WO2004018768A1 - Forming of a paper or board web in a twin-wire former or in a twin-wire section of a former - Google Patents

Forming of a paper or board web in a twin-wire former or in a twin-wire section of a former Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2004018768A1
WO2004018768A1 PCT/FI2003/000481 FI0300481W WO2004018768A1 WO 2004018768 A1 WO2004018768 A1 WO 2004018768A1 FI 0300481 W FI0300481 W FI 0300481W WO 2004018768 A1 WO2004018768 A1 WO 2004018768A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
forming
wire
dewatering
fixed
shoe
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/FI2003/000481
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Antti Poikolainen
Jeffrey C. Irwin
Michael Odell
Hannu Korhonen
Ari Puurtinen
Sami Anttilainen
Original Assignee
Metso Paper, Inc.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21FPAPER-MAKING MACHINES; METHODS OF PRODUCING PAPER THEREON
    • D21F9/00Complete machines for making continuous webs of paper
    • D21F9/003Complete machines for making continuous webs of paper of the twin-wire type
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21FPAPER-MAKING MACHINES; METHODS OF PRODUCING PAPER THEREON
    • D21F1/00Wet end of machines for making continuous webs of paper
    • D21F1/48Suction apparatus
    • D21F1/52Suction boxes without rolls

Abstract

The invention concerns a method in the twin-wire forming section of a paper or board machine, wherein fibrous stock supplied by a headbox (1) is guided in between forming wires (11, 12) formed as wire loops, where water is removed from the fibrous stock in at least two successive dewatering zones (Z1, Z2). At least a part of the first dewatering zone (Z1) is formed with the aid of a fixed forming shoe (3) having a curved surface and against which one of the forming wires (12) is supported while the opposite forming wire (11) is unsupported in the area of the forming shoe (3). The other dewatering zone (Z2) is formed by fixed dewatering blades (21) on the other side of the forming wires (11, 12) and supported against the fibrous stock located in between them (21) and on the opposite side of the forming wires (11, 12) by dewatering blades (24), which can be loaded in a controlled manner against the fixed dewatering blades (21) at gaps (22) between these in such a way that pulsating dewatering is caused in the fibrous stock in the second dewatering zone (Z2). The forming wires (11, 12) are guided from the beginning of the twinwire forming section into the area of the fixed forming shoe (3) of the first dewatering zone (Zl) in such a way that the fixed forming shoe (3) is used to cause essentially non-pulsating dewatering in the fibrous (stock travelling in between the forming wires (11, 12), which dewatering is applied to the fibrous stock in the area after the leading edge (7) of the fixed forming shoe (3). The invention also concerns a twinwire forming section.

Description

Forming of a paper or board web in a twin-wire former or in a twin-wire section of a former

The present invention concerns forming of a paper or board web from aqueous wood fibre stock. More specifically, the invention concerns a method and device for forming paper or board at a high speed in the early stage of web formation. Even more specifically, the invention concerns a method in accordance with the preamble to independent claim 1 on the twin-wire forming section of a paper or board machine and a twin-wire forming section of a paper or board machine in accordance with the preamble to independent claim 8.

When making paper of aqueous wood fibre stock, the initial formation was then done on one forming wire, such as a Fourdrinier wire part, or in a twin-wire former, such as the so-called gap former, wherein a pair of opposite wire loops travelling in the same direction forms a closing gap, into which a stock jet is supplied from a headbox into the space between the forming wires, water is removed from the stock through the forming wires in order to start formation of the paper web by leaving the woodpulp fibres randomly distributed on the forming wire or in between the forming wires travelling together.

Depending on the quality ofthe paper or board to be made, fibre pulps of different types are used. The quantity, with which water can be removed from different fibre pulps in order to bring about a paper product of good quality, is a function of many factors, such as, for example, a function of the desired standard ofthe paper product, of the desired caliper of the paper product to be made, of the design velocity of the paper machine, and of the desired standard of fines, fibres and fillers in the final paper product. It is known in the state ofthe art to use forming shoes to guide one or two forming wires on the forming section of the paper machine. It is also known to use a so- called forming roll equipped with an open, for example, perforated surface to receive water through the forming wire into the interior of the forming roll from the fibre pulp supported by the outer surface ofthe forming wire.

It is further known to use a forming shoe, whose surface has grooves starting in the downfeed direction from the leading edge of the forming shoe and extending at a small angle in relation to the machine direction (that is, in relation to the travelling direction ofthe paper web through the paper machine).

Devices of several types are known in the paper machine's forming section, that is, in the former, such as foil blades, suction boxes, hitch rolls, suction rolls and rolls provided with an open surface, which have been used in several different formations and sequences when trying to optimise the quantity of exiting water, the time and the location during the paper web formation. The making of paper is still an art in part in that simply removing water as quickly as possible will not produce a paper product of optimum quality. In other words, the production of a high-quality paper product at high velocities, for example, at approximately 2000 m/min, is a function of the quantity of removed water, of the manner in which water is removed, ofthe duration of dewatering and ofthe location where water is removed from the stock or in between the forming wires.

Earlier when paper machines operated at lower velocities, for example at 900- 1200 m/min, relative utilisation of the above-mentioned factors could vary in order to achieve the desired quality in the paper product. In addition, when desiring to maintain or improve the product quality when making a product at higher speeds, unforeseen problems will occur in most processes, so that either the production quantity must be reduced to maintain or achieve the desired quality or the desired quality must be sacrificed in order to achieve a higher production quantity. The blade elements or foils of earlier forming shoes or blade shoes had a forming shoe surface of a curved or planar shape, they had several gaps in between the blade elements, which extended in the longitudinal direction over the blade element length. The gaps for their part define leading edges for the blade elements, which blade elements are arranged in the cross-machine direction at right angles to the travelling direction of the forming wire. Such an arrangement works well. The stock jet is directed against the forming wire over the leading edge of the forming shoe/blade in such a way that a part of the water in the stock jet will travel through the forming wire and end up below the shoe/blade. Each foil, blade element or forming shoe is either open to atmospheric pressure at its bottom or they are connected to an underpressure source in order to improve dewatering by forcing water into gaps in between adjacent foils or blade elements. The blade elements form the top surface or deck ofthe foil or forming shoe.

However, with increasing paper machine velocities to make paper products with ever improved economy, new phenomena begin occurring in connection with the paper machine's runnability and also relating to the appearance and internal structure ofthe produced paper product. Most of these changes are not desirable.

These phenomena may occur in different forms, such as an undesirable distribution of fines and fillers in the paper product's surface or internal parts, whereby the acceptable retention or finer retention would decrease. These changes and imperfections are disastrous for the paper product and affect its saleability.

There are two techniques in principle, which are in general use in the formation of printing stock and writing paper, that is, blade type gap formers and roll gap formers. Both these techniques have certain advantages and disadvantages, of which the following may be listed.

Advantages of the roll gap former are that the impingement of the headbox jet onto a roll having a relatively large radius is very insensitive to minor geometrical errors in the jet quality and to external effects, such as windage and water drops, that Z direction properties, such as regards fillers and anisotropy, can be achieved and excellent two-sidedness due to the fact that a fibre mat is formed at first at the same time on both wires at a constant (that is, non-pulsating) dewatering pressure, and that a good retention can be achieved due to the fact that initially a constant (that is, non-pulsating) dewatering pressure exists in the dewatering zone. A considerable disadvantage of this technique is that rotation of the forming roll results in a vacuum pulse on the exit side of the roll nip. This pulse will partly damage (crush) the formed paper structure as it travels from the zone with a constant pressure into the following zone with a pulsating pressure, if the paper is too wet at this point. In practice, this limits the formation quality of this type of former, because the quantity of water, which can be made to transfer into the pulsating dewatering zone, is limited by this vacuum pulse. Essential disadvantages are also the costs of the forming roll and its spare parts as well as the roll's need of maintenance and the resulting time of machine shutdown. Another noticed problem with the roll gap former is the unsufficient dewatering capacity at high speeds (>1600 m/min) and with dense pulps.

Advantages of the blade type gap former are that because to begin with the jet dewatering is carried out at a pulsating pressure, the formation potential of this type of former is very good. Since all dewatering components are fixed, acquisition and maintenance costs are lower than when using a roll as the first dewatering device.

