WO2004045349A1 - Device and method for making coffee and espresso drinks - Google Patents

Device and method for making coffee and espresso drinks Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2004045349A1
WO2004045349A1 PCT/US2002/036899 US0236899W WO2004045349A1 WO 2004045349 A1 WO2004045349 A1 WO 2004045349A1 US 0236899 W US0236899 W US 0236899W WO 2004045349 A1 WO2004045349 A1 WO 2004045349A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
container
flavor
materials
liquid
beverage
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US2002/036899
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Edward Z. Cai
Original Assignee
Cai Edward Z
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Cai Edward Z filed Critical Cai Edward Z
Priority to PCT/US2002/036899 priority Critical patent/WO2004045349A1/en
Priority claimed from US10/631,540 external-priority patent/US7032507B2/en
Publication of WO2004045349A1 publication Critical patent/WO2004045349A1/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J31/00Apparatus for making beverages
    • A47J31/18Apparatus in which ground coffee or tea-leaves are immersed in the hot liquid in the beverage container
    • A47J31/20Apparatus in which ground coffee or tea-leaves are immersed in the hot liquid in the beverage container having immersible, e.g. rotatable, filters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J31/00Apparatus for making beverages
    • A47J31/14Coffee or tea-making apparatus with filters placed in or behind pouring spouts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J43/00Miscellaneous implements for preparing or holding food
    • A47J43/04Machines for domestic use not covered elsewhere, e.g. for grinding, mixing, stirring, kneading, emulsifying, whipping or beating foodstuffs, e.g. power-driven
    • A47J43/046Machines for domestic use not covered elsewhere, e.g. for grinding, mixing, stirring, kneading, emulsifying, whipping or beating foodstuffs, e.g. power-driven with tools driven from the bottom side

Abstract

Device and method for making coffee, espresso, latte and mocha from flavor-containing materials comprising a body (18) connected to a container (12) for allowing the formation of a dispersion (11) of flavor-containing materials in liquid, a filter (20) connected to the body and having a first surface for contacting the dispersion, filtration openings for allowing the beverage in the dispersion to pass and a second surface in communication with a beverage outlet (22) from which the beverage may be poured or drunk, a cling on member (79) for attaching the body to the container to allow the container to be tilted to generate a liquid head to drive the beverage out through filtration openings, and may further comprise a mechanism (78) to stir or break the flavor-containing materials and liquid to generate a visually appealing crema layer on the dispersion and a flow facilitator (27) having a selective opening for increasing the beverage flow through the filtration openings.

Description

Device and Method for Making Coffee and Espresso Drinks
Field of the Invention
The invention relates to a device and method for making beverages such as coffee, espresso, latte, mocha, tea, fruit juice, cocoa or the like from flavor-containing materials, and particularly to a compact, easy to use and low-cost device and method for making better tasting beverages from flavor-containing materials.
Background of the Invention
Beverages such as coffee and espresso drinks are commonly brewed by causing hot water to pass through the coffee grounds above a disposable or permanent filter either under gravity in case of manual or automatic drip coffee maker or under pressure in case of espresso machines.
Such devices, although popular, have numerous drawbacks such as inconsistent brew quality and lack of the original aroma in the roasted beans. The quality of coffee and espresso brewed varies significantly when coffee grounds of different sizes are used. When grounds is too coarse, the resulting brew is watery; when too fine, the brewing becomes very slow or even stops. The coffee or espresso brewed lacks the aroma or alluring smell of the ground coffee, even when it is made expensive commercial machines in premium coffee shops.
Other drawbacks include bulky size, complicated brewing process, high manufacturing cost, and time-consuming cleaning. Such devices normally take a space over four times larger than the volume of beverage they are designed to brew, which becomes an issue as the countertop or desktop becomes increasingly crowded. The brewing process, especially for espresso machines, involves many steps such as adding grounds to filter, mounting filter, filling water reservoir, heating and pumping water, placing cup or carafe under the basket, is too complex for some people. The manufacturing cost, especially for espresso machines, is very high since numerous components such as heater and pump, reservoir, a brew head, brew basket, basket holder, carafe, housing are required. Finally, such devices require a user to clean many parts such as filter basket, holders, carafe, brew head and cups, which, although not difficult, is a major nuance for many people.
The inventor in US Patent 5,638,740 provided a coffee and espresso device for making better tasting coffee and espresso by transforming the brewed beverage from coffee filter into a high-speed jet. The jet is arranged to inject into the coffee or espresso maintained in a containing means to generate a layer of visually crema in the cup. One issue with this improved device is that it still requires the delivery of liquid through the ground coffee, which increases the complexity, cost and size of the device.
Summary of the Invention
The invention is an innovative simple device and method for making better beverages such as coffee, espresso, latte and mocha from flavor-containing materials. The device comprises a body for connecting to a container adapted to allow the formation of a dispersion of flavor-containing materials in a liquid and the extraction of the flavor-containing materials to produce a beverage, a porous filter connected to the body and having a first surface for contacting the dispersion, a plurality of filtration openings for allowing the beverage in the dispersion to pass through while blocking the flavor-containing materials and a second surface in communication with a beverage outlet from which the beverage may be poured or drunk, and a seal mechanism for securing the body to the container to allow the container to be tilted to generate a liquid head to drive the beverage out of the container through the filtration openings. In a preferable embodiment of the invention, the seal mechanism has a cling-on chamber on the body for forming a vacuum when being pushed into the container and then released to suck to the interior surface of the container. The device may further comprise a blending mixing mechanism for stirring or breaking the flavor-containing materials and liquid in the container, thereby generating a visually appealing crema or foamy head on the dispersion and/or facilitating extraction of the flavor-containing materials by the liquid therein. The blending/mixing mechanism includes a plate, rod or blade operative either manually or by an electric motor.
The device may further comprise a flow facilitator for increasing the flow of the beverage through the filtration openings. The facilitator has a selective opening adapted to allow air to enter the container to prevent the formation of vacuum but prevent or restrict the flavor-containing materials from getting out of the container in the event that the dispersion covers the selective opening under a liquid head or force, thereby ensuring that the beverage out of the container is free of the materials.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a device and method for making better tasting beverage from flavor-containing materials with a visually appealing top crema layer.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a device and method for grounding, extracting and filtering the flavor-containing materials in the same container to capture all the aroma in the resulting beverage.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a device and method that are simple, intuitive and has little or even no need to clean after usage.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide the most compact beverage device that is nearly as small as the volume of the beverage it brews at a time.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a low cost beverage brewing device and a brewing device that can be affordable to be disposed after one use.
