WO2006009225A1 - Plate-like body packaging box, plate-like body carrying method, and plate-like body loading and unloading method - Google Patents

Plate-like body packaging box, plate-like body carrying method, and plate-like body loading and unloading method Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2006009225A1
WO2006009225A1 PCT/JP2005/013422 JP2005013422W WO2006009225A1 WO 2006009225 A1 WO2006009225 A1 WO 2006009225A1 JP 2005013422 W JP2005013422 W JP 2005013422W WO 2006009225 A1 WO2006009225 A1 WO 2006009225A1
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Prior art keywords
plate
shaped
pedestal
box
storage box
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PCT/JP2005/013422
Other languages
French (fr)
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Kazuhiro Aoki
Original Assignee
Asahi Glass Company, Limited
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Priority to JP2004216475 priority Critical
Priority to JP2004-216475 priority
Priority to JP2005-047131 priority
Priority to JP2005047131 priority
Application filed by Asahi Glass Company, Limited filed Critical Asahi Glass Company, Limited
Publication of WO2006009225A1 publication Critical patent/WO2006009225A1/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D81/00Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents
    • B65D81/02Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents specially adapted to protect contents from mechanical damage
    • B65D81/05Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents specially adapted to protect contents from mechanical damage maintaining contents at spaced relation from package walls, or from other contents
    • B65D81/051Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents specially adapted to protect contents from mechanical damage maintaining contents at spaced relation from package walls, or from other contents using pillow-like elements filled with cushioning material, e.g. elastic foam, fabric
    • B65D81/052Containers, packaging elements, or packages, for contents presenting particular transport or storage problems, or adapted to be used for non-packaging purposes after removal of contents specially adapted to protect contents from mechanical damage maintaining contents at spaced relation from package walls, or from other contents using pillow-like elements filled with cushioning material, e.g. elastic foam, fabric filled with fluid, e.g. inflatable elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00736Details
    • B65D2519/0086Protection against environmental hazards, e.g. humidity, bacteria, fire

Abstract

A plate-like body packaging box capable of preventing dirt from invading therein, easily storable in a storage room with a low ceiling by reducing a height dimension during transportation, and capable of efficiently and stably carrying plate-like bodies, a plate-like body carrying method using the plate-like body packaging box, and a plate-like body loading and unloading method. The packaging box comprises a pedestal (3) having a lining material, a plate-like body storage box (14) put on the pedestal (3), and an upper cover (2) surrounding the plate-like body storage box (14) on the pedestal (3) and is formed detachable from the pedestal (3). The plate-like body storage box (14) is an upwardly opened support body formed of a bottom plate (15) for placing the multiple sheets of plate-like bodies (G) thereon in a roughly horizontally stacked state and side plates (16a) to (16d) on the peripheral four sides of the bottom plate, and the upper cover (2) is a downwardly opened box formed of a top plate (6) covering the upper surface of the plate-like body storage box (14) and side frames (5) on the peripheral four sides of the top plate. A vibration damper (17) is interposed between the pedestal (3) and the bottom plate (15), and a cushion material (20) is installed between the top plate (6) and the plate-like bodies (G) loaded on the bottom plate (15).

Description

明 細 書  Specification

板状体梱包箱、板状体搬送方法及び板状体積載,取出し方法  Plate body packing box, plate body transport method and plate body loading and unloading method

技術分野  Technical field

[0001] 本発明は、板状体、特にフラットパネルディスプレイ (FPD)、即ち液晶ディスプレイや プラズマディスプレイ等用の大型板状体やその製造過程における中間製品の大型 板状体等を梱包し、搬送後再び開梱するように形成された板状体梱包箱と、この板 状体梱包箱を使用する板状体搬送方法、板状体積載方法及び板状体取出し方法 に関する。  [0001] The present invention packs and conveys a plate-shaped body, particularly a flat panel display (FPD), that is, a large-sized plate-shaped body for a liquid crystal display, a plasma display, etc., or a large-sized plate-shaped body of an intermediate product in the manufacturing process. The present invention relates to a plate-shaped body packing box formed so as to be unpacked again, and a plate-shaped body transport method, a plate-shaped body stacking method, and a plate-shaped body removal method using this plate-shaped body packing box.

背景技術  Background art

[0002] 近年、 FPD用ガラス等に用いられる大型板ガラスのニーズが高まっている。このよう な大型板ガラスを搬送する手段としては、例えば、複数枚の板ガラスを立てて並べた 状態で各板ガラスを固定した梱包ラックが知られている(例えば特許文献 1参照) [0002] In recent years, there is an increasing need for large glass plates used for FPD glass and the like. As a means for conveying such a large plate glass, for example, a packaging rack is known in which each plate glass is fixed in a state where a plurality of plate glasses are arranged upright (see, for example, Patent Document 1).

[0003] し力しながら、この梱包ラックは板ガラスを立てた状態で運搬するため、空輸の場合 、高さ寸法が大きく(例えば、 2m以上)、飛行機の格納室に円滑に収納できないこと がある。 [0003] However, since this packaging rack is transported in a state where the plate glass is erected, in the case of air transportation, the height dimension is large (for example, 2 m or more), and it may not be smoothly stored in the airplane storage room. .

[0004] また、板ガラスを立てた状態で運搬する場合には、梱包箱の安定性確保のため底 面の一辺の寸法が大きくなる(例えば、梱包箱の高さの 0. 5倍等)。しかし、ディスプ レイパネル製造工程が行われるクリーンルーム内ではフォークリフトで運搬できる重 量が制限される。このため、 1つの梱包箱に積載できる板ガラス枚数が制限される。 従って、積載する板ガラス枚数に対し梱包箱の容積及び重量が増大して搬送効率 が低下する。  [0004] When the plate glass is transported in an upright state, the size of one side of the bottom surface is increased to ensure the stability of the packaging box (for example, 0.5 times the height of the packaging box). However, in a clean room where the display panel manufacturing process is performed, the weight that can be transported by a forklift is limited. For this reason, the number of glass sheets that can be loaded in one packing box is limited. Therefore, the capacity and weight of the packaging box increase with respect to the number of sheet glasses to be loaded, and the conveyance efficiency decreases.

[0005] また、従来は、板ガラスをむき出し状態である!/、はビニール袋などで覆った状態で 搬送していた。このため、塵埃の侵入等で板ガラス表面が汚れたり、傷の原因にもな つていた。また、ビニール袋等を使用する場合には、ビニール袋を別に準備しなけれ ばならず梱包に必要な部材数が増加し、搬送準備作業や搬送後の板ガラス取出し 作業が面倒になる。  [0005] Conventionally, the sheet glass is in a bare state! /, And is transported in a state covered with a plastic bag or the like. For this reason, the surface of the glass plate was soiled due to the intrusion of dust, etc., and it caused damage. In addition, when using plastic bags, the plastic bags must be prepared separately, increasing the number of parts required for packaging, and the preparation work for transport and the work for taking out the flat glass after transport are troublesome.

以上、板ガラスについて述べたが、榭脂板、金属板等の板状体についても同様で ある。 The plate glass has been described above, but the same applies to plate-like bodies such as resin plates and metal plates. is there.

[0006] 特許文献 1:特開 2000— 272684号公報  [0006] Patent Document 1: Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2000-272684

発明の開示  Disclosure of the invention

発明が解決しょうとする課題  Problems to be solved by the invention

[0007] 本発明は、このような現状を考慮したものであって、梱包箱内への塵埃の侵入を防 止し、輸送時の高さ寸法を低くして天井の低い格納室に容易に収納可能で且つ板 状体の搬送が効率よく安定して行える、板状体梱包箱、この板状体梱包箱を使用す る板状体搬送方法及び板状体積載'取出し方法の提供を目的とする。 [0007] The present invention has been made in consideration of such a current situation, and prevents dust from entering the packing box, reduces the height during transportation, and facilitates storage in a storage room with a low ceiling. It is intended to provide a plate-shaped packaging box that can be stored and can convey the plate-shaped body efficiently and stably, a plate-shaped conveyance method using the plate-shaped packaging box, and a plate-shaped object loading and unloading method. And

課題を解決するための手段  Means for solving the problem

[0008] 本発明は、上記目的を達成するため、次の板状体梱包箱、この板状体梱包箱を使 用する板状体搬送方法及び板状体積載 ·取出し方法を提供する。 [0008] In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following plate-like body packing box, a plate-like body conveying method and a plate-like body loading / unloading method using the plate-like body packing box.

(1)上張り材を有する台座と、該台座上に載置される板状体収容箱と、前記台座上 で前記板状体収容箱を囲い前記台座に対し着脱可能な上蓋とを有しており、前記板 状体収容箱は、複数枚の板状体を略水平に積層された状態に載置する底板と、そ の周囲 4辺の側板とを有する上面が開放された支持体であり、前記上蓋は、前記板 状体収容箱の上面を覆う天板と、周囲 4辺の側枠力 なる下面が開放された箱体形 状であり、前記台座と前記底板の間に振動吸収材を介装し、前記天板と底板上に積 載された板状体との間にクッション材を設けたことを特徴とする板状体梱包箱。  (1) A pedestal having an upholstery material, a plate-shaped object storage box placed on the pedestal, and an upper lid that surrounds the plate-shaped object storage box on the pedestal and is detachable from the pedestal The plate-like body storage box is a support having an open top surface including a bottom plate on which a plurality of plate-like bodies are stacked in a substantially horizontal state and four side plates around the bottom plate. The upper lid is a box shape in which a top plate covering the upper surface of the plate-shaped object storage box and a lower surface having side frame forces on four sides are opened, and a vibration absorbing material is provided between the pedestal and the bottom plate. And a cushioning material provided between the top plate and the plate-like body mounted on the bottom plate.

上記の板状体梱包箱によれば、台座と板状体収容箱の底板との間に振動吸収材 を設け、さらに天板と板状体との間にクッション材を設けたことにより、板状体に対して は外力もの振動が伝わりにくい安定した状況で板状体を搬送することができる。また 、この板状体梱包箱は水平に平積みにした状態で運搬されることを前提としているた め、これまでの縦置き型搬送形態と比較して、搬送手段に対し十分な積載効率を提 供できると共に、搬送手段の収納部の天井が低い場合であっても天井との干渉が起 こりにくい。  According to the above plate-like body packing box, the vibration absorbing material is provided between the base and the bottom plate of the plate-like body storage box, and the cushion material is further provided between the top plate and the plate-like body. The plate-like body can be transported in a stable situation where vibrations of external force are not easily transmitted to the body. In addition, since this plate-like packaging box is assumed to be transported in a horizontally flat state, it has sufficient loading efficiency for the transport means compared to the conventional vertical transport mode. It can be provided and interference with the ceiling is less likely to occur even when the ceiling of the storage section of the transport means is low.

また、板状体収容箱は、台座の上張り材と上蓋である側枠及び天板により上下から 覆われるため、板状体への塵埃等の異物の付着が防止される。  In addition, since the plate-shaped container storage box is covered from above and below by the pedestal upholstery material, the side frame as the upper lid, and the top plate, adhesion of foreign matters such as dust to the plate-shaped body is prevented.

[0009] (2)上張り材を有する台座と、該台座上に載置される板状体収容箱と、前記台座上 で前記板状体収容箱の周辺に固定された側枠と、該側枠に対し着脱可能な上蓋と を有しており、前記板状体収容箱は、複数枚の板状体を略水平に積層された状態に 載置する底板と、その周囲の 1辺に設けられた側板とを有する上面が開放された支 持体であり、前記上蓋は、前記板状体収容箱の上面を覆う天板であり、前記台座と 前記底板の間に振動吸収材を介装し、前記天板と底板上に積載された板状体との 間にクッション材を設けたことを特徴とする板状体梱包箱。 [0009] (2) A pedestal having an upholstery material, a plate-like body storage box placed on the pedestal, and the pedestal A side frame fixed to the periphery of the plate-shaped body storage box, and an upper lid detachable from the side frame. The plate-shaped body storage box holds a plurality of plate-shaped bodies substantially horizontally. An upper surface having a bottom plate placed in a stacked state and a side plate provided on one side of the bottom plate, and the upper lid covers the upper surface of the plate-shaped object storage box. A plate having a vibration absorbing material interposed between the pedestal and the bottom plate, and a cushion material provided between the top plate and a plate-like body stacked on the bottom plate. Body packing box.

上記の板状体梱包箱によれば、側枠を台座側に固定し、上蓋である天板を側枠に 対し着脱可能で板状体の積載,取出し時に開閉可能とすることにより、板状体収容箱 の 3板の側板を省略して構成を簡単にできるとともに、この省略した 3辺の側板に対 応する板状体と前記外枠の側枠との間にクッション材を配設することにより、板状体 は安定して底板上に保持される。  According to the above plate-shaped packaging box, the side frame is fixed to the pedestal side, and the top plate, which is the top lid, is detachable from the side frame and can be opened and closed when loading and unloading the plate-shaped body. The configuration can be simplified by omitting the three side plates of the body storage box, and a cushioning material is disposed between the plate-like body corresponding to the omitted side plates and the side frame of the outer frame. Thus, the plate-like body is stably held on the bottom plate.