This technique has the following disadvantages, among others. The jet inpinge- ment onto a shoe having a relatively large radius and constructed to create pulsating dewatering is very sensitive to numerous errors. This is the main limitation of an efficient operation of formers of this type. The initial dewatering is quite asymmetric, which results in a very one-sided paper structure in the Z direction, especially as regards fillers and anisotropy. Because dewatering of the pulp is initially done with a pulsating pressure, the retention is low. As regards the state ofthe art, reference is also made to US patent No. 5,798,024, US patent application publication No. 2001/0025697, now US patent No. 6,372,091, and GB patent No.1,288,277.

With the aid of the present invention the above-mentioned drawbacks and disadvantages have been eliminated or reduced, which are caused by the forming shoe or blade element on the paper machine's forming section to the production and quality of the paper product. The method according to the invention is mainly characterized in that which is defined in the characterising part of independent claim 1, while the main characteristics ofthe twin- wire forming section of a paper or board machine according to the invention are defined in the characterising part of independent claim 8.

Other characterising features of the invention are presented in the dependent claims.

Other objects, characteristic features and advantages of the invention will emerge from the following detailed description and from the figures in the appended drawing.

Figure 1 is a schematic lateral view of an advantageous embodiment ofthe former according to the invention.

Figure 2 is a view corresponding to Figure 1 of a variation of the former according to Figure 1.

Figure 3 is an enlarged detail of the starting end of the formers according to Figures 1 and 2, at the area hit by the headbox lip jet. Figure 4 is a cross-sectional view of an advantageous embodiment of the deck structure ofthe foπning shoe shown in Figures 1, 2 and 3.

Figure 4A shows the deck ofthe forming shoe looking in the surface direction.

Figure 5 is a schematic lateral view of an advantageous embodiment of a different type of former according to the invention.

Figure 6 is a view corresponding to Figure 5 of a variation of the former according to Figure 5.

Figure 7 is a schematic lateral view of an application in a hybrid former of the forming shoe forming an essential part ofthe invention.

Referring in greater detail to the figures in the drawing and first to Figure 1, it shows an advantageous embodiment ofthe former according to the invention. The former shown in Figure 1 is a blade type gap former and it is marked generally by reference number 10. Former 10 includes two forming wires 11, 12, which are formed into endless wire loops (not shown) with the aid of hitch rolls and guiding rolls. Of the rolls Figure 1 shows the first breast roll 13 of the first forming wire 11 on the wire loop side, through which breast roll the first forming wire 11 is guided into the dewatering area, and a guiding roll 15, which guides the first forming wire 11 after the formation area into a first wire loop. Correspondingly, the second breast roll 14 ofthe second forming wire 12 is shown on the wire loop side, through which breast roll the second forming wire 12 is guided into the dewatering area, and a suction roll 16, which guides the second forming wire 12 after the formation area into a second wire loop and from which, correspondingly, the formed wire W is guided further to further treatment. In the manner shown by Figure 1, suction roll 16 is provided with internal axial bevels 17, which limit a suction zone 18 or other such suction area in between them. The breast rolls 13, 14 are arranged in such a way that the forming wires 11, 12 travelling through them to the dewatering area form in between them a wedge-shaped formation gap G, into which headbox 1 feeds stock as a lip jet 2.

In former 10 there are two successive dewatering zones ZI, Z2, of which the lip jet 2 of headbox 1 is brought to the area of the first dewatering zone ZI. The first dewatering zone ZI includes a forming shoe 3, wherein a surface touching the second forming wire 12 is of a curved shape, so that it will not cause any pulsating dewatering in the web W travelling between forming wires 11, 12. The forming shoe 3 and the first dewatering zone ZI are examined more closely in connection with Figures 2, 3 and 3A. The first dewatering zone ZI is followed by the second dewatering zone Z2, where pulsating dewatering is caused in the web W travelling between the forming wires. Pulsating dewatering is brought about in such a way that fixed dewatering blades 21 are arranged on the side of the first forming wire 11 inside the first wire loop and supported against the first forming wire 11, which dewatering blades are located in the cross-machine direction. The fixed dewatering blades 21 are arranged in such a way that gaps 22 in the cross- machine direction remain in between them. The fixed dewatering blades 21 are preferably arranged to form the bottom of a suction box connected with an underpressure source 23. The under-pressure brought about by underpressure source 23 is applied to web W by way of the gaps 22 between the fixed dewatering blades 21.

On the side of the second forming wire 12, inside the second wire loop, dewatering blades 24, which can be loaded in a controlled manner, are arranged against the second forming wire 12. The controlled dewatering blades 24 are in the cross- machine direction and they are arranged especially in such a way that the controlled dewatering blades 24 are located at the gaps 22 in between the fixed dewatering blades 21. With these dewatering blades (fixed/controlled) 21, 24 and with the combination of loading elements and the suction box 23 pulsating dewatering is brought about in web W. Thus, the first dewatering zone ZI is formed by a curved forming shoe 3 located against the second forming wire 12, over which shoe the second forming wire 12 travels and in which forming shoe 3 there is a curved deck 5 provided with holes, openings, grooves, gaps or such 6 and forming the upper surface (Figures 2 and 3). Under forming shoe 3 underpressure is arranged as indicated by reference number 4 and illustrated by an arrow for removing water from the stock located in between forming wires 11, 12. The holes, openings, gaps, grooves or such 6 are arranged in the deck 5 of forming shoe 3 in such a way that the said deck 5 has a large open surface area, preferably 50-90 %, and in such a way that due to their design and/or arrangement they do not cause any pressure pulses in web W. Pressure pulses may be caused in web W, if due to tension in fomring wire 11, 12 an angle in the cross-machine direction is formed in between the forming wire and the openings in the deck. Pressure pulses will not be caused, if the open surface is formed by holes or by gaps or openings essentially in the longitudinal direction of the machine. The holes 6 or such are preferably arranged in the manner shown by Figures 2 and 3 obliquely in relation to the deck 5 in such a way that water will be better guided into them. The angle of incidence of holes 6 or such in relation to the deck 5 is low. Deck 5 is given a curved shape, as pointed out above, and the radius of curvature R of deck 5 is within a range of 600-4000 mm, preferably within a range of 800-3000mm. The overlap angle of wire 12 in the area of deck 5 is between 3 and 45 degrees, preferably between 5 and 30 degrees.

Figure 2 shows a variation ofthe former according to Figure 1, and the former is a blade type gap former in this embodiment too. The former is indicated generally by reference mark 10a and it includes two forming wires 11, 12, which are formed as endless wire loops (not shown) with the aid of hitch rolls and guiding rolls. Of the rolls Figure 2 shows the first breast roll 13 on the wire loop side of the first forming wire 11, through which breast roll the first forming wire 11 is guided into the dewatering area, and a suction roll 16, which in this embodiment guides the first forming wire 11 after the formation area to form the first wire loop and from which, correspondingly, the formed web W is guided further to continued treat- ment either supported by the first forming wire 11 or as shown by dashed lines and reference mark W' in a corresponding way as in Figure 1. Suction roll 16 is provided with internal axial seals 17 limiting in between them suction zones 18 or other such suction areas. Correspondingly, the second breast roll 14 is shown on the wire loop side of the second forming wire 12, through which breast roll the second forming wire 12 is guided into the dewatering area, and a guiding roll 15, which in this embodiment guides the second forming wire 12 after the formation area to form the second wire loop. The breast rolls 13, 14 are arranged in such a way that the forming wires 11, 12 passing through them into the dewatering area form in between them a wedge-shaped forming gap G, into which headbox 1 supplies the stock as a lip jet 2.