These and other objectives and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following description of the preferred embodiments, taken together with the accompanying drawings.
Description of the Drawing
The accompanying drawing illustrates diagrammatically non-limitative embodiment of the invention, as follows:
FIG. 1 is a sectional view of a first embodiment of a beverage-making device; FIG. la is a sectional view for the flow facilitator along line a-a shown in FIG. 1; FIG. lb is a sectional view for the beverage-making device shown in FIG. 1 in a tilted position for discharging the beverage therein;
FIG. 2 is a sectional view of a second embodiment of the beverage-making device;
FIG. 2a is a sectional view along line a-a shown in FIG. 2;
FIG. 3 is a sectional view of a third embodiment of the beverage-making device;
FIG. 3a is a sectional view along line a-a shown in FIG. 3;
FIG. 3b is a sectional view for the beverage-making device shown in FIG. 3 in a tilted position for discharging the beverage therein;
FIG.4 is a sectional view of a forth embodiment of the beverage-making device;
FIG. 4a is a top view of the beverage-making device of Fig. 4.
FIG. 5 is a sectional view of a fifth embodiment of the beverage-making device;
FIG. 5a is a sectional view of an alternative brew head assembly for the beverage device of FIG. 5;
FIGS. 6a-b are partially sectional, partially schematic views of two alternative brew head assembly for the beverage-making device of FIG. 1;
FIG. 7 is a partially sectional, partially schematic view of a sixth embodiment of the beverage device.
Detailed Description of the Preferred Embodiments
FIGS. 1, la and lb shows certain parts of a device 10 for making beverages. Only those parts of the device are shown which are necessary for full understanding of the invention. Beverage device 10 comprises a container for receiving a supply of flavor-containing materials 37 and liquid and allowing the liquid to extract the flavor-containing materials therein, a heater assembly 39 supported by housing 38 and controlled by a thermal control means such as a thermostat 40 for heating the container and the content therein, and a brew head assembly 21 for facilitating the extraction of the flavor-containing materials and filtering the flavor-containing materials. The container 12 includes a top opening 17 for receiving the brew head assembly, a neck 16, a bottom 14, a bottom chamber 36 for the flavor-containing materials, a upper chamber 35 for the liquid and the resulting flavor-containing materials/liquid dispersion 11 and a top crema layer 15, and handle 33 for a user to hold and tilt the container to pour or drink the filtered beverage 44.
The assembly 21 comprises a body 18 for connecting to the top opening 17 of the container, a porous filter 20 attached to the lower end of the body having numerous filtration openings dimensioned to allow the beverage 44 to pass through but block the flavor-containing materials in the dispersion 11, a transient beverage chamber 23 for collecting the beverage from the porous filter, a blending mixing mechanism 78 connected to the body 18 for producing the visually appealing top crema layer 15 on the dispersion 11, and a flow facilitator 27 located on the porous filter for increasing the flow of the liquid extraction or beverage 44 through said filtration openings and preventing the flavor-containing materials from getting out of the container in the event that the dispersion covers or reaches the selective opening under a liquid head or force. The body 18 has handle 24 for facilitating the handling of the brew head assembly, an o-ring 19 for forming a seal with the neck 18 of the container, a beverage outlet 22 from which the filtered beverage 44 is poured or drunk, a top cover 25 for the transient beverage chamber, and an vent
28 for venting the transient beverage chamber 23.
The blending/mixing mechanism 78 may perform one or several functions, including generating the crema or foam layer 15, mixing the flavor-containing materials and liquid, trapping the grounds in the bottom chamber 36 of the container, grinding the flavor-containing materials, and blending different ingredients for a beverage, as shown in this and later exemplar embodiments. The blendingmixing mechanism 78 in Fig. 1 comprises a plate member 14 and a rod 32 for connecting the plate member to the body 18. The plate member has a plurality of holes 34 for allowing the flavor-containing materials and fine air bubbles to pass through and minimizing the amount of flavor-containing materials that may be retained above the plate member. The holes 34 are taped with the top opening larger than the bottom opening to facilitate the flavor-containing materials to pass through downwards when the plate member 14 is moved upward. The plate member 14 and rod 78 are dimensioned to allow the plate member to cover or partially cover the bottom chamber 36 to prevent or restrict the flavor-containing materials that precipitates from the dispersion 11 to the bottom chamber from being re-dispersed after the body 18 is connected to the container as shown in Fig. lb. The extracted or partially extracted flavor-containing materials below the plate member 14 is heated or even "re-roasted" by the heater 39, causing additional flavor or/and aroma out of the flavor- containing materials.
It is found that by moving the plate member 14 up and down within the dispersion 11 in the container, a visually appealing crema layer 15 is generated on top of the dispersion. To display the crema layer 15 on top of the dispersion 11 produced by the blending/mixing mechanism, the porous filter 20, container 12 and/or the cover 25 may be transparent or translucent. It is also found that some porous filters, such as those filters made from polymeric materials that have similar refractive index as the liquid, become transparent or more transparent after being wetted by the liquid or the dispersion 11. It is also found, with much surprise, and will be described in details in Figs. 2-3 that the plate member 14 may be replaced by a small ball 42 or even be removed to allow the rod 32 itself to function as the blending/mixing mechanism.
It is appreciated that the rod 32 can be slidingly mounted in an opening on the cover 25 to allow a user to move the rod 32 and the plate member 14 up and down within the container while the body 18 is mounted to the container (not shown). It is also appreciated that the plate member 14 may adopt other shapes such as an arc shape or a blade shape, which will be discussed in more detail in Figs. 6a and 7.
The flow facilitator 27 functions not only to increase the beverage flow rate through the filtration openings of the porous filter 20 by allowing air to enter the container 12 to prevent the formation of vacuum therein, but also to prevent or restrict the flavor-containing materials in the dispersion 11 from getting out in the event that the flow faciUtator is covered by the dispersion 11 under pressure or a Uquid head. Therefore, the users or consumers are always ensured that that no flavor-containing materials, which can be unpleasant when present in the beverage to be drunk, will get out of the container 11 when the body 18 is mounted to the container. The flow facilitator can be a check valve as exemplified in Figs. 1 and 5a and be a plurality of quasi-filtration openings as exemplified in Figs. 2-7. In aU examples, the flow facilitator has a selective opening 29 adapted to allow air to enter container 11, but to prevent or restrict the flavor-containing materials in the dispersion 11 from getting out of the container.