[0010] (3)前記底板は、矩形状に形成されており、その 1つ又は 2つの角部を最下点として 前記台座上面に対し所定の角度で傾斜して!/、る上記(1)又は(2)の板状体梱包箱。 上記構成により、前記底板は、その 1つ又は 2つの角部を最下点として台座上面に 対し所定の角度で傾斜するため、底板上の個々の板状体の位置が、板底板の傾斜 によって前記最下点側に揃えられ、板状体間のズレも抑えられる。なお、最下点とな る角部は、板ガラスの位置を容易に揃えることを考慮すると 1つが好まし 、。  [0010] (3) The bottom plate is formed in a rectangular shape, and is inclined at a predetermined angle with respect to the upper surface of the pedestal with one or two corners of the bottom plate as the lowest point! ) Or (2) plate-like body packaging box. With the above configuration, the bottom plate is inclined at a predetermined angle with respect to the pedestal upper surface with one or two corners as the lowest point, so the position of each plate-like body on the bottom plate depends on the inclination of the plate bottom plate. Alignment is made on the lowest point side, and displacement between plate-like bodies is also suppressed. In addition, the corner that is the lowest point is preferably one considering that the position of the glass sheet is easily aligned.

[0011] (4)前記底板は、前記板状体を載置する面が凹状に湾曲して形成されている上記( 1)〜(3)の 、ずれかの板状体梱包箱。  [0011] (4) The plate-shaped packaging box according to any one of (1) to (3), wherein the bottom plate has a surface on which the plate-like body is placed curved in a concave shape.

このように前記底板の板状体載置面を凹状に湾曲して形成することにより、平積み 状態によって凹状に橈んだ板状体が底板の凹面上に安定して保持され、横方向の 振動に対しても位置ずれが抑制され、安定した梱包状態が保たれる。  In this way, the plate-like body mounting surface of the bottom plate is formed to be concavely curved, so that the plate-like body held in a concave shape by the flat stacking state is stably held on the concave surface of the bottom plate, and the horizontal direction The positional deviation is suppressed even with respect to vibration, and a stable packing state is maintained.

[0012] (5)前記底板は、下向きに凸形状に屈曲又は湾曲している上記(1)〜(3)のいずれ かの板状体梱包箱。  [0012] (5) The plate-shaped packaging box according to any one of (1) to (3), wherein the bottom plate is bent or curved in a downward convex shape.

このように前記底板の板状体載置面を下向きに凸形状に屈曲又は湾曲して形成す ることにより、平積み状態によって凹状に橈んだ板状体が底板に沿って安定して保持 され、横方向の振動に対しても位置ずれが抑制され、安定した梱包状態が保たれる [0013] (6)前記天板上に載置される他の板状体梱包箱の位置を規定する位置決め手段を 有し、前記位置決め手段は、前記天板より上方に突出して該天板上に固定される複 数のガイド部材と、前記台座に形成され前記ガイド部材が係入する複数の開口部と からなる上記(1)〜(5)の 、ずれかの板状体梱包箱。 In this way, the plate-like body mounting surface of the bottom plate is formed by bending or curving downward in a convex shape, so that the plate-like body held in a concave shape in a flat stack state can be stably held along the bottom plate. In addition, positional displacement is suppressed even in the case of lateral vibration, and a stable packing state is maintained. [0013] (6) It has positioning means for defining the position of another plate-like packaging box placed on the top plate, and the positioning means protrudes upward from the top plate and A plate-like packaging box according to any one of the above (1) to (5), comprising a plurality of guide members fixed to the base and a plurality of openings formed in the base and into which the guide members are engaged.

このように板状体梱包箱に、梱包箱間の位置決め手段を設けたことにより、平積み 状態の複数の板状体梱包箱間の位置ズレが解消される。また、位置決め手段として 、前記天板より上方に突出して天板上に固定される複数のガイド部材と、前記台座の 底面に形成され前記ガイド部材と係合する複数の開口部とを設けたことにより、複数 枚の板状体梱包箱が平積みされた状態では、各板状体梱包箱 (最下段の梱包箱を 除く)の開口部が、その下方に位置する板状体梱包箱のガイド部材と係合し、梱包箱 は安定した状態で支持される。  As described above, by providing the plate-like packing box with the positioning means between the packing boxes, the positional deviation between the plurality of flat-packed packing boxes is eliminated. Further, as positioning means, a plurality of guide members that protrude upward from the top plate and are fixed on the top plate, and a plurality of openings that are formed on the bottom surface of the base and engage with the guide members are provided. Thus, in the state where a plurality of plate-shaped packaging boxes are stacked in a flat state, the opening of each plate-shaped packaging box (excluding the lowermost packaging box) is a guide for the plate-shaped packaging box located below it. The packing box is supported in a stable state by engaging with the member.

[0014] (7)上記(1)〜(6)の 、ずれかの板状体梱包箱の板状体収容箱に複数枚の板状体 を積層して、板状体を搬送する板状体搬送方法。 [0014] (7) A plate-like structure in which a plurality of plate-like bodies are stacked in a plate-like body storage box of any one of the above-mentioned plate-like body packaging boxes and the plate-like body is conveyed. Body transport method.

このように板状体梱包箱の板状体収容箱に複数枚の板状体を積層した状態で板 状体を搬送することにより、一度に多数の大型板状体を低い高さの包装体で安定し た状態で搬送することができる。  In this way, a large number of large plate-like bodies can be lowered at a time by transporting the plate-like body in a state where a plurality of plate-like bodies are stacked in the plate-like body storage box of the plate-like body packaging box. Can be transported in a stable state.

[0015] (8)上記(1)〜(6)のいずれかの板状体梱包箱の前記上蓋を外した状態で、前記底 板が水平面に対し所定角度になるように板状体梱包箱を起こし、前記板状体収容箱 に複数枚の板状体を積載し又は前記板状体収容箱から板状体を取出す板状体積 載 ·取出し方法。 [0015] (8) A plate-shaped packaging box such that the bottom plate is at a predetermined angle with respect to a horizontal plane in a state where the upper lid of the plate-shaped packaging box of any one of (1) to (6) is removed. A plate-shaped volume loading / unloading method in which a plurality of plate-shaped bodies are stacked in the plate-shaped body storage box or a plate-shaped body is taken out from the plate-shaped body storage box.

このように板状体梱包箱の上蓋を外した状態で、底板が水平面に対し所定角度に なるように板状体梱包箱を起こし、板状体を積載することにより、容易に板状体を積 み込むことができる。また、同様に板状体梱包箱の底板が、水平面に対し所定角度 になるように板状体梱包箱を起こし、板状体収容箱力 板状体を取り出すことにより、 容易に板状体を取出すことができる。  In this manner, with the top cover of the plate-shaped body packaging box removed, the plate-shaped body packaging box is raised so that the bottom plate is at a predetermined angle with respect to the horizontal plane, and the plate-shaped body can be easily loaded. Can be loaded. Similarly, the plate-shaped packaging box is raised so that the bottom plate of the plate-shaped packaging box is at a predetermined angle with respect to the horizontal plane, and the plate-shaped container housing box force is taken out to easily remove the plate-shaped body. Can be taken out.

[0016] (9)上張り材を有する台座と、該台座上に載置される板状体収容箱と、前記台座と前 記板状体収容箱の間に介装される振動吸収材とを有しており、前記板状体収容箱は 、複数枚の板状体を水平に積層した状態に載置する矩形状の底板と、該底板の対 向する 2辺に設けた側板と、他の対向する 2辺に設けた合紙押えロールとを具備して おり、前記底板は、下向きに凸形状に屈曲又は湾曲し、屈曲面頂部の屈曲線、又は 湾曲面の母線は前記側板と平行であり、前記台座は、板状体梱包箱を積重ねたとき の位置決め手段を備えたことを特徴とする板状体梱包箱。 (9) A pedestal having an upholstery material, a plate-like body storage box placed on the pedestal, and a vibration absorbing material interposed between the pedestal and the plate-like body storage box The plate-like body storage box includes a rectangular bottom plate for placing a plurality of plate-like bodies in a horizontally stacked state, and a pair of the bottom plates. A side plate provided on the two opposite sides and an interleaf presser roll provided on the other two opposite sides, and the bottom plate is bent or curved in a convex shape downward, and a bent line at the top of the bent surface Alternatively, the curved line generating line is parallel to the side plate, and the pedestal is provided with positioning means for stacking the plate-shaped package boxes.

上記板状体梱包箱によれば、積層した板状体の各上面を覆う保護用合紙の板状 体の縁からはみ出た部分を合紙押えロールにより、底板側に押付けて固定保持する ため、板状体は合紙を介して底板上に確実に固定保持され底板上での振動が抑制 される。したがって、積層板状体の上面を覆う上蓋やクッション材が不要になり、部品 点数が削減され構成が簡素化するとともに小型軽量ィ匕が図られる。  According to the above plate-like packaging box, the portion protruding from the edge of the protective interleaf plate covering each upper surface of the laminated plate-like bodies is pressed and fixedly held to the bottom plate side by the interleaf presser roll. The plate-like body is securely fixed and held on the bottom plate through the interleaf, and vibration on the bottom plate is suppressed. Therefore, an upper lid and a cushion material that cover the upper surface of the laminated plate-like body are not required, the number of parts is reduced, the configuration is simplified, and a small and light weight is achieved.

また、底板は下向きに凸形状に V字状に屈曲又は円弧状に湾曲しているため、底 板上に載置された板状体が振動により底板に対して斜め方向に位置ずれすることが 抑えられ、板状体をさらに確実に固定保持できる。  In addition, since the bottom plate is convex downward and bent in a V shape or curved in an arc shape, the plate-like body placed on the bottom plate may be displaced in an oblique direction with respect to the bottom plate due to vibration. It can be suppressed and the plate-like body can be fixed and held more reliably.

[0017] また、台座に位置決め手段を設けることにより、上蓋がなくても確実に上下に積重 ねたときの位置決め及び位置ずれ防止ができる。 [0017] Further, by providing positioning means on the pedestal, it is possible to prevent positioning and displacement when they are stacked up and down without any upper lid.

[0018] (10)前記側板は、底板の長辺側に設けられ、一方の側板は底板に固定され、他方 の側板は底板に対しヒンジ式に回転可能又は分離可能であって該側板を設けた側 面を開閉可能とした上記 (9)の板状体梱包箱。 [0018] (10) The side plate is provided on the long side of the bottom plate, one side plate is fixed to the bottom plate, and the other side plate is hingedly rotatable or separable with respect to the bottom plate. The plate-shaped packaging box according to (9) above, which can be opened and closed.

このように側板が長辺側に設けられるため、底板の短辺に沿って底板が屈曲又は 湾曲形成される。したがって、屈曲又は湾曲による底板の高さ方向の変位が小さくな り、収容箱の形状がコンパクトになる。  Thus, since the side plate is provided on the long side, the bottom plate is bent or curved along the short side of the bottom plate. Accordingly, the displacement in the height direction of the bottom plate due to bending or bending becomes small, and the shape of the storage box becomes compact.

また、一方の側板を回転又は分離させてその側板面を開放することにより、開放さ れた側面から底板上に板状体を効率よく円滑に抜き差しすることができ板状体の積 込み、積降ろしの作業性が向上する。  Also, by rotating or separating one side plate to open its side plate surface, the plate-like body can be efficiently and smoothly inserted and removed from the open side surface onto the bottom plate. Lowering workability is improved.

[0019] (11)前記板状体収容箱の周囲の台座に柱又は壁からなる積重ね部材を設け、前記 位置決め手段は、該積重ね部材の上端に設けたガイド部材と、該ガイド部材が嵌合 する前記台座の底面側に設けた開口部とにより構成されている上記(9)の板状体梱 包箱。 (11) A stacking member made of a column or a wall is provided on a pedestal around the plate-shaped object storage box, and the positioning means is fitted with a guide member provided at an upper end of the stacking member. The plate-shaped packaging box according to (9), which is configured by an opening provided on the bottom side of the pedestal.

このような板状体梱包箱によれば、梱包箱を積重ねたときに、台座周縁に設けた柱 又は壁力 なる積重ね部材により、上の梱包箱が下の梱包箱上に支持される。このと き、下の梱包箱の積重ね部材上端のガイド部材が上の梱包箱の台座下面に設けた 開口部に嵌合するため、簡単な構造で容易に確実に位置決めができるとともに、位 置ずれが防止される。 According to such a plate-like body packaging box, when the packaging boxes are stacked, the pillars provided on the periphery of the base Alternatively, the upper packing box is supported on the lower packing box by a stacking member having a wall force. At this time, since the guide member at the upper end of the stacking member of the lower packing box is fitted into the opening provided on the bottom surface of the upper packing box base, positioning can be performed easily and reliably with a simple structure. Is prevented.

