WO2006042459A1 - A suspension device for parking bicycles - Google Patents

A suspension device for parking bicycles Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2006042459A1
WO2006042459A1 PCT/CN2005/001702 CN2005001702W WO2006042459A1 WO 2006042459 A1 WO2006042459 A1 WO 2006042459A1 CN 2005001702 W CN2005001702 W CN 2005001702W WO 2006042459 A1 WO2006042459 A1 WO 2006042459A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
frame
column
weight
bicycle
pulley
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2005/001702
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Youzhou Song
Original Assignee
Youzhou Song
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN 200420117743 priority Critical patent/CN2786243Y/en
Priority to CN2004420117743.9 priority
Priority to CN200520127616.1 priority
Priority to CN 200520127616 priority patent/CN2801599Y/en
Application filed by Youzhou Song filed Critical Youzhou Song
Publication of WO2006042459A1 publication Critical patent/WO2006042459A1/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/005Garages for vehicles on two wheels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62HCYCLE STANDS; SUPPORTS OR HOLDERS FOR PARKING OR STORING CYCLES; APPLIANCES PREVENTING OR INDICATING UNAUTHORIZED USE OR THEFT OF CYCLES; LOCKS INTEGRAL WITH CYCLES; DEVICES FOR LEARNING TO RIDE CYCLES
    • B62H3/00Separate supports or holders for parking or storing cycles
    • B62H3/12Hanging-up devices

Abstract

A suspension device for parking bicycles is provided with a vertically fixed pillar which is featured as installing pulley on top of the pillar, connecting rope at inner side of pulley with weight and rope at outer side of pulley with horizontal parking frame having vertical guide rail in cooperating with guide component, connecting bottom of parking frame with pulling rope and setting the locking component between vertical pillar bottom and parking frame for fixing them together. Present invention provides a plurality of parking places surrounding the pillar and hangs up the bicycles, which could not only reduce parking area, but also shield the bicycles from bottom or side thereof. It has more aesthetics and facilitates advertising and beatifying the circumstance.

Description

悬挂式自行车停车装置  Suspended bicycle parking device
技术领域  Technical field
本发明属一种停放自行车的装置。  The invention is a device for parking a bicycle.
背景技术  Background technique
自行车停放场均要占用较大的用地面积,而且停置的车辆暴露在外面, 造成视觉污染, 所以在一些繁华闹市区或重要公共场所附近, 不允许设置 停车场, 这就给人们生活工作带来很多不便。  Bicycle parking spaces occupy a large area of land, and the parked vehicles are exposed to the outside, causing visual pollution. Therefore, parking spaces are not allowed in some downtown areas or important public places, which gives people a living belt. It is a lot inconvenient.
发明内容 Summary of the invention
本发明要解决的技术问题是如何提供一种能停放多辆自行车、 占地面 积小、 而且易于隐蔽的悬挂式自行车停车装置。  The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is how to provide a suspended bicycle parking device capable of parking a plurality of bicycles, occupying a small area, and being easily concealed.
为了解决上述问题, 本悬挂式自行车停车装置包括立柱和能在立柱上 升降的升降机构, 该升降机构上设有用来固定自行车的车架。 如此设计, 本发明可以将自行车悬空放置, 不仅可大幅度减少停车占地面积, 而且悬 吊的车架易于从侧部或下部设置遮挡面进行隐蔽,减少对人们的视觉污染, 遮挡面还可用于作广告宣传或美化环境。  In order to solve the above problems, the suspension bicycle parking device includes a column and a lifting mechanism capable of lifting and lowering on the column, and the lifting mechanism is provided with a frame for fixing the bicycle. So designed, the bicycle can be placed in a suspended space, which not only can greatly reduce the parking area, but also the hanging frame can be easily concealed from the side or the lower part to reduce the visual pollution of the people, and the shielding surface can also be used. Advertise or beautify the environment.
作为优化,所述立柱上方的相应位置上设有用来遮蔽自行车的遮挡面。 如此设计, 更加美观, 且遮挡面还可以兼作广告使用。  As an optimization, a shielding surface for shielding the bicycle is provided at a corresponding position above the column. This design is more beautiful, and the occlusion surface can also be used as an advertisement.
作为优化, 其还包括锁紧部件, 可以将车架锁定在立柱的底部; 所述 升降机构为滑轮机构, 包括设置在立柱上方的滑轮和绳索, 该绳索一端与 滑轮外侧的车架连接; 另一端跨过滑轮与滑轮里侧的重物连接, 该重物的 重量大于待停自行车及车架重量的和; 所述车架上设有拉绳。 如此设计, 结构简单、 运转可靠、 成本低。 As an optimization, it further includes a locking member that can lock the frame to the bottom of the column; the lifting mechanism is a pulley mechanism including a pulley and a rope disposed above the column, and one end of the rope is connected with the frame outside the pulley; One end is connected across the pulley to the weight on the inner side of the pulley, and the weight of the weight is greater than the sum of the weight of the bicycle to be parked and the frame; the frame is provided with a drawstring. So designed, Simple structure, reliable operation and low cost.
作为优化, 其还包括锁紧部件, 可以将车架锁定在立柱的顶部或底部; 所述升降机构为滑轮机构, 包括设置在立柱上方的滑轮、 绳索和用来限位 的限位块, 该绳索一端与滑轮外侧的车架连接; 另一端跨过滑轮连接在一 拉簧的上端, 该拉簧位于滑轮里侧, 且下端固定, 当车架位于立柱上方时, 该拉簧的拉力大于待停自行车及车架所受重力的和;所述车架上设有拉绳。 如此设计, 结构简单、 成本低、 占地面积小。  As an optimization, it further includes a locking component that can lock the frame to the top or the bottom of the column; the lifting mechanism is a pulley mechanism, including a pulley, a rope and a limiting block for limiting the position, which is arranged above the column, One end of the rope is connected with the frame outside the pulley; the other end is connected to the upper end of a tension spring across the pulley, the tension spring is located on the inner side of the pulley, and the lower end is fixed. When the frame is located above the column, the tension of the tension spring is greater than The sum of the gravity of the bicycle and the frame is stopped; the frame is provided with a drawstring. So designed, the structure is simple, the cost is low, and the floor space is small.
