WO2005020508A1 - Wireless transmission control in uwb (ultra wide band) technology - Google Patents

Wireless transmission control in uwb (ultra wide band) technology Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2005020508A1
WO2005020508A1 PCT/IB2004/002666 IB2004002666W WO2005020508A1 WO 2005020508 A1 WO2005020508 A1 WO 2005020508A1 IB 2004002666 W IB2004002666 W IB 2004002666W WO 2005020508 A1 WO2005020508 A1 WO 2005020508A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
transmission
wireless
devices
controlling
wireless devices
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/IB2004/002666
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Domenico G. Porcino
Original Assignee
Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GBGB0319670.6A priority Critical patent/GB0319670D0/en
Priority to GB0319670.6 priority
Priority to GBGB0402827.0A priority patent/GB0402827D0/en
Priority to GB0402827.0 priority
Application filed by Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. filed Critical Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.
Publication of WO2005020508A1 publication Critical patent/WO2005020508A1/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B1/00Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission
    • H04B1/69Spread spectrum techniques
    • H04B1/7163Spread spectrum techniques using impulse radio
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B1/00Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission
    • H04B1/69Spread spectrum techniques
    • H04B1/7163Spread spectrum techniques using impulse radio
    • H04B1/719Interference-related aspects
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L1/00Arrangements for detecting or preventing errors in the information received
    • H04L1/0001Systems modifying transmission characteristics according to link quality, e.g. power backoff
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W24/00Supervisory, monitoring or testing arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02DCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES [ICT], I.E. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES AIMING AT THE REDUCTION OF THEIR OWN ENERGY USE
    • Y02D30/00Reducing energy consumption in communication networks
    • Y02D30/70Reducing energy consumption in communication networks in wireless communication networks

Abstract

Wireless transmission by one or more Ultra Wide Band (UBW) wireless devices (10) is controlled by measuring the transmission activity level of one or more of the wireless devices (10) and, in response to the measured transmission activity level complying with a predetermined criterion, controlling the transmission activity of at least one of the wireless devices (10). Measurements to check the transmission activity level can include: measuring the proportion of transmission time over a predetermined time period, or measuring an indication of aggregate power transmitted by a plurality of wireless devices averaged over a predetermined time period. Controlling the activity factor (in order to reduce interference and power consumption) can include: reducing the power level, prohibiting transmission of one or more devices, schwduling the transmission activity according to a stored timetable (actualised by location information or congestion bulletins).

Description

DESCRIPTION

WIRELESS TRANSMISSION CONTROL IN UWB (ULTRA WIDE BAND) TECHNOLOGY

The invention relates to a method and apparatus for controlling transmission activity of wireless devices, particularly but not exclusively Ultra Wide Band devices.

Ultra Wide Band (UWB) technology is set to become in the next few years one of the most important means to transmit information wirelessly at a high data rate. After the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) First Report and Order of 14th February 2002 for the US region, a new market is open for mobile data devices, and legislation is expected to follow soon also in Europe. Some of the advantages of UWB technology are unlicensed reuse of existing radio spectrum, simpler transceiver architecture, higher data transmission rates and an accurate ranging capability. One of the major concerns still putting in doubt the success of UWB is its capability to coexist with other services without effecting too much their operation. UWB transmissions are in frequency bands already occupied by other commercial systems, such as cellular systems, microwave links and satellite links, with the main frequencies of transmissions forecast to be between 3.1 GHz and 10.6 GHz, but with emissions also in other regions of the spectrum according to the power masks shown in Figure 2. In Figure 2 the mask drawn with a solid line illustrates the FCC UWB transmission limits for indoor communications devices, as officially approved in February 2002 and allowing commercial deployment of UWB devices, in terms of maximum admissible average EIRP (Effective Isotropic Radiated Power) over a large set of frequencies. In Figure 2 the dashed lines illustrate corresponding UWB transmission limits under discussion in the European Telecommunication Standards Institute (ETSI), and the dot-dash line constant at -41.3 dBm/MHz is the FCC Part 15 Limit on unintentional radiation from electronic equipment such as personal computers, kitchen appliances, shavers, televisions and other broadcast receivers. Furthermore, steps are required to minimise the power consumption of

UWB chipsets to make them more competitive with other low power wireless solutions, such as Bluetooth™. First generation UWB chipsets may consume in the region of 200mW, which is four to five times more that current

Bluetooth™ chipsets.