The facilitator 27 of Fig. 1 is a check valve comprises a base 30 for attaching the check valve to the porous filter 20 and the selective opening 29 inserted into a sufficiently large opening formed on the porous filter at a location farthest from beverage outlet 22. It is, however, appreciated that facilitator 27 can be located at other locations on porous filter 20 or on the body 18 or container 12. The selective opening 29 comprises two resUient elongated walls 31 and two resilient connection walls 42 for connecting the two elongated resilient walls 31. The connection walls are wider near the base 30 and become narrower when approaching the lower end of the valve. This design makes selective opening 29 decrease in size from the base to its lower end and become small enough or even closed at the lower end to prevent the flavor- containing materials in the dispersion 11 from passing through. The lower end of the selective opening becomes larger when the container 12 is tilted to generate a Uquid head between the upper level of the dispersion 11 inside the container and the level of the beverage 44 at the beverage outlet 22, therefore aUowing air to enter the container to take the space vacated by the beverage leaving the container through the porous filter 20. It was found that the lower end of the selective opening 29 stays small or closed when the dispersion 11 reaches over or covers the elongated walls 31 and when the container is tilted in the non- intended directions.
It is appreciated that a vent comprising a large opening that can allow air, the dispersion and the flavor-containing materials to pass through may be used to replace the flow facilitator 27 for increasing the filtration flow if it is acceptable to have some flavor-containing materials in the beverage or the vent can be so located that the dispersion 11 can not reach it during normal use. Such a vent can be located on a particular area of the container 11 or body 18. It is also appreciated that such a vent can be attached to the porous filter 20 or formed directly on the porous filter to reduce the complexity and cost of the beverage device.
The heater 39 may be permanently attached or removably engaged to the container 12 to conduct heat to the liquid and flavor-containing materials. The thermal control means may be selected to turn off the heater when or before the liquid reaches its boiling temperature to prevent overflow of the dispersion 11 in the container and reduce the deterioration of the flavor or aroma in the beverage prepared by the device. The flavor-containing materials may be extracted by directly adding hot liquid into the container.
In this and other exemplar embodiments, the container 12 can be made from metal such as stainless steel or aluminum, ceramic or porcelain, glass, paper, plastic foam or plastic materials or any combination of such materials. If the container is intended to contact or in heat-conducting relation with a gas or electric heater for heating the liquid and flavor-containing materials therein, it is preferred to use more heat conductive materials (metal, etc.) as at least the bottom of the container to increase the nucleation centers for steam bubbles thereon, thus reducing or preventing potential overflow of the dispersion 11 when heated. The container can be a carafe, pot, jar, can, bottle, pitcher, thermos, cup or any other vessel that can contain liquid. The porous filter 20 can be a cloth, screen, wire-mesh, woven, non-woven, expanded plastic, etched, punctured or injection molded filter and be made from plastic, metal, glass or elastomer. The liquid can be hot or cold water, milk, alcoholic drinks, soft drinks, fruit juices or any other liquid that can extract flavor or aroma from the flavor-containing materials 37. The flavor-containing materials can be coffee grounds, tea, coca, chocolate powder, milk powder, herb, fruit, meat, vegetables, grains, any combination, or any other materials which contains flavor or aroma. The beverage made by the device can be coffee, espresso, latte, mocha, tea, iced drinks, hot chocolate, blended drinks, fruit juices or any other edible fluids.
To use the beverage device 10 of Fig. 1 to make coffee or espresso, a desired amount of liquid is added into the container 12 and heated by the heater 39 to a predetermined temperature. A desired amount of ground coffee is then added to the hot liquid. Normally, at least some of the ground coffee, although soaked in the liquid, remains on the surface of the liquid. To generate a visually appealing layer of crema, the user simply repetitively moves the plate member 14 up and down in the container by holding the handle 24 or the body 18. Also as a result of such movement, the ground coffee become better dispersed in the container and the coarser ground coffee becomes precipitated to the bottom 41 of the container. The user then inserts the body 18 of the brew head assembly 21 into the opening 17, which result in a water-tight seal between the neck 16 of the container and the o-ring 19 on the body and the trapping of the coffee grounds in the bottom chamber 36 by the plate member 14. To pour coffee or to drink the coffee directly from the beverage outlet 22, the user simply tilts the container when holding the handler 33. The tilting causes a liquid head between the top level of the dispersion 11 and the beverage level at the beverage outlet 22 or the transient beverage chamber 23. The liquid head drives the beverage part of the dispersion 11 out of the container through the filtration openings of the porous filter 20. The selective opening 29 of the flow facilitator 27 opens up to allow air to enter the container 12 to prevent vacuum formation therein as the beverage exits the contaibner, therefore facilitating the filtration flow through the porous filter.
If the crema layer 15 is not desired, the user may omit the step of moving the plate member 14 up and down in the container, thus simplifying the brewing process. It is appreciated that the ground coffee can be added into the container 12 any time, either before or after the water is added or heated. It is also appreciated hot or boiling water can be poured into the container and the ground coffee therein to avoid the need to heat the container, which makes it possible to use less heat resistant materials such as paper, foamed plastics or plastics for the container to lower the container cost. To make milk-containing coffee beverages such as latte and cappuccino, water/milk or milk alone is added to the container instead of water. Powdered milk, cocoa and/or chocolate can be added to the container to make milk and chocolate-containing coffee or espresso drinks. To make iced beverages, ice can be added, and may be broken by the blending mixing mechanism 78, after the extraction has been completed. Other flavoring liquid or solid such as wine, syrups, cinema oil, fruits or fruit juices may also be added.
In the exemplar embodiment described in Figs. 2 and 2a, an alternative blending mixing mechanism 78 and an alternative flow facilitator 27 are provided for the brew head assembly 21. In the alternative blending/mixing mechanism 78, a small ball 42 is located at the end of the rod 32 to replace the plate member 14 of Fig. 1. To use the alternative blending/mixing mechanism, the user holds the handle 24 to insert the baU 42 and part of the rod 32 into the liquid and move the rod and ball in a substantially circular motion, which causes a layer of crema 15 to be formed on top of the dispersion 11 and some coarser ground coffee to precipitate to the bottom of the container 12. The user then mounts the assembly to the opening 17 of the container by inserting the body 18 into the container and forming a friction fit between the body 18 and the interior surface of the container to prevent the brew head assembly from being pushed out by the dispersion when the container is tilted. The lip 76 of the opening 17 of the container may protrude a little inwardly to prevent the body 18 from being pushed out by the dispersion 11 when the container 12 is tilted to generate a liquid head to drive the beverage out of the container through the porous filter 20. Here, the opening 17 of the container functions as the beverage outlet from which the beverage is poured or drunk.