作为优化,其还包括锁紧部件, 可以将车架锁定在立柱的顶部或底部; 所述升降机构包括固定在立柱顶部的水平轴, 该水平轴上套有扭力弹簧, 扭力弹簧外进一步套有卷筒, 卷筒两端铰接在水平轴上, 扭力弹簧的两端 分别固定在水平轴和卷筒上, 卷筒外缠绕有绳索, 该绳索的缠绕方向扭力 弹簧相反, 其一端固定在卷筒的外壁上, 连接在车架上, 当车架位于立柱 上方时, 该扭力弹簧的扭力大于待停自行车及车架所受重力的和。 如此设 计, 结构简单, 占地面积小。  As an optimization, the utility model further comprises a locking component, which can lock the frame on the top or the bottom of the column; the lifting mechanism comprises a horizontal shaft fixed on the top of the column, the horizontal shaft is sleeved with a torsion spring, and the torsion spring is further sleeved Reel, the two ends of the reel are hinged on the horizontal axis, the two ends of the torsion spring are respectively fixed on the horizontal shaft and the reel, and the outer winding of the reel is wound with a rope, the winding direction of the rope is opposite to the torsion spring, and one end of the reel is fixed to the reel The outer wall of the outer wall is connected to the frame. When the frame is located above the column, the torsion force of the torsion spring is greater than the sum of the gravity of the bicycle and the frame to be stopped. Designed in this way, the structure is simple and the footprint is small.
作为优化, 所述立柱上设有导轨, 所述升降机构设有与导轨动配合的 导向件。 如此设计, 升降时更加平稳。  For optimization, the column is provided with a guide rail, and the lifting mechanism is provided with a guiding member that is in dynamic engagement with the guide rail. This design makes the lifting more stable.
作为优化, 所述导轨或立柱上设有可上下滑动的配重块, 该配重块的 重量与待停自行车相当, 所述车架设有与配重块配合的卡销机构, 当所述 车架空载时, 该卡销机构将所述配重块固定在车架上; 反之, 该卡销机构 释放所述配重块。 如此设计, 在车架上未停放自行车的情况下, 配重块抵 消了重物的一部分重力, 升降机构升降时, 更加省力。 这一点对靠手动操 作的悬挂式自行车停车装置来说犹为重要。 作为优化, 所述锁紧部件包括设置在车架上的 ^锁及其控制电路, 电控锁电路包括电源、 主控芯片、 继电芯片、 显余'屏、 读码器、 键盘、 带 切纸刀的打印机, 其中继电芯片连接一个双触点开关, 该双触点开关一个 静触点与电控锁连接, 另一个静触点通过延迟开关与电控锁连接, 当升降 机构处于立柱顶部时, 该双触点开关直接与电控锁连接, 当升降机构处于 立柱下部时, 该双触点开关通过延迟开关与电控锁连接; As an optimization, the rail or the column is provided with a weight that can slide up and down, the weight of the weight is equivalent to the bicycle to be parked, and the frame is provided with a bayonet mechanism that cooperates with the weight, when the vehicle The bayonet mechanism fixes the weight to the frame when the rack is empty; conversely, the bayonet mechanism releases the counterweight. In this way, in the case where the bicycle is not parked on the frame, the weight is offset by a part of the weight of the weight, and the lifting mechanism is more labor-saving. This is important for manually operated suspended bicycle parking devices. As an optimization, the locking component comprises a lock and a control circuit disposed on the frame, and the electronic lock circuit comprises a power supply, a main control chip, a relay chip, a remnant screen, a code reader, a keyboard, and a strip cutting a paper knife printer, wherein the relay chip is connected to a double contact switch, the static contact of the double contact switch is connected with the electric lock, and the other static contact is connected with the electric lock through the delay switch, when the lifting mechanism is in the column At the top, the double-contact switch is directly connected to the electric lock, and when the lifting mechanism is at the lower part of the column, the double-contact switch is connected to the electric lock through the delay switch;
所述卡销机构为弹性卡销机构, 包括设置在车架上的压杆、 弹性卡销 和配重块上的销孔, 当所述车架空载时, 弹性卡销复位, 配重块被固定在 车架上; 当所述待停自行车压在车架上的压杆上时, 压杆拔出弹性卡销, 配重块获得释放; 或者所述卡销机构由带弹性卡销的电磁继电器、 配重块 上的销孔组成, 当所述车架空载时, 弹性卡销复位, 配重块被固定在车架 上; 当所述待停自行车压在电磁继电器的触点开关上时, 电磁继电器将弹 性卡销吸出, 配重块获得释放。  The bayonet mechanism is an elastic bayonet mechanism, comprising a pressing rod disposed on the frame, an elastic bayonet and a pin hole on the weight block. When the frame is empty, the elastic bayonet is reset, the weight is Being fixed on the frame; when the bicycle to be stopped is pressed on the pressure bar on the frame, the pressure bar pulls out the elastic bayonet, and the weight is released; or the bayonet mechanism is provided by the elastic pin Electromagnetic relay, pin hole on the weight block, when the frame is empty, the elastic pin is reset, the weight is fixed on the frame; when the bicycle to be stopped is pressed on the contact switch of the electromagnetic relay When it is up, the electromagnetic relay sucks out the elastic bayonet and the weight is released.