[0020] (12)前記振動吸収材は、伸長吸収材と収縮吸収材力 なり、該伸長吸収材と収縮 吸収材を前記底板の下面全体に規則的に分散して設けた上記 (9)の板状体梱包箱 このような構成により、台座に対しその上の底板が上下に振動したとき、引張り側と 圧縮側をそれぞれ分離して伸長吸収材と収縮吸収材により振動を吸収できる。した がって、パネや弾性体力 なる振動吸収材の取付構造を引張り力又は圧縮力のい ずれか一方のみが作用する構成とすることができる。これにより振動吸収材が確実に 台座及び底板に固定され、引張りと圧縮が両方作用する取付構造で起り易い剥がれ や脱落を防止できる。  [0020] (12) The vibration absorbing material has an extension absorbing material and a contraction absorbing material force, and the extension absorbing material and the contraction absorbing material are regularly distributed over the entire bottom surface of the bottom plate. Plate body packing box With such a configuration, when the bottom plate above it oscillates up and down with respect to the pedestal, vibration can be absorbed by the stretch absorbent material and the shrinkage absorbent material by separating the tension side and the compression side. Therefore, it is possible to adopt a structure in which only one of the tensile force and the compressive force acts on the structure for mounting the vibration absorbing material such as the panel or the elastic body force. As a result, the vibration absorbing material is securely fixed to the pedestal and the bottom plate, and it is possible to prevent peeling and dropping that are likely to occur in an attachment structure in which both tension and compression act.

[0021] (13)上記(9)〜(12)の 、ずれかの板状体梱包箱の板状体収容箱に複数枚の板状 体を積層して搬送する板状体搬送方法。  [0021] (13) The plate transporting method according to any one of (9) to (12), wherein a plurality of plate bodies are stacked and transported in a plate body storage box of any one of the plate body packing boxes.

このように板状体収容箱の底板上に複数枚の板状体を水平に積層した状態で板 状体を搬送することにより、一度に多数枚の板状体を低い高さの包装体で安定した 状態で搬送できる。特に大型板状体に適用すれば顕著な効果が得られる。  In this way, by transporting the plate-like body in a state where a plurality of plate-like bodies are horizontally stacked on the bottom plate of the plate-like body storage box, a large number of plate-like bodies can be put together with a low-height package. Can be transported in a stable state. In particular, when applied to a large plate-like body, a remarkable effect can be obtained.

[0022] (14)上張り材を有する台座と、該台座上に載置される板状体収容箱と、前記台座と 前記板状体収容箱の間に介装される振動吸収材とを有しており、前記板状体収容 箱は、複数枚の板状体を合紙を介して水平に積層した状態に載置する矩形状の底 板を有し、該底板の 4辺の各々に沿って、板状体からはみ出た合紙を介して板状体 を側面から押圧する押え板を設けたことを特徴とする板状体梱包箱。  [0022] (14) A pedestal having an upper material, a plate-like body storage box placed on the pedestal, and a vibration absorbing material interposed between the pedestal and the plate-like body storage box The plate-like body storage box has a rectangular bottom plate that is placed in a state where a plurality of plate-like bodies are horizontally stacked via interleaving paper, and each of the four sides of the bottom plate. A presser plate that presses the plate-like body from the side surface through a slip sheet protruding from the plate-like body is provided.

上記板状体梱包箱によれば、底板上に水平に載置された板状体を、その 4辺の各 側面に設けた押え板により、各側面力 はみ出た合紙を介して押圧するため、板状 体に対し直接接触することなく合紙により板状体側面を保護しながら確実に板状体を 押えて固定できる。  According to the above plate-like body packaging box, the plate-like body placed horizontally on the bottom plate is pressed by the pressing plates provided on the respective side surfaces of the four sides through the interleaf paper protruding from each side surface. In addition, the plate-like body can be securely pressed and fixed while protecting the side face of the plate-like body with the slip sheet without directly contacting the plate-like body.

[0023] (15)前記各押え板は、前記底板に対し着脱可能又は底板の外側に倒れるように開 閉可能である上記(14)の板状体梱包箱。 [0023] (15) Each presser plate is detachable from the bottom plate or opened so as to fall outside the bottom plate. The plate-like packaging box according to (14), which can be closed.

上記板状体梱包箱によれば、各押え板が底板に対し着脱可能又はヒンジ式に開閉 可能であるため、板状体の側面が開放状態になり積込み及び積み降ろし作業が容 易にできる。  According to the above plate-like body packaging box, each presser plate can be attached to and detached from the bottom plate or can be opened and closed in a hinged manner, so that the side surface of the plate-like body is opened and loading and unloading operations can be facilitated.

[0024] (16)前記合紙と押え板との間にクッション材を設けた上記(14)の板状体梱包箱。  (16) The plate-like body packaging box according to (14), wherein a cushioning material is provided between the slip sheet and the presser plate.

上記板状体梱包箱によれば、押え板はクッション材を介して合紙を押圧するため、 板状体の側面からはみ出て重なり合った合紙の形状に沿って均一に安定して板状 体側面を押えて固定できる。  According to the above plate-like body packaging box, the presser plate presses the interleaving paper via the cushion material, so that the plate-like body can be stably and uniformly distributed along the shape of the interleaving paper protruding from the side surface of the plate-like body. Can be fixed by pressing the side.

図面の簡単な説明  Brief Description of Drawings

[0025] [図 1]本発明の実施例に係る板状体梱包箱の縦断面図。 FIG. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of a plate-like packaging box according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[図 2]本発明の実施例に係る板状体梱包箱の上面図。  FIG. 2 is a top view of a plate-like packaging box according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[図 3]本発明の実施例に係る板状体梱包箱の底面図。  FIG. 3 is a bottom view of a plate-like packaging box according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[図 4]本発明の実施例に係る板状体梱包箱同士を積み重ねる際の梱包箱同士の係 合過程を示す外観斜視図。  FIG. 4 is an external perspective view showing a process of engaging packing boxes when stacking plate-like packing boxes according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[図 5]本発明の実施例に係る板状体収容箱の概略図。  FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a plate-shaped object storage box according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[図 6]図 5の V— V断面図。  [Fig. 6] V-V cross section of Fig. 5.

[図 7]本発明の別の実施例の構成説明図。  FIG. 7 is a configuration explanatory diagram of another embodiment of the present invention.

[図 8]本発明のさらに別の実施例の構成説明図。  FIG. 8 is a configuration explanatory diagram of still another embodiment of the present invention.

[図 9]凹んだ底板を有する板状体収容箱の形状説明図。  FIG. 9 is a diagram illustrating the shape of a plate-shaped object storage box having a recessed bottom plate.

[図 10]本発明の実施例に係る板状体梱包箱を起立可能な起倒台の外観斜視図。  FIG. 10 is an external perspective view of a tilting table that can stand up a plate-like package box according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[図 11]図 6の起倒台の使用状態を示し、 (a)は板状体梱包箱を起立させる前の起倒 台の姿勢、(b)は板状体梱包箱への板状体の積載、及び梱包箱からの板状体取り 出し時の起倒台の姿勢を示す図。  [Fig. 11] Fig. 6 shows the usage status of the tilting table in Fig. 6, where (a) shows the posture of the tilting table before raising the plate-shaped body packing box, and (b) shows the plate-shaped body in the plate-shaped packing box. The figure which shows the attitude | position of the raising / lowering stand at the time of loading and taking out the plate-shaped object from a packing box.

[図 12]本発明に係る別の板状体梱包箱。  [FIG. 12] Another plate-like packaging box according to the present invention.

[図 13]図 12の上面図。  FIG. 13 is a top view of FIG.

[図 14]板状体梱包箱の別の例を示す概略図。  FIG. 14 is a schematic view showing another example of a plate-shaped packaging box.

[図 15]板状体収容箱の概略図。  FIG. 15 is a schematic view of a plate-shaped object storage box.

[図 16]板状体を収容した状態の押えロール近傍の断面図。 [図 17]振動吸収材の一例を示し、(A)は収縮吸収材、(B)は伸長吸収材の断面図。 FIG. 16 is a cross-sectional view of the vicinity of a presser roll in a state where a plate-like body is accommodated. FIG. 17 shows an example of a vibration absorbing material, where (A) is a shrinkage absorbing material and (B) is a cross-sectional view of an elongation absorbing material.

[図 18]ガイド部材と開口部の嵌合部を示す概略図。  FIG. 18 is a schematic view showing a fitting portion between a guide member and an opening.

[図 19]板状体梱包箱を積層したときの概略図。  FIG. 19 is a schematic view when stacking plate-like packaging boxes.

[図 20]板状体収容箱の別の例の平面図。  FIG. 20 is a plan view of another example of a plate-shaped object storage box.

[図 21]押え板取付部の断面図。  FIG. 21 is a cross-sectional view of the holding plate mounting portion.

[図 22]押え板取付部の斜視図。  FIG. 22 is a perspective view of a presser plate mounting portion.

[図 23]押え板取付部の別の例の斜視図。  FIG. 23 is a perspective view of another example of the holding plate mounting portion.

符号の説明  Explanation of symbols

[0026] 1:板状体梱包箱、 2:上蓋、 3:台座、4:上張り材、  [0026] 1: Plate-shaped packaging box, 2: Upper lid, 3: Pedestal, 4: Upholstery material,

5:側枠、 6:天板、 7:衝撃吸収パッド、 8:ガイド部材、 9:1型枠材、  5: side frame, 6: top plate, 7: shock absorbing pad, 8: guide member, 9: 1 frame material,

10:下張り材、 11:開口部、 12:振動吸収装置、  10: underlaying material, 11: opening, 12: vibration absorber,

13:フォークリフト用穴、 14:板状体収容箱、 15:底板、  13: Hole for forklift, 14: Plate body storage box, 15: Bottom plate,

16a, 16b, 16c, 16d:側板、 17:振動吸収材、  16a, 16b, 16c, 16d: side plate, 17: vibration absorber,

18:合紙、 20:クッション材、 21:起倒台、  18: Insert paper, 20: Cushion material, 21: Tilting table,

22:大テーブル部、 23:小テーブル部、 24:平行溝、  22: Large table section, 23: Small table section, 24: Parallel groove,

25:クッション材、 31:柱部材、 32:収縮吸収材、  25: cushion material, 31: pillar member, 32: shrinkage absorber,

33:伸長吸収材、 34:固定側板、 35:可動側板、  33: Stretch absorber, 34: Fixed side plate, 35: Movable side plate,

36:押えロール、 37:ブラケット、 38:ジエル材、  36: Presser roll, 37: Bracket, 38: Giel material,

39:金属プレート、 40:ボルト、 41:ブラケット、 42:カノく一、  39: Metal plate, 40: Bolt, 41: Bracket, 42: Kano Kuichi,

43:ネジ、 C:チェーン、 G:板状体、 S:内部空間、 50:押え板、 51:クッション材、 52: 支柱、 53:支柱受け、 54:軸、 55:取付部、 56:ブラケット。  43: Screw, C: Chain, G: Plate body, S: Internal space, 50: Presser plate, 51: Cushion material, 52: Support, 53: Support, 54: Shaft, 55: Mounting part, 56: Bracket .

発明を実施するための最良の形態  BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION

[0027] 図 1は、本発明に係る板状体梱包箱の縦断面図である。この例は板状体 Gとして、 大型の板ガラスに対し適用したものである。板状体梱包箱(以下、梱包箱とする) 1は 、複数枚 (例えば 50枚)の板状体 Gを略水平に積層した状態で収納する。梱包箱 1 は、台座 3と、この台座 3上に設置された上蓋 2と、この上蓋 2内で台座 3上に設置さ れた板状体収容箱 14とにより構成される。  FIG. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of a plate-like body packaging box according to the present invention. In this example, the plate-like body G is applied to a large plate glass. A plate-like body packaging box (hereinafter, referred to as a packaging box) 1 stores a plurality of (for example, 50) plate-like bodies G in a state of being stacked substantially horizontally. The packaging box 1 includes a pedestal 3, an upper lid 2 installed on the pedestal 3, and a plate-shaped object storage box 14 installed on the pedestal 3 in the upper lid 2.

[0028] 台座 3は、例えばアルミ合金力もなる押し出し材により形成された複数の I型枠材 9 を縦横に複数本格子状に組んで枠体を形成し、この枠体上面に上張り材 4を固定し 、下面に下張り材 10を固定したものである。 [0028] The pedestal 3 is composed of, for example, a plurality of I-shaped frame members 9 formed of an extruded material having an aluminum alloy force A frame is formed by assembling a plurality of bars vertically and horizontally, and the upper material 4 is fixed to the upper surface of the frame, and the lower material 10 is fixed to the lower surface.