An object of the invention is to enable a reduction of interference. According to a first aspect of the invention there is provided a method of controlling wireless transmission by one or more wireless devices, comprising a measuring transmission activity level of one or more wireless devices and, in response to the measured transmission activity level complying with a predetermined criterion, controlling the transmission activity of at least one of the wireless devices. According to a second aspect of the invention there is provided an apparatus for controlling wireless transmission by one or more wireless devices, comprising measurement means for measuring a transmission activity level of one or more wireless devices and control means responsive to the measured transmission activity level complying with a predetermined criterion for controlling the transmission activity of at least one of the wireless devices. According to a third aspect of the invention there is provided a system comprising an apparatus according to the second aspect of the invention and one or more wireless devices comprising a transmitter means responsive to signalling generated by the control means for varying the transmission activity. Ways of measuring the transmission activity level include measuring the proportion of transmission time over a predetermined time period for one or more wireless devices, or measuring an indication of aggregate power transmitted by a plurality of wireless devices averaged over a predetermined time period. Ways of controlling the transmission activity include reducing the transmit power level of one or more of the devices, a special case of which comprises prohibiting transmission by one or more of the devices for a further predetermined time period. By controlling the activity factor the level of interference generated by wireless devices can be reduced, and also the power consumption of the wireless devices can be reduced. The apparatus for controlling wireless transmission may be integral with a wireless device that it controls. The apparatus may control one or more external devices by wireless communication. The invention is based on the realisation that wireless devices in active use commonly transmit for only a fraction of the maximum theoretical time, and that performing temporal averaging and control is a practical way of controlling interference levels and also enables power consumption to be reduced. In this specification, the apparatus for controlling the transmission activity is also referred to as an activity factor controller.

The invention will now be described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings wherein: Figure 1 is a block schematic diagram of a cluster of wireless devices; Figure 2 is a graph showing regulatory emission limits; Figure 3 is a graph showing simulation results for the aggregate interference effect from UWB to a Fixed Wireless Access (FWA) hot-spot link with different activity factors.