存车时, 用户在键盘按下 "存车 "键, 打印机自动输出一张记有车位 号的密码的存车单, 用户到车位下, 将相应的车架拉下, 电控锁电路控制 电控锁锁定车架, 同时启动延迟开关, 用户将自行车固定在车架上时, 触 发卡销机构, 释放配重块, 而后延迟开关打开电控锁, 车架连同自行车升 到立柱顶部, 被电控锁锁定。 取车时, 用户在键盘按下 "取车"键, 并输 入相应密码, 相应车位上的电控锁打开, 用户到车位下, 将相应的车架拉 下, 电控锁电路控制电控锁锁定车架, 同时启动延迟开关, 用户取出自行 车时, 释放卡销机构, 将配重块固定在车架上, 而后延迟开关打开电控锁, 车架连同自行车升到立柱顶部。 其中, 电控锁电路等同于自动存包柜中的 控制电路。 如此设计, 用户存取自行车的过程类似在超市存取包裹, 使用 简单方便, 且具有防盗功能。 When saving the car, the user presses the "save car" button on the keyboard, and the printer automatically outputs a deposit slip with the password of the parking space number. When the user goes to the parking space, the corresponding frame is pulled down, and the electronically controlled lock circuit controls the electricity. The lock locks the frame and activates the delay switch. When the user fixes the bicycle on the frame, the latch mechanism is triggered to release the weight, and then the delay switch opens the electronic lock. The frame and the bicycle are lifted to the top of the column, and the battery is powered. Lock lock. When picking up the car, the user presses the "take the car" button on the keyboard and enters the corresponding password. The electric lock on the corresponding parking space is opened. When the user goes to the parking space, the corresponding frame is pulled down, and the electronically controlled lock circuit controls the electric lock. The frame is locked and the delay switch is activated. When the user takes out the bicycle, the bayonet mechanism is released, the weight is fixed on the frame, and then the delay switch opens the electric lock, and the frame and the bicycle are lifted to the top of the column. Among them, the electronically controlled lock circuit is equivalent to the control circuit in the automatic locker. So designed, the process of users accessing the bicycle is similar to accessing the parcel in the supermarket, using Simple and convenient, and with anti-theft features.
作为优化, 所述导轨为上下端固定的芯轴, 与之相配合的导向件为套 在芯轴上的轴套, 轴套还可以进一步采用直线轴承, 所述导轨两侧还设有 纵向的限位架, 所述车架可以是水平放置自行车的车架, 也可以是竖直放 置自行车的车架。 如此设计, 更加固牢。 所述芯轴可以是方管、 也可以是 圆管。  As an optimization, the guide rail is a mandrel fixed at the upper and lower ends, and the guiding member matched with the guide member is a sleeve sleeve sleeved on the mandrel, and the sleeve sleeve can further adopt a linear bearing, and the guide rails are further provided with longitudinal sides The limit frame, the frame may be a frame on which the bicycle is placed horizontally, or a frame on which the bicycle is placed vertically. So designed, more reinforced. The mandrel may be a square tube or a circular tube.
本悬挂式自行车停车装置可以只有单个立柱, 也可以包含多个呈纵向 或环形排列的立柱, 其还包括多个车架, 这些车架围绕立柱呈纵向或环形 排列, 所述立柱可以靠近自行车的前部或后部或中部, 自行车可以水平放 置在车架上, 也可以竖直放置; 遮挡面因车架的数量、 自行车放置形式, 而相应变化, 以不外露自行车为准, 本悬挂式自行车停车装置的外形可以 是伞形、 P字形或其他形状。 这样可以适应不同环境的要求。  The suspended bicycle parking device may have only a single column, or may include a plurality of columns arranged in a longitudinal or circular direction, and further includes a plurality of frames arranged longitudinally or in a ring shape around the column, the columns being close to the bicycle. The front or rear or middle part, the bicycle can be placed horizontally on the frame or vertically; the obstruction surface changes according to the number of frames and the way the bicycle is placed, which is subject to the non-exposed bicycle. The shape of the parking device can be umbrella, P-shaped or other shapes. This can be adapted to the requirements of different environments.
在上述方案中: 重物的重力或弹簧的弹力要大于自行车和车架重量的 总和, 通常情况下, 二者相差两公斤力为宜。 在重物的重力或弹簧的弹力 作用下, 车架被绳索拉到立柱上方停置, 需要放车或取车时, 通过与车架 连接的拉绳拉下车架, 并用锁紧部件将车架与立柱下部相对固定, 即可进 行存取车操作。  In the above scheme: the gravity of the weight or the spring force of the spring is greater than the sum of the weight of the bicycle and the frame. Generally, the difference between the two is preferably two kilograms. Under the action of the gravity of the weight or the spring force of the spring, the frame is pulled by the rope to the top of the column. When the vehicle needs to be put in or taken out, the frame is pulled down by the drawstring connected to the frame, and the vehicle is locked with the locking member. The frame is relatively fixed to the lower part of the column, so that the access vehicle can be operated.
本悬挂式自行车停车装置还可以采用电动包括电动升降机构, 该电动 能升降机构可以在立柱上升降, 并设有用来固定自行车的车架和用来将车 架锁定在立柱的顶部或基座上的锁紧部件。 如此设计, 省力、 方便。  The suspension bicycle parking device can also adopt electric power including an electric lifting mechanism, which can be lifted and lowered on the column, and has a frame for fixing the bicycle and is used for locking the frame on the top or the base of the column. Locking parts. This design is labor-saving and convenient.
