 grant

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