Referring to Figure 1 , there is illustrated a cluster of UWB wireless devices 10 and an activity factor controller 20. Each wireless device 10 comprises a UWB transmitter 12. The activity factor controller 20 comprises a measurement means (M) 22 for measuring the transmission activity level of the wireless devices 10 and a control means (C) 24 for controlling transmission activity of the wireless devices 10 by signalling over a link 30. The link 30 is illustrated for one wireless device only, but in practice may exist for each wireless device 10 to be controlled. The link 30 may be wired or wireless. Optionally the activity factor controller 20 comprises a location means (L) 26, for example a GPS receiver, for determining the location of the activity factor controller 20. The measurement means 22 measures the quantity of transmission activity by the wireless device 10 over a time period and when the level of transmission activity complies with a predetermined criterion, the control means 24 exerts control over further transmissions. In measuring the quantity of transmission activity, examples of parameters that may be taken into account are: total transmission time; aggregated transmit power; duration of transmission time periods; the duration of the intervals between transmission time periods; and the time of maintenance of a given quality of service, for example a given bit rate. The predetermined criterion may comprise one or more of the above parameters. Examples of the predetermined criterion are: total transmission time over the measurement time period reaches a predetermined duration; total transmission time above a predetermined power level over the measurement time period reaches a predetermined duration; the number of transmissions exceeding a predetermined duration reaches a predetermined value; and the total time of transmissions at a given data rate, for example over 200 Mbit/s that may result in increased interference, exceeds a predetermined value. Examples of the control that may be exerted over further transmissions are: transmission may be prohibited for a predetermined time period; transmit power may be reduced, possibly to zero, for a predetermined time period; the maximum transmission duration may be reduced; a minimum time period between transmissions may be extended; and the data rate may be reduced in order to reduce the potential of interference with other services. A combination of such transmission attributes may be controlled. The activity factor controller 20 can be implemented in either of two different ways: a) The activity factor controller 20 may measure and control a single wireless device 10, in which case it may be integral with the wireless device 10, so that the controlling and controlled functions exist within the same physical device. b) The activity factor controller 20 may measure and control a plurality of wireless devices 10. In this case the measured transmission activity level may be the average over the plurality of wireless devices 10. Such a scheme may be deployed, for example, in a home, office or factory environment. The activity factor controller 20 may base its control decisions on priorities assigned by a user dependent on his/her daily needs and dependent on the class of service provided by each wireless devices 10, for example by switching off or reducing the quality of service of lower-priority wireless devices first. A consequence of the control exerted by the activity factor controller 20 is a reduction in the amount of interference generated by the controlled wireless devices 10, and a reduction in power consumption in those devices. A further consequence of the control exerted by the activity factor controller 20 is likely to be a reduction in the quality of service provided by the wireless devices 10. In data transfer applications this might mean a longer wait for file transfers. In sensing applications, this might mean a lower refresh rate of the system. In video transmission systems, this might mean, for example, switching to a lower resolution mode. The predetermined criterion for judging the transmission activity level, or the control exerted by the activity factor controller 20, may be dependent on the location of the activity factor controller 20 or of the wireless devices 10. For example, the aggregate interference power generated by the wireless devices 10 might be of concern for a large building which sits in close proximity to a FWA microwave link, but may have no noticeable influence on small homes or countryside places where only a small number of wireless devices 10 are used. A user may select the criterion or type of control, or the selection may be made automatically in response to an indication of location provided by the location means 22 or any other source. The predetermined criterion for judging the transmission activity level, or the type of control exerted by the activity factor controller 20, may be automatically updated by data received from a central database UWB radio congestion controller station, which monitors in real time the effects of interference caused by the wireless devices 10 in key areas that need suitable protection, such as vital microwave relay links in disaster areas so that communications can be maintained active by disabling wireless devices 10 having low priorities. The activity factor controller 20 may include a means of displaying information to a user. For example, the user may be warned when the transmission activity of a wireless device 10 reaches an intermediate level less than the level at which control starts to be exerted by the control means 24. This warning enables the user to moderate usage of the wireless device 10, and perhaps delay or prevent the onset of control of the transmission activity by the activity factor controller. The activity factor controller 20 may control transmissions by scheduling the transmission time of one or more of the devices (10) in given time slots according to a dynamic timetable which is created and periodically updated based on preset congestion limits for the area under control by the activity controller 20. Optionally the control means 24 of the activity factor controller 20 may comprise a memory means 28 for storing a timetable and may schedule the transmissions of one or more of the wireless devices 10 in accordance with the stored timetable. The timetable may be based on preset congestion limits, which may be location dependent. The timetable may be dependent on the location of the wireless device 10 to be controlled, and may be updated in response to location information received from a wireless device 10. The timetable may be updated in response to received congestion bulletins; for example, the control means 24 may receive centrally emitted orders to block the traffic in a particular area following external, even independent, reports of cases of severe radio wave congestion or potentially harmful interference, for example following a reported malfunctioning of a system which might sit close to a UWB hot-spot. A network of activity factor controllers 20 may be put in place with each one controlling and updating the schedule for a particular geographical area based on location-information received from one or more of the devices (10) and/or using received congestion bulletins. Figure 3 illustrates simulation results for the reduction in interference power, measured in dBW/MHz as a function of distance, obtainable by reducing the activity level in accordance with the invention. Figure 3 illustrates the aggregate interference power produced by UWB devices as seen by a Fixed Wireless Access (FWA) microwave receiver positioned at a variable distance from the UWB transmitters. Referring to Figure 3, three curves are plotted, for activity factors of 1% (lower curve), 5% (middle curve) and 10% (upper curve) for a set of wireless devices 10 positioned in the receive path of a FWA link and operating with a typical duty cycle. As an example, these curves show that, at a distance of 1km, by limiting the transmissions activity level of the wireless devices 10 to 1%, i.e. the percentage time of transmission aggregated over all wireless devices, the aggregated interference power is reduced by about 13dB compared with what it would be if the activity level were allowed to reached 10%. The level of interference decreases as the distance increases, due to path loss. In the present specification and claims the word "a" or "an" preceding an element does not exclude the presence of a plurality of such elements. Further, the word "comprising" does not exclude the presence of other elements or steps than those listed. The inclusion of reference signs in parentheses in the claims is intended to aid understanding and is not intended to be limiting. From reading the present disclosure, other modifications will be apparent to persons skilled in the art. Such modifications may involve other features which are already known in the art of UWB and the art of wireless devices and which may be used instead of or in addition to features already described herein.