本发明可围绕立柱设置多个车位, 并将自行车悬空放置, 不仅可减少 停车占地面积, 而且悬吊的车架易于从侧部或下部设置遮挡面进行隐蔽, 减少对人们的视觉污染, 遮挡面还可用于作广告宣传或美化环境。 附图说明 The invention can set a plurality of parking spaces around the column and suspend the bicycle, which can not only reduce the parking area, but also the hanging frame can be easily concealed from the side or the lower part to reduce the visual pollution and occlusion of people. It can also be used for advertising or beautifying the environment. DRAWINGS
图 1、 本发明实施例 1结构示意图;  1 is a schematic structural view of Embodiment 1 of the present invention;
图 2、 图 1去掉外部遮挡面时的立柱 1和车架 2结构示意图; 图 3、 图 2的 B_B向结构示意图;  Figure 2, Figure 1 Schematic diagram of the structure of the column 1 and the frame 2 when the external shielding surface is removed; Figure 3, Figure 2 shows the structure of the B_B direction;
图 4、 图 3的 G部位放大结构示意图;  Figure 4, Figure 3 is a schematic view of the enlarged structure of the G portion;
图 5、 图 2的 D部位放大结构示意图;  Figure 5, Figure 2 is a schematic view of the enlarged structure of the D portion;
图 6、 图 2的 F部位放大结构示意图;  Figure 6 is a schematic enlarged view of the F portion of Figure 2;
图 7、 本发明实施例 2的结构示意图;  Figure 7 is a schematic structural view of Embodiment 2 of the present invention;
图 8、 图 7的 H_H向结构示意图;  Figure 8 and Figure 7 are schematic diagrams of the H_H structure;
图 9、 图 8的 K部位局部放大结构示意图;  Figure 9 and Figure 8 are partial enlarged structural views of the K portion;
图 10、 图 7的 J部位放大结构示意图;  Figure 10, Figure 7 is a schematic view of the enlarged structure of the J portion;
图 11 图 7的 N部位放大结构示意图;  Figure 11 is a schematic view showing the enlarged structure of the N portion;
图 12 本发明实施例 3的结构示意图;  Figure 12 is a schematic structural view of Embodiment 3 of the present invention;
图 13 本发明实施例 4的构示意图;  Figure 13 is a schematic view showing the structure of Embodiment 4 of the present invention;
图 14 本发明实施例 5的升降机构的示意图 (A使用状态图, 为 B 为分解图);  Figure 14 is a schematic view of the elevating mechanism of Embodiment 5 of the present invention (A uses a state diagram, and B is an exploded view);
图 15 本发明实施例 6的构示意图;  Figure 15 is a schematic view showing the structure of Embodiment 6 of the present invention;
图 16 实施例 7的结构示意图;  Figure 16 is a schematic structural view of Embodiment 7;
图 17 实施例 8的结构示意图;  Figure 17 is a schematic structural view of Embodiment 8;
图 18、 实施例 8的电路框图。  Figure 18. Circuit block diagram of the eighth embodiment.
1-立柱 2-车架 3-车架底盘 4-定位架 5-拉绳 6-遮挡面 7-拉簧 8 - 重物 9-绳索 10-导轨 11-导轮 12-导轮架 13-滑轮 14-固定环 (包括 上、 下固定环 14a、 14b) 15-锁紧部件 (包括挡销 15a、 锁钩 15b) 16-轴 套 17-芯轴 18-限位架 19-配重块 21-限位块 22-弹性卡销 23-压杆 24-螺旋扭力弹簧 25-水平轴 26-卷筒 27-横梁 28-直线轴承 29-电控 锁 30-电磁继电器。 1-Post 2 - Frame 3 - Frame Chassis 4 - Positioning Frame 5 - Drawstring 6 - Covering Surface 7 - Tensioning Spring 8 - Heavy 9 - Rope 10 - Guide 11 - Guide Wheel 12 - Guide Wheel Frame 13 - Pulley 14-Fixed ring (including upper and lower fixing rings 14a, 14b) 15-locking parts (including stop pin 15a, lock hook 15b) 16-axis Set 17-mandrel 18-limit frame 19-weight block 21-limit block 22-elastic bayonet 23-compression rod 24-spiral torsion spring 25-horizontal shaft 26-reel 27-beam 28-linear bearing 29 - Electronically controlled lock 30 - electromagnetic relay.
具体实施方案 Specific implementation
实施例 1  Example 1
参见图 1至 6,本例环绕立柱 1设置了多个由绳索 9控制升降的车架 2, 每个车架底盘 3大致呈内小外大的扇形, 全部车架悬空后, 其底盘组合成 的环形面可将上方的车架遮住, 立柱上方固定有挡在悬空车架外侧的环形 遮挡面 6, 不仅可遮住车架, 不影响美观, 而且还可利用遮挡面进行广告 宣传或美化环境。  Referring to Figures 1 to 6, in this example, a plurality of frames 2 controlled by ropes 9 are provided around the column 1. Each frame chassis 3 is generally in the shape of a small inner and outer fan. After all the frames are suspended, the chassis is combined. The annular surface can cover the upper frame, and an annular shielding surface 6 is arranged on the outer side of the suspended frame to not only cover the frame, but also affects the appearance, and can also use the shielding surface for advertising or beautification. surroundings.
参见图 1、 图 2, 所述的立柱 1由上、 下固定环 14a、 14b和上下端分 别与上、 下固定环固定连接的若干垂直向固定导轨 10组合而成。  Referring to Figures 1 and 2, the column 1 is composed of upper and lower fixing rings 14a, 14b and a plurality of vertical fixed rails 10 which are fixedly connected to the upper and lower fixing rings, respectively.
参见图 4, 本例固定导轨 10横截面呈工字形, 与其动配合导向连接的 导向部件为设置在口形车架后部垂直向架体上的导轮 11, 每组两个导轮对 称装在门形导轮架 12的两侧壁上, 并动配合地嵌入工字形导轨 10的两侧 滑槽内, 导轮架 12与车架 2上的垂直向部位固定连接,每个车架后部装有 上下两组导轮 11, 使车架可沿导轨外侧上下滑动, 导轨 10上部外侧壁上 设有向外突出的限位块 21, 可对上升的车架起到限位作用。  Referring to Fig. 4, the fixed rail 10 of the present example has an I-shaped cross section, and the guiding member connected to the movable matching guide is a guide wheel 11 disposed on the vertical frame of the rear of the mouth frame, and each set of two guide wheels is symmetrically mounted. The two side walls of the door-shaped guide wheel frame 12 are inserted into the sliding grooves on both sides of the I-shaped rail 10, and the guide wheel frame 12 is fixedly connected with the vertical portion of the frame 2, and the rear of each frame is fixed. The upper and lower sets of guide wheels 11 are arranged, so that the frame can slide up and down along the outside of the guide rail, and the outer side wall of the upper part of the guide rail 10 is provided with an outwardly protruding limit block 21, which can limit the rising frame.