In former 10a there are two successive dewatering zones ZI, Z2, from which the lip jet 2 of headbox 1 is brought into the area ofthe first dewatering zone ZI. The first dewatering zone ZI includes forming shoes 3, 3a, wherein the surface contacting forming wire 11, 12 corresponding to a forming shoe is given a curved shape in such a way that it will not cause any pulsating dewatering in web W travelling in between forming wires 11, 12. Thus, in the embodiment shown in Figure 2 there are two forming shoes 3, 3a, which are arranged one after the other on opposite sides of forming wires 11, 12 to remove water from the fibrous stock located in between forming wires 11, 12 through both forming wires 11, 12, that is, in both directions. In the manner shown in Figure 2, the first forming shoe 3 is used to remove water through the second forming wire 12 and, correspondingly, the second forming shoe 3 a is used to remove water through the first forming wire 11. To boost dewatering, forming shoes 3, 3a are connected to an underpressure source 4, 4a. Thus, in the presentation of Figure 2 water is removed in the first dewatering zone ZI from both surfaces of the web formed in between forming wires 11, 12 by non-pulsating forming shoe 3, 3a. This embodiment allows good symmetry and filler distribution in the web. Forming shoes 3 and 3a are similar as regards their function and structure. As regards the structure and function of form- ing shoe 3 and the forward end of the first dewatering zone ZI reference is made to Figures 3, 4 and 4 A.

The first dewatering zone ZI is followed by a second dewatering zone Z2, wherein pulsating dewatering is caused to occur in the web W travelling in between the forming wires. In the embodiment shown in Figure 2, pulsating dewatering is brought about in such a way that on the side ofthe second forming wire 12, inside the second wire loop, are arranged fixed dewatering blades 21, which are supported against the second forming wire 12 and are located in the cross-machine direction. The fixed dewatering blades 21 are arranged in such a way that gaps 22 in the cross-machine direction are fonned between them. The fixed dewatering blades 21 are preferably arranged to form the bottom of a suction box connected to an underpressure source 23. The underpressure created by underpressure source 23 is applied to web W by way of the gaps 22 between the fixed dewatering blades 21.

On the side of the first forming wire 11, inside the first wire loop, are arranged dewatering blades 24, which can be loaded in a controlled manner against the first forming wire 11. The controlled dewatering blades 24 are in the cross-machine direction and they are arranged especially in such a way that the controlled dewatering blades 24 are located at the gaps 22 located in between the fixed dewatering blades 21. With these dewatering blades (fixed/controlled) 21, 24 and with the combination of loading elements and suction box 23 pulsating dewatering is caused in web W. As is illustrated in Figure 2, the controlled dewatering blades 24 are arranged at least at a part of the second dewatering zone Z2, preferably at the forward part ofthe second dewatering zone Z2. They may in fact also be arranged along the whole length ofthe second dewatering zone Z2, as is done, for example, in the presentation of Figure 1. Correspondingly, the arrangement of Figure 1 may also be similar to the one of Figure 2 in this respect. Thus, in the presentation of Figure 2, the first dewatering zone ZI is formed by two curved and successively located forming shoes 3, 3 a, which are located against forming wires 11, 12 and over which the forming wires 11, 12 are travelling. Each forming shoe 3, 3a has a curved deck 5 forming the upper surface and provided with holes, openings, grooves, gaps or such 6 (Figures 3 and 4). The forming shoes 3, 3a are connected to an underpressure source 4, 4a in such a way that under forming shoes 3, 3a an underpressure is arranged for removing water from the stock located in between forming wires 11, 12. The holes, openings, gaps, grooves or such 6 are arranged in such a way in the deck 5 of forming shoe 3, 3a that the said deck 5 has a large surface area, preferably 50-90 %, and in such a way that due to their shape and/or arrangement they do not cause any pressure pulses in web W. Pressure pulses may be caused in web W, if due to tension in forming wire 11, 12 an angle is formed in between the forming wire and the openings in the deck in the cross-machine direction. Pressure pulses will not be caused, if the open surface is formed by holes or by gaps or openings located essentially in the longitudinal direction of the machine. The holes 6 or such are most advantageously arranged in the manner shown in Figures 3 and 4 obliquely in relation to deck 5, so that the water will be better guided into them. The angle of incidence of holes 6 or such in relation to deck 5 is low. Deck 5 is given a curved shape, as was mentioned earlier, and the radius of curvature R of deck 5 is in a range between 600 and 4000 mm, preferably between 800 and 3000mm. The overlap angle of wire 11, 12 in the area of deck 5 is between 3 and 45 degrees, preferably between 5 and 30 degrees.

By looking more closely at Figure 3 it is found that the lip jet 2 of headbox 1 is directed into forming gap G on the side of the forming wire opposite to forming shoe 3, that is, the first forming wire 11 in the figure. Lip jet 2 is thus directed against the first forming wire 11 into the unsupported area B of the said wire 11 before forming shoe 3. Hereby the stock supplied by headbox 1 and transported by the first forming wire 11 will not hit the leading edge or tip 7 of forming shoe 3, but it meets forming shoe 3 only after tip 7 in the area of deck 5. Thus, the lead- ing edge 7 of forming shoe 3 will not remove any water at all, which is of essential significance for the operatrion. As lip jet 2 of headbox 1 meets forming wire 12 only in the area of deck 5 of forming shoe 3 this also leaves time to remove the air transported by forming wire 12 and lip jet 2 by the underpressure affecting through holes 6 in deck 5 before lip jet 2 meets forming wire 12. The free directing of lip jet 2 in the desired mamier into the unsupported area of the first forming wire 11 after the first breast roll 13 is made possible by the geometry presented in Figure 3, to the effect that breast rolls 13 and 14 are not in the same plane, but in the presentation shown in the figure breast roll 14 (the second breast roll) of the wire loop (the second wire loop) on the side of forming shoe 3 is in a higher location than breast roll 13 (the first breast roll) of the opposite wire loop (the first wire loop). Thus, in relation to the stock feeding direction the breast roll 14 on the side of forming shoe 3 is located after the breast roll 13 located on the opposite side. This lateral shift is illustrated by reference mark A in Figure 3. The dewatering event can be controlled and changed by using a replacing forming shoe 3 having a different curvature. Within the area of forming gap G the curvature control and dewatering control are essentially better than in earlier solutions. In the solution shown in Figure 3, the profile bar of headbox 1 indicated by reference number 101 and forming shoe 3 are preferably on the same side as lip jet 2 of headbox 1. This allows as short a lip jet as possible from headbox 1 to the wire section.

It is an advantage of a blade type gap former 10, 10a of this type that it can be used to make symmetric paper, because underpressure levels can be used to control the dewatering distribution removed by the dewatering zones ZI, Z2 on the side ofthe different wire loops. In addition, this type of blade type gap former 10, 10a can be used to guide web W with a sufficiently low dry matter content to the loading element-suction box combination 21, 23, 24, whereby pulsating dewatering can be used to achieve as good a formation of paper/board web W as possible. If the dry matter content of web W is too high, the formation of paper can no longer be improved with the loading element-suction box combination 21, 23, 24. Retention also remains good, because the non-pulsating forming shoe 3 removes water from web W depending on the ratio between the tension of wire 11, 12 and the curvature of deck 5 of forming shoe 3 (dewatering pressure = tension of wire 11, 12 / radius of curvature of deck 5 of forming shoe 3, that is, P = T/R) and assisted by the underpressure of forming shoe 3. The underpressure level is preferably 1-25 kPa.

Blade type gap formers have been known for quite a long time. In these known formers, the first dewatering element has been the forming shoe, which has been used to cause pulsating dewatering in the web. With such an arrangement formation has been good, but retention poor, and the paper has been one-sided, that is, asymmetric. US patent application publication No. 2001/0025697 (US patent No. 6,372,091) presents as the first dewatering element a non-pulsating forming shoe, whereby it can be assumed that with the solution according to this publication both retention and paper symmetry have been improved, but good formation of the paper is lost at the same time, because after this non-pulsating forming shoe a dewatering zone is arranged, which does not cause pressure pulses of sufficient strength in the web.