[0029] 板状体収容箱(以下、収容箱とする) 14は、振動吸収材 17を介して台座 3の上張り 材 4上に載置される。この収容箱 14は上面が開口した箱体であり、矩形の底板 15と 、その 4辺に設けた 4枚の側板 16a〜16d (図 5、図 6)とにより構成される。この収容 箱 14内に、後述のように、複数枚の板状体 Gが平置きで積載される。  [0029] A plate-like body storage box (hereinafter referred to as a storage box) 14 is placed on the upper member 4 of the pedestal 3 via a vibration absorber 17. The storage box 14 is a box having an open top surface, and includes a rectangular bottom plate 15 and four side plates 16a to 16d (FIGS. 5 and 6) provided on four sides thereof. In the storage box 14, a plurality of plate-like bodies G are loaded in a flat manner as will be described later.

[0030] 振動吸収材 17は、陸上輸送や空輸の際に車両 (又は飛行機)自体に生じる振動数 を考慮して、例えば 8〜20Hzの振動周波数を効率よく吸収できる材料であることが 好ましい。この材料としては、例えば、ゴム、榭脂、シリコーン製等を用いることができ る。  [0030] The vibration absorber 17 is preferably a material that can efficiently absorb, for example, a vibration frequency of 8 to 20 Hz in consideration of the frequency generated in the vehicle (or airplane) itself during land transportation or air transportation. As this material, for example, rubber, resin, silicone, or the like can be used.

[0031] 上蓋 2は、下面が開口して収容箱 14の外側を上から囲うものであり、 4枚の側枠 5と 天板 6とにより構成され、内部に板状体収納のための内部空間 Sを画成する。側枠 5 は鉄板等でもよいし、または台座 3と同様な I型枠材 9を用いてもよい。天板 6の下面 側にクッション材 (エアバッグあるいはエアシリンダ) 20等の振動吸収手段が配設され 、収容箱 14内に積載された板状体 Gを弾力的に固定保持する。  [0031] The upper lid 2 has an open bottom surface and surrounds the outer side of the storage box 14 from above. The upper lid 2 is composed of four side frames 5 and a top plate 6. Define space S. The side frame 5 may be an iron plate or the like, or an I-shaped frame material 9 similar to the pedestal 3 may be used. Vibration absorbing means such as a cushion material (airbag or air cylinder) 20 is disposed on the lower surface side of the top plate 6 to elastically fix and hold the plate-like body G loaded in the storage box 14.

[0032] なお、クッション材 20は、天板 6と板状体 Gとの間にあって、板状体 Gを上から弾力 的に押圧して固定保持できれば、収容箱 14の側板 16a〜 16dより外側にはみ出ても よい。  [0032] The cushion material 20 is outside the side plates 16a to 16d of the storage box 14 as long as the cushion material 20 is between the top plate 6 and the plate-like body G and can press and hold the plate-like body G elastically from above. It may stick out.

[0033] 図 2はこの梱包箱 1の上面図である。梱包箱 1は、収納される板状体 Gの形状に合 わせて矩形であることが好ましい。内部空間 S内への板状体積載時、及び内部空間 S内からの板状体取り出し時、上蓋 2は人力やロボットなどの適宜手段によって台座 3 上から取り外される。  FIG. 2 is a top view of the packaging box 1. The packaging box 1 is preferably rectangular according to the shape of the plate G to be stored. When loading a plate-like body into the internal space S and when taking out the plate-like body from the internal space S, the upper lid 2 is removed from the base 3 by appropriate means such as human power or a robot.

[0034] 梱包箱 1は、例えばトラック、飛行機など(以下搬送手段と呼ぶ)により目的地へと輸 送される際、複数段にわたり積み重ねた状態で搬送手段の荷台や格納室に収納さ れる。従って、上蓋 2の天板 6には、その上に別の梱包箱が平積みされることを想定 し、その上面周囲に板状体保護のための衝撃吸収パッド (緩衝材) 7が複数個貼り付 けられる。この衝撃吸収パッド 7は、例えばゴムのような弾性材料力も形成される。  [0034] When the packing box 1 is transported to a destination by, for example, a truck, an airplane, or the like (hereinafter referred to as a transporting means), the packing box 1 is stored in a loading platform or a storage chamber of the transporting means in a stacked state. Therefore, on the top plate 6 of the upper lid 2, it is assumed that another packing box is stacked on the top plate 6, and there are a plurality of shock absorbing pads (buffer materials) 7 for protecting the plate-like body around the upper surface. Can be pasted. The shock absorbing pad 7 is also formed of an elastic material force such as rubber.

[0035] 天板 6の各コーナーには、載置される上方の梱包箱との位置合わせのため、四角 錘台状のガイド部材 8が衝撃吸収パッド 7より上方に突出するように天板 6上に固定さ れる。なお、このガイド部材 8の形状に関しては、四角錘台状に限定されず、例えば 円錐台状でもよ!/、。ガイド部材 8と係合する梱包箱の部位は後述する。 [0035] Each corner of the top plate 6 is square for alignment with the upper packaging box to be placed. A frustum-shaped guide member 8 is fixed on the top plate 6 so as to protrude above the shock absorbing pad 7. The shape of the guide member 8 is not limited to a square frustum shape, but may be a truncated cone shape, for example. The part of the packaging box that engages with the guide member 8 will be described later.

[0036] 図 3は、梱包箱 1の底面図である。 I型枠材 9は、収容箱 14を安定して支持するため 、縦横複数本ずつ格子状に組み付けられる。 I型枠材 9同士の交差部分は溶接等の 手段により一体化される。  FIG. 3 is a bottom view of the packaging box 1. In order to stably support the storage box 14, the I-shaped frame material 9 is assembled in a lattice shape by a plurality of vertical and horizontal lines. Intersections between the I-frame members 9 are integrated by means such as welding.

[0037] 台座 3は、図 1に示したように、 I型枠材 9からなる格子状枠体により構成される。この 台座下面に固定される下張り材 10は、その各コーナーに、下側に積まれている梱包 箱 1のガイド部材 8を受け入れるための矩形状の開口部 (ガイド穴) 11が形成される。 開口部 11の上方の上張り材 4の下面には、ガイド部材 8との衝撃を緩和するために 衝撃吸収装置(ショックァブソーノ 12を取付けることができる。この衝撃吸収装置 12 は、例えばエアシリンダ、ゴムダンバなど力 構成され、梱包箱同士を積み重ねた状 態では、衝撃吸収装置 12の下部が、開口部 11を介して下方より進入した下側に積 まれて 、る別の梱包箱 1のガイド部材 8と突き当るような位置に設けられる。  As shown in FIG. 1, the pedestal 3 is constituted by a lattice frame made of an I-shaped frame material 9. A rectangular opening (guide hole) 11 for receiving the guide member 8 of the packaging box 1 stacked on the lower side is formed at each corner of the underlay material 10 fixed to the lower surface of the pedestal. A shock absorber (shock absorber 12) can be attached to the lower surface of the upper covering 4 above the opening 11 in order to mitigate the impact with the guide member 8. The shock absorber 12 is, for example, In the state where the air cylinders, rubber dampers, etc. are configured and the packing boxes are stacked, the lower part of the shock absorber 12 is stacked on the lower side entering from the lower side through the opening 11, and the other packing box 1 It is provided at a position where it abuts against the guide member 8.

[0038] 上張り材 4は例えば鉄板力 なり、台座 3上に収容箱 14を安定して載置するため、 及び板状体を収容する内部空間 S (図 1)内への塵埃侵入防止のために必要である。 下張り材 10も同様に、例えば鉄板力 なり、梱包箱 1をローラコンベア等で搬送する ときに、円滑にコンベアで送られるようにするために必要である。但し、コンベア等で の搬送が支障なくできれば下張り材 10は省略可能である。  [0038] The upholstery material 4 has, for example, an iron plate force, and is used to stably place the storage box 14 on the pedestal 3 and to prevent dust from entering into the internal space S (Fig. 1) that stores the plate-like body. Is necessary for. Similarly, the underlaying material 10 is also made of, for example, iron plate, and is necessary for smoothly transporting the packing box 1 by a conveyor when the packaging box 1 is conveyed by a roller conveyor or the like. However, if it can be transported on a conveyor or the like, the underlaying material 10 can be omitted.

[0039] 縦横の I型枠材 9には、フォークリフト (図示せず)のフォークを受け入れるためのフォ 一クリフト用穴 13が 1つの I型枠材 9に付き例えば 2つ形成される。これにより梱包箱 1 に対しては矩形台座の縦横いずれの方向力 もフォークリフトのフォークを受け入れ ることがでさる。  For example, two forklift holes 13 for receiving a fork of a forklift (not shown) are attached to one I-shaped frame material 9 in the vertical and horizontal I-shaped frame material 9. As a result, the fork of the forklift can be received with respect to the packing box 1 in either the vertical or horizontal direction of the rectangular pedestal.

[0040] 図 4は、梱包箱 1を複数積み重ねる際の、ガイド部材 8と開口部 11及び衝撃吸収装 置 12との係合前の状態を示す斜視図である。梱包箱 1の上に、別の梱包箱 1を載せ る場合、上側の梱包箱 1は、下張り材 10に形成された開口部 11内に下側の梱包箱 1 のガイド部材 8が進入するように位置決めされ、下側の梱包箱 1に向けて徐々に下ろ される。このとき、下側の梱包箱 1のガイド部材 8が、上側の梱包箱 1の開口部 11に進 入する。前述したように、ガイド部材 8は四角錘台状に形成されており、またこれを受 け入れる開口部 11も同様に矩形であるため、ガイド部材 8と開口部 11が正確に位置 決めされていなくても、その進入過程において、ガイド部材 8の側壁と開口部 11とが 互いに干渉することで、上側の梱包箱 1と下側の梱包箱 1の水平方向ズレが自動的 に矯正され、これにより積み重ねの際の梱包箱同士の正確な位置合わせが達成され る (位置決め手段)。 FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing a state before the guide member 8, the opening 11 and the shock absorbing device 12 are engaged when a plurality of packing boxes 1 are stacked. When another packing box 1 is placed on top of the packing box 1, the upper packing box 1 is set so that the guide member 8 of the lower packing box 1 enters the opening 11 formed in the underlaying material 10. Is gradually lowered toward the lower packaging box 1. At this time, the guide member 8 of the lower packaging box 1 advances to the opening 11 of the upper packaging box 1. Enter. As described above, the guide member 8 is formed in the shape of a square frustum, and the opening 11 that receives the guide member 8 is also rectangular, so that the guide member 8 and the opening 11 are accurately positioned. Even if not, the horizontal displacement of the upper packing box 1 and the lower packing box 1 is automatically corrected by the interference between the side wall of the guide member 8 and the opening 11 during the approaching process. As a result, precise alignment of the packaging boxes during stacking is achieved (positioning means).

このガイド部材 8の上端面が上の梱包箱 1の振動吸収装置 12の下端面に突き当た り、積み重ねた状態で上下方向の振動吸収作用が得られる。  The upper end surface of the guide member 8 abuts against the lower end surface of the vibration absorbing device 12 of the upper packaging box 1, and a vibration absorbing action in the vertical direction can be obtained in a stacked state.

[0041] 図 5は収容箱 14の外観斜視図であり、図 6は図 5の矢印 V方向力も見た断面図であ る。 FIG. 5 is an external perspective view of the storage box 14, and FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the force in the direction of arrow V in FIG.

この収容箱 14は、底板 15と、その周囲の 4枚の側板 16a〜16dとから構成される。 板状体 Gは、この底板 15と 4枚の側板 16a〜16dとからなる上が開放された箱体内に 平積み状態で収納される。梱包箱外部からの衝撃に対して板状体 Gを保護するため 、底板 15と、台座 3 (図 1)の上張り材 4との間には複数の振動吸収材 17が配置され る。  The storage box 14 includes a bottom plate 15 and four side plates 16a to 16d around it. The plate-like body G is stored in a stacked state in a box body having an open top composed of the bottom plate 15 and the four side plates 16a to 16d. In order to protect the plate-like body G against an impact from the outside of the packaging box, a plurality of vibration absorbing materials 17 are arranged between the bottom plate 15 and the upper material 4 of the base 3 (FIG. 1).

[0042] 図 1及び図 6に示すように、収容箱 14の底板 15は、 4つの角部の内、 1つの頂点( 角部) Pを最下点として底板全体が上張り材 4に対し、例えば 0度から 5度 (好ましくは 約 2度)の範囲内の所定角度 exで傾斜するように上張り材 4上に配置される。このた め、本実施例では各振動吸収材 17は、図 1に示すようにそれぞれの厚みが異なるよ うにして底板 15と上張り材 4との間に介装される。なお、後述のように、底板 15を凹面 形状とすることにより、板状体の横方向の位置ずれが抑えられるならば、底板 15の傾 斜は 0度 (すなわち傾斜しな 、)でもよ!/、。  [0042] As shown in FIGS. 1 and 6, the bottom plate 15 of the storage box 14 has the entire bottom plate with respect to the upper covering material 4 with one apex (corner) P being the lowest point among the four corners. For example, it is arranged on the upper material 4 so as to be inclined at a predetermined angle ex within a range of 0 to 5 degrees (preferably about 2 degrees). For this reason, in this embodiment, each vibration absorbing member 17 is interposed between the bottom plate 15 and the upper covering member 4 so as to have different thicknesses as shown in FIG. As will be described later, if the bottom plate 15 has a concave shape so that the lateral displacement of the plate-like body can be suppressed, the inclination of the bottom plate 15 may be 0 degrees (that is, it does not tilt)! /.