参见图 2、 图 6, 导轨 10下部的外侧壁上设有向外突出的挡销 15a, 车架 2后部设有向内突出的锁钩 15b, 把车架拉到下方后, 将其上的锁钩 15b钩住导轨的挡销 15a, 即可定位, 车架脱开挡销时, 即可在重物 8作用 下不需外加动力, 自动上升。 自行车水平放置在车架上。 实施例 1外形呈 伞形。 实施例 2 Referring to FIG. 2 and FIG. 6, the outer side wall of the lower part of the guide rail 10 is provided with an outwardly protruding blocking pin 15a, and the rear part of the frame 2 is provided with an inwardly protruding locking hook 15b. After the frame is pulled down, the upper side is mounted thereon. The lock hook 15b is hooked on the stop pin 15a of the guide rail, and can be positioned. When the frame is disengaged from the stop pin, the weight 8 can be automatically raised without the need of external force. The bicycle is placed horizontally on the frame. The embodiment 1 has an umbrella shape. Example 2
参见图 7至 11, 本例与实施例 1不同之处在于车架上导向部件与导轨 结构的不同, 所述的固定导轨 10为上下端固定的芯轴 17, 车架上的导向 部件为垂直向固定在车架后部、 并动配合套在芯轴上的轴套 16, 导轨 10 两侧设有纵向的限位架 18, 以防止车架 2轴向摆动。  7 to 11, this example differs from the first embodiment in that the guide member on the frame is different from the structure of the guide rail. The fixed guide rail 10 is a mandrel 17 fixed at the upper and lower ends, and the guide member on the frame is vertical. The sleeve 16 is fixed to the rear of the frame and is sleeved on the mandrel. The guide rail 10 is provided with longitudinal limiting brackets 18 on both sides thereof to prevent the frame 2 from swinging in the axial direction.
实施例 3  Example 3
如图 12所示, 所述导轨 10上设有可上下滑动的配重块 19, 该配重块 19的重量与待停自行车相当, 该配重块 19通过一个弹性卡销 22固定在车 架 2上, 该弹性卡销 22由车架 2上的压杆 23控制。 其余部件和结构如实 施例 2所述。  As shown in FIG. 12, the guide rail 10 is provided with a weight 19 which can slide up and down. The weight of the weight 19 is equivalent to that of the bicycle to be parked. The weight 19 is fixed to the frame by a resilient latch 22 2, the elastic bayonet 22 is controlled by a pressing rod 23 on the frame 2. The remaining components and structures are as described in Example 2.
实施例 4  Example 4
如图 13所示,本发明所述车架上还配有车锁。其升降机构包括设置在 立柱 1上方的滑轮 13、绳索 9和用来限位的限位块 21, 该绳索 9一端与滑 轮 13外侧的车架 2连接; 另一端跨过滑轮 13连接在一拉簧 7的上端, 该 拉簧 7位于滑轮 13里侧, 且下端固定。 当车架 2位于立柱上方时, 该拉簧 7的拉力大于待停自行车及车架 2所受重力的和, 该车架 2上设有拉绳 5。 本实施例与实施例 1的区别在于用拉簧 7代替重物 8。 其余部件和结构如 实施例 1所述。  As shown in Fig. 13, the frame of the present invention is further provided with a vehicle lock. The lifting mechanism comprises a pulley 13 disposed above the column 1, a rope 9 and a limiting block 21 for limiting. One end of the rope 9 is connected with the frame 2 outside the pulley 13; the other end is connected to the pulley 13 across the pulley 13 At the upper end of the spring 7, the tension spring 7 is located on the inner side of the pulley 13, and the lower end is fixed. When the frame 2 is located above the column, the tension of the tension spring 7 is greater than the sum of the gravity of the bicycle to be parked and the frame 2, and the frame 2 is provided with a drawstring 5. The difference between this embodiment and the embodiment 1 is that the weight 8 is replaced by the tension spring 7. The remaining components and structures are as described in Example 1.
实施例 5  Example 5
实施例 1升降机构中的重物 8还可用螺旋扭力弹簧 24代替。  Embodiment 1 The weight 8 in the lifting mechanism can also be replaced by a helical torsion spring 24.
如图 14所示, 升降机构包括固定在立柱 1顶部的水平轴 25, 该水平 轴 25上套有螺旋扭力弹簧 24,螺旋扭力弹簧 24外进一步套有卷筒 26, 卷筒 26两端铰接在水平轴 25上,螺旋扭力弹簧 24的两端分别固定在水 平轴 25和卷筒 26上。 卷筒 6外缠绕有绳索 9, 该绳索 9的缠绕方向螺旋 扭力弹簧 24相反, 其一端固定在卷筒 26的外壁上, 连接在车架 2上。 当车架 2位于立柱上方时,该螺旋扭力弹簧 24的扭力大于待停自行车及 车架 2所受重力的和。 其余部件和结构如实施例 1所述。 As shown in FIG. 14, the lifting mechanism includes a horizontal shaft 25 fixed on the top of the column 1, the horizontal shaft 25 is sleeved with a helical torsion spring 24, and the spiral torsion spring 24 is further sleeved with a reel 26, and the two ends of the reel 26 are hinged at On the horizontal shaft 25, the two ends of the helical torsion spring 24 are respectively fixed to the water On the flat shaft 25 and the reel 26. The reel 6 is wound with a rope 9 which is wound in the opposite direction to the spiral torsion spring 24, and one end of which is fixed to the outer wall of the reel 26 and connected to the frame 2. When the frame 2 is positioned above the upright, the torsion of the helical torsion spring 24 is greater than the sum of the gravity of the bicycle to be parked and the frame 2. The remaining components and structures are as described in Example 1.
实施例 6  Example 6
如图 15所示, 本悬挂式自行车停车装置包含多个呈纵向排列的立柱 1 和车架 2, 其侧面外形呈 P字形。 其余部件和结构如实施例 2所述。  As shown in Fig. 15, the hanging bicycle parking device comprises a plurality of columns 1 and a frame 2 arranged in a longitudinal direction, and the side shape thereof is P-shaped. The remaining components and structures are as described in Example 2.