Dewatering systems including two or more dewatering zones are known as such. It is also known to use a combination of non-pulsating dewatering zone together with a pulsating dewatering zone in blade type gap formers, wherein the stock is guided from the headbox into a gap between two forming wires, whereby the first non-pulsating dewatering zone includes a forming roll (an open suction roll), which is followed by the pulsating dewatering zone containing a combination of loading element and suction box. With such an arrangement good retention and symmetric paper have been achieved, but poorer formation than with the traditional blade type gap formers. It was found that the reason for this was the fact that the forming roll's rotation causes an underpressure peak in the web after the forming roll, which peak damages the already formed web. It is an advantage of the present invention in this regard that the fixed non-pulsating forming shoe does not cause any underpressure peak after the forming shoe, with the result that the web can be brought into the loading element-suction box combination with a low dry matter content, whereby an excellent formation is achieved in the web with this combination of loading element and suction box. This means that the present invention combines the good points and advantages of the blade type gap formers and the roll and blade gap formers.

Figures 5 and 6 show some more alternative embodiments of the invention. Figures 5 and 6 show a roll and blade gap former indicated generally by reference number 30 in Figure 5 and by reference mark 30a in Figure 6. Former 30, 30a includes two forming wires 11, 12, which are formed into endless wire loops (not shown) using hitch rolls and guiding rolls. Of the rolls Figures 5 and 6 show the first breast roll 13 on the side of the wire loop of the first forming wire 11, through which breast roll the first forming wire 11 is guided into the dewatering area, and the second forming roll 37 or other such suction roll, which guides the first forming wire 11 after the formation area to form the first wire loop. The second forming roll 37 is equipped with suction zones 39 limited by the roll's internal crosswise seals 38, which suction zones are used to malce sure that the web W formed after the mentioned suction zones 39 will follow the first forming wire 11, on which web W is taken to a pick-up roll (not shown), by which web W is transferred on to a pick-up fabric (not shown) and further to continued treatment, such as into a press section (not shown).

Correspondingly, the forming roll 34 (the first forming roll) is shown on the wire loop side of the second forming wire 12, through which forming roll the second forming wire 12 is guided into a dewatering area, and a guiding roll 40 guiding the second forming wire 12 after the formation area to form the second wire loop. Breast roll 13 and forming roll 34 are arranged in such a way that the forming wires 11, 12 travelling through them into the dewatering area will form in between them a wedge-shaped forming gap G, into which headbox 1 supplies the stock as a lip jet 2. Forming roll 34 is a suction roll provided with an open, for example, perforated surface and containing a suction zone 36 limited by the roll's internal axial, that is, crosswise seals 35.

Former 30, 30a has two successive dewatering zones ZI, Z2 and the lip jet 2 of headbox 1 is brought into the area ofthe first dewatering zone ZI. The first dewatering zone ZI is a non-pulsating dewatering zone and it is in fact divided into two parts in such a way that the first part of the non-pulsating dewatering zone includes the forming roll 34 located on the side of the second forming wire 12, and correspondingly, the second part includes a forming shoe 3, which is located after forming roll 34 and is arranged on the side of the first forming wire 11, in which forming shoe the surface contacting the first forming wire 11 is given a curved shape, so that it will not cause any pulsating dewatering in web W travelling in between forming wires 11, 12. The forming shoe 3 used in these embodiments is connected to an underpressure source 4 and it is of a similar kind to that already described in connection with the former 10 of Figure 1 and whose structure and function was described in greater detail with the aid of Figures 3, 4 and 4A. In this regard reference is made to the earlier specification.

In these embodiments, too, the first dewatering zone ZI is followed by a second dewatering zone Z2, wherein pulsating dewatering is brought about in web W travelling in between the forming wires. The pulsating dewatering is brought about in the roll and blade gap former 30 according to Figure 5 in such a way that on the side of the second forming wire 12, inside the second wire loop, fixed dewatering blades 21 are arranged, which are supported against the second forming wire 12 and are located in the cross-machine direction. The fixed dewatering blades 21 are arranged in such a way that gaps 22 in the cross-machine direction are formed between them. The fixed dewatering blades 21 are preferably arranged to form the bottom of a suction box connected to undeφressure source 23. The underpressure generated by undeφressure source 23 is applied to web W through the gaps 22 between the fixed dewatering blades 21. The roll and blade gap former 30a of Figure 6 has corresponding fixed dewatering blades 21 arranged on the side of the first forming wire 11, inside the first wire loop, to support against the first forming wire 11. In other respects the structure is similar to the one presented in connection with Figure 5 with its undeφressure source 23, gaps 22 between the fixed dewatering blades 21, etc.

In the embodiment shown in Figure 5, dewatering blades 24 are arranged on the side of the first forming wire 11, inside the first wire loop, which dewatering blades can be loaded in a controlled manner against the first forming wire 11. In the solution shown in Figure 6, the corresponding controlled dewatering blades 24 are arranged on the side of the second forming wire 12, inside the second wire loop. The controlled dewatering blades 24 are in the cross-machine direction and they are arranged especially in such a way that the controlled dewatering blades

24 are located at the gaps 22 in between the fixed dewatering blades 21. With these dewatering blades (fixed/controlled) 21, 24 and with the loading element- suction box 23 combination pulsating dewatering is caused in web W. In the arrangements according to the invention shown in Figures 5 and 6 a non-pulsating forming shoe 3 is thus located on the opposite side of the web in relation to forming roll 34 immediately after forming roll 34. This results in a new control possibility, with which it is possible to control the characteristics of the web's bottom surface on the opposite side in relation to forming roll 34. It has not been possible earlier to do much controlling of dewatering in roll and blade gap formers 30 on this side, which means that a significant advantage is achieved with the invention compared with the state of the art. In addition, with the solutions according to Figures 5 and 6 non-pulsating dewatering at undeφressure is achieved on both surfaces ofthe web, whereupon both web surfaces are guided into the area of pulsating dewatering. The structure of the non-pulsating forming shoe 3 allows the use of a high undeφressure level, at its maximum an undeφressure level of up to

25 kPa. This again allows a better dewatering capacity as well as better formation and better control ofthe filler ditribution. Figure 7 is a schematic view of an application ofthe invention in connection with a hybrid former. Reference number 50 indicates the hybrid former as a whole in Figure 7. In the known manner, hybrid former 50 includes a fourdrinier wire section including a fourdrinier wire 51 and dewatering equipment arranged under the fourdrinier wire. Headbox 1 feeds stock on to fourdrinier wire 51 at the forward end of the fourdrinier wire section on to breast roll 52 or immediately after it. In fourdrinier wire section 51 dewatering takes place in one direction only, that is, downwards with the aid ofthe dewatering equipment 53 arranged. The dewatering equipment 53 of the fourdrinier wire section are shown quite schematically in Figure 5 and they may include, for example, dewatering blades either with or without suction, various suction boxes, forming shoes or other such. They are not essential from the viewpoint of the invention and for this reason they are not described in greater detail in this connection.

A former unit 60 is installed on top of fourdrinier wire 51 in such a way that the concerned former unit 60 together with fourdrinier wire 51 form a twin- wire part in former 50. Former unit 60 includes a top wire 61, which is made to form an endless wire loop with the aid of hitch rolls and guiding rolls 62, 63, 64, 65 and the first roll 62 of which is fitted above fourdrinier wire 51 in such a way that at the beginning of the twin-wire part a wedge-like gap G is formed, into which the stock supplied on to fourdrinier wire 51 is guided. Before the stock ends up in the gap water has already been removed from it with the aid of the dewatering equipment 53 of fourdrinier wire 51. Inside top wire loop 61 a suction box 66 is mounted, which in the example shown in Figure 7 is divided into three successive suction chambers 66a, 66b, 66c, in which undeφressure levels of different magnitude may be used in the desired manner. After suction box 66 an undeφressurized transfer suction box 54 is arranged under fourdrinier wire 51 to make sure that the formed web W will after the twin- wire part follow fourdrinier wire 51, from which it will later be picked up at the pick-up point (not shown) for further treatment. According to the invention, the lower surface of the first chamber 66a of suction box 66, which lower surface is contacting top wire 61, is formed by a forming shoe 3 of a kind similar to that described earlier in connection with the embodiments according to Figures 1, 2, 5 and 6. Thus, forming shoe 3 has such a structure as is desribed in greater detail with the aid of Figures 3, 4 and 4A. Thus, in this regard reference is made to the earlier description. The bottom of the second and third suction chambers 66b and 66a of the suction box is formed with the aid of fixed dewatering blades 21 in such a way that in between these fixed dewatering blades 21 there are gaps 22, through which undeφressures affecting in suction chambers 66b, 66c will affect the partly already formed web located in between top wire 61 and fourdrinier wire 51 in order to remove water from it. Furthermore, in the example shown in Figure 7, at the second suction chamber 66b under fourdrinier wire 51 controlled dewatering blades 24 are arranged, which are loaded against fourdrinier wire 51 and which furthermore according to the presentation in Figure 7 are located at the gaps 22 located in between the fixed dewatering blades 21. With this solution pulsating dewatering is brought about at the concerned blades, as was already described in connection with the earlier embodiments of the invention.