In this alternative flow facilitator 27, the selective openings 29 comprise quasi filtration openings which are substantially cylindrical in shape and have larger size than the filtration openings of the porous filter 20. It is, however, appreciated that the quasi filtration openings can adopt square, rectangle, oval or other suitable shape. The cylindrical quasi filtration openings have significantly longer flow path, thus significantly higher flow resistance, for the beverage than the filtration openings of the porous filter, which, in combination with the few number of quasi filtration openings, makes the amount of beverage through the quasi filtration openings negligible compared to the amount of beverage through the filtration openings of the porous filter despite the larger size of the quasi filtration openings. As a result, even if the quasi filtration openings allow some fine particles or flavor-containing materials to pass through, the amount is sufficiently small that the quality of the resulting beverage wiU not be measurably deteriorated.
To prevent the quasi filtration openings from being blocked by the liquid or beverage that may stay in the quasi filtration openings due to capillary force, the quasi filtration openings are so dimensioned that a very small vacuum in the container is sufficient to pull the liquid in the openings back into container to clear up the quasi filtration openings for air to pass through. The vacuum or pressure at which the liquid in the quasi filtration openings is pulled or pushed back into the container is referred as the liquid breakthrough pressure in this application. It was found that the liquid breakthrough pressure depends on the size and shape of the quasi filtration openings, the material used to construct the quasi filtration openings and the surface tension of the liquid and the dispersion 11. Sufficiently low liquid breakthrough pressure for the quasi filtration openings is critical for achieving sufficiently high beverage flow rate through the filtration openings of the porous filter when the container is tilted to generate the liquid head. The liquid breakthrough pressure for the quasi filtration openings is preferred to be less than about two inches of liquid head, and is more preferred to be less than one inch of liquid head. It is appreciated that too low a Uquid breakthrough pressure normaUy requires the quasi filtration opening to have relatively large size, which may attow unacceptably large flavor-containing materials to pass through, while too high a Uquid breakthrough pressure may cause too much beverage left in the container at the end of the brewing or require the liquid head generated by the tilting of the container 12 to be sufficiently high to clear up the quasi filtration openings for air flow. To facilitate the flavor-containing materials trapped in the quasi filtration opening to be pulled back into the container, the quasi filtration opening is slightly taped with the lower end slightly larger than the upper end. To enable the flow facilitator 27 to function properly when the container 12 is tilted toward different directions, a pluraUry of the quasi filtration openings are formed around the periphery of the body
18. To reduce the cost, the body 18, porous filter 20, flow facilitator 27 and the blending mixing mechanism
78 can be made as one part by injection molding or other suitable method.
In the exemplar embodiment described Figs. 3-3b, another alternative flow facilitator 27 is provided. Unlike the alternative flow facilitator of Fig. 2, here the quasi filtration openings 29 are formed directly around and near the outer periphery of the porous filter. The quasi filtration openings may be formed at the same time the porous filter is made or may be formed afterwards by manufacturing means such punching, melting, mechanically or laser drilling, or etching. Since here the length of liquid flow path through the quasi filtration openings 29 is about the same as that through the filtration openings in the porous filter 20, the quasi filtration openings may be smaller in size than those in Fig. 2 to reduce the amount of the flavor- containing materials may pass through the quasi filtration openings, thus preventing any measurable deterioration in beverage quality or taste. It was found that by having the quasi filtration openings sufficiently hydro-phobic, the quasi filtration openings stay sufficient dry when they are contacted by the liquid or dispersion in the container. Such hydrophobic quasi filtration openings repels the liquid but let air pass through relatively freely, therefore may have smaller size than the liquid-wettable quasi filtration openings and even than the filtration openings of the porous filter 20. It is appreciated that the quasi filtration openings 29, either hydrophobic or liquid wettable, can be formed in a separate entity and later attached to porous filter 20, making it possible for the quasi filtration openings to have longer flow path than the filtration openings of the porous filter 20.
To prevent the body 18 from being pushed out by the dispersion 11 when the container is tilted to generate the liquid head (Fig. 3b), a cling-on chamber 79 is formed around the periphery of the body 18 to secure the body to the interior surface of the container 12. The cling-on chamber comprises an upper chamber wall 77, a lower chamber wall 74 and a chamber opening 75 between the upper and lower walls. The upper and lower walls 74 and 77 are made of resilient materials and conform to the interior surface of the container to form an air-tight seal to close the opening 75, thus closing the chamber 79. To generate a vacuum in the cling-on chamber when mounting the body 18 to the container, the upper and lower chamber walls are adapted, such as being sufficiently tall and resilient, to allow the cling-on chamber 79 to decrease in volume, thus expelling the air therein, when a user holds the handle 24 to push the body 18 downwards into the container and then to increase in volume, thus causing a vacuum in the cling-on chamber, after the user releases the handle. The container can be slightly taped to facilitate the insertion of the body 18 and the creation of the vacuum in the cling-on chamber. The vacuum generated in the cling-on chamber 79 causes the chamber to suck to the interior surface of the container.
It is appreciated that the cling-on chamber 79 may be divided into a plurality of short cling-on chambers that are separate from each other so that the loss of vacuum in one short cling-on chamber will not cause vacuum loss in the other short cling-on chambers. It is also appreciated that the cling-on chamber 79 may be replaced by one or more suction cups connected to the periphery of the body 18. It is also appreciated that the upper and lower chamber walls 74 and 77 can cling onto the interior surface of the container 12 even when no vacuum is formed in the cling-on chamber 79, thus not requiring any air-tight seal between the upper/lower chamber walls and the interior surface of the container. Here, the cling-on force may not be as high as if a vacuum is formed in the cling-on chamber.
In the exemplar embodiment described Figs. 4 and 4a, the body 18 is irremovably attached to the container 12 to allow the cover 25 of the body 18 to seal the container and prevent the freshness loss of the flavor-containing materials in the container. A breakable or removable section 49 of the cover 25 is located near the left side of the container and a lever means 48, which is similar to that in the aluminum cans for soft drinks, is located above the breakable section to allow a user to pull the lever to break or remove the breakable section 49 and to form the beverage outlet 22. Fig. 4 shows the beverage device 10 after the breakable section 49 is broken by the lever means 48 and after hot water is added into the container through the beverage inlet 22 and through the porous filter 20 to extract the flavor-containing materials 37 in the container.
The flow facilitator 29 is formed on the porous filter by punching, melting or drilling a pluraUty of quasi filtration openings similar to those described in Fig. 3. It is preferably that the flow facilitator 29 is located at a location farther away from the breakable section 49 to better facilitate the filtration flow through the filtration openings of the porous filter when the container is tilted to generate a liquid head.