实施例 7  Example 7
如图 16所示,所述立柱 1靠近待停自行车的中部。车架 2的后部通过 横梁 27铰接在两侧立柱 1上的直线轴承 28上, 前部与绳索 9相连, 使用 时, 首先将待停自行车固定在车架 2上, 打开锁紧部件 15, 升降机构(结 构如实施例 5 ) 自动将自行车吊起, 吊起过程中, 受重力的作用, 车架 2 和自行车自动竖起。直线轴承 28起到防止车架 2和自行车摆动的作用。其 余部件和结构如实施例 2所述。  As shown in Fig. 16, the column 1 is near the middle of the bicycle to be parked. The rear part of the frame 2 is hinged to the linear bearing 28 on the two side pillars 1 by the beam 27, and the front part is connected with the rope 9. In use, the bicycle to be stopped is first fixed on the frame 2, and the locking member 15 is opened. The lifting mechanism (structure as in the embodiment 5) automatically lifts the bicycle, and during the lifting process, the frame 2 and the bicycle are automatically erected by the action of gravity. The linear bearing 28 functions to prevent the frame 2 and the bicycle from swinging. The remaining components and structures are as described in Example 2.
实施例 8  Example 8
如图 17、 18所示, 所述锁紧部件包括设置在车架上的电控锁 29及其 控制电路, 电控锁电路包括电源、 主控芯片、 继电芯片、 显示屏、 读码器、 键盘、 带切纸刀的打印机, 其中继电芯片连接一个双触点开关, 该双触点 开关一个静触点与电控锁连接,另一个静触点通过延迟开关与电控锁 29连 接, 当升降机构处于立柱顶部时, 该双触点开关直接与电控锁连接, 当升 降机构处于立柱下部时, 该双触点开关通过延迟开关与电控锁 29连接。  As shown in FIGS. 17 and 18, the locking component includes an electronically controlled lock 29 disposed on the frame and a control circuit thereof, and the electronically controlled locking circuit includes a power supply, a main control chip, a relay chip, a display screen, and a code reader. , a keyboard, a printer with a paper cutter, wherein the relay chip is connected with a double contact switch, the static contact of the double contact switch is connected with the electric lock, and the other static contact is connected with the electric lock 29 through the delay switch When the lifting mechanism is at the top of the column, the double contact switch is directly connected to the electric lock. When the lifting mechanism is at the lower part of the column, the double contact switch is connected to the electric lock 29 through the delay switch.
所述卡销机构由带弹性卡销的电磁继电器 30、 配重块上的销孔组成, 当所述车架空载时, 弹性卡销复位, 配重块被固定在车架上; 当所述待停 自行车压在电磁继电器 30的触点开关上时, 电磁继电器 30将弹性卡销吸 出, 配重块获得释放。 The bayonet mechanism is composed of an electromagnetic relay 30 with an elastic bayonet and a pin hole on the counterweight. When the frame is unloaded, the elastic bayonet is reset, and the weight is fixed on the frame; Stop When the bicycle is pressed against the contact switch of the electromagnetic relay 30, the electromagnetic relay 30 sucks out the elastic bayonet and the weight is released.
存车时, 用户在键盘按下 "存车 "键, 打印机自动输出一张记有车位 号的密码的存车单, 用户到车位下, 将相应的车架拉下, 电控锁电路控制 电控锁锁定车架, 同时启动延迟开关, 用户将自行车固定在车架上时, 触 发卡销机构, 释放配重块, 而后延迟开关打开电控锁, 车架连同自行车升 到立柱顶部, 被电控锁锁定。 取车时, 用户在键盘按下 "取车"键, 并输 入相应密码, 相应车位上的电控锁打开, 用户到车位下, 将相应的车架拉 下, 电控锁电路控制电控锁锁定车架, 同时启动延迟开关, 用户取出自行 车时, 释放卡销机构, 将配重块固定在车架上, 而后延迟开关打开电控锁, 车架连同自行车升到立柱顶部。 其中, 电控锁电路等同于自动存包柜中的 控制电路。 如此设计, 用户存取自行车的过程类似在超市存取包裹, 使用 简单方便, 且具有防盗功能。  When saving the car, the user presses the "save car" button on the keyboard, and the printer automatically outputs a deposit slip with the password of the parking space number. When the user goes to the parking space, the corresponding frame is pulled down, and the electronically controlled lock circuit controls the electricity. The lock locks the frame and activates the delay switch. When the user fixes the bicycle on the frame, the latch mechanism is triggered to release the weight, and then the delay switch opens the electronic lock. The frame and the bicycle are lifted to the top of the column, and the battery is powered. Lock lock. When picking up the car, the user presses the "take the car" button on the keyboard and enters the corresponding password. The electric lock on the corresponding parking space is opened. When the user goes to the parking space, the corresponding frame is pulled down, and the electronically controlled lock circuit controls the electric lock. The frame is locked and the delay switch is activated. When the user takes out the bicycle, the bayonet mechanism is released, the weight is fixed on the frame, and then the delay switch opens the electric lock, and the frame and the bicycle are lifted to the top of the column. Among them, the electronically controlled lock circuit is equivalent to the control circuit in the automatic locker. In this way, the process of the user accessing the bicycle is similar to accessing the package in the supermarket, which is simple and convenient to use, and has an anti-theft function.
其余部件和结构如实施例 2所述。 当然, 本悬挂式自行车停车装置可以只有单个立柱 1, 也可以包含多 个呈环形排列的立柱 1, 如图 1所示; 还可以包含多个呈纵向排列的立柱, 如图 15所示。  The remaining components and structures are as described in Example 2. Of course, the suspended bicycle parking device may have only a single column 1, or may include a plurality of columns 1 arranged in a ring shape, as shown in FIG. 1; and may also include a plurality of columns arranged in a longitudinal direction, as shown in FIG.
本悬挂式自行车停车装置的外形可以多种多样。 遮挡面 6因车架 2的 数量、 自行车放置形式, 而相应变化, 以不外露自行车为准。  The shape of the suspended bicycle parking device can be varied. The obstruction surface 6 varies according to the number of the frame 2 and the form of the bicycle, and the bicycle is not exposed.

