WO2006002806A1 - Laminate - Google Patents

Laminate Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2006002806A1
WO2006002806A1 PCT/EP2005/006705 EP2005006705W WO2006002806A1 WO 2006002806 A1 WO2006002806 A1 WO 2006002806A1 EP 2005006705 W EP2005006705 W EP 2005006705W WO 2006002806 A1 WO2006002806 A1 WO 2006002806A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
layer
polyethylene
layers
inner
laminate according
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/EP2005/006705
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Anton Harjanto
Nicola Millemaci
Nagesh Keshav Pal
Original Assignee
Unilever N.V.
Unilever Plc
Hindustan Lever Limited
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to EP04253964.3 priority Critical
Priority to EP04253964 priority
Application filed by Unilever N.V., Unilever Plc, Hindustan Lever Limited filed Critical Unilever N.V.
Publication of WO2006002806A1 publication Critical patent/WO2006002806A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B27/00Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin
    • B32B27/32Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin comprising polyolefins

Abstract

A laminate comprising inner and outer layers, the outer layer comprising a layer of polypropylene disposed between layers of polyethylene and making up from 40 to 90% of the thickness of the outer layer.

Description

LAMINATE

The present invention relates to a laminate suitable for forming tubes and other packages. The invention also relates to an oral care composition packaged in a laminate tube.

EP-B2-0 164 232 (America Can) discloses a multiple-layer sheet structure for use in a paperless heat sealed package, having a heat sealable surface layer, an oriented polymer layer and optionally an intervening adhesive layer, wherein the oriented polymer layer is selected from polypropylene, polyethylene, high density polyethylene, ethylene copolymers, polypropylene-polyethylene blends, nylons and polyesters.

EP-Bl-O 121 336 (America Can) discloses a multiple-layer sheet structure for packaging including a heat sealable layer forming an exterior surface of the structure, a polypropylene layer and a intervening adhesive layer, wherein the polypropylene layer at least is uniaxially oriented at a stretch ratio of 3/1 to 4/1 and this layer is disposed with its surface in contact with the adhesive layer being within 1.5 mil (0.038 mm) of the said exterior surface.

EP 0 539 026 Bl (Mobil) discloses a metallized oriented film combination comprising a propylene homopolymer or copolymer substrate (B) having a high density polyethylene skin layer (A) on at least one side thereof, said polyethylene having a thin metal layer deposited therein. In a first aspect the present invention provides a laminate comprising inner and outer layers, the outer layer comprising a layer of polypropylene disposed between layers of polyethylene and making up from 40 to 90% of the thickness of the outer layer.

Preferably, the polypropylene makes up from 50 to 80% of the thickness of the outer layer and more preferably from 60 to 70%. The most advantageous thickness ratio is 1:3:1 polyethylene:polypropylene:polyethylene. An advantage in this type of laminate structure is that it is more easily processed by high speed machines such as those becoming increasingly common. Preferably the thickness of the outermost polyethylene layer ranges from 5 to 40 μm, more preferably from 10 to 30 μm and most preferably around

20 μm. This thickness provides the optimum balance between providing enough polyethylene to function as an adhesive when it is welded to another polyethylene surface for sealing thereto, and yet not so much so as to detract from the overall structural integrity should too much polyethylene be melted during such welding. Further, the use of such a polypropylene spine within the polyethylene layer provides a useful support for the outer layer during welding.

Preferably, the inner layer also includes a polyethylene. Preferably, the polyethylene is low density polyethylene, more preferably, linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) . Preferably, the ratio of thickness of the outer and inner layers ranges from 1:1 to 4:1, more preferably, from 1.5:1 to 2.5:1 and most preferably around 2:1.

Preferably, the inner layer comprises a layer of polypropylene. Preferably, this layer of polypropylene is disposed between layers of at least one lower polyolefin such as polyethylene, more preferably, linear low density polyethylene. Alternatively, the inner layer comprises a further layer of polyethylene disposed between layers of one or more further polyethylenes of a difference density. Preferably, the at least one further polyethylene is of a lower density than the first polyethylene. More preferably, at least one of the further polyethylenes is linear low density polyethylene.

Where the inner layer comprises a polypropylene layer it is preferred that the polypropylene makes up from 50 to 80% of the thickness of the inner layer and more preferably from 60 to 70%.

Where the inner layer comprises a further layer of polyethylene disposed between layers of one or more further polyethylenes of a difference density it is preferred that the further layer of polyethylene makes up from 50 to 80% of the thickness of the inner layer and more preferably from 60 to 70%.

More preferably, the ratio between the outermost polyethylene layers of the inner and outer layers range from 1:1 to 4:1, more preferably, from 1.5:1 to 2.5:1 and most preferably around 2:1.