In addition to those functions described earlier, the flow facilitator 29 here allows air to get out of the container through the quasi filtration openings 27 when hot water is poured onto the porous filter to facilitate the filtration flow of the hot water into the container 12. It is also found that the flow rate through the filtration openings of the porous filter 20 can be further increased by shaking the container or repetitively tilting the container backward and forward. The flow facilitator prevents the flavor-containing materials in the dispersion 11 from passing through, thus from contaminating the beverage 44 from the filtration openings of the porous filter during the shaking or repetitive backward/forward tilting. It is believed that the shaking or repetitive backward/forward tilting causes the floated flavor-containing materials to precipitate to the bottom of the container and causes the dispersion 11 to reach and wash away the flavor-containing materials accumulated on the lower surface of the porous filter 20 during the filtration.
The porous filter 20 is attached to the lower surface of the cover 25 of the body 18. A dip-in chamber 63 is formed on the porous filter 20 to cause the filtration of the dispersion 11 through the porous filter before the container 12 is tilted, therefore making an amount of beverage 44 available in the dip-in chamber. A heat insulation member such as a sleeve 45 made from paper, foam or other insulation materials is attached, either removably or permanently, to the outside of the container 12 to prevent the hot liquid in the container from hurt the user when holding the container. A heat insulation member or coating may be applied to the drink spout near outlet 22 to prevent drinker's mouth from being burned by the hot container wall. It is appreciated that the porous filter can be attached to the top opening 14 of the container 12. In the exemplar embodiment described Fig. 5, the body 18 and container 12 are formed together as one part with the bottom end of the body 18 connected to the top end of the opening 17 of the container.
The porous filter 20 is attached to the bottom end of the body 18 to seal a supply of flavor-containing materials in the container. The flow facilitator 29 in this exemplar embodiment is the same and performs similar functions as the flow faciUtator of Fig. 4. The cover 25 is removably attached to body 18 to prevent the freshness loss of the flavor-containing materials in the container.
To use the device 10, the cover 25 is partially removed to create a large enough opening as the beverage outlet and to allow hot water to be poured onto the porous filter as shown in FIG. 5. The cover can also be completely removed if desired. The hot water is poured onto the porous filter 20 and subsequently flows through the porous filter into the container to extract the flavor-containing materials 37 therein as the air leaves the container through the quasi filtration openings 29 of the flow facilitator 27. With the assistance of the facilitator 27, a user may further increase the flow rate of the beverage through porous filter 20 by shaking or repetitively tilting the container in the same as described in Fig. 4.
In Figs. 6a-c, three alternative brew head assemblies 21 are described for the container 12 of Figs. 1- 3. In the brew head assembly of Fig. 6a, a transient storage chamber 54 is connected to the lower surface of the cover 25 for storing a supply of flavor-containing materials. The porous filter 20 adopts a taped cylindrical shape with its larger low peripheral edge attached to the lower end of the body 18 and its smaller top peripheral edge attached to the lower surface of the cover 25. The storage chamber comprises a cylindrical wall 53, a feed opening 56, a lid 55 for closing the feed opening, and a bottom plate 59 connected to the cylindrical wall 53 by hinge means 57. The bottom plate has a tab 61 at the opposite side of the hinge means for engaging with an outward protrusion 60 formed at the lower end of the cylindrical wall 53 to enable the bottom plate to close the storage chamber. A spring 58 with one end connected to bottom plate 59 and the other end to cylindrical wall 53 is loaded to facilitate the opening of the bottom plate after tab 61 is disengaged from protrusion 60.
The flow facilitator 27 in this alternative brew head assembly is the same as that of Figs. 4 and 5. The blendingmixing mechanism 78 is similar to that of Fig. 1, but is slidingly engaged to an opening 81 at the center of the lid 55. In one design, the bottom plate 59 is opened manually by pushing the handle 24 downwards, which in turn pushes the rod 32, plate member 14 and the ground coffee 37 in the storage chamber 54 downwards, to disengage the tab 61 from the outward protrusion 60. In another design, the bottom plate 59 is opened automatically when the temperature around it or in the container 12 becomes sufficiently high to cause the bottom plate to expand thermally to disengage the tab 61 from the protrusion 60.
In the brew head assembly of Fig. 6b, the body 18 is formed from one sheet of formable materials such as polyester, polyolefin, polystyrene or polyacrylics by thermal or mechanical means to achieve very low cost. A thin chamber 50 is formed around body 18 to seal to the rim or top wall of container 12. The filter 20 can be a low cost cloth, paper, woven or non-woven polymer filter attachable to body 18. The flow facilitator is a check valve with the selective opening 29 formed on the porous filter, a seal member 51 for closing the selective opening when the dispersion reaches the facilitator and a keeper 52 for keeping the seal member below the selective opening. To achieve lower cost, this facilitator may be replaced by the facilitator of Fig. 5. With such low cost brew head assembly and a disposable cup as the container, the device 10, such as a coffeemaker or espresso machine, for making 1-8 cups of coffee or espresso can be manufactured at a cost of $0.1 to $0.2.
In the alternative brew head assembly of Fig. 6c, the blending/mixing mechanism 78 comprises a blade 69, an electric motor 46 mounted to the cover 25 of body 18, and rod 32 for connecting the motor to the blade through an opening 64 on the cover 25 and for transmitting the force or torque from the motor to the blade. The blade 69 may function to generate the top crema layer 15 on the dispersion 11, to mix the Uquid with the flavor-containing materials, to grind the flavor-containing materials such as roasted coffee beans in the container, to break ice and flavor-containing materials, to blend flavor-containing materials and/or liquid to make various beverages, etc. The flow faciUtator 27 and porous filter 20 are similar to their counterparts in Fig. 6a.
In Fig. 7, another exemplar embodiment of the invention is shown. The brew head assembly of Fig. 7 is similar to that of Fig. 6c except that the electric motor 46 of the blending mixing mechanism 78 is mounted to a motor base 82 below container 12 and the blade 69 and rod 62 are rotationally connected to a container base 36 sealed to the bottom of the container. The rod 32 has a cavity 71 for engaging with shaft 72 of the motor when the container is removably received in cylindrical chamber 37 on motor base 82. A heater may be located in the base 36 or 82 to heat the container and the contents therein. Like the blending mixing mechanism 78 of Fig. 6c, the blending/mixing mechanism here enables the device 10 to make aU the drinks that can be made by coffee makers, espresso machines, blenders and mixers.
The scope of the invention is obviously not restricted or limited to the embodiments described by way of examples and depicted in the drawings, there being numerous changes, modifications, additions, and appUcations thereof imaginable within the purview of the claims.