[0043] このように、底板 15を上張り材 4に対して所定角度 ocで傾斜させたことにより、板状 体積載状態においては、個々の板状体 Gが頂点 Pを構成する 2つの側板 16a、 16b に突き当てられることとなり、横方向の振動に対し板状体 Gが安定して保持され、板 状体間の位置ズレも矯正される。  [0043] In this way, the bottom plate 15 is inclined at a predetermined angle oc with respect to the upper covering material 4, so that in the plate-shaped body loading state, each side plate G constitutes the apex P. As a result, the plate G is stably held against the vibration in the lateral direction, and the positional deviation between the plates is also corrected.

[0044] これに関連して、図 5に示すように、底板 15の四方より包囲する 4枚の側板 16a〜l 6dの内、最下点とした頂点 Pを構成する 2つの側板 16a、 16bはそのまま底板 15に 固定されるのに対し、頂点 Pと対角線上反対側に位置する頂点 Poの両側に位置する 側板 16c、 16dは、底板 15上をスライド可能なように、底板 15または他の部材 (例え ば図示しないエアシリンダのロッド先端など)に取り付けられる。即ち、側板 16a、 16b は固定側板であり、側板 16c、 16dは可動側板である。このため、側板 16c、 16dの 幅は、それぞれ側板 16a、 16bに比べて小さくなつている。 In this connection, as shown in FIG. 5, the two side plates 16a and 16b constituting the apex P as the lowest point among the four side plates 16a to 16d surrounded by the four sides of the bottom plate 15 are provided. On the bottom plate 15 The side plates 16c and 16d located on both sides of the vertex Po diagonally opposite to the vertex P are fixed to the bottom plate 15 or other members (for example, shown in the figure) so that they can slide on the bottom plate 15. It is attached to the rod tip of an air cylinder that does not. That is, the side plates 16a and 16b are fixed side plates, and the side plates 16c and 16d are movable side plates. For this reason, the widths of the side plates 16c and 16d are smaller than those of the side plates 16a and 16b, respectively.

[0045] これにより、例えば底板 15上に板状体 Gを載置したり、あるいは底板 15上力 板状 体 Gを取り出したりする際には、側板 16c、 16dを、対向する側板 16b、 16aから一時 的に離反させることで底板 15上の板状体受け入れ領域を大きくすることができ、ガラ ス積載作業やガラス取り外し作業を容易にすることができる。なお、板状体の積載が 完了した状態においては、搬送の際に収容箱 14内で個々の板状体 Gが移動しない ように可動側板 16c、 16dは板状体 Gの側面に突き当てた状態で保持される。  Thus, for example, when the plate-like body G is placed on the bottom plate 15 or the force plate-like body G on the bottom plate 15 is taken out, the side plates 16c and 16d are replaced with the opposing side plates 16b and 16a. By temporarily moving away from the plate, the plate-like body receiving area on the bottom plate 15 can be enlarged, and glass loading work and glass removal work can be facilitated. In the state where the loading of the plate-like bodies is completed, the movable side plates 16c and 16d abut against the side surfaces of the plate-like bodies G so that the individual plate-like bodies G do not move in the storage box 14 during the transportation. Held in a state.

[0046] なお、底板 15を傾斜させるとき、上記例では 1つの頂点 Pを最下点としたが、例えば 、 Pと Pの 2点を最下点としてもよい。しかし、板状体 Gの位置を容易に揃えることを考 慮すると、最下点位置の頂点は 1つが好ましい。  Note that when the bottom plate 15 is tilted, in the above example, one vertex P is set as the lowest point, but for example, two points of P and P may be set as the lowest point. However, in consideration of easily aligning the positions of the plate-like bodies G, it is preferable that the vertex at the lowest point position is one.

[0047] 図 7は本発明の別の実施例を示す。  FIG. 7 shows another embodiment of the present invention.

この実施例は、収容箱 14内に収容した板状体 Gと側板 16a,16c, 16dとの間に、ク ッシヨン材 25を配設したものである。この場合、例えば、前述の図 5のように頂点 Pを 最下点として底板 15を傾けた場合には、側板 16bに板状体 Gを突き当てて載置し、 その後残りの 3辺にクッション材 25を配設する。  In this embodiment, a cushion material 25 is disposed between the plate-like body G housed in the housing box 14 and the side plates 16a, 16c, 16d. In this case, for example, when the bottom plate 15 is tilted with the apex P as the lowest point as shown in FIG. 5 described above, the plate body G is abutted against the side plate 16b and placed on the remaining three sides. Arrange material 25.

[0048] あるいは、前述のように、頂点 P, Pの 2点を最下点として(すなわち側板 16bを最 下位置の側板として)、この側板 16bに板状体 Gを突き当てて載置し、その後、残りの 3辺の側板 16a, 16c, 16dにクッション材 25を配設する。  [0048] Alternatively, as described above, the vertexes P and P are set as the lowest point (that is, the side plate 16b is set as the lowest side plate), and the plate-like body G is placed against the side plate 16b. Thereafter, the cushion material 25 is disposed on the remaining three side plates 16a, 16c, 16d.

[0049] 図 8は本発明のさらに別の実施例を示す。  FIG. 8 shows still another embodiment of the present invention.

この実施例は、上蓋 2の 4辺の側枠 5を台座 3上に固定し、天板 6を側枠 5から分離 可能として、梱包時や開梱時に天板 6のみを台座 3から取外して台座 3の上面を開口 させて板状体 Gを積載あるいは取出すものである。この場合、収容箱 14の側板 16a 〜16dのうち側板 16bのみ設けて他の 3辺の側板 16a, 16c, 16dは省略する。そし て、底板 15は、前述の 2つの頂点 P, P (図 5)を最下点として傾斜させる。ここで、最 下位置となった側板 16bに板状体 Gを突き当てて底板 15上で位置決めし、残りの 3 辺に対し、台座 3に固定した側枠 5との間にクッション材 25を配設して板状体 Gを弹 力的に固定保持する。このような構成により、収容箱 14の構成が簡素化する。 In this embodiment, the side frame 5 on the four sides of the top lid 2 is fixed on the pedestal 3 so that the top plate 6 can be separated from the side frame 5, and only the top plate 6 is removed from the pedestal 3 when packing or unpacking. The upper surface of the pedestal 3 is opened, and the plate-like body G is loaded or taken out. In this case, only the side plate 16b is provided among the side plates 16a to 16d of the storage box 14, and the other three side plates 16a, 16c, and 16d are omitted. Then, the bottom plate 15 is inclined with the two apexes P and P (FIG. 5) described above as the lowest point. Where Position the plate G on the bottom plate 15 against the lower side plate 16b and position it on the bottom plate 15, and place the cushioning material 25 between the remaining three sides and the side frame 5 fixed to the base 3. The plate-like body G is fixedly held by force. With such a configuration, the configuration of the storage box 14 is simplified.

[0050] 図 9 (A) (B)は、底板を凹ませた板状体収容箱の形状説明図である。底板 15は、 載置される板状体全体のたわみ(自重による)を考慮して、例えば半径 10m〜25m の曲率をもって、板ガラスの短辺方向に、又は長辺方向に、又は短辺及び長辺方向 に若干凹状に湾曲形成してもよい。これにより底板 15上に積載した板状体 Gが横方 向の振動により位置ずれすることを抑え、安定して保持することができる。湾曲形成 の方向は、特に短辺方向が好ましい。  FIGS. 9 (A) and 9 (B) are explanatory views of the shape of the plate-shaped object storage box in which the bottom plate is recessed. The bottom plate 15 takes into account the deflection (due to its own weight) of the entire plate-like body to be placed, for example, with a radius of 10 m to 25 m, in the short side direction of the plate glass, in the long side direction, or in the short side and long side. It may be curved slightly concave in the side direction. As a result, the plate-like body G loaded on the bottom plate 15 can be prevented from being displaced due to lateral vibration, and can be stably held. The direction of curve formation is particularly preferably the short side direction.

[0051] 収納される板状体 Gの寸法は、例えば板厚が 0. 5mmから 1. 3mmであり、縦横が 約 1400mm X 1700mm〜2400mm X 2800mmの大型板状体である。また収容箱 14内への平積みに当っては、板状体 G同士が直接接触することを避けるために、板 状体間に薄い合紙 18を挟んだ状態で積層されることが好ましい。合紙 18は、平滑度 18秒以下 (JIS P 8119, 1976)の粗面を有し、接触面積を小さくして合紙 18中の 榭脂分が板状体 Gに転写されてガラス面に紙肌模様、焼け、汚れなどが生じないよう な紙質が好ましい。また合紙 18の榭脂分は、 0. 05%以下 (JIS P 8205, 1976) であり、上述した紙面粗さとの複合効果によって板状体 G自体の品質に悪影響を及 ぼさな 、ような紙質である。  [0051] The size of the plate G to be stored is, for example, a large plate having a plate thickness of 0.5 mm to 1.3 mm and a length and width of about 1400 mm X 1700 mm to 2400 mm X 2800 mm. In addition, when stacking in the storage box 14, it is preferable that the thin sheets 18 are sandwiched between the plate bodies in order to avoid direct contact between the plate bodies G. The interleaf paper 18 has a rough surface with a smoothness of 18 seconds or less (JIS P 8119, 1976), the contact area is reduced, and the resin in the interleaf paper 18 is transferred to the plate-like body G and is applied to the glass surface. Paper quality that does not cause paper texture, burns, or dirt is preferred. In addition, the grease content of the interleaf paper 18 is 0.05% or less (JIS P 8205, 1976), and the combined effect with the paper surface roughness described above does not adversely affect the quality of the plate G itself. Paper quality.

[0052] このようにして底板 15上に積層される板状体 Gは、搬送過程で底板 15上で上下に 振動しないように、天板の下面側に設けたエアバッグ等のクッション材 20により、弾力 をもって板状体 Gを押さえつける。その結果、板状体 Gを含む収容箱 14は、上からク ッシヨン材 20により、下力も振動吸収材 17によってフローティング状態で支持される こととなり、梱包箱搬送時において外側力 衝撃が課せられ、搬送に伴って梱包箱自 体が上下に振動したとしても、板状体 Gは安定した状態で保持される。  [0052] The plate-like body G laminated on the bottom plate 15 in this way is cushioned by a cushioning material 20 such as an airbag provided on the lower surface side of the top plate so as not to vibrate up and down on the bottom plate 15 during the conveyance process. , Press the plate G with elasticity. As a result, the container box 14 including the plate-like body G is supported in a floating state by the cushioning material 20 from above and the lower force is also supported by the vibration absorbing material 17 in an floating state, and an external force impact is imposed when the packaging box is transported. Even if the packaging box itself vibrates up and down with conveyance, the plate-like body G is held in a stable state.

[0053] 以上説明したように、本実施例による梱包箱 1は、複数枚の大型板状体 Gを平積み 状態で安定して収納することができる。また、その搬送は同じ梱包箱 1を板状体 Gが 平積みのまま多数段上下に重ねた状態で行われる。このように、大型板状体を平積 み状態で搬送することにより、天井高の低い格納室等に容易に効率よく収容でき多 数枚の板状体を各種輸送手段により安定して搬送できる。 [0053] As described above, the packaging box 1 according to the present embodiment can stably store a plurality of large plate-like bodies G in a flat stacked state. In addition, the transportation is performed in the state where the same packing box 1 is stacked in a number of stages up and down with the plate-like body G being stacked. In this way, by transporting large plates in a flat stack, they can be easily and efficiently accommodated in storage rooms with low ceiling height. Several plate-like bodies can be stably conveyed by various transportation means.

[0054] このような梱包箱 1に板状体 Gを積載する際、あるいは搬送後に梱包箱 1から板状 体 Gを取り出す際に、梱包箱 1の収容箱 14が水平面に対し所定角度 0〜90度、好ま しくは 75〜85度を成すように梱包箱 1を起こすことができる。  [0054] When the plate-like body G is loaded on such a packing box 1, or when the plate-like body G is taken out from the packing box 1 after transport, the storage box 14 of the packing box 1 has a predetermined angle 0 to The packaging box 1 can be raised to 90 degrees, preferably 75 to 85 degrees.

[0055] 図 10は、梱包箱 1を載置して所定角度に起こすための起倒台の外観斜視図であり 、図 11 (a) , (b)はこの起倒台の使用状態を示す図である。  [0055] Fig. 10 is an external perspective view of the raising / lowering table for placing the packing box 1 and raising it at a predetermined angle. Figs. 11 (a) and 11 (b) are diagrams showing the usage state of the raising / lowering table. is there.