Claims

1. A method of controlling wireless transmission by one or more wireless devices (10), comprising measuring a transmission activity level of one or more wireless devices (10) and, in response to the measured transmission activity level complying with a predetermined criterion, controlling the transmission activity of at least one of the wireless devices (10).
2. A method of controlling wireless transmission as claimed in claim 1 , wherein measuring the transmission activity level comprises measuring the proportion of transmission time over a first predetermined time period
3. A method of controlling wireless transmission as claimed in claim 1 , wherein measuring the transmission activity level comprises measuring an indication of aggregate power transmitted by a plurality of the wireless devices (10) averaged over a second predetermined time period
4. A method of controlling wireless transmission as claimed in any of claims 1 to 3, wherein controlling the transmission activity comprises reducing the transmit power level of one or more of the devices (10).
5. A method of controlling wireless transmission as claimed in claim 4, wherein the reduction in power level comprises prohibiting transmission by one or more of the devices for a third predetermined time period.
6. A method of controlling wireless transmission as claimed in any of claims 1 to 5, wherein the predetermined criterion is location dependent.
7. A method of controlling wireless transmission as claimed in any of claims 1 to 6, wherein controlling the transmission activity comprises scheduling the transmission activity in accordance with a stored timetable.
8. A method of controlling wireless transmission as claimed in claim
7, further comprising updating the time table in response to location information received from at least one of the devices (10).
9. A method of controlling wireless transmission as claimed in claim
8, further comprising updating the time table in response to a received congestion bulletin.
10. Apparatus (20) for controlling wireless transmission by one or more wireless devices, comprising measurement means (22) for measuring a transmission activity level of one or more wireless devices (10) and control means (24) responsive to the measured transmission activity level complying with a predetermined criterion for controlling the transmission activity of at least one of the wireless devices (10).
1 1. Apparatus as claimed in claim 10, wherein the measurement means (22) is adapted for measuring the transmission activity level as the proportion of transmission time over a first predetermined time period
12. Apparatus as claimed in claim 10, wherein the measurement means (22) is adapted for measuring the transmission activity level as an indication of aggregate power transmitted by a plurality of the wireless devices (10) averaged over a second predetermined time period
13. Apparatus as claimed in any of claims 10 to 12, wherein the control means (24) is adapted to control the transmission activity by reducing the transmit power level of one or more of the devices (10).
14. Apparatus as claimed in claim 13, wherein the control means (24) is adapted to control the transmission activity by prohibiting transmission by one or more of the devices (10) for a third predetermined time period.
15. Apparatus as claimed in any of claims 10 to 14, wherein the measurement means (22) is adapted to vary the predetermined criterion in response to an indication of the location of the apparatus.
16. Apparatus as claimed in claim 15, comprising location means
(26) adapted to generate the indication of the location of the apparatus.
17. Apparatus as claimed in any of claims 10 to 12, wherein the control means (24) further comprises memory means (28) for storing a time table and wherein the control means (24) is configured to control the transmission activity of at least one of the wireless devices (10) by scheduling the transmission activity in accordance with the stored timetable.
18. Apparatus as claimed in claim 17, wherein the control means 24 is configured to update the time table in response to location information received from at least one of the devices (10).
19. Apparatus as claimed in claim 18, wherein the control means 24 is configured to update the time table in response to a received congestion bulletin.
20. A system comprising an apparatus as claimed in any of claims 10 to 19 and one or more wireless devices (10) comprising a transmitter means (12) responsive to signalling generated by the control means (24) for varying the transmission activity.
PCT/IB2004/002666 2003-08-21 2004-08-12 Wireless transmission control in uwb (ultra wide band) technology WO2005020508A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GBGB0319670.6A GB0319670D0 (en) 2003-08-21 2003-08-21 Wireless transmission control
GB0319670.6 2003-08-21
GBGB0402827.0A GB0402827D0 (en) 2003-08-21 2004-02-10 Wireless transmission control
GB0402827.0 2004-02-10