Claims

权利要求书 、 一种悬挂式自行车停车装置, 其特征在于: 包括立柱和能在立柱上升降的 升降机构, 该升降机构上设有用来固定自行车的车架。  The invention relates to a hanging bicycle parking device, which comprises: a column and a lifting mechanism capable of lifting and lowering on the column, wherein the lifting mechanism is provided with a frame for fixing the bicycle.
、 根据权利要求 2所述的悬挂式自行车停车装置, 其特征在于: 所述立柱上 方的相应位置上设有用来遮蔽自行车的遮挡面。 The hanging bicycle parking device according to claim 2, characterized in that: a shielding surface for shielding the bicycle is provided at a corresponding position above the column.
、 根据权利要求 2所述的悬挂式自行车停车装置, 其特征在于: 其还包括锁 紧部件, 可以将车架锁定在立柱的底部; 所述升降机构为滑轮机构, 包括 设置在立柱上方的滑轮和绳索, 该绳索一端与滑轮外侧的车架连接; 另一 端跨过滑轮与滑轮里侧的重物连接, 该重物的重量大于待停自行车及车架 重量的和; 所述车架上设有拉绳。 The hanging bicycle parking device according to claim 2, further comprising: a locking member that locks the frame to the bottom of the column; the lifting mechanism is a pulley mechanism including a pulley disposed above the column And a rope, one end of which is connected to the frame outside the pulley; the other end is connected across the pulley to the weight on the inner side of the pulley, the weight of the weight is greater than the sum of the weight of the bicycle to be parked and the frame; There is a drawstring.
、 根据权利要求 2所述的悬挂式自行车停车装置, 其特征在于: 其还包括锁 紧部件, 可以将车架锁定在立柱的顶部或底部; 所述升降机构为滑轮机构, 包括设置在立柱上方的滑轮、 绳索和用来限位的限位块, 该绳索一端与滑 轮外侧的车架连接; 另一端跨过滑轮连接在一拉簧的上端, 该拉簧位于滑 轮里侧, 且下端固定, 当车架位于立柱上方时, 该拉簧的拉力大于待停自 行车及车架所受重力的和; 所述车架上设有拉绳。 The hanging bicycle parking device according to claim 2, further comprising: a locking member that locks the frame to the top or the bottom of the column; the lifting mechanism is a pulley mechanism, and is disposed above the column Pulley, rope and limit block for limiting, one end of the rope is connected with the frame outside the pulley; the other end is connected to the upper end of a tension spring across the pulley, the tension spring is located on the inner side of the pulley, and the lower end is fixed. When the frame is located above the column, the tension of the tension spring is greater than the sum of the gravity of the bicycle to be stopped and the frame; the frame is provided with a drawstring.
、 根据权利要求 2所述的悬挂式自行车停车装置, 其特征在于: 其还包括锁 紧部件, 可以将车架锁定在立柱的顶部或底部; 所述升降机构包括固定在 立柱顶部的水平轴, 该水平轴上套有扭力弹簧, 扭力弹簧外进一步套有卷 筒, 卷筒两端铰接在水平轴上, 扭力弹簧的两端分别固定在水平轴和卷筒 上, 卷筒外缠绕有绳索, 该绳索的缠绕方向扭力弹簧相反, 其一端固定在 卷筒的外壁上, 连接在车架上, 当车架位于立柱上方时, 该扭力弹簧的扭 力大于待停自行车及车架所受重力的和。 The hanging bicycle parking device according to claim 2, further comprising: a locking member for locking the frame to the top or the bottom of the column; the lifting mechanism comprising a horizontal shaft fixed to the top of the column, The horizontal shaft is sleeved with a torsion spring, and the torsion spring is further sleeved with a reel. The two ends of the reel are hinged on the horizontal shaft, and the two ends of the torsion spring are respectively fixed on the horizontal shaft and the reel, and the rope is wound around the reel. The winding direction of the rope is opposite to the torsion spring, and one end of the rope is fixed at The outer wall of the reel is connected to the frame. When the frame is located above the column, the torsion force of the torsion spring is greater than the sum of the gravity of the bicycle to be stopped and the frame.
、 根据权利要求 2所述的悬挂式自行车停车装置, 其特征在于: 其还包括锁 紧部件, 可以将车架锁定在立柱的顶部或底部; 所述升降机构为电动升降 机构。 The suspended bicycle parking apparatus according to claim 2, further comprising: a locking member that locks the frame to the top or the bottom of the column; and the lifting mechanism is an electric lifting mechanism.
、 根据权利要求 3至 6任一所述的悬挂式自行车停车装置, 其特征在于: 所 述立柱上设有导轨, 所述升降机构设有与导轨动配合的导向件。 The hanging bicycle parking device according to any one of claims 3 to 6, wherein the column is provided with a guide rail, and the lifting mechanism is provided with a guiding member that is movably engaged with the guide rail.
、 根据权利要求 7所述的悬挂式自行车停车装置, 其特征在于: 所述导轨或 立柱上设有可上下滑动的配重块, 该配重块的重量与待停自行车相当, 所 述车架设有与配重块配合的卡销机构, 当所述车架空载时, 该卡销机构将 所述配重块固定在车架上; 反之, 该卡销机构释放所述配重块。 The hanging bicycle parking device according to claim 7, wherein: the rail or the column is provided with a weight that can slide up and down, the weight of the weight is equivalent to the bicycle to be parked, and the frame is provided. The bayonet mechanism cooperates with the weight block, and the bayonet mechanism fixes the weight to the frame when the frame is unloaded; otherwise, the bayonet mechanism releases the weight.