起倒台 21は、大テーブル部 22と、大テーブル部 22の一端部から直立する小テー ブル部 23とによって構成される L型部材である。この起倒台 21は、チェーン Cからな るチェーンコンベアの搬送路上の所定の板状体 Gの積み込み、積み降ろし位置に備 わる。大テーブル部 22と小テーブル部 23には、梱包箱搬送方向に沿ってコンベア のチェーン Cを通すための 2つの平行溝 24が形成される。  The raising / lowering table 21 is an L-shaped member that includes a large table portion 22 and a small table portion 23 that stands upright from one end of the large table portion 22. This raising / lowering base 21 is provided at a position where a predetermined plate-like body G is loaded and unloaded on a conveyance path of a chain conveyor composed of the chain C. The large table portion 22 and the small table portion 23 are formed with two parallel grooves 24 through which the chain C of the conveyor passes along the packing box transport direction.

[0056] チェーンコンベアにより搬送される時、梱包箱 1は大テーブル部 22を水平状態にし た起倒台 21に達すると、図 11 (a)に示すように小テーブル部 23に突き当たって係止 する。この後、図 11 (b)に示すように起倒台 21を起こす (矢印 D)。この起立角度は、 水平からほぼ直角までの間で適宜調整可能である。この起立角度は板状体の積み 込み、積み降ろし用ロボットの動作が円滑に行われる最適な角度に調整する。  [0056] When transported by the chain conveyor, the packing box 1 hits and locks against the small table part 23 as shown in FIG. . Thereafter, as shown in FIG. 11 (b), the raising / lowering base 21 is raised (arrow D). This standing angle can be appropriately adjusted from horizontal to almost right angle. This standing angle is adjusted to an optimum angle at which the robots for loading and unloading the plate-shaped body can smoothly operate.

[0057] このような起倒台を用いて、梱包箱 1を水平から起こした状態で板状体を積み込み 及び積み降ろし作業を行うことにより、水平状態にある梱包箱 1からそのまま板状体 G を取り出したり、あるいは収容箱 14内の板状体 G上に新たに板状体 Gを重ねる場合 に比較して、板状体 G自体の取り扱いが簡単であり、ロボットや人力によっても収容 箱 14内から容易に板状体 Gを抜き出したり、ある 、は収容箱 14に板状体 Gを容易に 積載することができる。また、このように梱包箱を起こした状態で板状体を積載し、あ るいは取出す板状体の積載 ·取出し方法は、板状体 Gへの負荷も少なぐガラス損傷 の可能性も低減する。  [0057] Using such a tilting table, the plate-shaped body G is loaded from the horizontal packaging box 1 as it is by loading and unloading the plate-shaped body with the packaging box 1 raised from the horizontal. It is easier to handle the plate G itself than when it is taken out or a new plate G is overlaid on the plate G in the storage box 14, and it can be handled by the robot or human power. It is possible to easily extract the plate-like body G from, or to load the plate-like body G into the storage box 14 easily. In addition, the loading and unloading method for loading and unloading plates with the packaging box raised in this way reduces the possibility of glass damage with less load on the plate G. To do.

[0058] 以上説明したように、本発明による板状体梱包箱は、複数枚の大型板状体を平積 みで載置可能な板状体収容箱と、板状体収容箱の下で所定範囲の周波数の振動を 吸収する振動吸収材とを有することにより、板状体に対しては外からの振動が伝わり にくい安定した状況で大型の板状体を複数枚搬送することができる。また、この板状 体梱包箱は略水平に平積みにした状態で運搬されることを前提としているため、これ までの縦置き型搬送形態と比較して、輸送車両に対し十分な積載効率を提供できる と共に、航空機等の高さ方向が狭い格納室にも支障なく搬入できる。 [0058] As described above, the plate-shaped body packaging box according to the present invention includes a plate-shaped body storage box on which a plurality of large plate-shaped bodies can be mounted in a flat stack, and a plate-shaped body storage box. By including a vibration absorbing material that absorbs vibrations in a predetermined range of frequencies, a plurality of large plate-like bodies can be conveyed in a stable state in which vibration from the outside is not easily transmitted to the plate-like body. Also this plate Since the body packaging box is assumed to be transported in a state of being horizontally stacked, it is possible to provide sufficient loading efficiency for transport vehicles compared to the conventional vertical transport mode and It can be carried into a storage room with a narrow height direction, etc. without any trouble.

[0059] 本発明の梱包箱は、板状体を梱包して搬送し、搬送後開梱して板状体を取出した 後、空の梱包箱をそのまま再び使用できる。このような再使用は何度も繰返すことが できる。  [0059] The packing box of the present invention can be used again as it is after packing and transporting the plate-shaped body, unpacking after transportation and taking out the plate-shaped body. Such reuse can be repeated many times.

[0060] 図 12は本発明に係る別の梱包箱を示し、図 13はその上面図である。  FIG. 12 shows another packing box according to the present invention, and FIG. 13 is a top view thereof.

図示したように、梱包箱 1は、台座 3と、収容箱 14で構成される。台座 3は、例えば アルミ合金からなる押し出し材により形成された複数の I型枠材 9を縦横に複数本格 子状に組んで枠体を形成し、この枠体上面に上張り材 4を固定し、下面に下張り材 1 0を固定したものである。なお、台座 3は I型枠材 9の他に、角パイプ等の部材を枠材 として組んで形成してもよ!/ヽ。  As illustrated, the packaging box 1 is composed of a pedestal 3 and a storage box 14. The pedestal 3 is formed by, for example, assembling a plurality of I-shaped frame members 9 formed of an extruded material made of an aluminum alloy in a vertical and horizontal manner in a full-fledged shape, and fixing the upper material 4 on the upper surface of the frame body. The underlaying material 10 is fixed to the lower surface. The pedestal 3 may be formed by assembling a member such as a square pipe as a frame material in addition to the I-shaped frame material 9! / ヽ.

[0061] 台座 3の 4隅には、柱部材 31 (請求項でいう積重ね部材)が上方に突出して備わる 。柱部材 31の上面には、衝撃吸収パッド 7が貼り付けられ、その上にガイド部材 8が 取り付けられる。このガイド部材 8を柱部材 31の下面に備わる開口部 11に対し挿入 嵌合することにより、複数の梱包箱 1を積層できる(図 19参照)。なお、柱部材 31の台 座 3に対する固定はアングル材 (不図示)等を用いて補強してもよい。また、柱部材 3 1は柱状に限らず、台座 3に 1辺に沿って形成された壁状の部材でもよい。  [0061] At the four corners of the pedestal 3, column members 31 (stacked members in the claims) are provided protruding upward. The shock absorbing pad 7 is attached to the upper surface of the column member 31, and the guide member 8 is attached thereon. By inserting and fitting the guide member 8 into the opening 11 provided on the lower surface of the column member 31, a plurality of packaging boxes 1 can be stacked (see FIG. 19). The column member 31 may be fixed to the base 3 using an angle material (not shown) or the like. Further, the column member 31 is not limited to the columnar shape, and may be a wall-shaped member formed on the base 3 along one side.

[0062] 収容箱 14は、振動吸収材を介して台座 3の上張り材 4上に載置される。振動吸収 材は収縮吸収材 32と伸長吸収材 33からなり、これにより搬送中の板状体 Gに対する 上下の振動を緩和することができる。板状体 Gは収容箱 14の底板 15上に載置される 。収容箱 14の側壁は固定側板 34、可動側板 35、押えロール 36で構成され、押え口 ール 36と底板 15で板状体 G間に介装される合紙 18を挟持する。収容箱 14は、板状 体 Gを収容後、カバー 42により覆われる。これにより、板状体 Gへの塵埃の付着を防 止できる。なお、図 13においてカバー 42は省略してある。  [0062] The storage box 14 is placed on the upper member 4 of the pedestal 3 via a vibration absorber. The vibration absorbing material is composed of the shrinkage absorbing material 32 and the elongation absorbing material 33, which can mitigate vertical vibrations of the plate G being conveyed. The plate-like body G is placed on the bottom plate 15 of the storage box 14. The side wall of the storage box 14 is composed of a fixed side plate 34, a movable side plate 35, and a presser roll 36, and the presser paper 36 and the bottom plate 15 sandwich the interleaf paper 18 interposed between the plate-like bodies G. The storage box 14 is covered with a cover 42 after storing the plate-like body G. Thereby, adhesion of dust to the plate-like body G can be prevented. In FIG. 13, the cover 42 is omitted.

[0063] 図 13に示すように、側板 34, 35は収容箱 14の矩形の底板 15の対向する長辺に 設けられる。押えロール 36は対向する短辺の各々に 2個ずつ備わる。底板 15は図 1 2に示すように V字状に屈曲し、 V字頂部の屈曲線 D (図 13, 15)は底板 15の長辺に 対し平行である。 As shown in FIG. 13, the side plates 34 and 35 are provided on the long sides of the rectangular bottom plate 15 of the storage box 14 that face each other. There are two presser rolls 36 on each of the opposing short sides. The bottom plate 15 bends in a V shape as shown in Fig. 12. The bending line D (Figs. 13 and 15) at the top of the V shape is on the long side of the bottom plate 15. Parallel to it.

[0064] 台座 3の 4隅の柱部材 31には、台座の辺に沿って三角形又は矩形の補強壁 3 laが 設けられる (本例は三角形)。  [0064] The pillar members 31 at the four corners of the pedestal 3 are provided with triangular or rectangular reinforcing walls 3la along the side of the pedestal (in this example, a triangle).

[0065] 図 14は板状体梱包箱の別の例を示す。  FIG. 14 shows another example of the plate-like body packaging box.

この例は、台座 3の上張り材 4の上面に柱部材 31を設け、下張り材 10の 4隅に開口 部 11を形成したものである。その他の構成は図 12の例と同様である。  In this example, column members 31 are provided on the upper surface of the upper material 4 of the base 3 and openings 11 are formed at the four corners of the lower material 10. Other configurations are the same as the example of FIG.

[0066] 図 15は板状体収容箱の概略図であり、図 16は板状体を収容した状態の押えロー ル近傍の断面図である。  FIG. 15 is a schematic view of the plate-shaped object storage box, and FIG. 16 is a cross-sectional view of the vicinity of the presser roll in a state where the plate-shaped object is stored.

収容箱 14は、上述したように、底板 15、固定側板 34、可動側板 35及び押えロール 36で構成される。可動側板 35は底板 15に対し側板下辺を軸として矢印 R方向に回 動可能である。押えロール 36は底板 15に対し上下方向に移動可能である。板状体 Gを板状体収容箱 14に収容する場合、可動側板 35を倒した状態で板状体 Gの 1辺 を固定側板 34に突き当てて底板 15上に載置する。次に板状体 G上に合紙 18を載 置し、その上に再び板状体 Gを載置する。所定枚数の板状体 Gを平積みしたら、可 動側板 35を起こす。次に、押えロール 36を下げて (矢印 F)、板状体 Gからはみ出た 合紙 18を押えロール 36と底板 15で挟持する。これにより、板状体 Gは合紙 18を介し て押えロール 36により固定される。これにより、板状体 Gが振動により上下に動こうと しても、押えロール 36で抑えることができる。また、板状体 Gが横方向に位置ずれを 起こすことを防止できる。なお、押えロール 36は例えば柱状等、合紙を抑えることが できる形状であればどのような形状であってもよい。  The storage box 14 includes the bottom plate 15, the fixed side plate 34, the movable side plate 35, and the presser roll 36 as described above. The movable side plate 35 can rotate in the direction of arrow R with respect to the bottom plate 15 about the lower side of the side plate. The presser roll 36 is movable in the vertical direction with respect to the bottom plate 15. When the plate-like body G is housed in the plate-like body housing box 14, the plate-like body G is placed on the bottom plate 15 with one side of the plate-like body G abutting against the fixed side plate 34 with the movable side plate 35 tilted down. Next, the interleaf paper 18 is placed on the plate-like body G, and the plate-like body G is placed thereon again. When a predetermined number of plate-like bodies G are stacked, the movable side plate 35 is raised. Next, the presser roll 36 is lowered (arrow F), and the interleaf paper 18 protruding from the plate body G is sandwiched between the presser roll 36 and the bottom plate 15. As a result, the plate-like body G is fixed by the presser roll 36 via the interleaf paper 18. Thereby, even if the plate-like body G tries to move up and down due to vibration, it can be suppressed by the presser roll 36. Further, it is possible to prevent the plate-like body G from being displaced in the lateral direction. Note that the presser roll 36 may have any shape as long as it can suppress the slip sheet, such as a columnar shape.

[0067] 押えロールの径が積重ねた板状体 Gの高さより大きいものを用いれば、板状体 Gの 横方向の位置ずれを確実に抑えることができる。  [0067] If a presser roll having a diameter larger than the height of the stacked plate-like bodies G is used, the lateral displacement of the plate-like bodies G can be reliably suppressed.