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP04744288A EP1658697A1 (en) 2003-08-21 2004-08-12 Wireless transmission control in uwb (ultra wide band) technology
JP2006523708A JP2007503144A (en) 2003-08-21 2004-08-12 Wireless transmission control in UWB (Ultra Wide Band) technology

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2005020508A1 true WO2005020508A1 (en) 2005-03-03

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JP (1) JP2007503144A (en)
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WO (1) WO2005020508A1 (en)

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WO2007051153A1 (en) * 2005-10-26 2007-05-03 Qualcomm Incorporated Minimum rate guarantees on wireless channel using resource utilization messages
WO2007085197A1 (en) * 2006-01-26 2007-08-02 Lenovo (Beijing) Limited Uwb system and method for controlling uwb unit
EP1932254A2 (en) * 2005-08-31 2008-06-18 Tzero Technologies, Inc. Average eirp control of multiple antenna transmission signals
JP2009535933A (en) * 2006-04-26 2009-10-01 クゥアルコム・インコーポレイテッドQualcomm Incorporated Sub-packet / pulse-based communication
US8081592B2 (en) 2005-10-26 2011-12-20 Qualcomm Incorporated Flexible medium access control (MAC) for ad hoc deployed wireless networks
US8918114B2 (en) 2005-10-26 2014-12-23 Qualcomm Incorporated Using resource utilization messages in a multi-carrier MAC to achieve fairness
US8942161B2 (en) 2005-10-26 2015-01-27 Qualcomm Incorporated Weighted fair sharing of a wireless channel using resource utilization masks
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US9736849B2 (en) 2009-11-14 2017-08-15 Qualcomm Incorporated Method and apparatus for managing client initiated transmissions in multiple-user communication schemes

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KR101628358B1 (en) * 2009-03-09 2016-06-08 엘지이노텍 주식회사 Data sednd/receive device and method of controlling the same
JP5625679B2 (en) 2010-09-27 2014-11-19 日本電気株式会社 In-vehicle device and congestion control method
JP6098698B2 (en) * 2015-11-25 2017-03-22 日本電気株式会社 In-vehicle device and congestion control method

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WO2007085197A1 (en) * 2006-01-26 2007-08-02 Lenovo (Beijing) Limited Uwb system and method for controlling uwb unit
CN101366195B (en) * 2006-02-08 2015-06-17 艾利森电话股份有限公司 Energy consumption minimized link adaptation and power control
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JP2009535933A (en) * 2006-04-26 2009-10-01 クゥアルコム・インコーポレイテッドQualcomm Incorporated Sub-packet / pulse-based communication
EP2249597A4 (en) * 2007-12-11 2015-12-09 Univ Valencia Politecnica Photonic cell control device and method for ultra-wideband (uwb) transmitters/receivers
US9736849B2 (en) 2009-11-14 2017-08-15 Qualcomm Incorporated Method and apparatus for managing client initiated transmissions in multiple-user communication schemes

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KR20060126902A (en) 2006-12-11
JP2007503144A (en) 2007-02-15
EP1658697A1 (en) 2006-05-24

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