Claims

What is claimed is:
1. A device for making beverage such as coffee, espresso, latte or mocha from flavor- containing materials comprising: a body removably mountable to a container, which container is adapted to receive an amount of flavor-containing materials and liquid and to allow the formation of a dispersion of flavor-containing materials in liquid and the extraction of the flavor-containing materials by liquid to produce a liquid extraction or beverage; a porous filter connected to said body, said porous filter comprising a first surface adapted to face or contact the dispersion in the container, a plurality of filtration openings adapted to allow the liquid extraction or beverage in the dispersion to pass through while blocking all or substantially all flavor-containing materials in the container, and a second surface in communication with a beverage outlet from which the Uquid extraction or beverage may be poured or drunk; and a blending/mixing mechanism adapted to stir or break the flavor-containing materials and liquid in the container, thereby facilitating the extraction of the flavor-containing materials by the liquid in the container, said blending mixing mechanism and said porous filter and body being configured to allow the container to be tilted to generate a Uquid head to drive the liquid extraction or beverage out of the container through said filtration openings.
2. Device as defined in claim 1 further comprising a cling-on chamber for maintaining said body in its mounted position when the container is tUted to generate the liquid head, said cling-on chamber having an upper chamber wall, a lower chamber waU and a chamber opening between said walls, said upper and lower chamber walls being adapted to cling on to the interior surface of the container.
3. Device as defined in claim 2 wherein said cling-on chamber is adapted to allow formation of a vacuum therein when being pushed downward or towards the interior surface of the container and then released.
4. Device as defined in claim 1 wherein said blending/mixing mechanism comprises a rod having a first end connected to said body and a second end extended away from said body and adapted to be immersible in the liquid for stirring the flavor-containing materials and liquid in the container.
5. Device as defined in claim 1 wherein said porous filter is adapted to be transparent or translucent at least after being wetted by the liquid for displaying a visually appealing layer of crema produced by said blending/mixing mechanism on the dispersion.
6. Device as defined in claim 1 wherein said blending mixing mechanism comprises an electric motor, a rod having a first end adapted to receive force such as torque from said motor and a second end, and an blade adapted to grind, break, mix or blend connected to said rod at or near said second end.
7. Device as defined in claim 6 wherein said motor is mounted to one of said body and a base adapted to receive the container.
8. Device as defined in claim 1 wherein said blending/mixing mechanism comprises a plate member and a rod for connecting said plate member to said body, said plate member and said rod being adapted to prevent or restrict the flavor-containing materials that precipitates from the dispersion to the bottom of the container from being re-dispersed.
9. Device as defined in claim 1 wherein said blending/mixing mechanism comprises a plate member and a rod for connecting said plate member to said body, said rod is adapted to be slidingly connected to said body to allow said plate member to be moved up and down to stir the flavor-containing materials and liquid while said body is mounted to the container.
10. Device as defined in claim 1 wherein said blending/mixing mechanism comprises a plate member and a rod for connecting said plate member to said body, said plate member has a pluraUty of holes dimensioned to allow fine air bubbles and flavor-containing materials to pass through for facilitating the movement of said plate member in the dispersion or the generation of a top crema layer on the dispersion.
11. Device as defined in claim 1 further comprising a flow facilitator for increasing the flow of the beverage through said filtration openings, said facUitator comprising a selective opening adapted to allow air to enter the container to prevent the formation of vacuum therein but prevent or restrict the flavor- containing materials from getting out of the container in the event that the dispersion covers said selective opening under a liquid head or force, thereby ensuring that the beverage out of the container is always free or substantially free of the flavor-containing materials.
12. Device as defined in claim 11 wherein said flow faciUtator comprises a check valve adapted to allow flow into the container but restrict or prevent the reverse flow.
13. Device as defined in claim 11 wherein said selective opening comprises a quasi filtration opening having larger size than said filtration openings, said quasi filtration opening being adapted to have a liquid breakthrough pressure less than about two inches, preferably less than about one inch of liquid head.
14. Device as defined in claim 13 wherein said facilitator comprises a plurality of said quasi filtration openings arranged around the periphery area of at least one of said body and said porous filter to enable said facilitator to function properly when the container is tilted toward different directions.
15. Device as defined in claim 11 wherein said selective opening comprises a hydrophobic opening that is sufficiently hydrophobic to prevent the liquid or dispersion from wetting or passing through.
16. Device as defined in claim 1 further comprising a vent for venting the container during the use of said device to make beverage.
17. Device as defined in claim 16 wherein said vent is arranged on said porous filter'.
18. Device as defined in claim 1 wherein said porous filter is adapted to change shape or deform when disturbed by the motion of said body, the container or the liquid therein for facilitating the flavor- containing materials accumulated on said first surface to fall off into the container.
19. Device as defined in claim 1 further comprising a transient storage chamber for storing an amount of flavor-containing materials, said storage chamber having a feeding opening for the flavor- containing materials and a removable bottom plate operative between a first position, in which it closes said storage chamber, and a second position, in which it opens said storage chamber to cause the flavor- containing materials therein to fall into said container.
20. Method for using the device as defined in claim 1 comprising a step of adding flavor- containing materials into the container, a step of adding liquid into the container, a step of stirring the flavor- containing materials and liquid to form a visually appealing layer of crema, and a step of tilting the container to generate a liquid head to drive the beverage out of the container through the filtration openings.
21. Method for using the device as defined in claim 1 comprising a step of adding flavor- containing materials into the container, a step of grinding the flavor-containing materials in the container, a step of adding liquid into the container, and a step of tilting the container to generate a liquid head to drive the beverage out of the container through the filtration openings.
22. A method for making beverage from flavor-containing materials with a device having a container, a porous filter and a blade comprising a step of introducing flavor-containing materials such as roasted coffee beans into the container; a step of grinding the flavor-containing materials in the container to produce ground flavor-containing materials therein by the blade; a step of introducing liquid into the container; a step of extracting the aroma and/or flavor compounds out of the ground flavor-containing materials with the liquid in the container to produce the beverage; and a step of tilting the container to generate a Uquid head to drive the beverage out of the container through the porous filter.
23. Method for making beverage from flavor-containing materials as defined in claim 22 further comprising a step of turning the blade to stir the flavor-containing materials and liquid to form a dispersion in the container and/or to produce a visually appealing crema layer on the dispersion.
24. Method for making beverage from flavor-containing materials as defined in claim 22 further comprising a step of heating the liquid in the container.