[0068] 回転式の可動側板 35に代えて、前述の図 5で示したように矢印 B方向にスライド可 能としてもよい。このような可動側板 35を設けることにより、底板 15上の開口面が広が るため、板状体 Gの出し入れ作業が容易になる。なお、板状体 Gを搭載後、可動側 板 35を元に戻す場合、板状体 Gからはみ出た合紙を介して板状体 Gを固定側板 34 側に押し付けるような寸法形状に形成しておくことが好ましい。したがって、合紙の大 きさも、板状体 Gに対し、対向する両方の短辺側と可動側板 35が設けられた長辺側 の 3辺方向にはみ出すような大きさであることが好ましい。 [0068] Instead of the rotary movable side plate 35, it may be slidable in the direction of arrow B as shown in FIG. By providing such a movable side plate 35, the opening surface on the bottom plate 15 is widened, so that the plate body G can be easily put in and out. When the movable plate 35 is returned to its original position after the plate G is mounted, the plate G is pressed to the fixed side plate 34 side through the slip sheet protruding from the plate G. It is preferable to keep it. Therefore, the size of the slip sheet is also the same as the long side where the opposing short side and the movable side plate 35 are provided. The size is preferably such that it protrudes in the direction of the three sides.

[0069] 底板 15は V字状に屈曲し、その屈曲線 Dは底板 15の長手方向に平行である。 V字 状に屈曲した底板に代えて、下向きに凸の湾曲した円弧状の底板を用いてもよ!、。 この場合にも湾曲面は短辺に沿って (すなわち湾曲面の母線が長辺に平行に)形成 されることが好ましい。このように底板 15を凹んだ形状とすることにより、安定して板状 体 Gを載置でき、搬送中に板状体 Gが軸方向に斜めにずれることを防止できる。この V字の角度は、 160° 〜180° 未満が好ましぐ 170° 〜176° 力 り好ましい。底 板 15は台座 3に対し全体的に水平となるよう載置されることが好ま 、が、前述(図 6 )のように、 1辺が下がるように傾斜して 、てもよ 、。  The bottom plate 15 is bent in a V shape, and the bending line D is parallel to the longitudinal direction of the bottom plate 15. Instead of a V-shaped bent bottom plate, a curved arcuate bottom plate that protrudes downward may be used! Also in this case, the curved surface is preferably formed along the short side (that is, the generatrix of the curved surface is parallel to the long side). Thus, by making the bottom plate 15 into a concave shape, the plate-like body G can be stably placed, and the plate-like body G can be prevented from being obliquely displaced in the axial direction during conveyance. The V-shaped angle is preferably 160 ° to less than 180 °, more preferably 170 ° to 176 °. The bottom plate 15 is preferably placed so as to be generally horizontal with respect to the pedestal 3. However, as described above (FIG. 6), the bottom plate 15 may be inclined so that one side is lowered.

[0070] 図 17は振動吸収材の一例を示し、(A)は収縮吸収材、(B)は伸長吸収材の断面 図である。  FIG. 17 shows an example of a vibration absorbing material, where (A) is a shrinkage absorbing material and (B) is a cross-sectional view of an elongation absorbing material.

収縮吸収材 32は、ネジ 43により底板 15及び上張り材 4に固定された折り曲げカロェ されたブラケット 37に、弾性を有するジエル材 38を金属プレート 39を介して取り付け て構成される。ジエル材 38と金属プレート 39は接着剤等により固着され、ブラケット 3 7は金属プレート 39に固着又は一体成形されたボルト 40によって固定される。  The shrinkage absorbing material 32 is configured by attaching an elastic jewel material 38 via a metal plate 39 to a bent bracket 37 fixed to the bottom plate 15 and the upper material 4 by screws 43. The jewel member 38 and the metal plate 39 are fixed by an adhesive or the like, and the bracket 37 is fixed by a bolt 40 fixed or integrally formed with the metal plate 39.

[0071] 伸長吸収材 33は、ネジ 43により底板 15及び上張り材 4に固定された断面略コ字状 の 2つのブラケット 41間に、弾性を有するジエル材 38を金属プレート 39を介して取り 付けて構成される。ジエル材 38と金属プレート 39は接着剤等により固着され、ブラケ ット 37は金属プレート 39に固着又は一体成形されたボルト 40によって固定される。  [0071] The stretch absorbent material 33 is formed by taking an elastic jewel material 38 through a metal plate 39 between two brackets 41 having a substantially U-shaped cross section fixed to the bottom plate 15 and the upper material 4 with screws 43. It is configured with. The jewel material 38 and the metal plate 39 are fixed by an adhesive or the like, and the bracket 37 is fixed by a bolt 40 fixed to the metal plate 39 or integrally formed.

[0072] この収縮吸収材 32と伸長吸収材 33は底板 15の下面略全面に規則的に配設され る。これにより、搬送中の振動による台座 3の揺れに伴う収容箱 14の上下の振動を抑 制できる。すなわち、(A)の場合は、底板 15と上張り材 4間が圧縮されたとき (矢印 F )、ジエル材 38が圧縮され有効なクッション作用を施す。(B)の場合は、底板 15と上 張り材 4間が伸長されたとき (矢印 F )、ジエル材 38が圧縮され有効なクッション作用  [0072] The shrinkage absorbing material 32 and the extensional absorbing material 33 are regularly arranged on substantially the entire lower surface of the bottom plate 15. As a result, it is possible to suppress the vertical vibration of the storage box 14 due to the shaking of the base 3 due to the vibration during the conveyance. That is, in the case of (A), when the space between the bottom plate 15 and the upper covering material 4 is compressed (arrow F), the jewel material 38 is compressed to provide an effective cushioning action. In the case of (B), when the space between the bottom plate 15 and the upholstery material 4 is extended (arrow F), the jewel material 38 is compressed and effective cushioning action is achieved.

2  2

が得られる。いずれの場合もジエル材 38自体は圧縮されたときにクッション作用を施 す。このようなジエル材 38に代えて圧縮ゴム等の弹性材ある 、は金属等の圧縮パネ 材を用いてもよい。また、引張りに対し弾性作用を有する弾性体を用いることもできる [0073] 図 18はガイド部材と開口部の接合部を示す概略図であり、図 19は梱包箱を積層し たときの概略図である。 Is obtained. In either case, the jewel 38 itself cushions when compressed. Instead of such a jewel material 38, there may be used a compressive panel material such as a metal or a natural material such as a compressed rubber. An elastic body having an elastic action against tension can also be used. FIG. 18 is a schematic view showing a joint between the guide member and the opening, and FIG. 19 is a schematic view when the packing boxes are stacked.

図示したように、柱部材 31上の衝撃吸収パッド 7に備わるガイド部材 8は上に重ね られた梱包箱の柱部材 31の下面に備わる開口部 11に挿入され、嵌合する。このよう に、ガイド部材 8と開口部 11を嵌合することにより、複数の梱包箱 1を積層することが できる(図 19では 3段)。梱包箱 1が搬送中の振動等により揺れたとしても、各梱包箱 1間に備わる衝撃吸収パッド 7がこの揺れを緩和するため、さらに板状体 Gの振動を 緩禾口することができる。  As shown in the drawing, the guide member 8 provided on the shock absorbing pad 7 on the column member 31 is inserted into and fitted into the opening 11 provided on the lower surface of the column member 31 of the packing box overlaid thereon. In this manner, the plurality of packing boxes 1 can be stacked by fitting the guide member 8 and the opening 11 (three levels in FIG. 19). Even if the packaging box 1 is shaken due to vibration during transportation, the shock absorbing pads 7 provided between the packaging boxes 1 alleviate this shaking, so that the vibration of the plate G can be further relaxed.

[0074] 図 20は、本発明に係る板状体収容箱の別の実施例を示す。  FIG. 20 shows another embodiment of the plate-shaped object storage box according to the present invention.

この収容箱 14は、矩形状の底板 15の 4辺の各辺に沿って、板状体 Gを側面から押 圧する押え板 50を設けたものである。板状体 Gの大きさは、底板 15とほぼ同じ大きさ である。  The storage box 14 is provided with a pressing plate 50 that presses the plate-like body G from the side surface along each of the four sides of the rectangular bottom plate 15. The size of the plate-like body G is almost the same as that of the bottom plate 15.

[0075] 各押え板 50は、 1力所又は複数力所の取付部 55を介して、底板 15に対し着脱可能 に又は外側に倒れるように開閉可能に装着される。  [0075] Each presser plate 50 is attached to the bottom plate 15 through a mounting portion 55 of one or more force points so as to be attachable / detachable or to be able to fall outward.

押え板 50は、矩形状の底板 15の各辺に各辺の長さに対応した押え板を 1枚設け てもよ 、し、あるいは各辺に沿って 2枚又はそれ以上の短 、押え板を設けてもよ!、。  The presser plate 50 may be provided with one presser plate corresponding to the length of each side on each side of the rectangular bottom plate 15, or two or more presser plates along each side. You can set up!

[0076] 図 21は、図 20の板状体収容箱の押え板部分の断面図である。  FIG. 21 is a cross-sectional view of the holding plate portion of the plate-shaped object storage box of FIG.

複数枚の板状体 Gが水平に積層されて底板 15上に載置される。各板状体 G間に は合紙 18が介装される。  A plurality of plate-like bodies G are horizontally stacked and placed on the bottom plate 15. An interleaf paper 18 is interposed between the plate-like bodies G.

[0077] (A)は、板状体 Gの側面からはみ出た合紙 18を押え板 50で直接押圧する例を示 す。押え板 50は底板 15とほぼ同じ大きさの板状体 Gを底板 15とともに、合紙 18のは み出し端部を介して、側面から押圧する。はみ出た合紙 18の端部の重なり合った部 分を押え板 50で押圧するため、押え板 50が板状体 Gの側面に直接接触することは なぐ合紙の柔軟性により板状体 Gを保護しながら板状体 Gの積層体を確実に 4辺の 側面力 押圧して固定できる。  (0077) (A) shows an example in which the interleaf paper 18 protruding from the side surface of the plate-like body G is directly pressed by the presser plate 50. The presser plate 50 presses a plate-like body G having the same size as the bottom plate 15 together with the bottom plate 15 from the side surface through the protruding end portion of the interleaf paper 18. Since the overlapped portion of the end of the protruding slip 18 is pressed by the presser plate 50, the presser plate 50 does not directly contact the side surface of the presser G. While protecting, the laminated body of the plate-like body G can be securely fixed by pressing the side forces of the four sides.

[0078] (B)は、板状体 Gの側面からはみ出た合紙 18をクッション材 51を介して押え板 50 で押圧する例を示す。押え板 50は、底板 15とほぼ同じ大きさの板状体 Gを、クッショ ン材 51及び合紙 18のはみ出し端部を介して、側面から押圧する。クッション材 51を 介装することにより、合紙端部の重なり部分の形状の不揃いや板状体 Gの端部の不 揃 、を吸収して側面の形状に追従して均一に安定して板状体側面を押え、板状体 の積層体を確実に固定できる。 (B) shows an example in which the interleaf paper 18 protruding from the side surface of the plate-like body G is pressed by the presser plate 50 through the cushion material 51. The presser plate 50 presses a plate-like body G that is approximately the same size as the bottom plate 15 from the side surface via the protruding end portions of the cushion material 51 and the interleaf paper 18. Cushion material 51 By interposing, the uneven shape of the overlapping portion of the end of the slip sheet and the unevenness of the end of the plate-like body G are absorbed and the side surface of the plate-like body is uniformly and stably followed by the shape of the side surface. The laminate of presser foot and plate can be fixed securely.

[0079] 図 22は、押え板取付部の構成例の斜視図である。  FIG. 22 is a perspective view of a configuration example of the presser plate mounting portion.

この取付部 55の例は、押え板 50を底板 15に対し着脱可能にした構成である。押 え板 50の背面に支柱 52が固定される。この支柱 52を底板 15の側縁に設けた支柱 受け 53に挿入して押え板 50を底板 15に取付ける。これにより、底板 15上に板状体 を積込むとき及び積降ろすときに、押え板 50を底板 15から分離して板状体の側面を 開放し、積込み積降ろし作業を円滑に行うことができる。なお、支柱受け 53は、底板 15の端部側面から適宜間隔を隔てて設けておく。  An example of the attachment portion 55 is a configuration in which the presser plate 50 is detachable from the bottom plate 15. The support column 52 is fixed to the back surface of the presser plate 50. The support plate 50 is attached to the bottom plate 15 by inserting the support column 52 into the support column 53 provided on the side edge of the bottom plate 15. As a result, when loading and unloading the plate-like body on the bottom plate 15, the presser plate 50 can be separated from the bottom plate 15 to open the side surface of the plate-like body, and the loading and unloading work can be performed smoothly. . The support post 53 is provided at an appropriate interval from the side surface of the end of the bottom plate 15.