Thus, at the first chamber 66a of suction box 66 a forming shoe 3 is mounted in the manner described above, which forming shoe does not cause any pulsating dewatering in the web. Forming shoe 3 is further arranged in such a way that the fibrous stock arriving on fourdrinier wire 51 into gap G will not hit the leading edge of forming shoe 3, but it is guided after the leading edge into the area of the deck of forming shoe 3. Thus, the leading edge of forming shoe 3 will not remove water from the fibrous stock, exactly in the same manner as was described, for example, in connection with Figure 1. Thus, in the area of the suction box there are two successive dewatering zones, that is, the first dewatering zone ZI in the area of forming shoe 3, which is used to cause non-pulsating dewatering, and the second dewatering zone 22, which is located in the area of the fixed and controlled dewatering blades 21, 24 and which is used to cause pulsating dewatering. Thus, the non-pulsating dewatering and the pulsating dewatering take place in the same manner and in the same order one after the other as was described, for example, in connection with Figure 1, even though forming shoe 3 in the example shown in Figure 7 is located on the side ofthe fixed dewatering blades 21 in relation to the forming wires 51, 61, differently from the example shown in Figure 1. Thus, the advantages ofthe solution according to Figure 7 in comparison with the state ofthe art are in the same direction and mainly similar to those in the example shown in Figure 1. The high dewatering capacity made possible by forming shoe 3 makes it possible that the consistency entering the twin-wire zone with each paper grade can be optimized according to the paper grade to be made. Hereby the fourdrinier wire stretch can also be shortened and in addition the web caliper may also vary within a larger range than at present at the entry to the twin-wire zone.

As was already noted above, the new former according to the invention is a combination of two elements both as regards its structure and in process technical terms, in such a way that all advantages of roll and blade gap formers, blade type gap formers and hybrid formers can be achieved without any of their associated drawbacks. The first element is a new type of fixed forming shoe 3 having a curved deck 5, in which forming shoe it is possible to use undeφressure 4 to control the dewatering and to malce it more efficient. This forming shoe may be used either below or above web W. It is constructed in such a way that dewatering may take place freely and simultaneously through both forming wires travelling over the curved deck 5 of forming shoe 3. It is an important characteristic feature ofthe forming shoe 3 according to the invention that its deck 5 is constructed to give an essentially constant dewatering pressure in accordance with equation P = T/R, wherein P = pressure ofthe liquid located in between the forming wires travelling over the forming shoe, T = tension of the outer fabric and R = curvature of the fixed forming shoe. The puφose is that the forming shoe does not cause any pulsating dewatering even when dewatering is boosted by undeφressure. Such an idea is possible, that the forming shoe according to the invention is the arch of a "fixed roll" provided with an open surface. The deck has a large open surface area and through openings it is comiected to an undeφressure chamber located inside the forming shoe. The openings in the deck of the forming shoe are formed in such a way that pulsating dewatering is avoided, which would result if the openings were directed essentially in the crosswise direction, i order to achieve this essentially constant pressure, these openings are either round holes, elliptic holes, gaps arranged essentially in the machine direction, wavelike gaps, protruding contact surfaces to support the fabric above the shoe deck, etc.

In the present invention, the second dewatering element is a pulsating dewatering zone known in the state of the art, wherein there are crosswise fixed dewatering blades provided with gaps, which bring about dewatering that is made even more efficient by using controlled dewatering blades on the opposite side ofthe forming wires in order to increase the pulsating effect even further.

There are several possible different ways of combining these two different types of dewatering elements in order to achieve the advantages of formers of a known type without their associated drawbacks, such as is shown in Figures 1-7. The reasons for the synergy provided by this combination of dewatering elements are the following:

Dewatering first takes place essentially at a constant pressure in the non-pulsating zone as two-sided dewatering (as happens also with a roll), owing to which the structure in the Z direction is as symmetric as with a roll.

The effect of the lip jet of the headbox is also analogous as regards what happens in connection with a roll, that is, the lip jet is directed over the surface having a slight curvature, which may be associated with undeφressure-assisted dewatering into the convex deck ofthe forming shoe.

The resulting angle of fabrics or forming wires reducing in a wedge-like fashion makes the lip jet insensitive to numerous faults and trouble. On the output side of the non-pulsating zone having a constant pressure no underpressure peaks will occur, because the structure forming this zone is fixed. In this way the web-damaging effect is avoided, which will occur when the originally constant-pressure or non-pulsating zone is formed by a roll. The constant-pressure zone does not limit the former's dewatering capacity, but the relatively wet web may be transferred into the pulsating dewatering zone in order to achieve the full advantage from the ability of this second dewatering zone to improve formation.

The capital and maintenance costs of the fixed structure of the non-pulsating dewatering zone according to the invention are lower than the corresponding costs of a roll and standby roll.

It is possible to vary the radius of the non-pulsating dewatering zone according to the invention over a larger area than is practical when using a roll. Compared with a roll, it is a further advantage of the fixed dewatering zone that the forming shoe radius can be modified (for example, in such a way that it is longer at the input end, but it becomes progressively shorter as a spiral curve towards the exit end), hi such a case the dewatering pressure is no longer constant over the forming shoe, but it still remains non-pulsating and it is therefore still advantageous compared with state-of-the-art forming shoes. The possibility to alter the radius in both these ways means that the non-pulsating dewatering can be designed at each time to be suitable for each application better than it is possible to do with a roll.

The combination of the fixed non-pulsating dewatering zone and the state-of-the- art pulsating zone allows easier control ofthe dewatering degree between the non- pulsating and pulsating dewatering zones, whereby the dewatering zone can be controlled better and more easily than in the state-of-the-art formers. Thus, the balance between formation and retention can be better controlled. It should be understood that the invention is not strictly limited to any one special structure and arrangement described and specified herein, but it can be modified within the scope ofthe appended claims.