25. A device for making beverage such as coffee, espresso, latte or mocha from flavor- containing materials comprising: a body connected or for connecting to a container, which container is adapted to receive an amount of flavor-containing materials and an amount of liquid and to allow the extraction of the flavor-containing materials by liquid to produce a liquid extraction or beverage; a porous filter connected to said body, said porous filter comprising a first surface adapted to' face of contact the flavor-containing materials and liquid in the container, a plurality of filtration openings adapted to aUow the Uquid extraction or beverage to pass through while blocking all or substantially all flavor- containing materials in the container and a second surface in communication with a beverage outlet from which the liquid extraction or beverage may be poured or drunk, said porous filter and said body being configured to allow the container to be tilted to generate a liquid head to drive the liquid extraction or beverage out of the container through said filtration openings; and a flow facilitator for increasing the flow rate of the liquid extraction or beverage through said filtration openings, said flow faciUtator comprising a selective opening adapted to allow air to enter the container to prevent the formation of vacuum therein but prevent or restrict the flavor-containing materials from getting out of the container in the event that the flavor-containing materials and liquid covers said selective opening under a Uquid head or force, thereby ensuring that the beverage out of the container is always free or substantially free of the flavor-containing materials.
26. Device as defined in claim 25 further comprising a blending mixing mechanism for stirring or breaking the flavor-containing materials and liquid in the container.
27. Device as defined in claim 26 wherein said blending/mixing mechanism comprises a rod having a first end connected to said body and a second end extended away from said body and adapted to be immersible in the liquid for stirring the flavor-containing materials and liquid in the container.
28. Device as defined in claim 26 wherein said blending/mixing mechanism comprises an electric motor, a shaft having a first end adapted to receive force such as torque from said motor and a second end, and a blade connected to said shaft at or near said second end.
29. Device as defined in claim 26 wherein said blending/mixing mechanism comprises a plate member and a rod for connecting said plate member to said body.
30. Device as defined in claim 25 wherein said flow facilitator comprises a check valve adapted to allow flow into the container but restrict or prevent the reverse flow.
31. Device as defined in claim 25 wherein said selective opening comprises a quasi filtration opening having larger size than said filtration openings, said quasi filtration opening being adapted to have a liquid breakthrough pressure less than about two inches, preferably less than about one inch of liquid head.
32. Device as defined in claim 31 wherein said facilitator comprises a plurality of said quasi filtration openings arranged around the periphery area of at least one of said body and said porous filter to enable said facilitator to function properly when the container is tilted toward different directions.
33. Device as defined in claim 25 wherein said selective opening is adapted to have a flow path longer than said filtration openings to minimize or reduce the amount of fluid that is driven out of the container through said quasi filtration openings.
34. Device as defined in claim 25 wherein said selective opening adopts a tapered shape to trap the flavor-containing materials and to allow a small vacuum in the container to pull the trapped flavor- containing materials back into the container.
35. Device as defined in claim 25 wherein said selective opening comprises a hydrophobic opening that is sufficiently hydrophobic to prevent the liquid or dispersion from wetting or passing through.
36. Device as defined in claim 25 wherein said flow facilitator is located on said porous filter.
37. Device as defined in claim 25 wherein said porous filter is adapted to change shape or deform when disturbed by the motion of said body, the container or the liquid therein for facilitating the flavor-containing materials accumulated on said first surface to fall off into the container.
38. Device as defined in claim 25 further comprising a transient storage chamber for storing an amount of flavor-containing materials, said storage chamber having a feeding opening for the flavor- containing materials and a removable bottom plate operative between a first position, in which it closes said storage chamber, and a second position, in which it opens said storage chamber to cause the flavor- containing materials therein to fall into said container.
39. Device as defined in claim 38 wherein said removable bottom plate is adapted to be triggered automaticaUy from said first position to said second position after the temperature around it or in the container reaches a predetermined value.
40. Device as defined in claim 25 wherein said body is permanently connected to the container by one of the methods: irremovably connecting said body to the container method and forming said body and the container together as one part method.
41. Device as defined in claim 40 further comprising a heat insulation member for protecting the user from the heat conducted from hot fluid in said device.
42. Device as defined in claim 41 wherein said body and container are made from aluminum or alloy for facilitating the recyclability of said device.
43. Device as defined in claim 40 further comprising a cover for preventing the loss of the freshness of flavor-containing materials in the container prior to the use of said device to make beverage, said cover being adapted to allow at least a small section of said cover to be removable or breakable to allow the addition of hot Uquid into the container to mix with and/or extract ffie tlavor-contaming materials therein.
44. Device as defined in claim 25 wherein the flavor-containing materials comprises a supply of coffee grounds and a supply of water soluble materials containing at least of one of milk and chocolate.
45. Device as defined in claim 25 wherein said body is made from one sheet of formable material by forming means such as thermal forming, mechanical forming or their combination, thereby enabling very low manufacturing cost for said device.
46. Device as defined in claim 25 further comprising a cling-on chamber for mamtaining said body in its mounted position when the container is tilted to generate the liquid head, said cling-on chamber having an upper chamber wall, a lower chamber wall and a chamber opening between said walls, said walls being adapted to cling on to the interior surface of the container.
47. Device as defined in claim 46 wherein said cling-on chamber is adapted to aUow the formation of a vacuum therein when being pushed downward or towards the interior surface of the container and then released.
48. Method for using the device as defined in claim 25 comprising a step of adding Uquid into the container, a step of stirring or shaking the flavor-containing materials and liquid to break a floated layer of wetted flavor-containing materials in the container and/or to form a visually appealing layer of crema, and a step of tilting the container to generate a liquid head to drive the beverage in the container through the filtration openings.
49. A method for making beverage from flavor-containing materials comprising: providing a mixing mechanism for stirring flavor-containing materials and liquid in a container and a porous filter adapted to allow liquid to pass through but block the flavor-containing materials; a step of introducing liquid into the container a step of stirring the flavor-containing materials and liquid in the container with the assistance of the mixing mechanism; a step of extracting the aroma and/or flavor compounds out of the flavor-containing materials by the liquid in the container to produce a beverage; and a step of tilting the device to generate a water head to drive the beverage out of the container through the porous filter while retaining all or substantially all flavor-containing materials in the container, thereby producing a beverage substantially free of the flavor-containing materials.
50. A method as defined in claim 49 wherein said step of stirring comprises a step of moving a stirring member of the mechanism in a repetitive, substantiaUy circular or linear motion within the container.
51. A method as defined in claim 49 wherein said step of stirring comprises a step of shaking the container and said mechanism comprises a flow facilitator having a selective opening adapted to prevent the flavor-containing materials from being shaken out of the container but to allow air to enter the container during said step of driving to faciUtate the flow of the beverage out of the container under the liquid head.