A most preferred embodiment of the invention is a laminate comprising inner and outer layers disposed either side of a core layer, the inner layer comprising a medium density polyethylene layer between two linear low density polyethylene layers, the medium density layer making up from 50 to 70% by thickness of the inner layer, the outer layer comprising a polypropylene layer between two linear low density polyethylene layers, the polypropylene layer making up from 50 to 80% by thickness of the outer layer.

Preferably, the core layer comprises a metallized layer comprising a metal such as aluminium. The metallized layer provides a barrier to gases and if required, a metallic lustre for decorative purposes. The metallized layer is adhered to the rest of the laminate with suitable adhesives such as ethylene acrylic acid copolymer (EAA) .

The laminate according to the invention is made by standard processes as are exemplified in "Plastic Films" by Osborn and Jenkins and published by Technomic Publishing Company (1992) . Preferably, the polyolefin layers are biaxially drawn.

In a second aspect the invention provides an oral composition packaged in a deformable tube. The tube comprising a laminate according to the first aspect of the invention and containing an extrudable toothpaste composition. The laminate according to the first aspect provides the further advantage of making it easier for the user to extrude all the toothpaste from a toothpaste tube since it is more rigid than that in the prior art yet without the expected reduction in flexibility.

Except in the operating and comparative examples, or where otherwise explicitly indicated, all numbers in this description indicating amounts of material ought to be understood as modified by the word Λabout' .

The term Comprising' is meant not to be limiting to any subsequently stated elements but rather to encompass non- specified elements of major or minor functional importance. In other words the listed steps, elements or options need not be exhaustive. Whenever the words λincluding' or 'having' are used, these terms are meant to be equivalent to ''comprising' as defined above.

Embodiments according to the invention shall now be discussed with reference to the following non-limiting examples.

EXAMPLE

The first laminate is a comparative example and has, from the outermost layer towards the innermost layer:

-33.3 μm polyethylene -33.3 μm polypropylene

-33.3 μm polyethylene -25 μm EAA adhesive

-10 μm aluminium foil

-25 μm EAA adhesive

-50 μm polyethylene

In contrast the following is an embodiment according to the invention and having, again from the outermost layer towards the innermost layer:

-20 μm polyethylene

-60 μm polypropylene

-20 μm polyethylene

-25 μm EAA adhesive

-10 μm aluminium foil -25 μm EAA adhesive

-10 μm polyethylene

-30 μm medium density polyethylene

-10 μm polyethylene

In contrast to the comparative example, the embodiment according to the invention is much more easily processed by the high speed machinery becoming more common in processing laminate films.

Claims

1. A laminate comprising inner and outer layers, the outer layer comprising a layer of polypropylene disposed between layers of polyethylene and making up from 40 to 90% of the thickness of the outer layer.
2. A laminate according to claim 1, wherein the polyethylene is linear low density polyethylene.
3. A laminate according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the inner layer comprises polyethylene.
4. A laminate according to any preceding claim, wherein the inner layer comprises a linear low density polyethylene.
5. A laminate according to any preceding claim, wherein the ratio of thickness of the outer and inner layers ranges from 1:1 to 4:1.
6. A laminate according to any preceding claim, wherein the inner layer comprises a layer of polypropylene.
7. A laminate according to any preceding claim, wherein the inner layer comprises a layer of polypropylene disposed between layers of polyethylene.
8. A laminate according to any of claims 1-6, wherein the inner layer comprises a layer of medium or high density polyethylene disposed between layers of polyethylene of a different density.
9. A laminate according to any preceding claim, wherein the inner and outer layers are disposed on either side of a core layer, the core layer comprising a metallized layer.
'Sf
10. A laminate comprising inner and outer layers disposed either side of a core layer, the inner layer comprising a medium density polyethylene layer between two linear low density polyethylene layers, the medium density layer making up from 50 to 70% by thickness of the inner layer, the outer layer comprising a polypropylene layer between two linear low density polyethylene layers, the polypropylene layer making up from 50 to 80% by thickness of the outer layer.
11. An oral care composition packaged in a deformable tube which comprised a laminate according to any preceding claim.
PCT/EP2005/006705 2004-07-01 2005-06-22 Laminate WO2006002806A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP04253964.3 2004-07-01
EP04253964 2004-07-01

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2006002806A1 true WO2006002806A1 (en) 2006-01-12

Family

ID=34930454

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/EP2005/006705 WO2006002806A1 (en) 2004-07-01 2005-06-22 Laminate

Country Status (1)

Country Link
WO (1) WO2006002806A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9161891B2 (en) 2010-12-20 2015-10-20 Colgate-Palmolive Company Gelatin encapsulated oral care composition containing dental occlusion actives, hydrophobic viscosity modifier and oil carrier
US9320690B2 (en) 2010-12-20 2016-04-26 Colgate-Palmolive Company Gelatin encapsulated oral care composition containing hydrophilic active, hydrophobic structuring agent and oil carrier