[0080] 図 23は、押え板取付部の別の構成例の斜視図である。  FIG. 23 is a perspective view of another configuration example of the presser plate mounting portion.

この取付部 55の例は、押え板 50を底板 15に対し外側に倒れるように開閉可能 (矢 印 F)にした構成である。押え板 50の背面に支柱 52が固定される。この支柱 52を、 底板 15の側縁に設けたブラケット 56に対し軸 54廻りに回動可能に取付ける。これに より。底板 15上に板状体を積込むとき及び積降ろすときに、押え板 50を底板 15の外 側に倒して板状体の側面を開放し、積込み積降ろし作業を円滑に行うことができる。 なお、ブラケット 56は、底板 15の端部側面力も適宜間隔を隔てて設けておく。  An example of the mounting portion 55 is a configuration in which the presser plate 50 can be opened and closed (arrow F) so as to fall outward with respect to the bottom plate 15. The support column 52 is fixed to the back surface of the presser plate 50. The column 52 is attached to a bracket 56 provided on the side edge of the bottom plate 15 so as to be rotatable around a shaft 54. Because of this. When loading and unloading the plate-like body on the bottom plate 15, the presser plate 50 can be brought down to the outside of the bottom plate 15 to open the side surface of the plate-like body, and the loading and unloading work can be performed smoothly. It should be noted that the bracket 56 is provided with an end side surface force of the bottom plate 15 at an appropriate interval.

産業上の利用可能性  Industrial applicability

[0081] 本発明の利用例として、板ガラスのみならず、板状体で平積み可能な製品ならすべ て本発明の梱包箱に収納でき、し力も板状体収容箱の下方には振動吸収材を配置 したことにより、製品搬送の際の振動や衝撃力も製品を保護することができる。ただし 、大型で、薄い板状体を安定して効率よく搬送できることを考慮すると、特に板ガラス に有効である。 なお、 2004年 7月 23曰に出願された曰本特許出願 2004— 216475号、および 2 005年 2月 23日に出願された日本特許出願 2005— 47131号の明細書、および特 許請求の範囲、図面及び要約書の全内容をここに引用し、本発明の明細書の開示と して、取り入れるものである。 [0081] As an example of use of the present invention, not only flat glass but also all products that can be stacked in a flat shape can be stored in the packaging box of the present invention, and the force is also below the plate-shaped body storage box. By arranging, the product can be protected from vibration and impact force during product transportation. However, considering that a large and thin plate can be conveyed stably and efficiently, it is particularly effective for plate glass. The specifications of Japanese patent application 2004-216475 filed on July 23, 2004, and Japanese patent application 2005-47131 filed February 23, 2005, and the scope of patent claims The entire contents of the drawings and abstract are hereby incorporated by reference as the disclosure of the specification of the present invention.

Claims

請求の範囲 The scope of the claims
[1] 上張り材を有する台座と、該台座上に載置される板状体収容箱と、前記台座上で 前記板状体収容箱を囲い前記台座に対し着脱可能な上蓋とを有しており、前記板 状体収容箱は、複数枚の板状体を略水平に積層された状態に載置する底板と、そ の周囲 4辺の側板とを有する上面が開放された支持体であり、前記上蓋は、前記板 状体収容箱の上面を覆う天板と、周囲 4辺の側枠とを有する下面が開放された箱体 形状であり、前記台座と前記底板の間に振動吸収材を介装し、前記天板と底板上に 積載された板状体との間にクッション材を設けたことを特徴とする板状体梱包箱。  [1] A pedestal having an upholstery material, a plate-shaped body storage box placed on the pedestal, and an upper lid that surrounds the plate-shaped body storage box on the pedestal and is detachable from the pedestal The plate-like body storage box is a support having an open top surface including a bottom plate on which a plurality of plate-like bodies are stacked in a substantially horizontal state and four side plates around the bottom plate. And the upper lid has a box shape in which a lower surface having a top plate covering the upper surface of the plate-shaped object storage box and four side frames on the periphery is opened, and absorbs vibration between the pedestal and the bottom plate. A plate-shaped packaging box, wherein a cushioning material is provided between the top plate and the plate loaded on the bottom plate.
[2] 上張り材を有する台座と、該台座上に載置される板状体収容箱と、前記台座上で 前記板状体収容箱の周辺に固定された側枠と、該側枠に対し着脱可能な上蓋とを 有しており、前記板状体収容箱は、複数枚の板状体を略水平に積層された状態に載 置する底板と、その周囲の 1辺に設けられた側板とを有する上面が開放された支持 体であり、前記上蓋は、前記板状体収容箱の上面を覆う天板であり、前記台座と前 記底板の間に振動吸収材を介装し、前記天板と底板上に積載された板状体との間 にクッション材を設けたことを特徴とする板状体梱包箱。  [2] A pedestal having an upholstery material, a plate-shaped object storage box placed on the pedestal, a side frame fixed on the periphery of the plate-shaped object storage box on the pedestal, and the side frame The plate-shaped container storage box is provided on a bottom plate on which a plurality of plate-shaped members are stacked substantially horizontally and on one side around the plate. An upper surface having a side plate, and the upper lid is a top plate that covers the upper surface of the plate-shaped object storage box, and a vibration absorbing material is interposed between the base and the bottom plate, A plate-like packaging box, wherein a cushioning material is provided between the top plate and the plate-like body loaded on the bottom plate.
[3] 前記底板は、矩形状に形成され、その 1つ又は 2つの角部を最下点として前記台座 上面に対し所定の角度で傾斜していることを特徴とする請求項 1又は 2に記載の板状 体梱包箱。  [3] The base plate according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the bottom plate is formed in a rectangular shape, and is inclined at a predetermined angle with respect to the upper surface of the pedestal with one or two corners as the lowest point. The plate-shaped packing box described.
[4] 前記底板は、前記板状体を載置する面が凹状に湾曲して形成されることを特徴と する請求項 1〜3のいずれかに記載の板状体梱包箱。  4. The plate-like body packaging box according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the bottom plate has a surface on which the plate-like body is placed curved in a concave shape.
[5] 前記底板は、下向きに凸形状に屈曲又は湾曲していることを特徴とする請求項 1〜 3の 、ずれかに記載の板状体梱包箱。  [5] The plate-shaped packaging box according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the bottom plate is bent or curved in a convex shape downward.
[6] 前記天板上に載置される他の板状体梱包箱の位置を規定する位置決め手段を有 し、前記位置決め手段は、前記天板より上方に突出して該天板上に固定される複数 のガイド部材と、前記台座に形成され前記ガイド部材が係入する複数の開口部とから なることを特徴とする請求項 1〜5のいずれかに記載の板状体梱包箱。  [6] There is a positioning means for defining the position of another plate-like packaging box placed on the top board, and the positioning means protrudes upward from the top board and is fixed on the top board. 6. The plate-like body packaging box according to claim 1, comprising a plurality of guide members and a plurality of openings formed in the base and into which the guide members are engaged.
[7] 請求項 1〜6のいずれかに記載の板状体梱包箱の板状体収容箱に複数枚の板状 体を積層して、板状体を搬送する板状体搬送方法。 [7] A plate-like body transporting method in which a plurality of plate-like bodies are stacked on the plate-like body storage box of the plate-like body packing box according to any one of claims 1 to 6, and the plate-like body is transported.
[8] 請求項 1〜6のいずれかに記載の板状体梱包箱の前記上蓋を外した状態で、前記 底板が水平面に対し所定角度になるように板状体梱包箱を起こし、前記板状体収容 箱に複数枚の板状体を積載し又は前記板状体収容箱から板状体を取出す板状体 積載,取出し方法。 [8] In the state where the upper cover of the plate-shaped packaging box according to any one of claims 1 to 6 is removed, the plate-shaped packaging box is raised so that the bottom plate is at a predetermined angle with respect to a horizontal plane, and the plate A method for loading and taking out a plate-shaped body, in which a plurality of plate-shaped bodies are loaded on a plate-shaped body storage box or a plate-shaped body is taken out from the plate-shaped body storage box.
[9] 上張り材を有する台座と、該台座上に載置される板状体収容箱と、前記台座と前記 板状体収容箱の間に介装される振動吸収材とを有しており、  [9] A pedestal having an upholstery material, a plate-like body storage box placed on the pedestal, and a vibration absorbing material interposed between the pedestal and the plate-like body storage box And
前記板状体収容箱は、複数枚の板状体を水平に積層した状態に載置する矩形状 の底板と、該底板の対向する 2辺に設けた側板と、他の対向する 2辺に設けた合紙押 えロールとを具備しており、  The plate-like body storage box includes a rectangular bottom plate placed in a state where a plurality of plate-like bodies are horizontally stacked, side plates provided on two opposite sides of the bottom plate, and other two opposite sides. Equipped with a slip paper press roll provided,
前記底板は、下向きに凸形状に屈曲又は湾曲し、屈曲面頂部の屈曲線、又は湾 曲面の母線は前記側板と平行であり、  The bottom plate is bent or curved downward in a convex shape, the bent line at the top of the bent surface, or the generatrix of the curved surface is parallel to the side plate,
前記台座は、板状体梱包箱を積重ねたときの位置決め手段を備えたことを特徴と する板状体梱包箱。  The pedestal is provided with a positioning means for stacking plate-like body packaging boxes.
[10] 前記側板は、底板の長辺側に設けられ、一方の側板は底板に固定され、他方の側 板は底板に対しヒンジ式に回転可能又は分離可能であって該側板を設けた側面を 開閉可能としたことを特徴とする請求項 9に記載の板状体梱包箱。  [10] The side plate is provided on the long side of the bottom plate, one side plate is fixed to the bottom plate, and the other side plate is rotatable or separable with respect to the bottom plate in a hinged manner. 10. The plate-like packaging box according to claim 9, wherein the plate can be opened and closed.
[11] 前記板状体収容箱の周囲の台座に柱又は壁からなる積重ね部材を設け、  [11] A stacking member made of a column or a wall is provided on a pedestal around the plate-shaped object storage box,
前記位置決め手段は、該積重ね部材の上端に設けたガイド部材と、該ガイド部材 が嵌合する前記台座の底面側に設けた開口部により構成されていることを特徴とす る請求項 9に記載の板状体梱包箱。  10. The positioning means includes a guide member provided at an upper end of the stacking member and an opening provided on a bottom surface side of the pedestal to which the guide member is fitted. Plate-shaped packing box.
[12] 前記振動吸収材は、伸長吸収材と収縮吸収材力 なり、該伸長吸収材と収縮吸収 材を前記底板の下面全体に規則的に分散して設けたことを特徴とする請求項 9に記 載の板状体梱包箱。  [12] The vibration absorbing material has an extension absorbing material and a contraction absorbing material force, and the extension absorbing material and the contraction absorbing material are regularly distributed over the entire bottom surface of the bottom plate. The plate-shaped body packaging box described in.
[13] 請求項 9〜12のいずれかに記載の板状体梱包箱の板状体収容箱に複数枚の板 状体を積層して、板状体を搬送する板状体搬送方法。  [13] A plate-like body transporting method in which a plurality of plate-like bodies are stacked on the plate-like body storage box of the plate-like body packing box according to any one of claims 9 to 12, and the plate-like body is transported.
[14] 上張り材を有する台座と、該台座上に載置される板状体収容箱と、前記台座と前記 板状体収容箱の間に介装される振動吸収材とを有しており、 [14] A pedestal having an upholstery material, a plate-like body storage box placed on the pedestal, and a vibration absorber interposed between the pedestal and the plate-like body storage box And
前記板状体収容箱は、複数枚の板状体を合紙を介して水平に積層した状態に載 置する矩形状の底板を有し、該底板の 4辺の各々に沿って、板状体からはみ出た合 紙を介して板状体を側面から押圧する押え板を設けたことを特徴とする板状体梱包 箱。 The plate-like body storage box is mounted in a state in which a plurality of plate-like bodies are horizontally stacked via interleaving paper. A rectangular bottom plate to be placed, and a presser plate is provided along each of the four sides of the bottom plate to press the plate-like body from the side surface through a slip sheet protruding from the plate-like body. Plate body packing box.
[15] 前記各押え板は、前記底板に対し着脱可能又は底板の外側に倒れるように開閉可 能であることを特徴とする請求項 14に記載の板状体梱包箱。  15. The plate-like packaging box according to claim 14, wherein each presser plate is attachable to and detachable from the bottom plate or can be opened and closed so as to fall outside the bottom plate.
[16] 前記合紙と押え板との間にクッション材を設けたことを特徴とする請求項 14に記載 の板状体梱包箱。 16. The plate-like packaging box according to claim 14, wherein a cushioning material is provided between the slip sheet and the presser plate.
PCT/JP2005/013422 2004-07-23 2005-07-21 Plate-like body packaging box, plate-like body carrying method, and plate-like body loading and unloading method WO2006009225A1 (en)

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