、 根据权利要求 8所述的悬挂式自行车停车装置, 其特征在于: 所述锁紧部 件包括设置在车架上的电控锁及其控制电路, 电控锁电路包括电源、 主控 芯片、 继电芯片、 显示屏、 读码器、 键盘、 带切纸刀的打印机, 其中继电 芯片连接一个双触点开关, 该双触点开关一个静触点与电控锁连接, 另一 个静触点通过延迟开关与电控锁连接, 当升降机构处于立柱顶部时, 该双 触点开关直接与电控锁连接, 当升降机构处于立柱下部时, 该双触点开关 通过延迟开关与电控锁连接; The hanging bicycle parking device according to claim 8, wherein: the locking component comprises an electronically controlled lock and a control circuit disposed on the frame, and the electronically controlled locking circuit comprises a power supply, a main control chip, and a relay An electric chip, a display screen, a code reader, a keyboard, a printer with a paper cutter, wherein the relay chip is connected to a two-contact switch, the two-contact switch is connected to the electric lock, and the other is a static contact The delay switch is connected to the electric lock. When the lifting mechanism is at the top of the column, the double contact switch is directly connected with the electric lock. When the lifting mechanism is at the lower part of the column, the double contact switch is connected to the electric lock through the delay switch. ;
所述卡销机构为弹性卡销机构, 包括设置在车架上的压杆、 弹性卡销 和配重块上的销孔, 当所述车架空载时, 弹性卡销复位, 配重块被固定在 车架上; 当所述待停自行车压在车架上的压杆上时, 压杆拔出弹性卡销, 配重块获得释放; 或者所述卡销机构由带弹性卡销的电磁继电器、 配重块 上的销孔组成, 当所述车架空载时, 弹性卡销复位, 配重块被固定在车架 上; 当所述待停自行车压在电磁继电器的触点开关上时, 电磁继电器将弹 性卡销吸出, 配重块获得释放。 The bayonet mechanism is an elastic bayonet mechanism, comprising a pressing rod disposed on the frame, an elastic bayonet and a pin hole on the weight block. When the frame is empty, the elastic bayonet is reset, the weight is Being fixed on the frame; when the bicycle to be stopped is pressed on the pressure bar on the frame, the pressure bar pulls out the elastic bayonet, and the weight is released; or the bayonet mechanism is provided by the elastic pin Electromagnetic relay, counterweight The pin hole is formed, when the frame is unloaded, the elastic pin is reset, and the weight is fixed on the frame; when the bicycle to be stopped is pressed on the contact switch of the electromagnetic relay, the electromagnetic relay will The elastic pin is sucked out and the weight is released.
10、 根据权利要求 9所述的悬挂式自行车停车装置, 其特征在于: 所 述导轨为上下端固定的芯轴, 与之相配合的导向件为套在芯轴上的轴套, 轴套还可以进一步采用直线轴承, 所述导轨两侧还设有纵向的限位架, 所 述车架可以是水平放置自行车的车架, 也可以是竖直放置自行车的车架。  10. The suspended bicycle parking device according to claim 9, wherein: the guide rail is a mandrel fixed at an upper and lower end, and the guiding member matched with the guide member is a sleeve sleeved on the mandrel, and the sleeve is further The linear bearing may be further adopted, and the two sides of the guide rail are further provided with a longitudinal limiting frame, and the frame may be a frame in which the bicycle is horizontally placed, or may be a frame in which the bicycle is vertically placed.
PCT/CN2005/001702 2004-10-22 2005-10-17 A suspension device for parking bicycles WO2006042459A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200420117743 CN2786243Y (en) 2004-10-22 2004-10-22 Suspension type bicycle parking device
CN2004420117743.9 2004-10-22
CN200520127616.1 2005-09-30
CN 200520127616 CN2801599Y (en) 2005-09-30 2005-09-30 Supension type bicycle stand

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FR2958256A1 (en) * 2010-03-30 2011-10-07 Abri Plus Equipements Device for authorizing personal or public storage of bicycles on two-floors in superimposed positions, in e.g. railway station, has counterweight that supports bicycle via wheels, and trolley that is positioned between curves
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WO2013007736A1 (en) 2011-07-12 2013-01-17 Basf Se Multi-metal oxide masses containing mo, bi and fe
US20150008197A1 (en) * 2013-07-03 2015-01-08 Ernst Blume System For Holding In-Line Two Wheeled Vehicles
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DE3937013A1 (en) * 1989-11-07 1991-05-08 Waldow Hans Ulrich Weatherproof shelter for suspended bicycles - has cross-members with hooks for bicycles suspended on lockable hoist ropes
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2958256A1 (en) * 2010-03-30 2011-10-07 Abri Plus Equipements Device for authorizing personal or public storage of bicycles on two-floors in superimposed positions, in e.g. railway station, has counterweight that supports bicycle via wheels, and trolley that is positioned between curves
DE102011079035A1 (en) 2011-07-12 2013-01-17 Basf Se Molybdenum, bismuth and iron containing multi-metal oxide composition useful for catalyzing a heterogeneously catalyzed partial gas phase oxidation of alkane, alkanol, alkanal, alkene and/or alkenal on a catalyst bed
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US8686194B2 (en) 2011-07-12 2014-04-01 Basf Se Mo-, Bi- and Fe-comprising multimetal oxide compositions
DE102011084040A1 (en) 2011-10-05 2012-01-05 Basf Se New molybdenum, bismuth and iron containing multimetal oxide mass, useful as catalytic active mass catalyzed by heterogeneous catalyst for the partial gas phase oxidation of organic compounds, preferably of propene to acrolein
US20150008197A1 (en) * 2013-07-03 2015-01-08 Ernst Blume System For Holding In-Line Two Wheeled Vehicles
US9278721B2 (en) * 2013-07-03 2016-03-08 Ernst Blume System for holding in-line two wheeled vehicles
DE102018200841A1 (en) 2018-01-19 2019-07-25 Basf Se Mo, Bi, Fe and Cu-containing multimetal oxide materials
WO2019141534A1 (en) 2018-01-19 2019-07-25 Basf Se Multi-metal oxide materials containing mo, bi, fe and cu
US10682631B2 (en) 2018-01-19 2020-06-16 Basf Se Multimetal oxide compositions comprising Mo, Bi, Fe and Cu

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