Claims

Claims
1. Method at the twin-wire formation section of a paper or board machine, wherein the fibrous stock supplied by the headbox (1) is guided in between forming wires (11, 12; 51, 61) formed as wire loops, where water is removed from the fibrous stock in at least two successive dewatering zones (ZI, Z2), whereby at least a part ofthe first dewatering zone (ZI) is formed with the aid of at least one fixed forming shoe (3, 3 a) provided with a deck (5) having a curved surface, against which forming shoe one of the forming wires (11/12; 61) is supported while the opposite forming wire (12/11; 51) is unsupported in the area ofthe forming shoe (3, 3a) and whereby the latter, that is, the second dewatering zone (Z2) is formed by fixed dewatering blades (21), which are in the cross-machine direction on the other side ofthe forming wires (11, 12; 51, 61) and are supported against the fibrous stock located in between these, and in between the dewatering blades there are gaps (22), and on the opposite side ofthe forming wires (11, 12; 51, 61) by dewatering blades (24), which can be loaded in a controlled fashion at the gaps (22) in between the fixed dewatering blades (21) against the fibrous stock between the forming wires in such a way that the second dewatering zone (22) is used to cause pulsating dewatering in the fibrous stock, characterised in that the forming wires (11, 12; 51, 61) are guided from the beginning of the twinwire forming section into the area of the fixed forming shoe (3, 3a) of the first dewatering zone (ZI) in such a way that the fixed forming shoe (3, 3a) is used to cause essentially non-pulsating dewatering in the fibrous stock travelling in between the forming wires (11, 12; 51, 61), which dewatering is applied to the fibrous stock in the area following after the leading edge (7) of the fixed forming shoe (3, 3a).
2. Method according to claim 1, characterised in that undeφressure is applied to the fibrous stock through the deck (5) ofthe fixed forming shoe (3, 3a). Method according to claim 1 or 2, characterised in that the fibrous stock is guided into the area of the fixed forming shoe (3) with the aid of the forming wire (11, 51) located farther away from the fixed forming shoe (3) in such a way that the fibrous stock will be in contact with the forming wire (12, 61) located closer to the mentioned fixed forming shoe (3) after the leading edge (7) of the forming shoe (3).
Method according to any claim 1 - 3, characterised in that forming ofthe web is carried out by a blade type gap former (10, 10a), whereby the lip jet (2) ofthe headbox (1) is directed into the former's gap (G) on to the fonning wire (11) farther away from the fixed forming shoe (3) before the fixed forming shoe (3).
Method according to claim 4, characterised in that the lip jet (2) of headbox (1) is directed on to the forming wire (11) located farther away from the fixed forming shoe (3) into the unsupported area (B) of the fomiing wire (11) located before the fixed forming shoe (3).
Method according to any claim 1 - 3, characterised in that forming ofthe web is carried out by a hybrid former (50) known as such, wherein a twin-wire forming section is foπned with the aid of a fourdrinier wire (51) and a former unit (60) fitted on top of it, to which twin- wire former unit gap (G) the fibrous stock is taken on the fourdrinier wire (51), whereby in the twin-wire former unit a first dewatering element is formed with a fixed forming shoe (3).
Method according to claim 1 or 2, characterised in that forming ofthe web is carried out by a roll and blade gap former (30, 30a) equipped with a forming roll (34), wherein a first non-pulsating dewatering zone (ZI) is formed with the aid of a forming roll (34) and a fixed forming shoe (3) fitted after it, whereby the fibrous stock is guided with the aid of forming roll (34) to be in contact with the fixed forming shoe (3). Twin- wire forming section of a paper or board machine, including forming wires (11, 12; 51, 61) formed as wire loops with the aid of guiding rolls and hitch rolls and or other such structures, and in the area ofthe forming wires are arranged at least two successive dewatering zones (ZI, Z2), whereby at least a part of the first dewatering zone (ZI) is formed with the aid of at least one fixed (3, 3a) forming shoe provided with a deck (5) having a curved surface, against which forming shoe one ofthe forming wires (11/12; 61) is supported while the opposite forming wire (12/11; 51) is unsupported in the area of the forming shoe (3, 3 a) and whereby the latter, that is, the second dewatering zone (Z2) is formed by fixed dewatering blades (21) on the other side of the forming wires (11, 12; 51, 61) in the cross-machine direction and supported against the fibrous stock between them, between which dewatering blades there are gaps (22), and on the opposite side of the forming wires (11, 12; 51, 61) by dewatering blades (24), which can be loaded in a controlled manner against the fibrous stock located between them at the gaps (22) in between the fixed dewatering blades (21) in order to cause pulsating dewatering in the fibrous stock in the second dewatering zone (Z2), characterised in that the forming wires (11, 12; 51, 61) are guided from the beginning ofthe twin- wire forming section into the area ofthe fixed forming shoe (3) ofthe first dewatering zone (ZI), and that the fixed forming shoe (3) is provided with an essentially open surface and it is constructed under the effect of undeφressure (4) arranged under the forming shoe (3) to cause essentially non- pulsating dewatering in the fibrous stock travelling in between the forming wires (11, 12; 51, 61), which dewatering is applied to the fibrous stock in the area after the leading edge (7) ofthe forming shoe.
Twin-wire forming section of a paper or board machine according to claim 8, characterised in that the headbox (1) is fitted to feed fibrous stock on to the forming wire (11, 51) located farher away from the fixed forming shoe (3), which forming wire is arranged to bring the fibrous stock into the area ofthe first forming shoe (3) in such a way that the fibrous stock will be in contact with the forming wire (12, 61) located closer to the mentioned forming shoe (3) after the leading edge (7) ofthe fixed forming shoe (3).
Twin-wire forming section of a paper or board machine according to claim 8 or 9, characterised in that the forming section is a blade type gap former (10, 10a), into the gap (G) of which the lip jet (2) of headbox (1) is directed on to the forming wire (11) located farther away from the fixed forming shoe (3) before the fixed forming shoe (3).
Twin- wire forming section of a paper or board machine according to claim 10, characterised in that the lip jet (2) of headbox (1) is directed on to the forming wire (11) located farther away from the fixed forming shoe (3) into the unsupported area (B) ofthe forming wire located before the fixed forming shoe (3).
Twin-wire forming section of a paper or board machine according to claim 8 or 9, which is a hybrid former (50) known as such, wherein the twin- wire forming section is formed with the aid of a fourdrinier wire (51) and a former unit (60) fitted on top of it, and fibrous stock is brought into the gap (G) ofthe twin-wire former unit on a fourdrinier wire (51), characterised in that the first dewatering element of the twin-wire forming section includes an undeφressurized fixed forming shoe (3).
Twin-wire forming section of a paper or board machine according to claim 8, characterised in that the forming section is a roll and blade gap former (30, 30a), whose first non-pulsating dewatering zone (ZI) includes a forming roll (34) and a fixed forming shoe (3) fitted after it, whereby the fibrous stock is guided with the aid of a forming roll (34) to be in contact with the fixed forming shoe (3). Twin-wire fonning section of a paper or board machine according to any claim 8
- 13, characterised in that the open surface area of the deck (5) of the fixed forming shoe (3, 3a) is at least 50 % ofthe total surface area ofthe shoe.
Twin- wire forming section of a paper or board machine according to any claim 8
- 14, characterised in that the open surface area of the deck (5) of the fixed forming shoe (3, 3 a) is formed with the aid of holes (6) or other such openings extending through the deck.
Twin- wire forming section of a paper or board machine according to any claim 15, characterised in that the holes (6) or other such openings extending through the deck and forming the open surface area of the deck (5) of the fixed forming shoe (3, 3 a) are arranged at an angle in relation to the top surface ofthe deck (5) and against the direction of travel ofthe forming wire (12, 11, 61) travelling over the deck.
Twin- wire forming section of a paper or board machine according to any claim 8
- 16, characterised in that the radius (R) of curvature of the deck (5) of the fixed forming shoe (3, 3a) is in a range of 600-4000 mm, preferably 800-3000 mm.
Twin- wire fonning section of a paper or board machine according to any claim 8
- 17, characterised in that the overlap angle of the forming wire (11, 12, 61) travelling over the fixed forming shoe (3, 3a) in the area of the deck (5) of the fixed forming shoe (3, 3a) is in a range of 3-45 degrees, preferably 5-30 degrees.
PCT/FI2003/000481 2002-08-23 2003-06-16 Forming of a paper or board web in a twin-wire former or in a twin-wire section of a former WO2004018768A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US40537302 true 2002-08-23 2002-08-23
US40537202 true 2002-08-23 2002-08-23
US60/405,373 2002-08-23
US60/405,372 2002-08-23

Applications Claiming Priority (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP20030730282 EP1543194B1 (en) 2002-08-23 2003-06-16 Forming of a paper or board web in a twin-wire former
CA 2489659 CA2489659C (en) 2002-08-23 2003-06-16 Forming of a paper or board web in a twin-wire former or in a twin-wire section of a former
US10525275 US7364643B2 (en) 2002-08-23 2003-06-16 Forming of a paper or board web in a twin-wire former or in a twin-wire section of a former
JP2004530283A JP4526389B2 (en) 2002-08-23 2003-06-16 Formation of a paper or paperboard web in a twin wire section of a twin-wire former or formers
US12024580 US20080115902A1 (en) 2002-08-23 2008-02-01 Forming of a Paper or Board Web in a Twin-Wire Former or in a Twin-Wire Section of a Former

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US12024580 Continuation US20080115902A1 (en) 2002-08-23 2008-02-01 Forming of a Paper or Board Web in a Twin-Wire Former or in a Twin-Wire Section of a Former

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2004018768A1 true true WO2004018768A1 (en) 2004-03-04

Family

ID=31949892

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/FI2003/000481 WO2004018768A1 (en) 2002-08-23 2003-06-16 Forming of a paper or board web in a twin-wire former or in a twin-wire section of a former