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0168338A2 (en) * 1984-07-02 1986-01-15 Crown Zellerbach Corporation Laminate for making tubes
JPH0890738A (en) * 1994-09-20 1996-04-09 Okura Ind Co Ltd Polyolefinic heat-shrinkable multilayered film
US20010055692A1 (en) * 1999-03-17 2001-12-27 Michael T. Heffelfinger Multi-layer film with core layer of syndiotactic polypropylene
DE10147538A1 (en) * 2001-09-26 2003-04-17 Renolit Werke Gmbh Multilayer film useful for label production contains at least 10% of ultra low density polyethylene
US20030148132A1 (en) * 1998-12-23 2003-08-07 Georg Schwinn Recyclable label foil

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0168338A2 (en) * 1984-07-02 1986-01-15 Crown Zellerbach Corporation Laminate for making tubes
JPH0890738A (en) * 1994-09-20 1996-04-09 Okura Ind Co Ltd Polyolefinic heat-shrinkable multilayered film
US20030148132A1 (en) * 1998-12-23 2003-08-07 Georg Schwinn Recyclable label foil
US20010055692A1 (en) * 1999-03-17 2001-12-27 Michael T. Heffelfinger Multi-layer film with core layer of syndiotactic polypropylene
DE10147538A1 (en) * 2001-09-26 2003-04-17 Renolit Werke Gmbh Multilayer film useful for label production contains at least 10% of ultra low density polyethylene

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
DATABASE WPI Section Ch Week 199624, Derwent World Patents Index; Class A17, AN 1996-234733, XP002304312 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9161891B2 (en) 2010-12-20 2015-10-20 Colgate-Palmolive Company Gelatin encapsulated oral care composition containing dental occlusion actives, hydrophobic viscosity modifier and oil carrier
US9320690B2 (en) 2010-12-20 2016-04-26 Colgate-Palmolive Company Gelatin encapsulated oral care composition containing hydrophilic active, hydrophobic structuring agent and oil carrier

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
AU702738B2 (en) Barrier package for fresh meat products
US4615926A (en) Film and package having strong seals and a modified ply-separation opening
JP5299399B2 (en) Packaging materials and containers
US4363841A (en) Laminated packaging material
US5296291A (en) Heat resistant breathable films
US6503617B2 (en) Multilayer film laminates
US5075143A (en) High barrier implosion resistant films
EP1306209B1 (en) Multilayered film produced by co-extrusion
US6015235A (en) Puncture-resistant barrier pouch
AU2006202258B2 (en) Peelable Vacuum Skin Packaging
EP1985443B1 (en) Stack sealable heat shrinkable film
US5314561A (en) Method of preparing laminated packaging material
EP1062093B1 (en) Heat-shrinkable multilayer packaging film comprising inner layer comprising a polyester
CA1037370A (en) Packaging of foodstuffs
AU715478B2 (en) Hermetically sealable film and method of making
US4387126A (en) Laminated packaging material
US20030203141A1 (en) Blister package
EP2111979B1 (en) Stack sealable heat shrinkable film
US4700531A (en) Method of forming a package having strong seals and a modified ply-separation opening
US20030064181A1 (en) Peelable film and packaging made therefrom
US4881649A (en) Package having inseparable seals and a modified ply-separation opening
ES2213365T3 (en) Ternary polymer blend, laminary element containing it and easy opening packaging manufactured with it.
JP5413647B2 (en) Coextruded multilayer film and packaging material comprising the film
AU2009202976B2 (en) Stack sealable heat shrinkable film
US5232755A (en) Laminated tube container

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AL Designated countries for regional patents

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): BW GH GM KE LS MW MZ NA SD SL SZ TZ UG ZM ZW AM AZ BY KG KZ MD RU TJ TM AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HU IE IS IT LT LU MC NL PL PT RO SE SI SK TR BF BJ CF CG CI CM GA GN GQ GW ML MR NE SN TD TG

AK Designated states

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AE AG AL AM AT AU AZ BA BB BG BR BW BY BZ CA CH CN CO CR CU CZ DE DK DM DZ EC EE EG ES FI GB GD GE GH GM HR HU ID IL IN IS JP KE KG KM KP KR KZ LC LK LR LS LT LU LV MA MD MG MK MN MW MX MZ NA NG NI NO NZ OM PG PH PL PT RO RU SC SD SE SG SK SL SM SY TJ TM TN TR TT TZ UA UG US UZ VC VN YU ZA ZM ZW

DPEN Request for preliminary examination filed prior to expiration of 19th month from priority date (pct application filed from 20040101)
NENP Non-entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: DE

WWW Wipo information: withdrawn in national office

Country of ref document: DE

122 Ep: pct application non-entry in european phase
DPE1 Request for preliminary examination filed after expiration of 19th month from priority date (pct application filed from 20040101)