52. A method as defined in claim 49 wherein said step of introducing comprises a step of pouring water onto the porous filter, a step of filtering the water through the porous filter into the container under gravity, and a step of venting the air in the container as water enters the container.
53. A method as defined in claim 52 further comprising a step of adding an amount of additive such as sugar, cream, coca or milk powder onto the porous filter and a step of dissolving the additive by the water poured onto the porous filter.
54. A method as defined in claim 49 further comprising a step of regenerating the porous filter by shaking or tilting the container to cause the liquid to wash the flavor-containing materials accumulated on the lower surface of the porous filter off into the container.
55. A method as defined in claim 49 further comprising a step of adding flavor-containing materials into a transient storage chamber of the device and a step of delivering the flavor-containing materials to the container after the transient storage chamber or the container has been heated to a certain temperature.
56. A device for making beverage from flavor-containing materials comprising: a body removably mountable to a container, which container is adapted to receive an amount of flavor-containing materials and liquid and to allow the extraction of the flavor-containing materials by liquid to produce a liquid extraction or beverage; a porous filter connected to said body, said porous filter comprising a first surface adapted to face or contact the flavor-containing materials and liquid in the container, a pluraUty of filtration openings adapted to allow the liquid extraction or beverage to pass through but block all or substantially all flavor-containing materials in the container, and a second surface in communication with a beverage outlet from which the liquid extraction or beverage may be poured or drunk; and a cling-on chamber for maintaining said body in its mounted position when the container is tilted to generate a liquid head to drive the liquid extraction or beverage out of the container through said filtration openings, said cling-on chamber comprising an upper chamber wall, a lower chamber wall and a chamber opening between said upper and lower chamber walls, said upper and lower chamber walls being adapted to cling on to the interior surface of the container.
57. Device as defined in claim 56 further comprising a blending/mixing mechanism for stirring or breaking the flavor-containing materials and liquid in the container.
58. Device as defined in claim 57 wherein said blending/mixing mechanism comprises a rod having a first end connected to said body and a second end extended away from said body and adapted to be immersible in the liquid for stirring the flavor-containing materials and liquid in the container.
59. Device as defined in claim 57 wherein said blending/mixing mechanism comprises an electric motor, a shaft having a first end adapted to receive force such as torque from said motor and a second end, and a blade connected to said shaft at or near said second end.
60. Device as defined in claim 57 wherein said blending/mixing mechanism comprises a plate member and a rod for connecting said plate member to said body.
61. Device as defined in claim 56 wherein said upper and lower chamber walls are configured to seal to the interior surface of the container to close said chamber opening and to aUow the formation of a vacuum in said cling-on chamber, said vacuum causing said cling-on chamber sucked to the interior surface of the container.
62. Device as defined in claim 56 wherein said cling-on chamber is adapted to form a vacuum when being pushed downward or towards the interior surface of the container and then released.
63. Device as defined in claim 56 wherein said cling-on chamber is a suction cup with said upper and lower chamber walls connected to each other to form said chamber opening.
64. Device as defined in claim 56 further comprising a flow facilitator for increasing beverage flow through said filtration openings by allowing air to enter the container to prevent vacuum formation therein, said flow facilitator being adapted to prevent or restrict the flavor-containing materials in the container from passing through in the event that the dispersion reaches or covers said flow facilitator under a liquid head or force, thereby ensuring that the beverage out of the container is free or substantially free of the flavor-containing materials.
65. Device as defined in claim 64 wherein said flow faciUtator comprises a check valve adapted to allow flow into the container but restrict or prevent the reverse flow.
66. Device as defined in claim 64 wherein said facilitator comprises at least one quasi filtration opening having larger size than said filtration openings, said quasi filtration opening being adapted to have a liquid breakthrough pressure lower than approximately 1 inch, preferably lower than approximately 0.5 inches, of liquid head.
67. Device as defined in claim 66 wherein said facilitator comprises a pluraUty of said quasi filtration openings arranged around the periphery area of at least one of said body and said porous filter to enable said faciUtator to function properly when the container is tilted at at least two different directions.
68. Device as defined in claim 56 further comprising a vent for venting the container during the use of said device to make beverage, said vent being arranged on said porous filter.
69. Device as defined in claim 56 wherein said porous filter is adapted to change shape or deform when disturbed by the motion of said body, the container or the liquid therein for facilitating the flavor-containing materials accumulated on said first surface to fall off into the container.
70. Method for using the device as defined in claim 56 comprising a step of adding flavor- containing materials to the container, a step of adding liquid to the container, a step of pushing said body downwards into the container, which squeezes an amount of air out of said cling-on chamber, a step of releasing said body, which causes a vacuum formed in said cling-on chamber to generate a suction force between said cling-on chamber and the interior surface of the container, and a step of tilting the container to generate a liquid head to drive the beverage in the container through the filtration openings.
PCT/US2002/036899 2002-11-16 2002-11-16 Device and method for making coffee and espresso drinks WO2004045349A1 (en)

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US10/631,540 US7032507B2 (en) 2001-09-01 2003-07-31 Device and method for brewing coffee and espresso beverages

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WO2010003258A1 (en) * 2008-08-29 2010-01-14 Pi-Design Ag Beverage preparation device comprising an insert inserted into a receptacle
US20120024873A1 (en) * 2006-11-28 2012-02-02 Dan Roseblade Anti-splash device configured for removable placement within a cup interior
AU2019202131B1 (en) * 2019-03-14 2019-06-20 Chunan Liyi Cup Co., Ltd. A separation brewing coffee cup

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US4721835A (en) * 1986-10-06 1988-01-26 Helmut Welker Microwave brewing cup
US5932098A (en) * 1997-04-21 1999-08-03 Ross; Gary Filtration apparatus for brewing and drinking coffee and like beverages and concurrently enabling a user to drink directly from the apparatus

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US4721835A (en) * 1986-10-06 1988-01-26 Helmut Welker Microwave brewing cup
US5932098A (en) * 1997-04-21 1999-08-03 Ross; Gary Filtration apparatus for brewing and drinking coffee and like beverages and concurrently enabling a user to drink directly from the apparatus

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US20120024873A1 (en) * 2006-11-28 2012-02-02 Dan Roseblade Anti-splash device configured for removable placement within a cup interior
WO2010003258A1 (en) * 2008-08-29 2010-01-14 Pi-Design Ag Beverage preparation device comprising an insert inserted into a receptacle
CH699504A1 (en) * 2008-08-29 2010-03-15 Pi Design Ag A beverage maker with an insert part inserted into a vessel.
AU2019202131B1 (en) * 2019-03-14 2019-06-20 Chunan Liyi Cup Co., Ltd. A separation brewing coffee cup

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