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (2) US7364643B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1543194B1 (en)
JP (2) JP4526389B2 (en)
CN (1) CN100371528C (en)
CA (1) CA2489659C (en)
WO (1) WO2004018768A1 (en)

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2007017208A1 (en) * 2005-08-05 2007-02-15 Voith Patent Gmbh Twin-wire former for a fibrous web producing machine
EP1772555A1 (en) * 2005-10-05 2007-04-11 Voith Patent GmbH Twin-wire former of a machine for producing a fibrous web
WO2007096467A1 (en) * 2006-02-20 2007-08-30 Metso Paper, Inc. Web-forming section of a paper or board machine
JP2007277788A (en) * 2006-04-07 2007-10-25 Metso Paper Inc Dehydration component on formation part of papermaking machine or board-making machine and cover of dehydration component of paper-making machine or board-making machine
US7364643B2 (en) 2002-08-23 2008-04-29 Metso Paper, Inc. Forming of a paper or board web in a twin-wire former or in a twin-wire section of a former
EP1953296A1 (en) 2007-02-01 2008-08-06 Voith Patent GmbH Method for manufacturing a fibrous web and twin wire former for carrying out the method
DE102007035488A1 (en) 2007-07-28 2009-01-29 Voith Patent Gmbh A process for producing a fibrous web, and twin wire for implementing the method
DE102008052162A1 (en) 2007-11-05 2009-05-07 Metso Paper, Inc. Device for producing material web e.g. paper/cardboard, comprises headbox for spraying fibrous material on forming web, hybrid former, press section comprising extended nip, dry part comprising drying cylinders, and on-line coating portion
DE112007001849T5 (en) 2006-09-21 2009-10-15 Metso Paper, Inc. Paper or board machine and method for manufacturing paper or cardboard
US7608165B2 (en) * 2004-02-13 2009-10-27 Metso Paper, Inc. Multi-layer web formation section
WO2010012676A2 (en) * 2008-08-01 2010-02-04 Voith Patent Gmbh Twin-wire former for a machine for producing a web of fibrous material
DE102009045674A1 (en) 2008-10-24 2010-04-29 Metso Paper, Inc. Method for removal of water from fiber suspension sprayed to flow box in sheet forming part, involves exposing fiber suspension to pulsation free dewatering effect in broken area of cover of forming shoes
WO2010106221A1 (en) 2009-03-18 2010-09-23 Metso Paper, Inc. Dewatering element in web-forming machine
DE102009027432A1 (en) 2009-07-02 2011-01-05 Voith Patent Gmbh Forming unit and method for producing a material web
DE102010003320A1 (en) 2010-03-26 2011-09-29 Voith Patent Gmbh Sheet forming system for a machine for producing a fibrous web and associated method
US8048269B2 (en) 2006-06-28 2011-11-01 Metso Paper, Inc. Forming section
DE102010030707A1 (en) 2010-06-30 2012-01-05 Voith Patent Gmbh Sheet forming system for a machine for producing an at least single-layer fibrous web
DE102010031169A1 (en) 2010-07-09 2012-01-12 Voith Patent Gmbh Sheet forming system for a machine for producing an at least single-layer fibrous web
US8168040B2 (en) 2007-02-05 2012-05-01 Basf Se Manufacture of paper or paperboard
DE102011088930A1 (en) 2010-12-20 2012-06-21 Metso Paper, Inc. Double wire arrangement for fiber web machine e.g. paper machine, has breast rolls having stationary beams that are rotatable around flexible tube sheath supported on beam through shoes and supporting elements
US8454796B2 (en) 2007-02-05 2013-06-04 Basf Se Manufacture of filled paper

Families Citing this family (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FI116628B (en) * 2004-02-13 2006-01-13 Metso Paper Inc The multi-layer web formation section
KR100914622B1 (en) * 2004-11-23 2009-09-02 아스텐존슨 인코포레이티드 Twin wire gap former paper making machine with variable wrap impingement shoe
CN101522986B (en) 2006-10-06 2012-07-04 美佐纸业股份有限公司 Sealing elements in a twin-wire paper machine
FI122396B (en) 2007-03-30 2011-12-30 Metso Paper Inc A method and a sorting ramp for different widths of rolls
FI20085782A (en) 2008-08-22 2010-02-23 Metso Paper Inc The BM
EP2356280B1 (en) * 2008-10-21 2013-06-26 AstenJohnson, Inc. Twin fabric forming section with multiple drainage shoes
FI120880B (en) 2008-10-24 2010-04-15 Metso Paper Inc Formation
JP5634227B2 (en) 2009-12-08 2014-12-03 キヤノン株式会社 The method of manufacturing a recording medium, the recording medium
US8524336B2 (en) 2010-05-31 2013-09-03 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Recording medium
EP2431189B1 (en) 2010-09-21 2015-11-25 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Recording medium
JP5875374B2 (en) 2011-02-10 2016-03-02 キヤノン株式会社 Inkjet recording medium
JP5398850B2 (en) 2011-02-10 2014-01-29 キヤノン株式会社 recoding media

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0688900A1 (en) * 1994-06-17 1995-12-27 Valmet Paper Machinery Inc. Inlet into the twin-wire zone of a hybrid former for a paper machine
US5972168A (en) 1989-08-22 1999-10-26 Voith Sulzer Papiertechnik Patent Gmbh Twin wire former
US20010025697A1 (en) 1999-06-18 2001-10-04 Vaughn J. Wildfong Method and apparatus for forming a paper web

Family Cites Families (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR1570045A (en) 1968-04-26 1969-06-06
US5225043A (en) * 1989-04-04 1993-07-06 Sulzer-Escher Wyss Gmbh Twin wire former with water guide element over the forming zone
FI93032C (en) * 1991-03-15 1995-02-10 Valmet Paper Machinery Inc Paper machine twin-wire forming section
DE4141607C2 (en) * 1991-12-17 1996-04-25 Voith Gmbh J M twin
DE4328024A1 (en) * 1993-08-20 1995-02-23 Voith Gmbh J M Twin-sheet former
JP3181202B2 (en) * 1995-03-27 2001-07-03 三菱重工業株式会社 Dehydration equipment of a paper machine twin-wire former
US5798024A (en) * 1996-06-11 1998-08-25 Valmet Corporation Controlling web anistropy in a roll and blade twin-wire gap former
JP3593001B2 (en) * 2000-06-07 2004-11-24 三菱重工業株式会社 Twin-wire former
JP2002115194A (en) * 2000-10-06 2002-04-19 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Twin wire former
FI109299B (en) * 2001-01-22 2002-06-28 Metso Paper Inc twin-wire
DE10106731A1 (en) * 2001-02-14 2002-08-22 Voith Paper Patent Gmbh Twin-wire former for producing a fibrous web from a fibrous suspension
US7364643B2 (en) 2002-08-23 2008-04-29 Metso Paper, Inc. Forming of a paper or board web in a twin-wire former or in a twin-wire section of a former

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5972168A (en) 1989-08-22 1999-10-26 Voith Sulzer Papiertechnik Patent Gmbh Twin wire former
EP0688900A1 (en) * 1994-06-17 1995-12-27 Valmet Paper Machinery Inc. Inlet into the twin-wire zone of a hybrid former for a paper machine
US20010025697A1 (en) 1999-06-18 2001-10-04 Vaughn J. Wildfong Method and apparatus for forming a paper web
US6372091B2 (en) * 1999-06-18 2002-04-16 Metso Paper, Inc. Method and apparatus for forming a paper web

Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7364643B2 (en) 2002-08-23 2008-04-29 Metso Paper, Inc. Forming of a paper or board web in a twin-wire former or in a twin-wire section of a former
US7608165B2 (en) * 2004-02-13 2009-10-27 Metso Paper, Inc. Multi-layer web formation section
WO2007017208A1 (en) * 2005-08-05 2007-02-15 Voith Patent Gmbh Twin-wire former for a fibrous web producing machine
EP1772555A1 (en) * 2005-10-05 2007-04-11 Voith Patent GmbH Twin-wire former of a machine for producing a fibrous web
WO2007096467A1 (en) * 2006-02-20 2007-08-30 Metso Paper, Inc. Web-forming section of a paper or board machine
DE112007000307T5 (en) 2006-02-20 2009-01-29 Metso Paper, Inc. Web-forming section of a paper or paperboard machine
JP2007277788A (en) * 2006-04-07 2007-10-25 Metso Paper Inc Dehydration component on formation part of papermaking machine or board-making machine and cover of dehydration component of paper-making machine or board-making machine
US7491295B2 (en) 2006-04-07 2009-02-17 Metso Paper, Inc. Dewatering element having non-pulsing dewatering followed by pulsing dewatering
US8048269B2 (en) 2006-06-28 2011-11-01 Metso Paper, Inc. Forming section
DE112007001849T5 (en) 2006-09-21 2009-10-15 Metso Paper, Inc. Paper or board machine and method for manufacturing paper or cardboard
EP1953296A1 (en) 2007-02-01 2008-08-06 Voith Patent GmbH Method for manufacturing a fibrous web and twin wire former for carrying out the method
DE102007000065A1 (en) 2007-02-01 2008-08-07 Voith Patent Gmbh A process for producing a fibrous web, and twin wire for implementing the method
US8454796B2 (en) 2007-02-05 2013-06-04 Basf Se Manufacture of filled paper
US8168040B2 (en) 2007-02-05 2012-05-01 Basf Se Manufacture of paper or paperboard
DE102007035488A1 (en) 2007-07-28 2009-01-29 Voith Patent Gmbh A process for producing a fibrous web, and twin wire for implementing the method
EP2022894A2 (en) 2007-07-28 2009-02-11 Voith Patent GmbH Method for manufacturing a fibre sheet and twin wire former for executing the method
DE102008052162A1 (en) 2007-11-05 2009-05-07 Metso Paper, Inc. Device for producing material web e.g. paper/cardboard, comprises headbox for spraying fibrous material on forming web, hybrid former, press section comprising extended nip, dry part comprising drying cylinders, and on-line coating portion
WO2010012676A2 (en) * 2008-08-01 2010-02-04 Voith Patent Gmbh Twin-wire former for a machine for producing a web of fibrous material
WO2010012676A3 (en) * 2008-08-01 2010-05-06 Voith Patent Gmbh Twin-wire former for a machine for producing a web of fibrous material
DE102009045674A1 (en) 2008-10-24 2010-04-29 Metso Paper, Inc. Method for removal of water from fiber suspension sprayed to flow box in sheet forming part, involves exposing fiber suspension to pulsation free dewatering effect in broken area of cover of forming shoes
DE102009045674B4 (en) 2008-10-24 2018-03-08 Valmet Technologies, Inc. Forming section
WO2010106221A1 (en) 2009-03-18 2010-09-23 Metso Paper, Inc. Dewatering element in web-forming machine
DE102009027432A1 (en) 2009-07-02 2011-01-05 Voith Patent Gmbh Forming unit and method for producing a material web
WO2011116999A1 (en) 2010-03-26 2011-09-29 Voith Patent Gmbh Sheet forming system for a machine for producing a fibrous web, and associated method
DE102010003320A1 (en) 2010-03-26 2011-09-29 Voith Patent Gmbh Sheet forming system for a machine for producing a fibrous web and associated method
DE102010030707A1 (en) 2010-06-30 2012-01-05 Voith Patent Gmbh Sheet forming system for a machine for producing an at least single-layer fibrous web
WO2012000690A3 (en) * 2010-06-30 2012-03-01 Voith Patent Gmbh Sheet-forming system for a machine for producing an at least single-layer fibrous material web
WO2012000690A2 (en) 2010-06-30 2012-01-05 Voith Patent Gmbh Sheet-forming system for a machine for producing an at least single-layer fibrous material web
WO2012004015A1 (en) 2010-07-09 2012-01-12 Voith Patent Gmbh Sheet-forming system for a machine for producing an at least single-layer fibrous material web
DE102010031169A1 (en) 2010-07-09 2012-01-12 Voith Patent Gmbh Sheet forming system for a machine for producing an at least single-layer fibrous web
DE102011088930A1 (en) 2010-12-20 2012-06-21 Metso Paper, Inc. Double wire arrangement for fiber web machine e.g. paper machine, has breast rolls having stationary beams that are rotatable around flexible tube sheath supported on beam through shoes and supporting elements

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
JP2010059599A (en) 2010-03-18 application
US7364643B2 (en) 2008-04-29 grant
JP4526389B2 (en) 2010-08-18 grant
US20060162890A1 (en) 2006-07-27 application
EP1543194A1 (en) 2005-06-22 application
CA2489659C (en) 2010-02-16 grant
EP1543194B1 (en) 2017-12-27 grant
US20080115902A1 (en) 2008-05-22 application
CN100371528C (en) 2008-02-27 grant
CN1668807A (en) 2005-09-14 application
JP5016015B2 (en) 2012-09-05 grant
JP2005536654A (en) 2005-12-02 application
CA2489659A1 (en) 2004-03-04 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3994774A (en) Twin-wire paper machine adjustable to single-wire machine
US5557860A (en) Dryer section with moistening devices at latter ends
US5232555A (en) Wet cellulosic web transfer method using air doctor blade
US4609435A (en) Process and equipment in the forming of paper web
US4648942A (en) Paper machine
US4113557A (en) Paper manufacturing structure particularly for detaching a web from a wire
US4144124A (en) Machine for manufacturing paper such as tissue paper
US5065529A (en) Apparatus for drying a web
US4359828A (en) Vacuum box for use in high speed papermaking
US5600897A (en) Mixed dryer section including single-tier and double-tier drying groups with automatic ropeless threading
US4830709A (en) Multi-ply web forming apparatus and method
EP0726353A2 (en) Method for producing surface-treated paper and dry end of a paper machine
US5074964A (en) Web forming apparatus having a double wire section
US6372091B2 (en) Method and apparatus for forming a paper web
US2881676A (en) Paper or board machine and method
US5393384A (en) Paper machine for the production of tissue paper
US5232554A (en) Threading the web into a twin wire dryer group
US3565757A (en) Apparatus for forming and dewatering a fibrous web
US5211814A (en) Wire loading device in a paper machine
US5387320A (en) Twin-wire web former in a paper machine
US3691010A (en) Method and apparatus for dewatering paper webs
US5468348A (en) Multi-ply web former and method
WO1982002937A1 (en) High speed paper drying
US5074966A (en) Gap former in a paper machine
US4055461A (en) Paper machine with single-wire and curved twin-wire formers

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AK Designated states

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AE AG AL AM AT AU AZ BA BB BG BR BY BZ CA CH CN CO CR CU CZ DE DK DM DZ EC EE ES FI GB GD GE GH GM HR HU ID IL IN IS JP KE KG KP KR KZ LC LK LR LS LT LU LV MA MD MG MK MN MW MX MZ NI NO NZ OM PG PH PL PT RO RU SC SD SE SG SK SL TJ TM TN TR TT TZ UA UG US UZ VC VN YU ZA ZM ZW

AL Designated countries for regional patents

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): GH GM KE LS MW MZ SD SL SZ TZ UG ZM ZW AM AZ BY KG KZ MD RU TJ TM AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HU IE IT LU MC NL PT RO SE SI SK TR BF BJ CF CG CI CM GA GN GQ GW ML MR NE SN TD TG

121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application
WWE Wipo information: entry into national phase

Ref document number: 2489659

Country of ref document: CA

WWE Wipo information: entry into national phase

Ref document number: 2003730282

Country of ref document: EP

WWE Wipo information: entry into national phase

Ref document number: 20038165007

Country of ref document: CN

WWE Wipo information: entry into national phase

Ref document number: 2004530283

Country of ref document: JP

ENP Entry into the national phase in:

Ref document number: 2006162890

Country of ref document: US

Kind code of ref document: A1

WWE Wipo information: entry into national phase

Ref document number: 10525275

Country of ref document: US

WWP Wipo information: published in national office

Ref document number: 2003730282

Country of ref document: EP

WWP Wipo information: published in national office

Ref document number: 10525275

Country of ref document: US